Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 17, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 17, 1873 Page 4
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NIXON'S i'IMESIS. How Michael Nixon Shuffled Off the Mor tal Coil on the Muwlcrer's Scaffold. Review of tLe Crime, Arrest, Trial and Conviction. THE LAST LOOK AT LIFE. *2 is Prayers for 11 is Wife and Children. FAITH STRONGER THAN DEATH. I! ;!if Final Moment He "Forgives His Ene mies" and Thinks He Deserved His Fate. THE HORROR OF HANGING The Curtain Falls Upon the Closing Scone of a Terrible Tragedy. Michael Nixon died on tue gallows yesterday mom.up. It is not four months yet since lie shot Charles II. Phyler, una the murderer's body is Already now in the grave, ludecd, bunging is not "plajed out" In New York. Any one who saw the body oi the murderer dangling in the air yester day would have confessed that hanging was not yet "played out" here. A murder and then an execution; a life for a life. Nixon might be enjoying a happy life and a happy home to-iluy. What agony, what disgrace, what pain would have been spared him had lie not shot 1'hyfer In the frenzy oi a moment! The 21st or January was a sad day for Nixon. lie had been guilt) of many petty offences, but he had never Killed a human being, lie had been drinking that day, and as a man on horseback was in his way he roughly ordered him to turn irom the track. From the Kowery Theatre to Chatham square they kept shouting at one another. Nixon then attempted to dash past the man, out the latter's HOUSE PLUNGED 1X1> BEAKED, and Nixon's wagon was forced back to the side walk. Nixon was furious. He drew a revolver, brandished it above ins head, then took aim, and fired at the man's head. The shot was well aimed. 1'hyfer threw up his arms ami lell upon *he side walk. He was shot through the heaii, and had not been in the 1'ark Hospital ten mlnuies when he died. Nixon's conduct, after he had been arrested, was i extraordinary. "A fellow was going to strike me and I just gave him a piece of lead with this," he said, coolly, to Detective Van lluskirk who arrested hlni in Kaxier street, and he showed him his revol ver, which he had always been in the habit of car rying with him. lu the police station lie said to captain Ullmati, "1 wasn't going to sit like a fool and let him strike me, bo I just pulled out my j revolver and Bliot him.'' He said this with the ; greatest indifference and unconcern, and as though | he was glad to have killed Phyler. He evidently thought it was a glorious thing to have taken a j Human lite; he undoubtedly lelt himself a hero. | While In the Tombs he laughed at the assertion , that lie could be hanged. He little THOUGHT llOW SOON HE WAS TO DIE. on the Slat of March he was arraigned. His trial lasted three days, on the 'id of April the jury brought In a verdict of "Guilty," and on the fol lowing day lie was sentenced to be hanged. All ills bravado left bun. He trembled like an aspen leaf and listened to the sentence with a face of ashy paleness. He was completely overcome and broke down under the announcement of his terrible iftte. It is scarcely lour mouths yet, and Nixon Is dead. The Herald of yesterday contained an account his tarewell to his children, ol his affectionate part ing from his wife. It was not his last. Hie fond wife could not leave hiiu s* easily, she returned iate on Thursday evening to see hiui once more. She kissed him wildly, she'threw her arms around him and sobbed. He remained silent. His hair was scattered over his forehead, but he tossed It froui his eyes and clasped his burning hands upon his bead. She drooped* her head and then looked at mm silently. Not u word, not a breath. She < kept still looking at him. His face was bid, bui , the tears sprang ?ut from between his fingers. He | .could control himself no longer. "GodI God' what I have done!" he cried, and he | BURST INTO A l'AROWSM OF TEARS. She loved lum yet. He was a murderer; he was condemned to die a felon's death, but she was . true to her vow?she was still his wile. "It I could only save you," she said, riaspiup ?both his hands in hers and looking him steadily in the face. It was a painful moment. His eyes were swiniuiinsr in tears and a tremor convulsed hi- ( lrame. lie wanted to speak but lie could not. It seemed as though Ins was cleaving to his mouth. His Up* moved, but it was in vain. Ik could not sural:. "How c*n I part from yon " Mi" ?aii2 weeing bitterly, "h<?w c?u I leav ? you ?nov.*ing yo.i wi have to die to-morrow ?" He kissed Iter tenderly and pre.-'ed her to his Heart. "Ohl I know it l- a disgraceful death to 1 die,'' he said, "but, alter a'l, I would not chang' 1 my lot (hts voice laltered and he paused)-I would : not change my lot w ith any living man. And then came word-" of love, ol devotion, o! fidelity beyoud th'- grave. Thegrav' It was ,, harsh word, but it brought him at leas' one <?< n-' lation. Ue would uot be forgotten?his wile wouk i remember lum even THOL'GH UK WAS MOtLDEBtNO IN HIS UBAVB. "My good wife,'" he said, speaking slowly aud sol emnly, as though he lelt that these word- were to be the last he could "peak to her upon earth, "1 have but little to tell you. Uon'i be worried "How can 1 help it V she exclaimed, passion a*"iVain reconciled to God," lie continued, "an<i feel that my hour has come in His own goOu *'?Hut the terrible disgrace!" she moaned. "Yon must try au?l live down the disgrace of my death." he said, holding her still to his heart. II , implored her to take good care ot the childremi. thanked her for her true ' ! ' V , then lUof parted. It wan ft parting foroxer. ?" wi nt to a tleaolate, tiJigau a hoiue. mi? k to his cell to prepare Himself lor the ea>>0* "We'll meet again," he said, faintly, as she wa. ;ed out of the roo?. ? , _ r,_ "ln heaven.'- she breathed In a low tone, lie cast a long look alter the beloved lorni. It 'an *tied. ills wife was gone. No more kind worde ami vows ot love and devotion?nothing but death remained. He returned sadly to his cell. He locked around. ALL WAS SO STILL AND SILKNT. lie .-at down and was evidently still thinking of his wile, lie murinared her name and spoke to her. lie was recalled to btmsell by Father l?n ranquet, wlvo began praylnp. Nixon prayed too. Hi eves shone with a strauae light as lie looked upwards, and when he i.a.l finished praTini* he sighed. What a deep, deep slph. No words cauld jiuve expressed the anguish he must have felt. Hi i.acod tlie cell and beat ins head wiih bis hand, iltei i? few minutes he listened again to the Hev. l iiiiier'h kind words and became calmer, lie whs rii'itllv prevailed upon to go oat into ihe corridor. 11. -iv ite smoked lor half an hour; he warned to enjov it, and then he prayed again w,t& the priest. \\ he'ii he returned to ins cell it was night?the ,ast inuiit! What a dr. adlui sound there Is in these ,vordu ?.?"fn twenty-four In urs Itoin now I sha.i in in nn s'rav^ I" he said. Tie staid but a short whn< in his cell, and at midnight he ale Mtppei in t ( corridor. He could not eat tnucn?u piece ol bri.w. and Horn" coffee?that was all. . , He went ba^ik into the cell and tried to sleep, but, could not. lie W'OAN PT.AKTNO ABOUT HTS CA P. Miid expressed his conviction that some of in* wit iie^ses who had teutlfled aguiust him hud done him wrong He seemed also toluve some little feeling against the District Attorney, but Anally said to father Duranqtiet that he would muko bis peace with the world and foiglve them tut. -?oh. mv dear Father!" Nixou said, taking hi hand, "I'm ready to die ' ihe two deputy sheriffs, Messrs Hanlmry and ??eeiiai hei, who had been verv kin-i to bim. asked miu ir mere was anything that the Sheriff could possibly do for hliu. He hesitated a wuile, and then asked that Sheriff Ureunaii uiiifht exclude the detective wiiu hud arrested biut. "He lina liuutcil me down," he Haid, lus eyes flashing with rago. lie became calmer in a few minutes and Ha'd, *'1 lor give him; but don't let. mm come to witness tne execution, i don't care n ail tae roat 01 New York 18 lie re." He lay down and tried to sleen. The lamp threw a ghastly light upon Iiic dniurcDi object* in the ce.l. He shut his eye#?but what wan that liorri We sight tnu' rone up liclore hnu T There waa blood upon Hie wad, u iiuinau form; deathly, glassy eyes stared at nun. Wnit wan it* lie started up, and 111.-. CLKM IlKIt 11 Kt UllAhlFBD Til IS AIK. Horrlb.c! liia blooil run cold, as hia bead Jell back upou 'tie pillow. Still the blood?large, heavy c.uis?the blood (utine gushing oat of wouuda. nort it poured down upou ,1116 floor till he h mscli was m a pooi ol blood. H.ood everywhere! It dinned in the iiiooiiUKht that airiigfieu through (lie narrow chink in the wall; Itsuuned Ida ciothcs, 1:h bed, even the pictures on tiic wall, and no*v, hcaveual the warm blood began pouring down upou lua very lOiohead. lie started up. wiiu a shriek, und rose ui tied. All waa quiet, ail waa dark; no blood, no terrible visions; but the kind Katacr spoke to linn ^eutio words ol love that aauk heavily into his soul. Two o'clock, Seven hours to live. Seven hours I How quickly the time Hew by I As he waa lying Ui<o,i luc scat nu liiiiot have counted the nunu'ea ami seconds, one by one. livery one brought inin nearer to death. Kearor and uearer.i Way could he not atop the rapiu whirl ol time t No reat. lie felt a bu; mug lever and ins lips seemed parched. A terrible bent, seemed all at once to consume bun. Was bis bioou on tire 1 He could not rest ; he jumped upon lua feet ami clutched the u'ou bars. Yea, he was a prisoner, HI, WA? A 00NDKMNKD MAN. If he had dr awed of liberty, ol escape, it was lug but a dream. What pen could describe the terrors of thla last night upon earth r sometimes a word escaped the lips oi the sleeper. "Uopriove,'' he mummied; und perhaps he was dreaming ol standing under the i;ailov\s, with the uooae round Ins neck, and saw his wne rushing into his aruia with tne uews of his reprieve. The cold sweat atood upou Ins face as he awoko. All the voices were hushed, and he saw that this waa his celi, that he was still hopeless and must die. And then tUc strange, strange shadows?the dim anadowa on the wall assumed such ghastly shapes that it was horrible to look upou them, lie shut his eyes and tried to abstain l'roiu looking at the wall, it was in vain. There was an irresistible lasc nation that attracted his eyes to these shadows, lie looked again and again, and became so frightened that he thought he saould become wild with terror. Now he saw the shape of the gallows, now he saw the snap 3 ol a man, and now lie saw somebody was dangling from the beam, and the features?the horrible spectacle at which he glared? MADE HIS FLESll CUKEP. The features, at tlrst so dlui and death-like, slowly and Imperceptibly resolved themselves into his own. His owu! lie woke trembling In every joint and looked round. Mill in his cell. "And this Is my last night," lie said bitterly. He lull ou Ins knees aud piayed. He lay down ugaln and finally sank to sleep, llow raiiu he looked in his sleep I His face was so white, so death-like; his lips were so pale; his breathing was so low that lie looked almost like a corpse, lielorc he awoke his Hps moved and trembled, and l he uttered some incoherent words:?"Heath," | "Wallows," "Hope," "Wile." "God Almighty." He was evidently dreaming; but the dream must j have been a pleasant one, lor he vvOke with a laint smile. it was five o'clock when he arose. He washed , and dressed himself quickly. At a quarter ol six o'clock Sheriff lireuuan arrived. Nixon greeted him cordially. "Well. Sheriff," Nixon said, "1 shall be ready any I time you want ine." "Oh, 1 know that you will die like a man," the Sheriff replied, pressing Nixon's hand. "1 can see in your lace thut you will die like u man." Nixon smiled laiully and thanked the Sheriff, lie said, "You uecd have no lear on that account, Sheriff. I want TO TI1ANK YOU FOR THE FAVORS you have extended to a condemned and a poor and wretched man. I have received nothing but kind ness since 1 have been in your hands, und lrom Warden .lohnson anu his keepers. 1 have but one request to make?do not let Van Buskirk, the de tective who arrested me, witness my execution." The Sheriff told him that his request should be faithfully obeyed. Deputy Sheriff Carroll then com ducted Nixon t<> the chapel. 1' was a sad scene. There were the female prisoners and the child con- j victs standing round, aud as the priests pru.ved lor the soul of the coud 'uiuco man the cliildreu began to cry. Nixon said his urayers in a low, hollow tone. He kissed the erooUlx lerventiy. As he looked j round when lie had finished pru.wiig he saw that almost evor\ eye was moist with tears, the prayer seemed to have relieved him, and when he had partaken lor the last time of the holy com munion he seemed to tie much happier. Outside the prison an KAGKIl CROWD SWAYED TO AND FRO. Some had been there as early as six o'clock: still the crowd was a small one compared with that at Foster's execution. The police, under commaud ol \ Superintendent Kelso aud Captain Kennedy, had I dran n a cordon rounu the Prison. At eight o'clock j the Deputy Sheriffs arrived, headed by Sheriff Bren nau and luder Sheriff Stevens. They were all dressed in black, wore high hats and had a solemn air. >\ large number of policemen were drawn up before the gallons. Near them were the seats tor the member" ol the press. The Sheriff had scarcely admitted them and those who had cards or admis sion when they all rushed forward trying to get "the best seats." The physicians stood in front of the scaffold, livery tiling was ready lor the closing scene of the gloomy tragedy. When the Sheriff entered Nixon's cell he found ! htm on his knees praying m accents of intense fer voi. lb wit- praying for his wile and childreu, and i he kissed their pictures. Then he rose and looked at , the Sheriff. Mr. brennau looked pale and teemed ? lo be unwilling to tell Nixon that he Mi'^T NOW TOOCEKb TO THE (iALLOWS. "You want me*" Nixon asked. "Well, the time ha* come when the execution must take place," the Under Sheriff said. A deadix pallor overspread Nixon's cheeks. "I am resigned to die." he said iu a trembling voice: "our saviour was crucified, and this is nothing."' No one spoke. "Iihave deserved this," Nixon added; "I know that I have done wrong, aud I lor give everybody wno was concerned in the prosecu tion." They brought Nixon out of the cell. Cp to this time everybody had been lokiug and laughiu*, but when they saw Nixon, in tue black cap and with the noose around his neck, they looked with breathless interest at tin ghastly spectacle. What a teruhle moment' There was Nixon, himself the picture ol di ath, walking between the Sheriff aud I iiderShenH; the one on his right hand, the other On hi- left, lie held an ebony crucifix in his folded hands ; kept u before Iilh eyes and looked at it steadily. Be walked ealMy. The yard was , paved with human laces, but Nixon saw but one thing?:lie crucifix, li was evidently that which 1 gave him the strength to walk so quietly to tne ?eaflbMk It was the same scaffold on which so mauy MOBMlUtM iia\i l.vMa i i. 11 .ill li; CHUMS. ! There was nothing unusual about it. The upright beams, the er ss-heam, the screen above, the partition behind where the rope is cut which Jerks the murderer into the air, the rope hanging lrom i he middle of the cro?s-beain?It was the very same scaffold on which foster and so many others have died. The first stroke of nine pealed from some adjoining church as Nixon stood under the gallows., It nas a scene uot easily to be forgotten. In the rear of the yard were the police in their bright uniforms all turning breathless looks upou the murderer, the reporters sitting right beside liini and noting his appearance, the physicians scan ning eagerly the leatures of the man who they knew would be a corpse in a few minutes. And Iter stood the murderer. Heath had set its hand upon him; he knew that the noose round his Deck would strangle lilm in a lew moments, and still hi'stood there calmly, liut what a face' It was of a ghastiy white, but perfectly livid near the eyes, which were glassy and had a dull stare, al most like that ol the dead. His Lll'S. WHICH WKHK ALSO WIT1TK, were comprcssed. His Mack hair and black beard contrasted straugely the marble whiteness of hi- countenance, iie stood straight at first, tun alter a lew moments, when the priests began to pray, there was a slight trembling ol the limbs and his kne?s khacked together. father liuraiiquet held the cru lfix to Nixon's lips. It seemed to steel lilai. and lie stood straight a^ain. pressing the crucifix still te lus lips. Fathers Duraiique: and Cazeau kneeled down. Nixon on his knees between them. The three voices seemed but <die. and N'ixou's prayer was. indei d, a touching one. Every one leit thai tuls was his last prayer and that lie would stand in a few annutes before Ins Maker. -- ? ??-??- * * * Who could ever forget that white, deadly face under the gallows those pale lips and the crucifix that was held to them by the pnest* Nixon cast but one giiUlit: at the spectators, but what a glance it was' lie evidently fell they had all come to gloat, over his death, and hs the thought shot across his fevered brain it sent his chilled blood tingling through his body. Death, death so near He stood there erect, lull of health and strength, in the prune of life, AMI TtK Mt'?T D1F ' 1>IK ' M nat a thought. He must not only die, but he must t>e exposed to the curious gaze ol strangers, who probably considered It a pleasure to witness his shameful, disgraceful end: and Nixon wa i onsclous ol the hundreds of eyes thai were turned upon Mm, aud cold drops of terror started on his lace as he raised his eyes toencountcr their curious gaze. The prayer was finished. He rose. A dead silence pervaded the vast throng. How eager ihey all were to -eethe poor wretch die! They gazed at him wub dilated e\es anil outstretched nocks. It was the taiai moment. Sheriff Hrennau stepped behind the partition, what a profound afience* Nixon knew 'hi.i his las' moment was come. Ho held his nee* ?tinly and looked still at the crucifix that the pti 'M held up before him. How Ills heart beat n< he w,.- waiting lor the moment that would launch Mm into eternity! Th" rope had been already pre viously adjusted, and even the black cap Was pulled over his white lace. Just as the cap Was being pnileddown his lips moved us though lie n is about, to .-peak, and his face assumed suddenly I an inmost uueailliiy expression ol terror, lie was about lu drop pi \n rni rnoT of tut oamows, win in lie prie-t held the crucifix lo Ids lips. I ho I touch wbs like magic, and just as lie pressed Ins lifs upon It came tne sigual. A heavy thud, aud, | nmcK as iisrtitningr. tl?i> body flew up into me air. What a horrible sight! Ti.c head was oompietely twisted round, tlie legsjorke I to and fro In ?iii'.htlut convuls ons, and tiie bream i.euveil as tn?>?('is Irxmo was to burst asundt . Witslr'd N "I still the name horimle convulsions o the a uis und limbs, a nervous twitching hm ? a trem im o ? " whoie irame. lie bung lifeless in the tiir?;tei toni teen minutes. Tiie areadul t<t ur^I ? ?;is over, mill ut lust the scene of hri<>uimIi wascl ? d. II - w;is dead! There w.ts no more nope in this mo.Id. The law had taken its vengeance. The b.idy lowered alter nurteen minutes. The phvsieiatiK placed tlieli ears to the heart. It still beat, but at twenty minutes it still. With what, keen emotions i>r anguish and woe had It not throbbed but a lew minutes ago, end NOW IT WAR 8T1LUSU C(?HtVKU I It had found eternal rest. Alter thirty-three minutes the body was lowered to ili? coilln. The aims were unloosed and the cap win drawn from t lie lace. Now the spectators crowded round the eoilln to g.?e at his leatures. Thev Ud changed but little, hut tiio face was wliite, and the eyes had a timet., sad expression. Tiiey were itaii opened. Round the neck weie tiio marks ol the noose thai bid bit-angled huu to death. tioroncr llcrrman and Deputy Ooroner Oushmin held tm i:it|iieat in the female prison. The jury ionimI "that Michael Nixon lame to his death by judicial hanging, May 10, ls78." The i o.iy w is removed to Mrs. Nlxou'a home. Only the day belore tlicy had exchanged vows of love and now lie was It. was sad to sec her look at Lite lacc ol her dead husband. She bent her head and kissed ills dead lips and kissed the very spot vvliero. \he noose lind pierced into tiio flesh. And lugfcyes wore closed by a loving baud, alter all. O'NEAL'S END. Illinois Takes the Li e of a Cold-Blooded Mur derer?Joseph O'Neal Executed at Mount Jar roll- for the Assassination of Hiram Bexford? A Vile Char acter Meets an Igno minious Death. Mount Carroll, III., May 19, 1473. Joseph O'Neal has to-dnf expiated with Ins life one of the most heartless, determined, cold blooded murders that this State has ever had to record. Well may the community rejoice over I the death of such a man. So vile has been hi* ] career that the very partners In his debauches were found anxious to testify against him until every I extenuating circumstance had vanished. Ilis | chief aim in lift had been to do evil?the best j hours ?f his existence wasted in the barrooms and dens 01 vice and immorality. The luilucucc of a Christian mother seems to have been utterly lost upon him. Madness revealed in almost every act, ' he was shunned by many, feared by others, re spected probably to a limited extent only by those frail beings with whom he associated, and with whom he became so degraded that his conscience must have approached that condition mentioned by the Apostle when a hot iron could scarcely make another impression. THK OKIMK was committed on the JCtli day of last September, in a house ot questionable repute, on the island below Fulton, 11!., in Whiteside county. A feud hud existed bet ween the murderer and his victim for over two years. A woman was ut the bottom of the difllculty, as often happens in such cases, and jealousy excitcd the deed. Tho victim was Hiram Rexford, a low, degraded being. The house where the murder was com- j mitted was kept by one John O'Neal, brother to tiic i doomed man, though he was not present I waeu the crime was committed. Joseph O'Neal came from Clinton, Iowa, in a skitf rowed by another brother, Thomas, and reached the den , i about half-past, twelve. Going upstairs, he found j ltcxlord at work puluting. ltexiurd said, "Well, Joe." The response was, ! "You damned , I'll teach you not to come between me and tny affairs." He then I knocked him down with his list, jumped upon him, I stamped hnn with his boot heel until the upper part ot his body was bruised to a fearful extent. ! i After he had stamped the life out or him almost, i he took a heavy piece of a board used as a short : [ shelf and battered his head until he was wholly i insensible, and the blood oozed in clots Trom his I month, ears and nose. The wretch then left him. ; The dying man groaned. Quick as thought O'Neal drew a Jackknife, with a blade three ' inches lonn, and saying, '-Damn that . I'll finish him." He went to the spot where lie saw them dying from the stamping and beatiug, 1 and stabbed mm In the breast, some twenty-live ! times. He t hen deliberately felt for the carotid ; artery, and, inserting the knife In its vicinity, cut his neck from ear to collar bone. Then he left him, and tfoitijt tack to a sitting ] room reuklni; with human jrore, hud down his 1 knife and asked one of the female inmates ' to wash the blood from lus hands, which she did. The death rattle of the wretch whose life had ebbed away attracted the attention ot the fiend. Taking the girl by the arm, he dragged her into the hall to see him fix the "damned He ran and got an axe, and with one blow SEVKKEI) THE HKAb FROM THE BUOY. The ca?e came up at the April term three weeks ago. The case was called on the 17th, be fore Judge Heaton, in the Circuit Conrt. Twenty-four i hours sufficed to empanel a jury, hear the testi mony, hear argument of counsel and reuder a ver dict," which was guilty of murder that, Joseph O'Neal should sutler death by hanging, and Thomas to the Penitentiary lor fifteen years. On tlie 24th i ot Anril the Court granted Thomas a new trial, and i sentenced lOSETH O'NEAL TO BK UANUKI) by the neck until lie was or about the jail in this city, on Friday, the 16th o! May. He t received lus sentence with stolid, blank indlffer- j euce. neither showing emotions ot grief nor any j ' particular sign* of defiance. He suffered himself tobeledbacK to his cell like a sullen ox. For a few days after his sentence he was low spirited, j did not cat much, and was very anxious | Ui obtain a commutation of sentence to imprison lneuT lor lite. The Governor absolutely declined 10 interfere, and he made up his mind to "die like a man," he sum, and has been in good health and j spirits since. HE DIES A CATHOLIC. O'Neal had been unsettled Bin his religions faith. His mother being a Methodist desired him to die in the I'rotcstaut laitli. His lather had been a : Catholic and his brother sfill held to that faith and desired a minister of that Church to become his guide to the last. Tuesday he chose to die a Catholic, and two priests vi?ited him in his ; cell. Tney remained with him administering consolation until his execution. Last night he talked with his guard imtil eleven o'clock, when he went to bed and slept soundly uutil five o'clock i this morning, when he awoke, arose and dressed i "himself and talked with Father NiKhe. one ol the priests, uutil six O'clock. Between seven and eight o'clock mass was suid in the jail for the sal- I vat.ion of hi* soul, and tie received final absolution. The scene was solemn in the extreme. A HEARTY HEAL BKI'OHE I>YINO. O'Neal then ate a hearty breakiast. ol beefsteak. ' i fried eggs coffee, bread and bntter and cherry i sauce. He wh>- then lett alone with his spiritual advisers until eleven o'clock, the hour set lor the , execution. The city presented a holiday appear- , aue?, and crowds of people thronped the ! streets and gazed curiously at the en- 1 closure. While free to do so many visited the gallows before the execution. The ! police arrangements of Sheriff mutton were excel- . lent, and all persons were kept out ot the court yard alter ten o'clock. The most perfect order prevailed. At about this time the coffin was taken 1 through the street to the place oi execution, which seemed to strike awe into the very souls of j 1 the crowd. All wa? silent as the grave ait it was ! I carried through the street. HK ASCK.NI>> TIIE CALLOWS. A few mlnuies t>efore eleven o'clock O'Neal was i taken from his cell by the Sheriff, and, after bid- I ding goodby to his brothers, proceeded wiUi a ' firm step to the platform, attended by Three priests?Father" Stack, !>artoff and Nigh?, He ran ! up the flight of steps to the p:.UJy?ai "(iitte nimbly. ? Hi* face wa; guil k'Uosi cneerlul when on the 'f/iaTf8rm. A short prayer was offered kneclinc: lie then kissed the crucifix am: rose to Ins feet, but showed no weakness whatever. When asked if he had anything to say fee stepped to the front of the . plailortu and said A n.RA KIR HIP BROTHER. 1 GusTi.itWKW?My little brotlifr T,,mmv. who i* !n Jnil, Is inri'x < nt: 1 nin nullu ol ihl>. crime, and I am itltd u? ? willing to ei\f my lift1 for th<" one I hove taken I di?" , the Iricnd of every man I atn tha Mrmy of no one. He then asked to have his body taken to tn? j mother. The Sheriff adjusted the rope around lus i reck, which he .received without flinching; th< , black cap was drawn over his face and his arms ( and leg* pinioned. The Sheriff then stepped to j the rear or the platform, sprung the trap, and at i one minute past eleven o'clock O'Neal was SWIN<II<<U tvro 1.IUIMTY. The tall dislocated lit* neck: a few strtisr^es and twitching of the mnscles of the arms and leg", he whirled around once or twice and then was still. He evidently died an easy death. At eight minutes past eleven the pulse ceased to beat; :it tweniv minutes p;ut the motion ?>f t tie heart could be no longer distinguished, and lii" was declared extinct. The body was al lowed to remain tli > mil thirty minutes, was then taken down, pinced in thecoitln and delivered to | hl> friends I'he public were not allowed to see i the corpse alter death. Be looked pale, but very natural. Ills body was taken to Fulton in a wagon across the count r?'. THE BODY OF LO. IQHANI. kfoRRisTowN, May 16, 1873. At a lute hour last night the cemetery officials agreed to receive the body of Lusignanl, and It was removed to the receiving vault, where It will re inain for a short time, in case the friends are still disposed to claim it; and, ii not, it will thou tM I buried In tho cemetery. ? Charles Mortimer Hanged for the

Murder oJ Mary Gibson Shaw. R0BB2RY THE MOTIVE FOE THE DEED. I lair and Flcsli Torn from the Perpa trator's Face as Evidenco. TESTIMONY OF A FAITHLESS MISTRESS. A Brother's Devotion, and His Life Sacrificed. Reckless Attempt to Release the Condemned. INSANITY AT THE LAST HOUR. A Bad Life and Its Ignominious Termination. Pan Francisco, May 16, 18T3. Charles Mortimer, who was hanged In Sacra mento Clt.y to-day for the murder of Mary Gibson, ww either Insane or simulated Insanity with sin gular persistency. lie did not, or pretended not to, recognizc ills brother Frank, who Journeyed from Massachusetts to console him in his dungeon; the minister who attended him, his counsel nor any other person. He seemed not to comprehend his uosltion; ills countenance exhibited no emo tion, and he did not utter a wora. Mortimer had the reputation ol being one of the worst criminals in California. It is said he had attempted to com mit suicide four times since his conviction. It must be said that there are certain character istics about California homicides not to be matched by the felonies of any other country. The crime for which Mortimer suffered death was an extraor dinary one, nod in mauy of its features went far beyond commonplace murders. In its atrocity it would be hard to find a case that exceeded it. The testimony was entirely circumstantial, but conclu sive. His victim, Mary Gibson or Shaw, was sup posed to be a widow, about forty-two years old, pos sessed of some means, principally in the form of ready money, a considerable portion of which sho carried arouud her person In a sack or bag. .She re sided near the water works, close to the river, where bands of Indians were constantly in the habit of encamping.. Mortimer was a man of decidedly bad antecedents and had served a term in the state Prison at San Quentiu. Two days betore the murder (September 17, 1872) he and his wife or mistress, a girl named Carrie spencer, but with half a dozen aliases, arrived in Sacramento and put up at the Mechanics' Hotel. Tne latter person immediately went to Mrs. Gibson's grocery store and saloon, and found no difficulty, though a stranger. In becoming In timately acquainted with the unfortunate woman. Carrie made inquiries concerning her financial affairs, and learned everything about her circum stances. A FEARFUL MURDER. During the afternoon of the l?th of September Mortimer visited the bar, and in a short time Car rie followed. It would appear that Mrs. Shaw was about selling out her place, for which she was to receive a good price. Some liquor was drank, and While there the murdered woman invited Mortimer to come inside, with the view of showing him through the house. She was heard repeating the words in her apartments, "This is my bed; this is my burean." Mortimer returned to the bar, where he remalued with Carrie uutil five o'clock. At seven o'clock next morning, September 20, Mrs. Shaw was found in her room dead. Her knees were doubled up under her body; her lace and throat cut across with a deep gash. She was dressed in her everyday garments, which appeared in the great est disorder, aud the lied in the room where the body lay, winch had pot been used during the ' night, was ripped up and the fragments scattered in every direction. Everything was topsv-turvy, ' showing that a terrible struggle had taken place. | The money sack which Mrs. Gibson was known to j carry fastened under her clothing with strings, j and the contents ol the war ".robe, were gone. A calico sack containing f22 60 in silver half dollars hidden from view, remained, and a gold ring on lier right hand and a diamond ring on her left hand were not removed. But in her right hand { was clutched A BUNCH OF SAXPT HAIR, the Color of Mortimer's, evidently torn from Ihe whiskers of a man. and to which was fastened a piece of human fle*h. (in the discovery of the murder suspicion Tell upon Mortimer, who was well known to the police. It appeared that early the day before he borrowed $3 from an acquaint ance, siatinp he was out of funds and wanted the money. During the night he was met by a switch- i mar. on the railroad coming from Mrs. Shaw's > hou?e. Ue inquired If the woman had sold her property, and was mformed that it was understood she had, and got $10,000 for It. Mortimer said he bad a rriend in the saloon, and wanted to i see after him. He then went to the window ; and looked in. The switchman subsequently took a drink with him at the bar, | and fonnd t'arrle Spencer there, it being about niue o'clock. Koar or five hours later Mortimer was encountered, without Ids hat, by a policeman on the street. They entered into con- 1 vernation, and, with others, visited several sa loons. Mortimer displayed large rolls of gold and : silver, and asked the officer if he wanted to bor- j row any. They proceeded to the Mechanics' Hotel, wncre Carrie lived. He called tier by name, told I her he was tight. and requested her to keep him In the house. The party then separated. The same day MOUTIMKr. AND CAHKIR WERE ARKE.-TEP. They had maue nf> attempt at flight or conceal ment. On Li? person was found six or seven dol lars MtU A bottle containing strychnine. Several f fffaTns of this poison wer# discovered in the bot- | torn of a i*er glass in ShawV jstore. In Carrie's 1 room there was fonnd a valise in which were sevrral dre?ses. neatly folded up. aud also a quantity of jewels belonging to the mur dered woman. Mortimer had shaved off his whiskers duriug the day; his lace and neck were covered with scratches and he looked as it he had been engaged in a terrible fight. There was the j mark of a piece of flesh having been torn from his | c.liin?a damning proof of .hi* guilt. Die police ) brought the prisoner to the Coroner's onice, where ihe body of MrN. Gibson was lying in its coffin, with \ the hair still remaining in her grasp. The remark i was made, "?'harlic* there are your whiskers." He i said. "You don't tielleve it is so." Mortimer and I Carrie were confined in separate cells, and were allowed communication only on one occasion. > What happened at the trial and the subsequent at- j tempt to rescue the prisoner constitute a story of j uncommon interest. THE TRtAI. I The trial commenced ot Sacramento, March 12, l last, and continued lour days. Mortimer being without means, Judge Heardon, wha presided, assigned counsel to conduct the defence, and It must be said they performed their duty with re j markable zeal and ability. An application was ! made for a postponement In consequence of the i absence of alleged important witnesses for the prisoner, who would, It was stated, testify that they had seen Mortimer Intoxicated at a circus, on the night of September 18. and that the articles of ureas and Jewelry found in his possession were sold and delivered to him by a man named Kuller. The Court denied the application. The lacts, as stated above, came out at the trial. The defence was that some one else and not the prisoner had com mitted the murder, in fact Carrie uppeared to i>e the one to be made the scapegoat. TIIK SOII.Kb t'AKKIK SPKMCKR tnrned on her paramour or husband and testified against Itlin, though It was supposed beloie the trial she would be the strongest witness In Ills favor. She certainly was the first to make the ac quaintance of the mordered woman and snccceded In initiating tierseif Into tier confidence- Carjau remained In her company op ro a late hoar on tn? lutal uigut, and ro. o.vtul tlie stoleu property in hor room. Hut lear overcame every Icliug of ai led.on or gratitude (lor the accused had been de voted to her), aud ttlio l-nt all the aid lit her power to hurry on Mortimer to the pallows. Jt appeared that a year und a hail before the murder prls onet was employed bv u .arnier, residing a lew miles irom Sacramento, name l O'Nell, and that Mortimer Introduced the girl as his wile. They both took up quarters at tlie farm house, O'Neil geiierou-ly giving up ins sleeping apartment for their accommodation. lie rewarded l>y the mg o je nlgut an'' taking with them ail the niouey and other portable prop Tty upon .?[. !c. C0UM '"y their hands. O'Nell pursued anii overtook them and recovered the greater por tion of what was stolon. rnppin witness roil THK STATU <ir I testified that Mortimjr. when he brought the t H, Jowfl"??' Mr"- Shaw to her room, " they wcrp arresleu, that they JL/thK ihf? J! ,u"iu n*m?0 Oeorge, and also to ?tiiu?<V tuilf ,i u! ,ouf1 at u,e clrcU!?- She further "1^, m ttlwa' H 1,1 Kraal fear of the ac c unto, and could never say her ine wiu hjiu. hIiw-a h e kuuw his liuruU were h tamed with the Mood of two inuocuut women. Carrie said cmnhaLieaitv "l wash my hand* of him." The tialr. wTtS fl^'aU tached, was prodnoed In Court. JudgoltLrdon In his charge to tiie jury, ra tdo little or no ro cr ence to Clio I acts ol the cane. He conilned himself to oxpkluing fully and clearly what the lawTon (diluted murder. A verdict of guilty m the first degree was soon rendered. No sooner wus the trial eiide.l than Cariio Spencer was arrested on a charge of burg ary committed in auother county. 'filH ftllHAO JUDIIMt NT. On the 20th of March Mortimer was brought up for sentence. Ills counsel, S. C. Denson, moved lor a new trial on the ground that the prisoner was entitled to it under the law as it cxi.itcd wlion the ollence was committed, and that It was error to have tried idm under tne new code; ou the ground oi newly-discovered evidonce wouiu show where the pus ner was ou the nlgut of (lie homi cide, und ou the ground of tne bias of ring oOhe JJ!.r.?r?;^lh/T ?PPl^?ttoa w^e SinioJ, and tne jiyieme Court, tiie trlbunul of last resort, ft mw days since sustained the decision. Judge Keardoii, in pronouncing judumout, sala:? "i li&ve uo disposition, even if f saw the utility ol it, to call before your miud at tins time the hor rors and atrocity o( the act lor which you have been convicted. Sufflcient (or me to say, irom the eviueuce, 1 am satisfied with the verdict of the Jury; and 1 do not well see how a diiferent verdict *iouid hav6 been turned at by them. Alter having seen no reason to grant you a new trial, it now only remains lor me to pronounoo tbe dread judg ment, ? ran awful nooM of thr Mortimer was then sentenced to t?e bangfld May iU'e.J K.ment wai being pronounced the prls . PittV0Cl ao eui'>'ion wnatever, but looked steadily at the Judge and sat down at the close when so directed. Jud/e Iteardon then signed the death warrant and delivered it to the Sheriff it n as required by the new California code, and, diiTering from many documents of a similar nature, did not state the hour of execu tion, but left it optional with the Hheriff what time the extreme penalty oi the law should be earned out. Judge Keardon, it may be added, presided at the second trial oi Laura Fair when that notorious female was acquitted. His rulings and charge to the Jury certainly contributed nothing to justify the result in that remarkable ease. PERSONAL APPEARANCE OK THK CONDEMN KI>. Considerable mysterv hum? over the antecedents of Mortimer, winch was believed and as it turned out to be an assumed name. He would give no ac count of his family, and no one in California know anything or himself or his connections before or after his arrival in the State save the commission or crimes that brought him into the meshes of the law. He was about forty-eight years old, quite bald on the top oi his head, with long black hair, mus tache ami whiskers. Undoubtedly he passed the best part of his liie in scenes of turmoil, crime and danger, but he still retained a very gentlemanly aud inte.dgeut appearance. Mortimer was worried most by the treachery ol Carrie Spencer. lie had been devoted to her, and while she was sick yad given up everything else to wait upon the girl, lie Insisted that she had been tampered with, that a conspiracy had been formed to take his Hie, and using his own words, "Since that poor, demented, miserable creature Carrie was iniluenced to do as she did, I have no lalth in humanity or Justice." The con demned man expressed the opinion that if he hud never made a confidant or her he would not have beeh convicted. At the trlul he declined to be ex amined as <i witness on his own behalf, or at least his counsel did not call upon liiiu to take the stand. He explained this by stating that as the Court wrongfully took the girl's testimony there was no use of his speaking a word?".^he got the biirzest end of the rope in lying." A TKAOIC EPISODE. There new came a tragic episode in the case, which brought to light the family affairs of the un fortunate Mortimer. It cost the Iile or his brother and gave touchlug proof ol powerful fraternal affection. There arrived from the Eastern States by Pacific railroad, at Sacramento, on the nth April, three weeks alter the conviction of Mortimer, a young man who registered at the city Hotel as "J. H. Williams, Jersey City." He was under medium size, not very stout built, with brown hair and mutton-chop whiskers. His general appearance was that of a highly respectable man, and his like ness to Mortimer was plain to be seen. He bad pleuty of moucy and was frequently to ixj observed in the saloons, and becoming talkative, often spoke of Mortimer. The stranger said the condemned man was innocent, and on one occasion he pulled out a bundle, of pipers, remarking that thev con tained everything, and that In a few days the pris oner would be at liberty. He admitted iu confi dence he was Mortimer's brother. A BROTHER'S DEVOTION. He was permitted to visit the jail on several oc casions, but was not allowed to have any conversa tion with the prisoner. He was noticed to gaze fixedly at Mortimer in his cell, but not a word passed between them. Hetween two and three o'clock on the morning ol April 16 a loud ringing of the bell at the Jail door awoke the keepsr, and, with cocked pistol In hand, he went cautiously to the door. It was moonlight., aud there was nobody visible in the yard. He advanced towards the gate und suddenlv saw a man, wealing a coat iuslde out, and with ii handkerchief bound aroaud his head. The keeper Instantly fell on his knee and fired. The ball took effect in the breast of the Intruder. He tired again, and this time the shot entered his mouth. The man. alter being thus twice wounded, ran mto the Jail, and, alter going round the tier of cells, stopped In irontoi Mortimer's, reached his hand through the iron grating to its Inmate, who clapped it, and HIS BROTHER FULL DOWN A CORPSE. Tne guest of i he city Hotel had procured a ladder, with which he scaled the walls of the prison, aud by means of a line had descended to the yard. His object was to effect the release of Mortimer, and he made tbe re<kiess attempt without anv coniederates. On his person were lound two pistols, one of which he had purchased a few days l<efore;a dirk, a diagram of the interior of the jail and a badge or the (irand Army of the Republic. On his arm were the words, "Wldlam J. Plynn, l.ynu, Mass." There can belittle doubt that Mortimer recognized his brother, and was aware ol his in tention to seek his release. Th?- prisoner had on his boots when the tiring took place, but he cer tainly was right in expressing indignation at. the shooting of hi* brother, and asking way ttie officers, knowing him to be prowling around the jail, and that his suspicious character was a subject oi town talk In Sacramento, had not arretted him. A SKCONl) VISIT TO TIIE CORONER'S OFFICE. Mortimer made another visit to the Coroner's office, on reaching tbe rough lioard coffin he in stantly recognized the remains, and, after looking long and earnestly npon tbe cold, stark, contracted features of the deceased, placed bis hand affec tionately upon the corpse, and exclaimed, "Yes, that is my younger brother, and he was twenty nine years old last Christmas. 1 had not seen him for sixteen years until he visited meinthejaila few days since." The body was farther identified by Mortimer by the mark of a wound on the fore head, inflicted by a stone he threw one day years ago, and by the dislocation of a finger, which hap pened when he was a boy. The Coroner's jurv ac quitted the keeper of all blame lor the killing of William J. Plynn. On Mortimer's arm appear the letters, marked with India ink. two X's and an F, leaving no doubt of the family name being Flynn. Further developments have shown that he "bad four brothers, and tbat their original residence was Lynn, Mass., where they were all born. Abont a weA Sin?? J^rank Flynn. one of the hrotlicrs, arrived at Haeramenlo. His object, no doubt, Wit to console his wretched relative during the last few days of his existence The jail where he was confined consists of the basement of the lage building formerly used as the (State capital. It. Is a gloomy, nnh<-aithy and cramped apartment, ami is a sorry looking place for a human oelng to be cooped up In, without ventilation and unclean. 1 wo rows of iKiiier Iron cells arc to be reach ing nearly the entire length of the prison and the other stopping about hall way. An open door upon one hand leads into the yard where William wa shot; upon tiie other an uninviting avenue of brick wall, dotted with a few dbnial looking win dows, out of which the architect seemed to have exerted all his lugeuuitv to keep Cod's blessed sun light. TI1K CONTEMNED CEI.I, looked like a big ocean steamship boiler knocked suddenly into a hollow square, with the grate on top?no under drainage, no possible ventilation, nothing in the world but as much room as a man with some vitality lelt in him could exist in. The wicket In the door is about-eight bv six Inches, a reporter, who visited the ptlnone'r about a fort night ago, gives the lo!lowing account oi his inter view:? "Peering In I miw an emaciated man, hag gard In visage and careworn in general aspect, who lay. as tieor as I could Judge, either upon the floor (the piace was fearfully dark! or upon a slightly ralscl cot. My eyes became accustomed to the darkness and J was able to see Inside the dungeon, and a sorry sight It was?a simple mat tress or two, some blankets, a pall, and a quiet, simple-seeming piece of what humanity calls a man. lie lay on his back, his eyes closed, his hands clasped across his breast, and with n little (esthetic disposition of his hair and whiskers would luvc answered for a lay figure as EITHER AN ANUEI, oil A IIKMOV. As quick as transition from loam to wave there sprang up a bright-eyed, restless man, qnlck la every nerve, and so totally different irom the "lull Inanity that hud there only an Instant beiore tlmt I confess 1 felt staggered, and wished that I was interviewed instead ol being the interviewer. Hut, like a sudden shot from a rifle, sighted lo a hair, caine Irom those Hps, no longer bloodless, 'What's the lay now r' and meeting no resnon-dvo look In my eye's (tor, to tell the, truth, I halt caught. the mcaiiuuz oi the siaug. aud did not have gourugo to own It ro mvse'O, n? -?aia, excuse me.' Mortimer then, In re,>lv to questions, admitted that lie recognized his brotner wh>n be visited him, and that lie hoped he would obtain lor him a Hsoond trial. 'Here I was locked up in this celt, having thi.'* conspiracy put ui? against me. I heard them billing ami cooing around the jail, and the creak* Hi? of the d'or Bounding in m.v ears like a Via*. That night, when 1 h ;ard the Hiiot, I said to in/ self, 'Who next?' 1 got up In my stocking feet, reached on my tiptoes until 1 caught hold ol the irons above ray cell, and raised myself up to the bars. J asked 'was ho killed V lor 1 supposed some one had gut away aud t ie keeper was killed.' " TUB FAMILY lllSTOItr. On the oth iust. public interest was greatly in creased by the re etpt ol pictures and voiUinlKons correspondence Irom the flmo family In Massa chusetts oy Mr. lienson, the prisoner's counseL The lamiiy at liome consists of the mother, a mar ried Bister and two brothers, ICUward and Thomas, who arc engaged in the tailoring; business. Ed ward, wriliug under the date ol April H, savs that fourteen years have elapsed since Charles has com municated with the lainilv. and that during that time many letters, sent to him undt>r various names, have not been roiurned or answered. Their lather died In 18dl, and lelt the lamth in destitute circumstances. The boys at home worked hard u? support their mother, and they rejoice to say she knows no want. The poor old woman believed Charles was d jad until a telegraphic despatch in a newspaper attraote 1 their attention. Then, aud only then, was she aware that, the eldest bo/ was a condemned murderer. When the war !>ogaa William (killed last, mon i h at tli ? jail). aged twenty tw6, and Prauk (now in Sacrum,','atui, losj than eighteen, ENUBTRD IK THK UNION AllMY, and went to New Orleans with General Banks. Each won a good war record. At the battle ?( Port Hudson, in lt>83, William was wounded in the right ankte and was borne from tae Held by Prank, the two OtQUwrs having been figuring side by side. OSherai Graves complimented both oi the boys for avery and reoomuiouded them for promotion. llUaui y?ns lionoraoly discharged In 1864. while holding the rank or llrst sergeant. Prank fought uuder Sheridan and Sherman to the end ol the war. Edward la <n petition that t(& uilt ?5T, thill vivid Illustration of brotherly lov'e?William's at tempt to release Charles, hut not to shoot the jailer?w?a Uie greatest of his life. William lelt noriie alter receiving a letter which had been ftoft warded from Sacramento by a trusty irlend in the jail. The flag over the hail oi the Grand Army of the Republic in Lynn was hung for several days at half mast in honor of his memory. Frank, who travelled so many thousand miles with a lingering hope that he might be able to save his brother's lire, had to witness to-day his execution. WAS MDHTIMF'K INSANIJ f Daring the i?&st few aajsMorifiuef'continupd not to rucogni/.e Ins brother Prank, who lately arrived In Sacramento. He remained kneeling by a bun dle, which lie pretended or reallv believed to be the body ot his brother, killed in tne jail yard last month. When he viewed the body at the under taker's the uervous twitching about the corners of the prisoner's mouth was clearly expressive ol the great mental anguish which he suffered; but he had evidently nerved himself for the trying ordeal, and made a great etfort to conceal 4thc bitterness or his thoughts. The valise and other effects left by his brother were conveyed, at his request, to the cell he occupied. He asked that he might have a lock or William's hair, aud on being conveyed back to his dismal quarters in the old State House he carefully placed it in a package, unmindful ot all else. For several weeks prior to the death of his brother Mortimer was actively engaged writing what was generally supposed to bo a history of his life. Since that time, however, ne gradually became morose and sullen stopped writing aud would hold no conversation with any one. and would not even, as stated, re cognize Prank. The treachery of Carrie Spencer preyed greatly oa his mind, and the desperate attempt or William to effect his release, and in which he lost his llie, must have had a terrible effect on the condemned man. The Supreme Court denied a new trial on the 8th Inst., and there being no hope left it was suspected that he was pretending In sanity. The physicians who examined him wero unable to determine satisfactorily as to whether he was insane or not, and Governor Booth, under all the circumstances, resolved to allow the law to take Its course. The execution to-day has excited interest from one end of the htate to the other, and all connected with the case bears out the remark made at the beginning, "that there are certain characteristics about California homicides not to be matched by the lelonies of any other country." The Murderer Oevlnr. San Prancisco, May 15, 1873. Rev. Puttier Sprcckles and Coroner stillman, alt this city, are contending lor the possession or the body or John Devlne, who was hanged yesterday for the murder or Auirust Kamp, In May, 1872. The Coroner desires to hold an inquest on the remains, bui Father Spreckles, who was the spiritual adviser or the condemned man during his imprisonment, denies the Coroner's Jurisdiction, and will not sur render It. Devlne was known by the name ot "the Chicken," and was tried twlcc and each tune found guilty. He persisted in denying guilty intention to the last. He had no relatives in the United States. SUICIDE OF 1 SPANIARD. A IMiyslcian In Brooklyn Kills HimtcM with an Opiate?Sad Circumstances. The Brooklyn Coroner was yesterday notified to hold an inquest, over the body of Dr. Cyno A. P. De Cortoz, who committed suicide at his hoarding house, 284 Dean street. The deceased had been stopping for several months past with the family of Mr. 1. Hirsch, and had been practising medicine, but without any signal success. For some time past, indeed, his income has been so small that be has not been able to pay his board. Being of a highly sensitive nature, this fact preyed upon his mind and caused him irequent attacks of melan choly ami headachc. On Wednesday morning he was lound lying In an unconscious state in his office, and medical aid was summoned. It was dis covered that, he wa- laboring under the influence of a poweritil opiate, supposed to be morphine. Despite the efforts of the attendants to resuscitate him death ensued duriug the evening. The follow ing notes, written by deceased, were found in his room, addressed to his landlady:? Dr. Ctrio A. P. Pic Cortm, ) Omci 2M Mka.n Street,, J May 14, 1873. ) Ii there i* a future life I liopr to meet hereafter Mm Hlrsch, whom 1 look upon at a mother: her daughter Florence, whom 1 tieany love, and Mr. I. Hlrsch, the be?tofmen. Oh I,ord. if tnere is a lile ordained by Thy supreme will, will Thy loving kimlnea.s permit ine to a??>ciatc with those 1 love?'' Dk C.oktii. Mamma Hirsch?You own all I have. Don't let b? dissected II you can. Dk O. Dr. l)e Cortez, who was unmarried, was a native of Barcelona. Spain, and was in his thirty-fourth year, lie graduated at the Imperial University of Batiia, Brazil, and also at Oxford University, Eng land. General E. L. Townsend. who had been upon terms of intimate acquaintance with deceased for several months past, states that a friend of Dr. De Cortez recently committed suicide in the city ol Hartford, and this latter circumstance, coupled wttn his pecuniary embarrassment, produced ex cessive despondency upon the Doctor's mind. He was a man of very high intellectual attainments, being an .excellent linguist, a profound observer and a graceful writer: but, with all these attain ments, he was unable to earn a livelihood, lie represented to his fnend General Towssend that he was of an ancient line of Spanish aristocracy; and It will be a source or sartsiaction to those who are related to him across tae sea to know that his deathbed was surronnded by kind, ministering bands, and that everything possible was done to save his life and soothe his dying moments. THE FRIENDS OF PEACE. To the Editor or the Hkrai.p:?? At the mcetinfr held at the house of Mr. David Dudley Field last evening the report of the Kct Mr. Miles, as to the resu'ts of his recent efforts la enlist the co-operation of jnrists and statesmen ol Europe in behalf of the adoption of a code of the public law and the establishment of arbitration as a means of sett ling international disputes, waslargelj devoted to a statement of the opinions expressed to him by the thinking men of Europe as to the fea sibility of the arbitration of disputed claims of na tions and as to the necessity of its adoption for the welfare of nations. The remarks of gentlemen lol lowmg the report and the resolutions adopted were confined to this subject. From this lact a wrong impression seems to have been made upon the Hkralp particularly, as seen in Its editorial ar ticle, entitled "A Wond ol Peace and Good Will," viz., that the sole object of the coniercnce of statesmen and international lawyers recom mended to be held in the Fall was "to formulate a series of rules, to be submitted to the various gov ernments afterwards, for the settlement of all future international disputes by arbitration in stead of war." This, however. Is not the sole object of the pro posed meeting. It is intended that a code of tb? entire law governing the various relations of, na tions and of their members, in time of peace as well as of war. shall, after careful and thorough preparation, be submitted to the governments of nations for their sanction as authoritative state ments of the law upon the various subjects em braced within it.. The peaceful relation* of nations should be governed by definite rules. And the code to be submitted to governments founded upon the settled usage of nations, the most llberni treaties and opinions of eminent Jurists of all nations and judicial decisions ot present authority will embrace, besides the law of nations in time of war, rules regulating peace ful Intercourse; for example, the law as to the essential rights of nations, and the rights of navi gation, discovery, colonization and fishery; the in tercourse of nations and the rights and Immunities of diplomatic agents: the right of asylum and duty of extradition : tlie rules as to national char acter and jurisdiction ; the private rights of persons and property: the judicial power of nations in civil and criminal cases, A-c. it is believed that the practicability ol such u code, and lis effect in bene fiting society and improving the internal affairs <?f nations, will be acknowledged by all wise men. Very respectluliy yours, UOWjVIID, PAYrtON WILDSV, New York, May io, l*i;v.

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