Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 21, 1873, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 21, 1873 Page 5
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THE NORTH POLAR REGION. , ? ! ? t ' ' ' ' ; ? Map Showings the Earth's Surface at the Arctic Circle with Former Explorations, the Track of the Hall Expedition and the Drift of Tyson's Party on the Ice. Lou?. of Qrecnwich Horlli Devon gOCW** ID tBooUila f?cla Sir. V rot i*o* cnAyxEL i| HUDSON 1ABRADO THE POLARIS. History of the Expedition in the Polar Set?Why It Failed. 1 ? ? The Mystery of the Death of Captain Hall. WAS HE POISONED! Significant Statements by the Esqui maux?Quarrels on Board. TH? STORY OF THE DRIFT. Graphic Recital of the Six Months on an Ice-Floe. ABAIDOIEB BT ALL SAVE GOD. Ifae ftficDc by the Tigreu?Reception in . St. J?lni?Scientific Remits. 8t. Johns, N. F., May 14, 1873. The departure of the Polaris expedition, un." rier the command or Captain Ball, in the year'' 1871, is a fact well known, as also her visit to this port in J mj of that year and her departure hence In the same month for Qrecnland, preparatory to tier final departure for the Arctic regions. After taking additional supplies from the United states steamship Congress, at Pisco, she sailed to tfper navlk. Ia August CaDtala nail sent his adieu to civilization from Tusslsack, and from that time the Polaris was not heard from until now?May, 1673. THE LONG 8CSPENSE. Notwithstanding that almost Innumerable ru mors had become disseminated, through the me dium of Scotch and Danish vessels, as to the fate and fortune of the Polaris, it is now an unde niable fact that from her departure in 1971, op to May, 1873?a period or nearly two year^no authentic report of her condition or prog ress had reached the civilized world. That information Is now announced from the III and of Newfoundland; for. on the 30th day of April, A. D. 1873, the steamship Ugl-ess, owned by Messrs. Harvey A Co. of this port, whlM en gaged In tire prosecution of the Newfoundland seal fishery In the latitude ?3 1 north providen tially steamed In a dense fog upon a floe oi Ice, which proved to be the some time habitation (actually) ofhlneteen living human oreatures of the Arctic steamship PolarK who had arrived thus far south by the agency, though at the bitter mercy of the wtmls, waves, storms and frozen con vulsions of the Northern Atlantic Ocean. They had drifted on a scanty surface of Ice and beyond the sight of land l,6oo miles during the Winter months, without food or clothing to be tolerated by ordinary mortals. But a further description of these ravages of dire necessity anon. The famously rugged and Inhospitable rocky coasts of Newfound land proved a safe and acceptable asylum to these unrivalled denizens of Polarity. TRUTH STRANGER THAN FICTION. That nineteen souls, several of them children, and one only born Into this world bat a few few days before, shoild exist on drifting ice for six months, resting open an ocean of proverbial uncer tainty, now placidly reposing in perfeet calm, now laahed Into more than demoniacal fury by the maddening drafts and currents of Polar regions, and constantly situated In opposition with lnev Kabls destruction from bergs and wildly careering maintains and gelds. Impelled by varlefna in flueacea. is almost incredible enough to be re yarded as beyond the scope or purely human ex periment. Certainly we must recognize In this miraculous surviving not only the favorable coincidence of circumstances, but, beyond that, the merciful and restraining hand of a watchful aud beneficent Providence. Captain Hall died on the 9th day of November, A. D., 1871, or the first Winter after hla arrival North. From this point the expedition loses al most all interest, regarded from a scientific point of view or in respect of Its legitimate and only object. Its subsequent history consists of a col lection of facts and experiences, forming a narra tive almost Impossible to believe. No discriminating man would wonder that if any two persons (both, perhaps, reliable in point of veracity) should relate their experiences of feet in a widely different manner, some discrepancies capable of being substantially reconciled should be found. It would be much less a matter of aston ishment that their statements, when involving an effort of judgment rather than memory, should so widely diverge as to be Inconsistent and untrust worthy. But when such a period as six months is the subject of comment and recapitulation, with nineteen Individuals of different capabilities and disposition* and habits of reflection, what wonder if much that one relates la omitted by another, or that widely different Inferences should be deduced from identical facts, and especially when there may possibly exist an undiscovered variety of In terests ? 16s probable, therefore, that aome strik ing inconsistencies may be discovered In thia account. TRK BXTKDTTTOW STARTS. The first period la this expedition, and that of prime importance to those interested In Its his tory, is that from Its entrance lato the Danish waters to Captain Hall's decease, in November, 1871. The main facts of that period may be thus condensed, masmach as, so lar as they go, no fllfltereaee of opinion Is apparent After Tearing St John's, Newfoundland, the Pol aris visited the Danish s^tucnenw on the cwt ooiut or Greenland?Disco, FlskernacH, Holsteln burg, Apornavick and Proven. She called at Flsk ernaes on or about July 30,1871, to take on board Hans Christian (Esquimaux), wife and family, but

found on arrival that they were not there. At Holsteinburg they purchased Esquimaux dogs fpr sledge expeditions, also various skins, Ac. On arriving at Apernavick a boat was sent to Proven, about twenty-ave miles to the south, and broaght back Hans Christian and family. They then proceeded north. On the 34th or August ship lea Tesslnsaek and went through Smith's Sound. Smith's Sound Is describe* as identical with the Polar Sea of Kane, discovered in the expedition or 1953-4-5. *orth of this Is what la now called Robeaon's Channel, in which was at tained the greatest northern latitude reached? 82 18. ' c: hobjcson's chajnbl extends north i*om 81 u to 82 20 (or 26) or a distance of nearly forty-live miles. Beyond tins Robeson's channel was a lead ?f water north, beyond which again was another ocean or bay, having on it* western aide land stretching aa far as the eye could reach and on the east some land, bat indis tinctly delineated. This bay or occaa was WITHOUT ICE, and, it is conjectured, that this cleat expanse of sea is either the North Polar Ocean or a sound or strait leading to it. From the general evidence given upon this point, it would appear that no se rious difficulty prevented the Polaris from advanc ing into this sea. After reaching this latitude (sa 18) the ship returned to winter at Polaris Bay?*o called by Captain UaU?in latitude 8138, longitude ?l M, where Tin SHIT WAS FROZE* UP. On the 10th of October captain Ball started on a sledge expedition north to renew hie vigorous ef forts in the direction or the Polar Sea. These sleds (two in ntunber on this oeeaslon) were drawn by Esquimaux dogs, purchased at Holstelnburg. Mr. Han wia accompanied toy Joe, Hans Christian and Chester, the mate. The party was absent two weeks, and returned te Polaris Bay on the ttth of October, 1871. No authentic information can be procured of the events that transpired on the two weeks' trip, but it appears that after his return to the ship Captain llall was almost immediately taken sick. CA1TAIN IIALL'S ILLNKfS AND DEATH. Jolin Heron, the steward, makes the following statement:?Captain Hall had good health up to the time of returning from the sledge expedition. He was not sick when he came on board, but com plained soon afterwards and said that the heat of the cabin affected him. He got water to wash and put on clean underclothing. I asked what he would have?was anxious to get him something nice. He didn't care about anything but a cup of coflfee and didn't drink even that. I had no conversation with captain Hall when he was sick, except to ask him if he was better occasionally or how he was, and men like. He was sick a fortnight awl talked very little. He was perfectly delirious for the last few days. I think he was paralysed on one side. Heard no one say so (!). rt was my own opinion. There was nothing sudden about his death. He was attended by Dr. Bessells and Mr. Morton, who did everything in their power to alleviate his sufferings, but without effect His illness cast a gloom over the entire company, and was the first discouraging circum stance whirh had occurred in connection with the expedition. His death made us all feel very sad. WHAT CAPTAIN TT90H SATS. Captain Tyson, speaking of Captain Hall's death, ?ays:?Hall was sick fifteen days. Xt the first he was paralysed, and then delirious. He was in sensible when he died. He started (torn the ship oa a sled expedition northwards on the leth of oo totoer. He was absent fourteen days, and re turned on the Mth of October to the ship. On the ?tb of November he died, and eras buried on the Uth. His grave bore south-southeast, and about tre hundred paees distant from the observatory in Polaris Bay, which was in latitude tl m, longitude ci H on the Shore. We erected a heard over his grave, with an inscription cut giving his name, age (fifty yeari), date of death MM eommaod of North Polar expedition. ? r* v y i Til* FUNERAL. All hands, except the cook, attended his fnne/ttf. It was a dark, dismal, cold, windy and disagreeable day. The wind waa mournfully how liny, and the hearts of all were enveloped la deepest sadness. I held a lantern, and by the light of It the beaattfal service of the Episcopal Church was read by Mr. Bryant. As the soothing words, "I am the resur rection and the life, saith the Lord,"'fell npon the ears of the auditors there were few dry eyes, and there, amid Tilt SAVAQK DENOTATION OF SATTRB moat ragged, the p?wer of Christianity made Itself felt by those who bad never before acknowledged Its influence, and when the closlug words of the service were spoken "in sure and certala hope ef the resurrection to eternal Ufo" the mariners on the ice thanked God that amid all the privations with which they were threatened, there still remained the blessed hope of an lmmor* tality, where the "weary should be at test."' Pew of those whn were present at the bnrial will forget the deeply affecting scene. Old sailors, whose faces had been bronzed by Summer sons and frosen in Arctic seas, wept aloud. Captain Hall was uni versally beloved, and bis death at a time when the enterprise promised so hopefully was felt by his survivors to be an < Irretrievable loss. Those thoughts were uppermost In the minds of all, and when the funeral party returned to the ship there was a hushed silence attending the performance of every duty. Captain Tyson thinks that the death of Ball re sulted from apoplexy, but it is A STRANGE AND ALMOST rNFRKCKDKNTKD CIKCC*. STANCE that a disease which Is generally so sudden In its workings should require two weeks to snatch away Its victim. Captain Tyson did not speak fully as to the deatt of Captain Mall. Be appeared to be deeply grieved and ?rriCKNT upon stsjHors connected with his adventures that especially touched his fe<;lU)???even his own sudoring*. Jog

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