Newspaper of The New York Herald, 26 Mayıs 1873, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 26 Mayıs 1873 Page 5
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BELAUD AND AFRICA. Governor Pope Hennessy's Opinions as a Governor and an Irishman. British West African Expeditions to Aid Dr. LiviMgslone. Why Islam ism Outstrips Chris tianity Among the Blacks. Inconsistency of Mr. Glad stone's Liberahsm. Conservative Seasons for His Failure. Ireland's Wants and Irishmen's Capabilities? The "Home Role" Movement. Tne new uovernor of the Bahamas, His Excel lency John Hope Hennessy, who ia now at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, although a young man, has for a (lumber of years taken a considerable part in British home and colonial politics. Boon after graduating lrora Trinity College, Dublin, and while be was practising as a junior barrister, he was ebosen to represent Kings county, Ireland, in the Bouse of Commons. While serving bis constituents there he procured the passage of several bills?notably the one amending the IriBh Poor law, so as to allow the rearing of destitute orphans and deserted children away Aram tne banelul Influences and associations to which youth of their kind had previously always been subjected In the poorhouses. The results of this bill have been so beneficial that on his late de parture from Cork for this country Mr. Hennessy was thanked lor his labors by the Town Council of that city. Governor Hennessy's Parliamentary career was ended by his appointment to the post of Governor of Labooan. Thence in 1871 he was transferred to the post of Governor-in-Chief ef the West African settlements, which station he occupied when selected to be Gov ernor of the Bahamas. In his previous executive positions Governor Hennessy has shown a rare de gree of caution in dealing with political matters, tnd care to make himself familiar with the needs and capabilities of his colony. Knowing tne above facts, and believing that Governor Hennessy had during his career become acquainted with many natters having interest for our publlo, a Herald reporter called upon him at the Fifth Avenne Betel yesteiday. The diplomate received the re porter cordially and announced his WILLINGNESS TO OIVE ANY INFORMATION that would not trcnch upon necessarily secret mat ters of State. Remembering that the Governor bad but lately returned from the West Coast of Africa, the reporter was reminded of Dr. Living stone, and so began the interview by asking if any ?ffort had been made to communicate with the in trepid missionary and explorer by expeditions from that portion of the African Cbntlnent to the Interior. WEST AFRICAN EXPLORATION. The Governor, in reply, said"Before my ar rival on the coast Mir Arthur Kennedy, my prede cessor, Bent from Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leone, an expedition to open new routes for com merce from the coast to the interior. The single lmpertaut route, that known as the Port |<oko one, had become unsafe through the predatorc operations of the nomadic Hoo boos. Those tnievish Mohammedans cloak robbery with the euphemism of war upon pagans, and keep up a ceaseless turmoil. For more tnan twenty years they have led a predatory life, having originally been driven to become nomads by the exactions of the Sultan 01 limbo, whose subjects they were. They are KOHI INTELLIGENT THAN TUB TRIBES T1IEY PLUN DER, and are snch intensely fanatical Mohammedans that their name of Hoeboos has been derived lroin a word which occurs twice in the tirst. line or a hymn to. the Prophet which tMey sung as they went But of the villages of Fuhta to begin a wandering Ufe of thieving from the unblessed unbelievers. Well, the doings of these liooboos made necessary a Bew and unrestricted commercial route from Kaiaba the most remote 01 the places that now seud pro ducts to the coast. Sir arthur accordingly had the expedition organized, and gave charge of it to Pro fessor Blyden, who, by the way, though A PURE NEGRO, la a fine general scholar', being versed In Latin, Greek, Arabic, and several of the modern iau Enaves. When 1 arrived at Freetown the expedi on had been gone some time. Knowing the ex treme anxiety In Euroi*: to learn something of l)r. Livingstone, I immediately wrote to Professor My den to despatch messengers from the farthest point of his journey in quest of Information about the great traveller, David Llviugstone. But wheu the ProiesSor received my message he Ilad alfeaify began his return march to the coafet His supplies were so reduced by the EXTORTIONS OF NATIVB CmKFS through whose countrv he had been passing, that be felt be could not afford the means for the mes sengers, especially as he was returning by a second route aDd must have resources to respond to the demands of the cnlejs along the way. Thus my de ?Ire to aid the scientific men and Dr. Livingstone, tf possible, was baffled, while, at the same time, the indomitable Stanley was about to leave, in good condition, the Doctor, whom he had, some tnonths before, found heart-sick aud almost despair ing of testing the theories he had lormed as to the source of the Nlle.^" * At the snme tune tbat I sent instructions to PFo fesHor Blyden I also offered A KB WARD FOR ANY CERTAIIjl NEWS of Dr. Livingstone. The news of my action spread aiong the coast and 1 soon alter received tne fol lowing note from Mr. Charles Livingstone, a brother ?i the Doctor aud one oi Her Majesty'B Consuls:? STEiMSinp Volta, Sikrka Lr.onr, March 21,1872. Dbar Sir?Will Your Excellency permit me to express By dsep gratitude lor your mm#i<lunite kinkiiess in offer g a reward tor uny curtain iniormatiou from the in terior regarding my brothar, Dr. Livingstons. 1 have unshaken confidence that be will soon emerge from the darkness of the past few years. Ills last letter, of 1869, written on borrowed paper, re resting the Nautical Aluiauacfor 1871, shows that he an ipated being In an undiscovered country last year, probably at the Western Lake thai he beard of, which may be the source of the Congo. ShmiM he flml it then ?aster to come down the Congo, hu will touch here on his way hoiuu, and 1 am sure have great pleasure in thank ing Your hxcelleney In person. Willi much gratltuJo, I remain, Your Excellency's obedient servant, CHARLES LI VI NUSTo.M-;, II. M. Consul. 8EKKINO LIVINGSTONE PP Til K CONGO. "Were no other expeditions sent from the West Ooast to search for Dr. Livingstone V ??Yes. sir. Some time alter the reception of the news of the discovery of Dr, Livingstone by Mr. Stanley a party was formed in Freetown to go up (he Congo River from Loando, in the Portuguese territory, witn the expectation of meeting the ex plorer descending that stream. The expedition Was put under the command'of Captain Grandy, and Its expense was mainly borne by the Royal Geographical Society, as its design was to test sir Henry Rawlinson's theory that the watershed, which Dr. Livingstone was traversing with the belief that it was that of the Nile, was really that of the Congo River. "I contributed somewhat to the fitting out of the foroe, providing tents, Ac., aud a number of Kroo men or native porters. For my aid I received the tnauksoflbe Geographical Society. When I left the coast the party had not returned, and I know nothing of the results of it? search." "Weil, Governor, what were the beneficial results of Professor Blyden's expedition into the in terior T" ??The discovery of an easier geographical cause way than the Port Loko route for the transmission of products to the coast was one. But that way is equally beset by DANGERS FROM PLUNDERING TRIBES, and those resulting frost a continued war of almost thirty years' duration. Before it can be ntllized the hostility between the Soosoo tribes and a warlike nation made up of the heterogeneous elements of escaped slaves and plunderers under the ban, must be allayed. The latter complex nation was organ ised and is governed by BILALI, A FORMER SLAVE el Atmamy Mumfneh, chief of Kukuna. Twenty-eight years ago Bll&li escaped from slavery, aud with other lormer bondsmen, began to make reprisals upon bis late master. His force grew In strength and audacity, and the entire Soosoo nation allied to overcome him. The efforfto do this has contin ued uutli now, aud while the Soosoos liave lessened In power. Hilftli lias grown and is now more daring and stronger than ever. Aimamy Mumlneh has been ruined by the war and the insolent rapacity of his warriors, who now plunder even himself. When these combatants are appeased, the new route Irom talaba will be an artery couveying the lift elements of commerce in a continual Stream to the coast. The other good results of this expedition oT pro fessor Bifdeu ty Faiaba, and IUQJK of anomer jour* ?ey made by Mm ip the Niger, are the Knowledge gained of tbe EXTREME FRUIT FULNE88 OF THE SOIL, which only needs to be "tickled wltn a hoe to laugh out harvest," and of tbe capabilities of tbe De>>ple 01 tbe country. It is usually bAleved tbat the negroes are less susceptible to mental cultiva tion than any other race, yet Protestor hlyden found along his way to Falaba, several places that may be called UXIVERHITY TOWNS, in which the chieis were bead tcacuers, and where the Koran and the works of Arabic writers were earnestly studied, i'be sons of several of these chiefs more ai>lo to speak French and Portuguese, having learned those languages in Senegambia and Loango. Their inability to speak English is com pulsory, {ruin the bigotry or Intense earnestness ol too teachere on the coast., who offend tliern by ^ them 10 Christianity. At om?n(ilI^l8T,A?,TT HAS NO RORCK OR POWER ^ natives, either of the coast or the tn fi . amlana has more attraction for tnem, ffl.iJ-. 8pr.ettd among them by the Mohanimedau traders, who, in their settlements, scrupulously ob ""'Prices enjoined by their laith. Chris .1i?J. ut"ver nav? effect upon them unless it is taught by example of the many. Isolated mis sionaries are of no avail toward evangelizing tlie natives. a TRADR AND RELIGION must work together, must establish settlements, auti then while the worldly develop the resources I ol the country, the pious, by precept and practice, may develop the latent good In the hearts and minds of the blacks. In this way, 1 believe, Alnca may become an empire greater than India. The reporter, believing that be had heard, briefly, the main lacts about the West African colonies that would be of interest to the readers ,oi the IIkiui.u, desired to turn the conversation into another channel. As Governor Hennessy is hu irishman, he was presumed to bave decided views upon the present AGITATION KOK "HOME RULE IN IRELAND." The reporter said:?"Governor, what do you tbluk ol the 'Home Rule* movement in Ireland Y" Governor Hennessy hesitated for a moment, but then said:?"1 do not wish to express any opinion upon that matter. It would scarcely be fitting for me to do so, and I wish to avoid even the appear ance of impropriety, But this 1 must declare, that if either Mr. Gladstone or Mr. Visraeii should give them the chance IRISHMEN WOULD GOVERN IRELAND with unsurpassed ability aud success. When the first Municipal Reform bill went into operation Irishmen did not evince the administrative apti tude they have since shown. Hut the power was only latent, and was soon vivi-. ned. The ability with which municipal matters are conducted throughout Ireland and the rare skill exhibited by irishmen In executive posts abroad prove that Ireland has in her the elements of good government. 1RIS11MKN IN ENGLISH SERVICE. Even now the most important posts in Her Majes ty s coouies are filled by Irishmen. Lord Dufferin, tne Governor General oi Canada, is Irish, like his predecessors, Lords Lisgar aud Monck; Sir Her cules Robinson, Governor of New South Wales: Sir Charles Gavau Duffy, ex-Prime Minister of Vic toria, Australia, who is a man of first class aDllity and an honor to his country; Mr. Gregory, the Gov ernor of Ceylon; Sir Arthur Kennedy, Governor of Hong Kong, who was my predecessor on the West Coast; all these gentlemen are Irishmen, and the best Governor General sent out to India for half a century was also an Irishman. I reler to Lord Mayo, who was lately assassinated there. These lacts are a guarantee that Ireland could be gov erned with wisdom by her sous." RECENT IMPERIAL LEGISLATION FOR IRELAND. "V\ nat do you think, Governor, or the recent legislation on Irish subjects f" "It has failed entirely because Its tendency Is wrong. It has served to keep Catholics and Prot estants apart and to embitter them against each other. The Church Disestablishment bill failed of good effect, and has only indicated the worth of the policy of 'Concurrent Endowment' announced by Mr. Disraeli aud Lord Derby in 1868. such a policy would be wise aud national In its good effects. These FAtLCREB OF MR. GLADSTONE are due to lus anomalous positlou. He Is a sincere liberal, but he depends on Roman Catholic votes lor his power. He is unlike that other great leader oi European liberalism, Prince Bismarck, who Ib always consistent. Bismarck opposes Catholicity, which in its essence is conservative; Gladstone leans upon Its exponents lor support in working out liberal ideas. Id that he is Inconsistent." THE MORAL OK RECENT ELECTIONS. "What do you think are the dominant political sentiments In Great Britain at preseutT" "The recent elections show that Mr. Gladstone* supporters are being everywhere defeated. Mr. Disraeli is at present the moat popular statesman in England. He will at the next dissolution have a majority and then assume the Premiership. This attainment will be a proper reward for the sacri fice he recently made of nimself for his party. He might have become Premier last month, but he would have prostrated his party by accept ing the post; lor immediate defeat was certain to meet it In the House. His pre science and patience helped him to wait, and now events have shaped themselves to his needs. Lord Derby and other leaders of his party are in full accord with Mr. Disraeli, and he acted, when he declined the Premiership, with their advice." '?THE GENEVA ARBITRATION took place while yon were in Airlca. It Is, there fore, a somewhat fresh topic to you. Governor. As the English politicians have not yet done dis cussing its results the matter has yet interest here." "I cannot but applaud the Mea of arbitration, which originated with Lord Derby. 1 cannot, how ever. praise the manner in which the Treaty of Washington was made. Some ol the Commission ers were unversed in diplomacy, and they cer tainly committed several blunders. It Is the ! opinion oi many leading men in England that sir Edward Thornton alone would have negotiated a better Instrument. ; THE FINAL RESULTS of the arbitration eould scarcely have been differ i ent, and I believe tbey were just. I believe in the i justice of the Alabama claims. I bad always when in Parliament deprecated the violent feelings whose real issue were those claims, and at that time opposed Lord Palmerston's Ministry, in which were Mr. Gladstone and Lord John Russell. I re member the enthusiastic cheers with which tbe Treasury Benches greeted TUAT SPEECH OF MR. LAIRD, in Which he taunted Mr. John Bright and declared that he was proud to bave built the Alabama. I remember the earnest efforts oi Lord Derby (then Lord Stanley) a"hd Mr. Disraeli to prevent the con servative party from giving encouragement to either side, at the time wtien Mr. Gladstone sumqied np the American war in an epigram? "The North battles for empire; the South ior inde pendence." All these things caused me to honestly respect the Alabama claims, and the attitude aad argument of Mr. Adams and Mr. Evarts Increased that feeling." THE ARBITRATORS' SQUABBLE. "What Is your opinion, Governor, of the action of sir Alexander Cockburn since the arbitration t" "Oi course, with my previous sentiments. I do not admire it: but neither do I like Mr. Caleb Cushing's, anal must refuse to accept that learned gentleman's estimate of the Lord Chief Justice of Great Britain. I was opposed to Sir Alexander in the House of Commons, but I learned to respect his abilities and acquirements." ^l<R08PtR0ir8 IRELAND. "As yon have just come from Ireland you can tell something about that country that will affect a great part of the people of New York. Is the coun try In any sense prosperous, as is reported 7" "Ireland Is, unfortunately, not prosperous. In deed, she is the least fortunate of European coun tries. What constitutes the wealth of the United States Is neither Its fertile soil nor the materials that make the buildings of its cities, but the mil lions of industrious hands that are here. Labor is the source oi wealth and population the source of capital." Here the Governor, taking up a report of the Commissioners of Emigration, continued:?"This immigration is admitted to be the main cause of the prosperity of the United States. The loss of these emigrants is the origin of the lack of pros perity In Ireland. Lately I saw along the roads 1WK RI INS OF MANY HAMLET8, whose former population hall emigrated or died out. Many tourists are deceived by judging Ire land from the wealth and prosperity tbey see in Dublin and Cork. Wealth In Ireland accumulates in the possession of the few. while the poverty stricken many go abroad or stay at borne to die of overwork and famine." The reporter, as he rose to take leave of His Ex cellency, said:?"Prom your present remarks and what, you have indicated of your previous senti ments it appears that you bave not altered your political opinions." Governor Hennessy replied:?"No, I have not al tered them. I am, to use the words of Tbomas Davis, 'a national conservative.'" ARRIVAL OF EMIGRANTS DURING THE WEEK. ^ For the week ending at noon Saturday 17,080 emigrants were lauded at Castle Garden, as fol lowsi Vemmlt. Port. Number. *n,r"P? ni^,?owv Kjl I itlubrla Liverpool w Dunan .Brrmm. 664 Adriatic Liverpool Hpaln Liverpool 1.90.1 City of Washington Liverpool >.269 Idaho Liverpool . ~ 1,201 K. M. Arndt Stottln 962 Ch. IT. Marshall Liverpool 2.11 City ot Antwerp Liverpool l.tlOO U. Adelstccn Bergen 429 France Liverpool 1.314 Holland rLoadon 1.1)15 Lapland Bristol 88 Main Bremen 666 Kotterdam Rotterdam 371 Java Liverpool 366 81 Inula Hamburg 761 Pembroke Cardiff l.'tt California Glasgow 6MI Trluacria Brunien 677 Bremen Bremen 176 Constancia Bremen sio Italia Palermo 174 ToUl .17,060 EAST RIVER MY8TERIEB. The body of a woman, apparently thirty yearn of age, wan found in the river, foot of Broadway, Williamsburg, yesterday morning. The bod* was poorly clad, it was removed to Parker's, Union avenue and N>_ t|i flr?t street, to await Identifica tion, MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES. Mr. Sothern's last appearances at Wallaek's thla season will be made as Lord Dundreary the Brut three and Brother Sam the last three nights of this weelc. The season closes next week at the Academy 01 Music In Brooklyn. On Friday next Wieniawski will Rive a concert, preparatory to bis departure for California, with his new company, lie has engaged Mme. Julie De Iiyther for the occasion. The Summer season at Nlblo's begins this evening with a recopstruction of the pantomime, with new scenery, dresses, dances and tricks, and the re-engagement of Lulu and of Lannier, Lupo and tne corps de ballet. We have a bushel-basketful of repliea to "A Lady's" complaint against smoking in the Central Park Garden. One of the respondents, "A Musi cian," answers that he is "annoyed" by "giggting women" when he goes there to hear good music. The season at the Brooklyn Theatre will close on Monday evening, June 2, with a beuetit to Mrs. F. B. Conway. The many friends of the lady will shew their appreciation of her management of the theatre by a testimonial worthy ol her ana of them. The Summer Reason at Wallaek's begins with Monday evening, June 2, when the new local pjece, "Mora, or the Golden Fetters," will be produced. Mr. Griffiths, of the Fifth Avenue Theatre, will ap pear in this piece in addition to the artists already annonnced. Alter three additional representations, "Without a Heart" will be withdrawn from the boards of the Union Square Theatre, on Thursday evening Miss Agnes Ethel re-appears in a revival of "Agnes" for five nights and one matinee, alter which "Fer nande" Is to be revived, Miss Ethel, of course, play ing the title part. Although thero remains one more representation of Italian opera by the Marctzek troupe, which will take place at the Academy ou Wednesday, the impresario has effected many important engage ments for the next season. Among them we may mention Madame Natali Testa, Mile. Di Murska and Slgnor Tamberlik, who are aaid to be secured for the Fall with Madame Lucca. A complimentary concert, to take place at Robinson Hall, next Thursday evening, has been tendered to Mr. M. Haden by some of our leading artists. The bill includes the names of Mrs. P. D. Galager, Miss HeunC and Messrs. J. Grof, F. Rem mertz. S. B. Mills, F. Bergner and Carl Bergmnu, with Signor Emtlio Agramonte, as conductor. But the programme has a special Interest in the fact that Mr. Henry Wieniawski, the celebrated vio linist, has also volunteered for the occasion. "Monte Cristo" is to be withdrawn from the boards of the Grand Opera House after this week; but MP. Fechter's engagement, owing to its great success, has been extended Tor some time longer, and so the admirers or the great tragedian will be able to see him In othe? parts. On Monday even ing, June 2, he appears in the dual part of Franchl In his own play of "The Corslcan Brothers," which Is to be produced with every scene new. The an nouncement of the withdrawal of "Uonttf Cristo" is of special interest to people who have not seen Mr. Fechter In the piece. Those who remember the old Park Theatre, will have associated the Slomans, husband and wife, with that establishment, for thev were a great at traction there only a short time before that theatre was burned to the ground. Mra. Sloman, who died in Charleston twelve years ago, was a rare speci men of the Slddons school of acting. In private life, to which she retired aeon after the Park Theatre was barned, she was in every sense of the word an English gentlewoman, Mr. John Sloman, though a man of rare dramatic talent, waB ' a line professional contrast to his wife. Hia comic talent was something to remember a lifetime. Aided by a line voice and wonderful expression he convulsed the audience with laughter which his talented wife had left drowned in tears. He was a handsome man, and in private life, which he sought when his wife retired, made a host of mends, who clung to him through life. He died some weeks ago, at his residence in thla city, and was buried in the Hebrew faith, to which he was a devoted ad herent all through his life. Mr. Sloman left his musical genius as an Inheritance to his two daughters, who have won a line reputation as pianists, which both sisters practise as a profes sion. Mr. Sothern on Hta Reported Practical Jokes. To thi Editor of the Hkrald:? Dear Sik?Vou will do me a great flavor by al lowing me to state In the Hkrai.i> that I am seri ously annoyed by the persistent manner in which I And my name constantly associated with Insane "practical jokes." 1 emphatically deny all knowl edge of them, and, moreover, I consider the last one, about the "Union League Theatre," Injurious to any man outside an asylum for idiots. Yours m E. A. SOTHEKN. ' Wallace's Thiatre, May 23. 1873. THE NEW POLICE COMMISSION. A Talk with Commissioner Gardner?The Abases in the Force?The Proposed Ac tion of the New Commissioners? Legal Defects In the Charter?Decision of' the Gossip-Mongers?A Bad Prospect for Evil Doers. Commissioner Hugh Gardner was at the Police Headquarters throughout Saturday, taking an active Interest In the business of the Board. When the Hkkald reporter entered hla sanctuary Satur day afternoon Mr. Gardner was busy with the de tail! of his office. After being duly presented the reporter asked him if his advent to his responsible position would be signalized by any reforms, spas modic or substantial. He replied "I shall execute the laws faithfully and energeti cally, and, when possible, every offender and crim inal shall be punfshed. But I do not intend to act like a bull in a china shop; neither Is it a very de strable proceeding to act on the new broom prtn clpie." "I suppose you mean to suppress the gaming houses?" '?Where possible; I shall simply execute the law. My position Is an executive, not a legislative one. Respecting gaming houses, the now charter leaves us more powerless than tho old Commissioners were. If you gamble In your house 1 have no right to enter It without the warrant of law. We must proceed legally. You may be assured that what ever energy, fidelity and honesty can he shown In my position will be employed by me." "And, as to houses ol lli-rame T" "All of those public evils will be controlled in so far as It Is possible so to do. At present nothing can be doue, because we are not aware ol the nature and extent of the different abuses. It is cnarged, for example, that the detective force is rotten and corru'pt, and the members of It are guilty ol receiving bribes from criminals, thus com pounding lelonles. We shall thoroughly Investi gate all these charges, and where true the guilty will be severely dealt with. It is also repsrted that several police captains receive money from the keepers of -brothels. In such cases I think the captain is more infamous {tod culpable than the keeper of the house itself." "But the charter itself, yon say, instead of in creasing, diminishes your powers r" "Precisely. If a man is arrested, according to the new law permitting suspected persons to be taken into custody, he Is sued out on a writ of habeas corpus and natiwaJIv set at liberty." "I suppose the Board is hardly in working order yet." "Hardly. I intend to become thoroughly ac- 1 quaiuted with my duties as soon as possible, and of course will be more efflcleut the longer I am ip office. You may bo certain, however, that I will act calmly and justly in all cases and always en force the laws. If there is a disagreeable law on the statute book It must be repealed; otherwise It will be enforced." Considerable conversation followed, which im pressed the reporter with the conviction that Mr. Gardner Is a sensible and practical administrator. He does not Intend to do things wkich In a few weeks must be undone, tnereupon confessing to crime that the police have becfn baffled. Mr. Gard ner Is apparently lortv-ilve years of age, at fine presence, courteous manners, frank and out spoken, and, as he says himself, "I have no secrets and no revenges to gratify." The Commissioners will, therefore, proceed quietly to investigate all the charges against tlto different branches of the service, and u is not impossible that several captains will lose their positions. Around the Headquarters unusual quiet prevailed. The general gossip, summed up in a line, seemed to be, "ihe people have won and the politicians have lost." THE NAVAL 0ADET8HIP. Tho Brooklyn Examining Committee decided on Saturday lost to award the appointment for the vacancy from the Third Congressional district, Brooklyn, to Arthur B. Tracey. The fortunate youth is sixteen years oi age, a graduate of Public school No. 36, New York, and a pupil of the

Mew York u>lit>g?, He reside* at <n Gates a vena?. GATHERIHG OF THE QUAKERS. Opening ScrTleci of the Annul Confer ?nee of the Society of Vrlends?Sermons nnd Exhortations by Rnchel Towns end, Smmuel Leirtck, George Turner and Others? Reason as a Helper to Salva tion?A Woman's Shot at the Credit Mohllter Congress?Why Not Vote the Poor Frcedmen Their Back Payl?'The "Inward Light." The first session of the annual Oonferenee of the Hicksite Friends?the meeting for the opening re ligious services of worship and devotion?was held yesterday at the Kutherfurd place meeting house, opposite Stuyvesant Park. A very large congregation, numbering over two thousand per sons, was gathered In the church. Many of the worshippers had come from distant portions of this and other States, and included both old aud yuan?. The venerable and kind-faced elders and ministers who sat upon the lofty seats of dignity lu the lore grouud were contrasted in the dim light of the place, with a peculiar and striking edect, with the main portion of the assemblage, which shone brightly with TUB LUSTRE OF BEAUTY AND FASHION J for fashion it seems has found its way even Into the staid community ?f the Friends, as well as among those who are styled the vainer children of the world. Yesterday, unlike many days upon which this event lias formerly lallen, and totally In disregard of the lact that tradition declares that it always must rain when "'the Quakers are In town." was sunshiny and exceedingly cheerful, 'lhe songs of the birds among the trees surrounding the church were in happy accord with the feeling of worship and praise that prevailed within the temple, aud the assembled people seemed envel oped in a quiet aud unbroken dreum of peace. Among the prominent persons present were the celebrated Kachel Wilsen-BarkorMoore Town send, Sfrmuel I-evlck and Ueorge Truman, of the Philadelphia Coniereuce, ami Kachel Hicks, the revered matron, who Is honored with the title of the "Mother or tne Society." The solemn silence with whleli the meeting was commenced was finally broken. Kachel lewusend was the llrst speaker. Sho discoursed eloquently upon the value oi reason us a heiyer to salvation, holding tins as the work of each individual. She regarded every child as being born in a state 01 "negative innocence;" Jesus was born in this state, and we, like him, must irrow up to a positive virtue. The child must eat both BITTER AND HONEY, in order that he might know the good from the bad. it wus the will ol the Heavenly Father that every one should be saved?that none should be lost. Suffering, which was sent lor our purification, was just as c nsistent as thatjwe should rejoice. Every child might be instrumental In opening the eyes of the blind and bringing tlu-m to Uod, even as Jesus did, lor, she asked, was there a doubt that the miracles 01 Jesus were performed spiritually* We must not believe tliut Jesus died to save us. WE MIST SAVE OUUSKLVKH. She then drew the figure ol a lather sacrificing one son to redeem the laults of his family, ar guing that it was not In accordance with sense. Mie appealed to the society to no longer cast this indignity upon a living tiod, There was no Saviour but God, and they tuat stood on Mount Zlon were all saviours to lead people to Uod. She closed with a touching appeal to the Society ol Friends in behalf 01 the colored people ot the South who arc aged and sick?worn out in slavery, and are now cast upon the world like a ship upon the sea without a rudder. This OOUrSO of the American people?their ingratitude to the poor blacks, who had earned much of their wealth lor them?must meet the displeasure 01 an Almighty Uod. Could not the ricu ol the North help them V Mlitht not a pari of their unpaid production be now returned to them ? Why did A HUMANE C'ONiiltEHS VOTE BACK PAY to its members and let its colored children, the old and the sick, go hungry and without clothing, begging a crust?irom door to door, until they died, and their bones lay bleaching in the sun and rnlu r Let each man labor, not fur hlmssll, or to hoard up earthly riches, but ror the poor, the aged and Bick, whom God had given us. After she had concluded a touching prayer was offered up by Esther Havllund that (Jed might be with them in the labors of the Coniercuce. Samnel i.evlck, of Philadelphia, then arose and delivered an address. Tne heart that was given up to serve Uod was a worshipper of Uod, and he would accept it. Should we turn our b.tckft be cause we feit we had not yet attained goodness f Let us strive on until we Bliould witness Ills almighty power and should be saved, tiod so loved the werld that He not only followed the hosts through the wilderness, but had given us Christ Jeaus to ezempliiy in man THE CHARACTER OF THE PERFECT WORK. The Scriptures were given us for our Instruction. They were not for private interpretation, but were intended lor the help and guidance of all manklud. The law given ou Mount Slnal was a lamp to the feet of the sinner. God measured His instruction to His children's condition. Ilow snail we be saved* Hearing of God and His Son Jesus Christ would not give to us that knowledge that is saving. WE MUST BELIEVE IN CHRIST . and His doctrine. To Him that overcomes is promised the true reward. "Come unto Me all ye ends of the earth and be saved." A lady from Haltiinore next spoke, and was fol lowed by an elderly gentleman, who discoursed quite lengthily upon TiriS NEW BAPTISM that be had learned to iove. Being satisfied that he loved God, he craved naught alter the riches of this world, and quoted the text?"heek llrst the kingdom of Ged, and all things neeuiul will be added." He had sought tho Lord early, and be lieved it was the duty ol parents and elders to be an example to the young and to lead them upward "to seek the Kingdom or Heaveu and its righteous ness." "The young are gathered home; the middle aged die; the old must die: therefore let us go up lu the mountain of the Lord," and thus he sat down. After a timo of quiet and the usual notice of af ternoon services the congregation dispersed, wfth the usual shaking of hands aud kindly greetings. Afternoon Services. The chnrch at the afternoon services, beginning at four o'clocK, was again crowded with worship pers, although not so greatly as in the morning. The principal speaker was George Trnman, of Philadelphia, who discoursed on the meaning of the Qaaker faith. He Illustrated the life and growth of the Christian by the New Testament figure ofa t*ee. Men did not expect to gather lrnit from the trunk of the tree; neither did they expcct to gather it from the limbs, nor In the early Spring-time, nor In the season of blossom; but towards the close of the Summer of life they might find It In the outermost branches, ready In growth for the light and power of the sun to bring it to perfection and ripeness. So It was with human hearts and minds. He then asked what was the light which was ponred by God Into the soul of man? With the prisms of science 'lie light ot the sky could be analyzed into multitudinous colors; se that light which shines upon the mind (the "in ward light") could In the same manner be separated Into Its qualities. It was the love, the purity, the goodness, the charity and the grace ol Uod; and when in Its magnificent brightness itcamc pouring into the soul ?f man it was received by him anu called by the name of CONSCIENCE? the something that told him when he was aolng wrong. Without that light there would he no real blossom at all upon the tree of fife. When it came into the soul chamber, as it did into the inner cells ot the tree, it would remove jealousy, hate, detrac tion and all other corruption, as the light of heaven cured the diseases and the hurtsol the plant. When It obtained the ascendancy In the heart it removed or neutralized all that was bad. What should it be called t it should he named Uod, for He was love; and when It should reign in the soul there would exist A 8WERT HARMONY between man and the Most High. The soul wonld become one with that power that rules heaven aud earth. Here was the atflnity with the divine na ture?this light or Uod in the soul. He worked with iove to the purifying ul the nflnd, and when at last we should throw off the unclean garments of sin we would reach that blessed state in life when we would at last have perfect communion with God. All other means of attaining this had failed. This was the law of Uod, WRITTEN ON THE HEART OF MAN, the same light which had snoue, through all ages, from Ills holy countenance, and which yet shines and Is lonnd new and beautiiul for cach day and hour. It was given us that in all circumstances we might glorify Him, listening to ills voice to direct our steps, "being as little children, really and truth fully, joint heirs of Uod with Christ. No vicarious action could possibly be used lu the receiving and obeying of this light. The reverend preacher then dilated on tne Idea that instead of our sou(s boing mere appendages to our bodies, as people often seemed to think, our bodies were only attached to the soul. Tho spir itual was unquestionably the true man. People talked of eternity as If we would know nothing about it until we should leave these bodies. But we were OROWIH0 IN ETERNITY, and our eternal existence did not begin, but con tinued after the death of the natural being, when our vision would be wider Uian now and tending toward that final state when we could glorily Uod with perlect praise and enjoy Him forever. Man was not born an animal, with merely an Instinctive force, but there was a Divine force in the merest child?an unconscious power that would last long after His earthly Hie had ceased. The being of uod entered into his nature in order that he might be His true son, aud moulded him with His lovf, Justice and purity into the divine llle. Then could be realize the higher grace of uod. Then would each mako for himself channels for usefulness and good; for these inspirations were neceived, not to be hoarded, but to be spread over the earth among our fellow men. "Ay tm* *jukU ftU inea know re are my disciples, if ye have this love one ror another.1* This wan Mint power which would BIND SOUL TO dOUL and cause universal peace?the family of man, a unit, standing upou the Hock of Agea and speaking the glory of tiod with one voice. Then, continued the preac her solemnly, when comes that messenger whom uien call death, but a bountiful angel I cail him. aud touches these out ward garments, so that they drop off and leave the soul clear of Imuediuient and we, have done oirr duty, there la no more h-re to be fulfilled. Hut we Biiall then feel that there Is other work beyond the giave. and we shall know that these things are t: ue; but we ought not to wait until that solemn mo ment. We ought to feel that we do not step from the thresholds oi our domiciles without the purity of <Iod wrapped around utt for our protection. Then, when we have done our duty, working according to the measure of power that Is furnished us, the time will come that all things will be in order and we will be fltted to go on and receive the crown in store lor every on^ 01 us. It will uot bis from uian or the Church, but from God. A SDHNY SUMMER SUNDAY. How lfew Yorker? Enjoyed the Firit Hot Sabbath of the Season?The Boating on the Bay and the Perambulations in the Park. The great metropolis was seething and simmer ing under a genuine Summer nun glare yesterday, and people, according to their various physical temperaments and abilities, either enjoyed or en dured the day as best they could. To that great and peculiarly actlvo class of citizens who consider It an obligatory duty to put on their wrinkled black casslmere pants, a shiny stove-pipe hat and a pall or reserved creaking boots It was a glorious Sun day. That is the class that flndB no pleasure on any holiday, secular or religious, except that of pcram bula'lon In "store" attire?they must be out walk ing or calling on friends. To the other class, that likes to enjoy a sort of quiet, even lazy, day at home, yesterday was also enjoyable; but they could have got along quite as well with a de gree or two less of Fahrenheit. Prom early morning the day gave promise of being very warm, though the atmosphere was generally clear und there was a symptom of coolness In the shade Hut with all Its ambient beauty, there was never theless a thick heaviness about It that presaged unmistakably the coming of SEVHRE NOONOAY WARMTII, and as the sun rose into the dome of Infinitude his ravs lell warmer and more proiuse yitil his ardeut smiles were too radiant to be pleasant. And then out-of-door masses of humanity were everywhere astir. The processions of churchgoers sought tho shady sides of streets, and aH a rule went straight Home at tue close of the services, instead of In dulging in the little after-worship walks which are sometimes so extremely pleasant. Early afternoon found whole families on the move, both jis pedestrians and In the democratic fashion of street car patrons. Fathers were out with the juvenile and adolescent members of the home circle, and m thousands ol cases lathers,mothers and Juveniles, with pocketed door keys and small satchels of provender, betook themselves to tue Central Park ami to the various lerrles lor a little suburbau recreation and air. The trip down the bav waB eagerly sought for and Indulged In to a very lnrge extent, and the Stateri island ferryboats curried larger numbers ol passengers on tiielr uiternooii trips than they have done at any time since last Summer, and THE SHORES OK THAT SHININI) BAV never appeared to prettier advantage than they did yesterday. The sky was glorious In the rich, soil depth ol Its cerulean coloring, and where the cloud banks and pillars swept in (leecy mat-siveness athwart the heavens they only served to enrich and Intensify the beuutles of the vast expanse of blue. Tho greeu waters of the harbor flashed and shimmered In the sunlight as the cool, puffy breeze lifted their surface Into a myriad of rippling peaks, and the white sails of hundreds of pretty vessels or all sizes dotted the vista away to the dlin and distant horizon. And now that THE FOLIAUR has fully bnrst on the trees, a bright emerald belt seems to hold the silvery Held, save where, un clasped to seaward, It lets the molten Hood mingle its waters with the stormiest of all the oceans. There were many steamboats afloat yesterday carrying away cargoes of human freight in all directions-* through the Narrows to tho sea and Coucy Island beach and down the torturous Kill Von Kull to the Jersey Highlands am. Human Hay. Up the Hud son, too, between shores crested with wooded hills or t ocky walls and dotted with superb villas, the steamers bore their health and pleasure seeking loads of happy domestic voyagers; AM) THE JAPED IIOKSE3 of the street railroads; If they were only girted with the power of estimating numbers by weight and could answer a query us to whether ail the town went to the I'ark, they would undoubtedly say "Neigh, more." The Park Is in full summer leather and folidge, and the Superintendent and his little army of laborers have got everything iu first class order. I he walks are lu excelleut repiilr, tue drives cleanly swept and nicelv watered, the lawns and grass borders neatly mown, the swans are scraping acquaintances with all the Nl'KSRS AM) CHILDRHN for crumbs of cake, and the boat landing at the foot or the terrace, is the busiest place in the Park. The Park boatmen, in their tidy naval rig, bend steadily at the oars, and all day long the awning covered wherries glided under bridges and past dwarf promontories, making their three mile vov uges about the lake, with soit glidlug motion, that seemed far more lanciful than real. The terrace, now so nearly completed, has al most assumed the handsome appearance originally designed lor it, and the grand fountain at traits the attention of thousands of admiring observers, who are only anxious to see ttie flowing of the waters from beneath the leet of the angel in this charming Illustration of BKTHKHDA'8 HEALTH-GIVING POOL. New York has never before boasted a fountain worthy of the namo either In power or in artistic beauty of design, aud to thousands who havo never witnessed the spouting wonders of the gardens of Versailles or of Hyde Park, or the great jet that soars to an altitude of 120 leet In the Canadian metropolis, the new and handsome fountain lu the Park is a source of the greatest wonderment. The lountain will be formally Inaugurated in a few days, and the ceremonies will be of an interesting character, after which the Sunday throngs may revel In the cool mists aud rainbow beauties o( this exquisite hydraulic ornament. The crowd of visitors to the Park yesterday was by ail odds the largest and most diversified that has been seen there this season, and museum, menagerie, mall, statuary, waterscape, landscape, lawns, ioliage and flowers, all received their due share of patronage aud appreciation. PROSPECT PARK. Brooklyn's Grand Pleasure Resort?The Crowds There Yesterday. The first symptom of Summer Sabbath salubriety had the cffect, as was anticipated, of attracting tho people to their magnificent park on Prospect Hfll yesterday. The inducements for outdoor exercise presented by the warm and genial atmosphere were more than the working classes, the "toilers of the week," could resist, and the doors closed early in the af ternoon upon the retreating forms or men, women and children bound out ror an airing. "A.I1! this is like the thing," exclaimed the gratlflcd recrea tionists as they took their.places ou the cars run ning parkward ami gazed around complacently. "A late season, truly; but glorious Hummer sun shine, at last, compensates us for the delay." And so It was with genuine zest and happiness that the masses made their way to Brooklyn's grand pleas ure ground. None of the forty thousaniUvisnors during the dav and evening?there could not have been less within the precincts of the grounds? regretted the $5,000,200 expended on this work. The grass was luxuriant In DEEP VELVETY VIRDFRB, and tho kaletdoescplc effect 01 the throng of gaily attired men and women, In dresses or every con ceivable hue, moving about Cong Meadow and up aud down the glen was fascinating Indeed. The picture presented was of the most cheerful color ing and photographed Itself upon the memory of the beholder with enduring depth, Happr vision to conjure bcrore the mind's eye amid the dust, din, heat and anxiety 01 "tue snop" lor the ensu ing six days of labor I Over the well-kept and watered roads roPed vehicles of every description, filled with joyous people. ON THE LA KB, which furnishes no less than two miles of circuit ous sailing surface, flit.tcd thirteen cheerily-laden, brightly-painted rowboats and t.he "catboat," "Lady 01 the Luke," the flagship of Admiral O'Brien's fleet. The approaches to the boats are very line aud the inducements oflered for skimming over the silvery waters and about the miniature islets are "periectly irresistible," as a belle of a t?evy of fair voyagers remarked, stepping utmblv ashore lrom the thwart of a boat. Not far from the lake, in the vicinity of Netheriaei*! ton course, the "Shelter Cottage," an ornate restau rant, furnished refreshments and comlort to the weary ramblers. The soda water fountain, icea aud jellies were relished by the hundreds, and the attendance was excellent, while the rates were the same as in the outside world. The walk from this latter point t'P TIIROfOn THK OLIN, by the pretty cascades, was channlng In the ex treme. On "Cottage lllll" stands "the dairy." Hereabout clustered hundreds of people athlrst I for that delicious dralt 01 the Alderne.y lacteal fluid?the finest of milk. The bill of (are was rea sonable and great Improvement over last year's management was apparent under the Bogartian regime. Tne Tiew from Prospect Hill reservoir was enjovable beyond all description, The harbor, Islands and "the two cities" presenting such a omtp (Pew as muBt bo seen to be even faintly ap preciated. 1 huB was Prospect Park fairly opened for the Hammer of 1179 yesterday. PERU. Presidential Message to Congress and Dissolu tion of the Legislative Assemblage. Tire General Condition of the Country and Finance of the Nation?Bailways and the New Loan Patriotic Parades on a National Anniver* ?ary?The Army and Citizen Eight*? Seriona Loasea by Pire in Callao? Spanish Naval Humiliation is , Memoriam?Public Educa tion and Primary Schools. Lima, May 5,187?, The events of the past week possess an extra ordinary degree of importance for those who take an Interest In the progress of Pern. The final ad journment of the Congress of l?72-78; the message delivered by the President to the legislative body on that occasion; the publication of the laws and resolutions enacted and approved during the session; tho proof of tha establishment of the National Guard on a firm basis, as manifested in the grand review of the '2d of this month, and the rea'lzation of Mr. l'ardo s darling Idea of decent tralizlng the local government, are all matte* intimately connected with the welfare and proa perity of the country. J'RESIPKNTIAL EXPOSrUOH. To afford a clear idea of the proffliit condition e! the Republic, your correspondent will make a few extracts from the 1'reHldent's message, in which a comparison Is instituted betwefen the actual order of things and the chaos FXlat lng when the Patdo government entered Into power, lib refer* to the terrible scenes ol July lust, when the ambitious Gutierrezes met their fearful fate at tho hands of those whose libertiea they had attempted to assault, and to the sub sequent disorder resulting therefrom; the dispersed and disorganized; the revenue derived from the sale of guano pledged for the service ol the foreign debt; tne sums derived from internal roseurces Insufficient for the expenses ef the gov ernment, great public works threatened with sub pension by the ludlscreet proceedings of tne financial ageuts of the Republic, and the danger of 20,000 laborers being thrown out of employment tbe interests of the country absolutely demanding the steady continuation of these enterprises, and in addition to these formidable embarrassments, a religious question was lound on the tapis of more than dllficult solutlou-theae were the principal ob stacles in the path of progress when Pardo undertook to guldo the destinies ol the country. The question was, Could the situation be successfully combatted ? The problem Is solved, and "Peru has given new proor of her in herent strength-thanks to Divine Provldence and to the understanding which was Immediately established between the governors and the gov? erned. The first grand step was te insure thfl internal security of the country. That has been accomplished by the creation of the National GuardTs?by making the people themselves the de? fenders of their rights, and by abolishing thai odious militarism which had been the cur?? ol Peru since the early days of her independent life. The second necessity has also been caroiully re garded by Congress. A law has received the ap probation ol Congress by which the dlstrlct and municipal authorities are no longer the general government, but are named by the people, thus providing lor each town and city offi cers acquainted with tiaeir wants, >nJer?Btc<l in their advancement and ztalouB ui tlic discharge ol 1 VrolnVluTulile measures adopted by both House! of the Legislature respecting the financial state ol the country Mr. l'ardo is sanguine that the ?"fflcul tles ol tne situation will speedily disappear, and remarks:? On our Assumption of power the national credit wm threatened by 4ne insue ol a loan which had been *wtee ottlrcd "but retatned. Public work* had been contracted tor minis greater than thone appropriated ler their Xwtion. Ail internal debt existed lor a considerable amount payable on item mid. The snano product# vv?re ntortiagea to our foreign bondholder;. In a word, a monetary crisis ?ai imminent. BUt tlie peril haH been averted ?>y your prudent and wise action lu the premUti and trorn the assistance received bv.ny ?ov.rni.ent trom nil clause* of our countrymen, from the most power!" banking institution, to tbe humble.t artisans You have insured the interests or our foreign creditors: t^v honor and good faith ol I'cru always regarded absoad with that respect which our scrupulous exactitude merited, are sale. Vou have also louiitia ineaiiif lor covering the deficit noted in the estimates lor public works, and fii soine Instances the ex isting ^tracts hare been modified in a favorable man ner ior us Regarding our income derived from oilier iources tSan tnat olYuano. by your legislation you have auicuienUid the too moderate tariff ol duties which baa hulierto been in lorce, and have, b,v the adoption of the. law restricting the exportation of nitrate, created an item of revenue winch will prove of much importance. The deficit which now appears in the budget lor the two vears ot 1W5 and 1874 will at the end ol two more years have di-appeared. The authority givee to me to Issue Government boudn. boariiat a rensonable r?ti #f interest, will enable us to successfully contend with this heretofore doubttul problem The resolutions passed with re?pectto uuuiik!ration will forward that movement. Placing la tjje uower of the (mmlgrants all the requisites to enrich our Li.ii hv their labor, and oar population Cv their id**4* thelr?iablU and fiielr blood. Trultlul In results will be 0 capita? cb.pR.yed In laying a cable Iron. ftnama some on the sKiSBSWrtj 'irBssfaSu^s lor the equitable and humane establishment ol thli tralflo !oy Mverament is now in diplomatic treaty with the CThu 'l/r(nmt of yoar most Important labors. You can now retire to your iKiines, leavlya the ijcpubllc In a very different state from in which you lound It. PATRIOTIC APPKOVAL OF TUB BXBCUTIVS PROPM This exposition has received the sanGtlonofall names Even the opposition press, naturally enough endeavoring to shield the Colonel Bulta from the reproaches made by was forced to admit that the lacts alleged by the President respecting the actual c6n<litlen of aliatro were by no means exaggerated. ANNIVERSARY OK SPANISH RAVAL HUMILIATTOM. The seventh anniversary of the s '?n alu the Spanish fleet at Callao, on the 2d of May, ltwfl, w?s solemnized in a most unusual manner for I'nrn Hitherto no government has dared to place r?ner;ttT,c support of Ms fellow citizens, J hualiv oriranizinfc the National <n% since the month of December last. On tlf ... . twenty-one battalions ol militia, number fnj^n all about "lx thousand five hundred men, kr?ed by the State and generally uniformed by the rcolonels selected Irom among the most dla tinguUhed inhabitants of Lima, appeared on r?ri. ana were inspected by the President and his ftmnet The sight was extreme! v interesting; pverv class ol men was represented in the ranks, wen disciplined, for every .Peruvian from the unfor tunate civil wars which have desolated the country la arSSabfted with the use ol arms, the battalions ore sen ted an excellent display, but the mora ? sag clusively demonstrates that the prescm. government of tl^rfoube^nlve'r^r^^t^na^l^^vlctory^wM l?'e ^TtWm ed4 States ami established by 5^n?r?i advocated 'he lormatlen of a^spcletr re narM aavoea purpose of found fhi?S?ar edicatioual ^esmbllshmeits. The Idea was eagerly accepted and a urge number of genUe men immediate Iy inscribed their Mines M mem ber*' nsasTRors firb n? callao. The onlv shade on these rejoicings was a severe ?nnaaratlon which took place at Callao, on the n aht of tbe 2d, burning down about half a square S tae prlnfcipal street, with a lo*? of 1,000.000 soles. The Jewelry store of K. Reulllngor, an American citizen?waa entirely destroyed. Insurance incon siderable. _ DETEEMIHED ATTEMPT AT SUICIDE. Between five and six o'clock yesterday morning a man waa feund in the hallway of the boarding bouse 30 aeuth Fifth street, Williamsburg, covered with blood and apparently lifeless. He waa re moved to the Pourth street station house, an Police surgeon 8. J. Brady found on u?ly wound Ui js^wsssaa now?d in profusion. The surgeon dressed tho wouSa an^brought ihe M?wor "^rtThlS' S^if with a clasp temins^ possession, for thai he had ing his existence. He . failing 10 ot^ recently arrived from w life. The tain employment he had no^desire Clt, Bos disconsolate emigrant wm sent o f|ktaK The st. - MHUaOItfOltf 4lAUk . - *

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