Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 30, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 30, 1873 Page 4
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AMERICA AT VIENNA. General Van Inren in Defence of His Conduet as Chief United States Commissioner. His Denial of AU the Charges Against Him? Franeia A. Stoat's Appointment as Substi tute in New York Due to His Influ ence?Causes of the Failure of the American Exhibition?Absence of Corruption in Its Management. Vienna, May 11, 18W TO tub Editor of tiir Herald: Iq the Washington correapondonceo ^ of Anril 2<J I And what purports to be certain charges which led to the suspension ofr the> Ameri can Commission to the Exposition at \ _ A secret tribunal has been In session here for weeks, composed of Mr. Jay and Thomas McUrath (the latter au assistant commissioner appointed i>y mvseli) Of the proceedings of this inquisition I nave been permitted to know but very little, but nave been repeatedly informed that, alter the moat streuuous efforts, it lias gathered nothing which impugned my integrity in the least. According to ,Z^respondent, my crime consists In my "un fltness for my position" and "mistakes I have ma<le to MM appointment OI my distant,." U ,v.r, official in the United States should be removed and disgraced because of making ??mistakes in appointments" I take it there would be many vacancies created. But 1 think It will be found upon investigation that 1 am not liable to this charge. The gentlemen selected by me were, with one exception, entire strangers to me, and were appointed upon the strongest written and personal recommendations of emtuont citizens. The only one 1 knew was Thomas McElrath, and he Is now made judge over all the Commission, including hlmsel'. These Com missioners arc residents of different parts of the tinlted States, are well known and estimable gen tlemen, and I think It will be news to their large circle of acquaintances and friends that they were unlit lor the positions to which 1 appointed them. Against one of them only have 1 heard complaint, and that one Is General William Mayer, of Brook lyn. General Mayer has rendered an amount or service to the government and to exhibitors 1 hat entitles him to consideration, and that demands from a generous public A SUSPENSION OP JCDtiMENT until he can face his accusers and make his answer. He may Have been imprudent, but that he has been corrupt, it will take stronger evidence than any jot produced to convince nie. ^ "Those who owe their appointment to Mr. I'ish, and not to political influence," said your corre spondent, "may be depended upon as men well qualified lor their position." If you will take the trouble to Inquire further of Mr. I'lsli,. I doubt not he will tell you that some, 11 not all, of the very best among the sclentiUc, arti san and honorary Commissioners appointed at Washington, were selected upon my recommenda tion. The thirteen assistants selected by me also received their commissions irom the state Depart ment. As to my unfitness for my position, I appeal from the statement or your correspondent to the evidence of 800 exhibitors, who have, upon my soli citation, sent tueir goods to Vienna; to the enor mous labor performed at my bureau in New York, and to the shipping or a vast amount of the finest specimen* of the skill and industry of our country in tke most perfect order, each package J?J[V marked and arranged in proper groups for exhibi tion That these goods were uot properly de livered at Vienna was owing to the lact that the OommlssJoners who \?P^?nd?d the l..adlng of ?ho were not p'Tmittcd to procceu 10 Trieste, and, through the intervention or strangers, conlublon and loss nave ensued. the vahtnkss ok hie work. . TtxlB v&rft amouut of worn wad periorinert in etiiht mouths, without assistance lroui any source, Siv? Mmt niven by my assistant Commissioners, without an appropriation by Cougress, and In spite of a violeut ?pposition fr#m many afcie writers and n'-wsimpurs, on account of the condition of the Austrian patent laws. You allege that I "entrusted too much to my assistant Commissioners, ncjrlect j n!n.iers which 1 ouirht to have attended to myself." Gentlemen ol the first position In New York and other cities, who visited my office at d witnessed the devotion of tune, means and health to the arduous duties connected therewith, are r?a(lv to testuv to the entire lalslty oi any such Ht ittMneuU Hut it appears I lett New *orx with out annotating a substitute to atteud to the duties o" my office,' snd that Mr. Francis A. stout lias taken iiit Place and been appointed by Mr. Fish lor thai purpose. A single inquiry of Mr Stout would l ave informed you that he was appointed tin hon orary CiMumlssioner at my request, and that he re maiiiod in charge of my office at my suggestion, ^ whirn arrangement Mr. Hsn was informed, and ?n which he acquiesced. I did not leave the United states until urgent requests tor my presence in viP ina rn^o It imperative, and the business leit ieh?" was not expected to bo large. 1 am glad to know that Mr. Stout has properly attended to it Hut the last and apparently the greatest crime oi which l have been guilty is that ol na\.n? been * '' P?t'i/k 'sOLI C IT AT 10 X Or GENERAL Bl'RNSlPK. 1 think this announcement wilisurprls" ?,en?r?J Burustde as much as it dees me. 1 neter knewit inv appointment unttl I saw it announced in the Laners To relieve General Burnslde from any Complicity in the transaction I venture to send you the loilowiug persomil letter ironi Mr. I isii, ac oompanying the formal announcement of my ap polntment,^^ ^ StATr, Wasuikutoic, June 21.1S72. T7r" *Dk * it -Iti" "proild* ut ha?. without foUrltatlon vonrself conferred upon you the appointment of 8\TeTTtU?re,0.K?t"oMl % ^conv ot" wLlch U enclosed herewith. nuthoruM the ap Som^nt^UVoT A^taa. M?}?, iMof tmport.n/e to tin#cmintry. I am, my dear sir. J^ry-rulv ^.ur^ In my flmt interview with Mr. f'8,>1,???res9nJ! my intention oi declining the app"Intniieut. On visiting the President at Long branch, shoitly alter I reiterated my determination and only ac cepted the position alter his assurances oi support. 1 refer to his message as prooi of the siuceut} of bis assertions. A rROTKsT ACAIN?T MISREPRESENTATION. Now sir. you are the editor of a powerful and influential journal. Injustice done in the columns of the HKHAi-D is injustice mnirnlfled a million times. I bsve been disgraced in this stranee land through despatches seut to the liepartment bv tno rnited States Minister at Vienna No chariroa have been presented to me and no nZrniiitv liven me ror defence. 1 have borne aH this wun the fortitude that a . ouselousness of innocence alone inspires. But when a leading newspaper fllls lts columns wlth such gross libels as your correspondent naa pre pared i feel called upon to m^e wme njp^. lTam iiifloprftTfid in the eves oi the wirld, After Beany a year of the most arduous and thankless '?|J f9.r**2 people of the iniied states: after an ^penditure of a larite amount of iny own fnnds; wndln# to Vienna the material for a finer exhibition than was ever before shipped irom our shores, and an .r coming here with my family, at large expense, as tho occupant of a position 1 never nought and re luctantly accepted. THB KXIIIBITIO* A TOTAL FAIttTtK. In addition to personal disyrrace, 1 am obliged to ?ee the exhibition 1 have labored so hard to make a success a total failure?to And all my labor frittered away?to hear the complaints of ex hibitors, who came here at my solicltatlen. and who are now treated as criminals, their spaces luterlered with, their goods placed nejond their control and their permits treated with contempt. Whv has all this i>een donet Why has this scandal oeen made at Vienna, te the ?lsttraco of our country and the injury of our-exhmltlonT Why wi nS my comniisslon permitted to go on, and make our department a striking success. ?s it was canaille of doing? Believe me, these are the ques tions which find a ready reply hers, and ^ich the American people will demand of those whohave brought about this state or things hereafter, and arhen that lime comes I shall hope to offer *ot? evidence whloh shall 1*^t^^b.Pv^S bUKKN THE 8PANI8H IB0N-0LAD& The Araplles and Isabel la Catollca, which are tying off tlio Battery, were visited yesterday by a Hiralp reporter. They are both Spanish Iron clads of .the second class, and arrived at thla port on the asth Inst, from Guaatanamo, Cuba. The Araplles came to thla port for the purpose of hav ing her maohiuery overhauled, and was towed here by the Isabel la Catolica. The Arapiies, Captain Demetrio Castro Montenegro, is 4,ooo tons burdeu, 300 feet length, 00 feet I mam, 23 feet depth or hold. She carries seventeen guns, and is said to be one or the fluest frlgaies or the Spanish navy. The Isabel carries ten guns and is cotu maud od by Can lam Augvi Topete. hhiierh REVIEWED. His "Great ?er la ITr??M' Nhw York. May 3T, 18T3. To THR UrMTOK OK TBI HlUUU? J? At length Thiers lies at Hie foot ?' e * B a v?SL 1 told you just two year# ago that this | would happen nlm-that he would be cast aside by the men whose tool he then was. He Has been kicked down the steps with as little ceremony as ft valot who, having sorved a dirty purpose for bis master. and presuming upon it. to pitched out of doors with scorn and contempt. Let us review Thiers a little and recapitulate events. Aftor the surrender of Parto by Favre eight days were allowed, durlug the armistice, to assem ble the representatives of the k'renoft people for the distlact and solo purpose of arranging condi tions of peace with Germany or, if the Interests and honor ol France demanded It, prolonging the war. These representatives were hurried together from all parts of the country, reauy of them, In that portion of It held by the Germans, not being elected at all, but going forward, by connivance of the German commanders, as favorablo to peace and known enomlcs of the Republic. Having decided on peace the work for which they came together was done aud their plain duty was to dissolve, that Franco, by a careful election, might choose a constituent Assembly. This they refused to do. They made no secret of their ten- j dencies toward mouaroliy. and boldly and de fiantly Insulted the radical republican Deputies, who opposed their usurpation aud denounced their , treason. The radicals withdrew, and called upon the conspirators to dissolve. Where was Thiers then? Between the barefaced usurpers of power and the radicals who peacefully demanded the open voice of the whole country ho ranged himself quickly, and with obsequious flattery, on the side of treason. He was then the enemy of republican lam, and "the Right"?the monarchists?were "the most intelligent," "the most patriotic," "the most noble," "the most honorable men in France." He nastcned to perform the meanest kind of ser vice for them. He knew they hated Paris as "a republican hotbed," and were afraid to trust their precious persons within its walls, with their treason still unhatched, and, Ignoring tke stupen dous sacrifices of the Parisians during the siege, their sublime patience ana endurance, their unex ampled sufferings, Thiers outraged and insulted them by locating the seat of government at Ver SftiliCSi Pans demanded her rights as one of the existing 37,000 communes of France, and Thiers sent as answer a military commander hated by the people, Vlnoy. His orders were to muzzle the press, Im prison the citizens who objected to Versailles, dis arm the National Guard and heap Indignity upon indignity, even condemning rncu to death. No man in Franco understood the people whom he t:ius maddened and provoked better than Thiers. He Is a politician and dipiomate from crown to toe, and no one will accuse him of the stupidity of ?ot knowing the temper of the Parisians. He spared no means to sting thom luto revolt, and then he said to I he "Right," "Give me time, and you will sea tlio last oi the radical revolutions of Pans." He had made up his mind, as this speech and sub sequent events proved?made up his mind before a gun was fired?to exterminate the radical ele ment of Paris. But Marseilles, Lyons, Toulouse aud other cities were ready to take up arms with Paris against the usurpers, and Thiers, frightened into deceit, said, "I am defending the Republic. He gave forth tne Impression to the provincials that he was standing between the monarchists and llbertv as a sentinel for the latter, and said solemnly, "I swear before God to deiend the Re public." The province* believed him ana allowed Paris to be butchered. o When the republicans had been subdued by bloodv massacre and the prison, when the National Guard throughout France had been disarmed and disbanded, when tke republican press had been suspended or gagged, then Thiers began to explain to the provincial cities?which had permitted him to strangle Paris in tne interests ol "true republican ism"?what he meant by a Republic. "1 mean," said he "a constitutional monarchy. That Is inv Ideal oi a republic. France will be governed by the glorious traditions of a thousand years rather than venture ou new and hazardous experiments." Tills was his language?It was clear and unmis takable. But what could tho moderate republi cans and the provincial cities do r They were dis armed and iu tue close custody of military com manders. They could not stir. They had lurnlslied the rope that tied themselves. Time wore on, and Thiers soon saw that the Orleans had no strength and were too weak as a party for a throne. He knew tMat he was despised by the legitimists and Bouapftrtlsts, aud began to see that he would be thrown aside just as soon as they could do without lam; then, at this critical moment for his power, he began to perceive "the marked progress" which republlcau sentiment was making throughout the country. Ho wanted a lea^o of power, and joined hands with tlie tribe of Gambetta. Tnay were worthy or each other. hat, then, has Thiers achieved for the Republic T 1 notice that nearly all the newspapers here mention as his greatest act the crushing of the Commune. In spite or all that has been said in explanation of tho principles of the Commane aud tlie motives which inspired its leaders, the stupid and ignorant calumuy still pre vails that they were "the enemies of civilization and all government." . , A Frenchman, on coming to America in the heat or ono or your electious for President, asked a democrat this question, "What are the principles and designs or the republican party herer" "Well," answered the democrat, "their only prin ciple is that a negro is better than a white man, and their design Is to introduce amalgamation and make every white woman, it they can, marry a niguer." Now this explanation of the principles and designs of the republican party in America Is lusta* intelligent and just as true as the current definitions of tho character and purposes of the Couimuue. . , Will any well-read man deny that the success or the first French revolution changed the political desttnv of Kurope t I think not. Yes; Thiers cruslie'd the Commune, aud with it he trussed French liberty back under tue grasp or kltigcrait, priestly domination and ignorance ror another decade or more, only to arise agaiu at some luture day more terrible and remorselcas to its enemies than ever before. . , _ Thiers' great services l "He paid the war indem nity and cleared French territory." He did not. These were the work ef the French iiuiou. Thiers was only an agent in the transaction's any other man will bo who holds his place. No, his "great services" to the Republic were these:?as a tool of the monarchists he forced 1'arls luto revolution and then massacred it ror revolt. He put the press under terror and employed soldiers to disperse peaceable republican assemblies. He sanctioned laws made by those who had no authority to make any law, imposing line and imprisonment on re publican workmen lor belonging to republican so cieties. lie disarmed the people and destroyed the Satloual Guard, and weakened, by every possible tyranny, the active power of the republican party or France. He left iu place only the "moderate" republicans?men whose mission is to lurnish majectic but harmless "gab," while tlieir enemies are vigorously acting, aud, who, like l-avre ami dlmon umier Bonaparte, arc content to be paid "orators" iu the French Ttlbune, while their oppo nents, masters in the seats of power, laugh de risively at their eloquence. While Thiers was occupied with these "great services"?the servlcos most desired by the Oriean Ists, tho legitimists aud the Bouapartwts? he gave these three conspirators against nun time to can vass their several chances uf success aud to arrive at the conclusion that there was no safely ror them but to lay aside their cordial hatred and distrust or each other, and, for the sake of the "swag," unite. They had had ample time tor deliberation ?nd pre paration, and Taisrs, by his method of "establish ing order," had made any vouji ttlfiy might attempt safe and successful. And then, wn?n tliev nad arranged their Ioj;ce? and massed their bir tones, the old Ban attelfipTIn to strike the blow which would fix his hold on power and which he might have hurled at the monarchists two years and tliree months ago with the force of a thunder bolt. Had he placed himself at the head of the rc DBbilcans when the conspirators refused to retire after the peace he could have driven them irom place like dust belore the wind. He could have prevented revolution and saved France. Hut ho sustained them and their usurpation and built up power for them and hedged them around in security by means as infamous, treacherous and omel as any despot devoid of heart, conscience orprlnclple ever used, and now they have rewarded him by kicking htm down stairs. Tills Is the "monstrous Ingratitude which his mends charge on the monarchists. The pleasure of their performance on Thiers Is enhanced to them bv the fact that by the gro<s blunder of offering his resignation the hitherto astute little trickster opened to them an opportu nity to lie rid of him Just in the nick of time. As to the "moderates," they are in precisely the same political position as the radical republicans or two years and three months ago who withdrew irom the Assembly te combat, treacherr by appeal ing to the votes of the people. But the moderates will not withdraw. They will remain to turnish amusement to the victors, and by the absurdity of their position?a majority lu heiplets minority ? and tholr futile remonstrances they will relieve for their enemies the tedium or political debate. With the aray and the pries:* at their back and a dis armed people and muzzled press in rront the mon archists can afford to laugh at the menaces or the discomfited and defeated ".foutrupwt" and his ??vile multitude." Oambetta counsels prudence and calmness, but no one knows better than Gambetta that there will be no "violence." Revolutions for the Indepen dence of the French people oegin in Paris, and the rncu vt Pari* who load revolution* iig in IHWdf grave*?graves dag bp GambetU and Ma tribe ill aiding Thiers to "establish order." The moderate r< pa riicans have always been the curae of Pranec, aud to their imbecility, cowardice and Heir-seeking may be attributed, more than to all else, the bloody struggles and the miseries which for eighty years have fallen upon their country. Ttie radicals or France know their monarchical toe to have but one creed?"For us, all rights, all privileges; for the people, no rights, no privileges." And when brave incu have hewa out tne ouly possible path to lib erty with the sword these "moderates*' (who al ways manage to save their skins) have stepped in to?poil their work, destroy the results and make asses of themselves lor their enemies to ride. The monarchists have now a clear path and an open field. No sentiment 01 honor or patriotism' has prevented them making their country a pitiable political spectacle before the world, ana no pulse of shame will deter them from enacting to its infamous Mnouemmt the monstrous and bloody faree begau under the Republic at Bordeaux?a Republic gagged, disarmed, bound, and presenting the humiliating spectacle of a handful of broken down and worn-out tactions setting the will of the people at defiance. This has resulted rrom the "great services" of Thiers, aided by the stupidity of the "moderate*," and intelligent and impartial history will give them credit tor their work. Respectfully yours, HENRI DBLESCLU2E. YELLOW FEVER. Progress of the Disease la Montevideo and Alarming Confusion of the Muni cipal Power?City Biodus and a Very General Stampede of the Population Communication with Buenos Ayres Shut O IT?Commerce Paralysed and Banks Closed. MONT8TIDBO, April 3, 1879. The lot unusual appearance of "Yellow Jaok" on this coast and the records of the epidemic of 1871 in Buenos Ayres, with its slight visitation in 1872 to our salubrious city, should have served to remind us of the necessity of being more guarded this year, and that our authorities should have exer cised a more stringent quarantine on all arrivals from the Brasils?the prevailing opinion being that tt has this year been imported from Rio Janeiro. The fact ol the prevalence of the dread disease in Montevideo is uow undoubted, although with the appearance of the first few cases in February and early part of March there was considerable differ ence of opinlou among our medical faculty as to tho actual class of the disease?some calling it ty phoid, others typhus and many agreeing that it was gastric. Towards the latter part of Marob the cases augmented and were exclusively con fined to the uorth side of the city, embraolng about ten squares, while last year the disease broke out In and continued to infest the south part or the city. MUNICIPAL LIYOIRNK, A CONFLICT 01' OPINION AND CITY CONFUSION. The city authorities were finally awakened from their customary lethargy and began to adopt measures repugnant to the peeple; the Health Commission met with opposition on all sides; they advooated tne forcible dtsoccupation of tne Infected district. The press clamored against it, urging that the measure was arbitrary, and even advising the residents to resist any attumpt to turn them out of their homes. Finally, the measures of the authorities proving futile, the Board of Health dissenting as to the course to pursue, physicians quarrelling among themselves, quacks, like so many false prophets, advocating their SDeclfics, and the papers, In anything but a conciliatory tone, discussing the differences at Issue, produced a panic in Montevideo, and a general "stampede" commenced; every ono who had country resi dences, or could afford to pay the high prices asked by those owning property in the neighboring country towas or oamp, began to move away, the city presenting, after a few days, a very desolate appearance. FINANCE AND TRADE AT A STANDSTILL. Banks and commercial houses either closed en tirely or opened for a few hours during the day; all business Is paralyzed, and from the few who fre quent the Exchange, reading rooms, Ac., you hear no other subject mooted but yellow fever. All places of amusement are closed, communication with Buenos Ayres is shut off. and the steamers from Europe pass on bv our city as if spurning the contagion offered by contact witn It. This is the condition of affairs at the time el writing, and In the opinion of many who have seen worse epidem ics it is considered an unnecessary and uncalled for timidity, in view of the state of the disease at present. UKALTn RFrORT. The official report or the Health Commission gives an average of twelve attacked daily, l>ut the number has Increased to sixteen ami twenty on two occasions. The pattouts under treatment now | are eighty to loo, scattered around the city, but emanating fv>m the Infected part. Unfortunately there Is no hospital especially for them, and a large percentage die owing to the Inexperience of our physicians, who are incapable of coping with the malady. The continuous warm, damn weather Is very nn propitious, and It Is to be hoped that the usual iresh, cool weather generally prevalent at this sea son mav soon return and relieve our frightened people er what they uread more than the chronic bloody revolutions. LITERARY CHIT-CHAT. Mattitew Arnold has a new book In press on "Higher Schools and Universities In Germany." This Is one or the best verses out or Joaquia Mil ler's new "Songa or the Sun Lands" Then the great ?un died, ami a roue-red Moom Grew (A er liis grave III a border of gold; An I a cloud with a silver-white rim was roll'd, Like a great gray stone at the dtfnr of a tomh. Mk. John Mitciikl lias printed In London a "Reply to the Falsification or History by James An thony Froude, eatitled 'The English in Ireland.'" The "Reply" will satisfy those for whom It is In tended that Mr. Froude Is a nisre dabbler in his toric studies, and Is unable to hold his ground against the author or the "History or Ireland." Tub Latest Boon to literary travellers is "Graphine," which is described by the London press as a little packet containing four small sheets or paper, and on cutting off a little blt.no larger than one's tlnger nail, and soaking it in a table spoonful or water, it will produce a beaut iful purple colored tuk. This condensed writing ink can be carried in the pocketbook, like court plaster, and uo traveller need in future take au inkstand about with htm. The Pains of Memory are forcibly Illustrated In a history ot England, which the Hcv. Mr. Goodwin has feebly dribbled Into 591 Une3 of verse, so as to fix the lea ling events in the jouthlul and stumous mind. The San/rcJav Review pronounces "Old Kensing ton," which Is the longest story Miss Thackeray has yet writteu, to be the one that gives the high est impression of the richness and power of her genius. The Dramatic Works of TnnMAS Decker, in four volumes, will be soon reprinted in London. Of the dramatists hitherto unedited Decker Is the most poetical, and the appcarance of a complete edition of hit works is the greatest boon remaining to bo conferred on lovers or the Elizabethan drama. Says the Athenmiwn:? The new poem announced hy the author or "St. Abe and His Soven Wives" la the tale of an Indian womaa and her love for a white 111u.11. in quest or whom she travelled over the entire Continent or North America. Will the story or her passion soften the white man's heart towarus the ModocsT A Great Book Sale Is to come otr at Leipzig, July 14, or one ol the choicest and costliest private libraries receutly gathered In Europe. The books belonged to a ttusitao named Sobolewski, who died threo years ago, at Ityscow, leaving behind an inestimable ?olloction 01 book rarities, which now coma to the hammer. Am<jwt other precious articles Is a copy or tho "\ojlKM ol De Bry," which is untqae In its completeness nnvTtK the per fection or the first Impressions or the plated Senor Emii.o Castklak has issued in Spanish ? "Life of Lord liyron," which will be one of the mos* original monuments of Spanish literature. A Sagacious German Writer, complaining of the difficulties in the pronunciation or tho English lan guage. cites the word "Boz," which he says is pro nounced "Diekens." Tiir Rev. Lemuel Mom, D. D., has been ap pointed by the Jtaptist Publication Society to edit a history of the Baptist denomination lor the cen tury past. Tub Very Able Article In the Edlibnrgh Re view on General Lee is inderstoou to be written i>y General Chesney, the well known writer on mili tary subjects. Dr. Adolf Bacmeistbr. ravorably known as the author of "Allcmanuliche Wandurungen," a pro found scholar aud clover writer, who died, mich lamented, at Stuttgart, a few weeks ago, has left a translation or "Juvenal," which his rrtends de clare to l>e the best ever made In Germany. Tub nbxt handy book of science that is to tie pnt lorth will be "The atobe Dictionary of the Eng lish language," with 500 Illustrations, at |l 50. or course it is English?net Wetrnterian ? and the Put n wo* will supply the American market. THE WAR IN SPAIN An Interview with the Cure of Santa Crux. OPINIONS OF THE CHURCH MILITANT. Basque Devotion to Church* King and Country. PREACHING WITH THE SWORD "Adventure," Bays Disraeli, "come to the adven turous," and although a Hhrald correspondent's business, in wandering about the mountains of Navarre, was something wore prosaic than quest of adventure, it became his good fortune to en countcr at Ban Bstevan, a town twenty miles from the French frontier, the famous oahtclUa or Oar list chief whose namo now Alls all Spain with ha tred or admiration, according to the political sym pathies oT those who utter It. I had left Murleta three days after the battle of Puerta de Eraul, In company with a priest bearing despatches from General Dorregaray to the King, aB Don Carlos Is invariably termed by his adUer. ents. There were also in our party the Marquis of Valde-Bsplna, whose arm had been disabled by a bayonet thruBt, and several other officers of various grades, all of whom were going to the hidden hospitals which are coacealed in two or three almost unknown mountain villages near the frontier. The highways and towns being filled almost dally by the enemy's cavalry and carabineros, we ware eompelled to take the mountain paths, most of them trodden only by Basque shepherds and their flocks. Your corre spondent has bad considerable experience In bad roads. He crossed the IsthmuB or Panama in 1350, and no one ever called that a good road. He trav elled the Nicaragua route in 1852, and nobody, ex cept Marshall O. Koberts, ever considered that an agreeable highway of travel. Your correspondent has followed in his day most of the vexatious mule trails of the sierras in Northern California, but It remained for this memorable ride from the Carllst headquarters to the French frontier to impress fully upon hl3 mind how difficult and dangerous a road may be, and still be passable. UOOaiNO tub republican column. About two hours after leaving Murleta we were Informed by the peasantry of a little village that the enemy's cavalry were destroying a bridge only half an hour's distance, ana that two oolumns of republican troops were marching from l'ampeluna to Intercept Dorrexaray and to efface the disgrace of Puerta do Eraul. The priest, who acted as leader of our party?and a very fit one, too, lie made, having been a captain of cavalry during the Seven Years' War?at onco turned off Into a rocky gorge In the mountains. It seemed a cuiae sac, with perpendicular walls of rock about five hun dred feet high, and at first I thought we were going there to conceal ourselves; but the priest rode steadily on, and upon ncarlng the base of the cliff there appeared a narrow thread of rocky path which zlgzaged up wltth short turns, each plat form being supported by an artificial wall of strongly cemontod stones. I thought at first I preferred the enemy's cavalry, but as everyone else, including the wounded, seemed to consider It a matter of course, 1 made no comment, save to dismount in order that I might more rully enjoy the scenery. This sort of thing was kept up for two days and one nlgl*t, with only the variations of descent instead ol ascent. TUB FIGHTING PRIEST NO MYTH. At Oroqnleta wo learned that the celebrated cure, Santa Cruz, was at san Estevan with his baud, and would probably remain all day and night. This was an opportunity not to be neg lected. It has been the aim and ambition of all representatives or lorelirn Journals along the French and Spanish frontiers to obtain a personal interview with this famous partisan, but some were deterred by his well known aversion to the press, which has so much maligned him. and nffnp inn nr i iirnr* wppkM' fruitless chase. many, they want nettner uniforms, knapsacks, rations nor baggage trains. Give tlieni a gun, a bayonet, flity rounds of araotunition and a little bread and wine, with a few ounces of kid's flesh, occasionally, and tue . Basque soldier will march twelve to fourteen hours a day through heat and cold without a murmur. NBCKMU1TIBH Or WAR. Oorrhspondent?You will excuse my asking the question. General; but I should be glad to near from your own mouth an explicit denial of the cru elties which have been laid to your charge by the Hpanwl! republican journals. Santa Cruz?or course such charges are false. At first, when the republican troops, and especially the vvlunteerB, murdered my men In cold blood when they took Uiem prisoners, calling theiu brigands and outlaws, I retaliated, man for man, according to the severe but uecessary laws of war. They then ceased the practice, and there has been no trouble on that score since. SHOOTING A PKMAI.R HPT. OORRRflPONDKNT- And about the two women, General, you are said to have exeouted r Hanta Cruz?One only waa executed as a spy. ?She was a gypsy, and had been repeatedly warned of what would be the prebable result of her practices; bat, like all gypsies, her love of gold waa too great to be overcome, and one night she betrayed an oat post of mine into the hands of the voluuteers. who killed many 01 them without giving them time t? ask quarter. The woman waa soon afterwards captured, and sentenced to be shot by a regular court martial, which sentence I caused to be imme diately carried into effect. Of course the circum stance of my being a priest caused me to be singled out for scandal and misrepresentation. OoRKRsroNDRNT?There Is no doubt that the Ohurcb ?f Rome takes a deep interest in the suc cess of Don Carles. Santa Cruz?Naturally the Church desires to see a Catholic legitimate sovereign mi the throne of Spain. Since the defection 01 Italy, Spain is now aa she was years ago, 1 tub bulwark op thr church, It the people are allowed a free expression or their will, if the Catholic Church cannot stand no Church of any faith can expect to exist. Atheism, Communism and all other forms or political and religious disorder would prevail. Have you seen what the republicans or Madrid shamelessly pub lished and distributed without rebuke from the authorities"War upon property, war upon fami lies, war upon God.*' The peasantry are all good Catholics and can only look with horror apou such frightful doctrines. wo had talked longer than, perhaps, tills account of the results of our talking may indicate and I had carefully taken down in writing many of the remarks of the CurC; and although deeply Inter ested in his conversation I ielt that I was encroach ing upon the important duties of his position; so thanking him ror his courtesy, 1 was about to take my leave when dinner was announced, and nothing would do but I must remain and dine with himseir and staff. To this I the more readily consented as my chance of getting a dinner elsewhere in a town tilled with 1,000 hungry Carlists was exceedingly slim. Santa Cruz's staff, like their general, wore no uniform save the Carllst, or Basque, cap, splashed over the top with a gold or silver tassel, according to the fancy of the wearer. They were a fierce, hardy, determined looking set of men, and. like their chief, seemed Incapable or rattgue. Santa Cruz himself was dressed In a blue blouse, coarse dark breeches, stuffed Into rough top boots, and on the maroh, it Is said, he rarely rides, but clambers up and down the mountains at the head or his men, assisted only by a travel worn sort or Aipen-scbck, which I saw leaning against the wall. His personal guard?consisting of twenty live young Gulpuscoan peasantry?hung about the door of the alcalde's house, armed with line new rifles. To sum up, Hanta Cruz, as rar as 1 could judge from his race, manner and conversation, although not so black a sinner as he has been painted, is at presenlat least BY NO MBANS A SAINT. What he may become when Don Carlos is King and he is made Cardinal I do not know, pros perity may soften and humanize him, if indeed a man's nature can be bettered by being what Is commonly called humanized. Cruel and relentless now, he undoubtedly is utterly contemptuous of all authority save that of the Church. No Mussulman sheikh ever more blindly believed in the Koran ami the creseent than does Santa Cruz in the rightml supremacy of the Mother Church, and the spread ing of her doctrines, if necessary, by the sword. At ten o'clock that night Santa Cruz's bugle called his men to march. I did not ask, nor would I have been told where; and through the good offices of the General I procured a carriage, which drove mc safely and pleasantly along the national highway through the republican lines at Ellzondo, which I passed without question, to the French frontier, where I breakfasted at six in the morning at a little auberge on trout, fresh milk, strawber ries and honey?a pleasant relief irom three weeks ol' oil, goat and garlic. MUNICIPAL MATTERS. A Dull Day About the City Hall?Not Much In the Board of Aldermen? Church's Nomination Withdrawn?An other "Hitch" on Williamson?Minor Goulp, ? Another extremely uninteresting day was expe rienced about the City Hall yesterday. The Mayor had his usual quota of visitors or the omclal and | would-be official sneoles, the latter, of course, pre ' ponderatlug. Hut everything was dull, and the greater portion or the Mayor's time was occupied by signing warrants and tho monthly payrolls or the employes or the municipal departments. The Mayor also found time to unite in matrlmouy two young German couples, who had called on liim fcr that purpose about noon. Chamberlain Lane lias not as yet made any changes In the personnel of his ortlce. TUB EXCITEMENT IS WAKMINIJ UP somewhat on the subject or tho nominations ror police justices, and a strong pull Is being made by the various aspirants. The applications exceed Ave hundred In number, and the end of uext week will probably tell the story of some of them. Among the new candidates Is Thomas W. Plttrnan, lor six years Clerk or the Jefferson Market Police Court, and a lawyer by profession. He Is thought to be "up" In criminal Jurisprudence, and has had an unusual experience in the business and dutle? per taining to police courts. An important notice was issued from the Permit Bureau or the Executive Department yesterday. For several months past persons representing themselves as inspectors in the Permit Bureau have collected sums ofmoney, varying from twenty to thirty dollars, from merchants and others doing business on our prominent thoroughfares, inder the pretence of securing tnem a permit for receiv ing and delivering goods in front of their premises, and the Chief of the Permit Bureau desires that no person will pay any money for such permit only at ids office. THR BOAltn OF ALDERMEN met yesterday arternoon. but transacted very little business of general public interest. A resolution was offered by Alderman Van schaick requesting the Mayor to communicate with the United states Coast Survey, inquiring whether the proposed line of docks, as reported by the Dock Commission, will be an obstruction to the navigation or the harbor ef New York. Adopted. Alderman Van schaick moved to take irom the table the nomination of David B. Williamson for Park Commissioner, and spoke tn support of the nominee, urging that he Is a r?al estate owner In this city, a gentloman of wealth and culture, and would be an efficient officer or the Department. It hail been stated that Mr. Williamson was "Green's man," but there was truth In the assertion that the candidate was anybody's man. Alderman Cooper opposed the motion ami said he had been unable to learn anything of Mr. Wil liamson's qualifications beyond what ho had heard In this Board. IT the motion were pressed he should reel obliged to vote against It. After some further debate the motion was lost by a vole of 7 to 0. Aldermen Vance, Billings, Cooper, Falconer. Koch, McCafferty and Morris voting "nay," anil Aldermen Clausen, Flanagan, Lysaght, Ottendorfer, Kollly and Vanshalck voting "yea." The Mayor sent In a communication asking leave to withdraw, at the candidate's own request, TlIK NOMINATION OF F. K. ClllKCIl for Park Commissioner. Bequest granted. A message from the Mavor transmitting resolu tions of the Bar Association recommending the re vision and codification of the municipal ordinances was referred to the Committee on Law. A communication wa* received from the Mayor transmitting the third annual report or the De partment or Docks. On motion of Alderman Falconer It was ordered that 1.000 copies of the report l>e printed the volume to Include also the report of the same De partment for the >ear 187.2, not heretofore printed. A communication from the Comptroller was re ceived urging the early action of the Board In designating a place for the holding of the sixth District Court. Inferred to Its appropriate com mittee. some minor proceedings being concluded, the Board adjourned until Thursday next, at hail-past three o'clock. Half an hour later the requisite signatures were obtained calling a special meeting of the Hoard lor Saturday, Mav 31, at liair-past. one o'clock. An effort will thon be made to confirm the nomi nation or D. B. Williamson for Park Commissioner. Comptroller's Receipts. Comptroller Green reports the following amounts paid yesterday Into tne city treasury, viz. RECStVKR or TAXK.g. From taxes, water runt and interest $I4,MI eOl.f.KCTOB or AS*K??Ha<IT<< From street openinn* and Imurnvenirnt* and In terost K..VJ0 HCRKAIT or ARRKABS. From srrpari of taxes, assessments, Croton rent and Interest 5,180 RoauAtj or citt asvsscs. From markot rent* and fee* ami water lot rcut 908 SURRAII or WATKR RBOtgTBR. From Croton water root 4.ZM Total $30,104 Comptroller's Payments. ComtH*.0l,er Grecji paid yesterday tho Police De partment) 9?larleJ of Commissioners, employ** and the forc?\tor the month of May. $367,*oo; for supplies tor thw police tor the month or May. fft.ooo. The Comptroller *'?<> P*"1 ttlfl p0,,c? Depart ment this month ft# <up?tn?e?, Ao., of iVreet cloau lug tor May, tiaMpfcy L . -1 j DECORATION DAY. THE MEMORY OF OUR DEAD HEROE8. Their Services and the Debt We Owe Them? The Confederate Dead the Trne Heroes of a Lost Cause?'The Formation of the Column of the Grand Army of the Republic and Line of March?The Ezcrciscs in the Evening. Grown the green crave 01' cacli slumbering brave Willi cttaplet* of splendor. On the wings or the tulegraph comes to ns the announcement that In every part or the Union, from Maine to the Kio Grande, from the Atlantic to the Paciilc, this day is to be devoted to keearng green the memory ot those who during the (oar bloody years of our civil war sacrtflccd their Uvea upon the altar of their country. There la a peculiar fltness in making this a legal holiday. In this age of material progress, when every tradition of the past, every debt of gratitude we owe tliose who preceded us?and the result ot whose labors we now enjoy- are likely to be swal lowed up In the thirst for accumulation and the race of advancement, it la meet and proper ttiat one day in the yeai should be sot aalde for quiet, serious contemplation of the lesson which that ee disastrous, war teaches ua, and, in connection therowlth to honor those who, in the full flush of life and eagerness of hope, fell dead on thej Held of battle that wo might continue to enjoy the present and labor for the future. Those are the true immortals who, l?y their efforts and self-sacrifices benefit the human race. Though llielr names be forgotten, through their Influence they live, and In the growth of every city, in the whirr of every spindle and the culture of every Held, which represent the progress 01 our age and country, they live on who died lor us, and will do so forever. To them we owe a great debt and in no better way can we pay it than during this one day to linger beside their graves, bedeck them with garlands and show to ourselves and the world that there lives wltlun ua something of that divine princlplo which recognizes and appreciatea the efforts ol the great tollers iu the vineyard of humauity. On fame's eternal camping ground Their silent tents arc unread. While Klory guards with solemn round The bivouac of the dead. , TUB CONKBDBRATB DHAD. And with this day let us, in the language of a poet of the South, "Still each thought or hate, eaoh throb of wrath," and by no word or deed deprive those who were our foes, but are now bound to ua by every tie of sentiment and interest, or the poor privilege or decorating the graves or those whom deaths made thousands of homes joyless and caused millions to mourn. They, too, died for what to them was right; for what they regarded aa a sacred princlplo, and though they failed in the effort which lost their lives yet the time ha* come when oven we of the North, who have been wont to consider ourselves the end of all wisdom and rectitude, can look calmly and dispas sionately upon the struggle and realize that their lolty heroism, their self-abnegation, though in a cause we consider wrong, are not lost to the world and cannot be. Only the narrow-minded bigot will get up his own little staadard of right, to which all the world must bow and refuse to recognize any heroism, however lofty, outBlde of his own little groove, which does not tend toward what he re gards aa pure and lovely and of good report. The Confederate dead are ol the immortals, and It were a poor people who would reluse to ornament their tombs with flowers and nourish them with their tears, and a poorer charity which would not yield them, at least, one sigh lor the banner that la tarled forever. THB DAT IN THB CITY. In honor of the day the Custom House will re main open onlv (Tom nine to ten o'clock this morn ing lor the entrance and clearance of vessels. The Muii-Treasurv, banks and the commercial ex changes and all the departments of trie municipal government also close. The nags on the public buildings and the shipping will oe displayed at half-mast. Extensive and elaborate preparations for a prop* er carrying oat or the purposes or the day in the city have been made, mostly under the direction of the organization known as the Grand Army of the Republic, through a Memorial CommiLtee, or which George H. Sharpe is Chairman. Its headquarters have been established at 31 Union square, where. In answer to its appeals, a considerable sum of ruoney and from seven to ten thousand gilts of dowers, plants and shrubs have been received. General Order No. 2, from the headquarters ef the Grand Marshal or May 28, lays down as follows THK FORMATION OK COLI'MN AND LINE OK MAKCH. First Division?In charge of Comrade Ira D. Whitman, assisted by Comrade Fred/ Dauenhauer, will lortn on the south side of Seventeenth street, right resting on BroadwayFirst, Department Commander and Staff ol tne State or New York; second, General Field and staff Officers of First Division, N. G., S. N.Yj, mounted; third,Governor's Island Hand; fourth, Hawkins', Zouaves Veterans; fifth, Company D, Sixth regiment, N. G., S. N. Y.; sixth, Comrany A, Eighty-fourth regiment, N. G., S. N. Y.; seventh, Veteran Guards, Captain War Held; eighth, Mayor and Common Council ot the city or New York; nintit, Catafalque; tenth, Phil Kearney I'oat, No. 8; eleventh, Sedgwick Post, So. 11. Second Division?In charge of Comrade Theodore Smith, assisted bv Comrade Joseph McDonald, will lorm on Sixteenth street, south side, right resting on BroadwayFirst, Band of Koltes I'ost, No. 32; second, German Veteran Singing Society; third, Koltes Post, No. 32; fourth. Sumner Post, No. 24; fifth, James Miller Post, No. 76; sixth, Dalilgren Post, No. 113: seventh, Farragut Post, No. 75; eighth, E. A. Kimball Post, No. loo. Third Division?In charge of Comrade Anton An dessner, Assistant Marshal, assisted by Comrade Jacob Miller, will form on the south side of Fifteenth street, right resting on BroadwayFirst, Fort Hamilton Hand: second, Cameron Post, No. 79; third, Abraham Lincoln Post, No. 13j fourth, Jamee C. Rice Post, No. 29; firth, George H. Thomas Post, No. 102. Fourth Division?In charge of Comrade Richard Folles, Assistant Marshal, assisted by Comrade John S. Phillips, will form around Union square, right resting on the Lincoln Monument:?First, chil dren or the Union Home and School ror Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans, In wagons; second, disabled veterans lrom soldiers' Ketreat; third, teams and wagons, furnished by Hxpress and Manufacturing Companies, with plants, flowers and shrubs for decorating the graves. The column will move at half-past nine o'clock A. M. down Broadway, passing the Lincoln Monu meut, and thence around the Washington Monu ment, (both monuments tastefully decorated with flowers and immortelles), thence arouud Union square, down Broadway to South ferry. Commanders of Posts will form their Post in columns of fours. Mowers will be received at any point along the route. During the march minute guns will be fired from the battery on Governor's Island by command of Major Geaeral Hancock. on arriving at Brooklyn the several Posts will take cars for East New York, uniting with the Brooklyn division. The column will then reform and move to Cypress Hills Cemetery. BVKNING E.VKKCISKS. Appropriate memorial exorcises will take place In the evening at the Academy of Music. The principal points of interest In the programme are as follews:?Prayer by the Rev. for. Stephen H. Tyng. Jr.; an oration by Governor llawley, or Con necticut; a recitation by Proiessor W. H. Pope; singing by the Idlewild Glee Club and the German Veteran singing Society. The proceeds are to be devoted to the aid of the Cnton Home and school for soldiers' and sailors' orpnans. Genoral Han cock will preside. During the day and after the return from the cemetery several of the posts of tne Grand Army, of which there are twelve In the city, will hold cer emonial exercises and listen to orations in their re spective quarters. A LETTER FROM GARIBALDL He Accept* the Presidency of a Clak la New York. At the last monthly meeting held by the Donn* l'umma Association, a newly-organized Italian olab in this city, an autograph letter from General Garibaldi was read by the President, In which the Italian hero cordially accepts tho honorary presi dency or the association. The following Is a copy of the letter or acceptance.... Cafrmu, 1 Aprils, 18731 Miel Gabi Aiici Accwto eon K'ratituitlna 11 prcnioao titolo dl> rostce Pre*ldoiite onorarm e aono vostro, ??? (JAHIBAIiDL All' AMociastoita Dowhabumba, New York. Tho following Is a translation CiPHKHA, April I, 1H7JL Mr Dkar Frtk*iw.? . 1 accept wltli Kratitulo th? prectoui title of yoor Honor, ary Present, and am your-. GARIBALDI. To tho DowifARUBSA Ausooiatio*. ffew York. The reading of thin brief letter was followed by an enthusiastic ovation. During the meeting a vote to elect a new oommltteo was proposed and adopted, with the subjolnod result:?Messrs. Q. Contemn, F. Ramacciottl, L. Ferrajuolo ana P. Deschini. who were elected by a large majority. A new committee was also elected to arrange ror the Summer festival ot the Society, whloh will be held in June. ______ RECEPTION OF GRAMMAR SCHOOL VO. 36. Tho pupils or Grammar School No. 38 gave ? grand reception yesterday at the Academy of Music. The exercises consisted or music by the Seventy-first regiment band, essays and decla mations by tho scholars. Mr. James M. Glrard pre sented medals to Masters Haws, Wiley and Buok ley, and the graduates presented a beautiful American banner to the school. Diplomas were printed t? ?large muntraj Q{ ruvuM gentlemen.

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