Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 31, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 31, 1873 Page 4
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THE COMING POPE. An Italian View of the Next Papal Election. Th# Chances of Foreign and Italian Candidates. Poor Prospects of the French and Spanish Cardinals. Cullen, Scliwarxrnbfrg and Ruusrher the Eligible Foreign Candidates, PANEBIANCO?ANTONELLI. The Tendency of the Italian Vote. Rom k, May 2, 1S73. Professor Bon^m Ruggicro, a member of the Italian Parliament ana Proiessor of Antlent ana Moaern History at the Roman University, has just published In the monthly review, the Xuova Anto \ogid, ol which he is editor, a long and very inter esting essay on the probable canaiaates Tor the Papacy. Professor Bonglil is, we shouia preface, also the director of the Persaveranta, of Milan, which Is, perhaps, the best newspaper published in Itaiy He is the author of several literary, his torical works. In short, he is considered one of the moat distinguished members 01 the representa tive body, and one of the most thorough ami ac complished writers of his country. Rearing this In mlna, his words have more than ordinary import ance, though he himself would not have bis readers attach an undue value W> his view-, lie s?j sj The cardinals are, if I am not mistaken, onlv forty-live?that is to say, twenfv-su less than the complete number (seventy-'wo), li does not seem probable that Pius IX. has any Intention of creating new ones before Ills ueath, although many pressing Invitations t,? do so have been made. The only good reason we see for this course Ilea in the fact that Pope Pius IX., having some idea who should be his successor, for the greatest good of the Church, 11s he understands it, fears that by increasing the number 01 electors the election of the chosen candidate may onlv lie made more ditllcult and uncertain. FOKB1UN CARDINAL*. Or the forty-five cardinals only eleven are for eigners?namely, Cardinals Pitra, MatlUeti, bonnet, Re Bonnechose are French; Cardinal Culleu, Irish; Cardinal Hohenlohe, Herman (Bavaria); cardinals Schwarzenberg and Rauachcr, Aust&ian; Cardinals Garcla-Cuestu, l)e la Lustra y Cueata, Moreno, Spanish (the fourth, Iirea Cirillo, Archbishop of Toledo, died very recently). The French 1 animal lllllict died at chainbery 011 the 1st of May. U IS three centuries since a loreiirner ascended the Papal throne. It must be admitted that with the fail of the temporal power one of the principal causes of the exclusion ol non-Italians has disap peared, the Pontitf beim' no longer the sovereign of au Italian people. Nevertheless, it would be a most ditllcult thinir to get a foreigner elected. It cannot be a Herman without displeasing France, which country is perhaps the principal support of the Catholic Church, and, besides, the only cardinal 01 this uaiion (Uoiieniolie) is not fitted ior the place, being too young and not distinguished for any great merit or Intellectual capacity. Nor can the Pope be a Frenchman without endangering Catholicism in Germany; nor, indeed, do the trench cardinals seem to enjoy sufficient esteem in the Nacre* college to be entrusted with the guidance of the Church, and the unsettled condi tion of their own country gives good reason lor fear that the Holy See, confided to the hands of a French Pope, would find the difficulties surround ing tiie Church rather increased than dimlnisuea. THK srANlsn AND AUSTRIAN CAUlUNALg. It s useless to speak at length of the Spanish Cardinals, who are, ior the most part, perfectly unknown to the majority of their colleagues anil whom the anarchy and weakness ol their native country would deprive of every credit Aid favor no matter what their personal merit may be. Not so, however, with the Irish and Austrian cardinals Cullen, Schwarzenberg and Kauscher. These car dinals would enjoy the good will of the Collego for various reasons. The first and third named for their learning, the second for his social position the great influence that he wields at the Austrian Court and for Us own personal character. But these three cardinals do not. belong to the same party in the Sacred College, and, belore stating the laot reason which would exclude them from elec tion, let us say something of the presumable. DIVISION OK OPINION IN TIIK SACKED COLLBOK There lias always been a difference of opinion in the College. But we no longer live iu tunes when the cardiuals?creatures of one Pope?could ar range themselves airainst the cardinals?creatures ot anotl.er?botu parties being guided by cardinal nephews of either Po;ie. There are still 111 the College illustrious names of Roman or Italian lamllies?a Patrizi, a Hiarlo (S.fovta), a Borromeo acaraffa:but there have, perhaps, never been a less number than now, and more especially of Romans. With the exception of the second named these cardinals do uot enjoy any great reputation, and could hardly aspire? to supreme power. Nor do these names bear any longer the significance 01 former times, and they cannot carry strong parties along with inem. They neither exercise influence nor determine adherence. No prince, great or small, cares about them?not eveu in Koine Itself does any one of them enjoy special popular lavor. MKN Ol- ORKAT LKAKNIMi never had any great success in the College. As is generally th ; cane in an assembly of men of expe rience, learning is in many cases looked upon rather us an obstacle. The cardinal who is per nans, more celebrated for his learning than the rest, is Pi. 1 a (i* ranee), hut he is considered as good for nothing but his studies. He does not care tor the candidacy, and 11 > one else cares to trv him Not bo ?l Cardinal Kauscher (Austria], who, with 1 hi* scholarship, has always taken a lively interest In all the political and eccelesiasiical questions of the day. cardinal lirassciiini (Italy) haa written works of some importance, but uow is no longer 111 a condition to write or read them, and Cardinal Morichini, Archbishop ol iiologua, is one of the most esteemed members of the College. I do not know ol other scholars among the cardinals if there be any, their fame is certainly not very great. PANEBIANCO. The monks are not wanting, but they are not numerous. Besides Pitra a Benedictine, there is the Minorite Paneblanco, who is the true type of il cardinal-monk. He speaka little, and it la difficult to penetrate his thoughts. He is harah to himself and to others; rigid iu the observance of doctrine and practice of religion; learned In ecclesiastical matters; full 01 the church Idea and of the suprem acy of the Church in the affairs 0/ the world. He Is sixty years of age, which is not considered old for a monk. Another is a regular priest. Blllo, a Barna blte. He took a great part In the Vatican Council, of which he was one 01 the Presidents and one of the sourest. He was employed in the preparation of the Syllabus and tho projects to be discussed by the Council. * To separate the parties in the Collego we shall have to divide the members into two classes?those who adhere to the policy hitherto followed by Pius IX., and those who ate averse to it. I'ius IX has certainly made great innovations in the principles of government followed by his predecessors. While they thought well to retain, lie has move*; what they thought well to conceal as with a veil, he has thought better to uncover and to force it on the world. And in this loading the Church with lew dogmas he has, aa we have aoen, brought trouble to the ecclesiastical structure: though he has. on the other hand, enlarged the influence of Catholi cism where to all arpearnces it seemed dead. Now, there are some Cardinals who believe that Plus IX. has done right, and has labored only in Ihe interest of the Church, and that it la necessary for the new Pope to follow iu the footsteps of the preaent Pon tiff. There are others, on the contrary, who think that Plus IX. has been following a wrong coift-se; they would have preferred no changes, and believe "I""0 venerable an institution as Catholicism anouid not bo too much shaken or agitatod, but be ?k5?i. 1 1 extre"ie care and delicacy, even wncu it is necessary to improve or invigorate It. ? 'akdinals, saints and politician*. ? ? '* r lllat ( ordinal Pallavlcinl made a dis tinction among cardinals, dividing them luto ?Wrh hai ,??",|c,lang' am' 'leclared that the U o cen jeopardized except when 5 ? t ope of t,ie f?rmer class. The car ?i M0W **?' ire divided into two classes?tho one accenting tuis principle laid down by one 01 their most Illustrious predecessors an the other rejecting it. To thePkrst (the saint y tendency) l*>long, among the Italians, Pa mi Barnaho, Paneblanco, Klzzarrt, Hforza. and anions foreigners. Cuileu. To the second, perhaps wnon2 the Italians. Sacconl. Be Aniens'11? Asquinl, Carafa, Morichini. i-esci ' \ntonuocl Milesl, Trevisanto, I)e Lnca. Ouldi,* Mo,wo iVa Valletta, Consolinl, and among the foretime? Schwarzenberg, Mathleu, bonnet, Rauscher Oarcla-Cuesta, I)e ia Lastra, He Bonnechose' Hohenlohe, Moreno. ' CARDINAL ANTONELI.I must be left entirely out of consideration His long and unhappy misrule 01 the Court of Koine de prives him of every hope il he ever had any. I pon him rest ail tho mlstortunes that have befallen tho Pontificate since 1&4#; but none ot the love and sympathy which the nature of Plus IX. has in spired. More tolerated than loved by his sovereign. He Is not liked by his colleagues, and would uot be tolerated as Pope. Of a keen Intellect, though nar row in range, he has seen all his artifices and com binations go off luto 8moke, ilc has uu reputation I for sanctity of llle; of Human character, he in better I :iltie to appreciate the political side of a question th. n the religious. 11? should be a conciliatory ruler, t?ul bis long management ol the affairs ol the present. Pontificate makes him just the most unfit to acquire the confidence ?>f his colleagues ami to chanuu the policy hitherto pursued by t.he iv.pal government. It doe* not appear that liu influence lu toe conclave will be very great. TIIK KI.IIIllll.K KOKKIUN 0ANIHUATK8. Of the oilier Cardinals, the state of their respec tive countries exclude some?there remaining only three, Cullen, ol Ireland, ami Schwnrzenborg and Kauscbcr of Austria, who have the characteristics qualifying them for election. Others are excluded on account of their age; some are too old, Uko He Angelis, seventy-nine years of age, who is one of the must esteemed men in the College, not only for the qualities ol ills mind, but also lor his moderate views and conciliatory spirit; or too young, like Cardinal Hllio, who is lorty-tlve, aud Cardinal Monaco l.a Vullette, one of the best, ol men, lor the purity ol hts llle, lor hm learning ami lurtlio moder ation of Ins opinions, but he is only forty four years of age. Others are excluded on account of'their age or the little esteem they enjoy among their col leagues, liKe Cardinal Borromeo, lorty-ntuo; others lor the little credtt they enjoy and their names, like Cardinal Honaparte, who is only forty-three. The mental capacity af others is an'lnsiirmountable ob stacle to tile election, as Cardinals Milesi and Pras selini, I'atrlzl and Catupa, being excluded lor alack of intellect. Cardinal* Caterini, Glzzarrl, llarnabo, Arnat, l>i Sorso, Asqulni, Vannlcelil are likely to be excluded 011 account of bad health. Cardinals sil vestrl and Mcrtel are likely to be excluded lor the coarseness of their manners, want of Judgment and lack of expericnue in the affairs of the world; Car dinal di Pictro will be considered loo liberal, and Cardinal Ferrlerl as lacking the necessary courage. EI.IQ1U1.K ITA1.1AN OANIUDATKH. It is seen that the choice is very much reduced. Among the Cardinals disposed to follow in the loot steps of tne present Pontiff?i. disposed to exag gerate ecclesiastical doctrines .ind r.odely the legal authorities, are Cardinals I'aueblaiico, cullen and Capaltl, the second and violent President of the Vatican Council. Among the Cardinals inclined to halt and look around to see whore 1 hey are stand ing and seek to bring the slnp of the Church into smooth water; lu short, a Pius VII. rather than a Pius V., are Cardinals Saccenl, Schwarzenberg, Morichiui, Peeci, Kausclier, Antonuoci, Trevi sanato, Oe I.nea, Guldi, llerardi, Cons linl. Among the Cardinals considered more advanced than the College, and disposed to bo liberal, llarlle. 1 have not named OA It 1)1 N A I. SKOIt/A, and yet I placed him in the first category and I llnd no special reason to uxcludo him from the election. lie ulso seems to have special, favorable conditions?of a noble family, of ordinary intellect, little learning aud onjoyiag the entire confidence of the party which now prevails at the Roman Court. He has nothing to say as to the system and doctrines prevailing there, aud does not depart from them. Ho accepts the Sylla bus, the infallibility. Nevertheless there Is some thing oractical in his conduct that prevents hlin from becoming au enthusiast, and he may be ac ceptable to his own party and to the party of moderation. He has likewise arrived in some de gree to understand the present condition ol Italy. He distinguishes what in his eyes is desirable and the possibility In the reality or things. Persuaded, lor example, that?right or wrong, as the case may be?it is impossible to drive the Italian government from Home, he endeavored that the priests should not be expelled irom the schools 01 the municipality of Naples, and by his personal Influence, good sense and modesty he succeeded. He seems In clined to adopt a system of action?to which the clerical party itself Is constantly approaching?of submitting or adapting lilmselfto the new political aspect of things in Italy, in order to save the prin cipal parts of the religious edifice. It Is possible that other cardinals entertain the same views, but they have not as yet had the courage to express the in openly. THE FOllEUIN VOTE. II the number of cardinals be not increased be fore the death of Plus IX. it will require, to make up the two-thirds vote, thirty-one voices to elect the new I'outilT. All the foreign cardinals, with the exception of Cardinal Cullen (irelaud), incline to the view that it were prudent for the Holy See to moderate the actual tendencies of the present gov ernment. There may be, Indeed, beyond the Alps, those who approve it, besides the Irish Cardlual; but it, does not appear that this class who approve it in France, Germany and Spain are represented in the College. The number, both of laymen and clergy,who wish to push things to extreme, is more numerous beyond the Alps than in Italy; but this will have no Influence In the College. During the Vatican Council nearly all the loreigu bishops and cardinals were opposed to the extreme nature of the Resolutions there passed, such as the absolute supremacy of the Pope; and when they found that they wta e unable to oppose them successfully they tried to modify them as much as was in their power. Ii they afterwards yielded, in deference to the authority of the Church, they have been taught by the events of the past two years that the ad Vice they then otTered was prudent. We can then assume, with certainty, that these foreign cardinals will be inclined to elect a Pope of moderate, conciliatory aud discreet sentiments? one who would cast water rather than oil on the tire that the present Pontiff leaves burning. Their number, excepting Cardinal Cullen, is ten, aud never had greater probability than low of being present, since it will be the llrst conclave held with Europe covered with railroads. Their vote will have no little weight. It will not be a vote dic tated by governments, but by the conscience ofthe individual. The times do not permit that any one should glory in the name of Cardlual of the Crown. In the eyes ofthe cardinals themselves the moral and religious conditions ol their respective gov ernments is not such as to justify thorn in being the bearers of royal vetos. The very governments which have the ancient and recognized right thereto?Spain. Austria and France?would avoid making use or their rights under existing circum stances. Vet 1 am inclined to the view that the foreign cardinals will vote for a pontiff who shall at least be acceptable to their government? a pon tiff who will not further exasperate, but will en endeavor to remove the religious dissensions of nations. rttE ITALIAN VOTE. Now, the foreign cardinals, with a small numher of Italians, would be suiliclent te exclude Cardinal Cullen not only, but the two others or the ultra party?Panebianco aud Capaltl?so that there does not se 'iu any probability of these Individuals being elected. Hut, in order to get nearer to the probable result, it is necessary to study the views entertained by the majority of the Italian cardi nals, upon whom, alter all, the election will de peud. 11 is necessary to observe that It Is ;i char acteristic trait of the Italian nation to compro mise. The majority of the cardinals will prefer to pause, In order to study the times, to study the signs and Indications. Free from every connec tion with the Italian government?since it would have no other Influence upon them than to make them reject any cardinal suspected of being favor able to it? yet they see and leei that the new Pope must either quit or live in Rome, where he cau 110 longer be considered as a temporal sovereign; and everything goes to prove that to remove the seat of the Papacy to a foreign land would lie much more Inconvenient and dangerous thun to remain In Italy, and that, though it would be a very easy thing 10 depart from Rome, It might be very diill culr to return thither. The majority ol Italian cardinals will have, there fore, two objects in view which they will endeavor to obtain. They will desire to have a Pope who will not recede Irom the doctrinal position assumed by the Church at the last Council, since retrogres sion would bring discredit ou the venerable ecclesi astical edifice: but, on the other hand, they would desire a Pope who would not go further than the last one has done?one who should have wisdom enough to preveut him from taking false steps In the future. As a natural reaction rollowlug an un fortunate Pontificate, they woula endeavor to avoid enthusiasm and to remove from the suc cessor all those Influences which have proved dis advantageous to the predecessor. It seems prob able, therefore, that the majority of Italian cardi nals will nor. dissent from the foreigners in the character of the person to be elected. It would be difficult lor Italians to resolve ou the election of a foreign Pope. If they should decide to do so the choice would be IIETWEKN SCIIWARZENBEKO A SO RAfHCIIER. Their nationality Is In their favor. Austria, driven out of Italy and or Germany by the war of lufle, has become, from the most hated Power that she was the one most liked; the one esteemed alike , by France and Germany, and on most excellent terms with Italy. Pius IX. leaves the affairs of the Church in a very anpromlslng state in Germany, and an Austrian Pope would be better qualified than any one else to bring order out of chaos there. The two Austrian Cardlnais stand very high in the esteem of the College, They have none abovo them In the qualities capacitating them for the Papal chair. Their conduct during tbe Council was as decided and dignified before the passing of the dogma of Infallibility as It was prudent and states manlike after once the decision had been made. They are well acquainted with political life from a long Intercourse with the governments, and each wields a great and notable Influence. These are reasons to which 110 slight importance should be attached, and will be taken Into due consideration by the College. Yet I fear these reasons will not prevail. The two Austrian cardinals arc exactly those with whom It Is probable that their government may exert an influence. Resides, the Austrian govern ment itself could discover many causes of embar rassment arising to It through a poiitnf or its own nation. Vet, after all, the Italian bishops believe that the traditions or the Roman Court, which they are n?t ready te renounce, will be bettor pre served by an Italian than by one who, a stranger, cannot so well appreciate them. The memory or the last foreign Pope,though distant, has remained paln lul to this day. Besides the cardinals themselves, wo inav be sure that all persons connected with the Curia lower In rank than the cardinals themselves, v?'t whe In a variety of ways can exert an Influence on the College, would be still more opposed to a foreigner than the cardinals themselves. It seems likelv, then, that the Papacy will remain tbe Inheritance of the Italians. Among those who seem more likely than the rest to obtain the coveted honor are Cardinal Mforza, the most mod erate among the zealous, and Cardinals Pecci, Tre visanato, l>e Luca. Guldl, Saoooni and Harllt1, are the most esteemed among tho moderate. Vet in the ease or the three last we must take Into ac count the possibility that, the zealous may succeed in excluding thein; the first named (Guldl) being disliked lor the part he took against the dogma or Infallibility; the second, and.more especially the latter, suspected or being Inclined to yield too much to the Jesuits, as lias been the case with Pius IX. Bach or the other five seems ut to receive tlie votes or those Cardinal* who desire that the next Pontiff shall be observing | moderate and conciliatory. The one who will bo friutiipbtint (8 he who, trusting more the parly of 1.10 /.onions will irl ,'hlon loss tlie moderate. Ah to the part tlie Italian government will (awe, It in as misy an It ih clear ?to Uilsttevfntro, to wait, au<l to respect the fait a/v-mn nu. Deputy Bunghi, thore lo;o. place* Siorza, I'eccl, Trevisan ito and l>e l.aca as the most eligible candidates for the Papal Ihioue in case of tho death of the present occu pant. There is an old Roman proverb which says, ?lie that enters t o (jojlege ax I'ope return* Horn It aH Cardinal." ml thin proverb must Ik: Kept in mind In all ?;>ecu! ui?u? concerning tlie ca'ididai,ea for the Papacy. llHilan Politics ?utl the Pope's Recovery. ' none, May 2.1873. The Lanza Ministry, which has been In a totter ing condition for some tuue, hag just come to a sudden downfall. Everybody anticipated that the Religious Corporations bill would prove an Insuper able stumbling block to the Cabinet which lias held the reins ol government In Italy for the last four years, but nobody supposed that It was going to bo extinguished by so comparatively an unimportant question as that ol tlie immediato construction or a maritime arsenal at Tarauto. Hence arlseB tlio suspicion that the Lanza Ministry has willingly availed itself of the first majority of the House against Its own views to throw up that power wluch It foresaw could not survive tue perplexing question of the religious corporations. The Pope's malady has rendered that question more delicate than ever. To be harassing the last moments of tho expiring Pontiff by the suppression of his spiritual staff would huve exposed ministers to the indiKnant outcries of the clerical party, who would not have tailed to compare them to the donkey in the table, scornfully kicking the aged and dying lion, and it is certain that they would have proposed a postponement of the discussion of that question In Parliament if His Holiness' illness had continued. Fortuuately Pius IX. leelsso much bettor tnat. as I informed you by telegraph, he was able to take air uud exercise so far back as last Sunday, when, on returning from the Vatican gar den, he KBCK1VBD TUK CONOKATUI.ATIONS of the French Ambassador, and tola His Excel lency that he hoped to witness tho celebration of his opiscopal jubilee with us much solemnity as Ills sacerdotal one, which was commemorated In 180!?, with all the pomp and splendor tor which the Pon tiflcial Court was then celebrated, and the re newal of which would seem to Imply a restoration of the Pope's temporal power. Pius IX. was consecrated Bishop on Pentecost Day. 1827, by Cardinal Castlglione, and appointed I to tho Archieplscopal See of Spoleto by Pope Leo XII. Cardinal Castlgllono became Pope two years later, and assumed the title of Pius VIII. We shall, thereloro, expect to seo Pio Nono's hopeful prediction verified in 1877, the flltloth anni versary of his episcopal consecration. That His Holiness continues to Improve In health and spirits is evident Irom the Intention he has ? manllested to receive tho French, Belgian and other distinguished pilgrims, now m route for Rome, ou Monday morning, tho festival of his sainted predecessor, Pius V., when he will say mass for them, administer the Holy Sacrament to each or them and conclude with a general address. To promise so much shows that His Holiness feels quite up to tho mark. Tho pilgrims win have a second audience, it Is expected, on the latH of May to congratulate the Pontiff on the commencement of his eighty-second year. THE MINISTKKIAL CKISIS. To return to the ministerial crisis?the cause, as I have said, was that the House voted for the construction of a naval arsenal at Taranto, in ten years, at a calculated expense of 2:1,000,000 | lire, according to the project of Major Prato. No doubt Taranto occupies a magnlilcent situation, well calculated for the defence ol" .Southern Italy, but Signor Sella, who handles the public funds and knows how Ulrtlcult It is to provide money for every scheme, declared that he could only authorize the use ol ?,600,000 lire for the proposed works at Taranto, a sum deomeil by the House In sufficient ior any useful Improvement. This was on the 30th April. Yesterday the Prime Minister announced that in consequence of the contrary vote he and his colleagues had offered their resig nations to the King, whose resolution in conse quence would be taken In throe days. He, there fore, Invited the House to adjourn until Monday, the 5th Instant, when His Majesty's determination with respect to the new Cablnut would bo oillcially communicated. Meanwhile let us take a glance at the different candidates for the Italian premiership. It Is natural to turu. first of all, to the head of the opposition, Signor llrbano liattazzl, who seems to be the only candidate whom the members of the Left have to put iorward. Unfortunately Signor Rattazzl has already been Prime Miuister three times, and each time he was in office some signal disaster berel Italy, whether through his culpable negligence or not historians must decide. At any rate thoy are not pleasing precedents. Moreover, Signor Itattazzi's health Is so wretched just now that ho Is really quite uuflt for business. The Ministers who have just resigned aro said to have recommended sinner Plsanelli?a distin guished Neapolitan Deputy?to the consideration ol His Majesty, to form the new Cabinet, signor Plsanelli has already formed part of a preceding ministry with the portfolio of justice, and, as ho belongs to the same political party as Signors Lanza, Sella ami their colleagues, anil only headed the antl-Minlsterial vote on the Taranto question, apparently ior secondary and local considerations, there would probably be 110 material change of policy adopted if he were to come t? the head or the government. I hear, however, that he has already declined olllce. ? (Jeneral Marmora is also spokeif of, and tho Baron RIcasoll, both statesmen who have repeat edly wielded the supreme ministerial power, but both of whom would probably wish to make mere concessions to the Vatican in the affair of the reli gions corporations than would suit the present in clinations of Parliament. But the main and apparently insuperable obsta cle to an acceptance of otllce by auy of the leading Italian statesmen is the ugly inheritance of the Re ligious Corporations bill, to which they would have to succeed. The Lanza Ministry hiving had the nominal, If not real, merit of bringing the Italian capital and seat 01 government to Home, is pledged to carry through this bill, and If nobody else can lie found to iiBdertuke the diillcult tasit, the King will proba bly be oniiged to refuse the resignations proffered by signor Sella and his colleagues, and con firm them in ofllce until they have taken the ecclesiastical bull hy the horns. There is little duuht, however, that, what with delays and modifications 01 projects and other legislative tricks, the actual Parliamentary session will be worn away wi.hout the momentous bill be ing definitely discussed. Hot weather and malaria will be pleaded before the middle of next month as reasons for the deputies to abandon the feverish capital and return to their respective homes. v Ictor hmmauuel, who was to have gone to Sor rento yesterday to pay his promised visit to the Empress of Russia, has been obliged to delay his departure, sending meanwhile his telegraphic ex cuses and explanations to Her imperial Majesty. This contrt't/>inpa has bothered the King immensely. The royal decision will be anxiously expected on The Pope and the Pilgrims. Rome, May 6, 1873. In spite of renewed reports or the Pope's tailing health, his Holiness carried out hW programme yesterday or receiving the French pilgrims who ar rived to congratulate the Pontiff on the occasion or the festival 01 St. Plus V., which was yesterday, the 5tli, and on the recurrenco of his own birthday, which will be on this day week, the 13th May. It was evident that the Pope's returning indis position was of no importance, ror ho was able to receive a number of persons on Sunday morning, the 4th Inst., among whom was M. Hennesay, formerly attached to the French Embassy In Rotiie, hut now belonging to the legation at Athens, for which city ne took his departure yesterday. M. Ilennessy had not seen his Holiness since the entry of the Italian treops In September, 1870, but the Pope recognized him at once as an old ac- ? qualntance, and received from him a letter aid re mittance of money from the lilshop of AngonlCmc. Tlio Pope said that his doctors had given him a good dose of Medicine on the preceding day, but that he felt better and hoped the returning fine weather would set him up altogether. Pll.dKIMS IN TUB ETBKNAL CITY. The arrival or the expected caravan of French pilgrims, as they choose to denominate themselves, had nothing selemn or impressive, for they reached Rome in separate batches from Florence, Ancona and Clvlta Vecchia, liko ordinary travellers, each on his own account and in us comfortable a form as possible. Some enthusiasts of the party had proposed to alight at the station nearest Rome, on the I'lercnce line, which Is Monto Itotond*. a dis tance of about eighteen miles, and to proceed thence on loot to the Holy City, with Ihe broad hat, staff and cockleshell which for centuries have dis tinguished txma fide pllgrlas. Probably these gentlemen received sonio wholesome advice re specting the excitement now prevalent here and threnghout Italy on the subject of ?nthollc pilgrim ages in too demonstrative form, for thoy abandoned the project of entering Rome bareiooted and sing ing pious canticles, in ract, had they (lone so they would havo hud to enter by the same gate as tlio invading Italian* in 1870. tho Porta i'l*. for the

which crosses the Anlo on the road w?Klh^ !, f. Kotonil'>. two niHe8 iroui Rome, ami blown op by the Pontifical general in that ^,r^nt .Garil^l(rt approaching the city on li? w ,? 1 ,et ,,et!n repaired, ho that travel Hrhlge Inst^lid ?"me roun,i to the Somen tauo The recognized leader of the caravan, although uot in practical pedestrian form, was the Count de Itomns, a nobleman of a v -ry ancient family, which distinguished Itself In the crusading period. Thin gentleman lux been to Rome beiore, and a lew years ago brought out a useful hut never executed project for restoring the ancient Roman iort 01 It was n-)t possible Tor the Pope to administer the holy sacrament to the pilgrims as lie liad In tended. for, besides his own indisposition, several of them only arrived yesterday morning, a few hours before the time llxed for ilia audience, which was at ball-past eleven A. M. The address read by the Count tie Hamas was signed by about seventy persons, representing pilgrims' oommlttocs in different departments of Trance, but 1 am In formed that there were not ni'?re than forty-live delegates present. 1 give an abbreviated version of what was said on this occasion:? TIIH A DDK IMS READ UY THK COUNT I?K DAM AS informed the Pope that devout pilgrimages were atnilu becoming normal Institutions in Ir.tuce, and that the Council General ol French pilgrims had se lected lor ihoir celestial patron the blessed Joseph il. re, a French mendicant, who died in Home, in t.ie odor of sanctity, half a century ago, and was recently canonized by I'itis ix. Like Labre, the delegates present were Frenchmen, Catholics and pilgrims, but he had tho happiuess of seeing the successor of Peter in his splendor, while they were obliged to mourn over him in chains. The address affirmed that, if France had been present Home would never have been violated, aud the Pope, in stead of being a prisoner, would have had a faith ful ally to overthrow the great modern enemy of Christ?revolution?us Ills glorious predecessor "(St. llusv.) found a valorous sword to overthrow the great enemy ol ancient times?Mohammedanism, nie ambition ol the pilgrims was to re-establish r ranee, the eldest daughter of the Church, as the 1 ope's defender. They would go from sanctuary to sanctuary to pray for this result, and begged the Holy bather to bless their pacific crusade. THK l'OPK Khl'I.IKD In terms of affection aud gratitude towards France, and said that the Saviour ?.vould soon manliest Himseli again to that great and Catholic nation, as Christ said, "A little time and ye shall not see Me, and yet a little time and ye shall see Me." A tem porary separation was perhaps necessaiy to excite renewed sentiments of piety, as now demonstrated by prayers, pilgrimages and the sacraments. His Holiness, alluding to St. Plus V. and Ills vic tories over the Mohammedans, said that it would be advisable to implore his Intercession to obtain vic tory over the present enemies of the Church, "who, to their shame, are not Turks, but Christians." continuing In the same mauner to exhort his hearers to have cearage and constancy in the struggle, the Pope woind up with the consoling te*t '?If God Is for us, wtio shall bo against usvM aud so dismissed the pilgrims with his apostolic benediction, admitting each individual to the honor of kissing his hand'and presenting to each a medal commemorative of the Ecumenical Coun cil, and a bunch of flowers for the absent ladles of the lamily. The Pope also sent two magnificent bouquets yesterday to the Church of Santa Maria Magglore, to be placed before the crystal coffin containing the embalmed body of St. Pius V., which was ex hibited to the public in the chapel dedicated to that Pontiff. Tha mummy was dressed In & white robe and scarlet sltk mantle, with its reet in red velvet shoes, embroidered with gold, and it bore a g"m resemblance to the marble statue ol the Pontiff above, in an adjoining room were ex hibited several sacred vestments und utensils worn and used by Plus V., which, although thre<> centuries old, uro sMllln a perfect statu ol preser vation. THK MINISTERIAL RESTORATION. I will explain in another letter the motives which have induced the Lanza Ministry to retain office. Suffice it to say here that the President or the Council announced yesterday In Parliament that he and his colleagues would remain in power, out of deference to tne sovereign command." This a tcrnoon the discussion of the Religious Corporations bill commenced in the Chamber of Deputies. Suppression of Religious Houses. Rome, May 9, 1873. The grand Parliamentary battle of this session commenced on Tuesday, the 6th, t*he reinstated Ministers having, m compliance with their ac knowled engagements, brought before the House <he bill for the suppression of religious corpora tions. This measure consists in the extension to the city and province of Rome tho laws on that subject already in vigor in the rest of Italy, but wltn special mortifications, supposed by the govern ment to bo necessary for the maintenance of the Papal guarantees, and to prevent the Infringement of what are considered to be International rights enjoyed by the heads of religious orders estab lished in this city as tne centre or church govern ment. HISTORY or THR MKASI'RK. The Orst law of suppression In Italy was that which bears tne date of the 7th ol Ju.y, 1866. The Parliamentary debate commenced at Florence on the 7th of June, and the voting took place on tne 18th, when, oat of 225 Deputies present, 17# ap proved of the bill, 45 opposed It and one declined voting The next law, regulating ecclesiastical properly and relating also to religious orders, bears the date of the 15th August, 1867, and was brought forward by Signor Rattazzl. The* .ebate commenced on the 6th July and occupied twenty-three sittings, and at the final voting there were 204 favorable votes against 08 unfavorable. THK OPENING DEBATE. Signor Dl Falco, Minister of Grace and Justice, announced to a crowded House, on Tuesday after noon, that the government accepted the modifica tions made In the bill by the Parliamentary Com mission, in accordance with the report presented by Signor Restelll, but reserved the right of making amendments in some of the clauses in the course of the debate. Immediately afterwards the debate opened with a speech from a smart young Ifolognese advocate, Signor Casarini, a member of the Left, and there fore a strenuous opponent of th& law proposed by government, not because It was intended to suppress the religious corporations, but because it was not sufficiently calculated to destroy them root and branch. He snoke of the course of events in Italy since lsort, demonstrating the always Increasing antag onism of Church and state. He accused the gov ernment of having constantly endeavored, since its esiabllsluneut In Rome, to effect a reconciliation with the Papacy, and, when convinced of the fal lacy ol that hope, of having declared that Italy ought to be proud ol the privilege or giving hospi tality to the head of the Catholic Church, and that it would be a great misfortune It the Pope were to depart, forgetting thus altogether what the pres ence of the Pope had cost Italy in blood, tears and obstacles to the Independence, liberty aud unity of the nation. * signor Caruttl spoke next In favor of the bill, hoping, however, that the amendments proposed by government would render It more temperate, as, although the obligation Imposed on Italy by the convention of September, i???, to respect the political sovereignty ol the Pope had ceased to i>o in force, the moral obligation of defend ng the religiose liberty of the head or the Catholic Church could never be cancelled. Ills speech had a clerical tendency, which was strongly contrasted by the following one, de livered by Signor Damlani. who combated the bill as Insufficient, and deplored that the government Junta of Rome, immediately after the entry of the Italians in 1870, had not solved the question of abolition of religions corporations then and there so as to spare tho government a world of subse quent embarrassment and opposition. Signor Pecile came next, advocating the bill, ex ceptlng In the preservation of houses for the gen erals of orders. His speech was not concluded on the 6th, but was resumed In the sitting of the 7th: bnt the principal feature of that day was the elo quent speech of the Honorable Deputy Corbetta. who, although a member of the Right, strenuously opposed the bill, especially with regard to the clause in favor of the generals of orders, and quoted the opinion or the great master of modern ltallau policy, Count de Cavour, that no Interna tional character could be attributed to negotia tion" between the Papacy and trie Kingdom of signor Corbetta made a very eloquent speech advocating total abolition Instead of partial meas ures, and his desertion of the government on this hill is sure to be followed by that of a considerable number of deputies hitherto belonging, like him self, to the Right, but whose defection will render the success or the ministerial measure more uncer tain than was anticipated at the beginning of tho debate. A CROWDED CHAMBER. On entering the Chamber of Deputies vesterilay afternoon, I round signor Mlnghettl rising to de liver his speech. The Chamber was more crowded with auditors than with deputies. The public tribunes were crammed, and the reserved and diplomatic tribunes were unusually full. I saw M. hournler and the Herman Minister and Sir Augus tus Paget, with their respectlves ladies anu at taches, but Mr. Marsh, United States Minister, wllo has been absent at Naples and has only Jnst returned via Ancona, was not among the auditors, signor Mlnghettl Is an experienced politician, and was one of the Pope's ministers twenty-five years ago, when Plus IX. was a con stitutional sovereign. He speaks easily aud well, and was received with evident marks of attention. Ho supported flic bill but repelled tho accusations of the honorable signor Casarini that its partisans desired to conciliate tho I'apacy. He maintained that It wns in harmony with tho policy inltluted by Count Cavour and followed by hla successors, lie examined Its various clauses and said that with regard to the generals of orders it was tho wish of tho government that foreign institutions should not be deprived of the means of communicat ing through them with the Pontiff. The government woald have to atecr through the opposed oxa^ger ations of the clericals on one slae and the radical! ou tie other, oulo.ciug the observation of law wlthoit diminishing liberty. Signor Mmg tiettl's speeos, which wi a lang one, wom applauded frequently, but at IU conclusion Signor ('a ariui rose to rejjly in ? very?*f^?8''9 and amusing manner, saying that iBignorMItnghettl Had quoted tho liberty afforded to tne Chuich lu America and Greut Britain. the Pope and Ins cardinals, surrounded with Catholic l'owers, were to be?{* America, instead of Italy, Ainer.l?a, spcodilv transfer tueui to Parana? v. As to> urea* Hntal.i, Htgnor Casarlnl reminded Signor Itogiietti oi Henri VIII. and Oliver Orouiwell. and Inquired if he would be prepared to employ similar mean* to insure liberty of condolence, lie reasserteu ine conciliative tendencies of the member* or tne Rig it, audquoted an article of Signor llonghl s in thu.Awu* itr-s Ihuu Misrules, mentioning the wen known photographic portraits of the Pope walking arm la arm with the King of Italy and saying that it represented the prevalent wish of the country. signor Ronglii, 01 the Right, got up t# reply, and alter him came SIgnorsiMiceli, of the Lett, and Mas sari, of the Right, alternately attacking and defend ing ihe policy oi the Ministry until night, closed in. Tht.se debates are very Interesting to attend, and aifor.l capital examples ol the inexhaustible vi vacity and overwhelming How ol words which dis tinguish Italian orators. _ I attended tlie debate again this aiternoon. The Minister ol Foreign Airairs, Signor Visconti-Venosta, spoke lirst (in lavor ol the bill, ol course), adduc ing the desirability of respecting such rights as bore an international character. Signor Hilia fol lowed with a heavy attack from the Left, wnlclt Signor He: ti, ol the Right, parried and replied to as well as he could, the principal argument lu his ftneocii whieii struck 1110 being that the right oi in dividual liberty 111 matters ol conscience was al ready too urmly fixed in countries constitutionally governed, such as Italy, lor any apprehensions to be entertained respecting concessions that might be made In favor or the Church. There was a violent storm this morning, and the electric fluid discharged itseli very near '.he <? "am ber oi Deputies. The clerical journals will call this oinin?us. . . The King returned from Naples this morning at ten minutes to eleven o'clock. THE PRESIDENT'S PARENTS. Two Northern Slglit-yeers Visit Mr. Jcme H. Grant at Covington, Ky.? Health and Appearance of the Vener able Octogenarian and His Wife?A Quiet Chat on Personal Matters?The President the Pride of the Family. Dayton, Ohio, May 24, 1873. To the Editor op thk IIkkalu:? Yesterday, having business In Cincinnati and wishing to show a visiting friend Irom tlie North the beauties of this thriving city, we left in the morning train, and, after spending a lew hours sight-seeing around the town, proceeded over tlie great suspension bridge to Covington, Ky., lor the purpose of paying our respects to President Grant's father. We first proceeded to the Post Office and learned that ho was at home, not being very well. About Ave minutes' walk brought us to a modest-looking two story brick dwelling, with a silver plate on the door and the name "J. R. Grant" thereon. Wo rung the bell, and in a lew mo ments the door was opened by au elderly lady, who wore spectacles. We announced ourselves as on a visit to Kentucky, aud wished the pleasure of a few minutes' conversation with Mr. Crant, if not intruding. Mrs. Grant, whom the lady turned oat to be, in reply said we should be favored, though Mr. Grant was far from well, having some eighteen months ago received a paralytic stroke, and in we walked to a snull parlor to the right. The furni ture was plain, but comfortable. Quite a number of chromos hung about the room, ano one was U. 8. Grant in military*uniform, which we thought rather a poor likeness. In another part of the room were taree quarter-sized colored photographs of ti.e President's father and mother. We aiso no ticed chromos oi Mr. and Mrs. tieorgc Washington. While sitting quietly oy ourselves we presently heard a slow, tottering step in the hall coming towards us, which proved to l?e that of the vene rable father of our Illustrious President. He was leaning on a crutch sunder lny right arm, this side of his body being paralyzed. We shook him gently by the leit hand; ho seemi'd taller than ills son, and a heavy, (irmly-knit man, eyes small a round, lull forehead, with a nearly straight but well set and sharp-pointed nose and projecting chin, strongly Indicative of force or character; teeth nearly all gono. but good flesh about the lace, giving him the appearance or being a much younger man?lu lact, a good, healthy, ruddy hue. After some little exertion he managed to sitdowu iu a large rocking chair. After a le w words of apology on my part lor tho visit he told us he was nearly eighty years of age; that he felt he would not live a month longer; that be had written to the President touching tne state or his leeble health, and that he was anxious to have at least an hour's talk with his son oeiore dying. He thought he might die any moment; be felt no par ticular pain. His wile, he said, enjoyed excellent health, and would no doubt see many more years. They had lived together happily and contentedly for fortv vcurs He asKed'if we had ever seen the President. We replied we had on several occasions. We found him considerably deal?In fact, he so Informed us, and requested us to sit near by on this account, our conversation seemed to distress him a little, lie talked hesitatingly and somewhat in a low tone. Mrs. Grant, who sat vis-H-vis, ventured to say they bad a daughter living near New York, and, on inquiring, we iound it was Mrs. Corbyn, at Eliza beth, N. J. A pardonable vanity of the old gentle man's. we noticed, was that when talking of his son he would usually say "The President. He remarked he had not received any reply irom the President to his last letter; that he partly expected him, as he was visiting somewhere in the West. Mrs. Grant inter rupted by remarking he had returned to Warning ton. We ventured to say, we had no doubt the President would visit hlin the moment his Impor tant public duties would admit. He told us he was Postmaster of the town; but the duties, on account of his present ludisposltlon, were principally done bv an obliging young man very acceptably to the public. He was in the habit ol going down every other dav or so to see ail went well. Mrs. Grant looked hale and hearty, with a round, pleasant race. It was about hair-past one P. M. when we called, the interview lasting some hair an honr or so. Shaking hands with both, and wishing tlie old gentleman many happy days yet to come, we de parted lor Cincinnati. J* ?? THE PtthSBYTERlAJ GENERAL ASSEMBLY. Philadelphia, Pa., May 30, 1873. The session or the Presbyterian General Assem bly to-day opened with prayer by the Moderator, Rev. Dr. Scouller. Standing committees were an nounced by the Moderator, and credentials re ceived from Rev. John E. Adle, LL.D., Professor of Biblical Literature and Kxegetlcal Theology to the United Presbyterian Church, and Rev. Henry Calderwood, LL.D., Professor of Moral Philosophy in the University or Edinburgh, as delegates from the United Presbyterian Synod of Scotland. The Committee on Narration and State Religion reported that forty-five Presbyteries hail reported to the Oeneral Assembly. The report states the aggregate Increase of membership unrlng the year 1 The Treasurer of the General Assembly reported receipts lor the Oeneral Assembly Fnnd for the past year, $1,037 47; expenditures, $l,46t? 91; balance on hand, May 1, 1873, 1457 68. _ . nn Supeiannuated Ministers' Fund?Balance on hand May 1,1872, $086 63; receipts, $1,,27 27, ex penditures for the relief of superannuated minis ters, $800; Invested, $572 50; balance on hand, *'The^death of the Rev. Dr. Thomas ^??Mdge, of Xenla Presbytery, was announced, and a fteuug culoglum or the worth and P?ety or deceased was delivered by Rev. Dr. Cooper. A recess was then '"upon reassembling a resolution was ^ the Rev. Dr. G. C. Vincent, sending greeting to tne Constitutional Convention,.?"tU nmiVa men ul coniorm the constitution to that great' truth?recounting our obligation t# Ann ciaiining protection from God. Thelre.oluUon ww unanlm otisiv adoDted. A resolution providing ior tne collection Into one book of the various enactments ?i?tiM to the order was discussed, aud re ferred to the Publication Committee. A resolution providing for the appointment of a special com mitter So revise the constitution of Church hoards W|U referred to the same cammlttee Invitatlon was accepted Irom the session of tho First United Presbyterian Church of Monmouth, IIU, for the Assembly to meet there on the fonrtli delegates #ltom>'the* Synod of the Presbyterian rhurcbcs of Lower Canada, from the Reiormed church and from the Evangelical Church ol the Waldences will be heard to-morrow, and delegates from the United Presbyterian Church ef (Scotland and irom the Presbyterian Church of the Lnited States on Monday. An overture to the different Presbyteries for re duction in ratio or representation was defeated. The Rev. G. F. Heddon, or the Associate Re formed Synod of the South, was introduced, and addressed the assembly. , . In the evening a conierence was held on saDDatn Schools. Pulpit appointments were announced, and the assembly adjourned until to-morrow morning. | ART MATTER8. The Hethrftda Fountain This Afternoon. The Betliesda Fountain, the new work ol art recently completed by Miss Stebblns, and of which we recently gave quite a long description, will, this aiternoon, be set playing for the pleasure of the Central Park public. Thene will be n?j formal unveiling, the work having ? readv been i flashed a few weeks ago and succcssrully experimented upon since. It the weather prove fine a large and wen pleased crowd mar be expected, POLICE. Doing' and Developments in the Department* Bumora and Facta Regarding Its Future Administration?Will Charlick Re sign Y ? Probable Change* and Promotions?Street Cleaning. The rush of office-seekers to the Central Office continued unabated. Corridors and waiting room* are filled at an early hour with men desirous of serving the city. The Commissioners are scarcely visible, unless to a favored few, and the measure* of precaution taken by them are highly necessary. President Smith is besieged dav alter day with all j classes of applicants and rarely gote a moment of peace, lie is doing everything in his power to please all purties and at the same time secure an eligible and competent class or men lor the service. RUMOltS OF Tilli RK.4IONATION of Commissioner Charlick have been dying around freely for some days past, but It seeins unlikely now that he will givo up the office. In conversa tion with a representative of tlie Herai.d yester day he said "I did intend to resign, and, Indeed, do now, but recent events have combined to make me remaiu Ion?or than I had anticipated. When Ills Ilouer the Mayor requested mo to come here I explained to him that I did not want any office, ana particularly one that demanded so much time and attention an this. Still, 1 yielded to his pressure and came, with the understanding, however, that I was to be allowed to retire when I cliose. Weil, my Inclination suggested to me to ga out at once, for I saw tnls place required a good deal of a man's head, and I want all mine for another undertaking I took in hand some years ago. This Is a very responsible position and in the Mayor's oplulon, and, indeed, In mine, outfit to be filled by a gentleman of very amlabte disposition, of great intelligence and discretion. So far as we have gone everythi ng seems prosper ing. Our Superintendent is doing wonders, and the men under him appear to be oatching the spirit or their superior offioer. I am glad to see that, ror we want everything to work harmo niously. We intend to do all in our power to assist the Superintendent In suppressing crime, and we ulso intend to have Cl.KAN STREETS." ? "We are a unit on that subject," said Commits siouer Cannier, who had Just entered the room. "Yes," contluued Commissioner Charlick, "we are going to have clean streets, no matter what it costs. Our first care will be to see tliat tfcev are kept cltan, and then we will look after any leakage there might be. The people expect clean streets; they are willing to pay for them and I promise yon that now they are going to have them." "The Board Is determined upon this," said Com missioner Gardner. A meeting was held by the Board yesterday morning, but no business of importance was trans acted. The five Commissioners, at live o'clock last evening, went to inspect the work dono by a new street sweeping machine at South Fifth avenue. It was imported iroin Kngland by the Department. People who pretend to be posted say, that notwith standing the firm position taken by Commissioner Charlick. he really intends to retire rrom the Board at an early day. Mr. John Morrisey had a long Interview with the Commissioners yes terday, and this would seem to give color to the report, lor It ts known Mr. Morrissey was of signal service to the Mayor at a critical moment in the recent troubles. Mr. Morrissey is no doubt arrang ing for the successor or Commissioner Charlick, and some persons say the choice will fall on Justice Ledwlth. This magistrate was strongly urged upon tne Mayor for the placo by the Morrissey party before the names or the present Commissioners were sent to the Board or Alder men. The M.iyor would certainly have compiled with the request to compliment these gentlemen lor the lavors done him, but other matters stepped In at the last moment and Judge Led with had to go aside to await events. It appears that the Morrissey men spent a whole night in the endeavor to bring over the democrats in the Board, who were opposing, to terras. They held out and re mained ralthrnl to the. private combination* until they were threatened with being pub licly denounced by Tammany Hall as traitors. The terrible thunder or the triumvirate shook them in their shoes, and they walked down to the plates and Ianped the milk like verv docile and humble little kittens. The hangers on and waiters ror something to turn up, who are massed every morn ing in tho hallways and passages or the Central office, indulge very frequently In peculiar and in structive conversation. One or these gentlemen said yesterday to another "1 hear them fellows np in Aibanv have $300 ? piece for running that charter throug'li." "That's so," was the answer. 'But they might a' had eight. Our rolks sent up $800 a piece to 'em to beat it, but they thought it was safer to take the $aoo and go home to tnelr villages honest men. Shed Shook spent $10,000 on that thing and got KUCHREP AFTER ALU" P.x-Inspector Jnmieson has sent In an application to have ills case reopened, and asks to be again re stored to his former position. In the petition he says that he was unduly, unlawfully and improp erly deprived or his office, and offers to bring forth testimony to prove bis assertions. The case is to be brought up at once, and Is very likely to be decided In lavor of Mr. Jamleson. we was remOTed rrom the department through political intrigue. Two resignations are said to have been sent In rrom the detective office. The t names or the officers on the papers are John Mc Cord and George Kadford. REMOVALS TO POST DUTY rrom this bureau will bo made on Monday. The list, containing eighteen names, has been submit ted to Captain Irving by Superintendent Matsell for approval, and he has endorsed the catalogue. An almost entirely new set or men are to be put in the squad. Inspector McDermott reported yesterday morn ing to Superintendent Matsell that there was A DANUBROU3 HOl'HI at 571 Broadway, in which "banco" was played and that countrymen were eutlced into it by very elaborate circulars setting forth that enormous prizes were to be gained by the risk of a small amount. Superintendent Matsell placed the mat ter In the hands of Captain Irving, who de tailed detectives Ueldelberg and Tilly to watch the place and wlien they found the game going on to arrest all the persons tound in it. The detectives re mained In the vicinity oi tho house for some time, and, being assured that every thing was In working order, entered and ar rested James Bell, the proprietor, and George Holston, nis assistant. On the door of the room in \ which the game was played was a card setting forth that Goodwin & Baker kept offices triere, bnt the Arm turned out to be the swindling gamestors. Captain Irving says that "banco" is a very disrep utable method of picking pockets, for the parties playing have no chance whatever or winning. Only a few evenings ago a guest at the Metropolitan Hotel lost $100 at this place, and when he spoke to a policeman about it, the latter desired him to keep quiet and the money would be returned to him. The Captain or the precinct does not stand in a very desirable light rrom this clr- ' cumstance. He must have known or the existence of the house. It is said he was In It on two occa sions. Superintendent Matsell Intends to keep the detectives doing this kind or work so that they shall be a check on the captains and their allies, the ward officers. Mr. Mat sell spoke yesterday or the success of the detectives in arresting thieves during the present rew days. The one taken by Detective Dusenbery, and the other arrested by Detective Heidelberg, were both sent up lor sixty days by Judge Dowllng. Mr. Matsell is having lists made out of all police- i men that have been detailed to precincts, and who have remained in those precincts without ever being translerred. The object of this is said to he to promote men who have served long and faithlully. SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE. Curious Facte Concerning the Great Ohitth Pyramid. The recently discovered corner stone of the great Ghlzeh pyramid, the first and largest of the t Kgyptlan pyramids, was fonnd by the discoverer, \ an English clergyman, to have the same remark able relations to geometry that had been ascer* talned, by the Astronomer BoyuI of Scotland and other mathematicians, to exist in the pyramid as a whole and In various or its parts. The cernet stone, which had escaped, by being covered, the general stripping of the stone racing or the pyramid, was lound in irttu, to measure multiple* I of the pyramidal cibit (a little more than twenty five Inches) on all Its lines, and tne angle of Its outer slope to express, with mathematical ac ' cnracy, the ratio ef the diameter to the perimeter ' or a circle. The pyramidal cubit Is exactly | 0.000,000,01 or tlfe shortest radius of the earth, and ! the height of the restored pyramid, 'itl cubits, the i 0.000,000,000,1 of the distance of the sun from the earth, according to the lately corrected value ef thi* distance. Sltnilarlv the so-called sarcephagus Inside the pyramid has been fenud to be an accurate measure of contents, based on the pyramidal cubit. ' A relation to the mean density of the earth is also loilnd to exist, and it is a curious fact that the unit ! or measure adapted by the eullders of the pyramid, j supposed to tie ai least 8,ooo years old, and to have i been erected l?y a race anterior to the historical Kgyptlans, possesses a geometrical . I aecur.icj which does not exist In the French one, | which, as Is known, is not, what Its designers in tended it to oe, in exatt decimal relation with the 1 meridian, owing to errors in the arc. Whoever tne | builders ef the Ohizeh pyramid, astonemy must i have been iar advanced among them to enable . them to calculate the distance or the sun at the | amended figure m which it has oeen rodacod only within the last three or lour year*.

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