Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 2, 1873, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 2, 1873 Page 5
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POOR PEACE POLICY An Oregonian on the Govern ment of the Indians. QUAKER MANAGEMENT EXPOSED. A Defence of the Oregop Settlers from Godly Attacks. THE PEACE COMMISSION'S REPORT, Misrepresentations of Fact and Shirking of Responsibility. A SERIES OF SENSIBLE SUGGESTION. The Peace Men Called Upon to Tease Reviling the Settlers and to Civilize the Indian. Washington, May 30, 1873. To the Editor of tiie Hkkai.d:? As a friend and supporter of the present admin istration I cannot be charged with any act of hostility if I comment upon what I deem to have been erroneous m the management and construc tion of its Indian policy, a subject now of utmost importance and of complicated features. In com mon with the people of Oregon, I desire to assist the government in its endeavor to carry out a Just and humane treatment or Its Indian wards; but I do not wish to assent to a policy which I deem in efflctual, either by its merits or improper enforce ment, and shall only make my assertions applica ble to the country in which I am specially in terested-Oregon and Washington Territory, it .Has became a custom in the East to call every In dian ww or disturbance on the Paciflc coast an act causcd by the dishonesty ofOregonlans for pur poses of speculation, and to speak freely of their nsual cruelty and Inhumanity toward the red man. In the formation or this custom officials at Washington have lent their aid, until now the people of that western coast can be branded as "border ruffians," and as destitute of humane in stinct and feeling, by official speakers before Washington audiences, and without any reason therefor other than the complaint of a Digger Indian or the scribbllngs of an irresponsible corre spondent. Twenty years of life in Oregon, ami an acquaintance with probably three-fourths of its citizens, enable me to claim them the peers of any in their peaceable and law-abiding character and true humanity. Those years have mostly been ?pent in official relations, which have brought me into a good knowledge as to how the Indians are treated there. TREATMENT OP INDIANS IN OREOCN. The Secretary of the Interior, in his ex planation of what he terms the "Quaker policy," gives us to infer Ins opinion of that treat ment; for he says now, "Under its influence (Quaker policy) it is hoped that humanity and kindness may take the place of barbarity and cruelty," as though up to the golden era of peace policy "barbarity and cruelty" had alone characterized the Indian policy. Such un limited and unguarded expressions teach strangers to form improuer conclusions. Neither barbarity nor cruelty form aii element In the laws of Oregon and Washington Territory; nor d? they enter into social ethics there; nor In thetwenty years of control of Indians upon reservations there can an instance indicative or either be found. In the main I And no lault with the peace policy; but I find this-lts mends claim that It Is about to accomplish wonders, when. In fact, those very things have existed In full force and beauty for years In Oregon. In order to ex plain my meaning I quote from the efflclal expla nation of the Quaker policy. The first proposition Is "to place the Indians upon reservations, Ac., and provide for them as the dictates of humanity and Christian civilization require." Is that anything new f Has it solely accomplished this in Oregon and in Washington Territory ? l assert that not one single thing 01 the kind lias been done since its Inauguration. The Indians in all that coast west of the Cascade Mountains had been long-time residents upon reservations, and the work or civilizing and Instructing the Indians was carricd on years ago as fully as now aud as successfully. THE RESERVATION PLAN. Turning to the Eastern portlen of that coun try, the only effort to put Indians upon reser vations under that policy is this lamentable Modoc failure. Now, Just as before, the roving bands or the UmatlHas continue to live where they please and plunder, where they can. Bands of the Yakimos, Slmcoes and Warm Springs have never been placed upon their reservations, and they stretch along tho Columbia River from Priest's Rapids to the Cascades. The Modocs are deserters of four years'standing. Klamath River bauds are but nomads. The great band of Snakes, claiming near a third part or Oregon, conquered and treated with years ago, have 110 reservation, but are held under military rule; no Quaker policy or improvement ror them. Unfriendly bands of Nez Perec's control one-third of Union county, not only away irom their reservation, but qutslde of Idaho 'icrritory, their home, and across the Snake River, and to-day they threaten danger aud death to tne settlers of Wallowa Valley. They have so acted for a long time, and, until the Modoc unpleasantness arose.no peace commis sion has visited them. The government well knows that these bands take with them their thou sands of horses that trespass upon the unprotected lands and crops of settlers, and in the enjorment of their fishery treaty rights they wrongfully bring from their reservations every horse tliey own, ont.l, In and about the fishery of Tumwater, five miles from mv house, and adjacent points, I have seen at least rour thousand horses reeding for months upon the lands claimed by settlers and upon adjacent lands, consuming that which is the property of tlie whites. Vet no settler dare to pos ture his stock within reservation limits under penalty, because the In<Hnrm complain; in other words, iin Indian's complaint prevails over whtfn settlers' protests and shapes government pal e These things are fast ripening into coilis t i and should have been removed long am r citizens will lose faith in the efficiency or * policy, which, proiessing to create an Indian mil leniimm, lails t? maintain the first propositions or lis policy, and falls to operate more kindlv ?mil successfully than tne old plan. Thev universally favor a policy I hat shall be humane and Christian lilng, without losing sight 01 justice to both tne white and red races. The past experience, under the Quaker policy, only suggests and establishes tne belier that justice has been laid aside and moral suasion, or pow-wow policy, substituted Therefore this latter generally falls, even in civil ized cities and church-going communities, ana lalth always evaporates when founded upon failures. 1 TnE QI'AKEK POLICY. Again, the Secretary says: ?"It Is (he determina tion or this policy to see that all supplies?lood or clothing, purchased tor Indians upon reservations are procured at ralr and reasonable prices, without having tho funds of government squandered on tncir purchase." ?o say we all In one unanimous jrerdlct. This statement inters that, heretofore, tne custom has been to cheat the Indian and squander government ftinds. It is a sad con OowMMmt must have known of tfceso 2. tiinw of commission, or verv nnm 1 iIib. ?'1! 8h?ddy articles wear out soon and complaint follows from the wearer, and an lnspec ?xorbftM^nrfrM*' P-rtCe i,hU wou1(1 liHV? exposed Common sense wonld declare that tne fonfesHion in that, with knowledge of TOMB soma elvrk h^f lmh,?rt# h#en made to inter tow TOM a.c,B* an(| th? assertion to reform ihuaM ^?kor po,lcJ 18 ttl?ne competent co reform abuses. If government has winked at such things the people liave not, ana will sav shame on such failure in duty. Let the , Ln ments at Washington proclaim the fraudulent things done and the names of the dwrs aml the reform will follow. What new reasons haSe be? ftirnlsned to convince the people that the Ouake? Ciicy alone can prevent crime and stop financial iks t Can It plan out some new Credit Mobliicr r it be niaced la Congress alone or in ILJ hands of scent* only t Pmtt experience la Mobl Ucra and embezzlements would aay "No.1* Oan the people be assured that, with tome new unexplained theory, government can Improve upon the shoddy contracts of the late war and compel exact Justice In administration of Indian matters alone, when auch exhibitions of dishonesty are made in nearly all other places? Why not try the plan of utterly refusing the inferior goods of a contractor, torn them back upon his hands, and compel him and his bondsmen to pay the prIce at which such perfect goods can be bought in the market? Leave the con tractor surrounded by his shoddy, dishonored goods, and take from bin full compensation for loss. Do not reward or countenance swindling by touching the frauds of its creation. Peace policy elevutes the church member above his fellow men, und declares that lie alone can administer right, and is alone honest. 1 think It is only a bid for hypocrisy?that, with the Investiture of power and the seductive innuences of money and patronage belore stiim, the church member will weaken at tunes, and be no more titled than others for the complicated control of Indian reservations. Tne past does not proclaim the infallibility of churcn members, either in high places or low, and the proclamation by government that sach are the ?uly persons whom government will trust is re ceived with a thousand scruples or doubt. Tbe government is merely experimenting, when, by careful attention to existing things, all would have been well. Government Ignores the existence of integrity of character and business qualification outside of tbe church, or caurse outsiders can be allowed to question such a proposition. Again, the Secret iry says:?"Whenever it shall be found that ftny tribe or bands of Iufians persistently refuse to go upou a reservation and determine to continue their nomadic habits, accompanied with depredations, outrages, Ac., then it is the policy of the President to treat such band or tribe with all needed sever ity," Ac. The doctriue heie announced is Miut, belore the government will use severity, the Indian must not only have time aud ugaiu reluscd to go upon hts reservation, but to his wanderings must have joined outrage und depredation upon the fron tier settler. 1 disilnctly deny the truth or Justice of any such doctrine, and I assert that it Is totally destructive ol the first proposition of pea-.e policy mentioned. WHY TUB QUAKERS KAII.. When the Indian refuses to go upon his treaty reservation, aud the government suiTers him to go at large, tlieu the whole (Quaker policy (alls, for he ceivses to be wltliiu the reach or the blessings ol civilizing iuilueuces at the hands or church members aloue. Do s not this doctrine place the Indian's will und pleasure above the power of government. The (Quaker policy pro posed to put the Indian upon a reservation, yet If the Indiun declines to go, then all power to com pel him, under the policy, to do so Is at aa end, un less the Indian proceeds t* commit outrages upon settlers. Government proposes that alter the wandering Indian shall have taken the settler's life then lie is In just the condition to he moved to the reservation and commence his civilizing pro cess; iu other words, it openly permits what it proposes to prevent. If reaiedy is of any avail, let ft be In time. The doctrine is wrong, fsr I care not now peaccable the nomadic Indian may be, he Is not where he belongs, and It will bo utterly im possible to prevent couilicts daily with the settlers, and Is iu strong contrast with the idea ol keeplug the ludiau ironi ' contiguity to settle ments." This delay as to "severity" In this Modoc case has painfully proven this error In policy. The Modocs had deserted ironi the treaty reservation? had been away some rour years; had taken up again their nsmadlc habit; again and agaiu they nad flatly retused to return, and were determined to become co-tenants with settlers upon the lands whloh those Indians had specially sold by treaty and had received compensation therefor, see the result. Government was well posted in all these matters. It knew that In last November, in feu lorciug a proper order, Major Jackson was made a target lor Modoc rifle practice, and that within twenty-lour hours the Modocs had wantonly killed near twenty unsuspecting settlers?mature men und beardless boys, llad not everything happened which, under the definition ol peace policy, re quired the exercise of needed severity by the Presi dent r Had not the thuniier been heard, and hud not the flash or lightning and the storm been seen 1 Far irom carrying out the Quaker policy doctrine und inflicting necessary punishment, the military power was stayed aud a com mission sent 3,000 miles to find out what was the trouble In the Modoc country, and determine what might be the cause or that trouble?a maiter tuen well known to the authori ties. From the very first telegram from the Com mission, March 4, was not the government in formed in these words:?"The Modocs emphati cally reject all oirers aud propositions," "This un doubtedly means treachery," "The Commission is a (allure?" Vet the government declines to en force its policy, and, upon conlessed treachery, grants delays; aud can tne frontier settlers place the responsibility, elsewhere than upon the act of goveruiueut itself? The second aud third Commis sions are dissolved and the lour months of ineffect ual palaver, against novice and protest, end in death. Men skilled in Indian cnaracter, even members or tne Commission, had become disgusted and had ubnndoned the work, and had notiiied the government ol its expensive blunder. It was A TKIl'MI'll OK INDIAN DIPLOMACY. The Iudiun gained everything?time, until he would no longer have to dcucud upon his cuches lor provisions; time, until tne mountain sides could furnish him with road, food and lire; time until the squaw and pappoose could be piaccd beyond danger; time lor the government to commit a latai blunder; time to have coniesscd treachery blossom out mio perfect success. Those Indian's came upon the council field with war paint upon their laces, with the scalps of the murdered settler dangling at their bells und his clothes upon their persons. Government took no notice ol the twenty slaughtered, scalped and mutiluted Oregonians. Under the Quaker policy that was not stitllcient to call ror seventy, but when, upou Good Friday, a general was murdered, It waked up to the fact that the Modocs were hostile; that they needed a little severity, In the words ol the Secretary, "to teach them it were better to go upou the reservation." I'uulskmeiit, switt aud condign, should have lallen upon tlieiu long beioie. Aad this great nation has been seen parleying In treaty with Ulty murderers and begging them to come upon the reservation and get a blanket aud rood lor having been so good. Those settlers were heads ol rauiilics, anil dear to their wives arid children?as dear as was Qeneraf Caubv to his?they were our tellow citi zens, yet twenty deaths in November last had not the .-.aine power to wake a nation to duty as had two deaths in April. What ralth can a settler have in such an enforcement oi a policy? It Is no com pensation or relief tliut government, acting under Its conversion ol an hour, turns now to ,the abso lute extreme. No-w, by high order, the drums beat, the war horse champs the bit, the soldier dous his harness and thirsts lor war. The order Is absolute extermination oi Modoc, buck, squaw aud harmless pappoose. In anger the government de clares the Modoc an outlaw, whom no one need challenge bciorc lie slays. Guns and ammunition are lurmsiied in abundance to the settler, the Ore gonlan, whom the public and peace policy speak ers so lutely branded as a "border ruffian" und as one greedy lor Indian spoil at all times, and the government throws over him ttte mantle oi the peace policy, and bids him God speed to the car nival ol death. If the Oregon settler is such a man as alleged, will he wait to ask any Indian whether he be a Jew or geutlle, Modoc or siiucoe, Scythian or Greek, belore he does hts country's present bidding ? The result will, 1 tear, be a war Irom California to Idaho, including the hitherto peacea ble Cay use und tne uncompromising Modoc. Paulina, a snake Indian, with eleven braves, kept all Eastern Oregon In lear, while lor two years, despite the United states troops, he murdered at will. In the same proportion, how long will sixty Modocs harrass the innocent settler ? lNTKKt KKKNCK WITH I'llK LAWS OK OREGON. Another matter demands notice. In response to the protest ol the Governor of Oregon, I understand that the Secretary of tne Interior telegraph, d to the Commission ti? pay no attention to sucii protest, and directed the officer In command iu no event, in case of treaty, to surrender to the State authori ties any ol the Modocs who stood indicted lor mur der alio crime iu the state Courts. If this be true, then I here enter what I know will tie the unanimous protest or the people of Oregon | i)gainst any such course. It deserves strong con demnation. The laws of Oregon are mercllul and just. They declare that every one who unlawfully kills another, upon proper trial and conviction", shall sutler the penalty. The Modoc, on soil to which his right had been extinguished, and where he unlnwfuiiy was, which the I lilted States admits by forcing him elsewhere, commits murder, yea, twenty murders, and thus amenable to Oregon law escapes punishment by the interierence oi the armed military power of the United States. The Commissioners' (lrst proposition to the Modocs was "universal amnesty upon surrender." Thus the. government agrees that the Modoc snail not suffer lor crime either by the general government or by the state of Oregon. The courts of Oregon have always been strong and just enough t* control the Indian upon reservations, and make liirn understand the relation between crime and consequent penalty. Now, by direct order and practice tne Indian may doaaything. and the more treacherous hi character?the more horrid his crime?the stronger becomes Ills claim for the pro tective interposition of the United States to save him irom punishment. For proof, see the terms proposed by the Commission. It seems as though government was willing to pat tlie Modoc mur derer on tne back and say to him, "The little matter oi twenty murders is so trivial that we nardly think you did wrong." No wonder that the Oregon authorities protested, both publicly and to the Department, against tills unrighteous proposi tion, which allowed the commission of crime and insured immunity from punishment. Let me say, in all candor, if such Is to be the peace policy aud such the deilance of our laws It were better that the Lnited states should speedily withdraw their wards from the state of Oregon, and avoid certain danger, in Indian treaties, and, probably, in the Modoc one, pro visions are made for the surrendering of murder ers, Ac., on demand. If so, why did the Secretary do violence to Ms provisions, as well as to law and good faith? Were it not better to do away with such Impolitic shams as are treafles, and govern the Inolan by rules flowing directly Irom expe rience and use of canmou Judgment? No one desires the treatment of the Indian to be other than humane and Beneficent, and so far all wonld support the present policy; but by Its special opera tion It Is rast losing caste, because its directors lose sight of its true application, in an idea of In dian character which is both abnormal, untrne and unjust. The Indian Commissioners and the Indian Department seem anxious to elevate the Indian at the expense of the white race. They have ever ready a eulogy for the red man, an exense tor hla brutal acts, by averring that he la Injured and wronged by tne whites, but never a word of admia Blon that Western people are Kind to blm or extend to biin a word or act of sympathy. THK SBTTLKK* DJCFKNI)KD. On tbe other hand, they both presume and say that the Indian unprovoked would do no wrong, and boast themselves to be henceforth the valiant ana sole protestors of the Indian against the very abun dant "desperadoes, thieves and landsharks and the border ruffian." An unprejudiced reader would declare the report of the Indian Commission, at their late session in New York, to be an indictment against all citizens living in the region of Indiana and indian reservations, and a declaration that "no degree of exaggeration or falsehood is too gross to be unhesitatingly accepted by the public mind airaluBt the Indian," ft deplorable condition of debauchery. This statement might be pardoned in a political partisan, but comes ungraciously from a board of councillors selected tor their gravity, dignity and vast worldly wisdom. It it not true so lar as the Pacific coast is concerned. Tho report is but an attempt to canonize the Indian, to dishonor the Irontler settler, and extol, without reasou, a pet policy. It asserts that their policy is alone competent to civillae the Indian and|roform abuses, and utterly ignores any good element in the previous adminis tration of Indian affairs. "It Is now going to ap point honest agents aud to protect peaceable tribes irom the outrages of desperadoes, thieves and laud sharks.*' "its method ol procuring houest agents is to tako their nominations out of politics ahd put the munder the control of religious societies, the po litical agents formerly appointed having been gen erally dishonest and reckless of the wellbelng of the Indians.*' How verv easy to frame a theory, brilliant in generalized imaginings, yet wholly bar ren of good result or even of partial accomplish ment I If the Commissioners could bring present humanity to perfection or people the world only by the sons of God their plan might succeed, aud In no other event. Their onslaught upon lormer agents is alike insidious and unjust. The names of s ine forty agents whom I have personally known warrant me In so saying, and the western people will scout all sur.h utterances as the leeblest attempt to cover over inefficiency and lallure?to whitewash the sepulchre of powwow policy, and expect a discriminating public to tliluk tUere Is life within. The report claims that "In four yeurs this policy lias-saved millions or dollars to the govern ment and Indians, by tho breaking up of tings, the discovery aud prevention of irands, the uncartlung and dismissal of disnonest agents,'' Ac. II this lie , true, 1 would suggest me giving ol satislactory rea sons for so large AN INCKKASE in THE INDIAN APPROPRIATIONS this year. Former squanderings ol money never exceeded the appropriations, aud why should a larger sum be uecded lor the honest dealiugs 01 this policy than Bultlced lor former annuities, sal aries and stealings combined? The lact is, tho In dians are rapidly decreasing In numbers and in creasing in expeuslveuess. Neither has anything been saved lu tnat time by the cessation ol Indian wars, lor 1 am quite sure the army has never been busier In lighting Indians than during the last two years, ami never has there been such general Inquietude and tendency to outi age among the Indians as during this aus picious rbgivie of the peace policy, lu 1870 the Piegan war came to ail end, not peaceably, but vi et armia. Karly in 1871 the Apache war began, and is, I hope, just ended, not by Vincent Collver aud u. O. Howard, but by a soldier; aud now the Modoc war bids fair to be perpetual. And Interspersed all along these times there has been a constant burial ol slaugntered emigrants, surveyors and settlers: and where is the boasted protection of liie and property upon the Irontler arising from the peace policy t Tne report avers that "the President b peace policy would have prevented the Modoc war and its attendant deplorable sacrllice of innocent blood." Why did it not do it r There was a flue Held und plenty of time. For three years the Department kaew or the growing trouble. Superintendents and agents had officially notllled the authorities that the Modocs had "Icit their reservation without cause or provocation," "were violating their treaty," and their "maraud ings" wete inexcusable. Yet nothing was done, and now the Commission absolutely claim that . "neither the Hoard nor its officers, nor, as we be lieve, the President of the United States nor the Secretary ol tlie Interior, had tho slightest reasou to suppose anv other mode ol settlement (than the making of a new reservation) was contemplated until startled by the telegraphic announcement of the llrst colllHiou between the troops anil the Indians." Uow can this thing bef A KKVIEW OF TUK MODOC DIFFICULTY. The collision was on November 29, 1872. Early in the Spring or that year Superintendent Odeneal Informed the Indian Department that the Modocs "bv maraudings had torfelted all claim to con sideration." and on the 12th of April, 1872, Com missioner Walker replied, "You are instructed to have the Modoc Indians removed, 11 practicable, to the reservation set apart for them under tllie tieuty." Upon the suggestion of Mr. Odeneal, that tne Fall of the jear was the best time to effect that object, Commissioner Walker, on the tttli day of July, 1872, wrote him, "Your recom mendations, so l'ar as the Modoc Indians are con cerned, are approved, ana you are directed to re move them to the Klamath reservation peaceably, il you possibly can, but forcibly if you must," Ac. Under that older Mr. odeneal acted. This was all well known upon the Pacific coast, aud during the first wce-t in November Major Jackson. United States Armv, informed me he expected to have that business to no. Willi such a record how can tins Commission say such things and evade the ad mission of culpable negllgeuce In duty? The only seeming excuse is that tne Intoxication nrislng ri om the honors of their office had lulled them into a protracted slumber, aud now, oil awaking, they seek to snift the responsibility upon Superin tendent Odeneal, and charge tnat "he seems to have supposed it to be his duty to remove the Mo docs to ilie Klamath reservation." His superior ordered lilm to do so In any event, lorclbly ir he must. Mr. Odeneal is an energetic, able and honest officer, shrinks from no duty, and this attempt to dishonor linn as an ?Ulcer is but on a par with many other improper tilings In that report, and Is in perfect keeping with the Eastern habit of tra ducing the dwellers upon the l'acitlc coast. 1 can not silently suffer that insult and injury shall be done to a worthv man, and that men, taring sump tuously at Flltli avenue hotels, may recklessly speak of tho conduct of an officer enduring ail manner or privations and danger In literally obey ing orders they should have supervised. Again, this report charges thut "Indians are shot in cold blood to excite war for the sake or Its attendant expenditure or money," aud that "it Is an Indis putable fact 0i history that, previous to the incom ing or the present administration or the govern ment, nearly every Indian war on record owed Its immediate as well as its remote origin to acts or injustice, oppressitfn or crime on the part or white men." if the Commission rely upon true history for proof, then their cruel assertion stands un proven. If It l>? Injustice, oppression and crime ror a man to settle upon United States lands and Industriously earn Ills living and competence on the froutler, braving danger m an Indian country, tlien It will stand as proven. Why do not the Com mission cite instances, so that the Americau peo ple, as a Jurv, mav form their own verdict ? bvery frontier settler will know the assertion is unwar ranted in lact. Let me give OKKOON TESTIMONY. In 1S4S (the Cnyuse war), when Indians uupro vokedly murdered the missionary Whitman and tweutv-slx companions?'he very persons who had devoted their lives to civilizing these very savages. In 1802 a company of United States dragoons and. Hen Wright's company ol' volunteers went out to protect emigrants and punish their murderers. After burying lhlrtv-two murdered emigrants in Modoc ground "light slew the murderers in open light. He had been born and bred a ({linker, aud adopted the true policy. In 1853 the war in South "in Oregon begun bv tiic brutal murder of an unsuspecting drover aim or Joha It. Hardin and others by I lie Indians. lu lSi>5 and is.'>ti the llogue liiver und Yakima wiir by ulmo.-t simultaneous Indian murders, committed 4ou miles apart?the third murder In the north being that ol Indian Agi.it Bolon, within twenty mil's of my home, lu 1S'?S and I860 by the horrible murder and revolting mutilation of emigrants by the snake Indians, lar awav east of all white settlements, lu 1805 by murders bv the snakes along a distance oi 2uu inl es in Oregon, anil of the most ol which 1 am per sonally cognizant. That war closed in loos, and now comes the Modoc war, which the Commission st-pk to hide under abroad assertion that "attempts are being made in more than one quarter or the West to excite war with peaceable tribes ol Indi ans " and prove this by a doubtlul dream ol a de moralized military officer at a inntier post, who writes, "1 am uiraid every d?v that some of these ruffians will kill an Indian to bring on war.' mis kind or proof, while perieeil.v incompetent, is ex ceedingly feeble as supporting the formal judgment oi an august tribunal. Tho truth is the Indian needs no suggestion by the wrongs ol others to impel him to Ills cherished work ot death and plun der. Ills superstition is held sacred from birth that their dead braves will arise to lite, and the united ghostly and livinjf Indian will yet trample on the graves" of their enemies, and tliev snail all become kings and conquerors. His claims to tne happy hunting grounds rest upon the number oi scalps he 111:ty have taken. In very lew instances can the re;ii Indian be so changed In nature and practice as to become less dangerous than the lot est beast. QUESTIONS RKQUKISli ANSWERS. WliV, I ask, shall the Indian Commission spend Its time in fulsome adulation and adoration ol the In dian as he exists in romance, and in us denuncia tions or tills wicked, untoward generation or whites? There is a great legitimate work lor it, and It seems to me a plain way 111 which to per forin It. Let it throw aside Its exclusive preten sions to isolated honesty and perfection, and com ?end Itself to public opinion by a< tive, real work. | Why not lay hold upon those outside, material j things which, once accomplished, lead so directly to the civilization or the Indian, and seek to change first his every day life. Compel him to recognize his squaw wife as his equal, und cease to make her a beast ot burden only. Let his first lessons In the direction or mercy and justice be toward his lam ilv. Instances are innumerable where I have seen the squaw, on foot, bowing down under loads equivalent to two sacks of flour and the pappooso stagger for miles beside her master and lord, seated on his war horse, decked in bright paint and totally regardless of her suffering. 1 he uni versal custom la that the squaw must provido aad labcr, the buck to plan his leisure and his indolence. He counts his squaw but a beast,

and sells her for a blanket or pony. Then lorbid the plurality of wives; tcacli the Indian, by law, that he must appear in proper costume, and not assemble in solemn council, as I have seen them, with no covering but a handkerchief and red Daint; forbid him the use of paint; insist upon him to exchange his troops or horses for cattle and other less movable property. Tne Indian, without a horse, becomes harmless?he la no longer a war rior, ?? longer thinks of murder, if he is owner oi h.? J? ?oo? learn not to make war, since it i. ? 6 1(8 of all his property. This i amrm. entirely revolutionize imMan i ?I.?? w?o|(l ne ihe only thing to make litm cease being a wanderer. Let no Indian leave 5J* r*fervatlon without a written permit n.?ru.?.!?! JUt h,m ,earn b* actual ?* perienco that food comas not withoat labor. We ?? th- JLnai7fif th'8 constant treaty wit Indians l!?e 7ear; aD(1 having clothed and red *, 'he Winter, And them decamping in .SSnffi'iiom thelr reservation; and having rUIflmer ln outrage and depredation, tloafS wlth the yearly snow for another ?r ??? l00*1- The whlte settler is Ilhj?h k P,,bl!? w,I,ter clothing and feeding, to tnti tn*t.mu8t contribute, and in addition must I thinks w!!!-t ?WU ,0.ni,ly Provision. The Indian whites and aquaw?f ^ *Ud Ut ?D,y '0r 8lUy have f,V.en the vlewH which Oregonlans r?!" y?- ! oesljrns and operations of the peace the mnuer oI^pKuon. appreclttt0' but dePlor? J. G. WILSON, Oregon. THE PUBLIC BATH8. Opening of the Summer Luxury to the People Yeiterday?incidents?Another Practical Joke. The public baths were opened yesterday at the foot of Charles street and North River, and also at the foot of Fifth street and East Kiver. From early dawn till noon the unwashed plunged into the refreshing water and came out clcancr and better men. Spurred on by the truism that 'cleanllncss Is next to godliness," thousands, ?wended their way to the poor man's heaven and the season was duly inaugurated. The weather was quite cool in the morning, nnd hcnce there was a more general reluctance to a bath than there might have been under other and more favorable circumstances. There is uot much to say about the scene in the water and the talk around the bath structures. All the men were human and no extraordinary zoological specimens presented themselves for ablution, a column might be written on the bone and sinew, the broad shoulders, the manly chests, Ac., but the reader is spared. The reporter did not attempt to interview any of the bathers while they were ln tho water, as they were busy enough wiping out old scores; but if the report can be be licvcd, Mr. E. A. Sothern, the gentlemanly actor, had a somewhat ludicrous experi ence. It Is said that he arrived nt the bath at six A. M., and jumped with the atrllltv of a gazelle Into the water at ouco. Upon his Iden tity becoming known, It is said that the crowd gathered around him, shouting "Puritan!" and "Dundreary," and that the great artist was re quired to impersonate Dundreary ln the water his beautiful sentences being terminated by a serlCB of graceiul bubbles. He Anally escaped un hurt. Diligent Inquiry failed to confirm this storv up to a late hour last night, though there is no rea son why Mr. Sothern should not bathe, like other men. There is no doubt that Mr. Sothern has suffered a great deal by inhuman "practical" joke* magnified by mirthful reporters; hence It has been deemed fair to state this rumor in the most cautious and diplomatic language. The idea that a gentleman cannot bathe at leisure on the Iree waters of liberty loving America, undisturbed bv the menaecs of a republican mob, is not only an atrocious wrong, but the breast 01 every glorious American citizen will throb with patriotic Indigna tion until the last echoes or time shull resound through the caverns ol eternity. The gentlemen charged with the bathing business should immediately Inaugurate several reforms at these two establishments. Towelling should be free and soap should be made plentiful; and new bathing houses are necessary. There should be twenty instead of two. Let the authorities eon template the coming Summer and estimate the poor people who have uot enough money to keen themselves clean. F DETECTED DISHONESTY, Sylvester Morris, of Hrooklyn, was brought to the Tombs yesterday by Detectives Tullv and Dllks. lie was arrested on Saturday night at the Instance of his employers, Samuel Corn A Brother, loo and 102 South Filth avenue, by whom the prisoner was employed as bookkeeper. Thev charge him with embezzling some six hundred dol lars, and complain that they have lost several thousands within the last year through the dishon esty ot their clerks. Judge Hogan remanded Mor ris to Folic# Headquarters till lurtlier evidence could be procured. JEFFERSON MARKET POLICE COURT. Burglary. At the Jefferson Market Police Court yesterday, before Justice Lcdwlth, Joseph Daltou was charged with burglary in breaking into the premises or Paul C. (irohmann, 42 Carmine street, on the night of Satmrday last, and stealing a quantity of clothing and other property valued at $170 Two confederates made their escape. He was com mitted to answer. Fiank Schletenberg, of 140 Wooster street, wns brought before Justice Ledwlth, by Officer Mullen of the Eighth precinct, as a professional thief He was remanded to the station house for a further hearing. REAL ESTATE MATTERS. The following are the announcements of sales to be held this week at Exchange Salesrooms:? New York Properly. .. Monday, juse 2. By Midler, Wllkins* Co.?Prospect place en sob ft ?? "l ??j1 ?t..:?story b. k. and I., 1 "huoxm" m,,,',. ?on av. and l>7tli ?t, ?. e. corner, 2 lour storv/hnd base meni b. i>. house* ami lot*, earh 20x7.1. v w ,;.V"rt ?r Common I'lcai, East Rid <t. n. * ment n!:/i,^,iT'nsSxi.3i,lU uvs" l,,ruu K,or> '""l ?y K. II. Laillow a Co. (by order of Supreme Court) ? ?!ax$ n#y'01 K8brltlK'! roud>e- *?< it. <?. or mi ?^Srn.clljr n>y ./"".''"'r of M T. Hrennnn, 3 b ouseii andp.MU.^si "' M 1 ft e" 01 ?v., .. "y nfeit?. V2S at city "tt"-wth "? ? w .. ... TUESDAY, J t'.NK 3. By Muller, Wilkin* .fc Co., I?v order of the Snnri.mn Nort7i'Khcr^t??M _A||,'0nl'''1 "' I1"' bult,"';"' on tho a? ?t\or, betwoen Harrison and Franklin *u 7h tt Also a portion ol tt?o bulkhead on The North Kiver beirin '"ii ?'l S; "? t!lc l-'er loot <.l North Moore nt i f L Bl,eeckt'r. s,|n ?t Co., Supreme Court sale X, A Logwood reteree :_u un,l 1 s?. >, H,., knnm place, n., Jw it. n. 01 Mitchell place, xi/e 19r.80. \No. on the lln/n ?e.8i> lll Tilltt 1 IoU at Pompton, K. J., on tho Midland ivuiiroad, fronting tlie lake. ? . ? H KUNKMDAV, JUNK 4. FU/nhSIhTf iRU,er bJ'1,m,,'r ?" thr Snprenip Court:? ^ a in ?riu iV,."-. betWe'.J,?B"-Var'1 ""ll s'?.. I. Hil l 1., -1X94.; 4rtth?t, n. n.,2ii0tt. e. 1st uv j U nno of bulk I nir Mid lot; 47th at., c. ?.. 418,420 and 422. 2)0 Ite. r u'lv-; ?e?M;o of two houses and plot. ' ? ?~ t:< A l !'-; partition.?Ka?t 121st st., n. 0 . t nv" 4 ,otH' STJxKXJ. II. ?.vord.*rol the Court of <'Oininou IMcnn.~^th .?t h q between 3d anil ith a v.... 3houie? and lotM.eacli a?.ti\\iu'i.' n. if ,, ....... '"CKXDAV, JVKK ft. 2flth J 1?r,-?7 I -7s * r'1!'' by on,''r ,,t' Supreme Court.? 9,t-' H- * ? -s7-1 w fith av., 21.61.7x98.11, h. anil I u ? . .. ~ KKIIIAT, JUNK fi. Ky Joseph MeOuire. by order ol' Supreme Court.?De lancey st, s. ?., 26 rt. w. 01 I'iti st.. 28x7r>, h. and I ? _ ^ATl'RDAY, .IC.VK ^ n.ly,MC^ ofStha;".'^^^' " ?lty "a"-37,h st lirooklyti Property. ~ , tvkxoat. lat..Vi nn'? VMn|0-Xr' thnt l!0, ,ion ot estates ,,f the 1 ,,!.,1 , r "ni1 ll" luU' Mary .foliiwon, be 'Sy'M 1 , estate of the lute Henry \V. Cooper, com ?i r 1 1 ! ? 'ocnted on Mb and (ith avs., aad Carroll Slaoomh and 1st >t<? 3 blocks w. ?f Prospect Hark and the PrasMcnr rZ M Jots on \\ ashin^ton and Classon avs., 1 tfsiiii.ilt, 1 ai roll, Crown and Montizoin'Tv st? hciriii. ?ard V/rVi.rL'?V^?I"S "'/u,",tiol> 1,1 "?'? >aekett st ltoule yard, or t ark way, leading to the (Jraud Flaza. a, u. , . THVusnxr. land ^iiuain^n it bv or,,,'r of assiirnco?15 lots of Ifton st. Waahington ami JieKalb av?. and llaiu t ''Vhrd ?&**"*? referee?at Commercial W dlini! ?XI!okl>'n-?The residence ot the laf John II. wood on' 2,4 ]'JtH.nrul wa,, r fronts, Ht Itavens Zfirn thi"I Kast Rlv. r, will ho sold by ?o ? Mtthi Sx',cutor: '.'"L.""' '"??" 'I' of the heirs, by J. t oie, at tho i omniercial Excliange, Brooklyn. Jersey city Property. 2- nt 5 nv'ock P. M., (i' #? i?ii \I! A ** CI,lcwcllnsr two corners), fronting *- , ! (,?n"crly Urand av., and now the pro kie ?t i .rmer V H N V ly Boulevard). I '7 4 tt. on Zalirls hia ^ ",trt av'-)< und "? OK Coluiu Fstale''K'rbi'n?2 <"olock P. M. sharp, at the Real (ir.ene tnr .,nl,'sro,'ln> 31 *ont?oniery -t.. corner on VnaKinirf^n ,Vy' fl<:r''j"pt"rv sale of 11*1 building lots, ?uiim?v.S!i^"Cfcl.BramhaHandt'arteretavs. Jersev Aty Hor" ?"., I^iayctte, Fllteenth ward, at S o'clock P on the premises, , t**"r7 SLtn? briclt haseinent dwelling 246 Wayne ? coriu'nii h "Jftxlun. The two corner lot. on n oi Railroad nli!IS C?'kate st*.. 26x80; on s. e. corner ! i V d c',|g4t<' more or less. The nrnoepfv ? ^ 4t* 1,10 Premises .327 V\ ayne st ; the r-ir oi l<?i' !f 01 " '' story brick house, 26x26, un rtar of lot, al>o a 2 story shop, 26x3d, on front. Habnrban Property. ii?? I. MONDAT. int!; yPr,011?. ?n the grounds at Newark, N. J., loo lot* situate near K?st Kerry st. It. K. station. U.. T r . TlKStUV. . Jaim? H?ae?^fii0SiiJirV ol? ,,ln froun(t*. by order of . 'ots, situate at Kayslde, Ll., the irom the iaiinr l? !nco Lh" Mi,'kle c"tate, left ovor "A" J j i ? pi la,t T,,,,r. when I,(MM lots were sold. 120 iots ll?e k?""1' ,lt Wyoming, X. J that plate. ?Wnute?' walk irom the it. It sutlon at u.n u vi wrt)??sn*r. ?ou'ronUn^i^in.^C^T.IS*1 N- J ? C1 u? thcrsimv. Dcremiitnrr mu in J77 ."t./ O'i Exchange Salesroom, cotwit^s ?t HMr. 00 J0" ?' 'and and two ?tone Lindhltu,,"n*. L- ' , by order ot Whue Yan slclen, lnor?ey?"' U"d8r tl,e (11r,cUou 01 w ChVrrv Valllt" " * "'others, on the ground*, the railroad ititfoVw.'/is Rro??r?Jr. aJjoliiing Uio South street nr o??in /.thP';?- *??? street, through the dSrtSnt frnm vi-P? *if"'1 kr?<le?l. an.l but forty minutes H??. York fay t?o Jewy Railroad, 5r"'n,u 41 ',,u-,ttuaU'on Witl^ on th* gronnda, 1,200 taperb villa v,ew **nor.Kl. the prop* famuel Barton, and it tt ordered to be nereoiDtorilv sold tnr the beaefltof hia creditor*. THE'MODOC MISERY. The Blame for the Massacre of the First Expedition. SQUAWS VS. SHOULDER STRAPS. Sickening Sight at the Dis covery of the Dead. THE SAD, LONELY BURIAL. Our First Victory and tlie Flight of the Motlocs. THE SURRENDER OF THE SQUALID RAND. Tlie Bucks Laying Down Their Arms with Tears. CAPTAIN JACKS WHEREABOUTS. New York Herald Headquarters,) Modoc Kxpedition, May 1873. } A short account of what has transpired lately hero may not prove uninteresting to the many readers of the Herald; therefore I will give you, in as few words as possible, ttio wain features of the operations of the last few days, beginning about the 1st of the month, or rather, I might suy on tho 26th of April, the date of the Thomas massacre. You were informed by my telegram that several dead and missing were leit on the battle field, tho troops being unable to And the first or remove tho second, and consequently great anxiety was felt regarding the fato of tho missing, for one was an officer? gallant Lieutenant Cranston?a better or braver man we rarely see. It was expoctod that an eitort would be made to find his body, at least; for it is well known that If tho troops would not be ordered out to search for the body of an officer tho bodies of tne privates stood but little chance of being recovered. But for onco officer and pri vate fared alike and were left where they fell until the time I am about to relate. On tho arrival of General Davis it became apparent that matters were to be pressed a little, and that tho American soldier would bo called upon to attempt In all seriousness the task of subduing the gentle Modoc. As a first step it was determined to recover the bodies and give them Christian burial if posslblo. To my unmllitary mind the effort should have been made sooner, if the morale of tho troops could be trusted. But we must not criticise the acts of those in power, for we are not supposed to under stand the working of some of the mighty minds, whose chief ornaments arc shoulder straps, and an education won at the expense of the govern ment. As yet I hardly like to write of this sad affair, but prefer to wait until some of the fawn ing sycophancy, which has characterized some ac counts of this sad affair, shall have worn away and men be able and willing to get the shoulder straps out of their eyes and place THK BLAME OK THIS WHOLESALE MURDER where it rightfully belongs without fear of mor tally offending some of the embryo veterans, whose only knowledge of Indian warfare before this cam paign consisted in sundry encounters they have had with tobacconists' signs in some of their nightly revels. I do not refer to all or any officer who be. longs to this expedition, for we have some gallant gentlemen here. But this Is merely written for the benefit of future young warriors, who think their uniforms hido their want of bralus or lack of civility. N Before I proceed farther, I will relate tho attack on the wagon train, which took place on the Pen insula the 7th of April, 1 think. It had or has little significance, only to show tho troops that the Modocs were on tne offensive, and had not left the lava beds. It was then determined to ascertain whether this was supposition or a fixed fact, Tnerefore Captain John A. Falrchlld, by and with consent of the military, sent out One-Kyed Dixie and Artena Cliocas (long legs), half civilized Modoc squaws, to spy out the laud and report thereon, lie went with thein to within about three miles ol the stionghold, camped all night and sent them In In the motnlng with instructions ii the Mo docs were there to light a fire if they could; If not, report to lilin at his raw-h at night. The squaws hardly could be persuaded to go for rear of the vv arm Spring Indians anil soldiers. But still they went, returned at night, and reported MODOCS CiONK, and gone for good, as there was no water leit, the natural cistern having been exhausted. They also reported that tliev had found "the body of Lieu tenant Cranston and those of the missing nuxi. This intelligence was given the General In lite alternoon, and that evening Captain Donald Mc KAy and his Warm Spring Indians were ordered out to verify the report. When darkness had en veloped the lava beds Donald and Ids men proceeded to the dreaded place, and in tlio morning thetr lircs told us that ngatn the squaws had been true to their task, and that the dreaded Modocs had really left their sirong hold, and it wus decided that thi' day following a detachment should be sent out to gather and bury the dead. The soldiers, or many of iheni at least, would not believe the Modocs had fled, and said the whole thing was a ru-e to get. them out to build another graveyard (to be slaughtered). Well, the expedition, consisting of the Infantry and artillery, under Captain Fields, Battery A, Fourth artillery, started on tho Oth of ! May, just thirteen days after the first ill stared expedition left camp lor the same place, \ but with altogether a different object. The formation of this detachment gave anoti er evidence that reason had not altogether deserted our camp, lor as much care was displayed in this as though tlicy expected to meet the enoi?v. liail the same prudence been observed In the case of the first expedition the sad result I telegraphed you might have been avoided, 'ihe troops formed three sides of a hollow square, with pack train In the centre, and flanked out thirty yards on either wing. The ground was reached, the bodies passed and the troops took up high ground, commanding the position, while a part proceeded Tl) OATI1ER TUB DEAD. Cranston and four men were found side bv side, probably laid in that position by the Modocs, in a position where they could rake any party who camo for them. The other body was hut a little way off. Cranston was scalped hair and whiskers, and two ol the other bodies mutilated badly. I: was loiind impossible to remove them, decomposition having rendered them almost putrid maj.< s, and they were burled there, wuh headboards to mark their lonely resting place. The bodie.? ef the eight soldiers lett there were relnt. rred, the Modocs having burned oif the sage brush with which they were covered, leaving most of them Lin charred remains. Having accomplished this sad duty the party returned unmolested to camp. I will now return to the attack on the wagon train on tho peninsula, which was of little moment. save to help convince tho military mini that It was sometimes unsafe to semi out small parties as escorts, and also that at tines the Mo docs would whip the soldiers even handed?the former always having tho choice of ground, of course. This'ltttle ailalr occurred ou the 7th, I be lieve, and was about like this:?A train of fivo wagons, ono six-horse the others four ani mals each, left Boyle's supply camp to go down the peninsula to his old camp, lor some lumber lolt tliein. They had an escort ol fifteen or twenty men under Sergeant Murphy. At a point, where the neck is verv narrow, they were attacked by about twenty Modocs who had fortified themselves across this narrow place, where they eould not be flanked. TUB K1KST FIRE wonnded three soldiers, who fell back, and a run ning tight of a few minutes resulted, endiug in the capture of four wagons and seventeen animals, tho six-horse team being behind and tnusescaplug. as soon as the firing was heard, Lieutenant Boutelie, with reinforcements, started for tho scene; hut, although his command rode hard, thev did not come up In time to save the traiu, which was yet burning, and the Modocs, having taken to the rocks, conld not be followed, on the following day they returned and fin ished burning the wagons, it now becoming evi dent that the Modocs were really out and hunting the soldiers, It was resolved to stort a scout after them, and to this end a force under command of Captain Hasbrouck, consisting ol the mounted men of Uolonet Mason's camp, light Battery B, Captain Huabrouck, and Captain Jackson's and Llentenant Kyle's troops of cavalry, with the Warm Mprlngs, under McKay, started on the eth for a scout around th? h**d of ttorttw lake, where It wm rightly sun poiied the enemy hart Bed. The cavalry cinneA tM first night on the head of Ssra-s lake, while the light battery tethered their horses anil camped in a Juniper grove some three miles distant. The troops dug for water, but fonnil n?ne, the lake being little else now but a drv mars.i, ai it la every dry season. About two hours after the oivalr* had encamped McKay and his Indians cume ip and camped with them, apparently unknowu to the Modocs, who were In the rocks a few miles away. It wan rather an open country where the uivalry were en camped?one In which horses cauld be used to some advantage. In the gray 7>T the following morning the Modocs came down from their rocky fastness stripped for the light, and, with their ter rible war whoop, opened FIKK ON TIIR SI.EEl'lNfl SOI.DIERfl. The first Are killed one outright and wonnded eight others, t wool whom have since died. l*he most of the homes were stampeded, but were after wards recovered by those who kept their stock. The Warm Springs sprung to their ponies, nn i in a few seconds were on the flanks of the Modocs, whe evidently did not expect them. With the ai* ol the dismounted cavalry they drove them about Ave miles, when, reaching that portion of the tava bed which is almost impossible to move in. the troops returned to their camp about ten A. M., where they remained until night, when they returned to Scorpion Point, bringing their dead and wounded with them. The Warm Springs lost one warrior killed, two wounded, one of whom has since died, and the other probably will net recover. The fruits of this vic tory was one Modoc killed, lour ponies, one mule and about one hundred rounds of amunltlon captured. Still It was a victory, and theugh an In significant one, It possessed great advantages in one point of view, for It taught the soldiers that If they stand their ground they ceuld whip the Mo docs, when thev could no, do It by running. Rein forcements were sent out tho next morning, hop ing to surround the Modecs from this side, and two or three days were spent In "feeling" their position, when It was discovered that THE MODOCS HAD FI.KD, and were making for the timbered range, leading around to the head of Bntte Valley, which lies be tween them and Goose Nest Mountain, from which they could easily reach Bogus Creek. The cavalry and Warm Springs were soon alter them, going an far west as Bovce's ranch, near by Beall's. They struck the trail on Sunday last, and finding It wae leading back to Kalrchild's ranch thev spurred on Tor about eight miles, when they caught sight ol the Modocs on loot in a sago brush plain which skirts Sheep Mountain on the east, and Immedi ately gave chase. Their horses being jaded they did "not get very close to the Modocs beiore they gained the hills about three miles south of Pair child's ranch, where the horses could not rollow them. In tills running fight the Modocs lost one man and two squaws killed and ten or a dozen women and children (raptured, while we bad no killed or wounded to report. On Monday evening Captain Falrchlld wont to the Warm Spring camp, and. by tne aid of Dixie and Actena. Interviewed the captive squaws. From them lie learned that the band was on its way to l-'airehlld with a view of surrender ing themselves wtieti attacked. This he commu cated to Captain Uasbrouck, who took the respon sibility of delaying tho chaso for two or three days, in order to glvo tnera Tl.MK TO SmRENDKR. Dixie and Actena were sent out with one of the captured squaws to find the party and tell them to come In. They left on Tuesday, returned on Wednesday, reporting that they were anxious to surrender If they had some one they knew and had confidence In to come and bring them In. They were sent back tills morning, assured by Falrchlld that he would meet them when they neared camp and talk with them. The squaws found them over by Indlau Springs, an almost impregnable position, some fifteen mile northwest of this place, and about seven miles west of tho Hole In tne Ground. They found tlicro Bogus Charley, Just returned from Bogus Creek, and by his aid und that of Steamboat Scout and Shack Nasty Jim, the party consented to return and meet Falrchlld, which they did, about four miles from his house. A long talk ensued, when finally they agreed to come In and surrender unconditionally, and at six o'clock I'. M. the poor, misguided fellows came in and lath down their arms to General Davis. It was a sorry sight this SUUAUI), WEARY, HALF-STARVED BAND, comprising about seventy souls, all told, sixteen of whom were able to bear arms, though several were only boys of twelve and fourteen years, who seemed hardly able to bear the Springfield muskets with which they were armed. The names of some or the most famous among them are Curly-headed Doctor, the main cause of the war; Steamboat Frank, adarlug warrior, one of the best of Captain Jack's men; Ilawkcr Jim, who shot at Dyar, Peace Commissioner at the lime of the massacre; Shack Nasty Jim, Bogus Charley and William, the two last It Is said, being the ones who stood guard at the mouth ot the cave the night Steele and Atwell|were there, and wlieu, but for Scar-faced Charley and Captain Jack, assisted by these two, they would undoubtedly navo been murdered. Tnls Is a sad blow to Captain Jack, for It takes away tho best half of his fighting men, leaving him sn t?sy prey when he Is fouud. This band ol Hot Creek Modocs have ever been considered the brav est and most cunning warriors oi the trllio, and their defection will be sorely felt. They are now under guard and what will be done with them I cannot yet determine, but certain It Is that Bogus Charley, Hawker Jim and the Curly-headed Doctor will be tried for their lives. Bogus Charley, It trill be remembered, was with Boston Charley when the Peace Commission was treacherously at tacked. Bogus Charley says that their party and Captain Jack's had a quarrel when they learned their Intention of surrendering, and that Captain Jack and William had u light because the iormer wished to disarm the baud. He says they have been wandering around trying to get in. When they laid down their guns the stoutest could hardly withhold their tears. I never saw INDIANS EXHIBIT SO Mt'f'H KMOTION befor. This got the better of the stoicism of moot ol them, and they seemed keenly to feel their situ ation. Great credit Is due Captain Fairchild for the success of this undertaking, by which half the band has become prisoners. We get fifteen guns and about one hundred rounds or ammunition. Bogus Charley says Boston Charley must be dead, as ho has been missing since the light ol Sunday. He asked General Davis to-day that one of Ills men might go out with some soldiers to morrow to hunt, for his body. He says Captain Jack has gone to Pitt lllver or Goose Lake, and that before he left he robbed tliein of all their best guns and their horses, and left them with only tho arms they now have. I am Inclined to believe the robbery, just to please tho Moaocs, though 1 think that they have their guns cached near by, and that captain Jack Is lurking around lu this neighborhood, waiting to see how those who have surrendered will be treated. He may be at this moment on Bogus Creek or some other equally strong place, for I do uot think he will leave this section o! the country. He is politic and wants to live, and could lie be assured his UK would be spared 1 believe he would surrender Is less than u week. GENERAL D. H. HILL'S COMMENTS ON THE DEATH OF GENERAL CANBY. The following Is the full text of the comments ot the Confederate General D. H. Hill on the death or General Cauby, which excited the wratn of and provoked a reply from the preacher-senator, Brownlow, of Tennessee, which was published in yesterday's Herald. It is copied irom the Charlotte (N. C.) Home:? At the outbreak of the war In ISfll he deserted his own section and cast his lot in with tbelr enemies. He seems to have won rank and reputa tion in the federal service, and was one of the six brigadiers appointed in the regular army ou the peace establishment. He was given command ol the Department of tne Carolina*, and carried out ruthlessly an the cruel measures ol a remorseless Congress. The war against ins own laud and peo ple seemed to have destroyed all Ids nobler quali ties, ami to have transformed him into the usual -tyle of the renegade. A cltlien of Cnaiiotto was present In Richmond when General Cauby personally superintended tho hang ing or a while man up by the thumbs ioi kicking an Insolent negro out of his saloon. .Mm i.ane cut his own throat. Stanton moat likely committed suicide. King drowned lilmseli. i.ne by one tho oppressors of the south cotno to an untimely end. Some of the most atrocious are now covered with Infamy worse than death, is it ; ccidout or is it retribution ? The history oi renegades Is getting to bo instruc tive. Mi. Lincoln destroyed his own people, vio lated his conscience and stultified hisoit-exprossed opinions. He was foully and atrociously murdered in the lieur of Ills triumph. General Thomas pledged himself iu Lynchburg at the outbreak ol t lie war to stand by Ills neighbors and kin died. Seduced by office he fought against them. At the close or Ills brilliant military career a popinjay wasput over htm and he dropped dead lu sail Francisco, old Brownlow was the strongest pro-slavery man in the South, hut he cast his lot with the abolitionists and persecuted his own people. He is now a paralytic and almost a drivelling Idiot. Professor Mahan was an ardent southerner and could hardly llnd language where with to express his abhorrence ei the disunion abo lition party during the war and became very bltte* against his ow u secilon. He was superseded whe^ his work was done, threw hlniseir in the _ in tho madness or his despair. Who wovfa not rather tie a crippled Confederate soldier, muiMMiig a crust of bread, than poor Longstreet, tiio.yeto/ Graut and the lilol of Louisiana thieves * MRS. CONFIDENTIAL WATSON. Arrest of a Celebrated Female Hotel Swindler. Mrs. Hortense B. Watsoo, who lias figured in tho police courts a number of times on different charges of swindling, and who has been concerned In a number ef confldenco operations, was arrested on Saturday night by Detective Heidelberg, of the Central Office, and brought before Judge Hogan, at the ToBbs Police Court, yesterday morning. Mrs. Watson was charged by Mr. John P. Kichards, manager of the Anthony House, No. $34 Broadway, with obtaining board, Ac., under raise representa tions. She had been living at tie above men tioned hotel for a leng period, at a most ex travagant rate, giving elegant dinners and supper* to numbers of friends or both sexes: but always falling to settle her bills when called upon. The proprietors of several other hotels have signified their Intention of appearing against her for simllai alleged offences. Judge Hogaa held the lady to aa> swer.

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