Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 2, 1873, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 2, 1873 Page 6
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NEW YORK 11EKALD BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, ' PROPRIETOR. All business or news letters and telegraphic despatches most be addressed New York Huiio. Letters and packages should bo properly scaled. THE DAILY HERALD, published every lav in the tiear, Pour cents per copy. Annual subscription price tia. Volatile XXXVIII No. 153 amusements this evening. ORAM) opera HOtsK, Twenty-third st. and Eighth Hv.?Thk CORSICAN 1!hotII MIS. WOOD'S MUSEUM. Rrualwar, corner Thirtieth st? Dayy Cuoceett. Afternoon and evening. NIBLO'S GARDEN. Broadway, between Prince and Houstonst*.?Azhael; or, The Magic Charm. UNION SQUARE THEATRE. Union square, near Broadway.?Aun es. ATHENEUM, 585 Broadway.?Uaand Variett Entbii TAINMENT. OLYMPIC TIIEATRE. Broadway, between Houston and Bleecker streets.?Humpty l)o?m. WALLACE'S THEATRE, Broadway and Thirteentii street.?Brother Sam. BOOTH'S THEATRE. Twenty-third street.corner Sixth avenue.?Amy Robsart NEW FIKTH AVENUE THEATRE, 728 and 730 Broad Way.? Mapelein Mobil. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?The Winning Hand? Our Boy raom Limerick. MRS. F. B. CONWAY'S BROOKLYN THEATRE.? Much Ado About Nothing. PARK THEATRE, opposite the City Hall, Brooklyn.? Variety Entertainment. BROOKLYN ACADEMY OF MU3IC, Montague st? Our American Cousin. ^THEATRE COMIQUE, No. 514 Broadway.?Buffalo CENTRAL PARK GARDEN?Summer Nights' Con certs. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE, No. 201 Bowory.? Uncle Tom's Cabin. BRYANT'S OPERA HOUSE, Twontv-thirrt St.. corner Cth av.?Negro Minstrelsy. Ac. Matinee at 2. TERRACE GARDEN THEATRE, 58th St., between Lex ington and 3d avs.?Operetta and Liuut Comedy. NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY, C18 Broadway. SCIENCB AND Art. TRIPLE SHEET. New York, Monday, .Tune 3, 1873. THE NEWS OP YESTERDAY. To-Day*? Contents of tlie Herald. ?'THE SOUDAN RAILWAY! MAGNIFICENT EN TERPRISE OF Ills HIGHNESS THE VICE ROY OF EGYPT"?TITLE OF THE LEADING EDITORIAL ARTICLE?SIXTH Page. A GIGANTIC RAILWAY ENTERPRISE! THE VICEROY OF EGYPT PROPOSES TO CON STRUCT A RAILWAY UP THE NILE AND THROUGH THE SOUDAN! SUPERB EN GINEERING FEATS! COTTON TO HE AGAIN CROWNED KING, WITH A MIGHTIER EMPIRE! THE NEW EAST INDIA TRADE ROUTE?Third Page. NILOTIC IMPROVEMENTS! MAP OF THE PRO POSED RAILROAD OF ISMAIL PACHA FOR THE OPENING UP OF 1I1E SOI DAN TO COMMERCE?Third Page. THE LATEST MODOC FIASCO! CAPTAIN JACK AGAIN ELUDES HIS PURSUERS! BOSTON CHARLEY CAPTURED?Seventh Page. A REVIEW OF RECENT OPERATIONS AGAINST THE MODOC SCALAWAGS ! WHO WERE TO BLAME FOR THE THOMAS BUTCHERY ! GHASTLY SIGHTS ! THE VICTORY OVER THE SAVAGES ! JACK'S PRESENT LOCA TION?Fifth Page. PATCHED-UP PEACE! OPINIONS OF A FRON TIERSMAN ON THE QUAKER POLICY FOR CIVILIZING THE RED MURDERERS OF THE PLAINS! THE OREGON SETTLERS VINDICATED! THE REPORT OF THE PEACE COMMISSION?NEW YORK'S PUB LIC BATHS OPENED?Fimi Page. PRESIDENT FIGUERAS PROCLAIMS THE POL ICY OF SPAIN! CUBAN SLAVE EMANCI PATION PROMISED! A CARLIST DEFEAT! THE NEW PRESIDENT OF THE SPANISH CORTES?Seventh Page. COLONEL MCKENZIE'S MEXICAN RAID SEMI OFFICIALLY APPROVED! PUNISHMENT FOR THE KICKAPuOS?Seventh Page. A NEW PLAN FOR PAYING THE NATIONAL DEBT! UNION PACIFIC TROUBLES?Tenth Page. A HORRIFYING DISCOVERY IN YONKERS! A WIFE MURDERED AND HER BODY LEFT AS FOOD FOR THE WORMS! THE MUR DERER'S WRITTEN CONFESSION FOUND WITH THE DECOMPOSED BODY I THE DE TECTIVES ON His TRAIL?Tenth Paoe. A DELIGHTFUL SABBATH! HOW IT WAS EN JOYED BY OUR CITIZENS GENERALLY? Tenth Paoe. A REMARKABLE POISON TRAGEDY IN WISCON SIN: A WOMAN SAID TO HAVE POISONED HER SON AND DAUGHTER AND TWO NEIGHBORS! HER HEROISM IN AN IN DIAN MASSACRE?Tenth Page. NEW YORK'S ROBINSON CRUSOE! AN UNSUR PASSED NARRATIVE OF PERILOUS ANT ARCTIC ADVENTURES! ABANDONED AMID ETERNAL SNOW AND ICE! THE RESCUE OF THE ONLY SURVIVOR OF SIX SEAL HUNTERS?Eighth Page. WHITSUNTIDE SERMONS AND SERVICES IN THE METROPOLIS AND SUBURBS! THE PARA CLETE, POETRY AND UNIVERSALITY OF THE GOSPEL AND THE SIN OF SUICIDE CONSIDERED! THE ANNUAL COLLECTION FOR THE POPE!?Fourth Page. TRADE CENTRES AND FLUCTUATIONS! THE TENDENCY UPTOWNWARD FROM THE BATTERY TO HARLEM! MAGNIFICENT IMPROVEMENTS IN PROGRESS?MASONIC GRAND LODGE?Eighth Page. THE FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL RESUME! THE JUNE PROGRAMME OF THE TREAS URY CHIEF1 THE BANKS' REPORT?NINTH Page. gf THE NAVAL ACADEMY! THE CADETS PASS ING MUSTER BEFORE THE HOARD OF *T VISITORS?NEW MUSIC?Eiuutu Page. The Presence or the SiiAn or Persia It Beblin is an extraordinary ovent. It shows the enlightened and progressive spirit of the age, which is bringing the rulers and peoples of all nations in communication with each other and is destroying the prejudices of race, religion and caste that have existed so long. We believe this is the first time the Mohammedan potentate of Persia has visited Berlin. The Emperor Wil liam, Bismarck and the Btrlinese comprehend unprecedented ovent and are making the tnost of it. The Shah has a tmlace assigned to him, and all the honors proper to his posi tion an bestowed. He will see a great deal, both in Germany and other parts of Europe, to enlighten him, and his journey may prove advantageous to the Persian people. The SondKB En" Cerprtse of HU Hl?h?es? "?? Vice roy of EffP4, We print in another column a detailed and interesting description of the Soudan ltailway, conceited by His Highness the Khedive. It has seldom been the good fortune of the Hebau> to announce the inception of an enterprise of such vast importance to the five Continents. It is simply a project to bring unnumbered millions of negro savages into close communion with civilization and to annex a vast cotton and sugar empire, lying in the heart of Africa, to the fruitful fields of Lower Egypt When we in America broke through the barriers of the Rocky Mountains and pushed the rail to the Pacific, and when the British bisected India, so that the iron horse could speed from Bombay to Calcutta in three days, two strong governments, ridh in money, material and labor, gave these enter prises their fullest patronage and support. But, single-handed, the Man of the East, striving to rescue an entire Continent from its stagnation, is prepared to build a railway the starting point of which is one thousand miles from the Mediterranean, in the interior of Africa, and whose southern ter minus is within two days' sail of the White Nile. From this distance we can hardly ap preciate the magnitude of an undertaking in volving an outlay of twenty million dollars in gold ; the construction of eight hundred and eighty-nine kilometres of railway across the hottest of desert wastes ; the building of a ship incline to avoid the First Cataract, that vessels may be drawn overland a distance of three miles, and the transportation of sixty six engines and eleven hundred carriages to the heart of Ethiopia. Well, indeed, may the eyes of the world turn with wonder and ad miration to tho illustrious Khedive, who, in hiB little bureau in Abdin Palace, is perfecting every detail respecting the earthworks, perma nent way, viaducts, arches, stations, telearaph lines, rolling stock and engineering. When Ismail Pacha ascended the vice-regal throne he found tho finances disordered, the civil servico demoralized and the military strength of Egypt in a woful state of inefficiency. With his immense personal fortune, accumu lated as a merchant aud cultivator, added to great business capacity he consolidated the debt and paved the way to a rapid liquidation. Soon recovering from the evil effects of the amazing prodigality of Said Pacha, he gave vigor to all branches of the administration, extended tho railways and telegraphs, laid down a net-work of irri gating canals throughout the Delta provinces, reorganized the army and marine, and Egypt began to enjoy of a high degree of pros- ^ perity. The costly wars of his predecessors ; he avoided, and, instead of rushing to arms at every vexatious insult from Turkey and the Western Powers, he employed fifty or sixty lawyers in various parts of Europe to try every issue on its judicial merits. The Vice roy was not long in learning that the aggres sions were not directed against himself and his people, but ngainst his wealth. A race of cormorants grew up, and the unscrupulous gold gourmands infested Alexandria and Cairo and nearly every lingering stranger had his "claim." The abuse becamo so extensive that it painfully embarrassed every enterprise pro jected for the benefit of Egypt and the Eastern and Western World. An application was therefore made to the Western Powers for a reconstruction of the treaty stipulations by which it was still possible for this loath some species of scoundrelism to flourish. An international tribunal was proposed by Nubar Pacha, on 4he part of the Khedive, in which the majority of the judges should bo Europeans. It received the assent of many of the Powers, but for the moment the argu ments of the Levantine litigants have pre vailed. This shameful effect of the ex-terri torial jurisdiction paralyzed every project of His Highness. He became in volved in an interminable controversy respecting lands bordering the Suez Canal , he found that every foreigner was ready to abandon a contract when ho could menace the Treasury with the fiat of a Consul General, and thenceforth His Highness resolved that all improvements should be Egyptian, begun by Egyptian capital and prosecuted by Egyptian labor. The Soudan Railway will be the first great product of this new line of policy. Under the direction of an engineer of experience wo feel sure that the railway trom Shendy to Wady Haifa will be completed within the three years' time allotted for the work. Its features are novel, and worthy of the attentive considera tion of the American engineers who have constructed so many vast works, in order to surmount natural obstacles of stream, moun tain or valley. ' Let us follow the tide of commerce as it will ebb and flow when the passenger leaving the shores of the blue Mediterranean will be able to disembark at Khartoum, the capital of the Soudan, after a pleasant joarney ot fifteen days. Loaving Alexandria, a four hour* ride by rail brings us to Cairo, and, speeding along the banks of the Nile, we leave tho river at Roda and continue our voyage by steamer for six days, when we arrive at the foot of the I irst Cataract, a thousand miles from tho sea. Our steamer then passes into a cradle, which moves on the inclinod ship railway, hauled overland by powerful hydrau lic engines, of four hundred horse power, and we thus enjoy the novel sensation ot living on board a vessel while riding ou tho railway. Launched again ou the Nile we steam away to the Second Cataract, and there again take the express for a journey of six hundred and seventy-five miles to Shendy, and finally reach the vast alluvial plains of the Soudan. Here tho resources of those Nile provinces, the wonderful variety of the peoplos and the as tonishing richness of the virgin soil remind us that wo are in a New World. South, east and west are lands drained by the tribu taries of the Nile, of vaster extent than two empires of the size of France, and capable of sustaining a population greater than inhabits the entire African Continent If we cast a horoscope of the future what results may not be achieved by the munifi cence of tho Khedive ! With the obstructions removed from the White Nile and steamers plying tho waters to the Albert and Vic toria Nyanzas, the great interior lakes must become bordered with thriving cities. Cotton and sugar from the Soudan will pour down the Nile to Lower Egypt and manufactured articles and clothing will be sent to the desti tute and neglected tribes of the interior. Not only will Egypt experience a sudden acqui sition of wealth, but a new route to India will be opened; railway com munication to the Red Sea by the ports of Suakin and Massowah must follow, and, in the language of His Highness, "the same influences which have brought prosperity to the humblest fellah in Lower Egypt to-day will invade the Soudan with the locomotive, and the races you have seen in savagery and poverty will, I trust, in ten years become a thrifty, united community." But the influ ence of the Soudan Railway will not be felt in Egypt alone. Other enterprises must follow the general movement which such a strange power as the locomotive will engender through out Africa. Immigration will pour in from the desert wastes of Arabia and over-crowded India, from dull Syria and inane Asia Minor ; for such enterprises as the Russian Railway to India, and the Euphrates Valley road, are still but vague schemes. The Soudan Railway con stitutes His Highness the pioneer and leader of progress in the East. In him seems to be concen trated all the vitality of the Orient. By the con struction ot the Suez Canal he rendered Egypt the pivot of the commerce of the Old World, as this railway will become the overland route between the Eastern and Western seas. In America we first built our great continental railway, and have now surveyed for the route of an Isthmus canal. But ARia and Airica were first severed by M. Lossepa, and now a continental railway is to push up the Valley of the Nile. It is the harbinger of a groat future for Egypt and the East. The Spanish Constituent Cortes Auem? bled in Session. The new Cortes of Spain met in the charac ter of a Constituent, or Constructive, Assem bly, in Madrid, on Saturday, the 31st of May. The Prcsidont of the Ministry, Scfior Figueras, | opened the session in a formal manner by the delivery of a speech. He set out with an executive pronouncement of the right of the Spanish people to choose their own govern ment?a very important declaration of prin ciple, not only for the Spaniards, but for the peoples of univorsal Europe, despite the fact that the Prosident added, almost imme diately, that tho Republic has no concern with revolution in other States. A policy of order will be observed at home. The Repub lic is not ambitious of territorial aggrandize ment. Slavery will be abolished in Cuba and Porto Rico. The government is in favor of a separation of Church and State. When the Prosident of the Ministry concluded his ad dress tho Cortes organized by choosing Scfior Orense President of the legislative body. Tho public career of the last named gentleman is sketched in the col umns of the Herald. It will be seen that he is a remarkable man?active, versatile and recuperative, even in the kaleidoscopic his tory of modern Spanish politics. The absence of opposition in the Cortes makes the work of the Madrid Ministry apparently easy. It will become so in reality if tho Spaniards, or a majority of the people's representatives, can arrive at a common accord as to the nature and conditions of the national federation. This is, just at present, a little doubtful. One fourth of the deputies elected are Catalans by birth, and these, it is alleged, will immedi ately commence to agitate for the removal of the capital from Madrid to Barcelona. Cadiz, with others of the great cities, will object, so that Sefior Figueras and the members of the Ministry may perhaps soon again experience very many of tho difficulties of office. They promise prudently, however, as Spaniards, territorial integrity, freedom from slavery and freedom of conscience. Carlism has sustained another heavy blow in the field, so that the Spanish governmental case is now before the nations, fully and completely, for adjustment |mporta and Exports of France. According to the report just published by the Customs' Administration of France of the foreign trade of the nation for tho first three months of the present year it appears that the exports amounted to 971,982,000 francs, which exceeds tho amount for the corresponding period of 1872 111,183,000 francs. At the same time tho imports were 150,584,000 fraucs less, being for tho first three months of 1872 927,100,000, and for the corresponding period of 1873 776,576,000 francs. Nothing can show moro plainly the healthy condition of the trade of France. Such a large balance of trade in favor of France?of exports over imports? accounts tor the flow of specie to that country and tho facility it has in paying its enormous indebtedness to Germany, without hardly any appreciable decline of credit. Truly France is a wonderful country. We know not which to admire most, tho Bkill of its financial man agement or tho resources and industry of the people. Our crude financiers and shallow politicians might learn a useful lesson from the French in this matter. A creditor nation, as regards foreign trade, will always have the advantage over a debtor nation. When will the American people comprehend this fact? Internal Revenue Receipts.?The Internal Revenue receipts for the past month were $12,353,107, and the total for the portion of the fiscal year, so far, $106,016,222. We may reckon, then, that the income from this source will amount, for the fiscal year, to little less than $120,000,000. The probability is there will be an excess of receipts over the estimates ot nearly $10,000,000. So, also, with the income from customs?there will be a largo excess over the estimates. This is just what wo anticipated when the Secretary of the Treasury pretended to be afraid his funds would tall short aud wanted Congress to keep up burdensome aud unnecessary taxation. Fifty millions more of taxation might have been taken off by Congress, and then tho Treas ury would have had an ample or surplus in come. A large and unnecessary revenue is only a temptation to extravagance and corrup tion. Judicial Election in Illinois. ?The ju dicial election in Illinois occurs to-day. In some of tho districts the farmers have nom inated candidates on the railroad reform plat form, and in others they havo accepted tho nominations of the conventions of lawyers and others, with the understanding that they shall support the farmers' movement Strictly speaking, there are very few "party" candi dates, but the elections to-day will test the strength of the so-called "farmers' " granges, and probably foreshadow what effect they may have in the future upon both the republioaa

aad democratic organizations ip the ??r LM* "i*0*? ParlUacar M Al bany and It. VoI.mImu n??.ri t*. r..?,u m tfc. rJZTZ ??Ann. On Friday morning last, at fonr o'clock, after an all-night session, with the rash and hurry and noise and confusion of Bedlam, and after a protracted existence of one hun dred and forty-four days, our "Long Parlia ment at Albany finally adjourned and dis persed. In its results, compared with many of its predecessors, it has been a success; but measured by its boastful trumpetings, its lofty promises and the "great expectations" of a confiding people, we may justly affirm that it went up like a rocket and came down like the stick. All things considered, it has done, per haps, as well as could be expected; but, hold ing it to a rigid accountability, its record will not, without many scratchings, pass an honrat inspection. Experience hud taught us not to bo over-sanguine of great things from this Legislature when coming in, and so we are not among the disappointed on its going out "You may polish the Russian," said the great Napoleon, "but if you scratch him you will find him still a Tartar." By this token we are not greatly surprised that this extraordinary Legislature?extraordinary for its length, if not for its strength?though commencing its labors in January with all the gravity of the Joint High Commission, closed its delibera tions on the verge of June, with all the buf foonery of a circus. While such important measures were pend ing in the Assembly as the Supply bill and the bill in relation to the Elmira Reformatory (a bill singularly appropriate to the occasion) the House was engaged in a provincial bur lesque of "HumptyDumpty." Brimming over with youthful hilarity, many of the members had .provided themselves with small tin trumpets, "squawkers," penny whistles, fish horns and children's Christmas rattles?these rattles being very convenient, because the member possessing one, while looking the Speaker honestly in the face and calling for "order, could, with one hand under his desk, keep up a distracting din without detec tion. The medley of this legislative orches tra of rattles, squawkers, whistles and fish horns, combined with the chorus of "Old Bob Ridley," Indian warwhoops, crowings, cacklings, barkings, calls to order and uproar ious laughter, accompanied by the incessant rapping of the Sp3aker's hammer, was doubt less exceedingly amusing, but it was a dis graceful spectacle. It was a scene, moreover, strongly suggestive of indifference, reckless ness and unfitness for their duties on the part of our lawmakers at the very time when the closest attention to the public business was demanded. From Washington to our remot est Territoiy the lobby jobbers, from the con fusion and abandon of the last night of a leg islative session, seldom fail to gather a profit able harvest, while measures of great moment are contemptuously cast aside. But these scenes at Albany of Thursday night and Fri day morning last, apart from any schemes of spoliation which they may have served to cover, are scandalous and calculated only to bring the laws themselves, with the fountains of the law, into public contempt and derision. We did not anticipate, on the meeting of this "Long Parliament," this incongruous assemblage of reformers, that they would inaugurate the millennium in the Albany State House or in our City Hall; and we are not surprised that, as a rule, in Senate and As sembly, a bill which would not pay could not pas's. After many trials and tribulations and much wrangling between the two houses and the several cliques and coteries of reformers thereof, we have secured a new city charter and its supplements, in which there are some practical reforms; but it must be confessed that we are indebted for these things not so much to a patriotic devotion to the public interests by our legislative servants as to the necessities for a compromise between the contending factions for the offices and the spoils. If the general result is a piece of mosaic patchwork marvellous to behold there is yet something in it that promises to stick. We must, however, await the test of a fair trial before we can safely pronounce judgment upon this new charter. Let it have a fair trial, and meantime let us not forget the good old maxim that " Half a loaf is better than no bread." Our lawmakers, like other men, labor for the profits of their vocation. They consent, yea, they seek to serve, the State at Albany, because ? they expect to make it pay, and many of them do make it pay handsomely. A fixed compensation to the legislator which does not cover his board bill is not in this view a very powerful incentive to vigilance against measures that have money in them, and should he, on his short rations, prefer a divide or a dividend to a retrenchment or a reform, we need not despair of the Republic. In the good old times of "the Forty Thieves" every man of them was charged as feathering his own nest through any ring or combination that would serve. Things have been bravely altered since that day, but still "Number One" is the law para mount, the supreme law of the land, and the grand idea even of reform in every legislative body. We hold, therefore, that our "Long Parlia ment" at Albany, considering what it might have done in jobs and rings and such good things, has plucked the goose known as the State Treasury with commendable moderation. It has given us a new charter bristling with reforms, though our tax bills are rather in creased than diminished This charter was the special work assigned to this reform Legislature; but though it devoted the time of an ordinary session to this remarkable compromise and its supplements it has given us besides an extraordinary record of hard work. It has passed a catalogue of bills, good, bad and indifferent, numbering a thou sand or more, and it had made considerable headway on seven hundred other bills, meri torious or otherwise, which only failed for lack of time or proper "engineering." Is this a small matter in the cause of reform ? A thou sand bills from one Legislature are surely enough of law and order to servo the purposes of the Commonwealth till next January. In addition to the new charter and its supple ments proper our city has boon given tho Police Justices* bill, the bill creating a new Commission of Emigration and a Commission of Charity and Correction; the bill annexing a part of Westchester county to the metropo lis; the bill in relation to taxation, a subject of surpassing interest to the tax payers; the k bill dividing the city into new school dj*. tricts tad creating i mw Board of Education; the bill defining the jurisdiction of the Court of Common Plana and tha Ho perk* Court; tha bill inaugurating the Paopla'a Water Traaait Company; tha bill in relation to tha ?apply of water to the city to be acquired in Putnam county, and a budget of gridirontng bona railroad btUa loo nnmeroua here to mention. All three measures are among the reforms or changes made in tha administration of oar city affair* within tha laat lee month*, u>d there are several important genemMkwa pasned at the late neaaion which apply to thia inland aa to all other parts of the Mate. Among these are the "Professional Thieres act," now in active operation- an set calculated to be a terror to mgnea and ruAana. but in the hands of ignorant and inaob-at oflWm calcu lated also to result in high-handed outrages u|>on honest citivni Then there ia the new Marriage law, au act of the highest impor tanoe to all parties about to asaunie the ailken bonds of matrimony. By thia act ministers in the marriage service are authoriwd to admin ister oatba to parties aet-kiug to be married. Upon oath they are to t?-*tity a* to age, re sponsibility, residence and other facta, and, if caught fibbing therein, they are liable to the penalties of perjury. Thia d in-ate mutter of ago (to the ladies) involves a question of woman's rights, more valuable thau the Ixillot box. But how tliey are to meet it they must themselves determine. Next, we have a num ber of important acts relating to the law of proceduro, tax laws and various ?noetmeuts in the list of a thousand bills, more or less, paused at thia late long session of reform?new laws, of which our citizens, from time to time, during the Bummer or Fall, will be apt to un derstand the bearings. Among these acts is the temperance measure, known as the Ohio bill, which makes the liquor seller responsible for the conduct ol the liquor drinker, and for the damages which he may inflict, in a state of intoxicatiou, upon the members or the property of his family or of other parties. This law, it appears, works well in the West; but, from the conversa tions of various parties interested in the sub ject here, "it is a law which cannot be en forced in this city short of the burning of gun powder." The bill, according to our des patches, was yesterday signed by the Governor. So the blow of this Ohio temperance hammer may fall upon New York at any time. Should the act be put into operation, even before the Fourth of July, our citizens, liquor dealers included, will best subserve their own interests in faithfully abiding by the law. Submission to the laws is the only law of safety to a free people, who for unjust laws la the matter of rapid transit some progress has been made; but we are far from believing that the best, or nearly the best, has been done. We rejoice that our "Long Par liament" is ended, and we congratulate the people of tho city and the State that if, in its voluminous record of bills passed, there are many jobs, there are also some wholesome measures of substantial value. Reform is a plant of slow growth, and its fruit is often blighted in the ripening. Our crop of 1873 is better than was that of 1872, and let us hope for a still better yield of good fruit in 187L Whit Sunday Thoughts of the Preach era. Yesterday was Whit Sunday, the season com memorated by the Christian Church as repre senting the descent of the Holy Ghost upon the little band of believers who had gathered in that upper room in Jerusalem. Outside of the Catholic churches and a few of the Episco pal churches very little attention was paid to the day or the event which it serves to commemorate; and of those who did notice it not one has measured up to the grandeur and importance of the sub ject In the Cathedral Rev. J. J. Kean related the circumstances of the Spirif s descent some what as the evangelists narrate them, and then contrasted the boldness and intrepidity of the apostles after they had received the Holy Ghost with their fearfulness and trem bling the days and nights before. The Church has great reason to rcjoice in this last nnd best gift of the Saviour, but woe unto us if we remain deaf to the voice of the Holy Spirit. The Day of Pentecost was the birthday of the Christian Church in its sublimest sense. Dr. McGlynn, on the same subject, pre sented the beautiful analogy between the crea tion of man and tho establishment of the Christian Church. When Adam was formed he was a mere mass of inanimate matter until God breathed into him a soul. In like manner the Church, though formed before, was soulless until the Day of Pentecost, when the Holy Ghost descended upon the disciples in cloven tongues like as of fire. The Doctor recom mended his people to pray that the Spirit would lead the wanderiug and erring sheep into tho true fold, intimating at the same time that the Catholic Church is that true fold. A fair interpretation of the words of the pastor of St. Stephen'8 would imply that goodness and truth are confined to one Church and one set of men. Rev. Dr. Kirkus, on the descent of the Holy Ghost, advanced tho idea that the ecclesiasti cal polity, the rituals, liturgies, ceremonies, sisterhoods and hierarchies of the Church had all existed from tho beginning, nnd Christ is the chief corner stone of them all. But is this truth ? and docs the Word substantiate this statement? We had always thought that these things were an after-growth of Christi anity and some of them, indeed, of very mod em times. But Dr. Kirkus is an LL. B. as well as a D. D. and ought to be posted, and he declares that they all existed from tho be ginning. So that Jesus neither made nor un made them, but meroly became a corner stone, upon which, of course, a fitting temple of rituals, ceremonies and sisterhoods could be reared, instead of a temple of saved souls. Dr. Partridge, of Brooklyn, saw in the de scent of the Comforter tho doctrine of the Trinity clearly indicated?the Father send ing, the Son entreating and the Holy Ghost descending. It is a groat mystery, but the mysteries of the Godhead are as jewels in a beautiful casket which cannot be broken or opened by human power, but must remain sealed until God, who has the key, shall open it The Doctor argued agaiust the idea that the Holy Ghost is a mere attribute or essence, and insisted that He is a divine person; and because of the light reflected by Him Jesus Christ belongs as much to our time as to the ancient days when He was upon eerth. The very vaqpt powts which quick ?-?? His corpse is quickening His biogra phy ud rawing it from the grave at antiquity, and. through the work of ^notifica tion, ??Ming men everywhere to understand, appreciate, lore and obey Him. "He who entertain* a thorough contempt for his fellow man is prepared to commit against him any conoeivable crime. To hold man m contempt is to hold God in contempt. Mid Be*, 8. H. Taft in the Church of the M. HKiah. To admit that these words contain the truth, and nothing but the truth, would be U> aw?ert that God and man are essentially smoaymoua. We do not hold that contempt of man is contempt of God. There are some n? u so unlike God, or anything that is God like, that we can scarcely have any other feeling than oontempt for them. Nor do we Inhere that contempt for men would lead tw to commit any conceivable crime against there. The contempt for criminals in olden times, which wo are assured was something outrageous, has given way to great affection for them and a degree of contempt for their victims in our days; so that our advance or improvement in this regard is only partial. By and by, if wo advnnce at the same rate, we Khali probably set our greatest criminals in the cheapest places of power, and immediately alter we may look out for the millennium or something worse. I>r. Holme, discoursing on the guilt and conNequenoes of suicide, treated his people to Nome scraps of ancient history, sacred and profane, and to a contrast of the lives of dia tinguishtd philosophers and great and good men ot ilible history. While many of the former took their own lives not one of the latter ever committed suicide. Those re corded in the Bible as having taken thoir own lives, from Saul to Judas, were bad men. The teachings of the philosophers tend to d<>ath, those of the prophets and apostles to life. The subject is an interesting ono and worthy of more general attention and consid eration. Mr. Frothingham finds so much poetry in religion that there is very little prose left foi uh who may not be so poctic as he. All the groat event* recorded in the Old and New Tes taments are poetic fancies and pictures of the imagination. Eden, with its fruits and flowers and its innocent couple communing with God; Moses crossiug the Bed Sea; Elijah fed by ravons; Christ's birth in the manger, aud His transfiguration on the mount, which no geographer has ever found or will find?these and many more are but poems or paintings of the imagination. I? Mr. Frothingham himself a fiction or an im aginary being ? Or are we printing and com menting upon the words of a veritable man and he a sane man ? Will some one apply his rule and answer? Mr. Beecher yesterday gave his congregation a pretty good peep at his tendency toward Uuiversalism, which has been looked for for sometime. Because God has said he wiU have mercy upon whom He will have ^ mercy there is a presumption in Mr, Beecher s mind that sinners may bo admitted to heaven in a low plane to be sure, but tho outer boundary ot heaven is far better than the highest place on ? earth. Indeed, is it so? If it was pos sible for a pure spirit to sin in heaven, is it not also possible for the one sinnor or the second or third who may get even to the outer boundary to take a summer sault therefrom to tho pit also ? Or is it any more likely that a roan who has lived his three-score years and ten here without an ex perimental knowledge of God will by death be brought any nearer to God in heaven, even if he should get there? These are queries that may have some bearing upon this theory of Mr. Beecher. Mr. Taimago gave his congregation a few arousing considerations why they should awake to righteousness. One is the obstacles that lie in the way of our salvation ; another is the value of tho soul involved, and a third the glory to be won. At thj open air services in Leffrt's Park, Brooklyn, the Bev. George A. Hubboll preached a justification by faith and the oon scquencos thereof. The Catholics of Tremont laid the eorner stono of a new church in that place yesterday, at which tho Bev. Dr. McGlynn delivered an address. Siren Swmmer. The Summer season is at hand?the season when churches and theatre simultaneously close ; when th# tapers expire on the altar and tho footlights cease to universally flash. Tho departing prima donna packs tho house while her maid packs her trunks. Tho operatic cur tain descends, aud Fashion floats "Ut of the Academy shaking the dust of tho season off h<*r fatigued aud san.laled foot Passages are taken for Europe; lovely Summer residences are announced by tho column in tho advert iso ments; the doors of tho watering places fly open with the happiness of long-closed wings ; ocean saltness impregnates the atmosphere, and all the world looks seaward The cottAge by the cliff becomes a cool desirability, and, liks the dying Falstaff, we bab ble of green fields, hoping to live in them. V wo turn up our eyes we see a heaven pulsed with Summer stars ; if we look around us, we field* silently beating with thoir many-tinted floral veins. The city becomes nauseous. The more romantic of us only half enjoy the hotel'? marble counter, with its picturesque but arti ficial drinks. If wo aro to have milk punch, lot the vaccine ingredient bo very strong Along the dust-laid street* let the water sprinkler do his duty well. Blessed be the genius who first married "cool" and "spar kling" at tho altar of soda water, and con ceived the idea of an alabaster fountain burst ing with the frothy richness of iU own varied creams. Let us welcome tho opening of the public baths, where young and old ai?d male and female may drink in at every pore long pleasure-draughts of coolness, and soiled humanity may macerate itself up to rose-flushed flesh and health. If with one hand we bid farowell to oysters let ns with tho other extend a welcome true to clam*. Schools shut and the clerk sees the end of hi* Saturday by three o'clock, and Gavroch*, under tho shadow of tho new Poet Office, takes his solitary refreshment of ice cream. The time of the fruiterer's triumph is come, and pi nit lemonade is seen on tho stand. Winter, with frigid and gewgaw faoe, ha* long breathed it* last, and now advance* the sensu ous and mow-whit* hop, bringing with her Up Ulfit of seagirt short* and 4m VMPetfe

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