Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 7, 1873, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 7, 1873 Page 4
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THE WJR ON THE HfiRiLD. Cor Secret Cuban Commissioner's Story of Three Herald Men's Captivities. Gerona, Morro and Cabanas?O'Kelly, Millen and Price. Mr. Millen's Return from the Cuban Lines. His Surrender in Manzanillo and Imprison ment in Fort Gerona. EXAMINATION AND RELEASE. The Mystery of an American Citizen Being Set Free. BRITISH CHAGRIN THEREAT A Visit to O'Kelly in Fort flforro, at Santiago. AMENITIES OF CUBAN DUNGEON LIFE. Journey with O'Kelly from San tiago to Havana. INTERVIEW WITH MR. PRICE Arrested at the Instance of Mr. O'Kelly's Prosecutors. IS THESE A SECRET HERALD CIPHER ? Tlip Captain oral's Sarcasm on Ihe British Consul. An Expose of Spanish Cruelty and fltoJad miiiisiration in Cuba. Havana, Mar -J8, 1873. Having arrived In this citjr alter my recent re lease from Imprisonment by the .Spanish military anthorlties, I first proceed to give the Herald an account or tliat part of the mission confldcd to me occurring between the date of my departure from the Cuban lines and the present time, touching also tht day* passed in ronflnemeut. my journey with Mr. O'Kelly irom Santiago de Cuba and the Interview had with Mr. Price in Fort Caoauas. Judging these point* of more immediate interest than the recital of iny successful journey through the Cuban lines, I write them here. My reasons, in addition to the above, for not writing at length ray experiences before uud alter entering Cuba litrre are obvious. I do not leel that 1 could render jus tice to my subject while under tho shadow of the {Spanish flag. I therefore commence my story with my return to the Spanish lines. OUT OK CUBA LIBRE. On the memorable morning of my unexpected advent in Manzanillo I jumped out of my hammock at daybreak, made a surprisingly hast.v toilet, grasped a stout stair, and. throwing an overcoat across one arm, declared myself ready to march. mv guides. Of the two volunteers who had faithfully watched my repose during the night one mounted his nag j to show me the way to the town, while the other took my hand in his, pressed it with the lervor of a true man and bade me an earnest adieu. Manzaullio was about a league and a half dis tant. I expected to reach the town and get into i the United States Consulate before many people were astir. Could I only get nnder the roof from whose summit waved the starry (las: my life would be in no immediate danger, but should I be caught by any of the patrols, or apprehended at an ad vanced post, immediate death at the hands of the soldiery awaited me. It was a thin# of everyday occurrence, that of persons from the insurgent lines being HKWED TO PIECES by bloodthirsty ruffians in uniform, and reporting what they liked to superiors, who rarely took the trouble even to Inquire who the unfortunate dead might be. If caught in the Spanish lines before preseo ting myself I would be immediately shot as a spy. There was no alternative, then, but to ran the desperate chances. The success or otherwise of the next hour's inarch was to me a matter of life and death importance. THE TBAUi* TO MANZANILLO. The bird* twittered cheerily on many a dew gpangled spray, the trees, dowers and plants had on their brightest hues and bloomed with more than wonted verdure; each gentle acclivity, bathed In freshening light, assumed its fairest pulse; the gentle zephyrs ol the opening day stole calmly ?ver the scene, attuning the soul to a delicious Bense of nature's harmony and loveliness. In this (glad morning, as the advancing light was lifting the veil from nature's charms I wended my way along the road in the direction of Manzanillo. I knew the danger or my situation, was armed and determined not to be taken cheaply. MY VOLUNTEER GUIDE kept In sight of me, and from time to time stopped at some turn in the road, waiting to assure htin aelf that I was In the right path. He was a young man of Ingenuous countenance, but appearances are deceptive. I never saw him until lust night. Be knew the peril of my position. What If he had galloped off and denounced me to the nearest troops T He conld do it with impunity and receive the applause of his officers. My life was in his bands. Hut no; he was a creoie, a Cuban, a patriot, disguised with the uniform of Spam, and I VTU secure 1U his keeping. ? NBARINO THE TOWN. ^ At a distance of a mile or so from town 1 began So meetoccaslonally a traveller early on the road? sometimes two or three together. It was only then Shat I realized the fact of being far from the most advanced Cuban outposts, and was again com pletely within the Spanish lines, which I had left pear Santiago de Cuba just two months and two ?lay* ago. I confess to having felt a little nervous; bnt, putting on the semblance of careless* pieas and nonchalance, closely eyed each approach SI passenger lest treachery or mischance might tray the secret ol my coming. Yet, although my feppoaraace mast have been singular at that time ?ad place, It seemed to escape the notice of the lew passere-bj encountered on this eventful morn tag. I gained the outskirts of the town, and pres. WUly came within sight of A BLOCKHOUSE POST, situated on an eminence to the left of the road. I was within short rllle range of the place. The nowmenta of the soldiers within and about it were plainly visible. They did not perceive my ap. proach. I slipped by unnoticed, and this danger ens point in the road was left behind. By one of the stores at the entrance to the town were a number of persons talking together. They most be passed either to the right or left, and the question was now WHICH ROAD TO TAKE, faatto Water icMEMce. mv u>pv??pby. I looked for my guide, but lie *u gone and never again aeen by me. Fortunately the right road was that followed, and I wan soon on a Bide street that presently led to a principal one irom which could be aeen the volunteers' barracks, situated on the east aide of the plaza. I passed this building, crossed the plaza and made for the store of Mr. Frederick Koca, who a lew months belore was United States Consul for this port. It was just about six o'clock. Kvcn at this early hour the store was open. I went in and inquired for the Consul, and was informed that BOCA WAS DKAD and Mr. Lanton appointed in hiB place. As the young men in the store evidently knew mc and were wonuering at my singular appearauce, the premises were evacuated by me on the instant, and my footsteps turned in the direction of Lan ton's place. By a little judicious mauu'uvring the house was reached without challenging any par ticular attention. The doors were yet closed, but, I sought a sanctuary In the upper stery of the house, wftere another lamlly live. I was at last within the shadow of THK STARS AND 8TKIPKS and thought myself comparatively safe. Presently the doors of the Consular offlce were opened, and I sat down to await the arrival ol Lanton. A little after soven o'clock Mr. Lanton was in the offlce. He had already been told that some strange-look ing American was awaiting lum. 1 announced my. self as an American citizen, showed my passport and the Spanish cedtila given mc in Havana. He examined the documents leisurely, saying that they were the ouly proof he had of an applicant s right to Consular proteotion. When informed that I had just entered the town FROM THK INSURGENT LINKS and Intended to surrender myself to the Governor of the town he readily agreed to go with me, and evinced a warm desire to do what was possible lor my safety and comfort. I WAS HUNGRY. Reader, there la u tremendous foroe of meaning in these words. A tine bowl or coffee and a plenti ful supply of bread and butter, to which I did ample justice, seemed to me the most delicious meal in the world. The hour had now arrived for me to see the Governor. That meant to go straight to a military prison. Heaven knows when to emerge j from it. Upon arrival AT THE (iOVBKNOR'9 HOUSE the Consnl and I were immediately ushered into j his dread presence. A polite salutation all round J and an Invitation to be Beated followed. Mr. Lan- | ton, with my passport aua cetliita In his hand, ex plained that 1 was an American citizen, who had presented in the Consulate my papers lu due form, and that I was anxious to proceed to Havana with out delay. The Governor examined the ce<tula and found tliut it had not been noted by any Spanish authority since passing through the hamls of Gen eral Benegassi iu Jloiguin on the ?4th of January last. It was then the l&t.h of May. "How is this," asked the Governor, "where have you been all the time since this paper was last noted f" My reply was that I had i>een in the insurgent camp and had just returned that morning, stating also the fact of beiug a special correspondent of the New York Herald. The Governor gave a visible start, but, quickly recovering himself, and bowing rather stiffly when I concluded, he turned to the Consul and said TilE PLAT OK THK DON. "It Is impossible for this gentleman to proceed on his journey. lie is for the present and until further orders detained as a prisoner." This was, or course, expected, so that the launch ing of the JUU caused no surprise. Here Lanton generously proposed that I might remain under ar rest in the Consulate, and that he would be re sponsible lor my appearance when called for. The Governor thought this proposition not acceptable, aud said that I must go to Fort Gerona. Here the Coinmaudunt of that stronghold macfe his advent on the scene, and I was very ceremoniously introduced to my luturc keeper. The Governor having granted me per mission to telegraph to ray friends, I immediately despatched messages to the Herald, to Cousul General Torbert, Consul Youug aud some (nends in New York. I now took leave of the Governor and of Mr. Lanton and accompanied the Com mandant or Fort Gerona to partake of his UNSOLICITED HOSPITALITY. That bright May morning was pleasant. Every thing looked fresh and green. Nature seemed to rejoice 111 the renewal of Spring. My soul was in harmony with the surrounding scene; but the thought of to-morrow doubtful aud dark. The little hill on the northern outskirts of Manzanlllo, that is crowned by Foil Gerona, wus soou topped; the narrow, unsteady drawbridge crossed, the saliy-port passed and the square space lorming the Interior body or the work reached. Over the doors or the dlllerent rooms my eyes caught the words "Coiiuirutancia Of ArtlUerut"Cosina"Escu jKidu," "DfpoxUo'' and "CALABOSO," and to this last named habitation, the common black hole, 1 was blandly introduced. The Com mandant placed hiinseir at my service, telling me to give him my orders in whatever 1 pleased. To those unacquainted with the extravagant nights of Spanish politeness this might have seemed like heartless irony, or an unnecessary addlsg of Insult to injury. I took the offer for what it was worth thin air, words that meant nothing. THK qtKSTION OF DOCUMENTS. I expected to be thoroughly searched for papers or documents. Ample preparations for that dis agreeable proc ess had been made by me days be fore. My notes, letters from President Ccspedes ami other papers were already on tneirwayby the underground railroad. They rescued Man zauillo by secure hamls other than mine. By the same means my papers were salely conveyed here, and they will not reach my possession until I shall have sailed at least the conventional marine league out at sea, beyond the limits of Spanish waters. Let the Dons divine how the thing was done. To their credit l?e It said, however, no Bearch was made or my person, nor was I ever asked for papers. THE HERALD CELL. Leaving me, the Commandant politely bowed himself out, and I was alone with my thoughts, In a room about twenty feet long by ten feet wide, with a rough, broken, tiled floor. In the rear of the cell was placed a large window without glass, high Irom the ground, and closed by a row of stout iron bars. The door looking into the interior or the fortress was terribly strong, doubly locked, bolted and barred on the outside, with a barred space in the upper hair extending across Its whole I breadth. This space was just high enough for me to converse with the sentinel outside by sticking my race against the bars. The window In rear and the open space In the door kept the cell well ven tilated. Through the door nothing was to be seen hut the kitchen and the Commandant's j quarters. Through the window, under which was the ditch or the fort, a rather pleasant view was obtainable or the eastern suburbs?such as tbey are?of the town, while to the south the sea and a portion of the roadstead of Manzanlllo could be well seen. My gallant colleague, Mr. O Kelly, occupied this Identical cell during the greater por tion or his imprisonment In Fort Gerona. the inner man. Mr. Lauton was so prompt In sending things for my comfort that they arrived at the cell nearly as soon as myself. Some chairs, a table, the Inevita ble cot bed and Bome refreshments, made ray new billet assume an air of comfort, if not of luxnry, that was quite consoling under the circumstances. \ 1 verily believe that If one had no money or , friends he might starve in a Spanish prison. No I provisions, that I could see, were made for feed'ng | prisoners, and had not the kind Lanton promptly j ordered my meals from the tavern, nothing, appo I rently, would have been done to keep Me from starving. INCOB MCNICAIK). I was now in strict solitary confinement, Inarm murUcAi'io, so that my nearest and -clearest friends on earth could no more get near me thau if the grave had opened its jaws and swallowed the poor tenant of the cett. From the tines of the Inquisition?that terrible monument of Spanish religious lunacy?thslr code of criminal procedure dates the introduction of the order of irwumrnunicaao. This barbarous decree le fonuaed <m the theory that if Uu kcmuU wore allowed to communicate freely with frtends a ays tern of evidence that might defeat the end* of justice could be concocted by the defence. Here, the law supposes that a prisoner, his counsel and friends are all perjurers; and while charging him with the commission of a crime, requires him to prove his Innocence by DEPRIVING HIM OK ALL POWER AND FACILITIB8 FOR DEFENCE. True, after Uie accused has given his deposition he is then allowed Iree communication, but the State has tuken an unfair start and is a long way ahead of him in the proceedings, where, at cvf ry turn, he is completely at the mercy of the prose cutor. When the boy from the tavern came with my meals he was allowed to walk Into the cell, accom panied by tne sergeant of the guard, leave the meals, walk out again and wait outside uutil lie could remove the dishes and return home. A strict watch was kept during Ills stay, to prevent the boy from communicating with me. 1 earnestly begged of the Commandant t* I.ET ME HAVE A BOOK TO READ, any kind, even the Bible; but, notwithstanding his protests of servicc, under one or another pretext, the coveted means of passing away the timp was withheld until the aiternoon of the second day of my incarceration, when the military at torney detailed to try me, as a great favor allowed me to have an odd volume of a trashy Spaulsh novel. As I did not smoke, and was not allowed to read, during the first and part of the second day's imprisonment time hnng heavy on my hands. The hours were passed In mentally debating my chances of life or death by sentence of court martial; whether the American government would afford me any protec tion, and how long, under any circumstances, I would have to remain in prison. Burled in such Hke cogitations, I would. In the evening, nutunt the window sill, and. pressing my face airVinst its cold bars, watch, with unwearylog-feye, the calm, glori ous descent of the setting sun, surrounded by the refulgent rays of his thousand glories, until, do- j scending with him, they were "in the deep bosom of tne ocean burled." CARL1ST PRISONERS ON GPARD. The troops who mounted guard in the fortress had but arrived from Spain, via Havana, the day before my arrest. They were Carlist prisoners, who, having suffered longer or shorter terms of confinement, had consented to volunteer for active service inCuba rather than remain indefinitely in jail or be sent to Fernando Po. I made friends with nearly every sentinel placed at my door. They wero NEARLY ALL MURK BOYS, some of them not exceeding fourteen years old, and none ovor nineteen or twenty. One of them repeatedly offered to convey outside any secret message to my friends. There was nothing very urgent, indeed, to employ the lad's service, but had there been 1 would have hesitated to use him. Several of them told me confidentially that they were out in Cnba agalusr. their will, and that upon the first opportunity tliey would "go." They did not say whore, but a significant wag of the head and shrug of the shoulders told me It would be anywhere but to the front. They would desert, in fact. THK DEPOSITIONS. On the second morning of my confinement, May 18. Majer Carrean, the military prosecutor ap pointed to try my case, accompanied by a subordi nate officer as clerk and the man Caceres, Alcalde of the town, entered my cell. The short courte-sles exchanged were ceremonious and cold. The Major read his authority to proceed against me on A CHARGE OP "INFIDENCIA" (unfaithfulness, a crime equivalent to treason) against the Spanish government. I expressed my self ready to give my declaration, prorlded the United States Consular Agent were present. Caderes wauted to know ir 1 were a native born or naturalized. This question he asked several times, and each time he received the answer, "I AM AN AMERICAN CITIZEN." Major Carrean said that my demand for the presence of the Consul was right and that he would have Lauton cited for the next morning, at seven o'clock, and in the meantime adjourn all proceedings until that hour. Caceres sneaked out in a discomfited manner and I have not seen him since. The Major and his clerk took a friendly leave till the next morning. THE TELEGRAPn OAGOKD. Fearing that some accident might have happened to prevent my first telegrams from reaching their destinations, I requested the Commandant to ask the Governor for leave to send the Herald the tel gram of which the following is a translation "I am prisoner In a Spanish fortress for having visited the camp of Cespcdes." The Governor replied that there was no use dis guising the fact of ray arrest being caused by going to the rebel camp without authority, and that my telegram, to be allowed to go on, must bear that acknowledgment on its face. I had no hesitation in adding the words "without authorization" to the telegram, and returned it, trusting the message would be sent off. In a short time the Comman dant returned, telling me that the Governor was NOT SATISFIED WITH THE PI1RASEOLOUY of the telegram, and would retain it until one to his liking should be made out. This was provok ing, but, determining to take things coolly, I de sired the Commandant to write out a inessago in such words as he close, and, provided it contained the sense of what I wanted to convey, in words pleasing to the Governor, 1 would sign It. Between ua we made out a telegram that we both agreed ought to do, and he carried it off to the Governor. In an hour or so the Commandant returned the third time, having in his hand a note rrom the Governor, which he showed me. The letter, di vested of verbiage, circumlocution and Spanish compliments, meant to say that the form of my message not yet satlslylng him. it WOULD NOT BE PERMITTED TO fiO OVER THE WIRES, with a thousand regrets, assurances, apprecia tions, Ac. My heart sunk within me at this news. Was I to be arbitrarily cut off from communication with my friends and remain here at the mercy of a remorseless military despotism? I contented myself with the resolution of appealing next day to the Consul. On the morning of May 18, at seven o'clock, my cell door was opened, and Major Carrean, Consul Lauton, tne Count of San Luis, aide-de-camp to General Menduina, ami Carreon's clerk entered. Everything was now ready lor the taking of my deposition. The man Caceres wisely did not put In an appcarancc. PROTESTS IN POINT. Before replying to any questions 1 asked the privilege to Bay that, while willing not to place any obstacles In the way of the proceedings, it be. came my duty to enter a couple of protests, which the prosecuting attorney could place in whatever part of the case It might be customary. I pro tested In the first place to l>elug tried by a mili tary tribunal for the reason that the United States, of which I i<m a citizen, does not recognize the existence of a state ot belligerency In Cuba; the Spanish government denies that there is any state of war in the island, and, while so denying, they could not at the same time try a foreign cltl zen by a military Judge, he having nothing what ever to do with the ariny. In the next place, I protested against hetng tried on the charge of In fidelity, or treason to the Spanish government. I am an American, and never owed any allegiance to the government of Spain. Where NO ALLEGIANCE 19 Dl'E, NONK CAN BE EXACTED. I could not, therefore, possibly be gnllty of un faithfulness to Spain. If the cnarge were that of levying war against the government of Spain, or for giving aid and comfort to her enemies, then It would stand; but the charge now made could not be sustained. The prosecuting attorney heard me ont, and said that my right of protest was well founded, but that It must be made through the United states Con sulate and to the Governor directly, as according to the laws nnder which he proceeded, which conld not be altered, these protests, however just In themselves, could have no place In the case that he was consulting. I recognized the Justice of his remark, and said that I was thus saved my right of nrotest declared myself ready to procced with the deposition. A CUNNING SPANISH PARC*. I subsequently learned that while all this farce was being played oat, the Governor t MansaniUo had .atfeaOi rewired ordert to release me, they baring reached him the night belore. AN ENDEAVOR TO "PUMP" TOR PRISONER. The subject matter upon which they examined bore no relation whatever to; the question of my guilt or Innocence of the charge of "unfaithful ness." On the cwntrary, the questions put to me were touching the manner or my getting inte the insurgent lines from Santiago de Cuba; where I had met Cespedes and the other Cuban chiefs; how many, and where they were, and how I bad managed to reaoh Manzanillo unobserved. To many of the questions asked I gave no reply what ever. to others of them vague answers that served to save mo irom feeing proceeded against for con tempt of Court, but furuiBhed not the slightest scrap of Information that could be turned to the least account even by the most ingenious Spaniard. TUB SUB-STORY OF A SPANISH DEFEAT. My l'rosecutlng Attorney, with a detachment of about two hundred and fifty men, while on escort duty to Baynmo, about three weeks before this time, had been ambuscaded and completely de feated by the Cuban patriot General Modeste Diaz. Carreau was, therefore, very anxious to know the whereabouts of Diaz, "Who," said the Major, "In the late fight bad EIGHT HUNDRED MEN AGAINST MY ONE IICNDRED and twenty; and he ought, therefore, to have annihilated my

whole command." Diaz, to my own certain knowledge, bad less than three humlred men in the action alluded to. Finding that nothing useful could be extracted from me, the prosecutor put a good face on mat tors and declared the examination closed. I was glad of it; but imagine my surprise and boundless joy to find, when the Commandant came to me, shortly afterwards, that MY RELEASE IIAD BEEN ORDERED. I had the pleasure or breakfasting, a free man, with Lauton, and lost no time in obtaining a pass for Santiago de Cuba?for which port I sailed a couple of hours after my prison doors were openeu. THE MYSTERY OF RELEASE. Before the arrest of Mr. Price, Englishmen at tributed my release to the influence of the Ameri can irovernmenl, and the fear wlucli they thought the Spaniards entertain of hostilities with the United States. Others think that it was due to a misunderstanding on the part of the Captain General of the true nature and gravity of the charge against me, while a few shrewd oues with whom I have conversed think that Pieltal'n regrets the absurd severity of the treatment of O'Kelly by Ceballos, aud which he Is endeavoring to remedy without confessing openly to the world that the official conduct of his predecessor entitled the world to write that gentleman down an ass. Were it not lor this the same shrewd people believe that Mr. O'Kelly would have been Immediately released. As I have before said, immediately upon my re< lease I determined to set out without delay for Santiago de Cuba, where my colleague and friend, Mr. O'Kelly, was imprisoned, in order to ascertain If I could be of service to him belore returning to New York. THE COSTUME OF CUBA LIBRE. A couple or hours after getting out ot prison I was aboard the Villa Clara and steaming for the ? port of Santiago. On board the ship my tremen dously seedy linen suit, torn boots aud awfully broad-brimmed hat, H la rtuunbi, attracted a good deal more of attention than was quite agreeable. The officers and passengers seemed at a loss to make me out, but some way It got winded about that I was the released Herald correspondent. This discovery brought me a good many SCOWLING SIDE GLANCES from beneath lowering brows, to whlcn I paid not the slightest attention. I exchanged not a word with any one during the entire trip from Manza nlllo to Santiago. The same afternoon of our departure from Man zaniilo the Captain of the ship and some officers got Into a warm discussion about the manners and customs of the United States. The Captain loud mouthedly condemned, In unmeasured terms, everything American. He lashed himself into a rearful rury or wrath; nnd. attempting to imitate, in his own peculiar way. some of our national traits of character, denounced all Yankeedom as barba rous, savage, uncivilized and hateful In the ex treme. I felt more sorrow than anger for t'ae fel low who gave this provoking EXHIBITION OF HIS OWN IGNORANCE and narrow-mindedness; but thinking that there might possibly be a trap laid to draw me into a dis cussion and a qnarrel, in order to procure my re arrest, I took no notice of this preposterous out rage on the rights and feelings or inoffensive trav ellers?by the very man, too, who should be the first to protect rrotn insult passengers of all na tionalities, placed temporarily under his care. Travelling Americans should not, by any mistake, get on botird the steamer Villa Clara. SANTIAGO DE CUBA. The next morning, May 18, we passed the Morro Castle at daylight and steamed up the magnificent and very picturesque bay of Santiago de Cuba. Upon disembarking I went straight to the United States Consulate. The Vice Consul, Mr. Schinlt, ? was already stirring, and Just on his way over to the hotel or Consul Young, to accompany that gen tleman to the Morro Castle, on a visit to Mr. O'Kelly. The Consul was already aware that I had been released and expected ray coming. It was my ardent desire to accompany theso gentlemen to see Mr. O'Kelly, hut I was obliged to postpone the visit until next day. because or the difficulty in Immediately procuring a pass, and the ract that the Governor or the Morro Castle would admit no one excepting by an order irom the General. MORE SPANISH COURTESY. At night I accompanied Consul Young to pay my respects to the General commanding the district. He received us very ceremoniously, but graciously, Through him I thanked the Spanish authorities for the promptitude with which my case had been despatched In Manzanlllo. The General wreathed his face with a variety of smiles at this compli ment, unwarranted, perhaps, to his fellow officials. He ts a bright, dapper little rellow or about rorty, with a good, restless brown eye, and as nimble and exactlngly polite as a French dancing master. He at once acceded to my request ror permission to see Mr. O'Kelly. This being the object of my call, It was not deemed prudent or convenient to at tempt to interview the little gentleman. TIIE ARCIIKISHOP or Santiago de Cuba and three or rour other per sons prominent in local atralrs were with the Gen eral His Eminence looked benlgnanMy ami con descendingly enough upon us, wreathing his rubi cund visage in a multitude of what were Intended to be pleasant and patronizing smiles. The Arch bishop Is a large man in every sense of the word, more particularly with regard to his girtn than his stature. He is a roan or about fifty, of command ing presence, with a good Spanish eye and a well shaped head. He was pressed, not to speak It pro fanely, In the uniform of his order and rank. 1 intended going early the next aay to the Morro Castle, but had to wait on the Chier or StafiF, Colonel Martinez, to receive the permit; also for Consul Young, who kindly agreed to accompany me, but who was detailed In his room between three and four hours in giving a long deposition to the military prosecutor, or fiscal, in Mr. O'Kelly's case. The object or this examination seemed to be to find out if Mr. Young knew or the existence or ANY CIPHER OR KEY by which Mr. O'Kclley conducted his correspond ence with the Herald and with Mr. Price, and also to learn If Mr. Young was acquainted with any or the Cuban leaders in Santiago. THE MORRO CAOTLK is aliout an hour's easy and pleasant drive frem Santiago de Cuba. It Is perched upon a rocky steep on the south side of the entrance to the bay or that name. It is an Irregularly traced perma nent work, belonging to the style or military archi tecture of the early part of the last centnry. Ad vantage has been taken or the shelving recesses In the rock to lay the foundations or walls once formidable, new crumbling and inadequate to re sist the shock of modern artillery. Its guns are old smooth-bore pieces of small calibre, generally or brass. I saw a few iron eighteen and twenty four pounders and a thlrteen-lnch brass mortar. I was not, however, over all the work* of the fortress. THB VTBW8 raOM THE RAMP Arm vmimmnbm* that might do looked upon to any country. To the south and cast, far below the feet of the spectator, glisten and shimmer the bright. Woe waters of the ocean, stretching their silvery expanses to the confines of the distant horison. To the west, the lofty, tree-clad range of the Cobre Mountains rises Its dizzy peaks in the etheroal Dlue of the cloud less sky. The flood of effulgent tropical light that bathe* their rugged slopes shows the majestic formB of these giant seutluels of the coast, In a variety of shape and shade, exquisitely strand and beautiful. To the north lie tbe Hllvery, smiling waters of tne bay, with the handsome city of San tiago de Cuba, pleasantly situated on a rising ground at Its northern extremity. Ttie vessels of many nations show their multiform ensigns from tall, shlpmast tops, and a goodly line of moun tains, crowned by the blockhouse forts of the Spanish troops, forms a meet background to the picture. HALTED. Wc reached the Morro; and after the vexatious delay of being halted by an avanced sentinel, at least two hundred yards from the glacis, we were conducted to the quarters of tho Commandant, Captain Martinez. I had known the geutleman j t>elore. *He received us with courtesy and kind ness, offering refreshments and instructing an officer to at once accompany us to Mr. O'Kelly's cell. ? the prison. The old drawbrlge creaked and swung on its rusty hinges as we followed our guide over the main ditch of the fortress, through a low and deep sally port cut through the ramparts and riveted with masonry, Into the body of the pljiCQ, past the main guard, through a couple of posterns and up to the Iron-studded and barred door of a casemate. Having obtained the key, our guide applied It to the stout, rustv lock. A chill of horror flashed across my mind as I thought of the poor fellow tjnmured within and of my own recent release from a similar dungeon. The heavy door swung back and the next moment THE F1KM, FRIENDLY GRASP OF 0'KELLY'S HAND was In mine. Mutual greetings or a mutually pleasant nature were rapidly exchanged between us, to the utter forgetfulness?at least on my part?of the presence either of consul Young or | the Spanish officer who accompanied us. O'KELLY'S CELL. The casemate in which Mr. O'Kelly was conflned I is about twenty feet long by fourteen feet wide. The arched celling appeared to be about ten feet high. A strongly iron-barred, uuglazed window let in Doth light and air. This aperture in the mas sive masonry is about two and a half feet high by twenty inches wide. The walls are whitewashed and bare, the floor dry and formed of a hard con glomerate of gravel and lime. Three chairs, Includ ing a rocker, a canvas-bottomed cot bed, a small table, with some books and writing materials, formed the furniture of this unique establishment. The prisoner was allowed two hours' exercise out ol the twenty-four. Ho had not yet been out, so that we came in good time to accompany him round the ramparts, it ought to be mentioned that he was allowed to board him self. As O'Kelly stood up to go out of the cell he straightened himself, passing his hand up his fore head and running his fingers through his hair. I noticed that he LOOKED A LITTLE PALER and a shade thinner than when last we met, but the same tire that burned in his eye and lighted up his countenance as our animated conversation progressed showed that long imprisonment and many hardships had Deen unablo to bend the spirit. Mr. O'Kelly said that in the Morro he was much better treated than In Fort Oerbna. The officers, so far as lay in their power, seemed to be attentive and considerate. But no progress was being made with his trial. THE I.ITKKW ARM NESS OF THE BRITISH CONSUL GENERAL, Dunlop, and of the Vice Consul, Ramsden, of Santi ago tie Cuba, was the principal cause of his long incarceration. Turning to me, O'Kelly emphati cally remarked i "I look upon Dunlop and Itamsden as being my real jailers." He theu proceeded to recount some of the Indig nities put upon him in Manzanillo. In his own dry, ironical way he amused ub by painting the hypocrisy and malicious cunning of the man C'areres, the Alcalde 01 Manzanlllo. He went over THE HARDSHIPS SUFFERED IN THE OLD CELL In Fort Gerona?tho one that I subsequently in habited for a couple of dreary days. He recounted the sleepless nights passed with an armed sentry by his bedside, who was relieved every half hour with the slamming of the cell door, the ringing arms and the hoarsely whispered order to prick him with the bayonet?picarle con la bayoneta?it he moved during the night. He related the fact of having thrust into his cell at one time a criminal, i and upon another occasion a drunken man. The latter became furious with intoxicated madness, and It became necessary to have htm bound and placed In a separate cell, FEARING 1IE MIGHT HURT THE SENTINEL. But no fears appear to have been entertained ?that the defenceless prisoner might be grievously injured. He vividly painted the Incidents of the night when they removed him on ship board, bound with a file of soldiers on either side, and one following close behind holding tho end of the rope. Mr. Hipplsley, the Commander of the British war sloop Plover, had treated him kindly, and through his interference Mr. O'Kelly had been removed to better quarters in Fort Gerona. He believed that If Hipplsley had the power and au thority to act that officer Tvould have brought him home at all hazards. A PRYING PRELATE. His Eminence the Archbishop of Santiago de Cuba, accompanied by some other persons, went to the Morro Castle to see Mr. O'Kelly. "But," said that gentleman, "they did not come to pay me a friendly visit, sending their names so that I might know that the call was intended for me; they stood at a distance and eyed me like some natural curiosity that was a treat to behold, ?o 1 decidedly and without remorse turned my back on the Archbishop and his friends." Taking a friendly leave of Mr. O'Kelly, it was with the impreision that we would not meet again In tbe island. A BRITISH OPINION. It ii worthy of record that in conversation, after my release from prison, Commander hipplsley re marked to Vice Consul Ramsden "British influence can do notliing here; you and I, Ramsden, had better take out our naturalization papers and become American citizens." "I think so, too," assented Ramsden. Upon another occasion the Irreppressible and irate Hipplsley remarked "Only think or It! That confounded Mlllen re leased after two days' Imprisonment, and he charged with the same offence as Mr. O'Kelly, who is treated with such rigor; and all because Mlllen happens to be an American citizen. It's preposterous." The fact is that my prompt release was looked upon with great dissatisfaction by British repre sentatives in the island, because they caw in it a proof ol American influence with the Spaniards and a sign of wholesome rear entertained by them of the American people. A FELLOW PASSENGER. The night before sailing /or Havana I learned that Mr. O'Kelly was to be taken to that city, where, It was generally betleved at the time, he would be liberated. By a lucky accident we were to sail In the same steamer, on our way down the bay the Villa Ciara stopped In front or the Morro Castle, whence Mr. O'Kelly was taken aboard. He was delivered over to the charge of Major Fernan dez and two policemen. Mr. A. N. Young, Unived States Consul, Mr. F. W. Ramsden, British Vice Consul, Commander Hipplsley and two other officers of the Plover came with him, and took their leave aboard the steamer. THE JOURNEY TO HAVANA. No restraint whatever wu put upon Mr. O'Kelly's actions on the way between Santiago do Cuba and Uavana. He and I were uninterruptedly together on the steamer and on tie cars, and, so far as I could ascertain, Major Ferrandez en deavored to discharge Ma duty as inoffensively ?and in the least possible manner oatouiated to wound his prisoner's reelings. Tho obnoxious policemen were only seen at adiatanoo, or, wien route, were conveniently placed In some corner, ss they could see without being seen. On the evening of tke 25th of lut month Mr. O'Kelly and I arrived in Havana. While be west to the office of tUe Chief of Staff, in the Captain General's palace, I set out to And Mr. Leopold Price, the Herald's regular correspondent In tais city. Great was my astonishment to lettn that HI, TOO, WAS A PRISONER in solitary confinement fyr the past lour or fivs days. Mr. springer, of the Untied States Con sulate General, went with me, and impar particulars of the arrest to Mr. O'Kelly. Hereil took tlnal leave of my colleague, intending ts start by the first steamer for New York. The next morning 1 ascertained that Mr. O'Kelly was suddenly again placed in solitary confinement, and that Mr. Price continued in the same state. Under tlieBe circumstances I could do absolutely nothing for either prisoner; not even Consul General Torbert conld see them. In the evening, ascertaining that Mr. Price's deposition having been taken, he was allowed to see his iriends, hia family were going to see him the next morning and I determined to go also. PORT CABANAS. The morning following, at seven o'clock, I Jumped into a boat and was transported across the harbor to the foot of Fort Cabanas, where Price and O'Kelly were both confined. It is a strong fortress,' built on a bluff, on the north side of the harbor, commanding and protecting the city of Havana. Like tU^othgt jjpgftlsli works on the Island, it la of very old standing, wretchedly out of order and totally unlit to offer any formidable resistance ts modern artillery. I did not see any guns mounted on cither the casemate or b'arbette batteries witbla view. Alter wending for some time through chasms of strong mauonry and yawning gateways I was stopped by a sentinel, who demanded my business. Upon seeing the officer of the guard be said that I MR. PRICE COULD UK HERN, BUT NOT MR. O'KELW. They were tn that part of the fort which is used as a military prison, near the main guard, In the body of the place." . _/'f* . - >4 MR. PRICE'S CELL is a bomb proof about thirty feet long by eighteen' feet wide, arched overhead and closed in the rear; while in the front it looks across a dreary oourt yard at a similar cell, or at an uuplcasant looking stone wall. His habitation rejoices In the posses sion of two large iron-barred, unglazed windows, with an awfully forbidding looking door between them. The floor of the cell is hard, though not quite dry. A thriving colony of rats, assisted by a populous nest of cockroaches, have succeeded in beguiling the wakeful hours of Mr. Price, in a man ner hardly to be appreciated. The omnipresent cot bed, a few chairs, a small table and some books ornamented this cheerful dwelling. A FAMILY MEETING. It was a sad and touching sight to see the frank, honest face' of Mr. Trice, the very imago of resigned and suffering innocence, turn towards me from the midst of his amiable and suffering family, extending the hand of good fellowship and welcome to hts solitary cell. WHO CAUSED THE ARREST f All that I could learn touching Mr. Price's arrest was that the military prosecutor conducting Mr. O'Kelly's case had caused it. No reason was given to justify the proceeding, but from the nature of the questions asked the prisoner in giving his declaration, It appeared to be to find out the na ture and extent of his correspondence with Mr. O'Kelly; If they used a key or cipher, and if any UNDERGROUND MBSSA0E3 were habitually forwarded to the Herald. These, briefly, are the questions, so far as I know, to re solve which Price was Illegally thrown Into prison. Mr. Price bore his imprisonment with fertitnds and manliness, but was evldeutly muck pressed bjr the weight of his misfortune. Mrs. Price, two fine little lellows, her sons, and her sisters were greatly afflicted because ol the temporary sufferings of Mr Price, but consoled themselves with the idea that hl3 imprisonment would last only lor a few days ionizer. SPANISH MEANNESS AND CRUELTY. I was grieved to learn from Mr. Price that the night before last Mr. O'Kelly had slept on the rough, damp ground of his cell floor, not having a bed, but that last night an officer had been Induced FOR A CONSIDERATION to let him have one. The officer also told Mr. Price that Mr. O'Kelly was confined in a horrihle cell, without any tloor save the wet ground, and that tr kept there many days It would be the death or him. This will convey the contemptible vengeance which a Spanish officer can take and how he can turn a dishonest penny without shame. Knowing that I could do nothing myself, and conld not prudently venture to see the authorities, I im mediately went to the British Consulate and re lated the whole story of Mr. O'Kelly's present suf ferings to Mr. Crawford, who is acting In place ol Mr. Dunlop. TnE ACTING BRITISH CONSUL GENERAL appeared neither to have sympathy nor pity for the prisoner. He said:? "Mr. O'Kelly put his nose In the business; not only so, but his whole face." To this unfeeling remark I was too Indignant to reply. Crawford deliberately said that he WOULD NOT MOVK nAND OR FOOT excepting to save Mr. O'Kelly's life, because the Imprudent and inconsiderate course observed by him in the island had brought about all the diffi culties with the authorities; that foreigners had no right to expect one law for them and another for the people of the tountry. A VRRV PRO-SPANISH OFFICIAL. In coming to Cuba people must abide by the lawn and not try to twist them to the suiting of individ uals. If the authorities threw their own people into prison any length or time without specifying charges foreigners ware liable to the same treat ment. I demurred to this proposition, but that did not signify to Crawford. "By the way," said Consul Crawford, "you wore lucky; you had a narrow escape; how did you manage to get out of prison so speedily?" "That," said I, "you must Inquire of the Captain General; tor I can only tell you that after my depo sition, which was taken in presence of the United States Viae Consular Agent, Mr. Lauton, I was rd6ftS6d/' Crawford admitted that he was advised by letter from Mr. Vice Consul Kamsden 01 Mr. O'Kelly's coming to Havana; that the letter had reached him beiore ten o'clock on the morning of the iiflth? the arrival being on the night of the 25th?but that no steps whatever had been taken in lavor of the prisoner. He mumbled out that If Mr. ltamsden had telegraphed in time something might have been aone. He would now write to the proper authority, and try to get admission to see Mr. O'Kelly. w , . , Upon returning to my hotel I found a message from Major Fernandez, desiring me to go to his quarters and receive O'Kelly's baggage. Until that moment I thought that his things, being in the hands of the government, had, of course, been given to him for use in his cell. Beaching the Major's quarters I found that he had gone out and would not return until late that night. My flrst care next day was to get Mr. O'Kelly's baggage and take It. to the British Consulate to have tt sent to Fort Cabana without delay. Positively nothing had yet been done for poor O'Kelly. THK CAPTAIN GENERAL'S SARCASM. Consul Crawford said that he had t>ecn speaking to the Captain General ahout my case, and than Ills Excellency intimated the fact of my bemg re leased under an erroneous Impression as to tno merits of the case. Crawiord a'3Ce|*J"1** was no difference between Mr. O'Kellys case and mine and lie could not understand why an Ameri can s'hosld be released and a British subject kept in nrisun under one and the same set of clrcura stances The Captain General replied that if Con "VoSiId'a FORMAL INFORMATION AGAINST Ml he would order my rearrest. This, the smiling S&nStefc* ttWF' saw 7e"yXiai7wU IbWtoVAoa tnte"tlo? purFKHRSD NOT ENJOYING MT LIBERTY 01V " SUFFERANCE ft-nm anv one. and therefore advised him not to ?nare me as. If it should be lound that my govern ment did not aflord the protection to which all Americans are entitled, I was pRpared to undergo whatever punishment an arbitrary and illegal mili tary court might tn its caprice and tho whim or the moment inflict upon me. The Consul sllded in ft disclaimer of sinister intentions; but ?YIDINTLY III WAS NOT PLIASID that Americans should not be treated with the ut most rigor of the barbarous military laws under which The people have groaned until patience ceased to be a vtrtne. BIPLANATORY. Here let me put it on record that Mr. O'Kelly IS entirely blameless in connection with any assist ance, direct or Indirect, that Spanish authorities might suppose him to have rendered me tn raacft Ing the Cuban lines. My going there and coming back are acts entirely of ay ?wn^*oinj^nMgMl

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