Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 18, 1873, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 18, 1873 Page 3
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A Herald Correspoodcnt's Journey to the Capital. How Civil War is Waged on the High Road to Madrid. Stoppage of the Diligences by Carlist Bands. THE SPANIARDS CALUMNIATED. COLONEL 6. H. BlITLER AMONG THE CARLISTS Escorted Railway Trains and Burning Stations. The Grossly Exaggerated Heports of the "Anarohy and Civil War.'' The Rising of National Guards on the 23d of April and the Coup d'Etat of Pi y Margall. Hunting Alter Monarchist Leaders. Blarshal Serrano, the Diiehewt de la Torre and the Countess of Montijo, Mother of the Ex-Empress of the French. A Bull Fight Restoring Tranquil lity and Order. Madrid, April !M, MW. Thou jh It may seem heartless to be Jolly at other people's miseries, I must declare that I Have yet seen very little that was not thoroughly comical and burlesque in what Is everywhere described as ??the horrible state or anarchy and civil war Into which Spain has fallen." Alter having: spent about a month in Navarra and Gulpazcoa studying the Carllsts and their leaders, 1 got the Hbrald'h order to look at the other wide of the medal?to go among the red republicans and to push down towards the Puerta del Sol, where armed "gentlemen of the pavement" are engaged in settling the so-called poclal problem much in the same way as the armed peasants of the liasque provinces are settling the question of Spanish legitimacy. A diaTy kept dur Ing last week and embodying a Journey from the Pvrenees down here and an account of the republi can coup <Vitat or "Wednesday last will, perhaps, present a pretty fair picture of the horrora of Spanish anarchy and civil war. April 21.?Start from Bayonne at noon by ex* press to Trun, the first town on the Spanish aide of the ItonMer. In about an hour and a half the train reaches Ilendaye, where passports are care fully Inspected by the French police, and some en couraging advice Is given not to proceed further unless pressed by very Important business, Tor tho roads are infested with Carlists and the mall is missing always for "the last three days." A few persons are intimidated and remain at Ilendaye with a view to reconsider the matter?a decision apparently greatly approved by the two hotel keepers of the place-while the majority proceed over the Bidassoa bridge. The station of Trun tama out to be fortifled by means or primitive earthworks and palisades, which could not present the slightest resistance even to a runaway horse, much less to an attack of armed men. Some of the windows are hair walled up by mean* or an antediluvian kind ot masonry, in which a few ride embrasures arc perforated. The whole Is guarded by a fow POldlers or the line and some militia men In rathor ragged attire. No dlillculty of any sort to put In the way of one's CKOSSINQ INTO SPAIN, no passports asked for. nor even any questions put to what are the traveller's Intentions, viz., whether ho Intended going on the leit to the carl lsts or on the right to San Sebastian. But the lug race l?r mercilessly ransacked, and I had considera ble difficulty m demonstrating to a batch of Custom House officials that a plaid which had served me Car these laHt ten or twelve years, aud was now lastened with a strap, wan not a new article, sub ject to duty. Several small omnibuses were in readiness to carry the passengers to San Sebastian, whence-said the cards distributed among the per sons a sefior Cgalde had comfortable diligences ruining to Zumarraga at the price oi eighty reals a head. To all the inquiries as to tho degree of salety of the road, the answer woh that sometimes there were Carlists and sometimes not, but that no pas senger had been murdered yet. Concerning the integrity of the luggage, however, and the time of arrival at its destination, the answer was somewhat less dlstinct-namely, that the dili gence administration could say nothing and would not undertake any responsibility. As these little omnibuses numbered about half a dozen and the coinpanv was not numerous, we were all tolerably well seated, and driven as fast as could well be de*tred, the road being excellent and the mulws apparently quite fresh. San Sebastlau, once the Gibraltar of Northern Spain, and now, after the lire and ptll&e of 181.1, a mere modern-looking watering placs, was reached about four 1'. M. The little omnibuses deposited as at the oOlce of seflor t'galde, where we were advised to secure the tickets at once, as the nnini?er or places was limited, and the evening tram Irom Bayonne might bring more psissengers. Concerning tke time or our starting nothing c< uid o" said, however, before the dlngeuce sad arrived. We had thus to spend several hours in walking abou? a very dull, though picturesquely situated town, and to have for all recreation a complicated process by which our luggage was weighed and ciurged very nearly the same arnouui us the transport of our own persons. a TRULY SPANIl,!l DINNER, fell of randd oil and jrarllc, or hares and partridges aliot out of season and thoroughly spoiled by an in famous way ol cooking, was another feature of the d*t At last, when we all got quite tired or walt luii we wers told we could go to bed and would bo cau'od at our hotel when the diligence was ready to start. And so we were called at lour A. M., but to bo iielter purpose than that of learning that a dlli r-nre built to carry at the outside eight PO'*"? was now to take twelve inside and three outJiule. As seveial unrlean peasants were among the company desirous to get inside the car riage I *oted for the outside, and got a scat or about aix square inches on a little portable bench plarrd w irwnt of a mountain of luggage on the top of the miserable vehicle. A commercial traveller and a run! were to share It with me. It would be <iulte useless to attempt to describe our post town* durtaif that msmoruble journey of sixteen Hours, ocr leg* were all the time hanging down! as if we were sitting on the edge of a r,,o( 'the lugrfagr mountaiu pushed us violently fromfettiml. t *< < ,cr with the ben. h, escti time j the diligence was driving down hill, while tho C4,a< tunao wiiipjw* 1 u? mercilessly each tune It vt nt up hid. aiMi he t*-c.uiie i ic.ted over the re ins, nve efforts ol m, seven ui'iles. It was only on ooiaa tii> particularly sharp heights that we were oe. a??oualiy relieved irom ihase torments, fo^a I sua wt were thai at liberty to walk along side me coach, Instead of being tortufed on top of j *eaiL 21-After a seven hoars' drive or this description we arrived at ten A. M. at Zumarraga a prosperous uttie town, about Malf way between | San Sebastian and Vittorla. a lunpheon or the same description as the dinner of the>reviotjs day another charge or elehty reals ror oar vats and of as much tor our luggage, were what awiited ns here. The mules were changed once more, bnt the diligence was to remain the same, and every at tempt to Improve oar position on it wm to be given up. At a distance of about ten mllee ire were to meet Car lists, we were told, but had to apprehend no danger, so long as we bad no awort and car ried no official mall, and the Information urned out to by quite correct. Of the six villages situated between Zumarraga and vittorla three were in the hands of the Carlisle and tnrce in those of the republican*. Somehow or other they were, however, so distributed among the rival forces that the tirst village from Zumar raga was Car.ist, the second republican, the third Carlist again, the fourth republican afain, and so on alternately. No attempt to dislodge each other HeemB ever to have been made on either side. PALISADES AND POItTIFIEO BALCONIES and windows were to be seen in every one of the towns and villages, but no occasion tor using these fortifications seemed yet to have presented itself There was also no perceptible change of the pas times of the respective garrisons. Part was inva riably to bo found playing ball in the square in front of the town hall, while others were chatter ing at the doors of the poaaOa (inn). Carllsts had at least sentries posted outside the boroughs, but republicans did not deem it necessary to tase even that trouble. I tried to inquire in every village what was the reason of this 'nexpllcable peaceful ness of the rival rorces and of the apparent want of any desire either to give up warrare at all or to carry it on a little more seriously, and the answers were Invariably the same. The Carllsts told me ey cotiid not attack the enemy because they were not strong enough and had no artillery, while the republicans said there was no use attempting to attack the Carllsts, for they wouldn't fight, and, occupying, as they always do, the hills, they saw every movement of the troops, and new to some new and unexpected spot as soon as the troops started. In fact, they could never be caught, though it was alwa.vB well known where and how many oi them were on hand at a given moment. of course we expected the worst when leaving Zumarraga; and though but a week ago a great friend among the Carllsts and a bearer of all sorts of safe-conducts I had absolutely nothing of the sort in my possession now. It was not safe to carry proois of Carlist acquaintances when going to the republicans. 80 I left every document of this description at Bayonne, and was now fully prepared to be treated on a footing of perfect equality with the rest of the travellers. But great was our astonishment when we actually reached the first village occupied by the Carl lsts, and saw that, except stopping us to see whether we were not armed and did not carry the government's mall bag, they seemed In no way In clined to interfere with us. The coachman paid quite, as a matter of course, 100 reals ($6) toll to the Carlist officer, and gave him some newspapers he had previously read himself on the way from Han Sebastian, where oxen were tugging us up hill and whon he was thus off his whipping duty lhe cur<\ my neighbor on the bench, assured me he had seen how the coachman abstracted several newspapers from the mall bag we had carried Irom San Sebastian to Zumarraga, and said that this was the usual way of newspaper supply to the Carllsts. There Is no need to say that, as we tra velled through Alava and Gulpazcoa, ALL THE SYMPATHIES SEEMED TO BX WITH THK CABLISTS, and the coachman, though paying the toll, to which the travellers had, of course, to contribute, was on most Intimate terms with every man in the bands we met. In all the three villages occupied by the earilsts we had the same quiet sort of test to go through. Pay your one huudred reals, show that you have no official despatches and no arms and you can pass quite freely, bo that, from what I have scon, I rau?t ooocludo the reports about pillaging and murdering the travel lers to be very much exaggerated. The whole thing is a mere stupid comedy, the performance of which one sees irom a most uncomfortable seat, and which one Is compelled to witness for sixteen hours without Interruption. As to danger, there is none beyond that of being at the mercy of very good-natured mountain ruffians, wrapped In rags and armed with all sorts of arms, including even old tratjuco*. The consciousness of the fact that one is at such people's mercy has, probably, in duced people to compose all sorts of dreadful stories of events which soem never to have taken place. Our lives were much more Jeopardized by the thieving proprietor of the diligence, and our luggage much more damaged by the endless ran sacking of trie Custom House officials than by any of the "brigands"' we met on that occaslou at least. Apkil 23.?We reached Vittorla last night at about six o'clock. On approaching the town we met a republican column, composed of Infantry, cavuliy and a couple of cannons. The column was about eight hundred strong, and went out in pur suit of Carllsts. The way in which it marched was something quite Spanish, Indeed. There was neither a rear nor a vanguard. The detachment looked like a mob dregped in uniforms and headed by a colonel dozing ou horsebuck. Vet the soldiers were all flue-looklng men, brilliantly dressed and aimed, and the horses all excellent. A few dozen men ambuscaded on the road could very easily disperse a column like this, and It la Impos sible tliat the Spanish officers should not know it. But it seems that they are utterly unable to enforce anything like discipline or even mere soldier like manners in their trOops. The column assumed a little more warlike aspect on tftls afternoon when It returned to town with something like sixty Car list prisoners they had caught. The Military Oov erner and Commander-in-Chief of Vittorla, Briga dier General Gonzalez, rode out with a numerous suite of OLITTKKINO OFFICER* ol all ranks to meet the conquerors at the out skirt of the town, and presented a most curious sight, dressed as he was In a light *ray overcoat and u chimney-pot hat. He did^ot seem to think It worth while to put on a unltorin, even In per- I lormlng a military ceremony to which, from the appearance of bis staff, considerable lmpor tanco was attached. Yet at Madrid the Ocnoral is supposed to be a good disciplinarian. The prisoners were of course disarmed and locked up in the town Jail, where a couple of dozen Carllsts were lodged already, and where they were received with tremendous cheering by their old companions in arms. And scarcely had the troops retired to the barracks than local sympathizers with Carlism began to congregate arouud the walla ' ot the prison to salute the new comers, leatunjr on I the railings of the prison windows. Of course, there was again no tram from Vit toria. Carllsts were close to Miranda, it was said, and we must see what sort of news would come to' morrow. At the Fonda de Panares, where I had to stay over night, I fcund 1HE LaTK UNITED STATES CONSUL GENKIUI, IN EUTPT. Colonel G. n. Butler, in company of Major J. R. adleigh and of an English journalist, who served them as interpreter. The company were to join the Carllsts as amateurs, and had al ready an interview at Vera with Dorre garay, who, seeing himself just then rather heavily pressed by the republicans, advised Colonel Butler to go to Vittorla to await there lurtiicr news from him, meanwhile fitting himself and company out lor the forthcoming campaign And so I lound the company busily engaged buying horses, saddles and provisions without the repub lican authorities showing the slightest attempt to Interfere with these after all hostile preparations ugainst them. The Fonda de Panares being situated In the leading street 01 the town, opposite the cavalry barracks, everyone would see what the foreigners had come for, yat no one seemed to be the least inclined to oppose the free exer cise of the will of Colonel Butler's narty. Fancy a siiuiUr enterprise being attempted at Paris or Versailles during the Commune I Where would have been the bold amatcnr nowf And yet people talk constantly about the savagery of the Spaniards and Jar* ? throujhont the country. Thoie who see oh the spot tiow ttiiugs are going on her* are retail? puzzled at the peaceful ana unconcerned way Jn whlcri people lire. No one wooid believe there is/a civil war going on at ail. in feet. I Have ?e<*n seen nothing in the way of danger 01* actual disorder yet, though, of j course, I cannot say 1 have aeonv anyUfcng Uke aarety or order, aa these are underaUx^fin civilized countries. It seems to be quite a peculiar state of affairs?chaotic yet tranquil, armed yet peaceful, pc&?yiess yet without any apMfrent misery and with pitnty of leisure and pleasure, sad yet in tensely conical?a state of adhlrs which could not be better deserted Vhan by saying It Is "Spanish," in the sense in which "Dutch" is used by tlie com mon folk when expressing something particularly queer. Colonel Butler had one rather characteristic ex perience at Dorregaray'a headquarters. The Car list General and the American Colonel discussed the possibility of the latter remaining at once with the lormer, without going to Vlttoria. The ques tion was, where to get horses. The town of Vera seemed not to possess a single four-legged beast, except a lew sheep and dogs. But the General said that perhaps something else could be found, and ordered his aid-de-camp at once to proceed with a search "'and requi sition. Hie company meanwhile went on discuss ing other detail*, when, mnoh to the general as tonishment, the offlcer returned with a radiant face, aaying he had found already two beautiful horses, and every one rushed to the window to have a look at them. But what must have been Colonel Butler's surprise when be saw his own car rlage horses requisitioned for him and marched with triumph Into the courtyard. He had hired at St. Jean do Luz a carriage and pair to bring him across to Vera, and had, of course, to take full re sponsibllty for Its safety; consequently this successful requisition could not suit him In any way, and the party had to give up all hope of join. Ing Dorregaray's staff and to proceed to Vlttoria lor purchasing the necessary outtit. I found them at the Fonda de Panares, busily engaged buying horses, saddles and other war material, and al though in a little provisional town like that evcry tnlng becomes known at once, and consequently every one knew immediately what the extranjerns were about, no one seemed inclined to interfere with their evidently hostile intentions to the Re public. These little facts show the business-like way In which things are done on both sides, and how the population is favorable to the CarllatB in the whole north of Spain. My prospect of going beyond Vlttoria was by no means particularly fair on my reaching that town in the evening of the 22d. No train had ar rlvcd on that day irom Madrid, and the news was that A NEW CURE OP SANTA CROZ had appeared close to Miranda and was burning the stntions and tearing up the rails. The whole of the next morning and afternoon were spent In inquiries as to whether there was any hope for a train. Of course uo official was to be found knowing any thing, and the whole town soemed to have given Itself a general rendezvous on the platform of the station, in the hope to learn something new from the capital and from the ravaged neighbor hood of Miranda. It was only about lour o'clock P. M. that a distant whisi ling of the engine gave us hope of improving our position, and within a few mlnuteB afterwards, a rather long train drew to the piatform, and, much to my as tonishment, poured out no end of tmaOorea and carabtneroa. This was the escort. The Carlists having over and over again declared that they would Ore at any train conveying soldiers, an ex pedient seems to have been found in almost her metically locking up the escort in luggage vans, bo that it might protect the train in case of need, and not expose it to dauger. THE PASSENMERfl AND SOLDIERS arrived brought us some news which showed that all the rumors were exaggerated, as is always the case. A Carlmt band, under the command of the Cnrt5 of Alaya, had set the second station beyond Miranda on Are, consequent on a "misunderstand ing" between the Curt and the station master, and this was the cause of the previoas day's trains not coming through; but now the band was being pur sued and the line clear. sti.'l this did not seem to satisiy the railway authorities, and a good deal or hot discussion was necessary before the engine was ordered to be put the other way and tickets for Madrid began to be distributed. In about an hours' time the same escort was again locked up In the lug gage vans; the travellers "lortllled'' their carriage wltn cushions and Bimllar things put against the windows, and the train cautiously started forward at a rate of not more than eight or ten miles an hour. Towards ten at night we reached Miranda, and In about hair an hour afterwards passed the station, which was still burning. But beyond this little amusing sight we met with absolutely noth ing capable of varying the monotony of a slow and tedious Journey. By and by everybody went to sleep without, apparently, taking any contemplative interest of the sights which old cities like Burgos und ValladoUd presented In a moonlight night. And it was only at the station of Kscorial. the next morning at six o'clock, that pas sengers were awakened by the agreeable Informa tion that they would probably not be able to enter the capital, as a revolution had broken out there on the previous day. The station-master was now awaiting instructions by telegraph irom Madrid as to whether the train was to be despatched. April 24.?There is no need to repeat all the ru mors which comforted ns at Kscorial. The up train of tbe previous night had brought the news that all Important buildings, Including the sta tion. were occupied by the federals, who shot at everybody who did not Join them; the army had partly mutinied, pnrtly fled; Serrano and PI y Margall had fought a duel and so on. Happily enough, an order to proceed further was soon received, and at abont ten A. M. we entered the Northern station or Madrid, on tho platform of which rag ged national guards were iraternlzlng with gendarmes. Everything seemed to have been settle l, and though the streets were crowded with a vociferous and gesticulating mob. a considerable portion of which bore arms, there were no shots to be heard, nor anything to bo seen suggestive of their possible comiug by and by. The omnibuses and carriages from tbe railway station had great difficulty in passing through the streets, but de posited all of us quite salely at our respective hoie Is. The story of the onaangulnary revolution, on the morrow of which I thus reached the capital of Spain, csn bo given in a very few words. When the As aembly ?aa dissolved a Permanent Committee, with rather indistinctly limited powers, was left Bitting till the new e ections should be over, it was supposed partly to watch over, partly to co-operate with the Executive. Mm as it tamed out to be thoroughly monarchical in its tendencies co-opera tion became out of the question and watching whs transforup-d into a regular party light. The com mittee inflated upon the elections being postponed and the old Assembly reconvokcd, 10 which the re publican acaUuet would, of course, never agree. Thence aft OPEN HOSTILITY which waled only a pretext for being changed Into a light. Jticn a pretext was soon lound. The wife of heflor Flgueras having died, the President ol the Executive expressed hla desire to retire for a few i days lro|n bnsini ss, and the Ministry appointed Seflor Pi y Margall to fill the President's post pro Urmjnre. The Permanent Committee objected to this appointment, aaylng it was Its (the commit tee's) business, nut the Cabinet's, to make the appointment under such circumstances. Some forty-eight hours were spent In bitter discussionv and at the same time a rumor was spread that a number of old generals and all the members of the committee were hold ing conferences at Marshal Serrano's house, which was full day and nitrnt of all sorts of leading men of the lormer monarchies. SE.NOR ESTEVAXKZ, THE PKKFKCT OF MADRID, was the man who smelt out everything. He seamed in the beginning to listen to somo overtures m.ulo to him, took advantage of them for inquiring Into the nature of the proposed arrangements, and when he had learned that a number of commanding ofBcers or the regular army had 4d<d with Marshal Serrano rushed to PI y Margall and made bim sign ana others more reliable appointed In their place. The army was thua practically neutralised, and for still freater safety part of It sent ont of town un der some pretext or other. The government had wisely and shrewdly decided that the coutest, If any, should he," as far as possible, limited ^to the national guards. Tbev knew they would o\ufnumber tlie old monarchical battalions; and so^h in reality was the case. The monarchical junt^assembled at Serrano's house, not yet know ing tha? the commanding officers upon which It reckoned were already dismissed, ordered eloven battailous of tlie old Amadeo's national guards to assemble, under the pretest of a review on the Plaza de Toros, and expected that at a given moment the several regiments would join these battailous, numbering something like four thousand men. unt Seflor Kstevanez, watching every movement of the opposite party, ordered the republican battalions also to assemble for a review on the same spot, and got the whole artillery of Madrid to join them. Tho command was entrusted to General Contreras, the only man shot at on that day, when ho marched to the uerta de Aicala with his republican loroes. Otherwise there was no end of noise, bnt no blood shed of any sort. The ringleaders of the move

ments Including Marshal Serrano, took at once to ittht wheu the republican victory became evident, and, as t nutter of course, the government, having crushed this monarchical conspiracy, took ad vantage or Its victory for dissolving THE OBNOXIOUS PERMANENT COMMITTEE, Justly supposed to be the source of the abortive at tempt at creating disturbance. The decree dis solving the committee, and published In the offlcial Oaceta de Madrid, may be abbreviated thus:? "Whereas the Permanent Committee of tne Assem bly has been, by ub conduct, acause of perturbation and disorder, Ac.; whereas It occasioned the e?n nictof yesterday, Ac., it is decreed that the said Permanent Committee be dissolved and the gov ernment will be answerable for tlio promulgation or this act to the constituent Cortes." The affair is quite clear. Tho conservatives and tno reactionaries attempted to make a coup d,<'tat to seize the power and to hand It over to Marshal Serrano, but failed, and the republicans paid them back In the same coup tvt'.tat coin. At the present moment PI y Margall Is perfect master of every thing until Sefior Figueras recovers irom his grief. Arined Dands are running all over the town in search of the leaders of the reactionary move ment, who are, of course, nowhere to be lound, notwithstanding a number of houses having been ransacked. Marshal Serrano's residence was among the first invaded, his largo collection of arms was taken away and some other damage done; and long after midnight the Puerta del Sol and all tho caf<is were thronged with an ex cited, vociferating and gesticulating mass of peo ple. My landlord, whqla a monarchist, rushed into my room quite pale and feverish, saving I had bet ter pack my luggage again, as we were at the full mercy of the mob and were sure to have our throat out by to-morrow morning. April 25.?Hut the next morning brought no increase or danger, all seems to go on as harm lessly as on the previous day, and the crowd cov. erlng the square in iront of tho Palaclo Jel Gober naclon seemed to be as large as yesterday and composed 01 the same persons. The nation so much accused or savagery and blood-thirstiness ?bowed ouce more how false were those accusa slons. Not a quarrel was to be seen; not a violence committed; and a new decree cen suring the Invasion or private houses, made on the previous day, was placarded everywhere, warning tho National Guards against any new attempt or the sort, which would bring the culprits before the tribunals. Having wit nessed revolutionary movements In other couu tries, and especially in Prance, I was qnito amazed at seeing the moderation or Spaniards, who have everywhere such high reputation lor violence and lawlessness, and who look, as a rule, so dreadrully fierce from under Mielr sombrero and their capa. This apparently pacific disposition of the victo rious republicans caused me to believe that If Mar shal Serrano might have had to apprehend some danger In the first movement he would have known his countrymen well enough not to fear anything j when the first excitement had passed over, and that he was probably stUl to be found somewhere In or about Madrid, the more so as he coufd pload having taken no part in the attempt. General Letona and the Marquis do Sardoal huvlug been the men who organized the monarchist battalions in the Bull Ring, ana consequently remaining, irom a legal point of view, the only answorable persons. 1 went, accordingly, in search of the Marshal, de sirous to hear what he had to say concerning the movement, and having a letter to him from his wife, before leaving Uayonne 1 called upon THE DUOIESS DE LA TORKB (for such Is the title or the beautirul lady who was once the wire or the Kegent and almost full mis tress of Spam) at her villa at Biarritz, and asked the favor of being Introduced to her husband. "What for," said she, with almost a sad smile, "My husband Is nobody now alter all be has done for SDain. Quite lately he tried again to bo useful to nls country, and was about to settle the artillery question. The gentlemen who now call themselves Ministers at Madrid gave him lull powers, and said tliey accepted beforehand all his conditions. Yet yesterday I got a letter from him saying that all his efforts were In vain, and that the Madrid government had behaved with him like men with out honor. You know how moderate the Duke is In his language, and therefore you will believe that the case must have been a very hard one, Indeed, ir ho speaks that way. Yet every one knows that he is the only man that could help our poor coun try out or Its difficulties. I received, quite re cently, a telegram from Monsieur Thiers assuring me that, should my husband come to power, the Republic would bo Immediately acknowledged by (ranee, and he believed by other Powers, too." And while telling me this little underhand es capade or the shiewd old ruler or France, the Duchess handed me an almost microscopical note, bearing the address or''HzceletUUtiuto sennr Dutpte de la Torre," written In a handwriting as fine and small as only a Spanish lady is capable oi writing. "But you must send mo the Herald iryou writo anything about my husband. Though I don't know English, I understand It sufficiently to see whether you have abused us and whether you deserve u scolding when I see you again." let, notwithstanding my being armed with this little but highly effective pass, 1 have to give up all hopes oi discovering the whereabouts of the Marshal at Madrid, though I spent the whole Of to day in search or him. His most Intimate irlends J firmly believe he has already escaped from the capital and is on bis way to France. "If anyone knows anything positive about him," said one of his late alds-de-cainp, "it can only be the old Countess of Montljo. But he is not with her, for her house was ransacked yesterday by n band of our present musters?la canaille." As the Countess had rav ored me with an invitation to cali upon her when I visited Madrid, and as 1 knew that her house was the best imaginable place for taking a view behind . the scenes or Spanish politic*, 1 resolved to call without any lurther delay at the splendid mansion | of the 1'iaza del Angel. April 28 TUE MOTIlEll OP THE EX-EMPRESS OP THE FRENCH is almost blind now, but her mind is as fresh and bright as ever, and her house remains still the centre or everything Influential In Spalu. I called early in the artcrnoon, and found the Countess alone, seated In her favorite, artificially darkened corner or a vast saloon transformed Into something like a Winter garden. The conversation fell quite naturally on the events of the day, and tho old lady, at all times a capital talker, was more am mated than ever. "SERRANO was not here," said she, "and I sincerely regret that ne did not ask for my hospitality; I should have been most happy to be of any assistance to him. He Is a man of eminent capacities and great energy, though I don't believe h.'ii to be fit for an actual leader. Ho must work underline one, or at least in the name or some one; then be is jorthany price. But when he is to be the man he is Inclined ro hesitate, and I know that this time my estimate of him has perfectly Justmad itself. If they did not succeed on Wednes day It was his fault. Every one came " tor positiven* ?au he ^td no^pr* , He canned himself to be outdone by Eafevanes. That In a man; a brigand, but really a man. With out, htm all the littrati rullug over our deattnlea would have lost a day or two more, and Serrano bight perhaps have taken some resolution. But Katsvanez spied out everything, caused all the commanding officers to be changed at a few min utes' notice and not only defeated Serrano, but cut off very nearly all his chances of cscape. If we were a revengeful people, the poor Marshal might have been shot already. Uut happily enough we are not bo; we always help each other out of difficulties, and Serrano was protected by the very same men against whom he fought, livery one of the vanquished party has escapcd with the full knowledge of the government. Sefior Cas teiar did tola best to place all the leaders of th^ movement under the protection of some foreign embassy, and tney arc all on their way to Biarritz now. We are. don't you see, so accustomed to revolutions, and are so little sure of not wanting some one's help to morrow, thut we Instinctively protect everybody to-day. This personal kindness of feeling, going alongside with great political harshneas, is quite characteristic of the Spaniards of all classes. It has got into their blood. Look how the Carllsts are protected every where. Look at the mob itself that Is now full master of every one of us. Do they do any harm to anyone? Personal safety was never greater In Madrid than It Is now. All the ruffians get a gun, are aupposod to be something, and are quite satisfied. They watch over that veiy property they wouid have otherwise stolen and protect those very lives they would have otherwise taken, perhaps. 1 begin to like republican arrange ments. Turn all the thieves and brigands into guardians of peace and order, and all the difficul ties of the so-called big agglomerations of modern cities are got over. Is It not nice? And lean as sure you that in a fortnight?unless something quite new happens again?Serrano can drive daily on the I'rado as comfortably as if nothing had hap pened. But what do I say??a fortnight I To morrow every danger will be over, especially if there ta a bull tight. You will sec it yourself. But you might see also many new rows uud, perhaps, actual bloodshed should the weather get hot aud our blood begin to boll a little. As long as the weather remains so cold l do not apprehend any serious disturbances." I could not help laughing at the picture tte Countess drew here of tlie temperament aud pe culiarities of her countrymen. "You laugh," said she, "but I am really telling you the truth, although I may seem as if I was Joking. We are a strange people, not like every body else. But, all plalsanteries aside, 1 must avow lam amazed at the behavior of what we call our canaille. I begin deeply to respect this scml savage mob. They behave themselves reully won derfully, and I believe nowhere could a similar sight be seen?certainly not In our beloved Franco. Mind you that they are absolute masters to do what they please with every one of us, and what have they done ? I have, to quote only one lustance, large estates in the province of Valladolid. The peasants got the notion that "republic" meant breaking np of all large es tates and distrlbutiou of land among them. And so they came to my steward to mqture when and how the partition was to be effected. They said they knew for certain the Republic meant such a parti tion. The steward, who is a clever eld man and knows his people well, did not make any noise and did not contradict them, but said he was quite sure tuey wero right and was very glad their position would be so mnch better now, but added that be fore proceeding with any new arrangement both himself and the peasants ought to receive orders from Madrid, so as to avoid any chance of getting into legal troubles. They quite agreed with him that such was the wisest course, nnd, though the explanation took place three months ago, they never appeared again slnco that time. And even here In Madrid, where the mob is sup posed to be much more Impudent than in the provinces, It seems to mo to be very good-natured. You know that a baud Invaded my house yesterday In search of Serrano. 1 was at dinner with a few friends, and on the footman's announcement of the unexpected visit I ordered him to say to the man in command of the band that as I had no material force to oppose him ho was at liberty to do what he liked, and that I would not disturb my self from the dinner. 1 gave also orders to throw everything open. Well, what wuh the re sult? Five men only came up stairs, the body of the band remaining outside. Thev searched every corner of the house, but in a manner as proper and business-like as the best police would have done. And when they reached the dining room aud I offered them, according to our national custom, to partake of my meal, they all bluslieu as school girls, and were only anxious to get away as quickly as possible." The Countess spoke on this theme of the Inoffen slveness of Spanish character for more than an hour, and advised me once more to go on the next day to the very same bull-ring where the new revolution was Intended to take place but a few days ago. "You will see your self that everything will be forgotten by to-morrow." And so I went the next afternoon to the bull fight. It was the third fight of this season. The ring, said to be capable of accom modating nearlv fifteen thousand spectators, was crowded to excess, and the excitement was so great and all the approaches to the Plaza de Toros so thronged with gaily dressed crowds that I could not help sharing, at least lor the moment, the optimist views of the old Countess of Montljo. "OUT OF THE DEPTHS." A Seven Months' Myatery Solved?Start ling Story of Land nnd Sea?Great Re joicing In Several Jersey Families?A Lost Son, IIuMband and Father Found. Last November, at the time of the great Boston fire, a good deal of excitemcnt was occasioned in Brooklyn, New York and New Jersey in conse quence of the very mysterious and unaccountable disappearance iroin his haunts and home of Mr. J. K. Van Doren, an attach* of a New York newspaper. and the son of an esteemed clergyman of Boonton. N. J., Rev. L H. Van Doren. Young Van Doren had oeen living happily with his wife and two children in Brooklyn. He went off one nay with one hundred and fllty dollars or so in his pocket, for a day's shooting, in company with a male acquaintance. His failure to return after a reason able time agitated his rrlends, but as time wore on the mystery of his fato deepened, it any thing. The very clever and capable police authorities of Brooklyn bent themselves en ergetically to ferret out the mystery, but they wero no more successful than less clever people?than thsy were themselves In the Good rich case. The Chief scouted the story ot Van Doren having gone snooting. He insisted that he was murdered. Mrs. Van Doren, who, at the time, was visiting her father, Sheriff Applegate, ol Middlesex countv. New Jersey, became sick over the matter, aud It was leared she would die. As time wore on the relatives of the missing man settled down to the conviction that he was dead, although, when a youngster lu college, he ran off to sea one time, and was never heard of for three years. INTENSE JOY SCI'PLANTINO ORKAT URIKF. The houses which have for so many months b een In mourning over two missing men have cast aside their sackcloth and ashes and are now radiant with joy and happy expectancy. The cause for this transiortnatiou was the receipt the other 'lav of a letter postmarked Rotterdam, Holland, date of May, il, 1873, which solved the mystery and ran as '?Wy Vkak Father?This Is the first opportunity since leaving home I take to write to you toeaplaln my abscuco and to lei vou know my whereabouts. 'he day ''s?t wrote to rem 1 started on ? ducking expedition on the ba\. ?Mr Fire Ulaml. Ntlllng in a boatj>eiongtng to a* nooner, Ivinir near, aud in company with one ot het crcw, we were capsized, and with nre.it difficulty I managed to clamber on the upturned boat, my companion tietiu: l?>?t, ho not being . apparently able to swim Cnable to right the J compelled to cling to the bottom and was drifted with the wind and tide nut to sea, being nearly out ot sight ot land by dai light the nsxt morning, and nearly dead iroin cola, wet, iiunger ami fatigue. .Home time alter noon I was ?een bv the crew ot a swedlah bark bound to Huenos Ayres. South America, and by them rescuad and carried oil board In a state of insensibility, having become unconscious just as they reached me. An attack of brain fever kept me lasen-lble for five days, and when 1 wss again conscious we were far away at sea I could do nothing towards my return until after being flny tour days out luring a calm we boarded an Knglisli bark, bound irom the Faetfle to Rotterdam, and knowing I could dud here chanecs to get home, and being on a vessel where no one but the captain could speak my language, I was glad to exchange ships, which I was able to do through the kindness of the captain. Mr. Van Doren arrived safe In Rotterdam and expect* to be in the mldat of hla rrlends once more in about forty daya' time. The m of Re v. Mr. \ an Doren at the rcceipt of tbl* Intelligence^ as clieo - THE POLARIS. Mri. Ilall's Pmmtimrnt of Her Gallant Husband's Death. CAPTAIN BUDDINGTON -AND HIS CHIEF. Preparations for the Arcti6 Search Expedition. Washington, June 17, 1873. Mm. nail, the widow of Captain Hall, who la Hill in Washington, dirt not come here to represent her needy condition to the Secretary of the Navy, as has been stated, but to see the Esquimaux, Joe and llunnah, to l-arn from tirelr lips the sad par ticulars of her htist>aud's death. But in this she was disappointed, as they had been sent to Maine. On his previous expeditions Mrs. llall always con fidently looked for his safe return, but on his last voyage she had a presentiment that he would never come back. CAPTAIN IIAI.L AND BtTOOINfiTOK. An evening paper says the following statement may be relied upon as strictly accurate. Captain Hall lilms If whs sanguine not only of accomplish ing glorious results in behalf of science and of reaching the North role, but seemed confident of a safe return. He was especially pleased with the selection of Captain Buddlngton as his sailing master, and so expressed hlmseir to many friends belorc his departure. Captain Buddlngton was his old sailing master In lUflo, twelve years be fore, and he seemed to have groat confidence Ini his ability and experience as a seaman, especially In the Northern latitudes. He had manuscripts sulTlclent to make several large volumes, and M told his friends that when he returned he INTENDED TO SETTLE DOWN and devote several years to the careful prepara tion of the data he had obtained In his varloud polar expeditions. It may be mentioned as a mat ter of rumor that while Captain Hail was pleased with the Selection of Uuddington, he disll**4-Ty son, the mate, but It does not appear, 11 such wi the case, that he ever formally otest?d against his occupying an official position on the Polaris. THE JUNIATA. The Arctic Search Expedition?Prepara* tions lor tl*c Relief of tl?e Crew ot the Polaris?Ked Tape Again. Looking through tho wrong end of the telescope may be all very well In the way of a joke, but when necessary to take prompt and important action., things should be seen In their proper light. It seems that the Secretary of the Navy has done everything to facilitate the preparations for the rescuoof the Polaris' crew. The Juuiata, a third rate Bcrcw of 8v?7 tons, has been ordered to procced to Disco, there to await Intelligence of the missing parties, while tho sealer Tigress is to be got In readiness and start from this port about tho 4th proximo to prosocute the search. The first mentioned vessel is to be laden with coal aud provisions and otherwise fitted out lor the voyage, and wiseacres at Washington, with characteristic foresight, were of opinion that all this could be accomplished in a day's notice. It must be borne in mind, however, that while the commander and ofllcers of the Juniata may be active and energetic in carrying out orders the circumlocution ofilce of the Navy Yard is an lnstl* tutlon that must not be hurried In hot weather. Its dignified members require their regular meals and their doze, and, no matter how great the emergency, It Is hopeless to expect anytUlng from the Messrs. llaniacle In the shape of progress ot spirit. When the orders were received by the Juniata to land her shot and shell no time was lost In doing* so, and the vessel, which had been at anchor on the Battery, reached the Navy Yard on Monday evening at hall-past five o'clock. Commander limine, so soon as the Juniata arrived at the ordnance dock, ordered the battery to be landed, including an eleven-Inch pivot and carriage, sev eral nine-inch (runs, with shot, grape and canister, retaining on board two nine-inch guns. The men under vigilant supervision worked 11kc beavers, and all the orders received from the Department up to noon yesterday were rapidly executed. The vessel will to-day proceed to the Navy Yard ana prepare lor the cruise, and, should there be less red tape and drowsiness exhibited on the part of soma of the somnolent officials, she maybe got ready In reasonable time. From all appearances the offl cers ol the ship arc unremitting in their attention and merit encouragement from the proper source. But In view of the Importance of the ta?k allotted to the Juniata It may be Just as well to state that this overtaxing of her capacity will hardly prove a successful enterprise. She is a comparatively small vessel, and the removal of her guns and ammuni tion will scarcely leave sufficient space for the re quired supplies, however heavily laden. An arctlo explorer and an officer of experience made an ad mirable suggestion In tho Navy Yard yesterday afternoon to the effect that the Juuiata be de snatched to St. Johns, Newfoundland, there to meet a lurge sized schooner of three or four hundred tons, able to carry a good supply of provisions. The Juniata could convoy her to Disco, or wherever else the Secretary of the Navy might deem advisable. A depot of reluge could be established to which the Tigress could resort, the Juniata meanwhile maintaining communication between the depot and St. Johns. As it Is. the Juniata is not competent to convey a much greater quantity of supplies than necessary for her own use. All orders received up to last evening, how ever, were'proinptly executed. She will, of course, be equipped in a somewhat similar manner to that of the Congress, and should the Navy Vard people wake up alter tne final orders arc received no un necessary <ielay need be apprehended. Tne Junlatn has a crew oi 200 men, but only half that number will be required for the cruise. The following Is a list of the officers Commander?I). L. Bralne, commanding. Executive (fllorr?E. C. Merrlman. tfarigatrrr?U. W. De Long. Lieutenant*?Qqorgc E. Ide, E. P. McClelland^ Charles W. rtilpp. Moxter? Frederick E. Upton. William F. Kulkley, Samuel b. Comley* Sidney 11. May. John D. Keeler. Mlldshiptnan?J. J. Hunker. Surgeons?T. C. Walton, Assistant Surgeon B. r. Bogers. taxaeA Avrtstant Pnymaatrr?T. S. Thompson. Engineerh?Chlef, U. B. Howes: Flr*t Assistant, J. J. Harry; Second Assistant, W. E. Koades. Acting noatswain? P. Hucklnu. Gunner?M. K. Henderson. Carpenter?L. L. Martin. Sailmaleer?O. M. Van Mater. MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES. Miss Nellson went to Long Branch yesterday for rest. Edwin F. Thorne plays this Summer at the Olympic and goes next Fall to Providence. The premiere tUiiwuse, Mile. Tucsa Antonio, ar rived In this city yesterday from Havana. Mr. Nell Hryant obtains a matinee benefit at Bryant's Opera House to day. He will be assisted by Bryant s Minstrels and a number of his prole# sionai friends. Miss Emily Mestaver, of the Union Square Thea tre, starts for san Francisco on Thursday (to-mor row), and will act there Tor a month, returning ta the Union Square in the FaU. In reminding our readers of the fact that Mr. James Lewis' beucfit takes place this even ing at the Firth Avenue Theatre, we aro con strained to say that this ouslness of theatrical benefits Is a mistake. We, of course, hope that Mr. Lewis" friends will give lilm an overflowing house, but we see no reason why actors receiving good salaries should tax their triends on these special occasions, aud we hope the custom will expire wltt) this season. HONORS TO THE CONFEDERATE DEAD. BaI'Tixorb, Md., June 17, 1873. The graves of the Confederate soldiers at LoudoS Park Cemetery were profusely decorated with flowers to-day. A lormal address was made by James Franklin, of Annapolis, after which ex-Sen^ ator Wlgfall, of Texas, delivered a characrerlstui speech. During the ceremonies the starue ot con federate soldiers, t>tr Volck, standing in the centre ol the Contederute graves, was unveiled. ?en erals ueorge 11. rttuart and Trimble and tommo <lore Holllns, ol the Canlederate service, took an active part in the ceremonies. PERJURY IN THE JUMEL 0A8E. Providence, R. !?? June 17, 1SW. In the United states circuit Court, to-day, Jos?pti Perry was arraigned and pleaded guilty to three indictments lor perjury in the J*1?"' case, sentence w?u? no?tr?on#d at the requeet oi m*,. 4 4 -V

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