Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 23, 1873, Page 10

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 23, 1873 Page 10
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THE LAND OF TIIE SIOUX. TTie Stanley Expedition Preparing to Maroh. Composition of the Military Venture Into the Territories. BAYONETS AIDING PICK AND SHOVEL. The Northern Pacific Surveying Party and Its Escort. STARLET m CUSTER m COMMAND. Lieutenant Colonel Fred. Grant Takes His Place in the Oolnmn. "A PROLONGED PICNIC." Expectations and Anticipations of the Herald Correspondent. Kobt Rick, Dakota, June 8, 1873. Here I am, in the laud of the Dakota*, and would be a perfect stranger but for the fact that the Herald's name Introduces me everywhere and in sures me so cordial a welcome that I leel entirely at borne. Leaving Dnlnth, that city of magnificent promises, with no date or realization fixed, I rolled along the line of the Northern Pacific in a fiat car? a gondola, as cars of the kind usedio be called on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in the old war days. As the road is transporting freight only no provision is made for passengers, and be who sets oat with the expectation of finding on this line anything in the shape of rolling Btock approaching, in point of appearance or comfort, one of the Tullman palaces, will make a grievous mistake. The terminus of the road is Edmuntown, a small place, which wonld have no existence but for the railroad. It Is on the Missouri River, nearly opposite the mili tary post known as Fort Abraham Lincoln, now garrisoned by lour companies of inlantry. 1 moved 4own the river a short distance to KOKT KICE, which is to be the starting point of the Stanley ex pedition, the most considerable as well as the most important military enterprise undertaken by the United States sincc Johnston marched his battalions Utahward and stirred up the polygamous dominions of the party by the name of Young. licre is heard the busy uote or preparation mentioned by the crooked-back Richard on the night before the fatal battle or Bosworth Field. There is bustle everywhere. The scene is such as was of daily occurrence during the days or the rebellion. Mules are kicking in their harness aud braying with all the might peculiar to their breed; Hags are flying gayly in the breete. Ever and anon are heard the car-piercing fife and ttie spirit-stirring drum; now a mounted Btail officer dashes by as If the weight of empire were in Ms saddle. Upon the green back ground of field and forest gleam the white tents of the soldiers, who lounge the live long day waiting lor orders that will project them a human column across a partiaily unknown con tinent. On the night of my arrival I imagined that my oose caught the delicate aroina of war paint, that there rang in my cars the warwlioop from alar, that berore my eyes there glistenea In the setting nun the brandished tomahawk of an enraged bioux ; but 1 slept well aud iu the morning learned that these were vain imaginings, lor the Indian here is semi-harmless; but or that anon. The readers or Herald, which has had the enterprise to seud one of its numerous correspon dents thus lar afield, and is, so far as 1 li&veyet learned, the only Eastern paper which has had the journalistic prescience to value this expe dition at its full worth, will be interested in a nar ration of the reasons leading to the formation of the expedition; its composition, commanders, purposes, Ac. The main object Is TO All) TUB NORTHERN PACIFIC to stretch its Iron arm irom the banks or the Missouri to the far-off settlements or Montana. The road Is happy in aland grant, but unlortunate In the money market. The wild Sioux roam over acres, which are, therefore, not acceptable in the money capitals ol Europe und America as security for current coin or the realm. The sale of bonds bas been slow, ana the enterprise has drugged. It has many obstacles to fight besides the presence on its property of our unruly red brethren. Boreas, a gentleman of a very Intrusive turn of mind, has issued his injunction against the pro gress of the projcctcd enterprise, and has served bis writ, which can be dissolved only as snow is dissolved. Then there has never been much lalth in the project. Duiuth believes in it; St. Paul would take stock If the paj incut of assessments were not expected, but the wiseacres tue land over have shook their beads and given It the cold shoulder. It Is supposed that the road lias very iitt.e capital, but it is cer tain that it has sufficient money to carry on its surveys, and means to do It. THE SIOUX AND THEIR WAYS, Months ago application was made to General Sherman to send out such a military escort as would effectually protect the engineering party from the possible lorays oi Indians, whose friend ship whs a matter or extreme doubt. Through the country into which th locomotive is to be driven the Sioux roam, piotcssed bat perfidious friends They are a strong aud warlike nation, with many noted warriors, sage cnle;- and prolific squaws. They are divided iuto Brules, iiauktons, I'on kas, SautoeB, Ac., but as an llbnoisan or a New Yorker is an American, so is a i.aule or a i'onka a moux. The > rows, a tolerably brave race of red men, ar perched away up in northwest corner oi Montana, and < iai to be irien is ol the white mnn, notwitustwuidiug that they will steal his horse or lilt his scalp il occa ion presents, 'ihese tliey regard as im-re eccentricities, which their ? white menu and brother may certainly pardon, 11 only lor the griui humor or the tluiiK. in ilu north west t;.e Indians are at peac.' with civilisation, re presented by the armies aud adventurous nepnews oi Uncle Sam ; but a surveying party would not trust themselves wituiu roach ol a tomahawk un less the red devil who owned it wc re covered by a Henry rifle in the hands ol u prolcssional maiks niau. In accordance with THE I, EN Kit A I. POLICY OK THE GOVERNMENT, Sheridan decided to accord protection to the employes oi the railroad. From in? headquarters in Chicago he instructed Genetai lurry, command ing the Department ol the Dakota, ?itli head quarters at ist. Paul, to prepare lor an extensive expedition lor the purposes indicated. General Sheridan then detached General George A. For Kvihe, oi his persona! staff to make an exploration oi the Yellowstone, with the object or ascertaining lis availability as a highway lor the transportation ol supplies. THE YELLOWSTONE rises in the Wyoming Mountains and flows in a gouth westerly direction turougn a large portion or Montana Tei rltory. From the mouth or the Vellow stone to its Junction with Powder River U UM miles. The stream is navigable nearly all the way. the only obstruction being two large rocks about thirty feet apart, which block the channel at Key West Falls, the last of a series of rapids within three reet oi the Powder River. The boat in which General Fotsy the made his trip was :wo lect in length, of proportionate width and drew twenty-six inches ul water. The depth of the river varies irorn lour and a half feel to eight feet, 'ihe (ieneral was of opinion that the expenditure of a small amount of money would render the cliau fie i entirely sale for vessels with a small draught. >uring the voyage, which lasted ten dtys? -Beveii in ascending? bo Indians were seen. The land ?long the stream is biuit>, and resembles tne Mis- ; lonri above Kort Bulord. But the greater part of tie territory, so rar as seen by the General, is tim bered with c.ottonwood and Is available for cultiva tion. Ihe Yellowstone Is not so muddy as the Missouri; its banks are gravelly and the soft boil is not carried down the stream. Having found that it was practicable to establish ? post at the mouth of Powder River, General For aythe returned and reported to (ieneral Sheridan. Meantime Geoeral Terry was at work. As early as April 13 he Jssned an order In which he made known that an important expedition would be or gun i /I'd for the protection ol engineering parties oi the Northern raciflc Railroad in making surveys for the locattoh of the line or that road between ib# Mimuii River und the Rocky Mountain*. Tttc remit 01 his plans is seen at Fort Rice to-day, where nearly three thousand men are assembled with the view 01 moving in the expedition. THE COMPOSITION OP TUB ARMY is as follows :? Ten companies of the Seventh cavalry, under General Custer. Ten companies of infantry? four of the Eighth regiment and nix of the Ninth regiment? under Lieutenant Colonel L. P. Bradley, Ninth infantry. Five companies of the Twenty-second inianrry, | under command of the Senior Captain? three drawn from Fort Randall and two from Fort Sully. Four companies of the Seventeenth infantry two from Fort Klce, one from Fort Lincoln and one from camp Hancock? under Major U. E. A. Ciof ton, Seventeenth inrantry. Seventy-five Indian scouts, some of whom ac companied last year's Yellowstone expedition. A uetaebmont of infantry, acting as artillery, sufficient to man two Kodtnan rifled guns. Tliese men are selected Irom the Soventeenth and Twenty-second lniantry. HOW EQUIPPED. The expedition will leave Fort Rice supplied with sixty days' subsistence and forage. Subse quent arrangements will be made for the further supply of the command, either from a depot to be estaulhmeu on the Yellowstone or from Fort Bu for<l. Certain of the small parrs of the subsistence ration will be omitted. Fresh beef, on the hoof, will be provided for nve of every seven days the expedition will ba absent, estimating the whole time at lonr months ana a hull. The forage ration will be reduced to five pounds of oats per day for each animal. THE TRAIN OF WAGONS. A train of l&6mule wagons has been provided by the Quartermaster General of the Army, while the Department, irom its various posts, supplies a large number additional. ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE MARCH. The detachment ol Indian scouts detailed from Fort Totten for service on thte expedition will meet the train on its arrivai at Fort Wudsworth, and will escort it to Fort Rice. The commanding officer will employ seven guides and Interpreters. For the use of the sick of the command not less than live ambulances will be taken. The following is the prescribed allowance of clothing for the en listed men of the lniantry nortion or the expedi tion, to be carried in the knapsac k, one overcoat, oue b.anket, two shirts, two pair drawers, five pairs ol socks, two pairs of shoes and one poncho (India rubber blanket). lu addition, one pair of shoes per mau will bo carried in bulk in the wagons. For the cavalry part of the command a corresponding al lowance will be taken in the saddle bags. Owing to the limited amount of transportation the bat;- \ gage ol all commissioned officers will be reduccd to the least amount proper for such an expedition. The ammunition allowance is fixed at 200 rounds per man of the cavalry and lniantry, forty rounds to be carried habitually in the cartridge boxes. Six portable forges will be taken, and the requisite shoeing tools and coal. Thirty-five hundred horse and an ample supply of mule shoes and nails will be transported in the wagon train. The command of this important expedition devolves upon BREVET MA.IOR GENERAL STANLEY, Colonel of the Twenty-second Infantry, a skilled and gallant officer, who made a brilliant record in the wur 01 the rebellion. He was appointed irom Ohio to West Point and graduated in 1S52. Previous to the war lie was a cavalry officer. During the rebellion he served in the West and distinguished himself at the second battle of f ranklin, where he commanded an army corps. He has becu on the lrontier for many years and is thoroughly acquainted with ull the varying characteristics of the noble and the ignoble red man. The General has a wife and several children at Fort gully, who will look eagerly for his return with an unsullied rccord. I caught a glimpse of the gallant lellow us lie rode by my canvas-covered lodgings this morn ing. He is younger than he looks, lor his face is weather beaten and his hair grizzly. He has the bearing ol a Hue soldier, and, without doubt, will conduct the expedition successfully. CUSTER AM) HIS CAVALRY. The cavalry is under command of General Cnstcr, one of the best Indian lighters on the Plains. His yellow locks will stream back towards the orient as he gallops at the head of Ills splendid column 111 the direction 01 the setting snn. Custer is only Lieutenant Colonel ol the Seventh cavalry, tl\p Colonel 01 which, Sturges, does not accompany the expedition, but remains at St. Paul, regimental headquarters. I hear that it was desired that Stanley should command the expedition, a clioico which would be deleated were Sturges to take the field, since he is the senior officer. 1 cannot say whether this Is a lact or surmise. LIEUTENANT COLONEL FRED GRANT will accompany the expedition, and, 1 hoar, has already arrived, but l have not seen Mm. it is understood that the young warrior, being desirous of winning laurels in the field, was peimitted by General Sheridan to come into the Sioux country and take his chances of fleshing his maiden sword in the brain of some chieltaln of that renowned nation. He will have no exact position, serving more as a looker-on here in Dakota than as an active participant in the stirring scenes. ItwassUldln the States that the young man was sent here In order to give him a taste of service, but the officers with whom I have conversed, anticipating 110 en gagement with the Indians, laugh at the idea. Officers and soldiers look upon the ex pedition as a glad relief from the mo notony of garrison life, it Is regarded more in the light of a prolonged picnic tliau as a serious I adventure, and such it, will, doubtless, be ; for it Is altogether too formidable iu numbers aud equip ment to be attacked by the Sioux, who, if inclined to bloodshed, would not have tiie courage to attack any party more formidable than a squadron of cavalry, ami then they must be taken in ambush or at some other disadvantage, if the President's son has provided himself with a few dozen of Ken tucky mash, and will evince a willingness to let other shoulder-strappers aid in emptying the bot tles, he will be welcome as the flowers ol May, lor Ocneral Terry Iiils prohibited ordinary mortals irom carrying a drop 01 tho "crathur." GENERAL ROSSER CHIEF. It is a noteworthy lact that tho chiel Engineer of the JlortUern Pacific road is General ltosser, who I served iu the Confederate army during tho war, making considerable reputation as a cavalry officer of dash and fearlessness. Now in a civil capacity lie is receiving the protection of the military arm 01 the government lie sought to overthrow. 1 have not yet made njs acquaintance, though several of our officers wish me to meet him, asseverating that he Is a very worthy gentleman. the scientists are here in abundance, the government having made provision lor them. The number Includes a geologist, a botanist, an astronomer, a photo grapher anil various other ers and ists, hut I am compelled to close tlds letter without having se cured their names. They expect to revel in mead ows green and pastures new. THE ONWARD MARCH will commence about the 15th 01 June, and before this letter Is in type the most important expedition which has started uuder the military auspices of the United States since the rebellion was crushed will have been put in motion, it will not return berore the 16th of October, possibly not before the 1st of November. That the march will not t o ob structed by Indians is warranted by the formidable character of the column; that there will be no meteorological impediments is certain from ihc mildness of the season; that there will be no lack 1 of stores is guaranteed by the establishment of a base of supplies cm the Yellowstone, and that it will be a pleasant expedition, in which a metropoli tan beau mlgut delight to take part, is certified by the presence of Lieutenant Colonel Fred Grant. DIRECTION OF TIIE COLUMN. The column will head for the Yellowstone ar, its junction with Powder River. It will then move 1 to Warns the settlements in Northwestern Mort 1 tana. The engineer in charge of tho surveying j party will ascertain whether it would be bettv'r to | run the line ulong the south bank ol the iellow , stone or strike directly across to the Muscle-: hell, 1 a Ion;:, but Bhnavlgable stream, next 111 importance to the Yellowstone, and, 1! my geography is not at taiiit, a tributary ol that stream. 1 hear that Gen eral 8beri< an, who is a competent engineer and has some knowledge of the c untry, thinks that the most desirable route for the road will be on the souih bank of the Yellowstone. THtt DISTANCE TO BE OVERCOME is some five Hundred miles in a straight line, or probably seven hundred miles before t;ie western terminus 01 the expedition will be reached. This, I ol course, will be doubled by tho return. The men and officers of the command will enter upon their I long inarcti In excellent spirits. FLEETWOOD PARK. Third I>ny of the Spring Trotting Meet ing? -Thr Rvcnia and the Entrira. This Is the third day of the Spriug trotting meet ing at Fleetwood Park, and, should the weather prove pleasant, the attendance will be very large, as the events on the card must prove extremely interesting. The first of these is lor a purse of $1,000 for horses that never beat 2:34. Entered for this are Mike Carroll's chestnut mare Highland Maid, James Dugrey's brown mare I.Ida Plcton, John C. Suydam's brown mare Constance, Alden Goldsmith's bay stallion Abdallali, Alexander Pat terson's brown uiare lirown Kltt.v, Pierce Ilavden's brown mare Lady Anna. Daniel I'flfer's brown fielding Barney Kelly and M. Roden's hay horse VlllSioW. The second event is for a purse of fi.ftoo, for horses that never beat 2:25. In this are Juincs Irving'S black stallion Charles E. Usw (formerly Patchen Chief), Ken'amiii Muck's bay mare Clara (}., Otis Hart's bay gelding confidence, George N. Ferguson's white gelding Crown Prince, and John L. Doty's sorrel mare Nonesuch. Pools were sold on these events Saturday even ing at the rooms of Mr. Chatnberlln. 1,140 liroad way, with the following result:? In tne 2:34 purse, I.lda Plcton was 1 lie favorite over the field at 1 wo to one; with Llda In. 1 out, 1 '(instance had the call of about twenty-five dollars to twenty dollars over the field. In the 2:24 purse, Crown i'rince was first choice, Clsra G. second, Nonesuch tldrd, aud the others in the field. The ahove events will be mile heats, best three in five, in harness, and to be governed by the rules of t lie National Association. In case of postpone ment of either race it tffiall be the next, good day and track. Anr nrlver substituted for another will be paid |60 for such service. When eight or more horses start in a race the distance will be 150 yards. The first eveut will be called at three o'clock. Horse cars will leave .Harlem bridge every ten minutes lor Fleetwood, anci trains on the Har lem road will leave the Forty-second street depot at twenty minutes to twelve A. M., one o'clock and hali-pwt tiro F, M. THE WINNEBAGOES. A Big Council With the Bank rupt Braves of Wisconsin. Governor Washburn Talking a Tribe Away to the Indian Territory? Indian Objections to Fresh Fields and Futures New? A Pitiful Tale to a Her ald Correspondent Matmson, Wig., June 14, 1873. Whatever concerns the aborigines, now fast dis appearing from the face of this continent, is or Daramount interest, for the red man, by his stub bornness and treachery, is bringing upon the rem nants or his race the eyes of the civilized world. The Indian and his scalping ground are attracting unusual attention. The Modoc campaign has stirred the whole country. The history or the bloody doings of this treacherous tribe has been given to tne readers of the Herald with unpar alleled minuteness and fidelity. The nation will watch with extraordinary Interest the progress of Stanley's column across Dakota, now the land of the bloody Sioux, and will be fully informed of its movements lor a few weeks since. I shook hands with an enterprising Herald brother mov ing to Join the column. The story ol Crook and the Apaches is well known, while Mackenzie's raid after the kicking Klckapoos Is still a topic or con versation. Three days since, pursuant to instruc tions from the Herald office, 1 armed myself with a Faber No. u and set out for Sparta to attend the WINNEBAGO INDIAN COUNCIL, which was held six miles east or that place. Ills Kxccllency Governor Washburn, the big white clner or Wisconsin, was in attendance to urge upon the WinnebagoeB the necessity or their immediate departure to their reservation in the Indian Terri tory. Some lour or five hundred Indians had assembled to assist in the big council, and with their tawdryskin and motley garments made a picture which was full or interest. Individually they were interesting only because or their gro te-jQueness, but grouped in solemn council they presented a scone which, to eyes accustomed to view civilization as seen in cities, was queer, but picturesque. Governor Washburn opened the council, and as his remarks tell the object or the gathering and something of the history of the Winnebagoes I reproduce them. "I need not tell you," the Governor said, "that the Great Father has apppolnted Captain Hunt to attend to your removal to the Indian Territory. 1 want to tell you now why the President and the people want you to remote. It is now thlrty-flvc years since you sold your lands to the United States. The government then paid yon a large sum and now owes you a million dollars annuity lund, amount ing yearly tu $65,ooo, to those members oi the tribe living on the reservation in Nebraska. You get no part of this money. When you sold the territory you agreed to leave the State in eight, months. The whites have been kind and indulgent to you. Now so many whites have settled ou the laud it is NOT AGREEABLE TO IlAV'lt YOU REMAIN HERE LONGER. They have petitioned me for your removal; it will be better for you to go, for your new home will be, as we wish it to be, sale and pleasant. At govern ment expense you were permitted to send a dele gation or your own choosing to examine your new homes. Ir they have told you that it was not a beautiful and fertile country, they have lie I to you. It is an excellent country, admirably adapted lor an Indian settlement. It iB now the policy or tho government to have all the Indian tilbes, not on reservations, settled in this territory, we appre ciate your reelings when callod upon to leave your old home in Wisconsin. TUB CULR0KKE8 WERE RELrCTANT, but were forced to go to their new country. Tho Sacs and Foxes were also unwilling to depart; but now that they are settled in their new homes they are pleased and satisfied with them. The Indian Territory Is larger than Wisconsin, and but a small part Is occupied by any tribe. II the portion you saw does not suit you, there is still a large reiiou Tor you to select lroni. The Creek Indians arc anxious to have you join them. We will not urge i you to go in the hot weather. Some or ! you, I hear, say that you will not go at I all unless you choose, li you have any such i Idea vou must correct it, tor you will be required to leave the State this Fall. The gov | eminent has appropriated a sufficient amount or | money ior your removal and maintenance. When I upon the reservation you will gel your portion of I the annuity. Ills my duty to tell you? and you must not misunderstand me? that you must move this Fall. It will be much better lor all parties con cerned that you go quietly. Your ponies ami all your property will go with you. Some or you say that vou can avoid going by buying land here; but this is a mistake, lor you are the wards ol the gov ernment. anu cannot hold lauds without its con sent." Then arose BLACK IIAWK, one or the last or the Winnebagoes. There was in solence in ins eye, though suavity graced his speech. He informed Governor Washburn that he was not a lather, simply a man and brother. He spoke ol the visits of the chiefs to Washington many years ago, and said that the Great Father had declared that the Indians were Ills children, and that soldiers would not be sent among them aud that they need not leave the State. Here Ills oration n ached an unlooked-for proration, and his voice was no further lifted tu the council, for Governor ashimrn admonished him that he was talking nonsense. THE GENERAL CIIIEK WINNESHEIK, sage In council, ro.^e to offer his protest against re moval. He is an earnest, eloquent old man. He spoke something as loliows:? "The God who made u- all has cleared the skies to day, and we will talk kindly, shaking hands as brothers should. 1 went to Washington last Winter about tills re moval. The Great Father said tho whites were getting tired ol you, but 1 claim you as uiv orphan I children. We have been moved betore. When we i move a short distance many or our children die; if they go a long distance I lettr all will die. If we go to this new land other Indiums will come to us and kill us? we would die irom the heat.. There are lew oi us left, and if you take us there it will be the end of us. We will try uml do what our Great Father wishes us to do. We "will try and Uve liko civilized people." CAPTAIN HI NT talked to the unhappy red men, admonishing them not to hearken to bad counsels. H any one should counsel them to resist removal he would arrest him. Rations would be famished to such as could not pick berries or work, and the sick would bo provided ;or. It was Governor Washburn's pro posal that they select Winnesheik and another ol ! tni'ir trib" to look at their reservation, au<l, ir tiiey j wished, visit Washington. The chiefs asked lor ten | davs in winch to make a selection, ami the council i broke up tor tho purpose or assisting as actors or [spectators in a scene unusual within the borders I ol one of the i nited States, though common 1 I enough In its Territories. AN INDIAN DANCE was on the programme, a drum was pounded In dreary discordance with bowlings ol the human voice, while bedevilled braves, nourishing toma hawks and swords, moved In queer contortions about a limited circle, it, was pitiable to witness the cringing complacency witn which the sturdv red men passed round the hat for contributions, but It was creditable to their houcstv that t lie v divided the earnings ol their odd performance with poriect impartiality. THE HERALD CORRESPONDENT learned Irom Winnesheik that the Winnebagoes were loath to leave, not so much because they would quit W Isconsin, which has so long been their home, and not at all because they thought the In dian Territory an uninviting place, hut, because they feared that some hostile tribe would make war upon them. The spirit has departed from the Winnebagoes; there is no longer about ihem the odor of war paint; tiiey have no young men who would go gladly upon the warpath. They are bankrupt braves, waiting ior the slow but sure extermination to which iheir race is doomed The Governor returned to Ma lison satisfied that the desired removal will be made. RAILROAD DEADHEADISM Agreement of Hailroail Malinger* toIi?ue No More Vree PHuifs, Chicago, 111., June 21, 1873. The following managers or railroads running ' Northwest and South from Chicago have signed an agreement to Issue no more passes except to their own employe* and their families travelling on their own roads. Pusses now outstanding will continue In force until their expiration, December 31, and will not be renewed. The agreement does not ex tend to cases where the companies are required to issue passes by virtue ol leases ol other lines or in pursuance ol written contracts previously made:? The Chicago and Northwestern Railroad, the Chicago ami Iowa Railroad, tne Chicago, Milwaukee and st. Paul and Chicago, Kock Island ami Pacific Railroad ; the Burlington and i^ulncv Railroad, the Chicago and Alton Railroad, and the Illlno.s Cen tral Railroad. The agreement has not been entered Into 0/ any or the j.astcrn roads, nor, ns will be seen, by a number of the Illinois roads, and many prominent railroad men predict tho ultimate failure of the movement. KILLED BY THE CAR& Philadelphia, June 21, 1R73. An unknown man, apparently aged forty, was rnn over and killed to-night by a train of cars on Hie Norrlsiown iUttironU near FJ?t Rooc. , THE MODOCS An Account of the Massacre of the

Indian Captives. Disgraceful Conduct and Disorganization of the Troopi? Unwelcome Bnt Fearless Criti cisms on the Condnet of the Campaign. Boyle's Camp, June 9, 1873. lam physically unlit to write much of a letterf but will endeavor to give you a rfsumt of what has passed since my last letter. First, 1 will give you an item substantiating my account as to who really captured Captain Jack, the Modoc chief. I telegraphed that he was captured by Warm Spring George's detachmeut of Warm Springs, under or with Colonel Perry's command, owing to a morbid Jealousy some of the military rather doubt the assertion, or Affect to, claiming that Major Trimble took him. While 1 am willing to give the Major all the credit he de serves, 1 will not permit him or any one but the real captors to have the credit of this capture. Car-pi-o-lu and We-na-shet, two Indians of Warm Spring George's division, captain of McKay's com mand, captured the redoubtable chief, and to them he surrendered. They then reported the capture to Major Trimble and turned over their prisoner. He had no gun wlien he first surrendered, all acconnts to the contrary notwithstanding:. He might have taken his gun when going to Major Trimble, as he was permitted time to change his clothes. In proof of this I give my authority, Charles Putnam, grandson of Jesse Applcgate, who was with the two Warm Springs, and the only white man with them when the capture was made1, and I think his veracity is beyond question, it amuses a civilian to see the jealousy manifested by some of the officers regarding the distribution or the little honor won in this larcical campaign, though all profess to not care a rush as to what the papers say of them. A COLD-BLOODED MAS9ACKE was perpetrated on Saturday evening, the 7th, by some of the Oregon volunteers, as is supposed, In which four Modoc males (prisoners) were killed and one squaw wounded. It happened in this way Captain Fairchild and J. C. Burgess had been sent out by General Davis to get some stragglers who were on shovel Creek, a tributary of Bogus Creek. They had secured four bucks, with their families, brought them to Fairchild's ranch; from whence they Btarted with a wagon for this camp to turn over their prisoners to the military. "Uncle Jimmy," brother to Cap tain Fairchild, drove the team ol four mules. The others, mounted, rode on ahead with Shack Nasty Jim ami Bogus Charley, who went with them after the Modocs, and came into camp safe. "Uncle Jimmy," with his prisoners, had reached a point about eight miles from camp, when two men rode around a bluff, gained his front, and sit ting by the road side waited his approach. As ho came up one put his gun to his head, halted him, whilo the other cut the mules loose from the wagon. Then they commenced an indis criminate massacre of the unarmed Indians in the wagon in which the party of males were murdered. No doubt the cowardly wretches would have butchered the women and children had not a de. tachment of ten soldiers under Sergeant Murphy hove in sight, when the miscreants fled. There is no doubt but what the part,v--there were three or four more seen? intended to catch Captain Fairchild, with the two Modocs, Bogus Charley and Shacknusty Jim, and murder the whole party. They would rather kill Fairchild than Captain Jack, but if he and Burgess had been with the prisoners the cowardly ruillans would not have dared to attack them. This is on a stripe of all .the cowardly acts which have heretofore provoked Indian wars. Cowardly, brutal acts have marked the frontier history and Oregon has her lull share of these stains on a people's honor. We boll with indignation because these Modocs slew settlers, after having been at tacked by them, and because they slew General Canby; but I question if either case equals in atrocity and cold-blooded cowardice the massacre of these defenceless prisoners, two of whom were old, lecble men, and wounded, and neither of the band had been implicated in anything beyond fight ing. Two of the party, had fought in the lava beds and two had never been with Captain Jack at all. This is a glorious record for tne Ore gon volunteers, and may God give them joy of it. But If this band, or the ruffianly portion ol it, is not disbanded It will provoke a general war along the border. There is lar more danger in their dis. turblug existing peace than that the Indians will rcoei. And peaceful citizens had better take t heir cliances with hostile Indians than with suca allies. Of such a spirit was the ATTEMI'T OK MRS. BADDY TO KILL TlOOK KB JIM. Though she has suffered much, and is in a meas ure excusable tor her passionate act, the prin ciple is about the same and not to be com mended. Her hus'uind aud the husband oi his daughter were among those slain on the lake shore after the attack oy Oregon citizens on the Modoc camp at Lost ltiver. These ladies were here to give evidence ami identify the murderers. Hooker Jim and Shack Nasty Jim were sent to the tent where the ladies wero by General Davis, that they might be Identiiled. The women recognized Hooker Jim at once and accused him ol the murder. The older went to her valise for a pistol. A gentleman informed General Davis of his suspicious, and the General entered the tent just In time to wrest the pistol from her hand. She had another, which was taken from her also. Her daughter had a plsto! and a knife ; in tact, they huve had arms enough with which to stock a small arsenal. 1 am not sorry that their amiable intentions were frustrated; lor had they killed Hooker Jim it would have placed General Davis in a bad position. I doubt not he deserves death at the hangman's hand, but mur der by any one while a prisoner of war is to be reprobated; and, besides, we want no more murders committed by the whites. If Indians are to be hung lor murdering whites we call on General Davis to hunt down the white murderers of Indian prisoners and hang them also. The rule has been too long in Oregon that law is for the In dian alone ; the \v liitcs are not bound to respect it where an Indian is concerned. I refer only to these border men, who have nothing at stake, everything to gain and nothing to lose In the event of a continuance of the war or the outbreak of other tribes. But I am glad to know that the citizens, the respectable portion oi them, cbndcmn such proceedings. Gov ernor Grover has already been petitioned to strike Captain lliser and his company Irom the muster rolls, and in so doing remove as far as possible the foul stain cast on the good name of the state. Thompson, editor ol the Salem Mercury, Is doing all In his power to have the murderers punished and the crime atoned lor. Had tlds crime been committed by those who had lost rela tives bv the Modocs, there would have beeh some palliation for It. Bot such was not the case. Evi dence now gathered points to the fact that Captain Hisers' company contains the villains, ami probably an investigation will disclose the facts to be as now susplcioned. We are having A COURT MARTIAL hereto-day for the i rial of six deserters, brought here in irons yesterday. It will probably go hard with them, for they deserted in the face of tne foe. At one time I (eared the larger half ol the army would desert, so badly w ere the troops demoralized. This has been denied, hut it is nevertheless true. If it was not so, why did the bodies ol those slain at Thomas' massacre lie thirteen days on the lield before the men wero seut to recover them? Simply because the officers feared that some of the commands would not stand If at tacked. Why was the Warm Spring Indians iMid the reserve ordered to fire into those suspected men it they ran in case of an attack if they aid not fear their action? All this and much more remains to be told, and it will be told in good time, too, when this war shall have been written up without prejudice to any pajty. I will mention the CAPTfKK ItV HISBK8' VOLUNTEERS of Black Jim and tnree others of his men a few days since. These men struck their trail and fol lowed it lor two days, coming up with them at first, about, three P. M., finding one who was wounded up a juniper tree, near the camp, where their squaws and children were. He was taken, and they learned Irom him, through Hooker Jim, and Steamboat Frank that they wore in the rocks some two miles away. They followed them up, when two came out and surrendered, bnt Black Jim showed fight when the Lieutenant covered him with his rifle, and he threw down his gnn and utavo hltnseli up. Alter he was taken some of the vol unteers wanted to kill the prisoners, bat the Lieutenant would not permit It, and eventually they were brought into camp guarded by the com tianr, and turned over to the commanding officer. For this they deserve credit, and shall have it, and l wish I could give credit to them at all times. 1 expected to chronicle T1IK MOVKMENT OP TM ARMY through to the North, but cannot, for I learn it will not take place, orders to that effect having reached here to-day. It was the intention of (Mineral Davis to take ail but the light artillery, who would be left here to guard the prisoners and make a tour of the Indian agencies, via Warner, Harney, Net FercCs and WaUa Walla conntry. It was, certainly, a very desirable more, and would liare had a very benudclal effect on the disaffected tribes in showing them the re sources of tne nation ; but it seems this Is not to be. Again we expected to see just A LITTLE WHOLESOME HANGING. Of the murderers of General Canbv and the set- , tiers on the lake shore it watt understood that they were to swing on the 6th, but an order was receiveu which put the matter by for a while. I learn that an order was received to-day by Gen eral Davis permitting him to settle the matter right here. We have every confidence In his wisdom, and doubt not that he will settle it satisfactorily to all. These murderers must be hung. Nothing less will satisfy the de mands of Just ice? nothing else will satisfy the people. No puling, mawkish sentiment of pity for the "poor Indian" must intervene and defeat the ends of justice. The refractory tribes must be tauvht a lesson. and a severe one. They mast know that treachery cannot be overlooked, that brutal inurders will De surely punished by the death of the murderers. One such lesson will be worth to them more than the extermination of a tribe by actual fighting. An Indian does not fear death by the bullet or knife, but be fears death by the rope, for it rules thorn out of the happy hunting grounds of the Spirit Land. Another little episode occurred, A CAPTURE OK MODOCS BV THE PITTS, which occurred three days since, chief chip, of the Hot Spriftg Pitts, notified Preston Hays, tern porary agent there, that Modocs had becu seen near his camp. Hays told him to get them in his camp and disarm them, lie acted on this advice and sent "Dick" out, who decoyed them in, when they were disarmed. Messrs. Hays and Hess were notified and came and took them in charge. After this some eight citizens gathered and wanted to kill them, but were prevented by Hays and Hess and ( nlef Chip and his men. Theso two gentlemen, Chief Chip, his hall brother, Captain John ; Tom Dickson an other brother of the Chief, and several other Pitts brought them through and turned them over to the authorities yesterday, three men, eight women and children being in the party. When the Modocs were disarmed one Kelley, who had come to assist in securing them, became very much excited and liked to have spoiled all by nis recklessness. Had all been as excited hb Kelley the Modocs would have been murdered there, and another dark stain added to the history of this singularly conducted campaign against the Mo docs. YACHTING. The Programme of the Fifteenth An nual Regatta of the Jersey City Yacht Club. The fifteenth annual regatta of the Jersey City Yacht Club will be sailed to-day over a course starting from a stakeboat anchored off the Idle Honr, at Greenville, N. J. The Jersey City Yacht Club is one of the most flourishing organizations among the smaller clubs, and now boasts of a large fleet of sloop yachts. The Regatta Committee (Messrs. William Clark, C. S. Gardner and Thomas Manning) have made the following arrangements for the regatta :? The course for first and second class sloops to be from westward of stakeboat, off Idle Hour, at Greenville, to and around Southwest Spit buoy (8^). rounding it from westward to southward, thence back to stakeboat, pausing it to westward. No race unless the winning boat makes the dis tance within nine hours. The third and fourth classes will sail lrom same starting point, to and around buoy off Kobblns' Reef, passing It south ward and eastward, thence to and around buoy off Sand island, passing it to eastward and north ward, back to sta'ieboat, passing it to westward. This course to be sailed twice, and no race unless the winning boat makes the distance within six hours. The start is to be a flying one, and the yachts are to be in position to start at ten A. M. The first gun will be the signal to prepare to start, second gun for first aud second classes to start and the third gun for third aud fourth classes to start. Gun to be fired from dock off the Idle Hour. Not more than ten minutes allowed between the starting of tue first and the last boat in each class. The judges of the regatta are Messrs. Stephen Quaile, John Ward and J. B. Haight. Owners of boats muBt give every facility, before and after the regatta, for inspection of the mova ble ballast by the judges. The following yachts have entered to compete :? FIRST CLASS SLOOPS? CABIN BOATS. Name. Oiciter. Rmnia Hilton Coraino lore J. Hilton. Mary s. P. Hill. J. S. Uaiffi Frank Hicham. Dolly Varden H. Cohen. SECOND CLASS SLOOPS? OPKJt BOATS. Knight Templar K. Donshea. Maine P. H. Prindle. Confidence C. Keeney. Psyche P.Miller. THIRD CLASS SLOOPS. Irene Vice Coin. W. C. Phelps. Lucie p. h. Primlle. l-ea Mew A. P. Curtis. Cornet C. S. Jewett. KOUKTJI CLASS. nenry Jahne A. B. Reynolds. Commodore D. Hcrrian. Zephyr C. A. Smith. Nellie A. ltraiiiard. Sea Blrik A. B. Reynolds. Lottie A, Clerk. Alert R.B.Seymour. Henrietta J. Wells. Millie William Olding. Trains leave the foot of Ltberty street, New York, for Greenville at 9:30 A. M., 10:15 A. M., 11 A. M., 11:15 A. M., returning about every thirty minutes during the aiternoon. REAL ESTATE MATTERS. Sales To Be Held This Week in N?w York and Suburbs? Activity In Long Island Property. Only a very few sales or city property arc an nounced to take piaco this week at the Exchange, which fact fully bears out our predictions. On Thursday, the 26th Inst., Mr. James M. Miller advertises to sell, by order of the executor, a two story and attic brick house, 26 Market street, lot 22.3x88.6, and on Saturday, the 28th Inst., Mr. Richard V. Harnett sells, by order of Philo T. Ruggles, referee, two buildings corner of Irving place and sixteenth street, Iot43x80. But suburban sales are as plenty as galllnlppers in Virginia. To-day Mr. Jcrc. Johnson, Jr., sells 300 lots at New Brighton, on the north shore of Staten Island. On Tuesday tne great continuation sale of .'>00 lots at Great Neck, L. L, takes place, under the direc tion of Mr. James Blackwell. The former auction at this place was a great succrss. nearly 800 lots being disposed of at good priccs. On Wednesday, the 25th Inst., Mr. Johnson holds a sale or 300 lots at. Ilydc Park, L. I., adjoining A. T. Stewart's Gar den City, on the same day, assisted by Mr. James M. (ilbson, Trom Jersey City, the continuation sale of the Marlon property Is advertised to take place, or which the following arc the particulars:? BY J IRK. JOHNSON, JR., AND JAMK.S M. GIDSON. (Partition sale, by order of the Maiiou Building Associa tion.) 6 lots on West Side, av., from corner of Pox place, each 20xS6. 2 lots on Fox place and 1 on (illes av., each 20x11*0. 7 lets on West Side av., between Pavonia av. :tml Fox place, each 20x100. 2 lots on Fox plnce. 38.3 ft. s. of C.lles av. each 20x100. 1 lot on corner <illes av. and Fox place, IfU'xiOO. ? S lots on Pavonia av., between West Side and (.ilcs avs., eacii 20x100. H4 lota on Marion place, Giles and West Side avs., each 20x100. 20 lots on Olles and Wnles avs., each 20x100. 16 lots and 1 cottage on Wales and Wright avs., each 20x100. , 49 lots and 2 cottages on Wright and Wullis avs., each 20x100. M lots on Wallis and Pale avs. and Broadway, each 20x11)0. 25 lots on Broadway, Pale and Mead avs.. each 20x100. 50 lots on Broadway, Mead and Freeman avs., each 20x1 (O. 30 lots on Broadwav, Freeman and Wilmot avs., each 20x100. 5&i lots on Broadway, Harvey, Stockton. Butler, Hack ensack and Kockaway avs. and Frankfort St., each 20x100. st James Hotel, 5 st brick building, fully furnished ; lot 200x400. Friilav, June 27, BT A. P. MM.I.ICR, JR., AlfO BRO. (By order ot A. V- Keasliy and K. A. 8. Man, trustees.) GlO lots in the city of bliiabeth, N. J., regular size. Betts, Burnett A Co. advertise to sell on Wednes day, the 26tli Inst., "Washington's" Headquarters and surrounding property, at Morrlstown, N. J. Prom Long Island we hear accounts of unusual activity In real estate, which continues to Increase, and goes to show that the tide of Immigration is pushing quite as rapidly in this direction n? Into Westchester and New Jersey. To get out of the city, bnt as closely contiguous thereto as possible, or, In other words, to do business here and nave com fortable homes In the country of easy access, Is becoming each day the "ruling passion strong" or vast numbers or our city population. This cla^s or Eeople are looking about In every direction. Many ave a prejudice against auction sales and will only be content with the most qnlct and select localities. A number or saies to this class or pur chasers have recently been made at Hayside, from the estate of ex-Mayor Lawrence. Property there brings very fWr prices, and has now bccoine greatly enhanced in value. This estate is kept up well, Messrs. Stratton A Storms, who own tne land, having laid out the grounds nicely. In addition to a well regulated boulevard and two other avenues, there is a park of seven acres in the centra or this property. Unwards or sixteen hundred lots have been sold this season in this vlcinltr, being por tions or the ex-Mayor Mlckle and Tltns estates. The country all about here Is rapidly being bnlltup and Improving. Tne rollowiug private sale* were made by Mr. F. Zlttel since last report:? 61*t st, s. a, 228 a e. Madison a*., 4 a b. a h. s., 18x #0xld0.5 $32,800 87 Bast (list st, near Madison av., Uii, ih.?., ih_M SOxlOOifc SM**? Madison av., ?. a. , *7 It. n. 61st St., 4 a b. a h. a, l#x B0xH6 ! ???? Madison av., w. ?., flOift ft. n. With st, 4 a b. a b. a, 26x06x70. 86,000 170 ?ast 1MU> sk. 3 a b. a. b. a. IfriaaatalW. 1L0W W THE WESTERN TUEF, # L Preparations for a Saramer Meeting at Dexter Park, Chicago. Hie Premiums, Entries and Qther Particulars. * Other Sporting Matters in the * Garden City. Chicago, June 18, 1878, The turf record of Chicago la not as brilliant m It should be. We have? when great attractions hat* !-<*en offered, and the stars of the trotting world have competed? had successful meetings,' but, as a general rule, our races have been fall* ' urea, and the turf affairs of Chicago have been looked upon as hippodrome performances, un worthy of that recognition accorded to . them in other cities, even west of the sea board. The murder of poor MeKeever, and the mysterious circumstances that surrounded It, were a deathblow to the turf interests of this section, and, though subsequent events t have partially healed the wound, we hsvs * never entirely recovered from the shock. Dexter Park, one of the finest courses in the country acknowledged as such by all the prominent turf men who have visited It? was the successor of the old Chicago Driving Park, the site of which is now covered with aristocratic residences. It has been a failure from the first. Although we have a population passionately fond ol field sports, no ral lying cry could create the slightest enthusiasm, so . long as we were clouded by that Incnbns < that had hovered over the old track, and that, whether justly or otherwise, was transferred to the new. Feeling that they labored' under a train of circumstances that Involved sus picion and ruin, the old management finally abandoned the field and transferred the grounds and Uxtures to a new organization, composed of gentlemen of the most sterling integrity, who command tho respect and confidence of the entire community. The meeting last ball under the auspices of the new airectors was an unanticl-^ pated success. The attendance for tlvp lour days' was very large ; the races were conducted with transparent nonesty, and all who participated? | horsemen as well as spectators ? were entirely satisfied. Kncouraged by the resnlt of that meeting and firm In the beliei that creditable conduct can yet redeem Chicago from the disgrace Into which she has lallen, the managers or Dexter Park have ar ranged for a meeting during the first FOUR DAYS IN JULY that will eclipse any Western sporting event for years. Premiums aggregating $40,009 are offered, f and already the entries include many of the notod trotting, running and pacing heroes and heroines ol the turf. The races la the forenoon will (except on the fourth d ly, when a purse ol $2,000 will be awarded horses never having beaten 2:50) be con fined to trottlug and running for purses ranging from $300 to $f>oo. All the great events will take place In the afternoon. On Tuesday, July 1, the afternoon's Bport will commence with A TKOT FOB A PREMIUM OF $2,000 for horses never having beaten 2:40? $1,000 to the first, and $500, $300 and $200 to the next three. This will be followed by a trot for a premium of $4,000 for horses with a record not exceeding 2:25 ? $2,000 to the first, $l,ooo, $600 and $400 to the others. The day's performances will conclude with a running race lor a premium of $000, mile heats, free to all. Premiums of $2,000 and $3,000 for trotting, and $1,500 lor running (two mile heats, for all ages), will constitute the programme for the second day. The first race on the third day will be a trotting match lor $3,000, lor 2:27 horses. The magnificent purse of $8,000 will then be awarded to horses that have never beaten 2:21? $4, 000 to first, $'^000 to second $1,200 to third and $800 to rourth. This Is looked upou as one of the most important contests or the meeting; but it is questioned whether the managers would not have shown greater wisdom by making the race free to all. A running match, , mile heats, lor Si, 000, will complete the pleasures ? and triumphs 01 the day. ON THE FOUHTH AND LAST DAY ? of the meeting the first afternoon race will be for 2:30 horses, lor premiums footing up $3,000. The lree-to-all trot, lor premiums ol $3,500, will then take place? $2,000 to first, $1,000 to second and $500 to third. It Is expected that, the fastest horses in the country will compete for these purses. A grand running race lor $3,000, three mile heats? $i,?oo to first, $uoo to second and $300 to third? will close the season. The run ning will be under the rules 01 the American / Jockey Club. Should ihe July meeting be as successful as It is hoped It will be, arrangements will be made far a Fall meeting, at which purses will be offered amounting In the aggregate to $75,000. UNDER A CLOUD. With the exception of billiards, other Bportlng matters in Chicago are under a cloud. Base ball has been entirely neglected, and there Is no prospect of a Chicago club being or ganized for at least two years to come. The arrival of Monsieur Francois Ubassy t gave an Invigorating impetus to billiard 1 matters, although it has made the distinguished stranger acquainted with the unpleasant truth that he c.muot ride rough-shod over the wholo American continent, "conquering aud to conqner." In his first match he was beaten oy John Bes sunger at even points, and on his third he failed to discount that young expert. In New York ne will probably have a bettor opportunity to test his skill with such opponents as Dion, Daly, (Jar nlerand others. WATERING PLACE NOTES. The first ball of the season at Saratoga will take place at the Grand Union Hotel on the 4th of July. Tarrytown, on the lludson, has Bome well grounded pretensions as a Summer resort. The notel accommodations are good and the location, like all others on the banks of the North River, is unsurpassed. Manchester, Vt., which is situated at the foot of ' Mount Eqnlnox, has all the attractions of a quiet, pleasantly located inland village. The hotels there are fully up to all the nccessary requirements ot Summer borders. Bernstein's orchestra Is at Congress Hall, Sara toga. Boats, pickerel, pike, bass and good hotels are the attractions at Chautauqua Lake, N. Y. Baliston spa was once the fashionable watering place of the United States, but in course of time Saratoga Springs, from which it is only seven * miles distant, outstripped It, and eventually took from It Its entire patronage. It Is now, however, beginning again to attract attention, and Is vis ited by those who prefer quiet to the whirl of fashion which is prevalent at Saratoga. There Is another place in New Jersey, called Ridgefleld Park. It overlooks the Hackensack Klver, is situated on elevated ground, and presents attractions for visitors equal to any other Inland ' resort. Several members of the British Parliament will arrive at Saratoga Springs early in August. All the catskiil Mountain hotels are now open. Persons desiring to keep cool during the Summer, and those who are curious to see Rip Van Winkle's sleeping apartments, or to hear Hendrlck Hod son's thunder, will go to tho Catskllls. Tne hotels on the White Mountains of New Hamp shire will open as soon as the snow and ice are , cleared away. The Walworth mansion wil' be one of the cariosi ties this season at Saratoga. Bath, L. I., will receive its usual complement or boarders this season. West Potnt, always attractive on account of Its magnificent location on the high bluffs of the Hud son, Is already beginning to fill np. There is to be another boat race on the lake at ' Saratoga before the final closing of the season. An attempt was recently made to render It fash ionable for bridal parties to go southward, taking Richmond and other Southern cities by the way, bnt thus far there has been no diminution in the number of newly marrtal couples that visit Nia gara Falls. The camp meeting at Round Lake, Rensselaer county, N. Y., will commence about tho middle of July and continue throughout the season. A large , number of visitors are expected to Snmmer in the immediate locality. If the cholera should visit the Northern cities ths watering places will be likely to become uncom fortable In consequence of the crowds that will flock to them. A P0QBH0P8E BURNED. Worcester, Mass., June 21, 1878. The house and shed of the Poor Farm at Bar re were destroyed by Ore yesterday. The farm ?M ? saved. The property was issued.

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