Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 23, 1873, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 23, 1873 Page 5
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IN THE G ARLIST CAMP Graphic Description of the Carlist Base of Operations at Urdax. The French Body Guards of Carlos VII. COUNT D'ALCANTARA'S PARIS CAVALRY. The Grand Marshal Marquis de Yalde Espinas. The Art of Making. War With out Gunpowder. The Cure of Santa Cruz Means Business. Butchery at the Bridge of En Darlaza. The Belligerent Cure Bising to the Position of an Inde pendent Chieftain. The Herald Correspondent Off for the Cure's Headquarters. Carlist Fort Pena de Plata,) June 6,1873. ( On tbe high road from Bayonne to Pampeluna, within half an hour's walk of the frontier Custom lionse of Doucharinea. Is situated, in a Kind of peep-hole, the village of Urdax. It is surrounded on all sides by mountains, ho as to be almost hid den from the eyes of the travellers who, in more peaceful times undertake a carriage journey to Pampeluna through the picturesque valley of Bastan. From a purely military point of view OKI) AX Is quite an Impossible place, for no force of any kind could defend itself there rrom the attack or an enemy holding the surrounding mountains. But the Carllsts, always relying upon their good lens and sharp eyes, have from the outset selected that little village as one or the starting points or their operations. It is within an easy reach of the con trabandists carrying arms and ammunition across the frontier, and this alone was quite sufficient to render the otherwise quite unsuitable village one of the most important starting points of CARLIST OPERATIONS. It is here that guns and ammunition are stored, volunteers assembled and drilled, cartridges manu factured and wounded attended to. Whenever the enemy approaches the Carlist force stationed at the village climbs the surrounding mountains and takes position ou them, if it feels strong enough, or else runs away along tyie French iron tier to Zngarramurdy, Pena de la Plata and other inac cessible mountain relugcs situated between Urdax and Vera. Within these last Ave or six days the little village has been particularly animated and particularly Interesting. Some of the best known representa tives of both the Spanish and French legitimist parties were assembled here, under the protection of some five hundred new Carlist volunteers, of whom scarcely any one was more than twenty years old, while many were lads of twelve and thirteen, the whole force possessing NOT MORE TDAN THREE HUNDRET) CARTRTDOE3 to defend itself from the attack of an enemy's column over a thousand men strong, and marching with two cannons from St. Estaban, apparently straight on Urdax. On the 2d of June, when I reached the village, having been commissioned to go for the Herald oncc more among the Carlists, there was not only an air of quietness, bnt even onq of festivity, about Urdax. On the previous day the fort of PBNA DE LA rt.ATA WAS CONPKCRATED, and the flag hoisted on the first Carlist lortress. Speeches were delivered ou the occasion, mass celebrated, and a banquet given, lor which wines and provisions were 0rousht over from Uayonuo and St. Jean de Suy, and or which traces were to be BtlU aeen in the faces of the officers who had had A DROP TOO MCCH. .But on the 3d every trace of the festivity was over and a heavy gloom was to be seen on all laces. Some bad news reached Urdax on that day. In the first place, several thousand English made cartridges were seized by the French gend armes, on tne frontier, during the night; in the second there were no copper cartridge cases in stock for making cartridges, and in the third the republican Colonel Tajada, arter having fortified St. Estaban, s?cmed to Indicate an intention of inarching on Urdax, had already reached Elizondo, and could easily begin to shell Urdax in two or three hours. "What shall we do T" was a question to be read on every one's face. Colo nel Marquis de Las Herma/.as, nephew of the CoL\mander-ln-Chlcf Hlio, was at the head of the 600 lads and the 300 cartridges. No one ' could question his personal courage, slnco the gentleman had no less than thirty-seven Grounds on and about his body, and attempted last jaar to take the citadel of Pampeluna all by him self; but the position was too critical to admit of any solution by means or mere courage. Ktglit down flight wtis evidently the only escape left. "1 do notour for my men," said the Marquis to me, "they will all find room on the top of the moun tains and within the walls of our lortress; but wh^t I am afraid of Is the safety of tills brilliant stall' we have with us and or their beautiful Horses. They will all go to grief climbing the mountains or break down for want of food lu Pefla de la Plata." THE "BRILLIANT BTAKF" the Marquis was bo much preoccupied with re quires just here some consideration on my part. A month or so since the French legitimists got up a party of some twelve young noblemen, all of whom had already served In the French army, to Jorm the body guard of Don Carlos. Thev were to form only the nucleus or a cavalry squadron, to be completed by and by on the spot, and to be placed nnder the orders of Couut d'Aicantura, armea and equipped at an outlay of over fifty thousand francs. The gentlemen could not remain long at Bayonne, as their brilliant uniforms and splendid Paris horses, however carefully concealed, would easily betray their plans. Consequently (hey were as quickly as possible despatched, with arms and bag gage, over the frontier, and awaited, like mysell, at Urdax, tbe chance of getting to the head* quarters of kilo, where their squadron was to be formed, and remain till the arrival or Don Carlos. Their dark green hussar uniform, richly trimmed with gold lace ; their white Bedouin bournouses, their breasts covered with cresses and medals of nearly all countries, were all very pleasant to look at amid tbe wilderness of the Basque Mountains and the rags of Basque volunteers, and would have been, no doubt, very imposing at the headquarters ol some well organized and victorious army. But In tbe circumstances of tbe case they had some* thing very incongruous about them, and suggested, I don't know why, tbe idea or Paris or Boulevard cavalry lost in the wild mountains. COUNT D' ALCANTARA, tt)e commanding officer, is a very able and brave nan, well known for bis military exploits. So are the Marqnis de Canlsy, late equerry to Napoleon, and Baron de Barbier, a dragoon officer, wbo /ought in Mexico and China. But all these, as well as their youngsters, Baron Amiot, Marquis de Santes, Baron d'Herpent, Chevalier d'Arband and tbe rest, had Terr ions laces when tbe flight wa# decided upon and wHen tney saw tnetnsefves rain ing their chargers, unable to climb the mountains, obstructing the movements ol the volunteers and increasing the general confusion. Besides these FASHIONABLE WARRIORS , we had on that occasion another celebrity with us? this time a Spanish, not a French one-^-and that was old Marquis Valde Espinas, head of General Elio'a staff. The Marquis led the cavalry charge at Eraul, got a bayonet wound In the arm, and had since been Laid up at a little country honse near Zngarra murdy, that is to say, betweeen Urdax and the fort of Pe&a de la Plata, a decree of the King, Charles VII , appointing him Grand Marshal and Grand Cross seemed to have quite restored the health of the old gantleman and to have given him strength enough to join the ceremony of the consecration of the new fortress, after which he came to Urdax and was to wait, as we did, for an occasion to join the headquarters. He had consequently to fly, too? with us, having for personal escort his two sons and his aide-de-camp. In that way, as lar as celebrities were concerned, the capture of our de tachment would have been quite a treat to the republican column. Hut it seems that its colonel, not being sufficiently well Informed about the position we were in, did not attack us on the 3d and 4th, when be COULD HAVE CAUGHT ALL OF ITS or destroyed us if he pleased, and so gave to us ample time f?>r flight. At daybreak on the 5th off we marchtd te Zugarramurdy, and two hours later were safe on the top of Pefta de la Plata, some four thousand teet above the sea and some two thousand feet al*>ve any spot that the republicans could be expected to reach. What the road was like I am i utterly unable to describe. Kids, 1 fancy, would be the only animals likely to And it comlortable. It was all an incoherent mass of stores, big and little, rolling under the foot, and where it was not stoue it was slippery mud. It was nowhere wider than a yard, and about the top of the height ceased to be a road or even a path. Every one climbed the best he could, and out of a couple of dozen horses of the staff fifteen got lame, the beaut llul chargers of the Paris cav alry being of course the first to break down. Over six hours did the march, last, and when we reached the lort we had only one pros pect? that of being locked up in it without rations until some other and better provided for band would come to onr rescue. That band every one expcctcd to be that of THE CURE OP 8ANTA CRUZ, , who was within a couple of hours' inarch, at Echa lar, on the opposite Bide of the mountain. As a matter of course neither the Marquis Valde Es pinas nor the Marquis Las Herraazas, commanding the cartridgeless force, intimated what their plans or expectations were, and this rendered the posi tion still lets pleasant. Towards the evening only did we learn that the Cure had refused all help, and threatened to shoot young Valde Espinas if his father sent linn down again to Echalar with either commands or propositions. To explain this an swer a little digression from the narrative is re quired. The now celebrated Cure began the present war as a small calecilla (leader of a band), in the province of Guipazcoa, ol which General Lissarraga was ap pointed Carlist chief. The two men had some dis agreements in February last, and, these growing constantly stronger, broke out into an open en mity. Santa Ciuz refused to obey Lissarraga's or ders, and Lissarraga condemned him in March last to be shot. But between condemning a man like the Cure and executing the sentence there appears to be a greater distance in the present case than there is usually. Lissarraga could never catch Santa Cruz, aud while he had scarcely done any thing worth mention ining yet, Santa Cruz's name is known, though unenvlably, all over the world, while his popularity among the peasants of the Basque provinces is almost incalculable. Llssarra ga's troops number scarcely 700 men, indifferently armed, aud are a considerable expense to the cash box ol Don Carlos, wliile Santa Cruz has over twelve hundred men, thoroughly well armed, without his having ever got, as he wrote lately to the Pretender, "either a gun, cartridge or a penny of money." What he has got he got himself, with the aid. perhaps, of the Vicar ol Tolosa, his inti mate friend, recently caught on French soil and Interned l?y the French authorities at Nantes. Ile? further, never fought without having a success, while Lissarraga has fought but little and never successfully. Naturally enough, the Cure has A GOOD OPINION OF HIMSELF, feels his force, and, probably, remembering that the celebrated Cabrera wns once but a miserable student of divinity expelled from the seminary for bad conduct, thinks himseir perfectly Justi fied in imitating him as far as energy and vio lence are concerned. Ills confreres, on the other hand, having lost nearly three months in vain efforts to lav hand on the Cure, began to negotiate with him. Bon Carlos wrote to him personally, saying that this spilt in the party does It a great deal of harm, and that "the great cause" should be doiended with unity on the part of all those concerned. Santa Cruz "respectfully answered His Majesty? his master"? that he quite agreed with him, and that he would immediately obey any orders that may be ?eut to him, provided three conditions are fulfilled? first, his sentence of death revoked; second, Lissarraga removed] from the province of Gulpuzcoa; third, full liberty of action granted to him in the command of his own band. None of these conditions have been yet com plied with by Bon Carlos, and the Cure is, of course, * under the impression that his Carlist enemies would be as glad to shoot him as his republican enemies. Consequently he has broken up all rela tions and communications with the counsellors and generals of Bon Carlos, and, no doubt, took the applications for help coming now from Marqnl3 de Valde Espinas lor a mere manoeuvre interded to trnp and catch him. He, therelore, refused to do auv thing, and when the Marquis sent his son with a second message to Achalar, Santa Cruz answered through one of his officers that the young Marquis bad letters to at once return whence he came, else he would shoot him, as he kne.v very well what these demands for help meant in reality. He seems to have added also that if the Urdax detach ment had no cartridges It was the fault of Seiior Borrenzoro, late Carlist Deputy in the Cortes and now Governor of the Fort Pena de la Plata, who had the management of the stores and who got, It seems, no end of money from Bon Carlos' cash box. To that gentleman the Cur6 sent word to say that, both for his spending Car list money for banquets and lor his promising to fire at Santa Cruz whenever he would pass within the rauge of his cannons, he would administer to him A HEAVY BASTINADO as soon as he caught him. With all these com munications the young Marquis of Valde Espinas returned to us, and there was for a couple of hours a regular war council held on the top of the height, with a view to decide what was to be done, when, all at once. A SPY ARRIVED with information that the enemy, Instead of ad vancing on Urdax, retreated back to J-an Estaban. We could, consequently, get down again from our height of 4,ooo feet and get something to eat. Great was tho general joy. " Marcliar " was to be heard on all sides, aud we had time, before It became quite dark, to reach Zugarramurdy again, where meat, wine, bread and forage could be found without particular difficulty for the whoio of the force. The cause of this republican retreat from EUzondo, when by marching on Urdax their success was so certain, was the very same famous Cure who re lused to help us. Early In the morplng on the previous day he attacked a fortified pdsitfon of some sixty, carbineros near the bridge of Enderlaza, on the high roaa irom ) Trun to Vera. The little cannoti he had soon smashed the palisades calculated to protect the republicans enly from rifle shots, and the carbine ros, after having lost several men, hoisted a white flag. The Carlists began then to descend Irom the heights down into the valley to the bridge, and when tney were ck>Be to it a volley of musketry greeted them. 8ANTA0FRUX became quite furious, threw himself forward with the whale of his force and slaughtered every one Of the remaining mrblneroa on the snot. One only attempted to escape by throwing mmseir m me Bidassoa and was drowned In the river. The re publicans say now the Curd executed prisoners who had hoisted a white flag, while the Curt says he simply killed treacherous enemies, who had tried to get him into an ambush. Whatever Hide may be right, for as the wholesale butchery of these carbineros had a very favorable result. The Enderlaza bridge being in the rear of Colonel Tejada's troops, the newa of Its being taken by Santa Cruz compelled the Colonel to retreat irom Eliaondo. We were saved from partial starvation, at all events, ir not from certain capture, and the 600 men of the Marquis Las Hermasas have now a chance to get cartridges in a day or two and to be able to defend both themselves and the distinguished and brilliant Paris cavalry they pro tect. For my own part, having not much to see with so small a band, and being bound to Kilo's headquarters, 1 had once more to cilmb the height of P?na de la Plata, whence 1 am writing ibis letter aud whence 1 have to start early in the morning to the village occupied by Santa Cruz, the only way open. Unless he does with me what he promised to do wltn the Marquis of Valde Espina's son I shall probably be aole to tell you what the moustrously famous Cure is like and what be Is doing. FUNERAL OF HORACE F. CLARE. The Scene In the Church? Floral Offer ing! of Re?pect? The Pall Bearers? The Service and the Sermon? Interment In Woodlawn Cemetery. The funeral of the late Horace P. Clark took place yesterday afternoon from the Rev. Dr. Adams' church, Madison square aud Twenty-fourth street. According to previous Invitation the pall bearers and otber friends of the deceased Imd assembled ut the family residence, No. 10 East Twenty-second street, at half-past three o'clock P.M., and thence in a procession of carriages, preceded by a hearse con veying the remains, drove to the church, which they reached soon after four o'clock. At the time of arrival the galleries and side aisles of the churcb were filled in every pew with ladies and gentlemen who had come to attend the burial service. As the procession entered the church the organ began playing in a mournful, tender strain, and continued the plaintive voluntary until all the seats in the middle aisle, which had been reserved for the family and immediate friends, had been occnpled. In this aisle also not a seat was left vacant, the occupants being some of the leading merchants and business men of the city. Delegations from the Western Onion Telegraph Company and from the Directors of the New York Central aud Hudson River Railroad Company were present. The remains having beeu placed on the bier in front of the desk, the widow of the deceased was escorted to the front pew on the right hand side of the middle aisle, in which also were some or the relatives, and in the pew Immediately behiud sat Commodore Vanderbllt, with other members ol the family. Ihe pall bearers# were seated in the front pews on the lelt hand side of the aisle, bearing the usual emblems of tnouming? white scarfs with yiack bows. The pall bearers were Judge William H. Leonard, William M. Evarts, Charles O'Conor, Chester W. Chapm, Charles M. Rapallo, William Orton, John Q. Jones, Richard Schell, Joseph B. Varnum, William butler Duncan and E. 11. Wesley. Dr. William J. Ilanor, the attending physician of deceased, and Dr. John F. Gray, consulting pby Biclan, occupied seats with the rail bearers. On the table in iront of the desk and all around the coffin there was a profusion of the customary floral gifts, the last tokens of affection for the dead. Some beautiful designs were among these offer ings, in tube roses, llllies, white pinks, Ac. Immediately in front of the coffin was a broken column, several feet high, on the baBO of which was the word, "Grandfather, " this being the final token of love (Tom the grand children of the deceased. A splendidly gotten up harp, presented by Augustus Schell, stood at one side of the coffin. At the head of the coffin was a beautiful crown, and on the baptism font was a large cross and anchor, the giri of Mrs. Bradhurst. A similar oflerlng came Irom Com modore Vanderbllt. A handsome column of Im mortelles, with white pinks and blue roses, bore the card of Judge and Mrs. Leonard. William Yundcrbilt, Jr., sent a cross. There must have been some fifty distinct floral pieces scattered around the bolr,. all exquisitely gotten up? wreaths, anchors and crosses, lyres, broken col umns and other pretty designs, the different varieties of flowers being admirably blended in most of tliem. The coilln was a handsome rosewood casket, with solid silver plate and handles. The plate bore the following inscription:? i 'w'^~~hohace~iTTla iTC x Died June 19, 1873, > Aged 08 years. All the visitors having leen seated the Rev. Dr. Adams rose and coming to the desk read the well known psalm, beginning, "Man that Is born of a woman," Ac., and having concluded It deliver) an eloquent discourse on the subject therein alluded to. He did not dwell at any length on the private or public virtues ol the deceased, for, he said, mopt of those whom he was addressing knew Horace F. Clark better than he had known him. Itut it was impossible that the death of snch a man, one who occupied so Important a position in the business and commercial world, should not leave a void among his frlenoB. The lesson he would draw Irom the bier that was belore them was personal preparation for death. I)r Adams, In the course of his remarks, referred to the mauner in which the Saviour sym pathized with the ailliction which de;t th'brought and used the Saviour's words to show how we should bear the burden of the sorrow, lor death was but the vcstloule to the glorious temple wherein would be peace and glory. To those before him, who were l<-ad< rs id the groat business under takings and upon whom devolved great responsi bilities. lie would especially say an exhorting word? such a word as th tr dead friend would say could he now utter it? and it was this:? Look to higher objects than constant worldly honors, lor tney fade away ; watch, watch, and be always ready. Alter the sermon Dr. Adams gave a beautiful and most affecting prayer, calling upon Ood to assaugo the widow's griei, to protect her children and grandchildren and to bless them aud all tin family, lie also prayed for Commodore Vanderbllt, "the patriarch" of the house, and tor all the relatives and Irlends of the family and for those who bad been engaged in business with the deceased. The choir then sung the 149th hvmn, "Rock of Ages," after which the benediction was given. No invitation having been extended lor the taking of a last look at the face of the remains, the uoffin was at once borne to the hearse, and the carriages havlnu been soon filled the cortege proceeded to the Gmnd Central Depot, Trhere a special train was In readiuesi to convey the mourners to Woodlawn Cemetery, the place of interment. The former private "car of dcceasea was heavilv draped in mourning for the journey and was occupied by the Immediate relatives of the family. FEMALE HEROISM AT THE DET STREET EXPLOSION. To the Editor of tpe Herald:? In your report of tbe explosion in Dey street, which appeared in the Hkkai.d of yesterday, I ob served an omission to which I beg to attract yonr attention. The wounded persons were, as stated, taken to the Pare Hospital and there attended by the two hospital physicians, Fruhler and Hardy, wno rendered every assistance; bat I think It only just that another name should be mentioned. At tbe time or the accident I was on the spot, and In the immediate excitement I observed a lady rush from tho Dey Street House (a few yards dlBtant), as If she reared that some near relative bad been wounded by the accident. Disregarding everything which stood in her way, she rorced a passage to the spot, and then and there seized the young man Leonard, the most fearfully injured of the five. and. by sheer personal effort, and almost unaided, she led him into the Dey Street House. Her clothes were almost in a blaze, ami she certainly exposed her self to great risk. Entering the house, I found that the young man was in a most precarious condition, but the lady who had rescued him was most assid uous in her attentions. After putting out the flames she applied the usnal remedies, unguents, Ac., and administered morphine In aoses, after wards approved by tbe hospital physician, Dr. Joyce. For two whole hours and regardless oi her own condition she tended the wounded man, and even after he bad been removed she visited him In tho hospital. This lady's name is Mrs. Dr. Miller, who has more than once been noticed in your journal ror similar generous efforts, and 1 think that as "honor should be rendered wherever due," her immediate and skilful endeavors to aid the wounded man ought not to be passed by in silence. Every one In tbe neighborhood will willingly en dorse this statement. Yours, Ac. GEORGE ROBERTS. Dey Street, Jnne 22, 1873. FATAL ELEVATOR CASUALTY. Dominick Boshl Calupi, an Italian, fifty years of age, was killed oh Saturday afternoon at the choc olate manufactory of Henry Malllalrd, 118 West Twenty-firth street, by the falling of the elevator, upon whlcb he was at work. From wtiat cause tbe elevator fell will be determined by an Investiga tion to be beld bcrore Coroner Keenan at tbe late residence of deceased, No. 6 Clark street, where tbe remains were rer -ved after tbe occurence. ^<j> * THE TOURIST ABROAD. Confessions of a Eu ropean Courier. "There Is Scarcely a Tailor or Shoemaker in the United States Who Has Not Been |o Europe." THE MODERN TRAVELLER. Aristocrats Prefer Not to Travel, "But to Re tire Moodily Into Their Feudal Castles." SHARP HITS AT AMERICANS IN EUROPE, A Curious Melange or Malice, Truth and "Bosh." ? ? . THE LIVES OF AMERICAN ARTISTS. Florence, May 28, 1873. A small book, printed in Florence In the English , language, entitled "Memoirs of a Courier," *?T Angelo Togua, has juHt lallen Into my bands, and Its perusal lias so rnucb amused me on account ol its impudent style, its AUDACIOUS ASSERTIONS and peculiar views, that I think a short account of it will amuse, perhaps edify, the readers ol the Herald. Michael Angelo Togua W a kind of uni versal genius, one of those tribe of human beings fast dying off in Europe, who in former years travelled over the entire Continent of Kurope with wealthy families, but now that railroads and guide books have become such established facts And a pretty good although by no means romantic existence in the larger cities, where they make themselves generally uselul to the traveller as vaWt de place for a remuneration or from eight to ten francs per diem, besides their legal pickings and stealings. Michael Angelo Togua is, in fact, one of Mark Twain's much abused Fergusons, who has taken to literature as a profession. And, judg ing from the courier English displayed in the book, we fancy M. Angelo must have published his book without the aid of a translator. II. ANUELO never admits that he has been a courier. He com mences Ids book with the words:-'- in 1866 I had finished -my travels. 1 was still wandering with many other fellow passengers on board the steam ship Han Giorgio, bound lor Gibraltar," Ac. In fact> his company seems to have been much sought alter as one ol those geniuses to whom travellers are unconsciously attracted when they desire that valuable (V) info rmatlon which couriers ean im part. In telling h Is story he makes his assertions in the co urlerlstlc uogmatlc fashion, and defying contradiction. He tells great truths, however, sometimes without knowing it. He is especially severe on the guide book manufacturers? the de stroyers of his profession? and God knows that he has cause of complaint. He denounces the methods employed by many guide book makers of extorting money lrorn the hotel keepers under various pretences (who, by the way, deserve but little commiseration). M. Angelo tells the story about the au thor of a guide book who, for the sake of a puff, induced a hotel keeper of Naples to pay him auo francs a year and to furnish gratuitously board and lodging for himself and family of five persons for several months, until he finally quarrelled with the landlord, and m a revenge, told the world m his book that said hlf?U'i w?h situated in a dangerous lever district, aud B<7ruiueil U>e house. M. Angelo does in lac hit manv iruido book makers very closely, apparently too unskilled to compete preteutlous competitors who have of late up by the score in tlorencc and Rome. In flu iat tcr city some ENGLISH WRITERS seem to have commenced the guide business on a regularly organized plan. I heir first busiuess Is to compile a book or to give lectures on certain nromiucnt structures or ruins, and to conduct par ties by the score at live or ten francs per "cad to the scene where further explanations are made on the spot. Against such competitors Michael Angelo Togua suiKs into ins boots m disgust ARISTOCRATIC AfcP PLEBEIAN TRAVKLLHllS. M Angelo belongs 10 the ol<l school ol couriers, who still live on the memories and banknotes lelt tiiem by travelling English "milords, German nrfnees and Russian "boyards" of yore, litis ? what he says about ancient and modern tour ists ? . . N..w that commulcationi have becomc so much fa*!rr, siass ?... mUoSw' ?nS)' t' !L and i t w ? s a good ami useful one-was to beaccom pan ie,<1|^?^(|1^' '*na Ynomn (Tt he c o'u n ir 1 e ulat were to Si! uien Sr more difficult than at Hie present ? sssssnss. PinoPm!a verv cosuy, and II would liave been Impossible the world. u. t int r riipv do not curc to he O UUK c a'uj1! v^ii ! f.1 m ? rt'r '? t.'Jl -f k 1 1 ^ r* i t' \ 1 <' v.'n d hou. it is thus that, owing beside tnem ai um r?,|W,1Va and denirous '>t ' ovAdUi^rtlsaBrMahlo manner, tha^nks to ^ lo hi? knowledge o( the through which he paw> ?ni#?rirc!iicv. the I ditlerent ,onKa^*- . * ,(,Jr,'r!-nilerimr the most important I courier was capable <d rt not rin^i ^ traV(., ^lth ft . -T?;.'ir r.,n . an.l I repeat that the time , courier Is a sign <>t distinu u ,envu hl|s IiallVe !T.n^wlthorb?h.?tp"!M by his courier, became hU triend and contldaut. MODERN TRAVELLERS. Tbo dlimlty of Michael Is something to 1>?> ad mirnd 'fhe breath of aristocratic breeding 1"'*" vades'hls every line. He reminds us very much of one of tUose^umptuousiy cla?l 1^^ SsS'S ture of modern tourists: ? f?SW '*? -vfi'rta'K1 8?"S48i F keeper, ordw breakmn i.r n > w Uy tUnis, er? are looking another wa> j jj . wjlo ?SSS?.*c' ungenilemaoly doing brilliant Tor the poor hotel aeeper, lource ol gain wa*_t< o , . thousand prctemmons, they moreover bring walls and ofler a spectacle destroy th. tnrnlture, ?"!! t^watta ^oner a .p ot indec.L|"i ?Er?l,t are never witisfled. Suppose isfisssff. !&?*???" rsvn,M.T,':r!;; <"???" m Horn., .1. J WHO open their drawmg rooms* ST-satrwfrjSi fig^rTgys cerne monstrous, since the M?nusu?.?tnU; I>rincM HESDrSC WFSx W IS wedlclue it X onlv to blame somebody o. something If? yoong lady suffers from headache It I affords matter for a conversation of many hour*' dura- ' Hon, for headlong charge* against our menical men, who. as a matter of course, art all ukn and in complete |g^ norance of the way u> euro strangers. You arc earnestly recommended not to trust yourself to a native doctor, lor fever** scaroely know bow to cure even a Kouian a mekican artists, especially those residing in Koine (Sir John Thomas himself seems to know the Eternal City by heart, and does uot shrink to mention people by their i initials), came in for a large share of abase : ? ..mj1'!1', *8 asks In virtuous Indignation, wnat do they dot They live without lortiinc. profession I .l7 ""'H' wbc" they flrat alighted on kotrliiJ^ '..^? f*I! non* *1 th,e present time, but their thtul w?th tUf mean* oi making a i .Lu*ur7 and finery Their wlve? ride in H1"*1"1 *lr"' ?lwl Pretend to be riu"h P lh'lr "rei"1 '? eccentric in order to UW 01 thi? i?,/";""*1? ,liU ln,u*R theiu with a false LnA tw i ln,P?r,ance by the manner ol their appear ihf ?... ,S are repeated day alter day in niucli * iiM? . ."fj *" if "n advertisement at go I S .nm^' , i /L ?ccentric conduct ol" their wivci V u,h.e."l "*? real Vttlue of wh'(h they are whb b hlV?VSv? .Hut I?1 u? enter into their studios, lo thai it ih^.irieHre. ,l?rln? a great part of the day, In order mod?ll!t?i? >r Vel)ev?d t';*' they are hard at work on Sru.J k?p5'." B" wh?" ? visitor arrive* they tnruHt their bead troiri out their *auctnary in the moat ^ic|Uo||#an4 pretonUow- manner. "Where arc your cA</k (Patuvr4? f inquire the visitors with Home intcrcHt there ill Saoi*0^ *"U){he?tudio, in the centre of which hi* 8to?.1 ?*PP?rta a lump of clay, with which to commence a model that 1* certain never to he finished, because they do not know how to do It. They "JJ generally obliged to recur to one of our old artists, of ^'.Vi'i.1?"1"' ttr" *'tached to such studios, or to roiuu acquaintance, secret! v paid, of course, lor, like bats they th/^lJhi'ik . KAni1 When ,he rhl/ ?r<ruvn SCC1 i^not tieirt and calVlt pnU,Mi ',lve,, t0 " wyrk whtch I. I jim i. *A" a"*ii"'an ruooucriow. C? i u*?f.l7h4t 18 " that ca" ?>* called . Vi . marble, begun and worked in Koine by Italian artist* Hfter Italian model*, and with Ui?k-!f<i ,,y th" hk'n 01 an Italian. My ,U T, W *,I KiurHtlimen or Americans lay claim to vriiJTi Ti'.h! Hi: n"n,"> "",eN' it he the name in Hcrtbetl on the giatue. rbtne, Ken tit1 men, it Ih I nun time to l-ut a ?to? lo the quackery which I l.av'e just Kited? ini.iwi?iMpJ!h "'|U'' however disagreeable it may Bound to the ears of those pretender.* lo art. Statue* ar?'^.innt/ AmP'in I,"lia" marble and by Italian hands, fhf < America unuer an American name. Ought tliev ar?C H.iT"' rea''",? to exempt them? us ir.?in nnviSV 1P according to American law? Lr.rr,,rPV.L'}* importation . duuesr Thin is a trap V*i/f . ^ 'an artist# auri a conspiracy unworthy it ^oTT"fnt;nt0t the State#. who ih a party to a*.? ? y?.u coniteieniioiiflly Kive the name of nor' wh,ch ,IWM "either been detlKued nur conceived In your country, aud the materials of 1 whie :M,?,,rnV,m^ T'10 very ,,,ftrblu irom r?i?^ ilL.1 if??!?S5 no wed eannotbe ended vours. Jho ? I the presence on an American Hubiect. wim mo OhiLPlImnkhiI)'ni|,eforB ,,ta,,,IU4lel during two or three tiii' din !!h i Havana ciu'ar*, taking up now mid KITH with nfrv taammer or dirtying his tin ;.?/! - ??- . 111 order to look artistical when vlHitors walk in. cannot be Kiifflcicnt to give it an Ameri can oriKUi and the right to profit by exemption irom im portation duties The true1 reason is widely ditre relit and cau be explained in a tew words. . ... *HK AMERICAN wot? IJi UK ARTISTS reiiriileiJi!!!!/ t^'Vi?".' priv"e?e ??' f??ich I complain bv nrSt^i,..!8 t0,t,,0'r government that it wax its duty to flie UtoteilHjfllt'ijf abroad, and to open the tcrrilm y of Lv J, ? I taten to it, so an to tat illtatc tile sab* ol tli?ir works by American artists resMing on tin* 1/ontliieiii to tbcircountryn.eii. This measure lia? Klv"n ri^ toa ino-t damaging unduiiju? pet11',,,, wltll ,tallall Wo|ltI) f co iseoueneo. i 1""' ,,,n?,u' I"'""' "" tb inoran/ing v,,, A I here are manv American* iravellini! In bat ttl^r cwcuhlinci!?n5 |,l,rc,"u,r Italian Wi.rkM Ol art, | , , J, 1 aun i; ? an d i can aanu r< ton that tliev arc capital hand* at reckonniK tliev tln?l !\?i th??v iuiv?? ?<> pay, over and above the price o purcha-' a verv "icavv thl-'d'oin^'of i nVnv" V,?n I i' wvi w.'io V;; ,:;V' * pai.vtrks Then the painters are killed off. He says .nmfn.l'l'i.i'i!? ithe IM>_<'alle<l artistic world In Koine the Mihlintc ridicule wrotmht up to Its highest pitch | c|te Home becatke that poor city lias been especially chosen lor their headquarters by toreigu llobemiatiN Vutuini^ and < atholic Driest* arc Iclt far in the rear R,,m" w?H wanting In the barbarism of art, and it has found it Attisbi, like others, have their ladv allies. Only listen to linif.?*''./'" tlio painter's faltlitul wi,*o Irom over the mountains or over the tea. "Have you seen my hushuud's last piciuref It ,? really sniend ill Wiiat c("nceinion tTiel,cM,r!L*itJ!i"i'J,,'hi' oetutliul chiaroscuro, what I incd ?? ? i * n| m( |' Correglo and tiuldo Item com ?v ' i>,.?r in .. 7>r ''anya*! conilemneil to such indig ! v loor, ill-used pullet! Unhappy brushes! vsiiit Mrr the worst dew.' ri ptfoii, sea rce iy wormy to serve as ensign to a tobacconist'* shot)! And where do lA*sc Woiild-he artist* ? n t <? ii their tenti/ In the land ol genius, in Itily, which has always, even In the days ol servitude, boasted the tit In of Wueuiot l ino Arts. They (speaking <<l Ainericaii iii tisL*) dure to paint and m.iilcl wh.re I.oinhardl lto^lttl Won.d \Ua !l'w"!!' "u,fiorl- Masini, Allsigllulll, Iteiiihurt,' Wood, t indwell, Rogers, Arbos, Komunelll, Uupre, Kedi. Veld, Portuiiy, Carta, Vcstunni, Koh.,1, Marianl, win, on etti, Moreili, (iordigiani, I'ssi, iloiupiani, give shape in marble or on canvas to their eublimc conceptions v'isit the ituilios of loreiffii artists. Should you by chance fall on a work ol some ahilltv you can freely proclaim it not to be the work of iu would-hc author, hut of some inmr ".I'J8/- ^ '.10 ''a*1 been compelled by want and nun gcr to sell blsclikel or hi* brush to others, I defy such . ? _ CKI.BBKATKIJ AIITISTS as Kogers, H . Card well, W. If. Kolnnurt, W. Wood Ac ? the bcst,artistaof whom Knghind and America can boast tosav 1 am wrong, and I feel convinced thad it tilbion? endorJe inyHta'emenu!'1 ?rU'^w?" ?tU1 ul1^- ?'Id Our clergy, physicians and literary men come In for a shur? of abuse who you think these groat talkers attack when !! ? Intention* arc toiled and they tail to Impose ution f). i., C0U"lrymi M ' T,"'ir victim* arc thecour icrs, who thcyuecuHC ol takiuK ft percentage on all me ^11r?a,,L;" l," h l"?'-v f'duce their employer" to con? ?! J i y ac euse others ol what they are in the habit Ol doing themselves. When they know ot the arrival of " rJ i1 C("|'!'a' riot hi Konirt they do llicir best Ui he pre sented to him. The.v are always on In* footsteps ,V,ey tr> to meet him at the banker's, hi the I iaz/.a di noauiia and strut about his chambers an if they had come to draw millions, uot bavins a sou in their po/kets, for their oSlT vtr Mr .spyt<.",t. "tber men's actions, knowing thiit boitae 8 Bul,"eu,an to turn Uiem out of bis , , tiik hkoical mam runs from house to bouse and from hotel to hotel. Pels LrtmiVf!' r ?' colony. The clergvinau and bl? wile or .T.i- ,"um"'r- Taking tne title ot savun*, P '^A H pVi' ' "" rary men or women, the t1rodllce thciuaulves into all tliu hotels and Intrude on all the newly arrived families, boasting Jh.i ti. 0W" la:"? "'"J renown. It may be well t.i Know that this association for Imposing on foreigners Is cele brated for the incense which its members ^ afiin . ue upon another. "What Is Mr. X.'s occupation " "why ?i?!i ?:w ' ?,/? u eelebratud sculptor and a man ot great learning." "Keally >" "Yes. Indeed. Vou do not .t0, ?ay that you have not road bis lust book 1" What is the title of It?" "Well, I don't remember, but it is a capital one." "Ah! yes, i have it now! It Is a book on ''Com1 <li Roina;*' thousands nt copies 'V* 'n Europe and America, it is in this way that these tine tellows trumpet about their articles, just like a London or 1 arn commercial traveller in hi* etlorts tosell ribands, flower*, pomatum utnl elixirs, i remem ber having attcii been myself the means of unravelling many plots laid liy intriguers of this sort during iiiv fre quent visitu to Koine. I have denounced their assiduities to ladies, and unveiled their disinterested offers to ae. company stranger* through the galleries and be their Cicerone*. He ware of the clergyman* and the doctor's wives, ' was the advice 1 gave to the unlucky victims whom 1 bud the honor of knowing, lor they iiuve cun ning ways which are well known to me; tliev make a tiup' i ,lf! ' i1" ,low arrival, ii'id offer to accompany , *r? U) t' shot).*, the dressmaker's or the modiste's trom whom they alter wards exact u commis sion of ton or twenty per tent by dim of threatening to discredit tlicir establishments and u> accompany no more client* to their shops. When tliev 5^,0.*bew?"cr.1' 11 ,Hon|y return there on the morrow and take an object ol nearly eriu.il value to ihat which was sold the day before to a rich friend. They never speak of their liushauds or friends without praising them to the skies und putting thein ou a level witli Cunovu or Kaphael it they an* sculptors or painters, Tim nocToa's wikk relates, with tears In her eves, the many mlrsculoiis cures accomplished by her husband, who bus saved thousands of American lives; she descants upon the lists ol the tokens of esteem and affcction he bus re ceived from the clients tliut he re-cued from cer tain death. 'But you must not believe a word of It" I continued, 'Just luncy to what tortures you would be subjected if you chanced to fall Into the hands ol these veterinary surgeon-, who were never doctors for had they been such tliev would have had no need ot leaving their native country In order to earn thelv liv ing. In riving free expression to these rentln tslum convinced that 1 was speaking the truth. I kuuw one of TIIKSU ASKKK'AN illl'I'OCKArKS who has sent more of hisiello>v creatures into another world than tirant snd Nherman on all their battle fields I do not consider this opinion of mine to i.c at ail exagger ated In America, where lite is merely considered as a material power, aud where It Is so easily dispo-ed ot when It can no longer render the services which It is expectc i to fulfil, little account Is taken of medicine. It is chsv to buy a diploma and to exercise under its protection the easy profession ol killing fellow brethren. Where has and does the foreign doctor study t What hospitals ha* he frequented r What scientific principle doe* he apply to the cure of his patient*? What does all that matter W h. in? Itlsbuta question of lucre, so much !2. uLm'W* w l,old'y assure you that It is only in the Hrltlsb phariiiaclcs-the only ones that he can pos sibly recommend? that the elixir of Ule can be found Wine itself must bear the label of the British Pharmacy 1 And all this becsu>e in his desire lo gain money he is re gardless of all the harm he can do to the tradespeople of our country. I will not be aceused of having exaggerated this outline of exotic practitioners, for I am perhaps far irom having told the whole truth. However, I teel as sured of having stated the case exactly, and will be happy, should these lines serve to put too confldimr iter sons on their guard II they would onlv listen to me I could give a gooa piece ol advice to travellers. I^t them take an English doctor in Kngland, a Russian In Russia, .^pauiuril In Spain. Ac., according to the country in which they are taken ill, and they will have no cau* " complain of the change. w JOIIN THOMAS' TRAVELS IN LONDON. John Thomas has, ol courae, vlMltea Paris and I.on dou in the course of his travels, and lie reels Im pelled to give us his Impressions of men and thlncs as he saw them. lie says London is very smoky. He then becomes jraliant. "Woman," be says, "reigns everywhere in Kngland. Kor ovcry ten citizens yoti meet in London you may be sure to see threo times as many ladles, in Kngland, by a curious coincidence, a woman wears a crown." Then he tuins to music. "Kngilshmcn do not pos sess musical organization. As the illustrious Ros sini once said, they never create, although tbey become easily every good performers. The reason lor this lies In their language, or Is, perhaps, as liyron says, that music is born In the rays of the sun, which rarely shines upon Kngland." Business life In liondoa is too monotonous for the delicate tastes of John Thomas. ?peuking of the routine of a commercial house, he exclaims:? "Can this really be called living? I think noi It Is a monotonous sort of existence to which I would by lar prefer the monrnlul tolling of the Misericordla bell In Florence, or listening to an opera of the Lohengrin species. The barristers," he says, "and this is a curious fact, are very honest, although their charges are high. Hut the legdl profession Is a noble one and deserves to be adequately retributed. English doctors ?re very akiliul, but their charges are also excessively nigh. ??*?.? JtTSTlCB n niSPENSRD IN It VOLANT) With great wisdom and impartiality. The magis trates have a small defect, "rtey wear wigs, and I i nof. ,seo }h0 necessity of these antiquated articles of drcsa for the con scientious dispensation of Justice. The artists are very good oeople, but their flight Is Hunted and tney caunoreoar high." And so on for over a hun drea pagea of equally deep criticism, a review of which must be reserved for another occusion. It may be interesting to American artists at homo to know that Michael Angelo lagua intends to cross i UMitiaauu "i intended." he sava. "taking ! my readers wit ft m<> on a fantastic trip to theothef Hide of the Atlantic, to the United states, the country of liberty, energy and eniewrlse. For I would like to prove that, although I have brought nnder notice tne artful doings or seme Americans in Europe, I am also the first to acknowledge that the Americans who live over the sea do not re semble, In the slightest particulars, the base per sons i have described." Kergason has tiee'n of late years halted so much by travellers that he la hav ing sweet revenge at lost. THE COOLIE TRADE. A British Ship with Chinese Coolie* In Port at Japan? Will the Mikado's O/Hcers Seize Her 1? A Grand Chance for the Asiatic Philanthropists. [From the Yokohama Herald, May 22.1 The arrival of the British steamer Cyphrenes, with coolleslrom Macao, would seem to present an opportunity to the Japanese government to distin guish Itself once more In the cause ot philanthropy and freedom. Of course, neither the standing of the firm to which the vessel Is consigned nor the fact of the Cyphrenes being a British ship will for a moment be allowed to repress the noble rage of the government in taking instant proceedings against everybody and everything concerned In the Infamous traillc of transferring men from a country wnere their labor is not in demand to another where It is. Of course, with the prece dent established in the case or the notorious Maria Lux, no legal or International obstacles can or will be permitted to stand In the way of short, sharp and decisive action. Mr. Watson need not wait before boarding the ship for any stray coolie to swim to the Iron Duke; nor need Mr. Nlshl Shlgenori, President of the Japanese Judicial De Sartment at Yokohama, delay operations until the aptalu shall have lodged any formal complaint of the conduct of his passengers. All this would be a mere waste of time, which Is certainly to be depre cated when human liberty and perhaps human life is at stake. It Is only fair to assume that: the Cyphrenes is a coolie ship with coolies from Macao; that their contracts, if they have any, must ex necessitate be Incapable 01 being enforced ; that they are at) initio bad and voidable through iraud; that the coolies themsalves must have been kidnapped; that they do no t wish to prosecute their voyage further; that they are atllictcd with home sickness, having a longing de sire to return to the bosom of their families ? to the plenty ol their own land, with all Its hallowed joys of gambling and opium smoking, from which they have been so ruthlessly dragged or persuaded away, to gratify the accursed thirst for gold of their unconscionable masters. Mr. Oye Tak should send a telegram forthwith to Mr. Soyeshima, now at Peking, to Inform the Chinese government that the Japanese authorities are williug to accept the same responsibility of action in this case as la that of the Peruvian vessel. Tho fact ol tho Cyphrenes being a British \^sapl will much enhauce, In the estimation ol the Chinese government, the obligation of tho Inference, since it will show how terribly in earnest tho Japanese government is In this great movement, for not only lias It dared to affront l'eru, but manifests t7ie audacity to beard the British Lion too.' Other countries may implicate themselves and sully their fair fame by participating In this unholy traffic, but not Japuti, or she would degrade herscli to the level of Portugal or Peru. It is true she mav have en forced labor within her own boundaries, but.lfthat Is nut known to the world no scandal results, and 110 <ic lot would therefore ensue by putting an end to what is both economical and convenient to practice. As nowadays things requlro to be done in a sensational manner, and as it begins to be high time for the news of some other startling novelty to i>e telegraphed to Europe and America, the au thorities should seine the Cyphrenes, taking her. as it were, injlaurante delicto, confiscate tho ship, im prison the Captain, otllcers and crew, set iree the coolies and return them to China. If all this Is done promptly, without regard to any coldly re pressive considerations, as that such tilgh-handed proceedings might be deemed b.v heartless Minis ters and cold-blooded lawyers as being at once Im proper and unlawful, It will produce abroad a first class sensational effect. American Journalists, especially, could revel in denouncing John Bull, with all his pretensions to philanthropy, being tripped up in his Infamoas career, and laid low by the superior humanity of the purer or more high-minded Japanese, or course, the British Minister, Sir Harry Parkes, would consider It a part ot his duty to fret and fume over tho affair a little; but he has not a reputation to mane or a position to gain, the same as when a young man, whenjhe affair of the lorcha Arrow was in hand years ago in China; and beyond remonstrating and writing long despatches norae, keeping up tho overworked young men at the Legation, much to then disgust, half the night in copying rhem, the Minister is not to be dreaded. Besides, a healthy antagonism 01 this kind between the members of the Japanese government and Sir Harry parkes would have a useful tendency In correcting an un favorable Impression abroad that tliev are too much under his tutelage, and this will be an exhi bition of manly Independence entirely consistent with the greatness of the country whose interests they administer. lilt should so be that the coolies on board the Cyphrenes are not at present under any contract, but are proceeding to America as passengers, at either somebody's expense or tneir own, to enter Into engagements there, that lact ought not to be allowed to Influence the government In the least. Acting in its paternal capacity, It cau only regard the coolies as mere children, Ignorant and unin formed ol the ways and wiles or the world, who are either deceived already or who arc soon to bo deceived aud betrayed hereafter. With these responsibilities to these poor unsophisticated specl? mens et humanity, the government will not surely permit itself to hesitate in taking Instant action; for even though it should be slightly wrong, and would luive to smart for It, 011 the supposition that Its action would be morally right, that should jus tify It In the good opinion of philanthropists; and though It should become a martyr to its generous impulses la putting an end, so far as its power ex tends, to a disreputable traffic, it will henceforth take its rank alongside the great Powers of ring land and America? Knjrland, who had to part with its millions to compensate Jamaica planters, and America, who had to submit to the prolonged agony of a civil war to purge itself of the staiu of enforced labor. Compare 1 witti these, an apology to Eng land and compensation to the owners ami charter ers ot the Cyphrenes are such mere bagatelles to a nation like Japan? burning to distinguish itself and caring neither for apologies nor expense ? that these drawbacks cannot surely be allowed to interfere with action so well calculated to mako a stir among foreign nations. As interna tional law is always In processor mo'imcatlon or creation we may expect that in some revised edi tion of Wheaton or other authority th3 cases ol the Maria Luz and subsequently that of the Cy phrenes w ill hereafter be quoted as precedents, teaching the great maritime Powers a lesson in practical philanthropy and International law which they can never forget. Thus will Japau cover her self with an Imperishable renown. The "Emigrant" Traillc Exceedingly A<* tlvc in China. A mall despatch, of the latest date, from Hong Kong reports as follows : ? The Fray Iientos, Peruvian ship, has been offi cially Inspected at Macao and declared capable of taking 37'.) coolies. The barracoons are almost empty, aud arrivals have been very scanty, seventy per cent of those examined refusing to emigrate. Trade, therefore, Is very discouraging, and wlli bo more so if the rice harvest turns out a good one. The San Juan, Lulza, Cancvaro, Einlgrante, Manco Capac, Roy, alia, Provldencla aud Fray Bentos, all Peruvian ships, aggregating a total of 6,87ti tons, are on the berth waiting. THE FIEE FIEND IN JAPAN. [From the Yokohama Mall, May 10.] The fires which occurred In Jeddoon Sunday and on Monday morning have given occasion to tho quidnuncs to offer theories as to their origin, which they ascribe pretty generally to the action of the Satsuma party, kiiown to be very strongly repre sented at present in the metropolis. The only grouuda upon winch this supposition can reliably rest, arf* tiic nearly simultaneous occurrence of so many of the>? events aud the burning of the Mikado's castle. So far as we can learn, however, the Ores at llongo and Woyeno, and subsequently that at the hospital, are explainable by very In telligible causes, ami thero seems every reason to attribute the drc in the castle to an accident. We regret to learn that a fire broke out In the grand stand and stabling at the race course at twelve o'clock last night, and that the entire range of buildings, including the auxiliary grand stand, has been burnt to the ground. The only house tnat escaped was dttt belonging to the momban. The committee is at present engaged In investigating the occurrence. It will, most probably, be dis covered to be the work of an Incendiary, and the momban states that he saw a man running away on the outbreak of Are. It would seem that the paiuters had been employed during the day, but as they did not smoke, no suspicions attach m that quarter. The accommodation for visitors, and stabling for the horses being thus destroyed we fear that much inconvenience will be occasioned to the race committee. COUNTERFEIT NATIONAL BANK CURRENCY. Counterfeit $10 bills on the Central National Bank of Kome, New York, were put in circulation In Williamsburg on Saturday night. A young man, ? giving his name as Frank Boody, was arrested for fiassteg one at a liquor store in Union avenue, laving obtained the change for the bill, Boody passed It to a confederate and then ran away ; but he was subsequently captured and locked up. Tot SrrrLT of Papkk and Its MANTTrAomti iw Japan.? The Yokohama Mail of May 10 publisher the following paragraph We observe that the attention of American paper manufacturers has been directed to the large resonrces in respect to I available materials possessed by Japan. Th^ probability is that In the Urst instance it will bo found more desirable to export the material In the condition of thoroughly dried and pressed pulp its subsequent manufacture being earrled out la America. There is, however, no reason why manu factories should not be established In this country for completing the fun process of paper making In situations which offer a sufficient snpply of tho raw material and abundant water power; tko supply of the first of these Is said, by taose compe* tent to viva an ouinion. to be axtremelv lama

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