Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 23, 1873, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 23, 1873 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AND AWN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. Volmm e XXXVIII Wo. 174 amusements this evening. BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery.? Tin Hirrr Max Ala? Out at a 'A. THEATRE COMIQUE. No. 514 Broadway.? Tub Sbnsa riOHAL I) KAMA Or DlBDRICII. WOOD'S MUSEUM. Broadway, corner Thirtieth St.? W iKMiNu Ua.nd. Afternoon and evciiin*. NIBLO'S GARDEN. Broadway, between Prince and Houston sts.? Koonxa. UNION sqi'arr THEATRE. Union square, near Broadway ? Jamb Etbb. OLYMPIC THEATRE. Broadway. between Houston and Bleucker streets.? Fidklia. WALLACE'S THEATRE. Broadway and Thirteenth street.? Mora. NEW FIFTH AVEN17E THEATRE, 728 and 730 Broad way.?> Mckkl. BRYANT'S OPERA HOUSE. Twenty-third St. corner ?th av? Nbcbo Mibstr*lst. Ac. AMERICAN INSTITUTE HALL, Third &V.. 63d and 66th its.? SUMBER NlCSTS' COKCERBS. IRVINO HALL, corner of Irving place and ISth St.? Billiard Exhibition. CENTRAL l'ARK GARDEN? Subbbr Nights' Coif iBBTS. METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART, 128 West Four teenth sL?CYrRtA.t and Loan Collections or Abt. N*W YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY, 618 Broad way. fClBNCB AND ART. TRIPLE SHEET. New York, Monday, June !)3, 1873* THE NEWS OF YESTERDAY. To?Day's Contents of the Herald. "OUR WESTERN INDIANS AND THEIR RESER VATIONS! WHAT SHALL WE DO WITH TH EM ?" ? TITLE OF THE LEADER ? SIXTH Page. THE INDIANS ON THE RESERVATIONS AND ON THE WARPATH ! THEIR LOCATION AND CONDITION! HOW SOME OF THE SAVAGES ARE KEPI' WITHIN HOUNDS? Third Page. THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST AND COLD BLOODED MASSACRE OF THE MODOCSI DEMORALIZATION OF THE WHITE TROOPS! A FEARLESS REVIEW ? Eiuhth Page. CROWDING THE WINNEBAGOES OUT OF WIS CONSIN! GOVERNOR WASHBURN URGING THE BRAVES TO "GO WEST !'? SORROWS OF THE RED MEN? EiaiiTii Page. THE STANLEY EXPEDITION TO THE NORTH WEST ! CUSTER AND FREI) GRANT WITH TIIE VAN! SURVEYING THE NORTH ERN pacific railway route ? eighth Page. GENERAL GRANT ILL AT LONG BRANCH! EX COLLECTOR MURPHY'S SON SHOT? Sev enth Page. PEACEFUL RESOLUTION OF THE SPANISH CABINET CRISIS! THE TROUBLES AT BARCELONA-IMPORTANT TELEGRAPHIC NEWS? Seventh Page. CUBAN AID TO DON CARLOS! LARGE SUMS FORWARDED TO SPAIN-MEXICAN CATHO LIC PERSECUTION OF THE PROTEST \NTS? Seventh Page. 4 STEAMSHIP BROKEN TO PIECES ON THE ROCKS OFF HOLYHEAD. WALES! FIFTEEN PERSONS PERISH? Seventh Page. THE KILLING OF MRS. LAMPLEY, IN BALTI MORE! A SINGULAR HISTORY OF CRIME! THE MURDERERS CONVICTED AND TO BE EXECUTED-Tenth Page. DETAILS OF THE PASSAIC FIRE? BOOKS RE CENTLY PUBLISHED ? Tenth Page. JBISHOP ODENHEIMER ON THE PilOPOSFD CHANGES IN THE SEE OF NEW JERSEY I THE PRIMITIVE SYSTEM OPPOSED-Temh Page. YELLOW FEVER DIMINISHING IN BRAZIL-CON TRADICTION OF THE YELLOW FEVER RU MORS B1 THE BROOKLYN HEALTH OFFI CIALS?SEVENTH Page. CAR LIST WARFARE! DON CARLOS' BRILLIANT PARISIAN STAFF I THE ENDERLAZA BUTCHERY! SANTA CRUZ'S MODE OF FIGHTING? Fifth Page. THE CHEFS-D'CEUVRE OF MODERN ART AT THE VIENNA FAIR? Eleventh Page. COSI'EL PUBLISHMENT! TIIE DIVINES PIC TURING CHRIST'S NATURE AND HELP FULNESS, THE SOUL AS A PLANT, THE DANGER OF TRIFLING WITH CRIMINALS AND THE HAPS OF YO! Til IN TIIE CITY! INTERESTING INSTALLATION _ FOURTH Page. TOE FINANCIAL PROBLEMS DISCUSSED' WHAT MAY BE EXPECTED-Kinth Page. fOURING IN EUROPE 1 HOW IT IS DONE BY AMERICANS, ARTISTS AND OTHERS! AN EX-COURIER DIVULGES SOME CURIOUS THINGS? Fifth Page. TURF EVENTS IN CHICAGO! PREPARATIONS TO REVIVE THE SPORT BY A GRAND JULY MEETING AT DEXTER PARK? Eighth Page. TO-DAY'S REGATTA OF TOE JERSEY CITY V AC "T CLl B ? FLEETWOOD PARK ITFMS FROM THE SUMMER RESORTS-REAL ES TATE? Eighth Page. & BRITISH SHIP, WITH A CARGO OF COOLIES PI TS INTO A JAPANESE PORT-THE CLARK OBSEQUIES? Fifth Page. The Welcome Rain. ? Since yesterday morn ing, in the thickening cloud* and "areas of rain" over the Northern States, we have had :hoering signs of a general deliverance from a dry season, which threatened a continuance into a general drought, with a still increas ing budget of destructive fin * in town and country, fields and forests, from day to day. Welcome, then, thrice welcome, the blessed rain, with the promise of general relief which it brings to the thirsty land! The Shah of Persia is expected to gladdeu the gay city of Paris with his presence on the 5th of July, from which, we infer, he will re main till the "glorious Fourth" in the enjoy ment of the hospitalities of England. Mean time, in the inspection of Her Majesty's dock yards, arsenals, military ncademies, iron foun dries, Ac., it is evident that the Shah, upon this excursion, is combining business with pleasure. An International Chess Tournament, for $2,000 in gold (to begin on the tfoth July), , has been resolved upon ns one of the special attractions of the Vienna Fair. Very good; but il the managers of the Exhibition desire to draw "full houses" they will get up a schedule of international horse raccs. Something of that sort in needed to relieve tho Exhibition of its monotony, and to make it pay. Ex-Senator Geoboe E. Pugh, democrat, of Ohio, speaking as a partisan, wants a "new deal." There has been so much double-deal ing on the part of Ohio democrats for several years in national conventions that a new Bhuflling of the cards would probably only Onr WuUra Indians and Their Hw ?rratlona-Wlut |h?U We Do with Tbtnl For the information and gratification of onr readers we give them this morning a carefully prepared and handsomely executed map of the nnmerous Indian reservations of that great western division of the United States over which (with some lew exceptions eastward) all our Indian tribes and frag ments of tribes are now distributed. On the same page a summir < up and explanation of the various tribes and reservations repre sented are given, which, together with the general bird's-eye view of the map, will be found extremely interesting and valuable, not only to the philanthropist and the inquiring historical student, but to every reader in search of knowledge concerning these Indians and Iudian reservations of the Great West. With the pacification of the Kickapoos in Mexico, with the complete subjugation of the Apaches in Arizona, and with the uncondi tional surrender of Captain Jack and his ter rible Modocs of Oregon and California, there is now that favorable condition of general peace among our Indiiffis which invites us to a review of the whole field embraced within our illustrative map. From the archives of the Indian Bureau it appoars that there are (excluding the estimated force of seventy thousand in our Arctic territory of Alaska) three hundred thousand of the original na tive American race remaining within tho limits of the United States, and that, upon the important question of subsistence, they may thus be divided: ? Of self-supporting trthes 130,000 I'artly supported t>y the government 84,000 Entirely supported by the government 81,000 Living by hunting ana marauding 55,000 The masses of tho self-supporting tribes are those civilized And semi-civilizod Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, Seminoles, &c., of the Indian Territory, one of the most beau tiful, fertile and inviting agricultural districts! of the Union. The tribes partly and those wholly supported by the government aro those on the reservations outside the Indian Territory, and the marauders are the tribes and fragments of tribes still roaming at large, and mostly along the range of the Rocky Mountains, between the British Possessions and our Mexican frontier. Touching their political relations to the government, it ap pears that of our red brethren there are : ? Living under treaties 180,000 On reservations, without treaties 40,000 The treaty Indians embrace all the tribes of the Indian Territory and numerous others, conspicuous amtyig them being the late war liko Sioux of Red Cloud and Spotted Tail. In the scale of civilization our Indians are thus classified: ? Civilized 97,000 Semi-civilized U'3,000 Wholly savage 78,000 Tho main body of the civilized tribes are in the Indian Territory, and of the semi-civilized among the best deserving tribes are the Pimos and Coco Moricopas of the Gila River, in Arizona. The general distribution of our aborigines may thus be given: ? In Minnesota and east of the Mississippi 32,500 In Nebraska, Kansas and Indian Territory. . . 70,850 In Dakota, Montana. WyominR and Idaho ? 05,000 In Nevada, Utah, Colorado. New Mexico and Arizona 84,000 In California, Oregon and Territory of Wash ington 47,850 We find, next," that onr Indian population occupy reservations of land amounting, in the aggregate, to 137,840,971 acres, or about four hundred and sixty acres for every man, woman and child of them. Here we touch the important questions, How long, even under the protection of the gov^nment, will our poor Indians be permitted to hold in peace the vast tracts of country which they now occupy as reservations? ? and, What is the best policy of tho government for the maintenance of peace between whites and Indians and for the protection and civiliza tion of the latter? Tho extensive general reservation of the Sioux in Dakota, and the reserve of the assembled tribes on the north ern frontier of Montana, for examples, are great hunting grounds over which the tribes concerned have the privilege of following the buffalo herds in their southern and northern migrations over the Great Plains. The gen eral reserve for different bands of the Utes in Colorado is also a mere hunting ground, from which they will soon be dis placed by the encroaching white settlements of the Territory. The same fate awaits the several reservations contiguous to the liue of the Northern Pacific Railway. In short, the time is fast approaching when the government will be compelled materially to reduce the proportions of these great reservations and to abolish many of the smaller ones, and what, then, will be done with tho dispossessed Indians ? Let us briefly look into this matter. In cluding the western half of Nebraska and of Kansas and of Texas, the general character of all the country westward to the great chain of tho Sierra Nevada and Cascade Mountains, which look down upon the invitiug valleys of California and Oregon, is analagous to that of Central Asia ? dry, timberlcss and barren. It can be densely populated only in districts which can be extensively and liberally irri gated, as in the basin of the Great Salt Lake, and where the numerous head streams of great rivers, as in Wyoming and Colorado, afford the supplies and the channels for extensive systems of irrigation. Montana, embracing the nnmerous head streams of the Missouri, and possessing advantages of cli mate, situation and fertile valleys j>eculiarly its own, has prospered, and can prosper, without any general irrigating system ; but otherwise, from the Great Plains to the SieiTa Nevada, nnd in large districts of California to the seaboard, the soil is fruitless without irri gation. Our map, in this view, will serve to show how limited are the means for irriga tion from a glance at the vast waterless regions of this great Asiatic section of our Continent. : The Great Plains, in ceasing to be a range . for the wild buffalo, will become ? are now be- | coming? a range for domestic cattle; for their Summer droughts and the want of flowing streams forbid the cultivation of those arid table lands. From the Rocky Mountains, then westward to the Sierra Nevada, the re maining available valleys and basins for culti- j vation will be taken up by the white man, and with the completion of the Northern Pacific Railroad ami the Southern line there will be no resting place between these roads for the Indian, under the present Quaker system, in any considerable reservation where he can live by tilling the soil. In the cause of L then, one of three oo arses for the government to pursue ? the entire rapport of these scattered Indians in small reservations or their re moval into the Indian Territory, or their col lection into a new general reservation, where they can support or partially support them selves under the protection of the United States army. A contracted reservation, in which the In dian has nothing to do bnt to eat, drink and be merry, and to sing hymns and listen to the stated preaching of the Gospel, will not do. The dull monotony, the humiliating imprison ment of such a life to the "noble savage," is intolerable. He cannot endure it ? he will in evitably revolt against it at length, and in his desperation he will sing his war song of "lib erty or death" and strike for the warpath. As it is, with the comparatively wide range and government rations of the reservations, a fort and a detachment of troops for each re serve are required to withhold our disgusted red men from the passing emigrant train. The suppression of Captain Jack and the whole some chastisement administered to the Apaches may serve for a season to hold the warriors of the reserves and the roaming bands in an encouraging condition as "good Indians," but there is nto security against the chapter of aocidents which, here or there, may lead to murder and bloody retaliation between whites and Indians, from Dakota to Texas and from Arizona to Oregon. Millions of money upon Indian Commis missioners, agents, contractors and traders are now wasted opon these numerous reserva tions which could be 'saved to the Treasury with the gathering of all these scattered tribes into the Indian Territory. And, again, emi gration to and settlements in our new States and Territories are checked by apprehensions of Indian disturbances. Remove the Indians and these dangers will cease. We have shown that within a few years there will bo no avail able abiding place for any great body of them anywhere west of Kansas upon a self-support ing basis. We understand that the idea of ultimately settling all our scattered tribes and roaming bands in the Indian Territory is entertained by General Grant, with the view of advancing them by careful cultivation to the usages, industry and enjoyments of civil ized life, and to the capabilities of a State gov ernment. This, too, may be a wild Utopian scheme ; but, considering the embarrassments resulting to all the States and Territories con cerned from these numerous and widely scattered Indian reservations and wandering bands, and considering tho dangers from en croaching white speculators and adventurers which menace the Indian Territory itself, it strikes us that this idea of gathering into that Territory all tho outside tribes approaches nearer to a practical solution of the whole Indian problem than any other settlement so far suggested by speculator, missionary, poli tician or statesman. The Sanitary Condition o t the City. When the Summer approaches the most im portant subject which can engage the atten tion of the authorities is the sanitary con dition of tho city. In comparison with this one question of the public health all others sink into insignificance. Unfortunately our rulers in tho city of New York seem to have forgotten this duty entirely, and while they are quarrelling over the spoils and fighting for the miserable drippings which come from this or that little official position the streets and other spots where pestilence is bred are neglected. The Board of Health, so far as we can see, is taking no active measures against the approach of cholera and yellow fever. The Police Department is apparently gathering no information in regard to the plague spots 'scattered all over the metropolis, and has, so far, failed to warn our citizens to guard against disease. Therg seem to be eajjr confidence and glaring neglect everywhere, while the streets are in a worse condition than was ever before known in the history of New York. All of the streets and avenues are dirty, and most of them are still filled with the garbage and offal thrown into them last Winter. Many of the most important thoroughfares in the most densely populated parts are badly paved, and foul and stagnant water remains in the streets day after day. There is scarcely a block up town or down that has fewer than half a dozen wagon holes filled with water, to poison the atmosphere and generate disease. Every where disagreeable odors infect the air. The condition of the sewers may be even more de plorable than the condition of the streets. Cellars and sub-cellars, and other places liable to infection, are mysteries to the police, but full of dangers to the people. And all this while a fitful Summer, hot to-day and cool to morrow, seems to utter threatening* of disease and death. I We would not alarm the poople unnecessa rily, lor to create fear in the public mind is bad policy. Aside from tho filthy condition of the city, there is no reason now for undue tear or alarm among our citizens that yellow fever or cholera will come. But these terriblo scourges may come, and it is best to be pre pared. Cleanliness is the best preventive, \ and it is upon this that wo insist. Wo must guard e\'cry avenue of approach and sweep I away every cause likely to breed pestilence or to produce a condition of things likely to ex pose the people to danger and make them sus ceptible to contagion or infection. If a plague of any kind should fall upon the city at this time its ravages would be awful. If tho chol era should reach New York what a rieh har vest of death it would reap, and what a splendid showing its ravages would make for the reformers who forgot or neglected their duty ! What a fearful reckoning would be demanded by the people ! Men who disre gard the most sacred dutj of authority can find no words to excuse themselves before tho overwhelming wrath of tho community. It is time that the officials whose dnty it is to take sanitary measures against the approach of disease learned the responsibility which attaches lo their exercise of authority, lest they also suffer with the innocent It is crim inal in them that we are compelled to address those appeals to them. Weeks ago all de mands we are now making should have been already past the demanding. Then the city would have been spared this necessity, and people of weak nerves would have been saved a danger which even tho imagination might develop into disease. If we conld re frain from pointing out the danger and in sisting upon proper sanitary measures we k ttkoMld tie fife to* it iwukl bo rmxlnnan to . close our eyes to probable calamity, and this is why we insist that our authorities in the dif ferent departments shall no longer fail in their duty, but set about their work at onoe and perform it earnestly and efficiently. We print in another column this morning some directions for guarding against the ap proach of disease, which we commend to all householders for practice and to the police for enforcement It is too late to dally longer with danger. Even the ruinated drain pipe must be rendered pure and wholesome. Throwing oflal into the streets must cease.

There must be much earnest street sweeping and the use of disinfectants everywhere. The waterholes in the streets must be closed up, if necessary at the expense of new pavements. No stone should be left unturned where pesti lence may lurk. Unless all this, and more, is speedily accomplished the plague may pounce down upon us before we are aware of its com ing, and the Destroyer show his presence in every house. Precaution is all that is neces sary, and if proper precautionary measures had been already taken there would be no danger of approaching calamity. The CarlUt War ???! the Cure of Santa Crua. The letter which we print this morning from our special correspondent in the Carlist camp is valuable as disclosing the real empti ness of the reactionary movement. The de scription of the baso of operations at Urdax, and the scenes that struck the eye of the HebaiJ) correspondent while there, certainly do not reveal any high order of military en ergy. In fine, as far as we are able to per coive, the Carlist army consists of the Cure of Santa Cruz. This grotesque ecclesiastic is the only distinct character, the only resolute man, that all these months of civil war have brought to the surface. Ho is monarch of all he sur veys, and he is as much feared by the Carlists as he is opposed by the republicans. He ac knowledges no subordination, will attach him self to the army only on conditions, and replies to a message of distress from the retreating forces of Don Carlos by a threat to shoot the parlamentario if he renews his appeals for succor. Hardly has our correspondent time to record this little eccentricity before the Cure lalls upon the republicans at the Bridge ol Ender laza and they hoist a ijag truce in token of surrender ; but as the Cure advances to re ceive the prisoners he is greeted with a volley of musketry, whereupon the little garrison is put to death as the recompense of treachery, and the "flower" of the Carlist army are re leased from danger. Tho Cure has displayed qualities which indicato that the olive-branch profession is less suited to his natural capacity than the occupation of a bold and successful guerilla chieftain. The prestige which he has already acquired throughout Spain will un doubtedly make him a formidable competitor of the leading generals of the Carlist move ment for the favor of the pretendorand the ap plause of the monarchists. The Conservation of Wood. One of tho most important economic prob lems of the age, tho conservation of wood, has recently been undergoing experimental solution among French and Belgian en gineers, with very interesting results. Chief among these is the discovery of the rates of decay of the various woods, similarly exposed and similarly defended, by the aid of sub stances insoluble in water and unaffected by the atmosphere. Instances are mentioned by one of the experimenters, M. Melsenns, in which prepared blocks, into the sinuosities of whoso woody fibres the tarry preparation had penetrated, after exposure to alternate steam baths and frosty weather and to burial in wet or marshy soil, were perfectly sound and un injured alter twenty years' trial. A section of a piece of timber impregnated with tar shows that the conserving substanco has followed the lines of the longitudinal fibres, and often the microscope reveals the complete filling of the pores, and every channel which might give entrance to deleterious agents is plugged by tho tar, which, in many cases, is also fouud a perfect preserver of bolts, screws and nails. It is said that a railway sleeper thus care fully coated and injectod with the solution ought t# hold together as long as an Egyptian mummy, and it is easy to see that with proper attention to this one item of railroad expendi ture millions of dollars might be annually saved to the compauies and tho disastrous de foresting of the country be measurably ar rested. The experiments show that tho oaken blocks superficially prepared are capable of outliving the roughest exposure to weather for many years without internal or external disso lution of the fibres. The enormous extension of the American railway systems and the ever multiplying demands for tho forest oak lor mining, shipbuilding and street pave 1 ment purposes, in all of which the tim ber is exposed to rapid' decay, establish the necessity for great economy in the use of wood and the expediency of using every means to preserve it when once put in use. The railways, tho great timber-consumers, have usually taken little trouble to make known the ascertained durability of the wood used in their tracks and bridges ; but enough is known to demonstrate tho great economy of preparing timber for track use before it is put down. In Belgium more than two-thirds of the sleepers on all the railroads have been chemically prepared since 18(53; and there can bo little question that the experiment so suc cessful and satisfactory in that climate would be still more so in the United States. The Cholera rs Europe.? This dreadful pestilence is reported in various places in Eastern and Central Europe, from Turkey to the Peninsula of Italy, and thence northward to the Baltic. Leaving the United States, then, for the tour of Europe, will bs no security this season to our pleasure seekers against tho cholera. Woman Suffrage? Th? Canandaiotja Farc* Ended.? District Attorney Crowley on Satur day last entered a nol. pros, in each of the coses of the fourteen women indicted with Miss Anthony for illegal voting, and the Court adjourned sine dif, all parties apparently sat isfied with their tempest in a teapot. Groesbeck, of Ohio, according to the Cin cinnati Enquirer, is believed to be in favor of a new democratic departure. There have been so many departures of that party within the last few years that it* remains might be sup posed to rest quietly at this time iu the "land iQitorttffiB?*'' YeiUrdtx'l Btrniou. Notwithstanding all oar hopes and expecta tions of rain as indicated by the overhanging clouds and the occasional droppings yester day, the weather held up very pleasantly, so that the prayerful were able to spend their ac customed morning and evening hours in the house of the Lord. The sermons, with hardly an exception, are practical or doctrinal, simple and Scriptural, so that they can be easily read, marked and inwardly digested both by those who heard them yesterday and by those who shall read them to-day. Those who may be curious to know what Unitarianism teaches regarding the way of holiness will find in Dr. Bellows' discourse as thorough orthodoxy as many of the most "evangelical" divines could furnish to their congregations. He tells us that holiness is merely a holy-hearted simplicity of purpose, a singleness of eye to see the right, a strong love of goodness and a resolute will to seek and possess it. It needs not education or cul tivation to secure a holy heart While all this is true, it docs not tell the whole of what holiness as a state of heart or of life is. We do not agree, save conditionally, with the Doctor's statement that it does not matter what direction a man s feet take if his heart be turued the right way. If the feet always followed the heart this might do, but not otherwise. A firm ?resolution and a strong will are good things if they are sanctified ; but they cannot keep the heart pure nor the feet in the way of holiness. And there the completeness of this discourse is lacking in that it leaves the divine factor altogether out of this attainment. Is it true that without this holiness of heart nine out of every ten of the young men who leave country homes for city life are wreckod every year on the shoals and quicksands of this great city? If it be it is a terrible fact, and on* that cannot be too gravely considered. The story of the Saviour's trial before Pilate was plainly and briefly commented upon by Dr. Foss, but no new thought was evolved therefrom, according to our synopsis. As St. Paul taught his pupil, Titus, so Dr. Imbrio taught the* Fifth avenue Presbyterian church yesterday, that Christianity was not a new philosophy or a humanly devised scheme of renovation, but an entirely new heaven sent principle ; and that it is distinguished from the philosophies in that Christian moral, ity is superior to the morality of the world ; that it is sustained by a peculiar hope of the appearing of the great God our Saviour, and in that the source of this moral life aud hope is not in man, but in God. The proof and illustration of this latter point will be found in detail in the sermon. The rewards of selfishness and of abnega tion respectively formed the theme of Mr. Mc Arthur's discourse. Society, he declared, is suspicious of the man who proposes self as the object of worship. It shuns him and de feats his projects. God also withdraws from him and allows him to fall into his own snares. When sin is reduced to its last analysis it becomes selfishness, the opposite of which is abnegation, of which Jesus and Paul are shining examples, as Judas and Pilate are of selfishness. Most of us realize that this life is a warfare, but very few of us go into the conflict pre pared to do battle with the world, the flesh 1 and the devil, the soul's greatest enemies. The world is constantly alluring us, and the flesh is more than ready to be allured, and if we escape from these we have tho devil as a roaring lion going about seeking whom he may devour. Father Power tells us that we have little chance of escaping this last enemy unless we take St. Peter's advice and "be sober and watch unto prayer," which is un doubtedly true. With prayer as a weapon we can defy and defeat all our enemies and arrive at heaven, our final and proper resting place. Father Kearney, using the parables of the lost sheep and tho lost pieco of money, illus trated God's care for Ilis erring children and His anxiety to bring them back to His fold. He is now as ever scouring the wilderness after the lost sheep or sweeping the house alter the lost coin, and when they are found, when the sinners are brought back to God, there is rejoicing not only in the heavenly household, but in the earthly one also. Dr. Holmo charges our fearful criminal calendar to the late war, to the character of our foreign immigration, to the publicity given by the press to reoords of crime. It familiarizes the public with deeds of vio lence and thus aids greatly in their propaga tion. Intemperance ho considers the parent of all vice, and the antidote to all these evils is the cultivation of the love faculties among men. But we can hardly wait for the ripened fruit of that sowing. We must make the punishment as short, sharp and decisive as is the crime itself. There is no other remedy half so effective for clearing our criminal calendar as that Mr. Beecher explained the nature of belief and of man's responsibility lor what he be lieves. As belief, according to Mr. Beecher, is partly voluntary and partly involuntary, our responsibility is thereforo equally divided. Every man who has the ability and oppor tunity to investigate truth is responsible for failing to investigate. The character of a man's mind will determine tho way in which he will see tmth. It is possible for truth to be so large that ten men may believe in it and the whole ten sections may be the whole trnth, aud yet not one of the ten men may have tho whole truth. But the responsibility rests with every man to do his best to know what truth is. Taking the analogy of nature, Dr. Scudder pointed out to his people the characteristics of growth in grace and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ ?nd the elements necessary to a successful and steady growth in spiritual life. Christ is tho typical man, and wc arc to grow in knowledge and grace until we resemble Christ; and this growth is promoted by the Spirit of God dwelling in our hearts, and who, if we seek it, will make us flowers tor Ilis own paradise. We have a couple of country sketches to day ? one from Closter, N. J., where a sorrow ing congregation lamented the sudden death of a beloved pastor who had lately gone to Colorado as a missionary and fallen a victim to disease there; and the other from Hewlett's Station, L. I., where the joy of heaven over tho repentant sinner was held up to the con gregation that the sight might win some hearts from death into life and from the power of Satan unto God. All of these Sabbath dis JWWM jtiU IA ttS?ttatiLUt6?K HMfeL I for country readers who hate Che time anff can give them the necessary study. Bat let faith be mixed with what vou read as well aa with what yon hear. SUNDAY RECREATIONS. Shall the Kama Have Healthy Moral Relaxa tion T? Visit of the Excise Commisrion ers to the Beer Gardens Yester day?The Way People En joy Themselves The problem of rational Sunday recreation Is one that has become a very Important and serious one in nearly all large cities of America and Europe and appears at least to be approaching a practical solution in New York. London has insisted on having popular open air music In her parks, and the followers of Odger and Bradlaugh. finding thai their wishes lu this respect were likely to be con travened, tyd not hesitate to remove the railings of Ilyde Park as an intimation of the general up rooting of the political destinies of their op ponents that would follow a persistence in the policy of prohibition. The question or allowing the sale of iutoxlcatlng drinks on the sabbath has been repeatedly brought to the no tice of the Legislature of this State, and varions provisions have been enacted either to restrict, regulate or prohibit the tramc. There has. how ever, sdways hitherto been a peculiar Influence brought to bear on the question, chiefly arising ,h0 ract that metropolitan politics have for many years been of the "pothouse" oraer, and that the retailers of "rifle" whiskey, that would KILL AT FIVK HUNDRED YARDS on Creedmoor Range, have wielded an Inestimable strength at all the caucuses, conventions and elections. The reform struggles or the past twe years Have very materially altered this state o( affairs, and have brought the people to the surface, so that it need no longer be what the gin-mill keepers demand, but what the masses desire shall prevail. And in this mild and conservative sort of way the Sunday drinking question has again been brought up for consideration and settlement. Recently, with a view to solving the vexed ques tion, at least in a great degree, Alderman Kebr. one of the German legislative representatives o< he municipality, extended an invitation to the Commissioners of the Board of Excise, Superln tendent Matscll and Captain Mount, or the Seven teenth Police precinct, to accompany him on a Sunday tour of the lager beer "gardens" of the city, and by personal Inspection to Judge for them selves whether these resorts were detrimental te the MORAL HEALTII OP THE CITY, and whether the physical and mental recreations of their patrons was not largely contributed to by Sabbuti? ^establishments to keep open on the sabbath. The Alderman Intimated mat all should Wa? ltia? tlle Commissioner niw o H or themselves," and if ?h? ? . an Inspection thev carao . concl uslon that the maintenance of suck Sunday enjoyment were either im moral, prejudicial to the public peace or in an v rnMniuh t0 impalr the well-being or thccom' munity, he was content to abide by their iurtir. inn1} ? invlt*tloh was accepted, and by con upon as partlea lnvlted yesterday was fixed TUB TIME fob TITE TOtTR. Accordingly, at two o'clock yesterday, Excise Com.' Kohd?nm|8 M and Voorhees, Aldermen H.eno and Koch, Major i-amr, Paul Falk i)nni?i Schneider and a nnmber of other well-known tren he.m^ aiaumblet,1 llt ^rmania ? j 2 wery, aud, embarking in carriages nro ceeded on the tour of observation. Superin tendent Matsellwas prevented from being present ? Captain Mount. Driving rai' 1 . r. p Thirtl avenue tho party visited first, Hamilton Park, at Sixty-third street, where .a88em?le<1 80veral hundred persons. ?.PPa/eutly drawn irom all the better elements o| nrrtori y' enjoying themselves in the mosl orderly and unostentatious manner. There was. lar?e preponderance of husbands and wives with i their families or little ones, attired in Sunday bib and tucker," and their whole pastime consisted in pleasant conversational Intercourse, or beneath k*ng 0U 1416 promeaa'-lin8 platforms) ? nHui?s their thirst with crystal measures ? MUm 555 ?>? gratefully cool and retrcshlnir Hi** \riisa'nnerr>n^ctar 01 0aiu,>r?nu8'lovlal court. There i V ? . loud conversation or boisterousiiess In. dnlged in by a single individual present and it it ?,'airt?J"?1^ by what one sees it is f^ir to ore ves'iRv atWMVlc , vl8lt t0 Hamilton Par* i yesterday will forin a fund of nleaqant reminiscence during all the week of labor ?o many an Industrious and ? lruwil rather and hi> a# ?' wire and little beer-quSffers. ^e?near? nrnLan.hHU/ :1lls establishment the party ^ Jones' Wood, a more extensive con* cern of the same general type, where a much larger gathering of people were assembled. Here ''?ere was the additional pastime 8f ta& get shooting and tho band of the Ninth reKinient. The samo general soriRi ? 2 enjoyment were indulged in by those Dresin? anJt alter hair an hour's observation heref (furing noriilng was observed to shock the sensibilities ??r the most sensitive Ittfy in the land the nirtv proceeded on thelrTfay. One verv stfmn?^.ra dent at the "Wooa" wa.s the presence of a woman who from her garb appeared to be VK v companled by her orphaned children. ' i 1 ~ WAS COMMENTED UPON by many of the gentlemen who witnessed It that was Probably no other resort In the city savl t lose of this class where that widow with her littio brood could have obtained popular relaxation and ai the same time be as free irom the possibility ?f "suit or molestation as in her oTn home Leaving Jones' Wood the party drove to SuUer'a hast River Park, and Here too was assembled a very or?Vri* anything more social assemblage than at the other |, aces There was the shooting gilie??, the atrtnn % the whirligig and other physical sports and a new ? 0 < 0 fathering the presence of a Ger man sinking society, with the wtves fomfliil. sisters and sweethearts of the members These' !f' appears, are in the habft of votfnl Mes and varioua resort8 ?? wwwse with their fara erTiNo their lager by the kfo Indulge in a rational and not impoverishing form ' kind of gathering, Vncluding^a^8 the tlsT lug Samr)ernuni,\ Thence th? visit driven to the rock cedar to cavf , T 2E?" street, near Mount Morris Park, where the irrat?^is' pZX ^Then away ?n a'wniri or?dust^o ? tlon were whisked through Central Park and Ki?ts Uie "Bowery?0 Here assemblage of teople ? yet seen was gathered, men. wives ^weptiion^. aassr-fflra? a: sar?5?3 National Garden. Howory Garden and Pari ? SS? KeDC Ki\hereTIVwasGaffathe/ I ? superb assemblage or people in the moiS music hall and tho ?aller?es and .r -,n a i~ remark durmg the afternoon and evening. WEATHER REPORT. War Department, ) OFFICE OF THE CiliEK SIGNAL OFFICER, J ? Washington, Jtiue 23?1 A. M. ) ProlHibUUies. For New England light to fresh northeasterly to southeasterly winds and increasing cloudi ness; for the Middle States gentle to fresh easterly winds aarl increasing cloudi ness; for the lower lake reKloa fresh and occasionally brisk easterly to southerly winds, cloudy weather and rain ; lor the Atlantic States, light to ftesli southeast and southwest winds and partly cloudy weather; rrom Missouri and tho Ohio Valley to the upper lakes fresh ami brisk southerly to easterly winds, gen erally cloudy weather and rain circles. Midnight telegraphic reports from the Gulf Stales, upper lake region and all of the stations west of the Mississippi have not yet been received. The Weather In Thl* < Itv Yesterday. The following record will show the changes la tho temperature for the past twenty-fonr hours In comparison with the corresponding day of last year, a* indicated by the thermometer at Uudnnt'f Pharmacy, Herald Itnildlng:? 1HTZ 1873. 1873. 1873. 3 A. M 72 07 3:30 P. M 93 70 8 A. M 73 (15 6 P. M #1 Tl 0 A. M 81 70 9 P. M HS M 12 M 91 73 12 P. M 76 ffl Average temperature yesterday MM Averane temperature for corresponding date

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