Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 23, 1873, Page 8

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 23, 1873 Page 8
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NEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AND AMD STREET, JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. Volume XXXVIII Bio. 174 ' : amusements this evening. BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery. ?Thk Hirrr Mia A la ?Oct at ska. THEATRE COMIQUK. No. 814 Broad way.? Tnm Sknsa flONAL Duama or Dikdbh-ii. WOOD'S MUSEUM. Broadway, corner Thirtieth St.? (VmniMu Ham>. Afternoon and eveuiiu. NlBLO'S GARDEN. Broadway, between Prince and Houston its.? Koomsb. UNION SQUARE THEATRE. Union square, near Broadway ? Jab* Etkk. OLYMPIC THEATRE. Broadway, between Houston ?nd Bleucker streets.? Fidelia. WALLACE'S THEATRE. Broadway and Thirteenth street.? Mora. NEW FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE, 728 and 730 Broad way.? MaDBLKIK MoKKL. BRYANT'S OPERA hoit8E, Twenty-third SU corner ?th aV.-Nt.CBO MlKSTBtLST. Ac. AMERICAN INSTITUTE HALL, Third av., 63d and 6?th its.? Scmbsb Nights' Contebes. IRVING HALL, corner of Irving place and 15th ?t? Billiabd Exhibition. CENTRAL PARE GARDEN? Summer Nicirrs* Coif fBBTS. METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART. 128 West Four teentli sL? Cvi'kian and Loan Collections or Akt. N?W YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY, 618 Broadway. - fClBNCE AND AKT. TRIPLE SHEET. Hew York, Monday, June 33, 1873, THE NEWS OP YESTERDAY. To-Dny's Contents of the Herald. *0UR WESTERN INDIANS AND THEIR RESER VATIONS! WHAT SHALL WE DO WITH THEM?"? TITLE OF THE LEADER? Sixth Page. THE INDIANS ON THE RESERVATIONS AND ON THE WARPATH I THEIR LOCATION AND CONDITION! HOW SOME OF THE SAVAGES ARE KEPT WITHIN BOUNDS? THIRD Page. THE CAMPAIGN AGAINST AND COLD BLOODED MASSACRE OF THE MODOC'S! DEMORALIZATION OF THE WHITE TROOPS! A FEARLESS REVIEW? EIGHTH PAGE. CROWDING THE WINNEBAGOES OrT OF WIS CONSIN! GOVERNOR WASHBURN URGING THE BRAVES TO "GO WEST !" SORROWS OF THE RED MEN? ElOHTH Page. THE STANLEY EXPEDITION TO THE NORTH WEST ! CUSTER AND FRED GRANT WITH THE VAN! SURVEYING THE NORTH ERN PACIFIC RAILWAY ROUTE? EIGHTH Page. GENERAL GRANT ILL AT LONG BRANCH ! EX COLLECTOR MURPHY'S SON SHOT? SEV ENTH Page. ? PEACEFUL RESOLUTION OF THE SPANISH CABINET CRISIS! THE TROUBLES AT BARCELONA? IMPORTANT TELEGRAPHIC NEWS? Seventh Page. CUBAN AID TO DON CARLOS! LA ROE SUMS FORWARDED TO SPAIN? MEXICAN CATHO LIC PERSECUTION OF THE PROTESTAN TS Sevkntq Page. i, STEAMSHIP BROKEN TO PIECES ON THE ROCKS OFF HOLYHEAD, WALES! FIFTEEN PERSONS PERISH? Seventh Paqe. THE KILLING OF MRS. LAMFLEY, IN BALTI MORE! A SINGULAR HISTORY OF CRIME I THE MURDERERS CONVICTED AND TO BE EXECUTED? Tenth Page. DETAILS OF THE PASSAIC FIRE-BOOKS RE CENTLY PUBLISHED? TENTH PAGE. SIS HOP ODENHEIMER ON THE PROPOSED CHANGES IN THE SEE OF NEW JERSEY I THE PRIMITIVE SYSTEM OPPOSED-TENTH Page. YELLOW FEVER DIMINISHING IN BRAZIL? CON TRADICTION OF THE YELLOW FEVER RU MORS BY THE BROOKLYN HEALTH OFFI CIALS?SEVENTH Page. CAR LIST WARFARE! DON CARLOS' BRILLIANT PARISIAN STAFF! TIIE ENDERLAZA BUTCHERY! SANTA CRUZ'S MODE OF FIGHTING? Fifth Page. THE CHEFS- D'QSUVRE OF MODERN ART AT THE VIENNA FAIR? ELEVENTH PAGE. GOSPEL PUBLISHMENT! THE DIVINES PIC TURING CHRIST'S NATURE AND HELP FULNESS, THE SOUL AS A PLANT, THE DANGER OF TRIFLING WITH CRIMINALS AND THE HAPS OF YOUTH IN THE CITY! INTERESTING INSTALLATION ? FOURTH Page. rUE FINANCIAL PROBLEMS DISCUSSED! WHAT MAY BE EXPECTED? Ninth Page. TOURING IN EUROPE! HOW IT IS DONE BY AMERICANS, ARTISTS AND OTHERS! AN EX-COURIER DIVULGES SOME CURIOUS THINGS ? Fifth Page. TURF EVENTS IN CHICAGO! PREPARATIONS TO REVIVE THE SPORT BY A GRAND JULY MEETING AT DEXTER PARK-EIGHTH Page. fO-DAY'S REGATTA OF THE JERSEY CITY YACHT CLUB? FLEETWOOD PARK-ITEMS FROM THE SUMMER RESORTS? REAL ES TATE? Eighth Page. ^ BRITISH SHIP, WITH A CARGO OF COOLIES, PUTS INTO A JAPANESE PORT THE CLARK OBSEQUIES? Fifth Page. The Welcome Rain.? Since yesterday morn ing, in the thickening clouds find "ureas of rain" over the Northern States, we have had :heering signs of a general deliverance from a dry season, which threatened a continuance into a general drought, with a still increas icr, budget of destructive fires iu town and country, fields and forests, from day to day. Welcome, then, thrice welcome, the blessed rain, with the promise of general reliel which it brings to the thirsty land! The Shah of Persia is expected to gladden the gay city of Paris with his presence on the 5th of July, from which, we infer, he will re main till the "glorious Fourth" in the enjoy ment of the hospitalities of Euglaud. Mean time, in the inspection of Her Majesty's dock yards, arsenals, military academies, iron foun dries, Ac., it is evident that the Shah, upon this excursion, is combining business with pleasure. An International Chess Tournament, for $2,000 in gold (to begin on the '#)th July), 1 has been resolved upon as one of the special attractions of the Vienna Fair. Very good; but if the managers of the Exhibition desire to draw "full houses" they will get up b schedule of international horse races. Something o! that sort is needed to relieve the Exhibition of its monotony, and to make it pay. Ex-8enatob Geokoe E. Pcoh, democrat, of Ohio, speaking as a partisan, wants a "new deal." There has been so much double-deal ing on the part of Ohio democrats for several years in national conventions that a new shuffling of the cards would probably only Omr Wciten Indiana m?I Their Bm> ?rratloni? What Hull We Do with Them t For the information and gratification of our readers we give them this morning a carefully prepared and handsomely executed map of the numerous Indian reservations of that great western division of the United States over which (with some lew exceptions eastward) all our Indian tribes and frag ments of tribes are now distributed. On the same page a summing up and explanation of the various tribes and reservations repre sented oro given, which, together with the general bird's-eye view of the map, will be found extremely interesting and valuable, not only to the philanthropist and the inquiring historical student, but to every reader in search of knowledge concerning these Indians and Indian reservations of the Great West. With the pacification of the Kickapoos in Mexico, with the complete subjugation of the Apaches in Arizona, and with the uncondi tional surrender of Captain Jack and his ter rible Modocs of Oregon and California, there is now that favorable condition of general peace among our Indiiffis which invites us to a review of the whole field embraced within our illustrative map. From the archives of the Indian Bureau it appears that there are (excluding the estimated force of seventy thousand in our Arctic territory of Alaska) three hundred thousand of the original na tive American race remaining within tho limits of the United States, and that, upon the important question of subsistence, they may thus be divided: ? Of atlf-supportlng tribes 130,000 Partly supported by the government 84,000 Entirely supported by the government 31,ooo Living by bunting and marauding 65,000 The masses of the self-supporting tribes are those civilized and semi-civilizod Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, Seminoles, &c., of the Indian Territory, one of the most beau tiful, fertile and inviting agricultural districts! J of the Union. The tribes partly and those wholly supported by the government aro those on the reservations outside the Iudian Territory, and the marauders arc the tribes and fragments of tribes still roaming at large, and mostly along the range of the Rocky Mountains, between the British Possessions and our Mexican frontier. Touching their political relations to the government, it ap pears that of our rod brethren there arc : ? Living under treaties 180, noo Ou reservations, without treaties 40,000 The treaty Indians embrace all the tribes of the Indian Territory and numerous others, conspicuous am<yig them being the late war liko Sioux of Red Cloud and Spotted Tail. In the scale of civilization our Indians are thus classified: ? Civilized 97.000 Seml-clvlllzc<l Wholly savage 78,000 Tho main body of the civilized tribes are in the Indian Territory, and of the semi-civilized among tho best deserving tribes are the Pimos and Coco Moricopas of the Gila River, in Arizona. The general distribution of our aborigines may thus be given : ? In Minnesota and east of the Mississippi 32,500 In Nebraska, Kansas and Indian Territory... 70,660 In Dakota, Montana. Wyoming and Idaho t;j,ooo In Nevada, Utah, Colorado. New Mexico and Arizona 84,000 In California, Oregon and Territory of Wash ington 47,850 We fiud, next,* that our Indian population occupy reservations of laud amounting, in the aggregate, to 137,840,971 acres, or about four hundred and sixty acres for every man, woman and child of them. Here wo touch the important questions, How long, even under the protection of the govynment, will our poor Indians be permitted to hold in peace the vast tracts of country which they now occupy as reservations ?? and, What is the best policy of tho government for the maintenance of peace between whites and Indians and for the protection and civiliza tion of the latter? The extensive general reservation of the Sioux in Dakota, and the reserve of the assembled tribes on the north ern frontier of Montana, for examples, are great hunting grounds over which the tribes concerned have the priviloge of following the buffalo herds in their southern and northern migrations over the Great Plains. The gen eral reserve for different bands of the Utes in Colorado is also a mtro hunting ground, from which they will soon be dis placed by the encroaching white settlements of the Territory. The same fate awaits the several reservations contiguous to the line of the Northern Pacific Railway. In short, the time is fast approaching when the government will be compelled materially to reduce the proportions of these gTeat reservations and to abolish many of the smaller ones, and what, then, will be done with the dispossessed Indians ? Let us briefly look into this matter. In cluding the western half of Nebraska and of Kansas and of Texas, the general character of all the country westward to the great chain of tho Sierra Nevada and Cascade Mountains, which look down upon the inviting valleys of California and Oregon, is analagous to that of Central Asia ? dry, timberless and barren. It can be densely populated only in districts which can be extensively and liberally irri gated, as in the basin of the Great Salt Lake, and where the numerous head streams of great rivers, as in Wyoming and Colorado, afford the supplies and the channels for extensive systems of irrigation. Montana, embracing the numerous head streams of the Missouri, and possessing advantages of cli- | mate, situation ami fertile valleys peculiarly its own, has prospered, and can prosper, ' without any general irrigating system ; but otherwise, from the Great Plains to the Sierra Nevada, and in large districts of California to the seaboard, the soil is fruitless without irri gation. Our map, in this view, will servo to show how limited are the means for irriga tion from a glance at the vast waterless regions of this great Asiatic section of our Continent. The Great Plains, in ccasing to be a range for the wild buffalo, will become? are now be coming?a range for domestic cattle; for their Summer droughts and the want of flowing streams forbid the cultivation of those arid table lands. From the Rocky Mountains, then westward to the Sierra Nevada, the ro maiuiug available valleys and basins for culti vation will bo taken np by the white man, and with the completion of the Northern Paciflg Railroad and the Southern line there will be no resting place between these roads for the Indian, under the present Quaker system, in any considerable reservation where he can live by tilling the soil. In the cause of j ^ Uutrv viU iwnifc i / then, one of three courses for the government to pursue ? the entire support of these scattered Indians in small reservations or their re moval into the Indian Territory, or their col lection into a mew general reservation, where they can support or partially support them selves under the protection of the United States army. A contracted reservation, in which the In dian has nothing to do but to eat, drink and be merry, and to sing hymns and listen to the statod preaching of the Gospel, will not do. The dull monotony, the humiliating imprison ment of snch a life to the "noble savage," is intolerable. He cannot endure it ? he will in evitably revolt against it at length, and in his desperation he will sing his war song of "lib erty or death" and strike for the warpath. As it is, with the comparatively wide range and government rations of the reservations, a fort and a detachment of troops for each re nerve are required to withhold our disgusted red men from the passing emigrant train. The suppression of Captain Jack and the whole some chastisement administered to the Apaches may serve for a season to hold the warriors of the reserves and the roaming bands in an encouraging condition as "good Indians," but there isnfe security against the chapter of aocidents which, here or there, may lead to murder and bloody retaliation between whites and Indians, from Dakota to Texas and from Arizona to Oregon. Millions of money upon Indian Commis missioners, agents, contractors and traders are now wasted upon these numerous reserva tions which could be saved to the Treasury with the gathering of all these scattered tribes into the Indian Territory. And, again, emi gration to and settlements in our new States and Territories are checked by apprehensions of Indian disturbances. Remove the Indians and these dangers will cease. We have shown that within a few years there will bo no avail able abiding place for any great body of them anywhere west of Kansas upon a self-support ing basis. We understand that the idea of ultimately settling all our scattered tribes and roaming bands in the Indian Territory is entertained by General Grant, with the view of advancing them by careful cultivation to the usages, industry and enjoyments of civil ized life, and to the capabilities of a State gov ernment. This, too, may be a wild Utopian scheme ; but, considering the embarrassmonts resulting to all the States and Territories con cerned from these numerous and widely scattered Indian reservations and wandering bands, and considering the dangers from en croaching white speculators and adventurers which menace the Indian Territory itself, it strikes us that this idea of gathering into that Territory all tho outside tribes approaches nearer to a practical solution of the whole Indian problem than any other settlement so far suggested by speculator, missionary, poli tician or statesman. The Sanitary Condition of the City, When the Summer approaches the most im portant subject which can engage the atten tion of the authorities is the sanitary con dition of the city. In comparison with this one question of the public health all others sink into insignificance. Unfortunately our rulers in tho city of New York seem to have forgotten this duty entirely, and while they are quarrelling over the spoils and fighting for the miserable drippings which come from this or that little official position the streots and other spots where pestilence is bred are neglected. Tho Board of Health, so far as we can see, is taking no active measures against the approach of cholera and yellow fever. The Polico Department is apparently gatheriug no information in regard to the plague spots * scattered all over tho metropolis, and has, so far, failed to warn our citizens to guard against disease. Therg seem to be eajy confidence and glaring neglect everywhere, while tho streets are in a Morse condition than was ever before known in the history of New York. All of tho streets and avenues are dirty, and most of them are still filled with the garbage and offal thrown into them last Winter. Many of the most important thoroughfares in the most densely populated parts are badly paved, and foul and stagnant water remains in tho streets day after day. There is scarcely a block up town or down that has fewer than half a dozen wagon holes filled with water, to poison the atmosphere and generate disease. Every where disagreeable odors infect the air. The condition of the sewers may be even more de plorablo than the condition of the streets. Cellars and sub-cellars, and other places liable to infection, are mysteries to the police, but full of dangers to the people. And all this while a fitful Summer, hot to-day and cool to morrow. seems to utter threatening*! of disease and death. We would not alarm the people unnecessa rily, lor to create fear in the public mind is bad policy. Aside from the filthy condition of the city, there is no reason now for undue fear or alarm among our citizens that yellow fever or cholera will come. But these terrible scourges may come, and it is best to be pre pared. Cleanliness is the best preventive, and it is upon this that we insist. We must guard eVery avenue of approach and sweep away every cause likely to breed pestilence or to produce a condition of things likely to ex pose the peoplo to danger and make them sus ceptible to contagion or infection. If a plague of any kind should fall upon the city at this time its ravages would be awful. If tho chol era should reach New York what a rieh har vest of death it would reap, and what a splendid ahowing its ravages would make for the reformers who forgot or neglected their duty ! What a fearful reckoning would lie demanded by the people ! Men who disre gard the most sacred dutj of authority can tind no words to oxcuse themselves before tho overwhelming wrath of tho community. It is time that the officials whose duty it is to take sauitary measures against the approach of disease learned the responsibility which attaches to their exercise of authority, lest they also suffer with the innocent. It is crim inal in them that we are compelled to address those appeals to them. Weeks ago all de mands we are now making should have been already past the demanding. Then the city would have been spared this necessity, and people of weak nerves would have been saved a danger which even tho imagination might develop into disease. If we could re train from pointing out the danger and in sisting upon proper sanitary measures we tttaHld di w. Imk it xauld be aadafl* to i close oar eyes to probable calamity, and this is why we insist that oar authorities in the dif ferent departments shall no longer fail in their duty, bat set about their work at once and perform it earnestly and efficiently. We print in another oolumn this morning some directions for guarding against the ap proach of disease, which we commend to all householders for practice and to the police for enforcement It is too late to dally longer with danger. Even the ruinated drain pipe most be rendered pare and wholesome. Throwing ofial into the streets must cease. There must be much earnest street swoeping and the use of disinfectants everywhere. The waterholes in the streets must be closed up, if necessary at the expense of new pavements. No stone should be left unturned where pesti lence may lurk. Unless all this, and more, is speedily accomplished the plagne may pounce down upon us before we are aware of its com ing, and the Destroyer show his presence in every house. Precaution is all that is neces

sary, and if proper precautionary measures had been already taken there would be no danger of approaching calamity. The Carlist War and the Care of Santa Crui. The letter which we print this morning from our special correspondent in the Carlist camp is valuable as disclosing the real empti ness of the reactionary movement. The de scription of the baso of operations at Urdax, and the scenes that struck the eye of the Herald correspondent while there, certainly do not reveal any high order of military en ergy. In fine, as far as we are able to per ceive, the Carlist army consists of the Cure of Santa Cruz. This grotesque ecclesiastic is the only distinct character, the only resolute man, that all these months of civil war have brought to the surface. Ho is monarch of all he sur veys, and he is as much feared by the Carlists as he is opposed by the republicans. He ac knowledges no subordination, will attach him self to the army only on conditions, and replies to a message of distress from the retreating forces of Don Carlos by a threat to shoot the parlamentario if he renews his appeals for succor. Hardly has our correspondent time to record this little eccentricity before the Cure lalls upon the republicans at the Bridge of Ender lnza and they hoist a Qag of truce in token of surrender ; but as the Cure advances to re ceive the prisoners he is greeted with a volley of musketry, whereupon the little garrison is put to death as the recompense of treachery, and the "flower" of the Carlist army are re leased from danger. The Cure has displayed qualities which indicate that the olive-branch profession is less suited to his natural capacity than the occupation of a bold and successful guerilla chieftain. The prestige which he has already acquired throughout Spain will un doubtedly make him a formidable competitor of the leading generals of the Carlist move ment for the favor of the pretender and the ap plause of the monarchists. The Conservation of Wood. One of the most important economic prob lems of the age, the conservation of wood, has recently been undergoing experimental solution among French and Belgian en gineers, with very interesting results. Chief among these is the discovery of the rates of decay of the various woods, similarly exposed and similarly defended, by the aid of sub stances insoluble in water and unaffected by the atmosphere. Instances are mentioned by one of the experimenters, M. Melsenns, in which prepared blocks, into the sinuosities of whoso woody fibres the tarry preparation had penetrated, after exposure to alternate steam baths and frosty weather and to burial in wet or marshy soil, were perfectly sound and un injured alter twenty years' trial. A section of a piece of timber impregnated with tar shows that the conserving substanco has followed the lines of the longitudinal fibres, and often the microscope reveals the complete filling of the pores, and every channel which might give entrance to deleterious agents is plugged by the tar, which, in many cases, is also found a perfect preserver of bolts, screws and nails. It is said that a railway sleeper thus care fully coated and injected with the solution ought t* hold together as long as an Egyptian mummy, and it is easy to see that with proper attention to this one item of railroad expendi ture millions of dollars might be annually saved to the companies and the disastrous de foresting of the country be measurably ar rested. The experiments show that the oaken blocks superficially prepared are capable of outliving the roughest exposure to weather for many years without internal or external disso lution of the fibres. The enormous extension of the American railway systems and the ever multiplying demands for the forest oak lor mining, shipbuilding and street pave ment purposes, in all of which the tim ber is exposed to rapid1 decay, establish the necessity for great economy in the use of wood and the expediency of using every means to preserve it when once put in use. The railways, the great timber-consumers, have usually taken little trouble to make known the ascertained durability of the wood used in their tracks and bridges ; but enough is known to demonstrate the great economy of preparing timber for track use before it is put down. In Belgium more than two-thirds of the sleepers on all the railroads have been chemically prepared since 18(53; and there can be little question that the experiment so suc cessful and satisfactory in that climate would be still more so in the United States. The Cholera in Europe.? This dreadful pestilence is reported in various places in Eastern and Central Europe, from Turkey to the Peninsula of Italy, and thence northward to the Baltic. Leaving the United States, then, for the tour of Europe, will bo no security this season to our pleasure seekers against the cholera. Woman Scftraue ? The Canandaiqtta Farce Ended. ? District Attorney Crowley on Satur day lost entered a no/, pros . in each of the coses of the fourteen women indicted with Miss Anthony for illegal voting, and the Court adjourned sine die, all parties apparently sat isfied with their tempest iu a teapot. Groesreck, of Ohio, according to the Cin cinnati Enquirer, is believed to be in favor of a new democratic departure. There have been bo many departures of that party within the last iew years that ita remains might be sup posed to rest quietly at this time in the "land Yeaterdsjr*a germou. Notwithstanding all our hopes and expecta tions of rain as indicated by the overhanging clouds and the occasional droppings y ester day, the weather held up very pleasantly, so that the prayerful were able to spend their ac customed morning and evening hours in the house of the Lord. The sermons, with hardly an exception, are practical or doctrinal, simple and Scriptural, so that they can be easily read, marked and inwardly digested both l>y those who heard them yesterday and by those who shall read them to-day. Those who may be curious to know what Unitarianism teaches rogarding the way of holiness will find in Dr. Bellows' diicourse as thorough orthodoxy as many of the most "evangelical" divines could furnish to their congregations. He tells us that holiness is merely a holy-hearted simplicity of purpose, a singleness of eye to see the right, a strong love of goodness and a resolute will to seek and possess it. It needs not education or cul tivation to secure a holy heart While all this is true, it does not tell tho whole of what holiness as a state of heart or of life is. We do not agree, save conditionally, with the Doctor's statement that it does not matter what direction a man s feet take if his heart be turned the right way. If the feet always followed the heart this might do, but not otherwise. A firm ^resolution and a strong will are good things if they are sanctified ; but they cannot keep the heart pure nor the feet in the way of holiness. And there the completeness of this discourse is lacking in that it leaves the divino factor altogether out of this attainment. Is it true that without this holiness of heart nine out of every ten of the young men who leave country homes for city life are wrecked every year on the shoals and quicksands of this great city ? If it be it is a terrible fact, and ont that cannot be too gravely considered. Tho story of the Saviour's trial before Pilate was plainly and briefly commented upon by Dr. Foss, but no new thought was evolved therefrom, according to our synopsis. As St. Paul taught his pupil, Titus, so Dr. Imbrio taught th?- Fifth avenue Presbyterian church yesterday, that Christianity was not a new philosophy or a humanly devised scheme of renovation, but an entirely new heaven sent principle ; and that it is distinguished from the philosophies in that Christian moral ity is superior to the morality of the world ; that it is sustained by a peculiar hope of tho appearing of the great God our Saviour, and in that the so.urce of this moral life and hope is not in man, but in God. The proof and illustration of this latter point will be found in detail in the sermon. The rewards of selfishness and of abnega tion respectively formed the theme of Mr. Mc Arthur's discourse. Society, he declared, is suspicious of the man who proposes self as the object of worship. It shuns him and de feats his projects. God also withdraws from him and allows him to fall into his own snares. When sin is reduced to its last analysis it becomes selfishness, the opposite of which is abnegation, of which Jesus and Paul are shining examples, as Judas and Pilate are of selfishness. Most of us realize that this life is a warfare, but very few of us go into the conflict pre pared to do battle with the world, the flesh and the devil, the soul's greatest enemies. The world is constantly alluring us, and tho flesh is more than ready to be allured, and if we escape from these we have tho devil as a roaring lion going about seeking whom he may devour. Father Power tells us that we have little chance of escaping this last enemy unless we take St Peter's advice and "be sober and watch unto prayer," which is un doubtedly true. With prayer as a weapon we can defy and defeat all our enemies and arrive at heaven, our final and proper resting place. Father Kearney, usiug the parables of the lost sheep and the lost piece of money, illus trated God's care for His erring children and His anxiety to bring them back to His fold. He is now as ever scouring the wilderness after the lost sheep or sweeping the house alter the lost coin, and when they are found, when the sinners are brought back to God, there is rejoicing not only in the heavenly household, but in the earthly one also. Dr. Holme charges our fearful criminal calendar to the late wnr, to the character of our foreign immigration, to the publicity given by the press to reoords of crime. It familiarizes the public with deeds of vio lence and thus aids greatly in their propaga tion. Intemperance ho considers the parent of all vice, and the antidote to all these evils is the cultivation of the love faculties among men. But we can hardly wait for the ripened fruit of that sowing. We must make the punishment as short, sharp and decisive as is the crime itself. There is no other remedy half so effective for clearing our criminal calendar as that Mr. Bcecher explained the nature of belief and of man's responsibility tor what he be lieves. As belief, according to Mr. Beecher, is partly voluntary and partly involuntary, our responsibility is thereforo equully divided. Every man who has the ability and oppor tunity to investigate truth is responsible for failing to investigate. The character of a man's mind will determine tho way in which ho will see truth. It is possible for truth to be so large that ten men may believe in it and the whole ten sections may be the wholo truth, and yet not one of the ten men may have tho whole truth. But the responsibility rests with every man to do his best to know what truth is. Taking the analogy of nature, Dr. Scnddor pointed out to his people the characteristics of growth in grace and in the knowledge of onr Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ and the ' elements necessary to a successful and steady growth in spiritual life. Christ is tho typical I man, and wc are to grow in knowledge and ' grace until we resemble Christ; and this growth is promoted by the Spirit of God dwelling in onr hearts, and who, if we seek it, will make us flowers tor His own paradise. We bavo a couple of country sketches to day?one from Closter, N. J., where a sorrow ing congregation lamented the sudden death of a beloved pastor who had lately gone to Colorado as a missionary and fallen a victim to disease there; and the other from Hewlett's Station, L. I., where the joy of heaven over tho repentant sinner was held up to the con gregation that the Bight might win some hearts from death into life and from the power of Satan unto God. All of these Sabbath dts J&W * JuU JA ttssUattLtttawx Wi I , for oonntry raadors who hw? the time ind can give them the nooesaary study. Bat let fkith be mixed with what vou read as well as with what you hear. SUNDAY RECREATIONS. Shall the Kama Have Healthy Moral Relax* tion 1 ? Via it of the Excite Commiaion en to the Beer Oardena Yester day?The Way People En joy Themselves. The problem of rational Sunday recreation is on* that hat* become a very important and aerious one in nearly all large cities of America and Kurope and appeara at least to be approaching a practical solution in New York. London has Insisted on having popular open air music in her parks, anil the followers or Odger and Bradlaugh, finding tUal their wishes lu this respect were likely to be con travened, ^d not hesitate to remove the railings of llyde Park as an lutlmation of the general up rooting of the political destinies of their op ponents that would follow a persistenoe In the policy of prohibition. The question or allowing tne sale of iutoxlcating drinks on the Sabbath has been repeatedly brought to the no tice or the Legislature of this State, and varlona provisions have been enacted either to restrict, regulate or prohibit the trafflc. There has. how ever, always hitherto been a peculiar influence brought to bear on the question, chiefly arising from the ract that metropolitan politics have for many years been or the "pothouse" order, and that the retailers or "rifle" whiskey, that would K1I.T. AT FIVE HUNDRED YARDS on Creedmoor llangc, have wielded an inestimable strength m all the caucuscB, conventions and elections. The reform struggles or the past two years have very materially altered this state oi affairs, and have brought the people to the surface, so that it need no longer bo what the gin-mill keepers dcmiud, hut what the masses desire shall prevail. And in this mild and conservative sort or way the Sunday drinking question has again been brought up ror consideration and settlement. Recently, with a view to solving the vexed ques tion, at IcaBt in a great degree, Alderman Kehr, one or the German legislative representatives o( the municipality, extended an Invitation to the Commissioners of the Hoard of Excise, Superin tendent Uatsell and Captain Mount, or the Seven teenth Police precinct, to accompany him on a Sunday tour of the lager beer "gardens" of th? city, and by personal inspection to Judge ror them selves whether these resorts were detrimental t? the MORAL HEALTH OF THE CITT, and whether the physical and mental recreation* or their patrons was not largely contributed to by allowing such establishments to keep open on the Sabbath. The Alderman intimated mat all he desired was that the Commissioners should "see ror themselves," and it after such an inspection they came to the conclusion that the maintenance or suck methods or Sunday enjoyment were either iiu< moral, prejudicial to the public peace, or In any way calculated to impair the well-being or the com munity, he was content to abide by their Judg? ment. The invitation was accepted, and by con sent or the parties invited yesterday was fixed upon as THE TIME FOB TITE TOTTR. Accordingly, at two o'clock yesterday, Excise Com.' mlssloners Marshall and Voorhees, Aldermen Keho and Koch, Major ssaner, Paul Falk, Daniel Schneider and a number or other well-known gen tlemen assembled utOermania Assembly Rooms, la the Bowery, aud, embarking in carriages, pro ceeded on the tour of observation. Superin tendent Matsell was prevented rroin being present, as was also Captain Mount. Driving rap idly up Thirtl avenue the party visited, first, Hamilton Park, at sixty-third street, where they round assembled several hundred persons, apparently drawn from all the better elemeuts oi the community, enjoying themselves in the mosl orderly and unostentatious manner. There was. of course, a large preponderance or husbands and wives with their ran;;lies or little ones, attired In "Sunday bib and tucker," and their whole pastime consisted in pleasant conversational Intercourse, sitting, or walking ou the promenading platforms, | or beneath V*. TllK SPREADING SHADOWS OF THE TREES, * listening to the music or the orchestra and slaking their thirst with crystal measures or Rhine wine and the gratefully cool and retreshlng Bier t he amber nectar ol Gambrinus' iovlal court. There was no loud conversation or boisterousness in dulged In by a single individual present, and if It is lair to judge by what one sees It is ralr to pre sume that the visit to Hamilton Parte yesterday will form a fund or pleasant reminiscence during nil the week or labor to many an Industrious and -frugal rather and hia tanilly 01 wife and little beer-quaffers. After nearly hair an hour spent in ihls establishment the party proceeded to Jones' Wood, a more extensive con cern of the same general type, where a much larger gathering of people were assembled. Hera there was the additional pastime bf tar** get shooting and the band of the Ninth regiment. The samo general social freedom and enjoyment were indulged in by those present, aud alter half an hour's observation here, during which nothing was observed to shock the sensibilities of the most sensitive liyiy in the land, the party again proceeded on their way. One very striking Inci dent at the "Wood" was the presence or a woman, who from her garb appeared to be a widow, ac companled by her orphaned children. IT WAS COMMENTED I TON by many or the gentlemen who witnessed It that there wits probably no other resort In the city save those or this class where that widow with her little brood could have obtained popular relaxation and at the .same time be as ircc irom the possibility of insult or molcstution as in her own home. Leaving Jones' Wood the party drove to Sulzer's hast River Park, and here, too, was assembled a very orderly afld, if anything, more social assemblage than at the other, places. There was the shooting gallery, the swings, \ the whirligig and other physical sports, and a new reature or tho gathering was the presence of a Ger man slntring society, with the wives, families,, sisters and sweethearts of the members. These associations, It appears, are in the habit of voting to attend various resorts en masse with their ram, illes and BtTYLVO THEIB LAOER BY THE KEG, Indulge In a rational aud not impoverishing form of pleasure. Leaving here the party proceeded to Bcllevue Garden, and then, driving across Central Park, visited Kim I'urk, at Ninety-second street and Eighth avenue. Here there was the same kind of gathering, including also the visit ing Samqemuule. Thence the carriages were driven to the rock cellar lime cave, at I22d, street, near Mount Morris Park, where thegrateiul Rhine wlno that cheers but rarely Inebriates was indulged in. Then away in a whirl or dust to Lion; Park, where a magnificent sceno was presented and where the party visited the mammoth brewery and partook or an elegant collation. It was now quite dark, and, embarking once more, the delega tion were whisked through Central I'ark and Fifth avenue down the Howery to Atlantic Garden, in the Bowery. Dere the largest assemblage op pfofle ? yet seen was gathered, men, wives, sweetheart# and children, listening to the music or the Vienna^ orchestra. Prom here the party went to thai National Garden. Bowery Garden and Pacific Garden, and thence to Falk's Tlvoll Garden, in St. Mark's place. Her# there was gathered a superb assemblage of people in tho main music hall and the galleries, and it waa noticeable that the decorum and etiquette ob served was equal to that of uny first class theatre. The music was excellent, and, alter a ruil survey of the attractions, the party dispersed. It was a lactr worthy or special remark that in all the places visiter! the Herald reporter did not see an Intoxi cated individual, nor did he hear a single prorano remark during the aiternoon and evening. WEATHER REPORT. War Department, ) OFFICE op THE CHIEF SIGNAL OFFICER, J ? Washington, Jilue 23? 1 A. M. J PmltattUUles. For New Kngland light to rresh northeasterly to southeasterly winds and Increasing clondl ness; ror the Middle states gentle to fresh easterly winds and increasing cloudi ness; for the lower lake region fresh and occasionally brisk easterly to southerly winds, cloudy weather and rain; for the Atlantic states, light to fresh southeast and southwest winds and partly cloudy weather; from Missouri and the Ohio Valley to the upper lakes fresh and brisk southerly to easterly winds, gen erally cloudy weather and rain circles. Midnight telegraphic reports from the Guir States, upper lake region and all or the stations west ot the Mississippi have not yet been received. The Weather In This C'ltv Yesterday. 'i lie following record will show the changes to the temperature for the past twenty-ionr hours la comparison with the corresponding day or last year, as indicated by the thermometer at Uudnut'a Pharmacy, Herald Hnllding:? 117Z 1873. 1872. 1878. 3 A. M 72 67 3:30 P. M 93 70 ? A. M 73 flft 0 P. M 81 7a 0 A. M 81 70 9 P. M 8A M 12 M 91 72 12 P. M 7? 81 Average temperature yesterday Average temperature for corresponding data >?" ii1 H "ihhuiihu"

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