Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 26, 1876, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 26, 1876 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. THE DAILY HERALD, published n-mj day in the year. Four cents per copy. Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per month, free of postage. All business, news letters or telegraphic despatches must bo addressed New York 11 EH A I D. Letters and packages should bo properly sealed. Rejected communications will not bo re turned. PHILADELPHIA OFFICE?NO. 112 SOUTH SIXTH STREET. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD -NO. 4(i FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE?AVENUE DE L'OPEHA. Subscriptions arid advertisements will be received and forwarded on the same terms as in New York. VOLUME XI.I NO. 117 AIISKME.MS THIS AFTERNOON AND EVENING. BROOKLYN THEATRE. BEU.es of the kitchen, at* p. m. Yokea TOXT PASTOR'S NEW THEATRE. 'VARIETY, at 8 P. M. UNION SO I' AKV T H P. \ T R R. PLRKEOL, at 8 1'. M. C. U. Thorn*. .Ir. eager" thkatkf. VARIETY, at BP. M. Mita Minnie Calmer. PARK THEATRE. BRASS, at 8 P. M. George Ea-vcctl Howe. CHATEAU M AUI LEE VARIETIES. at 8 P. M. OLYMPIC THEATRE. HUMP1Y DUMPTY, at KP. M. Matinee at 2 P. M. Parisian"vari eties. BOWERY ON HANI), at 8 P. M. THIRTY FOURTH STREET OPERA HOUSE. VARIETY, at 8 l>. M. Matinee at 2 P. M. firth avkTue THEATRE VIQUE, at 8 P. M. Matinee nt 1 P. M Kaunie Davenport. HOWE A CUsHING'S CIRCUS, ?t 2 P. M and S R. M GLOBE"THEATRE VARIETY, at 8 p. M. Matinee at U I'. M. WOOD'S MUSEUM. ACROSS THE CONTINENT, at s P. M. Oliver DonU Bjrou. Matinee nt 2 P. M. STEIN WAY HA EL. CONCERT, at 8 P. M. Then. Thomas. LYCEUM "THEATER. Vaudeville, at s p. m. Matinee at 2 p. m. MURRAY'S CIRCUS, afternoon and evening. SAN FRANCISCO MIN8TRKL.\ US P.M. THEATRE COMIQUE. VARIETY, at 8 P. M. GERMAN IA TiTkATTE. VEIN LEOPOLD, at 8 I". M. WALLXCK'S THEATRE. LONDON ASSURANCE, at s P. M. Letter Wallack. BOOTH S ~TH aATRK. HENRY V., at 8 P. M. George Klgnold. M ASON IC~TE M PLK. PROFESSOR CROMWELL'S ENTERTAJNMKNT, at t r. M. TRIPLE SHEET. FF.ff YOUK, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 2C, 1876. From our reports this morning the probabilities ere that the weather to-ilay will he cloudy. Notice to Cocntbt Newsdealers.?For prompt ami rcynlar delivery of the Herald \y jast mad trains orders must be sent diiect to this office. Pottaye iree. Wall Street Yesterday.?Speculative Jtocks were somewhat stionger. Investment Shares continue to be feverish. Good rail road bonds were higher. Governments firm. Gold ended at 112 5-8, and money loaned at B 1-2 a 3 per cent. English Quotations or Silver show a de cline in price. This condition of tho bull ion market must react on values oil our side cf the ocean. The Austro-Hunoakian Cabinet Dispute threatens to precipitate ft crisis in the political relations between the two countries. Although under one ruler the/e exists a rivalry of interests, which Ministers some times find extremely difficult to dea' with. The subjects of the Emperor of Austria do not like those of the King of Hungary, and the Emperor-King is in a pretty fix between them both. France is preparing to send a delegation Df her workingmen to our Centennial Exhi bition, where they will learn tho possibili ties of progress under republican institu tions and be encouraged to uphold the new order of things in their own country. Nothing serves to impress men's ininds more than seeing the substantial outcome of tho operation of great principles, and we feel confident that the French workmen will re turn home filled with the idea that France can accomplish her highest ambitions under ber republican fiug. Central American Politics are active so far as electing Presidents, fighting battles and burning cities can make them. The despatches from Panama report the forma tion of the new Cabinet of the Colombian President, the election of a President in Costa Rica, the increase in the military strength of Nicaragua, the invasion of Hon duras by a band of exiles armed with Rem ington rifles and the burning of Copica. Guatemala has gone to war with Salvador and inflicted a heavy defeat on the troops of that State. Altogether the prospects for the coming summer are decidedly lively. Bismarck's Railroad Schkmk is receiving the support of the liberals, as shown by a re cent caucus of that party held to consider the railroad bill. This proves that the party of action are desirous of supporting the man of action, a combination of forces which can accomplish groat things. Tho centrali7.ation policy of the present rnlcr of Gormauy, Prince Bismarck, presents many phases, being conservative and revolutionary, ag gressive and defensive at the same time, and will furnish the historian of tho future with ample material whereon to moralize on the transitory nature of all things mundane. The Outbreak in Barbados is unex plained by any despatches yet received. Even the British government does not appear to know much about the matter, and tho London press comments on the fact. A curious feature of the news as received in London is the statement that "incendiarism boa been rife, but not to an unusual extent.'' It would appear troni this that incendiarism is chronic in Barbados, and is regarded much the same as is the Yellow Jack?a kind of West Indian plague. Wo fear, however, that injustice to the laboring element is at the bottom of the trouble, and that Ah Sing, the coolie, is asserting his rights, torch in Popular Government Loam* Our clever contemporary, the Sun, preaches sound doctrine on this important subject from a mischosen text. The substance of its argument entirely accords with the views on national loans which the Heiuxj> has of late been pressing on public attention, and wo welcome so able anally, notwith standing its inadvertence in using correct reasoning on an occasion to which it does not apply. The ,Su? arraigns as a "blun der" Secretary Bristow's advertisement for tho sale of $4,883,000 live p'*r cent gold bonds to pay tho judgments of the Commissioners of the Alabama claims; the blunder consisting, as the ?>ua thinks, in limiting the bids to "lots of not less than one-half million of dollars." With regard to this particular transaction our contemporary is iu error, but its reasoning would have admirable pertinence and force j if applied to Mr. Bristow's general manage- | ment of publio loans instead of this limited J sale of bonds for a speciflp purpose. We ! insert the main points of the Sun's argument j before proceeding to point out its misappli- 1 cation:? The Secretary has committed n =crlon? error, because It pluya tato the hands ol a combination of foreign capi talists and excludes all coinpullliuu at home except m a landed circle. Tho great success of the French loans was due to tho fact that they were taken among the people of France In * mull sums. The whole nation thus becarao inter est! d in preserving tho public credit, an<l it was haollv affected even by a change in the dynasty or a revolution that upturned society. Mr. Itrlstow has entire discretion, under tho law. to regulate the method ol disposing of tr>e loan, and lie has exercised it against the Judginont of many of the must enlightened bankers and husine.ss men !:i a way to do harm to tho very object he seeks to serve, tho ilraiu ou sola or its equivalent to pay interest on bonds of the l ulled Slides held nbroad is one of tho hardest to boar, because this money is all spent out of tho country. To exclude the people of small means from subscrib ing for n nuliouul loun. or to turn them over to a syn dicate ol large speculators, who have no interest to promote but their own profits, is mdetensiblc on grounds of public policy ; slid this is oxactly what Mr. Jirtslow has done iu the present case. The Sun seems to confound tho five per cent bonds, in which the Geneva award was invested by direction of Congress, with the new loans authorized lor the refunding of the national debt, otherwise it could not have said that "Mr. Bristow has entire dis cretion, under the law, to regulate the method of disposing of the loan." He has, in fact, no such discretion in relation to the particular bonds in question. The amount of tho Geneva award (fifteen million five hundred thousand dollars) was paid by Great Britain a fow days before the expira tion of the year allowed for that purpose, and in pursuance of the act of March 3, 1873, it passed into the Treasury and was used, so far as it went, to redeem tho public debt. The act "further provided that "the amount equal to the debt so redeemed shall be invested in five per cent registered bonds of the United States, to be held subject to the future disposition of Congress." A por tion of these bonds was required to be sold to procure means of paying successful claimants, and has been disposed of to the highest bidder. It would have been absurd to receive bids for these bonds in such small sums as would permit "people of small means" to become compet itors. The task of deciding which bids should be accepted would be endless on such a plan. Moreover, the claimants are to be paid in gold,?oncl the people at large have no gold and no motive to acquire it for so doubtful an operation as making bids which might be rejected. There nro other conclusive practical objections to distributing and frittering the sale of these particular bonds, as, for example, the diffi culty of ascertaining whether the multitude of small bids were made in good faith and by responsible parties. Tho Sun assuredly did not intend to advocate anything so im practicable. The whole tissue of its article proves that what it had in mind was the new loans, not the saIc of the bonds in which the Geneva award w:w? invested. When applied to the new loans for refund ing the six per cent bonds the reasoning of the Sun becomes relevant and cogent Mr. Bristow's purpose to effect the conversion of the public debt only through a syndicate is really open to all the objections which our contemporary misdirects against the Geneva award bonds. Nothing could be more in point, as applied t<^ the larger operation, than the reference to the popular loans of Napoleon 11L, who was a truly sagacious statesman in internal affairs, and was ruined only by mistakes in his foreign policy. Our own financial history furnishes an example of the same kind, although its success was not quite so brill iant as the famous popular loans of the French Emperor, which excited the surprise and admiration of Europe. The wonderlul salts of United States six per cent bonds in 1863 afforded a signal proof of the value of the popular method of disposing of govern ment loans. In April and May of that year a beginning had hardly been made in dis posing of the five hundred million loan. The method of offering it in small amounts to the people at large was adopted, when the loan suddenly begun to bo taken at the amazing rate of nearly two mill ion dollars a day, and was exhausted in the following January. We copy the follow ing authentic statement from Spaulding's ??Financial History of the War":?"The loan became very "popular and was extensively taken by farmers, mechanics and laboring peoplo in all the towns, villages and cities all over the country. By the 1st of July, 1863, the amount of $108,880,250 was taken; and by the 1st of October following $*278,511,500 had been taken up ; and by the 21st of January following the whole sum of $o00,000,0U0 had been taken at par, and tho rush was so great near tho clos ing out of tho loan that nearly $11,000,000 extra had been subscribed mud paid before notice could be given to sub-agents that the amount authorized by that act had been taken up." This accorded with Napoleon's splendid success with similar popular loans, in wliieh the amount offered by the French people always ex ceeded the amount wanted. Secretary Bristow is blind to the great opportunity which lies before him when he sees no way of disusing of tho new loan except through the stale method of heavy banking houses or s syndicate, from which the French gov ernment first had the sugncity and courage to emancipate itself. The new five per cent loan was closed out November 16, 1875. and we are now in tho seventh month since the refunding of the six per cent bonds has bean arrested by what the Sun calls the "blunder" and we would characterize as the imbecility of the Secretary of the Treasury. He dares not j move a step without the countenance and j support of a syndicate, which he regards as ' a sort of protecting banister to save him i from falling over the financial stairs. But why does a syndicate take a public loan? Is it to hold the bonds as an in vestment for the sake of the inter est ? Not at all ; a syndicate takes a loan as a large cotton or grain dealer buys cotton or grain to sell again at a profit. The ultimate holders, who wish to keep the bonds as an investment, are compelled to pay toll at the syndicate mill instead of getting the bonds at first cost. Why should not the government offer them directly to those who really wont them? Why should it enable a syndicate to make a "corner" in bonds ns forestallers of the market do in commodities? If Mr. Bristow had offered a new loan directly to the people he might havo disposed of large amounts during these six wasted months, when money has been so cheap that its owners have not known what to do with it. . We believe nothing would have been so eagerly taken as a four and a half per cent or even a four per cent loan if Mr. Bristow had ennblcd the groat body of our people to invest in it. Men of health and men who subsist by their labor would have equally sought it. Our sa\ings banks havo been breaking and engiilfing their deposit ors, and if government loans had been ac- j cessible a great part of the hundreds of mill ions in savings banks would have been withdrawn for so safe an investment. A man in moderate circumstances who has a few hundred dollars in a savings bank as a provision against "a rainy day" would find it equally available in the form of fifty dollar or hundred dollar government bonds, be cause he could always borrow on that sale security the money he might want for occa sional emergencies. The bonds would be equally available for discharging mortgages on a homestead when they fell due or for auy other use. We hope Mr. Bristow will abandon his slavish dependence on syndi cates and bo persuaded to offer a popular loon, which could not fail to have groat suc cess in the present plethora of monoy and dearth of good opportunities for investment. Centennial turn In Philadelphia. A correspondent writes a reassuring letter about the charges upon visitors at Philadel phia during the Centennial Exhibition. "The hotels," he suys, "will not advance their rates more than fifty cents or a dollar a day." But why, we answer, should they make this advance ? The fact thnt these hotels will havo large orowds is a reason for reducing their rates and not rais ing them. There is not a hotel in New York that would not gladly guarantee to reduce itB rates a dollar or fifty cents a day if it could be assured of full bouses for any rea sonable time by doing so. The advance in the hotels in Philadelphia is an extortion and will in the end do harm. Vienna should teach the hotel keepers a lesson. There the rates were advanced ; not much, but enough to ruin most of the hotel keepers, who ex pected to make an everlasting fortune "out of the foreigners." If the hotel keepers, who have not spent a dollar on the Exhibition and expect to earn huge sums of money; are wise they will reduce their rates and keep them down until the Centennial is over. A visitor will spend rnorA time if he can get along at three dollars a day than if the bill is five. In the end the result will be a greater profit to the city, the hotels and the Exhibition. The Dark Horse of the Democracy. The growing importance of Judge Davis as a candidate for the Presidency on the democratic ticket disturbs the calculations of the "machine man" in that respected and ambitious party. His friends ask:?"What candidate will have the best chance of carry ing Indiana, Illinois and Ohio ?" It must be conceded that no one thus far named will have more chances than JudgeiDavis. There is the labor element to be consid ered. What democrat has a better record with the laboring classes than Judge Davis ? It is very certain that if the laboring men assert themselves as a class they can have a powerful influence upon the campaign. The labor question is not sectional. It appeals to thjs white man who binds the sheaves in the North as well as the black man who gins the cotton in the South. "Reconstruction" is a much more ominous word when applied to labor and capital than to the political relations of the States which fought for the Union and those which formed the Confed eracy. The argument that Judge Davis was once a republican would have some force if there were no republican votes to be counted; but, as no democratic candidate can be elected without republican aid, are not the former republican sympathies of Davis a strength rather than a weakness? It would not be surprising to see Davis, of Illinois, coine to the front as the Dark Horse of democracy. Betts akd Kielian.?Twof of the most despicable figures in the preset Legislature are Bctts and Killian of this city. Mr. Betts voted against a bill of which ho was in favor to please a distinguished statesman in his district, the Hon. Michael Norton, of unenviable fame. Mr. Killian absented himself from the Assembly while one of his own measures was being adversely reported to the House, and he not only took care to keep away until the bill was completely bnricd, but he broke his promises that his conduct should bo examined by a committee of investigation. What hope is there of decent legislation while two such men can bold their seats unchallenged during a whole winter nt Albany ? A legislative body which permits it ninst l?e as shameless as these men hate be n in admitting their oflences. Tirr C HEi.sr.A Mram, .which is at present agitating London, seems to have been the work of a professional criminal who was first hastily described as an American ; but as it appears now that he is a Polo with a dozen aliases, who only honored America by keeping a billiard saloon in it during a por tion of his career, wlu n he kept np an ex terior of honesty, we hereby renounce oil claim to him. The Utiea Coarcntian-Aa latomllaf Eplaod*. Among the shrewd sayings reported of the ancients is a derisive question pat vo a phi losopher and his answer. "Why do philoso phers seek the dwellings of the rich and the rich never go to the homes of philoso phers?" "Because," was the ready answer, "philosophers know what they need, and the rich do not" One of our correspondents at Utica knows what he is in quest of, and instead of hanging around the corridors of the hotels where politi cians "most do congregate" he sought out Governor Seymour, tho venerable "Sago of Oneida," and held a conversation with him which might remind one of the dialogues of Plato. There is the same picturesque paint ing of the sceno where the colloquy took place, and the high moral strain of the Oneida sage evinced his perception that he had an appreciative listener. The interview took place in the most beautiful street of Utica and one of the tinest houses on tho street?that of Senator Conk ling?whoso mistress is Governor Sey mour's sister. This remarkable conver sation will attract universal attention, not so much for its immediato bearing on tho business which is going on at Utica as for its tone of high moral sentiment. It is an extendod commentary on the recent saying j of Mr. Seymour that the republican party has lost public confidence and tbe demo cratic party has not gained it He thinks the demoralization of public men a nec essary consequence of tho demoraliza tion of tho people; that the recent exposures are no worse than other things which have been constantly taking place, and that they make so great on impression because the moral sense of the people has become quickened nnddk the discipline of calamity. We will not attempt to sum marize this remarkable conversation, for nobody will fail to read the report of it It does credit to Mr. Seymour's political pene tration and the elevation of "his views. Our reports from Utica also give a lively account .of what is going on in the more or dinary purlieus of politics. They disclose a strong undercurrent of feeling against Governor Tilden, which is rather muttered than uttered, but is very significant. We judge that the delegation sent to St. Louis will not be pledged to any candidate, especially as Governor Seymour is decidedly opposed to such a course. lie seems to think that the South and the West will act in concert at the St. Louis Convention. The absence of any mention of Governor Tilden in this part of his conversation will be apt to strike the reader as nn "expressive silence" which does not exactly "muse his praise." Turkey. The condition of affairs in Turkey gives little assurance of peace, although strong representations have been made to the Sultan by the representatives of the great Powers to induce him to refrain from an attack on Montenegro, on the grounds that the good offices of the Powers will be ex erted toward a peaceable adjustment of the difficulty. While apparently consenting to this the Sultan does not abate a jot of his war preparations, but is mustering his forces for the struggle, feeling, no doubt, that it is inevitable. On the other hand, the insurgent bands are also in motion, massing for a great battle, which will be fought whenever either side is ready to strike, all the efforts of the diplomatists to the contrary notwithstanding. Ad vices from St. Petersburg give the situa tion a more favorable complexion, citing, as they do, the unanimity of the Continental Powers in favor of peace as a guarantee for its preservation. Although England has not yet assented to the proposed arrangement her consent is expected. It would seem, however, that she is slow to entangle herself in an alliance which would circumscribe her freedom of action should a crisis arise. The solution of the Eastern question is invested with much more gravity now that direct English interests in Egypt have been crea ated by the purchase of the control of the Suez Canal, and the English Minister of Foreign Affairs will naturally endeavor to secure for the English crown the Egyptian portion of the wreck of the Turkish Empire. Bt Special Despatch to thk Herald we are informed that the grand musical festival of the Franco-American Union in aid of the proposed centennial statue to Liberty in New York Harbor was held last night at the Grand Opera. The address of M. Labou-' loye prefaced the opening, in which he an nounced that the municipality of Paris had contributed handsomely to the fund. The great musical feature of the entertainment was the grand chorus by the celebrated com poser, Gounod, entitled, "Liberty Enlight ening the World," sung by the united I Bupert chorus* s and Orplieonio societies of the Department of the Seine. This was the first rendering of the work and it elicited great applause. The festival was honored by the veteran and patriotic statesman, M. Thiers, accompanied by his wife. They oc cupied the box of tho American Minister. The despatch states the "whole affair was a brilliant success," and it will l?e very grati fying to the American heart to learn that tho great capital of France, the mother of revo lutions, assembled ber brightest sons to do honor to the idea expressed by tho rifles of Lexington and the cannon of Trenton, whon they gave forth the first Hashes with which Liberty enlightened the world. The Arrival or the Pnrvcc or Wales at Maobio and his splendid lccopt on by the young King of Spain i j not tho least im portant incident in tho journey of the heir to the ftritish throne. England has often cxtcifded tho helping hand to Spuiu in her J difficulties, and Spain owo^ England a great deal of money, which there is but little pros- j pect will be paid immediately. Thooo two \ important facts should serve to cement tho , international friendship, because Spain can not afford to loso a friend and England tho lnr^o amount invested in Spanish loans. The Death op Basket Wjiaiaks will bo I heard with sorrow in every city on this con- ! tinent. Few men, even few actors, were | better known, and his geniality and good ; humor made liim a favorite everywhere. Mr. Williams was not a great actor, but in his own sohool ho was unequalled, though wa can scarcely regTet that his school dies with him. He was an earnest worker in all that he undertook, and the "Ragged Pat of the Irish stage never had a more complete repre sentative. Without friends or education or money Barney Williams fought single handed the battle of life, and he raised him self not only to a very fair position as an actor, but has left behind him a memory that will long be green in many hearts. His acts of kindness and charity will never be forgotten, and he was one of those of whom it may truthfully be told that the world is better because he lived. ? Tb? Marvellous Growth of Hew York. Only the "oldest inhabitants," who are properly regarded as very reliable authori ties on conditions bearing, a relation to the past as well as the present, can fully appre ciate the marvellous growth of New York during the last half century. We have all heard one of these amiable and commnnica tivo individuals begin to relate his or her experiences with the words, ")Miy, my dear, I remember, when I was a boy (or a girl), paying a visit to a farmhouse that stood at abofit the northwest corner of Twenty street and th avenue, sur rounded by groen holds and forest trees. My gracious! how the city has grown! These good people love to travel back in memory to the days when New York was putting aside the homespun costumo ot the Revolution and laying the foundation, as it were, of her present greatness. Then the grand avenues and boulevards, the magnifi cent Central Park, the Croton Aqueduct and the hundred other fine public works of ornament and utility that now adorn and benefit the city, had not even attained a place in the dreams of the future which haunted tho men of that day liko the forethrown shadows of things that were to be. The pushing, driving, money-loving, yet prodi gal race that has taken the place of the staid old Knickerbockers on Manhattan Island has set its seal on the brow of the youthful city, and a thing of beauty, grandeur and wealth has grown up under its influence. The report of the Superintendent of Build ings furnishes some very interesting infor mation regarding the growth of New York within the past decude. In it we find that the number of buildings on Manhattan Island forms a grand total of 84,200, in cluding all classes. Of this number 67,156 are dwelling houses, which are divisible into eight classes, as follows-.?Tenements, 20,486; stone dwellings, first class, 7,136; stone dwellings, second class, 2,142; brick dwell ings, first class, 5,052; brick dwellings, second class, 16,172; frame dwellings, all classes, 15,799; French flats, 198; hotels, 172. Of the other buildings, used for miscellaneous purposes, the follow ing general classification is made: Stores, 8,293; stables, 5,099; factories, 2,724; churches, 425. The public buildings num ber 33; banks, 67; hospitals and asylums, 66; breweries, 56; theatres, 27; markets, 11, and distilleries 10. Of the stores 2,621 are considered as first class and <03 are built of iron. Of 56,185 dwelling houses of stone and brick only 12,188 are for one family, the balance accommodating from two to fifty families each. The largest number of what are knpwn as first class dwellings are in the Twelfth ward, while the wards having the largest number of buildings of all kinds are the Twenty-third and Twenty-fourth. Dur ing the last thirteen years, or since the Department of Buildings has been in existence, 20,607 new buildings have been erected in New York, and 11,337 were altered and improved. The progress of building during that time has been at the follow ing rates:?From 1862 to 1869 (the lat tor inclusive), 10,995 new buildings; in 1870, 1,899; 1871, 2,0*36; 1872, 1,662; 1873, 1,469; 1874, 1,295, and 1875, 1,251. Among the most modern of the im portant buildings in New York may be named the New Post Office, the Herald office, the Equitable Life and Western Union offices, all fronting on Broadway; the Hudson River Railroad Depot on Forty second street, 8t Patrick's Cathedral on Fifth avenue, and the Masonic Temple on Twenty-third street and Sixth avenue. Could we but obtain a relief to our city travel bv means of a well devised plan of rapid transit, and which would also relieve the overcrowded condition of the dwellings of the poor and thus improve tho health of the city, it would be difficult to form an estimate of the growth of New York during the next twenty years. We may now claim to em brace within the metroi?olitan district Kings and Queens counties on the Long Island side, Westchester county beyond the Harlem River, Hudson and Essex counties in New Jersey, all forming with Manhattan Island a grand area of occupied territory which rivals that of London, and which will, at onr present rate of growth, surpass the English capital in wealth and population before tho celebration of tho centennial of the battle of Now Orleans. Fmsuoqx'i Bcsixms.?The lYibune in a chivalrous mood explains that those who charge Mr. Pendleton with doing wrong to his wards in the Bowler estato injure him in this: that he was never a guardian of the Bowler estate, consequently all these stories about him are cruel, and so on. But the essential fact in the whole business is not met by the Tribune. The wrong was his nsing bin personal influence with tho Secretary of War to induce tho Treasury to j?ay a claim about which grave doubts existed, doubts which have not been cleared away. Out of this claim Mr. Pendleton took as his share many thousands of dollars. The country will never beliove that o man whose time is so valuable that he can earn seventy-five or a lmndrpd thousand dollars a month lob bying around tho War Department can afford to serve the country at the present rate of compensation. The whole Pendleton busi ness is as shameless a job as ever disgraced an administration ; and the sorrow is that a jnnn so amiable and until now so highly es teomed as Mr. Pendleton shonld have com mitted political auicide by taking a part in it. Pscxnct ix Public Live. -The Sun justly rails attention to the incredible brutality and indecency of Mr. Caulfleld, the chair man of the committee ex -mining Mr. Davenport. "Are you," sa d Mr. Caulfleld, "the person known as Little Johnny Daven port ?" As the 8m well saye, if Mr. Davea port has committed any crime let him bo punished; bnt diminutive as his body may be "it is not so little as the soul of the man who would insult him on that account" Because Mr. Davenport is a republican and an officer of the government he is not neces sarily the subject for insult by any low minded Congressman who happens to hav# official dealings with him. Keep the Eriutne Out of Politics* We cannot look with patience upon the effort to nominate Judge Davis ai the demo cratic candidate for the Presidency. Laying aside all question of fitness, which we con cede for the soke of argujnent, it is ill becom ing a party which claims power to retorm a corrupt government to take a Presidential candidate from the Snpreme Bench. Wo have never elected a President from the Su | preme Bench. We hope we shall never fol low a precedent which comes to us from Mexico, whose President, Lerdo, was formerly a jurlge. Yet there is scarcely a canvass in which we do not have some judge scheming for the Presidency. Judge McLean schemed to win the first republican nomination when Fremont was taken. Chase went to his gravo a broken-hearted man because of his dlsap | pointment. We have Judge Davis a candi date for this nomination now ns he was four years ago. We should impose upon our judges a vow of political celibacy. They have no bnsiness to mingle in politics. A high-minded judge, such a man as Chief Justice Waite, for instance, was prompt in his refusal to have his name even considered for this office. It degrades the Benoh to ?have its judges discussed in connection with any elective position. It should be con demned by public opinion. A Gum Camphob Party.?No party ever takes much root without a name. This' seems to be the want of the "reformers" who are so anxious to "reform" the country at the best possible salaries. They do not want to be called "saints" or "old maids" or "Bourbons," for while each of these epi thets has a value, neither is calculated to inspire the enthusiasm of the country. But in view of what we learn about moths and the effect of moth money upon the con sciences of General Garfield and Donn Piatt, ? why not have a gum camphor party ? This is a party that will win the applause of the ladies, who are becoming a power in politics, and who would support a gum camphor party with intelligent zeal. Let Us Have Best.?Louisiana proposes to name General Hancock as the democratia candidate of that State for the nomination to the Presidency. This will not do. General Hancock is a gallant and true man, bnt he it wanted in the army. We have had enongh of soldiers in civil life to last us for a few years. We propose to keep the army and the Bench ont of politics for a term or two. Disraeli declines to facilitate discussion on his Royal Titles bill, feeling that ths measure is unpopular with the masses, al though supported by the tory and aristo cratic majority in Parliament. Why any ob jection is raised to the Queen assuming a new title is one of the mysteries of English poli tics. Can it bo possible that a little sprout ing of republicanism is disturbing the great roots. of the royal oak ? If not, why this strong opposition to the increase of the royal dignity? PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. California can raise bops, but not poles. South Carolina boys are killing mocking birds. Laco mitts ara to bo very fashionable? so Joe Cobura says. It you have sealskin bats to shed, prepare to shed tliotn now. Of the 8,000,000 people in Mexico mors than 0,000,C0I are non-producers. The vocal bullfrog now indlratcs the location of thl improved country roal estate. Mr. Reuben E. Fenton arrived in the city yesterday, and Is at the Filth .Avenue Hotel. Boston Commercial Hullrtin:?"This being leap year they are having a frog opera iu Xew York." The indications are that there will be much moving out of large stores into smaller ones in New York this year. This is the season of tho year when a man wonderf whether he will have his hair cut or wait till he won't catch cold. Now is tbe tline to hang rubber boots in the garret and use them as wall pockets for weather strips and coal shovels. You havo to go innocently past a store window half a dozen times before you havo the pluck to go tn and buy a new bat. San Antonio (Cal.) i/rraW.?"Yesterday being th? Lord's Day we noticed that the boys who were flying kites bat good clothes on." The man who feels the meanest nowadays Is he whg with tbe new hat on his head tries to keep the old ond out of sight under bis spring overcoat. Herr Klesmer, in George Eliot's "Daniel Deronda,** speaking angrily to*?n arrogant M. P., says:?"A creat ive artisVIs no more a mere musician than a great states man is a mere politician." In taking off the sheathing of a Kentucky honsa the other day some hens' eggs were found sixty years old Tuoy must hare been laid about the time that aome oi the St. Louis Krfntbticnn't jokes were started. A cable telegram from London, under date of 25tl Inst., reports:?Mr. Godlove8. Ortb, ex-United Stated Minister, from Austria, and family will sail from Live* pool to-morrow for New York tn tbe steamer Egypt. A I .'wren worth correspondent of the Chicago Tribuat says that while Senator lngalls, of Kanaas, Is professing iu work for Hrlstow lie is secretly working for Blaine. The people of the Stale are, however, against his ef forts. A North Carolina witness testified thst a man doen not get so drunk that he doc? not know what he is doing. As evidence on this point he said If a-drunken man is bothering you and yon give him a good licking be will never bother you again. Chicago rimes:?"There is a singular proneness of tho average American to indulge tn the pleasures of the imagination, wbicb causes him to accept tbe shadou for the substance." Was a Chicago Timet man ev? known to accept tho shadow ot a block bottle? Mra Avery, wife of the eonvlcted Treasury clerk, li a lady ot nnuaual talent. C'barles Sumner was her par ticular friend. She made a copy of ?Titian" in on? d?y, and was ofTerrd $?0 for it Now the poor woman oilers tier pictures and her house for sale to get money on which to lire. Washington Chronicle (probably stolen):?"In China, where labor I* cheap, a Chinaman will sit all day long clinking gold pieces In a leather bag. Dy constant process of attrition tbe leather becomes Ailed with gold dust, which, when collected, affords him latr remunera tion for bis day's work." It is nearlng the 1st of May; and Brown, who yes terday tapped his boot with his cane as be priced straw berries. and coolly remarked tbat they were getting too cheap, was seen last night scooting through thn darkness from the old house to the new with a stove pipe under ono arm and a roll of rag carpet nnder thn other, with bis hat down over bis face. A queer copyright question has been decided by tM Italian Court of Appeals. Action was brought by IM publisher ot a collection of the Pope's recent apeeeben against tbe Abate Mllone, who bad printed n rival edition; but iho Court held that "The apeeeben of tbw Supreme Governor of the Univnmal Church MB M subject to no rights of privntn ownership*"

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