Newspaper of The New York Herald, 28 Nisan 1876, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 28 Nisan 1876 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, r ft O P H I K T O It THE DAILY HERALD, published nw/ dny in the year. Four cents per copy. Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per month, free of postage. All business, news letters or telegrnpbic despatches must bo addressed New Yobk Hkuald. Letters nnd packages should be properly sealed. Rejected communications will not be re turned. PHILADEL1T11A < )FFICE?NO. 112 SOUTH SIXTH STREET. LONDON OFFICE OF TI1E NEW YORK HERALD?NO. 46 FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE?AVENUE DE LOPERA Subscriptions and advertisements will be received and lorwurded on the sumo terms as in New York. VOJ.rMK XL! NO. 119 AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGHT. UNION SQUARE THEATRE. FLRKEOL, at ? IV M. U. It. Tliorue. Jr. VARIETY at 8 1' J,1Ifc-ATKE. '. ? "r. ii, Miiinio J'aJruer. BRASS, at 8 P vi VARk JUI KTHK. *N M. i,oorK? Kuweetl Uowe. ?? H r. M 1 "Ari"VtJ *Aln"Ll.It VARIETIES, Hl'MPTY PUMmVasR JIi^ATRt ?tsr.m. I'ahisian varieties. ON HAND..t8j"(vWKKV T?KATRE. ^A?T1!!?^,F?U ?" ruiiK 'r OPERA HOUSE. PIQUE, ?? a p. M. an"*? M* 0L s"'NU'8 ciRcna variety. ?t8p.'j|L0BK 1,1 Rathe. WOOD'S MUSEUM. I?ON AI.1> McKAY,at s 1*. M. Oliver Dead Bjrron. liltlnea ?t 2 I'. M. MURRAY'S CIRCUS, ?Itaruoou und evoiiint;. SAN FRANCISCO MIN8TR1L8, MS P. M. THEATRE COM1QUK. VARIETY, at SI'. M. GERMAN IA THEATRE. REIN LEOPOLD, at 8 r. M. WALLACES THEATRE. LONDON ASSURANCE, at ? V. M. Lester Wallack. BOOTH'S THEATRE. HENRY V., at S P. M. Goortte KliruolU. MASONIC-"TEMPLE. PROFESSOR CROMWELL'S ENTERTAINMENT, at 8 P. M. BROOKLYN THEATRE. FUN IN A FOG. at 8 P M Yoke AMERICAN INSTITUTE. BARNUM'S SHOW, lit 2 uml 8 P. M. TONY PASTOR'S NEW TIIEATRB. VARIETY. ?t 8 ami J P. M. TWENTY THIRD STREET" OPERA IIOURB. NEGRO MINSTRELSY, at 8 P. M. TRIPLE SHEET. NEW YORK. FRIDAY. APRIL 28. 187B. /Voin our reports this morning the probabilities are that the weather to-<lay will be warmer, threat ening and possibly rainy. Notice to Country Newsdealers.?For prompt and regular delivery of the Hebald by Just mail trains orders must be sent direct to this office. J'ostage free. XVall Street Yesterday.?StockB were feverish and the transactions small. Qold was irregular, opening anil closing at 112 5-H. with sales in the interim at 112 1-2 a 112 ?4. Government bonds steady and investment securities firmer. Money on call loans was supplied at 1) a 2 per cent. Another Broken Caulk is reported this morning, and communication with Australia is interrupted in consequence. The Plaouk is rnging in the East with great virulence, and this fact may serve as a warning to ourselves to prepare for the hot days of summer. In this city special admoni tion always seems necessary to secure atten tion to inunioipul cleanliness. Justice to This City in the apportionment of the county into Assembly und Honutc dis tricts cun hardly be expected troui a repub lican Legislature, but it w ill not do to deny us the representation to which we ure en titled. Sing Sing.?We are glad to see that the suit against Mr. Bemis (for speculating in the money of the Market Savings Bank has been decided in iavor of the bank. But the place lor men like Bemis is in Sing Sing. We regret exceedingly that no one has boen punished for tln se manifold robberies of the poor. Adulterated Milk.?Now that Patrick Cox, charged by the Board of Health with adulterating milk, has been sent back to the Penitentiary by the General Term of the Supreme Court to serve out his sentence, we hope that all milkmen will bo warned by his into. But better a hundred milkmen in the Penitentiary ihun lacteal adulteration. Bauid Transit gained a preliminary vic tory over the horse car monopolies yester day, belore Judge Spcir, in the modification Di the injunction against the Gilbert Ele vated Railroad Company. Though the order in the case is not decisive it is to be noted that the Court allowed the rapid transit company to move a step forward instead of compelling it to recede a step. ? The Governor Gf.nkrai, of Poland has re aignod because the Russian government refused the appointmenlot ono Polish speak ing judge in every governing town. This was a worthy action on the part of Count de Kotxebne, but if the province does not obtain a governor like him until the Russians do justice to the people Poland will have long to wait. A Coroner's Jury yesterday censured the East Broadway and Dry Bock Railroad Com pany lor instructing their drivers to look along the cross streets lor passengers. The death of a child was the consequence of obedience to this rule by one of the drivers. The practice is a pernicious one, but it will probably require a lew verdicts for exem plary damages to secure tho abolishment of the rul& _ Governor IIbkmmy'm Quieting Despatch lrom Barbados is supplemented by another ot a more alarming nnturc. It is difficult to understand why the Windward Islands Con loiieration soli me should create so much feeling one Avuy or the other, but it must be remembered that the inhabitants of these groups have had nothing else to talk of for years, und tho question is consequently of immense importance in their eyea. Alter the VtiM Convention?The Pree Sdeatinl Ontlooh. Governor Tilden has reason to be satisAed with the action of the Democratic State Con vention, for, although the New York dele gates are not instructed to vote for him at St. Louis, the injunction laid upon them to act as a unit "in accordance with the will of a majority of the members," binds them to sup port Mr. Tilden as effectually as a formal and explicit direction to give him their votes. It is beyond all doubt that a large majority of the delegates arc stanch Tilden men, and as the minority will have no separate will of their own, but are mere pawns in the hands of Governor Tilden's friends, he has every advantage which could result either from a unanimous delegation in his favor or from explicit instructions to vote for him alone. The squabble over the contesting dele gates from this city is the most prominent and singular, though one of the least im portant, features of the proceedings. This question, which consumed a whole day, might have been settled in three-quarters of an hour if the Committee on Credentials had ut once accepted mero proofs of regular ity as a valid title to seats. This is the ground on which the decision was Anally made with a near approach to unanimity ; but the fact that it was so long postponed shows how much reluctance had to be over come before the rural delegates oould be brought to consent that Tammuny should have all the seats to which the city was on titled. Tammany, of course, gave assur ances that it would support Tilden as the price of admission, and the long delay in deciding a question so simple, if regularity alone was to be considered, can be accounted for only on the hypothesis that Governor Til den's friends merely waited for satisfactory pledges before admitting Mr. Kelly and his queue. The recalcitrant Tammany Boss M as at lost chained to the chariot wheels of the triumphant Governor. The resolutions adopted at Utica were, of course, drawn up in advance and submitted to Mr. Tilden for revision and approval. The moderation and discretion of the one which relates personally to himself and its tone of respectful deference and appreciation toward other democratic candidates is in such perfect consonance with tho advice given to Governor Tilden by the Herald that we have put it out of our power to withhold ap proval. "The democratic party of New York" (so runs this modest and courteous resolu tion) "suggest, with respectful deference to their brethren in other States, and u'ith a cordial appreciation of other renowned dem ocratic statesmen, faithful, like him, to their political principles and public trusts, that the nomination of Samuel J. Tilden to the office of President would insure the vote of Now York and would be approved through out the Union." Instead of instrncting its delegates the Convention merely "sug gests" Governor Tilden's name with such an air of respect and such expressions of com< pliment to the other statesmen of the party as tend to conciliate general good M'ill and mako it easy for Governor Tilden to gracefully withdraw in favor of some other candidate, if another should bo pre:erred by the majority at St. Louis. This is the very tone and bearing toward his competitors which we have recommended for Governor Tilden's adoption, and we are conArmed in the soundness of our friendly suggestions by Anding that they accord with the Gover nor's own sense of Atness and propriety. A magnanimous recognition of his democratic rivals and a generous competition, conAned within such limits as will make it easy for him to give any other candidate the same cordial support which he has a right to ex pect for himself if he gets the nomination, is nn exhibition of political amenity M'hich is alike creditable to the courteous impulses and the enlightened judgment of the New York candidate. It puts him in the attitude of caring more for the success of sound prin ciples than for his personal advancement; and if he pursues his canvass in this praise worthy spirit he will improve his own chances and be able to dictate tho candi date if he should not succeed himself. As things look now Governor Tilden is very far ahead of all his democratic com petitors. The assuied support of the great Stnto of New York puts him on a high vantage ground from which he is not likely to be dislodged. lie will probably be supported by tho unanimous delegations of all the New England States, of the neighboring State of New Jersey, of a majority of the Southern States, of all the Pacific States and of the State of Illinois, unless it should be taken from him by Judge Davis. To be sure, tho New England votes, with the exception of Connecticut, tho Illinois vote, if he gets it, and tho Nebraska vote, of which ho is certain, will bo of little account in the election, because they are republican States, but they will bo of great assistance in getting the nomination, and the St. Louis nominee has at least an even chance of being the next President. Never since the war have the democratic prospects been so bright as at present. The re publican party is divided and disor ganized ; its leaders ore backbiting and destroying ouo another in a bitter per sonal war of jealousy and ambition ; the hideous exposures of corruption made by the Congressional committees are causing a revolt of tho moral sentiment of the people against the authors of these disgraces ; and the liberal republicans threaten an inde pendent nomination, which wonld weaken the regular party in proportion to its success. The democratic chances are, there fore, .excellent, with wise and discreet man agement on tho part of tho democratic lead ers. Turning our view to tho republican side we will consider nothing beyond the possi bilities at Cincinnati. It is a mere question I as to who will bo nominated, not whether ' the nominee can be elected. Now, as for some weeks past, Senator Conkling holds the I foremost position in the race, bnt his recent ; progress is not quite what his fiends had > reason to wish. The administration, tbongh giving him a quiet support, is not acting with the decisive vigor due to the occasion. ; A lukewarm support by President Grant ! alienates Mr. Conkliug's rivals quite as ef fectually as strenuous effort*. Dot a halting I support is of little advantage to the candi | date whom the President is known to .favor. There is a lack of courage and a lack of head?the two worst lacks that can : afflict a political canvass. Although General. ? Grant has no farther hopes of secnring an- I ' other term for himself he has a deep interest ' in the credit of his administration, and nothing could be so mortifying to his pride, i 1 or such a blot ou his fame, as a condemna tion by the political party that elected him. It cannot be unknown to the President that 1 j Senator Conkling's rivals, or at least two of ; ! them, arc seeking success at Cincinnati at the expense of his reputation. Secretary Brig tow is industriously courting popularity on the ground that he has exposed and pun ished the corruption of General Grant's ad ministration, and Mr. Blaine is equally willing to have it thought that he would be a great contrast to the President The nomination of either of these gentlemen would be a virtunl repudiation of the pres ent Executive by the republican party. General Grant's pride should not quietly submit to such a slur upon his char acter, and he will be wanting to him self if he docs not render the nomina tion of either of these men impossible, as he easily may if he acts with requisite vigor. As Senator Conkling is his real choice he ought to make his choice effec tive. We have many times said that our opposition to the third term did not proceed from personal hostility to President Grant, but was prompted by public motives, and we have given proofs of our sincerity by sup porting for the Huccessorship the candidate he is known to favor. We wish he would be as true to his favorite as we are to the repu tation and credit of his administration. Our deep sense of his invaluuble services in the war makes us anxious that he should retire with honor from his great station, and he ought to see that he will not retire with honor if a successor is nominated who seeks to rise on the rum of his repu tation. It is incumbent on the Presi dent to support Mr. Conkling with bold ness and skill if he wishos the action of his party at Cincinnati to be an indorsement of his own administration. He ought to take counsel with an astute manager like Senator Cameron, who also lavors Conkling, and to find means of supporting his favorite with skill and energy and of commanding tho outspoken support of all his friends. Otherwise there is danger that some candi date like Bristow, who has no more tender ness to the administration than a democrat, or a candidate like Blaine, who stands ready to stab the President under the fifth rib, will carry off the prize at Cincinnati and make the action of the Convention a con demnation and repudiation of the adminis tration of General Grant. popular national Lioani. The Commercial admits the splendid suc cess of the great popular loan of five hun dred millions which was so rapidly taken by farmers, mechanics, merchants, laborers and all classes of the community in 1863, but our contemporary seems to think that it im pairs the force of our argument founded on that remarkable stroke of finance by assert ing that a similar attempt was mnde with the new five per cent loan in 1871 and failed. This circumstance, instead of weakening our j argument, strengthens it. The gist of the complaint we have so long been making against Secretary Bristow is his failnre to improve the opportunity thrown in his way by the abundance and cheupness of money since closing out the new five per cent loan on the 16th of Novem ber, 1875. The conditions most favor able to a popular loan are a plentiful supply of money and a dearth of profitable investments. Money was plentiful in 1863 and in 1865, owing to the vast expansion of j the currency, and Secretary Chase had the I sagacity in the former year to avail himself ' of that circumstance in placing the five i hundred million loan, and Secretary McCul loch in the latter year in disposing, by the same popular method, of the enormous amount of seven-thirty Treasury notes which brought him funds for paying off the Union armies when they were disbanded at the j close of the war. In 1871 and 1872 the mone tary current was flowing strongly in another I direction. In that period of wild projects, delusive prosperity and intoxicating hopes a popular government loan could not attract purchasers, because there was such a multitude of rival investments which the people wero cajoled into thinking more advantageous, it was the fatal era of chimerical railway and mining schemes and reckless specula tion which brought on the stupendous crisis of 1873. To select one instance out of the multitude wo refer to Jay Cooke's North ern Pacific Railroad, by which so many credulous people were duped and ruined. Who would buy a five per cent government bond in 1871 when the Northern Pacific was offering seven per cent gold bonds and so many people had full faith in that Quixotio enterprise ? At present people cannot be inveigled into that wild kind of investment; business is stagnant; there is so little use for money that many national banks are surrendering their circulation, and confidence is so under mined that the possessors of money know not what they can safely do with it. There was never a more auspicious time for float ing a popular loan than this, which is slip ping away unimproved, because Mr. Bristow docs not "understand his epoch." Blaine's Explanation.?The general senti ment of fair-minded men, without distinc tion of party, is that Blaine has explained the bond story. We are glad of it. We may not want Blaine for the Presidency, but he is a distinguished and able man and we don't like to see him in tho mire. Wo have much more joy over the escape of any leader from charges of this kind than in his discomfiture. Many, many are the idols that have been broken in these latter days. Let us save what we can. A it my Bvmmkrh. ?The evidence of Iiioe, the "general" nnd army bummer, as to tho amount of money he made out of the post truding stores in the West, shows how shamelessly corrupt was the War Depart ment. Here was a loafer about Washington who did no work, invested no capital, but because of "influence" with Belknap was allowed to live in luxurious idleness upon money extorted from the poorly paid sol diers of the Plains. These revelations make the blood boil. The Wtit ?ad tit* PraM?B?r One of the arguments?and, we think, one of the strongest arguments?in favor of the nomination of Tilden as a democratic candi date for the Presidency is that he would in all probability carry New York. We ques tion if any candidate, not even Mr. Conk ling, could take New York from him. We have in this State what Mr. George William Curtis calls "tilden republicans," of whom Mr. Curtis is himself on eloquent and scholarly leader, who would vote for Tilden in preference to any republican who is apt to be nominated at Cincinnati. We say "apt to be," for we have no idea that the Convention is ready to nominate a man whose canvass will mean a repudiation of the administration and a destruction of all the President's friends and relatives. But, even if New York goes fcr Tilden, how will it be as to Indiana, Ohio and Illinois ? These are States under peculiar influences. They are unmanageable States in many respects, with their own notions about the labor and financial questions. May it not be said that the success of the democracy in these inland river and lake States is even more essential than suooess in New York ? Then we must add to this argument tho still further thought that the Mississippi Valley has for twenty years ruled this country. Power only increases a thirst for power. Grant is one in tho dynasty of Pres idents. So greedy has the West become that during the last fifteen years the President has been from the West,and nine years out of the fifteen the second officer of the government has been from the same section. The West ern people are more politicians than we of the East. They feel more deeply on all questions than we of the Atlantio States, who have commerce and manufactures to in terest us. The republican party found its strength in the West and has kept it there. Naturally, therefore, thoughtful democrats argue that the way to destroy republican prestige is to hike some man who will carry one or all of the Western States. Two men come within that category?Judge Davis of Illinois, and Senator Thurman of Ohio. Davis was the friend and confidential adviser of Lin coln, a republican in the best days of tho party. He would carry Illinois, it is thought, as well as Ohio and Indi ana. Thurman has always been a con scientious democrat and he is a nephew of honest old Bill Allen, a power in his way, who would make the hills of Ohio (for we believe there are hills in Ohio) ring with the praises of his relative. It would not surprise us to see Davis and Thurman coming steadily to the front. The Labor Vote. The "labor vote," as it is called, was an important feature in our politics a few months ago. It did not come to a head, as other questions more exciting and immedi ate came to supplant it. But it lives and will live as long as the questions which in spire it are unadjusted. The labor question is not sectional, but national. It appeals to black and white, to American and foreigner, and threatens to come to us in an ominous shape from the California coast, where the rushing tide of Chinese labor bids fair to engulf the Amer ican population altogether. No candidate thus far presented by the democratic party stands as well on this question o? Judge Davis, of Illinois. He was nominated as the laboring man s candi date four years ago, and came near win ning the indorsement of the Cincinnati Con vention, which would have given him the vote of the Democratic Convention at Balti more, and, perhaps, made him President. Now, if the democratic leaders mean to con sider this labor vote, their duty is to take up a candidate who stands as well with the laboring men as the Judge. Although Mr. Thurman, of Ohio, has not made as clear a record on the question as Judge Davis, he has sympathies with the laboring man. Since the change of the constitution of Penn sylvania, making the autumn elections in the same month as the election for the Pres idency, there is no longer that prominence for Pennsylvania which was formerly im plied in the proud name of the Keystone State. The keystone of the political arch is Ohio. If Thurman can carry Ohio, or if, as the friends of Davis claim, he can carry Illinois and Indiana as well, then the nomi nation of either becomes an important con sideration. The Belfry Murder. The touching letter of Thomas W. Piper which we print to-day, will be read with interest, for, whether the man be innocent or guilty, there is something pathetic in the love it expresses for his mother and his ear nest desire that she shall acquit him though ail the world should condemn. This man is sentenced to be hanged lor the alleged murder of Mabel Young, a little girl, who was found dead in the bellry of a church, of which he was the sexton. When he was arrested he told a story which he now admit.- was false, and the special point of his letter is whether the explanation he now gives may not be true. It is to this effect : that he found the child injured in the tower, by the fall of a trapdoor upon her head, and that while his first impulse was to call for aid his second thought was that he would probably be ac cused of an assault. He left her, and sup posed, he says, that her screams would at tract the attention of other persons. This moral cowardice?if the story he tells be true?has brought him to his present dan ger. There is nothing improbable in his tale. 1 he absence of apparent motive for the murder and the previous good reputa tion of the accused are facts which support the theory of his innocence. On the other hand, there is the fact that he told a falsehood when he was first arraigned, and that suggests the question whether it he lied then, he may not be lying now. It is nat ural that n man should accuse himself of falsehood in the hope that he might be exon erated of murder. This unhappy man, however, professes to have no expectation of executive mercy, and simply to desire that his friends and his relatives will believe him innocent. That he is innocent is cer tainly possible. Many men if they were suddenly confronted with a similar situation to that in which Piper found himself; would instinctively desire to esoape. Their imaginations would suggest that they would be accused of a crime, and they would perceive the difficulty of making a satisfactory explanation. To fly from the place would be the natural instinct of all who do not posses* the moral courage which in all the great dilemmas of life rests firmly upon truth. This cowardice Piper may have shown, and it is a question whether he is not entitled to the benefit of the doubt, sus tained by the weight of the argument which is based on the absence of reasonable mo tive for the orime. Circumstantial evidence, strong as it is, is often not to be be lieved. Thirty years ago a man was hung in England for the murder of a girl, and everything indicated that he was guilty. His knife was found near the body, and it was shown that ho had enticed her to meet him in the woods wherein she was discovered in death. Like Piper this man told a false story when he was tried, and told another after his conviction. But he had told a lie at first, and, of course, no one believed the truth at last. May not this be the case with Piper? It is possible that in his fright he may have tried to escape all responsibility, and so have become entangled in the net of his own lies, and invoked suspicion by the cowardly method* by which he endeavored to avert it Tammany at Uttca. Tammany looks small when seen from the distance of a State Convention. Its attitude at the State Convention moro than justifies the position of those indepen dent democrats who hold that there can be no thorough organization of the democratic party in the city that does not reoognize the fact that it is something more than a mere machine for the glorification of its lenders. The main point in the speech of Mr. Kelly was that he had desired to "give New York a good government." No one doubts either the ability c r the intention of Mr. Kelly, who is in mafiy respects as respectable a man as we have ever had in our municipal affairs and a great improvement on Tweed and his gang. But the evil with Tammany is with a system which he has sustained, which is now the basis of his strength, which depends for its life upon the support of a dark lantern Know Nothing secret lodge, which a club room and is bound together by grips and signs. Such an association?and without it Tammany would be nothing?is a reflection upon every democratic sentiment in the country. The action of Tammany at Utica is only a ward strike. It is the attempt of an organi zation condemned by the people aiming to hold power by making a strike at Tilden. We have no doubt that the anti-Tam many men will be as loyal to their flag as in the past and as loyal to democratic principles. But suppose that Mr. Mornssey and his legions should take the same obsti nate ground as Mr. Kelly and refuse to sup port a party that would not recognize them? such a course would make New York a very uncertain city in the fall. Without New York the State would be republican by a large majority. The American Cardinal. ? "A Charleston Catholic" supports the suggestion of the Herald in favor of the nomination by the Pope of a Southern prelate to the rank of cardinal, and thinks the suggestion of Bishop Lynch, of South Carolina, timely. "Bishop Lynch," he informs us, "is a de scendant of the Thomas Lynch, of South Carolina, who signed the Declaration of In dependence, a native of the State, the de fender of the South in the hour of its peril, and a prelate of learning and virtue. The South would welcome this honor to him as an honor to itself." America is large enough for a half dozen of cardinals. We should have one in St Louis, a second in San Fran cisco and a .third in the South. The Weather Conditions for New York and New England during the next few days will be changeable, owing to the approach of an area of low pressure from the Northwest Yesterday rain fell in the upper lake region and west of the Mississippi, und cloudiness prevailed on the lower lakes, all furnishing indications of the approach of an April storm. The remarkably steep thermal gra dients in the Northwest lead us to expect news from that region of sharp local squalls, which may extend over the lakes and prove dangerous to the smaller shipping. Trouble at Bed Cloud Agency is again threatened because the Indians are starving, owing to neglect and delay in forwarding supplies. This is but another phase of the endless complications which come out of our Indian system, und there will be fraud and neglect one day and starvation and massacre tho next so long as we keep gathering the savages into reservations to keep them in idlenesa We must either fight the Indians on the Plains or compel them to work for a living. California fob Blaine.?The California Republican State Convention gave Mr. Blaine an unequivocal indorsement for the Presidency, and the delegation will go into the National Convention strongly support ing the Maine statesman for the nomination. It is fortunate for Mr. Blaine that he receives this Btrong support from the Pacific slope, especially after his slaughter by the Massa chusetts republicans. The Belkxaf Impeachment Trial began with a pica for delay, and four hours for the argument of the question were allowed by the Henate yesterday, but the eflbrt for post ponement failed. Now the real argnment will follow on the question of jurisdiction, and in a short time we shall know whether Belknap is to be tried or not. Amebican Extradition Rights, under the treaty with Great Britain, are being more generally recognized by the English press as the subject is more thoroughly under stood. The position of the British govern ment in the Winslow case is clearly unten able, and there is more dignity in receding from than in maintaining it. Blaine at Home.?Tho defeat of Blaine in Massachusetts means that the favorite son of New England will not carry his own section. He is a poor prophet in a Presidential sense who is without honor in his own land. We Are Afraid our democratic friends are losing interest in the revelations of Mr. Davenport. ' A Magnificent fkhime?The Formattea | ot a Maw fiaa la Wectera Acta. i The triumphs of human genius and in dustry in the peaceful contest with nature's obstructiveness to man's dominion over material things have ever proved the crowning glory of nations by j>erpetuat | ing their fame after every other trace of their existence has disappeared. Already the successful completion of the Suez Canal is influencing the political and social con dition of the civilized world, and the union of the waters of the Bed Sea and the Mediterranean is cementing and dissolving alliances and sapping the founda tions of more than one European throne. The Mont Cenis tunnel, once regarded a? an impossibility, now forms a closer bond between two peoples than all the treaties that were ever inscribed on parchment, and busy brains are engaged in planning a sub marine line of communication between Eng land and France, undismayed by the diffi culties that will attend such a stupendous undertaking. In our own country immense results have been and are about to be pro duced by schemes for the facilitation and development of commerce and manufac tures. The Erie Canal has made New York what she is to-day?the commercial metrop olis of the North Amerioan continent The Pacific railroads tie the East to the West, as the Mississippi ties the North to the South, for the building of the former and the im provement of the latter are calculated to develop an immense area of territory hith erto unoccupied and fill it with busy cities and blooming fields. Then, again, we look at the speedy attainment of a navigable line of intoroceanio communication across the Isthmus as a neoessity to our progress and the promotion of our commercial interests in the Pacific. All these grand undertak ings, either already accomplished or to be so within a reasonable time, will enable us to contemplate intelligently and set the proper value on the magnificent scheme re cently proposed to the Bussian govern ment by an eminent American engineer, Mr. Spalding, and which bids fair to eclipse all others in the magnitude and importance of its results. It is nothing less than the restoration of the arid plains and valleys that surround the Caspian and Sea of Aral, in Western Asia, to their origi nal condition as the bed of a vast inland sea, and the refertilization of the barren steppes of Bussia by the healing moisture that will fill the air, over what is now a waste, bare of vegetation and unfit for occu pation by man. This can be accomplished* by cutting a canal from the Black Sea east ward, toward the Caspian, which is nearly two hundred feet below the former in level. The undertaking would be similar in many respects to that of the Suez Canal, but, owing to the great fall inland, the work of ex cavation would be largely performed by th? inrushing waters through the narrow out first made for their admission. The glory of this great conception, in all its details, belongs to one of our own countrymen, and there can be but little doubt as to the feasi bility of forming a great Asiatic sea by the proposed plan, on the waters of which na vies could, in the future, exercise the same influence they now .possess on the Mediter ranean. Poetic Justice.?R. H. Dana as the head of the republican delegation from Massa chusetts to Cincinnati is an illustration of poetic justice. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. State prison stockings are again in fashion. Evening gloves are very loug?regular Balbrlggans. Under the California big trees the snow in sixty feet deep. The old Bank of California?Ralston's bank?is doing a large business. The Cleveland Leader thinks that Conkllng will show all his strength on the first ballot. English newspapers are in favor ot Charles Francis Adams for President of this nation. A Western paper says that "Blaine Is stalking through the iaml." He is talking True. The Erie Detpatck says that It is growing warmer and thai there will soon be bats. In his half In California political State committees are more powerful and arbitrary than iu any other State. The Chicago Timet thinks that a great want In American religious aflhirs is that a minister should not be a llunky. It was tho Rev. Dr. Crosby who said to the milkman, the other morning, "Pull olT your chin." Then the milkman replied. "Wipe down your vest." A New England Senator, according to the Boston Traveller, Is authority lor saying that Secretary Brlstow would not uccept a Presidential nomination. The editor of tho Rochester Democrat Is a Orrek philosopher. He was booted tne other day, and said that he believed in the transmigration of soles. The Louisville Courier-Journal replyiug to one of out aerial flights says that what is good for the goose it good for the gander. This Is the first time we have been called a gander. Among the wealthy ancients the coarser dishes of the table were resting in a bed of rose leaves, J as t as the original items of the Cincinnati Timet ar.i Imbedded among 1Iebai.i> paragraphs. Mr. Suburban has determined to have plenty of en cambers ihts year, and alter having bod a half acre of garden spaded up has planted three bottles of CrosBe k Blnckwell's chowchow to each hill. The rico paper plant of China, with palmate leaves, Is being cultivated as a dooryard adornment in the warm parts of this country. It is from tho pub of this plant that the Chinese make a sort of drawing paper. The Pittsburg Ditpatek says:?"When tho Pacific Railroad was being built It was considered a lucky thing that tbe Chinese came over bore in large num bers to help to build it, and great encouragement was given to them then to leave their own country and cotno to tho United Stales." Tbe editor of a New York religious newspaper his moved into Essex county, where the |>each trees are In bloom. Having provided alt his pious neighbors with bouquets be says it Is a beautiful dispenaation of provi dence that one may have blossoms in the spring and plenty of frnit next summor. Kefior Kubi, tlio Commissioner sent out by tbe Span ish government to examine into the condition of the Island of Cuba, arrived from Havana in tho atenmahip Vera Cruz, and Is at the Clarendon Hotel. The Commissioner Is accompanied by Seflor Llanos, of the Spanish Customs servtco, ami Captain 1'acx, of the Spanish Navy. They are on Ibe way to Spain. A physiognomist says that a large eye will take la more at a glance, though perhaps with leas attention to dotal la, than a small one. Generally speaking, large eyes aeo things in general and small eyes things In par ttouler. The one sees many things ss a whole, const A ering them in a philosophical or speculative way, ollei seeing through and beyond them; the other sees fewai things, but usually looks keenly Into them and la ap prectatlve of detail. It was under an inspiration that Senator Ssrgont tb? other day tit down and Inscribed on a piece of browi pa|?r ihe following lines, which show Hint the pracit enl Senator from Culllorulo, although managing Suts pollMca with the dolt baud of Kiehelicu, still reuicm bera hi* boyhood days;? Now doth tbe little onion 1'oko up ila little head. And tbe restless little rad'sh stretch lo bat littlo bod.

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