Newspaper of The New York Herald, 4 Mayıs 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 4 Mayıs 1876 Page 4
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DEFENCE. The Story of the Two Hundred Thousand Dollars Well Told. A REMINISCENCE OF THE WAR. How the Conspiracy to Carry Indiana Out of the Union Was Thwarted. TilK MONEY ADVANCED BY PRESIDENT WOUL Receipts and Voucher* for IU Expenditure and What It Accomplished. Wasiiixotox, May 2, lbTQ. In the Senate to day Mr. Morlou iroM to a personal explanation, lie *enl to tliu Clerk'* dusk ami hail read a Washington dc.-p itch lo tho Saw Vork World. late J April 28, in rcgerd lo C'.:6o,000 received by liim Iroiu tUo lionural government w Uilu bo was Governor >1 lud ana, out of tbo appropriation of $2,000,000 to pay the expanses of transporting aud delivering Of irnii, it v., to loyal citrons, in the Stale* in rebellion, lie naid:? Mr. I'hksidk.nt?Tlio President of tho UnitedStates in tbo spring of IMS advanced to me f J.,0,000 lo enable me to carry lorward military unenUtM in theStnie of Indiana; ot tin* sum 1 expended $1.SU,302 81 in tho service ui tuc Mate, uud with which 1 charged the State in my settlement with it, mid the remaining $116.o'jT 08 wero not expended. Thla amount 1 re turned lo tbc Treasury of tlio United stales, mis is shown by the following voucher and receipt:? VOUCHKU AMI UK. KIPT. TuKAHURY lllTAHTMKNT, Xprii 11, 180.V Sill?Yours of thu titli im.t iuuloiiiitf a duplicate certifi cate of ilcipimlt turned by tin' nut National Bank of In diana oli?. Iitdiana. In your favor, No. :??>. date of lb* Hlb iu>t.. f..rflld,iw; 0 i, "on uicnunt of tuouoyi duo and re funded in iho United Slates." lui- en r.'jelved. I am very r??iMieifully. liKUKUE II AKKIN'UTON, A stlst a n t .-ieci it*ry uf tho TroaMiry. To llntt. I). I*. Morton. liidiiiuii|iolis. The il3a,.".'U'Jl winch I bad expended on behalf of the iiiuie wore i aid back to tbe government by giving thu government credit lor thai amount upon advance* which had been made bytheSta'e in the couducl of ibo war, which advance* were duly audited t>y the Treasury Department and allowed' us Ju*t.unci valid claims iiguin-d the government in favor of the Stain, This settlement and final adjustment of the whole gum ot $260,000 are shown by the fullou-iug voucher and quietus lrom tho otlico of tho Second Auditor of tho Treasury:? VOL 1 11 KK. TrKASI'KV UKPAllXMUMT, MCOOJiD A L IllTORVOsnCK, ( Nov H, 1M05. \ Sm?The cliHrRB ?>r f2;VJ,0U0on the book* of this office oil account "l "?ui ijly Hi." hiuis to loyal cltisens In revolted Slate*" Inn* this uu> been clmnl on tlie books ol this ottlce. lo wit, by deposit by you of $llt>,t;!?7 (*>, mm h trmiufdr of (133,01 of funds Iroin ilio biA>krt ol' Uie *1 blid Auditor's vRlce (o your credit >>u the bttok-4 ol tli!> office. Vary respectfully, your obedient Mrvtint. JOHN M. Socond Auditor. To Hii Excellency O. 1*. Monro*, Governor of Indiana, In diuuapolis, 1ml From these vouchers it will appear that the whole Bum ol $230,Ouo was accounted lor and repaid to the govcrnmcut. It will b? proper In this connection to suite tbo circumstances under which the $2o0,000 wore advanced to mo by the President and the use nudo of It lo show that it was not misapplie I. The Seuator then proceeded to recount the action of the democratic Legislature of 1802 in the Introduction of a bill which was intended to strip him as Governor of all military power in tho Stato, and which trans ferred to the Auditor, Treasurer, Secretary and Attor acy General tho military power which wss vested In 111.? Governor by tho constitution. After further com nentiug on tho character and intentions of tho bill ho | soutinued:? It had bocome manifest that tho democratic mo in hers ol tho I.egis alure w rc determined to pass the > bill at all bazarus. whith would uu<|ueHlioiiably liavo retuiied tu civil war. I could not and would not sur render my powers as Governor under the constitution, nor could tho government of the 1'nited States atlord to have me do *o, lor ibo purpose of the proceudiug was to lieutrnlizc the position of Indiana in the war, i uud to take her out ol the line ol loyal States north- | westot tho Ohio Uiver. Seuator Morton then .scotched the action of the ro publican members in withdrawing from the Legisla ture, thereby leaving it without a quorum, and his subsequent ctlorts.iu borrowing money to carry ou the military operations of the Stale, and continued:? HIS VISIT TO WASHINGTON. After obtaining all the money 1 could from the coun ties aud other sources 1 made a uaiculation and found 1 would uofd about #.&:). 00;) to curry mo through to January, 1*0.j. and to 111..U0 my position secure 1 cane to Washington to see If 1 could not nbiain that amount Iroiu the government ol the United States. Alter a caieful review ol the situation by the President (Mr. Lincoln) and the Secretary of *?Vur (Mr. Stanton) the President advanced me the sum of $260,000. They Both agreed tint Indiana was threatened with rebellion, md that tbo condition ol the Mate came distinctly within the letter and the spirit of the act of Congress tpproved July 31,1961. Mr Stanton declared to tho President, with great rmph.'sls, that If Indiana lost her pns.tlnn us a loyal Statu tho liiuil success of thegjv erutuent in snppreasu g tho rebellion would bo eti dangerod. aud ihat the Governor must bo sustained ut wbstover cost or hazard. Senator Morton then quoted at length from his an nual Message to the Legislature in January, 1865, giving a history ol the transaction, from which It ap peared that out of a sum of ?2.000.000 which had been ippropriaied by Congrcts "to be expended, under tho itiroction of tho President of the United Status, in sup plying and defraying the expense* of transporting au<l delivering such arms and munitions of war as In lite judgment may be expedient and proper to place in the hands of auy loyal citizens residln/ in any of tho Btates ol which the inhabitants are in rebellion against the government of the United Stutoi, or lu wnich the rebelliou is or may be threatened; aud likewise for defraylug such expense.* as may be properly incurred lb organizing, aud sustaining wbl'.o so organized, any ol said cilizcux into companies, battalions, regiments or otherwise, for thoir ow n protection against domestic Violence, Invasion or rebellion," the ('resident ad laimd to him, as diabursiug officer, $250,000. In the Message referred to, Uovernor Morton asked that a loint committee of the two houses of the Legislature bo appointed lo Investigate his civil and military ex penditures. In eontiuuing hii remarks tbo Scdator said TH : UNHSLATIVS I? VBSTIOATIOX. A Joint oo Minutee of the two houses, embracing tome of the a. dost democratic members, was appointed as requested in my Message, who patiently Investigated ail my accounts, including the expend I lure ol $133,JO- 91 which 1 had obtained from the President, and anaiilinously reported tbem correct, tak.ng no ex cept on even to the amount of < no cent. The unex peuded portiou of the $260,000 which I hail received from the President, and which I described in my Message as the military fund, but which was erroneously stated In tbo Message as $11A,0Q6 instead of $114.too. I did not pay Into tlie State Treasury, as Suggested <n the Message. but refunded it directly to tbe general government, as before shown, and the $133,302 01 which I bad expended for tbe State were settled with tho government by giving credit to tbo government tor that amount on tlie Indebtedness of the State, as before shown. After tbe full examination of my accounts tbe legislature made appropriation to pay my borrowed money and the debts 1 had ?on traded; also tlie sum ol about $(KJU,0<iO, the exact amount, however, I am not ablo to st te rrom memory, which I bad procured Messrs. Winslow, I,auier >V Co., of New York, lo advance on tbo payment of the interest upon tho bonds of the Bt.He during tbo year* ol 1866 aud I8tt4, the payment of winch Interest bad been withheld by the Auditor ?nd Treasurer of the State. During theso two years all payments for tho civil and military expenses of the State, Including tbe beuovolent institu tions and the ponlteniiar.es, and excepting only the salaries of public officers, were nasd upon iny own check, through a financial bureau estab lished in my oiflcc, tbe State Auditor and tbe State Tr eaaurer declining all co opi ration. My course was approxcu by tho |>coplo ol Indiant by my re-election as 6?vornor in !v;t by a majority ol inoro than 20,000 and by tbe clo< lion of a republican Legislature and re publican State otilcvrs. The intermediate history hctwesn tbe events I have described in the spring of Ik i.'. and tho meeting of th? Legislature In January, 1866, 1 wi.l reier to but briefly, although It Is extraordinary in us character and unlike that ol any other State. The State was honeycombed w ith secret societies formerly known as "Knights of tbe Golcen Circle." After giving a sketch of tbe "Sons of Liberty" and their treasonable designs to prevent tbe State taking part in the war, Senator Morton concluded as follows:? a mwocratic laiasnuAlton. It may be proper to stato here that tbe democratic , Legislature of 1963, befare its ruddeh adjourntneat, had appointed an auditing committee of Its own members to aadlt and supervise all my accounts and expendt lures for iniliiaiy purposes, which sat almost continu ally until January, 1866, and thst this committee did Budlt sad approve of every one of my expenditures, including tbM of the $133,303 91 of tbe fund obtained (Tons tbo President. The same Legislature also ap- | poiatod a oommlttee lo Investigate ail my expenditure* pad socounta from tbe beginning of tbe wsr up to Janu ary, ISM. This investigation was prosecuted with great dillgonos on til late in the spriag of 1*63; and, after tbe | fcrsakiag up of the Legislature, tailing to lad anything j wrong in my accounts to the r niount of even a cent, the ill ?Wttai majority of Ikr lioMBjllM lo make Bity report at all. but (be republican minority made a report mdors ng my official conduct tu every puri nular. At the conclusion of Senator Morton's remarks, Mr. HcDonaU, ol ludiuua, said at some luturc time, with the permission of the Sen.<te, ho would have something to -ay ul tin.* political history of India ?. Ho bad nothing to nay of hix colleague vindicating bin own character, but diilcred very widely from bini as to tbo political history or tbo Slate. Mr. MohTOM mill ho desired to exculpate his col league, Mr. McDonald, from any complicity in the conspiracy referred to. CONNECTICUT. INAUGURATION OF GOVERNOR INGERSOLL? ASSEMBLING OF THE LEGISLATURE?HON. THOMAS M. WALLER CHOSEN SPEAKER OF THE LOWER HOUSE?THE GOVERNOR'S MES SAGE. Hartiokd, May 3, 18*6. Tlio inausuration for tbo fourth successive term ofHIs Excellency Charles it. Ingersoilas Governor of the State took place tins morning, unJ was outdo the occasion or a grand civic mid military parade?probably tbo lut of the kind that will ever be held in I Connecticut, citizens from all parts of tbo State in ! large numbers being present to witness the ceremonies. 1 Tbc military, under command of Brigadier General W. 1 Randclt Smith, consisted of the First regiment, C.N.G., j Colonel 1'. W. Hudson; First ami Second companies I Governor's Horse Guards, Flrst'and Second companies Governor's Foot Guards, Company It. Wilktns' Hattu ' lion, Captain Lloyd Seymour; Colonel S. ft. Smith, Held i and stall', Second regiment, CK.O. ; Colonel N. H. Ames, tleld and stuir, Third regiment, C.X.G., and ! Colonel H. W. II. Hoyt, Held and staff", Fourth regiment, C. N. G. These received the Gover nor elect, uiih stall, at tbo Aflyu Uouso at cloven j o'clock and paraded the principal streets, Stato officials : in carriages, ex Governors anil Governors ot other Stutes, Invited guests, county Sheriff and deputies, j Judges of the Superior and city courts, members of the city government, citizens and members of the Chinese Educational Commission residing in this city Joining in ? the procession. Hands of music from Providence, Now I Haven, Bridgeport and this city were in attendance. 1 ho members of tho House of Heprosentatives as sembled in tlio old Stale House at ha:l past ten and or ganized by tho choice or Hon. Thomas M. Waller as ! Speaker, lie acknowledged tbc compliment in a brief, cliaracteristic speech. Atone o'clock the procession readied the State House, and thcGovernor was escorted to the Speaker's chair, where the usual oath of offlco was administered by Chief .iusticu 1'ark of the Supreme Court. The Senate and members of tho Governor's Mail were assigned seats in the body ot the House. The Governor then read Ins Mess-ir^e, which commenced with a somewhat lengthy rcterenco to the circumstances of historic iutorest under which th ? Legislature met; to the coming changes In its organization; and this was loliowed by a retrospect of the leading features in tho liistory of the State, and to tho prospocts of tho coming celebration of tho Cen tenuial and the Exhibition. He tlion referred as fol lows to matters affecting TIIK STATS TKKASIRY. Though the general depression of values has reduced tho last grand list of tills State nearly $7.(100,000 below ! trio list ul' the previous year, tho" condition of tho i treasury is satisfactory. The present list amounts to t85l,TSii.46'J. The revenues of tlio Stato have increased i over $107,000. There is no reason to fear any sub | stantial tailing on in revenue duriug tho next fiscal i vcar. The bonded debt of tho Slate remains at i $;>,00L40<X Stato House.?One million one hundred ! and seventy-three thousand one hurdred and flfiy six | dollars have been expended on the Stale House now In process of building. Tho work has been done within the estimates of a total cost of $2,000,000 for the com ' pletiOti ol tho building. Tbo Stnto charities, reformatory institutions, State prison affairs, education, military, amendments to con ; stltutlon, action In regard to t'ulted States Senator ; and other mutters were reviewed. VICTORIEN SARDOU. HE JUSTIFIES THE OIUGINAT.ITY OF "FED- I EEOL"?REPLY TO HIS NEW TORE CRITICS? 1 PARALLEL EXAMPLES FROM HH.UCESPEARE. j Tbo following letter has been received by Messrs. j Shook & Palmer, or tbe Uuloa Square Theatre, : from M. Victorian Surdou in answer lu the charged of J plagiarism made against bin play of "Ferreol":? Gknti.kmkn?I received this morning tlio lotter in which yon tell mo ol the success of '?Forreol" in Now York. 1 hud rooJived on Sunday tho lulogram in which you mformi'd mo iliat a wicked trick was nought to be played upon you regarding tno uuti.orship or proprietorship ot iuy piece, whiclf it was prctenued I ! had copied Ironi tho "Assassin tin Ilol Antolue" of M. Paul I'uriail. It was impossible lor me to answer you by telegram as I do by letter. Tins is why 1 confined myself to statin* to you that ihis accusation is born of u mere phantasy, and told you of tbo coming arrival of I this loiter. You asked me a question whoso answer ' would not meet tho Issue. The question Is not ! whether the novel of M. 1'arlait preceded in its publico- j tiou tho production ol my piece, but whether my piece was inspired by thai novel. ! The publication of M. i'nrfalt's novel did precede tho ' llr.-t repres utntioii of "Ferreol," hut it does not at j all follow Uwl I took from it either the germinal idea or form of my piece. It is true thut wben "Ferreol" appeared M. Parfait asserted (or claimed or pretended) that my picco was inspired by his novel. In this M. Pniiait was but following a practice which the French press now occupies itscll only to inock. In truth, no new picco ol uiiuo is played nowadays that some one | does not claim to bavo previously originated it. Dal each time that the question has in on submitted to a tri bunal lor judgment 1 have gained iuy case. This time tbe decisions ol tho press were so decisive on this quos llou that M. Paul Parian declined having tho matter ! passed upon by tho ordinary tribunal?the Commission ol Dramatic Authors? *? ho usually adjudicate these questions oflilorary proprietorship. This means that ho I himself stim.lv recognized tnc fact that bis pretentions { were without louudfttiou. lie never <laroU ovon to utlack, ana he acted wisely, lor I should have victoriously demonstrated to linn before a tribunal of my Icllow authors wuat the press had already shown him, so as | to reduce Imu to silence. The iruth is thai ftis novel was itself inspired by several other Frouch novels that had preceded it. The complication be would claim is one ot iliose ideas which beloug to everybody, and ! which each may treat or use in Ids own way so that j his own way or manner oi treating it be new and his , own. Nothing, in lact, is iiss new than the idea ol an < itinocont person accused of a crime lie did not commit, 1 anu ol a witness to tnui crime wbo, knowing the truth, daret: nut teil It lest he compromised a woman, 'l'hcru are manv plays and many novels written on this com plication, as there are many written on every subject that has helped to furnish tbe modern drama; i tho difference being that 1 have treated the subject lu ' my own way, iu a new way, in a way wholly mine, and i have in thin way achieved the success ot "Ferreol." j And that makes that piece mine and debars anybody from contesting my proprietorship thereof. Again, my piece is so completely recognized as an original piece that I alone, and without question, en- j joy its authorship and all the rights and benefits thereto belonging; whereas it M. Parlailor any other had seen any way to establish hero a right to share In those Pen'Ms. lie would not have failed to do It 15ui the pros* and tho public had so clearly decided tho lacl that >1. Par fa it did uoi liiuard an appeal to a trial In wlncn he saw he must inevit .bly l>e deleated. I am ready to ttimtsb you such proofs as you may desire, by sending you a declaration irom the Society of Dramatic Authors, establishing tho lact that iu Francs my piece enjoys all ! the rights that attach io a work ttcognized as original, Allow me to express my astonishment that a pre tension abandoned hv M. Parlait himself, who had most Interest in establishing it, should hud advocates in New York when it could tind none in Pans. Allow mo, for the sake of tho honor of your country, to regret that so disloyal a proceeding should bo put In practice at the vsrv moment when soiuo honest mau like your self gave a loo tardy hope by a probity to which wo have not been accustomed, of a recognition of our rights as author*?rights of which wo have hitherto teen despoiled tu a manner at onco tho most discour teous mid the most iuttaaous. It is then at a time I when French authors are losing their old right or proU-.-ting against the Incrary piracy of your countrymen that those persons Imtgino n new way to oecape the obligations uuo us hy Invoking lor their proilt pretended copies of protended plagiarism n. It such a plea were ad mined, what piece could escape n similar accus-ttion? What ploca can bo cited that docs not recall another place already played, or a novel already published f Would Shakespeare hitusell eecape the disloyal examination ? Would if not be easy enough to demonstrate that "llamlet" is but Uie fable of ()re,-tes* Is not tho assassination of tho ftther by the adulterous mother common to both ? 1 Arc they not both equally burdened by tho awiitl task till reason cracks In both? Yet, in spite of these ri semblances, is not "Hamlet" the "Hamlet'' of Shakespeare, and his oulyT Should his original authorship ol It I* questioned? We hare been told there is nothing new tinder the sun; but there are new ways oi putting old things. It . Is in tbe manner of presenting and arranging nid tru- | Isins tr facts that denotes the originality ol an author. In brief, "Ferreol" is mine, and I do not scowhyns uutiiorship should bo questioned in New Vork, when it was admitted in Paris, In Vienna, in Milan, in Berlin, ? and in every other city where it has been played, ex cept to defraud you of the rghts which you had hon estly paid mo to honestly use. He kind enough to keep me informed of the course and termination ot an affa r which, I assure you, afllicts me much, and accept my cordial i-rlutattons. V. SAHDOU. CARDINAL M'CLOSKEY'S ILLNESS. | Csrdinsl McCloskcy ia in retirement at Seton Halt College, Soutn orange, N. J. He ia in such a weak con dition that no one la permitted to see him. He had made engagements to administer confirmation and {roach In some churches in the archdiocese of New ork during the present month, but will be unable to ftalfll them, and It is probable he will designate a bisnop to supply his place. Hts physicians have recommended him to remain In seclusion for some time, as excitv nentofany kind would be dangerous in t his present enfeebled condition, Bishop Corrigaa la IB i constant attendance upon him. i TIIF, WASHINGTON BURGLARY. MILLS' CONFIDENTIAL statements to thb HEBALD BEPOKTEB ?BABCOCS'S PItOMPTINO? A PBUMISBO BANQUET A FT KB THE DEED UX UEAL1ZKD- THE CiiAC KSMAN S WAGES. Wikdsok, VL, May 3, 1870. lu the cour. e of the Interview had by tbe Hkkald correspondent with Ueorgo E. White, alms Mi lee, at Windsor pritou three weeks ago, Miles gave 10 me tbe whole slory of hi* connection with the Washington safe burglary. Uo assured me be bad spoken the truth mid gnvo the names of certain persons which he. at this interview, requested mo not to publish until such tune as lie might ice proper to annul the promise. I made him a promise that such should not be done up to this time. That faith has not hocn broken with Miles, as Miluu hl;n?eH? has now given publicity to the names given mo at that Interview. It la due to tbe public to have it known that Babcork is the man, as Miles stated, who was at the Metropolitan Hotel waiting for him to return from the District Attorney's office. At tbis Juncture the following conversation transpired between us:? ? Uki-ortkk?Now, Miles, you say General Babcock was at the Metropolitan Hotel? Miles?Yes, sir. i'.Ki-oKTKK?Now, how did you know you would find Inui there when you left the District Attorney's office alter discovering the prcsotice or two men in the ! closet? A.N L'NRKALIZKD HAXQl'KT. Milks?Olf I knew he was there because we were to go up town alter the Job was done. Kemeuber, the hour sot to break open the sale was nine o'clock. Rkportkr?Whereabouts up town were you to go? Mii.ks?Well, 1 will tell you this much about it There wns to bo a big supper given, and I was one or j the invited ones. ltKi'OKTUK?'Whereabouts was the supper to he given? Milks (smiling)?Weil, not tar Iroin Fifteenth street You can probably guess tho house. UeruKTKR- l)i> you know who waa to bo there bo sides yourself nuii Bubcock? Milks- Now, let that stand for the present, Kki'Outkk? Then you are suro there wns to be u big supper given by those In tho secret, after tho opeuiug ol the sale and the abstraction ol tho. books was ac complished ? Milks?Yes. I understood so, and a damned good time to be had. n.MICOrK's KEASSL'RA.NCXS. Kkportkr?But, Miles, you did not get to this sup per, did you? Milks?No; tho reason for thut was, when I discov ered tho two men in the closet 1 went to the Metropoli tuu Hotel and told Hancock ol it. Habcuck urged mo < to return; said that tho men should not moiest me. Under these assurances 1 concluded to return and ? do lb? .|ob, us 1 had agreed. Kki'oktkk?About what timo did yoa begin opera- : tions for the second t'uio? Mii.ks?I should think it was after midnight, and I < was prohubiy in the building :tu hour and a halt ItKi'oiiTKK?'Were ttie two ineu in tho closet on your ! return? Milks.?No; I made sure oft bat Rkhoutku?I lien your getting to work at so late an 1 hour prevented your ueiug a guest at tbia supper? i Milks.?Well, yea; I guess so. it wus probably i hall-past one or two o'clock when I got through. In Miles' last statement be says the prominent con tractor ho discovered iu the room in tho rear ol Har rington's office was John O. Kvans. This is one of i those which Miles told me of at Windsor. When qnes- ' tiouod as to who the second man was Miles declined to ' tell, replying, "Let that siun L" The name of tho ) second muu lias not been given me. S1ILKS' KKWAKU. Coming down to tho question us to tbe price to bo paid Miles to do bis job. 1 said:? "How much wero you offered to do this job?" Milks.?1 don't want to state lor publicity, but it was $lo.out). 1 got ?2,0o0 on account Kkportkr.? Did you divide with any one out of this fiuoo? Milks?Yes. , Kbport>:h?Who? Milks?I gave Benton $1,000. Rki-orthk? Did you rotuln the balance for yourself? Milbs?1 think not The wliolo balance that 1 kept was, I think, $1(10, and tho remainder 1 paid out alter wards in various ways. WUAr ItKMAINS UNTOLD. Tho namo of A. B. Williams was not mentioned by Miles during our iutorview. Tho oseapo of Miles from the building, as published to-duy, Is Just as he to'd it meat Windsor. Now that Miles has given publicity to tho greater por- I tiou of the sale burglary conspiracy and nis connec tion with it, he can tell who tbe second innu was con- i cealed in the closot with John O. Kvans. He can also 1 tell what house it was whero the grand supper was to he Biveu ; also whether he over passed tho club house on New York avenue. On this subject of a visit to tho club house, in reply to a questiou il no had ever been there, Miles hesitated u few niiuutcs and again replied, "1 should not now wish to answer that question." Tho i name of Alexander K. Shepherd was not moutioned by Miles. When asked if he knew him, be simply smtleJ. It will bo reiueiubared that Miles stated he was odcrod $40,000 lor tbe statement he made at Windsor. Miles I mado uo lull e.xpUnution of Irorn whom thtfl olfer j came. He cau tell. SOUTHERN PACIFIC SPECULATIONS. ! : Yesterda" Wall sir cot bond speculators wore startled by n despatch to the Hkkald from San Francisco, In which charges were distinctly made by a triumvirate consisting of Anthony Egl, J. R. Robinson anl Anthony Cooldt, that the Southern Pacific Railroad Company had addressed, through its oboven^mcd stockholders, a memorial protest to tho New York Slock Exchange, and also to the bourses of the European financial cen tres, warning them not to buy certain bonds Issued by tho Southern l'aclftc road, as they wore Issued In con travention of law, were consequently Invalid, and that the stockholders would c Jtitcst In the courts tho liabil ity of the company for Mid bonds, wh ch were declared Illegal and void. The German Ilankera especially wero exorcised over this announcement, as Central and Southern Pacific bonds?a.most Identical :n character?were largely held by them. A Hkkami reporter waited on Mr. Hatch, ol tho firm of Fisk k Hatch, bankers, who stated that ho had rend the despatch to the UxiuLit, snd as It had attracted some attention he had no hesitation lu saying that he believed it was a vindictive matter, and that parties were Inspiring suits for the purpose of sottling their own privato difficulties with the companies. The Arm of Moras, Meyer k Co., No. 2fl Broad streot, was visited, a member of which stated that Mr. AllreU A. Cohen, a Sun Francisco speculator, was supposed to be behind tho suits against the Southern Pacific; that be wns a specu lator. and formerly Intimately associated witli tho Cen tral Pacific Railroad. As to Mcssis. Egl, Robinson aud Coni It, lie did not know them in San Francisco affairs at all tiik puKSinKST or both companies. Mr. C. P. Huntington, was found at the Central l'acilic office. No, 9 Nassau street, and willingly cave the re porter an extended interview in reference to the ob structions sought to be placed in their way by the litigants on the Paciflo slope. Mr. Huntington said, In substance:? "Yes, 1 have lead the Hirald's despatch; I find that Egl, Robinson and Co?lMt are Indeed stockholders of our compauies, but the Drat named owns three shares and the others not over ten; 1 venture to >ay lu amount not over $2.000. Tho whole prosecution is incited by Alfred A. Coben. of Sun Francisco, whom you may remember was <tug out of the coal heaps in the Pacific Mail steamship scuudal years ago. He turned up agaiu in the llank ol California scandal, and it was claimed he hud made a tool of poor luistoti In mauy affairs involving large sutns of money. Hecame over hero to Now York a couple of years ago as the representative of the Na tional I olograph Company, with a presumably sub scribed capital of $6o.i?oo.o00t ns a rival of Western L'uion, but was a'vised to go home by an old Cali fornia!)?a friend of his?and lie went. Now. to como back to his relations with the Central PaciUc road; Ho whs formerly in our employment, iiud we liavo very good reasons to believe that ho received iu commis sions between $300,000 and $400,000 from persons j furnishing supplies and material to the company, ' which turns should ho recovered from him, and suits for which Imve been commenced. It is true we are oflerlng bonds of our road in Europe and in this country, and the object of this attack is to forcfe us to discontinue our suits against Cohen. We have authority from Congross to issue bonds to tho oxteut of $40,000 a mile, and havo a land grant besides, while a portion of tho route has cost us $300,000 per mile, and is the finest triumph of engineering sKtll iu the world. The South ern Pacific is finished to Dos 1'almos. The I'restdent ol the Stock Kxchangc. Major George W. Mi:Lean, wis seen at his olllco tn Broad street, and told the writer that as vet the Stock Exchange had re vived no notice of the threatened protest trom the Southern Pacific sto< kholders, but it might be ex pected by mall. It was reasonable to supposo from the despatcti that the memorialists would select the pott as the medium of communication with the. Exchange. HORTICULTURISTS IN COUNCIL. Ihe regular monthly meeting of tho New York Hor ticultural Association was hold yesterday afternoon at Scicnco Hall, In Eighth street, Mr. John Henderson presiding. The Executive Committee reported that tho proprietor of the Central Park Garden had offered the use of tho garden free to the association for the purpose of holding its horticultural exhibition then next June. A vote wns taken as to whether Ihe asao ciation should accept the oner or take steps toward tei'uruig the Hippodrome for the exhibition, which re suited in tavor of the latter. The Committee on Flowera reported that a large number of rare specimen had been sent to them during the paat month, which they exhibited to the meeting. Among the speci mens was a Hydrangea ?ortentu Alba, which was tent from Japan by Mr. Thomas Hogg, and which is Mid to be the only one ol lu fam ily in this country. Tnere was also a very ran collec tion *f Cape Heaths, containing tweaty teren speci mens. At the exhibition In June, which will be the first annual one given by the a*eociatton, prises to the amonnt of over H.OOtf will be given lor the beat specimens of lowers, fruit and vegetable* The Defeat of the Eusted Bill Con sidered Unimportant. OPINIONS OF RAILROAD MEN. Work on the Elevated and Gilbert Roads Still To Go On. COM PTHOLLER GHKEN IN OPPOSITION. The Jclcal or the Husted bill, whereby it was sought to accelerate the building and extenslou or the Elevated Railroad, without the necessity of the company at every stop entering Into costly and tedious litigation to repel the mass of Injunctions aud other legal annoy. auees or a similar nature, was at the lirst looked upon by a great tnuuy citizen* as a matter ol grave import. It was imagined that the throwing out or this bill would prove a ratal blow to rapid transit in this city. It will he seen, howevor, by the interviews had yesterday with prominent railway officials and others connected with tbo proposed now roads aud extensions which aro published herewith, that they aro look ing forward to no serious complications aris ing. They would have preferred that the bill should have passed, as It would, by Its terms, ha\o fully and decidedly prevented any such unnecessary and vexatious delays in the completion or tho projected rapid transit roads us will now likely urine rrom the avalancho of' Injunctions that are likely to be fulmin ated against tho companies Uot'i the Elevated and Gilbert roads have all the powers they requlro to carry out the'.r plans, and although uiuch time inny bo lost in legally contesting with oppositionists, yet both roads will bo pushed toward completion as rapidly as possible. Tho Hustod bill, had It become a law, would havo been or immediate scrvico to tho Elevated lioad, as it doubtless was intended to bo, for it wouid havo onabled the com pany to proceed at tmce with their works beyond tho possibility ol stoppage by injunction or other legal technicalities. With regard to thotfo now pending In tho courts, a successful termination Is expected by tho companies, us will be soon by tho remarks ol ox-Ju'lgo Eniott and othors gisou below. That the horse rail road companies will continue to throw every obstacle in tho way ol tho rapid trausit linos thero Is every rea son to believe, but that they will anally succeed in thwarting the wish ot tho people is not anticipated. The President ol tho Sixth Avonuo coin pany gives his views on tho question, but donie3 hav ing been conceruod In any nttcmpt to use inonoy ut Albany to defeat Mr. Husted's raoaiiUrj. It howevor appears to bo the general impression that tho Hkr.vi.d'8 despatch In reference to this poiut was correct. Tho President of tho Thir l Avcuuo company, and also the Seciotury, were among those visited, but both those gentlomen declined to converso with tho Heralo reporter at all, doubllem being uvorsc to tell their opinions or what thoy kuow :.bout the tactics pursued at Albany. A RAPID TRANSIT COM MISSION Kit's VIEW8. A Ukralu reporter culled on ono of tho Commission, ers appointed tu July last by Mayor Wlckbatn. The gentleman, while uuwillliifi to huve his name used, gave his opinions on the defeat or Husted s bllL Ho could not sco that the failure or tho bill would in auy way airect the completion or rapid transit The com mission or which ho was a member were gMen tho power to select tho route ol a rond and the plan orits construction. This they did, selecting tho Sixth avo nuo as part or the line, and tho plan or tho Gilbert Elevated Itullroad Company, with certain modlllca tions, us the most efficient. Tlioy wero also em powered to make certain concessions to the New iork Elevated Railroad Company uncer certain restrictions, hy which that company was allowed to extend its lines so as to connect with certain ferries nnd steam rail ways. The restrictions prohibited extension r.r the lino or tho road across Broad'A.ty and Firth avenue, and consequently their only Pccourse was across tho Rattery i'ark and a separate line up tho east side to Third avenue. , According to tho hew clause or the constitution, ho'wevcr, which was adopted previous to tho granting of this power to tho commission, the consent or a mu iorltv of property owners along the Hue of any pro posed road was necossary to Its construction, with tho proviso that tho Supremo Court should have power to appoint three com missioners, whose decision should bo final. In accord ance with this law a canvass <>f property owners along the lino or the proposod extension was made, and tho majority opposed it. Application was then mad* to tho Court, and ft commission appointed by it. That com mission oecidod in favor of the extension, and thus legalized It. The proceedings have I wen regular rrom tho beginning and guided by able counsel to guard i against danger or litigation. UKNERAI. HORACE rORTMR. who is largely interested In tho Gilbert Elevated road, was called upon and gave it as his opinion that the defeat ot Husted's bill would have no ; cllect on the progress or tho work or i that contpauv. 'their charter antedated the | law requiring the consent or property owners along the proposed lino or tho road, and it was. ss far us thoy are concerned, er ;?)*/ farto. All opposition to rapid | trausit, ho states, emanates from tho horse rnilroads, and not Irom property owners. They claim an exclusive right to carry passengers over tho lines of their roads, : and If their charters are so construed we cannot run a lino or cneap cabs or omnibuses. No such construe- ; lion, he thought, could bo susiaiued. It was simply the out question or the turnpike and railroad, which has been so otieii lought. Tho temporary injunction ; grunted bv Judge Speir will be argued this day : week before tho Superior Court, aud tho decision will seriously affect the question or rapid transit. Should j the injunction be removed it will give lilo and energy to tho enterprise; ir not, and It Is made permanent, , the whole question ol' rupld transit will slumber lor lrom Uvo to eight years, as It would take that time to : reach tho United States Supreme Court. SECRETARY JAMliS A. COWIKO. | A reporter called ut the office of the New ^ ork Elo vated Railroad Company, No. 7 Broadway, to a.-ccrtain the feeling of the managers ol that compuny concern ing the defeat or the Husted bill. Tho tlrst gentleman addressed was Mr. James A. Cowiug, secretary and treasurer ol thb company. . ??What ollcct, Mr. Cowing," said the reporter, will the defeat o, the bill have on tho work now in progre?a on your roadt" Mr. Cowiso?It will not delay us much, I think. We luteud to prosecute tho work as bolore. We have 1U0 men working sieadlly between tho Battery and r ilty 11 Intli street who are now constructing lour turnouts. Ono ol them will be a mile loug?the one at Eleventh street that is, there will be a complete double track running from Eloveuth to Twenty-fourth street, on I Greenwich street and Ninth avenue. There , wall be auolher turnout at Thirty-fourth street, another at Fiftieth street and one at the Battorv. With these turnouts wo will bo able to ruu twice as many trains. Wo havo a new daratny completed, and two more will be ready in a short time. There are also ten new cars building lor us. Rki*oktmi?Rut ^hat cllect will the injunction ot i present existing havo ? Mr. Cowing?Thero are only two Injunctions at pres ent tho one on the petition ?>r the Pacific Hotel pro prietor and another procured by a man uniued Spader, which delays our work on ti.e Mattery, spader's in junction will como up lor a hearing on Monday, at tho Si>eciul Term ol the Superior Court, and wo have every reason lo think that it will be dissolved. Reporter?Hut were you not interested In the pas- ; gage of tuo Husted bill T Mr. Cowiso?Why, certainly ! It would have done awny with a groat amount ol tedious litigation, but 111 defeat will In no way deter us from prosecuting our work Tor we reel confident that tho peopio and the press aro with us, and, as wo aro assured by eminent couuael. the law alto. Rctorter?Judge Daly's decision was rather unlavor "^Mr.'cowlso?Yes, but the best legal talent think that Judso Haly made a mistake this time, though ho is a highly honorable gentleman and learned in the law. ItEroRTKR? Mr. Cowing, do you bollove that the horse car companies used money In Albany to dereat tho Husted bill ? . Mr Cowiso?I have no doubt that money was used, but of course 1 havo no |iosltive proor to oiler, and can say nothing definite about it; my impression on that point, however, remains very strong. PRKI10KST Mil.ton a. corHTwniotrr. Mr Milton Courtwrigbt, the lTesldent of the com pany, waa next spoken to. Mr. Courtwright'a state inenta agreed in every particular with those made by Mr. Cowing. Ho said tho work on the road would uu doubtedly b? prosecuted, nnd he did not expect the in junction* at present existing would amount to any ,ll"Vrhy," said Mr. Conrtwrlght, ?' we have been served with injunctions belore, and they havo all been dis solved one by Judge John R. Brady, or the Supreme Court, another by Judge Lawrence, or the Supreme Court, and another by J udge Rlatchford, or the I nitod btKnrounu?Will yon go on with the work on the east aide this year?that Is, on tho Bowery and third avjjjjJMg0mnr?MiHT?'Tea, dectdehly, and we expect to have tho road completed as far as Forty-second street, tf not to Filty-nimh street, by the end or the year No doubt we will bo annoyed with a great maty Injunctions through tho influence of the Third A*?""* Railroad, but the delay in consequence, we think, will bo bat temporary. RarORTR* ? Do yon think money wai naed in Albany la the defeat of the Husted bill ? Mr. CocaTwmoBT?That I cannot say anything about. It Mini to be the general Imprcasion that thero waa. RaroaTta?Who are the principal atockholders in the company? _ Mr. OotRWRioHT?Well, there aro David Down, Dm M Torrance, Aahbel H. Barney, John F. Tracy, John H. Hall, William L Scott, Alfred S. Barnes, Jotiu u. Hairs, Morris K. Jesup, At trod A. Buru<n, Morton, Bli's k Co., Babcock Brothers ?nd WlHtam K. Dodge. Kbkobticb?It la said that $26,000 was expended at , Albany by the city horse car companies to defeat ibo bill. Do yoa oat think that was a small amount to influence a legislature, considering tne amount ol cap ital interested on botto sides? Mr. CowiMi (laughing)?Ob, I aaauro you 1 could not any anything about that lu fact, I have not before heard any amount stated; it was only general rumor. Kkpobtek?Will the ruaci bo built above Fitly -ninth ?treel on ibe west side this year' Mr. ( oLRTWKioiiT?No, I think not. If wo could have a doubla track, as we wish, we would go on build ing the west aide line to Yonkera. OOUNSBL JtlDGI Km ITT. The nest person visited wag ex Judge James Emott, counsel lor the New York Elevated Railroad Company, who w is u*ked similar questions aa to what eilect I lie defeat ol tho Hunted bill will have on the prosecution ol tbo work bv his company. Judge KMcrrr (emphaticallyThe work wilt go on of course; these injunctions will bo swept away an soon as tbey como up for argument. They are nothing but a bunch oi captious objections and petty technicalities, and will not hold water. 1 think Judge Daly was mis led in making the decision he did, because 1 think il he had examined tbo <|Ueation doeper bin decision would have been lar different. If this llusted bill was passed of rourso It would do away at once with all this litigation, and on that nccount it "would bo a very de sirable thing for the company, but Its deleat will not restrain us in the least from going on with the work to its comp etlon. IIbhoiiter?now many injunctions are pending ng.nust tho road at present? Judge Euott?Two one the Battery ease, which will come up on Monday hetore Judge Monell. In tbo Su perior Court. Special Term, and tbo other the Pacific Hotel case, wl.ich will come up boloro the Court of Common Pie is next week. Tbo Battery case is purely fucti -us opposition. It Is brought by a man named i Jeremiah V. Spader, residing is Brooklyn, who owns a warehouse in Bridge street, two hundred foot from the Battery and entirely out of sight of it. Kki*outbk?You have no fear, then, about tbo result of the litigation? Judge Emott?-None at all Of course tbc delay Will be somewhat annoying to tho public, but we will eveutually ancccod You can say as positively as you liko that we aro willing and able to fight all the objec tions they can bring. president op tub gilbert bt.kvatko roao. A IImt.w.i> reporter visited 11.o olllco of the Gilbert Elevated Uailroad Company, to asc-rtain how far tho action of the Legislature in defeating the Hustcd bill would nfU-ct, if at all, tho futuro ettui is of the company In carrying out its proposed enterprise. In the course j of conversation Mr. Foster, the president of tho com- i pauv, stated that tho doicat of the hill at Albany ou Tuesday night would not in any way interfere with the objects lu view, so tar as the Gilbert Elevated Kail road was concerned. It had nothing whate ver to do with the bill. He considered, moroover, that, despite all opposition, rapid transit was bound to come soouor ? or iator, T'.IB VRESIDBXT OF TUB SIXTH AVBN'CB KOAI). Mr. Butler, President of the Sixth Avenue Kailrond : Company, on being qnostionod in reference to the eilect ol the defeat of the Busted bill, conversed very freely on the subject of rapid trunsit generally, but said that the defeat of the aforesaid bill would have no eilect whatever on the quarrel between the Gilbert Elovatod Company and his own. The matter at issue between tho former corporation aud the properly holders along the avenue would be adjusted Judicially on or after May 11. The injunction now restrain ing tlicGllbort people from ooutinuiug the construction of their road on Sixth uvtnuo as proposed still re mains in torco, and couuiel were to havo shown cause why it should not remain perpetual #n Tuesday last, before Judge Monell, but for some reason or other tho hearing was deterred until next week. Speaking of rapid transit and the Husted bill, Mr. Butler said mat so lar as he knew no railroad company in the city had> paid a dollar toward tho bill's defeat. "So far as 1 am" concerned," said he, "1 niu quite willing to mako an allldnvlt bofore tbo notary, who Is at hand, that I neither ode rod to pay nor contributed a dollar to any such purpose. In my judgment compensation to prop erly holders for injury or depreciation by the construc tion of a rapid transit railroad is jiist. Taice for | example any house now worth a certain figure. Its voluo will Ims materially lessened by the erection of posts and laying of rails in Iront ol it to accommodate persons who hitvo no possible interest in that district. The solution of the rapid transit problem will be reached only when persons or companies about to con struct a road to nid it are willing to pay property own ers for the damage they roceive by the croation of the ueiv route. No one has any right to impair tho prop erty of persons In one section of n city merely to en nance tho valuo of that bolonging to others else where." PROPBRTT OWNBR'S VIEWS. Property owners along tho Hue oi tho Sixth nvonuo with whom conversations wero bad yesterday contend that tbo deleat of tho bill in questtou has no otlect on them whatever. Their dlsputo is with the Gilbert Elevated Kailroad Company, and will bo settled In the | courts. So tar as the question of elevated railroads is I concerned some of the property holders do uot think | them likely to be beneficial to places located along such 1 routes. ! IOMITROI.LKR OFIKKN OX Till BATTERY BVCROAt llSfKBT. | Comptroller Green, as the legal custodian of tho real estate of tho city, has endeavored to prevent, the con struction of the'Elevated Railroad line over the north easterly corner of tho Battery Park, aud at tho first movement of the company he requested tho Counsel to the Corporation to stop the work by an injunction or other legal measures. The Comptroller holds that the Commissioners of (he De partment of Public Parks hare no power to appropriato any portion of the people's pleasure grounds for the private use and ben elit of any person or corporation, and that tho Park Commisolnncrs in ,venting a license to tbo Elevated Railroad Company to run ibelr line across the Battery have transcended their lawiul authority. He is pleased at the failure of Mr. Husted's bill. IMPROVED DOCK BUILDING. The submarine construction of foundations for bridga p'.ors, dock walls, lighthouses, coast fortlflca- j tlons and the removal of channel obstructions, such as j rocks, wrecks, 4c., will be rendered more feasible and : lets costly as Improvements arc made in tho construc- ! tlon of coffer dams. The latest effort in that direction ' Is illustrated by I ho new portable coffer dam now ready to be launched at the foot of 100th street, Hnr- j lem River. It appears to ansvvor all the re- | qulrements of such a structure, and moreover suggests j a solution of many engineering problems which have J presented themselves in other forms than those con- i nected with tho construction of submarino foundations. ! The subject Is Important onoucli to be worth a caroful j Investigation, bocuuse If the new coffer dam proves as I useful as It promises to bo many millions of dollars j may be saved on tho cost of government works and j by municipal and private corporations. Tho object of a coffer dain is to surround a space, : the site of a proposod work, with an impervious wall i by which the waters can bo entirely excluded from tho enclosure und tiio work ol excavation ana building I carried on in the air, instead of being, as at present, , conducted under a great pressure of water. Tho new collor Jam Is fur mod by solidly framod wooden Dox walls, rectangular In section, and built with a flat bot tom and deck, vertical siJcu. and of any length f rom . 60 to 200 lect. A koel like that of a ship is attached to he bottom of each box wall which steadies It In tho , water when afloat, rendors it easy of movement by j towing from point to point, and fixes it llrinly ou tho , bottom when it Is sunk In position. The box wall Is fifteen feet wido from out to out, and its vertical sides are thirty-five feet high. Two of these wall boxes or caissons placed parallel to each other and from thirty to forty leet apart form the sides of tho coffer Uam, tho onds being closed j by A gates, as in a canal lock, tho salients point- j Ing toward the direction of tho water pressaro. These gal** are lungod on the outer Hides of the ends of the whIIh and make a water-tight Joint at the meeting of: tliuir leuves and at their itiiuuneul a^raln?t the ends of j the walls by means of thick strips of vulcautxod India rubber attached vertically tho lull depth of tho walls and gates. When needed for service the floating coffer dam is towed tc its place uud carefully moored In position over the site or the work, care being taken that it em braces by Its enclosing walls tho entire area of opera tions. The hollow box side walls boing divided into water tight compartments, those are gradually filled with water by means of sluices arranged lor that pur pose, and under the weight of the water so admitted the whole coffer dam slowly but evenly settles down ou the bottom, the keels ol tho walls and gates biting Into tho solt mud and steadying tho whole. Tbo water tight compartments uro then filled to the top by pumping, and this additional weight forcos the whole coffer dam downward into tho soft stratum of mud that usually forms ; the bottom of deep rlvors, estuaries and bays. Inordor 1 ! to prevent under-lcakago and to facilitate deep excava tion within the enclosure there are fitted to.the insldcs | of tho jierpetidlcular walls and ends a tones of guides for heavy square piles, which hold the pile pcrpcndicu- j i larly and close up against the walls nuil so guiding its ' downward motion into the deep mud in tho same verti cal piano as the wall face, To these piles arc fitted 1 broad wooden shutters, which fill the spaces between the piles, and when driven downward into iho mud form a continuation of the wall to a depth sufllcieut to prevent leakage or du>turl>ances of the sulwtraium when the ouclosod space is pumiied dry and excavated. Those operations be.ng completed, steam pumps, capable of exhausting tho 1 Interior waters at the rato of U0.000 gallons j per minute, sre set In motion, and tho enclosure is quickly pumped dry aud made ready lor tho excara , tors, pile drivers and masons, who work in tho air, I secure Irom danger, being protected by tho enclosing wooden walls. When tho masonry or other work ? reaches the level ol high water or even ot hair tide, tbo enclosure is again Hooded, tho piles with the shutter attachments withdrswn and tho hollow walls pumped clonr of water. Then tbo coffer dnm is again alloat. but it surrounds the work that was constructed within i the enclosure. It is removod by withdrawing tho bolts that secure tho joint ol tho A gate, wbictf is then opened and tba coffer dam is Hosted away, leaving the ma sonry surrounded by wster. There Is scsrcolv a diffi culty connected with suomarlne building lu water of, say, thirty feet in depth, which lbs new coffer dam does not lully meet, If properlv applied, and we must regard It as one of the most useful inventions of tho The launch of this novel eonstractlon will take place ' ?tHarlem Kiver aid 1061k strtot oa Saturday, at* quarter past sight A, M. A RAILROAD WAR. A Confliot for Western Freight and PasseDger Traffic. Commodore Vaodcrbilt's Answer to T. i* Scott, H. J. Jewett aid John King. Id view of what now !? fixed as a business war among the leading railway line* between the West and the East a Hkkald reporter called on Commodore Vandcr bilt yesterday afternoon for the purpoee of aaoer tainiag from blm hla position in the case. In* volvcd in the light for the carrying trade between tho West and the East are the Grand Trunk Company, tho Michigan Central and the Vermont Central railways, forming a through route from West to East, involvitig the seaports of Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, Boston and Portland Theae^ with their accessories, form lines for transportation on either side of what is Known as the New York Central lino, including, now, tho Canada Southern line. The result of negotiations entered into hrtwemi tho rival Interests last February, and oven alter ward, was not satisfactory, tho reason being thai wliiiu the understanding sailed one ol tne rivals to the New York Central it was not satisfactory to theotnev rival line; In tuut, as Is declared, tlM to Mr sate desiring to obtain tho cousont of tho New Yarn Cen tral faction to a concession to their divergent views were such as rendcrod it extremely difficult to comply with. To tho lino on nno side, which to in miles longer than tho New York Ceulral, a onnoeeelen was agreed upon. liut no sooner was that done than ns is declared, there was a request for eoBMhSlona such as would suit the line on the other aids of the Central, which Is 100 miles shorter. This last conces sion \va.- not acted upon promptly by the New York Central interest, and tho result was the following letter to Commodore Vandorbilt from Messrs, BoMt, Jewett and King:? Nlew York, April 37, 1878. Commodore C. Vaxdebsh.t. President: W. H. Vandkrsim, Vice President New York Central and Hadsea Rivor Kail road Company i?E*ri.KSK*? Believing that the existing differences In regard to the transportation of east-bound traffic ar ? not understood as thoroughly as they should be. and thai tiwie lillTi'rtMM should be adjusted on a basis of equity to all interests, wo have, through telegraphic correspon dence, requested Mr. Ilickson, uf tho (fraud Trunk line, and liovcru'ir Smith, ol the Vermont Central, to meet nt In New York sad talk the subject over, to sec whether we eonld net arrive nt some satisfactory basis of adjustment. We believe that your idiorter line between the West and New Kniriand ought to make a reasonable concession to the Grand Trunk route, which embraces that line, the Vermont Central and other connection*, owing to its location and climatic and other causes incid nut to it as a througn roate. In older to protect and promote the Interests of the vari ous roads of the country, as well as the best interests of the public, wo trust you may find it your iuterest to agree, if it can be arranged, to allow the Qiand Trunk route the follow inir scale of uill'crences on ens; bound traffic to competitive points In New Kngl.tnd, which are much less than those heretofore existing. and which we deem, nnder the clieum stances, to be reasonable: ? On lire stock, seven cents; on cut meats and perishable property, six cents; on first and second class, of which there is but a very iimiteu quantity, four cents. The Grand Trunk to carry third and fonrtti class. which embraces ninety percent ol the entire traffic, at equal rates, as fixed from time to time; the matter of west bound rates from New England to remain as adjusted between yonr line and the llues of the (irand Trunk route. I.ooltln ." over tho whole ground it seems to u* that if we can prevail on Mr. Hickson to agree to this schedule, you should agree, as woll for your own interest as those of all the other lines In the ountry. to make this adjustment, and If It is made, lliut the Grand Trunk route should then be come one of the Eastern trunk lints, and bu a part of the organisation for making and adjusting rates and classifica tions from tiuie to time, on the i;^ner*l busts that has pre vailed among the tour truak lines during the past year, liy adopting this policy its result must be to protect large amounts of property owned in this and other countries from a destruction that w? think, under the circumstances, is n..t warrauted, and we believe that tho adjustment of this whole matter rests en tirely with you. 'liie ponding consequences are, iu out opinion, so sorious that we must respectlully request you to give us an answer by Saturday morning of this week. If you will address your reply to us to tho care ot Mr. Jewett, at the brio Railway office, wo shall be clad to co operate to the end that an adjustment of existing and an ticipated difficulties may be reached and destructive compe tition be avoided. Very truly yours, THOMAS A. SCOTT, President Pennsylvania Railroad. II. J. JfcWhTT. President Erie Railway Company, .mux kivij .ir g VIco President Baltimore aud Ohio Railroad. In speaking or his response to tlio letter given abov? the CommuJoro said to tho reporter*? "Tho respoiTse to tlio gentlemen wlio sent tho lottor ? was very b icf, for thoy understand the ease fully and did ndt need explanation. To the public, through tho Hkkald, I will give a mori* detailed account of the con ditions which exist and which are the cuuse of the fail ure to come to an agreement. All we have a*teed, or n=k now. Is that they shall arrango ratea which shall be common to both thoir lines. All those men, you see, have their own views ol tho wav to (tot at tlio thing required. And I m.iy say that I have my own way of gett.ni; at the points which arc vital in the ' ease. Here are the Baltimore and Ohio and the Penn sylvania Central mid our own lines. We have already nuulo a concession on account ol' thoir short Balti more and Ohio and Philadelphia lino: aud now, when the Grand Trunk, on the other side, comet in and asks us to make a concession t< that line, which is one hundred and flity inilei longer tliun ours, I ask, and I think the business pub lie will ask, Where is tho justice in it? Rather thai be stricken on both sides of our line we say to them, and 1 say to them. II you decide to make a declarntiot ot war why, wo can't holp it You can do as shut seem to you to bo wisost and best. You see, tht climatic differences between their lines and ours art serious. In that regard, at least, their condition it not so advantageous as ours. They ought to havs known that at the start before they put their money into their concerns. But they say to us, in reality, now. We want you to fix your charges for Iretgbt so that we, though not so well located, luay still have what share ol tho business wo want and really need. I think that proposition Is plain and will be easily understood i>y tho business public. "Now, here Is a large traftic between the western section ol the country and the eastofn. But there are also raoro lines of transportation lor the traffic, includ ing the way linep, than can bo maintained successiulty at fair prices. In (act, there are more liner than are needed, and more capital Invested in tbo transportation business than can hi made to pay a fair return?that is, at fair chargos foi tho work performed. The business won't sustain tlM outlay for its accommodations. Henco some ol these starving lines, as I call them, If they can't gel moro than their share can't exist, or rather can't be maintained profitably. The (net is, there are too many fellows iu competition for this business, and thoy want us to so arrange our business as that they may live. I think wo have done all we can for them in that par ticular way. Now, in order that wo may live on proper charges wo cannot make concessions which shail offset our natural advantages. Is it Just that we should t Is it just to make these do mandson the Central roadf Is it just that the Central road should make such concessions to these othei roads f I say it Is uot." Tho above closed the conversation, and. with a heart) good evening, the Commodore turned In bed slightly, resumed hlscigsr, and the reporter rotired. Tho following is the RKPI.Y or TUB raw YORK CENTRAL COMPACT to the letter of Messrs. Jewett & Scott:? Nsw York Central ami Mi'dmox Kivsr \ IUilkoad Company, Guaxd Central Depot, J Nkw York. April 38, 1878. J Gxttlsmiw?Your letter of the 27th, addressed to C. V.moerbllt, President, and William H. YanderMlt. Vlos President, has been received and duly oonsioered. This company has arrangements with all the oompbtl tive roads for Weet-houud business, which we un derstand to be sill-factory to ail parties interested. So long as good faiih is maintained those arrangements will enable us all to receive a lair compensation for transportation, and wo are not only willing, bat anx ious, tluit they shall continuo In forco. On March 2, 1870, we entered into an agreement with the Haitimoro and Ohio and the roads yon repre sent in regard to the Kast-bound traffic, and hoped and believed that v.o had by It satisfactorily settled the dif ferences of tho Western roads and equitably distributed the business ol the country over the great routes to tho seaboard. It was in tnis spirit and to accomplish these results tbst the agreement was entered Into. Il is well known, however, that It haa not been carried out, and one of tho contrasting parties did not issue tbo notices to its agents requiring them to comply with its provisions until about a month after It was signed. This company protested through its Yice President against this InJostioe and bad faith. An almost total loss of business followed and we wore finally compelled to give notice of withdrawal ft-om an agreement which bad been ftkltfnlly kept by us and constantly violated by others. This action does not necessarily affect any other arrange ments which are and have been in lorce between tho parties, and we should greatly deplore any action ol the other companies which would bring upon the railroad interests controversies preju dicial to their stockholders. Our withdrawal from tin agreement of March 2 simply places the Western road! on East bound businos In tho same position we are os West bound, And we refuse lo exact from thorn any longer oomplianee with onr dictation. We cannot loi a moment admit that this action on our pari endangers the railroad interests of the country; and II, from a spirit of Vindictivenes (of what we havo done, our competitors throw the transportation business of the country into disorder by ii general reduction of rates, the responsibility must rest enttrelv upon them. The special case of the Grand Trunk road referred to in your communication Is only one, and by no means the most Important, branch of this subject, and If chaos is to follow our declination to allow a difference on the ten per cent of the Kast bound business, as suggested by your letter, the canso would seem hardly sufficient to lustily such a result. Yours, very trulv, WILLIAM H. VaNDERBILT, Vice President Thomas A. S<ott, President Pennsylvania Railroad: H. J. Jswstt, Keeeiver Krle Railway Oftmpnny, THE WOMEN'S BANNER. Tho oentennlal banner given by III* women of ft! ttty ol New York to the Women's Pavilion of tbe In ternational Exhibition wlU be exhibited at Chlokerinf Ballon Friday and Saturday, May A and fl. before it M sent to Philadelphia. Subscribers and others lnlsr> ??led la the banner an Invited to eiaaine lb

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