Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 4, 1876, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 4, 1876 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. THE DAILY HERALD, published tvny day in (he year. Four cents per copy. Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per month, free of postage. All business, news letters or telegraphic despatches must be addressed New York Hibaia Letters and packages should be properly sealed. Rejected communications will not be re turned. PHILADELPHIA OFFICE?NO. 112 SOUTH SIXTH STREET. . LONDON OFFICE oV THE NEW YORK HERALD?NO. 4<i FLEET STREET. Paris office?avenue de l opera. Subscriptions^and advertisements will b? received and forwarded on the same term* u> in New York. VOLUME XLI NO. 125 AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGHT. BOWERY THEATRE. ACROSS THE CONTINENT, at H P. M. THIRTY-FOURTH STREET OPERA HOUSE. variety, p. m. FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE. PIQUE, at 8 1*. M. Faunie Davenport. HOWE A CUiuiNU'tt CIRCUS, at 2 F. H. and 8 P. H. GLOBE THEATRE. VARIETY, at 8 P. M. WOOD'S MUSEUM. BERTHA, at 8 P. M. Matinee at U P. M. MURRAY'S CI RC I'S, afternoon and evening SAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS, at 8 P. M. THEATRE OOIIIQUE. VARIETY, at 8 P. M. _ WALLACE'S THBATRB. LONDON ASSURANCE. i?t h p. M. Le?ter Wallnck. BOOTH'S THEATRE. HENRY V.. at 8 P. M. U-jorgi" Rignold. Ricnold't Bene It, at 1 P. M. MASONIC TEMPLE. PROFESSOR CROMWELL'S EMEKTAINMENT. at 8 P. M. BROOKLYN THEATRE , NEORO MINSTRELSY, at 8 P. M. AMERICAN IR.-TITUT*. IARNUM'8 SHOW, ai 1 and 8 P. M. TONY PASTOR'S NEW THEATRE. TARIETY, at rt P. M. _ UNION SQUARE THEATRE. rBRREOL, at t> P. M. C U. Tl.orne. Jr. EAOI.E THEATRE. VARIETY, at 8 P. M. CENTRAL PARK OARDER. ORCHESTRA. QUARTET AM)_CHuKtH. at 8 P. M. PARK THEATRE. BRASS, at 8 P. M. Ueoricc Kawcett Row*. GERMANIA THEATRE. OEFAHRVOLLE WEGK, at 8 P. M. KELLY A LEON'S MINSTRELS, at 8 P. M. CHATEAU MABILLE VARIETIES. at 8 P. M. AUtino# at 2 P. M. CHICKERINO HALL. STAB AT MATER, at S P. M. OLYMPIC THEATRE. HUMPTY DUMPTV, at H P_\L THEATRE FKANCAI*. BATAILLE DE DAMES, at S P. M. PARISIAN VARIETIES, at H P. M. Matinee at:l P. M. TRIPLE SHEET. NEW YORK, TIIUUSPAY, MAY 4. 1878. hYom our re}X>rts this morning the probabilities art that the teeathcr to-day will be wanner and cloudy, possibly icith rain. Notice to Country Newsdealers.?For rroVipt and ra/ular delivery of the Herald ly Jast mail trains orders must be setU direct to this office. Postage free. Wall Street Yesterday.?Stocks were irregular, bat at the close a shade firmer. Money loaned at 3 1-2 per cent. Foreign exchange strong. Gold was steady all day at 112 7-8. Investment shares were easier and railroad and government bonds without feature. Mr. Seymour declines the Presidency. Mr. Seymour also declined the Presidency in 1868, but he was nominated. This time, however, it looks like the real thing. Egyptian Finances are very much mud dled, and the return of Mr. Bivers Wilson to England indicates some interesting develop ments. The Khedive's Private Estate is held lia ble to execution as well as tho property of other people. And so even an Egyptian ruler in this age is not above his debts. An Agreeable Episode was the appearance Df Henry A- Wise before the Committee on Privileges and Elections to argue the case of Piatt against Goode. With Governor Wise once more on the old stumping ground noth ing more ought to be necessary to complete the reconciliation between the sections. Mustangs.?Considerable interest is felt in the speed and endurance of Mexican mustang ponies, and it is likely to be pro moted by the race projected to come off this lummer?three hundred miles in fifteen hours. In another column wo give an ac count of the preparations for this raco and of the ponies which have been brought here to take part in it* The Opposition to the assumption of the title of Empress of India by Queen Victoria Increases in intensity, and, according to our news this morning, the government is to be ar raigned in Parliament on a chargo which prac tically amounts to one of obtaining the title on false pretences. An American has been held op to great odium in England for stealing a railroad, but what can Americans think of an English Queen stealing the title of Empress? There Is a Prosfect that both of the great English universities will send crews to the Centennial regatta at Philadelphia. The jther dsy it appeared that Oxlord would lend a crew if Cambridge also sent one, and now it seems from our special cable despatch that Cambridge is willing, if one can be ob tained. We trust there will be no difficult ties in tho way of obtaining a crew, and that both universities will be represented on the Schuylkill. Rapid Transit. Mr. Husted's Rapid Tran sit bill was defeated by a vote of 54 to 62, ind this has led us to procure the opinions if a number of prominent railroad men in Ibis city upon the probable effect of the de feat of ths measure. Both sides?that is, those interested in the elevated railroads and ia the horse car lines?say the failure of Mr. Basted's bill will have no important effect ?pon the questions in dispute between the wmpanies. The elevated roads expect no Mrione obstacles to their work from the in nuiotions before the courts, and street lines tre confident of defeating rapid transit alto gether. We shall see. Adjournment of (be L?|l?l?t?w. After one of the emptiest and most use less sessions in the legislative history of the State, the Senate and Assembly adjourned yesterday, leaving behind them a field thickly strewn with the corpses of slaugh tered bills. It was hoped that the fivefold increase in the compensation of memberH would give us a better class of men for law makers, but this Legislature bus been no improvement on its ill-paid predecessors. It has been a nest of faction and intrigues all through the session ; it has wasted its timo in busy idleness ; it has failed to pass any of the important measures required by public interests ; and, with the exception of the customary appropriation bills, which pass every Legislature as a matter of course, It would have been quite as well for the State if the Legislature of 1876 had never met. We will not attempt a complete catalogue of its shameful failures, but a few conspicuous instances may serve as specimens. Let us begin with what is the most utterly inexcusable of all these failures? namely, the neglect to pass an appor tionment bill. By the constitution of the State an enumeration of inhabitants is required to be taken every ten years, mid way between the preceding and following federal census, and it is made the duty of the Legislature, "at its first session after the return of every enumeration," to reappor tion the Senators and Assemblymen in such a manner that each political divison of the State shall be represented in proportion to it? population. ThiB imperative require ment of the constitution has boen disre garded, and, for the first time in the his tory of the State, the next Legislature fol lowing the enumeration has failed to reap portion the members. There is every reason to believe that it was the deliberate inten tion of tho republican majority, in spite of their oaths, to prevent a reapportionment. Had they meant to deal with this question fairly they would have prepared and intro duced the bill at an early stage of the session. They were in full possession of the returns when the Legislature ^sembled; they were not occupied with other important business during the early months of the session; they owed it to the Governor to give him an opportunity to examine so important a bill and return it with his veto if he found it inequitable, and to weigh his objections. But not having the majority of two-thirds needed for passing a bill over the Governor's negative, and not wishing to be put under the necessity of framing another bill, they postponed action until the expiring days of the session, in the expectation either that the bill would not pass, or, if it did pass, that a veto subsequent to the adjournment would accomplish the same practical result. This scheme was equally adroit and dig honest The gerrymandering bill of the majority would be less advantageous to the republicans than to leave the old appor tionment unchanged. The growth of popu lation within the lost ten years has been chiefly in the cities of New York and Brook lyn and other democratic strongholds, and by leaving things as they are the republi cans have deprived their opponents of the additional members which any new appor tionment must have assigned them. In stead of getting less than they are entitled to by the increase of population the demo crats get nothing. If the republicans should elect the Governor nefct fall, as well as tho Legislature, they will fix the apportionment to suit themselves, and meanwhile the dem ocrats are worse off than they would have been if the defeated bill had become a law. Its failure to pass the Legislature is better for the republicans than its defeat by a veto, because the Governor is silenced and de prived of the opportunity to make an effec tive campaign document by exposing the bill. As it did not pass he has no excuse for making an official parade of his objec tions. The unfairness of the present ap portionment is manifest in the fact that, although the democrats had a majority of nearly fifteen thousand last fall on their State ticket, the republicans easily carried the Legislature. Among the other bills that failed to pass in the morning session yesterday were Woodin's charter amendments, the extension of Comptroller Green's term, the Park Com mission bill und the bill for reducing muni cipal salaries. We group them together because they are kindred measures. Tam many is jubilant over their defeat and has reason enough for its rejoicing. It now ex pects to control the ]>atronage of every inportant department of the city government in the next election. The passage of the Parks bill would have taken away the patronage of that department; the defeat of the bill for extending the term of Comp troller Green enables Tammany to feed the hopes of a do/en active politicians during the canvass, although jt will have to disap point eleven of them after the election; the saving of the present salaries will enable it to levy hoarier contributions on the city officers for election expenses, and the defeat of the charter amendments saves Tammany from serious losses. Everybody will ask how it happens that a Legislature so strongly republican has left all these advan tages in the hands of the worst faction of tho democratic party. The answer is not difficult. At an early stage of the ses sion a coalition was formed between the Tammany democrats and the Custom House republicans, and the defeat of these bills is one of the fruits of that scandalous bargain. There was an exchange of equivalents very soon after this cabal was formed. Mayor Wickham feared the passage of a law estab lishing spring elections, and his alarm seems to have been the first incentive to the coalition. Just before the meeting of the Legislature there was a strong and almost universal public sentiment in favor of a spring election. The Hebaud sent reporters to all parts of the State to make inquiries of the nu mbers-elect, and the published in terviews showed such a preponderance in favor of the change that the Mayor became thoroughly fiightened and mas willing to resort to any desperate expedient to save himself. Whether he made the first ad vances to the Custom House republicans, or whether they, perceiving his straits, took advantage of the situation and made the first proffers, is of little consequence. Certain it is that a bargain was made, nnd that the Mayor gave pledget of his sincerity by ap pointing republicans to important city offices. Senator Wood in early detected the plot, pnblicly denounced it, and, as he belonged to the other wing of his party, he made an alliance with Comptroller Green to thwart the coalition between the Custom House republican! and Tammany. Hence tho origin of the bills, known collectively as the Green bills, which were engineered by Senator Woodin, and were defeated in the Assembly yesterday by the artful connivance of the Custom House republicans. They were ostensibly defeated by the filibustering of the democrats over the school amendment, but this was a mere mask to save appear ances. The republicans who were in the secret knew perfectly well that the demo crats would filibuster over the school amend ment and consume the little remnant of time before the adjournment They could have prevented it, had they chosen, by waiting until the other bills had passed before cilling up the amendment It was well known that nearly every demr ocrat in the Assembly favored the school amendment and intended to vote for it, and that it could easily have been passed in the last ten minutes of the session. It was called up in advance of the important bills merely to give the democrats an opportunity to manoeuvre against time and save the re publican confederates of the Custom House from the open responsibility of defeating the anti-Tammany bills. What the effect of this coalition may be on the fall elections remains to be seen. If the republicans have engaged that they will not make an alliance with the anti-Tammany democrats in running a city ticket Tam many will be relieved from its chief source of danger; but the Custom House has, of course, stipulated for an equivalent for such forbearance.' Now, what other equivalent has Tammany to give than* promise to help the republican State and national tickets ? If Governor Tilden should be the democratic candidate it will cost the Tammany leaders no sacrifice of personal feeling to fulfil this part of their bargain. It is quite possible that tho contracting parties may quarrel be fore the fall campaign opens and that the adage may be then verified that "when rogues fall out honest men oome by their own." Extradition and the States. Winslow's discharge from custody in Lon don has bcon deferred at the request of our government, bo that it seems possible he may still be surrendered. It is to be hoped he may, for it is better to mend the treaty ?we have if that be necessary than to have an uncertainty of many months, even with a new treaty at the end. There is a point in regard to these cases in which we shall have to amend our law if we get an amended treaty. Our federal system complicates the relation that the general government holds with foreign Towers in extradition cases. England or France deals, in the surrender of a prisoner, with the goveAment of the United States. They know no other gov ernment and have no right to know any other ; yet the general government is some times compelled to plead to them that the prisoner has passed beyond its control; that it has no longer any authority over him and cannot be answerable for what may be done with him by those governments of which it was a mere agent in procuring his surrender. In case a new treaty shall bo made with England for the extradition of criminals it is evident that it must include the pledge by either Power that persons sur- | rendered shall not be tried for any other of fence than one named in the treaty; and in this case the general government must be able to control the States in respect to these culprits by the extension of its jurisdiction to their cases. It is now provided by section 753 of the Revised Statutes that where a sub- ; ject or citizen of a foreign government is in the custody of the authorities of any State and is held for an act the validity and effect of which depends upon the law of nations, that ho may be brought before a United States court by the writ of habeas corpus. Legis lation is needed that shall give tho same right in the United States courts, or put in the same class with these subjects or citizens of foreign governments all persons surren dered to the United States under an extradi tion treaty; and the government cannot en force such a treaty as will be required with out a law to that effect. Tuk Republican Reform Association should be careful not to fall into the hands of the politicians. Some years ago we had a Citizens' Association, composed of as good men as those signing this call. Peter Cooper was its president. It piu?sed into the hands of a committee of active managers, who wrote letters and tramped around among the newspapers and "reformed." But before the association ran its career tho managers were discovered to be in the pay of Tweed and Sweeny. Tho association became a mere tool of tho Ring. The active members ob tained office, anil at once tho "work" ceased. We have heard of a famous temperance con vention which met to nominato temperance men. The regular politicians quietly elected themselves "delegates" to tho convention, passed temperance resolutions, indorsed the "machine" candidates and adjourned. This will bo tho late of tho Reform Club, unless tho very rich and distinguished mem bers tako off their coats and go to work. Collector Arthur or Mr. Davenport could send up a half dozen "active" men who would make tho club lively, if it was needed. Hut wo take it that this is not what the founders desire. Communication with EraorE practically hangs on threo threads, and now two of them are broken, the only working lino still open being tho direct cable. Accustomed as we are to our daily bulletins from all parts of the world it would bo a serious in convenience to most peoplo to go without them, and wo hope there will be no inter ruption of the remaining line, at least until the other cables are repaired. It Is the Impression at Washington that the Senate will decide that it has no author ity to try Belknap upon the impeachment charges preferred by the House of Repre sentatives. A contrary opinion would be hailed with pleasure, as dishonest officials could not then escape with impunity by limply resigning their offices. Santo*. In the absence of definite news about Steinberger and Samoa it is hard to come to a conclusion as to whether we have erred or not in our treatment of that person. Mr. Fish sends to the House a series of docu ments to show that Steinbergcr has surren dered his allegiance. At the same time he admits that the Colonel did go to this Pacific island with certain presents and a letter from the President to the chiefi .The trouble about Steinberger's case is that he is said to be an ? adventurer. He is also a friend of the Presi dent Consequently a high toned gentle man like Mr. Fish does not want to be wor ried about him, and the democrats assail him on the ground that whatever the President ap proves must be wrong. Beyond this there is, as there has always been, a strong British sentiment in our journalism and our pub lic affairs, which is only too prone to de nounce the country which protects it We be lieve in the sentiment which the London Times expressed when Mason and Slidell were returned, that England would have threatened war in behalf of a couple of Jamaica negroes as promptly as she did in bohalf of ^hose high placed ambassadors. We cannot rejoice. in the arrest of an Amer ican by a British officer, his imprisonment, the confiscation of his property. Nor do we think Mr. Fish shows the true American spirit in dealing with this question. The Spaniard has learned that he may shoot Americans with impunity, as he did at San tiago, and it is natural that a British officer should not hesitate to imprison them. Stein berger's letter from the President and his presents for the chief of Samoa strengthened his claims to protection. Even if he did propose to found a government and make himself a chief it does not chango the case. Englishmen are doing the same thing every day and in all parts of the world, in the Fiji Islands, in Ashantee, in the Hottentot country, in Australasia, in India, in Asia, in the countries near the Poles. Who has ever held that an English man waived his allegiance or forfeited his right to the protection of his flag because he endeavored to extend British influence among savage tribes? Let us suppose that an American captain were to take an Englishman from one of these barbarous countries, lock him up, sell his ship and destroy his enterprises, would Lord Derby be content with anything less than the fullest reparation ? Could we say that the English man had waived his nationality by becoming a "Premier" of Fiji or Dahomey? The answer would be that England never per mitted American or other captains to decide questions of responsibility between the Crown and the citizen, that if the English man had done wrong he was not account able to America. The truth is, we presume, that Mr. Fish does not want to bother about Steinberger. No one cares much about him or his enter prises. No doubt he is a nuisance and should never have been sent to this island as an American commissioner. Well, we care nothing about Steinberger, but we are pleading for a principle?one that has been too often violated?the inviolability of the American citizen. The doctrine that Stein bergcr waived his allegiance and accepted the "protection" of Samoa cannot, we think, be seriously pressed. We have never recog nized the sovereignty of savage chiefs over our citizens. e do not even recognize the sovereignty of nations as civilized as Turkey 07 China or Japan. We go so far as to pro ject our citizens in thoso lands by treaties which secure them immunity even from their laws, let, while we deal in this spirit with a government like Japan, it is proposed that we shall deal with the head savage of Samoa as we do with France and Germany allow him uncontrolled authority over an American. We are inclined to think that no such proposition will be entertained for a moment by our people. At all events, let us know the facts. We Bhall be glad to think that Mr. Fish has done all that is required of him. But it looks as if he hail thrown Steinborger over because everybody laughed at him and called him a humbug and an adventurer and because he dislikes vexatious questions. The spectacle of an American arrested and imprisoned by a British officer at the request of some savage South Sea Islander is not pleasant And when we are told that this is all right, be cause this painted, breechless savage, with rings in his nose, is a great sovereign, like the Czar of Itussia or the Emperor of Ger many, with whose jurisdiction wo have no right to interfere, we can only listen in won der and surprise, asking if our citizenship is but a name. The President Stand* by Belknap. The friends of the President will rejoice that lie stands by his friends "under firo." He has probably no friend, unless it may be j McDonald, who is now in jail, who is as much "under fire" as Belknap. Belknap is not before the Senate for impeachment, bnt before the Grand Jury for indictment. His offcnce is that to make a show in Washing ton society he entered into an arrangement to plunder the poor soldiers on the Plains. This offence ho confessed and resigned his offico. The only piotext upon which he can escape impeachlucnt is one nfforded by the President himself, who accepted his resigna tion "with regret" and allowed him to go free. This was standing by a friend "nnder fire," and we understand it touched the hearts of such good republicans as Matt Carpenter and Governor Shepherd. But this is not all. Among the witnesses against General Belknap is General Custer, a distinguished officer in the army. Gen eral Custer has for somo time been in com mand of a post on the frontier and has had opportunities of knowing all that has been done in the way of robbing the soldiers and the Indians. Because of this knowledge he has been suipmoned before the Court of Im peachment- Suddenly he is deprived of a command wbi'ch he hns always hold with dis | tinguished honor, and sent back to his rogi j inent disgraced professionally, so far as an i order of the President can disgrace him. We have no reason assigned for this act except what we read in the Washington column of a contemporary that the President did not mean to allow Custer "to smirch the admin istration." In other words, tho President an nounces to the army of the United States that if any officer who knows anything about the doings of Belknap, Orrille Grant, "Gen ?ral" Bice, or any one of the crowd of "army bummer*" who swarm around the adminis tration, he must keep hi* lips sealed under the penalty of disgrace. And as the Pres ident, as the commander of the army and the navy, has power almost unlimited in this respect, his action is virtually an order to every officer of the army who knows of the ?illany of men about the President to keep their counsel. This action of the Preaident in the case of Custer is unfortunate. If the President had any charges against the General he should have ordered him before the Court cf Inquiry. But because General Custer has evidence of the corruption and jobbery of Orville Grant, his own brother; of Belknap, his former War Secretary, and of the rest of the "army bummers," he is sent to his regipent under circumstances that amount to a humiliation. This action is on a par with the President's course in issuing a circular to all witnesses against Babcock and Joyce and McDonald warning them that they should not expect mercy if they "peached." It Bhows that Belknap, a prisoner before the bar of the Senate, charged with a crime which has brought disgrace upon the American name all over the world, is as much a power as when in the War Department. The fact that the President's order was issued in spite of the protests of Secretary Taft and General Sherman shows that there is a power in Washington behind the throne greater even than that of Cabinet Ministers or generals in command of the army. The Heathen Chinee* Parts of a country are often compelled to endure some burdensome condition out of regard to the welfare of the whole, and the whole is always under the obligation to see that no part shall be tried in this respect to an extreme or unnecessary degree. Califor nia makes a fair demand under this general principle when she calls for the modification of the treaty with China, and it is for the nation to consider whether we have under that treaty any advantage that we might not better relinquish than to put ourselves in the position of inflicting upon a State of the Union such a scourge as the hordes of Chinese immigrants. Many arguments are made in favor of the introduction of these immigrants, but they principally come from the steamship companies who realize large sums for the transportation of them, or from employers who have no other interest in the case than that of getting laborers who will do for one dollar what the men of our own country and race cannot or will not do for less than two dollars. It is dangerous to be guided by merely economical considerations in our estimate of the proprieties of a case that is not limited in its results to economical facts, but has its social, moral and political phases. The steamship arguments are founded on a view of nothing whatever but the interests of the steamship companies. The cheap labor argument is the small gospel of the sharp trader, who does not care when the deluge comes if he can make his little fortune mean while and have a boat ready against the evil day. These are not authorities on which great problems of government are to be swayed one way or the other. From California comes the view of the Chinese problem that regards the whole field?the social, the moral, the religious, the economical aspects of the case?and ?he whole nation may well afford to profit by the experience of our friends on the Pacific. They know the Chinaman. They have had him for a neigh bor and a servant, and they regard his pres ence among them as we might regard the introduction into our nurseries or schools of sopae new and horrible disease that defied treatment. His beastliness, his physical degradation, his vices, his filth, his want of all the moral and intellectual attributes that go to make up a civilized creature on our standard will contaminate the life of a nation sooner than the nation can raise him to its level. Coaching. The fact that Mr. Kane drives a conch every morning from Madison square to Pelhain Bridge, returning in the afternoon, is a little matter in itself. Every gentleman has the right to enjoy himself in his own way without his actions becoming a matter of comment. But this is something more than a personal amusement. It is a new step in the direction of rational enjoyment, which is olways welcomo to this hurried, feverish and overworked community. Any thing that takes the American into the open air and induces him to so out into the fields ! or up into the mountains or upon the waters?anything that brings to him the I advantages of air and exercise and healthful ! amusement?is an advantage to our general society. For this reason we welcome every new boating, cricket, base ball or yachting club as an education of our people in a mat ter of which they know so little?namely, how to live and enjoy life. Coaching is a generous amusement; more so than many others, which are selfish in this, that they are exclusively personal. The fisherman sits by his stream all dny alone,. j dreading interruption. The hunter, with gun und dog, prowls from field to field, contcnt with his bag of game. The lover of the turf j finds his pleasure in a crowded field and the overtraining which sometimes is the price j or, we may say, the penalty of victory. But the coachman shares with others the pleas ure of his task. The sunshine, the cool j mountain breezes, the salt air coming up : | from the sea, the varieil delights of scenery, I ; the noble animals, which seem to spurn tho ; earth as they fly along, taking new life from ! its bosom with every movement; tho ' ! cliarm of social converse, tho dinner, tho chat and the cigar ; the fact : j that a long summer day has been one J of life and enjoyment and activity and ! wholesome recreation?all of this is com- I ; bined in the pleasure of couching. For this i reason wo give the new amusement a wel . come, and we honor Mr. Kano as a public j | benefactor for introducing a custom that has for somo time been among the favorite amusements of the English gentlemen. , Whatever we may say about our friends across the sea regarding their manners and customs and opinions we must admit that in i all that goes to improve tho manliness and courage and high spirit of a people they are j our masters. The danger of Xmerioan life is ! that in our eagerness to found an empirs ! we destroy the elements of empire that 1m> , long to trne manhood. What Mr. Kane ha* ! done is therefore worthy of speoial honor, j We trust to see the time when we shall have ! a half dozen coaches going daily from New . York to the suburb*. There is no city in , the world with so many attractive drives as I this. Mr. Kane has taken the road to the Sound; but there is the road to Yonkers, | along the Hudson ; another to Glen Cove, on the opposite side of the Sound ; another to ; Coney Island and the pleasant, quaint nest of villages between Brooklyn Heights and | the sea. Over in New Jersey there are splendid drives. Take the surface of the Palisades. One of the most attractive road* in the country could be made along the tan of this wonderful rock, with the great city & New York and the beautiful oounty of West Chester at our feet. There is Orange and down the coast toward Perth Amboy and Monmouth, a country of historical interest and natural beauty, all within a day's easy coaching. Altogether, we think. that coaohing is m revelation in its way of new possibilities fox amusement and health-seeking. We Ksow Nothing of Wirt Sikes, who has been nominated by the President as Consul to Florence. This want of knowledge is s good sign that there is nothing against him. We are told that he is an industrious jour nalist who earns his living by his pen. Be cause of his profession the newspapers de nounces him. ThiB is not fair. Wirt Sikes as a journalist would make as good a consul as Wirt Sikes the rich swell, who does nothing but give dinners, or Wirt Sikes the politician, who has been a "heeler" about the capital, or Wirt Sikes the "army bummer," who has lived in clover at the expense of the poor soldiers, or Wirt Sikes the brother-in* law of the President, quartered on the pub> lie service. The President has done so little for journalists that we appreciate the atten tion to so modest a member of the profession as Wirt Sikes. But why journalists should pelt Wirt passes our comprehension. The Silver Qubstion.?A good deal of nonsense is written about the depreciation of silver and the wickedness of the govern ment in issuing silver eoins for their value in greenbacks. It is certain that silver, whether we call it money or spoons, will not bring more than it is worth, no matter what Congress may do in the way of legislation. That is a question that will always settle it self. In the meantime we are glad to see the silver coins coming baok into circula tion. They may not be worth as muoh as greenbacks in the eyes of some, but the people will.be glad enough to take as many of them as the government can spare. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Ko r-sters In tbis month. De Quincov bad a musical voice. Last year big politicians died, tbis year big capitalists are dying. Tbo Newark (X. J.) Journal believes that New Jersey will go for Conkling. The Territorial Enterpritt (Nev.) calls the democratic clamor "tbo old rebel yelL" Twenty thousand live hundred and sixty-four mora males than fomalos la Philadelphia. A Colorado mine is sending 10 the Centennial a natar ral sleeve button containing $800 in silver. Boston republicans are In favor of civil service ra* lorm and believe that Bristow represents it In tha South, if you are a man you are at least a Colonol or a General, but in the North you are at most a Mr. The Miner*' Journal wants to know why Black Hills adventurers wore driven out last year and protected this year. It is now believed that the two women Benders, at Kansas butcbcry fame, have been captured at Lara, mie, Wy. T. A new edition of that notable financial work, "Fens on tbo Funds," which may be termed the Bible of lbs investor, has Just appeared in London. Mark Twain has in the press or the American Pub lishing Company, Hartford, a new book entitled "Tht Adventures of Tom Sawyer." "Danbury Newt Lots of able-bodied young ladles are off all da? huntine for trailing arbutus whose pa rents haven't got a spoonful of horseradish in the house. *' Governor Tllden complains that in the recent Utlca Convention John Kelly "threw" him; and It does seem as If, with ex-Governor Seymour's aid, Chief Juatiee Church might become the dark horso. The Baltimore Gazette says that there was a tlms when the Justioos of the Supreme Court did not discuss on tbe sidewalks the questions which were likely to come before them for final adjudication. The Opclika (Ala.) Timet, in a slashing article on tha recent clerical scandsl, In which the word "ruin" fre quently occurs, thinks that ministers are no more to be blamed for wrong-doing tban other mon. The Appletons' edition of the Art Journal will illus trate the Ceateumal Exhibition by devoting about eight pages In each monthly number, commencing in May or June, to cuts of objects of interest there exhibited. The noxt issue ol tbe "Iilustratod Library of Won ders" will be "Arms and Armor In Antiquity and tha Middle Ares," from the French by Charles Boutall, and Bcnbner will shortly issue it. It is now claimed that when Bristow was about to enlist in the Union army bis father-in-law, who was a rebel, threatened to disinherit him, and that Bristow replied, "You may take your property and go to helL" Mr. W. G. Nash's "Century of Gossip; or, tne Real and tbe Seeming of New England Life," will be pub I llshed May 15, by W. B. Koen, Cooke k Co., ol Chi cago. Jennie Lawson, a little Utlca girl, got up In her sleej In the darkness the other night and, slate In hand| ciphered out some sums that she had been unable t? solve tbo evoning before. Now let bar tall OS about Blaine's chnnces. Mr. Houser, co proprietor of tha 81 Loots Globe Democrat with McKce, tbe Whiskey Ring convict, is In Chimgo, supposed to be getting signatures from J. Rus sell Jones and Josoph Medill in favor of McKea, He la on bis way to Washington. Tbo Vlcksburg (Miss.) Herald saya that General Hancock cornea lrom a State already concedod to the radicals, nud It thereby implies that ha ^ouid not be n good democratic candidate fbr the Presidency. But Hancock is not thought ol as belonging to a Suite. Southerners who do not believe in federalism and who are stern advocatea ol States rights sometimes demand that the general government shall improve their harbors and rivers. Tbis is all very well practi cally, but It does not agree with the Southern theory. Mr. Price's "Hand Hook ol London Hankers," just out In London, has an interesting history of the nst and progress of English banking, from the gold smiths or the seventeenth century to the numerous banking firms now buying and selling on the Stock Ex change. In San Fraacisco they go up, up, up, and then they 1 cooso down, down, down. Kslston tind his baok crowd financially whlppod out their competitors; Flood and i O'Brien, the bonanza kings, who kept a saloon whtlo ! Ralston was in his prime, rose and whipped out Ralstos | most unmercifully, and now there is a new "crowd" making efforts te whip out Flood and O'Brien, The I'ubiithrrt' Weekly, which has been printing teat lists of tbe most salable bonks, finds that tho best sell* lag works on tac Revolutionary period are reported tjy leading booksellers to be tbo following, ia tha order of demand:?iAWilng s "Field Book of tbo Revolution," j (treenr ? "Historical V lew of tbe American Revolu ; "?">>" Irving'* "Lite of Washington," Sabine's "Loyal ! >sts of the American Revolution," Greeaa's "Life of Nathaniel Greene," Frothlngbam's "Siege of Boataa," I Headley's "Washington and Hlsttoaarala"

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