Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 5, 1876, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 5, 1876 Page 3
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WASHINGTON. The President On His Absence From the Seat of Government. A REPLY TO THE RESOLUTION OF THE HOUSE. A Courteous Reminder and a Few Historical Reminiscences. THE COMING MAN AT ST. LOUIS. FROM OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT. Wasbuotok, May 4, 187a III BEADIXO OF THE PBESIDENT'h MX88AQK BXOABDXXO BIS ABSEKCE FBOM THE BEAT OF GOVERNMENT IK THE HOCSE?A GENTLE HI>Tr TO THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH TO MIND ITS OWN BUSINESS?THE EFFECT CHEATED. ? dull dav in the House was enlivened toward tho close by two or three incidents, chief among which was the reading of a message from the President in answer to a resolution asking him concerning his Absence Irom the seat of government. He told the House, at con siderable lengtn, that he had the constitutional right to be abeoot when he pleased and that It was none ?f their business, and enforced his proposition by an trample which caused great amusement on both sides utd npplause among the republicans. Ho said that if 'ho leaders of a powerful rebellion during Mr. Lincoln's rimlnistration had succeeded, as they tried, lu captur ng Washington, the President would have contluued lis official functions Just us perfectly elsewhere. A nemorandum at the close ol tho messago gave tho lumber of days each President has been absent from Iho Capitol, aud some amusement was again manCested it the fact that tho conspicuously democratic Presi Ibnts were absent oftener than others. Jefferson was tway from tho Capitol 796 days; Madison, 639; Jack ton, 602; John Quiney Adams only 122; Fllmore but W. Washington was away 181 days. On the whole It iraa acknowledged on both sides that the President had nade his points well and with good temper, and bo look particular care not to tell tho House how many lays he had been absent from the seat of government, fho messago was referred to the Judiciary Committee uid ordered to bo printed. The President has been daring his whole administra tion very careful on one point. Ho has never trav. died out of tho boundaries of the United States. Dur tag his visits to Xiagara Falls he has even refused to iross to the Clifton Houso. When visiting a frloud at Thousand Islands bo would net cross to the Canada ?bore. When, in 1871, bo was present at tho opening of the European and North American Railroad he (topped at Vanceborough, near the Canada lino. Ho earelully refused to cross even the little Itlver St Croix, which forms the boundary line there. So far as li now remembered here, there is but one instance of a President of the United States going into a foreign eountry. Mr. Van Buren went to Kingston, In Canada, In 1839, and he was much criticised for his journey at the time. CHE BT\ LOUIS NOHINEB?TBE DAVIS move ment at a standstill?ODOB OF ANCIENT whiogeby MOT PLEASING TBE MODERN DEMO CRATS?A COMPROMISE CANDIDATE IN TBE PERSON OP john M. PALME B, OF ILLINOIS, PEOPOSBD. The force of tbe movement toward Judge David Davis imong the democrats seems to have spent Itself. The objection to blm that ho is an old whig Is found to bo very strong among tho men who sincerely desire to Bake the democratic party a truly national party, but ; want It, at tho same time, to remain distinctly demo j tratlo and not whig. At the same time tho feeling gathers strength, especially among Western and i Southern men, that It would be wise and Insure the i certainty of a democratic success if tbe St. Louis Con- j reutlon should nominate what Is here called a "com- : promise" candidate, a man of national roputatlon, a ' Bitten soldlor and yet one tsmiliar with nndexperienced i In civil affairs. J There is news here from the West of* strong set of i ?pinion among Western democrats in favor of General ! John M. Palmer, of Illinois, and it Is said that an organi tation for the purpose of bringing hix name forward I kas already neen begun, and that several j Dlinols newspapers will break ground In his favor j ihortly. General Palmer, his friends here say, was an tld democrat before the war, became a republican | taring the Nebraska struggle, fought with great dis tinction during the war, was republican Governor of Illinois from 1868 to 1872 and loft the republicans shen Grantism and centralisation exeited his alarm rnd opposition. He has ainco acted with the demo irstlc party. He has tbe fkvor of the granger ele nent, la a pronounced hard money man. Is very popular among the farmers of Illinois and Indiana and Is much liked by tbe Germans. It ta asserted here that the Palmer movement has a | number of strong Western democrats behind it, and that he will be a formidable rival of Judge Davis, being if democratic instead of whig antecedents. ICOBE TBEASUBY TESTIMONY BY MB. CHESVEB? MONEY ALLEOED TO BATE BEEN PAID TO ORVILLE GRANT AND JUDGE DENT. Benjamin H. Cheever was before the committee again to-day and gave some further heursay testimony, which kas been kept secret. Part of It was a statement that i ' Clews had told him that he had |>ald OrvUle Grant f15,000 and Jndgo Dent (10,000 to get his firm all the government a epos Its abroad. THE ABMT AND NAVY APPROPRIATION BILLS. The redaction In tbe Navy bill smounts In reality to tearly $5,600,000, and tbe apportionment is so fixed thai the department cannot spend more than its appro- j priation daring tbo coming year. TJie Army bill will be returned to-morrow to the Mil- j llary Committee by Secretary Taft, to whom It was j tent for examination, and he has reduced it about |5,250,000 with tbe help of General Sherman and other ?Ulcers. It will probably be still farther reduced In the Appropriation Committee. CHE USELES8NE8B AND BAD EFFECT OF IN YESTiaATINO WITH CLOSED DOORS. The case of Cheever is an Instance of the uselessness If the investigating commlttoes sitting with closed loors snd under injunctions of secrecy. It tends only to tho magnifying of rumors and injury to private j character, and does not really help the ends of justice. Ulssttll hoped that the House will order the com Blttees to open their doers. It is the best way to get 1 tvidonce. Mr. Danford, a republican member of the , Naval Committee, says he is disgusted with the msnner In which tbet committee has conducted Its investiga tion, and that be olTorod a motion moro than two siOnths ago to allow Seoretary Kobeson to appear be fore the committor to defend himsell and cross-examine 1 witnesses. Mr. Clynser's committee, which sat with open doors, at least gave men falsely accused an op portunity to reply at once, us in the case ot the uu- I warrantable attaeK made by a witness upon General Meigs, which Was immediately shown to bo fklse. Xor Is It pre leaded that that committee did its work less ?ffectively than those which havo sat in secret, for tbe sod trary is true. SUE STATUS OF COLONEL STEINBEBGER?- A j COMMUNICATION FUOM TBE STATE DEPlItT MENT TO THE UNITED STATES CONSUL AT I SAMOA. The following extract from a despstch Irom tbe Stale Deportment to Mr. Potior, L'nttod States Consul at ( Samoa, fixes with tome deilntteness the status of Col onel Stelnberger at that date, January 12:? Ho has fulfilled his mission, made his report sod tendered his resignation a? speita! agent, a inch litis been aceeptt^l, and any official or semi-official Connec tion ne may have had with this not eminent I* termi nated. His tlrst visit to the islands was merely ter the pnrpofe of observing and rej ofltng upon their condition ; his second was to fulfill certain uuile* in regarJ to which he was specially in structed and which have liven lulfllleti. to osuvnn pmwssrs. On neither oavsien am tits visit have any diplomatic ?r political signlHcanee whatever. Colonel Mteinbert:?r was uot authorised or empowered by the Tinted states to form a government in Sam?it or to pledge the Untied ' States to sustain m any way, dirvctly or indirectly, auy ' lllifisint thM he might lorm or assist in lorm n^. i The raited States Consul I* the onlv representative ol the in; tod Slut oh In the Samoan Island*. au<i you will U inform the missionaries aad others lnterinlM. I am, sir. yaur obedient ?ervant, J. A. CAMPBELL, Third Assistant Secretary. UK. ZXIXBT'S DESIRE TO ALLOW FBOVIDEXCK A FA IB CHANCE On a resolution by Mr. Blaine instructing the Waya and Means Coanmlttee to consider ai once what can bo done tu remedy the scarcity ol small change, Mr. Kel ley amaMod the House by asking that Providence, to which the whole matter bad evidently beon committed by the Ignorance of Congress, should be allowed a lair chance and another two weeks to deal with the matter and work -ut some detinue result which Congress waa plainly unable to da AM ADDITIONAL DCTT FURNISHED TBI LOUISI ANA IXVESTIOATIHO COMMITTEE. Jast at the clo.e of proceedings in the House came a resolution instructing the I.ouixuua Committee to in vestigate the murder of Twitcboll and another* in tho Red River country, and to inquire particularly whether i thvKO murders were or were not or a i>olilicaI character, j Mr. Beebe ottered an amendment requiring also tin in | quiry tuto the murder of several negroes during an j election at Indianapolis, and there was an uproar which i was quieted by Mr. Levy, a democrat of Louisiana, who | asked that no objection bo made by any ono to the j pas?age of the original resolution, becauso tho people 1 ot Louislaaa not only liad no objection to a thorough In* I vestigatioo, bat asked to hare it made. Thereupon the i resolution was unanimously adopted. GENERAL WASHINGTON DESPATCHES. Washingtox, May 4, 1S7& J SOSSAOE 0* THE PREHIDEJtT TO THE BOCSE BBOAKUINO EXECUTIVE ACTS WHEN ABSEMT >'BOM THE BEAT OF GOVERNMENT. The President to-day sent tho following measage to tbe Houae In reply to Koprosentativo Blackburn's reao Hon Hoi'hk or Kkp?*?**tativil?:? I bavo given very attentive consideration toa rwio lutiou of tbe Houso of Representative*. pa?*i'J on iho .H.inril reuuestinz tbe President or the United ^.tU Pto nfonu the Hoa,e whether any executive ?ffi? acta or duties, and, If any. what have, within a spocltl'cd period, been perlormed at a "j^.ve K<*nt of coriTniucnt established by &.C. n^ve? hwlUieftaiidihiUliioV besiuto to con?inuulcuto to Congress, uud to cither branch the'001- | STSS *I,Cthe Pre ?Went" to 'give. or which wiU bo to , Erfs ^?wan.Mssl s , tboTnlted States tbo authority given to tho Houseof Representatives, one brunch ot the Congress in which is vested tbo legislative power of tho ! nnipfl of tbo Executive, an independent brunch o , tho government co-ordiuate with the Sonate and House j olUprciontative.. an account of hi- d..ehargeof hi. I annrouriuto and partly executive offices, act* andjlu- , ticc eRher as to when, where or how perlormed V.bat thoHouse o( Representative* may require as a right in ita demand upon tlio Executive for information, i? limited to what 1* necessary lor tho proper diachargo ?f ua powers of legislation or ol Impeach i Tho luquiry in the resolution of the Houso as to where executivo acts havo, within the ; Inst seven vears, been performed, and at what distance j irom anv particular spot, or for how Ions a iwriod at LnTone *c!, doU not necessarily belong to the provinces o. iegialation ; it doc* not profess to be asked Fur thai object. If this information bo sought tl'roufcl? an inquiry ol tbe Pro??dent as to bis executive acts in view or in aid ol tho i?ower of impoachmoot vested in House it l? asked in derogation or an inherent , n^uJal right. recognmed in this country by a constiur | tional guarantee which protects every i>r>i<i<ieitt as well as the humblest in tho laud, *om . President a? iu against biuisolf. During tbo i tlmo^that 1 have lifd the honor to oocupy the W*1}}?^ I of President of this goverumont it has hocn, and while I ??nni inue to occupy that position it will be, my earnest endeavor to^recoVoizo and to respect the several trusU and duticB and powers of the tbe covernment, not encroaching upon them, nor enow , inii eucroaebments u|>on tho proper powent whiofc tbo ' ' i. nr ltl0 United States havo conflded to ine, but rr ~r Sr-Jsas r=;ic*"v,r z i f Ji? n.ih whicli I have taken to "pro protect and defend'1 that instrument, j ^ maintenance of the rights secured by tbe conetitu tion to tbo Kxecutive brmnub of tbe government. atu compound to decline any specific or detailed *? Hr,r^u^-cuHrd%^:u.^"aoQVwr.t q KiMSSSW S?S aii^one Uroe, and in what part of the United State* ' ?t however the House of Representative* desires to know whether during the period ot upward ol seven Z H nV?mch 1 haveheld tho office or President y?""' ???,"? ?tales I have beeu absent Irom tbe scat o Sernmen^audwbe^rdurlng that perlodlh^ .irtormed or have neglected to perform any of the du lu?* of tnv olDce I IreeJy Inform the House that from tbe time ol niy cniwnce upon t^ dulles ol my offlcs^ have been In the habit, as were all of my ing the duties of hU office and whose continuod pre?ence lu Washington was nec e*sary Irom toe ex.stence at the time o- a ,H.werlul rebelbon) of absenting myself at times from the seat of roveri'ment. and that during suc-n absences I did not neglect or forego the ob Igstlons or thei duties of my offio<>. but continued to discbarge all ol ,|>e ?Mentive offices acts aud duties whlcn were required of me ?a Resident of the United States. (Applause irom the rt tiublican side ) I am not aware tbat a laiiure occu'red in uny one instnuoo of my exorcising the functions and requiring I heir dl^ charge or or my exercising all necessary executive acts in whatever part ot tho United States 1 may at the time have been. Fortunately the rapidity of travel 1 and ot mail communication, .ud tbe facility Instantaneous . orreM-ondence with offi. ?? "* ? of government which tbe telegraph affords W the Pre? dent in whatever section of tho Union lie may i.e ??n'iblu him in these days to maintain as constant and "most a. q^ intercourse with .lepartmcnta at W^ Ington as may be maintained while be remains In the CUTheuece?slty of the performance of executive acta j by the President of the Vnlted ??U? existsi and ta de^ | minti hnn wherever ho may bo within tne United States duiing bis term of oltlco by tbe constitu tioa of the United States. His civil powers aro no . more limited or capable of limitation ss to 'he place wtiere ibev shall bo exercised than arc those which ho nught bu requ/rod to discharge in his capecity of oonr C ^Miblv eve" without the limits of tho In Ud States Hail the efforts of those recently in "J*1"?? ?winnRi the government liecn tuccessful in driving a hfioPrcsideDtoftl'O United States Iron, Wash \j-ass p b??Kr?l ?iinu hnre thau in tho place named by law as seal of uovorninent. No act of Congress can limit, sus assnmes thus to limit or restrict the exercise of the assumes iiiu v*ecuttve. Woro there such acts I should norerthele-s, recognize the superior authority of tie constitution and should exercise the powers re ' T? nf iKa House relates to the establishment or the seat or iovernnient and the providing ol suitable ''it'was no*n n<ler?t oo?l a tits date and*by t.eneral W?shl?,8u.n to oonjne tlje Pres. dent, in the discharge of his duties anu power*, w rl'orred to General Washington Issued on exccu or'hie^rV'acVlronrtl^'r'ett^sh^'a place* rerooiefron. jrstrASSias??'- r", - t ch' d to the a. at of government'' should for the time remain That none ??f his successor# have entertained the idea tbat their executive otllres could l?? onlv at tho seal ot government t* evidenced b) 'jj? hundreds upon hundreds of *uch scu_rr'?^n \yu my predecessors in uubrokon line from V> aahington '''^m.morandnm of the general nature and character of sour.rwT.ich acts ts submitted her.with. aud no question has been raised as to the J ; acts or to tbe nvht and propriety of the fcxecotive toe* ercise the powers ol bis office in any Pert ?Jn?|l? ; United State*. l Wasiiin<it?).v, May 4. | It will bo observed that the message is dated Wash IngtoD, without the usual prelix ot ?'Executive Man- j SIOII." AccomjMiiiytiig Ihe message is a memorandum of absence* of the President* ol tho United State* Irom the national c*pitaI during each of the several admin mirations and o! public and executive acts performed during tbo time of such absences This memorandum contains the following Inloriuaiion aud much more of the same geneial character, only Ihe moft Important or tbe arts recited In the memorandum being selected for mention in this abstract:? President Washington was lre?iuenlly ?l*ent Irom the | rutiiUi He appears to have been thus absent at least i l'f dav* dulTn-j bta term. In March 1WI. IM j seal ol government being then at Hiila*! , tr,a he issued a proclamation dat.d at Jieorgetown In reterence to running tho boundary tor ih<- iMstrut ol Columbia, lie signed ut Mount Vernon an Ollirial letter to the Kmperor ol M?roct?, . ,nd irom the -aloe ptsee Issued the eoinmissiOU ol " er Wolcott as Comptroller ol Hi* Treasury, an.i the nntrUiuaiiou renpecting tbe wr.iskey insu.rectioo in i Fvnnsvlvalna; alfV tin- proclaiuatiou ol tbe Treaty of 1-M with Spam, and the executive order ol August 4, j !-?? rVutivs to Ihe duties on dlstil.ed spirits *c. , \vn?-n at t>er?aniown l.o s gu-.U sundry toiuraissH.n*. , H" nropo-eo to havo Mr. Yul.p. officially presented to I J ?1 Mmini Vernon as Knvoy Extraordinary and ; u'utister l'l' rt1lw'""?'*ry Irom Spaie. and Mr. Vunjo | ?? aeti at Qaincv, Mm, In tbe came manner a* when at tbo *?at uf government. Several of them am recited, and it alao specified that on the 28tn of Septemlier, 17U7. bo forwarded to the Secretary of State a commis sion lor a Justice of the Supreme Court, signed in Mima, ut Uuiiicv, with lnstru< lions to Oil in tbe nauio or Jobn Marshall, If be would accept, and if not, that of Uuslirod Washington. 1'reeidenl J-nVrsou was absent from tbe seat of gov ernmeDt, duriDfi hia two terms or office. "W days, or mure than one-fourth of tbe wbole official period Ho sinned and Issued from Monucello, among other things, seventy-live commissions. President Madison win absent 037 days, and President Monroe wax absent 708 days, independent of tbe year 1824 and two months of lKJ.'i, lor which period no data are lound. The latter trarsacted public business wherever he happened to be, and sometimes while travelling. President Jobs Quincy Adams was absent during bis single term 23 2days, and In bis "Memoirs'' (vol. ft., pp. 75) speaks of bis practice of leaving with his chief clerk blank papers, signed by bitu, to l>?; used when necessary for proclamations, remission of penalties and commissions ol consuls. He speak* also of doing tins same thing In regard to patents and land grunts. President Jackson was absent from the ceat of gov ernment 502 days. Am?ng other I m porta at acts per formed by blm when away from Washington whs his signing at Boston tbe famous order for the removal of deposits from State banks. Tbe memorandum at this |ioint rofers to President Jackson's refusal in 18!13 to furniah tbe Senate a copy I of a certain paper alleged to have been road by him to the Cabinet, and mentions lUat In January ! of tbo year 1837 lio refused to allow a committee J of tbo Houso of Representatives to tnako a general Investigation of tho executive departments without speelSc charges, on the ground, amonc others, that the use of the official books snd records for such purpose Interfero with the discharge of the public business. Other Presidents wero absent from Washington, and perlormed numerous official duties while absent. Van Burcu was absent 131 days; Tyler. 183 days; Polk, 37 days; Taylor, 31 days; Fillmore, AO days; Pierce, 67 days; Buchanan, 57 day* No mention Is made of absences of 1'rcBident Lincoln or Johnson. THE SECRET SERVICE VUND?JOHXN Y DAVEN PORT EXHIBITS ALL THE VOUCHERS HE HAS? WHAT HH CLAIMS TO HAVE ACCOMPLISHED. The Committee on Expenditures in tho Department , of Justice met to-day and continued tbe examination ! of John L Davenport, who spent a half hour in further producing and explaining vouchers. The witness I stated that be was personally acquainted with every person who had signed those vouchers and knew thorn all to be genuino; he also kuew that every man whoso ' name was on the pay-rolls and bad received pay lor services, as shown -by those pay-rolls and vouchers, actually performed tbe work for which ho was |uiid, | and every papor produced hero by himself was a bon<i .fitir voucher covering money actually expended, and these wero all the vouchers ho was ablo to famish, and they vouched for all tbe money he had receivod and expended, except some very small sums of no considerablo amount. In reply to Mr. Conger, tbe witness said tbo result or this expenditure bad been to suppress aud prevent fraudulent voting; tbo fraudulent voting was deemed greator in the donao cratic party than in tho republican party; tho work was so completely done that it could now bo earned out at very little expeuso; in 1S74 tbe expense was only $8,000, as against $13,000 for 1872, and It could be kept np for about $5,000 per annum; It had decreased bis fees vory materially, but .be was, to be (rank about It, anxious to make a reputation for himself in con | nertion with his plan for suppressing fraudulent voting. By Mr. Conger?Has your expenditure of this money consummated the object wblcb you supposed It would, and wblcb tbe President bad reason to believe It would when ho authorized tbo money to bo paid over to yon for this purpose? A. It bos, sir. Several questions of liko Import were asked by Mr. Conger, to which Mr. Caultlold strenuously objected. Mr. Couger insisted it was Important to show whether the President was justified or not In ordering tbo ex penditure of this sura of money. Alter some titno spoilt in discussing these questions, Mr. CaulUold objected to their being aus we red unlets i the committee decided it by a vote. Tbo vote showed j four In tbe affirmative and three in tbo negative. Mr. Canlfleld?Well, vou will seo whore this thing will lead to now. In answer to Mr. Candler, witness Mid the oait of this work had boon 100,000; the difference bet wren that sum'und the $34,000 coming from anoiher fund, lor which the vouchers were In the Treasury Depart ment. By Mr. Candler?Did you charge the government for tho labor of yourself on those books or for the use ot the books. A. For the labor and for the books them selves. Q. The hook* belong to the government* A. Yes, sir. Q. Then why did jrou take oat a copyright of some of your books In your own name? A. Tho copyrighted books are 110 part of thoae belonging totlie government, and aro my individual property, paid for by myaeir per sonally, for which I can show vouchers Witness further test I Bed that his method and his la bors had decreased fraudulent voting and registration very largely. He produced a list ot convictions and prosecutions of persons for these offences, which bad been prepared at the District Attorney's office In New York. Adjourned till to-morrow at ten o'clock. mb. blaine's vindication or himsblt?cob BESPONDENCB WITH MB. KIDDLK RBGABDINO AIXBQED ATTACKS ON MB. KNOWLTON. Mr. Riddle on the 2d Inst. addressed a letter to Rep resentative Blaiue, which was lurnlslied to several newpapers only for publication last night, though Mr. Maine says he replied to it yesterdsy an hour irom the time be received it The following is the letter of Mr. Riddle:? Tcksday Kvmxixo, May 2, 187ft. Hon. J. G. Blaixs:? Sik?Having made the occasion an J prepared the means on yesterday, from your place ou the tloor of the House, you assaulted the reputation of James Wolcott Knowiton, then two years and a I.Ml In his grave. Had be survlve<t till to-day you would have remained silent, and your Joe Stewarts and MacKarlands would have told no tales. He left a widowed mother and two young sisters m Washington, and a brother in n distant city. He was the husband of my daughter, and as dear to me and mine as if born and reared one ol my family, it devolves on me to vindicate ?s I best may bis mem. ory from your aspersions, which I shall do at an early day. No one knows better than yourself that I am moved to th:s labor solely by my duty to my dead, | Very sincerely, A. G. RIUDLK. To which Mr. Blaine responded as follows:? Washixutox, May 3, 187A Hon. A. t?. Riudlk:? Dkar Sis?I am totally surprised by the tone of yoar note touching Mr. Kno<vlton. I was especially careful to make no reference to him thai. In my ludgment, could ollend the most sensitive feeling. You caouot but be aware that Mr. Rnowlton's name lias been used for some years past and with vindictive forco and fre quency this winter t< Injure me. Testimony reported as i omine from him. but which you know he never gave, has been carried and quoted in all directions, and I haul to cboose between disproving It and tacitly admit ting It with all its damauing implications, "but no ?>no save yourseir can see in iny reference to Mr. Knowlton's uamc the slightest oiarespoct to hi* memory. On the coutrary. it relieves him Irom the authorship of an unlouuded calumny. If, however, you jndge it to be wi.-e, or prudei.t, or oxoedient to seek a personal controversy with me over Mr. Knowl ton's grave I shall greatly regret it. and 1 think In tho end you will regret it still more. Nor can I believe that on cool reflection you will |iurntil yoursell to do anything so uncalled lor mid in all respect* so extraor dinary. Very respectfully, J. G. III. A INK. THE MARY MERBITT INVESTIGATION CLOSED. The Committee on Kxpeiiditure* In the Treasury De partment thiii morning resumed the Investigation of the charges against Secretary Bristow in connection with the releaso of the bark Mary Merritt, and exam Ined Messrs. Keland and Triee, of oounsei for the owners of tho vessel. Both these gentlemen cor roborated the previous witnesses wbo testified that General Brlstow's connection with tho case wm a mere matter of Iriendshlp; that be never received any leo or compensation of auy kind, and that his entire record throughout the whole attair was in no manner im peachable. The examination of these witnesses closed toe Investigation. UENBUAL Cl'BTBR ORDERED TO RESUME BIS COMMAND. Orders hare been Issued Irom the War Department directing General Custer to resume his command. Tho Indian expedition, tinder General Terry, has already i started. General Custer will not take part, but returns ? to his poet, wheneo ho came to obey the summons of tho Congressional Investigation Committee. THE BLACK HILLS GETTING HOT. j , Omaha. Neb., May 4, 1870. j A recent arrival from Custer City says that a great scarcity of food exists throughout thi Hills. The prices | are: Bogar, 40c. per pound; bacon, 60c.; coru, 60s. j and Hour t'll per sack ic Custer City. Tho road from j > .hi harnnilu to Custer City is strewn with wagon* be longing to parNes who hail been attacked bv Indians On April 10 a party of the letter came up within loo yards ot Cusier City sad rsa ofl thirty head of horse* 1 CHAMBER OF [ Annual Banquet of New York's Merchant Princes. ELECTION OF OFFICERS. An Oratorical Tilt Between Two Possible j Presidents. PIERREPONT ON OFFICIAL MISERY. The annual diuner of the Chamber of Commerce of ' the State of New York was served lust evening in tbo talon of Bolmonico, Fifth avenue and fourteenth street. Tbo ba?i|Uot halt wit* docoruted with national flags. Over tbo bead of the President wus tbo seal of tbe Chamber. At tho eastern end of the room wore the arm* of tbo city of New York. At tbo west bung tho shield ol tho Km(nre State. Along tho front of the > tablo occupied by the oilicers and invited guests were mounds or (lowers. Among the prominent guests present wero His Ex cellency Governor Samuel J. Tildeu, Hon. Edwards Pierropout, Attorney General of tho United States; Hon. 8. B. Chittenden, Member of Congress; Hon. Bonjamln A. Willis, Member of Congress; Thomas 1_ James, Postmaster; George II. Miarpe, John Rigelow, Secretary if State; 1* Bradford Prinoo, State Senato; George H. Forstor, State Assem bly; Salem U. Wales, l'rusideut Bock Cominls ?ion; Andrew H. Green, Euoch I* Fancher, Charles P. Daly, John K. Brady, Noah Bavis, William E. Curtis, Abraham 11. I?iwrence, Charles O'Coiior, Joseph H. Choate, Kev. E. H. Cbapin, ! B. B.; Rev. Theodore U Cuyler, B. B.; Hov. John Hall, B. B.; Rev. Edward A. Washburn, B. B.; Hov. | William it. Taylor, B. B.; Kev. Gcorgo B. Wll'dls, I). B.; Tetonoski Tomita, Es<|., Yico Consul Japan; George Joner, David M. stone, John U. Ronton, White law lteid, Watson K. Sporry, Erastus ilrooks, .lames W. Slmonton, Stewart U Woodlord, William Walter Phol]>s, Clarkson K. Potter and Jobn A. Bix. After tbo cloth was removed the President of the j Chamber, Mr. Samuel B. Babcock, arose and, amid tho welcoming applattso of the assemblage, remarked that more than u century bad passeJ since tbo lirst dinner ot tbo association. All ho recollected about that dinner was that tbe abseut members paid tho ex- j penscs, which wore Ave shillings a piece. \ In those days tho Chamber was sech an ! lmporlaut body that the munioiptl government askod its opinion on almost every subject, including street cleaning ami the price of meat. Mr. llubcock thought j it would be well it tbe Chamber could have charge of ? the.-n departments now. He alluded briefly to the j present distress iu commercial circles which, be i thought, was caused by the demoralization produced , by nil overissue of paper money. What wo need, be thought, is a reform In tbe nutional, Stato and municipal governments, uhd also a re form in tho wuy of living of tho peoplo themselves. We need a higher standard of public and private morals. We havo a great need to call thitigs by their right numes. Wo should under stand that "embezzling" means theft and "a breach of trust'* robbery. (Applause.) Our prison doors, winch 1 open to tbo degraded criminal, should open wider to the educated criminal who proves recreant to a trust roposcd in nlm. In conclusion, Mr. Rabcock adminis- : tored n not unnecessary suggestion to prosy speakers by reminding the assemblage that ''brevity ia tbe soul i of wit" with business nu n. The remarks of tho President wero received with j generous applause, mingled with souio laughter, pro voked by the brutqurie of his closing remark. When { silence was restored, tbo first regular toast, "Tho i President of the United States," was announced, to be ( responded id bv Attorney General Plerrepont. whose remarks seemed to take a rather satirical turn und to ] 1 have a general reference to Governor Tildeu, who occu- , pied the seat on the immediate right of tbe President. ATTORHKY aWEIUh PIKItKKIttNT'M ADUUKrS. I It must be, be said, a very delightful tiling to bo i President ol tho United States. *'1 am sure it must bo very delightful.'* He Judged of this iroui the fact that so mauy Bit of great sense are anxious lo got to tbat i place, striving for it, taking all honorable mean* to I gain it. Some of them are republicans, some lib | erai republicans, some, bo lately found, are reform republicans and others aro democrats without any protix. He was acquainted with oue man who was President of the I'oiteJ States and had boen lor the post eight years nearly. Tho speaker I had had some talk with that gentleman upou the de | lights of the place, and miuht. consequently, be able to communicate to *omo of those men who were anxious ! to eel tlist pIsco how charming it was. Mr. 1'ierro pont here sketched the circumstances which led t<> the first election of President Grant and | tbo circumstances which led to that result. ; lie alluded to tbe general corruption that followed the close of the civil war and to the Inexperience in vtafsmansblp of tbe soldier who was elected lo the | Chief Magistracy. "Could you expect,1' .aid tho speaker, "that he would make no mistakes r That I would be impossible. He will tell you that be h.ui committed blunders, tbat be has made mistakes. But when Ins enemies have done their worst, and when the Penitentiary baa called all ber wiuiossot. his fmLNhs may nunr any sin to find u blot upon bia integrity. Aud if there Is any man who is thinking at all about thut place"? [Here tho speaker glanced slyly at (Governor Tildeu, and his eyes were followed by the amoved looks of tlio company, which broke out with uproarious lauglitoraud applause as the serious aud unmoved countenance of tbe Governor met their view.] "II there is any man that is thinking at all ulaiut that place 1 can as sure h m that when General Grant has stepped nut <>f it bo will look sorcnoiy ou aud see hiui enjoy tbo luxury and repose aud delights of tbo pluco without a ? 111*1? mm*"- ill intj. Altar another eulogy of ibe President Mr. Plorre poul referred to tbo luct that when bo lelt this city one year n^o to lake a place in the Cabinet at Wuslilng ton trade, be vru told, waa dcprossutl. but would re vive in the tail. H bud not revived In tbo lull, uud bo bad been told since entering the room that now, when the spring la nearly past, it bun not yet revived. What, lie asked, la the trouble? Crops were abutidaut, nine* proline and population greater than ever. Tbe tinubie, lie said. lay in tbo system of currency which bad arisen. There could bo no val ue* independent of tbe government, and values bad shrunk because our government ha<l not been good. One ol the uiemlwra bad told tbo si o.tker that in un experience ol liny years he bad never known Mew York so oppressed an at pre-en t. That was because tbe government bud been so fraudulent, taxes so heuvy, and government consequently was uiaiio so expensive that otber cities come in and lake our trude. So great was tliu expense in this city that be could put down a h&lo ol t-'noils ilia shop In Chicago cheaper than he could In Union square to-day. "Are you surprised, then,"'(be speukcr asked, "tliut trade cues In tlio otber cities when you spend .vour time and money upon making cosily ptrks, unnecessary boulevards und oilier costly ornamenta tions which tbe city will not grow up to for fitly years to come, instead ol lavoring commerce nun doing that for which Uod and nature put you in ibis placer' (Ap plause. ) WK IIA VK ALL TDK MEANS Or PKOSI'RRITT, why ore we uot pro-perous * The reason is very plain. There is proper relation between capital and labor uud credit, or capital mid labor. There is no relation between capital and lals>r, because confidence has de purled. Tbe capitalist does not know what will Imppen next week. He does uot know that the money he lends will not be returned to hliu at "s >mo future time in pa|>er. As a very Influential body of citizens. you will h;ive inuch to do with the settlement of these diltlculties. You will have much to do with the selection of our next President. II you turn your .illculioii to he select ou of some man ol tried ability, of uiii|llcalluue<l integrity, of experience In public allium, and of tbe bread knowledge which romm -nds bun to the country, und then it you will elect him after you have selected him. the country will start on npaiu in the prosperity which In'Ioiijs to i< und which will lie greater than" ever It bais been before. (A pplause. | (10VKRNOH Tlt.DKN'a SI'KJK It. Ibe second toast wa- "1'bo Stale ot New York," which wus reapouded to by Governor Tilden, who rose, umid hearty applause, atil, alter some remarks com glimcutary to tne association and Its newly elected resident, said:? We have hoard Irom the gentleman who last ad-, drt-ssed y?a the rather melaticiioly and deplorable ex perience of the present incumbent ol tbo Presidential) cliair (loud laughter) i coufess as 1 looked a rutin! Ill I saw Ibal the statement appeared to depress s vet si gentlemen here; but inasmuch as with his character istic discretion your president has arranged all the gen- , lieinen who are thinking of such things ?u theieitoi ibe Chair and in the order, I pr?>iune, ot ihe.r pro-peel*. I don't feel called upon to oiscuss that M^ecl (laugbti r and applause). I AM MVSKI.K A I.ITTLM DIIT.XMSKU and yet a lilllo joyful, lor I !oil to-duy 111 Albany 2*0 bills wbich arc to beoomo lawa ami which 1 have to pass on in tbe next twenty.odd days, lint when I think of tbe aavcral hundred others winch were not passed I rejoice (daughter ) I rejolcc w hen. 1 think 1 cannot add anything about our present commercial j troubles Inasmuch aa tbe Attorney Ueiieral ol our lUpu he bas coiue to-niuht to put in a coffmv*it. I don't too that anything remains j but to confess jodgineoL (Laughter.) When ray Iriend 1 asked what alia you and ropiied overtaxation and abuse in government, lie undoubtedly put bia finger oh tbe evil. Hut bo seemod to think that tbo prricipul source of tbe evil was in the municipal government, j Now, my I'rienila, the federal government draws Irom the ,ynoo,ooo of people in the State of , Xew York more, far more, taxes than the Hlato government and all the local and innni- , clpul governments put togetbrr. (Applause.) Mr. I Opdykc in ibe convention of 1M< estimated the ie<lerai ' taxes ol tbo Mate of New York at $mmOj.OOu. Put it I at leas Uian that even, and it exeeeUs all looat tualwu | " * 'f. Ux*,,on- "> <bst connection I have the satisiaauon to aum.uyce to you that the session of the UgUlaiuro ju^t h** kept down the bills of tb? ?real' w or|T^ ? inV It lt!r ,1" improvement of that lil t**! It' r . M r*3mle?i ?M*W.UUO of tbo this Male lu'o . ^ich " drew 'rum tbe people ot , you 'ahuut m- I M'I'liu.e ) I don't talk to iud UUlet'* n!<luo# u""on. tbe close o! ilu. ?J" to **J' htre tonight that ' ,*e ?\}iu* *"??ian remits iu ult> people or the an J a'oiilau 1?*^ *4-JMI0?000 ?? Uxe*. (Cries of "<lo?d" anil apphuist). 1 quiia agree with I he siieaktr that last &V" men ? i I 7' ,no ?W'tlnlotof our oountry. Il withaflrni bo d, deeulve hand, we will strike at too LuoI lh.M evils, prosperity will return. rooisoi tuese ?.. , ???"?'* iiKaiiT'c kkmakkv. The next regular t-.^t, ..rlic cu f ? . reminded lo by Judge John R. Brady who hamor ousiy remarked that as he wax quite uuprcimred and didnotkuow exactly what tbe Chamber ?f ffm?M *"*; '"J would refer them lur a xteeeh mi i thai subject to Mr. Cliaunoey M. Depeu !!?? ki4id he "nl.,bu, riI"arkH 1'ierrepoDt thai lb" : racc lor the i residency lay beiwceu Governor Tilden and Mr. Merrepont; 'and I an, Mire/' cb7 M.eaker added, thai tbu Attorney (General will hel hi?h on i icrrepont. Alter some further remurks smirkUm? with wiity allusion, the speaker clos?by oTrm" 5 Nailvo lad Korelgn."?W V?rk~a j UK. JllllX IULL fOLLOWEtl In reply to tbo toast, "Commerce?the Outgrowth of 1 I rtedom, tbe Civllizer ol Nation* the Distributor of Knowledge, the Handmaid ol Power.'' The reverend gentleman. in an address reploto with eluousnce and Rumor. eulogized the merchinu engag. lT Cam ,u' wim*T?h?h? 'r"Mt u"v',or Sou? hn .Mir ? 5 lhcjr r"sl",n'Ul1 l" any appeal on t.half of a good cause no lens than lor lliu enter prise and ability with which thoir vast intMMta are conducted. Looking at the country as a whole ! ho Mid, its condition hf tenor ami sirunwr than it was two years aga He concluded by giving atterunce our lundrTttS?n prosperity would soon visit j NMI-OKHR OF KX-flOVKKNOIt MX. Tho noxt toast was, "The American I'nlon " Its value and perpetuity rent up,,,, a Hllre lu ?JO s prome obllcation ol dutv and U|H>n character as tho chief elemeui of durable success. it was responded to liy ex (iovertior Dix In a pointed speech, which elicitnd frequent applause. Said be:? ,i??iS ir" ?re lh,ns* 1,1 l'?i? uiii*er*e, Mr. 1'resi-*' Wc r .'i nl mlLh r10'' vast ?? l?o calculated, no In this | ^ Bro '""uo ,0? *;lrre(l to boexti mated by any ol our common ineasuro. ol value. The Union is ono of these. ??ue. me ,DKsriMt OK A VAST COKTIXKNTI the lati> oi the uiillionH in other quariers ol the rlohe whose political manhood has no rocojiuitiou in tho social systems under which they live; theVnemories of a I triumphant past, and tbo hopes ot an honorable and mak!nffoli,ih?U,Ur0 "I" "" luvolvid '? the trial we aro 1 !n iV mankind to self-iiovern ' IV . V- . ?, r worda, involved in the nernetultv of i . I1:;1:;'1!1'' >r I'r<?*crva11on is aprohfom I T . .. , . ?'> ''"man lo?i<- alone. It is a ouestinn tor the heart a* well as lor tho lioud?of faith rather ! Jo UH^'r^nlir- " lH lt!'s U"U lh'1 coinmond*d on its nil till.-Or IO ' um regpondlnjf, and A". sKiaia:;""' *? *""? *>? du'rttbitlly of C KSaS" SVX'K.ST.T.J was? ? ja? r \?r, ?'sSpSf^s:r*i? ?.wTsac nssr i aw z'% TrsuLrpjsssT^ ploy men is and trusts,, n thosn heat -lualiUed to e? ! ecute them cHicietilfy and faithfully. It IH m ihl- lain respoct that ono ol tho most delicate and rosiionsiblu duties devolves on tbo government. Its character is in some dejjroe molded by the character of these who anxious " fulflli tlur9 aLl'''' I'one.l. duiXs^l? anxious to fulilii their trusts urediiabiv, more earnest in ibelr desire to gain repuutlo'n than ' ^eleK' aVi'd pure. ?/r. t JSTSSTi^1 I i..,^r:.?rrsurr,o a::1 wThTs ^h"L'iiKor- un,orluua?efy, tnere are M# ,.,?MI 1 ?Jhcr communities, two clnases of puMic HorvauiK?those who nr? alwavn ?irivin^ to seo how much they can do for their country and they*can*?do"'for'tV*5'" T'"'S '? 11,111 ?ut "ow "'"ch wiey can do lor themsolves; and woe to the ouliti c?l system in which tne hutrr preponderati u Is lucuinbent on the jrovomtnont to solect for U-iSdministrative^ofllccs those who In view of I Jv!* .h P ? Ul character, are best iiuallflcd for them. How much moro Important Is it lor tiw* L|C|?'? M? ,nlruV 1,10 cxocutlve duties to the most ?l>le, upright and faithfu!. There Is nothlmr meat than'tho*? Uuba'.? lbc ch*r"cter of theorem' incut than tho inodoru doctrine of arailabilitv In spI<-ci. liig candidates for ofllce.. When the chief iincstlou withparties is, who is the most available candidate or, in other words, whom shall we ho most likely to elect and not who is tho most worthy to be elected it h ? manifest thai the success ot Tho pariv Is con I ! u.rC?. ?f.",ore ln|e??l than tho public good, and thSt I a iauiculalile step has been tal^cn iu | Mr. President, we must rise above all tneroconsid ! ?rations wiiich arc contributing to dra- us down ir we Would brill? hack the government to the standard ol Its Iranicre. All itdinil that we have iniMv m ' l,Ul l)) no hope hue | V our fii r, ^ H our own lla,",K- WlUl ?* national curn ncr : twfli ?? !'?W thu ? un'T(,rsal standard of value' _ D enormous nalioual dcbl; with local I burdens very hard to be liornc, and with corrantlnn i saptjing I he very foundation ol tho government It needs no voice oi warning to admenIsh u* that th'eao c\ lis must bo sjieedlly remedied if we would avoid an >\erwiielming disaster. Thai your assoojulion tiiav dn lM*C?toubtl Hiuif' !? ."f'?"1 lhv 1'iogrrti ot abuse I do not doubt. Hut us Intelligent and iMtrioiio membm may do more Individually by uking part in the t-opuiar tuoveinents now iu progresu to secure a pure and elll clciit administration or our public affair* ! nii?il/tfi' Reforms wo need shall havo been accoin- I pllsbed. or when (to borrow a simile from your own tK?"?"MI'Vh|P ?' ?'?te. reclaimed from tbo troubled sea on Which It has boeo laboring, shall, with ail her damages repaired, be put again on her true course then may wo -land fast in tho awuraneo that th? American I man, of which she is tho" symbol will m all the element* of natiouul character, be worthy ol our undoiibllug and undvlng faith. "The Army and Navy of tho I'ntted States-' was re. mcrarv t ! ('eneral Horace Porter, who. called upon ilteraliy ?t a uionn-nt s notice, strung together a series 2- rs^ssr *'"* '? -sssr-.~ respouded'to by Joiop^H. ciioate "a Sw ^umorZS ryuarks, referring to the gentlemen on Ins right ?ho w,re asp.r.iw to the principal seats in the nation, mid dosed by oflirlni as a tosst w hich was liruuk standing and with cheers ??n ,.*> I O'Conor. the liovcrod He,Si of the Aminc^Bar.^Hu lame Meli Karned by a Hull t/'entnry of 1 abor ami Vie tuo Sato the Keeping of hia Co^itrymen " rli" Clergy was rc><|>onded lo by the Rov. Mr. | w ushiiurue. "Our Iteprcfentaiives in Congress" was answered by tlio Hon. H. )!. Chittenden, who said:? We need uot atop 10 inquire whether there bo weak anil bad men in Congress?men who neglect their duties und make mort liandiso of their vole*. We will makn no excuses lor unnecessary uelaya ami blunders in uso fiil legislation. Neither do 1 tuk or give i|Uarter to that hatelul partisanship which obscures the Judgment and dwarf's tlio usefulness* of many able und good meu there. Hut 1 call your attention to ilio uot ihui it ha* become too |M>|>ular of lute to dishonor the Congress of the United Staler: especially h tltif* tne enso hero in New York. I doubt it tin-re bo another place in the world where our language is Ireely s|Hikcn where Congress la mo little rcs|iected. This 14 u deplorable state of things which wu are all di rectly interested in correcting. If It were not absurd, after such lan^e or t.rae. one would be led to assume, considering the blow* Congross receive* from New York, that the local pride winch wan so deeply aroused und wounded when the sioveruieiit made ita last depnriuro Iroin our city to I'tilladelplna on ita way to Waabiagtoa, bad never rwotimi imr the shock it tlieu received. In tl.o early days ot the Kepubllc a ?eat in Congress was universally esteemed an honor wortliv ol the highest ainbitton At ih? Republic's ablest ciitxeur In those day* New York unilornily aent her best tnea to represent her i here, and the lustre of her conspicuous inlluence and power in the govern in?*iit of the country never waned while that practice was persisted IU. It is easy to explain diminished revorcnce on the part of the |icop!o lor Congress, without any injustice < r disparagement. Until about thirty year* ago tlm muss of the people road and heard but precious little ol the proceedings at Washington. Government was then surrounded by forundab e and awiul Harriers. In the days ot stagu coaches, high post age, uccklv newspapers and alow mails, it was only when a Web-ier. I 'lay or Calhoun made i< great sieecb. that attention wu- attracted in Congress. Now, the hapless inmates of tbo Capitol, the White House, the department buildings and private residences ol all the members. are virtually exhibited in glass cases, every day. m every town and village, as the ' showman extuoits li.s monkeys and tigers. t'oltgressmen not only all live in glass houses ill Washington, but the cureies thoughts* mij acts ol ihe most Insignificant lueiniiers are all nv corded and ila-ned over the lam/with ihe rest It is uot true tnat the extravagance, gambling and venality Which have blighted so inaay ut our hopes, and which make us blush as a nation, are primarily the results of congress onal und corrupt legislation. Nicy have their roots deep down !u human nature, and are every where lo i>e found in human history. Nor is there any reason for de?p. ndencv. Our wings have be?u cur tailed a little, lor a better growth und a higher ascent. The eye* and tnlnds of the |ieople are o|ioning. 'I tie nation has ready taken no step backward If wa may not proudly point to slants in Congress, we know that education and experience have advanced and levelled up llio power ol the average man, so that no valuable foroa Is wanting. I he toasts of "Political Economy,1' responded to by ex-lieutenant Governor Stewart L Woodford; "The Centennial Kxhlbttioa" and "The Preys'' followed, alter which the iestivitlr* elosed. The elaborate floral display in tlie banquet hall was the ottering of the American liotanic and Kxolic Garden Company. ANNUAL MEKTISO ANI> ELECTION OK OFFICERS? RFftOLX'TlOXa OH i HE HtLVEB COIN AOS QUEM TIOX. Tho 108th annual meeting of the Chamoor of Com merce waa held yesterday afternoon. the President, Mr. H. I). Uslicock, In tho chair. The attendance was quite large, there being iorty members prosent, among them Mr. Peter Cooper an I Mr. William K. Dodge. The following new member* were elected:?David 8. Baboock, No. 1*7 West street; Charles Collins, No. TO Worth street; Arthur U. Graves, Na. M Wall street; Charles E. Gregory, No. 590 Fifth avenue; Elwa*d & San ford, No. 6b Broadway, and Homy Welsh, No -?I Washington street. Mr. Jehu Taylor JoUoatoo, chairman of tho Commit tee on Internal Trade and Improvement, reported u favor of tho resolution proposed at tbo last meeting urging a liberal policy by Congress toward the Si^n-I Bervice Bureau, ssyiui; tho committee believed thi-rn was but one opinion in regard to its uihcieiicy. nuU therefore they ununiumunly rucommund the puM?agu oi' tb" re*' lutioti. Colonel C'iiiIIidj mud ho ilittered somewhat v.ith tho statement that there wan but ono opinion in regard to tho value of the bureau. Mr. Blunt thought there could bo but one opinion about it considering tbo imitiemo benefit It tad boeu to tne commercial interest* of the country. Tbo report and resolutions were adopted. Mr. Paul N. Spoflord, ebairman or itio Committee oa Harbor and Shipping, offered tho fallowing:? Where a- alter carelul examination be different hoards and coiumitteea acting under the authorise of I'ongreaa. the harbor ol New London I|M been unlioriuly approved and recommended a? possessing very great advantage* lur a navy yard and uaval depot in Its great depth of water, ua freedom Iroiu lee, l.s sale anchorage unJ r?? of acc<a? at all time* to *n<l from tlie ocean ; mot Where a* valuable Improvements, useful to many, have been mud* at thin station at small expense : therefore Kesolved, That tIiim ('luiiibar view* with favor the iihvji yard aui! naval depot located at the point named, pud wuulc earnestly urne upon Congress the importance oflts preser vat inn. Mr. Samuel B. Buggies, Chairman of the Sperlal Committee ou International Coinage, rsjurted the follow i ny resolutions, which wore unanimously adopted:? Ko.olv.-d. 1. Tlilit the active. profitable and steady Increa*. tug development ol I lit- milling industry ol ttie .Culled Si ites. extracting large i|U*?tltlcs ol silver from tlie metalllferiooe ranges or tlie Cordilleras. nretenved thnmgh the great Interior of our Kenuhllc. a* yet i>ut partially explored, has now becomo a fact ot cardinal Importance lu monetary hittoiy. -. That, In ubedieuce to the paramount and inexorable law of ilemaud auil (apply, governing alike the prucious n etau and all other l'JmntodiIies, the lurgs amount of siieor Druduced ban been naturally and nei-es-urrty followed by a heavy reduction in lt? market piice mid value. Indicated with unerring accuracy at Loudon?at present tlie inouev centre of thecivllUed world?at which locality the market Sric ha> fallen Irom itl>id sterling per ounce iu lHtli to J^gd. sterling iu 1K7H?more tbau twelve per cent 5. That the widespread in Hue mo and elT-cts of till* very (eriou* (all In prii'e on the cem ral commerce ol' the world now render* It highly expedieut. il not imperatively necea aary, that the leaiiiug commercial nation* anal I modify theii ailver coinage witbAit delay by duly iucreaalag tlie <|uantit] of silver in their coin*, to lie aa*liuii*lctl lu value, a* nearly as uiav be, by proper conference ami co operation bet?A<ei the different uatioii*. 4. That the preseut centennial year, with it * ('culeBiil*. Exhibition and assemblage, affords a singularly lilting opportunity, if properly improved, Tor the L ulled Mate* II do tuis uecessary work. In view ut all which, the Ohayiber of Commerce of the State of New York, III piirauauce of the public duties pro acrlbed in it* charter, and acting in Ix hall ot the geucral commerce of tliia metropolitan city, do bow, and hereby, respectfully request the I'realdent, and !'on*rc?? of ilia I'uited State*, In their hlirb discretion, to take into con ?Ideratioa the importance of adopting timel> and eflicient meaiure* for aaaemblini; an " itiiernational Monetary Con ference," within the United Statea dnrtag the prevent cen tennial year, by accredited reprcventative* of the com nierclal nation*, to ennaider any i|ue*tion* in reaped to in ternational coinage they may deem proper, ami onccially to aacertaln and proscribe, an nearly a? the case will allow, ?uch relative value* between their gold and (liver coin# *? will permit the free circulation of hotbi the ro?ult( of the conference to he reported to the different government* lor their separate action. Ke?olved. That ill the best judgment ?f the Chamber, (uch a conference. If authoritatively and duly organized. *t Washington, with leave to Hold enme of its meetings iu tho principal commercial eltles on our I'aelflc and Atlantic sea board-* and in our great interior Slates, may be of signal aurvicn to the lastlug interest* ol till* country auil ut the clvlllted world. Keaolved, That copie* of the preceding resolutions, duly authenticated, be transmitted to the I'rcaldout of the Tinted Slate* and to the presiding oltic.-rs id twill house* ol Con gre**, and that copie* be also sent to each o. the mem bora. Mr. Klllot C. Cow<]in reported the procoedmgs of tbo (ub-comuntlees of the various commercial association* in regard to the Dock Department und submitted tne resolution adopted by tbeiu to the ell'oct that tho de partment be requested to suspend ull work on the bulk head lino except in auult portiou* as may be so far ad vanced toward completion us to lie ready lor tbo stout masonry above tbo piling, und the limit ol expendi ture lor the year be $aOO,(KM). tto also offered u reso lution appointing (iuatuv Schwab, James W. Klwcll an; William B. Quion tho co>nuilttee of the Chamber U conler with the Bock Department. Tbo rcsolutlom were adopted. t It was decidod to hold a special meeting on tho *J3< of this month to elect a Pilot Commissioner. Mr. Dodge, from tlie Committeo on Nominations, re ported the following list lor olllecrs of the chamber lot the ensuing year, und iu tho olection which sub>>o quunlly took placo tbey were duly cboacn as such ultt o?rs:? President?Samuel D. Babei?k. Hirst Vice President?J aines vl. Drown. Second Vies President?tinurgo W. Lane. Treasurer?Hrunci* S. I.athrop. Secretary?Ueorge WllSun. Kxecntive Committee?Klllot C. Cowilin, Chah-mani Sarnu -i II. Ituggle*, llenjaniin U. Arnold, Williaia U. Hog-r, KUiott V. Shepard. t'otniiiiltee on Hinanee and Currency?J. Pierpoiit Mor g*n. Chairman ; Joseph Seliguiau, Cyru* W. Field, Joaiat M. Hlske. Bdiuuud ft', Corlie*. Committee on Horei^ti Commerce and the Hevrnus Law*?Jame* W. Klwell, Chnirman; David Dows, Williaii 11. Onion, Solon Iluniphreyir Uu*tav Schwab. Committee ou Internal Trade and Improvements?Join Taylor Johuaton, t'hairuiaii: Morris K. Jo*up, Alexaudet M. White, Churles Butler, Abram S. llewltt. Committee on Harbor and Shipping?I'aul X SpoHord Chairman; tieorge W. Illnnt. Kgisto 1*. Habbri, .lames M. T Stranalian, .lame* H. Hrotbingliaiu. C.!inuii*?louer lor Llcenaing Sailors' Hoarding Houses oi Hotels, in behalf of the Chamber of Comnierm?Chart** C. Duncan. Councilor the Nautical School, established by act of tba Legislature, pasaed Anrll 1'4, 1HT3-Charlea If, Marshall, Chairman; Joliu K. Myers, Henry A. Uarlliig Special Committee mi a New Huililiiig for tho Chamber of Commerce?A. A. Low, Chairman: William i>. Diaige, Saiunel D. Habcork, Jackson S. Scbults, John D. Jouea, Henry K, Spaulding, Henry U. Hyde. ('resident Babcock roado a briel s|ioech of thaitlu* and tho meeting adjournod. BROKEN CABLES. KIQHT FAIMRKfl IN OUR TELEGRAPHIC COM* MUNICATJON WITH THE OLD WORLDRUSH Or BC8INESB BY TUB DIRECT CABLE COM PANY. Croat condition bu occurrod in business circle* lor i period of forty eight hours, owing 'o the breaklugof tht three ocean cables controlled by the Western linos and Anglo-American companies and the Froneh cable, the latter having broken April lit), ?.00 mile* west ol Brett. Ono or the cablet ol the Anglo-American Com pany has liven broken since 1873. It Is stated, how ever, by Vice l'retldcnl tireen, of that company, thai the catilethe Wottern terminus or which isat St. Pierre, Nowloundland, and which wan broken three day* tlnco, has been lound it the bn ak, uud that before this morn ing a splice will hare been made of the two ends, thus restoring communication with Kurope by the Anglo-American cables. Last night the company'* other hue Tailed. "Ono man's meat' Is said to be "another man's poison,'' aril the Direct Cable Company, which Is alto* gether owned by Knglhh capital, and which has Tor Hi President the Right Hull. Mr. Lushington, Secretary for India, Is now, in default of the other lines, doing al! the business between America and Kurope, and tb? pressure on Its sliigle line la really trrmendoM Do s patches have to watt, and the Western I'nlon (.'otnpanj ami Kreuch Cablo companies have In-en lorced to traus ler their business to their very fortunate rival Hit Dtrcct Cablo Company. Acting Manager Ward, of the Direct Cable Company, staled that they were over whelmed with nunim-M, and, owing to the fact thai the business of the other cable companies had been transferred to them, messages at the first hours ol the breakage hail to layover. The Direct Cable II to-day being tested by experts to its fullest rapacity. Mr. Cyrus W. Field yesterday stated that the Anglo American Company bus splendid apparatus lor grap> pling, and ho b it confident mat In * short time com munication would be resumed with Newfoundland and lis vicinity. At an early hour yo-teruny morning lbs cubic which runs Irom l'rtiiro Kdward Island'to Nova Scotia was discovered to bo unfit for use, having been broKeu m several plucus. Mr. Field stated that ho did not wisn to make a chaige riLiiinst any rival compiny, bat he could not help but think It singular that tho Anglo American company should have no less than eight separate cables broken at ilie present time. The Ureal Kssteru lias already been telegraphed through tin Direei Cable line to sail from Liverpool at occu to re pair llio Frntk caiile, broken near IIrest. Grave suspicions, it is said, are entertained by many persons eonnei ted with the telegraph companies m tins cny ss to how these ..sides tiavo been broken. Home persons declare that it li merely the result ol scrlilenL The break* may have lieeti < anted by fishing ?chooners drawing seines or stesm*-hips Uraggin. tIk-Ir anchor" Others do not hesitate lo declare tin l>re.iking 01 lbe cat ! ?* tne work of premeditated deaig* with the intention ol Interrupting the rommunieatior >i two hemisphere* and to tnjitre a rtral company 1 nisines* It is declared by iitrsons holding tbli ipin on thai a crime like this should be Indicated as une ol the highest magnitude and slioold be pan Is tied with soTi rlty. It m an extraordinary occurrence that siitht cables -noiilil be broken at once, and all by acri lent. Vessels nre working wth their crew* oil tit. 1'ierre. and nonsiiUirablo progreta ha* been made, s< iliat this one cable may be In <rorking order to-dflr but the remntanig caoes may n?>t be ready for <Im transmission of message* In a shorter period thai thirty days. TELEGRAPHIC MATTERS. The director* of the Atlantic and Pacific Teleprapl Company met yesterday and elected the following old eer*:?I booms F. Kckert, President ? William II. Lyon* First Vice Pre?id*nt; Albert B. Channler. Second Ywt President and Secretary; Alfred Neiaon, Tr< ainrer. The rate* hare beeu again reduced it* follows:?Chi cago?Old rates $ I. last redact ton eight* rents, pres ent seventy five cents; St. I. OH is?old rates ? 1 Ml. last month's $1 10. present $1 ; twenty word* trill l.e s.-nl to Chicago at night (or thirty-ei^tit cent*, and durm/ tho day tor seventy -five cent*. DIED OF STARVATION. At eleven o'doeV Thursday night RIlMbeth Me Gruddy, of Noi 423 Washington street, died at IIoIIcvm* Hospital from starvation. Yesterilay afternoon her lit tie girl, n^ed three year*, died at the same place Irom the same rouse. Ono cli lid, a bal>e tbree months old, l* still lying ill M the hospital, hut will probe My r? cevec,

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