Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 10, 1876, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 10, 1876 Page 3
Text content (automatically generated)

THE EXHIBITION. How It Looks on tie Eye of tie Opening. SKETCHES OF THE DEPARTMENTS. The Expositions of Philadelphia and Vienna Compared. Where We Are Ahead of Austria and Where Austria Was Ahead ^of Us. A LIST OF DISTINGUISHED ARRIVALS. The Emperor of Brazil and Presi dent Q-rant in Town. Senators, Governors, Congressmen and Army and Navy Officials. Philadelphia, May 9, 187ft. All loyal soulg In expectant Philadelphia are looking toward the heavens and praying for aunahlne. Tho Hidden gpell of warm weather which came on Monday threatened us with August before we were well Into May. One effect of the heat waa to bring us the green leaves, which had been lingering, but which make the pnrk exceedingly beautiful. The rain came last even ing, and for hoora It poured a torrent It rained until evening to-day. As I write the gray clouds bang la menacing aspect on George's Hill, with only ? faint glimpse of sunahino behind them. As all Philadelphia Is ready to baHt into flowers, and Hugs and ribbona and lanterns?as the city is to be a garden daring the day and an Illuminated grotto during the night, you can Imagine how all of us, even those who have not reached the pitch of Philadelphia enthu siasm, pray lor the sun to come out For it would bo a pity, after all these years of work aad waiting, and with ao many great people coming?a real President and a dozen budding Presidents; and, what la more, a real Emperor, who, though he goea about in a white bat and umbrella, only caring to see Shertoan and Longfellow, Is a blue-blooded prince?to have tbe show In the corner of the main building, and all our greatness, home and foreign, splaahlng about from ball to hall nnder unbrellas. To-day tho grounds were de plorable, and a walk from building to building gave future anticipations of what it would bo In tbe event of continued rain. Between tbe main building and the Machinery Ball, the route which tho President entourage Is to take, there is a line aspbaltum pavement. Bat the spaces between these eOiQoes and tho outlying ex hibits are almost lmpasaiblo. KVERYBODT AT WORK. Bat the rain, of which we bare bad more than enough, did not dampen the enthualasm of those in charge of the varioua displays. Every hour seems to bring each department into a better condition. Tbo ruah was kept up all daring the night By special lavor I was allowed .to atroll about laat evening for an boar when the main building waa lighted. I waa curlons to see tho effect of the light upon a dis play so vast and varied. It was very One, and I Maid well Imagine how the whole scene, hardened as it la with color and bathed In light, would give m Idea of t&e "Arabian Xighta." In moat of tbe sec tions there Was earneat, a toady work, eapecially among Mr Americana. In tw*?ty-lour hours our people have oado tremendous strides. This morning I was gratl led and asteniahod to aee bow much had been doue. rhe work of arranging glasses, burnishing up cases, llspostng silver and steel so as to look the most attrac tive, continued without ceaalng. Tbe conapiououa American department, tbo one which forms, with Germany, Franco and England, the con tral part ol tbo whole display, Is log ging. Germany, with Its beautiful collection of porcelains from tho imperial works is all ready, while England, with Its jewelry and gems (ono vase alone coating thousands of pounds), only needs a dost brash to make It lit for an Emperor to aee. France la alow, and I could not aee that activity in tbe workmen who were diapoaing of Mr. Marchand'a ameublemenft necessary to have them In order. Bat they still have a good twelve or eighteen hours before them, and In that time, especially with the impulse which always comes with the last moment, tbe four nations in this culminating display may all be ready. TBI FROOUSS or TBI RATIOS!. Brazil li working steadily ahead, and your corre spondent noticed much improvement. All tbo sections, with oi?e exception, seemed quite ready, and a good morning's work would finish that; 10 that when Dom l'edro come* among hi! own to-morrow he will have reason to be prood of hi! Interesting exhibit?one of tbo moat ahowy In tho building. Tbe Netherlands at ita aide, ao? plain and chaate, and yet so rich in lU draperies of purple and gold, la ready. Although not among the largest, less than Sweden, in fact, Holland and her colonies will arrest many a curious eye. Yon aee signs of pa. tlent Dutch work, well and promptly dono; and I had Bomatblng of the Knickerbocker pride aa I compared It with much or the flashy and meretricious stuff with whleh some department# abound. Tbe Dutch colonies especially have a good diaplay?tho rich tropical woods from Java, tho hemp and grasses, dressed skins and Implements of war and agriculture, all forming a use ful array. Mexico la still in disorder, and it Is hopeless to expect moch on Wednesday. But even Mexico is going anoad with a wilL The portals hare been painted, and 1 noted several cases arrayed with delioato fabrics of soft comforting hue peering out from a calico cover. In Switzerland tho palntera are still at work snd In some respects the exhibit is behind hand. Belgium is ready, with tho exception of a lew cases, which are rapidly going Into shape. Austria Is well ahead. I ahould say quite ready, and thero Is ono collection of moerscltaum pipes, In all variety of carving, which will gladden the heart of a President eager lor bis vine and Ug tree and his pipe of peace. Austria will show wall in glaaaware, and In decorated glasswork especially. Spain is moch behind, although her portals ara ao flno that the ontaide affect will be Imposing. Japan, which la tbe sixth in size, goes ahead patiently. Thero la enough of Japan already to show tho gen eral features of ber display, and some bronzes espoclally, which I would advise the almond-eyed attendants to havo well In view, when tho Congress men are about. China looks bewildering, with her dozon pagodas and temples, but all ia nnraady, and John works calmly along, without caring whether the show is to begin on Wednesday or not. Portugal Is hopelessly behind, aad where Ruasia andjTurkey were to have shown their respective strength Is only aa open spacei TBS orxviNo bioxal Tbi* description of the main building and its present condition may M accepted aa applying to tbe wbole exhibition. I should say that about oae-fourth of tbe work remains to bo dona. As all interest will centre on tho main ball tor the first day or two every effort has been made to complete it Tho machinery ball is rurtber advanced, asainly because there is less to bo done. Tbe vast engine, tho largest in the world, whoso motive power la to run overy machine in this fourteen acre workshop, Hands ready for tbo Proaideat'a touch which will give it * 111* aad ttl every one of tbe thousand machines In mo en. To*Saxon eyes this mighty engine has an irresist hie fascination; ao vast, ao complex, sop inlets, so iruel, H stands up like a mountalu ta lu magnitude, with men crawling from one lirnh fc. tho other, an em* kodlmrat of the strength una AaraaMv ef the Saxon race. If you were to ?k mo what above all Wings to Me, If only thing ooaM b* seea, 1 would say this huge oagma, tfals msanir ?hick looms of black aa* ?aainifr ns4| aft mm toucn 01 a mm man's fln(er to *how Its awful power. It wm i Am conceit that the starting of this angina wu to be the aignal for the opening. It you |bave fol lowed tha prof ramma yon will reoaauibar thai it ta aat down that, after tha ceremoniea on tha platiorm, tha Preaideat shall eome here with hia following. Every mechanic ta the building who haa machinal to mil age will be at hia post. The President will press the lever which oontrols this engine, and la a Qash every machine will start upon its office?tearing heap, combing wool, eptaaiag cotton, throwing off Um printed pages, whirling the ahattle throagh the web. The pressing of thta lever will be the formal opening; the consummating act which brings lbs great azpoal tioa into life. It aaemed to me aingnlarly appropriate tnat an exhibition which represents more than any thtag eiaa the grandaar aad atrength of the Anglo Saxon race ahould And ita embodiment la this atupea doua angina. VIBMBA ABB FBILADBLrBlA. The q neat ion la often asked, "How doaa thta Exhi bition compare with the others, and aapecialiy with that at Vienna?" It ia difficult to aaswer this ques tioa, aad thaa only In a general way. Hare are figures which tell yon that we have fifty-six and a half acrea under roof, while Vienna had thirty-eight aad eight ten tha They will tall you that it ia nearly twice as large aa that of Paris, mora than twice aa large as that af Hyde Park, and sleven tlmea as large aa oar little World'a Pair behind the Reservoir which Presl dent Pierce and hia Cabinet opaaad with as much atata nearly a quarter of a century ago. These flgnresare deceptive, because many buildings within these grounds are not eaaential to tha Exhibition. Tako these State buildings, for instance. They are only ao many houaes in various forms ol architecture, and moat of it bad, in thi* that even aa architectural effects ' They mean nothing. You might as well take a cluster of houses from Yoakers or Mew Hoc belle, or some of your West chester suburbs, and call it aa Exposition. II tha money apeat In these State buildinga had been devoted to the collection of tba mineral, agricultural or Indus trial resources of each State in aome of the main halls, it would have been more aaelul. There were none of these at Vienna, and beyond affording a loafing place tor the free minded American citixen to diacuaa the Preaidential canvass during the warm summer after noons I do not see their value. Vienna was remarkable for the variety of outalde buildings which bad a true Interest in a world'a fair. There ware oottagaa for abowing how the peasants in Hungary and Styria lived. Tbers was a Kussiau house, famous for Its architecture and Ita beer, and its caviar luaches. There was the Khedive's palace, built before people knew he was a bankrupt, a beautiful buildlag, ahowtng an exact idea of Oriental lib, from the farmyard to the harem. There waa the exquisite Moorish houae, with lis open court, almost a doll bouae?It was ao small. There waa our American school bouse which all aelf-respectlog Americans used to go out ol their way to avoid; and a Swedish school house, which was a gem. There waa the pavilion of the Prlaee of Monaco, as pretty aa a boudoir, aad ex hiblta like thoaa of Prince Schwartzeaburg, which were wortb going to Vienna to see. With a few exceptlona there waa scarcely a building outside of the main halla In Vienna which did not have a positive meaaing aa a part of the World'a Pair. WHIBB WS ABB BSBtXD VIEH*J. It la not ao' here. We misa the Kbadlve'a palace and much of tho Oriental outdoor life that made the lopg eveninga in the Prater grounda so attractive^ We misa the hundred bootba which lined the road to the Aus trian Bhow. We mlaa the beautiful approach to the main entrance and that wondroua rotunda dome, under wbloh the viaitor never tired of lingering. We have none of theae at Falrmount and nothing to compenaate lor them. The main building bulges up on the sidewalk and you leae all the advantage of perspective. Tho building ia not aa Una aa it waa In Vienna, but la lighter in detaila and mora graceful Where our Exhi bition aurpaaaea Vienna is in Its compactneae. It waa a day'a journey from America, at one end, to China, at the other, and when you had taken that trip there waa ?till another to the Art Gallery beyond. We bave a Horticultural Hall, which aurpaaaea Vienna, where fiowera wore ahown In the open air. We miss Greece, whoaa poverty keeps her out of thia company of nations. As a recompense for the Khe dive's palaco we have tha Engliab buildings, which are among the gema of the ahow. Ia Vienna there waa a plain cottage and a lew frame buildings for workmen. In oar grounda we hava dwellings copying faithfully the architecture of the aixtaenth century?the tile rood, the quaint red brick ohimneya, the rooma in panelled dadoa?a complete picture of the home of an Engllah gentleman 300 years aga There waa nothing of this at Vienna, and 1 ah all nover ceaee to mourn the apathy of Philadelphia If her authoritiaa do not purohaae thia auperb exhibit and retain it as a permanent attraction of the Park. The Japanese house ia novel and curious, and, although Japan did well in Vienna, her display waa nothing to what it is with us. wbbbb wa abb abbao of VIBBXA. I do not see as attractive an exhibition aa the one at Vienna in the aenae of ahow and comfort. There will be none of the samo temptatlona to idle the after noon away. For work, atudy and obaervatlon it will be much better. There are none of the exhauattng journey* that the aight-soer waa compelled to msxe in the Prater.- The buildings here are grouped together mora easily. We have a Machinery Hall much finer . than at Vienna: an Agricultural Hall which stand* alone. The American build ing, that which show* tha history and progress of our nation, ia liner than anything ol the kind in the Auatrian show. It wa miss Koumanla, Perala, Turkey and Russia, we havo a better exhibit from England, and, more than all, we have her colonies la glorious completeneaa. Prance la only a ahadow of wbat she waa In Vienna. Italy, Switzerland and Belgium, attractive as tuey are, do not com pare with what they did la 1878. Bat Spain and Brazil are richer and more Imposing, and The Netherlanda made no such impreasion upon me then as they do now. We have our 8outh American Republics?Cbill, Peru snd the rest?which were not at Vienna at all, if I remember. Wa have nothing in the way or art to compare with Vienna. The great Power*, Ruasla, Prance, Austria and Germany, only give us a portion of what they gave Vienna; but we make up for them in thia, that we have many coun trio* which were there abient altogether. A GENERAL COMPARISON. To sum up iho comparisons, I would say that tbls la more truly a world s lair than that at Vienna?than baa bqeu ever seen before in an international exhibition. For the two or three nations we mias we hare a dozen who were not In tbo Prater. If we miss tbe prodigious show of European civilization, we bare enough to show what it Is. Above all things, we have our own country id her atrengtb. This is enough to rejoice tbe heart* of the American, who was taken to the dingy collection of aewing machines, false teeth and California wines, and asked to regard it as an "American Department." This Is first of nil an American show, and second an Anglo-Saxon show. Wo see what we have done in a hundred years. We see wherein consists the greatness of mighty England and the group of colonies which already threaten her supremacy. We see also what our sister Amerlcsn nat ons of the South bavo done. And, although tbe display is rare and crude, before many weeks are over there will bo improvement In every department. I sometimes think that mis Exhibition will not be in Its fulness before September. The restless American mind will not be content with things as they are. Ex hibitors who bavo not done their best will strive to do better. States which bare been laggard will hurry to the front. I shall be surprised If New York will be content with ner part In this world's fair. We must remember, also, that tbe Exhibition Is Italy a part of what Is to be done In this centennial year. There are to be parades and encamp ments, the celebration of tho Fourth of July, tbe meet ing of various conventions. Add to tbls the canvass for the Pie? Idtacy, and you can imagine what a year It will be ? * year of excitement, entbuaiaus, effort nod, I am afraid, or disappcintment. And as much Is said of Philadelphia for going wild ever her opportunities, and ber inability to entertain her guests, let me say, finally, that on this point there will be nu reason lor complaint. Philadelphia is fully alive to the duties which come with ber honors and opportunitie* She has thrown open ber gates In lbs heartiest and most boipitable fash on, and hs will be bard to please, la. deed, who does not fee! that be has been treated with kindness and that bis welcome Has been Iriendlyi homelike and sincere. AMUV Alt or PISTIXOUIBHKD TIB1TOH8. Immense throngs have arrived here to-day Iron all points of the country, and Philadelphia never before fiewnit ae crowded and cosmopolitan an appearance, # The leading hotels are turning away hundreds of appli cant almost hourly. The President and Mrs. Grant, who arrived this after noon, are stopping with Mr. George W. Chllds. Secretary and Mrs. Fish, Secretaries Robeson, Tsfl and Chandler and Postmaster General Jewell and their wives, and Dom Pedro and tbo members of his suite, the Supreme Court, Congressmen, army and naval officers and others, arrived from Washington this afternoon. ronuox comkimioxkss. Director General Gotihorn has published an official list of the foreign Commissioners, by which It appears that the following countries are represented at the In ternational Exhibition:?Argentine Republic, Austria, Africa (Orango free State), Belgium, Btazil, Chile, China, Denmark, Egypt, France, German Empire, Greece, Hawaiian Islands, Italy, Japanese Empire, Mexico, Netherlands; Norway, Peru, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Tanis, Switzerland, Turkey, Venesuela, Cnited Kingdom and colonies, embracing the Bahamas, Bermuda, British Guiana, Capo of Good Hope, Canada, Jamaica, New South Wales, New Zealand, Queensland, South Australia and Victoria. OOVERNOK RJCS, OF MXgSACllDSSm. Shortly after noon Governor Alexander Rico, of Mas sachusetts, arrived in this city with other officers of tbo State, under the escort of the Boston csdels, a four company organization, dating as far back as 17*1. They are the Governor's special body guard wherever he goes officially. At the North Pennsylanla Railroad depot, the visitor* were received by the First regiment, Colonel R. Dale Benson commanding, and were escorted to the Contin ental Hotel, which will be the headquarters ol the Governor, stair and soldiers of Massachusetts until Friday, when they leave tor New York. The lollowing Is a list of these visitors:? His Excellency Alexander Rice, Governor and Commander-in-Chief; Major General James A. Cunningham, Adjutant General; Colonel Isaac F. Kingsbury, Assistant Adjutant General; Colonel C. Frank Luther, Assistant Adjutant General; Colonel John H. Rice, Assistant Adjutaut General; Brigadier Geueral Cornelius G. Atwood, In spector General; Colonel Edward G. Stevens, Assistant Inspector General; Brigadier General Wilmon W. Black mar, Judge Advocate General; Colonel Henry G. Parker, Assistant Quartermaster General; Brigadier Geueral William J. Dale, Surgeon General; Colonel Joshua B. Tread we IL Assistant Surgeon Gen eral; Colonel William V. Hutcblngs, Aide-de-camp; Colonel William A. Tower, Aide-de-camp; Colonel Arthur Lyman, Aido-dc-carap; Colonel William P. Alexauder, Aide-de-camp; Colonel George H. Campbell, Military Secretary; His Houor Horatto G. Knight, Lieutenant Governor; Exeoutivo Couucil?Hons. Joseph K. Baker, Alden Loland, Robert Couch, George Whitney, Harri son Tweed, James Sturgls, Georgo 0. Brastow and Will lain C. Plunkctt; Hon. Henry B. Pierce, SecraUry of State. TDK GOVKRNO* OF HAKTLAXO. Governor Carroll, of Maryland, with bis staff, alio ar rived here this afternoon, having lelt Baltimore In a special car. The personnel ot tho Governor'* staff is as follows:? Frank A. Bond, A4Jntant General; Andrew G. Chap man, Inspector General; Ferdinand C. Latrobo, Judge Advocate General; Andrew J. Pennington, Quarter master General ? Gilmor Meredith, Commissary Gen eral-George fcl. Brown. Paymaster Goneral; John Car roll Walsh, Chief ot Engineers; Dr. William Lee, Bur geon General; Thomas W. Campbell. Chief of Ordnance; R Snowdcn Andrews, Chief of Artillery; John N. Car roll, Chief of Cavalry. THU G0VRR.N0R OF XKW YORK. -Governor Tilden, of New York, was among the dls tlngulshed guests ot the day's arrivals. He will be come the guest of Mr. Henry Havemeyer, at Na 3,407 Spruce street. Mr. Havemeyer, son of the late Mayor Havemeyer, ot New York, baa leased thia splendid residence for a period ol Ave months, during the absence of Mrs. Har ris and family abroad. Governor Tilden will remain several days and will be entertained at a dinner party on Wednesday evening. OTHKR GUEST*. Senator Conklmg Is at the Glrard House. Mr. Blaine la the guest of Mr. Morton McMichaeL General Sheri dan and Sir Edward Thornton and suite are at the Con tinental. At the Globe, Transcontinental and Continental ho tela the members of diplomatic corps and distingniahed government officials from Washington are quartered. THE TINAL, MUSICAL BKHKAB8AL. Tho final grand rehearsal of the musical programme for the opening took place this alternoon at the Academy of Music, under tho direction of Theodore Thomas. His own unrivalled orchos tra, reinforced by a largo number ot local mu sicians, all forming a band nearly one hundrod and tllty atrong, and an Immense chorus, selected from a num ber of Philadelphia vocal societies, were present. Mr. Baetens' arrangoment of sixteen national airs, three of which are American, was the first work rehearsed. It is * a very clever arrangement, a great deal of talent being shown in the Ingenious manner m which the different themes are strung together. It is no easy taak to take such a di versity of subjects and bind them together artistically so as to lorm one harmonious work. This Mr. Bae tens, the first viola player in Thomas' orchestra, has accomplished. Tho Wagner "Centennial March" followed, and waa given with sneh a wlU and spirit by the orchestra that all present were compelled to greet Its rendering with xx optscrst or applauhs. Grand as the work is, there la a certain feeling of disappointment on hearing It, knowing the purposo for which It waa wrltteu. There Is not the faintest remlniscenoe of any American air. Many who heard ' it to-day and admired it as a musical work ot un doubted artistic excellence, remarked that even a phrase or two of some American themo Introduced In some part of the work, would havo Im proved It decidedly. Every one looks for some familiar phrase In a march designed lor the Inauguration of Amertca'* Centennial, but the motives are all strange and new. It Is a work that will answer for a similar occasion In any other nation's history. Following the advlco glvou in tho Hbrald some time age, Mr. Thomaa has written a very brilliant pianoforte arrangement of the march and a few thousand copies will bo on sale at the opening ol the Exposition. Wag ner has left everything in the hanus of Mr. Thomas in regard to copyright and arrangements, a flattering proof of the high esteem In which he holds our repre sentative American musloal leader. The "Centennial Meditation of Columbia," which was next rehearsed, Is a cantata poem, the words of which are rather Inapplicable to musical purposes. The music or Mr. Buck in this cantata is ROT A FAVOR A BLR SPKCIHB3 ot American art. It Is tawdry and commonplace In some of Its movements, and unnatural and Ineffective In others. The choral parts are clumsily treated, and the short bass solo that occurs In the middle of the work Is unworthy ol the noble voice of Mr. Myron Whitney Tho English horn obligato which accom panies this solo Is pretentious without being artistic. It is a pity that some of the grand choral works of reallr talented composers were not chosen Instead of this cantata. It is to bo hoped that foreign musicians who will be present to-morrow will not re gard "Columbia's Meditation" as a representative American work. There are many composers in this country who can do more for art than the composer of this work. The Centennial Hymn," by Mr. Paine, of Boston, Is s lair specimen of the average church hymn, but lacks dignity and power. Whiitter's beautiful verses should have fallen into the hands of a more inspired inter preter. The chorus Is DRSIRV1RO OF TRS HIOHIST PRAISK. There was some timidity shown In the beginning, but the inspiring voice of Thomas soon roused the singers from their apparent apathy, and the volooe rolled out majestically, filling the Academy with an avalanche of harmony and obeying the baton of the conductor implicitly In every me as a re. The orchestra and chorus have a stand erected for them ouuide of tho main hall at the Exposition, Irout* Ing the Art Oatlery, and at half-past nine to-morrow morning every one is expected to be tber* The offect of the voices and Instruments la the open sir will an. doubtedly be very grand. The "Bnllelqjab Chorus," from the "Messiah," will coaclude the musical pro. gramme of the day. THE POMOLOOICAL DISPLAY. The arrangements tor showing the range and variety of American trults are exoellent. A special annex lor thia department, 180x200 feet, adjoins Agricultural Hail, sad the display of particular fruits in their seaaons has been so adjusted as to enable an exhibition during the entire period of the Exposition The displays will occur as follows:? Pomologtcal products. May 10 to May 21 Strawberries, June 7 to June 1ft. Kaspuemes and blackberries, July 3 to July 8. Koutberu |>omulogical products, July II to July 22. Melons, August Xi to August 20. Peaches, September 4 to September 9. Northern powolorical products, September 11U Bep te tuber 10. Grapes, October 10 to October 14 Nui?, October 23 to November 1. Vegetables will be shows continuously as follower Early summer vegetables, June 20 to Jane 24. Autumn vegetables, September in to September 23. Cereals September 26 to September 30. Polatoee and feeding roots, October 2 to October 7. The pomological annex will bo completed by the 7th of Jane, when the second of the slated or temporary displays comes off. The first display will bo made in the nave and central transept of Agricultural Hall. Firms In tropical Ira its will contribute a variety of specimens, such as bananas, lemons, limes, pineapples, figs, dates, raisins. Southern fruits will be repre sented and many of the most emlnsnt fruit growers will send very many named varieties. The exhibition will bo a most msrksd evidence of tbo range and va riety of our soils and climates. The tables lor exhibit ors are granted free of charge, producers merely paying cost ol transportation. TOO LATE FOB THE OPENING. Centennial Commissioner Levy, of Victoria, Austra. lla, informed a Hsrald reporter yesterday that the discbarge of the 320 tons of Centennial goods on board the English ship dkerryvore, lying at pier No. a North River, wilt be commenced to day. The vesssl has been 147 days on her passage and is a wretched looking crslt. During the voyage she had seven feet of water in her hold, and It Is a source of wonder that she has over reached port at all She Is a Sunderland built craft. The Centennial goods consist ot fruits, wines, minerals, photographs, mechanical objects, 4c., ail of which are supposed to be damaged. The vessel also brings about 2S0 tons of wool, 4c. A FLOATING HOTEL. The Old Dominion Steamship Company will send tbelr sldewheel steamer the Isaao Bell to Philadflphut next Saturday, where she will remain till next Thurs day and servo as a lloatlng hotel. DOM PEDRO AT PHILADELPHIA I'hiladku-uu. May 0 1878. At seven o'clock this morning the Emperor visited the Corcoran Art Gallery at Washington. Notwlth. ?landing the broken state of the weather he was de lighted to see sgaln the "Greek Slave" and other works, becsuse (hey recalled to him many pleasant hours spent In the studio of the Americsn srtlst in Rome. He has a very high opinion of Powers' genius as n sculptor, snd thinks the "Greek Slave" one of the best works of modern sculpture. Mr. Corcoran re ceived Uis Majesty and showed him through the gal lery. The Emperor afterward visited the Federal Treasury. While he admires tne splendid building and the ex cellent distribution of the departments, His Majesty is of opinion that the Treasury at Rio Janeiro Is fur nished with better machinery, in some respects at least; but His Majesty is loud in hi* milsk or tub oovsrmmsxt rniXTiso orrica, which, he says, is the most perfect establishment of the kind he hasever seen. The only room for improve ment, according to His Majesty's idea, is in the electro typing room, which he Qnds too small. The general effect made by Washington on the Im perial party has been very favorable. At half-past one P. M. His Majesty, accompanied by Seftor Borges, the Brazilian Minister, and his suite, left Washington for Philadelphia, to attend the opening of the Exhibition. Quite a large number of people were assembled at the railway station In expectation of seeing His Ma|esty. While walking down the plat form His Msjesty met Mr. 3. S. Cox, the Speaker of the House, and immediately recognised him, stopping and shaking warmly Mr. Cox's hand. After leaving Mr. Cox the Emperor turned to the Hbiuld correspondent ana said, "I met Mr. Cox Yesterday. I remembered his face at onco; he is a very clever man, very Interesting ana very amiable. I had a very pleasant talk with him yesterday; be comes from New York." Cobkesponuk.nt?Mr. Cox says he has only one lault to find with Your Majesty, that you do not give people sufficient opportunity to become acquainted with you. * Don Pkdko?Ah, but It was first necessary to study the country, tbo physioal part. Now I begin to no quaint myself with the men. You see, 1 already know Mr. Cox. 1 have accepted Mr. Childs' Invitation to dinner fbr to-morrow, and I hope to meet a great many of your distinguished men; and also at Mr. Thornton's; so you see I will now study your social life. On His Majesty's arrival be was met by Admiral Dela more, and immediately drove to the Continental Hotol, where Her Majesty, the Empress, was waiting dinner. Her Majesty was delighted at the return of the<Em peror, and as soon as he had exchanged a few words with the numerous friends walling to meet His Majesty, the imperial pair and salts sat down to dinner. His M^tsty will be present at to morrow's celebra tion as a private Brazilian citizen. CENTENNIAL NOTES. Great progress hu been made to-day la clearing the Exhibition buildings of rubbish. Long train* o! ears loaded with empty boxes, old lnmber, Ac., have been going oat of the grounds all day. The main pas sageways of the principal buildings are now in respect able shape for pedestrians. There remains, however, muoh carpentering to be done in the foreign depart ments of all the great Exhibition bnildings; that of the government Is in the finest order and most advanced state of preparation, and nothing is to be done bat clear away the debris. Every arrangement has been made to supply frac tional currency and flftr cent silver pieces to those who need change. The Centennial Bank has provided sta tions at points of easy access for this purpose, and other branch offices have been scattered around. There will not be the slightest difficulty on this score. This will relieve the existing stringency la the smaller values of currency. The Board of Finance has arranged to prosecute all who shall sell counterfeit and Imitation Centennial memorial medals. It is rumored to-day that application has beon made to William M. Evarts, of New York, for a legal opinion upon the relative powers of the Centennial Commission and the Board of Finance with a view to the determina tion of the issue alleged to have been made between the two bodies. The Centennial Commission met to-day but did no business. The Louies' Centennial Committee have accomplished wonders la the past four or Ave days. Tbo pavilion is in admirable order and very little remalna to bo done to make a completo exhibit. Tfere Empress of Brazil has been requested and hua asseated to si art the ma chinery in the Ladles' Pavilion on the opening day. CENTENNIAL TROOPS. At half-past live o'clock yesterday morning the Boa ton Lancers arrived in tbis city on the steamer Rhode Island. They left on a special train over the Pennsyl vania Railroad at half-past eight A. M. The Lancers were under the command of Captain C. C. Emery. The company wore the Prussian Lancers' helmets, scarlet coats, blue pants and side arms, and were 119 strong. TUB SOS TO* CADSTS arrived on the Fall River line steamer Providence at eight A. M., acting as an escort to Governor Rice, of Massachusetts. The Governor, his staff and esoort had breakfast on the boat belore landing, and then marched to the loot of Liberty street, where they took the boat connecting with the Delaware and Bound Brook Rail road at nine A. M, Mayor William H. Wick ham, of New York, with throe ladles, left oa the Ave minutes past three train over the Pennsylvania Railroad in order to wltneas the opening ceremonies at the Exhibition grounds to-dsy. Governor Riee and staff will establish headquarters at the Continental Hotel, Philadelphia The cadets will lodge at the Masonlo Hall Hotel. Daring the core monies at Philadelphia this morning the Boston cadets will perferm escort doty t<tr Governor Rtce and staft. Both companies of the Maaaacbaaotu National Guard will return on Friday next, passing through this elty during the afternoon. General orders have been Issued by Colonel Clark, of th? Seventh regiment, N. G. 8. N. Y., lor the regi ment to parade on May 1*2 to receive Governor Rleo, of Massachusetts, and the First Corps ol Cadets. M. V. M, assembling at quarter to one P. M. The Seventh regi ment has decided to eucarnp at Philadelphia In July next. Private drill* have been ordered for May IS, 'M and 27, on which evenings the Armory will not bo open to the publio. MANHATTAN COMMANDERY. The ManhatUn Commandery Knights Templar have accepted the invitation ol the Grand Commandery of the Slate of Pennsylvania to participate In tbo Cen tennial celebration aad parade la Philadelphia oa Thursday, Jane 1, and extensive preparatioas are being made lor the occasion. The installation of offiears will take place this ovening at the Maaoaic Tempi*, corner ?T Sixth avenae aad Twsaty-third streak WASHINGTON. The Presidential Candidates and Their Prospects for Nomination. DEMOCRATIC AND REPUBLICAN SURMISES. The Absurdity of Admitting New Mexico as a State. THE BELKNAP INDICTMENT. FROM . OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT. Wuhixqtox, May ?. THJI ADMISSION OF NBW MZXICO?A TE It 111 TOUT WITH FOURTEEN HUNDRED AMERICAN VOTERS AND A BANEBUPT TBEASURT?ITS INCOME EXPENDED IX THE BALAr.IBS OP THB JUDI CIARY?VIBWS OF THB TAXPAYERS. Tlie materials which New Mexico. furnishes out of which to make a State are shown In tome statistics which tho Committee on Territorlea baa before it, and the facta deserve com I deration. The Territory nad 14,389 voters In 1875, of whom leu than 1,400 nre Americans, the remainder being Mexicans. The Amer ican vote inclndes all the United State* government officials. If the Territory should beeomo a State the 1,400 Americans would, It la suggested, bo about num erous onougti to Oil the State, local and federal ofllceu, leaving, perhaps, two over to go to the United Stale* Senate. The total valuation ol property, according to the Assess ment of 1874 and based on actual value*, was a little over seven and a half millions. in one ol the counties three linns pay two-thirds of all the taxes, and In another, four Arms pay three-quartern of the taxes. According to tho roportof tho auditor,'made In Decem ber last, the counties then owod. In unpaid taxes, $72,620. The Territory has a debt, besides this, of $98,812, of which $9,000 consists of interest unpaid. That Is to say, the Territorial treasury is bankrupt. Since this report was made another payment of Interest has become duu and remains unpaid, and this Increaaca the debt by about $8,000. The expenditures have oeen for the past two years $90,839, of which tho clerks of the district courts received $10,334; the sheriff's, $10,274; district attorneys, $11,082; Jurors and witnesses, $40,430, making a total cost of Justice alone of over $78,000 out of $90,000 exponded, but not by any means collected, In taxes from the people. Briefly, the Terri tory, with less than 1,400 American voters, owes now something over $100,000, exclusive of county indebted ness, cannot pay the interest on its bonds, and con sumes very nearly all Its income in running the courts of Justice. It does not seem that a Territory so sparsely pop ulated, with so very few Americans and with so low a property valuation, can afford to take on Itself the greater expenditures which must come if it is made a State. It had in 1874 only four school houses and only forty schools in which English was taught at all. The truth Is, the people of New Mexico do not want it to be mode a State; the taxpayers, already heavily burdened, do not want It, and the bill will probably tall In tho House when tho condition of the Territory Is exposed. But a shrewd preparation lor the first political eanvass, If It should become a State, has been made by the Territorial Legislature, In a law requiring the ballot of each voter to be numbered, so that the probate Judges and clerks, who have charge of the poll books and ballot boxes, may be able to ascertain for whom each voter has voted. This re markable regulation Is found In the statutes of the Territory, and reads as follows All votes shall be by ballot, each voter being required to deliver bis own vote In person. Each ticket shall be numbered, and tho number placed opposite the namo ol the voter. For a sparse and Ignorant population, a great propor tion of whom are not only Illiterate but dependent, such a law as this la certainly effective. It would give the leading politicians an "Inside view" which would be very helpful to them?In the choice of a legislature, say, which was to elect two United States Senators. THB FBESIDBNTIAL CHANCES ? CALCULATIONS ON THB PBOSPBCTS OF THB TABIOVS CANDI DATES?tIbLZS OF DEVOCBATS AND REPUB LICANS ON THE ELECTORAL VOTE. There Is a great deal of guessing about Presidential chances Just now, as the conventions draw near and political experts go about with slates tolerably well made up in their pockets. It 1* easier, however, to get the partisan of one of tne candidates to talk about the chances of rivals than about the prospects of his own favorite, and the following tables have the merit that the guesses therein reoorded are In each case made, not by the enemies, but by well Inlormed friends of the candidate They have been revised with an etTort to get at the real expectations entertained by the friends and promi nent supporters of the different candidates. It will be seen that claims are made In every case , of strength and votes In tho conventions, which are doomed to more or loss disappointment. Tho votes given on this record are those which la each case well informed friends of the candtdato now believe he can get on the first ballot, and they suppose that further balloting will bring over other delegations. In the republican list, which Is the first subjoined, Ohio Is given by every candidate to Governor Hayes and Pennsylvania and New York are given by all the others to Senator Conkllng. The lost is a significant admission. In the list the Territories, the new State, Colorado, and the District of Columbia aro omitted. They will make no important changes:? A'o. of Conk? Mor? Brit State. Delegate!. Itng. Blaine, ton. tow. Alabama 20 10 * 14 20 4 Arkansas 12 8 ? 13 ? California. 12 7 10 ? ? Connocticut 12 ? ? ? 8 Delaware 6 ? 8 ? ? Florida 8?88 ? Georgia 22 IS 12 17 8 Illinois *2 ? 21 ? 10 Indiana 30 ? ? 30 ? Iowa 21 ? 22 ? ? Kansas 1? ? 10 ? ? Kentucky 34 ? ? ? 24 l.oulsisaa. 18 8 ?? 10 ? Maine 14 ? 14 ? ? Maryland. 18 ? 18 ? ? Massachusetts M ? 20 ? 13 Michigan 22 4 18 ? 7 Minnesota 10 ? 10 6 ? Mississippi 18 8 4 1.1 4 Missouri. 30 20 10 20 16 Nebraska 8 ? 0 ? ? Neva-la. 0 8 ? ? ? Now Hampshire... 10 ? 8 ? 2 New Jersey 18 14 12 ? ? New York 70 70 ? _ f North Carolina.... 20 12 13 17 ? Ohio 44 ? ? ? ? Oregon 0 *8 8 ? ? Pennsylvania 68 68 ? ? ? KhuUe Island 884 ? ? South Carolina.... 14 8 7 13 3 Tennessee 24 10 13 24 ? Texas Id ? 3 12 ? Vermont 10 2 8 ? ? Virginia 22 lo 18 9 ? We?t Virginia. 10 8 10 0 ? Wisconsin 20 ? 18 ? ? Totals 742 288 310 224 100 The democratic calculations are more ragee and un certain than those of toe republicans. Few men pre tend to foretell the result ut SL Kouts. If Senator Thurmau loses Ohio he will be virtually out of tbe fight, and Ohio lo that contingency Is counted a Hendricks Mate. If Mr. Thar man carries the whole Ohio delega tion he is supposed to have as good a chance as any ? body, and better than Mr. Hendricks, because It is thought that he could carry more Southern and Kast era votes than Hendricks. It is thought, also, that Judge Darts' uamo will not come up In tbe early bal loting in great lorce, particularly It any one of tbe dem ocratic eandidaiee shows rrom the first decided strength north of Mason and Dixon's line. But if mailers should look like a deadlock and no democrat should get a de cided lend Judge Dans would com* up and It is thought with a great doal of strength. The Hendricks men woatd prefer Judge Davis to Mr. ftldenorany Ras:ern candidate yet prominently named. It is thought also that If Governor Tllden's forcee should break, a considerable part would go over to tbe Davis aide There la a strong feeling among the Wee tern am agstnst Mr. Tildsa. He seems to bave tbeconssat of a considsrable number of Boutbera men; bat they all say very decidcdly that the North most maks the tleke^ and that they will bo satiatied with anybody. U ui lakii lor granted thai thoTildcn strength, before it break*, wifl go to a aolid body to Senator Bayard, and there la llttla doubt that If thla should happen be would be aomb natod by acclamation, tor the Southern men would al one* and In a body go lor him. At preaent the closest calculator* say that the South U pretty equally divided between Governor Tilden and Mr. Hendricks, with, sa one man remarked, "no particular enthusiasm lor either." The following !? the count for Tilden sn4 Uendrlcka in the Democratic Convention:? Htn&ricJtt Dele gate*. Alabama 2" Arkansas 12 California 12 Coanecticut 1 Deiaware 0 Honda H Georgia 22 llllnoia 42 Indiana 30 Iowa 'XI Kansas 10 Kentucky -'4 l-otilsiuna 10 Maine 14 Maryland Id Mas.-achusetts 20 Michigan 22 Minnesota 10 Mississippi 1(1 Missouri 30 Nebraska d Nevada 6 New Hampshire 10 New Jersey 18 New York 70 North Carolina "JO Ohio 44 Oregon 8 Pennsylvania 68 Khode Island 8 South Carolina 14 Tonnessee 24 Texas 16 Vermont .. 10 Virginia 22 West Virginia 10 Wisconsin 20 Totals 742 Tilden. 12 12 ti 8 22 10 10 14 20 122 10 8 0 10 A'juimt any Zatlem Man. 42 30 M 30 in 24 10 294 3tt Tho Davis and Thurman calculations are not yet at tainable. and that of tbe friends of Mr. Hendricks, it will be seen, is "against any Eastern candidate. * He sbowa auprlaiu^ strength, but no om believes that he can be nominated. If he should b* able to defeat Governor Tilden his foroea would probably break and the greater part go over M Judge Davis. Senator English takes hia coming dis appointment In Connecticut, In the election of Mr. Barn am to the Senate, ao easily that It begina to be be lieved that bis friends look conQdently to hi* nomina tion at St Louis. Tbe calculations made by well informed men of both ?Ides show singular discrepancies, but each aide, It will bo obsorvod In the following lists, claims New York. The following is a table made by republicans:? Orm. Hep. Dem. Hep. 10 ? Mississippi 8 ? Alabama. Arkansas. California ? Connecticut 0 Colorado......... U Delaware 3 Florida 4 Georgia 11 Illinois ? Indiana ? Iowa ? Kansas ? Kentucky 12 Louisiana 8 Maine... Maryland 8 Massachusetts. .. ? Michigan ? Minnesota ? 8 ? - 6 ? 7 Missouri 16 Nebraska ? Nevada. ? New Hampshire. ? New Jersey ? Now York ? North Carolina.. 10 Ohio ? Oregon S Pennsylvania.... ? Khode Island.... ? South Carolina.. 7 Tennessee 12 Texas. 8 Vermont ? Virginia 11 WcBtVlrglnla.... 6 Wisconsin a 3 6 ? 86 29 4 ? 10 Totals 147 22* The following la a democratic calculation:? Dem. Hep. Alabama 10 ? Arkansas 0 ? California. 0 ? Colorado. 3 ? Connecticut 0 ? Delaware 3 ? Florida 4 ? Georgia. 11 Illiuois ? Indiana 16 Iowa ? 11 Kansas ? 6 Kentucky 12 ? Louisiana........ 8 ? Maine ? 7 Maryland 8 ? Massachusetts... ? 13 Michigan ? 11 Minnesota ? 6 21 Dem. Rep. Mississippi 8 Missouri 15 Nobruska.. Nevada 3 New Hampshire. ? New Jersey 9 New York 36 North Carolina.. 10 Ohio Oregon 3 Pennsylvania.... ? Rhode Island.... ? Sout'i Carolina.. ? Tennessee 12 Texas 8 Vermont.., Virginia 11 West Virginia... 6 Wisconsin ? ? S ? 22 ? 6 10 Totals 211 168 Comparing tbeso lists, It will be seen thst if the re publicans should lose New Jersey, Pennsylvsnla and Illinois from the list they will lose the election, In splta of gaining New York; or, working by the democratic table, the democrats could sflord te lose New York, and if they gained Illinois they wonld still elect Uwit ticket, with several votes to spare. In fact, the elec tion promises, st present, moro to tbe democrats than to the republicans, and this Is in prlvats acknowledged by many ot the latter. But tho shrewdest polltlclana of both sides here look lor some wave of popular senti ment, in what direction none of them pretend to guesa at present, which will, they believe, give the election to one party or the other by a large majority. GENERAL WASHINGTON DESPATCH El Wasiiinoto*, Msy 9,1876. THE LATB 8BCBITABY OF WAB?TXBM8 OF THM INDICTMKMT BX TBB CI BAUD JTTBT OF THB DISTRICT. The Grand Jury of the Criminal Court of the District of Columbia to-day found a true bill of indictment against W. W. Belknap, late Secretary o! War. The indictment seta forth that he was Secretary ol War oa June 10, 1S73, at which time a certain question, matter, cause or proceeding.'* were pending in relation to llie appointment and retention In office of the trader at the post of Fort Sill, in the Indian Territory; that he did unlawfully, wilfully and corruptly accept and receive the sum of $1,700 from one Caleb P. Marsh, with Inlenl to havo his decision and action on the question pend ing Influenced, and did appoint one John S. Evans and did retain John S. Evans as post trader In considera tion of having received said sum. The additional counts charge him with receiving $1,600 for the same purpose on November 4,1B73; Jan uary 22, 1874; April 10, 1874; May 34, 1976, and Novem ber 15, 1876, and $760 on January 15, 1870. AHOTHZB SCANDAL AOAIN8T 8BCBBTABT BBtt TOW SBT AT BB8T. A statement Is published to the elTect that Secretary Brlstow has suspended proceedings against John Buck ner, who was Collector of Internal Revenue at Louis ville and defaulior to the extent of $100,000, becauso Mr. Miles, tho foster fatbfcr of Mrs. Brlstow, who died recently, leaving Mrs. Brlstow a handsome legacy, is on the bond or the defaulter, t'poa this subject the Treasury records show that Jamaa F. Buckner has been for several years past Collector of Internal Revenuo for the Filth distnot of Koatacky. He is not a defaulter Tor $100,000, nor any other sum, but during list summer his theu cashier, Jackson, robbed him of $86,300 government money. Jackson subsequently committed sui cide. The loss was discovered by Bristowjs officers at Washington before It wm known at Louisville, All of Buckner's bouda are on die in tha Treasury here, and an examination of them shows that the late Mr. Miles was never on any of them. The losa is abundantly secured to the government by tho Collector'! bond ai $160,000, the sureties on which are worth more thaa $1,000,000. Buckner has now a petition for relief be fore the House of Representatives, indorsed by citlteai or Kentucky without regard to party. ADJOUBMMKMT OF COMOBK88 TO ATTBVO THB CBKTBMMIAL. Both houses of Congress met this morning, but as so quorum or either body was present an adjournment ovar to Friday followed. Not a committee of tha House held a meeting to-day. All legislative business is ea? tirely suspended. Tho capital is pretty generally de serted for the Centennial at Philadelphia. THB FBEBIDBMT AMD PABTT OFF FOB FHtLA* DBLPHIA. The President, Mrs. Grant and Mr. Dlyases Grant, Jr., left here on the limited express this morning at twen ty-three minutes past nine o'clock for Philadelphia to attend the opening of tbo Centennial Exposition. A largo number of Senators, Representatives and mem bers of the press went oa the special train that Ml hero at twelve o'clock. OBITUA&T. JUSTICE JAMBS H. MOBTOK. A telegram from SprlngSeid, Mass., under date s| the Stfe lust, reports as follows:?Jasaas ft Morton, Judge of the Springfield Police Court for twsnty-fool yews, died this afternoon, ?fsd ill/two yenra,

Other pages from this issue: