Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 10, 1876, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 10, 1876 Page 5
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RIMSMS DEATH Sadden Demise of San Alexander's Murderer. SCENES IN HIS CELL YESTERDAY. Last Moments ol the Un fortunate Convict. POST-MORTEM EXAMINATION. Death Caused by Diseased Lungs and Lack of Nourishment IW;h Xlsan Rubenstein, tho convicted murderer ol Sara Alexander, died In his cell In (be Raymond Street #sil, Brooklyn, at tan o'clock yesterday morning. The ttfIt '?> formation ot bit demise reached the outilde world fifteen minutes after tbe apirit or the miserable nan bad fled from Ita wrstcbed tenement Kaginaer Brundage, of tho jail, hastened to the office of SheriflT Daggett, In the County Court House, and Informed him ot the occurrence. Word was also conveyed to Police Headquarters, snd soon spread like wildQre from Booth to mouth. Many persons received the announce ment wlih an Incredulous remark. Half an hour alter i r,c*'pt ofth# n#w* a represenutive of the Ukbalo ?laited the jail, where he found Dr. E. E. Brown, of the City Hospital, who had been summoned to examine tho 1 body; Sheriff Daggett, keeper Stlnsou, .Assistant Dls Irlct Attorney Snell, Chief Clsrk Walkely, of ,be District Attorney s office, and ono or two other officials. Per mission was asked to see tho body, which the Sheriff granted, remarking at the same timo:?"Well, I don't know whether I am doing right In letting newspaper men see the body, as iboy may by to my charge Its ?Hhy condition." Tho writer, In company with Capta.n * oglom, of tho Fifth precinct; Captain Rhodes, of the Seventh precinct, the Jailer and others, were then ?shered Into the lower corridor of cells and along thence to tho lower end, where an Iron-barred oor separates a space of about fourteen feot from the remainder ot tho corridor. There are two cells opening Into tbts subdivision. In No. 13 is Andres* Fuchs, the murderer and butcher of Simmons, and In tb,e lower one, No. 14, on opening the heavy 1 ron door, was seen the body of Pessch N. Rubensteln the condemned murderer of the Russo-Polish Jewess Sara Alexander. The corpse, which wss still warm! lay upon a straw pallet, covered wub a mustv blanket. ?h . ?h!*d W" " blmcK ?knlI?P- Tho features were shrivelled, emaciated and somewhat contorted, and the expression was not such as the eyo would seek long to rest upon. ? "Who first observed that RaDsnstoln was dying?" inquired tho reporter. "I did," answered a tall, stout, middla-aged man. who proven to bo Deputy Koeper Howard. "1 will tell you how it was. 1 have been assigned to the duty of ?rawblng 'Ruby,' and this morning .boot ten o'clock I ooked in at tho cell to sue how he was gettlug^lon*. I found bim lying on tbo steam pipes there in the cor ner, leaning lorward in a most uncomfortable position. He made no reply to me when I spoke to him. I then called to Harry, the hallman. to get two other men and come and help me to lift Rubenstein on his bed. Harry brought the men snd we lifted bim up and laid him down on the bed. No sooner had we laid bim down than be began to froth at the mouth and his eyes turned glassy. He gave one croan and died." ? When were his relatives here to see him last Mr Howsrd??' s ? "N ell, they sin't bocn hero a great deal of lata. His broiner Jacob, 1 think, was here to see him on last Friday and on Sunday." "How did ho take tho action or the Court In reluslns U> place argument In his case down on the September ealeudar?" "He took that mighty hard." "Who told him or it?" "His brother, 1 believe, wss the first to mention It" * ou said his brother had not been here to see him since Sunday. Tho actioa ol the Court to which I have relorencc was bad yesterday. How coo Id hs have learned or the railure of tbo oflort In his boh.lf irom his trotter?" Mr. Howard then said that It was tho action of Judge Pratt in denying tne aiotlou for a stay or pro-^edin -s towbloh he had rererenco when he said:?"Ruby weakeued so that be had to sit down to keop from rail. Since the exocntion of Dolan It has been remarked that Rubenstein has l>ecn really very weak and debill. tated, and he ha* been under medical treatment by Dr. A. Warren Shepard, tbo city physician. He took his medicine regularly, according to the report ol his keepers, but grew vory reticent He was never much given to convocation, but within Ibelaat two weeks hs hns rarely or ever >pokcn. He cooked his white 11,h la tweet oil, ate unleavened broad, onions and apple, at usual, but partook of tho peculiar diet more stsingly Iban had hitherto been b:s wont In his devotions hs wss as zealous as evsr to all external appearance 0n Uanday night he was treated to a bath, bis last on tarth. He novcr was partial lo water, and his un cleanly habits snd condition were common subjects of disgust among bis fellow prlsonors. After the bath he partook ol some fish and oil and exchanged a few words with his next coll door neighbor, "Frenchv." Fuchs. While tho writer was in the corridor vesterday hs en ieavored to engage Fuchs la conversation as to what Rubenstein bad said to him, but Fuchs said he wanted to talk with Captain Woglom .bout bis own business first and than be would speak of others. Ii?eKC!.PU'B' b! h*?* ,n,Blc to him which be wanted sent to him at onco. Captain Wo*. lorn told Fuchs that ha had ao trunk belonging to him and that ha, "Fueba, would not need such an article any mora." Fuchs, who was much annoyed, turned pale and lit his pipe. He aobsequeatly said that Ruben Stein said to him laat night, about twelve o'clock ?? heaven*''1' ""y b*"' me '* VISIT or TIB BBLATIVBS TO TBS J Alt. Ths Sheriff sent word to the relatives of tbe deceased of the doatD or the prisoner, and aoon altar Israel Rubenctein, his daughier, Mrs. Rachel Sotnmet and Jacob Rubenstein visited the jalL Before entering tbe cell door tbe old man prayed aloud, after tbe Hebrew lorm. in a high koy, and the woman sobt>?d. Israel asked permission of tbe Coroner, who wss present to cover tbe lac* of bis sob, snd tbe request being granted ba drew the blanket over tbe features. He lighted a eandla and placed it at tha left aide of the body. He acxt clasped the chocks in his bands, and held them so for a lew minutes. Tho old man then cried ont "M* f?B dies as pure as the sun. How cuuld he bu in New Vork and at hast New York at the saino tlmo ?" This I to^BMrmlnt 8urreD',#r^i t0 'dative - , tb* cars* or math. thy' *'VB U " hl* before holding rronU^*^i??. ' u1 "?",b ,rnm Mh""?"?n . *? time bus boen passed in jail br ?i lonr"^! wk11!-in"' ??rtem wa. hold Si...^rH .,n lh? washroom or ihe jail br i>r. 22* r,,ico br ur N?rri* mhw'w,. waiverv morh""0 ol P0"10"- Tho Uh,?' Urn lower , Tb,re a of luutrnai i'."" " ,n l,roP?'?;al oornplamls. Tbo wiwln thJSJ^ " '"Ck w nour'"'imenl; other The heart was th.n "dT-ik" Ti'V?'* ""rnml dtta***d h?t ti-L Tti#? kidneys Hero unco rite gt** ?***?* " or M? ty at Its aLs"Ed . H?' lh# lun< ,h*r? ? maiums nonfoii K ^rcUl,,r ??<> re blol^less. It wu ?r .br,,D' ,bo"K" Wealthy, wss tleven o clock ihis lorenooa ace at tae jail at _ , . srronTa to ascAra tbk (iallows. Br fore the stay ol proceedineN ??. > . . . Brady several weeks ngo Robeiisipn, * ,*^ud'e fherid Stey man to secrecv .fcaf' ^ him flO,uu<i ai.4i iine-thiru inifTll. *?,,ld ?,,ro shine which he had Invented to carry snd wsier witbont the 0?e ol ,"nm \V he J'l, ,""'1 euro his releaM. A lew dat a 'ub^u.rU? he ??dr. 1 Iho same proposition to Assistant i When he lound that all effort io rogain hu m-*."' felled hs res<>iv?d to commit snle.de, and o(Tered is ^?i loHepuiy -hariff tullen io got him ?1 Mince ihe loan framed him a stay, however ^Te"^ aot rcncwod u.ese ..iters, ' ""wrr*r. he has tbs bi/hdsh or MBA ataxA?inKB The eriais lor which Prsa. h N. Rubensieia rae tried, j convicted and sentenced fa death before the February Term ? t the Kings County Court ol Oyer tad Terminer Judge I'rati. County Judge Moore and Associate Jo4_ t.ces McKibben end Woltort, wm one or peculiar atrccltv. and. though ingeniously planned and to avoid suspicion, was, Idic other crimes ol that atrocious nature, betrayed to the lash of human justice bv cirrumatanecs proetdsuitally glided. case of struuger clr;su>*Unlial ^vidciice been trt*d ln thla country, and the energy and xeal of District At torney Brit ton und Ditectite Zaudt were rewarded bv tiio verdict of guilty found by the jury. The trial elicited the fact* that Sara Alexander. who waa a Ural couaiu of the murderer, and who waa born In the name district la Ro^ao-PoJaiid. came to New York about eighteen moatha before tier death. | she hail at the time a brother, who is a pcdler, and an elder sister residing la tbe city; but they were iu very | a our circumstance*, and Sara lound a home and em- , plovmeui at tbe house of Israel Rubenslein. No 8-1 | Bayard street, New York, where she livod lor nearly one year. In tho spring ot last yesr she was occupied chiefly la nursing and attending Pesach N. Kubenatein, i who waa 111. Peeacb waa a married man, about thirly threo veara old. and had one cbild, but tliey were on the other side of the Atlsnnc, he havlug beea in this eountrv since lt>71. Sara, who wan ol cotuely lemur.*, : was eighteen ytars ol ago and fully formed, though rather below tbe medium Delgbta She waa a strict and regular atteudant at the synagogue, and bad a great reverence for her Invalid couitn. This regard ha used for a ba.e purpose, it the theory of tbo prosecution la correct, as she became pregnant. In April or May she left Kubeusiela's household and worked aa a talloreaa io the Bowery. She was regular In her babiu, resid ing w ith her sister anil brother, and bad no mala ac quaintances. She visited Pesach frequently, but no illicit intiui icy was nupected nr<exinling between lhem. tin Sunday, December 18, she, alter dinner, went I out to call ut So. 83 Bayard atroet, her cousin s, und there remainel till ball-past four o clock, when alio ! left. 8ne was not again seen alive by her brother or sister. Search wa? made for her on Monday and 1 ue? duy Pesacb taking part with the anxious brother and ?later iu the institution of Inquiries lor the miming girl. On Monduy evening he suggested to P. N. Alexander thai "Perhaps Kara may havo been taken awny by some rowdies and killed. . tin Tuesday afternoon, between twelve and ono o'ulock a laborer at work on the Wessell farm In a cornUeld, about one mile up the Jamaica plank road, round tbe body of a young woman lying in a hollow i>art of tbo Held, about ?><x) feet Ironi Uio roadway, behind a largo stack of corn. The body was Ivtnii partially on the right side, and about i tbo ucail was collected a de?p pool ol blood, which had flowed from three desperate cuts In her face and turoat. Tbe uvea and inoUlb were opon, and the right arm was raised?and had frozen Ml IT m that position?aa if wardiug oil a thrust from the lace. The left hand waa I clinched, while the apuearancc of the ground about, , hidden >U It was by the provlous night ssuow indi | catod tbe terrible struggle lor lne which had taken ltluce On the right cheek, extending Irom the lol>e of i the right ear to the mouth, was a gash three-quarters ' of an Inch in width. Krorn the right e r to tbo gullet the rinht siae or the throat bad been hacked to tho ' bono The loft side of tbe Ihrout waa alin- j llarlv cut. There were tu all sixteen Incised i wounds on the fhee, neck, hauds and arms. The lollowing day, Wednesday, December 14, Coroner i Minima caused the remains, which bad not up to that ; time been identified, to be removed Irom the hast New York station house to tbe Brookl.vu Morgue, Ibe ' morning papers contained a description of the body and clothing, whica led P. N. Alexander and his elder | ! sister to visit tho Morgue, In company with Israel ' Kubenstein and other Hebrews. It waa whde walling tbe arrival of tbe remains at that place that tbe llrst i clow waa obtained to the murderer. A couplo I of roportera questioned the parly aa to the manner and habits of Sara Alexander. Israel, tbo 1 lather ot Pesach, told the scribes that bis sou bad I dreamed on tbe Monday night provioaa ibat Saru Had i come to him and nad said, "I dreamed that Sara waa 1 murdered eight milea awny rrotn New York.' How I that abe said, "Coma, Pcaacu! l'oaach, come and bury mu"' Tho writer counnuulcuted tbo circumstance of the remarkable accuracy oI the dream to Superin tendent Campbell, of the police, and the dreamer, who waa subsequently convicted or the crime, was arrested 1 at No 8a Bayard street that same afternoon, und taken I to the Slorgue. It happened when ho urrived that tbe surgeons bad just completed tho post-mortem examina : tton. Which had revealed the fact that a double murder I bad been commuted, deceaaea being rnceint*. A cover i WBB drawn over tho body and the prisoner waa con I routed with bis llleless aud mutilated vic tim Hia ghastly appearance and terrified I bawl jui bo dashed away irom the ! dissecting table will' not be forgotten by those who ware present at the time. But perhaps the most convincing evidence of his guilt adduced ou ' tho trial waB tbe showing that a sharp and bowl stained knlle, which was lound in tbo corn stuck by tho side ol which the body was discovered, was proved to have been purchased by the prisoner a week prior i to the murder in a amall hardware store kept by t.u*_ tavo Simon, at No. 13 Division street. The knlle, which waa sold to Kubcnstejn lor twenty conts, waa unlln lshed tbo handle being cracked, aud the lime daughter of stuton, who made the sale, waa clear and moM posi tive in her IdentitlcatioA ol Ibe man. Several wit nesses aiso testilled to having seen the accu.-ed and I 5JT deceased crossing on a South Seven;h street I icrrylHjtt irom New York, to their huvtng ridden on a Broadway and Ka?t New York car and atigbtlognear ? the scene Qf tbo tragedy. Tbey were sseu In these conveyanooa betweeu seveu and elgut o clock on the fatal Sunday evening, a oay which was remarkable lor its warmth aud sunshine, though snow fell on Ibe fol 1 lowing day. A chemical analysis wai made by Pro lea aor Katon, of Packer Institute, ol shred* which were I ioun.1 on the ?!mnk of Kubenstctn's boot and these ,-breds were lound to consist ol libres or corn, wool i,iicb as compared Willi iho texture or the murdered i woman ? shawl) and blood. Spot* ol human blood i were also found on the sloerej ol nu coat. The delence. winch was conduc'ed by Messrs. Beach and Molt, kibored to prove an alii*. The jury, alter ' a brief ubteuce, returned a verdict of guilty ot murder I in the Aral degree. The prisoner took a solemn oath, alter tho Hobrew form, tbat he wa* innocent ol the crime Ho was sentenced, alter a trial which lasicd for nearly two weeks, to bo executed on Kriday, March 24 Judge Moore pa-Hug the sentence ot death. Of i the public nppeala of hla relatives in his be liall the renders ol the Hkuai.i> are lannliar. A week belore tbe expiration of the period allotted for hi* execution Judge Brady granted a slay of proceed I lugs, and 011 Mouiay, belore the Supreme Court, i.eu. erst Term Judges llamard, (Mlbert and Hykenwn, slt i ting at Poughkecpaio an ellori wsa made by hia coun sel to gain time i.v having the hearing or the motion for a writ of error set down for the September term of that Court. Tho ellori was not wicccMiul, and the srk'iiuieiit was to have been heard on 1- rlday. and had i tbo Court denied the motion lor a new trtul Hubenateln would have buon resentenced to undergo the lull |>enali.v ? of tbe law. It Is. therefore, somewhat remarkable tbat tbo rcvorso of bis ardent exptttauona of a new | tenure of life should be followed by ?udden dissolu tion. mroKTAST saw tkstimost. ! The motion lor a now trial wa* set dltsrn lor argil me nt ou Kriday next before the General Term ol tho ' .supreme Court, in scviou at Poughkcepsie, and, in tho event ol itn being granied, l>istriei Attorney Brit tou had recently gathered new ?nd conv.uciug testi mony which wouid have made a conviction almost ! certain Ono'witiiess wa? lound to teallf> to tlie tact that Kvbenatelu visited East Now York in company with tho murdered girl on the day previous to the mur der and negotiated lor l?oard lor her tliero. Two others have been round who saw ibern on Ibe l-rryltoat 1 aud anulber who saw them together on the car. I he most important testimony against him is the rx 1 istence or nroof that he otfered tbo girl flflo lo go I awsv bul that sbe declined to do so lor lesa tban f.tir.l. There' la other evidence going to show thai Kuben*ta*M eudesvored to have an a Win ion performed on her, and that the party consulted decliued ou account or her ad vauced condition ot pregnancy. one curious theory ol lite killing of Sam Alexander which has found its way into priut. Is tbat she wa* tho willing victim of her as?ussm ou account of religious fanaticiaio. Since be waa ar rested lor the murder the girl Alexander, Bubeostein, so the report ran, made an aaroemeat with n poor pcdlcr, who was a lellow countryman ol Hia 1 sud a coreligionist, that, lor a certain specified amount ol money he would undertake to sutler in the next world instead of lluboiisteiu, lor any sins the latter might Co.i.mit within six months from lite contract, "he agreemeut w?* duly signed aud the money paid, 1 mid this barotin was held. It a lair one, to trau*fer any ; punisi meut Kubenstein might call aown upon hlmaeir , to tbe oilier |>arty to the cootracU The wile ol the pedler, on being informed or the fact*, objected to tho baraam and through her influence her husband aougbt to lr,m it. The religion, authorities ac centeit b? this people passed upon the question, and, H fa - aid nullified the compact, on the ground that, aa ! the sins 'were not skilled lor the probable rl.k taken the amount ol money pa?l waa insufficient. The murder, it Is claimed, look placo wnbiu the six months I '"iMsTnown that ibe girl had committed what is with the Jews among the worst ol crimes. M?e waa not I married, and *he was about to become a moth.r. Voder the strict leiter ol the Jewish law her puuuh meui would have l?eeu death. Kubsustem * crime, on the assumption that be was a partner iu her guilt. Would have been still greater, his punishment would have beeu the same The wile of tbo accused waa sliout lo Join hlui irom Kurope. and '?iscovcry and ex ?Hisure ol the illicit t oniiecuon reemed lo be inevitable. It la a*anmed lhai at this point the fanatic, Kubenaioin, submitted iho case of hitnseir aud his |iarlner in*ia to religious authorities a* lanailcal as himself. II their judgment waa that scsndal might probsbly bepreveuied and exact |ustlc??according to their creed?inflicted by compelling Kul?ensteln himseir lo be executioner ol the old law, the girl would have sullered death, while ltubeusieln, in being made sn instrument of ood * wrath wtuiM hnvo been com polled lo answer lor tne enme of murder a the next world, while being obliged to ktll si once the woman he Illicitly loved and his own imputed ollspriug at the same tiluo The Concurrent testimony ol all the witnesses who swear Ihev saw them toaeiner in a B roan way car Is i tbat the) sst together gloomily and abstractedly. 1 he re ,|4 Oo. onver atiou between thim; I here was notbng icaeuibliug amorous daliiauci- Itubeiistein paid his own lare so did the glrL lie got out ol the car Orst; .lie loih.we.1 linn, and he did not offer lo assist her. Boih went gloomily, ailenily and ?tilaraIy to the latal ? not Rubeasteia was armed with a knife which ho bad purchased bimselt, o|K.oly and in his own neigb hornood II actusted by a gilllly puri ose ho m >f I* -aid to hare taken uo steps to preclude detection. ? as *t lajcause he lelt tllat when the knllesaa* dia^rm-red be would lie Iteyond puulsbment at inauahands. Lain ibe woman' wss the stronger at the two. There f. u" evidence ol a prolonged and desperate ?irn>rgle. n?r erie* were heard, but she made no outcry of murde She csll.-d lor - help. heir-my life is going Jr.,m me " Till* IS reconcilable Willi the uotlou Hist lbs wis a wlliin? sacriH. e rather than thai she waa a ? uroriscd Victim Again, the priainsr waansexact in Iho performance ol iverv r.te ot h'.s religion In jsll as If he were "jiisiled he deserved Hod's special Interiercre. Taese are tho fact* ?nd .pecu'allons advanced to sus tain Ibe theory that Knnenstam was not a mnrderor in the ord nary and lull sense ?l ihat word, hat that he waa"he executioaer of a religions oecrce, promulgaiod by tbe auihoritieo smong his own J lUJilt. THE RAILROAD WAH, TBI SITUATION STILL CNCH ANC.ED-THE ACTIOS OF THE NEW YORK CENTRAL FAVOMINO NEW TOES COMMERCE?A REVIVAL OV TRADE LOOKED FOIl?NO MORE bVECIAL CONTRACTS ANTICIPATED. The disruptlou of the recent tariff compact be tween the various railroad companies carry ing freight out of aa?i to New York from the principal cities of the West anil Kast still eon | tiauea to he the most absorbing topio of discussion ! among merchants ol every class and crude In this city. ! For the moment the (euortl opiniou la, undoubtedly, ; that the existing coniroveray cannot but Inure to the i benefit of shippers geoerally. Whether the benefit i iball be lasting is a question eomewnnt more difficult of i aoiuiion. tt would appear, however, Mlaru the expren i slons of leading merchant*, jobber* and shippers can I he ascertained, that the tmpression in steadily but ' surely prevailing to the effect thai the time for n dis crimination on the part of railroad companies In favor j of any particular localities baa paaaed. la fact, tbo i idea uow aeema to be universal among the business | men ol New York that the Interest of all the railroads having termini in this vicinity must naturally be, uu ! der existing circumstances, to aflbrd every fliclllty I toward fostering tbo centralization of shipments and | exports in Uiia elty. That any combination on tho 1 part of the diflerent Irulghucarrt lug linos, j such as has existed In the past, will ' possibly bo brought about for the reason that such I companies as the New York Central and Rrie hare long | coiue to the conclusion that in order to serve their own j interests it h.is become imperatively necessary for I them to culllvato and sustain the New York interests? I that is to s*y, the trado of Now Yoik. The late move ' rnont, or rather abrogation of the combination of roads ' Instituted by the New York Central official*, under the j direction of Commodore Vanaerbllt, is looked U| on | simply as a move in the right direction, und shows tho j foreseeing policy ol the Commodore in being able to j discount the future and bis ability and desire to main j tain the prestige of the Central road Independent of all | cabals. Thin new departure, Judging Irom the expres I stons of opinion by the leading men lu every tmde i having to do with shlpmeuts, cither as merchant*, ! consignees, shippers, Jobbers, ox porters, importers or | otherwise, is looked upon but as a natural sequence to : the agttsticn that has long been made against tbo j monopolies and arbitrary action practised lor so many ; years by tne railroads. They have, it is assertod, been , at lust brought to a proper realisation of the situation, I and aro disposed to Joiu with lyid consult the interests ! of their customers, principal among whom are the ! commercial men of this city. | * The late depreciation in the shipments of all kinds of ; freight to uuU from Now York bss, It is claihied, com pelled the prluctpul roads to consider the situation, and at last has forced them to realize the nocessity ol aisimllatlng tbelr action and rates to suit the times. Thus, although the Rrie road, through its recolver, Mr. Jewett, Jointly with the presidents of the Pennsyl vania aod Baltimore and Ohio roads, signed the letter to Coinuiodoro Yaudcrbllt, yet tho fact cannot bo dm . guised that the Erie roud had previous to this been in ' the habit of making reductions iu freights fcr tho trans|>ort of grain to this port in order to suit the exi gencies ol# tho time. In tact, the present rupture among the companies is not looked u|>ou as arising so much Irom disagreement among themselves as to tho ' apportionment of rates for freight to be alio Mod to each, but rather as a desire on tho part of the muln j lines whose sole profit lies with the prosperity ol New { York commerce to protect that interest with which ; they are so intimntely allied, and without which they ' must themselves collapse. The abrogation of tbo ' combinations heretofore existing, whether they bo | termed "conference, pool or contract,'1 is looked ] upon by all as a move iu t!ie right direction; , tor it is thoaght, as it undoubtedly will be, that there , will be greater rivalry manifested between the com panies, and that the system of mat ing special con ! tracts with certain large shippers to the detriment of : the smaller bouses will be done away with, ami a gen eral low rate of freight, more unliorm in character, will be, as it has been already, brought into operation. Competition, it is sa<d, will Irom this tituo lorth be the rule, and as u oousequence the puiilic interest* will be subserved so lar as commercial relations nn the part or New York mercfoauts with those of the Kasl uud Went are concerned. tux rKMiimox i Is made even now that within a short time dealer* in Chi cago will be able to sblp cargoes ol graludlreclto Kuropu ihroiiiilt New York as cheaply a? can be Uoiiu through auy other American port. 'l uo discrimination latterly , exiatmg In regard to special conliucts mauo with sev eral large shippers have in every branch of commerco | considerably militated against tbo interests ol New York mere bunts?so much so ibut many large dealers have, us bah already been indicated iu tbe li Kit a Lb, established branch houses in Baltimore. irom-anU to which city, in regard to Western and Kastcrn ship i mentai, a margin ol' prolll on Ireigbt can be obtuined as Compared with New York. Ti<i- theory advanced by the Hekali> In previous srtl ' cles on this subject, as also by the Now York Central road, as expressed in Commodoro Vunderbilt's reply to tbe Jewell .^con-King letter, that there i* no policy in the lines having direct connection with Nrw \ ork and j the producing Mates ol the West au|iporttng the sub sidiary aud impecunious road* with ?un.li it may have connections, is everywhere met with lavor. Tbe arguments in favor ol a dissolution of a close amalgamation ol the various lines are numerous, and many reasons for a competitive action on ibe part ol the railroads engaged in the Iretghi carrying business have already been given in the Interviews wtiu ibe leadings merchants that have been published, further opinious iu thin regard have l*eii sought, and there Is but one opinion expressed on every hand and anion* I tbo eowracroial man. ol New York, no manor In what branch they arc engaged. This opinion is that by ! throwing open the various line." to corn pet it ion and the doing away ol tbe special contract system, the business tuturu of Urn cuy will bo greatly improved; ' tbe probability being that the supremacy held l>.v New York for so long ?8 tbe great centre mid entre/Htt for every clsss of raerclnndi?o will be retrained and maintained. The tendency hitherto has been to ward tbo building up of a low large houses hcrj: and the establishment of oik' or more large johb.n; hou-es In the principal towns and cities In th>i different States, 1 where these jobbers, owing lo the facilities afforded by the Railroad companies lu tbe loriu of reductions in f freigh) of irom thirty to Inrty percent, were enabled 1 ? to oTTcr lines of goods of spaoto] qualities at the samo rate as Uiey could tw otrtuiued in New York, taking ? into consideration the cost ol transport alter purchase. SrTAII. IlkAI.KRS, who otherwise would iodic to New Yoik to mako pur chases, have thns bin u kept away; lor they could see, by buying ol tr.ese country jobbors, a saving of their expenses In the form of hotel Mils I aud travelling expenses. This, apparently, was a saving; but although they lua u a savin* In some liner of staple goods, yei when they cutiio to ' lay In stocks ol fancy articles tbo prices have lieeu ex ceedingly bigb and greatly wore than they could lie supplied irom New York were Iretghu at a unitoi m i i rate. The large bouses here, us well as those iu the West, have doubtless much prollted by the late rail road tariff; but tbe evils of this centralisation of basi uess in the hands of the lew bus not only been lell there, but has i een peculiarly lllosirated in this city by the uurnoer of stores now vsoaht and tbe daily failures and retirements from business that*are announced. The continuance of an open competition on the part of th%railroads, it is contended, will serve to counteract this tetiaeucy and bring about a revival uf business; for then the oauniry dealers w ill be brought here to purchase their parcels ol goods, knowing they can buy st the snmo rate as me local Jobber, w hose only prolit has been the difference in m ight on some lines ol mer chandise and a large advance pu the rates of other auxil iary art teles which the retailer must hare to make his stock complete sud meet the wants ol his customers. So tar as the railroad companies are concerned, the , aitustion yoMerday appeared to be unchanged. Nona ol tha lin< s have so far manifested any desire or in* tentloo to make a concession to the other, aud so lar sa the Maw York Central and Krie roads are con earned in ibe grain carrying trade, no pool is nkely to be made with the oilier lines. Freights remain about tho same tiomttiolly, but favorable contracts can readily be obtained, boib lor presv nt aud forward le llvcrv. In lact the manihutation on the part of all the lines'is to accommodate shippers and secure business, 1 even should they accept lower rates tbati their rival". In all other respects there is no ebango irom the tails qooti d In Sunday's IIi.kai.u There was no leduetiea made on passenger rales by any of ihe iines yesterday, and, as isr as can be ascer tained. no aueh action i?. ontcruplsttd. {'resident Jewell, of tbe Krie Hallway, accompanied ; by tlin general superintendent and other oitlciala, ! atarted on Monday morning to make a, general inspec. . lion ol the road. Ilia journey baa no' connection w .th the existing freight trouble*. AN UNDERGROUND RAILROAD. j THE BBOADWAT COMPANY PBKPARINO FOB WORK?THB PI.AXH AMD BOtrTB OF T1IK BOAD, The corporation formerly known aa the "Pneumatic 1 Despatch Company'* having obtained the necessary legislation nt Albany Intends to begin tha work of con- i structing a steam railroad under Broadway. When the , company hrsl obtained its charier it did not contem plate tb? carrying el passengers, but freight, similar to the Pneumatic Despatch Company ol Loudon. Mr. | Reacn, the editor of tbo Scientific American, however, desired la extend Ibe work, and tba charter wsa so amended that steam might be need if necesaary. | A tunnel was made under the roadway beiwten War I ren and Mnrray streets, and, as is generally known, an ' experimental epr was worked on the paean atic prin | npie very successfully. This sectien rest JSS.Of0, and I waa bunt under ibe persoaal iapert?feadea?e of Mr. Charles Crabam, who ?u the engineer of the London I Underground Railroad Company. The experiment of | bortnir tnder R road way ni NKtwftil, bat ftirther i progress waa ch xkeJ owing 10 mm adverse legislation. I The dual charter authorlalug the work wu paused in . 1S74. and then the company wore unable to get In work on aocouni or iho nee weary capital doi j beiug furthcoming. It waa ?ai.imau>d that I $10,000,000 wouiil bo required to complete the road, ' uud capitalists did not seem an Hon* t> pot tuooey in. j Things have changed now, however; there la a rapid ' transit fever and money I* plenum I fur investment In t tlx business. At the late mmiuii ot lb<' Legislature the charter of ibis compauy was still lurlhur amended 1 tuu in permit the corporation to Ukuh lionda and | be,'in the work. Koremosi in tho movement are several members of { tho i<caUiaturu, who own coiiaideiaolo stock in tliu company. At the limit Mr. Hooch sought lor tho ' charter at Albany he met with u vast uinonnt ot eppo- j atUon, not only Irotu horse railroad cowpenteM, but Iroiu owners ol property along (he route. Iu order to : get the bill passed tie Rave the members Mock, or { promised it, and uow the holders a*o money in the ? road and are willing to help to build it. ThlH year tho | company wah reorganized a in I tho trustees are now preparing the bonds, which will !*? on iheuuorket In a ' low days. I TIIK UKMtaAL PLA.N Of TIIK HOAO wlUbeMmilur to tliu underground railroads of I,oa- | don. By the provisions uf tho charier the Orat aec- , lion ol the railroad is 10 begin ut the Mattery and ex tend northward under Broadway to Central Park, Willi a abort lateral branch eastward Irom Forty second street.to a connection wilh the tracks of the Hirloui River K til road at or near the Urand Central Depot?a total distance of about live mile*. At slated above, the total estimated cost is flO.tlUO.OOO, which includes the construction ol tunnels ol the strongest character, spacioua underground stations, solid tit eel tracka, elec tric signal* and everything complete for the most ef fective operation. 'Ibuwurk will bo perlormcd under the immediate supervision of a hoard of engineer i commissioner* apptmoed by the Uovemor ol the .Statu and the Mayor of the city. A Hkkai.ii reporter eallcd upon the President of the j company, who now feel* very sunguine of tho success ol the enterprise. lie claims that il>e itiidergrouud j plan, though more expensive, is the only real method | of rapid transit. Underground ibe trains cuu h i ran at ahiphruteol apceu, something which will never bo I obtained on au elevated road with aafety, lor the reason j that the road will ik-vot bo solid, like that obtained on ' the earth. Another great point in Its fnvor is that it j will not injure the property it paasep and is entirely ' out ol sight. Ol course Its central location would in sure ita success, and it would obiallt tho hulk ol tho , carryiuit of lioih passengers and freight In ? the city. The Provider t said bo hud In vested a largo amount ol'. money In j tho enterprise, null knowing lhal tli? plan would bo ; successful, but be could not build It alone: tbereioro j be wailed until tho public were educated up to tbo ne cessity anil the desirability of iho work. The time huH now come, the plans are nil prepared, und tbo company expects to gui to work within a few week*. Til* COST OK TIIK ROAO. Although $10,000,000 soeiuri a largo sum for building flru mile* of road, it is lu reality small when compared with the cost of tho road In l.ondon, which exceeded j $6,000,000 per mile. Aboul lour-Uitiis ol this waa duo to damage* to real estate, caused by cutting through blocks ol houses und tunnelling under vaults. On llroadway no such cost can accruo, as the line lselc.tr through ibe centre of the thorougQIare and will not en croach on private properly. RAILROAD TRANSPORTATION. TBI CHEAP TRANSPORTATION SOCIETY OK THB PBESENT WAR THK1B VIEWS ON WK.HT BOUND FREltiHTS?RK80LCTI0N 0? THANKS TO THE TRUNK MSK8. A meeting of tbo New York Cheap Transportation 1 Association was held yesterday, with Mr. U. I*, Baker, j the pre*ident, In tho cnatr. Alter preliminary bust- j ncsn the Kxecutlvo Committee, through Mr. J. F j lioury, tliu chairman, repuriod the laet of the intended . ubsence of Mr. V. K- Tharbor, the secretary, und ; recommended the nomination of Mr. A. B. Miller aa ! secretary pro tern., and that of Mr. Durwln K. James as, ? nasUtant Both gentlemen were elected unanimously. * The President at this Uuio apoko of the loss the asso- j ciation would suslatu In the absence of Mr. Thurbor. to wliom, ho said, It wm greatly indebted lor tho success ^ It had met with. He concluded by wishing tne secre- ; tary l^n rnyagr. Tho gentleman replied in uppropriato term*. Tho Committee on Railroad Transportation then sub mitted the loliowlng report and resolution, which were ; unanimously adopted:? To run Bosun or Dmsc'rons or tub Nkw Yoita Ciikap | Tiinromnim Association >- j The Committee on Hallway Transportation respectfully ! report tlmt the managers ul Uie trunk Uacs leading ftom ; thiYcity have at last taken the position thai rates to New York (mm Hie West .hull be ?*? low ?? those to nay oilier ; I seihosrd city. This W ? concession which the Cheap Trans : i uortKtiou Association kw Ion* maintained should be I 1 adopted Tor the rea- in that the eo.t ot transportation de , rreases verv rapidly In proportion to the amount of business | ! a?n, nn<l cv-.u If mere were no ?Vest hound traffic the tin- j i nieiise mass of miscellaneous production* of the \>est whioli , are shipp-d to thin market would eutltle her to even a lower rite than clt.e* from !??> to Jf? mile* nearer the uroddfciug oentres. The coat of hauling a train of i |>>) to -Mt miles further, when oaee started ou i tt.elr Journey lo the seaboard. I* very ??"? and. a* above stated, Is more than compensated for by the quantities of beef. pork, lard, butter, cheese, egg* hour ami live stock, l,e?ldc? the large miscellaneous class ol goods for which there Is but little demand at other seaboard cltie< Ihe rn.wt ? forcible reason, however, why New t urk Is entitled to a lowrr rate than other seaboard cities Is that she furnishes a . much larger percentage of Weal lioiind freight thau any Other rltv. By tar the larger number of freight ears Irnm New \ ork eren are hau'eil back to the M est eiupty, but 1 KM* volts, ms ** SPVABTSUB . In this respect over either iialtlmare, Philadelphia or Bos I ! ton In the proportion of uiore than two to one; yet Ibis fea- j ' tore lias never beeu recognised byraliosd managers in ll'k- , , IS ?? their tariffs. aui New York has beet, the goose | which has always lurnished an Indetlulte supply of golden i egg* At last, however, the laet has become apnar ! rni to everybody that has loni; been aoied br close | Observers, vis :-That the ?reat trnnk nes which naturally , work In the interest of Baltimore and 1 iil?del|.bia hava so lar diverted the eotnnierce wuich formerly came to tnla eitjr . that even ourtruuk Hues ef radroad begiu toli*l It yrtously. ; and hence have taken the position shove mentioned. Their Milton has bad an Immediate and positive effect of tb? most i ^ratifyingcharacter, anil If coulinned cannot fad to peruia^ netitly benefit ihe cummereisl ami real estate Interests of ' oureiti It Is claimed that the present rate, are not re inn Herat I ve to the roads sn.t tlfai ihe customary dividends will be laekinir If lUese rales are eontlnued. It should oe reno-m- | | hereil, however, that the capital stock* "f all our trunk llue* have been watered Irum time to time until It has long been , ? marvel to bastaesa men how they could ssMaga topay dividend. at all. The best Judges claim that It the .Sew i I York Central Railroad earnea three per cent upon ita pr.<s?nt 0 itsitiiding aMigstloas U will still be earning ai the rate 01 eijfht to nine |? r e nl on the amo.int artuallj paid lato its treasury bv Its aim-k snd Ijond holders, and it would, tlier lore seem lo be less of a hardship tor these gentlemen to accept a reduced rate or dividend.-than H ??' entire business and real estate Interests of the city and j Male to continue to suffer as they ba e in the past, in deed. In tlie on.nlon of your committee, the wIv-st txis.lble ( course for our railroad managers to take would lie lo loster. I for a lima at les?l. tlvjse Interests which for a number of ( ' This brings us to tlie consideration of another most Im- t portant Italure In the situation, v.s. tiik n\Tv.s us *f?T not-sn rsKiuiiT. Th* policy of the roads la the past lis* been to give very low r'leclal contrsclS to whidessli; merchant. In Iho Interior, but to charns the retell merchant mere Ihslr rei-ular laritt , which. In aoiiw lmt?nc??, h*v# be?n two mid ) limes as high as the special rales liefore mentioned. The rllecl of this policy has be -n, during thu 'sst ten years, to build up in ail the Interior elites, and even towns or any , nice, an iniDeoil iiuiiii.er of wliol -sale lions -s, wh??se chler MMiree o i.rolli has been the discriminations which they were able lo obtain in ihetr rsie of freight, rbls lias r? suited in the laet that not one retail merchant now visits this market lo buy goods where ten loruierly came, inacli to i Ihe delrlmetl of j or u joaai.Ki ta<nit in every branch, many hous?s of whleh Itavo been driven out ol business. ai>d It has only be*n the slrouger eues that have been able to sustain this, and even tnev lisve been driven into iui|Mir|ing and absorbing In a variety or ways other branches wlitch formerly had a distinctive existence ol their own. In doing this the rnllnsds have grestly in lured their |.a>siiiiger traffic; have nearly bankrtipled onr hotel Interest, sadsll iliti have gained has beun the ex change ol a iar*e number of smalt customers tlist psl ? them i remunerative rales lor a small number of large c-astomers j that now pay iiuremuueretivo rates. iliis as.octs lion has already taken measures td bring these tacts to Ihe notiie ?f the men met largely | Interested in the insnsgement of our trunk j Hues the eseeulive officers ol which have for a long tuna recocnlred these fscis; hai th-ae higher In aatkorlty do not , come In contact with the medium class of merchants who i sre their best customers, anil are the rehire slow to recognlre the rae? which would be ol the greatest matual advantage. It Is to be hoped, however, tronl Ihe spirit manifested in our , hast iiouhil freight matters, thai a lienor understanding may oearrliedat In regard to ? our West bound Interests, t our committee are iu levor of maklna every nroper edvsnce looking toward this end, and would therefore respeetlully . sebum the follow lug resolution: .e,t,i..i,? i Ke^olved, Thill the thanks or tlie merchants ofthls ally | ?re due to the managers of onr trunk linns hir their recog- j niti. n of ihelr Interests In rates on hast hound freight, i.nd mat we respectftilly solicit -it their hands s considera tion nt ilie (acts herolnbelore outlined In regard to the rales on West hound treight, and ihe policy which In the p??t hns resulted so disastrously lo tbu Jobblug trade ef this c% of whleli I. r^tf^-hje^^ j. rtfhNllhK rt nvp.lt. . II KHyJ.Y l AllKINtilOJC, JOIIN *\ IIKNKY, A. B. Mil.I.KK. Committee on Railway Trsnsportatkin. A lengthy comtuunicailou waa thau prcsentetl ky tho aecrctary Irom U. F. Knapp, a civil cngioaer, review ins the general hydraulic* uf rivers, and eotnbntlng the theory ol Captsln Rude*, plnn for opening nod deepen ing the mouth ol ihe Missisnippi Rivar by tho rsmovsl ol tbo bar hy tbo Jetty arstem. Tbn |iapcr nets Itirlll the idea thul alilioiigli tho p.an propo?ed to bo earned out bv I'aptain hades may be temporarily siiiislsctury, vet IB tho olid II will ho found to be a failure. Tlia paper waa reierred to the Committer on Ocean Train l'.iruiion lor union. A oommunlcalion irohi il?e Cin cinnati Hoard of Transporl.itiun was Beit rosd. It asks the co. o|a> rat ran ol tho New York Cheap Trans portation Society and similar bodies iu prepar ing snd presenting a memorial to Con greaa. requesting that tlie iMldiiionul Taluabh cr.it?ta o! Ik!jU? ami oilier privileges sought to l?? bv ih? Union P^cftfe Uillrwd msy b? wlib held. Helen ad to Ifca Coinnutiee on Railway rniua '"ob'mMion of Mf. Henry, Chairman or Ihe Executive Conimniee, it was agreed to adjourn over the month* of .hiue, July and Aagust, unless special meeting* should l>e callod hy tbeChstr. A committee ol three, composed of Messrs. B.ker, Robinson and Miller, wa* then appointed toco-operate with the committee ol I tie l liatme i ol Commerce, Pro duce anil Cotton Exchanges and oihor cotumarcial lioiirs in Ihe proposed conference lo be held witn ihe Dock CominisaioB IB relation to the dock systein ol the city. The meeting then adjottraed. SANITARY AFFAIRS. IMPOBT.AlT MIKTIKO O* T*B BOABB OF UKAI.TH TltSTEHDAT?REMOVB THB BT^ATJOK TKB HOt'SEH. At iho Hoard of Health's weekly meeting yesterday a bearing ?rm glvon to a committee representing the owner* of stables In New York, who laid before it their views a* lo tho host method of removing stablo tnanurn from tbe city. According * ? their luvw-tlga tloiia It appears that there are 110,000 horses in New York and u yield of 1,600 tons of stable manure diity. To remove the name :?0 horses and carts and a capital of fiUil out) aro required. The topography of the city makes tin transportation as a fertilizer almost eutirily by water, Uki only exception being thu county ot W est Chester. The preaent system of removal, which has been In operation for years, Is that ol carting It direct from the stables to the vessels whleh tarry it away, or when prevented by storms or loe to deposit It from some dumping ground until It could be removed from tbu oity. The priucipul objection to this system Is the dumping lor storage within the city limits duriug a portion ol the year, wbloh Is unavoidable. Anothor plan highly recommended Is that known as "baling, which Ib the compressing ol manure. It reduces tho coat of transportation and divests it of rouuy of its disagreeable features. The comuilltoo urged tho Hoard to give both plans one year's trial, and to set apart a plaeo at tho toot of Ninety-sixth street, East River, ns a dumping ground. The committee were Cburles Johnson, T. K. Butler, President Blxth Avenue Kail rood; Jcsso A. Marshall, Madison Avenue Mne; S. U Phillips, President Third Avenuo Rallrond; Win. Ebbett mid Robert Willets. Tho entire matter was referred to the standing oommlttee for roport at a future mooting. The Sanitary Inspector submitted a report on the sanitary coudltion ot Mill Brook, beiweou lJSth and ltWth streets, which sltows that It is the rocoptacic be tween those poluU of two sewers and of the rcfuso or several browerlos. Ho recommended that the brew eries be compelled to havo water-tight cesspools, and uiso that tho brook be disinfooted. A communication was received from tho Department of Buildings, in answer to a rocent resolution ot the ; Board, stating that arrangements had been mado with i tho Tammany Society to construot an outsido Iron j stairway ftom the auditorium of Iho (tormanla Theatre to tho ground on the uorlh side o1 the building. A communication Iroin tho Board ol Charities and | Correction, also In answer to a recent resolution, staled : that arrangements wire In progress to build a gate ' in tho Tuinbs, leading into Leonard street. SLACliHTKH UOl'SKS. The following report Iroiu tho Sanitary 8m>erintend- I ent, ou tho subjects of slaughter house* and the proper measures to bo taken to abate tho nuisances incidental i to them, was recelvd aud referred to the Sanitary Committee. He said:? j in giving a brtel nummary ol the nature and sanl tary requirements of thin necessary and very Impor tant branch of Industry 1 can only reiterate what has been repeatedly said ?>u previous occasion#, thero beiui! connected with the business, no matter how well it may be conducted, certain unpleasant features which reuder It necessary that the? establishments bo lo cated lis remote as possible from humsn dwellings and ] iroin Important tnoroughlares. Tho area boui.dod by i Fortieth and Forty-seventh streets, In tbe vicinity ot Tenth avenue, where most of the slaughter houses on tho west uide of the cltv aro located, however well adapted to the business It may have been twenty years ago, has now become the seat ol a large population whose health and Happi ness largely depend on the breathing ot a pure atmos imere. Wiililu tbo area meludlug the north.-Ida ot Fortieth street, near Tenth avenuo, the went side or Tenth avenue, between Fortieth and Forty-first streets, and the south side of Fortjr-Urst street, for a short dis tance weft or said avenue, there aro eleven slaughter houses, many ol them contiguous one to the other. Some ol these aro old wooJeu structures, saturated with animal llulds and animal tilth, and notwithstand ing tbo constant eflorta ol tho proprietors to cleanse, bv Hushing, and a liberal use of whitewash, It Is'Im possible to disgulso the reeking odor of putrid animal matter constantly arising from these sodden premises. Others of a better class, and or more recent con Ktruotion, have wood floors, and more or less standing wood work, which are dally absorbing animal matter, aud a'O permanently Impregnated with bloody water and lluids druming from animal oflut ami ll?iuitf manure. Tho yard#, though dally cf iorts are made to cleanse thctn, aro lor a largo portion ol the tune filthy with manure, offal and biood. iho pavements liecome alter a short tlmo uneven, tho do ore (Bed portions aff ording lodgment for ploccs ot offal aud manure, and tho surlace drainage being Inter rupted by the uuevou coudltlou ol tho pavem?nl bloody wator and the drainnge from manure and oltal i collect In pooh on th? turlicc o! iho yards or in tho narrow spaces between the paving stoues. In addition to this ibe fences, tnanuro boxes and rear walls ot tho l building become exceedingly tllthy Iroin being bespat tered with blood and souil liquid manure, which, dry 1 me letve these structures covered with adherent I masses of this lllthy mixture, rendering them both unsightly and offensive. These eetalr llshnients all front on p-blio stro< ts, and muuy of them directly opposite tenement houses, the occupants of which, as welt as passers by, are dallv exposed to tho many annoyances Inseparably connected with this business, to say nothing ol the de 1 moralising effect the slaughtering of animals has upon tho rising generation, many ol wlioiu are daily and eager witnesses to these operations. It seems that the time has arrived wbeu, If over, a decided action should oe lakeu by the Beard toward regulating and bringing under more Immediate control this Business of slaughtering animals. Section 1*4 of the Sanitary Code provides that after July 4, 1HJ0, tho business shall be o-nducted in abattoirs, at or near tho waters edge and 1 seo no reason why the slaughterhouses above mentioned should be exempted liom this pro vision; and in nccurdanco with tneso views 1 havo made my recommendation. The principal slang iter houses on the east side of the city arc located In tbe district extendiug from *orly-ihird street to Forty-seventh street, east of > irst avenuo Home or the<e are well constructed, and with some alterations and Improvements may lie made to meet all necessary requirements; others, though well constructed, ere badly located being In close proximity to tenement houses, while others, both Iroui location and construction, are wholly unfit for tho purposes to which thev aro devoted. Tsken as a whole, wo find among ihetn me name objection# which cliarur.tenxeu those on the west side. We II ml hero the same laulty uavomeuts aud I'encos covered with lilth; the samo wooden floors saturaie.l with putrid blood and rancid lat aud the aime neglect in caring promptly tor the ollal and m mure. It may bo added, n so, that facilities for catching the blood III many ol th^ne places aro not adequate i have recommended that all ol the slaughter houses on the erwt side or the city objectionable either Irom construct ;nu or location bo closed, and that the others be so altored aud Improved as to meet tho retirements of the ordinance about lo take effect. In order to meet the sanitary ronnnoiiionU nece^Bnry to iho inlcreata ol DUblio hvglone, au<llo the avo'dance of pnbilo annoy uuce. the business ol slaughtering should bu com.en I trsted as much as posaiOle and conducted within build iuks constrnctod fur tho purpose aati ou the urnst ap i,roved plan*. They should be remote from human dwellings and not exposed to view Irom the jmolio -treeis. Tuj nocessltv ol these restrictions is obvious, , that i he public inav be spared the annoyance arising I ruin tho offensive odors counoctod wub the busiuess, the uolsoof ibe aulmala oontlnad there and tbe disgust. , Ids sights ntteuding the espture sud sluughter of the ? niinnlri They should l>e at or near the waier s edge, that tho public sewers may not be dellled With DlthV wasbinss aud relusa and iliat the dangerous prnciice or driving cattle through ibe public streeta may lie avoided, the animals licing landed from boats at or tiesr the nlaces ol slaughtering. The yards should be perfectly ?traded and paved with Itelglau |mveiucnl, the spaces bvtwten tho stones being tilled with aaphsllum, as the ordinary inortsr or cement is so?.n wuthed away by the frequent flushings of tho yard. , Tho floor.- of tho building hould lie oi some non si> . aorbing mat. rial to afford leliof Iroin tin offensive | odors peculiar to slaughter bou?e?, and to prevent sat uration of tho son underMath, which often occur* I from wiKnlen, leaky floors. <?ood facilities should lo | afforded lor saving and atiiixing the blo<Hl, in order that this valuable icrtiluor, lustead of bein^ wasted, may be in proper lorm applied to the soil nntl thus mado to contribute ui tho lieaiihy growth and aevelopiuenl v'll'Vf" those recommendations and others I have made in th? special reports lorwsMed, and II carried out I believe the business ol slaughtering will be so far improved In its sauitarv aspects as to be regarded not wholly unworthy of the Improved spirit ol our ng<\ . In connection with the aerumnlatlons ol manure In this city. Professor Uorenus said to a Hsralo rep^irter yesterday that careful attention to the subject had ( enabled h.m to say that there are gathered here every year about M)0,i)00 tons of wnure. wblrb.when re moval is delayed, is detrimental to the bcalihofliio" who reside or work within range of effluvia arising therefrom. He hs given serious atK-ntion to iho -everal and tari ous methods proposed for Its removsl or dmMiori/atiou, end had ootne u> the eoiiolu-tion thst the method involved In the early gathering, chemical care ot nud subsequent baling of the rciu?c and Its eon veyanco irom the my is alt -getbor ihe iooat haro,less here and perhaps, tho m?st usofol to those in tho sgncultural districts, who n-ed lertlllxers, and who >y tho uroceea indioated can secure from the ciiy us reiuse at the least harm to Its residents and greatest nroilt to rtrins. He s*id. In conclusion, that be was as earnest iu his desire lor iho removal ??f the street and Stable tilth or the City In almost wholly deodorised form as ho waa tor the removal ot the gashouso nuisance, and was < onfldent that If the means at haud were resorted to evil effects could be prevented. THE ANGLO-AMFUICAN CABLES. The Wester* Union Telegraph authorities In New Tork announced as follows yesterday? ?'At ten minutes past two P. M., Ureenwleb time, St. Pierre had communication with the repairing ship, which reported that It would be through Its wo.-k In twenty minutes." v This despatch refers to the Sk r lerre and Placentla cable. "KEEP OFF HE GRASS." The People's Pleasure Ground is Central Park. THE IRON RULE OK THE COHMm Shall the Citizens Enjoy Thei# Own Property ? When Central Park was laid out for a poople'a pleas* tiro ground, and the taxpayors willingly bora the burden of increased assessments, il was distinctly an* dcrstood that tins charming ar?a irai to bi beautified l?r Hid people; that every tuan who wasted a breathing s; ot for his wife and children could bare U; that there he could enjoy pare air and pleasant shade, ramble on tbo grant, or rest by tiio placid lakes at bis own sweet will, without further restrictions than those demanded lor the maintenance of order and the laws of propriety. Hut this original purpose of our beautiful Park has boon perverted, and now there is but little meve freedom permitted to its owners, the people, than It itworoa private park, and every inch of lawu, every stretch of meadow and every mutely troe posae-sucd by home rich proprietor who throws wide his gates to the people as a favor. The Park police, noting strictly under the orders Issued to them by the department, wntcu with Jealous eyes every romping boy or toddling girl, and tt?e minute their feet wander troiu the scorching osphaltum walks to the velvet of the cool grass thsy are hustled oir first, and warsed afterward thnt to "keep off the crass" is one ol tbo principal laws in foroe in Central Park. Durlug the last few days, when the atmosphere has been so hot, crowds of citizens have thronged the lovoly avenues; brightly drcaasd children and their nurses have mado the air ring with laughter; bnt It hoi boomed very llko torture to keep the merry babies con fined to the scorching paths, tho tuu's iefl ct.on al most blinding the eyes, wbtlo tho cool roireats snt grassy slopes on every side were umuvudod. Cbildrcs sometimes advanced over the border* to chase a but terlly or pluck a daisy, but the dreaded gray coatcd guardian, with his torrtble rat tan, would soon bo after ilium, and the ominous "Keep off tbo grass" would send tbom scampering to the hot paths again. ''Papa, who owui this park T" asked a little girl of her father on the Mall yesterday. '-Why, I do," was tho answer, ''?and everybody who lives hero in New York owns a littlo bit."' "Jo you owu the treoi and the grass?" '?Yet.' ; "l'ieasc Hu n let me go auU play on tlw grass, and don't let that ugly man in mo gray coat drive me oB with his cano." This artless little conversation wai told tho Hkiiai.d reporter by a Parle policeman whs overheard it. lie continued"It's too bad theso hoi 1 days to keep children oft the grass; but wo must obey I ortiern" A HKXS1BLK VI1W. A gentleman who ban travelled all over the oontlneut 1 of Kuropo said, in reference to this subject:?"We are governed too much on thl-. park qitc-ilon; the people's l voico should bo heard; tits a vital subject. In the j glorious Prater in Vicuna there are no such absurd ! rosl fictions ns to tho grass; there is absolute freedom j in llitl respect lu the Uoyai 1'arK in Brussols ns well as ! in the Bol.? do Boulogne and Pan- do Monceitu tu Paris, i and yet tho grass Is in better order than It is here. It is true, on tho hose ball ground 1 there wcro a lew s|ots worn bare. but ] these can easily be turlod over. This baseball ground ; is opposite Seventh avenue and was one of tiio loveliest j stretches ol muudow tu tho Park. It extends irora ! Sixtieth to SIxty-lllth street und nag been ouly occu* i pled by players ouco or twice a week. Now what barm could have ensued tl decent citizens and their wlvee ' and children were permitted to enjoy a ramble over tho | crass thoro to seek tho sbado ol the trees out yonderf ; Why 1 heard a man the other day fairly beg a police I man for the privilege ol walking over to re?t under a certain tree. Hs said, *Inmago<id citizen; I pay my taxes, do uot get drunk or tight, aud niv feet aro fairly Mistered by these hot walks.' i Hut the otilcar, us in duty bourni, had lo refuse the citi zen's request, ll Is said that when Mr. Sichbins wse President ot the commission tho ordora were not so strict, but now Mr. Frederick I-aw Olmstead, who bss entlro charge of these matters, has given orders in j comparison wtib which the laws of Uraco wero mild." coxomox or thk mali. tmoL'sn. i To show the reporter tho present forlorn condition ol the ball gruund, tbu gcutieman walked with the ro ' porter to ibe spot. In place of the meadow a bare. ploughed held mot their eyes. Il bad boon ploughed ! mice ami harrowed, uuder tho direction ol Mr. ; Manning, the lorumuu ol the Park, mid where ; a short tlmo since there wus an undulating piece of i greensward, now is a monstrous stretch ol ground uu which not a single spear of grass is growing. "It has been sown with red top and clover," said the guide, "but I will venture to my that it will be two year j b? 1 lore it will assume tho beauty ihat nas beelt an fool ishly destroyed." "Who ordered u donor" "Mr. V. Law Olmstcad," was tho reply, "and I am told, too, if was imperatively ordu.ed even after the loroiuan (Man Ding) protested against it. Ho is said to It^an oxpuri euccd loreinan, und lias been employed lor a number ol years here." "Perhaps the grass was sour, weedy aud noedod renewing,''was-he * .ggostion. " "Xotui all; it wns Just like this,'? pointing to about SIX .eel cj border tlist hud been undisiurlieo. The ?r*it was ai green and healthy ua any la tho Park. TIIK CKOtlUUT law*. A visit was then paid to the croquet lawn, wbicb la situated near Seventy-second street and Filth avenue. It is a dainty bit ol ttod'S lovoliuesa, yet tho people who pay lor Its maintenance and should enjoy it are slmosl as much cut off from lis occupation as If it were situ ated in the valley of tho Yellowstone. The Flak as phait. ?>r rnthor tho remains ol it, which covers tue walks near this place, Is also another cause of Juki com plaint to the visitors; where It is noi cracked and ?policy or reeking with tar, it la auppletnemed and patched out with gravel, which cuts into leather like a knife. It Is on such walks us Iheee that children are forced to pluy at the risk of bruises and cuts, while tbo safe and smiling lawns invite them, yet they dnro not stop over tho borders while tbo ominous sigus "Keep off the grass" remain a mcnace and a warning. It may be worth while here to quote the see* tious of the act by which the Park Commissioners are guided in their tonirol of this public property, in order thst ihe |ieoplo may soe that this body have full power over this great question, as well aa to s'iow that thk r Kon.ic ray thk xoxrv. By chapter'J!*> of the Laws ot 1071, entitled "An set In relation lo tbo powers uud duties or the Board o< Commissioners ol the Department of Public Parka, Squares mid Pisces, nn I other works under the juris diction and direction of said Joparinicnl m the city of New York," the Comptroller Is authorized and directed to create and issue, at suob times and In sucti amounts and lu cacti maimer ns shall be deemed expedient and nocessarv, a public fund or stock, lo bo denominated "The Ciiv Parks'Improvement Fund," to an amount not exceeding n sum of which the annu.il interest (ai the rnte i>r inii-rest ai which the stock or fHint shall bo issuodl will bo $2t)0.000. The Board of Park Commissioners Is authorized lo orgauizo, snd, by and through its preslocut, to ap point a force to be kLown as the keepers of Central Park, to consist ol such uuraber of men as the Hotrd may deem necessary, which force shall >?? undor the i exclusive control of the Board, In order to preserve order in the Park. K ich member of the force is to take an oath pi escribed bv said Hoard, and to be allowed compensation. The Board is declared to have fall and exclusive power to govern, manage and direct the said several public parks, squ tree and places, and all per sons oitending against ordinances established fey the Hoard shsll be deemed gulily of misdemeanor and pha* Isbed accordingly. A CiiJXJKLTEIi'8 OPINION. x?w you k, Mar >, ism To run Editor or rmi Hra?LD:? Tim people oi tbli dry have coma to regard ;tnt Journal as tlio champ.on and advocate of many ol th-lr right* which ara denied to tbeai through tha obettni.c.y or alupldlty of tho authorities having coQrnl 1 waa pUaaed to read your fbort artiela In to-uay'a lame, ta which you teraely remark thai "tha Ceatrai Park waa la tcuJcd to ba (<>r the paopla what tha country gentle* nun'a lawn I* to it* owner?a place for am um in en I aad ooca|mtioa ami healthful recreation." Keep it up. Mr Editor, keep It up, ami we ahail surety gain what I think 1 may lalrir *ay We are entitled to. Now, 1 am a member of a <rickciulul< <>( tin* city which lecaatly made application for tha privilege of practlaing anl playing their game la aome portion of tbe I'ark mi a.-iitio fur th a purpose, i?n<t any e*peu?e Incurred In keeping It in order would ho eheerially borne by the momkori Tba application wm courteously bat Qrmly tfecllmm I ami not Inform you that tba few erirkct claim we have here are eotnpo<vd eatlrely ol rv?pectahle people ami ftree Irom all rowdy clemeat. aad not being proira*K>n*l*. bet engaged in daily hnaiaeea, the only tiino attbetr dlvpoMil to indulge in ttieir lavorliepaatime In in the ftiimRiT evening* or rfatarday afternoon*. Bui wbut la Uia ro*oit? Men ananot alter a day'a wora make a Journey to ritatea Inland, Hoboken, or even to I'rotpect I'ark and back, to practiae their game, aad aa a natural reanlt whau our cluM coiae to couteat with Uioao ot oilier citiea whose I'ark ?ommi**ionor* aro mora liberal wo get whipped for want tff practice. Now all tbta could l?? Amiediud tl we bad a portion of tba I'ark act a*ide lor this purooac. and, as I cannot con ceive that oar C?mml*sieaere bare httberto refuted Irom eitbei obatinarf or stupidity, I will veutar* to *ey that If they will give me a ten mlnntea' interview 1" ill give them argument* to coavince ihem and < h? tain their ooaaeat 1 have la my |>o?sei>?10D no* aa old map ol im* i'ark whereon ta marked off a certain portion designated '?i.'rlckei Urouad.'' For what rcaaon It ha? not Men uaed lor the parpote originally Intended 1 cannot aay. la apologizing (or eaeroaehlag ao lar upoo \ oor valuable rpaoe 1 cannot conolude without ' acknowledging the very hatideome manner la which i the Prospect I'ark Coeimheleaera haveoflerad ?? (e Nrw York club) the u*e of a pertiea ot their greeadt 1 Vouri, reaped]ally, CftlCUtlM.

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