Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 11, 1876, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 11, 1876 Page 5
Text content (automatically generated)

THE EXHIBITION. Formal Opening of the Great World's Fair. CEREMONIES AT THE DEDICATION. Tie President of the United States tnd the Emperor of Brazil Start the Machinery. Two Hundred and Fifty Thousand People in the Park, WHiTTim HYMN AND WAGER'S MARCH. i Ringing of Bells, Firing of Cannon and the Rejoicings of the Multitude. Enthusiastic Reception of the Emperor, the Presi dent General Sheridan, Speaker Blaine, Mayor Wickham, Frederick Douglass and Other Celebrities PHILADELPHIA A GALA CITY. illuminations, Banquets and Festivities. THE SCENE AT THE MEMORIAL HALL Senators, Ambassadors, Generals, Governors and Statesmen Lest in a Mob. THE MACHINERY HALL. tones and Incidents?The Lights and Shades 0/ the Day. From Rain to Sunshine and from Sunshine to Rain. I'biladxlphxa, May 10, 187& It* International Centennial Exhibition ?u opened to-day iu Falrmuunt Parle l?y tho President of tbo United State*, His Majesty Dow Pedro, Kinperor of Braxil; all the bigb etliccrs of oar government, the lenate, llouse and Supremo Court, the officers of the ?tale of Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, New Jersey, Massachusetts and a crowd that may bo esti* mated at from 200, OuO to 250,000 people. The weather was cool, pleasant ana Inviting. The ominous rain storm, which 4arkencd the skies (or thirty-sl* hours, only broke away as the President entered bis carriage to go to the grounds; and when the President arose to read Ma speech to conclude the ceremonies, tho snn ^ broke ont in glorious splendor, and we bad, beiore tbe day was over, tho warmth of summer, lie had scarcely left ibo fair before the rain came agslu. Tbe details of tho ceremonios will be iound In our narra tive. But, in brief, we have only to say thai In all respects it was a success, that no serious accident happened to mar Its peace and enjoyment, and that Philadelphia may well bo proud of the honor paid to her by the nations which celebrate the Centennial within her gates. TEE DAT. It would bare been a mUnomcr to call Philadelphia "the Quaker City " to-day. Her usual staid appearance was transformed and glorified by patriotic decorations to an extant never before oeen in an American city. For days the Philadelphians have been preparing, k?nd when the morning dawned lew Indeed were "the buildings wblcb bad not been gaily decoratoa with patriotic emblems, and tho wet flags hang droop* ing fh)m their sUlft. The long, straight checkerboard llreels?Philadelphia's peculiar pride?presented a thick vista of wet flags and bunting, but tho noon nun ivaporated tbo moisture, aud in the cheerful tunshine the streets became gaily animated with the multifarious ensigns ol all nations, Tbero ?ras hardly a building in tbe city limits wblcb did not present more or less display. From tbe most pretentious mansion t* tbe lowliest habitation in the side streets and alleys tbe residents were alike Oiled with tho patriotic desire lor cosmopolitan and national embellishment. No other city ever equalled tbo picturesque scene which Philadelphia presented. Even tbo dogs baa flags upon their collars. Car horses and stroel cars, wagons of tvery description, little children to tbe happy enjoy ment of tbe holiday, ?cre/lecosat??d with bunting qr tarried about ostentatiously the. maoiatnre flags of all nations. tbb vicouriosa. Much taste was display^ at some of tbe leading business houses and private reslden ces In tbe arrange ment of their fafades and by tbo paintings of historic characters on their store fronts. In*, somu cases the windows wero lined with costly drapery representing the American colors, and form lug In irainy canos a neat trameuork to patriotic pictures prern sited behind the (lass partitions. TBS BIRTIirLACB 0? LIBERTY. 1 But Independence llall bore the palm for briliian embellishment. Tbe entiro front of this historic i Btructuro was peacefully festooned with the American colors, each window ituddcd in symmetrical ordor 1 with American flags, tho ends of esctt gritcaTuliy fathered. To tho rufT, over the main cutranoe, at heroic Bise painting ol "TBK UODDKSH OS LIBBRTT" was hemmed In by thick folds of the tricolor, la a line along each side the painting the coat* of ann?of > tbe memorable thirteen Mtates wero displayed, and at each end of the building a larger used representation < ?f the Stale und elty coats of srms were clothed in fracelul drapery. Lines ol imaller flags ran from tho roof to the cupola. Many complinxats were paid during tho day upon Its excellent deco rative appearance. Tho Ledger oflics- displayed UO flays, pendaut troin each window, aad the stores and hotels along Chestnut stroet wero gener ously profuse In thrtr displays. All the deoorat?sus i were of a truly cosmopolitan character. Tbe (lags of ' evory nation, not forgetting ihu emerald outers of Krln, were plentilui, aad at the I'nioo League Clno, near Whose front on Rruad street tbe procession formed, the ! besntllul building *?< mado especially attra'jtive. The cttixeits ol Philadelphia wore not nlow to reewgniae the ' raro Honor which has hecif accorded to her; awarv of tbe laet tbat the eyes of the civilised world v.ere to .lay ' turned upon her, she bas taken occasion to remasr the city so attractive that strangers ^aust have been nanch iia- j pressed. la tbs inaugural procession moved throufh Wa.nut street, the private residences iu this vicinity weie coyly decked The window* on either aid? w?*r? thronged with Ilia eager and oeauufm faces oI ladies shak.ng fla^a and bsndkexchiefs, and who, leaning tar ; out on the window sill, ahoolc the flags with a royal wllL In on* caao a lady whoso ; zeal uearly overcame her discretion, narrowly j e.-?ped a fall from a second story window, but was for : tunstwy rescued by her Moods. At Nlneltcuth street an o til cor considerately halted his regiment to allow th# , parage tlitough lita ranks of a single horso car. The I driver, lu bla extravagant gratitude, wared hit flags, | wblcb act bla frightened horse* oO at break neck speed, i to the oonaternation of bia passengers. At lbs resi dence ol Mr. Chllds, corner of Twenty-second and Wal i uut streets, the USA IXjUARTMRS or THR I'P.SalUKXr JLJtli I-AU1.WT bad been e*l?blishod. lu this neighborhood the dis play wa* particularly Clue. It was here, on the steps ol Mr. Chillis' mansion, the Presldeut and bis Cabinet atood awaiting their escort to the Centennial grounds, i His Excellency's party consisted of Hon. Secretaries | Fish, Kobe sou, Taft, Brlstow and Jewell, besides Gov I ernor Hurtranlt and Mr. Chllds aud tbo ladies. In j honor of the proximity, all tbo neighboring buildings j were thickly adorned with Hogs and the wiudowa | crowded with eager laces. The crowd lu tbe streets I was dons*. Hundreds were attracted to tbe spot from | every direction, and all tbo surrounding spaces were I Jammed with people anxious to got a glimpse ol tbo ! distinguished party. Flag* wore waved and cheer* rent | tbo air aa the conatant succession of new urn rale j obt-lned a view of tbe President, to which ho occasion ally raised bis bat aud bowed. "HOW OLD THK l'ltBmCKMT LOOKS; see how gray bla whiskers are getting," said a lady. "He don't look at all like bia picture?yea be does, now, wbon be raiso* bis bat," said another. Aa the party proceeded down tho steps to their carriages tbo aun broke forth from the rapidly disappearing clouds. Tho lino abearance or tho gay ly caparisoued horses and tbelr soldierly otllcura, tho skilful manoeuvres of the well disciplined troops aud the splendid attirea of tbe men at once drew tbe udinlrntlon of tbo crowd?, aud as cacli sec'lon pasted it was vociferously ciieered. The sunlight, glancing upon tbe well burnished otjulp mcuta and gay uniforms, and tbe innsic just striking up, lent an Inspiring grace to their well timed mr.o aucnis. TIIR MILITARY DISPLAY. Tbe route of tbe military was from Broad street and Walnut, whoie the Mac formed, the right resting on Walnut street and displaying southwardly; out Walnut to Twenty second, to Chestnut, to Thirty-second, to Market, to LanoHSter avenue, to Fortieth, aud thou to enter tbe Exhibition grounds at the Landsdowne en trance. When tbe Preaidont appeared on tbe steps of tho res idence mentioned be was greeted with hearty ebeers by the assembled thousands, and bo recoguizod tbe salu tation by taking oil bla bat and bowing. TIIR DISTMUUiSHKD VISITORS, The party who took carriages at Mr. Child*' residence waa composed as lollowsPresident U. R Grant, Sec retary of State, Hamilton Fish; .Secretary of tho Treas ury, Bonjamln II. Bristow; Secretary of War, Alpbonso Taft; Secretary of the Navy, Gecr/o M. Robeson; Sec rotary of tbo Interior, Zncharinh Chandler; Postmaster General, Marshall Jewell; Attorney General, Edwards Pierrepont; Governor John F. Ilariranft, of Pennsyl vania; and Mr. Child*. Tho lirst carriage was occupied by President Grant, Secretary Fisb, Governor Hart ranlt and Mr. Cbllda. TUX MILITARY POKMRD on Bro?d street at 7:30 A. M., Major General Bankson and staff taking position during tbe formation on Locu?t street, above Brood. Promptly at tbo appointod tlmo tbo colnmn moved out Walnut streot In tbo following order:? Squad of police nndor Lieutenant CrouL r> Major General John P. Baakson and stalT. Tioop Black Hussars, Captain Coriatopherklienz, with full mounted band and ftity men. " Washington Troop" ol Choater County, Captain W. M. Maituch, lorty-ilvo men; lull mounted band. " Keystone Uattery," Captain Poulterer, six plcccs of artillery drawn by horse*. Second Brigade. Brigadier General Russell Thayer and staff. United States Marines, Lieutenant Smyzer in com mand: eighty strong aud accompanied by the Navy Yard band and lull drum corps. Crew ol the United Slates steamer Congress, com manded by Lieutenant Evans, 100 strong, and divided into two companies, under Lieutenants Snow and Soli ridge. Tbo ' boys In blue" nad lull sailor rig and wore armed with sabre muskets, aud presented a very attractive appeurance. Third rrtpmtfftt, Colonel fialller, 400 strong: Full regimental band and drum corps. and mounted officers. Sixth Pennsylvania regiment, Colonel John Maxwell! Full baud and drum corps lu Tan try corps, "State Koaclbles," Captain John W Rvan (the champions), 80 men. Full band and drum corps, and presenting u very One appearance. "Gray Invmcibles'^ (colored), Captain A. Jones, fifty strong, and with full band. Company B, Eleventh (colored) regiment, Captain ilood, loriv-live strong. First City troops, Lieutenant Snowden commanding eighty strong and splendidly uniformed. This old times organization, composed mainly of scions of tbe oldest and most aristocratic Philadelphia families was selected as the guard ol honor to President Grant.' VISITORS MO* ABROAD. Carriages containing President Grant and Cabinet and others named above. Independent Cadets of Boston, Mass. This fine or ganization numbered 143 muskets, and were provided wiili a band or thirty pieces aud a corps ol drains. They wero uniformed in light blue |tanis, with red stripes, the regulation overcoat, and light blue shakos. Heneoih the overcoat were worn white double-breasted Austrian coau. Tho strangers were received yesterday bv a bat tttliou ol two companies Irom the First regiment Naiiou.il (iuurd of Pennsylvania, consisting of 120 men, boside members uf Governor Hariranli's staft The detachment was in commuud of Major Charles K Ide. with tlist Lieutenant F. Oupont Marston actinir AiUutant. Governor Alexander 1L Rice, of Massachusetts, and suite composed as lollows:?Major General James A Cunningham. Adjutant General; Colonel Isaac F Kingsbury, Colonel C. F. Luther, Colonel John H* Kio?\ Assistant Adjutant Generals; Brigadier General Wiluiou W. Black man. Judge Advocate General Colonel Henry u. Parker, Awi.-tant Quartor niastcr General; Brigadier Geneial William J. Dale, Sorgeon (ieneral; Colonel Joshua B. Tread well, Assistant Surgeon General Colonel William V. Mulchings, Colonel William A.' Town. Colonel Arthur T. Lvman and Colonel William P. Alexander. Aides-de-Camp: colonel George H Campbell, Military Secretary; His Excellency Horatio G. Knight, Lieutenant Oovernor, constituting the | staff. Tbe Boston Lancer*, mounted, Colonel Emory. Tho I body numbered 12> men, and belong to the First bat. talion Massachusetts cavalry. The laincers were ac companied by tbe Chelsea Brass Band, mounted. Tho I cniloriu of the Laucors consists ol scarlet coats and blue pants, and the organization challenged universal admiration. Governor Kellogg, of ]<outaiana, and staff. THIRD RRIUADK. Colonel R. Dale Benson aud stair. becoud regiment, Colonel Peter Lyle. Full reel, menial band aud drum corps First regiment (Gray reserve*), Lieutenant Colonel ] , Clark commanding. Becks regimental baud aud drum corps. Eastern Greys, Captain Frank Stilzer, with Ring gold band of Reading, Pa., tilty strong. Weccacoe Legion, Cnptain Denny, sixty strong and with lull band. "' Artillery corps Washington Groys, Lieutenant Aaron Lazarus commanding. Full band and drum corps and Ulty-llve strong. Cadets iruin the Military Academy at Chester Pa. 100 strong and with lull band. Divided Into lour Com panies under command of Captains Sweeny Urown Damon and tiould. * Eleventh regiment Pennsylvania National Guard Colonel Tenche, aiwmt 600 strong, and with lull re-l' mental band and drum corps. TUR MARCII. After escorting the President to Memorial Hall tbe column moved out Landsdowne Drive t? Belmont ave nue, in Kairmount Park, where all mounted officers j and men dismounted, and details were made to guard | the horses during the cerotiionie* of opening the Groat i Exposition Tne infantry were then massed between j the main building and Machinery Hall, and after the ' ccioinomei were over tbe President and members ol I bis Cabinet aud other distinguished visitors were re ; ceived with proper military salutes, and the line o I march was taken up for tbe city, the Pre*/ | dent and party being deposited at Mr. Child's i residence at an early hour in the after noon. The military display waa a complete success to every re*|?ct, and was without doubt oue of the tl nest demonstrations of the kind aeon in Philadel phia for many year*. The day opened dismally enough and gave tokon or a drenching rain, but by the tlmo ihe procession moved the clouds broke aud hundreds nf thousand* of persons were gratified with the unob structed fays of "Old Sol." whose l*cams made a glitter ing dirplay of the Ion; lines of musketry that moved In steady column wcstwardljr. onisu to tur orouxds The general putollc commenced to arrive by sovon o'clock iu tho morning, by way or tbo * trout oars, Ex potition Trsn*rcr carriages, stage*, backs, baioucl.es, business wagons, dog carts nun every Imaginable style of conveyance All llie-e were tilled and overflowing witb humanity. In addition to this a steady stream of jpudestriana commancod t? tew toward Ik* Kxposi I tlon buildings by daylight, following ovary avenue lead iQ( thereto. This throng was corapoaod of people ot I all age*, classea and condition*. la truth, there ware the lame, the halt and the blind. Before the gates of the Exposition were opened at [ nine o'clock thousand* of people had rarronnded the ground* and patiently peeped through the Interatice* in the lence, waiting patiently for the hour of o|ieuing. The estimate of competent authority gives 50,000 a* the number present before nine o'clock. Many o( theae thronged the hotels and the 'cotaurants outside the en- ( closure which thus reaped the dm p.t'uaiary liurvcst ol | ttie opening day. By seven o'clock trains commenced to arrive by the { various fleam railways seating over the Pennsylvania j Hatiroad !rom Harrtsburg, Lancaster and intermediate 1 station* on the main lino a* well a* trout Kensington dcjiot, Washington uvunue, Trenton and New York. Theae trains delivered their passengers at the new Cen tennial depot of the Pennsylvania Railroad, adjoin ing the Exposition ground*, near Machinery UalL Passengers (Tom Bethleliew and the Lefclgb Valley, coming over the North Pennsylvania Hatiroad, and over the new Une via Uound 11 rook; also from Wilmington, Baltimore and Wushingtou, were delivered at thla depot. Up to livo o'clock in the afternoon over 200 trains deposited their human freight at thia station, averaging lo'jr cars at each tram, e ich car carrying on an average sixty passengers, tuiking a total of over 4S.000 people landed at the Pennsylvania Hatiroad Centennial depot. The Heading Kail road Company's new depot is located at the east stdeof the grounds, close 10 Memorial Hall, to which they ran trains from Poltsvtlle, Heading aud .stations on their main line, aud also from Norris town. Chestnut Hill, Oortnautown, Port Richmond, as well as from their city stations at Ninth aud Oreen streets aud Broad and Callowblil streets. Those arrived every live minutes, averaged threo curs ouch, and delivered at least 50,001) pooplu at the east end of the grounds. A large number ot people came over from New York by tho B.>uml llrook line. It I* estimated tbat ubout 125,000 of those who entered the calm came by steam traius. The balance ol the multitude who passed the portals, tho grand total ol which i* set down at 2i0,o*), came by street cars and other conveyances and 0:1 loot The street cars commenced ut llvo o'clock In the morning to run at intervals of live minutes, but gradually in creased their trip* until finally they were despatched from tho tertninl us soon us they had discharged their pui^ngers. This continued up to two o'clock in the altoruoon. when the horses needed a Utile respite. Tho business of the day tested the capacity of the city cars lor a great occasion, and prfcved that it is not equal to the demand that is likely to arise during the Exposi tion, even In view of the adjuncts of steam roads and other conveyances. There are seventy-six cash gates to tho grounds and six lor complimentary entrance, as well as twenty-lour lor exhibitors. Only lllty*eight gates were usod to-day, as the othors were not in working order. The rule of the Commissioner to exact a fifty cent note or silver half dollar was strictly carried out. I Thore was no difficulty In obtaining change at tho agencies ol the Centennial Bank, located near tho gates. A few people failed to remember the rulo and tendered otner money at the gates, which caused occa sionally a littlo delay. A WAITING TIIK Gl'KSTS. The crowd which assembled about tho platform was good-natured, bul its patience was severely tried. Tho arrangements were ol the most primitive nature, a cor don of ropos, a line of policomen and a mighty crowd surging backward and forward. Thero wero several accidents because of this, (aiming men and women now and thee being carried down the lane. For some time it looked us ir thore would be a serious accident, for If the crowd had once broken the roi>o and surged against tho other crowd many lives would have been lost. This "other crowd" was mainly composed of members of the press. The commltteo of arrangements seemed to have copied their plans from one of Yanderbilt'a cattle cars 011 tho Western railways. They were tumbled In pell mell, without any chanco of soe Ing or hearing, while small politicians were permitted to decorate the elevated platform. But they wero all in good humor and did not seem to mind it, especially as the sun came out mora and moro radiant, and they all felt like giving the committee a "good notice." which I hasten to do?that there was nover a cattle car committed since the press becamo a press who did their work so well. As tho hour approached lor the opening the crowd grew into an army. Distin guished guests came one after another, most of them unnoticed, except when they wore uniforms, whldh only happened in the ease of forelgh diplomatists aud officers of the army. Chief Justice Walte quietly strolled Into his place, unknown and nnhonored. When the nobie form of Senator Conkllng made its appear ance, arm in arm with Senator Frellnghuysen, a lew New Yorkers cheered him. But the Senator came rather early, and the New Yorkers were not Ik force. But when the Mayor came, accompanied -by General MacMabon, be received a hbnrty cheer, which broke into prolonged and continu ous applause when brilliant little Phil Sheridan, in fulj uniform, sprang up the step* This had hardly died away when Mr. Blaine was seen with a lady on his arm. Some of tho ex-Speaker's Philadelphia friends proposed 1 In a loud voice three cheers for Blaine, which wero ! heartily given. The truth is there was a disposition to 1 cheer every one, but the crowd were at a loss to know J which stars among them all were the shining planets. ! The gray head of Frederick Douglass was seen In I the mob remonstrating with a policeman, and It Is ? feared be might have gone out with tho j crushed snd fainting If Senator Conkllng bad not seen him, and, vouching for his iaentlty, enabled him to pass the lino. As be ascended tho platform he was loudly cheered. As Mr. Douglass took his place tnore j was a distant and hearty cheer, and Mr. Thomas, j waving his baton, we now beard the notes of tho I Brazilian Hymn. A moment later and the venerable j form ol Ills Majesty the Emperor of Bratll, with the ' Empress on bis arm, followed by the Braslllan Em bassy, was seen coming through the crowd. The people, as If by an instinct, recognized Bis Majesty, and cheer alter cheer arose. As be reached the uppor step he turned and bowed to the galhortng, who cheered again aud again. ? TBI ARRIVAL AT Tit* OKOCXDS. If tbe Emperor vu punctual we cannot say j m much for tbe President. What with the delay* on the route, arising Irom a alow military move- j tuent and otber causes, u was ten minutes pact eleven before the well-known form of tbe Presl- i U'>nt was seen on the platform. Certainly tbe I President might have decided vbe third terra question promptly enough if be coaid have taken tbe voice of tbe peoplo, aa expressed by this shouting multitude, as an index of bis ttrength. For some minutes tbe cnoering was prolonged and enthuxlastlo as the President stood calm, Immovable, bowing to tbe rigbt and tbe left jin a sby, modest, half frightened way, in marked contrast witb the an a. bie, cordial and easy manner of the Emperor. Tbe scene which awaited bim waa a pageant worthy of an Kmpesor. There was the magulQeent art gallery be hind, the Pennsylvania Moniortal ilall, tbe background of tbo ikene. In rront was tbe ranin building, a vast, graceial, noble sdlllce. To the right wero tlie lowers ol tbe Machinery Hail, the Agricultural Hull and tbe hundred e Ittloea beyond and aruuud, which represent the Uu,ie and spleudor of States and nationalities. There waa tbe b. auuful Horticultural Hall, tho gem ol the lair. In front of the President's stand, auuut ttverai bundrad feet, was the musio stand, with a chorus of a ihousand voices, Theodore Thomas leading. On tbe left was a rsnsed dais, where thousands ol tlio ladies were grouped, a mass 01 color and beauty. On tbe right was the beautiiul Schuylkill itiver. and, as tar as the eye could reach, tbe woods and ravines and green, flowery banks of tbe stream, rich in their eprmg attire, wlin tlie apiros of the distant PliilaedlphU in the lar horizon, and now ai>d then the echo of a fiealnig bell to tell how the great heart of lbs city was Ibroii bing witb tbe Joy of the hour. Behind the Memorial Hall, a pleasant stroll thrown a rare old bit ol wood and greenery, is the house called tne "Solitude," where tbe last of the Penns lived, and In another direction tbe country bouse of Judge Peters, which was a latnons house iu the Revolution ary days. Tbe oak trees which now rustle to the noiho of tbe multitude aud the music are tho trees un der whictj Washington and his Iriends were wont to sit during tlio anxious sum in or evenings, thiukin^, wo may well imagine, of the one task imposed upon tberu, and never dreaming, we can well believe, of tho glorious day which we were all celebrating, and of tho mighty Centcnu.al to our uatloual life which the world had brought into tbe very lawns of these ancient homes. ? So far as tbo mere panoramic oflccts of such a scone could be cod side rod, it was what has rarely If evor oeon seen in these United States. The crowd was probably tbe largest ever gathered on tbls continent at one time. I tiave to accept the figure* tbat aro given me as to the exact numbers; but it la no exirevaguncc to say that wtieu General (iraut advanced to the edge of tho pl.itiorm to declare the Exhibition open he looked Ulon JOO.OOO souls. Tbo platform lor gucsta vai divided Into spaces, designated alphabetically. The centre spuco was marked I. In auction 1 were the following:? Ulysses 8. Grant, President of tho United Stiites, and fain iJy. Hon. Thomas W. Terry, Acting Vice President of tho United Umiiw. Hon. Hamilton Fish, Secretary of Slate, and lady, lion. Benjamin H. Bristow, Secretary ol the Treasury, and lady. Hon. Alphonso Tuft, Secrotury of War. aud ludy. lion, Goorgo W. Robeson, Secretary ol tho Navy, aud lady. lion. Zacliarlah Chandler, Secrcury of tho Interior, and lady. lion. Marshall Jewell, Postmaster General, uud lady. Hon. Edwards i'lorropout, Attorney General, and lady. John 1? Cadwaluder, First Assistant Secretary of State, and lady. William Hunter, Second Assistant Secretary of State, aud lady. In section J, tho Judgos ol tho Supreme Court, aa follows:? Hou. Morrison It. W'ulto, Chief Justice, and lady. Hen. Nathan Clifford, Associate Jusllce, uud lady. Hou. Noah H. Swayue, Associate Justice, aud lady. Hon. Samuel F. Miller, Associate Justice, aud lady. Hou. David Davis, Associate Justice, aud lady. Hon. Stepneu J Kield, Associate Justice, aud lady. Hon. Williuiu Strong. Assoolato Justice, uud lady. Hon. Joseph I*. Bradley, Associate Jusiioj and ludy. Hon. Ward Hunt, Aisociulu Justice, ai.d lady. I>. W. Middlelou, Clerk 01 the Supreme Court, and ladv. Mil sections J and K tho Diplomatic Corps, us fol lows:? Count Ladislas lloyos, Envoy Extraordinary ami Minister Plenipotentiary ol Austri :i-liungary, aud Couuicsk. Chevalier Ernest Yon Tavera. Secretary ol Legation of Austria Ituugury, aud lady. Mr Nicolas .-liisiikui, Envoy Extraordinary aud Min ister Plenipotentiary 01 Russia, and Indy. Karon Albert 11 lane, Envoy Kxiruordiuary and Minis ter Plenipotentiary ol Italy, anil Indy. Count Litta, Secretary ol Lcgjuiou of Italy, and lady. SeAor Don Knnlio Ueoardjflhiuister Resident of Nicaragua. and lady. Mr. 1)? Peaicl, Minister KosiuflR of the Netherlands, and lady. Mr. J. H. De llogermann-Lindencrone, Minister Uesi dent ol Denmark, uud lady. SeAor Don Manuel M. i'errator. Minister ltcsidont ol' Costa Iticu. and ludy. Mr. A. Grip, Charge d'Affaires of Sweden and Nor- 1 wav, and lady. Mr. M. De Hjornstiernu. Secretary ol Legatiou of ? Sweden uud Norway, and lady. Mr. C. De Bildt, Aiiacbd or tho legation of Sweden and Norway, uud lady. Mr. Maurice Deitosso. Envoy Extraordinary uud Mluisler Plenipotentiary ol Belgium. aud lady. Mr. Amoilee Yundcn Neat, First Secretary of Lega tlon ol Belgium, uud ludy. Haron du Jurdiu, First Secretary of Legation of Belgium. und ladv. Uregolrc Arisiurchl Hey, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister I'lenipotentiary ol Turkey, and lady. Haltaz/.i EHeudi, Secretary ol Legatiou ol Turkey, and ludy. Husteui Eifendi, Second Secretary or Legation of Turkey, and lady. Soflor Dou Vinceute Durdou, Minister i'leul|>oten tlnry ol Salvador, und lady. M. A. Martlioldl, Envoy Extraordinary und Minuter j Plenipotentiary ol Fruiice, and lady. Count de lu Rochefoucauld, Secretary of Legation of France, und ludy. Count de l'ourtules, Third Socrotnry of Legation of Frauce, und lady. Soil or Dou Juan li Delia Costa. Envoy Kxtraordinury and Minister Plenipotentiary ol Yene/.ueU. and lady. SoAor Don Fellpo Zapata, Envoy Extraordinary uud Minister l'leii.poteutiary oi the I'in led Elates ol Colom bia. aud lady. Setter Don E. Angelo, Socrotnry of Legation of tbo United StatHR ol Colombia. SeAor Don Antonio Manilla De Los Rtos, K.u#oy Ex traordinary and Minister i'lenipotentiary of Spain, aud ludy. Soflor Don Jose De Solo, Second Secretary of Loca tion ol Spam, und lady. Dou Luis l'olu De Bcrnabe, Third Secretary of Lega tion of Spain, and lady. Haron do Saul' Anna, Envoy Extraordinary and Min ] Ister i'louipoteuilary of Portugal, anil lady. Jushlo Yoshuta Kivonuri, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of Japaii, and Mrs. Ynsbida Tel. Mr. Yoshlda Djlro, Secretary of Legation of Japan. Mr. Asadu Yuseenovl, attache of tho Legation of | Japan. Mr. Hangiro Assano, attache of tbo Logallou of ! Japan. Mr. Seiuosko Tashlro, attache of the Legation of Japan. SeAor Don Adolfo Ibanes, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary ol Chili, und daughter. Klght Hon. Sir Edward Tliorntou, K. C. It., Envoy i Extraordinary aud Minister Plenipotentiary of Ureal Britalu, and lauy. Hou. Francis R. Plunkett, Secretary or Legatiou of Great Uritain, aud lady. Captain William Cere June?, Royal Navy, Naval At tachd ol tba Legation or Ureal Hriluin, und h?dy. Hon. Cower Jieury I* Po?r Trench, Second Secretary 1 ol legation of Ureal Britain, aud lady. Frank C. Lascelles, Second Secretary of Legation of Greul Britain. Francis C. E. Donys, Third Secretary of Legation of Great Britain. Charles Fox Frederick Adam, Est}., Foaetb Secretary of lA-gation oi Ureal Britain. Sortor Don Manuel italuol Garcia. Eoviiy Extraordi nary and Minister Plenipotentiary of tbo. Argentine Re public. SeAor Don lgnaclo MariscaL, Envoy Extraordinary I aud Mmicier Plenipotentiary of Mexiao, and SeAoru I LauraS. do MariscaL ? ? ) Mr. Ellsba H. Allen, Envoy Extraordinary and Miu ister Plenipotentiary ol Hawaii. Mr. Kurd von Scblozer, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Uorman Empire. Haron Max von Thieiinaa, Secretary of Legation of the German Empire. Mr. P. \V. Buddecko, Chancellor of legation of the German Empire. Councillor A. P. Do Csrvalbo Borges, Envoy Extraor dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of Brazil, aud Ittdy. SeAhor Benjamin Franklin Torroo De Barros, Secre tary 01 legation of Bra/11. SoAor Don Vlncento Dardoo, Envoy Extraordinary I and Minister Plenipotentiary oi Guatemala, and ludy. Mr. Stephen Preston, Euvoy Extraordiuury aud Min- j later Pluuipotcntiary ol Hayti, and lady. In sections I, H and G were the members or Congress, there being a very distinguished representation. Among those present wero Senators Cameron, Wallace and Cunkliug, of New York; Thurman, or Ohio; Bayard, ol Delaware; Morton, ol ludiaua; Houtwell, ol Massa chusetts; Sbarun, or Nevada; Frulinichuyson. ol >ow Jer.-ey; Morrill, or Yerinout, and Morrill, or Maine. Auioug the Representative* were Hon. Michael C. Kerr, Speaker; Hon. James G. Blaine. ex-Speaker; Hon. S. S. Cox, Uon. Sauinel J. Randall, Judge Kelley. lioatFer nando Wood and other prominent members or the House ol Representatives. In section F were governors of Slates and their stall's. There were prosent Governor Tilden, of New York; Governor Rice, ol Massachusetts; Governor Ludlngton, of Wisconsin; Governor Bogley, ol Michi gan ; Governor Bedle, of New Jersey; Governor Coch rane. ol Delaware; Governor Carroll, of Maryland, and Governor Conner, of Maine. In section E sui Governor Uartranfl, with his slalf. among whom were Major General James W. Laita, Adjutant General; Brigadier General John D. Berioleiio, Inspector Geueral; Brigadier Ueneral William IL Yerkos, Judge Ad vo ale Ueneral; Brigadier Gnnerai Lewis W Read, Surgeon Ueneral; Colonel D. etaniev Haisinger, Assistant Adjutant General, and a corps ol aides da camp, in adiitou, the State govomment was repre sented by Lteuieiuint Governor l.aita. Auditor General Tempio. Secretary of Internal Allairs McCandloss. mate Treasurer Rawle, Attorney Geueral Lea snd Secretary of tl.e Cotnniontvonlth Quay. Among the Judges or the Supreme Court oi tbe Stale were Chief Justice Agnew snd Associate J tielices I'axson, Gordon, Williams, Sliurs wood. Mercur and Woodward. I hs remainder ol 1I1O sections was occupiod by members or the Slate Legis lature. In sections I. M aud N wora seated those gentlemen and ladies who have carried ou the Couictinial work since its inception. In sectiou D were the offlcors of the United States Army and Navy, as lollow*:? General William T. Sherman, staff, and Mrs. Sher man. lirevet Maior General K. D. Townsend, Adjutant j General ol tho Army, stall, and Mr*, luwasend. Brevet Major General li. U. Marcy, iiispector Geu eral, staff, und Mrs. Marey. Iir;gii<iier GenerW Wiiii.nn MeK. Dunn, Judgo Advo cate General, stall, B'id Mrs. Dunn. iirevet Urigadler Uetierai Albert J. Myer, Chief Sig nal officer, stair, and Mrs. M\er. Dri.adler tieueraf Robert Maefeelv. Cntnmissary Geu eral ol Subsislenci" stair and Mrs. iraclrely. Iirevet Major General J. K. Barnos, ourgcon General, stall and Mrs Barnes. Brevet Brigadier t.eueral Boninnim Alvord, Paymas ter lienors I. Half and Mrs, Alvord. 1} re vet Major tieneral A. A. Humphreys, Chief of Engineers, stall and Mrs. Humphreys Br.gadier General S. V. Benoi, Clnel of Orduanco, stall and Mra lionet. Brove 1 Major General Thom&i IL Ituger, Superintend ol the Mtliuiry Academy, aud Mrs linger. Mnor General Winlield S. Hancock, commanding (he Military division oi tho PaciUc, stall and Mrs. Hun cock. M ijor General O. G. Howard, commanding the De partment ol Columbia. stall and Mrs Howsru. Iirevet Major General a. D. Slurgis and Mrs. Sturgis, Major General Irvin McDowell and Mr*. McDowell Brevet .Major Leuural D. H. Rucker and Mrs Rucktr. : Brevet Brigadier General I- 11 IVIouze. Admiral David I). Porter aud Mrs. Porter. Vico Adniuai StepUen ll Bo?an and Mr* i!>>wan. Rear Admiral Caarles 11. Davis and Mrs Davis R ar Admiral John itodgrra and Mrs Mo4gera Itear Admiral Alexander M. I'cnu<* k and Mrs. Pen nork. Bear Adm.nl J. It. Madison Mullany. Rear Adniirat C. R. P. Rodger* and Mrs. P.odgent ">lte:ir Admiral Iteed Worden and Mrs Wordrb. I'.uar Admiral Meplieu D. Treui hard and Mrs Trench ar>L Commodore Alexander Murray and Mrs Murray. 1 C'iplatn R. W. Shuleldl, CI110I ol Bureau or Lquip nioui aod Recrulltng. Commodore John C Howell, Chief of Bureau of Yards ?nd Dock* ( ornmudoro Daniel A mm en, CUiof ol Bureau ?f Navl galiou. I Captai* William X J effort, Chief of Buroaa of Ord nance. Surgeon General Joseph Beale, Chief af Bureau of Motiicine und Surgery Jj*1""?? H Watniough, Acting Chief of Bureau of Provisions au<l Clothlug fcogineerm Chief W. W. tv. Wood, Chief of Bureaa or .Meam Kngineeriag. Chier Constructor i,aiah Hansoomb, Chief of Bureau of Construct on an>l Kepuirs - Jacob Z"llln. commanding United s.atos Marine Corps, ami Mr?. Zyiliu. TUB CKHKUOMm There was a pause after the Pre.-ident took ?>U seat. Around him. in addition to hi# Cabinet, were the chiefs of the Exhibition, John Welsh, ,l,e chairman of tlio Piiiaucial Board, upou whose shoulders rested tbo financial burden of this vust work, his flue face Hushed with joy, looking happy to day as he saw what he ! saw und thought of the cares and trial* of the years of ! work. There was General Gosboru, the Director Gen- '? oral, as u*lm BP the sprfug, it steady, well.poised man, no doubt who was never Iu a hurry in Ins liie. There was tLo genial General Haw ley, the olUclal chief of the commission, as busy as a bee, lis eye on evory point of the ceremony, aud directing all w ith military pre cihiou, As the President sal down Thomas raised his baton and wo had Wajjucr's march. General Bawley then arose ana begged the crowd to keep ss quiet as possible while Bishop Simptou luvuked God's blessius ujiou the day aud the event. Tho Bishop cauiu lor" ward und said, with 'iptllled hand:? MIS HOI* hJ.MI'SUN .s I'K.lYKIt. Aiuiigbty and everlastniu God, our Heavenly Katliori Heaven is lliy throne and the earth is Tby fooistool, before Ihy majesty and holiness the angels veil their faces, and tho spirits of the just made perfect bow iu humble adoration. Thou art the creator of all thiuss the preserver of all that exist, whether ihev be thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. Tne uiimtlo aud the Vast, atoms and worlds, alike attest Iho Ublt|Ulty Of Ihy prcseucv anil the cmuipoteucc of Tliv sway. I tiou atone art tit* sovereign ruler of nations. Jhoil raiseth up one and castuth down unother. au.i I hott givest the kingdoms of the world to whom soever I lion w ilt. Tlie past, with all Its records, is the unfolding ol ihy counsels and the realization ol 'fli. graud designs. We hull I'hce us our rightful ruler, the king eternal, iuimortai aud mvisible, the only into God, blussed forovermoro. We couio ou this glad daj O Ihnu ttiMl of our lathers, Into these courts with tUuukiigiviiit! ami lute illume ^ulcs Willi praise. Wo bless I hoe lor Ihy wonderful gooduots m tho past for tho l.tu i winch l'hou guvost to our fathers?a land veiled iroin the ages, from the anc.ieut world, lint 10 veiiled in the fulness ol time to Tliy chosen people, whom lhoudhtst leaJby Tinueowu right baud through the billow* ?>! the oeep; a land ol vast extent of towering mountain* auu broad plains, ol unnumbered products anujol uuiuiu treasures. We thauk Thee lor the lathery of our country, men or miml and of might whoi endured privations and menllces. who braved multiplied dangers rather than >101110 their consciences or oe untrue to th? ir G d, men wtio liid on the broad' foundations ol truth aud justice tho grand structure of utvil ireedom. Wo praise Thee lor the rlos'nu eon turv, for the founders ol 1I10 Kepublic, lor tho lui iiiort.il Washington und his grand associates; lor the' wisdom with which n.ey plauneJ. aud the lirinniss and lieroi.ni, which, under Thy blessing, led them 10 trl uuipliaut success Thou wast their shield in hours of dinger, their pillar ol cloud by d.y and their pillar of lire by uigliL May we, their sons, walk iu their lo?u slop- aud imitate the.r virtue.-. We thank Thee for social una national prosperity aud progress, tor valu able discoveries aud multiplied inventions, lor labor saving machinery, relieving tho toiling masses- lor schools, free a.s tho morning light for the inillionsol the ruiiii! generation; lor boons aad |>erlodicals scattered like leaves of autumn over tho land, lor art and science lar freedom to worship God according to the dictates of conscience, lor a Church unlettered t?y the trammels of Slate. Bless, wo pray The?, tho President of tho I u 11oil illiitcH uud his constitutional advisers the Judges of the Supreme Court, th? Seuulors und Bepre- i 6entativcs iu Congress, tho Governors of our several ' Comuiouwealths, the utilizers ol the uriny aud navv ulld all who are in olllcial poaitiou throughout our land. Guido them, wo pray Thee with ! counsels of wisdom, uud may they ever rulo i In righteousness. Wo ask Tby bicssiug to roat I upon the I'resiOeut aud members ol tho Ceutenuial I Commission ami upou those associated with them iu the various departments, who have labored long and earnestly, iimid anxieties and dlfHculllcs, for the sue- I coss of this enterprise. Muv Ihy special hlessine O Thou God ol all the nations or tbo earth, rest upon our national guests, our visitors from distant lauds. We 1 welcome thorn to our shores and wo rejoice la' the.r ! presence umoug us. whether ttiey represent thrones or culture or research, or whether they como to exhibit tho triumphs ol genius and art, in the depclopmeiit ol industry uud in the progress of civilization. Preserve Thou them, wo beseech ! 1 bee, in health aud safety, and in due time mav they I bo welcomed by loved ones agaiu to their own' their ' native lands. Let Thy blessing rest richly on this Cen tennial celebration. May the lives and health orull in terested l>o precious iu Thy sinlit Preside 111 its Aflfttinolics. c?raiit that this association in effort may bind nioro closely together every part of our groat Kepublic, *0 that our I'nion may bo pcr|>clual ami it;, dissoluble. Let its influence draw tho uutiuus of earth Into a happier unity. Hcreartor, wo prav 1 liee,_ iikiV all disputed questions be settled by OThliruiion, and not by the sword and may wurs forever ccuso among the sons ol men ' Mav tho now century be better than tho past. Mom ru Otaut Willi tho light br true ph'V SSphy, warmer with the emanatlous of a world wide sympathy. May capi tal, geuius and labor be freed bruin ail antagonism by the establishment and application of sum principles or Justice and equity as shall reconcile diversified In terests aud bind Iu imperishable bands all iiarts or ' society. We pray Thy benediction, especially on ?' the women of America, who, for tho first time lu i the history of our race, take so conspicuous a place iu a national celobrallou. May the light of their I intelligence, purity and enterprise shed its beams I afar, uutil In distant lands their sistors tnay realize the 1 beauty and glory of Christian freedom and olevatlon i W e beseech Thee, Almighty Father, that our beloved ' Kepublic may be strengthened lu ev, ry element ol true ! greatness until her mission Is accomplished by pro- j senttng lo the world an illustration of the happiness I or a ires people, with a Irco Church, lu a Iree State. I under laws of their own enaclmeut and under rulers or their own selection, acknowledging supremo alle giance only to the King or kings and Lord ol lords. And as Thou didst give to one or its illustrious sons tirst to draw experimentally tho electric spark rroui heaven which has sineo girdled tho globo In Its celestial whis pers of " Glory to God In the highest, peaoo ou earth and good will to men," so to latest tlnio may tho mis sion or America, undor Divine Inspiration, be ono or affection, brotherhood aud love lor all our race. And may the coining centuries be tilled w ith the glory or our Christian civilization. And unto thee, our father, through Him whoso llfo Is tho liu-ht of men, will we ascribe glory and praise now aud forever. Amen. ' The prayor, long as it was, was heard In silonce Then General Uawloy twirled a while handkerchief as ? signal to Theodore Thomas, who at one* raised his wand and we heard tho opeuing strains of WhiUier's beautiful hymn, the words of whioh are as follows:? TflK HYMN. Our fathers' Ood! Irooi out whose hand Tlio centuries fall like grain* ul sand, Wo meet to-day, united. free, And loval to our laud and Thee, To tliauk Thee lor the era done. And trust Thee (or the opening on* Here, where of old, by Thy do lgn. The lutlior* spuko tli.it Word ol Thine, AVnose scho in tbi' glad retrain Of rended bolt nud lulling chain. T<> graco our intal tune, iroiu all The zones of earth our guests we call lie with us while the new world greets The old world. lhr< nglng nli Its streets, Vuveillng sll the triumphs won Ily ?ri ur toil beneutb ibo sun; And unto common good ordain This rfvalship oi bund and bruin. Thou, who hast here :n concord furled The war llugs of a gathered world, lienestb m:r Western sklea luiftl 1 ne orient's mission of good will, And. ireuUted with love'i golden fleece, bund back tho Argonauts 01 peace. Kor art and labor met In truce, Kor beauty mado the bnde 01 use Wo thank Ihee, while, withal, we crave Ibo austere v.rtuex strong to save, The honor proof to place or gold. The manhood uover bought nor soldi Ot make Thou as. through centuries long, In peace ?ecure, in justice Htroug , Ar< und our gili of irwdwu draw 1 ui' safsgwaril* oi Thy righteous la#; Aud, east in soine dinner mould, Let the new cycle shanto tue old I Tim OWIIBhTltA AND CIIOKL'S were in their places by ten o'clock A. M., after under going a moil trying ordeal In the attempt to pas* Into the Main Hal) by the narrow entrance alone vouch filed to them. There WINI many a tight uptoese, many a cm -lied toil't many an irasc iiilu \o:ulist. Tho in struments of the orchestra had several hairbreadth etcspM Now It was s contra basso, in its green b.i.zu cover, advanced like a haltering rum aud wedged tightly lietween a half doxen soprano^ aud a couple of burly bashes; again tho bell of a trombone or a tuba greeted the perplexed doorkeeper's vision or he was poked in the ribs by au inquiring fagotto The corno Inglese disputed the right ol way with the bass trumpet and s melodious contralto voice cricJ out, "I'm going to latntl" a lew minutes to eleven o'clock Mr. Tbco lore Thomas as cended tbe leader's mand, and tbe Irst work on the programme, a poii>mrri of uational air<", was played. America was the first ?uf tbe last representative in tilt* eduction of national motodea. I he nations were al| bahe;ically arranged as follows:?America, Armen ian; Comedeiation, Uelgium, Bratil, Denmark, Eng land, France, Uerroaiiy, Holland, lu y, Norway, Uu**ib, Spain. Swcdn and Turkey. Clever a? was the arrangement of bo many d.verso subjects, speaking from a musical point of view, a great deal ol tbe effect was lost in tbe open sir, especially ctritU piointo p*?eagc? tor tnesirmga, phrases for the oboe and dut > aud pianinsituu measures that were %tttts inaudible at b abort tflMMeo Urns the uasic stind. Of the eighteen national roelodied played on thi* occasion, Auisriea lnviug three, Italy t*? and Ihe rcstou- vach, the mast striking w .-retio^Maraollla ae," thai uobleet of national paMM, the "llraxill.in Ujfiun" and the "Turkish Harm." The last mentioned work waa received from Europe wiihin a week or ao by Mr. Thomas, and It it, indeed, one of the m?*l taking specv ineos of Oriental music ih*t ihe American public liai ever beard. TUe least interesting or the fer es o national melodies was the stupid iu?ich cullcd "llail U thoCliiet," wh;?h >s unworthy ol the name ol luusin The wcoud piece oa the programme was WAUSiVS CKXTXNXIAL ISAUCCI.Arut* XAHOW. This nobio work w;at4 interpreted ?u a style worthy of ,t Even the strumous crowd oenc.ith the music plm form ceased for the mo.ueut their traulio euduavors t? break through iho harrier of Oenlounuil police that guarded the postage way ol tho Invited dlga.tar.es as the that graud strains o! the march wore hoard. All honor to the Women's Centennial L'nnn that gave to America a muilcal work worthy of Its greatest aiiut vcrsary 1 Wuatever luo shortcomings, in cortaio brunches of music.il arl of Wu-.ier may he, all frlvolHj and superficiality aro banished Irom his clloru; h.i aim il. a high and aerlous one. His work*, ooerjtu or purely orchostral, must ho judged lu their enllrs plan knd unity. Ho has n-? special tie. in original melodic Invuutlvonosa or continuity of organic the matic and contrapuntal development. How tho grand structure ol the "Centennial March. " which must uo?r take its place among the nest of compositions of lb * klud. IB built up out of the slmplesl materials! TLe motives are short and appctl at once to tho popular ear. When the jinul' came, with us whirlwind of bar. monies, uud ihe torrent ol sound rolled out and spread lleeli' over tliu vast .-pace in which no niauy thousand listeners were m densely packed together, tho ctrect was hoinctbiug to be remouibered l->r lito. It brought 10 tho memory ilio words of tho German writer, "When the mysterious hymn of joy rises irom till deepest depths ol the orchestra, darting rod beams be loro It like a young *uu. rushing upward, nearer and nearer lo heaven, do we not leef intoxicated with Iroo dutn, as ir ihe hands ol winter were tailing before the almighty power ol spring?" Tho march put sale4 from beginning to end with musical electricity. It Is grandoiso, without betug podautle. Its measur>'.? are surcharged with electric llle. Kven the liuinensu orchestra ihat interpreted it to day ?eemed lusutncieiii iu power ol tone to do It full Justice. It is a march that will live until America's next Centennial AUo? tha prayer of bishop Simpson, ihe CKNTKNXIAl. UV1IJ, words bv tho poet Whlttler. ami music by John K. l'alne waa giveu. The verses are such as ouo would expect irom such a great poet, but the music was not equal to tho Occasion. Uwas such a hymn as m ghi be taken at rand Jin from any ordiuary church oollec. lion uo better and no worse. It might bo acceptabU in one of the thousand llttlo volumes published in this country under tho name ol HyuiB Hook*, but uh a nation Hi hymn it is weak and uninteresting. The sturdy old "Eluo Kesle Burg, 1st uuser Uott," ol Uirtin l.uther, or the "Old Hundredth." may lo.?k down with disi^aiu upon Mr. rallies puerile effort. TIIK CKXTK.NMAL CANTATA. worus by Sidney Unler, and music by Dudley Buck, waa Ihe priuclp.il choral and orchestral lealure ol tho occasion. There were ulioul a thousand in Ihe chorus, and everything that could be done to make the cantata a musical success was contributed by all the partici pants, Irom the accomplished conductor, Theodore Thomas, down to Eilor, who played the corno IngUse obligate lu tho bass solo. Yot Ihe work did not do jus tice to tho occasion or Uio representative people ol the world present. It is iu some places a cheap Imitation ol lleudelssohn, and in others vory unnatural and forced. Mr. Myron W. Wliiinoy, the Boston basso, was encored in his solo, probably because It was M splendidly roudered by hliu, or because it wan tho ouly nolo of tho occasion ol tho Inauguration. A more uu fortunate cnolco of an American composer could nol bo uiado for bucli an event. TIIK IIALI.KLUJAII CHOHt'B, from tho " Messiah," was iho last musical work per formed. Everyone on the music platform rose while this glorious work was betug given. Tho HalloluJah Chorus, as Kev. Mr. Haeis says, stauds alouo. It appears lo have tho same overpowering eireci upon learned and unlearned; It Is loll and uudorstooi by all. Tho thought Is absolutely simple; so li the expression, 'two or ihroo massive phrases, grow ing out or each other, or, 'rather, rising ono altei another, in reltoratod bursts or glory, a piece of divine melody in the middle, succeeded by the last clause ol tho triumphal shout. "And Ho shall reign forever,' which Is taken up rapturously by tho llamiug choirs of tho immortals and hurlod from sido lo side, until a? last ihe energies or heaven Uscir sftm spent, and the mighty atraln dies away beloro "the Great White Throne and Him that silloth thereon." Tho composer thus described his reeling* when ho pcnneij thl* shout or inspirod praise:?"I did tbluk 1 did aoeall Heavon before me, and llie great God Himself." The chorus, orchestra and tho great organ within the Mala Hall joined in this ImmorUl pmao, aud the *cene waa indescribable. Tho air was tilled with tho grandest ot musical measures, tho vast crowd swayed boneat* their lnflueuce, and tho long, gliitcrlng array of inter national dlguitar;es jiaased down in procession whiU the "Halleluiah" chorus was sung. Then then was a touch of an electric wtro placed on tho couductor'l itmd, bud artillery thundered forth from the adjoining hills, bells rang out lu every direction and ateam whis tles vied with each olbor for a half hour In deafening every car present The World's Fair was opened, and nil that music?the noblest of art*?could do toward making the Inauguration a success was accomplished. Then the exhausted conductor left tho stand, Whitney packed up his bass solo, Buck weat back to the organ, and the chorus and orchestra folded tholr acorea auS cased their instruments and stole silently away. Hounds of applause brought the singer to the stan4 again, and forced a repetition of the magnificent effort MIL WELSH'S HI HARKS. Before tbo poet'* lervent word* bad died away Mr. John Welsh arose and was received with loud cheers, lu a modest, low tone, addressing himsoif to tho groups around him, without making any effort to reach the crowd, be said:? Mr. 1'rksidskt A*n Qrxtmmisx or tub Usjtxd Status Ckxtkxsul Commission?In the presence of the K?yerum>'ut ol the United States and ol tho several distinguished bodies by whom we aro surrounded, and In behalf of tbo Centennial Board of Finance, I greet you. In readiness at tbo appointed time, 1 have tbe honor to announce to you lli?t, under your supervision and in accordance v. itb the plan* Oxed ?ud established by you, we have erected the bulidinas beionginitto us, and have Hindu nil tin- arrangements devolving on us neces sary fur ihu o|iemng of (be International Exhibition. We hereby now formally appropriate tbeui for their lutemled occupation; and wo bold ourselves ready to inako all further arrangements that may be needed lor carrying into lull and complete ciioc.t all the re quirement* of tbe acta of Congress relating to tbo Exhibition. Kur a like purpose we aUo appropriate tbo bntidings belonging to thu state ol Pennsylvania and the city of lliiUdelphia, erected bf n* at their bidding, to wit:? Memorial Hull, Machinery Hall and Horticultural Halt Those and oilier substantial offerings stand an the evi dence ol their patriotic cu operation. To the United Slate* of a mcric.i, through Congress, we an indebted lor tiin nd which crowned our success. In addition to those to wInch 1 have Just referred, there ?rc other btautilul anil convenient edillces, which bnvii been erected by tbo representative* ol foreign nation*, by state authority and by individual*, which are a too devoted to the purpooes of the Exhibi tion. I.aihks amp OnvUMKX?If in tho past we bavo met witli ?iisi|ipoin(iiicnts, diillculties and trials, Utey have been over noma by a consciousness that no sucriiloe oau be too great which Is (nude to honor the memories ol tho-u wtm brought our nation into being. This com memoration ol the events ot I77*i excite* our present gratitude. > bu assemblage here to day of so many lor igh representatives uniting with ua in till* rever ential tribute is our reward. We congratulate yon on the occurrence of thia day. Many oi ine nations have gathered here la peaceful <?oui|M'iitioii. Kacli may protu by the a*.?ociation. This Exhibition i* bnt a school; tho more thoroughly Its lesson* are learned the greater wilf ?> (be gain, and when It shall bavo closed. If by that study tne natioai engaged in it shall have learned respect for each other, tb?n it in.*v lie IioimhI that veneration lor Him wbc rules on bi^b will become universal, and the angela x. song once more be heard? tilory to Ood in the hlffhest. And un earth pou? >. good will tnsvaid men. OKXKHAI. NJkWLXT'* AHKKXSS. Then came the cantata, the word* of which, weak as tboy are, na<le a grand elect. This was the mosteal event ol ilte day, aid while tbo multitude bra* ; dMcrnn the closing notes 01 tho orenuetra DiiMl Uawley came forward and said:? Mr. 1'nmiok.vt?yive. years ago I be Hies Ideal of the United .State* declared It lltting that ''the completio* ' ol tbe flrt-t cenmry of our national existence should 1 be commemorated by an exhibition ol tbo natural l rusottroes of the country and their deodtep mrnt, and of its progress in tbmo uli which bencttt mankind," and ordered tb.it an exhil?4 11* *n of American and foreign arta, prndnota, and man*facture* should be held, UMMr of the government of tbo United diate^ la Um ?f

Other pages from this issue: