Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 13, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 13, 1876 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON"BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. THE DAILY HERALD, ertnj (Joy in the, year. Four rents per copy. Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per otolith, free of postage. All business, news letters or telegraphic despatches must be addressed New York Herald. Letters nnd packages shculd be properly sealed. Rejected communications will not be re turned. PHILADELPHIA OFFICE?NO. 112 SOUTH SIXTH STREET. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD NO. 4C, FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE?AVENUE DE L'OPERA. Subscriptions and advertisements will be received and forwarded on the same terms as in New York. VOLUME XIJ NO. 154 AI0SEIENT8 THIS AFTERNOON AND EVENING. UNION SQUARE THEATRR. CONSCIENCE, AT 8 1'. M. Matinee ut 1 :UO P. M. O R. Thurne, Jr. BAG OT theatre. variety, at 8 P. ?l. Matinee at 2 P. M. PAUK~ THEATRE. ? BRASS, at 8 P. It. Manner m -j P. M. Mr. Qtorg* Fav exit Ki'we. CHATEAU MABILLK VARIETIES, at 8 P. M. il atinee at 2 P. M. OI.YMPIC T1IRATRB. HCMPTr DUMPTY. at 8J\ M. Matinee at 2 P. M. Parisian " varieties, at lf.lt Matinee at 2 P. M. BOWERY THEATRE. HERO, at 8 P. M. KEI.LY a LEON'S minstrels. at 8 P. M. THIRTY-fourth STREET OPERA HOUSE VARIETY, at 8 P. M. Matinee it 2 P. M. FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE. BROUGHAM'S HENEFIT. ><t SI'.Sl. l'i.,ue Matinee at 3 P. M. Fh nii.v Davenport. (JK I! M AM A THE A THE. DER VEILCHENFKESSE It. at 8 P. M. G LOBE-THEATRE. variety, at 8 P. M. Matineo at 2 P. M. WOOD'S MI'SBI'M. ROVING JACK, at * 1'. M. Matinee nt 2 P. M. BROOKLYN THEATRE. MAUD MULLEK, at 8 P. M. Charlotte Thompson. SAN francisco* MINSTRELS. at 8 P.M. Matinee at 2 P. M. THEATRE COMIQUB. P.M. Matinee at 2 P. M. variety, at 8 CENTRA L~ PA KK O A HI) EN. ORCHESTRA, QUARTET AND chorus, at 8 P. M. OJLMORK'S garden. GRAND CONCERT, at 8 1*. M. Offcubacb. WALLACE'S THEATRE. LONDON ASSURANCE, at 8 P. M. Matinee at IU P. V. Lester Wallack. BOOTH S THEATRE. STAR of THE NORTH, at \\ P. M. Clara Louise Kellogg. THEATRE francai8. LA CAGNOTTF.. at 8 P. M. tony pastors new theatre TARIETY, at 8 P. M. WITH SUPPLEMENT. NEW YORK, SATURDAY, MAY 13, 1876. tYom our reports this morning the probabilities art that the weather to-day will be warmer and clear or partly cloudxj. Notice to Country Newsdealers.?For prompt and regidar delivery of the Herald by fast mail trains orders must be sent direct to this office. PostageJree. Wall Street Yesterday.?Gold opened ?nd closed at 112 3-8, with sales in the in terim at 112 1-4. Money loaned at 3 per cent. Stocks were irregular and feverish and business was dull. Foreign exchange quiet. Investment shares were firmer and government and railway bonds steady. Mr. Offenbach has no reason to complain of his reception. The American people have given a warm welcome to the composer to whom they owo so much pleasure. Among the Latest echoes of the great Brooklyn scandal will be notod the argu ment of counsel before the Supreme Court, General Term, at Ponghke?>psie yesterday on the appeal in the suit of Moulton vs. Bee^her for malicious prosecution. Next to Stanley the greatest traveller of the day is the Emperor of Brazil. He has crossed the Continent twice in .three or four weeks, and is now off again for New Orleans. If there is any man who could go "around the world in eighty days" it is His Majesty Dom Pedro. A Singular Case of long-deferred justice is narrated in our columns to-day in the surrender of Hallinan for the killing of his comrade, llussell, in 1871. This offence hardly seems to be murder. Hallinan acted in passion, and apparently repents not only the quarrel, but his own flight from the law. None of the Governors who attended the Centennial celebration made as fine a dis play as did Governor Kice, of Massachusetts, who was attended by the best military organ izations of the Commonwealth. The recep tion given to the Boston Cadets by the Seventh regiment yesterday was worthy of both cities. The Sex of the Statue of Liberty.?The dreadful complaint is made by the Woman Suffrage Convention that the erection of a statue of Liberty on Bcdloe's Island would be an insult, becauso it is proposed "to represent Freedom as a majestic female form In a State where not one woman is free." Very well, Miss Susan and Mrs. Blake. As the Legislature is unlikely to extend the electoral franchise, the oniy way to avoid this inconsistency is to make the statue of Liberty a man. The Centennial. ?What is to become of the million of people who will be idle in Philadelphia to-morrow? The doors of the Exhibition will be closcd against them, and they will have to wander aimlessly, like the Peri outside of Paradise, some of them, per haps, to seek dangerous pleasures, when, with a more liberal policy of the Centennial Commissioners, thoy wonld have found healthy amusement and instruction. We do not believe that this policy can last. Public opinion will compel the commission to give it op. Speaeeb Husted's estimate and conclu sions about the State Legislature, ns printed In another rolnmn, will, no doubt, be read with interest General Hunted talks shrewdly about his fellow members, and, while he does not underestimate them, he at the same time gives ns a pretty clear idea of the char acter and precise value of tho work per formed. In his review of the Legislature the Speaker affords a great many details, md tells some of the secrets from which iprnng much of the legislation of the late lession. As/t political essay it will be of jNuidejafeU value. Internal Dissensions of (h? Democratic Parly?Governor Ti Idea's Prospects. Governor Tilden is the only democratic candidate who is perceptibly gaining in strength. 11 is most conspicuous rival is making no progress, tho minor rivals are as yet hardly in the field ; bnt the advance of the New York candidate is steady and hiH friends are not merely confident, but sanguine. Yet their exultation is premature. They must await further developments before it is safe to feel quite so triumphant. If they should, after all, be disappointed, it will not be the first time in political affairs when "the vigor of the war has not come up to the sounding phrases of the manifesto." Gov ernor Tilden's supporters ought not to forget the late of some former New York candi dates who went to the national conventions of their party buoyant with hope "and came back shorn." Governor Tilden will not go to the Convention with so strong a support as Mr. Van Buren had in 1844, when he was beaten by Polk ; nor with so many auguries in his favor as Mr. Seward had in I860, when the cup was dashed from his lips by Lincoln. Mr. Van Buren had a clear major ity of the delegates in 1844, but was defeated by the two-thirds rule. Mr. Seward had also a majority at Chicago in 1860 on the day the delegates assembled, and had a ballot been taken on that day he would have re ceived the nomination. Its postponement to the second day gave time for combina tions against him, and the receding tide of that fatal night left him aground and de stroyed his chances for the Presidency for ever. These unexpected reverses to strong and sanguine New York candidates are a theme for instructive, or at least pensive, meditation. It is not safe for politicians to "halloo before they are out of the woods." There is another historical lesson which Governqr Tilden and his friends might lay to heart, not without profit. We refer to the wreck of the democratic party in the famous Charleston Convention of I860. Doug las went to Charleston with greater strength than Mr. Tilden is likely to carry to St. Louis. On one or two ballots he had a decided majority of the Convention; but the inevit able two-thirds rule stood in the way, and his friends pushed him with such stubborn zeal as to split and ruin the party, which has floundered in a bog from that day to this in vain struggles to plant its feet once more on solid ground. To the New York delegation, acting as a unit in favor of Douglas, that disastrous result was chicfly due. Had the stiff and obstinate New York delegation con sented to withdraw him the party could have been saved and the civil war avoided. The party was sacrificed in 1860 to the irre pressible ambition of one strong man and the persistence of the New York democrats in supporting him. Many of the New York delegates saw the folly of such a course and would have yielded; but the instruction to vote as a unit enabled the majority to over rule them and to cast votes against Douglas as if they were votes for him. The New York delegation to St. Louis is instructed to vote in tho samo way, and dovotion to an in dividual may again destroy the hopes of the party if the warnings of history are set at naught. * There are such dangerous causes of di vision in the democratic party that it can not afford to admit a new element of dis cord founded on obstinate personal preten sions. The great schism of last year, which was attended with so much bitterness and such fierce recriminations between the Western and the Eastern democrats, and has kept the party at a deadlock in Congress during the last six months on the most important qnestion of*the time, is a dif ficulty of sufficient magnitude without the added embarrassment of an utterly selfish personal contest. The nomination must, of course, be given to a hard money demo crat if the party is to succeed ; but among the hard money statesmen some can bo ac cepted by the West with less sacrifice of feeling than others. Harmony would not be promoted by an attempt to force upon the West the most distasteful hard money man of them nil. There are many West ern democrats who have the same sort of re pugnance to Mr. Tilden that Southern demo crats felt toward Mr. Douglas. If he is pushed at St. Louis in the same stiff, un yielding spirit as Douglas was nt Charleston it is not impossible nor very improbable that the consequence would again be a revolt which would rend the democratic party in twain. In 1800 there were other democrats holding Mr. Douglas' views on slavery who might have been nominated without a bolt, as there are now'other democrats that hold Governor Tilden's views on the currency who would be accepted without much grumbling by the West. But it may not prove an easy task to drive the hard-money wedge butt end foremost. It is to be hoped that Mr. Tilden cures too much for the suc cess of his party to divide it at St. Louis as Douglas divided it at Charleston, It is not likely that the two-thirds rule I will be rescinded. If the attempt is made ; the vote on that question will disclose an j unexpected opposition to Mr. Tilden at the | outset of the proceedings. On that ques j tion, as on all others, the New York delega | tion will have to consult in order to ascertain | on which side the mnjority lies, and every I vote in that delegation to sustain the rule I will be considered as hostile to Tilden. Not i knowing how much concealed opposition to j him there is in the delegation his friends will not dare to risk the experiment. They j will let that question go by default, and even if they should not the other States will maintain the two-thirds rule. Absurd as it would be in a convention where each del egate voted according to his individual ! preference it is not quite absurd when a i bare majority of a delegation ca.sU all its Totes. The unit rule is as preposterous as 1 the two-thirds rule, and one of these ab surdities may operate as a corrective of the other. The unit rula may give n candidate a false and factitious majority by counting us f< r him a multitude of votes that are really against him. It of the seventy New York votes thirty-six should be in favor of lilden and thirty-ion r opposed to him, ho would nevertheless receiv? thun nil under the unit rule, and by means of .so lulse a count he might get no apparent mn jority (.!' the Convention v.hm, in lint, tho reil majority wns against hint. The small | States will not consent to have their votes swamped by this fictitious mode of counting, and will justly insist on maintaining the two-thirds rale unless the unit rule can be abolished with it It is safe to conclude that the two-thirds rule will be continued, and that it will lie as an obstacle in the path of Mr. Tilden. It does not yet appear whether the de clared hostility of Tammany will help or harm him. If the opposition in his own State were confined to Tammany Mr. Tilden would have reason to congratulate himself ! that it has been so openly proclaimed. ; Tammany is a political stench. No New ' York candidate can be injured by j having it published that this foul smell ; does not taint him. Bat, unfortunately for i Mr. Tilden, the democratic opposition to him | in this State is not confined to Tammaur. I ? | It includes some prominent democrats > who have never had any complicity either I with the Tammany Bing or the Canal Bing. \ ; There are many of the New York delegates ; who are his seeming supporters, but are i waiting for an opportunity to turn against | ! him. There are several who do not disguise | : their hostility, and who will go to the Con- j vention with an avowed purpose to defeat j him. The'Tilden forces at St. Louis will I be weakly led by Mr. Dorsheimer and other ! politicians who have no great skill in the i game, and anti-Tilden forces will be led by | | practised schemers like Mr. Kelly, Mr. i Littlejohn, Mr. Schell, Mr. Beach and other delegates who are veterans in the art of manipulating political con* : ventions. They will magnify and make the most of the party dissensions in this State. One of these hostile delegates is the Chairman of the National Democratic Committee, who will call the Convention to order and inaugurate its proceedings. Another of tliem is the man who fought Mr. Tilden's battle when he was nominated for | I Governor. Another of them has been twice ! elected to the second office in the State and [ is a popular favorite with the Now York i | democracy. The anti-Tilden men in the ! delegation are astute and experienced j manipulators who are capable of giving the Tilden men a great deal of trouble, and they will have all Mr. Tilden's rivals for allies. It is for Mr. Tilden to look at all theso ob 1 stacles and these elements of opposition as well as at the brighter side of the picture, and to consider what he will in struct his friends to do in the event of his failure to get the requisite two thirds vote. Will he follow the ex ample of Douglas at Charleston, and split the party, or will he relinquish his personal hopes to secure the success of his princi- \ pies? He cannot afford either to cause a bolt or to hold the Convention at a deadlock j until it ends the contest by taking up a nobody or a semi-inflationist. While prose cuting a vigorous canvass for himself he should conduct it in so considerate and generous a spirit as not to prevent the suc cess of Mr. Thurman or Mr. Bayard, if the West will more easily reconcile itself to ono of these sound statesmen than to the New York candidate. All personal claims should be subordinated to the harmony of the party and the success of correct principles. Free Turf. The ideas of the new President of the De partment of Public Parks on the growth of grass must be derived from careful study of the oentury plant rather than from any ac quaintance with the lawns which are under his protection. As they have been com pleted for nearly twelve years it is fair to suppose that the grass lias arrived at a state of decent maturity. In the original plan of the eight hun dred and thirty-eight acres, which have cost the city twelve million dollars, or a daily rental (including the cost of maintenance) of twenty thousand dollars, were included the green, a meadow of fifteen acres for military parados, and the "playground" | (sad misnomer!), a lawn of ten acres for ! match games of cricket and other kindred j sports. Those lovely spots were duly laid i out and are now covered with adult grass ; but no warlike foot has ever profaned the smooth turf of the one, while the poor cricketers, who are sadly put to it to find grounds within a reasonable distance to practise their manly sport, gnze with longing eyes upon the playground as a just right of which they are cruelly deprived. Hyde Park in London contains loss than four hundred acres, but it has been very appropriately called the lungs of the city, for its turf is oi en to all. The Guards hold their '?trooping" evolutions there, children play and their nurses flirt all the day long without being warned "off the grass" by a j grim, gray guardian or a detestable aigu. i It is time these tiresome regulations which make the Park pedestrian an objoct of suspicion to bo carefully watched should | cease, and the Commissioners might wisely begin at once by throwing open the whole Park to the public without reserve. In the long, hot days that are coming the I children will be very well contented with less flowers and more fun. Then let the cricketers into their playground, so that the i members of the English club who are coming over to play need not be hustled into ; another State to try their skill against our 1 own elevens; so wo may in time escapo from the grave decorum which pervades the place and prevent the stranger from mistak ing it for a cemetery. Messieurs tjie Com missioners, you have an opportunity of doing good and becoming popular at the same time. Do it at once ! The Was is Centra i. America. ?The news ! from Central America which appears in the Herald to-day is of an interesting and excit iug character. It details the commencement and progress of a severe war struggle be twe< n the States of Guatemala and San Sal vador. Many battles have been fought and very many estimable mm, military and civilian, have lost their lives. What it is all alK>ut is specially reported in the Herai.d correspondence, dated at the headquarters of the Guatemalan army. From this it will be stfi>n that the populations of the sister con ied? laeies. instead of endeavoring to develop their territorial resources, have permitted themselves to be drawn into ar. interstate conflict through the machinations of politi cians and the interference of the clergy in * State affairs, the most prominent causes of civic turmoil all the world over. ' A IlemliilKcnet. We aro told that history repeats itself, which means simply that similar causes pro duo*-similar results. Hence the wisdom of recalling and studying the past for the pur pose of aiding our judgment in the future, llie lessons of experience are too often neg lected ; yet, if properly learned, they make uh wise, and are apt to save us from grievous mistakes. There are so many points of sim ilarity between the political situation in New Wk in the Presidential campaign of 1860 and the Presidential campaign of 187G that a glance at the events of the former year may be productive of good. j In I860 there was a local democratic organ ization in New York disputing the prestige of regularity with Tammany Hall and ruled by the one man power, as Tammany is ruled to-day. Fernando Wood was at its head. 1 he leader and his followers were opposed to the nomination of Douglas for the Presi dency, and went to the State Convention of the party at Syracuse to resist tho election of delegates by that body in favor of the Senator as the democratic candidate. Mozart and its leader, however, did not exercise any great influence, because it was known that they did not represent the domocracy of the city of Now lork. "iet their open opposition to Douglas indicated that ho was not the unan imous choice of the democracy of the Em pire State. There were far more important elements opposed to Senator Douglas' nom ination, represented by such men as Daniel S. Dickinson, Edwin Croswell, Erastus Corning, John C. Mather, David L. Seymour, Clark S. Potter, Elijah Mather, Delos De A\ olf, and others throughout the State. The Albany Regency, headed by Dean Richmond, were favorable to Donglas, and were, as the result proved, determined to force his nom ination. Tho State Convention met, and Daniel S. Dickinson, Edwin Croswell and their asso ciates received consideration from it. They were assured that the Convention, which had at the commencement been rabid for positive instructions to the Now York dele gation to vote for Douglas first, last and all the time, would be contented if the resolu tions should show the respect and admira tion of the democrats of the State lor the Senator's course. Mr. Croswell, Erastus Corning and others who acted with them were put upon the list of delegates to Charleston, and then the following resolu tion was adopted by the State Convention Resolved, That the delegates lo the Democratic i'tnop thnt?nreU"0n,, nro hor?-bv instructed to tnior that Convention as a unit nn?i __ ns a unit, in accordance with the' will of ? majority of the members thereof- and in casu .in? one ?f ,he members shall bo appointed a do??te ?y any other organization and shall not forthwith In writing decline such appointment his sent shall bo ro garde,) as vacated, an.i tho delegation shall prw-ce J ,o till tho same, as it Is hereby also empowered tosuimiv vacancies by death, resignation or otherwise. Tho New York delegates went to Charles ton under these instructions. When there it became evident that a large number of them and a powerful representation from other States?from another section, in fact were opposed to the nomination of Stephen A Douglas. Tho New York delegates alluded to fought and protested in their delegation, but were compelled to vote as a unit on the floor of the Convention, their votes being controlled by the Douglas ma jority in the delegation. The struggle came in tho Convention. The Hebald's Charles ton report, April 26, 1860, said:?"It is evi dent that New York holds tho balance of power, and when it casts its vote as a unit it will probably determine the nomination." Jsew York had then thirty-ono votes, instead of seventy, as now. Editorially the Hebald warned the New York Douglas democrats that if this power should be remorselessly used to force a nomination the result would be the destruction of the democratic party and the defeat of the nominee; but that if used to secure tho nomination of a conservative and acceptable candidate the party would be saved and its success assured. The Convention adjourned to Baltimore, and the determination of the majority of the New York delegation to force tho nomination of Douglas was made evident. They pre ferred to risk the disruption of the party and defeat with their favorite candidate than in sure success with any other. The Hebau> on June 23, 1860, said "The general feeling | is that tho democratic party is finally broken up, and the blame will be attributable to the Albany Regency, who will have to faco tho j music; in New lork State. Deep and loud j aro tho curses which aro uttered against I them by the minority of their own delegates and by thousands of democrats here." Tho New York delegates, holding the controll ng vote, could have nominated Hunter, of Vir ginia, or Breckinridge, of Kentucky, honor able, conservative men, and have saved the party; but t_e madness was upon them. By their vote, cast as a nnit when there was no unity among them, they nominated Douglas. The party was destroyed-the candidate\vas defeated. May not Governor Tilden and his dele gates study the almost forgotten story of tho Democratic National Convention of I860 with advantage? Governor Tildcn'a Policy. Governor Tilden may prove to be the choice of the democracy of the United States at the St. Louis Convention after the repre sentatives of the several States have com pared views and deliberated on the question of the candidacy. If so it will, of courso, he incumbent on thoso democrats in New York who do not desire to see Governor Tilden nominated to forego their personal preju dices and combine to insure the election of tlio party nominee. If the Governor cannot conciliate tho opposition in this and other States it will bo better for him to forego his personal ambition and to use his best efforts to insuro the selection of a candidate as un exceptionable as he himself would bo if he could command the earnest and sincere sup port of the Convention. Before the Conven tion nominates Mr. Tilden or anybody else it should assure itself that its candidate is acceptable to tho democracy of his own State. In a long canvass divisions and distractions at home must necessarily impair a candi date's strength elsewhere and would be likely to work irreparable mischief to the party. There is at present a decided opposition in this State to Mr. Tilden's nomination. It reaches beyond any local dissensions and I embraces many of the most efficient and I reputable politicians in the democratic party. It mnst b? removed or the nomina tion of Mr. Tilden would be suicidal. Pos sibly it may be conciliated, but if it should be found impossible to remove it Governor Tilden has only one wise course open to him. He must not force his own nomina tion, even if he should be enabled to do so, for that would mean the defeat of his party, the sacrifice of reform and the continuance of the republicans in power. His honorable r61e in such an event will be to so use his strength as to soenre the adoption of his own views and the carrying out of his own policy by some other trustworthy candidate. He can nominate Thftrman or Bayard and in sure the services of the three representative reformers of the three sections in the next administration. If he should neglect to use his strength at the proper time for this patriotic object, in the hope of at last forcing his own nomination, and should thus allow the Convention to make its selection over his head, the candidate may be one who will represent neither the sound financial views nor the earnest reform sentiments of the Governor. Mr. Tilden would, in such a case, be responsible for the defeat of his party or for a democratic triumph that would reflcct no honor upon the victors and confer no benefit on the nation. Grant and Cutter. General Grant's friends are coming slowly to his defence concerning the removal of Custer. They claim that if the President had at first sent Custer to his command the country would have said tlmt he was trying to get him away from the Congressional committee. They also say that, as Terry organized the expedition, he ought to com mand it. There are a few republican organs willing to say that the President did not, as commander-in-chi?f and of his own motion, degrade Custer. But the fact that these friends and organs say that if tho President did disgraco Custer from privato motives he is a lunatic, only intensifies the outrago and does not explain it. To be sure, there was some momentary palliation of tho offence, when it became known that General Sherman indorsed the President's action; but it must be remembered that Grant and Sherman have recently become very good friends. The attempt to call Custer a dime novel hero, seeking sickly notoriety, will not excuse General Grant. The case is not ono depending upon Custer's private character, even if that description of him were true. Behind all the rubbish of the case there is only one peg upon which the President can hang the smallest excuse. If he disgraced Custer bccause the latter did not properly report to the War Department what he knew of frauds ; if Custer had exceeded his duty in saying that he had refused to entertain the Secretary of "War at tho fort; if he thought that Custer had been foolish in his silence and in his plainness of speech, there might be some palliation of the President's offence. But it must be remembered by the President's 1 oxcusers that Belknap is undor charges of cor ruption which are popularly believed to be true, and which there has not been any at tempt to disprove; that Belknap was Custer's superior officer; that to report corruption to the government and to his superior was for Custer to report to Belknap himself; t^at the action of army officers is hedged round by strict military rules, and that Custor was asked by the Congressional committee for a plain expression of opinion, with whieh his duties and charactcr as a fighter had nothing to do. The story of Custer's refusal to en tertain General Belknap has been grossly exaggerated. Mrs. Custer gave Belknap a lunch, and Custer only refused from a post trader a basket of champagne for the Secre tary. In his testimony he simply said that hiB personal opinion of Belknap was such that he did not wish to do more than plain etiquette to his superior absolutely de manded. Surely this was no military of fence. The only excuses by the President's friends which are worthy of any considera tion are the two, that first Grant wished that Custer should remain to give full testimony, and that, second, General Terry, having or ganized tho expedition, was absolutely neces sary under pressure of emergency as the commander. Neither of these excuscs has groundwork. The expedition cannot yet start. Custer had given his testimony, and I tho order of disgrace was sont after he left Washington. The excuse that Grant would havo . een criticised for sending Custer away from Washington is a new one. Is it his duty to supply witnesses for the impeach ment trial? Cheap Cabs. The cab business in Now York has long been an imposition on the public. Kates of faro have been from time to time regulated by ordinances of the Com mon Council, but these have never been obf served by the drivers and proprietors of hacks, and when an opportunity for impo sition lias offered tho law has been violated with impunity. The idea of a hackman being punished for extortion has grown to bo an absurdity. Yet New York offers a better inducement for the establishment of cheap cabs than any city of its size in the world. The horse car lines, through mismanage ment and abuse, have become public nuisances. If cabs could bo hired at reason able fares to carry passengers distances of from one to four miles in the city they would bo liberally patronized by hundreds of per sons daily who are now compelled to ride in the street car!*. A line of light cabs, run at cheap fares, in New York, would make the fortune of tho proprietor. The principal obstruction to such an enterprise has come from tho hack proprietors, who do not possess enough senso to know that the little business they do is attributable to the high fares they extort. If cabs could be hired at anything like the rates prevailing in Eu ropean cities they would be liberally patron ized. There is no necessity to run expensive coupes nnd carriages for the ordinary traffic of the city. There is a fortune in store for any capitalist who will start cheap, light cabs in New York and run them at reasona ble fares. The only question is. Will tho District Telegraph Company or some other party bo the lirst to start the enterprise ? BAPtn Transit was again before the Supe rior Court yesterday in an argument on the right of the Elevated Railroad Company to carry its tracks over a corner of the Battery Park to South ferry. Tb* TwtlTt Black B?U?. On Thursday evening Secretary Bristol was presented for election as a member ol the Union League Club. There were 118 votes cast in his favor and 12 against him, 10 black balls being sufficient for rejection. This exclusion of a leading member of the Cabinet is disgraceful. It has caused mucb comment, not favorable to the club, and there* is considerable conjecture as to iti purpose. Politically Mr. Bristow's rejection has n* effect, unless as it may react to his benefit Twelve men have no power to ruin tht pro ipecta of a Presidential candidate, though they have the legal right to ostracize him from their society. They represent, not the club, but merely twelve individual votes, controlled by purposes they did not choose to explain. It i* fair to say that the moral and the numerical influence of the Union League Club of New York was preponderating^ thrown in favor of Mr. Bristow's member ship, apd that it, as a body of considerabli influence in politics, should be acquitted ol any intention to insult the Secretary of tin Treasury. The responsibility of his rejeo tion is with the twelvo unknown member* who, using their undoubted rights, threw their ballots against him. The election of Mr. Bristow to memben ship of the club would have had no political meaning. Hundreds of the members might be glad to havo him as a fellow membei without being willing to support him as t Presidential candidate. What could thf Secretary of the Treasury expect from th? fact that he was admitted to the mere social privileges of a number of gentlemen assem bled for pleasure and improvement? The club is, doubtless, divided in respect to the Presidential nomination, and as an elected member Mr. Bristow's position would hava been not a partiole better than that of Mr. Conkling, Mr. Blaine, Mr. Morton, Mr. Jewell or General Hayes. The club could cheerfully receive him as a member without at all sustaining him as a candidate. Bui we consider it unfortunate that a membor of the republican Cabinet^ should be thus kept out of tho leading republican club in tha country. Xh? Kxtradltlon Treaty. What baa become of the extradition question which was raised by the re fusal of the British government to sur render Winslow? It ought to be satis factorily settled by the joint action of the United States and England. The Extra dition Treaty between tho two countries was adopted in 1842, but in 1870 an act of Par liament forbade the extradition of criminals unlesB it was well assured that they would not be tried for any other offences excepting those of which they were formally accused. Here is where the present difficulty had its origin. The government of the United States could not admit that the provisions of the treaty could be modified by clianga in the municipal law of England, while the British govern ment claimed the right of legislation in mat ters of the kind. The dispute should not be hard to settle. Neither country wishes to be a placc of refuge for the fugitive criminals oi tho other, and tho legitimate result would appear to be a revision of tho treaty. Mr. Fish will probably receive a despatch by steamer about tho middle of next week from tho British government, and wo trust it will be satisfactory in its nature as it will be doubtless amicable in its tone. A Slandebeb Justly Punished.?We pub. lish to-day a report of a trial for slander in tho Marine Court, in which a fitting punish ment was awarded to tho defendants. W# need more of this kind of retribution in many circles, where the chief amusement appears to be malignant libel and defamation of innocent persons. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Blaine is forty-seven. General McDowell Is on his way to California Parton has shaken the duet or MewachusetUi off hl? Oxford ties. . Tho Norwich Bulletin editor will not take any greet unknown In his. ... ... . Caucus Senator-elect Barnum, or Connecticut, ha> ? felon on lils hand. New York city banks bold thrce-lourthe ol the colt oi the uatioual banks. Professor Seelyo is spoken of as the Great Unknown. No; ho's loo good a man. William Walter Phelps and wire will next week sail lor Europe, lor a tour 01 several months. Miss Laura Spence, of Georgia, Is six reet two and ? halt inches higb. Her beau has to take a sicp laddoi to go up and court her. The latest goswp ib to the effect tnat a majority ol the Senators favor the Idea that tbo Senate has juri* diction in tho Belknap caae. Because somo ol the Northern journals did not Ilk* Larner s sick poem the Baltimore Gazette pay. tnem off by abusing Whittler'e hymn. Provincial newspapers emphasize the fact tnat ex Governor Wise, who is now attracting public notico, ai-ued John Brown's dcaih warrant. W D howells, the amateur angel wltb a big mu? lacbe, says that tho mlssiou or iho Shakers la to rescue the .-ons ol plo and daughters of the doughnut. Why condemn Doorkeeper Fitzliugh lor writing -bigger" with one g, when Wendell Phillips once com plaiued that tbo democrats spelled negro with twog'sf Bonaparte believed in ratallsm. It seems that he ?U right it we estimate tbo Beecher Bowon case, with Ita human blunderlngs and Us over-approaching dtnou*. wmL l-oor Southern ramlllea-and perhaps you do not realize how many or the old Souther, .amlliee arc piti ably poor-are boiling out hickory nut meats for salad <"cyrus IL McCormack, of Chicago, is spoken of M democratic candidate lor Governor of llllnoi* We nope he may reap tho boarded grain at a breath, and tlie llower* tuat grow between. ? The girls oi Mount Holyoko (Mas.,.) Seminary usually marry missionaries; but the town at which they are educated is not celebrated for Its local virtues. The town and the seminary arc two different thinga. The Ulica Herald says that the law o? newspapei crowtb is toward centralization; that a poor nownpapei aets little support lor its mero opinion; that toons takes a paper out of charily; and that people always buy the most and best for thor money. Our Utica name-ake, which is itseira great journal, undoubtedly wan thinking or the NkwYob* Hkualo. The Buffalo U^nthlicantr (Gorman) strikes tbe Idee that true rcrorm must begin at primary meetings. It m only too true that iho professional politician doet all the hard but successful work or politics at primary meeting", and that Itecanse tho result, months alter ? ward, is not nlco the lazy citizen, who warme btl heels'at the Ore o' nlght.?, gets up and growls. Tho Augusta (Ga.) Chronicle says that "It will bo re membered that General Palmer was Governor ol Illi nois at the time/>r the Chicigo fire. General Sherliian placed iho city under marual law, and some of his soldiers killed Colonol- Grosvenor. Governor Piilmcr attempted to have General Sheridan and tbo soldiers who ft Id tbe killing Indited lor murder, but pubWc opinion was against him and the Grand Jury rclused to find bills against the parties. Governor Palmer left n disgust a party which countenanced such coadeot, and I went over to the democracy."

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