Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 17, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 17, 1876 Page 4
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HE FIFTH ME CONFERENCE. Speeches by Charles Final Adams, jr.; Me Godwin, Professor Sumner and Others. AN ADDRESS TO THE PEOPLE. Briitow toil Tilden the Favorites for tlie Presidency. The second day's session of the Fifth Avenue Con fereuc? began yesterduy, at ten A. M., and was very welt attended. Tbero were more persons present tli.ui sn the previous day, at:d some thirty or forty ol tliem were qui delegate*. They came merely as spectators, itid reuialued throughout the proceedings, which occu pied the forenoon and part ol l ho afternoon. Among those who were watching these proceedings with ap parent interest were Hou. 'I'hurlow Weed. Ktban Allen Uorman B. Katon aud others, llcsido those who put In an appearance on Monday alternoon many ol the ither delegates who had received invitations from the ilgner* of the call came; hut as no regular list of their tames was taken it was impossible to ascertain just bow many of the 400 had come. St range to say, not ?no of the Uvo secretar es thought It worth while to collate and arrange such a list until alter the mooting, when most of the visitors had gone away, iDd it was almost impossible to do so, when klr. Henry Armltt lirown, o( Pennsylvania, under oolc the ta-k uud lalleil. Of the euros handed him and >ut In his hat nearly all were names already published n the Hikald. The contcrcnco was a very cnthusl istic one, anu speakers were ire<iueutly interrupted hy Ihe prolonged plaudits of the admiring assembly. It nay be said, on the wholo, that Hie address, which is f iven luily below, was Just wlist Hie members lelt they could safely Indorse, and did ro accordingly, being anxious to slgu their names to the document. This, however, they did not do ye.-torday, nor is it at ull likely that they will do so hereafter. In short, tho signers of tho original call managed things so as (o preserve iheir Individuality at tho head ot this new tnovetnont. Carl Scliurz of course being foremost ol Iheiu all. The address was flashed over Ihe wires of the Associated Press yesterday by order of tho con 'creneo, bearing the names appended below. Some of tho members of tho conference fondly Imagined that they, loo, would bo permitted to place themselves id such goodly company; but the deed was done before they could do t-o, and they were deprived of tho pleasure of seeing themselves in print even for ono day more. Several speeches wore mado t>v able men, who ouuncialud Ideas that wcro vigorous md potntod and In marked contrast to the address which, according to Dorman li. Katon, was powerfully ind glitteringlv general. Tho speukors were Charles frauds Adams, Jr., Parke (iodwin, Profassor Suinnor, Oortnau It. Eaton, Dr. Hopkins and others. Mr. Adams avowed himself for Secretary Uristow, aud, tailing in him, for Governor Tlldea. Mr. Hnstow was unques tionably the choice of tho conference, whiuh hailed ?ach mention of his name with vociferous plaudits. Two resolutions were adopted, one of which appointed au executive coiuinitlco and tho othor pledged tho conference to civil service reform. Tho session was a very active ono and did not termlnalo until alter one o'clock. TI1K I'kOCKktll.NOa. The coulerence was called to order at ten o'clock precisely by President Woolsey, who annouueed that Ihe business beloro it was the hearing uud considera tion of tho Standing Committee's report. An address had been prepared by It und was In the hands of Its CI.airman. Senator Schurz, who wo.uld read It. Tilt ADDRKSM. Caiil Sciiikz arose and, In clear accents, readtbo fol lowing address, issued by the conference at the fifth Avenue Hotel to the American people:? Kkllow Citizens?A coulerence of citizens, us tembled in New York sincerely desiriug toi-oivetho beat interests of ttie American people, beg leave to sub mit to your candid consideration the lollowiug ap peal :? A national election is approaching under circura stauces ol peculiar significance. Never beiore iu our hisiory has tho public miud Lecn so profoundly agi tated by uu apprehension of the dangers arls.ng from the prevalence of corrupt tendencies and practices in our political life; uud nevor has tlx.re been greater reasou (or It. Wo w ill not display hero iu detail tho distressing catalogue ol the disclosures which lor sov truljears have followed one another in rupiu suc cession aud seem to have lelt scarcely a single sphere ol our political III e untouched. The records of courts, of State Legislatures and of the national Congress speak with tarrrible plainness, aud ?till they are udd:ng to tho scandalous exhibition. While such u state ol things would under auy circum stances appear most deplorable, It ts peculiarly so at the present moment. We are about to celebrate the one hundredth birthday of our uallonal existence. Wo l ave invited the nations of tho e irth on this great an niversary to visit our land and to wiluess the evidences vt our material progress, as woil a- the working aud ellict? of that republican government winch a ceututy ?go our lathers louuded. Thus the most in.-piruig memories ol our past history are rising up belore us in ? new glow ot life, forcing upon us tin comparison of what this Kcpublic once was, what it uusluieudoj to be Hid w ha. It now Is; and upon this we have challenged the ludgmeut ol civilized inatikind conjointly with our own. There is much of whicn every American cltlseu has lust reasou to bo proud?an energy aud thrift, a Suwcr ol thought and action, u progressive spirit, winch lu magniUceuce of result have omsiiippod all precedent and anticipation; a history abounding in illus trations al heroic patriotism, lortltude aud wisdomr a greater ireeiloui from foreign wars and revolutionary chitugcs uf government man most other uatlons cau boast ot; our Kepubllc. but a century old uud Just l? sueo from the only ureal civil conflict we have had to deplore, so stroug in resources uud organ.zaiiou that It stands in the lorcmost rauk of the great Powers of the earth. And yet, uiih all these splendid re-tilts on record, u ranuot be denied that ut uu period during the Century how behind us the American people havo heeu le-s satisfied with themselves a^d tUal the centennial anniversary of tho Declaration ot Independence, in so luany rtcpects to all Americans a day of slucerost pride aud rejoicing, is le'.l to be iu other respects not with out sell reproach uud humiliation. Uf this tho corruption revealed in our political luo is the cause. To the honor ol the American people t>o It said, every patriotic citizen li-cls the burning shame ot the spec tacle presented in tt e centennial year; there the me memoes und mouuincnis ol tbu virtue.* of the past, au.l here the shocking evidence of ihe demoralization and corruption of the pr. scut; iheru lit* glewing eu'ogle* pronounced ou the wisdom Mid purity ol the lathers, ' und here lu mocking contract the veidicts of courts mid tho records of legislative bodies illustrating the political morals ol to-day; aud this beloro all mankind solemnly -ummoncd as a witness to the Kxtubiliou slid a guest to the least. Never was there cause tor keener uiorullcation, and keenly docs tt strike every patriotic heart. How can we avert such dauger and wipe ol sue.h shame * lJy proViug thai, although tho ?owfMMI maihniery has otne corrupt, the gr?a'. tiouv ol tho people are* sound and strong at the core? tri in* iidous applause)?and that they are li hotly ? e iermtned to reiorm the abuses ol our political ilfe and .o overthrow ai any cost tbe agencies ol ev.l that Hand in the way.. '?n!y such an effort, well directed and atcrnly' persevered In nntll success ts assured, will save the good nslue of the nation, prevent Ibe prevailing disease Irotn becoming fstal and restore to its old streugth the faith of our own people in their institution*. (Applause.) At the impcuJIng national election various inesilons ol great importance w ill i>c submitted to our judgment. The seitli merits of the civil war, as constitutionally lixed, must bo con icientiuusly Maintained, and at the same time tho government strengthened in general confluence by the strict observance ot consiuuttonal principles, and the ?ld broihcrh'od ot tiie pec pie revived l>v a policy of mutual justice and conciliation. (A|plau?e.) Our ?oleum and olteu repeated pledge, faithfully to dis charge all national obligations must be fulfilled, uot only by the payment of the principal aud interest ot our bonded deoi when due, but also the removal, not later ttian the time provided by existing law,-ol the torse of our redun lam 11 redeemable piner currency, which not only Impedes tho reinrn ol true prosperity, but has ?Im> largely < ontribuied to the existing demoraliratb n. (Prolonged applause) These are grave question*, and ilo ro are mo-e a em.glit touch, were it our purpose to lay do a u a complete political platlorm. Hut grave as lliey are. Hill in our present situation we must, i.? American rut ren*. recognize it us our moat pres-lng duty, to re establish tno moral character 01 our government and to elevate the (one ol our political hie. (Applause ) Honest roverument is tho urti condition of enduring aation.ni prosperity. j?*?r ana freedom. W uncut the tl< m< nt.iry virtues ot political, as well as ??tal Ire, de say will outstrip our progress, our discussion* and itrugg.es about other great questions und principle* will appear Itko a mockery and larce if we pt>? n.lt our public concerns to drill Into that ruinous anarchy, which corruption must ii?-cf ssarny bring in its train, because it destroy-) the confidence of Ihe people in tl-eir sell government, ihe greatest calamity tbat cau belaii a republic. It is a simple que*'ion ol hie or death. A Corrupt monarch! may last by the rule of force?a cor rupt republic cannot eudure. It is u*-icv> to eol.-o e ourselves with the idea that the corruption among us must be ascribed solvty to Ihe imuiedntie elli els ol tbv civil w?r and will without an eflort a' re lorui, soon pass away. There l* another cnuso which ts not transitory, but threatens lo bv. o?e per manent. It Is that system which hn? tuade the offices ol the government ibe inero spoils ol psriy viclo'y ; tbe sy >'.cm which distrll'Uies the plaocs ol trust and responsibility as the ri waid id p*it> tervice and Hit bounty uf uir?eii'ew ?l^aUU which a^ipea.s lo the , n.eau impulse* of selnsbnes* and creed ss ? conl'olltng uio.ive ol polili alaii.ou; the *>sietu whicn degg?des , II... , vi. . vi' e in the Icvt'i ol <x mere purty ugeuey, treating the Ulcer us the h red servaul o, the ' I artv a:..! bun lor lis support, stimulate.- corrup I i, n'und pi:i'?? i uuder puriy protection; Hit system wli ch hi lugs tin- organisation o! purtlet uuiler the con trol ol their most selfishly interested and tin rehire most active e'eineul?place holder.. aud place hunters? tbus IcU'ling to organise a standing army ol political mercenaries to ho p.>id out ol the Treasury ol the gov ? ruiuetit, who, hv ur^uliiMd action, eudeavor to subju gate the wlli of lho people to their etas through the cultivation of a tyrannical party spirit. Kvery student of our political history knows that since spoilt sys tem was inaugurated corruption ha* steadily growu i fiom vcar to year, and so Ion; a* this system I us is, with all 114 deduction.-' ulid demoraliz ing londeucic*, corruption Mill conliuuo to i.ri>w m In extent and power. for patriotism mi l true merit will more and more bo crowded out of political I lie by unacrupu ous selfishness. lhe war has only given u sudden stimulus to thi* tendeucj. hut , without the war it would have growu up and will U"l i lease to grow a- loni{ u* the hull ed "I corruption, the spoils sv.tern lasts. lhe skill In corrupt practice* ac- | iiu.red bv oue generation of sjioilsiiien will only ho nu proved upon by the ue\t The result we know. We have already renpcl so ureal a harvual ol disaster and shame thai we repeat it haa i.ow become iho first duty , ol the American ]>ooplo to re-i-siabl sli Urn morul char acter of the government by a thorough rolorui What run we do toward this end in the impendicg national elec tion ? In this respect, Icllow clllxeus, we con-mor It our duty to speak very plaiuly. Never were the cause ol good government and iho houor of the American name moro immediately dependent on the character, abitlt) and reputation of the men to bo selected (or the higheit oiniief. (Applause). in view ol the grave circum- | stances at present surroundiug u*. we declare the coun try cannot now afford to have any twin elected to I ho i Presidency whose very name is not conclusive ovi ilenco of the most uncompromising deterininatlon of j the American people to iunke this a pure government once more. (Applause) Our duty 111 thld respect is ] plain itnd imperlouf. It suller-i no irifliug or equivo- : cation, the woru-out elap-irap of lair promises in puriy DiutiorriiH will noi^atisty It; neither will mere Hun professions on the part ol cimdidatea; not mere words aie needed, but acts; not mero platlorm*, but We therefore declare, and call upon all good cltizcns to join u', thin at the coining Presidential election wo shall support no candidate mho in public |>osliIon evor countenanced corrupt practices or coinbtualloua, or Impeded their exposure auil puulahment, or opposed necessary measures ol relorin. | We shall support no candidate who, while iiossessing ; ofliolal lullueuce and power, haa lallel to use his op I ortuuilies in exposing and torrectiug abuses Cuming Vi,bin lhe reach ol til* olwervatlon, but ior i pernoual reasons and party ends lias permitted ihem to feater on; lor such men may bo counted on. not to uncover and crush corruption, hut lor the partv'a sake merely to conceal it. We sh II support no" candidate, however conspicuous hi? IKisiiiou or brilliant his ability, iu whom the iiiipulesi of the party manager have . shown j themselves predomlnaut over tho*e ol reform, lor lie will bo inclined to contlnuo that Itwda menial abuse?lhe employment ol the government scr vice as a machinery lor personal or party ends. . We shall support no candidate who, however favorably judged by his neureat friends. Is not publicly known to i noiidii ihudti ((Uiiiilioi ul tuiuil film cliupitctcr which the aieru ta.k of genuine reform require*; lor the American people culinot now uflord to risk the future of lhe Republic In experiments on merely sup posed virtue or rumoreii ability to bo trusted ou the strength ol private recommendation. (Ap plnu-o ) In one word, at present no candidate should bo held entitled to the support of patriotic citizens ol whom tho question may lairly be nsned, "Is he really tho man 10 carry through u I tioroughgulng re lorin of tho government 1 Can he with ccrtauit) lx? depended upon to possess the morul courage ami sturdy resolution to grapple with ubuseH which have ncquln d the strength of established custom, und lo this end tirinly lu rvlifll tlio prohiiuro even of Ins party (nemlnl' ' ? Wheuever there is rootu lor such a question (anu doubt i ua to tho answer) the candidate should be considered j unlit lor this emergency. This is no time lor ao called availability springing Irom distinction gamed ou fields ; ol action loroign to tlio duties ol government, nor ior I that mr more ilatigerous sort of availability which con* J sicls iu this that the candidate be neither so bad as ' to repel good citizens nor so good as lo discourage lhe hud ones. (Prolonged upplause.) j Passive virtue in tho highest place has loo olleu been known to permit the growth of active vice beloM-. Tho raufr *.?? he entrusted wltu lhe Presidency this year must i have deserved not only the confidence of houest men, but also the lear and haired ol the thieves. He who i manages to conciliate the thieve* cannot be tho caudi iiuto for honest men. (Applause.) Kver.v American | cltl/.cu who hus the luture ol tho Kepubllc and the tift- ! tionsl honor sincerely at heart should solemnly resolve j that lhe country must now have a President whose name . is already u watchword of reform: whoso cupaclty mid j courage lor tho work are matters ol record ralher | than promise; who will renoro the simplicity, inde- j ptudoncc and reciuudo crt lhe early aduiinisirutions, aud ! w hose life will he a guaranteo of his fidelity and tltnesr? j a luau at the more souud of whoso n-iiie eveu tha most disheartened will take new courage and all mankind W,U say "Tho Americans are indeed In earnest to i resti#o the uucient purity of their government." (Ap- I i?laUSO.) I ki.low CiTiiKXt?The uuderilpnod, in wdarcssing j you are not unmiatod by the ambition to form or lead \ a now political puriy. MojI of us have long been aud st 11 an- warmIv attached to their party associations. , It would bo most gratifying to us to see. by parly ? action candidates put lorward whose character and record answer those requirement* which present circumstances render imperative. Wo earnestly liopo | and trust It will bo xo. We shall gladly foll.ow such a ; lead nud muke evarv ell'ort iu our power to render It j successiul. Hut while we are ready to accept auy aud every good result ol party action, we ulllrui that the moral reform of our public concern Is infinitely supe rior in importance to ibo interests or .my political liurty Ulad lo promote that relorin through party action, wo shall Insist upon It at all oventa should ; party actiou tail. Kiperlence teaches us that the liabitunl submission oi good Citllens lo a choice ol evile ; presented to them by party organizations Is one or the , most prolific causes ol corruption lu our politics. The acceptance by tho people of the argument that one party may be bad and still entitled to tho support ? ol good men because the other party is st.il worse, will induce each to consider how bad it may safely bo. H will strengthen In each the power ol the most un KcrupulouH element, nm! subject the will ol the people to the subtle tvranny of organization wielded by those who live by politics. (Applause.) To break that ty ranny by a stem refusal to submit to aucli a choice or evils la ibe tlrsl beginning uu tho rolorm of our politi cal life. Without this all other slope will prove un availing We shall sincerely rejoice to see the necea *itv ol independent action avoided. We earnestly hope Unit the efforts to Una eud being mado by tho Irisnds of reform within party llnea will be crowned with success and lhal tho just cX|>eclu- i Hons ol lhe people mav not lie doomed lo disappoint ment. Indeed, wu are confident il all Ihoae ??' our lellow eilisens who in their hearts asreo with what we have sani will only lake the courage openly to pro claim their convictions aud purpose *ucti a manifesta tion alone would produce an eflect sufficient lo securo nominations and an election Inaugurating" a better j order of things. We, therefore, appeal to all good citi zens who hud their own sentiments expressed In this aotlress (be they Inside or outside ol party lines), to or Hiti/o in ttieir'recpecllve districts and couiinunicate w.th lhe Kxecutivo Committee appoiuted at this mod in/ so that ifticieut co operation may become possible. Let no eflori be spared iu bringing the inlluence of ? patriotic | ublic opnion to bear upon I hone who in ibo customary way are soou to nominate the party candi date*; and then, in any event, lei us be ready to do what the iica interests or th" Republic demand. ilur generation has to open llie second century of our naiioual lilo, as Ibo lathers opened the first. Theirs was the work of independence, ours is the work of lel'ormatioD. The one is as vital now as tho oilier was then. Now. as iheu, every true America! must have the courage or his d?uy. CAM. XCHCRZ. Missouri, Chairman. MAKTIX BHIMMKR. Massachusetts. I. K. S VtMU'ER. Connecticut. 1'aP.KK GODWIN, New York. JUMN W. HOYT, Wisconsin. Alter Mr. Srhurz had concluded tho conforeoce ap plauded the address lor a iniiiuto or two, aud, when silence was restored, Mr. Soli'TX oirerod the followiug resolution, which had been recommended by Ibe com mittee:? ItooWvl. That an ?*fruliv? committee be appslntsd with power to sd I to their nuiubsr lo earry out llie reeomussnda liwn emboclej 1" tin- *dare??. and that this eoiumlltee be iiimnii-te.l to use all |ir?p?r nieaii> to carry out the purp???*? la.lK.iied In lhe oldrena'e day adopted, and alto to recoil vet.e tliU v. nlereiice, er a larcer teeetiug of a atuiilar cliar aclrr, if clreumstaucss rsqaira it. On inot.on the report was adopted, and another mo tion was tnsde to appoint under the resolution eleven or thirteen members as an execuilvo committee. Colonel Thomas Wkntwouth Hfoctxsos moved, as an amen imcut, that the coiiituitieo conai*i or one mem ber irom i ach btato represented. Mr. Sen fa* said he had uot seen fit lo recommend any number, as the sulectlou or tuch a committee should be made very carelally, because tho best inter ests ol the movement wuuld bo served by the appoint ment ol a good conimlttoc. which perhaps oughl noi to exceed u ne members in the outset. The rcsolutiou provided lor tho Increase ol lhe number II a larger com nnlteo *nou;d hereailer bo looud ueressarv alter due deliberation. This somewhat unparliamentary dlscu-sion was ar rested by a member's suggestion that the resolution as first presented should be carried before any debate ou llie dimensions of the committee to be appointed under II shou.d be had. The resolution was accordingly put aud carried. anJ then a motion lo ap|>oiiil an exccutire commute? ol nine was ...ade by a liermau delegate lioni a Wesu rn Mtate. Colonel II loo is box arose at this point and ollered an atiiciiditicLl wInch calleil for ihe apjxiiultticiil ot one member Itoiu every Slate in the I niou u|i>n the coin niittee He did tills, ne said, feeling tolly assured that llie tlr-l question likely lo be asked by tlie people tf?r*ngh?M the tountrj on' reading ilio address would be whether H wa* merely the expression ol lhe \iewa id a lew gentlemen gathered m the conference or thai Ota large, lass ol people in the CtitteJ >i?te?. ibo l est ati-wer would Imi given l-y the uppoinitneul ol a couiraltlev loinpo-i 't ol reprufeuta ives ir?nu all sec tiom?, lusirucleo to tarry t ut the principles enuucialol iu Ib.i lei'lr^ss. I'roiu line to HUM sporuiie mi ve meiitswoud (Ml taking puee All over tho I ihoU, but they wt aid lie imrci. ieval eflor.s at retoi ma|.*ry ai* lion It wa* vital to the purposes ot tfee coiileit-bC that it uaiiunai i iiarac.er slo w >1 given to .1* en deavors. Tiitnlore he lnqed his amcaidmem would he accept d Mr. llti'lliCH Dlt4J-Vtts ol VertuoiiJ, .aid li.at every one litwrl appreciate lhe Ch nun in's iuige?tiui luat the whoie nuuiuwi ul lUw cvuiu><Ukt; ?uoula I/O nine. The Chairman. Mr. Hfcert, allocJh* wty?*?? address Dresenled by hi? committee, ought to Know best the requirement* necessary 10 Ibo lulttluieui ol the principle* therein declared. vi ibis point anuiber inotiou ?u made by *cme one In" the crowd, at the far end of the room, asking that the Comm.tle* ou Ke.oh.tion* and Addre** bo *r?'d to act us au executive committee and add to their numbers, il necessary. Colouel lilgglUhon, however, ouce more |treiMJ bia amendment . . Mr SmriM odc? more cuihiiwi tbe whole bilcb of mol.ous which hud been spruug on the ?onlcy?nce al thia utuo bv saying that ou tbu previous day he look occasion to ray that the signer* of tho cail bad M-Wd ui.nii verv lusuthcienl information in extending lntiU t.oi.s to g'eulleu.on to aileud tnu coufereuce and take nart In )t? deliberation*, and therefore many able por tions were not preseut who weuld not on'y have been oruaiuenta to tho conference but would have aided It In arriving *1 suitulde conclusion*, rhe con lervuce waa. therefore, very incomplete lu magui ude, although iu proportion* and wetgut tor esceeded hi* moet sanguine Mpoc.atmusj ?? uot the gentleman Iron. Rhode Island. who .earned to bo licve tlint numbers were rwjuwftto lo vttuicy tbe < ause. Its virtue waa inherent, and II there were only twelve geullcmen preeeul the cause would < jusi as airoun and polenta# a maw meeting Mr. gchurz recommended that a ^.mi-'iuee ol m\ou or nine lie chosen to go Into eorreapondenee with person* all over the land in order thai tbey wlghl'earnwbo would be able and l-e*l Olted to serve. He Ioufcbt, alter all, the uiiett oourac would bo to refer the reso lution back to ilie committee lor thi* uurpoao Colouel lltu?a?aos remarked that he bud, perhaps. been mUUBderstood bv Seualor H" ?? ahow the elllcacy ol lite cause, Its depth a* well a* breadth, and *o be had urged hie amendmcnt to the original uiottou. The debale upon it wMMW* '?rr norne m>nuie? longer, but waa hually *euUcd Iby Mr. Schurz. who said:?"Well, .tale your amendment. mA^ \ h* It is not In writing. I will act MM your (otreiar}. It might be Mid hero thai not oue ol the live aecrcia rie* waii doing auytbtug osta.slble at thut moment. Co ouel Higgmson then staled the following ameuded resolution, which was unanimously adopted ? UauklvMil Thut *n executive committee be appointed by i 11^hSi. C?u3 .S ol 'tbe preieut BumW? ^m.1^ with iiowVio iMiaw their number *1 W**l one Iron, encli StMtf in the I'mmi, ?? f?r ?** practicable. Ui miner be directed to um? all proper moan*to carry out ?he . tnir- intiiciituil tli* mlilrou ?rt?t?t?d. to Kine tbU re.Vl.reeee.ora larger ....ling o. ...u.lar character. If clreu?ui|?BCe? renulrc It. bHKKCIt OK I'HAKLW I'HAX.'IH AlHUS, JH llavin" ibua lar accomplimed the purpo.es of tho conterei.ee. and no .urther bualneaa beit^ imme.||ately . lH.-h.re il, the Pre,Idem auggeated that ?omo ol the gin tlemeti esprPHa their vtewa ou the lopica at heart. s...veral t>oi?ona anouted aimuiianeooaly the name ol Char lea Kraucis Adaios. Jr., and at tho repeat o the Chair that geniletuau stepped to the aide ol the table, , ami aanl in a eleur, ringing votco:? ? r,i- i What I have to say. Mr. Cnairnmn. in auppori of the adur. as which baa been reported can be pui in very k"w worda. I fhall very heartily iudor-o every ?or.l of it. In one very important rapeel tl.U meeting w hap uilv uultke a greai many olbcr coutereucca which it lia< Ufeu tnv lortuno t<? atteud during the lun eight year*. : On previous occasions I had ulwaya noticed that lbo*o who attended 3eou.ed, tu ll.e llrnt placo. to have Home wbal vague idea* why they had cou.e. and whet, al lael | ihoy lout.d that oui, they, in the aecoml place weuied very much alraid ol publicly avowiug it. Now, in xiJ present case the aadrosH aeta lorth very I clearly why wo are bore and what we rro . pose IO da It very properly, however, doeatioouly ; in general Urtus. speaking .udiviuually and lor our- , selves aloue, I do not see any reason why wo anould nut be more explicit than tt is possible 10 , be iu any address tnlelided to tu.anale iron, us as a bodv and I, therefore, propose to stato vvhat I tudl , T.uually waul with all possible precision. 1 am one of I U.0 lloatiun vole of the couutry?an mdependon?F- i lapplausu)?and us such 1 want to do what I can ... ii.rilierunoe uf political aud llnanc.ai relor.u. 1 .Tf ' an honest monoy aud an Uoneat govettiment. other . Issues must wait for other tlu.es. As a practical man I I reooEOiee ll.e oxiatonce ol two po?erlul party ma Cbiut* with either of which 1 can cbcorlul.y act , un ler certain i iruumstunces. Now I um here s.tuply To do what I can lo bring ibo*e circuins.ancea about, i In each puriv 1 ??e the relorm elemcuts-thoBc eh- j menu with which 1 doalro to act-rapidly centering , upon certalu promiuonl party csndidates. Among these candidatea Ihere .s oue iu especialwuotnlleoll would gladly aud heartily cup|M>. t. 1 w ill, therefore, Irankly ?av that I am here to do what I oan to cause the republican parly iolh.uk that II. in the comlngeleo tioti it wants the aidot ihe Indopeuueui voters, iheouly way It can ue sure of getting it Is through the nomiua uoi of Secretary Br.siow. iApplause.) If. however j the republican parly thiuks It cau get , nlona wlihout ibo lioatlng vote, through tho ad of tho ) tarty machine and the good old war issues, or by virtue of lhat potent politf*! , spell supposed lo rost iu the name of Jeflorson Davis, i then in lhat care, tl ihe democrat* uoinintvlo oovernor i Tilden, I want to see him supported as the next beat , thine ?o Brisiow tu the direction ol practical reform through parly organization. (Applause). But, U neither parly wanU the Independent voto ajio.uh to put lor ward candidates who only can get It, in that, event I waul to have another Contereuce held and u third candidate nominated lor whuin we can ul least havo the satisfaction ol throwing a conscience vole. Luder certain coudltions this year, 1 greatly desire, i lor one, to have a chance to stand up aua bo counted. I bel.evo that I havo said about all thai I have lo say. ivom present mdlcatlou there seems reason to l.opo | that ihe coining campaign is likely lo bo a sensible one, and so lar auspicious to reiorm. Ills not going to ho a "singing" campaign, uor a ''hard cider campaign, , nor a "tannor't" campaign, nor, thank heaven a ?wood chopper's" tatuimign. Probably wo shall uoi bo calle i upon in it to s ay the dead and tiovv long buried larue* of the late civil war. Our generation l.as during , the last tllleen year, passed througU two great phases of national liU?the periods ol revolution and con- . sirucllon. And now lhal we have cornu to tho third period?that of mero ad turn 1st rat lou?Inncy the j party leaders will Und it rather hard work to C2y ?- UP lhat pitch of noisy en tl.usiaaiii which drowns the voice ol reasou. (Ap tilnuso ) As the address not loo lorcibly Mates, a gteat luanv of us don't feel liko Hinging up our hats and slug ini! over the preteut condinon ot po.ltica at all yc the tnnirarv. we feel more like hiding our laces be Inn.i our hu'iH and silently blushing. W e want to *eo . things mended?(applauae)-noi shouted or sung over, j To lhal eud we are here lie be democrat or be be to- . publican, we propose this ceutenniul year to vole lor a ; {?residential candidate ot clean hands and a pure lite a tried man, who haa shown himsclt ready to grapple with living Issues, instead ol raving over desd ones? pome man who husn't degraded hiinsell a:.d his om'e by dirty jobs or by eager e!e<tiou oertDK in his own behalC (Applau*e.| In flue, some li.au who. bv acts aud not worua, merely hui ?how'u thut he appreciates tho broad distinction between pub lic dtuv aud pariv d sClpllne. ana renard* reform aa a matter tor worki uud not as a campaign cry. To secure the nominatiou ol candidates ol this type by others is what we waul lo try lor In the tirst piae?\ aud, ?aihng to get them m lhat way, then, a- the address pro nose* let us have Ibo courage, II vvc are onlv a dozen, to nominate ruth n candidate eu.seives. We can. by so , doing, ai any rale give our.olves aud our countrymeii s chauce u. cart a conscience vote. In il.is centennial year lor my part. Mr. President, what I ask Is lhat I inav stand up and bo counted. (Prolouged applause.) MR. PAHkk .ionWIN waa the nexl speaker, aud he begau by tayiug that ho was no politician and disdaiuod the politician a art. Hi* own politics were soinethiug like those ol M. . Patrick usdescrlbtd by Murk Twain, "Wherever you ; ?c-o a lo'ad or a tunke put your foot ou It withouta.sk tnir whether ho is a republican or a democrat. As Mr. ; Webster raid, there was always room lor Improvement at the top. Parties could gel up higher an.l grow bel ter always. Mr. Godwin then, *peak.ng of ihe con dition ol parties nowaday*, *anl thai he had beam a Lulled States Senator say these reinarkablo ?nd sad *"\Mv"own public lile haa been a very br.ef and insig nificant oue, extending little beyond the dura.iou ol a sti.ule term of Senatorial oitlce . but lu that brief period 1 have seen Uve Judges ol a high courl of ll.e tailed Male* driven Iron, olllco i>y threaU of impeucliineni lor corruption or maladministration. I have beard ihe taunt Iron, frienuliesl lips, that when Hie Lulled Slates presented herself in lue fcsst to take part vwlh Die civilized world in generous competition lu me aria ol lite ill* only product of her in-litulloiis in which >he stiri>**?e<l 'ill olhere btyoml <^ue^llun wee her ter rui-tion. 1 have seett in the Mate iu the luioti lortf moel iu povvor and wpalth lour jud?;os ot her couru impeached tor corrupuon, and ihe political adn.tui*tratiou ol her cbiei city become n disarnce and a byword throughout Ihe world. 1 haye seen the Chairman ol Ihe I ominlttee on Milttarv Adalrs In tho House, now a distinguished member ol t tola court, rue iu In* place ur.d deiuaud ihe exDuUiot. ot four of his associates lor makmg .-ate ol thoir oflicial privilege of electing the youths lo bo euuc.iled at our grcsl millury school. When the greatest railroad ot ihe world, binding together tho ( Continent and unitlnR the two great ?ea? which wash our shore*, was finished 1 have seen our national triumph and oiultatiou turned to bllleruc-s and shame hv Ihe unanimous reiwru ol three commit.ces of Con crev??two ot the House and one hare?thai every slep r,f lhat nngi.lv enterprise h ut been taken iu iraud. I | have heard In highest pla?-oa the ihan.c ess doc trine avowed by men growu old in public olllco : thai the true way by which power should bo twined in the Republic Is to bribe the people with Ihe niticua create I lor their service, and Iho true end lor whici. it ahou.d be used wheu gaiued is ll.o promotion ot p-elllsh ambllton aud ihe grat.OsJtiiou ol persona, revence I have beard that suspicion haunt* the loot su ps ol the trusted con.panious ol the I resident. '1 bc-e lb.tic baio imsaeu into hisiory. Ihe Iiai aiu or tho facitus or the !St*iuoBdl or the Maraulay who write* tho innais ol our time will record thim witn hi* inex niable t>en. Aud now, wl^n a high i.ablnol olllcer. ll.e cou-ulutioual adviser ol the KxevUllfe, llee* irotnolllco beiore cmirge* ... corrupilon ahull the hutonan add th H the Senate treated the de m .nd of the people lor iia judgment er coudomna lloti as a farce ' _.? Noiw.ibstaudiug thc*e burning word* ol Sen ator II oar. shall we be diaeouraged by the h.te unioriunate development*t No: Vte hav* Jus III ad our title lo ??l*uuce b> our i.usi century a h.a torv Ol all the governmei.ls >ii Christeudoin our a has'been ihe most pacific; we have l.ad fewer insurrce i.oi.s and rtvuiutloas tl.au auy ol the nai><>n? i? k urone laitcly Mr. Uodwln learned lhal every Kuro uejl. iouutry bad l.ad wi.biu the la.-i 100 years liiauy o vie strife* . the l u tod States only one-the lato rc b. ll. >n?wu.ch had sinngthetied rather tl.su impaired ihe Un.on While i n.land, kranee. Husa.a, Germany and Auslilahadoeenruiiniag up .uio their do/eo? or foie.gu wars ihe I utted Stales hud be. u quieliy study III' ?>iu arts ol |>e. c< t'ur use. m. u.utll coinplalued oi'saH Mr. Godwin. Is uoi a permanent ene; u i^oniy trLuailurv. U <im-s not iii.se iroui our lUstllUtloM. It r m * oulv Iron, the evil mialuies of tlio bad m-n who hi.v ei?ell >u | ow.-r. Il llwir principles .?? ch..ugcd .. 1( Ufi ,, ted, > r .! belter :.nn ' e put in il. dr I,(n. 'es ihe.MISW.il!.-. .red The sponker then reviewed lue cutis .- I ha. .ead .o UMS s.au ol thing- and lb* ap^ io.ntt.ient Ml *?cti t... n t-Ulllce He observed that vt ir ..i.bin . i men s ptii.c.p es ..nd g.vo the reiu lo rh s in ver -len wi. n ih>- > out.try .? m a normal ,,..|r. Ilurn.g the ...f ear *1! our doc..??i00* wefu uio.la.) i .ud Sint.e lUu. l.ute auvUi,?l-La uav? related to cognate subjects. The neglect <of the proper i-...iti cal education of vouug inen vu ouo ot the effects or war it mi Ibtv were uot prepared U) grapple wH b tho questions ho vital to their eouuiry's prosperity. Wneu war wan waci'U by one couutry against auoiner tuo victor usnnl'y indemnified Wiw't st ibe the vanquish*!. In civil wars there *ui little plunder to pay those who hail proved the victors. so lhat ?y good'offices aioue could these ?orvanu ho remunerated. it hail l?<:oii the luck ol the nallouul gov ernment to have glveu good offices to incom petcni but honest uien, and It had also been ihe misfortune to have glvon (jood offices to bad ami incompetent men. In the stute of thing* which has grown nut of Ibeso misfortunes It wouid i?e a ptTU ous nioveineut to organise a conscience party to work in itie column residential cutupaign. Success this tunc would not. perhaps. crown its effort* this year; but it might lour years heuce. Hut It will be better to Miy to Uie rival purlies now In existence, -'We desire the public good ; we waul you to give u? honeat men, money ami taxalIon." All partlea have such men; It rcuiai'us only lor them to take them. Mr. Godwin knew the democratic party had oue man who is worthy ol it* support, because ol hm honesty, bli prolound knowledge ol political economy. "Theu let the demo crats," said the speaker, "glvo us that man, if it is honest ol purjwtc! Lot the republicsus five cs their lorcuiosl man and wo eho<>*c the butter, such a nun carries with him the worthiest plallorin. tie la the platform. We solicit these men. 0 ? one step uway troin Una course anil 1 swear to God I will go to the ballot bo* alone, with n dozen, aye, with a million, ct people to act lor ourac.ves aud protect against the wrong." The speaker, 'n conclusion, said that he had nf. ..nil at the death of two or three parties that had outlived their usefulness, and each deatli had wit nessed the birth ol a new and vigorous party Ut to cope with tho new issues which hud arisen. In this way he had reen tne birlli and growth or the republi cm party. But ho would not be sorry to ?ee it die if it does not do its duty; in lact, he would be glad to drive the nail into It* coffin. th xlw ukclaratkhi or iNDSrtc!tnr.N<-?. Kx-lWidthl Mark Hopkins was next called upon to say a lew words. The venerable gentleman remarked that he hnd never attended a political convention be fore in the whole course of his lile, sud did not expect that he would have been asked to suy anything. Ho could not soy much at auy rate. Hut as ho was on liU led ho would say that being perhaps the oldest man ill the Conlerente ho remembered the tirst utterance of the cry, ?? To the victora oclutig tb? spoils." Ho Icll humiliated to tnluk that such a principle should havo made so much pronn as up to this time. Ha had come to the Cou.ercuce liecause be expected to hear a new declaration ol independence He had heard the ad dress and was greatly pleastd with its enunciation. Ho was prepared to support thetn so lar as In bun lay power to do so, and be would do bis best to forward this movement. noKMJty n. baton's ern?cn. Hon. Pormau B. Katon asked tho attention ol tho Con fere uce lot a lew moments to bis cxpiauatiou ol a resolution be was about to oiler. "I am," said ho, "iu some senso a federal oflloe-holder, occupying the somewhat barren |a>st of chairman to the Civil Service Commission. Still I am In entire urcordwith the spirit ol ibe meeting." Ho then went on to say that he would criticise, in a measure, the actiou uud ad dress o f the Oonleretice. He said that It had formu lated the necessity or reform in the evil sorv.ee and had com untied itself in Its sermon, so to speak, to such relortn; but il It or any clergy man undertook to hold aud rule by sermons oul.v they would Uud them selves in error. No body or people could lie held or guided b? glittering generalities. Mr. Katon weut on to show how, in lt>7'2, the different con ventions had treated tho nation to "Just such j wares saying all sorts of bcoutilul and I high sounding things on beiialf of civil sorvicc reform, j many ol winch souuded very like the speeches heard at tne Conference. Theu the ctvil service commission was appointed, and President Oram was the saute man then us now. The commission had gone vigorously to work and the result ol Its labors was seen in the keep. Ing out of olllco politicians and improper persons. What toilowed this remedial consequence of the commis sion's existence r Opposition everywhere. Knetnles grew up around It and strove to impede its work, ll not to kill it altogether. Kven in tho United States Senate its bitterest opponeuls were found, us shown by the rejection of Mr. Oanu. The sjteaker bad heard Congressmen attack It and knew ot ono who had badgered aud bullied the Socretary of the Treasury to remove a poor llghthotiso keeper down Kast, who had bveii in olllco several years, merely to secure by tho appointment of his own tuau tho votes of 100 miserable miscellaneous ra>c.?ls soch as 'longshoremen aud lish ci men. "1 sat atone sine of tho screen in tho Secretary's room while this Cougressmau. not knowing ol my presence, was bullying the Secretary at the other, said Mr. Katon. "Yet s.X hours alterward this Con gressman met mo and had the effrontery to tell me that lie was the Iricud of ctyll service relortn. I have never forgiven myself since lor not having planted my list on the eud of that man's nose." Since then the Civil Service Commission died a death of strangulation III the house of ns uulbors tor wantol money to pay us simple travelling expenses. While Congress would not grant this ic.ouey beeau-u of the bad times, the Presi dent coolly said he could not do anything lor tho commission to Keep It alive and serviceable. Its good work terminated. But, said the speaker, the law which gavo it birth remains upon tho pajes of | the Revised Statutes of tho United States. Then, con- > tmued Mr. Katou, It must not be lorgotten thai if our candidate for President bo "elected, and have no rule which will protect him Irom the clamor lor olllce, he csnuot stsnd ugaiust the piessure that will be brought to bear u)ion bim by tho Senate, Congress, friends of his Irietids and the crowd of howling office-seekers, If ho bo an archangel. On t'ie other hand, he will be safe i ir he cau point to tboso who bore him lor places to the narrow way through which alone they can bo ob taiued?Illness and character lor the positions sought. This must be considered ol Vital importance lo your movement, and. thorelore, 1 offer the lollowtng resolu tion lor your adoption:? Krsolved, That we believe and shall Insist that In the ? present condition or public opinion and public affairs t is wise pibey loosing to tho Immediate lutare, as It Is a s > au imperative duty, on tbn part oT auy party seek- i Iiil- to control the federal administration, to distinctly | pledge Itself, both iu Its plstlurm and iu the character of i Its candidates, to promptly cuter upon and vUorouslv- , esrr* forward sncli a thorough aud systematic reform or , the'civil service as will brluic ?:ie several di partments or | the ledersl government within their trus sphere under the I conflilultou and restore honor and rflicleiicy to official ; IPS: and we maintain that no relorm of the civil.service cau bo either satisfactory or permanent which dees not proceed uiam surli w*ll itellneu and open methods that, while allowing the party in power a representation or Its opinions and p.dicv In all appropriate places, does not at the ?ame time provide and enforce plain and iinitorin regula tions, under wl.lch person* of Bl character and boaesty shall | have the opportunity ol securing the place* which favorit I Mil and partisanship, iu tne absence ol such methods and j reirulatlous. aro almost sure to cciuuiand, it b?lng the In- . tended effect ot a true reform ol the civil service to lluiit the , excesses ot partlfSn and mercenary deminatiou In our poll- | tici iii tlif time (ii|{r8tf tli*t ptrwiul worth wu iuaepanu 1 sue* will be honored and protected. l'ROFBSbOK W. G. Sl'MXfK. , On raotiouol Mr. Scbur^ the resolution was relerred to lUe committee, who retired to consider II. W hllo nicy were absent Presideui Woolsey called upou Br. j W. t?. sumuer, Proiessor ol Political Kcouotny in Vale College, for souio romarks on the situation. Proiessor ; itiiuuer said that be bad not expected to have to *ay anything, but being on the floor he would say that ho j thought a great dial over the subjects that had brought hnn as well us others to this conicrouce. He had lis- ; truest to slid fyinpathlzed with tho remarks ol Mr. Bormau II. Katon In regard to the civil service, and ho oouUi noi help reenng that the assemblage was dealing rather wub symptoms tbau tho disease and us causes; w.th cousequeucos rather than what had led to them It was easy to come together onto in lour yoars to protest in ibis sort ol way; but II reform was to be effected at all it must be ov sirilt'.ug at the root or origin of the dis ease complained ol. In our sul?sldy legislation and larill legislation we had tho causo. Tho election ol m proper and excellent President would leave great reiorms to be brought about. Before the war we had to laUir uuder tne Inttictioo of a surplus revenue? (laughter)?and it did not matter a greal deal wbal the I little men in olllce squandered aud stole, lor ihe country | was wealthy and prosperous and th-se inlslortuncs ; wen; Icll but slightly. Since the wsr it was different.. The couutry was impoverished and the evils had grown. The evils had root iu tho Congressional districts, and men had been . made legislators who worked all the evil. "We have," said he, - been fostering a *?jll-perpeluallng oligarchy of office holders. Il wo waul lo cure the disease we must change the complexiou of Congress Itself. The men we elect to Congress go there r>y our own deeds and we are, to a greal vvienL, responsible lor tneir misdeeds. Wc may preach honor to the House, but II will dlsre- i card our teachings aud coutlnue to act upon lis own principles. We have to educate Ibe people aud to dis courage ?he reign ol corruption. Ibauking you for your attention. 1 will return to my retirement." nk. hknuv KixnALi. wairn, of the latrrnaUunal Kevietc, spoke briefly of the spirll I oi our lathers and its inlluence ou the dclibcralieus of Ihe conference. He next related the advice that had boon given him by the late Horace Greeley when he requested that honored gentleman to sdvise bnn as to tbo advantage aud propriety ol taking up Journalism a profession. Mr. tireeley told him it was an honor able pretension, and that il a man wsntedto be respect- | ed :n it he must act in a strictly Jonorable msuner. , "I cnibraeed journalism,"said Mr. Wane, "but severed my connection with :t republican paper when I was obliged lo support men w honi 1 conscientiously believed to he corrupt. Wc do not want tne Morions. Conkhngs or l'endleions lor our Presidential candidates. Wo want uien like Charles Francis Adams (Cheers.) Bui II wu cannot get him I will supjiori Mr. | ISnsiow. anu, failing !n him, Oovernnr Tilden. ' After some dcsuliorv roinsrks in the same siruin Mr. Waito < ceased. When ho sat down Mr. Sydney Thomas, ol Cbiongo, read a resolution in which i.o advocated tho nomination of Charles Frauds Adams, as a man on whom sll parties could unite, But Messrs. Bormnn B. j Katon aud Carl Schurs very quietly dispose.! of this resolution by offering an amendment to ihe cflect U?st tio prelcrence lor a Presidential candidate be indicated ly the Oonlerence. It was uiisuittiously adopted Mr. Sciiiiwtheu moved that iho uddresa bo signed by ihe <.Ulcers ol the mcetlug and tho Kxecutlve Coiti iiiittre, which was alterwards nmeuded by tho addition ol the words, "all the metnliers of the Conlerence who could conveniently sign It." Ihis was earricd aud theu 1 Mr. Schur* said mat tho members might sll go uway j with the consciousness ol having done something to make ihe ustionil election of 187d worthy the memo- , rios ol tho centennial yenr. The Coulereuce then adjourned tim Uie. Arrttit Tits coxrxRttscii. The Kxecutlve Committee ibeti retired to room 41 of tho hotel its cotupleio their arrangement and corres pond witn Ihe gentlemen In the other Stales whom th jy thought would bo vslusbla secessions lo tbs F.X ccuiivo Couiiuittee. Tins work will occupy luein lor to'tie ilnj s In tho allernoon a Hkrai.i> reporter learned that those who signed the address were only tho lollow ing, ihe otlicets ot thoConierenco:? 1 hcislore I). Woulser, of Conuecllcet. Pi<* /?sssj.<??f#-tjeorge ti. ?'og^. ol New liamMhire; Chsrles W W lllsrd, of Vermont: lienry U I'leree. Martin Hriiniiisr. .1 uliii* II. ftsslys. Mark Hopkins and James Kree nmu Clark*, of Massaeheselts; Br Leonerd BswronandJo ?eph Camming*. .?t > onn. ctleul: H"wlaad liasaM njwj Tb"tna* vtentworth llluguison, ol Uhn4s island; William I'Hllen Bryant, John Jay. o?wald Ottendorler. Edward Halo Hra.iu.rl it. WoJd. Urn* W.KIsJd. Charles Metier auu Dr. banuel 0*^o?d, of Jlew York{ Thewss Baiea, Hearr Loa sad William Welsh of (?uveruor Matter. J. D. Co*, ufOlilu; Colousl Martin. ..r In dian.: John H BrranI, Hob rt < ?})*?. ?f Wfr ?rick W. Hum. M. M. Davis. uf Wisconsin; J?'"? MiJiell. Jsmo H. Rollins, of Miooiirl. .. . teritorfa-H. C. Lud*e. of Mmiekwtttil *' Walker. of Coaaeetleul; Uenry ArmiU !?'"??? of j"nsyl vsnls ; Eno# OUrk*. ?r Missouri; August Tbisiue. oroblu. Mr. Scscss said thai tt was not lound convenient to add any of lbs oilier unmoors' signatures. TENNESSEE REPUBLICANS. PRESIDENTIAL ASPIRANTH AMD THEIR 8TAMD1MO WITH THK VARIOUS SECTIONS O* THE PABTY? BLACKS FOB XOBTON, WHITES FOR BRISTOW. Nash villk, Ma* 14, W7& rtoM'nt In J. cation* do not point to a large attendance of delogatca at tbe meeting of tho State Republican Convention, to be held here 00 tho 17th Inst, and It will in all probability be manipulated by Memphis and Chattanooga and Knoxville an-1 Nashville politicians. Surb a ill vision of aeutiinent with regard to Presiden tial aspirants prevail* that It Is hardly probable tho Convention will muroct It* delegate* to vote for any particular candidate. To attempt to do *o would havo tno offect to stir up the muddy water* df contention and demoralise the Convention. Whatever may be said regarding the wipiug out of the color line, IU ghost I* ever sure to put In an appearance when mutter* begin to approach a crisis And this 1* Inside the republican party, which In Tonnessoe ha* s larger reprefeutaliou of black* tliau of wbltes. Tho negroo* have already begun to b'.urt out their complaints against the whites, while tht Caucasian* are dovtRing ways and means to fas* Asorxo tub skc.ro because of his lack of reason and Judgment and gen eral inability to tthapo the courso of the party. Tns blacks are rampant Mortontte*. and would rutber see him in tbe Presidential chair than any other man that could be startod. 1 asked an influential colored man yesterday why hs wan no strongly in favor of Morton. He responded:? "1 am for Morion because ho stood up for PlnchbacK and spoke in bis defence when he ncoded a Iriend aud advocate or bl* euuse. I beltevs him to be the be*t Iriend the colored man has, and, bad tt not been for the argument that the r commendation of tho Colored National Convention, which recently met at Nashville, would have endangerod his prospecu and have brought out tho cry that bo was tbe negro * candidate, I would have urged upjn it tbe necessity ot indorsing him a* the choice of tho Convention. But Colouel Bob Harlan, of Cincinnati, and otbor big negroes urtwd that any action which might be yikeu looking to au unqualified indorsement ol Mortou would have Jeopardised hi* chalice*, espe cially wtih the Irish aud Germans, who uever have en tertained any very high regard lor the black*. 1 would liko to *eo Morion olccted, because he would uot ouly flaunt that traulnoual ? bloody shirt,'bill would play bell ilowu South. Ho would see to it that tbe negro should be regarded as good us a white man, and in manv respects a damned sight better." ??1 thought your race bad become tired of seeing Old Nick'* lingers in tbe Southern tnlnce pio, a condi ment especially hard io dig si by the negro stomach. Didn't Piucliback and H. M. Smith, of Georgia, tell you it wa* llmo the colored race was having s renting spell in this respect?were, in fact, ttrod of being made martyrs for the use* of ibe republican narty North f " "Vc*. 1 adinil that ihey did. But neither Pinchback nor smith is a criterion lor tho blacks. Both would nave gone square over to the democracy had not Pro fessor l.ongsion couie dowu here iroai Washington and driven ihem to the wail through bl* republican logic I suspect Htuehback made iho speeches he did lor thslr clf'ect iu Louisiana. Ho knew ibe whiles were In powor there, and, In the event of his conciliating tbein, ho would havo the black* anyhow, because bo lias colored blood coursing through hts veins (and the negro will always go lor his own blood relations) and he would yet be hoisted into tho Sena torial chair upon which lie has Used hts covetous and ambitious eye. The negroes will be restive just so long as thero 1* any disposition manifested to keep hlrn always in the background. Wo think Mortou Is tho mail to bring about this change, because these is no discount upon his republicanism. You can nover make the colored man anything else but a republican, unless it bo through intimidation aud tear." "Do your white republican Iricnds take tho same view that you do with regard to Mortou 1" ??Tncy m< not, aud that's where they are pinching us. The white office-holders are lor Bristow, and will ondoavor to manipulate tbe Convention In hts interest I believo Til ICY ARK AFRAID OF BIIISTOW, snyhow; fear their removal lrom the public psp, should they make any decided move against hu nomination. 1 have no particular objection to Bristow, for he has a clean record with the negro; nor to B>aine, nor to Hayc*, nor io Hartranft should cither be nominated, but wo want Morion tlrst snd last, if we can gel him." .. , Aud this Is tho negro's view of the Presidential situation tn Tenne*sea Tho white republicans, with but very lew oxceptions, sre for Brisiow. A talk with leading white republican* convinces me that while tho State Convention will indorse no political aspirant, the majority of iho delegates sent to Cincinnati will be Bristow men. In several of the county conventions Bristow lias been indorsed and llicir representative* instructed u> vote for Brunow delegate* to tho Cincin nati Couveutlon. it i" asserted by tno whites that Bristow would be in the South the most formidable candidate that would be selected. "He would,"' nay tboy "get that largeconscrvatlve vole which dishonest Staie governments have driven into tho democratic party. Tboy RKLIKVC RIM TO BK HON KST, and that single faot carries with it unfold weight. Thcv believe be would have an honest administration, aud'thai '.here will be more votes cast lor honesty and good iovornmcut lhan on moro party grounds. THK CHAMCR AFTKK BRISTOW. Next to Bristow Hayes has tho call, Hartranft next, I and Blaine last. Blatue ha* had but lew supporter* I here because of the impression that ho lives too far [ wast to command the lull republican strength of tbe Northwest and South. Next to Bristow Tennessee re publicans regard Hayes as the strongest man in the field. Thero will bo a scuffle iu tbe Convention, next Wednesday, over the selection of delegates. Tho white* will play for two thirds ol the twelve delegates, aud the prospects are favorable to them. A letter lrom one of ibe Republican Executive Com mittee at New York ha* been received hern advising republicans uf Tennessee to use their influence in lavor of Bristow as tho strongest candidate, and thai iu order to insure Ibo success of tb? republican party the very bosi man In It should be selected. If they did not do this tbe democrat* would come Into the White House "a length aboaa.^ THE OPEN POLITICAL SEA. ATTEMPTS TO BEACH THE POLE IN POLITICS? AMONG THE CRUMBLING ICEBMBGS?WHAT BDITOBS THINS THEY HAVE POUND?BBIS TOW GAIN1NO STRENGTH?UMOBOAM1ZFD POP ULARITY?FBACTICAL DANGEB8?DEMOCBATIC ; STRENGTH AND DEMOCBATIC DREAMS. The endeavors ol provlnclsl journals to discover what lies beyond the groat obstacles to ascertaining tho quality ol iho noxl administration aro valuable tn so much as they point out proper routes, though they do not reach a satisfactory goal. It Is well to know whither men are drifting, lor while editor* are likely to havo personal preferences and to bo biased by tbem they, by virtue of their trade, do not follow them alter the masses ol men fail in giving support. A single fragment of ice broken from tho top of an Ice moun tain will sometimes stop in it* descent If it Is not fol lowed snd pushed by other disintegrated maase*. So an editorial idea will gonorsily atop in Its career unless tbe people spring forward to oucourage aud propel it. Thi* was the way with the Newton Booth Idea, and measurably with that ol Charles Francis Adams. At present new*papor* aro knocking about, hoping that toon the open tea of politic* will be enterod with tri- , umph. Each navigator is anxious that his pet way ol i reaching it will prove to be the real one. It Is note worthy that every day newspaper thought becomes more and more concentrated. Tho Bristow movement t* constantly acquiring new Strength. Both Mr. Hslstesd and Mr. MedilJ sro ener getically in favor of Bristow. There seems to be grow ing up around him a popular sentiment which is at ouco weaker and sirougcr ibau political powor. People havo csased to discuss his merits?ihey acknowledge thom. The only questiou is, whether he will make an available political candidate. The St. l.ouU Republican, a paper which always contains ideas, and which is a democratic organ, comes forward with a popular pro ject in regard to Bristow. It really claims htm as aa iudepeudout candidate for that number of democrats who will not likely support the regular dutnocratlo nomination II he can be put upon a ticket which la not republican, llsay*.? "The wisdom of trusting Bristow's fortunes to the Cincinnati Couventlon, therefore, is questionable. THIS RSlKToW MOVBMKXT bos become a very important, popular and patriotic ex hibition It ought, lor tho ssko of tho country, to be allowed to run in whatever direction it wilL It means nothing evil, and everything .rood. No ma ter, there lore, wheihor It runs in party grooves or a irack of Its own making, it aims at a luuet desirable result, and de servos to be noi only encouraged, but earnestly atde.L But it is in tbe hands ol republicans alone. They must lie held responsible lor the Issue. If a demo crat were to espouse it, however honestly and disinter estedly, tho act would impair its force. Thoso dem ocrats alio cannot suppress an outright admiration lor the robust Secretary a conduct and iharacter, aad who might bo willing to go bayoud a d.staal aud empty ad miration. can, under existing circumstances, do nothing lor bim, sud they can only wait and see his republican Iriende ?ill do with hiss and lor him. It would be a most lamentable ?pectacle to see the Bristow movement stifled Iu the Cincinnati Convention through tbe luoucreuon ol the very republican* who ?ort desire In success bat who eonimtt the mistake ? baiaruiug Mb late on Iki working o( Um party iu*hl? erjr. The Republican's administration rival, the 8ti Loud Olobt-Demuterat, catchei the idm that Bristow'S noMunu rort'LAMTT la at prevent a source of political weakness when 11 says:? While the strength of Cockling may bo too much ornanued. the atreugth of Brtstow ta not organised at all, aud bia beat practical avalliMlltjr baa boen weak ened by the iujudicloua aapport of bis friends, whs have antagonised him against the ordinary party machinery and bold hint ap aa a kind of threat. This la a performance which ta much aaler ta the columua or * sewsnaper or la the irresponsible proceedings or a cluli than in the prompt and dociaive action ol a con vention. Xeithor Brtatow nor Conk ling -oem likely at prevent to gain anything beyond their initial strength. Meanwhile thera are practical mm whoae broad mom contrasts with the cynical, disheartening, fairy talea of Fifth Aveuue Hotel Iconoclasts, and who never lonoh a aab Jeot without brightening It with hope and porting It toward the pole. Among these there ta none who steers more direct than ex-Congresamaa Roberta in the I'tira Herald. He substantiates.Mr. Bowles' idea that reform muat not lie promissory, Ml practical, and that it muat go upon the atatate hooka. Ue emphasises the Idea that the electoral votea ahould not bo counted by a Vice Freaidcnt or by tha House, but by the Supreme Court. In illustrating tha dangers to which the preaent system is llablo bo aaya:? In 1868, and a#ain in 1872, President Ciraut had m majority so overwhelming that no partlaan treach ery could bavn defeated htm. In 1873 the votea of Loutslaua and Arkansas were ro Jeeted without slltctlng the general result. But we are now approaching an election In which tha strength of partioa ta more evenly divided. It nay b? that the result will depend upou the voto of a atugla State. All calculations agree that New York'a elec toral vote la likely to bo decisive, whichever way it it cast Suppose the republican candidate secures t snia'l majority of the electoral vote*. By raluatag l? count those Irom ono or more States the democratic House of Congreaa may throw the election into ita own hsuds. and the choice of the people will thereupon ba rejected by the election of the democratic nominee. It ta too late to provide against ibis danger in time lor tha approaching election. It U none too early to Inaugu rate a movement that will remove this peril from the election of 1880. It la singular how the partisan preaa chooses candi date* for its opponents with greater assuranco than It usus to deaignate ita own. The Springfield Republican aaya of DBXOCKATIC HTRKXOTII: Tho character and Issue ol the canvass, Indeed, are more and more plain.y seen to hinge upon two double atlil to be resolved?whether the Cincinnati Convention ba* the wiidotn to noimnuto a man who will reatorc the conddcnce of tho country, whether the Si Louti Convention baa the wisdom to nominate a man whe will gum It. It is becoming Increasingly probable that St. Lonii will develop the perception and prudence of Ita necessi ties. The nomination of Mr. Tilden wonld at once ac cure to hia party a public confidence which In itaelf It has not beeu aud would not bo able to command. This, not merely because he ia rooognlxed as person ally a sate man, but because be preeminently repre sents the great conservative elements and iramensi mercantile mtereats of New York. These element* aud interests cannot afTord to allow the war aettlements ta be disturbed or threatened, and the country knowa it. Tho nomination of Judtto Davis would bo a still m >r? complete assurance against any lolly of that sort The old whig and republican, Abraham Lincoln's bosom iriend aud executor, could not possibly be utilixed by republican orator* and presses aa a bugaboo. fh? people would laugh in their faces. The probability In crease* that one or tho other ot these meji will bu the St. Louis nominee?In other words, that tho demo cratic party lan't going to do anything that will scare the country and that the country lan't golug to be scared. Many men do not believe that the democratic leaderi always represent the democratic party. This idei cornea from aa exalted JeO'eraonian and rather abetracl view of democracy. Practical democracy seldom real ise* Ideal democracy. There are DRKAM8 AND URIAHS, but there are alio loaves and 'fishes. There are Col houna and Msdisons, but there arc also Tweed* and Fitxbugbs. The Troy Timet says:? The democratic is tho party of reform and good gov ormnont; it* leaders and those who assume to speak lor It are tiroless in declarmg. but somehow It uever laku* a atep forward in the acquisition of power without eon vlotiug itaelf of the basest dishonesty and diaregartfrol moral and patriotic obligations. Every crime known to the calendar ball beeu committed in its name, from high troasou to petty larceny, without eliciting a re monstrance wfthin Ita own pale of membership. The men controlling Ita action bavo never beon known to shrink from the .perpetration of any wrong in lurtber Ing tbeir own designs, and have again and again dem onstrated the hypocrisy ol their pretensions; uut still tlielr organs maintain ihe lham with unparalleled Im pudence. Tbe nomination of Uarnum tor Senator by tho democrats lu the Connecticut Legislature la only one of a long series of scandal* lor which the doiuo cratic party ia responsible. BARNUM ELECTED UNITED STATES SENATOR. Haktkoru, Conn., May 16,1870. Hon. William H. Barnutn was to-day elected United Slates Senator in both bouse* of tbe Legislature. Tha vote in the'Hecate was:? William H. Barnum.... 17 Jamas E. English 1 llcnry B. Harrison 3 In tbe House the vote was:? Barnum 150 Knglish > Harrison 81 Governor I ngorsoll.. . ! Tho election Is for tho unexpired term ol the lak Senator Ferry, which onds in 187B. BLAIltE DELEGATES CHOSEN. Haw Bkdfoku, Mass., May 10,1870. Tha Republican Conveatloa of tho First district, hell hero to-day, nominated Robert T. Davis, of Fall River, aud William T. Davie, of Plymouth, delegates to the Cincinnati Convention. Both are considered Blaine men. DELEGATES TO CINCINNATL Boston, Maas., May 10, 18741 Tbe republlcaas of tbe Eighth district have elected Freeman Clarke and James Russell Lowell delugatea to tho Cincinnati Convention. DEMOCRATIC VICTORY. Baltimorb. Md., May 10, 187& At the municipal election in Cumberland, Alleabeny county, ycaterday, William A. Withers, democrat, wa# elected Mayor by one minority. Tbe vote was:? Wither* (dern.), 840; W. J. Reed (rep.), 830. NEVADA FOR TILDEN. 8ax Fraxcisco, CaL, May 10,1(701 A daapatch from Virginia, Nev., say*:?"The Demo cratic State Convention selected delegate* yesterday to tbe National Convention at St Louis a* follows:? Messrs Ellis, Kelly, Kaucrr, Keating, Fall and Dennis They go unpledged. Tlldeu was the first choice and Thuriuan second. Strong auti-Cblneae resolutions were adopted." THE A. T. STEWART MAN8ION. It la supposed that Mrs. A. T. Stewart is aboat to leave her present marble manalon and return to tbe late residence of Mr. Stewart, at the corner of Ttlrty fourth street and F'lth avenue, directly oppoetle. Yes terday Mr. G. G. Haven, who has long resided at Mr. Stewart s old residence, was busily engagod In moving hi* lnrnlturo to hia new residence on Madison avenue. Ho says that be had two more years' leaae to run, but was paid a certain amouut to give up the leaee before its expiration. He iiecllnea to say wliothor Mrs. Sic wart is going to livo in her old residence, aa he says the matter is a private oae between Mrs. Stewart aud Judge Hilton. He Is satisOed, however, with the arrangements bo has made. Judge Hilton declines to say what Mrs Stewart's plans are, nor will he say whether be-?a going to occupy Mr Stewart's late man alon in case Mra. atewart ahould decide to move to her old rcaidence. THE COOPER UNION SCHOOLS. Tbe truateca of tbe Coo|?r Union announce tbe pr? gramme for Commencement week, which will be the last week in May. On Monday evening. May 29, tbe aovoaieautb annual reception of tho Woman's Art De pariment w til be held and on tbe following evening tbe Male Art Department will hare Its reoeptlon Wednes day evening will be devoted to tbe Commencement ex < rcisea, which will bj held In the large hall, and at which Ave of ihc students will graduate. THE LAW SCHOOL a The Commencement exercises of Columbia Collegt and the University Law schools will take place at tlM Academy or Music this evening. Addresses will be do livered by Proiessor Theodore W. Dwigbt and Mr. Bradford Prince. WELL CURED TIMBER. There Is at present In port a veaael called tha Orient built by George Reynos in Portsmouth, N. H., In 1802 She has beea surveyed by the underwriters and tfct Bureau Veritas, and not an ounce of rotten wooi could be found in her. Her preservation Is duo to het being built of oak aud pitch pine, which preserve eact other, while two kiads ol oak ia contact form eat and burn. She la now loading ia Button's U?a far Baa fraaciaosk

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