Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 20, 1876, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 20, 1876 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR THE DAILY HERALD, published tvmf day in the ymr. Four cents per copy. Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per mouth, free of postage. All business, news letters or telegraphic despatches innst be nddressed Nnv loitK Hrkai.ii. Letters nnd packages should be properly sealed. Rejected communications will not be re turned. PHILADELPHIA < >FFICE? NO. 112 SOUTH SIXTH STREET. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD NO. 4(1 FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE?AVENUE DE L'OPERA. Subscriptions nnd advertisement* will be received and forwarded on the same terms ns in New York. NO. 141 mmm this afternoon and evening. ?t 8 P. St. M' VSTREL8 ? . . ,KiKT? AVENUE theatre. {. Ti * !'?nefl? " P- M. PlqUE matinee at 1:30 ? ? "? fanny DHvcnport. VARIETY. at 8 P. >V*?&m^2TKM. UNDER TUP. OAU,o\VS,\t k V''?MyMMntlnee at 2 P. V. Brooklyn theatre. i/n MaHpee at 2 1*. M. Charlotte Tliorop- j .. b I> w ?.AX, f"KANt? IS( (> MIN8TKEL3, ?t 8 p. M. Matinee nt 2 1'. M. v, _ ? THBATKK COMiqUE. ^ ARIET\ , at 8 I'. M. Mnllnpc Ht 2 I. M. CENTRAl7~l'AKK GAItDEN. ORCflERTRA, QUARTET AM) CHORUS, at 8 P. M. <iII,MORErS~TAUDEiV. GRAND CONCERT, at ? I'. M. Offenbach, . WALLACE'S TUEATRE. HOW SHE LO\ fcs HIM. nt H 1'. M. Mutinee at 1;30 P. M. Letter Wallaok. S ot?t,T"ny pastors new theatre. VARIETV, in H 1'. M. UNION SOU A RE THEATRE. CONSf IENCK, nt s I'. Si Mulineu ut 1 : ?) P. J hiirue. Jr. eagle FiTeatre. ^ ARIET^ , at 8 P. Mxtinen nt 2 1*. M. ? PARiTTHEATBE. BRASS, at 8 P. M. Mntineo nt 2 1'. M. Mr. Georce Faw ceit Rotri). ? . BOWERY THEATRE. BL'rr AND BUTE, at H I*. M. ??? CHATEAU MABILLK VARIETIES, at 8 P.M. Matinee at 2 P. M. ^ OLYMPIC THEATRB. IIUMPTY DUMPTY, nt H_l\ M. Matinee at 2 P. X . u ? - Parisian varieties. at 8 P. M. Matinee a; J P. M. vA?twrve<iuiiT,L^?!" oprr? house. ? ARIL i nt H P. M. Matiupo hl 2 J'. M. . . ? THEATRE KBANCA18. J.A CAGN07TE, nt M P. M. M. C. R. TRIPLE SHEET. ?nr VOliK. SATl'ltlM. Mil SO. VOL hYom our reports this momintjihe prolxihilit \t arr that the wither io-iluy xcill be warmer and cloiuty, icithj per/ihps, rain. Notice to Country Newsdealers.?For pr<??pt and reyvlar delivery of the Herald by fast mail trains orders must be sent direit to this office. Postage free. Wall Street Yesterday.?Gold opened nt 112 3-4, advanced to 112 7-8 and closed at 312 5-8. The stock market was feverish, vith a lower tondency. Coal stocks were weaker. Money on call loaned at 2 1-2 per cent. Government bonds were firm. How the Coloiied People of the country were plundered by tho managers of the ^reedman's Bank is shown in our Washing ton despatches. Railroad Terries.?The property of New* York city on the North Iiiver shore has boon ?used freely by some of the railroad compa nies, and the question has been raised whether they should not be compelled to pay for tho privilege. The opinion of Mr. George TTicknor Curtis, elsewhere given, is to the ?tfleet that the railroads should pay the city something for ferriage. New York should protect itself and receive its due revenues ; yet we should regret to see any new impedi ments to travel. Mr. Bowen's Expulsion from Plymouth Church reminds us of Falstaffs mock trial at the Boar's Head Tavern, in which ho ex claimed, " Banish plump Jack, and banish all the world." The Prince, personatihg tho King, replied, as Mr. Beecher did, "I do ! I will !" But what Plymouth Church will do for dramatic effect without Mr. Bowen is hard to imagine. "Othello" could not easily be played without Iago, and we are alraid that Mr. Beecher has injured his own popularity by the separation from his old friend and pitcher. The Exposition ok Sunday.?The Pres byterian General Assembly, which is in ses sion in Brooklyn, yesterday adbpted resolu tions congratulating the Centennial Com jnissioners on their determination to close 4he grounds of the Centennial Exposition ?n Sundays. The next resolution should bo to congratulate the authorities of Philadel phia upon their success in not enforcing the laws which forbid tho sale of liquors in the Turk where the Exposition buildings stand, and which requiro tho closing of tho taverns on Sunday. Tho policy adopted by the Commissioners closes what Archbishop Wood calls a harmless and instructive enter tainment, and drives the people to seek more expensive and demoralizing amuse ment. We regret to see that tho Prcsby- j terians still hold fast to tho exploded theory of religion which would prohibit Sunday [newspapers, Sunday cars, Sunday pnrks and Sunday freedom, and which would stop tho sun itself on Sundays, like Joshua. The Reception or the Prince or Wales.? The reception of the Prince of Wnles in London, after his visit to India, recalls the parablo of the Pr.wligal Son. Tho Prince expended the money of the English nation freely in that visit, but the people are proud of their royal family, and seem to rejoice in the opportunity of welcoming tho heir apparent to the city. It would be ? grnceinl act on the part of the Prince of Wales to use liis powerful influence in favor of amnesty to tho Fenian prisoners. Great national festivals ought to bo marked by great acts of mercy on the part of the governmont, and England has not yet treated Ireland with that true justice which entitles her to look upon rebellion as an un jmrdonablo sin. Mr. Disraeli was prevented by illness from attending the banquet and the ball which tho city gave to the Prince, but it ? in his power to utilize the festival for the benefit of his own administration and the good of the United Kingdom. The Revolt at Constantinople. Constantinople nitty Bend ub any tiny some very bad news?news of a repetition of the tragedy of Salonica on a far more extensive scale. In any city in the world it would be a horrible event for tho scum of the peoplo to bo arrayed against all who are socially their superiors. Paris once had a faint taste of tho possibilities of such an occurrence. Jt once saw for a few days what might hap pen it all tho repressive machinery that com monly preserves order is set aside and the ferocious instincts of the mob are freed from every restraint. All who are familiar or have only a slight knowledge of the darker side of life in London can conceive the carnival that city would furnish in such circum stances, and even here the people have once or twice had a vague sense of this hor ror. But in every city in a Christian country some thought of humanity, some ray of com punction, would mitigate the evil, as, even at^tlie worst moment of the Paris community, the city was in a condition of tranquil secu rity compared to what it might have been. But the Sultan's capital is the only city in .Europe where murder, arson, robbery? the general butchery of a third of the popu lation?could bo presented to tho minds of the perpetrators in the light of nets of the highest virtue by the priests of tho orthodox religion of the country. Perhaps the class of the "ioslcm population whom tho softas could most influence in this direction would j not go far out of its way to perform any acts of exalted virtue; but if acts that were agree able to their impulses and that opened tho way to rapino and plunder were presented in that attractive light it would increase tho zest with which tho knifo would be handled. Unfortunately the world has seen what uses may be made in Christian coun tries, by bigotry, ambition and political in trigue, of the zeal of the people in the cause of a religion that toaches charity nnd good will to all men. How much more terrible might it be to set loose the fanatic ferocity of a mob which is taught from infancy the bar barous lessons that every Christian's life is an obstacle to the progress of religious truth ! But if the crisis in which the foreign res idents of Constantinople suddenly find themselves shall pass away without a tragic episode then the Christian subjects of the Sultan will ultimately have cause to rejoice j over the demonstration of the softas ; for politically the effect of this event must bo to deprive the Ottoman government of its hist hope to resist the enforcement of such re forms as must practically deprive Moslomism of all power to do further harm. As an actual government?as one of tho political realities of the age?as an administrative machinery, which might be held responsiblo for the good conduct of many millions of people?the great Powers dealt with the Porto on terms of quasi equality ; they re spected its existence, and they have on this ground repeatedly refused to take action or to permit action to be taken, on the ground held by Russia, that this gov ernment was only a fictitious remnant of Asiatic conquest?a mere serpent's slough, from which the serpent once terriblo was gone. But now the Powers have their eyes opened to the truth of this view. Now they see for themselves that the government of Turkey is in the mosques?that the Sultan himself is the creature, the plastio tool of tho last expression of the densest bigotry in tho world. In the ages when the Sultan was sustained or dethroned as he acted the pleasure of the janissaries he was a picture of dignity and splendor compared to this, for it was no prejudice to the prestige of a ruler in tho eyes of foreign nations to say that he held his throne only at the pleasure of the finest body of infantry in Europe. Roman emperors hftld their thrones on no other tenure. But the ppwer that was held by the janissaries must exist somewhere in every State. Countries that have no such institutions as exist in constitutional coun tries for giving foroe to national purposes must havo resolute and great willed sover eigns; and when that resort fails the power to determine action in critical moments of the nation's history will drift nnd lodge in some unexpected place, and in Turkey it is found now to have lodged with those who make a trado of tho national religion. It" was to no purposo, therefore, that the janissaries were rooted out, since the Sultan has became not independent, but only tho slave of a more contemptible master, though of a master capable of terrible harm. Negotiation with the Porte by the great Powers must now all be seen in a new light Such negotiation" was necessarily based on faith in tho Sultan's power to carry out any terms he might make with others, but the guarantee apparently given to Russia in the appointment of a Vizier is already broken. And if five groat Powers aro to formally con fer and lay down a programme for the gov ernment of Turkey, and to be treated on the first occasion just as Russia hits now been treated, that sort of politics will become very farcical. It has been held by Count Andrassy that the execution of the reforms which would make lifo and property safe in Turkey might be intrusted confidently to the Turk ish authorities. Austria does not wish to see the disintegration of Turkey at the present moment, because she is not herself in a posi tion to profit by it, as sho believes she may on some happier occasion. She wishes the day of partition to bo deferred until the time when sho may in some degree dictate the terms. At present, if Prussia and Russia should agree upon the division of the spoil, Austria could only tamely accept what they might accord. Her only hope to secure a Prussian support for lior view of the equi ties of such a division would be by dan gling in the eyes of the statesmen at Berlin the tempting bait of a German province ; but the statesmen at Vienna are wiso enough to recognize that it would be a poor bargain to purchase jven a Danubian empire at the ex pense of ahy ono of tho little Stated whoso possession leavens polyglot Austria with tho spirit, energy and capacity of tho Ger man race. Austrian policy has, therefore, recoivod a severo blow by the event which demon strates the complete incapacity of tho Sultan to "deliver" tho political goods he sells to his neighbors, oven in very small lots. Rus sia resisted resolutely the Austrian policy i for many months, for the patent reason that j it was mere nonsense to make with the Sul I tan compacts he could nol keep. Sho wm not willing to concode that the reforms should bo left to the execution of the Sal tan's authorities, but wanted them put into the hands of a commission so strong and so j well guaranteed that it would have been, in | tact, an actual protectorate. But when Rus sia saw the apparent impossibility of obtain ing her demand she set about to see what could be done next, and by compromise or in , trigue obtained the appointment of a Grand j Vizier of her choice. If she could not have I the reforms carried out by an independent : foreign commission she might assent to their | execution by the Sultan, if she could choose i an important part of the Ministry that was ; to act on these reforms. Successful in this ; compromise, her support to the programme I was apparently secured. But now the con I dition on which her assent was given is j withdrawn. There is a possibility, there ; fore, that the agency of the softas has been j brought on the scene in obedience to some | intrigue. Russia is assumed to have as ! sented without ostensible regard to the pres j ence of the Vizier of her choice, though cer I tainly with an arriere penait that involved him ; and it is thought, perhaps, that his re moval would not justify the withdrawal of her assent, though it will defeat her purpose to have the reforms administered nnder her influence. But if they reason thus at Vienna they reason with shallow conceptions of Prince GortschakoflTs courage. Ho will not hesitate when an event has thrown the whole gumo into his hands, whether that event was pro duced by intrigue or was the result of spon taneous impulses. Centennial Illusion!. Our Philadelphia friends are awakening from their Centennial illusions. One was that all the people of Europe would hurry over to their placid town and there abide for six months. But there have been a half dozen exhibitions in Europe within twenty five years, and foreigners, we are afraid, do not care enough about quartz mountains and machinery to run the risk of a stormy mid ocean trip. Nor have our Philadelphia friends utilized their advantages. Instead of accepting the Exposition as a material benefit, the results of which would be felt for a long time, they have done everything to keep people from their city. The advance in hotel rates, which was officially announced as twenty per cent, was a blunder. Vienna showed this in the long range of magnificent hotels which Btood tenantless. Philadelphia passes through the same experience now, and it will be June before its people are wiser. There is no remedy lor outside extortion ex cept the Vienna remedy ; but we are sur prised to hear of inside extortions. Corre spondents write us that they have to pay unusual prices for food and beverages. One angry German goes into details on tho beer question. The glass, he says, is much smaller than it should be; there is a false bot tom, and the waiters give him one-third boer and two-thirds froth. This may seem a Bmall matter to write about, but any great enterprise like this depends for its success upon small matters. Not long since a riot took place in Frankfort arising out of the beer question. There had been either an in crease in the price of the beer or a reduction in the size of the glass-we are not quite sure which?and the people, who had much stronger feelings about the integrity of the beer mug than that of the German Empire, took to window smashing. This .complaint from Philadelphia is typical of the manner in which the Centennial is managed. Thus, on the opening day, as one of our correspond ents noted at the time, the press accom modations were something like tho ac commodations vouchsafed to beef cattle on cattle trains. We paid no attention to this, because as a general thing we have little sympathy with press complaints. Most of them when sifted down turn out to be effort* to "dead head" or blackmail, and we always direct our own people to attend to their business, ask no favors and accopt none. But in commenting upon the Centennial management this press complaint comes be fore us as a fair idea of the manner in which the show is managed. The truth, we fear, is that the Centennial is running itself. It needs a head. So far as it represents individual energy it is well. So far as it Bhows what a people can do toward beautifying and aiding their city it deserves commendation. But in the large sense there are many things to deplore. What was to have been a great national ex hibition of skill, genius, energy and taste threatens to become a county fair. The only way to save it is for some st;ong man in the management to take hold of it, biing order out of chaos, stop abuses, eliminate j the narrow, selfish spirit, prevent it from degenerating into a mere advertising scheme nnd make it what it was intended to be?a World's Exposition in the largest Bcnse of the term. The Indian W?r. As soon as tho fine weather begins wo have an Indian war. This is the experience of years, and the Heiui-d has frequently called attention to the fact Now we havo another proof of it. Tho Sioux are on tho warpath, and have mossacrod our citizens on the Plains, and, not contented with murder, have grati fied their passions by mutilations of tho dead bodies. Tho disorders in tho Indian Terri tory have, as usual, compelled the govern ment to organize a military expedition at great expenso to punish these savages. The old, old story will never have an end until tho' entire Indian policy is revolutionized, j These barbarous tribes, whose utter sav ageness is indicated by their grotesque and wretched names?Little Big Man, ltnn-Away From-a-Bear, Spotted Tail, Ac.?and whoso j actions are still more savago than thoir words, aro fed by the United States all winter only to light tho whites all sum mer. It is folly to keep up the system ot failure for tho benefit of speculators, Indian agents and government rings, nnd for the injury of the whole West and the discour agement of emigration and enterprise. The only true policy is to give the entire control of the Indians to tho War Department. The army is needed every summor to whip the Sioux and the Pawnees and tho rest of tho savages, and it would be Hotter to employ it in preventing the hostilities which it i? now obliged to ropprwi. The Bayou Sara "Outrage." The harrowing stories of riot and blood shed in Northern Louisiana spread all over [ the country by telegraph several days ago I receive no continuation by subsequent ad j vices. The fact that three or fonr days I elapsed withont any farther intelligence justified a suspicion that the publio had been imposed upon by the first despatches. Wishing to ascertain the truth we tele graphed to our correspondent at New Orleans to send ub an exact and unvarnished statement of the real facts. We printed his answering despatch yesterday, from which it appears that the first accounts were wild and reckless exaggerations. It seems to be true that there was a small local riot. Some negroes had stolen a oow, and the natural indignation of a rural commu nity against cattle thieves was intensified by the circumstance that the culprits were ne groes. The result of the disturbance was the killing of two wRites and four negroes (two of tho latter having been hung) and the wounding of a few others. Most oertainly the stealing of a cow did not justify a resort to mob violence; but, on tho other hand, there was no justification for the lying ex aggerations which were scattered broadcast over the country to excite and unsettle the public mind and poison Northern feeling against the South. In justice to President Grant wo must nay that he has acted with caution and discretion in relation to these bloody tales. Governor Kellogg was in Washington when they came, and tried to induce the President to interfere; but General Grant wisely decided to take no sudden steps on doubtful information. It was ridiculous for Governor Kellogg to ask the federal government to interpose for putting down a small local disturbance in a remote rural corner of Louisiana. Governor Kellogg is commander-in-chief of the Louisi ana militia, and if ho had thought this affair serious he should have hastened homo and liavo dospatchod a regiment or a few companies to Bayou Sara to quell tile disturbance and restore order. If there should be a local riot in Chnutauqtia county, in this State, Governor Tilden would not make frantio appeals to the federal government for aid while he had the whole militia force of the State at his disposal and a single regiment from a neigh boring county would be sufficient to disperse the mob if it should find a mob assembled on reaching tl}e spot. A State government which applies for fedoral assistance to put down a local riot brands itself as imbecile and unfit to be trusted with power. We are glad that President Grant kept his head and declined to accede to Governor Kellogg's foolish and cowardly request The wild exaggerations sent abroad in re lation to this trivial affair are to be regretf ed as tending to influence pub'ic opinion. It is absurd to hold the whole Southern people responsible for every accidental local dis turbance whioh occurs in any part of that vast region. Tramways and Cheap Cabs. The sketoh of tho Paris horse-car rail roads which is given in the Hxbald to-day ?will show that the French have not been slow in adopting the cheap transit system of New York. At the same time it is well known that, despite the low fares and the extensive accommodation of the "tram ways" in Paris, the cabs of that city are liberally patronized and are fairly profit able. The principal argument against the experiment of cheap oabs in New York has been based on the idea that, as we have a number of horse-car lines running through the principal avenues of the city at cheap fares, the travel across town would be about all that could make a demand for cab con veyances. But this ignores the fact that if cabs could be hired at reasonable rates many thousands who now travel by the street cars would gladly pay tho extra charge and patronize the cabs. The truth* is, that we are on the verge of an experi ment ; that we have not heretofore had an opportunity of ascertaining whether cabs would be a success or a failure in New York, because we have never yet placed them within the reach of the general class of citi zens, and that .all calculations based upon the supposition that people would not patronize cheap cabs are a mere matter of guesswork. The cab proprietors are their own enemies in this controversy. The owners and drivers of cate are an industrious and deserving class of men as a rule, but they fail to com prehend that it is to their interest to estab lish a reasonably low rate of fares for the use of their vehicles. They have hitherto found that few people, considering the population, ride in hacks, and have in consequence been disposed to make as muoh money as possible out of their customers. IJeavy charges have deterred persons from trying a second ex periment with New York hacks, and thns the business has been restricted almost wholly to the absolute necessity of using that means of conveyance. If the hack drivers could be persuaded once to try the experiment of cheap fares they would soon find that a small profit would be attended by an increase of patronage large enough to seoure them a very profitable business. It is certain that a fortune awaits any enter prising proprietor who will place cheap calwi at the service of the people of New York, and it is snrprising that with so many enter prising men in the hack business we have not some one who will venture on the ex periment. Tan Situation in Turret.?The most im portant event in the Eastern situation is the refusal of England to join with the other great Powers of Europe in the memorandum to Turkey. The reasons given for this ac tion are not without weight. The English I government, ever sincc the downfall of tho I imperial power in France, has been without ! nn ally on the Continent, and the conimer ' cial influence of the country has been op I posed to any "entangling allianoes." Yet j England will in the end join with Russia, . Austria, Germany and France in any proper ! effort to protect tho interests of civilized | Europe against the anachronism of Turkish barbarity. The interests of the English in tho East will compel them to act with other nations in the settlement of the present , question. We do not believe that the pluoky , little island would submit to see the affairs j of Turkey arranged without being admitted | to the general council of nations. It is cer- j tain, in any event, that, with England or j without it, the troubles in Turkey must j soon be brought to an end. ? A Cloud ea the Democratic Pro?pect. ' The silence of the leading ^democratic or- j gan on the fresh folly perpetrated by its I party in Ohio is in striking contrast to the , scathing and contemptuous denunciations it , launched against the Ohio inflationists when they first promulgated their heresy liust fall. It seemed possible then to bring so strong a j body of outside democratic opinion to bear upon them as to prevent the spread of that political epidemic. The denunciations, how ever, failed of their aim ; for within a few weeks the Pennsylvania democrats followed j the O^io example. It then became the wish, more or less openly expressed, of the party ; in New York that the Ohio and Pennsyl vania tickets should bo defeated, in order that the inflationists might learn a whole some lesson from experience and that the j democrats of other States might profit by their punishment. Defeated they were, in a most signal munner ; but the inflationists belong to that class of political Bourbons who "learn nothing and forget noth ing." The only effect of opposition and denunciation Irom the hard money demo crats of other States was to arouse their re sentment and cause them to ascribe this defeat to outsido interference rather than to ! the inherent weakness of their cause. In- j stead of abandoning this insane platform : they clung to tho wreck, and they have ! again put to sea in the same crazy craft. The j strength exhibited by the soft money wing I of the party in Congress during tho winter ' lias strengthened and emboldened the fol- 1 lowers of Allen, and they are certain toqmke i a strenuous and troublosome fight in tho National Convention. Tho hard money democrats of other States, seeing that such a struggle at St. Louis is in evitable and that its issue is doubtful, do not quite know what line of tactics they ought to adopt. They do not dare to denounce the inflationists with the same unsparing vigor with which they pursued them last year, be cause it would further inflamo and enrage them and alarm the timid hard money demo crats of other States for the safety and unity of the party. If the supporters of Governor Tilden push the quarrel to extremities the rag money men will bolt from tho St. Louis Convention if they cannot control it, and a grand split in the democratic party now would prove as disastrous as it did in 186a The bold action and deflant attitude of the Ohio Convention is a most untoward event for the democratic party. There is no cer tainty that the hard money democrats would win at St. Louis if they should make an aggressive fight .The ability of the soft money demoorats in Congress to foil the sounder wing of the party throughout the ses sion is a bad omen which casts doubt on the result of a determined battle in the National Convention. If the hard money men make the fight and get beaten the party is utterly ruined. If they make the fight and succeed so much violence of passion will be engen dered by the contest that the defeated infla tionists will bolt and run a candidate of their own, whioh will leave the party only a possibility?the bare shadow of a possi bility?of carrying the election into the House. But this faint possibility is not worth counting on. It is not likely that the rag money democrats could get the electoral votes of any State ; and, in that event, the election could not go into the House, for the republicans would triumphantly elect their ticket In any event tho democratic sohism on the currency will strengthen the republican party. It gives it all the political capital that is to be made out of the hard money issue. It will be ridiculous for the demo crats to ask the confidence of the country on this important question in the face of the deadlock which has prevailed during the winter in Washington and the unabashed boldness of tho Western inflationists. How the Cattell* Have Wronged Robe ion?A Chance for Andjr Oarrejr, It now appears in evidence that A. O. Cattell, the friend of Bobeson, pnrchasod cottage at Long Branch for the Secretary of the Navy, that E. G. Cattell loaned money to Bobeson and borrowed money, and, we suppose, loaned more than he borrowed, bocause he now has Boboson's note for eight thousand dollars. The Long Branch place Cattell regards as worth thirteen thousand dollars?a figure so low that it will surprise holders of seaside cottages. This adds up, according to the evidence, twenty-one thou sand dollars in all, money and property given to Bobeson by the Cattell*. It ap pears, furthermore, that Bobeson so favored the Cattells that they mado three hundred thousand dollars in "commissions'* out of naval supplies alone. This does not count tho money A. G. Cattell made out of the Syndicate in London. It appears in evi dence that one firm which had furnished live oak to the Navy Department for half a century was compelled to pay the Cattells fifty thousand dollars as "commissions." Two things are apparent in this?first tho princely generosity of Bobeson in al lowing tho Cattells to make three hundred thousand dollars; and, second, tho un paralleled meanness of the Cattells in only giving him twenty-one thousand dollars in property and notes. It is due to Garvey and Ke'yser to rescue them from any imputation of Cattell-like meanness. When Garvey was allowed to make three hundred thousand dollars in plastering and Keyser the same amount in ; plumbing they paid the Boss and his eon- ? federates sometimes as much as sixty-six per cent. Cattell only pays seven per cent If Mr. Bobeson is a prudent man ho will send tho Cattells about their business and ask Garvey and Keyser to look after the "commissions." The sun will not shine after March 4, and. he should make his hay now. Lost Bcots.?Any changes in the guides to ocean navigation are of importance to our commerce, and the announcement that the buoys on Lone Bock, Old Man's and Sand Hammock, in Vineyard Sound, have been gone since the 1st of May, will, therefore, be read with interest by merchants and sailors. Chriitlaa CaaknmMt Brooklyn is loading just now as the ettj of religions gatherings. On Wednesday th en eloaed in that city the annual Convention ol the Protestant Episcopal Diocese of Long Island. Seven year* ago the island was created a diocese, and ita growth, under the adminis tration of Bishop Littlejohn, has been one ol the marvels of the Chnrch in this region. Sixty-fonr parishes arc in nnion with the Con vention, bnt there are many more than this, including mission stations, which number sixteen in the diocese. There are ninety five clergymen of the Church on the island, and very much of the wealth and respec tability and culture of the population is represented in the Church. The Conven tion was large and dignified and its delibera tions covered all the interests of the dioceso, including the ministry, the parochial, Sun day school and mission wants of the Church. Some of the discussions were warm and earnest, but they were conducted with the utmost feeling of good humor, so that no jar was heard throughout the proceedings. The Convention deeply felt the ab sence of Bishop Littlejohn, who has been visiting the European missions of the Ameri can Protestant Episcopal Church, and while abroad has been bereaved in the death of his son-in-law. This loss has detained him a few weeks later than he intended to be away, but the Convention, with feelings of kindly sympathy for him, recommended the Bishop to study his own and family's health in his return home. On Thursday morning another, a larger and more important branch of the Church of Christ convened also in Brooklyn. The Gen eral Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States (North) gathered in the Tabernacle. This body consists of five hundred delegates or commissioners, representing more than four thousand ministers and one hundred and seventy three Presbyteries from Maine to California, besides missions of the Church in every quarter of the world. Delegates from India, China, Japan, Western Africa and South America are present, so that even the most distant interests of the Church will not fail to receive duo consideration. Of the delegates present a majority are in mid dle life and not a few come here lor the first time, so that New York and Brook lyn and their appointments and surround ings are new to them. But they will receive a warm welcome in Brooklyn, and when a couple of weeks henoe they prepare for home it will be with regrets at parting from such warm friendB. An indication of the welcome that awaits them here was given on Wednesday evening by Dr. Talmage and his deaoons in the church prayer meeting, and several of the delegates expressed theii joy at the cordial reception they had met everywhere. This hearty greeting was re peated on Thursday by the newly elected Moderator, Dr. Van Dyke, of Brooklyn, so that the commissioners already feel quits at home among their new made friends. Important questions will oome before this body, and the very best and ablest men of the denomination have been sent hither .to consider and act upon them. The proceedings of the Assembly will be given in the Heiiald from day to day. Yesterday an important paper was presented by the dele gates from the Presbytery of Newark, N. J., touching the relation of the Presbyterian Church to the Oerman population of our country. The Germans ha become so great an element in the Unite States, and their influence in the future promises to be so weighty, it is high time that all the re ligious bodies made note of the faots and sought by increased efforts to win them to Christ The Improvement* at Hell Gate. We publish on another page an article descriptive of the general plan of these in teresting operation3, the causes which ne cessitated the undertaking and the effects likely to be produced by its successful com pletion. The experience of the past half a century, during which New York has been growing steadily in commercial importance, has gone to prove that as long as Hell Gate remains a gate of terror and difficulty to the navigator so long will a large portion of the island of Manhattan and of tho neighboring counties of Queens and Westchester remain barred out from any share ot the prosperity which has settled upon the lower parts of New York, Brooklyn and Jersey City. The intelligence and energy which have governed the operations are highly creditable to the distinguished engineer in charge, and New Yorkers may point with justifiable pride to a great worki designed and executed for the benefit of the city, which must be regarded as one of tho best illustrations of American engineering, both in point of conception and execution. Truly, tho skill and audacity of man are every day demonstrated to be supe rior to almost every obstacle which nature erects to bar our advancement. We have seen oceans tied together by the iron links of the railroad and seas commingling their waters in spacious transisthmian ship canals. The mountain chains aro perforated and roads constructed through their rocky bowels. Time is set aside by our telegraphs and dia> tance annihilated by tho messenger light* ning. The creation of new seas in Asia, Africa and Western America is gravely con sidered and deemed practicable, and here at oar doors our engineers dig the rocks out of rushing cataracts and burrow under whirl pools or lower the bed of a river bodily without disturbing its flow. Surely these aro achievements in- the physical sciences which go far beyond the wildest dreaming! of the Eastern story teller, who had to call in the aid of supernatural agencies to render the wonders he related intelligible to hie hearers. Onr slaves of the lamp are thf busy miners who dig tho tunnels and gal lories at Hell Gate for two dollars a day. Our winged horses nro locomotives. The mythioal roc is represented by the bdloon of the scientific observer, and, with cur talis mans of iron and diamond drille, we say "open sesame" to the rocky gateways of n&> ture, and they open at tho word. Our Old People aro not old enough. Now here is a young lady of ninoty-one years talking about the Revolution. Then we have a young gentleman of ninety who had the honor of being blessed by General Washington. A third youth of only seventy eight can hardly mail the Revolution, bwl

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