Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 31, 1876, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 31, 1876 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PROPRIETOR. THE DAILY HERALD, published every day in the year. Four cents per copy. Twelve dollars per year, or one ilollar per month, free of postage. All business, news letters or telegraphic despatches must be addressed New \ork Herald. ? Letters and packages shcnld be properly sealed. Rejected communications will not bo re turned. PHILADELPHIA OFFICE?NO. 112 SOUTH SIXTH STREET. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD?NO. 4(i FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE?AVENUE DE L'OPERA Subscriptions nnd advertisements will be received and forwarded on the snme terms ss in New York. VOLUME XLI NO. 152 ASL'SEIENTS THIS AFTERNOON AND EVENING. UNION SQUARE THEATRE. CONSCIENCE ul 8 P. M. C. R. Thome, Jr. PARK THEATRE. UNCLE TOV'S CAU1N. at 8 P. M. Matinee at 3 P. X. Mr*. U. C. Howard. BOWEKY THEATRE. MAID OP THE WARPATH, ?t 8 P. M. CHATEAU mTbTlLiT VARIETIES, ?t 8 P. M. OLYMPIC THEATRE. HUMPTY DUMPTY, at 8 P. M. Mr.tlnea at 2 P. M. PARISIAN varieties, at 8 P. M. THIRTY-FCURTH STREKT OPERA HOUSE. VARIETY, at 8 P. M. Matinee at 2 P M. FIFTH AVENUE* THEATRE. PIQUE, at 8 P. M. OLOBr. THEATRE. ? VARIETY, at 8 P. M. Matinee at P. M. KELLY A LEON'S MINSTRELS, at 8 P. JL WOOD'S MUSEUM. A LIFE'S REVENUE, at S P. M. Matinee at 2 P. X. HOWES A CUtfHINd'8 CIRCUS. Performance* at 2 1*. M. ami 8 1'. M. SA.N F R A N C l7cJ~M IN 5*1? E l.S, at 8 P. X. THEATRE CoSlQCE. THE PHCENIX. M u P. M. Matinee at 2 P. X. Mlltan Noble*. / CENTRAL "'PA If K OARDEN. orchestra, QUARTET A.M) CHORUS, at 8 P. M. OrLMoTtF'S uARDKN. GRAND CONC/EftT, at 8 P. M. Offenbach. WALLACE'S THEATRE. the MIC*lTY DOLLAR, at 8 P. M. William J. Florenea. /' BOOTH'S THEATRE. BARRETTS BENEFIT. atljjIOF. M. TONY PASTOR'S new THEATRE. variety, at 8 P. M. TRIPLE SHEET. NEW TOM, WEDNESDAY, MAY 81, 1878, From our reports this morning the probabilities are that the tcralhcr to-day will be cool, clear or partly cloudy. Notice to Country Newsdealers.?For prompt and regrdar delivery of the Herald oy jast mail trains orders must be sent direct to this office.. Postage Jree. M. Casimir-Perier lies between life and death, with no hope of his recovery on the .part of his physicians. The British Lawmakers have adjourned over for that great national event, the Derby Day. The English member of Parliament would risk the defeat of a ministry sooner khan miss the race for the Derby stakes. The Sultan has proved to be a bull on the European markets. His fall occasioned a rise in Turkish security and a strong market both on the London Stock Exchange and 'the Paris Bourse. The Wikslow Extra ditto* Case was not up before the House of Commons yesterday, as Sir Vernon Harcourt did not pnt his question to the Ministry in regard to the correspondence, as he had intended to do. It is stated, however, that the government will to-day ask for Winslow's further re mand, to await Mr. Fish's reply to Earl Derby's last note. One of the Witnesses against the claim ant?Sir Eoger Tichborne or whoever he may be?has come to grief. Mrs. Mina Jury, the sister of Arthhr Orton, the Whitechapel butcher, who swore that the claimant was no other thnfl that distinguished individual, has gone to penal servitude for seven years for stealing. If Mrs. Jury was in this country I she would now be interviewed in prison for the purpose of ascertaining whether she had not been a perjurer as well as a thief. Emma Mike is as bad as old Banquo. Her ghost is perpetually appearing in the British House of Commons, much to the an noyance of Mr. Disraeli, no doubt. Mr. Uanbury has now given notice that he will at an early day call Mr. Schenck and his connection with the speculation to account. It is difficult to see what good Mr. Hanbury proposes to accomplish by the movement, as j Mr. Schenck is not very likely to return to England just at present. The Jaeeett and Palmer express train, j which leaves New York to-morrow, moaning to reach San Francisco on Sunday, is a com mendable evidence of private enterprise, and as an event possesses national im portance. What these bold managers do now as a wonderful feat will be done twenty years from now every day as a matter of courso. In this respoct, if the trip is suc cessful, it will be an important event in the history of national progress. We wish them a brilliant and triumphant journey. Thk Cunw of the Dublin University Boat I Club which will contend in our Centennial I regattas ought to do somo good work, if we j may judge from the men of whom it is com posed. Ambrose is an experienced oar; I'oole has already distinguished himself as one of the victorious crew for the Liffey Cup in the Metropolitan regatta; Towers is cele bntcd as an athlete; anil Cowen, the Rtrokc, ' was stroke of the winning crew in the race for the Ladies' I'lato at Henley last year. We hopo they may do well and that we may 1b4 a crew of our own that will do better. ! A Destructive Fire, by which, in the language of our despatches, a thousand j ? wero burned, occurred in that por tion ot Quebec known as the St Louis sub* orb yesterday evening. By what would IB nn to be strange mismanagement the water was turned otf from the ward at the breaking Dttt of the conflagration, rendering any sSbrts for its suppression for a time unavail able. Hundreds of poor creatures have been rendered homeless by the catastrophe, Md tfrT'g1* the residences destroyed were jfldi imttj el aa inferior kind the loss must into the mUUem ? ? .V Revolution la CoutMtisoplc> Perhaps in all the parts of the ?world whore the Eutflinh language is spoken people bad in their minds yesterday the name little pleasantry. Millions of men in Europe, America and Australia reminded one another of Punch's famous classifica tion of the Abduls into Abdul Aziz and Abdul as was, though they applied it to a case somewhat different from that in which it was made. This shows not simply the vitality of a joke, but the precise character of the impression made upon the civilized world by the dethronement of an Emperor of Turkey. Abdul, in a black frockcoat and fez cap, passes out of view at ono side, nutl from the other side advances, drawn forward by the same cord, Murad, in an other blaekfrock coat and another fez; and there is so little distinction between these two puppets, they aro so much, as to all that is apparent, the mere repetition of the same fact, that people see no reason for a change, and turn to the fancy that the most substantial difference between them is in the tenses in which they must be re spectively named. But one Sultan of Turkey has been thrust from tho throne and another Sultan of Tur key is in his place. One padishah is dis mantled and another is ready, not "to be crowned," as they say in Europe, but "to take the sabre," as they say in Asia and its purlieus. As republicans it has a moment's interest for us that this sudden substitution has taken place in what is called an absolute monarchy. There have never been any sovereigns more elaborately hedged with di vinity than the padishuhs. Prerogative, as imagined and acted upon in Western Eu rope, is a trivial pretence compared to the similar application of personal will as it sup posititiously exists in the Ottoman ruler; yet this presumed commander of a savage sol diery, this nominal leader of a horde of con querors, whose word is law by the mere ne cessities of military discipline, as well as be cause he is the interpreter of the will of God; this man who stands at the highest conceiv able point of sovereign authority comes down as readily when the string is pulled as if he were only a painted ogre in a panto mime. But who pulls the string? It will bo noticed that the Grand Vizier says that th? Sultan was dethroned by "the unanimous will of all the people," which implies popu lar sovereignty and a delegated authority. Even the "unanimous will of all the people" cannot remove the President of the United States except once in four years; but this will, if we accept the Vizier's theory, can arise at any moment and remove a sovereign who holds at once by the theories of mili tary and religious ascendancy, who is only represented to the world by the sadiazam and the mufti, who is the fountain from which the Grand Vizier derives a secular and the Sheikh-ul-Islam a religious sanction. It is one of the quaint points of the case that, while in theory the Ottoman Empire is a monarchy thus absolute, it is also in theory a democ racy. This, of course, is not a new but a very old pretence ; even though it resemble the theory of. such imperial rulers as Louis Napoleon, who held that a democracy was the government of one by the will of all. It is, in fact, the phase at which democracy in its extremity touches upon the form of military tyranny. Thus the Snltan is the com mander of the horde. He lends it to do its own will, nnd he is at the head only that this will may be done more effectively, and because of the advantages of an undivided command. Though it is the will of the horde that is to be done?the will of the many-the will, in short, of the democracy in arms, the Snltan is the judge primarily of the detail by which that will is to be carried out; and in any emergency, in any point of doubt, he is the sole judge as to what is the will of the people. If, in such circum stanoes, sultans have sometimes fallen into error nnd acted on their own will rather than on tho will of the nation, wo may reflect that that has happened also in other democracies of more elaborate type. But the Sultan is not the 6ole judge of "the will of the people" in this queer democracy, nnd in later centuries has not been even the most important judge. In every Oriental State the priestly and military elements have become alternately great, as the growth of either was favored by the facts of the nation's life. "With the more deeply contemplative and superstitious peoples the priest was the ruler nnd named a lieutenant to command the troops ; with the more war like n soldier ruled nnd delegnted a priest. In Japan the Mikado .was sovereign and the Tycoon wiw the commander of his guard . but many wars made the Tycoon at one time supremo. With the Ottomans the soldier has been nlways nominally supreme, and the sceptre is even formally a sword ; but tho Shcikh-nl-Islnm, always of great nu thority, lias become the real depository of the national will since the attempt to become European potentates has de-Ottomanized the sultans. This functionary casts all the votes of the Moslem democracy, and that accounts for the facility with which they ascertained "the will of tho people." It is from the mosques, therefore, that this present change conies. The fact is another expression of tho same will that compelled the Snltan recently to dismiss a grand vizier who was believed to be too much in sympathy with Russia?the will that assumed more violence when it stirred the mob to tho murders at Salonica. Every people impelled by a fanatical spirit soes in its failure or decay only the evidence that it has not been fnnatical enough. This is in fact a logical conseqnence of its faith. It believes itself the instrument of God in a certain religious propaganda, dnd the possi bility of success in any cause is in tho hands of God. If, therefore, the enemy triumphs, this is not becnuse the enemy has a better cause or greater strength, but simply that the wrath of God has fallen npon the faith ful because they were delinquent in their duties or their devotion. Hence an intenser fanaticism is inspired by disaster, and the troubles of Tnrkey produced by fanaticism at first revive this fervid fnry and push the drama townrd the inevitable close. Politically, therefore, this change strength ens the hands of tho Northern cabinets in their movement to support the Christian population of Turkey in Europe. It re moves from the ease the only fact in it that could embarrass their council*, which fact ^ps the existence of a government regular as to its form and entitled to comity and con federation from other governments. In so far as Turkey has entered the family of European nations and participated in every act of European policy she has deserved and gained association with other European Powers, and it is in virtue of such associa tion and relationship that they deal with her by treaties and protocols to secure the ameli oration of the condition of certain Christian populations which otherwise they would se cure forthwith by armed force. But this assumption of a position in European poli tics is precisely the fact which separates the government from tho fanatical oonvictions of its people?the source of the conflict in which the Sultan has been dethroned. Thus if tho Turkish government' does not act with the nations of Europe, does not assent that it has obligations toward them, as they all have to one another?and obligations whioh it is bound to respect?it simply secures that some day judgment will bo taken against it by default; it becomes contumacious; it forfeits its right to be heard on cases in which it is con cerned. But if it does assume such rela tions it is regarded by the strict Moham medan as having abandoned Islam and gone over to the infidels. This is an inevitable, constant, irreconcilable difficulty in the position of the Ottoman Power; and the end of the whole trouble must turn on this point: If the Sultan is to remain at Constantinople and participate in European oouncils he must be able to keep his engagements, and, there fore, must put down his Moslem advisers. Otherwise he must, in sympathy with his Moslem advisers, defy the civilized world, and then he will be put out. It is because the change at Constantinople moves in this latter direction that it strengthens the hands of those who are dis posed to deal resolutely with the Ottoman Power. On the other hand, it puts England in an odd plight. England has no position, and can have no position, as the friend and supporter of Turkey, except in so far as it | can be alleged that Turkey is a Power with whioh other nations may treat on the sup position that engagements mado will be kept. As soon as it is recognized that Turkey has not that character thore is not even a thin veil of pretence behind which the power of England can be used to ob struct the aggrandizement of Russia. But that power effectively displayed on the sea ! will secure in the councils of the great | States proper consideration for every Eng- ' lish interest. Decoration D?y? The manner in which Decoration Day was celebrated yesterday shows that the interest in that anniversary increases as time re moves us further and further from the suffer ings and bitterness of the war. On no former occasion has the observance of the day been more genoral or more sincere. All over the Union the graves of many thou sands of soldiers were decorated by relatives and friends who cherish the memory of their occupants, while the sympathy of the nation went out to thousands of other heroes whose resting places are unknown. Monu ments and headstones and green turf became suddenly gay and fragrant with flowers. The opening of summer has been aptly chosen as the season for paying this floral tribute to the brave men who gave their lives to restore summer and sunshine to the nation. But the wreaths were laid upon the grave of the Confederate as well as of the Union soldier, reminding us that the strife is over, that the dissensions of the past are forever buried out of sight and J that above our common Borrow for the loss of relatives and friends bloom the flowers of restored brotherhood and peace. The anniversary is one whose celebration promises good to the nation. It carries us back to the heroes of the Revolution as well as to those of our own time. In this city the statues of Washington and of Lincoln, the tombs of Alexander Hamilton, of Rich ard Montgomery and of the dead who were known to us in life received the same honors. Such an event cannot fnil to re mind us of the protection we have received in the past and to warn us against sectional strife in the future. The work of yesterday must make the one side in our last struggle more tolerant, the other side more willing to accept cheerfully and in good faith | the result. After tho decoration of the graves of all the martyrs to the cruel strife? of "tho bluo and the gray" in common?it ?would seem revolting to endeavor to drag the bitter feelings of the war into the politi cal canvass upon which we are about to enter. The fragrance and beauty of the flowers we have just laid on the toinbs of Union soldier and Confederate, without dis tinction, should cause us to turn with loath ing from any new exhibition of the "bloody shirt." The memory of those who fell in the country's cause is with a grateful nation, and will be with us in nil future time. But people'desire now to hide the wounds of the past and to remember the war only through the garlands that lie on tho graves of the dead. Who Caused thh Vicksbx eo Riot??One of the stories of outrage to Soiithern negroes which the last Congress 'concealed under a prolonged investigation, and which it seems republican orators are preparing to nse in this fall's campaign, is the notorious Vicksburg riot. Our special correspondent in the South last summer related the true story of this riot, and laid tho blame of it npo'n Governor Ames. His report, which was never contradicted, is now eenfirmed by the sworn testimony of several prominent Mis*iss?ppi republicans, who relate that the Attorney General of the State, a republican, instructed the Governor that Crosby (the Sheriff) had his proper remedy in the court*; thai others advised him not to call out the negroos, because bloodshed would follow, and that Ames told Crosby to summon the negroes, saying that the killing of a lew would "help the republican party." We suspect that if the truth could b got at it would be discovered that a good many such "Southern outrages" have been planned by unprincipled demagogues with the idea of helping the republican party. But they cannot help in this way hereafter. The truth begins to bo-known. Political WMlktr Report#. The politics of a Presidential canvass bears some resemblanoe to the science of meteor ology. The Signal Service Bureau makes day by day a faithful record of the atmospheric condition of every part of the country, and is enabled to foretell, with a fair approach to accuracy, the state of the weather lor the ensuing eighteen or twenty-four hours ; but it does not venture to make predictions for the next month or even the next week. In like manner a publio journal, with a corps of alert observers in every part of the country transmitting what they learn to headquarters every day by telegraph, can give a faithful reflex of opinions and ten dencies up to the latest date and predict in what direction the currents of the political atmosphere will move for a short period, with the storm or clouds or sunshine they will bring to the favorite candidate of this or the other looality; but such prognostications cannot reach very far into the future, since politics, like the weather, is subject to dis turbing influences which do not admit of distant calculation. "Old Probabilities" does not create the weather, but only records it, and with all his science his fore sight is very limited. And yet his daily reports ore worth to the publio the labor and cost of gathering, transmitting and in terpreting the weather signs from all the scattered posts of observation. The Hehald acts as a Signal Service Bureau in politics, and its value, like that of its meteorological prototype, consists in the wide range of its observations and the per fection of its machinery for collecting them at a central point and sending them forth to the country properly formulated and ex plained. We may appeal to the history of the last three months for proofs of the almost uniform accuracy of our predictions of what was in the immediate future. Among other instances, we were the first to discern the causes which have made Senator Conkling so strong a candidate, and the growth of his prospects have con stantly followed the foreshadowings given in our columns. This rising tide, which we have watched with so much interest and have predicted from stage to stage with such signal success, has not yet reached its height, but we have all along recognized the possibility of changes and new develop ments. Up to the present time Mr. Conk ling is the strongest of the republican can didates, and with Governor Hayes on the ticket for Yioe President the two important States of New York and Ohio would be as secure as any political combination could make them. But the fairest prospects may be blighted, as happened to Mr. Seward in I860 and to Mr. Van Buren in 1844. If Mr. Conkling should furnish a third example of the same kind from New York the question where his supporters will bestow their strength will bo one of great importance, not merely to the republican party, but to the country, since, according to present ap pearances, the republicans will elect the next President. There is a move ment on foot to substitute Fish und Hayes for Conkling and Hayes as the Cincinnati ticket. This is one of the weakest combinations that could be made with candidates so respectable. Mr. Fish would, no doubt, make a safe, wise, mod erate President if he oould be elected, but fa* has no warmly attached body of personal followers. Ho lives in a state of isolation from the active currents of political life. Notwithstanding the solid services he has rendered in his present station he has done nothing which appeals to the popular im agination. His Cuban policy was against the popular instinct, and it would be difficult to find a rallying cry in any part of his exceed ingly conservative administration of the Stato Department. Approval and esteem, not enthusiasm, is the sentiment he excites in the public heart. We are on the eve of 4 passionate Presidential canvass, and in Mr. Fish's character there is nothing of the vigor and dash which create sympathy in an ex cited state of the popular mind. Events hasten; the Cincinnati Convention will assemble two weeks Irom to-day, and within these fourteen days many political hopes may be undone. The current will move with great velocity as it approaches its final plunge over the cataract In this 'brief period of unwonted political activity it is the duty of the great republican party to de cide what course it will take if it shall be found impossible to nominate any of the candidates who are now most prominent. Mr. Washburne is one of the names that cannot be overlooked, and the one that would most easily reconcile the differences and soothe the jealousies which have been excited by rival aspirations. Mr. Wash burne was a stanch and sturdy reformer long before reform had become a political ! shibboleth nnd a ladder of ambition. His admirable nnd heroic conduct during the siege of Paris gives him that strong hold on j the popular imagination which iH to bo de sired in a Presidential candidate, and it would insure him the almost unanimous vote of our German citizens If Conkling and Hayea should be found an impossible ticket Washburne and Conkling would sweep the country and carry the election by storm. Mn. Vakderbii.t.?The reports from Mr. Vonderbiit show that he continues to wrestle with tho disease which for some days has been threatening his life. The impression prevailing yesterday that it would assume a fatal form is removed. The physicians of Mr. Vanderbilt inform onr reporters he ! shows signs of recovery. Mr. Vanderbilt is | one of the monnments of the metropolis. His life, prolonged as it has been beyond the spnee allotted to man, has been one of activity, enterprise and extraordinary achievement, and we shall rejoice in his restoration to perfect health. The Sub-Committee or Congress which has been in this city for some days investigating the United States Courts and officers fin ished its work yesterday and returned to Washington. So far as appears upon the surface no startling discoveries were made, although it is said that much that appeared before the committee is as yet undisclosed. The old ease of Phelps, Dodge is Co. was re ? opened. Mr. William ?. Dodge, who testi fied before the committee, swore that the whole amount lost to the government by the alleged irregularities of that house was fifteen hundred dollars, and that the two hundred and seventy-one thousand dollara paid by the firm in settlement was an ex tortion. Judge Davis corroborated this statement. If Mr. Dodge speaks the troth does not the matter need yet farther inves tigation ? Msval ItrriM Bad the Coaatry. A few days ago, in the discussion on the Navy Appropriation bill on the floor of the Honse, Mr. Whitthorne spoke the following words:? Right here I dealre to my that I have bo thought or purpose whatever to malce war oo iho nary. 1 tbiok, myself, a* an American citizen to-day and as an Ameri can citizen in the past, I have never *een uo hour wuen 1 did hoc leal honor and pride in the ofllcerit of the navy of the United States. They are galUut soldiers and men ol courage, who do honor to the service and the flag under which they nave taken com missi una, and I would be false to myself and ialse to jut-tire and talae to my country If I made war upon the navy; and in all the eflorta I make lor relorni and reformation I have not one single object or purpose ex cept to so reform and reorganise the navy mat it may becorno hcreaite* in time of peace what it always has been In time of war?the priae and honor of the coun try. These are brave words, and when Mr. Whitthorne was in open arms against these men whom he now declares to be "gallant soldiers and men of conrage who do honor to the flag," he no donbt felt and believed them to be true. Bnt he does not propose to "make war on the navy he only pro poses to "relorm" it. His method of "re form" is, indeed, quite a simple one. He proposes to reduoe these "gallant soldiers,'' as he colls them, to a condition of absolute poverty. He proposes to quench every trace, every ray of hope left to them by the sup pression of all possibilities of promotion or any professional or official advancement for the next twenty years, and to bring on the country a body of infirm, old, grav-haired midshipmen and lieutenants. He iB jealous, and his compeers in "reform" are some of them angry that the Secretary of the Navy does not place them all on furlough, in spite of law or justice, which, he says, he will not be false to. He proposes to smite down the whole body of novy officers with tho stroke of disgrace ; for, irom time immemorial, to place an officer on furlough is to disgrace him. He is indignant, too, with these "gal lant soldiers," who reflect "honor on the flag" of this country, because they do not lick the hand that would thus smite them in their means of subsistence, in their official honor and in their fair and unblemished names. But we are bidden to believe that he does not "mako war on the navy" in this precious method of destroying its officers. Mr. Whitthorne and Mr. Blount would go a good deal further than this in order to re form the government, and not to prove "'false to himself, to justice and to his country." He would close up the navy yards ; he would call home the cruisers from abroad ; he would disband the pitiful hand ful of American seamen left to the nation. He would direct the Secretary of the Navy to hold his ships of war at home 'Veil in hand," ready to unleash them, and so to let slip the hounds of war when the wonderful flashes from the wires tell him that pirates are murdering the crews and sinking the ships of commerce in Chinese seas; when he hears that our Christian countrymen, travel lers, missionaries and merchants are threat ened with massacre at Constantinople and in Syria! He would reach South Africa, Australia, the islands of the Pacific, the coasts of Europe by means of the flashes of telegraphio wires. Bui he would not make war on the navy! He would not be false to the interests of his country. He would only disband them. The solemn protests of Mr. Whitthorne's speech are, unhappily, too specious. The proposition to reduce the pay of the officers of the navy, to be on a level with that of the army, was not true, for his figures reduced the pay of captains of the navy to that of captains in the army, and commanders to that of lieutenants. No one is to be de ceived by this operation of naval and mili tary committees under the guise of reform. It is the work of destruction, pure and sim ple, at which these men are aiming. Con sider for a moment how this process is to work if carried out to its logical end. * As woll abolish the postal system and close the doors of our post offices because of straw bids and Chorpenning claims. As well de stroy the system of revenue Because con spirators worked crooked whiskey. As well abolish the Indkn Bureau and Pension Of fices bccause some frauds were discovered there. But the army and navy may well look to themselves under the legislation of men who fought them so long and well. It is the work of destruction of both army and navy at which these men aim. The Veteran Weed on the Situation. The veteran politician, Thnrlow Weed, puts on record in the Hsilaxd to-day his views in regard to the prospects of some of the prominent candidates who have been trotted out or who have trotted themselves out on the Presidential track in preparation for the great races lor the nominations at Cincinnati and 8t. Louis. Mr. Weed talks about the difficulties in the way of ccrtain of the aspirants, but does not give his own opinion as to who the nominee of the Repub lican Convention is likely to be. We there fore conclude that, like many others, he is waiting patiently for the disclosure of the name of The Unknown, upon whose success discreet sporting men are disposed to bet. We think that Mr. Weed, in his par tial retirement from activo public life, somewhat underrates the strength of Senator Conkling when he fails to see how he can possibly secure the nomination. As Mr. Weed says, "the Washington atmosphore is all Conkling," and certainly, with the en thusiastic personal following at the com mand of the New York Senator and the strength the administr .tion earnestly and sincerely put forth in his favor, must give him a good clmnce of success. On the democratic side Mr. Weed enlists as a Tilden man. He is in favor of the Gov ernor's nomination at St. Louis, and pre sumes that he will be the successful candi date before the Convention. We tear, how ever, that Governor Tilden will not take much consolation lrom this accession to his forces. Mr. Thurlow Weed desires that the Governor shall be the democratic candidate, because he believes that "he would certainly lose New York and be weak, very weak, be fore the people at large." With this opinion many democrats appear to ooincide, only they oppose Governor Tilden's nomination for th? ume reasons that induce the vetaui Albany statesman to favor it Th? At hi* tie Sleeting Yesterday. The great interest shown in the sprkg meeting of the Athletie Club at its grouds at Mott Haven yesterday, the variety ail closeness of the racing and the large nui ber of competitors, evinces the increase foothold manly sports are obtaining amon onr youth, while the line weather, the ab sence of any foullhg and the brillian assembly combined to render the even) especially attractive. It should not no* be long till all onr larger cities have theii ; well ordered athletic grounds, and trials ol speed, agility and endurance become as general among us as in England. The ad vantages athletics have over gymnastics in cultivating both health and endurance in stead of spasmodic strength, often at serious hazard, are gradually getting better under stood; and tLe presence and successful efforts at these public meetings of gifted young men like Mr. McCosh give a very valuable incentive to these innocent and healthy pastimes. Now that these gatherings art coming into notice it is necessary that great i care should be exercised that Buch a ques tionable performance as that of the winnei of the long walk yesterday should be called by its right name. This comes with espe cial force now from the fact that Mr. Stern's style of walking has frequently been tha subject of comment in private circles, even before yesterday's meeting was contemplated, and we hope to see him rectify his mistake before the spring meeting of his club in 1877. It Appears that there is to be a scramble over the property of the late Mr. A T. Stew art, alter all. The parties who are about to contest the will claim ta be the third cousins of the deceased, their grandfather and the grandfather of Mr. Stewart having, as alleged, been brothers. As the ground upon whioh the will is to be contested cannot yet be ascertained it is impossible to form any opinion as to the merits or prospects of tha suit. But Mr. Stewart's well known busi ness habits and firmness of character, together with the fact that he was in full possession of his faculties to the last, would seem inconsistent with the idea that his last will was not made in accordance with his wishes and intentions. The History op the Tubes in Eubope, whioh is published in to-day's Herald, pre sents all the salient features of that wonder ful career of blood and triumph, vacillation and defeat which have marked the rise, pro gress and decay of Islamism during the last six centuries. It will prove interesting at this time, when the peace of Europe hangi on the slender thread with which expediency binds an Oriental barbarism to the enlight enment and progress of the civilized world, and will enable the reader to study intelli gently the nature of the many causes that combine to make the Eastern question onca j more the pivot of political action in Europe. PERSONAL INTELLIGENCE. Dr. Johnson did not love Scotchmen. Lord Derby had a stern antipathy to Italians. Carlylo has no particular affection for North Amerli cans. A majority of Georgia paper* prefer Colonel Colquitt for Gorernor. Barbara Fritchle's honso la now a tin shop. Thus does seutimcnt pan out. A newspaper writer says that it la the Splti dog whiofe brings hydrophobia. Never be sarcastic with a thoughtless man and navel' tease a cow with corn. Says a European critic:?"A man nover looks Ita ward more than a generation." Charles Rcado would come to America, bat cannot, because be gets very sick at sea. Senator Spencer la In Montgomery, Ala., visiting Charlca E. Hays, the politician. Thackeray, who was very greatly fascinated with Frenchmen, was very bitter about Irishmen. Fensacola, Fla., rushes the seaaon by raising a four* teen-pound beet. All beats ought to be "raised." An English critic says that Switscrlaud haa nevef been able to do anything but develop "considerable men." Said an Englishman, "The British troops really took BunkorHilL" "Well, said a Colorado Yankeo, "hare they got it now T" Arrangements are being mado for Colonel Caroy W. Styles to take enttro editorial charge of the Atlanta (Go.) Commonwealth, It Is seriously said of Mr. Gladstone that hr, ? man of pcace, spends bis golden moments studying tha me.ming of ancient battles. ' Ex-Governor Bullock, of Georgia, who is under a cloud, wears grayish pantaloons, mutton chop whis. kers and a buttonhole bouquet. Said a poetical man whoso nuwly-marrled friend has moved Into a little honw, "All it neods is a hook in tha cbimuey so as to hang It up for a bird cage." The Egyptian ballet girls never danced so gracefally i nor throw themselves into so many pretty altltudoa ai | they did when the Grand Duko Alexis rocently visited Cairo. K high toned Knjllsh journal says actors are rcgaroed liy tho Church in France ait n lost race, and tbe theatre! in which they perform aro looked upon as placoa of perdition. The King of Sweden is opposed to capital punish men!, but be docs not interfere with the law*, and ha recently signed tho death warrants ot two murdereri without winking. Speaking or French actors, tho Pall Mall Gaztitt says:?''If D??Ja*et had died fifty years ago, when aha was a young woman, alio would liavo been buried with out tbe least recognition on the part of tho clergy." An Knglish commercial traveller has Just obtained damages agaiuat tho Midland Railway because tho trail reached bis stution behind time. Out West when tb? tnercantilo drummer opens bis mouth the conductor pitches him into tbe corner and tbe brakemen pllo coeJ on bim. Mr. Augustus Hare's "Cities of Northern and Central Italy," in thruo volume*, is declarod by tho AlAenrtum to ot a rehash ol tho descriptions of modern writer4 and not to be commonded as a guldo book. Tho re viewer is quite sovere on what bo styles "the blundora of this pretentious nnd unsatislactory nook." Henry Wattoiwm, one of Kentucky's delegates at large to tho Democratic'Convention, says:?"Society has said that there is no impropriety in the semi-em braco of round dancing, and so young people, uncon scious of impropriety. Incur none of the consequencoa of doing what tboy aro taught to feci Is an Improper thing." Tbe editor of the Pall Mall Budget says one of the chief reasons why duelling has becomc less faahionabla is because so Utile satisiaction is obtained from it. A man feels aggrieved at some slight to hia honor, and de mands satisfaction, but he caunot get It. He dam not kill his adversary and his adversary dare not kill him, for fear of tho gallows. A literary critic of tbe IfVafaiiMfer Review, altar laying down rljtid canons concerning tbe writing of a novel, praises Ouida for ber m-istery of tho tbroo ele ments which are indspcnsablo in tbo creation of a work of fiction?chur ictcr true to nature, sentiment not Inconsistent with tho iodines roused l>y scenery, aud a plot not absolutely inharmonious with human doings, though carried beyond tho limits of common place. The llVffnitm'fcr says that a love acepe in ft storm would bo discordant. How about the storm ta "Midtilomurcb" and the kissing between Mra. Canao. bon and Lodlalow during a tloah of lightningF

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