Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 3, 1876, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 3, 1876 Page 4
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DIX'S DICTUM. A SPLIT INEVITABLE. Inflationists Not To Be Coerced. General Dii'i Opiuioa of Governor Tilden, Sen ator Bayard, Senator Conkling, liic Third - Term Support and Tburlow Weed. The Election Likely to be Decided by the House of Representatives. St Paul's churchyard is 110 years old, au<l yesterday when a Herald reporter asked the venerable Giueral John A. Due his inside opinion of bis old antagonist, Sauiuel J. TtUleu, he was gazing tenderly aud with reverence on its moss covered stones. "Tilden," said the General, "Tilden? Ob, 1 don't thiuk Ttldeu can lie strung before the people, even il ho were to succecd at the St. Louis Convention. Tilden is uniuir, very un ,'air Ho has fought a good tight apparently, but ;n reality it has been u paper light all along. He hasn't' stopped uuy corrupt procedures, nor intoriercd with any o!'the combinations wlich were believed to bo working to the detriment ol the body pol.tic. Nobody is in prison, nobody. Look at Sherifl Conner, for Instance, The Governor was going to remove bun If Tweed was not caught. Has ha done Not at alL I consider Tilden's speech at tlieCbumbi r of Commerce dinner and that of Mr. Dortheimer at New Haven us very unfair. The Governor claimed that lie hnd re duced the expenses o' the State government mid drew a Hurtling comparison between the co.-t of my aluunUtra lion and tbat of hi?, vhich was really very unfair, l'lio (act is, 1 found the sinking (una already depleted wbeu I assumed control, aud, although I v.as unaware ol the extent, in my lirst annual inessago I called the attention of the Legislature to it. Now the bounty money is all ready und will be paid over this tall. Mr. llorsheimer. in Ins sperh at New Haven, said that tbo expense ol my last year was $16,000.000, while tliat of Mr. Seward w is but $S,000,000. Hut wo were obliged to raise these money* to pay these obligations, now not existing. It was on this issue that Mr. Tilden won bis Bgllt, but lie cannot do it again.'' IlitroRTKR?The Governor looks alter the UKTAlI-S or U!9 CjkMPJUUKS very sharply. General Dix?Yes, Indeed. But what might do in a local canvass would hardly belli the conduct ol a gen eral campaign. Mr. Tildeu would not bo strong bo lore the country, lie is only known in connection With the paper light against the Kings; but, unlike the comparative privacy of Pierce and Polk, bis non prominence will not he an element of strength, because of lute his supponors have unido considerable noise about him. 1 don't pay much heed to tho TILDtX A?t? BBISTOW Eu.'g'stlou Irom Washington. Mr. Bristow Is a very youug man aud u strong republican. I should doubt the leusibil.ty of securing him on tbat ticket Mr. Tildeu Is no: known at tho Souili at all, and at the West ho Is known as a hard money man. Of coursu he will not satisfy the West. No hard money man cau hope to plea-e tho inflationists, and on that rock It Is quite probable tbo party will split. It is s.ild that the Til 1KB PAliTY MOVEMENT would derh e Its strength from the republican voters, but look at it a moment. Suppose Mr. Tilden falls to get the Sl Louis nomination and tho inflationists succeed in hoisting; the name ot Mill Allen, would the hard moucy Dies support that ticket? Of course they wouidu't. They would moet and nominate another, that would make three tickets In the tleld. Reporter?And that moans General Uix?And thai moans that the election would be THROWN INTO TllK Uot'KE at Representatives, no choice being made by the people. This is not only possible, but probable. Bill Allen Is an sble man, ordinarily speaking. lie was In the Senate wiih ine In 184.'i t>-7?oli! 1 guess twelve years. 1 know lilm very well, and think highly of him. Ho was a regular lieulou hard money man then, and thought nothing was money but gold aud lilver. 1 can't understand bis change ol ba*e at all. Now, if he wero to be noiuinatod, it would make no difference who was secoud on the ticket, nor what the plallorm was, there would be a split aud a third ticket. Kkportkr?Tbe Conkling uiou appear to feel confi dent of success at the Convention. General Dix?Yet; but I confess 1 cannot understand how any AMTl-THlltl) TCRHKR can support Mr. Conkliog. General Grunt's third term Idea has been vehemently opposed by the ineu alio work the hardest .or Mr Conkling The Conven tiou that uominated tne was addressed ty Mr. 1'omeroy, lavorlug a third term, and by Mr. Conkling. who vir tually did the sauie thing. It is understood, indeed | known, that Mr. Conkilng believed in a third term, and | now that he is the choice of President Grant as his ruccessar, IT he were to be nominated, it would , Seem to be a direct transmission o! the present admin istration trotn Grant to his own. Aud yet 1 observe Mr. Con kiln* is proclaimed as the one man tor the l'ri-sidency by gentlemen ami journals who strenuously opposed the third term movement, as originally re ported by the IUkalu. However, Mr. Conkling, | though strong, is uot yet nominated. Mr. Cameron ; w'll tin.I it very diIH< ult to transfer the support ol that l'cun-ylvania delegation Iroin one to another. Times \ are changed. Thing uro chaagnd. Tbe press aud the telegraph have altered conditions very materially, aud 1 con leu I have nover bccu so utterly at .sea in rela- \ ttoa to probaole result* as 1 am now. , Ttia riXAjfciAL qVEsmox ta ol great importance. The Western Inllationlsts are vcrj sat in their feeling, aud 1 do not believe they can t>- brought to help a hard money ticket. All there I uti icau candidates are hard money men. That li.ey believe m a return to specic payments?all of tbeni Aud the thmkiog p<>oplo b.iieve in It, t i We arc as a country gettiug to it gradually. IU t k ? are looking better. Thu laboring clauses are no or ieaa troubled, of roarso, lor t.iere is but little business doing, and they are making nothing; but we art k.ii-uiniug less, aud although real estate faoldors r not very ioiinorlablc I think in general tho couu* try is looking up. KLKiarsa?l)o you approve of Mr. Thuricw Weed's itrr ?ATia iwit.ish ? General 1>ix?No, I do not. I thiuk we should for pet or art as If wt lorgot all that occurred m the war da} j. It toes no good t? revive unpleasant memories and although there arc a lew men at the .Souin, and I am sorry to be.iuve a few at tho North. wUo are willing to do w, tne majority of the people think aud leel ! Otherwise. 1 shall have occasion i?roro long to ex |.r. tt an opinion on this matter, uhuh ought to be sc.tied i>y this t me. 1". ifoarKR?At between Mr. Tilden and some West. ! trti man. what do you think would be Mr. Bayard's iba-.H e ? UiSirsl On?Well, 1 thiuk very highly of Mr. Day- ! ml He is a Qrm, courageous man, and those qualities will eomuicad him even to those who do not agree wttb bi> o.m una. At a time wben other seen (altered and I ru-ided their convictions Mr. Kayard stood steadiest I sit I at .wed his belief, fie would be obnoxious to la (latiuoists, but very strong as a caadidate. 1 do not IkI.eve the democrats can carry every southern State, | but they will have nearly alL Still, New York will be i uMess ty and tbe battle ground. Opposed as Ur 11.den Will necessarily be, the democrats cunri>l ea - p< ci to hold New York. Tbe republicans naturally ii< sire Vr. Tllden's nomination, because they are ion a ..eat ol their ability to defeat him in this Mate. Tbe J-i.t ngainst li.in will probably not be begun until titer the nomination. If begets it tbe fight will be ?jii er. The revolt la the party ranks bids lair to con ,ilni> . In sny event there will be serious troubla Mr. 1 rtldeii's friends are strong in localities?King* county, <?r niatanec?bat so are his opponents. 1 have area .he ii-i i '.ad pamphlet and bare heard about tbe pulling sdser: sememe Ail these tbiugs hart. They are j t.iuu? ag. >oo, ua ndications Mr. Ttldca carries bis | c< ad ..I o! the details of his canvass veiy far at times, baring tbe last election cempaigu be bad a UTMWOBAmBD LITrsa if ut to i|,o'i?ind? of f?npip ihmnrhOLt 'v* ??at#. ? great many thought the liovernor bad honored them by a special appeal lor support Oue man from the In terior sa.d to a judge of the Court of Appeals, "When you get to Albany 1 wish you'd ask Governor Tllden to appolut mo notary public In my town. 1 presume be kuuwi me, as 1 bavo bad a couple of letters from bun lately." Detail la very well In tla way, of cour.e, but?however, 1 really don't believe Tllden could be elected Uovernor agiiln; and,-as a Presidential candi date, I should consider him weak. POLITICAL PARTIES. I INTKBVIKW WITH P&OrKBSOB Q OLD WIN SMITH UN TUX OUTLOOK?CANADA AND COMMERCIAL UNION?A PHILOSOPHICAL YUtW OF THS OENKKAL SITUATION. Tbore are lew tbinkiug men wbo are not at present more thau usually exercised over the isauy and great political and toci.il problems which are awaiting solu tion t>oth bere and in Europe With u view o( eliciting intelligent comment on tlicm a IlkiuLD reporter visited 1'rolestor Uoldwin Smith at the Pilth Avenue Hotel yosterday. The rep utation of the gentleman named as a political econo ' mist and a thoughtful student of passing events Is j kuovvu to all readers or the Hkralu, as well as to ! philosophers and statesmen in Europe. The followiug was the substance of the convcrsafTun referred to, i which, at this time, must provo especially Interest ing:? I '-Professor, what is your opinion as to the condition ? ot parties throughout the world at this present rno ? uient?" "That seems to be a broad question, but 1 think It Is not very difficult to answer. I believe party govern ment throughout Christendom is In a slat* of deca dence.'* "Do you l&cludo England in this sweepiug re mark t" "Certainly. 1b that country they had some time since it rutional basis existing tor radical differences." "How so?'1 '?TIiere was the monarchical parly, the tory and whig party, that ot the responsible government " "Hut the lory pnrly was monarchical In the time of ; the Stuarts, was it not?" "Yes, but now It Is aristocratic. Since the exten sion of the Irauchi&c and the settlement of religious ; tiuestiouK on a broader basis the party issue* have ' greatly diminished; yet i do not say that there are uot still great principle.4 on which parlies can bo rationally I formed, but tho grand primary questions of govern ment have been settled." "Then you do not believe there Is a necessity for men to adhere to strict putty lines." "Preclsoly. There is a chance for voters there ss In this country to excrc so a greater liberty, to give moro uiicntiou to the uiiuor questions of politics, to local ? mailers, and especially to reform in rogurd to trado i affair*, the finances, and so forth." "Do these thoughts apply to our neighbor, Canada, us well as to the mother country?" "Yes. Tho !ust great question, lhat ot the clergy reserve, was settled by Its abolition, and the only rntional basis for party there was lost" "Do you mean to say, iheu, that TUK OCCUPATION OF TUB rOUTIClAXS TUKKK IS GOXK ?" "By no means. 11 every party issue was settled tho cump followers would couibiuo for self-lutercst; men whose love of placo and power for the chances they givo them tor making money, without oue thought ol prin ciple, bouor or love ot couutry, would still join bands for purposes of public plunder." "Speaking of Cunudu, 1 would ask, Are vou In favor of commercial reciprocity ?" "Decidedly. Tbe bill now ponding in Congress, in troduced, 1 believe, by your able representative, Uene ml E:ijab Ward, ol this city, is comprehensive and favors the system every way admirable o( the German Zuhvcrmn. 1 should lie glad to teo the proposed net become law and thou tbe American people coulu have a dunce to observe the beneficial ell ecu of aiicn a broad commercial union as it proposes." "How about the luws supposed to be similar once enacted ana practically tested r" "They were beneficial us far as they went, but tbe last law* seemed to be dictated by special interests and was intended to bene 111 one class of merchauls at lUo expense of others.11 "iiow about tiie cllorts ot the Canadiuns, made about ten years since, to renew the treaties then exist >di$ y "The subject at that tune caused threat excitement in tbe United States, as wcil as over the border, und the renewal ot broad und liberal reciprocity was mainly defeated by the Canadian delegates themselves, because they i>elieved (he politicians at Washington w?ru not ineetinu tho subject in a lair business way. but using it lor party and selfish purposes " "Will you bo goo.i enough to revive the action then taken, so that Hkkald readers can fully understand the issue y "Yea About the Will ol February, 1866, U>o con ference between tbe Canadian delegation and the House Committee of Ways und Meaus broke up, and tn?> propositions between tbe parties covered tbe whole <|uestion. 1 caii give you pretty nearly the substance ol the important memoi'.?uduuw. l'he trade botwoen tho I'uiteil States and the Uritisli Provinces should, it it believed, unuer ordinary circuiusiauces, be tree in relereucv to tlietr natural productions: but as iuternal tuxes exceptionally exist in the t'n.ted States it is pro posed Unit the articles embraced In the tree list ot tho Reciprocity Treaty should continuo to be exchanged, subject uniy to such duties as may bo equivalent to linn Nitcrual taxation. With relereneo to tbe llsheries and the navigation ot the luicrnU waters of tho con&nent the British Prov inces are willing thai the existing regulations should continue; Canada, however, wishes to Improve Hie meant or access to tU-t ocean, providing the assurance be given that the trade ot the Western States will not be diverted iroui iu natural channel by legislation und no d stttictiou tie made belweeu Uio vessels of the two countries. If tbe loregoing points were satisfactorily arranged Canada was willing to unjust her excise dutioa upon spirit*. Ucer and tobacco upon the best reveuuo standard-which could be mutually adopted. With re gard to the transit trade the same regulation* should exist on bolli sides and be deiined bylaw?Canada at the same time preparing to tn*ke her I'ATKMT LAWS NIM11.AK TO TUOSK OF TIM L'KITKD STATUS. "In reapoase to the memorandum at Hon. Mr. Ualt and his assoc.ales, Hon. Mr. Smith, Hon. Mr. Henry and the Hon. Mr. lloalaud, the Committee of Ways aud Means, with ine approval of the Secretary ol tbe 'I rva-ury, were prepared to recommend to the House ol Representatives lor thoir adoption a law providing lor the coutinuauco of some of the measures embraced iu the treaty about to expire?vis., :or the use and privileges as cujojed undei said treaiy in the waters of lakko Michigan, pr vided the same rishts aud privi leges were conceded to the cltixeu.-> of tho United States by Canada iu the waters ot the SL Lawrence aud its canals without discriminations as to tolls* aud charging rates proportioned to canal distance; also lor tbe ireo trausu ol goods, wares and merchandise in bond, under proper regulations, by railroad across the territory <>t the Ututod States, to and from Portland aud the Cauada line, provided equal pnvl lt ges wore conceded to llie United Stales from Windsor or Port Samia, or other Western points of de parture to Buffalo or Ogdonsburg or any other points eastward, and thfl the tree ports established iu tho PrbYiiKCs should be abolished; also that tbe bouuties given to American iifbermen should be repealed, and duties not higher imposed on fish than those mentioned ill certain scliedu.es I he following list It was mutu ally proposed should also be free:?Hurr millstones, cotton nud linen rags, tlrowood, gypsum aud plaster, (in tne loliowing articles certain duties should no paidMsclterel. tl 6o per barrel; salmon, $2 AO per barrel; shad, $-' per barrel; animals, living, of all sorts, 'in per cent ad valorem; apples and garden truit snd vegetables 10 per cent ad valorem, and cer tain duties uu buckwheat, butler, cornmeal, lumber, < ores, wheat, \e. Von will petfoivo thai this seemed u Just treatment of a difficult subject, but according to a memorandum dated February 6, I81HJ tbe Canadiau delegates declined It. Canada is a limited territory, cut ol! from a continent to which It naturally belongs, and suRcrtng jus; now from What I would term a commer cial strophv " "You thiuk that this la tbe cause of the present business depression f" "I be immediate rause ot the present depression, of course, is the condition of the lumber trnde. but the C iiiailian manutaotiirers are dwarled and stunted by a (mall market. I be difficulty in tho way of a com mercial uniou with ua is the laritl question as regards England, aud till- last Reciprocity Treatv was so framed it.at a discrimination could be made between Engliab and i anatiisn goods." "Have you observed that recently the sentiment In favor of commercial union has deepened and strength ened iu mis country V' "Rapidly. 1 confess, and I have tbe speech ol Gen eral W ard delivered in the House ot Representatives on March 0. which seems a statesmanlike exnvsitl.in of many ot the points I have been touching. 1 echo the general tenor of his sentiments." ''Have you given much attention to tbe position of political parties heie. Professor*" "Certainly, but I prefer to sj-eak only generally on this Mbjeol, aa It r.iigbl seem presumptuous. Vcur rational beets tor party hero was the great struggle be tween slavery aud anti-slavery which brought on the civil war. when those leeeee were sett leu the ques tions left might he called cross divisions." "Will you please explain the term#** "1 mean by cross divisions those questions that cross the greai party lines- such si free trade, commercial reciprocity and relortn. Now. democrats and repub 1 lirans alike meet on these platforms, discuss them without acerbity and vote on them without regard to 1 party." "Now that vou have been so obliging to the HsaaLt ; in regard to home altans will you also state how the ; re> cut turn of affairs In Tut key impress you?" Professor?It seems to uie thai tiie cntorced abdica tion ol Abdul An/, and the accession to sovereign po* er of tbe new i nnee cannot pe?sibiy save Turkey. The receut convulsion seems only like the spasm ot a tying man. The pians of Muss.a include the overthrow Of the native race, and complications there of a very rfiee h-.'nr* f th-nk *? 1 ?o"r 1 ??? eh"i *? POLITICAL LANTERNS. DIOGENES LOOKIXG FOB TUB COKING MAN? LIGHTS AND SHADOWS OF NBWSPAFEB POLI TICS?TILDKN A SUCCESS?ULIIXE GUTTING WBAE? TILDEX INT THE SOUTH?TUB TWO TlilUDS BULB?HUNTING DOWN?BRISTOW IN OHIO?MAKING MONEY. It ta only tu oir years tn politics that saints are per ] milled to be white. In campaign years every man who it a possible candidate for office is brought out In all ' his darkest color*. Editor* go about looking into every | corner lor auy man who may be lurking therein. In . quiet times editors are disposed to praise men for even ' fancied gooduess una to pass their peccadilloes by. Those are limes when editors are looking for "good fellows." In hot, disquieting campaign years, when the people are searching for political masters, editors seem to justify themselves by resorting to cruel at tacks, and, like Diogenes, they go about in broad day light seeking "a man.'' They hope that by applying grotesque criticism to all uou there may, ?i the emergent moment, appear to be one man who will stand forth as a character devoid of positively evil qualities. This method ot criticism re sults Irom tho best ol motives. Editors, no loss than their readers, wish that their rulors should be men of eminent character and of spotless livoa. It Is tor this reason that they wince over a business transaction by a politician to which they would be insensible if it were the work of a mere man of trada Tbey do not indulge In vivisection for the mere pain that It will give. They wish to accomplish a result boncilcial to the people and to themselves. Editors do not sling mud because they glorr in mud, but because they know how lraudulent many men are and because they roally hope that the mud will not stick. Editors are seldom evil hearted men. With Diogenes they may i say, "I have seen children in Sparta and women in Athens, but tuen 1 have never seen." They really do want to And good men. They support their own candt. dalos with the spirit of the every-day social critic who is (ond of saying, ,-Ho is a good fellow, but ." ^'ho "but'' is a vaguo element of depreciation. Thus in tho South, paporssAV*:? \V? support Tildeii because ho la tho only candidate with whom we may hope to win. In ibo same manner the Wilkisbarro (Pa.) timet says that, though BltlSTOW CAX BM KLKCTKD, i he will be distasteful to nine-maths ot the republican j P?"y The Chicago "l\mes says:? In tho South those who prefer to saerlQce ?very thing lor the sako of success in the election are work ing lor Tiidvu. itayard, on account of his States rights views, his Southern sympathies, and his arislo crutic origin is naturally a favorite among tho loaders; but these very quantitations make him a weak candi date in the North. The lioston 7W says:? Maryland likes Tiiden, but has a friendship for Bay ard also. The Hartford Courant, ulso, has a lantern, which it thus turns upon "a man' :? There are very many who, while they beliove Jlr. Illume would make an admirable frosidout, yet are forced to the conclusion thai lie will not make a*strong candidate. It dooi uol help him that ho is known to be TUK i'AVOKITK OP TOM Pl'OTT, J AT GOULD and other magnates of the various l'acillc Railroad rings. These are uoi tho men who will have the mak ing of the next l'restdcnt. Tho Chicago TriOun*, which has beon accused of sending its editor to the Illinois Convention lor the purpose of ruling it IK DKllALP Of URIBTOW, buvb:? _ ^ Tlio Convention, as a whole, was In tavor of B sine, but the authors o: this plallorui did n"t v.*nl Ula:uo iiiov %?pre iii the service ol unotber person. Noi d in evcu to im utiou the name of. their employer, they formed lliis platlorm to denounce Blaine, and to ILi.aU Hie iuuii wbosu principle* und policy thai plallorm Uiljr The Richmond Eiu{uirer docs not like the method* employed by those who arc urging tbo claims of T1LDKN IS VIRGINIA. Il gays that tho Tildeu men are getting ajpy over criticism of their leader, and ad Is tbat No man tu all the cauvass. if ever before In the his turv ol ihis country, has so boldly and shaoioiess>iy tuJsidlied iho press m hisbehalt as ihe greet "reform' champion ot New York. Such fruua iu the greon tree are uoi very promising of what would be borue by tho drv troo Such preliminary demonstrations do not otibrd the be."project or security ol Kactlcal rHor^ In other words, and u conclude, we are lorcwl to the bellel that Mr. Tilden's peculiar political puritj is as sumed und a ahum, and that bis nomination would be unlignevonn^rtuu lor the democratic party and the country. The Torre Haute (Ind.) Kxprtu does not believe that Tildeu can carry Ohio, Indians and Illinois, and thus expresses a foar prevalent In tho West :? It la now said that Mr. Tilden's friends will object to THK TWO-TUIBD* BI LK in the Democratic National Convention. They seera to think that he can be nominated if the majority is per mitted to decide. The Convention will not give up the two-ibird* luie without a light, partly because its abandonment would mean tho nomination ol 1 snd (artly because It is a precedent as old as the The Raleigh (N. C.) Sentinel does not like the way of HUKTISO DOWK CANDIDATES. U Tho'newspapers all over the country are hunting down the men who are distasteful to them as caud - dates or who are in the way ?! the candidate of their choice. l.et a man be named and at blw they go be cause ho duniuishoA tho chance of some favorite or the nlacu. I'hc most is said against Governor ildtube cause be is tho strougesl man and in tbo way ol the most competitors. Governor Hayes recently said to a Herald cor respondent that Bristow is not much heard ol in North ern Ohio. Murat Ila stead resented the Governor's ex pression. Hut the Dayton Journal says :? The Commercial criticises Governor Hayos for saying that "In this section ol Ohio, mbistow is hot much uKAtto or. Governor Hayes stated the exsei fact. There is not one republican in live about Columbus who talks of llri-tow as H possibility for nomination. And tho same fs rue l" this region. Alter Hayes, Morton is much the strongest! Ihis is a fact, Mr. Haistoad, whether we liko it or not The Rochester D*m?crat thinks that the masses of the republicsn party are united, because they are en listed to tight for a principle. It speaks generously of the struggle for a caudkdatc:? Tho coutest is an opeu one?tree to all coiner* A number bsve enterod tho lists and an earnest, though frendly, coutlict la being ougagedln. There are the tu mult and contusion of rival hosta There Is uie en deavor of many tor that wtilch BUT ONE (US Wis. ..... All this is natural. It is not dUconraglug. It Is the slanittcaut evidence of the vitality of the purty. six>u the ?iruggle will cease, and ac<iule*cence In tbe will of tho majority, lull and cordial, will ensue. The St. Louis Ulobe-Democrat docs not bellevo In abusing men for having legitimate business affairs, and U concludes that people ore willing that candidates should make money fairly. It says:? If lilaine is tho flrst choice ol the republican voters, ?a wo houestlv bclievo h? is, it will be a dangerous ex twruueut to trade him off lora candidal, who merely Purchases ibe barren voics of represeniatives irom h?de-bonn.l democratic States. It would bo well lor nubVle opinion to make itself fell on this ?ob|cct, strongly and promptly. As a sj-ccinien of oblique criticism nothing could be more dexterous or effective thau some of the articles in the Ctica Obterver, which has usually been regarded na a strong paper for Seymour whonevor Seymour Is a candidate. Tbe Obterrer says:? Governor Tilden Is strong lo-day in New York In pre cisely the same quarters where his strength lay in lb>4. It mast be remensborod thai he encountered und over elm. all this opposition iwo years ago, and that his sue ce*s in ihe Convention was tolloweil by the most notable democratic victory In our recent political bia , ,rv Ris enemies credit him with possessing more uower Iban mortal men ever did or over will losses*. Tt.er taserl thai he lacks popular strength, and argue when primary loliows primary, and convention backs convention tu support ol blm. that he has worked ihein all up himself. The absurdity of the accusation ought ?o be iu sumc.ent answer. Mr. Tildeu Is nobody', ??lavorns son.'| MANTON MARBLF/S SUCCESSOR. Cleveland (Ohio) I'laxmlraler "William Henry Hurlbert, the new editor of the New York MorM, is a poet and a successful hymn writer Ho has also figured successfully as a dramatic critic and author, hi* ?Americans in Paris' still holding the siage." Portland (Ma) Adrertiter "Mr. William Henry HutK'Crt, the now editor ol the H'orfd, is the youngest brother of General Stephen Augustus llurlbut, who wss quite distinguished in the Seminole war, was a br.gadier general in tbe lalo civil war, wa* Minister to the State of Columbia in lt>?54S-7:t. and ha* since Deen a republican member from Illinois. Wh'.lo he, ss bis lather did before him, insisted upon the spelling ol the name ?s Hurlbut, William Henry insists upon tho old t.uglish family name of Hurlbert l?,,uirtr-Sun (Columbus. Ga.):?"The new editor of tbe t?cw York *'<?W<i, William Henry Hurlbert. Is a huulh Carolinian by blrih and a brother of General ItepS.nT Hurlbut, a republics Kepref.ntstiv. ! , IM ? .???? H< ->??? 'o..r nr r..n- "t w( * Timet. bul for several yesrs |>u.t has been on > l'>? World, am! write# ju.t a* well tor u, democratic as 0 did for a republican puper." llarptr'i W~Jc!y:->*T. Mutitort Maitta? hoi from llie World alter louriecn veara ol bard but ?uc ceesaful labor ax It* proprietor aud <*lior. U was something to undertake at thu age of aeven and twonty tho proprietorship and management of a daily,, lo reorganize lib stair, to chnuge ita po courts, to natbur about hiui a curpn ol wrilora unBur^ passed lor ability and versatilityr, to cri-aelorilinttie apui e ol a few months a nailonal reputation. 10 win lor u the admiration o( all clasneti. irr.apectlye of poll ics, and to maintain for ti irom that time to the present, iu position as the leading organ of tuo d raocratic palrty. Mr Marble is not ouly a very able editor, but one or the most accomplished Oreelt scholars In the country, aud few men possess a wider acquaiuiaoee with general literature. He leaves the World in perfectly conipc tcnt hands. Mr. William Henry Hurlbert, who> sue cods to the properly aud direction ol the e ^ " raent, is <>ne of the most widely known of Journalists, a gentleman ol the highest co tnre and^the master of a style so brllllunt and felicitous that whether discusstUK a fifth rate point or order, the t.roelc partW do or a declaration of war, ha never fails to interest the reader." AGAINST TAMMANY HALL. THE ADDRESS AND RESOLUTIONS ADOrTED LAST MIGHT BY THE NEW YORK COCSTY DEMOCRACY?PROBABLE FIOHT AT ST. IXJVI8. A meeting ot the Anti-Tammany Executive Coin mittoe wci hold last night at Irvmf Hall, with Kmanuel B Hart In the chair. The usual routine business having been disposed of Senator Blxby, on behalf of the sub committee apjiolnted to prcparo an address to the democracy or Sew York, submitted the following report for the approval of the commituo, which ?.? | unanimously adopted tuk skw von* DK-ooKAOr to main dk?ocratic v'""1* At this time? midway betweeu ths last election and the next it seems particufnrly appropriate tor a political or;.an U.tUt "addris. It. constltuiuu, especially when the or gsuiiation owci its oxlste.ice to a popular .uailimeotfor important and abiding principles st such Hums ?? can ?P?ak without being affected by .be i>*?s oi>?, per?hnal reel.upaor other extrinsic InflMnees which would he likely to operate st li.c clone "f an active canvass or in ti e inldst or a pending campaign. With a view ?t enabling the democracy or this rltv hiufstate to nnderstand me position occupied by the New Jerk conuty democratic organis-tiun we deem It ! nrouertoouke publi a statement or such facts connected witfi the movement as u.a> prove ot g.-ueral lrt?re?t The evils flowing Irom the dangerous e.iiin-ctlon existing between the secret oatb-boun-i ' ?.'J"V ^'V-ttVr hut the T.mninnv lienor ,1 Committee. making the latter out me I creature of the former, havln; been fullv diseimed bcrore, 1 we mn'*e n > allusion to it h-re o;her than to nay that that 1 connection "till exists and continues to wield the mi?? In I tine nee over the organisation Ever ?lnce organised 1 am ' many succeeded in getting the city patronage within its i tfrMP A I.KSPOTISM or A YKItr DASCBtlOC* CH t RACTKit has been steadily fastening itself upou It-various commit le s. Submitting the great intere.U of the democratic I i.urtv to tho control *n?i direction of one man?t ti *? r et>> lettoriiiff the inalienable rlfhtt of the HjO <0> doram-ruts or tills citv?it soon became so powerful anil so tyrannic lu in feature .. to ostracise democrat* fr -m without and to drive out tlitwe Irom within the organisation who had the courage and manlli.es. to combat these wrong. in the Interest ot the ; drm.icrutlc partv. Without any nmrcseil nscnarirei. against ?1 "m than Ai? It Is sufficient to say tuat It drove 'rom Its ;???.? ?iia rMt/ulai-iv elected reproseiittttive* ot live I Assembly districts, and named thelrsuccc.sots without even i uretrndinir to consult the wi.iies of th ? ne.?t'le at a primal? I Section. Under suth provocation ih ; preservation ol the i rtiMiinoratlc ti irty demanded that indepenilsnt demiar.it. ihould oppo.e such a dlctator.hln through the medium or sn ore a ii Us t ion whor.-in the voice of every democrat ui gill ? heard This led to tho creutlon ot the ornanu ition knowtTsi the New Yort Democratic County Com. nuteo. utid arravod n? it was last tall ntV rowKtt a.nu raTBosAti* or tammant nau~ with its mauv .oar ot prestige for regularity the deleat of the entire county ticket nominated by Tammany Hall, v ams rity of iR.OcjO. and or ioar out or the five eandl Sites tor Senators from this city atTord not only .udUDi.ta able evidence or the union, intelligence aud "trenail, of the new nrganisstlon, but show aUo that the principles which it ret reseuts have taken a deep hold upon the hearts of'h* uennio With the prrstlge or succes* crowointr our efforts, Lnd the principle, for which we battle?honesty anu ecoti 0 iv In nubile officers and In the management ?r party atTiiir. onDositlon to any power not emsnating dtroctly from I the people-rooted as deep as ever in the h aris of the I the exoerience or the past justlBe. the conviction that tho ' !?rt?r.iv for our ticket this Isll will be largely Increased 1 Ifv^r that or last yea-. Thl? result Is rendered certain by reason ol the fitct that n.i chsngt* has taken place In the I Tammany Hall organisation since its defeat ol last year. Ti^iamo evils which arou.ed the di.guit and oppos tion ol .he democratic people .till exist there and no effort seems tn i>? \.i> hect. uiarie to reform them. All this is admitted bj Its acknowledged loader, who .aid as late ati April !L. I)..lu.,cratlc State t'onveution assembled at I tiea. that -1^1 l.a ttrst entered Tammany Hall he tried to give the * .L IlmrfiinirT elections, but finding It imnossible. bo ?:^'orAl.ePC.T.7ty the democrats attending them, be had given up the Idea aud rallen hack upou THK CORHCPT AND OBMOHAU115G SYSTEM of hi* old Tammany Ring predecewonj. It will be rernetn I be red that nolwl.hstandlng tbia edmisslon. Tammany sue t bereu n". " , , ?oats In that Convention partly through j r^mhlnatlon of w iat is lelt or the Ciual iling. aud fl.M Hliliou -h a large majority or that Convention heartily favor "d the uomlnatliin ot ..ovemor Tlldon lor the 1'retT dency and so expressed themselves In appropriate resolu tion^ which were unanimously adopted. Tammany Hall. 1 irue toTer well-eavned character tor trlckory and treaeherv, I i.a. slnoe loiued hands with tho Canal King robbers lu muklnc war uuou the expressed wikhes :ind pledges or that ' Convention, creating discord and disunion In the Party throughout the Mate and endangering Its success in the turoncnou.suo i?,u,i,lency this fall. Not satisfied Wit ,'' haling me baud upon tho thro ot the 5 n.rtv or this city, the rame power democratic p . j baud the party In the State and rrnafion" Th?thUliIt."m and ambition is plalulv to ? WttilM t?n?ri??iintf to b?' uniamrovement upon Turn ?er liall under the rule ot the old KTns. it follows in the [ ' . rffiX leaders by stifling the voice of th. fin l.tep o bribing inspectors ot their leaiers choice by packing the General Committee ?,ih 'flte-holders that the llo.s .y.tetn may prevail, and by th. VaTor of Its own selection appointing republican, to high not5tU.il. Ill our city government for the norpose of control Fng l.gislstlon at Albany in the interest of th- row and to ?,furv and the .acritic# of that of the many, iyranny, 1 ! l J rv rn d ci'rriiutioi. like this drove the democratic I batw To de'trucllen Is 1 "71. The same fate uw.it. th. ! farty again mdess it maybe saved by tho interposition I rthe New York county democracy. Our success last r.ll I shows thai the people are alive tot he grav|,y or the ritna ' tion Another such success next tail and our city will be i K',d tn the hands of public servant, who, in carrying out th. principles or the organisation, will lessen materially the ?>?? {ttiriirn? u hioU thv iK*ot?lo now liavo to bc.ir, aud a lit ! r.nce of .)tut regara for the rights of allcljs.es, ? ii V r iiiitift fit the tvorklnic men as tor those or tho eanttaiis? or lor the salaried offleisl. and will purify th. dim *ra?c panV of this city by crushing oat forever that ur?nuy whPch has prevailed in Tammany Hall r?r ye.r, bs.km .king Its nam. a byword and reproach and Impreg naSng every branch of the city government where lis S5w2r U f.lt with the poison of extravagance and corr.it> lion. Til K UrSDAY LIQUOR grKPTIOJf. The following resolutions. ub oflered by Mr. WhUson ami ameuded on motion ot Mr. Malcolm Campbell, de nunciatory of Iho reccnt action or tho police ofllcl.ls In regard to the raid on liquor dealers, were then adopted:? Whereat the Police Department of thU citr, whone officials have recently uiidcrtaki u in entore o'.cdleuc- to an obsolete Excise law by enteringupon private property. disguised a* spUs, with ii view ot tempting Htii.-us luto a violation of the sauie that they mi|;ht dr>i; tliem from their homo to pri>on. in coutrolled by und acts uuJ t the directum of four Commissioner*. all appointee* of 11 Tannnany Mayor; and whereas the Kxecuttve Committee of tlie Tamnuav Hall organisation adopted resolutions at a recent meeting de n iuiicln* the conduct of the police a* arbitrary and contrary to the ?pirlt ot tlic age In which wt> live; therefore Ileioived, Tbat wu douonnco the recent action of tha police as a violation of the stiirit of ropublican institutions, such conduct upon the part of officers of tlie law beinj; mote likely to Ki'Ucrate conionmt for, and opposition to, the Ihw anion* tlie people than It !? to ervate anion* tliem that re aped nod obedience wh clt are essential to the maintenance of a irovcrninent like our*. Itev.Ued, Tbat it Is a remarkable commentary on the resolutions latel) passed by Tumutiuiy Hall denouncing tlie police for their action in that respect, that the officials, who are responsible for that outraice, are oflicert of their own creation, and who would not dare to taka such a atep uule*a Inspired by those who created tbem. ANTI-TA*MAXr AT ST. LOCI9. Mr. Thomas Costigan offered tha iollowlrg, which was adopted Resolved, That tlie following named persona from tho democratic eeanty organisation be named a <omii.itt"e to attend the National Convention, to lie held at St. I.outs on tho U7ih inat.. lor tli ? purpose ol alriinv, by advlro and con sultntiou, in the (election of a suitable candidate for tha Presidency, and Tor the stili more important purpose of cor recting any misrepresentations wliich may bo made rot), cerninx public oentlmeiit In theoity and State 'I >*w York with reference to the selection o! candidate! either by the Tammany faction or tlie Canal King. Tho committee abovo referred to includes eighty name*, promiuent among whom are Ira sii.-.fer, Kioan. uel B. Hart, Senator Blxby, C. W. Brooke, T.J. Cream, er, John Morrissey, K. II Roosevelt, Nelson J. Water uilry, Malcolui Cnmpbell, S. H. Gnrvin, Thomas Coatl" pun', Cornelius Fiynn. George W. Plunfcett, Jamc Hayes, R (''Gorman. Denis llc.Muhon. It V. Andrews* S. Hatght. Henry Ciaussen, J. E. McCowau, Robrr Power, CharleH Fetner, T. A. Iiedwith, M. C. Murphy' J. K. Coulter und Theodore Mtergon. , Senator Blxby announced that the committee ap Bointert to make arrangements for the proposed cole ration of the Fourth o: July had engaged Irving Hall for that occasion, and that Hun. Richard O'Gurman would deliver an appropriate address. The committee then adjourned. POLITICAL NOTES. Cincinnati Gazette?"Politicians aro known by the company they keep." "The noblest democrat of them all" U what the Rochester I'nion calls Horatio Seymour. The Worcester (Maas ) Gazette calls Blaine a fighting hydra. Baltimore QattUe:?"Tho democratic party can win the nest Presidential election, if it will only take the proper stepe to win it. Thus far It has made very few blunders, and if it will go on as It ie going now victory will be certain to crown its efforts next November." Worcester (Mass.) ?airUe;?"Thoro never was such an original person as Mr. Samuel Bowles, of Spring, field. Ills last invention is to havo Mr. Conkling rise up in (he Cincinnati Convention and nominate Charles Francis Adams I If anything of the kind happens our readors will bo promptly informed by telegraph." Utica (X. Y.) Obttrvrr:?"Tho support of the admin is: ration would be of valuo to Mr. Conkling if he should t>e Dominated, but it will ho used to create a prejudice against him in the Convention. His I needs havo con ducted the canvass in his behalf with a good deal of discretion. They have not been boastful, sad they have been careful to make no thrcata." Baltimore Gzzette:?"But Miss Roscoe Conkling Is the true girl of the period. She has been well brought up; her good natue has never been breathed upon; she is young and (sir; her modest corset board cannot dts guise the magnificence of her torso; her pull-beck is of the costliest material and latest cut She keeps all low r''n ? ? n <1l?< "M ' '? V i?-n-i?r nml She ia innoceut, too. She knows nothing that a wall conducted young peraou ought not to know, and whan bar wise, far-sighted and astute mamma and chape rones come to Introduce her to young Cincinnati!*, that large-landed young gentleman will be bowled over at ouceL" Albany (N. Y.) Argut:? "The corner atone of de mocracy ia ronlldeuc* in the poijple, and ibis la the secret of Governor Tilden's great success. He believes tn them Implicitly. He acta resolutely and fearlessly iu their mtereata. He rejects timorous counsellors. He spurns all suggestion of oompromtalug with raacahiy and wrong." The following despatch to the Chicago Timet ahowa that Hendricks Ia atill ia the fleld I.bathwohtu, Kan., May 29, 187a Hon. )(. W. Delahay, of thia city, to-day received a letter Irmu Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana. Id winch Mr. Hendricks expressed the opinion very freely that ho considered his chances lor the Presidential nomina tion as very good and looking brighter dallv. He said be wax certu.n of the support of the Kansas delegation, the fame having been plod cod to him. Referring to the investigation of Blaine's bond irass actiona in Washington tne Boston Herald (dem.) says:?"It will be seen from the delicate manner in which the investigation waa conducted that even the democrats upon the committee are not over anxious to reach the bottom facts In the cane. They are doubtless well aware that if the wbole truth comes out belor* the lueetiug of the Cincinnati Convention some stronger uian than Mr. Blaine will be the opposing candidate in the Presidential election, and mat to them would be an event to deplore." THE WOODJN BILL VETOED. Auusr, June 2, 1876. The following la the Governor's memorandum veto, lng the Woodin bill:? Senate bill. So. 241), entitled, "An act relatiug to tho local government of the oity of New York." Not ap proved. This bill contains many useful and valdab'e pro visions; it also contains some provisions which are ex perimental and too absolute cud rigid for the practical I working of administration and which uro likely to iu I troduce confusion when instantly Imposed on a oompll i cated existing system, without time lor adaptation or 1 assimilation. Tbo bill on the eve of Its passage was 1 subjected to interpolating which out uot to be acqui osccil in. One oi them is the clause which attempts | to impose on the city a burden of, probably, a ' million and a quarter of dollars in respect to former ' assessment* This provision is not akin to tho object ol tho lull a* expressed iu its title. If deemed to be un constitutional and void, while ltwonld be of no use to the parties who have secured its insertion, it still letumna an insurmountable obstacle to Kxecutive sanction, it waa added without consideration by the Legislature, at:d lor the purpose ol compelling acquiescence or tho destruction of the who.o bi:L This and other objec ! ttouuulc clauses aro instances of legislative log rolling, bad in principle, of evil oxumplo, and which ought not ; to bo allowed to succced. Tho policy ol the constitu > tion requires that such provisions should be separate measures and should do submitted to the independent Judgment of the law making brunches of tho govern ment, 11 thero be an equity in favor ol the parties to bo benefited relief should be sought on its own merits. Another provision threatens to impair the de.'encos of the city ag&iust fraudulent, irregular or Illegal con tracts. On the whole, while regretting to lose tbouselul parts ol tho bill, 1 aiu unwilling for the sake of the temporary advantages of them before the subjoct can again be acted upon, to impose its exactions or to incur the risk ol contusion in the actual conduct of tne pub lic busiuoss oI the metropolis. BILLS SIGNED. Tbe Governor baa signed the following bills:? SENATE BILL, MO. 184. \n set In relation 10 that portion of the Gro.it We* torn Turnpike Road commonly kuown as Western uveuuo, lying between Snipe street, in the city of Albany, on the east and the west lino of the proposed new boulevard, intersecting tbe said road woal of Allen street, in said cay. ou tho west. KENATE BILL, NO. 67. An act to establish a State Board of Audit and to de fine its powers and duties. SENATE BILL, MO. 123. An act to amend chapter 430 of the laws of 1674, en titled "An act 10 facilitate tbe reorganization of rail roads sold under mortgage and providing for tbe lor mation ot now companies in such cases." ASSEMBLY BILL, MO. 3*8. An act supplement-'! to the act entitled "An act to revise the charter of tbo city of Syracuse," passed March 3, 1867, and tho acts amendatory thereof. ASSEMBLY BILL, NO 617. An act relative to tbe dissolution of corporations. ASSEMBLY BILL, NO. 430. An act to release to Mary 11. Halsleud certain real estate in the eity of Albany and also all tbe personal property of Louisa Elizabeth Wright. ASBEM ltLY HILL, MO. 1. An act relating to the expenses of Judicial isles In I tbe county of Kings. ASSEMBLY BILL, NO. 382. 1 An act to amend an act ontitlod "An act to Incor porate the City of Cohocs," passed May 19, ISti'j, and tho act amendatory thereof, passed May 11, 1871; parsed March 4, 1872. ASSEMBLY WLL, MO. 275. An act to reapproprisio moneys for the payment of awards made by the Canal ApDraiyrs and expenses at tending tbo same, and the plymtnt or awards by tne Canal Board. (Tbe llrsl section ot the bill is vetoed, tbe remainder approved.) assembly sill, mo. AO. An act to provide lor a luriher supply of pure and wholesome water for the Twenty-third and Twenty lourtU wards ol tho city of New York. ASSKMRLY DILL, MO. 1. An act to amond Chapter bO ot tbe Laws of 1871, en titled " An act to provide a iurther supply ol pure and wholesome water for tbo city of New York." ASSEMBLY BILL, Ma 356. An act to amend the <4iarter of tho American Instl tuio of tbe oily of New York. SENATE BILL, NO. 280. An not in relation to Riverside avenue sad park la the city of New York. ASSKMBLY BILL, SO. 115. An act to providu for tliu audit and payment of claims (or repairs, printing, labor andoiher incidental matters lu and about public school buildings, incurred during the years 18(10, 1870, 1871 and 1872 by the trus tees of the common schools of the several wards In tlio city of New York, and to provide means thorelor. ASSEMBLY BILL MO. 397. An act to amend chapter 604 of the laws of 1874, entitled "An act to provide lor the surveying. laying out and monumenting ot ccruin portions or tbe city and couuty of New York." and to provide means therefor. ASSEMBLY BILL XO. 333. An aet to auiena chapter 210 of ths laws of 1847, entitled "An act to provld* for tbe incorporation of companies to construct plankrnads and of companies to construct turnpike roads,'1 passed May 7, 1847. Tbe Govornor has also signed the following:? An act relating to courts, ofllcers and civil fro ccodings. An act explaining, defining and regulating the cflect and application or, and otherwise relating to, the act passed" at the last tension of the Legislature untitled "Au uct relating to olllcora ol Justice and civil pro ccedings." DANIEL DREW'S EXAMINATION. Mr. Brew's examination in bankruptcy did not take place yesterday, although it was Adjourned from the day before until then, owing to ths bankrupt's ill health. Rogister William*, accompanied by cnunsol on both sides, visited the house yesterday, wlien ho was informed by tho phystciau that Mr. Brew was <n loo weak a condition to undergo the examination, an<1 It was adjourned indefinitely ami will not b? bold unUl tbo bankrupt's health will admit or It. AN EX-ASSEMBLYMAN IN TROUBLE. Kx-Aasemblymsn "Jim" Irving, of ths Eighteenth ward, lbs central figure in a hundred pugilistic en counters, is sgain in trouble, lie was arraigned be fore Justice Smith, at ib6 Washington Place Police Court yesterday afternoon, and bold in $300 bail on a charge ol assaulting Mr Georgo F. Wooision, of Na 461 Itroadway. Mr. Woolstou came so court on Thurs. day and inlormeti Judge Smith that on (he preceding day he had railed at Irving'* livery liable, corner ol Fourth avcuuo und Thirty-third street, for the pur pose of examining a wagon with a view to purchase. He got into an uitercatiou with Irving's foreman as lo the value ol the wheels of the wagon, when Irviug seized him by the throat and dung him out on tho sidewalk. On being srraigned yesterday Terence Brady, of No. 383 Second avenue, became hln bouda man. REDUCING RAILROAD FREIGHTS. A reduction Id the freight rates to the We t has been made by the Kris Railroad in contequcnce of representations made by s committee of New York merchants, who complained or a discrimination la vol sble to Bostou in the rates ol ail the trunk roads. This committee waited on Vic President Blanchard ou Wednesday aud laid before him certain Isula showing that a lower tsrlll or freights to the West had enabled Boston merchants to lake (be grocery (rado a way from New York. Mr. Bianunard vlsiled Hokioii on Thursday lor tho purpose ol investigating tbe matter, rind found that the lact was an represented. In consequent of this President Jewell ordered s corresponding reduo tion of tbe rales Irom this city. The rates will now b? twenty cents per 100 pounds lor Bimetal class to Chi cugo, which is a reduction ol over fifty per rent, and to ail oilier point* In the West on (he snine basis. As soon as it was found that tbe Krie road had made a reduction the agenla ol the olher trunk lines loadiug out ol thii city were instructed to make a correspond ing reduction on rourth anu -penal cla-n goods. Ths rates on first, second snd tb.rd class will reuisin un changed? annis. 70 cents and 60 cents to Chicago. Tho Erie officials Mato thai ibers Is no truth in the rumor lhat a luriher reduetlou from the present pas senger rate of $12 to Chicago is conieiunlatod. VERY CONSCIENTIOUS ALDERMEN. The Jerrey City Board of Aldermen I* tied. When tbe democratic six aitond a meeting the republican six take their ha*.a sod go borne. Escb slds lr^ Waiting for tbe action or tbe oourt In relation to tbe ft. -Powell con tested salt In tbo Fourth district, wfctcb will give on* MR. BULLOCK'S DEFENCE. Atllxta, G*., nay 29,1374 To thk Editor or iu Hkrau?:? Tour paper of Sunday, the 21st insL, baa only lately come into uiy band*. Ttie evident purpose declared by your editorial comments, to deal lairly and Juatly with me, leadi me to ask space lor tbo following:? The reasons that Influenced my judgment and my action In 18T1 were given to tbe public by me at tha time and need not be now ropc&ied. That Uiost reasons wore well founded I had no doubt tben and have none now; But tho surrounding ctrcumstancefl ot that day and of this are entirely dissimilar. My absence from tho State did not in tha slightest degree impede that rigid or hostile investigation which was given to my evory net personal or official; nor did I Intend that It should. 1 had nothing to conccai My only need was that a sufllcient tlmo should elapse In which the intense poll(. leal excitement occasioned by the ouforcement of tha negro's right to sit as a member of tbe State Legisla ture and to bold office could subsldo and pass away. The course which 1 pursued snomed to be the only one whereby that desired rnsult co:ild bo attained. Tbe policy that I adopted was certainly wiser thaa to have coutinued u hopeless coutcst here, the only re sult of which would have been to have brought upon the Stato and country a murderous domestic warfare; 1 can now congratulate myself that although my office was banded over to my successor without any special preparation lor that purpose every record waa found complete, and while tbero wero but ten centa louud to tbe treasury of my predecessor my successor was amply supplied with funds, and every dollar sad evory bond was duly accounted for. Tho report that t made to my successor of my transactions under tbo flscHl laws of the State has never been d it credited. Although assailed on almost every point nothing vul uerable \v?s louud, aud It staudsjto-duy veritiod and uui? wrsaily accepted. I tool justified iu saying of myself, even at the risk of socmiug to be egotistical, that, impelled by business connections, I adopted Georgia us my home before the war and was hero during the war, and, up to the hour of my inauguration as Governor, 1 was in charge of private ajd corporate Interests whore the pecuniary trust reposed In me far exceeded In amount any that wore subsequently exercised by me in behalf ot the State. Aud until politlcul animosities were engen dered no word ol suspicion or censure was ever uttered against iny personal or official integrity. In the editorial to which I refer you say:? lie Is accucdof paying to an Imaginary Tennessee ear CJiupiiny iHo.'JIA) for cars that never wero delivered while Ue was (ioveruor. ? To this 1 reply that tbe Tennossee Car Company was not an "imaginary" but a boni Jiiie corporation, with well known aud responsible officers mid stockholders, extensively engaged in tlio renting aud sale of cars. My couuectiou with the transactiou was the official ap proval of u contract made by and between the Stats road and tho car company, all contracts over $3,000 re quiring the Indorsed approval of tho Governor. If that contract was not iulllllled the car company should have been sued and compelled to respond for damages. Cars furnished by or bought from tho Tennessee Car Com pany during ray administration are running on the I Slnlo roau to-uay. Mr. Bullock now elniiuii thut ho has born ready to go to Georgia at any time during tLu pa.it two >ears. yet lie does nut explain why hu did uot earlier aeek Ilia vindication. Officers, attorneys a ml agents of the State have fre quently corresponded with me during the Dust three years, and sought Intoruiatiou and assistance, to all of which 1 have responded In it manner pronounced l>? them to bo entirely sauslaciory. 1 have met them personally and assisted them in New York at their re quest, and they were lniormed that 1 was ready aud willing to come hero whenever It was desired that I should do so. Thero baa uever been a day nor an hour siuCK my resignation when I havo uot been uccossibio either diroctly or through my attornoys here to any request irom the State authorities. Tito people of Atlanta aeem to hare confidence In his abil ity to prove tlmt he in innocent of the ofleucea with which lie 1? charged, and it ia luid that he could have aeoured bait to tlir amount ol' Sl.OJti. <.*>. Hut whether ho ia inuocent of guilty the very (act that he ia accused in a inortlNcation to the American people, for the Ural time In oar history ? ? ? Htnle court hu? un ex-Rovernor under arre?t for lruud. I am sure that the mortification of the American people iu the aggregate does uot exceed, even ir It,may equal, that winch 1 experiouca Bull have the con solation of knowing that I uut the occasion and not the cause of it. If the republicans of this Stalo had befa ungenerous or vindictive this spectacle might have been ou exhibition at un earlier tay. Wo do not forget thai, whon, in IMS, my nntl-reconstruction democratic predecessor in oillco refused to recoguize the enfran chisement of the negro and tho reconstruction acts of Congress, he fled lrom the State and took with hint tha State seal*, a portion of the archives and all of tho treasury, and he remained beyond the jurisdiction of the State court* for aeveral years. Here was a prima fade. case for ex parte proceedings involving very grave charges. Hut no one within my knowledge ever expressed any disposition to harass or bring dis grace upou ox Governor icnklng. Thero is no ques tion of ms personal and otliclai integrity, and .vet up to tho prosent hour thore has I believe, never been any published report o( the use made of tho large amount ol Stale funds that were in bis hands when he fled nor of the return or any portion of It to tho State Treasury. Under the prosent administration I And that It Is no torious and not denied that thero is an unadjusted or an linperfoct account in the departments here ol the disposluou or exchungo made of certain bonds during the past two years, and that a very large amount of money has been paid out of the State Treasury on bonds that had lieon pre viously redecmod and reported. In the regular per formance of oiticial duty an cxocutive warrant was ex ecuted and issued to the Treasurer to cover this amount, and yet, notwithstanding His Excellency Governor Smith has the republican party arrayed against him aud is attacked and criticised by an active portion ol the democratic party, neither party doobt the intrepidity of his purpose or wonld entertain the thought of procuring against hi in indictments for "lar* ceny alter trust delegated" or lor "conspiracy to cheat and swindle tho Staio." The performance by mo of the official acts in 1870 upon which in 187.2? nearly a year after my resignation?theso chargos'are based, was Just as entirely iroo lrom criminality. Those acts of mine havo not boen tho necessary cans# of a dollar's loss to the State nor of a penuy's pecuni ary advantage to mysolf. I have the charity to beiievt that it they were passed upon by a legislative eoin tuiiieo of to-day instead ot tour years ago, when political feeling wan at its height, Indictments would not havo been thought of: Kvery bond issued during my administration was in striet accordance with law, regularly recorded and accounted for, and tho State received its full tneasnrs of be'neiit therefrom. Every dollar received from tax -s or from the sale ot binds was duly and lawfully accouuted lor. My otllcial records proved It when I resigned and they prove it to-day, and 1 can point with Just pride to the material benefits Georgia received from a republican administration. KL'FUS R BULLOCK. BUSINESS TROUBLES. Henry W. Dowett has boon adjudicated a bankrupt by Register Allen, of No. 162 Broadwny. His Insolvent schedule shows his principal creditors to be as fol lows:?Hector Sears, $10,487; Sarah K. Boyd, $8,500; K. P. Scott & Co., $2,501 04; Charles Dunham, $7,400, and Horace Saunders, $1,662 18. At the first meeting of the crodltora of Joseph Car? penler and Edward Denby, held yesterday before Register Ketchum, of tho Bonnett building, lour debts, aggregating about $5,000, woro proved, and John H. Seaman, of loot of Horatio street, N. It., was elected assignee. At u compromise meeting of tho creditors of Gerhard H. & Gerhard K. Tiemeyer. held beforo Register fitch, of 346 Broadway, the' debts of the bankrupts Igere stated to be $2,504 05 aud the essoin $1,127 04. The oiler ol forty per cent in compromise was accepted by all but two creditors. Efforts are being mndo to recover other projterty under mortgage, which, if successful, will be added to the forty por cent. In the caso of William II. Newman the bankrupt ap peared at a meeting of his creditors before Register Filch and objections to his discharge wore filed. PBODUCE EXCHANGE ELECTION. As noticed in the Hbrau> yesterday the election to lake place ou Monday next ol a president and man agers of tho l'rotluce Exchange for the ensuing year is causing conaldersDle excitement among the merchants who are members of that body. The charges of extravagant management agaipstlho present governors are repeated by the opposition, who say that to day or on Mouday they will submit to the member* a ticket which will t>o conservative aud unobieciionable. An ortlcor of the Exchango told the writer that Hit fight was oniv between the ''Ins and outs." "Every one," he added, "is willing to serve his country for'a consideration. Now a good many people, for instance, object to our paying $4,60!? per year to our statistician, Mr. Walker, but 1 notice whenever any Information is wanted that will prove valuable these grumblers ?ro always willing to avail themselves or it. An Exchange like iliia cannot maintain us dignity aud power without a certain expenditure of money. As for the Board ol Managers, tbey are believed to be an upright and im partial set or men. Tho new ticket Is not yot an uounced, and it may not be until the morning of ibi election." __ THE CUSTOM HOUSE. Cultom House Inspectors McCort and llagua tarnel Into the sciiuro room yesterday twelve bottles of baj oil (the duty on which is $17 60 in gold per bottla| which they had found secreted nesr the otl tanks M the I'aciflc Mail steamship Colon, from AspinwalL In June, 1876, three passenger trunks were selxct by a special Treasury agent, who had recelvod OwWI that the customs oOlcers had passed them free of daty. when iu reality tboy were ouliable to the extent of several hundred dollars. The truuks belonged to Miss D-nuy, of Boston, and Mr. W H. Welles, of this city, and iher were seized at a private residence ia Thirty lirsi street. They were claimed by Mr.* W. 1*. l ee, a lawyer of this city, who said tfeal tho seizure mil outrage. Application lor the release ol tho trunks has only Just been made, and tboy war* reloased yes terday upon payment of $400 duty. Tho ladtea' At-. the** ?re r~-r ont

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