Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 4, 1876, Page 8

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 4, 1876 Page 8
Text content (automatically generated)

NEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PftOPIllKTOR. A11 business, news letter* or tel^fxraphic despatches must be addressed Nkw York Hibup. Letters nnd packages should be properly sealed. Rejected communications will not be re turned. PHILADELPHIA OFFICE?NO. 112SOUTH SIXTH STREET. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD NO. 4?> FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE?A VENT E DE LOPERA. Subscriptions nnd advertisements will be received nnd forwarded on the hjujo terms as in Now York. TOLUSiK XTjI NO. 150 AMUSEMENTS TO-MORROW. OLYMPIC THEATRE. HCMPTT DUMPTV. HHi' M. PARISIAN VARIETIES, lt?r M. Matinrc ut 2 P_M. KIKTII AVENUE THRATRE. PIQUE. at 8 P. M. O LOH.-. THKATRE. ?ARIETY, CENTRAL PAKK~ ~GAUDEV. orchestra. QUARTET AX!) CHORUS, at 8 P. M. OILMOKPK UARDEN. GRAND CONCERT, at s P. M. OfTrnt.ach. WALLACE'S THEATRE. THE MIGHTY DOLLAR, at 8 P. M. William J. Florence. TONY PASTOR'S MEW THEATRE. VARIETY, at* P. M. UNION SQUARE~THEATRE. CONSCIENCE. a*S P. M. C. It. Tl.orne, .Ir. ACADEMY OK~ MUSIC. NORMA, at 8 P. M. KELLY A LbON'.i MINSTRELS, at 8 P. M. PARK Tlli *TRE. UNCLE TOM S CABIN, ?t 8 I' M. Mr. G. C. Howard. ROWKBY THEATRE. MAZEPPA, M 8 I'. M. _ WOO!)'* MUSE I'M. LIFE'S REVENGE. ?t 8 P. M. Matinee at 2 P. M. THIRTVrOUKTH STKKeF OI'EKA HOUSE. VARIETY. at * P M KAQLE THEATRE. PARTED. ?t ? P. M. CHATEAU MAbIllIT VARIETIES, at 8 P. M. TIVOLI THEATRE. VARIETY, lit 8 P. M. Matlneo at J P. M QUADRUPLE SHEET. NEW YORK. SI'S PAY, JUNE 4, 1870, t'nrm our report* thin morning the probabilities are that the u father to-day trill be clear or partly i cloudy. During the summer months the Herald will he sent to siiljsrriljers for one dollar per month, free of postage. Notice to Country Newsdealers.?for Jwompt and regular delivery of the Herald <y jast mail trains oroers must be sent direct to this ofice. Pottage tree. Wall Street Yesterday.?Stocks were dull l>ut in the main firm. Investment shares were strong. Money on call loaned ut 2 and 2 1-2 per ccnt. Gold opened at 112 5-8 nnd closed at 112 1-2. Government bonds were in demand and higher and rail road bonds steady. An Important Suit has been instituted to vacate a tax lense Issued by the city, the ro snlt of a tax sale of property on which the tnxcH had been regularly paid, but which, owing ts an error in the registering of the ward number, had been credited to adjoin ing property. The decision for the plaintiff in this case settles whether a property owner or agent, when paying his taxes, is bound to furnish tho officials of the tax office ! with information which everybody supposed they already possessed on their schedules ind maps. Tho case presents evidence of a remarkable want of business regularity nnd intelligence in tho Revenue Department of the city government. Ajiotiier Police OfTBAOE is ml tied to the long list that disgraces the civil force on which cit?z"ns rely for the protection of their persons and property. A poor Irish girl appeals to n brutal policeman for pro tection against the assault of two street thieves; but, instead of arresting the latter, tie permits them to go their way and hustler the girl off to the station, taking care to tear her clothes ond dishevel her hair in order to show that she had been guilty of disorderly conduct. This poor girl has appealed to the Herat.v> for redress. Her story is told in another column, and we hope that red tape and unnecessary formalities will not stand in the way of tho immediate removal from the police force of u brutal ruffian who dis graces its uniform. The Jtnnt Term of the courts promises to isC a very buBy one, a large number of cases being on tho calendar awaiting adjudication. The important, suits against tho Ring chiefs, Tweed and Sweeny, will attract consider able attention, both on account of the noto riety of tho defendants and the large ?mounts involved. Tweod is sued for ono million of dollars and Sweeny for six millions. The Stewart wiil caso will also prove one of tho exciting legal contests of the term, as an appeal is certain to be talcen by either side from tho decision of tho Sur rogate. In the United States courts "crooked whiskey" and Post Office frauds will furnish work for the lawyers, who must rejoice at the rich harvest in prospect during the early Bummer months. Strut Discipijjje akd Street Sakett.? We aro glad to see that onr city authorities are giving attention to the subject of carriage and cab travel in tho streets of our oity at night. There have licen mnny unfortunate and painful occurrences in the streets from Ibe carelessness of carriage and cab drivers who go around at night without any lights on their vehicles. The result on a dark night ?nd in a great city with narrow and some times crowded streets may be imagined. The best way to deal with tho drivers is to adopt the Paris plan. When a vehiclo makes its appearance at night in Paris with out a proper light the polico stop it, and, taking the number, submit the owner to the penalty of the law. Yet Paris is a city which mmy be travelled at night, on account of tho vide streets and the admirable system of lighting, with mnch more safety than New York. This is one of those small matters in which are involved tho comfort and the safety of tho people, and which caunot be handled with too much promptitude by our GHjr Father* I The Political Sllnatlon-The Skle? Clearing In ll*e Direction of Cln clnMtli We hoar nothing from Washington to change the opinion that Mr. Blaino is no longer a candidate for the Presidency. We shall be surprised if his name is even men tioned at the Cincinnati Convention. It he should prove to the satisfaction of the coun try that the letters of Mulligan are perfectly proper there will still he upon his name a stain making it impossible lor him ever to be anything more than a wounded soUlier in the ranks of the republican party. It Mr. ] Blaine were lighting lor his lortuneor his ! liberty, if ho wero in tho position of | Belknap or Babcock, we could undar : stand why he should seek tho counsel of Senator Carpenter and Judge Black. But his case required no legal aid. It was the lead- | ership of a party, tho possession of the highest office in the nation, that were at stake, and the moment ho called in a brace of lawyers, the moment tho question was made personal, he descended from his proud position as the first .commoner of his party, its leader in the House, and tho chiof ad viser, if not the chief execntivo, of a new ' republican administration. We are sure that u man as astute as Mr. Blame must see that when he called in tho services of Carpenter and Black they catuc as mourners lor a political funeral, and not as the cham pions of a successful candidate for the Presidency. Therefore, whilo it may be possiblo, as we sincerely trust it will so prove, for Mr. Blaino to show that his letters are in no way evi dence of Ins corruption as a member of Con gress, his relation to this canvass assumes a new character. He wasyfstorday tho choice , of the republican party in a majority of the States. His friends claimed, and with jus- I tice, that he had control of three-Bevenths of tho delegates to Cincinnati. Can he con trol these delegates ? Can he direct them In the choice of another candidate? Will they run from his standard in despairing mutiny or fall back in good order, following him into the camp of tho friendliest rival ? It is too Boon to answer these questions. All will de pend upon the manner in which he bears himself in the next three or four days. The chances are, however, that he will have no control over these votes. A political party is not apt to continue its confidence in a leader who took it to the verge of that sure defeat which would have attended the nomination of Mr. Blaino. It will argue, and justly, that with tho knowledge tjiat there was that in his public career which ho was compelled to conceal, and the disclosure of which would have imper illed his party, ho should never have gone into tho canvass. As tho temper of large bodies of political and other followers is to turn upon the unfortunate and unsuc cessful, it would not surprise us to 6eo Mr. Blaino by the time tho Convention assem bled at Cincinnati with as little authority in its counsels as Mr. Colfax or Mr. Patterson. It will bo a surprise to us and the manifesta tion of a fidelity which wo have never yet seen in politics if Mr. Blaino has any influ ence in the Convention beyond what he may liayo over his friends from the Stato of Maine. | It seems inevitable t^iat the strength of Blaino mill or am bio as rapidly and as irre trievably as that of Napoleon at \V aterloo. The republicans from now to tho day of tho Convention will ask?not "What did tho late Mr. Blaino want?" not "What would be most pleasing to his memory as a political loader?" but "What is best for the success of tho party in tho fall ?" The friends of Blaino will go off in various directions. Pennsylvania will bo a unit for Mr. Conkling. Tho friends of Hayes in Ohio will stand by their Governor with renewed devotion in the hope that ho will be the Great Unknown. The Post Office peo ple will show renewed energy for tho radiant Je well, and there will be new strength for Bristow. The fall of Blaine and the man 1 ner of it will be an especial advantago for Bristow. It would not surprise us, as one of i the consequences of this thunder and light I ning canvass, if Bristow began from now to show himself a formidable candidate?so formidable, at least, that it will require a strong effort on the part of tho adminis- ! tration and tho machine republicans to beat him. This is a problem that must bo well considered by tho leaders. Bristow is a good man to fall back upon, and as a neg ative leader, with a summer lightning repu tation, he may have a valu6 at Cincinnati which will make him tho candidate of a troubled and weary party looking for a leader, and tailing in the men it knows and trusts, takes this new one from Kentucky in tho hopo that ho may blunder into victory. In other words, Bristow becomes an accidental candidate exactly as Andrew Johnson was at Baltimore when ho was nominated for the Vice Presidency with Lincoln. The a; Ivnnce of Bristow means also the advance of Mr. Washburne, of Illinois. Mr. Washburne has been from the first tho can didato with most available strength. We have felt that if this Convention was not drilled by tho leaders before tho meeting it would be apt to gravitate to Mr. Washburne. There seemed to be no better way out of tho quarrels of such candidates as Morton, Conkling and Blaine? quarrels which mako rivals enemies. While Mr. Conkling is justly the choice of General Grant for the succes sion Mr. Woshburno has claims upon the president which ho is too grateful to forget Whilo Grant may not liavo a first choice for Washburne he can never oppose him, nevor have anything but the kindest feelings lor him. So that while Mr. Wash burne will havo all tho advantage wh?ch comes from the support of tho party in power he will have also tho advantage and that is now of tremendous valuo? of having no connection with any of those misfortunes which have fallen so plentifully upon tho friends of Grant. Ho has been out of tho country, like Buchanan during the Kansas Nebraska troubles of Pierce. He has as good a record us a reformer as Bristow, and :s much tho letter as he is much the elder soldier. He fought corruption wlu n it was triumphant and arrogant; when it was mas ter of lx?th houses of Congress, wh?-n under the name of "subsidy" millions were taken from the Treasury to endow railway corpora tions A record in lavor of reform made under these circumstances is ten thousand tinx-s I more serviceable than a record made in tho j criminal courts of St Lonis and at the ex pense of the President and the party. So that Washburne will have as much of the Presi dent's sympathy and help us Conklingand as i niach of the reform element as Bristow. He 1 is a candidate who will unito every section : of the party from Boss Shepherd to Charles \ Francis Adams. For these reasons, therefore, we look npon Washburne as, next to Mr. Conkling, the leading candidate for the Presidential nomi nation. As lor Mr. Conkling, his chances j are immensely strengthened by the fall of [ Blaine. He hus the merit of hading the | courage and the discipline of tho party. ! He is the choice of the commanders of the I various contingents that form the repnhli- | can army. He has all the positive strength ; that comes from admiration for courage, | character and consistent devotion to the , interests of tho party. If it is said that he is a Grant man, and that his nomination means the indorsement of Grant's administration, it will be answered that any nomination at Cincinnati will have the same significance. But on all questions of fealty and duty his record is stainless. This is a great point in any canvass. It is that positive strength, which, after all. in a country where parties rule, must always command our respect. The republican j party, under the lead of Mr. Conkling. shows ' that it is not afrnid of its principles or of its record. It shows that it will not surrender a point in its history, that it has no apolo gies, no reservations, no compromise. This strength we much prefor to the indirect sup port of Bristow from malcontents and "re formers" and the negative strength of Wash- I burne, who, if he had remained in the country during tho administration of Grant, would now be as much of an administration man as Conkling or as much of a rebel us Kchurz. More than all, Mr. Conkling has the enthusiastic support of New York and the growing support of the country. Tho strong feature in his canvass is that tho more the party followers see of him the more they like him. In this Stato he has a republican support which no leader has had since tho time of Seward. Several days remain before the Convention meets, and in this thunder and lightning weather we do not know what reputation may be struck. It was only yesterday and ! we saw tho army of Blaine marching with massed and swelling columns to Cincinnati. Now his banner is in the dust. No man can say what a day may bring forth. But as the Held now looks Conkling leads the column, with Washburne gaining on him and the colors of Bristow stealing slowly to tho front. It may be, after all,that victory is declaring for the Great Unknown, whoso mystery is still unbroken. Our London and Paris Cable Letters. The topic of the day in England and France is the Eastern question, and in Eng land particularly, for that Power has sud denly Bprung into the position of one of the principal parties. As England has, in her own interest, taken the si _le of Moslem rule in Europe, we are not likely to hear much moro of the sufferings of the Christians of the revolted provinces, who are very good food lor pity so long as they do not kick holes in tho money bags of Lombard street, ond new virtues will just us suddenly bo discovered in the polygamous Turks, who, for all their bigotry, financial trickiness and dogged nnprogressiveness, stand just now as a check upon Russian aggrandizement. There is nothing brings out your virtues with a true Englishman compared to being on his pocket side. But it is as an Asiatic Power that England sends her powerful fleet to the Bosphorus and keeps her little handful of troops in readiness to march. She has to excuse her self as a European Power, and between her acts and her reasons for them there is an inconsequence, which, by keeping the fact of her Indian Empire before one, will disap pear. Her disingenuonsness is a geographic exigency. Leaving everything but her acts, open and covert, aside, she has tho best of the gaino so far, and the English press may well wonder at tho sud denness of the change and ask in a startled way what tho English Ministry havo in re serve to back up the position taken. They want light, and a few days will single the truth from the multitude of rumors afloat. It is reported that Russia, Germany and Austria will take 110 steps on the Berlin note until opportunity is afforded to see what course tho government of the new Sultun will take on tho subjects therein re ferred to. It is further reported that those three Powers have agreed to abandon their note entirely, and still further reported that England, Italy and Austria are secretly allied for mutual support in uny course they may collectively deem it proper to take with reference to Turkey. These re ports are inconsistent, but as their in consistency is principally -luo to the fact that they present Austria as practising a lit tle treachery or double dealing, and as Austria lias been exposed in that position before, their inconsistency does not prove that they are false. All that soerns certain is that England would not act without some support. Franco finds herself happily unembar rassed by the gravity of the situation. It is thought in Paris that war has been delayed a twelvemonth, and so the gay city turns with her wonted joy to the pleasures of art, literature and the drama, as if the world whs typified by the youth piping under the shade of tho beechen tree. To read tho list of new plays promised is just us refreshing to ordinary mortals as the news of the rally in Turks and the flatness in Russians was to the London stock brokers who had been in the depth of despair till Disraeli fished them ontattor his groat trans formation scene at Constantinople. The Ami me** Jo.k*y Cmt? opened the spring meeting at Jerome Park yesterday, and the event attracted a lnrgo number of our lovers of racing to that lK-autiful suburb of New York. To say that the sj>ort was all that eould be desired would bo only doing simple justice to the mnnngers. Trk Yaciitino 8kami* commences this week, and we give a description in to-day's IIeram) of the programme of the racon that will bo sailed by the fast schooners and sloops of the various clubs. Th? Democratic All political interest centres in the repub lican canvass mninly because the republi cans bold their Convention before the dem ocrats an.l the action of the St. Loni* pol iticians will be governed by the action of the Cincinnati politicians The democrats will nominate whoever the republicans compel them to take ; that is to say, there will be a candidate at St. Louis whose name will be the most useful in taking advantage of tlu> mistakes of the republicans. Thus, if the republicans had named Blaine the dem ocrats might almost have taken any one, as victory would have come with the exposures which, happily for the republicans, have been discovered before the election. Ab it now stands the danger of the republicans from Blaine will make them more than anxious about their candidate. This will react upon the democrats. It will tend to give the country a good President, whatever else may be done. As the democratic canvass stands Mr. Til den shows increasing strength. The con spiracy to destroy li in in his own State, o It hough it liaR assumed formidable propor- , tions, is meeting the fate of all conspiracies, from that against Ca sar down. It is seen that the only objections to Tilden aro selfish and personal. Some democrats do not like him because they think he has not yielded to their dictation. Others think that if he were President ho would do as he pleased with the patronage of the State and take no counsel from Tammany Hall. Others argue that li s record in 1848, when lie went with John Van Buren and the free soil democrats against the South, will hurt him with the Southotn people, who may be sensitive even now over the anti-slavery expressions of a democratic rebel in the last generation. Others take the eccentric ground that Mr. Tilden is to be slaughtered because he is op posed to certain railway schemes. I Under all this, however, the canvass of Mr. Tilden shows increasing strength. The criticisms upon his manner of managing his canvass which we observe in the interview with Governor Dix aro sound. It would be much better if the Governor were to fold his toga about him nnd, confining himself to Albany duties, allow the Presidency to come or go as it pleased. It would be better if his indiscreet friends remained at home. But we are not in a Roman age. Politicians will not seriously qunrrel with a statesman of whom the worst that can bo 6aid is that ho minds his business and sees that his in terests are neither overlooked nor de stroyed. In the democratic field, then, wo have Tilden leading, with Bayard and Hendricks challenging his supremacy. Bayard is op posed, even by those who admire his charac ter and his name and his noble lifo, on the ground that ho might bo a Bourbon and would carrv into the Presidoncy his predi lections for the South. But this is a great , injustice to one whose record during the war was that of a patriot and gentleman, nnd j who would as President see that tho inter ests of every section were respected. Hen dricks reprosents the elements in the demo cratic party which will lead it to ruin. His nomination would be nothing more than the alliance of the West and the South on tho platform of repudiation and revolution. If the friends of Tilden can put him on a good platform and givo him as Vice Presi dent a man who will satisfy tho West we do not see that they can do any bettor. They might enter the canvass with many chances of victory. It may bo that there is a Great Unknown in the person of General Hancock,, who seems to have a sudden and enthu siastic support in some parts of the South and West; or Joel Parker, of New Jersey, who has a splendid war record, if that is what the democrats aro after; or General Sherman, who might bo carried off into tho democratic camp by violence, as tho Romans carried off the Sabines ; or (ron ton of New England ; or, in an excess of magnonimity and virtue, Charles Francis Adams. The contingencies of the demo, cratic canvass aro as uncertain as those of tho other party. Although Uncle Samuel shows his well known equestrian power by keeping tho lead, thero may be a Great Un known or a "dark horse" to ride him down and pass the pole, as the Mineral colt did at the Derby lost week, to the annoyance and pecuniary discomfiture of many shrewd statesmen who had made books in other directions. Pulpit Topics To-Doy. Last Monday the Methodist preachers, in their weekly mooting, Appointed a commit tee to report on some form of notion in which the Methodists of this city can ex press their sentiments respecting the sale of liquor on the Sabbath in this city, 'l'hey agreed in part at the same time to preach a sermon on the subject as eurly as possible. To-day, therefore, many of them will speak out on this topic, though many more will wait to hear the report of their com mittee to-morrow. Mr. Harrow er will ask us what interest we have, if any, in the enforcement of the Excise law, Mr. Johns will cast out the liquor demon and make an appeal to his people in behalf of the Police Commissioners, who hare Already received the congratulations of mAny Christian bodies in this city. Mr. Hastings will also preach on temperance. Brooklyn pastors will take up the same gen eral theme and discuss it. While Mr. Rowell is demonstrating that all things are for the Christian's profit, and Mr. Thomas is looking ahead and encouraging his people to fidelity to Christ, and Mr. Moment is describing the morality of religion, and Mr. Mortyn is portraying tho lights and shadows of the metropolis, they are not likely to pass by in silence such a shadow and such a blemish on tho fair fame of our city as this. They, too, will lift their voices against Sabbath liquor selling. If, as Mr. Giles will show, true religion consists in a lite according to the commandments of God, intemperance and Sabbath breaking can have no purt in that life or religion. The Church that Mr. Seitz exalts cannot give forth her voice of joy when drunkards and Sabbath breakers are harbored within her fold. Nor could home or heaven bo light nnd cheerful were such characters as are indicated ad mitted tliere. Mr. Lightbourn will make that matter plain. Tho wonderful book that Mr. Lloyd will open to-day Is designed to tnrn men awav from auch I practices, and the blood of Christ, our j patwover, on their hearts like that of the ' paschal lamb on the Jewish doorposts will ' secure them salvation, rest and peace, ac cording to the Spirit's revelation in heaven, of which Mr. McCarthy will speak. Jesus ns a conversationalist will be set forth by Dr. Armitage; His preaching and life and Hi* changed countenance will be presented by Mr. Hopworth, who, this morning, will add about fifty communicants to the mem bership of his church and thereby strengthen bin hands for the saloof his house of worship to-morrow. Mr. Hatfiold will introduce our first parents to his congregation. Mr. Jatten will tell us how much the world owes to Baptists, and at the same time, perhaps, how much Baptists owe to the world. Mr. Bishop and Mr. Leavell will expose the jugglery commonly called Spiritualism. Mr. Snow will describe the new heaven and the new earth which God is to create when these old ones give out, and Mrs. Schertz will treat of the ingathering of Israel into the life eternal. Religion* Press Topics. Manifestly the Sabbath question as relatod to tlie Centennial Exhibition iH one of great importance to the editorial mind of onr re ligions contemporaries, seeing that many of them indulge in comments thereon. The Christian InidHgencer thinks the conflict be tween the Sabbatarians and .the non-Sab batarians has assumed national propor tions, and that the newest efforts to forco the Commission to open the Exhibition grounds and buildings on the Sabbath by its very boldness surpasses every other, and by its exceptional occasion and circumstnnces touches the religions life of our whole people and will make a new era in the his tory of the American Sabbath. The Intel lbjeneer thinks Archbishop Wood, of Phila delphia, is a blind guide in his conception of the obligations of the Sabbath. The Catholic Standard, of Philadelphia, warmly indorses the anti-Sabbath meetings, speeches and resolutions, and points out the incon sistency of closing the Exposition and leav ing the liquor saloons open. Those who crowd the latter would be innocently enjoy ing themselves in the Centennial grounds, were they permitted to be, instead of pro faning the Sabbath in drinking saloons and other places of like character. The Episco pal Methodist, of Baltimore, hopes the Cen tennial Commission will adhere unflinch ingly to the resolution to keep the grounds closed, and under no plea whatever allow themselves to be inveigled into what might properly be regarded as a national desecra tion of the Lord's Day. The plea that the Exhibition will not pay unless it be opened on the Sabbath is to reduce a great moral question to a mere monetary standard. But, adds this journal, if the God of our fathers is not recognized in the consti tution of the country, let Him at least be honored in the hearts and habits of our people. The Independent indi cates some of the material, commer cial and political benefits of tho Exposition. It is the first World's Fair ever held in a re public, and its success has proven the grandost demonstration of republican possi bilities that tho world has ever known. It offers tho strongest inducements to Euro peans that thoy will ever have to visit our conntry and study our institutions, con cerning which they know bo little. It will give an opportunity for an interchange of opinions between our own and European scientific rrorkers, and it will make us more familiar with our own resources and give us a new impulso of patriotism. The Ermnincr awl Chronicle s:\vs there are two Sabbath questions?one in relation to the Centennial Exhibition and the other to liquor selling in this city?and both are settled. But strenu ous efforts aro being put forth to unsettle them. But the Ermnimr cannot think there is any danger of a reversal of the wiso and righteous decision in both cases. The Texos Christian Advocate thinks the utter disregard of the Sabbath indicates more clearly than anything else we encounter tho great de pravity of the ago in which we live. Sunday has ceasod to be a day of rest; it is no longer devotod to the worship and glory of God. The Church and tho beer garden aro tho rivals of this age, and while one begs the serious reflections of tho rockless sojourner in this changing sphere, tho other calls to him to come and drink and make merry with those who have risen above the wisdom of Solomon and have satisfied themselves that there is no God. The Tlehreic Leader and tho Jewish Times are very naturally more interested in tho proposed theological seminary which the Israelites of this city and vicinity purpose to found. The necessity for such an institu tion is deeply felt, and the Lexuler regrets that so little interest is manifested by the congregations in providing hinds for it. Touching the Presidential election, the Christian Union has a tentative article on Minister Washburne as tho "great unknown" who is likely to get the republican nomina tion. The it'ihodint thinks the political parties are less evenly l>alanced now than they were in January, and that the advantage of the intervening mouths lius l>oen to the repub licans. But, looking at tho hotly contested raco of candidates, and without expressing preferences for any candidate, the Vnkm be lieves that good men will l>c placed in nomi nation by both parties, leaving us a choice of principles, which is a most desirable state of things. . Manter by Apotlirearls*. Tho children have a hard time of it in the city, especially the children of the poor. Compelled to run the gauntlet of a largo number of maladies oxc?*edingly fatal it is often a mero toss up whether such medical attendance its they get is a greater help or hindrance to recovery. Death is in many instances, perhaps, a logical and necessary result of the prescription, oven when faith fully and accurately prepared. But when inevitably fatal maladies have taken their proportion, when those whoso diseases aro not necessarily fatal aro likely to escapo from under tho hands of clumsy and incapable practitioners, there is still a further dunger. For tho little troop that has esea|>ed so many troubles the blundering apothecary lies in wait. He is not altogether a new evil. Men and l>oys, carefully putting certain death into little bottles and labelling them healing remodics. have flourished in nearly all times, and ev?? the modern legislation contrived to protect people from such scourges is not of great ex tent But like all other minatory legislation, it is effective against the evil aimed at only where it is put in force. Consequently it ia not effective in this city, where it can, per haps, he proved, if all other defences fail, thai the apothecary was insane. In the presenl state of our low it is forbiddon for any unqualified person to dispense medicines as an apothecary, and if death results from the use of medicines dispensed by such unquali tied person the offence is a felony and may bo punished by a fine of from one to live thousand dollars or by imprisonment for from two to four years. Doubtless tha penalties are as heavy us could be morally justified in the case. But when are they applicable? Not simply when death resulti from an apothecary's blunder, but only when death results from such a blundei made by a person not properly qualified. What is the law's standard of qualification 1 The person must have a diploma from a college of pharmacy or he must hav? been apprenticed to an apothecary for two years. If he is thus qualifiod the law is not violated, and where the law is not violated there are no penalties. In the case now bo fore the public, therefore, if the apothecary can prove that his son was his apprentice foi two years he escapes the law, except in sc far as he may feel its pressure in a civil suit for damages. It is one of the presumptions of our system of law that events liko thfl killing of a child by an apothecary'* blunder provides its own remedy in the fact that it ruins the apothe cary's business. But alas ! the public for gets very readily. Moreover, our public is a movablo quantity. In a few years the whola neighborhood will change, or in less time the apothecary will go to another corner and take, perhaps, a better start. As liquor deal ers are licensed by the Excise Board, apoth ecaries should be licensed by tho Board of Health, and a death caused by a blunder should permanently retire the licenso of the establishment from which the medicine waa sold. Th? Seleetlo* of the American Rtfl? Team. As the object of the competitions for place* on the American liifle Team is to secure tho very best shots in the country it is but just that tho utmost liberality, combined with good sense, should rule. Hence we heartily agree with the decision of the joint commit tee on Friday to widen tho conditions, so as to give certain good shots another chance for a place, who would under tho conditions first declared be ruled out. In face of tho formidable competitors who are to come here from Ireland, Scotland and Canada, it would be folly to stand on any strict con struction which might not insure tho very highest skill avnilablo. Tho decision of tho committee allows eight of tho marksmen in the contests of lost Wednesday and Thursday in addition to the sixteen highest on the list to compete next Tuesday, and as Colonel Bodine was preventod by bodily injury from entering last week we have no doubt that way will also be cheerfully mado for "Old Reliable," the hero of two American victories, to attest his right to a place. To this end wo call tho attention of tho committoo to his case. Tho result of tho first competitions has been in many respects a surprise. That General Dakin heads the list on both days with fine scores on each shows that he is still worthy of the place he took at Dollymount. It is, however, striking that of the old teams and reserves only Dakin, \alo, Ballard, Bruce and Fulton appear among the sixteen, while elevon places aro taken by new men. Tho most remarkablo of these is Mr. Rathbone, a gentleman well past fiftj years, who began to shoot last summer and who stands second on tho list. He is likely to be a tough customer to dislodge. Mr. Hyde, fourth on tho list, is also one of tha long range men who began last yoar. An derson and Wasliburne aro reliable shots, not always of tho highest grade, but if they win a place on the team will keep up to their work. Mr. Jewell is at times a brilliant shot, but has his unaccountablo fallings off. Mr. Overliaugb, although new to long rango, lias been shooting all his lifo and will un doubtedly bo heard from hereafter. Mr. Gray is a Boston rifleman, modest about his merits, but of good promise. Colonel Shaffer, of Chicago, who was last but ono o! the sixteen, as ho becomes accustomed tc the Creedmoor atmospheric conditions will undoubtedly do better, and is a coming man. The gradual appearance of strong shots from parts of the country outside New York is especially gratifying. The extension of tho list to twenty-four will bring in such men as Farwoll, Webber and Can field, who are certainly unlikely to fall so low this week as last. It looks altogether as if w? chould have a strong team. Tfee Rights of an American Citizen* Wo believe tlint tho two eminent lawyer* wlio have advised Mr. Blaino to assert his rights as an American citizen, and to resist to the lost extremity any demand for the surrender to the Congressional Committee of tho letters lie obtained from tho witness Mul lignn, have made a mistake. Nothing that those letters could show conld prove so damaging to the ex-Speaker as tho conceal ment of their contents from the pnblic. As a Presidential candidate Mr. Blaino may be regarded as already ont of tho field. Hit nomination is scarcely more probable than that of Gmnt or Belknap or Babcock. Tho question now to be studied by him is how best to save his former good reputation from unnecessary stain, and we believe that this oan be better done by a bold, opon course than by withholding letters, of which he obtained possession in a questionable manner, under tha shallow pretence of "asserting his rights as an American citizen." No person is so simplo as to snpposo that if tho Mulligan letters were not damaging to Mr. Blaino their surrender to tho committee would bo resisted "to the lost extremity." l'ublie imagination will bo certain to make the suppressed lettors even more objectionable than they probably are, nnd Mr. Blaino must boar in addition tho odinm of having obtained possession of them by a trick and a decontion. Honce we do not think thai

Other pages from this issue: