Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 5, 1876, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 5, 1876 Page 3
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Ominous Gathering of Alarming Ru mors on the Eastern Question. THE KHEDIVE AND THE NEW SULTAN. Servia Refusing to Acknowledge Mourad Effendi. GORTSCHAKOFF 111RITATED. Anitria and England?Raiser Willie I m and Bltmarek to Confer. BEtvtLK THE COUP D'ETAT IN TURKEY. Ex-Minister Bolter Upon the Struggle of Cross and Crescent. [maUL DXU>i.TCH TO THE HERALD BX CABUfc] London, Jane 4, 1870. The Daiiv News' special despatches from Alexan dria, Berlin, Vienna, Rome and Purls sound more than usually alarming. Tsi KSKorrs's relations toward thi new SULTAN. The Alexandria correspondent says that Murod EfltendL, the Saltan of Turkey, Is an old enemy of His Highness the Khedive of Egypt. AFRAID TO DO PERSONAL HOMAGE. It Is not likely, therefore, that ,the Khedive will risk his life by personally presenting himself in Constantinople to do homage to the new ruler of the Ottoman Empire. SKi:VIA REMAINS RECUSANT. The Berlin despatch says tit at Servia will not re cognize the new Saltan. RUSSIA AND ENGLAND. The Vienna papers say that Prince OortschakolT is greatly Irritated, attributing the occurrence of the Turkish revolution to English intervention DISRAELI'S SUGGESTIONS. Prom Vienna comes a report that the British Gov ernment recently suggested that the warfare which Is being waged against the Turks in Servia and Mon tenegro should 1m treated as a breach of the peace of Europe committed by Russia. AN AUSTRIAN PROJECT OP ALLIANCE. The A'true Freie prease, of Vienna, advocates as English-Austrian alliance. THE KA1SKR AND BISMARCK. Kaiser William, of Germany, accompanied by Prince Bismarck will arrive at Ems on Thursday. ? COHSTTTCTION FOB TUBXEY. Coxstaxtinopu, Jane 4, 187ft, The Porte Is drawing up a very liberal constitution, ll seven clauses, which will soon be promulgated. AX MtOTiTKH ADHIBAL IMSPECTXMQ THE FOBTI fzcatxonb of the da.bdanul.leh. Los don, Jane 5, 1876. The Standard'* Vienna correspondent says letters frta Constantinople assert that Vice Admiral Sir fames Drummond, commanding the British fleet in the Mediterranean, has undertaken an inspection of the fortifications of the Dardanelles at the request of the Porte. THE TURKISH COUP D'ETAT. JL CONCIBB AM? CLEAB FXCTCBB OF THB COM I DXXXOX OF THB ORIENT?THB CAUSES OF THB REVOLUTION?AM UNFLATTBBINO ACCOUNT OF THB MBW BCLBB?THB AFPBOACHINO DOWN FALL OF THB CBB8CBNT?THE 8VBTEM OF GOVERNMENT AMD MOT THB STJLTAM BZ BPONBIBLE. ruiLADKLPHiA, Juno 4, 1876. Desiring to obtain some light on the foggy subject of Turkish politics, 1 called yesterday upon Hon. Ueorge H. Boker, lato United Statos Minister to Russia, who has recently returned to his home in this city, as ooo of the tew persons on this sido of the Atlantio at all eapable ol yielding such light. Mr. Boker has bad special opportunities for becom ing acquainted with the true Inwardness of the Eastern question, as well from bis residence at St. Petersburg? where, as we all know, the affairs or tho ' sick man" nrcj regarded with a peculiarly tender Interest?as through his sojourn at tho metropolis of the Ottoman Empire as our Minister to that nation previous to his ippoininient to the Russian mission. I met Mr. lloker at his lavurito resort, the aristo cratic Philadelphia Club, of which he was long tlmo president, his untural adability not at all disturbed by ii^iulgouoo In ono of tho fameti dinners of tho cluU Sealing bimseli beside mo the poet and diplomat began an interesting and pleasant conversation concerning his observations in tho land of tho crescent sad the recent revolution which cost AllDl'L AX1X his throne. He was uot surprised at the transfer Of tho reins of power from tho bands of tho latter to thoso of Mund Ktlendl. A year boloro ha left Con Itaiitinoplo, about a year since, the probability of an Intrigue to bring about sucb a change wai freeiv talked of and regarded with general fUvor. Abdul Axis had long becu extremely unpopular, and was execrated by the people with vory little icur ot tho consequences of their blasphemy of their prophet's succosnir. "A fear and a hair ago," said Mr. Uoker, "I rnudo a trip through tbo Interior, and found this loeling even more Intensified and more openly expressed than in Constan tinople. The coudition of the country was fearlul, in dustries of all kinds prostrated, tho peoplo ground to the very dost by the heavy taxes, everything at a stand still, and everywboro Abdul Axis was bitterly eursed ss the author of ali their Ills " TIIS KKW St'LTAIV. Mr. Boker did net believe, however, that the situa tion would bo at all improved uuder tho new Sultan. The fault is in tbo s)?teraof uovernment and uot iu the man. Mursd had been adopted by tho uow Turk ish parly as a sort of figurehead or standard, around which to rally as a iieiluilo point, and personified sen. ttmeui to catch the national feeling. He had novor Im pressed him as a u.au of special ability or strength of sharactor. At this point in the cunvcriaiiou Mr. Iioker's son, ulio had been an attache of the legation uuder his lather at Conslautioopie und St. Petersburg, catno in sad banded him an illus> rated paper couuuiliig a pic ture of the new Sulian. commending it us a good like Boss, iu which Mr. Boker, Sr., concurred. "1 liavo leva him frequently," said ha *'lt is like blin, tud expresses his ch iracter fully. It is anything but a strong fare. Weakness uud Irresolutiou aro plainly ?ppuieni there and I believe his roign will exhibit tho?e qualities. Ho lias this advantage over Abdul .Aziz, that his education has been more liberal. He speaks Kronch and understands more of Kuropenn goveru ineut, policy und social characteristics tliau did his predecessor, whose education and bent ot mind were strictly Oriental aud exclusive," TIIK *KW TlKKISU I'AKTY. A leading mind lu the rconi revolution was Mid hat PaOia, really the chiei of tho uuw T ark Mil party of uli.cti Murad Knetidi was tho ostensible representative Midhal Paiha was formerly lirmid Vizier, but at tempted some rolorms in the Sultan's private aSsits Which soon brought lain into disgrace. The iaei is, there is no chance lor the lleltan to effect reforms in tho Kovcrnnviit u at present ootllV tiiti'd, even If he po<s<'ss<-s the will aud ability to at lenipi lUcm. "Ihcre is no puMSbility of an improved condition until there is a radical change in the system ?I government and uatli the dultan takes an actual part in it, as be doca not now. Ho la really the head of tbo Mohasuinudan faith, the descendant of thu fro. pbet, a bort ot grand llauiu, who is ul.uost tie i dud and Ik altogether too sacrod a being to descend to the consideration of tho temporal alTalraot the nation ho ta supposed to govern. The Grand Vuler la tho actual ruler, and governs m tho servant of tho ciulian. The latter baa nothing to do with the details of government, and does not even pre side at the meetings of his Ministers, lie 1s thus in utter Ignorance of what 1a coitig on in bis domiuions. and It la easy to sco what abuses arc possible, in fact iiicvluble, under such a system. OOOO UOVCKNHKNT IS AX IMPOSSIBILITY under it. When any serious hitch occurs in the ma chinery tba Sultan simply changes his Grand Vizier. The new official comes into oflice, denounces the abuses and incompetency of hia predecos sor, i discharges his aateliuea. surrounds himw'if with hia own creatures and follows studiously in his dootsteps. Tbo wholo political, financial aud social system of Turkey is corrupt and rotten to tho core, and the country virtually bankrupt, nationally und indi vidually. Industry of all kinds la dead. Turkey Is now a purely agricultural country, Iter onco profitable manufactures having been destroyed by her injudicious treaties with European powers; but It Is impossible lor a wan to live honestly by agriculture. AH TO TQK SOTTAS, who have played so prominent a part in tho revolu tion, they are simply a religious caste?theological students, they might bo called, embracing all claMct and supported t'rorn tbe Immense revenues of tho mosques. Tbey are In preparation to enter tbo Mo hammedan priesthood, and their reputed sanctity gives them largo lnllaonce with tbe liuiatical populace. Acting with them were numbers of the lower order of priests, whose iniluenco is In propor tion to their ignorance and fanaticism. Their loader, Sheilc-ul-lalam, signifying tbo head or chief of Mohammedanism, la the spiritual head of tbe nution under the Sultan, as tho Grand Vizier is the temporal head, but like tbe latter is subject to removal by tho Sultan. UatUcd by tho soltas, und behind thorn by the minister*, however, Sheik-ul Islam wus ubio to first compcl the Sultan to radical concessions and Anally to demund his abdication. Such was the condition of public feclir.g that what with the universal discontent of the populace under their burdens, the desire of the uew Turkish purty (or a change of policy, the fanaticism of tho soltas aud the Intrigues of tho Ministry, tho revolution culmi nated through a thorough ripening process. Anything for a change, tbo old cry ol' tho tlcklo Grecian popu lace. was uttered by the Sultan's subjects with a de cided show ot reason, and TUB Tl'USING POINT was reached when the Sultan refused to assist tbe coin try m its desperate llnuncial strait out of bi? immense prlvaio resources, wrung as this money en from Impoverished labor. Tho r?e&n? by uhi:liiu Accumu lated this Immense sum or tl<X>' ? o *.he condi tion of the country was c:v< i-t ?? t : v ?rientul. Wbon he dosirod a car. . i\ .nouey he would order tho Grand ;<jrtb willi. No excuse was acct - id If i not spoedily forthcoming tho see deposed. Consequently his Gi . ' . -us lomod to keep him in a good h Its of money wbich thoy wore bou or bow, Irom an overburdened Tbero Is no system In tho proct ers, aud tbo budget is u mere sbi has any confidence. rau ukrzkgovi.sa.v was an evidence ot tbo weakness -management of tho Sultan's government, but had no special bearing on the racent event, nor was thure anything In tho Salomon outbreak Indicative of aught beyoud tho uni versality of that spirit of fanaticism prevalent in Mohammedan communities, which, however deeply it may appear to slumber, is ever quick to awako into lierce activity when onco aroused. BEFOBE THE COUP D'ETAT. Constantinople, May 23, 1876. So many reasons have combined to postpone tho so lotiou of tho Eastern question that even a prince without any royal virtue, like the present Sultan. Ab dul Axis, has L> ou enabled to hold the Incoherent lab ile of tbo OUuiaau Empire togothor dp to the present writing. But there are now signs that ail iho com ponent parts of It in Europe, at least, aro lolling irom his grasp. The Sultan has no money, which is the groat support of modern sovereigns, ana there Is no rosolato and capable man about him whom he can trust, and who Is interested in the maintenance of his dynasty. Moreover, ho is a coarse, vulgar-mindod old fellow, who has given personal otlence to several people whom he would have coucillatod if he had boen wise. Ue turned his back in an extreuioly insolent manner on the Emperor of Austria, when his brother sovereign paid him a neighborly visit at Constanti nople, and ho did many impertinent things during his travels in Europe. Among other lndiscrotions he went to loggerheads with peoplo who had been civil to the Khedive, op wnox iik is jealous; and the Khedive, haviug bought up half the b.uropcaa I crmanont officials who aro to be purchased, has raised up a host of enemies against tbo Sultau. The day dream ol that clever and vigorous race of bundlts, which was founded by Melicmot Aly, and which Is now seated on the throne of the Pbaroabs, is to transfer tbo scat o( their government to StambouL They havo done frroator things than that. The direct descendant ot a man w ho started in Ideas a podler In tobacco aad ended It as inastor of Egypt, may well bo expected to extend bis authority from tho banks of tho Nile to those of the liosphorus if he bends his mind to the task. It must not be forgotten that TUB KHEDIVE HAS ALMOST UNLIMITED COMMAND OF MONET. whereas tho Sultan has none. Again, some of tho ablest aud shrewdest men in Europe would befriend the Khedive and Join him In aoy government specula tions liiteiy to fill all tboir pocKots. Lot ns note well that tbo dethronement of the Sultan and the transfer of bis dominions to the Khedive would ploaso an iu iluite variety of peoplo. It would delight Turkish bondholders, because tho national debt of Turkey might bo easily paid if tho resources of the Ottoman Empire were udininisterod with even a doceut knowledge of finance, and tho Khcdlvo has much more than that. Ho Is, perhaps, tho best llusiidcr now living ou earth. H would pleaso tho Mobainmo dans ol Asia, who are very numerous; It would please tho Towers, because it would practlcally?maiiitain tho tlatu gun, which nil ol theiu desire to maintain; it would render tho tuttlemcni of the revolt on the Han. ube easy, because tho Kliedlve, become Sultan, would give any guarantees for good govei uiuent required ot him, and lie would bo able to perform his promises of amendment, which tho Sultan Is not able to perform. ir THE MULT AN IS KILLED in a popular or lu a religious tumult (a very probablo occurrence, by the way) there will he an eud of a trou blesome and ignorant mun, who has spent all his reign In tickling hi* appetite*. If ho survives Ills dcthroue , inent a moderate ]>ciision should be uiodo to suffice a I suusunllst who bus been lor years misapplying tho goods ol his people, and who lound untold wcslth too llttlii lor him. Mercy would giro him souic'.hiug; Jus tice would suggest that ho should livo on fifty cents a day and etrn them. TUB DYNASTY. There is no solution which will satisfy tlio contend ing wants of the friends and enemies of Turkey bat a change ol dynasty, snd every ono who kuows the i Khedive of Egypt will be disposed to agree that be Is 1 tho handiest. If not the host man to fill tbo vacant ; throno ol Constantinople till tho population of tho 1 latvant are sufficiently educated to lortu a conledera i 11on of freo Mot oi. VOHEIUX INTERESTS. Neither Russia nor Austria want to enter on a policy | of annexation toward Turkey, nor do they waut a num I bnr of quarrelsome independent principalities like the I old ]ieliy Dukedoms of Italy and Germany upon their j Iroutler-:, each with a separate colli ago and hostile I custom houses tending to tho destruction ol all trade I up or down the Danube. Russia wants to sell hor corn, I her hide*, her tallow and her woo!. Austria wants a Ireo outlet for horses, sheep, swine, wioe, tohscco and i a hundred other articles of export. A large Turkey 1 suits both Russia and Austria better than a small >1110; ' and as lor the vat t political designs attributed to the j Cabinets of SL Tetor-hur^ and Victim, those who be lieve in theiu must have ailmlted ktioWtedgo, indeed, of I atatecralt and the motives that guide it Both Austria ! and Kussia, moreover, are too big alroady and show in 1 ternal symptoms of breaking up. Russia has Finland, | Toiand and the shores of the Value, beside the Cau easui, to Iroublu her, without court lug new row* with ruiubustical I urk*. ivmu in on too oneasy terms with Hungary, Croatia and Bo hemia to lovo tlio notiou of adding a lot oi Monteregnn* and Horxegovtnsns to her malcontents. They would pay no taxe* rave on compulsion, and would tx always makings noiso in iho English newspaper*. What Ru? buu or Austrian man would be the better lor the break up or annexation of Turkey to either powerf The Czar or tlio Kaiser? Not they. Wbo, then, would profit by such event*'' Tbo answer is, nobody; but many good ihinss might bo got out of tho LLSVAIlo.V or TUK kllKUIVS and many nioro out of tbo improvement In Turkish trade and International communication which would result from It. For instance, Count Lambert, one of tho moat Intimate pergonal friends, favorites and cronies of tho Russian Cutar. hu an estate wbiea would bo quadrupled in value by the permanent pacifi cation of the Lower Danube, aud there is many a chum of the Kaiser aud fellow coumrymau of Couut Andrussy in exactly the same position. Emperor* aud their ministers are very likoothor people?they usually act upon tbo advieo of thoir Iriends, and these friends are soldoui wauling lu a careful consideration lor their own interest Tun OKSTSl'CTIO.* Of TIIK OTTOMAN KHriKS would ruiu Tolstoy and Manoukboy. Lambert and Slrogonoff, Pawlowski aud Holier, Brodsky and Wo rouzow wittt all tho great Southern llussiau landowners. It would bring nothing but tid ing of disaster to Esterbuzy aud the magnates of Hungary. Everything is po.siblo, aud it is, there fore, uot impossible that Russia aud Austria may bo forced by tho march of events to take part in the dts meiuboruient of Kuropeuu Turkey aud the creation of a now furkish Empire, with llugdad for its capital, but they will assuredly not do so it tbey can avoid it. TUt KVKNTS AT SALOXICA. There is no older story current In tbo Levant ! than the cock-and-bull tale about a Christian virgin ' who has been either forcibly made a Mohamiuedau or wbo has been induced by tome gay Mussulman de ceiver to forswear her religion. The mouey w hich able Athenian editors must havo inudo out of reprints of this sensational fiction (sometimes Illustrated, some times plain) would loot up to a turn bulll C|ent to make au important reduction in tho Turkish national dobt Tlio facts or such cases, however, when divested of imaginative coloring generally resolve thomsolves Into ttieso:?L Nino Minus In tea It turns out that there Is uo Christian maid, no forcible conversion, no arna tory Turk, aud tho whole bumnoss 1a Invented to Ull a spare column iu a news sheet wbeu politics aro dulL i It souictiflie* happens that u Greek or Armenian woman has beeu halt beaten to death by her family or Christian friends, and has sought refuge In tho house of a hospitable Mussulman. 3. It now and then chances that a Creek or Aruienluu femaJe of no char acter visits a Turkish gentleman with strictly com mercial views, aud if she does uot realize the trade prollis which !>bo and her connections have auticipaled slio makes a ?'shindy" and declines to go home. LKAKNKb MS*, WHO KNOW NoTUINO of tbo Creeks since tne tune of 1'erlclea; students of history, who have gleaned their lntolligenco from the poetry of Lord Byrou, will uot readily admit that the race which tliey nave been taught to admire is now ex tinct '1 be ancient Greek, indeed, was a queer follow lie was wnat his climaic uia '.o liui?a gossip, who lived cinelly the m .. j aud louud his eu tert sioa> u poisoning Socrates or ban-sbmg .?risi s as tin humor suited huu. Tne modern Grook ( tias . the gad about, talkative qualities ol the content- ! pora-iee ui St l'aul and only diOers from bim in respect to this incideut in his biography, viz., that ho is not a Creek at all. Uo will cull himself Epamtuouda* or Sophocles as toon as took at you, und his wife, though a fierce bigot in religion, will vobomeutly assert ibut , her Christian uamo is Apftrodite, which Is not a Chris tian name at all; but the actual dwellers iu Thessaly, Tbraco, Kpirus, and those on bothabore* of tho Euxine, aro a mixed breed ol Ceuoese, Veuetians aud Asiatics, further adulterated with the worthless Northern aud ; Western adventurers wno were aiuoug the camp follow ers of tho Crusaders. and remained behind in the East when men of means and roepecUbiliiy wunt home. COXMKKC1A1. INVKIItSTS. What happened at Salonicu probably originated Vn ? commercial euterprise. It i* not even alleged that tho Bulgarian g'rl of Avzot Uissar was constrained by vioienco to embrace Islainism. aud, If sbo did so at all, there is no doubt that sbo actod of her owu iroe will. There are, however, circumstance* which render hor conversion inoro than problematical, and the only alleged proof of it is one which would satisly none of the laws or ovidencc. It is statod that ' she wore the Turkish mantlo and voiL" That la to say alio was hidden in a linen cloak and baudage which left no part of hor face or tigure visible, aud whuih caused hor to resemblo a walking bundlo or clothes, or a Turkish woman in tbo ordinary eostuiuo or her couutry. Now, supposing It possible that she had an eye to business rather than religion, and that sbo wus about to trest a question ol sale or barter with the Vali or Covernor Ceuerul of Sulomcu Sho certainly could not havo visited His Excellency's houso In any oilier dre?* but that which sbo ba<l on. It was at her own request, moreover, rhui threo cavasses or guards of honor in the personal service or i tbo Governor Cener.il, accompanied her to his resi- | deuce, aud It appears, as lur us men or lh? world can understand or sanction such rioinus, that there was nothing in such au event to cull for consular interior- ' ence. Perhaps the girl wanted A 1'LAI'S FOR ItkR KATIIKH OK KRK HUOTHKK. The jiulgariitu Chrlstiuu*. like uiunv or tlieir coreli gionists in other countries, are extraordinarily eager alter pub'le employments, and a Pasha wnb threo tails I has much patronage. 1'orliaps sho wanted to be? her ; family off some arrears or taxes. Perhaps?but there I is no end to conjecture; aud, therefore, tho less said I ; about the object ol her visit to our now acquaintance. Mebemet Releel l'ashu, the better. LOCAL CHKIST1 AMITY. Hero it must bo obsorved that vlolont measures wero I first taken, not by tho Turks, but by tho local Christ ians. About 150 of them got together, as idle vaua bonds will at tnuos. and, havinit nothing else to to do ' began lo tear the clothes of llie Pasha's visitor o? her ' back. A crowd of Mussulmans then Interfered and j cuffed thoir head?, aa n crowd ol Now Yorkers ml"ht have done if they ?aw u uoman mishandled bv reason ! or her Cuiuc.se dras-". Tho next step in th? affair only briugs u Into the domain or international law. Sotno foreign consuls busiou themselves overmuch iu it Now, the capitulations ot Turkey with the Christian l States give loruign consul* so much authority that it often makes them tlnsy. There was. not long ago a-i Consul wbo had his dinner served to the sound'or trumpets, and Coraular freaks havo long been a scandal throughout the OUomuu Empire. Yet many toroign nations anil g., ou appointing nameless Levantine* to the great Judicial consulates ol th? Levant, and youth* with tho know ledge and uppoaratioo Of liupiais do place at Italian ho tels aro constantly Invested Willi inure than prsfoc- i toral power over cohslderablo population. It is to be ' remarked thai Mr. ttlunl, ill* Kngllaii Couiul whose lather was consul at Salomca l.oloro Inm, resolutely re- I 'used to inioriero. The F ranch and German consul* I did interior?, and mot thoir deaths in tho riot tboy thus provoked. THJC CASK Of SUV IT. There Is strong reason to belioro llial the Khedive i bits been Jobbing freely in his owu bonds, aud that I* 1 Iwd liuaneierng lor the public credit of Egypt bow- ! over proiiiable it may havo boon to him. The creditor* ot Egypt, however, hove uo reason for alarm M Ferdinand do U'Bseps and every other statosinsn who ! possesses a competent kuowledge of tbo resource* of Est.vpl would promptly reus<uro any ono who Jnight ! I consult luemas to llie solvency or the country r? re ! sources aro ibexbsMtible, and lis debt in comparatively , small. There will always, however, recur |?srioiucal i | panics among tho dea ers in Euypllau securities as long I i as the ivliedivo holds alisoiuto power ever tho revenue. ! His Higiihess is u very ahurp customer. Few indeed : are tho buns managers aud financier* ot Europe who httv u keener scent lor money or a more vigilant eye lor flgarea than this Oriental potentate, lfony a capi tullal irotn the .North and Wesl has visited the Isinks ol the .Nile lor the purpo-<'s of sboep shearing, liguraiivcly s|>oaking, and hu Inm gone home shorn. The Khc iite is one oi the richest men. ir not th* richest mau in the world Hud those wle. havo enjoyed an opportunity #ot measuring wits with buu nave added more lo tliolr I experience than to their sell-osteviu wheu Ihoy addod up tbc result. Now as to ti:k rtXAXciAL comiissiojt 1 which has b<>on appointed lo superintend the kbodive'a cash box; If the stock exchanges of Europe aro satis fied wuti it iho Khedive win have cause for displeasure. I M. Vtliet, Herr Kiamcr and rtiunor Baravelli ure no I doubt business men wtth an excollonl opiniou ol their i own abilities Iho Khedive will put theui all in a b ig i together, and mshake tliom up in m that ihe clear, hard I beads or il?o adm rable bnainoas men w ul l?e knocked I together likom?rnloa. Frooahly three week* hence, j po*klt?v four, tliey will have got e?cb other firmly by the ears, und over moro l>o heard quarrol.lng under tho ( migh'.v shadows <d mo Pyramids. They will tot about ? exercising tliolr mfluenco perhaps noxt week, and tho Khedive will givo a biggish sop iu hi* pan to ono of them, whereat rus 0T1IK* TWO WILL WAX F.KRCK. Should tbev not bo liorcofucugh the KUedivd will givo 1 \ i!l?t and Kramer all ib?*v H.mt iindlouvo Humvulliout 1 i In llie cold, or bo will Iced lal the desires ot Baravelli and ( Kramer while he condemns tbo.c of Villello perish; or ho will dellafet the souls of Vlllet and Baravelli I while I,u torturos thai ol Kramer. Tho wt es ol Orleutal ; Iulers are strung"!? ingenious, and we mav prhpaie lor charges and counter charge-, oilicial rep.rU and Par- 1 11 amen l?ry IsioKs without end, besides letier* to tho Uowsiatpers all about the wrangling and mistakes ol tbo Financial Comint?<oh, itie memi>er-i o: winch will not even be on speaking terms with ea. h oilier. It does not signify; Egypt can pay Iter dobt snd will | do so, fin? i est in more niixicituuv iu vtur ti lur u | mo worm *i iariro u conccrned. ABDUL-AZIZ. The Dethroned Sultan Dies By His Own Hand. HE OPENS THE VEINS OF HIS ARM. Turkish Official Announcement of the Tragedy. SKETCH OF HIS LIFE AND REIGN. Cokstantinoplz, June 4, 1870. It Is officially announced that the ex-Sultan aihIui Aziz committed .suicide this (Sunday) morning by opening the vein* of his arm with u pair of seldom. TH* OFFICIAL announcement?AM IMPERIAL FU'NEBAL TO BB OlYKM xi1e REMAINS. Wasiiinuton, June 4, 1876. The Turkish Minister of Horeigu Affairs iuw ad dressed the following telegram to the Turkish Minis ter at Washington:? SUICIDE Will LB OK UNSOUND MIND. Constantinople, June 4, 1876. A sad event has Just painfully aifcctcd our august Sovereign and bis government. Abdul Aziz Khan, the late Sultan, who for some time past, unfortunately, gave evident signs of mental derangement, having locked him self up this morning in his apartments of the 1'aluce of Tcheragan, committed suicide by opening the veins of his arms with scissors, which he had concealed on his person. AN INQUIRY ORDERED. The Imperial government hastened to cause all the legal inquests (coustatlon) to be made, also a de tailed medical report, which will bo forwarded to you very soon. TBR funeral. All the Ministers, the high officers, both civil and military, will be present at the funeral of His Majesty, which will take place with the accustomed pomp and honors due to the deceased, whoso body will be laid in the Mausoleum of Sultan Mahinond. SKETCH OK THE LIKE AMD KXIOX Of AUDUL AZIZ. Tbo deceased Saltan was born la Constantinople on the l'Jth of February, 1830. lie was tbo secoud son of the cruel and capricious Mabmond II., the tlrst sover eign ol Turkey wbo weakened the fanatical spirit with I wbicb tbo Mussulmen opposed changes itt liur laws, ber military organization, fcc.; and be succeeded bis brother, tno Sultan Abdul Medjid, on tbo 26th of Juno, 1S61. Abdul-Aziz on ascending the tbrono lmitatod tbo conduct of bis predecessor at bis acccssluu in 1839. Ho introduced some relorma and anuouuced that bo would make many moro wbicb would put Turkey on an equality witb tbo Christian ualious ol Kurope. I.lko Abdul Medjid bo inherited Iroiu bis lather, Mulimond. the bellol that it would be a good thing to moileruizo Turkey. Malimoud was forced to form thut opinion by many bitter experience.?> in bis youih; but while bo was on the throne wurlare with Uus*m, tho Greeks, . England aud France, uqd the continual need that ho , had to waich aud crush tbo turbulent among his sub- i Jects, left huu but low opportunities to put his purpose . | Into full effort. Yet bo did many things which, wlnlo I they remlered his thruno a seat ol anxiety, took out of ! 1 the way of hi* succe.-sors the moil formidable obstruc- | tions to tho regeneration of the Ottoman Empire. Ho appointed ambassadors to other couuiries, bu watched tho actions of his otllclals, taking oil their i heads whou they violated justice, and, most important tact or all, ho overthrew the J militaries. Thus it will be seen that he laid tho foundation lor ? great work? for the rebuilding of a government*! structure with tho grandest proportions and the most perloct accesso ries. Had strung men followed bim, tho Ottoman Em pire would not uow bo lltly expressed by tho contemp tuous term, "The Sick Han of Europo." But Abdul | Medjid' followed?a Turk, bred In a harem; yet, with somo faint glimmerings of the facta that wero carried by his lather's experience; only half lignta, however, finally quenched in sloth aud euervat ; Ing vice. Abdul Mcdjld gained tho throno of his an cestors with dlfllculty. When his father died In 183V Mehemot All, Viceroy of Kgypt, was lu successful re bellion, and on Uie march to Constantinople, the Turkish navy was Insurgent, and tliero was a great party only waiting tho signal lu murder Mcdjld aud hail Mehoinet All as Sultan. At this critical time England aud the German governments interfered, and routed tho youthful sou of Mahtnoud on tho throne. Ho then, i moved partly by gratitude, purt.y by a falut porcep- i lion that Mussulman Intolerance must finally | give way to a civilization coming from tho West, promulgated a Hsttt-Sberlf, or bill of rights* guaranteeing equality boiore tho law to all his subjocts. From tune to time ho proclaimod other reforms, every oue of which was met by tho sturdiest opposition of the fanatie Mohammedans, who wero In almost con tinual insurrection against hlui. AlllH't. JIKOJID WAS TOO WKAK to buffet his misfortunes with strength, as his lather did. On tbo oue side of him wero the govern mollis of Western Kuropo guaranteeing the autonomy of hut government against Itusslu. Thoui bo felt bound to pleaso with bis administration. Hut on the other eile wero the unreasoning Mohammedans who fought against every measure by wblch he bound his government, aud the exisieuco of his country, to tho arms of England and France. Thus liarrasscd, ho took to sensual pleasures for relief from care, permitted corrupt politicians to rule Ilia Kingdom, und ended hit lilo lu physicul und menial prostration at the ago of tlilrty eight years. Abdul Aziz then came forward, hailed as a savior for Turkey, a houliug physician for "tho sick man." He had spent tho ihlrty-ono years of his lifo In rallrenienl, und had cultivated, It was raid, virtues unusual to Turkish sovereign.'. Ho was wise, people Laid, and icui|Hirale in tho u^o of pleasures. While bis oroiher lived Abdul Aziz showed no desire lo mingle In Slate ail.iirs, aud seemed content to study and practice ngriculturo ou his model farm, near Scutari. It was well for him, perhaps, that he was calm and couteut, olso his head might some morning have fallen from its support. Turknr.i rulers liavo never loved their lielrs greatly. Mustupha tried to kill Mahtnoud, but tho latter killed him und his chil dren-, and even the weak Abdul Mcdjld could havo been prevailed upon to sacrillce Aziz If ho had made himself conspicuous However, tho latler was discreet; ho saved his head and dually secured the ibroue. W lion be became Sultan Turkey was vury much like a loco motive that bumps itself to pieces in a gully botweou two tracks. Ho had Urst to tnako tho choice ol a track? POM OKB B01TK LEO BACK TO BABTBKX 0AKKXK3B, tho other forward lo Western effulgence -and then to gel hi* locomotive on ll He chose tho forward route, got blu battered locomotive on II and started, but soon loucd that tbero were old sleepers in his way that threatened to make his car wbeola Jump over to the track running backward. The way that Abdul Aziz began bis administration was very cheering to tho European countries that kept Turkoy uuder ibem as a useful prvtifi. As soon as he hid warm?d his seat ho began tho work of ! reforming Bud of proicating. He romovod Kiga l'asha, the corrupt Minister of Finance; j ho punished oOlcials, against many of whom charges ; of peculation wero pending since the Crtuieud war; he reducod his own salary by $3,000,0110 (moro than half what it had boeo), and lie declared that ho would not Indulge in polygamy. At the lamo time lual he dis missed his brother's ser.iglio and ontounced that ho would still keep only ihe wife of nis youth he presented to his astonished Minislors a son, who h id been born lu lHi", and whom ho bad kept ??eluded and reported ( dead, on account of tbo rul? that tho male i*?ue of all ' members of the royal family except thai of lU* Sultan snd his sous must be killod us soon as born. This son, j Youssoaf-ed Din, Is me ouo In whoso favor Abdul , Asia has lately been reported to b*ve plotted lo change 1 tho custom of succession to Uie throne. Soon alter bit 1 succession the new Saltan issued an imperial "butt," addressed to the Graud Vizier, in which be expounded tbo line ut policy bo Intended to adopt. His Hi im iii tciitiuu wis, be said, to secure order iu tbo udmtuistra tiou und tlie liiiunci&l ufia.r* of tlie Empire, and, ut tbo same tune, to inamtjin ibo ducipltue uud effectiveness of botb land and sea lorcos. The bent of his foreign politic* would bo to strengthen tuoro uud n.ore tlw amicable rebu.ous existing between the Ottoman Em jurc uud her allies, and to preserve the greatest resj>ect to alrottdy rtl>ttu( treaties. "All niy pcopla," s-id nc, "who are of different re ligion* and different races shall Und In me the same Jusilcc. the muij soiicituJo and tbo ito? determination to secure their happiuest." Such declaration* u* these touched the kindliest chords in tbu heart* of Uriilsh Journaliau, and they were unanimous iu predicting that ABDUL A/1Z WOULD &AVS 'TH* TCiikJhH KHI'lli* from tbo decay with which it baa been long thri at- ! eued." At the aume tirno aouto of thein lound a wonderful ovidence of the rule of compen sation in the resuscitation of Turkey while the United States wero being destroyod. In the I.ondou Times a writer, tuovod by an almost similar comparison of the countries of tbo Kaat und West, said, with sorno truth, and in evident condemnation of lb* wur lor the Luton, tbut "ll would bo curious enough if tbo Otto man and Egyptian courts were to set an example of Unanciul wisdom at the moment ibo democratic Suites of America are throwing economy to tbo winds and plunging lieadlo. , into what must bo national debt unless the coiuaquence bo averted by national du bunesty." in reality the energetic way m which Abdul AzI* went to work gave every reason for tlio belief that his renlm would soon be regenerated. He began the or guutzution of a civil service and the education of i young men for it, and ut tbo end of two years he had established a bureaucracy which was under control and from which uepottsm and wire-pulling were almc.it thoroughly excluded. Extensive rond systems wero planned under bis direction, and some of them per fected; an imiuenso amount of public land was recov ered by drainage; a national bank was estab ishod. and restrictions wero placed upon usurer*. With tbo intent to fully develop all tne internal interests of the Eiupiro Abdul Aziz lortned a special administration of uiiuos und forest*, and luvlted lorelgn capitalists to arrungo with that body to work tboso depositories of immense weultb. At tbo same time lie gave his atten tion to the growth of cotton in Turkey. Years before this matter was discussed by tbe Turkish government, : which then applied to the American government for in- ! formation upou the subject; but the application I resulted in that government losing |40,0U0 and gaming not the slightest kuowledgo. Abdul Aziz, I knowing this, wanted no new American commls- j ?loner to explain the sublect of cotton cultivation. Ho ' sent to England for the gins, and begun tbe cultivation j of tbo plant. In every plan, though each w is meant I for tho elevation of his poople, he received strong op- I position from some class; yes, id some strange way no j sustained bluisoir under all the fauatlc condemnation, i Perhaps lor a timo ho was nerved by u fragment of old Mabuioud's obstinacy. At all events ho persevered in the attempt to rejuvenate und rcgeuerate his empire by introducing European civilization into it. In order to study thut civilization he made a Journey to Englaud. France und Austria, ulthough tho orthodox Mussulman pronounced loudly against tho trip; and when ho returned home ho still further in curred tho opposition of thoso fanatics by dccrociug now roiorm*. Ho allowed foreigners to hold real estato In hi* realm; bo established a high school alter tho trench model, and he enriched Constantinople by iodxduo skvkkal aciExriric institutions. He now begau to woary of bufTettng opposition, which had been made flrrcer by hi* latest reforms; but, beloro lapsing luto complete apathy, ho tried, In 1889, to aiuoud tho Judicial system of tho Empire, uud ordered the Supremo Court to draw up a civil code. At about tho same timo his troubles with tho Khedive of Egypt wero settled by tho sub iiiismnu of the lutter to hi* will, and Immediately Abdul Aziz gjve Inmsell to a course ol sensual pleasures only exceedod by tho debauchery ol his predecessor. Hence fonh ho paased hi* tiuio tn eating or drinking to ex cess or In tho society of lit* women, for he had put away hi* former belief iu monogamy. Ho has at various times different amusements for hi* drunken momenta; but lor *01110 mouth* be has taken delight, alter bis dinner, In watching his olllcers play tric-truc. At such tlD:es his will tnudo tho gatherings very democratic, and as ho moved about ho wa* paiticularly pleased at obscene abuse heaped by tho tric-trac players upon ono another. The following account lias beon latoly uiven of nt* JtXKRVATIKO DAILY LIVE:? In the morning hi* Altesse rise* at daybreak 111* attendants wash und droa* him and then spread his ?ir|>ei lor iniu, und then all begin to *ay his prayers lor him while ho smokes. Each one ha* a particular part of the Koran assigned, aud so Hi* Majesty's prayer* aro gotten over with an hour sooner than il lie prayed it all himself. Than hi* break fa* t is served which 1* all preparod under tho eye ol Valide Suluua and tasted by a great lat negro kept for that purpose. The Sultan, la eating, roll* up bis sleeve* to the elbow, and altogether disdain* the uae of a knife fork or spoon, euting with the natural provision lor' ihut purpose. .Strange us it may seem, I10 pluce* the lood in his mouth, lie always cuts a wholu loul or black bread at each meal, tearing It ofT tho loaf 111 large mournful*, winch tie crams lu, by no means elcgamly 8tewed chicken with rice is a favorite dish uud I* oatnn In the same manner, und each meal I* washed down by copious druugut* of mastio and champagne which, not being wine nor alcohol (?). the good Musaul' man cau take. Dinner Is marked by tbe same sim plicity as to dishes, but is inado up iu quantity. There uro two lunches hetweon breakin*t and diuner In the foronoon, between tho lunchesfbo see* tho tirand \1z10r ir bo choose*, or aauuters In to look at hi* harem. Another account say*:? The tore or his *core* of palacoa, pavilions kiosks and pieasaunce* on cither aide of tho strait constitute* one o! tbo mam occupation* of hla vacant existence lo hoard money, to pile up brick or stone and mortar" and to gase Iroui his window at hi* Iron-clads riding at anchor are the ouly break* ou the indolence and indul gence el Ins harem seclusion. A prince born in the purple, not, porhut 3, destitute of *ucb instincts und faculties *? might have raised him to high destinies Sullsli Abdul Aziz, has sunk into a mere pampered and cloyed voluptuary. Unditcd lor any work by hi* effeminate bringing up. obese and flabby. Incapable of sustained exertion, mental or physical, corrupted by bis own overweening couscIousijcms of unboundud au thoiity, and by tho base adulation and adoration of thoso who exaggerate hi* conceit ol a power which tliev exercise in hi* name, but for their own bencllL tins I adiiliali, this "llofugo of the World" tin* "Shadow or Uod" keep* aloof from cares and duties withdraws within himself, limiting his intercourse to a bevy ol female slaves aud a herd of eiiucns. or court chainberlaus with euuuchs' hearts, with such effects on his temper as may bo expected Iroui a contrast be tween the obsequiousness that surrounds him in his fools paradise and tho snub* aud buffets which await him whenever he venture* Into colllsiou with tho stubbornness of the outor world. It is only in Ins harem, a* ho must leel in s|ilto of hlniseir tiiat Ins reign is absolute, imtsido iu walla thoro are rebellious (>mourn uud meddling Chrisuau potentate* and weak minded Minister* grudging tho supplies, 'llut within those wall* Ins stronghold is impregnable and there he abides, invisible. Inaccessible lo reason or remon strance. ur.am Miabio to advieo from Vizier or Ainbasa*. ?lor. So truth, it im fell, can make Its way to the Saltan; no good would come of it if it could. For any measure or reform or improvement by which bis tot. terlng Empire might he stayod 111 its tail the Sultan has to he surprised, hoodwinked or bribed into giving hi* consent, nor Is there ever anv certiilntv that what has been obtained by the Minister's stratagem may not at auy moment bo revoked by the Sovereign's caprice. political riuium.rs ok audi l-aziz. These were incessant, but were maiuly coniined to ' his own dominion. though several time* put in j Jeopardy of wur by Uussia Turkey was never Involved i in couliict with a foreign Power during the admintstra- j lion or Abdul-Aziz. When bo ascended tbo throne tho : people of Montenegro were carrying ou a rebellion which ho did not suppress until ISttZ In l.SOfl the Cretan* agaiu rose in insurrection which wu* finally ended in 1809 by Abdul. Aziz, at tho intercession of tbe Kuro|>oau government, making concessions 10 tbe insurgents. 1 The tjreeks buving sympathized with the Cretana, i their government aud that of Ab lul-Azis became in- j vol veil and n Conference of tho great Powers, meeting in Paris January ?, 1WW, bad lo settle tbe trouble. Tho last great p luteal occurrsnca in which Abdul Aziz wa* con corned was tho making of tho treaty iu | 1871, by which iiussis procurod tho right lu place armed | vessel* lu tho lllack Sea. The event* thai have had tho most lntero*t lor tho ordinary political observer have, however, been thoae in wblcb Abdul-Alts and the present Khedive of Egypt have been concerned together. The lormcr sovereign Iroin tho momont that be became Sultan seem* to havo been determining until very recently lo change tbe succession to that office, so that hi* own son, Yeussour ed bin, could loliow hliu instead of bis nephew, Murad Kffondi. .Sentiment aruorjg the Turks wa* very strong against such a change; aud II it were announced suddonly Mu?.*?1 uilibt got op a very troublesome insurrection. A precedent, even though II occurred in another coau try, would help to prepare tho poople 01 the Empire lor the novelty, and so Abdal Asa bailed with joy Ismail Pacha * ant boat ton made in ISM for tbl lino of ] succession to the vleerovslty of Egypt to be mada froa lather U> ton. Ismail Facti* accompanied llita request j with u voluntary increase of hi* tribute lo the l'orte, aud at the same luuu lie furnished (ho Turkish arm/ In Crete with 30.00U men. Ferbup.s thia prolusion on bla part la evidence that Ismail Fucbu wo* not In collusion with Abdul Aziz, thr.t he di<l not know how I Ins request soiled the parp se of tho Saltan. Anvbuw, , although the request ran counter to Mohammedan law, j the SuItau gruhtud it very r< udlly. In the lollowtng yoar, 1K07, the Sultan inuJe new concusions to Ininail, ainl couicrred on him tiiis nru or kubimvk ov kuyxt. Hut boon tho latter revealed tbut tie wished to be Inda pendent ot the Sullnu, and a war bulwuen Turkey and her vassal was only proventad by iho Interference ol tho European Powers. Tho Khedive was bumbled by tho tireut Powers, but Hill appeared deflaul toward tho Sultan. Finally in December, lS'iU, lie put aside lua deliunt attitude, having learned during the Suez Canal opening that ho could hopo lor no aid from European nation?, and declared his submission to the I'orte. Once after that I ho harmony of tho Sullnn aud hi* powerful vassal wua again broken. Just before tho Pranco-Cermau war the Khedive threw a loan upon the market, uud tho Sullaii, announcing that the loan bad n<>t the sanctum of his government, cut hit credit. The war in Wo .ieru Europe, it la more than likely, then prevented a summary conlllct In ihe Kast. For aoino time past the policy of Abdul Aziz toward the (real Towers in relation to the insurrection In Herzegovina and Uokuiu had become very unpopular with the tanaticul Turks, and tho demonstrations of Ul< sol t. is and the massacre at Salotnca were only striking insi.lices ol a revival of tho old Oltoiiiun fanaticism w hich prevailed throughout tho Kmptro. ilia depoaltioa by the Cabinet and the Schcik-ul Islam, backed up by the iulluence of the .soltas with the populace, la Ireaft In the lueinory ol all. 11ECKNT LOOKS OF TRAVEL.* [From tbo Fall Mall (JazettQ, May 3.] A writer w ho has a bliohg souse of ihe responsibility tbul aiiends on the lask ol Introducing new volume* to the notice of the public Is likely to feel some perplexity In reviuwtng works such us these narratives, the one of Arctic enterprise, the other of wunduriugs rouud the world. Not that there can Ihi beiituiiou as to saying what Is true. Hut truth ltus many aspects, while both time and space nro restricted within narrow Until* loa tho public writer. Ho t* thus driven to select one oa pectoulof many; und, in so doing, is In some dangei of doing injustice either to the author or to lh? reader. llcgurded In tho primary light of hooka of travel, ihcro I* nol much to be said us to either o! the woiks bcl'oro ua. Tbey contain little or noihtug which cun bo sot down as original discovery. Neither is thrro uuy attempt at thai which is as important a* original discovery, namely, sclciilillc co-ordination of w hat is already known. Thus, any ottort to analyze or ubslract either of these vol umes, and to present the roader with a precis of thclf contents, would bo unsatisfactory. Such un abstract would no more give un idea ol the books than tbo lew drops of water thai result Irom tho condensation of tba aqueous vapor ol which It consisted would glvo of the rolling masses and sunlit glories of u moving cloud. But it does not follow that works of the kind have not a purpose, a public, ittid a utility of their own. They urc, it is true, light euougu reautng; but they ure light reading ol agoo<i kind. Thcv leud to interest tiiu mind in the Wonders and tho beauties ol nature. They not only, us tar 11s they arc read, exclud-j trashy aud mis chievous works that aim oiny ut amusement, but they have a iurther good cUeul in elevating the taste anu in leading llio reader to continue llie lines of inquiry tbey liavo suggested, llo is taught to view nature witu inoro intelligent eyes, and to seek lor iurther iuionua. ttoii ns to tlioso region* ol thu earth of which he haj been presented with usuries of diorauiio picture*. .Mr. Macliahuu may lie culled the representative of literature itiuong the crew of tli? I'undora. This ves sel?a burk ol 4M tons register?drawing twelve loet of wator, uod t.tted with engines ol tMJ hor.e power, coiuniundod by Cuptuin Allen Young, was lilted out last year, and sailed lor the ' Arctic regions a month later than tho ex|>edUion under the command oi Captain Nurcr. fbo ubject ol the cruise ol the Pandora wu* to make the Northwest Passage; to pahs around the north coast of America, and come out through Uehrtug Mruit into the Facitla Ocean?u tusk which the little vessel appears to bav* been w ithin a low hours ol accomplishing. To take tho vessel Irom Southampton to siuu Francisco in a single summer by way ol Ueliriug Siratt was the pri mary aim ol' the expedition. Fulling this, It was their hope to roach lving William's Island, and thero to And some relics ot Sir John 1- rutiKlin; and even II tbi? should not be attained, there remained the hope of procuring some news ol thu Alert und the Discovery, and leuruiug whether they got sale through the dan gers ol the dread oil MeiViilo Uuy. Hut Mr. MacUahaa tells us in Ms preliico that there ure so many and such excelleut narratives of Arctic voyagea?tb< detailed accounts ol Furry. Boss, Franklin, liuck, Col linsou, MeClure, McClmtock, Osborne, Kane, liall und Hayes?aud that so lutercsiiug is tho summary of their voyages given by Mr. (.'ieincuts Markhum in his "Thresh old uf tho Unknown Uecion" thut all that he has him self attempted Is to give u lew picture* ol thu pleasant side ol Arctic lila. Urlght, pleasant pictures bo baa accordingly given ; and the uinro simply bis story to told the better. Tho somowhut histriouio commence ment is followed by a more natural uud therefore Dure readable chronicle. Tho mode in which tho bleak and savage solemnity of the Arctic landscape opprossea the senses aud fills tho liraguintion. iho daugers of fog and Ice-pack, the perplexity produced by the phenomenon of the magnetic needle pointing with its north pol? toward the Equator il lixed so as to inovc only horizon* tally, uud standing within hail u degree ol Iho perpen dicular If aliowe.l 10 dtp- all tlieso leason* of Arctic ex perience will be read with interest uud with pleasure tot "I'nder the Northern Light*." The account ol iho siedite journeys ot Captain Allen : Young, w ho was navigating oillcer of the Fox under ? Captain McCllniock. is now. Mr. MacCalian says, for the llrst time given to the wojd. Iu the autumn of lttMt tho Fox went Into winter quarters on ihe east side of licllol's Straits, uud three parlies were organized to search iu ddlereiit directions lor liaccs of Sir John ! Franklin uud his command. English readers are lauiil iar Willi the Inuidbnls ol two of thesu journeys, that of Captain MeCliutock anu Ibal of Lieutenant llobson. Tbo duly of tho third party, cominunded by Captain Allen Young, wus to cross Feel Strati to Frince of Wales' laiud, unit go uoiihward, if possible, to Vic , torwi I.aiid, as uir as Coluuson's winter quarters. In thu event of llnding a channel, Captain Young was M ; proceed 10 tho northwest and connect his discoveriea | with lltoso of Captain Shcrard Osborn. Accom panied only l>y the ship's cook, two Esquimaux, aud u lew dogs. Young reached Fury neurit, alter a sever# atrurgle with the northwest gales. Ihe store* wbich he expected to uud at this spot were so deeply buried iu llie snow that it was only by the apiteurauco of Ilia top of the llagsinlT peeriny through tbo urlfl (which was lircd at by olio of tbo Ksqiiimuiix uudor Iho Idea that Il was an annual) that lie was guided where in seek for the needed supplies. On the return Captain Young became snow-blind, and was leli lor two days alone Iu his sleeping bag in the snow. In ibe course of tbln memorable journey Youug walked ?tW miles, under went extreme hardships, discovered tho broad channel since named McClintock's t'hannol, proved the l'rlnca ol Wales' Ijind lo bo an Islsnd, and explored and laid down 400 miles of new cousl line. ?"Under tho Xoriluvn l.iu'iu." HyJ. A. MscUslian. Il> luitrsted. (LuaJoa: Ssiupwn lx>w k Co. 1176.) MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC NOTES. The cpidemio of Juvenile musical phonomena has broken out badly In llotne. Mr. John Hammond's cornet soloa at Central Park Garden urc very much acmirod. Dr. Hans Von Uiilow, who left for Europe on Satav* day lust, will likely make a short atay In London. The London Alktmz** saya that Stgnor Rosars Mao* belli it a broader us well as a mora elaborate per fa raw ancc than his Lear. Mr. 1*. S. tiilmoro la preparing a bill of unoaoal maf? nttude lor his opening couceit at hla garden (tbo Hip* podroiud) on Saturduy nigtit next. Somoihiiig thst English concert-goera should ba accustomed to by this time:?"Mr. Mima Iteevea, who was annoueeed to appear, was unabio to sing." Homo of thu London papers report tbat uffenbaab'S flrsl concert ai l'hil.tdoiphia was a great suocaaa, 40,00t francs being realized from iL This ia newa with aTlk geatico to oilenbaoli and his manager. Mr. IL J. Montague, tha well known aetor, take* a beueUl at the I'utou Squaro Theuiro this alter noon, ap* petrlng in "Queen Mub" and on Colonel Party Klrke la "TheShoep In V.'oli's Clothing." Mr. Montague la a great lavorite with tho New York publlo and ba will douiitlois have an overflowing bouse and an overflow ing treasury. Suriorlia Esmeralda Cervantes, harplat to the royal and imperial Courla ol Spain, l'ortugal and Brazil, will make liar diibutut Chlckering Hall, on Tuesday evening, the tith inst., at a grand vjcal and instrumental oon ceru Miss Adolina 1'hllltps, Signor Ferrantl, Sei'ior K. Vilanova, Mr. E. Oudin, Mr. N. W. Sou Id aad Signor Moderall have volunteered lo aeslat. Ou Friday nlghi next "Coasoionoa" will ha wAh> drawn Irom the board* of the Union Square Tbaaira. This withdrawal is necessltaiod by orrsugsineula loaf since mado. The company will procaed lo Obtoago, where Miss Claxlon will appetr as Coastaoee, her orig inal part Mis* dux ton lias made a mora caaplaM success in this pari than lo any prevtoaa OM Tho character seems to auti her admirably, and aha will ao doubt scoro another triumph in Chicago. Tha right 0( playiug "Conscience" bos been purchased by MM Claxlon, and alia will alar round tba country with ? now company altar tho coneluaion of bar Cfciaagq ? gagtoMak \

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