Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 5, 1876, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 5, 1876 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD BROADWAY AND ANN STREET. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PftOPRlSTOK. THE DAILY HERALD, publkhed mery day in the year. Four ceuts per copy. Twelve dollars per year, or one dollar per mouth, free of postage. All business, news letters or tflcgrnphic despatches must be addressed N v.w Vohk Hirna Letters and paeknges should be properly sealed. Rejected communications will not be re turned. PHILADELPHIA OFFICE?NO. 112 SOUTH SIXTH STREET. LONDON OFFICE OF THE NEW YORK HERALD NO. 4G FLEET STREET. PARIS OFFICE?AVENUE DE L'OPERA. Subscriptions and Advertisements will be received und forwarded on the enuie terms as in New York. VOLUME XI,1 AMUSEMENTS TO-NIGHT. PARISIAN VARIETIES, ?t 8 F. M. FIFTH AVENUE THEATRE. PIQUE, ?t8P. M. ULOBh THEATRE. VARIETY, at 8 P. M. On.MORF'S UARDEN. GRAND CONCERT. ?t * P. M. Offenbach. WALLAC lis Tl IK AT HE. THE MIGHTT UOM.AK, at S r. M. W Uliatn J. Florence UNION 8QUAKE THEATRE CONSCIENCE, nt rt f. M. C. R. Thorn*. Jr. Montngae'i liendit at 1 :30 1'. Al. ACADEMY- OF "MUSIC. NORMA, at 8 P. M. Gertrude < lorbett. KELLY A I.hO.vV MINSTEELS, ttsr.u, __ _ PARK THEATRE. UNCLE TOM'S CABl.V ?t 8 F. M. Mr. G. 0. Howard. ROVTEKY THEATRE. MAZEPFA, ut 8 P. M. WOOD'S MUSEUM. DAVID OARRICK, ut f P. M. Matinee at 2 P. M. THIRTY -FOURTH STREET OPERA HOlSS. TABIETY, at 8 P M. kaoi.k theatre. PARTED, at 8 P. M. Henrietta t'h.ml"rau. CHATEAU .VABII.i.K VARIETIES. ?t 8 P. M. OLYMPIC THEATRE. HUMFTY DUMPTY, at 8 P. M. HOWES A ( I'sHIN< J'8 CIRCUS Performances at 'J P. M. ?n?l 8 P. M. Til I HI) A\r.MK THEATRE. ON HAND, al 8 P. ft. Mntloec ut U P. M. TRIPLE SHEET. FEW YORK, MONDAY, JUNE 3, 1876. From our reports this morning the probabilities are that the wetUhet early to-day xcill be cooler and cloudy or partly cloudy, During the summer months the Hebai.d ttill be sent to subscribers for one dollar per month, free of postage. Notice to Countbt N ewfdeaijsrs.?For Ept and regular 'delivery of the. Hebald <*t mail trains orders must be sent direct to fficc. Postage free, Blaine's Funeral promises to be as lively is a Donnybrook Fair. Koto Yictob Emmanuel accepts the hon orary presidency of the Italian committee for the 6roction of a statuo to Columbus at Philadelphia. "Wo are likely to have many pouveniro of regard and respect from friendly {European nations when our centennial year is over. Fortunately we have plenty of /room to spare for all such. Anothee Communist Sentenced to Die.? After so many years that have elapsed since the days of the Communo the civilized world is startled by the announcement that another Communist must die for his mis deeds during that bloody civil strife in l'rance. "Why has not the criminal been promptly punished for his offence, and has not tho time arrived when the policy of mercy should be applied in cases where justice has been so tardy in striking? These are questions deserving consideration just now in France. NO. 1ST A Hnrr to Boss Khxt.?If tho Boss wants to bout Tilden let him keep Tammany in the background. The "Workthomen's Delegation from France to the Centennial threatens to lail for want of the necessary funds to pay ex penses. Sorely Franco will spare a few thou sand francs to send her workmen's delegates to tho great centre of display of industry at Philadelphia and maintain her reputation for generosity and progressive ideas which havo always marked her history. It is trifling with a great element of national strength for tho purse holders in France to withhold their contributions from the delegates fund after tho assurances that havo been given of an adequate supply of money. Prison Reform. The met ting of the Na tional Prison Reform Association which takes place at Stein way Hall to-morrow evening promises to result in a number of important suggestions that must lead to the removal of many of the abuses that now disgrace our prison management. Three general subjects ?will be discussed under several sub-heads, which are given in detail in to-day's Heeai/p -Criminal Law reform, tho Peniten tiary system and tho Preventive system. With such a progrniumo we cannot doubt that a vast amount of useful information will bo gathered and giveu which will tend to the amelioration, to snnio extent, of tho horrors of prison life, while removing many of the existing causes of crime. We Are Aituio a dark lantern Know Kothing crowd of Tammany Indians will not have a commanding influence upon a con tention of honest, self-respecting democrats who think that Tammany is a synonym for corruption. Maximo Gomez, the Cuban General, is re ported to have made an attack on Ciegu do Avila, with a force of sixteen hundred men. on tho night of May 2G. The garrison of only four hundred men, it is said, bravely defended the post atnl succeeded in driv ing tho enemy off the field with heavy loas. If wo reverse tho condition of affairs as to the numbers engaged and losses wo will ;{?* much nearer the truth than the despatch from Havana would lead us. Cooked telegrams from Spanish sources in Cuba are not wholly unknown to the public tiuco the commencement of the insurrec tion, and wo now regard all news from that quarter with suspicion. Until a further eonfirmation of tho alleged Spanish victory reaches us wc are compelled to boliove that Maximo Gome* is making it very hot for the Dom in the Central Department of Cuba. inilow Indefinitely Remanded. The remand of Winslow to custody nntil some indefinite day alter the 15th of Jnno may ho taken, we trust, as evidence that the British government sees the untenable character of its position, and that it is now merely taking time to effect a gmceful and respectable retreat. The fact which has leaked out in England as well as here, that in his last despatch upon this subject Lord Derby abandons his former base, which was the act ot Parliament of 1870, and tries an other tack, shows nut only that he feels the weakness of his argument, hut also tlmt those "Crown lawyers" under whose advice a British Minist-er acts have at last taken the trouble to read the act, and have found there, as we pointed out a month ago, a sec tion which expressly exempts the treat}' with the United States from the operation of the act The facts of the case are very simple and not liable to dispute. The treaty was made in 1842. Since then the uniform custom of the British, as well as the American courts, has been, wherever it was necessary in the ndmistration of justice, to hold and try sur rendered criminals not only for the specific offence for which they were extradited, but lor others. In some cases even British courts have tried surrendered criminals for ott'ences not mentioned in the treaty and not extraditable therefore, as, for instance, in j the case of lleilbronn, which we cited among j several others a month ago, where the man, surrendered by the United States for forgery, and acquitted beloro a British court, was then immediately tried and convicted for larceny, which, under the treaty, is not an extradition crime. We notice in some of the English journals a suggestion that tho attention of tho British Foreign Office was not called to this and other cases of the same kind; but wo trust Lord Derby is not going to plead neglect of duty as an excuse. That would be too much. It would be to say to I tho I. nited States, "We will break, when ever we please, the rule we are now setting up against you;" and even then the plea would bo worthless, for there aro several cases- those of Burley, surrendered to us for robbery, and tried here for an attempt to kill; of Caldwell, surrendered to us for for gery, and tried here for bribing an officer, and others of the same kind, which would show, if ignorance or carelessness were pleaded by Lord Derby, an amount of it which would make the British government ridiculous. It has been suggested in this country fhat unless some limit is fixed as to the trial of persons surrendered under extradition trea ties tho right of asylum for political offend ers may be endangered; but the answer is that there is no pretence or excuso of this kind urged in England; no political offender is in question ; nor has there ever been anj dispute between tho two governments on this point, though wo have had two treaties, that of 1794 and the present one, in neither of which is any reservation made about political offenders or tho right of asylum. Our government would probably consent very readily to make a reservation in any new treaty; but the surrender of Winslow is claimed not as a hypothetical case, but under the plain stipulations of the treaty of 1812, and in consonance with tho established interpre tation of that treaty, as admitted by Lord Hammond, Under Secretary for Foreign Af fairs, in his evidence before a special com mittee of the House of Commons, on this ^ery question, when ho said, "We admit in this country that if a man is bonu fide tried for an offence for which he was given up there is nothing to prevent his being subse quently tried for another offence, whether antecedently committed or not." That an j act of Parliament cannot alter the effect of i a treaty was admitted in I860 by Lord Derby ' himself, who then, as Lord Stanley, said in the Houso of Commons concerning an at tempt to change the limitations of tho Extra dition Treaty with France, " In a case like this international courtesy demands that tho treaty shall not be materially altered without communication with tho other party. ' In the same discussion Lord Cairns, now Lord Chancellor, said that the act "proposed to introduce a new ingredient into the bargain which did not exist at the time the bargain was made." He added:? "To put such words into an act of Parlia ment which did not exist in the treaty would only be offering a gratuitous insult to the foreign Power to whom it applied with out securing any real advantage." The right of political asylum is sacred. No administration in this country would be allowed to palter with it But it is not here in question, for neither Lawrence, whoso case excites so deep an in terest in England, nor Winslow, is a political offender. In any new extradition treaty wo should hope to see a special reser vation made of political offenders. It is creditable to the two governments?our own and that of Great Britain that in the ab sence of any stipulation in the treaties of 1794 and 1S42, no serious dispute has ever occurred on this subject But tho act of Parliament of 1870, which was intended to guard tho right of asylum, does so in a clumsy way, needlessly obstructive of jus tice. Tho truth is, it was framed not by lawyers, but by eminent philanthropist*, and their sole aim was to protect political refugees from other European countries. Hence the provisions of it which givo an 1 accused three different tribunals to whom he may appeal, and any one of which mnv set him at liberty; and hence, also, the rigid provision that the sur r*t?d?red person shall bo tried only for the offenco for which ho was surrendered, and being declared innocent must then have full opportunity to make his escape from the country of his detention. How this obstructs justice may bo easily seen. Suppose a man surrendered for an attempt to kill. On his way to England his victim dies, and he In comes a murderer. Tho character of the offence is changed ; ought he to bo released? So it would seem if the British demand is founded in reason. Or take again the case i of Lawrenco. His surrender was demanded on several extraditable charges?more than a dozen, we have heard. By the ingenuity of j his counsel and the anxious care of those ' who in England nre supposed to be concerned with him in his operations ho wss surrendered on only a single one of the charges, all of which were brought in regu lar form before the British authorities. Is he, by the adroitness of his defenders, to escape justice ? Is this necessary in order to protect the right of asylum ? Or take another and recent case, where ft vessel's crew had mutinied and killed the captain. They were surrendered on a charge of murder ; but the only witness who had seen the fatal blow struck and had beheld the dead body of the captain disappeared. Was it necessary or just to set the criminals free? They were, in fact, we believe, tried for mutiny or for assault with attempt to kill, and convicted. If the act of Parliament had declared that a person surrendered under an extradition treaty might be tried for any crimes or offences mentioned in the treaty, and none others, we should think this reasonable, and should hold it wise to change the present treaty to that effect But even in that case, while the treaty remains as it stands, its terms cannot be altered b)- the legislative act of one of the contracting nations, nor the manner or conditions of its enforcement suddenly changed ; and thiB seems to be the real point at issue. Wo trust Secretary Fish has, in the despatch which is now on the way to London, put an end to what has be come a tedious discussion, and required a definite answer to the demand for Winslow. The Bulletin for Cincinnati. Tho republican canvass is interesting. Blaine's demise makes the road easier for certain candidates and more embarrassing for others. As tho field now looks Conkling leads, with the Galena horse gaining. Blaine is distanced and already limps off the track. Mulligan's blow hamstrung him. Bristow falls behind. The people do not fancy a sentimental, detective candidate. But as the struggle botween Conkling and Washburne deepens the chances of the dark horse seem to improvo. So far as New York is concerned the nominee will be Conkling or nobody. This would throw tho candidate beyond the Alleghanies, and after Washburne tho strongest is Hayes. The Western politicians are better man agers than our New York men. They know politics. With them it is a business. They are men of convictions. They believe in their section and stand by their candidates. If Conkling should defeat Washburne the chances are that Hayes will win. So far as Conkling and Washburne are concerned either would make a good candi date, and, if elected, a good President. Conk ling represents tho courage, the discipline and thefdncerity of the party. His nomina tion would be an unequivocal indorsement of the administration?the triumph of the regular army. The success of Washburne would be that of the reform element, of the disaffected wings of tho party, of those who believe in republican principles and fear that they have boon injured by the President making the administration personal. The Bulletin for St. iaoula. The democratic canvass at St. Louis is now of secondary importance, as much depends npon what the republicans will do at Cin cinnati. But, at the same time, thcro are cer tain features of interest in it as far as it goes. If Tilden should find his canvass a failure, either through a mutiny in the West or the adoption of the two-thirds rule by the Southern vote, why would it not be wise for the Governor to cross the ferry and find his dark horse in the historic county of Mon mouth ? New Jersey is a rattling, glorious, true blue, sterling little State. She was the Bel gium of the Revolution, and if there is any sacred soil within the Republic it is the soil of Monmouth, Princeton and Trenton. It was in the Jerseys that Washington won vic tory, independence and fame. Jersey pa triotism has borne its natural fruit in Jersey justice, as our murderers in the Tombs would discover if they chal lenged the judgment of a Jersey jury. In tho war for the Union Jersey enme to the front under generals like Kearny and a governor like Parker. During that pro longed and fierce contest her banner was always in tho front. The highway, and in some senses the suburb of the two great cities and States of the Union, New Jersey represents the best elements of Philadelphia and New York?of the Quaker and the Knickerbocker. Why would it not be well to go into New Jersey if a Great Unknown is needed at St. Louis and see what kind of mettle there is in Parker? Bayard and Tilden keep their lead for St Lotus. Seven years of Grant do not predis pose us to Hancock or any captain, however renowned. Hancock's chance will come with the next war. Hendricks means revo lution and repudiation, and Allen's chances are merged in tlioso of Grandfather Peter Cooper, who is already in the field on an Allen platform, while the Ohio statesman has not even a nomination. As to Bayard, there is no nonsense more degrading than the averment that his war record would harm him. His course was that of a gentleman and a patriot. All this talk about "war records" is contemptible and unpatriotic. We fought the South and won, and let us havo an end of tho Southern question in polities. Boyard did nothing during the war to forfeit the esteem of any gentleman in the Republic, North or South. Sunday at TnE Exhibitiok.?If our Phila delphia correspondent is correctly informed the closing of the Centennial Exhibition on Sunday is becoming more and more unpop ular. The reasons given are plausible. Sunday is the'only time which tho majority of our people can spare from business and employ for recreation or study, and they feel, under this restrictive law, like the young prince who wept because he hod lost a day. The only practical objection to the rule is that the opening of the Exhibition on Sunday would impose additional labor upon exhibitors and employes. Yet this, wo be lieve, could be easily removed. The in creased profits would cnahlo the managers to employ extra labor, and many of tho ex hibitors would be very glad of the oppor tunity to show their goods. Tho post office*, the hotels, the drug stores, the street cars, the barrooms, tho restaurants, are all open on Sunday, and tho Exhibition ought to be governed by similar principles which con cern the convenience or the necessities of the pubiio. ... The Death of Abdnl-Axl*. A general ripplo of incredulity will meet the official Turkish announcement that Ab dul-Aziz, the lately dethroned Sultan, com mitted suicide, liko Seneca, yesterday morning by opening the veins of his arm. There was so wido an expecta tion that, in accordance with what might be called Ottoman etiquette, the dishonored Abdul would be treated to the twist of a bowstring about his throat, a carving by yataghans plied by willing hands that lately were proud to smovth the royal carpet lor him, or a fling at night with a sack for a shroud into the glittering waters of the Bos phorus, that tlio wise will wag their beards, or chins if they have no beards, and Bay, "I told you so." So great was the expectation of his sudden demise thnt the Qneen of England, whose ministers had a hand in Abdul's un doing, hastened to beg his nephew, the new Sultan, that the bowstring ceremony might be omitted in the case of his uncle. That Abdul-Aziz lived long enough to bo settled in a gilded prison, the palace of Tcheragan, with its "fine water view and all tho modern Turkish improvements," was flourishingly announced as another triumph of British diplomacy; but for nil that the life-blood of the unfortuuato Abdul trickled away yes terday morning as miserably as if it ebbed from tho veins of the meanest cur that yelps around Stamboul. It had, however, a stream direct from Mahmoud, the Conqueror who raised tho Crescent above the Cross in Con stantinople four centuries ago. Admitting the suspicious look of the case? and he would be very bold indeed who took a bare official announcement for tho truth of the matter?there were sorao motives for Abdul-Aziz to die by his own hand. Llko all dospots who have outgrown their popularity?and for many years he hnd none?he had become morose, sullen and isolated 6ave to the creatures who ministered to his sensual pleasures or his costly whims. With the growth of the popular discontent he applied all the energy spared from his voluptuous indolence to the hoarding of money. He was never a man of action ; the expression of his face was half weariness and half insonsibility ; and when the day for action came, when the menacing softas from the mosques and the rabble from tho streets clamored around the palace for a new Grand Vizier, he had neither tho means at hand nor the energy to stamp them out as bloodily and effectually as did his father Mahmoud II. the janizaries just fifty years ago. He was as self-helpless as Clarence that was drowned in the butt of his favorite Malmsey. There could be no darker mind in the world than filled tho frame of Abdul-Aziz, as, with all tho passions of tho overthrown pampered tyrant writhing through his native imbecility, he staggered from his throne urged by rebellious hands to a prison though it was a palace, loaving power, pleasure and tho crafty golden gath erings of years behind. All that life was worth was behind him, and not even tho placo for his foot a yard before him was assured. Would it bo marvellous, then, with tho fato before his eyes of his grand uncle Selitn III., who was murdered by the jani zaries after being deposed by them, that he should deem his murder at tho hands of tho softas so likely that he took counsel of de spair and killed himselt to escape butchery, if, even, his act wanted that noble Roman weakness that cried "Life is ended when our honor ends ?" His dethronement was undoubtedly the work of England. His death or murder fol lowing so closely thereon cannot, however, either agree with her desires or benefit her plans. Whatever remnant of power re mained in his name his death has given to Russia or to the enemies ,of the backers of Mourad Effendi. This may not be much, but no Power in Europe has now any influence to spare that bears on the Eastern question. The reign of Abdul-Aziz represents an ineffectual struggle to implant reforms upon tho Turkish system, ending in the disgust of the monarch and founding the unpopularity which his own course sub sequently deepened into the discontent that overthrew him. To the Turks his successor is supposed to be the opponent of all that Abdul-Aziz attempted. In the hands of England Mourad will, however, be pushed to repeat the attempted reforms that Abdul failed in. and hence with the fanatical Moslems he will soon bo as unpopular as his uncle. Tho death of Abdnl-Asiz takes place when Enrope is seething from end to end with excitement, when the wildest rumors of coalitions obtain belief, when Austria is timidly hesitating whether to join England or Russia, when Russia is holding Servia and Montenegro in leash and looking even to Greeeo and Egypt for allies, and when Germany with her enormous war power stands as an arbiter waiting to cast her sword in ono or other ot' tho scales, and stay or precipitate a fight of Titans that will shake Europe till the tabled war upon Jove Olympus, with its crash of hurled moun tains, will no longer be a liguro to invoke when ono would picture in a phraso the terrors of a mighty fray. The ghost of Abdul-Aziz may look down from tho bosom of the Prophet upon a blazing pyre in which tho throno of Islam shall be burned before the eye? of all Europe in arms and to the thunderous music of its guns. If the Friends of Tilden mean to nomi nate him let it go out to the West that Tam mnny is opposed to him. The Western dele gates have an idea that Tweed is still Gmnd Sachcm, and they will be apt to think a Tam many opposition tho best indorsement an honest man could obtain. Oovtrnor Parker a* m Presidential Candidate. Wo print an interesting conversation with ex-Governor Joel Parker, who acquired a bright and enviable reputation as a demo cratic war Governor, nnd is now the favorite candidate of the New Jersey democrats for the St. Louis nomination. His war record would neither help him nor harm him in the South, for the electoral votes of the Southern States will be given almost unanimously for | any candidate whom tho National Oonven i tion may nominate, if Governor Parker's j admirable war record will mako him more 1 popular in th? North that U a strong reason why the South should prefer him, for they would feel more sore of justice from any democratic President than from the most moderate republican. The South wants the democratic party to succeed, and if the patriotic war Governor of New Jersey would conciliate the support of re publicans who are disgusted with their own party the South would be better pleased to see him nominated than a democrat whose opposition to the administration #f President Lincoln would lose him rotes. All tho re publican weapons drawn from the old armory would fall harmless at the feet of Governor Parker, who is, moreover, a per fectly upright and fair-minded man, and has always been highly esteemed in his own State by citizens of both parties. Whatever may bo thought of Mr. Parker's chances, he has put the canvass in one of the points of view from whioh it will be wise for the dem ocratic party to look at it. The Nomination of Bbistow would in sure a Jonathan Wild canvass. Chines* Immigration to the Uaitcd State*. Tho bitterly hostile resolutions and ad dross adopted by the immense mass meeting bold m San Francisco in April have called out a defensive reply, in the form of a memorial to tlie President, which we print in another place. This memorial is signed by the presidents of the six Chinese com panies and by the president of the Chinese Noting Men's Christian Association. It re lates to what is already the most disturbing public question on our Pacific coast, and a question which may become of deep interest in other parts of the country. It is stated in this memorial that the Chinese immigra tion commenced about twenty-five years ago, and that up to this time there are only 150,000 Chinamen in the United States, CO,000 of whom are in California, and 30,000 of these in San Francisco. The Chi nese merchants pay customs' duties to our government amounting yearly to $'2,000,000, and, although public sentiment does not en courage investments, Chinamen own real estate valued at $800,000 in San Fran cisco alone. They also pay hundreds of thousands of dollars in taxes for the support of the local government The great body of the Chinese immigrants arc represented to be industrious and frugal, and it is claimed that they have performed the greater part of the rude labor on the Pacific Ilailroad and other similar works, and that they are largely engaged in mining industry. If this were the whole case it could not very well be disputed that the Chinamen are a valuable addition to our population. But it is alleged against them, on the other hand, that they are addicted to de grading beastliness and immorality, and that their pagan practices and filthy vices poison the social atmosphere in every com munity where they are found in large num bers. As a rule they have no wives, but largo numbers of Chinese women are brought over, who live by prostitution, corrupting American youth, as the men corrupt chil dren and housemaids in families where they are employed as servants. Tha memorial virtually admits that there is considerable truth in this charge; but it contends bv way of offset that it is the fault of the local police authorities that the houses of prostitution exist, and hints that these officers are bribed to connive at places kept open for the gratification of white men. It asserts that when a few years ago the Chinese merchants tried to send the prostitutes back to China, and succeeded in getting a large number on board an outgoing steamer, a San Francisco lawyer, employed by unprin cipled Chinamen, caused them all to be brought ashore on a writ of habeas corpus, and the Court decided that they had a right to stay. This sort of recrimination has little force as an argument, for the dens of shamo in all cities are supported by tho men they demoralize, and are often able to bribe offi cers into oonnivanoc. The right of these people to come here rests upon a treaty, and is as perfect as that of persons of European birth. The treaty and our own laws ought to be so modified as to keep out the most objectionable class. Several changes are necessary, but the most important is a regulation forbidding Mongolian women to bo landed at any port of this country, without evidence that they are the wives or daugh ters of male immigrants, and tho signing"of a bond by the officers of the steamship, with a heavy forfeiture if the women so admitted do not reside with the husband or father in tho ordinary family relation. Another change which it might be expedient to make, al though there is no pressing need of it as yet. is a limitation of the Naturalization law excluding persons born in China. No alter ation of tho treaty would be required for this, because the treaty expressly exempts both governments trom any obligation to naturalize the citizens of tho other. Con gress can, therefore, change tho Naturaliza tion law on this point without infringing tho treaty, which only secures tho right of admission and residence. The Nomination or Bristow would be possible if we were to have a convention of detoctives at Cincinnati. Street Discipline.?We trust that our city rulers will not permit our cab and car riage drivers to go around at night with un lighted vehicles. ()ur Rtreets ape nnmjw and not brilliantly lighted. As we are always tearing down or building up thev are at times very dangerous. The neglect of simply carrying lighted lamp is sern m the fact that accidents are always occurring in the metropolis. 1 his arises from the selfishness of carriage owners or the negligence of carriage drivers Die police should stop every vehicle that violates this precaution and punish the offenders. It would be a much better busi ness than making raids on music saloons and boor gardens. I he Uncos obtains credence that Boss Tweed, Dick Connolly and Bismaruk Sweeny have no confidence in Tilden ; think his nomination would be a blunder, and cor dially indorse tho position of John Kelly. Wo publish this news for the information of the bora. Tl?? Great Victory Ore* Tlm?. The arrival of Jarrett and Palmer's transcontinental express at San Francisoo at twenty-five minutes past nine o'clock yesterday morning, bearing copies of the New York Herald of Thursday last, is one of the greatest triumphs over old Father Time that the age has recorded. A journey of three thousand three hundred and sixteen miles in eighty-three hours and twenty minutes, or a fraction less than forty miles an hour, including all stop pages and delays, is an accomplishment that marks a distinct era in railroad travelling. Perhaps the most remarkable thing about the journey is that it has not required any othei appliance to complete it than those already in use, except the injection of that quality which to-day we call enterprise, and which Chris topher Columbus illustrated for his belit tlers when he crushed in the end of the egg over three centuries ago. The same track, engines, cars, fuel, water and offi cials were used to lessen this journey by three days that had combined to keep the time of transit from ocean to ocean twice as long during the past seven years. The head to arrange the details before hand, and which commanded the ready service of a thousand trained hands, was what made the trip from Jersey City to Oakland a marvel among the achievements of the rail. To all concerned in it, from Messrs. Jarrett and Palmer down to the Chinese laborers in Weber Canyon, a debt of gratitude is due which the warm instincts of the American peoplo for all that smacks of materia] progress will promptly recognize and pay. That it is but the extension on a su perb scale of what the Herald, humbly ful filling its duty to the public, has done in the way of fast trains over shorter routes, detracts nothing from the brilliant feat of the gentlemen at the head of the present suc cessful transcontinental express. In starting the Herald special fast trains to Philadelphia and Saratoga we but transferred to the ser vice of our readers what had already been the almost exclusive right of railroad mag? nates in a hurry to travel from point to point. To some of the long fast dashes made upon the New York Central, a record of whioh will be found elsewhere, we would refer our readers. In such occasional feats the Herald saw its chance to make them a permanent benefit to the community, and the fast mail train to the West was the first broad application of this open secret to the Post Office service. "What is to-day a won der in the transcontinental journey will not easily be surpassed or even equalled fox many a day, but as it has shown that the thing can be done, we hope to see a regular train soon attempt to emulate the time of Jarrett and Palmer's express, and so shove back further into the Dark Ages the time when the old emigrant road across the Plains was strewn with the graves of men who started with a horse and wagon, and when the pony express seemed a revelation. Ir Bbistow were President the detective service would be the most important under the government. The Jerome Emm> The Jerome Park opening was unusually brilliant. It is hard to fear hard times as we think of the splendor of the attendanoe on Saturday, the beauty, the wealth, the fashion, the display. We are glad to note this general acceptance of the turf as the royal amusement. An indication of the growing interest in outdoor enjoyments and athletic sports is seen in the fact, that while last year there was but one drag in the Jerome Park, on Saturday there were seven or eight. In other sports there is the same interest which marks the Jerome opening. Colonel Kane'i coach still runs to Pelham, and next season we hope to have a half dozen coaches ran. ning into the delightful suburbs which sur> round New York. The new game of Polo new to us, but with a celebrity whioli extends from London to Bombay?has takeo root The yachtsmen are making ready foi the billows ; the boating men are preparing for their friends from over the sea; the cricketers and base ball players are ready with ball and bat and wicket ; the marks men are cleaning their rifles, and, altogether, we look forward for a busy season. We are glad of this, as we are glad of any. thing that gives us manliness. We give too much time to the almighty dollar, too little to the almighty body, in the development of which we are sure to find a truer national character. It was the glory of tho Greek and the Roman that they never sacrificcd themselves to the pursuit of gain. England to-day, with he* wealth and resources, feels a keener interest in a boat race on the Thames than in the fall of the Grand Turk. Here England shows her wisdom. We, too, shall be wiso if we follow her example, and remember that God made the air, the sea and the fields for our uses, and that wo should seek health and manhood in their% enjoyment. New York la the . It is a peculiar and in some respects s gratifying fact that the loading candidate! on both sides are from New York. Th? democrats present Tihlen, the republican* Conkling. They are both men of intelleo tn*l ability, of rare force and honesty. Eitha would do New York honor in the Presidency More thaii this, we have a fine lot of states | men in reserve on both sides. The repnb i licans have General Dix, W illiam M. Evarta I George William Curtis, John Jay, Uamil> I ton Fish, Edwin D. Morgan and William A. 1 Wheeler, any one of whom would adorn thi 1 White House. The democrats hare 8. E. Church, John T. Hoffman, Horatio Seymour, Henry C. Murphy and 8. 8. Cox, who have all been named for the Presidency. This does not include the fine stock of nursery plants, who coma forward vigorously. It would not surprise us if, when theso plants aro all grown, we were to have throe or four hundred candidates from New York in 18H0, without including Mayor Wickham or Stewart L. Woodford. Nor must we f rget that New York has s candidate already in nomination in the pel* son of Grandfather Peter Cooper. Mr. Cooper is in the field, and if elected will per* form the duties of the office with dignity and vigor. There will be no salary grab, no ,. Emma mine scandals, no soldicr-m^f?

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