Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, July 23, 1857, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated July 23, 1857 Page 1
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AA'i *tiw "f" If'subscribers order Irani I SISTFR*, TOI« », wo. 80. i JT. W. MOHKH, Proprietor. PUBLISHED EVLHV TIILT..SDAV •0rrUMWA,WAPKLLO 11} J. i E S INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. i An* 0?f, per four ikw i fl»tnont(^i2,V»withiuUi« J«ar, jp.ration That were quite fresh to-day. Oh let the touch b? very light. That take them from the keg There ij no hatjd whose cunning skill Caa aaeud a broken egg. Ay—touch it with a tender touch, For till the i* biUrt, Who knows but that unn ittingly, It may be smashed and FUK WEEKLY OllliMU .l CDIJRIEK, of Rights, partly becameitprovidesfor Indian is IV. i\OKKIS. 11,50. .w*.. w*nty and •outrArv, are considered as wishing to continue their jown ti,e new constltu^on. the Jcrt«df a- discontinuance of their the pi: iisher may continue to send •T'-tor p0,tma«teT» nerlectlnf to when •elves liable topsv the *ub*crlption. It is also t»lr duty in fu.-h oa*es. to notifv the p-i' Rshor thv tli. n ip- r« arc nM ta'.en by tW tii--y •re to, HIT", tl)( R.'.K n WHY thsy are not. If known. lDform Jk 1'iuil"r Lay* Be fntle to the n.w laid rgg. For eggs are brilliant thiugs They cannot fly until they're And have a pair of wings If once you break the tender sheR, The wrong you can't redms The "yolk and white will all run eM, And make a dreadful Baas." Tta bnt a little while at best, That hem have power to lay To-morrow egf» may addled be. tpilid. The summer bre« le that 'gin*t it blaWS, Ought to be stilled and hu*hefc For eggs, like youthful purity. Art "orfUl" when tht.v'it kqusbsd. The Fouirtiilti Youth* ar 9. M. Bituin. 'tis said of old a fountain lay Hid in the forest, far away— A magic fount it was in iooth— Where he who stoop'd above thtbrtek. And laved hit brow and bent to drink, Though he were bowed with years befora. Tlx semblance of unchaiiginp youth Thenceforth woulJ wear for evermore, but be alon* had readied the goal Who, turning from the world aaida, 'MM the (rreen piacc of the tor.!. Hath sought Uie pure, lUe-givlng tide That wclU with Faith, and Love, and Truth- DM feantaio of perpetual youth. For the Ottumwa' Democratic Vindication of tbe New Constitution. MK. F.DITOH: Will you allow me to ask an iri»erii ^n in your paper, of the accompanying ommunicatioM. Thpy appeared originally in the Cm lington Gazrtte, and have since b«ci publislu-d in vaiioii* other papers. £ut as they may not have been seen by many Democrats In this neighborhood, and as they ably and yfally expose the wickedness and iiicon«i«teucy of those disinterested democrats, who have rtctntly. for reasons best known to themselves, started the movement to defeat, if it is possi ble, the adoption of the new constitution. I think you will not refuse them au insertion in your pn| er. I would eari estly commend these articles to the candid consideration of the Democracy of Wapello county. They were written by one at the most distinguished Democrats of Iowa, and (he reasons given for sustaining the new ronstitution, are able and conclusive. After reading them, I am unable to conceive how any Democrat can consistently and intelligent ly east his vote against the constitution. The locatioc of the capitol at Des Moines is mining for themselves u hcther it be their in forever settled by the new constitution. The tercst and duty to vote for or ajrinst it. If people of the Des Moines valley have a di rect interest in having the location of the capi tol placed beyond future dispute, and should, if other and better reasons were entirely ab sent, unitedly sustain the adoption at Ue mw constitution. YouiSj&c. ADEMOCRAT. THE NEW CONSTITUTION. lilt. EDITOR: The positions assumed and pei sis ted in bv yourself and other democratic editors in the State, adverse to the picvisions of the newly amended Constitution, dema:.d. u .I. I to do anything under the old Constitution, in my opinion, a plain examiuation before the W^|jc I have been compelled to go abroad to obtain With .»r opinion "R,p«blic.n.,» „,d uodern "ItefiuMieanisir," lhar.iH.lhmgto do, i -I certainly do not object to such opinions Constitution—certainly for all the better ones —and it is to their ability and influence that we may attribute the conservatism which marked the course of a large portion of tbe Kepubli cans in tbe Convention and led to the rejection of the more obnoxious propositions of tbe radical or abolitioiiized Republicans, Some thing is due to them for these efforts—some thing is due to them for the forty or fifty days' hjrd wor)c which tbey put upon the new Constitution—at least they should not be vir tually classed among Republicans by an indis criminate condemnation of provisions for V* which they vote.!, Jome «!CtfcteL ^st XI N^o testimony anJ par I,J*™" CCIM V.IOWA, proTides that "in all criminal prelection, I and in cases involving the life and hberi) of an individual, the accused shall have* right to aptfdv and public trial by an impartial jury," &.C. 12,00. ..14,00. *3.W #t pubicribers wUrfo t.ot Hive c.Frci» r.'.tke to the I *Fhe provisions with regard to Indian and negro testimony ij undoubtedly a blemish up on the new instrument—but inasmuch as the legislature had the right, and have already ex- cftneycar. ercised that right under the eld constitution, to I do not see how A W of M:USIMIM:R„*. make this sam" provision, .i I we shall eain anylhinron this acore bf voting ,,a b»'" 3 6 them ct n'V.1'if11rMbfrVnf-c" 'or re^t«e to t*V« their pe- good again.it the oifir- to which they are Mre'.tr». the* .ireh-H till they hari settled tlw bill,} K" and orderc.1 them (Vscontilfutd. S. If subscribers rcmiv»'to other places without In' the publisher*. nrvl the pip*r» are sent to the firm-r direction, th«*y are held re«poosib!e. rtadifMis from tho oiTif to which they are JV. liie Court0 have decided that r-.-fusing to take pe ri«d!"il from the office, or remov':: ar leavtnvth*m unoailed f-r. U TRIMI ncu evidence of intentional Your objection, to the clause relate to 'Hhe tf ja| jury'' Gecured to enmin^ls, ir new ConSvj'ntlcn, a^ i j„st 8reeqtially ^,e Constilutions a!1 the Strtes in ibis Union, and even against oar old on*» for in all of then you will fih «b«tantially the aatn^ orovision. [For the words, "uri AND LIBKKTY ,f .'a pfl'cular, see Bill of Rights in the Constitution of *-uc^ following publishers, gute«, vi*: Pennsylvania, Nt!v York, Con- i\eii papers are not taken from the office, lay them- -K,u uecticut, Vermont, tle Island, Masaa^.. setts. Kentucky. Mississippi, Alabama, Vir ginia, DeUwaie, New Hampshire and Ma- SOU! I.] The right of trial by j«ry 11 everywhere pre served inviolate. If a conflict of jurisdiction between the U. 8. and State authorities «:ould arise here under thi» provision in a fugitive slave case, it could arise equally well under the Constitution of any of the States, either north or south. The fact is that the provision will have precircly the eifrct here, and none otb»r. that it has in other States. It will ap ply only to cases arising under the laws of the State, and can no more effect or defeat any other law of Congress. The Convention cer tainly did not contemplate such a construction asyoursulf a:.d others have given it, and the best legal talent in that body, Judges Hill, Johnston, Harris and Win. Price, all Demo crats, were fully satisfied that no such con struction ever coull be given to this provision fey any judicial tribunal, and that uo such construction ever could be given to this provis ion by any judicial tribunal, and that no con flict could ever oecur. Thinkin? thus, these gentlemen together with almost all the Dem ocrats present, voted for the entire Bill of Kights. As there it then substantially no more rights secured, no more power conferred in these res pects by the new constitution than bf the old one, I do not we why we should be appealed to as Democrats to array ourselves against the whole inr'-nmn1!,"* even against the Dill of Rights. FRANKIKO. The article on corporations, which provides for giving tt e people liberty to say whether they shall xdopt by their own votes a backing system or nut. was voted for by every Demo crat piesriit, excepting fo ir—nur own dele gates, Messrs. Hall and Robinson being among those who voted for giving to the people of Des Moines county and of the Male this truly Democratic privilege. That such a proposition, should meet with the opposition of a large majority of the private bankers, shaving shops and three per cent a month skinflints throughont the State was to have been expected—it is their interest to ke*p out competition—it is greatly their inte rest to oppose home banks so long as they can get money from abroad at cheap rates, some of it "dog cheap" at that and loan it out to their victims here (for our whole people are more or less tbeir victims in the matter« prof it and lost) at 2 to 3 per ceut per month but it was hardly to be expected that Democrats would be appealed to as party men to deny themselves or to deny their neighbors, the poor privilege of deciding for themselves whether they shall have banks or not. No intelligent man will say in advance whether he would vote for or against any charter which might be submitted but all men would like to have an opportunity of examining it, and of deter- men can get money at 8 or 10 per cent under a Banking law of their own, they would prefer it at that rate than to pay from 2ft to 40 per cent., which is now the rule throughout the State. Every State in the Union has a bank ire system—every Democratic State in the Union, atid Democrats every where, excepting in Iowa, huve long since abandoned the idea of a pure metaiic currency. The doctrine has become obaokle. Democratic Legislatures are busy every year in granting bank charters, and Demi crats ever}'where have gone to bank- Even some of our own citizens, unable b"'k of =h",,r'' ava,'a^ie but with your attacks upon propositions iniio- '"P^ive excellence of our democracy by ^iuced by Democrat*, ami upon various piovis lons voted fat by Democrats, I have a word to sty. 1 would further premise, by suggesting that, whatever tbe censure you may deem pioper to cast upon Republican*, tbe D-mocraiir members of the Convention are entitled to at le?st a respcetful recollection—a tribute cer tainly, tho' perhaps not designedly, withheld from them thas far by yourself and other or gans of the party. To these gentlemen are we indebted for most of the features of the new wtich t.bay atto v IV first objection wifB which yo» etaited out, and to which you still adhere, is th« Bill ,"d lh"' m"1" c,',iul MWn Pull" accommodation. Perhaps we may prove the adhering to an ancient prejudice—but whether we shall display any practical wisdom or '-put money in our purse" by so doia£, addilU d? a doubt, to say the least. If tl eie was any one thing more generally under? ooi among the pe^pie than anyother, as a re ::on for changing the old Constitution, it was that the restiiction against Banking might he removed. Now that thf* Convention, by an itldio«t unanimous vote of all parties, have justilied the public expectation in this re gard, it !oes seem to me a little strange to call upon Democrats to undo what they had assist ed in accomplishing. For one, 1 think that our d'.'legates, Judge Hall and Mr. Robinson, reflected tbe will of their constituents oa the subject, and I Bincereiy trust that they will be sustaii ed by the votes of the people in favor of tin. new constitution. One thing, at least, is certain—if the New Constitution is lo be opposed by bringing forward the exploded is sues cf th« past, it will be found very embar raising to a very large nuirber—I think the majo. ity—of the Democracy of the State, and leave preaches bard to heal afier the election. Pw iJ^ally,! am disposed, as I trust moat peno.-.s are, to treat the New Constitution without reference to party feeling or party in tuvtj, believing that party ism should have notln "g to do with the adoption of such an in- so pointedly partisan that I have no means left of meeting your objections but in speaking as I have. I will with roar leave, conclude in another number what I have to say in favor of the New Constitution, and in reply to certain objections raised against it. DEMOCEAT. THE NEW CONSTITUTION—NO. 2. Ma. EDITOR I do not pretend to say thai the New Constitution is free from objections. The question is, is it an improvement on tbe old one—is it more nearly up to the spirit and progress of the times? It would be wonder ful indeed if any body of met. could frame an instrument of this description which should be perfect in itself, and at the same time accep table to each and every citizen. All Consti tutions, from the Federal Constitution down to the one we are now considering, have been ).he joint work of many dissimilar mind?, and as a palter of course the result of numerous compromises. Tbe late Constitutional Convention of this State wascomposeu of thirty-six memt»Crs *aj in sesriou forty two days. Of these Now, it is a fact, and one which, if not known, ought to be taken for granted, that the Convention embraced the highest character and the best ability belonging to the respec tive parties in the State. As men of wisdom, would they s'tbniit a weak and indefensible instrument to the people? As men nf integri ty, would they seek to supplant the old Con stitution with one less honest, and less suited to the public necessities of the times We must »ake it for granted—common strument—but your receut appeals have been stitution, also framed by a majority of Demo- members k'teen were Democrats and twenty-^ one Republicans. They were all elected on party grounds, and the organization of the Convention was necessarily reijL'l*^ upon the same principles. In the early Btdge"1 of the proceedings there was much partisan zeal inai) feated by the more radical of the Republican members, which wss promptly and (Uccess fully resisted by the Democrats. These con flicts soon developed to the more conservative portion of the Republicans the evil consequen ces of a purely partisan feeling, and without quartelling with the more rabid of their polit ical associates, they began to listen to the counsels of tbe Democracy, and the result was that they yielded most of the views and pre judices with which they commenced the ses sion, and closed their labors by co-operating cordially with the Democrats in all the princi pal features of the New Constitution. The truth is, I am informed, that tbe Democrats, though in a minor ty, had tb« making of most of the changes proposed. courtesy and common justice require that we should take it for granted—that those honorahle pen tlemeu did eive the whole subject their moBt honest, deliberate and careful consideration— and this being so, shall their arduous labors, running throutrh a period »f forty days, be tossed to the wind npon a mere tx parte state ment, and whittled down the wind because it is not Democratic enough in one phce, nor Republican enough in another? Common justice requires us take it as a whole, and from that point ot view should we defermine "whether'I is better to endure tiie ills we have," or seek a remedy in a »ew order of afiairs. Tilt SCHEDULE. This portion of the New Constitution is justly complained of as nxing the lepresenta tion in the nex*t Legislature so as to give the Republicans unfair advantages. This is true —but there is an existing law of the Legisla ture, passed under the Old Constitution, which Joes prtciiely the jam* thing. THERE is NO HKLP I OR THIS. In either event we must bide our time. We must out live it—there is no other remedy, neither under the Old Constitu tion nor under th* New. The difference, however, is slightly in favor of the adoption of the New Constitution—for by that means we shall the sooner have an opportunity to elect a new Governor, as well as a Lieuten ant Governor, and also at no distant day the Supreme Judges. In this matter the Republi cans have done what all parties too often do— tbey have taken advantage of their majority to keep in power as long as possible. But as the Convention have confined themselves in this matter to the terms of a law already in force, and from which there is no escape except in tbe lapse of time, the Schedule should be no fatal objection to the adoption of the New Constitution. EDDCATIOV AMD SCHOOL LANDS. I shall leave to Judge Hal!, who has yet to finish his series of articles, to elaborate the main features of this part of the New Consti tution. Tbe history of this proposition, to which many have taken exceptions under the impresaion that it would introduce colored children into our common schools, is simply this—it was drawn up and presented by Judge Hal), and was voted for by every democrat present—Clark, of Henry, and Wilson, of JefTer«on, both Republican leaders, and both extremely radical in their political views, bit- mulattoes to our free schools, they mu^t have been the Democratic members of the Conven- terly opposing it at every step! This is the I throughout to state facts and treat the question political history of the proposition—so that if candidly, not as a partisan, but as an individu any body was in favor of sending negroes an! i p. rfSPur »r* *!#./ &••• & (farailn ftrtusppt-—Mote* to $tli(jio«: politics fifcrafnrt Enteral an& focal ^ritultotr ftntyfranfc tfhcaftoa IfTarTiffe It, OTTUMWA, IOWA, THURSDAY, JULY 23, 1857. tats, provides for comiron schools, and de clares that they shall be "free and without charge for tuitio.i *o all children between the apes of four and twenty ye -"«.»* Even the old fashioned State o' North Carolina says in her Constitution the', tbe Legislature shall pro vide for "the con* anient instruction of you Ji," saying nothing a to color, because it was un derstood there, as everywhere, that white children alone were intended to be the recip ients of such favors. And, although Wiscon sin has of late years become perfectly aboli tionized, yet no one has ever heard of black children being sent to the same school with white children in that State—nor will it ever be so here. I am opp*l£tt to the blacks com ing among us at all—I would prohibit their coming by law—bu#%eing here, and subject to taxes, It would be safer for ourselves and bet ter for them that schools should be provided for them. We can find no justification in treating them as brutes—they can be educated and should he educated in schools especially provided for them. THE APPEWDAOE. fiii* is no part of the Gonstitution, sliffWefn no danfffr th^ it mr wiu be. It is what m'ght probably be tet^ i«ue," having nothing to do with the question— "as a tub thrown to the whale" by the Repub­ lican leaders who wished to do something to conciliate the abolitionist*, and yet leave theiTXelves in position with the main branch of their p5rty who are opposed to negro suf frage. No Democrats will vote for it—no Republicans will vote tot it excepting such 000 for the Constitution and 30,000 against it, another Convention. D. (I think that will be the proportion) the ap pendage must show a vote of 43.0C0 and up wards to make it a part of the Constitution.— It inuat show theffejiuany figures in ita favor. Where will you find 45,000 negro suffrage men in the State? I venture tbe prediction, .. .... that it will not receive 5,00 voles in the whole A few words now as to the propriety and advantage of some of tbe minor amendments, or racher tlm«e which have not called forth any remark, though important in themselves. All special legislation is prohibited, and gen eral legislation alone provided for. The ob vious sound policy of this provision in ridding the General Assembly of tins species of legis lation, Dy which the grossest injustice is fre quently inflicted, ueeds no comment. It was voted for by every Democrat in the Conven tion, including Mcsars. Hall and Robinson, of this county. For these reasons, then, and tor those urged in my former article, I think I shall be doing my best duty as a citizen by voting for the New Constitution. My object has been a' tion. The wording of the Constitution is this: leaving to every man to vote as his judgment The Board of Education shall provide for the and sense of duty may suggest without refer education of the youth of the Sute, through a ence to party predilections. I have ne doubt system of common schools. This is the law i that this is your own wish, and that you so ot the Constitution—it is the rule and author ity under which action shall be taken—but the details of the system to be put into operation are left to the Boartl of Educatiou and the Legislature. Does any one suppose that tbey will ever attempt to thrust colored children into white schools? The Constitution of In

diana, framed by a Convention overwhelm ingly Democratic, and in which it is provided that no more negroes shall settle in the State, has the following clause in regard to educa tion, (as to be provided for by act of General Assembly,) "and provide by law for a gener al and uniform system of common schools, wherein tuition shall be without charge, and equally opt* to allThis language is certain ly as broad and comprehensive as words can make it—yet has any one ever heard of ne groes being sent among white children to the free schools of Indiana? The Wisconsin Con- looking only to the best good of the State. 1 have been from the beginning, and am still in favor of keeping the question out of party, design to have the contest carried on. I know that your opposition is honest—I know, too, that it is ardent—and you will take it as friend ly from me if I suggest that you guard your zeal in the premises if you wi»h the Constitu tion to go before the people ^n its merits, and not before a party heralded by prejudices'. Having shown, as well as I am able, that tha Bill of Rights is identified with that of all the States in those portions which you assail, and that tbe negro testimony provided for is no more in point of fact than is permitted under tbe old Constitution—having shown that the people ought to be trusted with the privilege of saying whether they will have a Banking system or not—having shown that the blacks are not to be educated with white children at our common schools—'having shown that the appendage is no part of the new Constitution, and that there is no danger that it ever can be- come so—having shown that the Schedule, when adapted, is in fact more favorable for us, if we will look at it politically, than the act tit the Legislature under which we are bound t» live anyhow—and having shown that, in addi* tion to these matters, there are numerous very im»" rtant, very desirable, and very advantafc geous amendments in the new Constitution, I will take my leave of the subject, tkankinf you for your kindness in giving me this public hearing. DEMOCRAT. Po 8.—A very Important feature in the nev# Constitution which I had omitted to enumer ate, and to which mv attention has been called by your strictures upon my first commnnica tion, is as to the manner of making futurl amendments to that instrument. You say thai if the r.ew Constitution should be adopted it cannot be changed or amended "ivithout great expense." Now, it is provided in (he new Con» stitution that amendments may be proposed by one Legislature, and if sanctioned by the suc» ceeding one then said amendments shall be sub mitted to a vote of the people, and if adopted shall become part and parcel of the constitu» tion. This clearly involves no expense what± ever. The late Constitutional Convention, call ed under the provision of the old Constitution, cost the State between forty to fifty thousand dollars. If tbe new C«r.stitution should be vo ted down, and a new Convention called, that Convention conld hardly come off with less cost to tbe State than the late one. In point of economy, then, the balance is altogether in favor of the new Constiintion, lo amend which will cost just nothing at ail. It is true that it is provided that i:i 187C, and every 10th yMr of them as are also *pwed abolitionis!*--#nd i the people the question of "Convention or No no old line Whigs will vote for it. By the wording of it, it must have a majority of all the votes cast for and against the Constitution. If there should be 90.000 votes cast—say 60,- tf1Preafter, the Legislature may submit to ^•invention" to amend the Constitution—b ,t this is J.'scretionary on the part of the Legisla ture—and the supposition is reasonable that amendments, if any, will be made through the i Legislature and the people without the cost of State! If it formed part and parcel of the ., .., .i. .1 As the Turners are widely spreading in this -j -a u o I w o u s u y o w n w i o I .. Country, it may be interesting to our readers to whole instrument'—but this is not tbe fact, I, learn something of their history. The Turners and as is apparent to every one, never can be. .. i, i o w e e i o i i n o a e a n o e s s o n a e The Republican press throughout the State ,T ., .. .. i John, connected with the University at Leip oppose it—the Republicans as a party oppose ,. ,f .. J. it—how, then, can it possibly be adopted It .. .. u i The Governor is compelled to sign bills, or veto them—no more pocketing bills or akulk ing responsibilities—while in the matter uf the pardoning power he is compelled to give his reasons for exercisiiig this privilege. His term, too, is reduced to two years in office.— All these changes were adopted by the unan imous vote of the Convention. Another very importantand valuable amend ment is Bection 11, Bill of Rights, which pio vides '-that all offences less than felony, and in which the punishment dees not exceed a fine of one hundred dollars, or imprisonment for thirty days, shall be tried before a justice of the peace, or officers authorized by law on information under oath, without indictment, or tbe intervention of a grand jifry, securing lo the defendant the right of appeal." The ad vantage of this position besides securing sum mary justice, is in keeping our jails rid of men who are constantly being confined for petty otfiences, ard who frequently lie in jail for months before a trial can be had. The saving in this way would amount annually through out the State to indreds of thousand of dol lars The election of the supreme judges by the people is also a new and important feature, but one so generally expected and desired that it has not caused any particular comment. The fixing of the general election in Octo ber is certainly an improvement, and will be very generally acceptable. The Turners* Wfe «T» Informed that the Turners' Society in this city is in a flourishing condition, and that its numbers are increasing. They are making preparations, we understand, for a K i w i i a n e e a i o n a e i a o a i n A n n i- versarv a rr As early as the beginning of the present 1 may simply be added, as a matter of history,! .. .... ,, .. school in which the elementary principles of a that the idea of this appendage was borrowed I ,. .. ,f. ,. physiological education should be taught tbe from trw Michigan Democratic Constitutional ... i y o u w o w e e o n n e e w i e v e Convention, who submitted the same question ... i i n e i s e e n a y o u a i o n a s o e n e in precisely tbe same manner. It was voted down overwhelmingly, whilst tbe Constitu tion was adopted a moat without auy opposi tion. century he conceived the idea of founding a jvated their systems as to excite the apprehen i sion of the Professor, who established a gym natiuin, added to which was a department where enfeebled youths received medical treatment, or, in other words where their diet was restricted to goats' milk, and they were obliged to practice the hydropathic system of living, in connection with the exercises. From i the latter system the nam* "Turners*' had its {derivation. To this end, the institution was maintained until subsequent to the sanguinary engagement fought by Napoleon, in the environs of Leip sic, in lSf3, when the spirit of liberty than rife in the German States crept into and con solidated this institution into a secret organi zation for the maintenance of Republican principles. Under the guise of its recognized purpose—bodily exercise and education—the society continued to flourish, fostering that sacred love of independence which ao distin guishes the German people. The revoluton of of 1848 witnessed an example of their power, when, in the town of Baden, they performed a most signal part in the stirring events of that period. About this time—1848—tha German resi dents of the United States, imbued with the same indomitable hatred of despotism which drove them from their "Faderland," combined under one organization called the "Bund."— But in this institution, as in almost all other national organizations, the question of slavery has been a source of dissension, resulting in a disunion of the "Bund." The members of the society living in the southern states refused to subscribe to the Turnzeitung, an organ of the society published in Cincinnati, and the north ern members, true to the principles of freedom refused to fraternize with their German slave holding advocates at the South. This state cf affairs was greatly aggaavated by the passage of the Nebraska bill, and about a year ago a dissolution of the National Society took place. There are now, according to the Boston Jour nal, about 5,000 Germans connected with the institution in this country, only 1.000 of whom are residents of the southern states. The object of the Turners may be summmed up In the words-"A sound mind in a sound i body and, believing that these Associations are calculated to make their members prosperity DON'T MINO WHAT HE Hrldf% I K I IT. My friend, thou art mournful aad That Iffe la heavy. a traiwient breath- Disheartened, it may be, with AM bearing The moan of Uie rirpr of death! Up! work out the fate of a here. Or perish at least in the strife Even we may be builders of bridges. For the passage of souls into Hft tbe waive of existence la drifting And rushing to darkness and death, Let us hew, with the sword of the spirit, White blocks from th« deep mln« of The rainbow shall o'erarch our bridge*, Olives the pathway shall pave, And the beautiful stone of the corner Rest on the Boor of the grave. Like bright birda under tbe raftari Shall hover the good deeds we do. And the fair pillar* shine with the beauty Of Uvea to humanity true. My friend, wilt thou lend me thy counsel. And then, If thou wilt, we will utrlve O'er the river of death to build bridges. That souls may o'erpasa It, and live The London Times Newspaper. A London correspondent of the New York Herald, supposed to be one of the officers of the U S. steam-frigate Niagara, gives the following description of the offica of ths Lon don Times: Tne London Times wade its first appearance in the year 1788, as successor to the Univer sal Register, a paper which had issued from Printing House Square almost from time im memorable. The times is now in the zenitfi of its power and prosperity, the necessary re sult of those qualities which always secure newspaper sucress in this as well as other counti ies—"unflinching adherence to its object, prodigal intellectual ability and a towering assurance, backeJ by a perfect organisation of its printing establishment, and its world wide ret-work of correspondents and re porters." I lately had an opportunity of taking a peep into the Times office, and after traversing sev eral narrow, dark alleys, I came suddenly upon a small court in the centre of "Printing House Sn'iare,"upon which fronts the "Times Build ing"—a plain, unpretending and irregular structure, with a blackened exterior in perfect keeping with its antiquity. One feels here as if he should tread lightly. He is about enter ing the temple whence issued the mighty power which carried the cause of Queen Caroline Amelia, of Brunswick, against George IV. which caused to be adopted the poor law sys tem which levelled Lord Brougham waged successful war on Ireland adopted tha league against tbe corn laws, and "when Cobden bad btgun to despair, announced the triumph." Yes, tbe tiroes has written its own history, re corded its own triumphs, and erectad a Bona* ment as enduring as time itself. The unostentatious entrace on the right leads to the quiet and plainly furnished sanctum of Mr. Mowbray Morris, the presiding genius of this wonderful establishment, whom 1 found to be an accomplished gentlemen, of refined taste and polished manners, and resembling a a good deal in polished manners the Hon. Ca leb Cushing. Being furnished with tickets of admission to the printing office, through the politeness of Mr. Morris, our party crossed agaiu the small court, and entered the venera ble pile from the diagonal corner, where we were taken charge of by "Mi. Johnson, prin ter of the Times," who has been connected with the office for thirty-five years, and who made up the paper for upwards of twenty-five years. We entered the office at twenty-five minutes before 11 o'clock and as our tickets named thirty minutes past eleven, we were ar0 e,nI,lo SATS.—A carUin home, on the opposite e'lde of the road, aud sueing what Ids' hopeful boy doing, bawled out: "John, don't you drive them cattle in there, I told you to pat them in the pasture behind the house." The boy took no notice whatever to the re monstrance, and bis father repeated the order in a louder tone, without the least effect—and a third time gave positive orders not to drive the cattle in there. The son didu't even deign to look up, and disobeyed the paiental injuc tion with a coolness which positively shocked the Judge, who looking at tha culprit, aaid, in a tone of official dignity "B j, don't you hear your fatler speaking to you "Oh, ya-a-s," replied the youth, casting a glance at the Judg*, and then at his parent, but I don't mind what he Bays. Mother don't neither, and t'wixt she and l)' tora*ve about got tbe dog so he don't.** ed aI,d fo"r P»»ciPal »nd more valiant and capable soldiers in war, and better citizens in peace, we wish them continued i wilh luW a" OLD SERIES, VOL. NO. 4FT TEB.ns, ll.CO In Advance.! machinery is driven by two engines of thirty horse power each. The Times prints its own stamps by a private arrangement made with tbe government, bat so guarded that fraud is out of the question.--. The government officer who attends eadl morning notes the number printed by amachilM somewhat resembling a gas meter, but which no one has excess but himself. la tbfel machine is also deposited the die. A dupS» cate of the couat is also kept by one of the prV&? prietors of the journal. A nm. new machine for wettinj*paper, fnventjl and manufactured by Delane, McKay A Cep has been put in operation in the limes officer and is found to Work admirably, aaving an ioflMt mense expenditure of time and money. Thf issue of the paper each morning makes a pi Mrs. politeiv shown into the refreshment room to wait for five minutes—such is the exactness with which everything is done. In this room 1 noticed a large number of duatv, black looking volumes, which I ascertained to be Parliamentary de bates, running back through a long series of years. Here the reporters take refreshments during the sitting of Parliament, as they have no opportunity of taking their meals at home. Under the kind guidance of Mr. Johnson we proceeded first to tbe reporters' loom—a long, dark, comfortless looking hall, with a ta ble running through the centre, surrounded with heavy oaken chairs, and covered with a profusion of writing materials. From this we passed next into the compositors' room, where Parliamentary debates are put in type, and forty-two compositors are employed. Ad joining is the editorial, news and advertisement rooms, in which eighty-eight compositors are constantly engaged, receiving each forty cents per thousand ems for (heir labor. Next came the proof reader's room, wheie eight persons It 50 feet high. Every four days it would maJqg a column as high as the London monument.-# Tbe entire force employed in the printing d& partment is three hundred, including leperteipl and proof readers. The conductors of the Times are well avro# of the influence of the journal, the tone c|f which has been the occasion of comment froift official organs of the continental courts, and even the ground of diplomatic complaint.— What would tbe Times say is a terror in every capital in Europe. The fype editorial staff has al­ ways been made up of able men, and now it commands the best pens in England but no writer is suffered to claim the authorship of any paper everything good, from whatever quarter comes editorially. The paper thinki for the whole nation its columns daguerreo« British ideas and British understanding. Bold but considerate, it assails alike the peas, ant and the prince, and not nnfrequantly drops a hint to Majesty itself. such is the London Times—such its present power and influence in the Old World—and yet in all that constitutes newspaper enterprise the Times is far outstripped by the leading journals of our own country. We boast of progression, the Times of antiquity*—the es sential difference is, one is British, the other American. Dickson's Sew PetticMrt. A meek, quiet looking person, calling him self John Dickson, was detected on Friday in tbe very act of stealing a large roll of red flan nel from the door of a dry goods store in Eighth street. He did not deny the fact, but attempted to palliate his offend* fcy the fol lowing address to the Mayor: "Sir, I confess I did take the flannin but when you hsar why I took it, you will say that I am an unfortunate man, and ought to be pit ied. My wife says to me yesterday morningr "John, I've got a two dollar note, Bank of Harrisburg (iayS she): I made it by washing and ii omng, and I want you to go and buy m# eight yards of flannin—red dannin (says shep —to make me two petticoats, for the Sprin§ is backwards (says she), and the weathe* keeps cool, and I havn't a rag that's fit to wear. And mind you don't lose the money nor go near any grog-shop (says she), for yoj know your weakness and don't you get intfi conversation with any other loafers as you ar|f: going along on this errand.' "So I took the money—tha two dollar nil (I did)—and set out, and went three square^ around to keep clear of a groggery that's i£ tht upper end of our street^ and that's the wajfc i missed it for in t'other streat I met Joe Hi*, son. Says Joe: "Jack, where you're bound?" "Says I—Ho get eight yards of quarter dol lar flannin to make my wife two petticoats.' "Says he—'Dock tbe old woman half ayarp and let's have a couple of glasses of toddy. It* only making the petticoats a little shorts* (says he,) and she's got a handsome pair cjf ankles, she won't mind having a scant pat tern.' "Well, 1 thought half a yard of flannii wouldn't make much difference, so in we weij to the hotel, changed the note, drank a gla apiece, and that put us in the notion of moi| (it did), and Joe dra.ik, and drank, and ia le^ than an hour I'll be switched if I had twenty* five cents left out of two dollars. Well, wh$ could I do then 1 ax any reasonable ma£ what could I do? I couldn't go home witb|t out the flannin, and I couldn't buy it withoi|t the money. So I hooked a bolt of it (I didfc that's a fact, and I'm not ashamed to acknow)* edge it, for nothinc else could be done aqi if I hadn't been nabbed my old woman shou|| have had six red flannin petticoats instead two she sent me after and that's the whofe story." Dickson was committed, in default of balfe to answer for tho larceny.—[Philadelphia Sunday Mercury. DUTY lively on advertisements, IS on editorial and other matter. These several rooms ar# a11 on the saue mal, and (second) floor, and .re dark' ceilln68 d"oid conveniences which utark our first cla»s printing establishments. Speak to the proprietors and call attention to these Judge while attending court in a shire town, I Wets, and they will answer by pointing to was passing along the road where a boy was the antiquity of the building. The composit- i open air, or on your feet hard work tending just letting down the bars to drive some cat-' ors engaged on the advertisements are required towards knowledge of business punctuality tie in. His lather stood in tbe door of his to put up also the reading matter for the sec- without which you can never attain wealth & ond edition of the morning papei. The sup- honor and teiious employment in aflairs whie* plement or advertisement sheet goes to press at six o'clock on the evening previous to its issue. The present edition of the London Times, numbering 53,000, copies daily—nearly twenty thousand less than the New York Herald—is printed on six presses—three verticle one's (Applegarth's patent) and three horizontal. The largest of the vertical presses throws off nine papers at every revolution of the main cylinder the two smaller ones eight papers each. The three horizontal presses work four cylinders each. In order to use such a num ber of different presses the office has twenty four columns of matter electrotyped every morning. A new prexs has been ordered from the United States, and Hoe & Co., New York, went along. You will not make the journey will soon have one of their new patent presses 1 of mammoth size operating in the Times office,! put peas in your shoes. Foim the habit of and illustrating the superiority of Yankee in- seeking pleasure ia work, happint* vention over all competition. Tbeir present' duty of 'he hour.—[Dr. Alexander. PLCASURX.—What ever comes it, put your shoulder to the wheele for a fe months: by that time some of the rough placet will have become plain. Wear the yoke grace fully. Every moment of this wearing trouble will turn character. There a-e ce|t tain things which.you will be ashamed to claw among hardships. Such are early rising, which you should practice for pleasure and longevity, as well as religion exercise in tlM secure you confidential regard, in all these temptations to discontent, let me venture an observation on life, which 1 confess it (Ni q|| many years to compreherd. Uneasiness in the youthful mind arises froHi a fallacy that we express thus "Work now, but rest and pleasure hereafter." Not merely the clerk, but the millionaire, thus dfclutiw himself: will bear theae aunoyaoces In view of the refreshing and luxurious respite of my hereafter/' In opposition to all this, let u»e declare to you, that these hours, or day»j or years of repose, when the mighty oppre** sive hand of the giant business is let up, witt be none the less sweet, for your having takfta a genuine satisfaction in your work yw better, ii, like famous pilgrims to Loretto, yoo