Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, June 7, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated June 7, 1860 Page 1
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NEW 8ERIES, VOL. 5, NO. 3®. jr. W. ,\nui(IS, Proprietor. (Dttumtoa Cottrifr, IS PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY IW PRITQH'S BTTH-03INQ (RP STAIRS,) OTTUMWA, WAPELLO CO., IOWA, By J. IV. A G. P. WORKKfl* E S IN VA HI AI3L« Y .IN ADVANCE One copy, perjeSf Four copies Ten Twenty" Persons wishlngto subscribe for a leas time than one year can do no by remitting the amount they wish to be so appropriated. In no case will we entpr new HHinp* un]"") H:-y st" »t,80 8,00. -. **.*..».. 12,00. 84,00. ,K-"n!V:i"i','l with money. iio.M sf A»r, or mi: v. i sr. A ir-~* Star-Spa* gltd Btmner." [Wrlttnn eipressly for the Pre** and Tribune.] Oh hark from the pine-created hills of Old Maine, Where the splendor flriit Tails from the wing* or the morning, And away in the West, orer river and plain, Rinirsout theffrnnd anthem of Liberty'! wWnlllgt From green-rolling prairie It swells to the sea. For the people have risen, victorious and free Ch«y have chosen their leader*, and bravest and v best Of them all Is OLD AM, Hoxwr ABB or WMT W# ttlrlt that fo-nirht for the patriots of old Has swept through the land and aroused us flSTHref, In the pure air of Heaven a standard unfold marshal us on to the sacred endeavof JPlroutlly tho banner of freemen we bear Hfoble the hopes that encircle It there AB'd where battle is thickest we follow the erest Ofgallant OLD ABE, IIOSE-ST ABE or TIM V*N»T There's a triumph in urging a glorious oause, Though the host* of the foe for a while nttf IM stronger, rushing on for just ruler* and holUr laws, TIK their lesienlog column* oppose us no longer, •ut ours the loud psean of men who have past Through the struggUa of years, and arts victor* at last §«riorward the flag! leave to Heaven the rat, AWl trust in OLD An*, IIOXBXT ABIE or TUB Wast! 1o !»ee the bright scroll of the future unfold Broad farms and fair cHica shall crown our devotion Free Labor turn even the sands Into gold: And the links of her railways chain ocean tn nrs[ Barces shall float on the dark river waves With a wealth never wrung from the sinews of slaves And the Chief, In whose rate all the land shall be blest, I* o*r noble OLD Ann, 1IO*EST ABB or TBI WESI Then on to the holy Republican strlfsI And again, for a Future as fair as the morning, For the sake of that freedom more precious than life, Ring out the grand anthem of Liberty's warning Lift the banner on high, while from mountain to plain The cheer* of the people ar« sounded again ffwah for our cause-—of all causes the best 1 HOT ah 1 for OLD ABB, HOHKST ARK or TUP WRST ETWVN 0. HTRMIAB, Yiirilii)i^r let I1M« Ijiftt of "Abe Liuvolu." OarwiflwBdence of the Clevelan4^ip«r. Asa Western man, I wish space to give Vent to rny enthusiasm over the nomination of Kin. Abraham Lincoln for Pre.sil.'iit of the United States. Mr. Linco'n, or "Old Abe," as his frieuds familiarly call him, is a self-made man. A Kantuckian by birth, he emigrated to Illinois in his boyhood, where he earned bis living at the anvil, devoting his leisure hours to study. Having chosen the law as his future calling, he devote 1 him self ambitiously to its mastery, contending at every .step with adverse fortune. Daring this poriol of study, he for soma time found a home under the hospitable roof of one Armstrong, a farmer who lived in a log housB sorao eight miles from the village of Petersburg, Menard county. Here, clad in homespun, with elbows out, and knees cov ered with pitches, young Lincoln would master his lessons by the firelight of the cabin, and then walk to town for the pur ose of recitation. This man Armstrong as himself poor, but he saw the genius truggling in the young student, and opened !to him his rude home and bid him welcome to his coarse fare. How Lincoln graduated with promise—how he has more than llftll ed that promise—how honorably he acquir ed himself alike on the battlefield, in defend ing our border settlements against tbe rav ages of savage foes, and in the halls of our national legislature, are matters of history, and need no repetition here. But one little incident of a more private nature, standing as it does as a sort of sequel to some things already alluded to, I deem it worthy of rec ord. Some few years since the oldest son of Mr, Lincoln's old friend Armstrong, the chief support of his widowed mother—the good old man having sometime previously passed from earth—was arrested on the charge of murder. A young man had been killed during a riotous melee, in the night time, at a camp-meeting, and one of his as Bociates stated that the death-wound was in flicted by young Armstrong. A preliminary examination was gone into, at which the ac cuser testified so positively that there seemed do doubt of the guilt of the -prisoner, and therefore he was held for trial. As is too of ten the case, the bloody act caused an undue degree of excitement in the public mind.— Every improper incident in the life of the prisoner—each act which bore tbe least sem blance of rowdyism—each school-boy quar rel—was suddenly remembered and magni fied, until they pictured him as a fiend of the most horrid hue. As these rumors spread abroad, they were received as gospel truth, and a feverish desire for vengeance seized upon the infatuated populace, whilst only prison-bars prevented a horrible death at the hands of a inob. The events were heralded in the country papers, painted in the highest colors, accompanied by rejoicing over the certainty of punishment being met ed out to the guilty party. The prisoner, overwhelmed by the circumstances under which he found himself placed, fell into a melancholy condition, bordering upon des }air and the widowed mother, looking through her tears, saw no cause for hope from earthly aid. At this juncture, tbe widow received a letter from Mr. Lincoln, volunteering his services in an etfo.. to save the youth from the impending stroke. Gladly was his aid accepted, although it seemed impossible for even his sagacity to prevail in such a des perate case but tbe heart of the attorney was ip his work, and he set about it with a will that knew no such word as fail. Feel ing that the poisoned condition of the public mind was such as to preclude the possibility of impanelling an impartial jury in the court having jurisdiction, be procured a change of venue, and a postponement of the trial. He then went studiously to work unravelling the case, and satisfied himself that his client was the victim of malice, and that the state ments of the accuser were a tissue of false hoods. When the trial was called on, the prisoner, pale and emaciated, with hopeless ness written on every feature, and accompa nied by his half-hoping, half-despairing mother—whose only hope was in a mother's belief of her son's innocence, in the justice of the God she worshipped, and in the noble counsel, who, without hope of fee or reward upon earth, had undertaken the cause—took his seat in the prisoner's box, and with a stony firmness listened to the reading of the indictment. Lincoln Rat quietly by, whilst the large auditory looked on him as though wondering what he could say in de fence of one whose guilt they regard as cer tain. The examination of the witnesses for the State was begun, and a well, arranged mass of evidence, circumstantial and positive, was introduced which seemed to implicate the prisoner beyond the posibility of extricat'on. The counsel for the defense propounded but few questions, and those of a character which excited no uneasiness on the part of the pros ecutor—mer ly, in most cases, requiring tho main witness to be definite as to tho time and place. When the evidence of the prose cution was ended, Lincoln introduced a few witnesses to rem ve some erroneous impres sions in regard to the previous character of his client, who, though somewhat rowdyish, had never been known to commit a vici »us act and to show that a greater degree of ill-feeling existed between the accuser and the accused than the accused and the de ceased. The prosecutor felt that the case was a clear one, and his opening speech was brief and formal. Lincoln arose while a deathly silence pervaded the vast audience, and in a cl jar but moderate tone began his argument. Slowly and carefully he review ed the testimony, pointing out the hitherto unobserved discrepancies in the statf ments of the principal witness. That which seem ed plain and plausible, he made to appear crooked as a serpent's path. Too witness had stated that the affair had taken place at a certain hour in the evening, and that by the aid of the hriorhtly shining moon, he saw the prisoner inflict the deadly blow with a slung shot. Mr. Lincoln showed that at the hour referred to, tho moon had not yet appeared above the horizon, and conse.jicntlv the whole tale wa=! a fabrication. An almost in stantaneous change seemed to have been wrought in the min is of his auditor*, and the verlict of not guilty' was at the end of every tongue. But the advocate was not content with his intellectual achievement.— (lis whole being had for mouths been ho:ril up to this work of gratitude and mercy, and, as the lava of the over-charged crater bursts from its imprisonment, so great thoughts an 1 burning words leaped forth from the soul of the eloquent Lincoln. He drew a picture of the perjurer so horrid and ghastly that the accuser could sit under it no longer but reeled and staggered from the room, whilst the audience fancied they could see the brand upon his brow. Then in words of thrilling pathos Lincoln annealed to the jurors as fathers of sons who might become fatherless, and as husbands of wives who might be widowed, to yield to no previous impressions, no ill-founded prejudice, but to do his client justice and as he alluded to the debt of gratitude which he owed the boy's sire, tears were seen to fall from many eyes unused to weep. It was near night when he concluded by saying that if justice wa^ done—as he believed it would be—before the sun set it would shine upon his client a free man. The jury retired and the court ad journed for the day. Half an hour had not elapsed, when the officers of the court ind the volunteer attorney sat at the tea table of their hotel, a messenger announced that the jury had returned to their seats. All repair ed immediately to the court house, and whilst the prisoner was being brought from the jail, the court room was filled to overflowing with citizens of the town. When the pris oner and his mother entered, silence reigned as completely as though the house were emp ty. The foreman of the jury, in answer to the usual inquiry from the court, delivered the verdict of Not Guilty I The widow dropped into the arms of her son, who lifted her up and told her to look upon hitn as be fore, free and innocent. Then, with the words, Wiiere is Mr. Lincoln he rushed across the room and grasped the band of his deliverer, Whilst his heart was too full for ut terance. Lincoln turned his eyes towards the west, whore the sun still lingered in tiew. and then, turning to the youth, said, 4431 A garden is a beautiful book, written by the finger of God every flower and e*lary leaf is a letter. You hare only to learn hem and he in a poor duce that can not, if lie will do that—to learn thetn, and join them and then go reading, and reading, 4n i voti will find yourself carried from the earth to the skies by the beautiful story you »rc oing through. You do not know what beautiful thoughts—for they aie nothing short—grow out of the ground, and seem to talk to a man and then there are sofae flowers—they always seem to bo like oyer dutiful children—tend them ever so little, and they coma up an flourish, and show as I may say, their bright and happy to vou: The fact that Mr. Liacolu is six feet four inches in height is "fully conclusive that" tke Republican standard will not be "fowwed'Vin his hands. Letler from f«ov. Seward. The Chicago Nomination Heartily Endowed. AITBITRV, May 91, These letters will remain with ntn as surances in future years, that 'although I wa not unwilling to wait even for another age the vindication of mv lit'ctl principles yet that, they did nevertheless receive the generous support of inair giod, wise and patriotic men of my own time. Such assu rances, ho.vever, mal i under the circum stances now existing, derive their priceless value larg -ly from the fa that they steal upon me through the channels of private cor respondancs an I altogether unknown to th3 world. You will at once perceiv? that such expressions would begome painful to me and justly offensive to the country, if I should be allowed to take them in any public or con ventional form of manifestation. For this reason if it wero respectful and consistent for your own tblic purposes, I would have delayed my reply to you until I could have ha 1 an opportunity of making it verbally, next week, on my way to Washington, after completing thi arrangements for the repairs upon my dwelling house here, rendered noc es ary by a rewnt fire. The same reason de'ermm^s "me, also, to decline your kind invitation to attend the meetings in which you propose some dernonstrati own exc!usiv3 cir?, mine has only haen to execute them faithfully, so as to be able at the close of their assigned terms to resign them into the hands of the people without forfeiture of the public confidence. The presentation of my name to the Chicago Convent-Mil was their act, not mine. The disappointment, therefore, is theirs, not mine. It may have found them unprepared. On the other I have no sentiment either of disappointment or discontent for who, in any possible case could, without presumption i claim that a great national party ought to choose him for its candidate for the first offlec in tho gift of the American people I find in the resolutions of the Convention a platform as satisfactory to me a if it had been framed with my own hands and in the candidates adopted by it, eminent and able The following letter wat addressed by Gov. Seward to the Central Republican barism have passed away, and a new age Committea of New York City, who had in- and period hoi is sway. Ste tm-theagent and vited him to attend a mooting for tho ratifi- servant of man—represents it and to its in cation of the nominations ressntly made by fluence and through its might the desert be the Chicago Convention: comes populous, the wilderness smiles and MIS of respect ,y to myself, whilo so justly considering the nominations w iich have junt been made by the National Republican Conven ion at Chi cago. Atths same timj it is your right to baveafran'c anl candid expression of my own opinion an 1 sentiments on that imn»r tant suojeet. My friends know very well that while they have always generously made my promotion to public trusts their Republicans with whom 1 have cordially co-! i a n a s e a n y operated in maintaining the principles ein-i *. i- i .i n i bodied in that excellent creed. I cheerfully give them a sincere and earnest support. IJ trust, moreover, that those n ith whom I have labored so long that common service in a no- ble cause has created between them and Mew York P. O. Defalcation* Isaac T. Fowler, Post Master of the city of New York, has turned out to be a de faulter to tho Government to the amouut of $17 ),000. He was Post Master un 1 Pier ce's administration, and also under the pres ent administration. He was a delegate to the late Charleston Convention. The money is be'ieved to have been spent for electionering purposes. Mr. Fowler has retired from tho busy scenes of city life, and the officers have not yet been able to find his hiding place. He may po&sibiy tura tip mt tho Baltimore Convention. The Fort Madison Plaindealer, of the 18th, reports a somewhat extraordinary case of blasphemy an 1 is not yet sundown, and you are free." I con fess that my cheeks were not wholly uitwet by tw^ ai turac§l from aflwduig sconoi X. su lden death that occ THE FIRST 15* JT- red near Farmington, Van Uuren county, a few days previous. A farmer living t'wre, while talking to a neighbor, about the dry werther, began an outburst of the most ter ribly blasphemy, using tho violest epithets toward the almighty and tha Savior, becausc he did notj send rain. The man was going on in frightful language, when all at once his jaw became paralyzed, his tongue liecame powerless, his voice ceased, and he fell on the earth a corpse. Hr.—A writer in a Sancl which Island paper thinks Eve" must have been a little perplexed, when having seen only the full grown man, Adam, she was called upon to administer to the infant Cain. Doubtless she was a little aston ished at the antics of 'the little strangjr,' and at times found som3 embankment in in managing him. She had no old nurse to consult, or convenient Aunt Dorothy to ca'l in. Yet the little Cain-didn't suffer on that account, as is evident from the fact that he grew up a lusty youth. Evsry baby is a perpetual surprise to its mother whit an astonishment therefore must the first baby hare been to the first mother t" CrtAttiTT.—"Well, neighbor, wTwt is the most Christian news this morning:" said a gentleman to his friend. '*1 have just bought a barrel of fl ur for a poor woman. "Just like you. Who is it that you hare made happy in your charity thb tlm^* "My wife!" OTTUMWA, IOWA, THURSDAY, JUNE 7, 1860. The of Slcain. The eras of gold and silver and bronze no longer exists with the lapse of centuries, and the progress of time, they and their bar- 18t}3.—(JBSTLEHES— is busy with the hum of a new generation, I will not aflfjet to eoncaal tho sonsibility with new thoughts and strong purposes, who with which I have read tho letters in which carve its very stones into habitations and you an so many oth respited friends shelters, and wrest from the bowels of the earth an abuadant and a ger.erous support. have tendered to m3 expressions of raa^wad and"enduring confidence. If we take a stand in a mental point of view, and look backward upon the years which are irrecoverably gone if we regect through what convulsion?and changesthe po litical and social world has passsed, from a state of ignorance and commercial stagnation to one of the most prosperous and peaceful, we must see among the most prominent and eTicent causes of this reformation—Steam. Without it, at this present day, if it were abolished and utterly unknown, on the face of the earth, darkness would reign again as it formely did. The development of the art and sciences in their highest perfection tend inevitably to moral and social advantage, if it bo only in the insignificant cause of the les-1 sen ing the severity of lalmr through the use of a powerful motor leaving tnore leisure for the workman and the operative to search out the causes which produce certain efleets and which lead him, as stated before insen sibly to the cultivation of a thoughtful mind and the improvement and stimulation of the brain, within proper bounds, is the very base and foundation of a qationai and commercial greatness. The ruleit mio Is and the mo-,t unreflect ing persons who are by chance or necessari- brou.xht up to it, USCt carjnot faii in to der and feel awe-stricken, at times, won- in the presence of this awful force. Escaping from its bons, and sen ling all before'it, as it docs sometimes through carelessness or misman agreinent, it exemplifies a literal sense, and demonstrates a ipost practical manner, the strength of its sinews and the illimitahta range_of the n. t.sti-n Wuo can form any accurate i'ion of what power is exerted against the pistons and cranks, of asteimer moving so majestically and surely in the teeth and front of the huricane and tides, until, some parts having given out, it lays bent and twisted into a hun'dred fantastic shapes Rods and links, six or eight inches in diatn eter, of the best wrought iron, bent at right angles as a boy would bend a wire and iron castings, ribbed and strengthened with bra ces and radii, snapped into fragments as if they were the frailest glass. When he sees all this then may he form some conception of that noble servant who, at this moment as we write, is driving a thousand busy wheels and whirling heavy masses in mid air, to the increas of wealth and the general prosperi ty. There is not a mechanical force in ope ration at the present day, nor a machine turning out work by the 100 percent better inan-jal labor, but what or.gin, in some form or other, to the steam. If we take the pick of the min er (who plies his calling in subteranean darknes, and who burrows like a molu), even so small a tool as that is the son and off i s i n o s e a e i e i n s e i n e o e 0 ves lts or.gin, in s myself relations of personal frien lship unsur-' .. from which it was made or forging it.— passed the experience of political men, »t .i ... Upon th« banks of busy streams, and will indulge me in a confident hef that no i toe solitudes of the primeval forests, the s e n s e o i s a o i n e n w i e a o w e y them to hinder or delav, or in any way era-,. i. 3 trioti'1 regard to the safety and welfare of the country and the best interests of mankind. Wm. H. SKWARD. barra^s, the progress of that cause to the i ,. ., ... ,, ,. putes a utile part tn the list of motors.owas consummation which is demande 1 nv a pa I song and chirps of the a reut, steam, is loudly 'heard. Even the wnter wheel, which dis- its increased efficiency and its greater power to the better facilities for manufacturing through the employment of steam. There is no corner or quarter of the glohe. known to man, where it has not penetrated. The icebergs of the Pole have overlooked its toil, and cast their shadows athwart its fun nel, whitened by the salt air and furnace heat, the waters of the northern seas have leut their drops and globulus to be evapora ted and aid man in penetrating intj un known solitudes and the fierce heat of the tropics has heated the bearings and dried out the oil from the steam engine until they have screamed again. Everywhere—in all lands and habitable places—its wreaths art seen twining and coiling in the air, and final ly disappearing entirely and lately, in Ja pan, through the exertion of Commodore Perry, a littfe locomotive carried upon a cir cular railroad a throng of wondering and pleased Japanese. It is an assertion that cannot be disputed to say that it is the very emblem and symbol of peace and prosperity. When the steam engines are the most rapid in their revolutions, and when their number and sum increase in quick succession, then do the papers team with joyous accounts of prosperous harvests, groaning warehouses, and full freights then are all man busy, then are all men busy, and tha voice of com­ plaint and the piteous cry of want are un known in the land. In all its various ope rations, whether in swinging tho ponderous beam of the steamer slowly and steadily to aud-fro, whether heaving the piston regularly up-and-down through all the wrath and tu mult of the elimmt, urging, the vessel on, and trampling even the might of the seas beneath its resolute beat and stroke, it is still the object of unfl igging and never-ceas ing interests. In careful and experienced hands—careful, b^yound every other con sideration—there is no liiuit nor bound to »ts range, ar.d man need not enumerate the catalogue of its operations to praise it the rc»tilts are enough. The fire of sacrifice that burned on old alters and lull tops no longer gleam and startle the terrified people with the victims' shrieks and cries but, through all the night, and through the summer's heat and winter's cold, the genial turnace-fires flame and burn, and render good return to man.—Bcientific American. Horse theives are prevalent in Washing ton and Keokuk counties in this State Viiit to Gov. Scwarct. CorroBpaadence of the N. T. 77MM. AUBUHM Tuesday, May 29,1990. I hive turned aside from my direct route homeward, in order to pay a visit of respect and friendship to Gov. Seward. I found him as busily and as happily engag :d in directing the improvements of his delightful countrv residence, as if no such incident as treachery and disappointmant ever disturbed the tenor of political life. His barns and outhouses, you remember were burned a few w^eks since.— His special errand at home, juW now, is to arrange for rebuilding them:—when his plans have been made for this work, he will re tarn to Washington,—probably early next week,—and resume his seat in the Senate. He will serve out tho remainder of his term in that body, but will not, in any event or under any circumstance', be a candidate for re-election. His personal friends know that this has bean his fixed purpose for the last two years. He regards his public life as definitely closed—and seems to derive more solid satisfaction from the prospect of retire ment than any additional honors could pos sibly confer. Mr. Seward is unquestionably ambitious,—but he has never permitted his judgment to be clouded by the favor of as piration he knows very well that the record he has made upon the history of the country could not be improved by any prolongation ofhis service, while the chances of protracted political life might possibly render it less clear and conspicuous than he leaves it now. Besides this, he has toile l, as few men have ever done before him and the incessant, conscientuous labors of thirty years have not been without their effect upon a physi cal constitution never very strong.—and have begotten the desire, so natural to men with whom reflection outweighs impulsive ambition, for the repose and quiet that be long to the closing years of an active and useful life. Those who know the society In whose bos un he will saek that rest, will have no difficulty in understanding the pleasure with which he looks forward to the day of his deliverance from public and official cares.— His home is a largo country mansion—in the midst of spacious, well shaded and care fully adorned grounds—upon the borders of one of the loveliest villages in Western New York. By all classes of its inhabitants he is regarded with feelings that transcend the ordinary limits of mere friendship. He is respected, honored and beloved by every body and just now, when he is supposed to have sustained the heaviest blow that can fall upon the head of a public man,—in the withholding of honors nobly earned, and justly awarded by the hearts of the millions he has served,—nothing can be more touch ing than the compasstonate sympathy and love which meet him at every step. "Noth ing but this," said he, "was wanting to make my retirement the happiest event of a long and successful career." You may dis miss all the speculations in which the public journals are just now indulginr, as to the place he will hold in the new Republican Administration—if we shall have one—as idle and useless. Henceforth Hie only sphere ofhis Tabors will be his home, and the socie ty which surrounds u. Some who desire his nomination to the Presidency console themselves by looking forward to 1864 as still likely to confer it upon him. He knows too well the vigor apd endurance, physical and intellectual, which are essential to the discharge of its duties, to look upon such an event as desirable, even it were possible.— He has watche 1 too carefully the instances in which public "men have "lagged super fluous" on the public stage,—and he appre ciates too highly the real destiny and worth of his own position, to cherish the faintest wish to add, in his own person, one more to their number. "He must be a very vain, or very shallow person," said he, "who as a matter of personal choice, prefers to spend what remains of a life already close upon three score years, in the turmoil and angry contention of political controversy, rather than in quiet pursuits and calm enjoyments of private life." It must not be inferred from this that Mr. Seward will abate anything ofhis interest in the welfare of the countrv, or in the fortunes of that great party which by a spontaneous and an honorable instinct, proudly recognized him as its head. In a letter which he eas al ready writ ted to a Committee in New York, in reply to an invitation to attend a ratifica tion meetiag, he expresses his satisfaction with the nominations made at Chicago, his entire approval of the platform adopted there his belief in tha fidelity of Lincoln and Hamlin to its principles, an 1 his ardent hope that no feelings of disappointm -nt on the part of his friends will be permitted for a moment to hinder or embarrass their election aud the triumph of the cause which they represent. It is not likely that he will feel called upon, or that his friends will expect him, to take any ac ive personal part in the pending canvass but the whole weight of his influence, both in the Senate aud the country, will continue be thrown as they have been l^itherto, tato tbe RepoUlkau scale. THE CONSTITUTION.—Like one of those wondrous rocking stones raised by the Druids, which the finger of a child might vibrate to its centre, yet tho might of any army could not move from its place, our Con stitution is so nicely poised and balanced, that it seeius to sway with every breath of opin ion, 3'et so firmly rooted in the heart and af fections of the people, that the wildest storms of treason and fanaticism break over il in vain.—S. C. Winthrop. D. N. Jefferson was killed by lightning at Manchester. Delaware county, on the 2'Id inst., while out after his horses. He had caught them and was leading one of them home, when ho was stricken down almost instantly, and when taken a few moments after, life was extinct. Oi* the was also killed. A Japanese Despatch Home. Although, says the Philadelphia Inquirer our Washington correspondent has been un able thus far to obtain any copies of the Jap anese despatches to their government, a gentieman of this city has been fortunate enough to obtain the sight of a friendly letter of one of the com nissi oners to an acquain tance in Niphon. Under promise to con ceal the name of the writer, he has been au thorized to publish it, and has kindly placed it in our hands. We insert it below FBOJT THE SACRED CITT OF WASHING TOW, Mont Eiteemed Hihndiili :—We have been invited to visit next in order, the great city of Philadelphia, or, "the place consecra ted to fraternal affection," the capital of the province which is the birth-p'.ace* of the American Tycoon. Our reception, we are informed, will be attended with the most august ceremonies that the city ever offers to its most distinguished guests. The Coun cilmen, after examining our credentials, have decided to place us on a footing with "tbe most favored" foreign Fire Companies. The details of our reception by the Amer ican Tycoon, you have in my former letter. He is called, not Tycoon, bui "President," sometimes, however, by a stramc analogy of language, "old coon." I at first tho'tthis an attempt to pronounce our Japanese phrase, but am assured that it is strictly idiomatic, and implies astuteness a id age. Tt certain ly seemed applicable to the head of the nation who received us. We find it very difficult to comply with the demands of our sovereign, forbidding us to touch the women of this country. Not from any disposition on our part to disobey, but from their desire to seize us bv the hands. They are apparently allowed here the greatest freedom, but it is only in ap pearance. Every woman, manied or single, Is fasten ed in a cage of bamboo or flexible steel, ex tending from the- waist to the feet. This seems to be so arranged as to give tftera no uneasiness, but they ape very much ashamed of it, and conceal it un ler so many coverings, that it renders their apj earance quite ludi crous. They are unrestricted as to the upper part of their persons, which they are per mitted to expose as much as they wish.— This they seem to avail themselves of, and on all occasions of high ceretn my wear very low dresses. As in all barbarous nations, they slit their ears and suspend from them ornaments of gold and silver. They also paint and- powder themselves, and after greasing their hair, twist it into fantastic shapes, and tsten it up with long pins and combs. Some of them would be fine looking, if they did ndt disfigirre themselves hy the hideous aud vulgar custom of wearing eye brows nr»d keeping their teeth white. Be assured, therefore, that we are in no danger of being captivated by their appearance we feel nothing but regret that the barb irous and absurd custom of man should thus des troy the charm which cultivation re finement would so tnuch improve. Nothing strikes us so much as the want of respect these barbarians show even to their highest dignitaries they never hesitate to spit before them, and it requires considerable activity to prevent being spat upon at all titnos. The custom of wearing one sword, it seems, originated from this cause, as it enables you to avoid with great facility the saliva of y-'ur neighbor. Chewing tobacco is much prized, it se'eins, from the saliva it produces, which is preserved when possible, in handsome vases of porcelain, and placed in prominent positions. None of the inhab itants do reverence by crawling o i their bellies, exccpt after the election of the new Tycoon, when-those in search of office come to the central city and perform the ceremony. Those who are fortunate enough t* meet with honor from the Tycoon seldon walk uprightly during their whole term of office. The unfortunate applicants beeome at one? censore or spies upon the others, and their silencs has to be bought at a high price. All public servants have their price, which rises or falls according to the necessities of the Ty coon. But I shall reserve my reflections on political topics till 1 have another opportuni ty to addretH you. Until then, rest In peace. Iffae Secret of Happia The most common error of men and wom en is that of looking for happiness some where outside of useful work. It h** never yet been found when thus sought, and uever will ba while the world stands, and the soon er this truth is learned the batter for every one. If you doubt tho proposition, glance around among your friends and acquaint ances, and those who appeae to have the most enjoyment in life. Are they the idlers an I pleasure-seekers, or the earnest workers? We know what your answer will be. Of all th-» ra'sorable human »ings It has •eel our fortune, or misfortune, to know, they wire the mist wretched who had retir «l fr a u3ful employments in order to en joy tbe n dves. Why, the slave, at his en forced lab r, or the hungry toiler for bread, vere supremjly happy in comparison. Eirnestly would we impress upon young minds the truth we have statpd. It lies at the foundation of all well-being. It pives tranquility and pleasure to the youth just stepping across the threshold of rational life, as well as to the man whose years are be ginning to rest upon his stoop should rs.— Bs ever engage 1 in useful work, if you wo'd be happy. This is the p*eat secret. We hear that the mating in Washington, We luesliy, was largely attended and spir ited and enthusiastic throughout. Col. War ren made an eloquent address, which com manded close attention and elicited much applause. We hear that ho remained over night and addressed tbe people in the even ing. »jm ti'L'ii'I OLD SERIES, VOL. 12,NO. 18 TEK.TIii*f I9o0 iii Advance. "I U wb Iiad a Capital." •S'» I heard a great strapping young* MM exclaim the other day. I did want to tell him a piece of my mind so bad. But I'll just write it to him. You want capital, do you And supuose you had what you call capital, what would you do with it You want caoital Haven't you got hands and teat, and bodv and muscle, and bone, and brains and don't you call them capital What more capital did Cod give to any body? Oh but they are not money, say you. But they are more than money. If you will use them they will make money, and nobody can take them from you. Don't you know how to use them If you don't it is high time you were learning Take hold of the first, plow, or hoe or jack-plane or broad-axe that you can find, and go to work. Your capital will soon yield you a large interest. Aye, there's the rub you don't want to work, you want money or credit that yon may play the gentleman or speculate, and end by p1:tying the vagabond or you wart a plan tation and negroes, that you may hire an overseer to attend to them, while you run about over the country and disipate, or get in debt or want to marry some rich girl who may he fyilish enough to take you for your fine clothes and food looks, thai site may support you. Shame upon you, young man Go to work with the capital you have, and you'll soon make interest enough upon it, and with it to give you as much money as you want, and make you feel like a man. If you can't make money upon what capital you have, you couldn't make it if you had a million of dollars in money. If you don't know how to use bone and muscle and brains, you would not know how to use gold. If you let the capital you have lie idle and waste and rust out, it would be the same thing with you if you had gold you would only know how to waste. Then don't stand.about like a great help less child, wiiting for somebody to come in and feed you, but go to work. Take the first work you can find, no matter what it is, so that you be sure you do it like Billy Gray did his drumming—well. Yes, what ever you undertake, do it well always dp it best. If you manage the capital you already have, you will soon hovi* more to manage but if you can't manage the capital God has g:ven yo will never have any other to raanag you hear, young man. How Old Abe Received the !!¥e When tbe news of the nomination was re ceived in Springfield, Ma. LINCOLN LINCOLN LINCOLN was in the State Journal office. A boy came head long iutothe room where was sitting, with a sealed dispatch, which he placed in his hand. Mr. opened it and a sudden pallor came over his features. He gazed upon it intently nearly three minutes. Then his customary smile returned and he rose say ing "Well my boys, there is a little woman down at our house who is interested in this business and he walkad away without any further appearance of agitation, tf .iah form Mrs. of the joyful news. AN APT ILLUSTRATION.—Notwithstanding the prohibition of the Koran against paint ings and imtges, the Sultan, Mahotneu the Second, has a fancy for the art, and ordered Gentle Bellini, a Venetian artist, to paint a picture of the behead ling of John the Bap tist. When the work was finished the Sul tan found fault with the representation of the wounded part and, to prove that his criti­ cism was correct, he drew his scimetar and struck off the head of one of Ms slaves. Bel lini, on leaving his presence, thinking he had caught an "ugly customer," set sail for Venice the same evening. An Ohio member of the House being asked how he liked the nominations, replied by tiling a story. A traveler in the South west once asked a negro ow far it was to a certain town. The darkey replied. Well, sah, wid an ordinary hoss, it am 'bout six teen mile wid a right smarht nag, it'ud be 'bout eight mile but wid massa Jim's hoss, yonrdirnowV "Ssaid the Ohio Con gressman, "with, Seward, we should havita hard road to travel with Ben Wade, we should have been pretty sure of winning the. race, having no dead weights but with iloo^ est Old Abe, wi're there VICE.—He who gives himaplf to vice must inevitably suffer. If the human law does not convict and punish him, the moral law, which will have obedience, will follow him to his doom. Every crime is committed for a purpose—adnjustso sure as God gov erns the universe, so surely does a crime, al though concealed, destroy the happiness of the future. No matter how deeply laid have been tbe plans of the criminal, or how des perately executed, detection pursues him like a bloodhound, and tracks him to hiB fate- Sheriff L. C. Cook, of Montgomery county in this State, passed id rough this city Wed nesday evening, on his way to Fort Madison, having in charge a man named A. J. Mills lagle, who has been sentenced to the peni tentiary twelve years for homiHde. We un derstand that jealousy was the eg use of the rash deed. Late accounts mention the failing health of the Pope. He has been in the habit of taking small doses of strychnine for mental stiu'.ulatiou and it has had a lad effect upon him. His head is bent, his hands shake as with the palsy, and his friends fear that his time is short. Cardinal Antonelli is gener ally mentioned as his successor. Ladies shouldnt marry dry goods clerks to get rid of tho blues. That is only taking" oawUr irritants. Fernando Wood, with seventy well fritted men. Sailed down the coast and then back again. sailed

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