Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, June 21, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated June 21, 1860 Page 1
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5 Trj- WW 8ERIES, VOL. «, NO.34. J. \V. VOIlKis, Proprietor. .V.«. IS PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY IN I ®|f (Dttuiiitoa Clouvifr. T^TTMLRO^'S BLOCK, (THIRD FLOOlt) j»|jTTITMWA, WAPELLO CO., IOWA, By w. A ti. P. ORRIS- E 11 ME '^VAItlABIiY -IN ADVANCE JOne copy, perjrear $1,50 .iw*«Tour copies P.00. tr,.n .. 12,00. Twenty" 54,00. "^Urson* wishing to subscribe for a leas time than one jear can do so by remitting the amount they wish to be so Appropriated. In no ca«e will we enter new les unlecu they are areompanied wlih money. Knliricition Soi»p. BT *X. H. BVRLF10H. for th* conflict! our banner fling**, Atrt rally around It with nong and with shoutt Stoat of heart, firm of hand,should the gallant boys bo Who bear to the battle the Flag of the Free Like our fathers, when Liberty called to the itrlfe, Tbay should pledge to her cause fortune, honor, and life! And follow wherever she beckons them on, Tilt Freedom exults In a victory won Then fling out the banner, the old starry tllier, The battle-worn banner that beckons us on I come from the hillside, they come from the glen— the streets thronged with traffic and surging with men From loom and fiom ledger, fr-m worship and farm, The fearless of heart, and the mighty of arm, As the mountain born torrents exulting leap, When their Ice fetters melt, to the breast of the deep At the winds of the prairie, the waves of the sea, They are coming—are coming—the Sons of the Free, Then fling out the banner, the old starry barner,! 'The war tattered banner, the flag of the free '$pn Leader is one who, with conquerless will, Has climb'd from the base to the brow of thebiU Undaunted in peril, unswerving In strife, He has fought a good fight In the Rattle of Life And we trust him as one who, come woe or come weal, la as firm as the rock, and as true as the steel, Right loyal and brave, with no stain on his crest., fl|jiln,hurruh, boys, for honest Old Abe of the West!1 lAnd fling out your banner, the old starry banner, ^The signal of triumph for Abe of the Weet." The West, whose broad acres, from lake-shore to sea, Now wait for the harvest and homes of the free Shall the dark tide of Slavery roll o'er the sod, That Freedom makes bloom like the garden of God The bread of our children be torn from their mouth, To feed to fierce dragon that prays on the South No, never the trust which our Washington laid On U?, for the Future, Mpon thenl, of nroducing a salutary effect the muddy soi jsink them deeper 41 shall ne'er be betrayed I Then fling out the banaer, the old starry banner, And '»n to the conflict with hearts undismayed 1 For the Ottumwa Courier. The mountain of lutcujirfrai.t e. A* ALLBGORV—BY MRS. M. T. K. tto art fhmi preat mountain heft re thou fhalt become'a plain and he shall bring forth thehead stone thereof with shoutings, crying grace, grace, unto it."—Bible. t, I found myself one fine morning at an early hour, in the midst of an extensive and beautiful plain which was covered as far as the eye could extend with alternate green, and richly variegated flowers. Tho carol of the birds was enchanting, for all nature was rejoicing in the verdure and freshness of Spring. I stood for some moments lost in admiration, when suddenly raising my eyes, I beheld immediately before me a lofty moun tain, whose bl'jak and desolate appearance contrasted strangely with the unparalleled beauty of the surrounding landscape. I seated myself to contemplate it. Owing to the sterility of the soil, which was composed of moral degradation, no signs of vegetation were perceptable delicate plants which I had observed thriving luxuriously on the plain, viz: the little evergreen of Benevo lence, and those beautiful but fragile flowers Love and Domestic happiness, had long since been totally exterminated. Notwithstanding this, -multitudes of hntnan beings were con gregated there, and multitudes were ap proaching in the same direction, though at various distances some advancing slowly and somewhat cautiously, others with rapid strides, as if drawn along by supernatural agency. At the top in a filthy habitation, and literally enveloped in smoke and steam, presided the evil genius of the mountain, old King Alcohol, surrounded by his atten dants Appetite, Passion, Revenge, Malice, Envy, Jealousy, etc. The minutia of the person of his majesty, I cannot now des cribe, though I would beg leave to correct an error of his biographers who have uniformly represented him as a hydra headed monster, whereas, in justice to the numerous votaries who have so long worshipped at his shrine, we must admit that he possesses uncommon personal attractions which arc increased rather than diminished by age but the sin gular activity of his prime minister, a mea ger, deformed dwarf called Self-lntcrest, par ticularly attracted my attention. lie rcgulat ed commerce and kept up a lively intercourse between the head-quarters of his master and certain dark, polluted caves which were in terspersed throughout the mountain. So constant was his attendance at theso places and so chilling was his breath to the atmos phere that warm-hearted Philanthropy and white-robed Charity could not exist within their precints. But when I observed streams of pernicious influence emanating from them and unitiug, forui a deep river which flowing rapidly down the mountain threatened to in undate the plain, I exclitimcd with intense anxiety If something is not speedily done to stay the progress of this vast evil, this elysian rep ion, upon which the «od of nature has lavished blessing in abundance, will be devastated, and become a bye-word and areproach to all nations. But Hope reani mated mo on beholding a company of soldiery collccting apparently with the intention of throwing off the yoke of the tyrant and in vading his dominions. I soon perceive*], however that they were indifferently c^uiped for su a contest, some of them being armed eg)]y with brick bats cast them indiscritni tjhfct-'+t the wretched victims of Alcohol, tliaC jtrang' ly fluviaof the mountain ^potentate appvi snrjrnts than his p"licl tile,w flag of Irutli, to outer into neirotint:on with tlieni. lie rcpres nted to thorn tlic evils to SIR: which they would inevitably be subjected, then, when oppressed with ennui, or lan guishing with sickness, they would be una ble to obtain services of him who had been their unfailing panacea, concentrating in his person all the virtues said to bo contained in the most celebrated patent medicines ever invented, and surely thoy would not think of committing so sacreligious an act as to excommunicato him from the place where, disguised in ecle?iastical robes, he had so long presided with impunity. But, inter posed Humanity, shall we continue to foster in our bosoms this wolf in sheep's clothing,' this merciless tyrant who has desimnnatcd the inhabitants of cities, towns and villages, who has reduced thousands to widowhood, and orphanage, caused more misery than famine, more desolation than pestilence, more blood-shed than war But alas! the voice of Humanity was stifled amid the vo ciferous appeals of Appetite. A compromise was agreed to, in which the despot was no longer to sway the scepter of absolute, but confine his power to a limited monarchy, and in return they were to co-operate with Self interest in perpetuating his dynasty. Again hope sank within me and I inquired despond ingly: Will this great monntain ever become a plain? Nay, answered Incredulity, the head-stone thereof is too deeply imbeded in that degenerating soi)f ever to be brought forth and reinstated on the rock of wisdom, sobriety and virtue. But while she was yet speaking, I heard aloud voice exclaiming: Who art thou, O great mountain Before the cold water army 'thou shalt become a plain, and the head-stone thereof shall be brought forth with shoutings, crying gTace, grace unto it.' Looking in the direction whence the sound proceeded, I saw a small band of volunteers approaching, small indeed at first, but gathering strength at every step, their beautiful armor glittering in the rays of the sun, which consisted of the helmet of Faith, the bfeast-plate of Charity, the sword Truth, and over fteir hends floated a snow white ballncr with tho simple inscription: Total Abstinence." They came with music, with songs, and drew up in order of battle along the side of the mountain yet thou, notwithstand ing their inferiority of numbers, they wielded the sword of truth with such surprising dexterity, that the army coll icted under the immediate command of King Alcohol, though 300,000 strong soon began to give way, lay ing down their arms and flocking by hun dreds to the standard of total abstinancc.— \t length his majesty finding himself nearly deserted, fled for succor to the detac iment commanded by Self-Interest, who unable longer to maintain the contest, openly retreat ed with him to tho inmost recesses of their caves, where they were so hotly beseiged by the assailants, that they surrendered at dis cretion. Then was the dwarf Self-interest quickly expelled from their premises, Alcohol commanded to be abandoned, or committed to tho tlames, and over the place where the voices of his attendants had been loudest heard peace spread her downy wings, the mountain melted into a delightful plain, and became the abode of joy and gladness, and the head-stone thereof was brought forth amid a universal pean which burst simulta neously froin the redeemed multitude, and the cry of grace, grace unto it. AFTON, IOWA, May 18G0. per ^"7". v0 sooner -t 47 ROo ,U,lt i -ed of the armal or t.. a mm !, a, ilj«*fttchi'd Hints of Traveling. Don't wear your best pink crape bonnet, or people will think you have no better op portunity than the inside of a railroad car to display it. Plain straw is in far better taste. Light colored gloves are an abomination for traveling costume. Pack your jewelry in your trunk, instead of hanging it about your person—and don't judge your fellow-trav elers by the splendor of their dress or the number of yards in their mantillas. Disa greeable mistakes have been wad* la this way. Don't esteem it useless to bo polite to the spectacled old lady behind you, or the pale young girl at your side. They may not be long to the butter-fly ranks of fashion, but they are none the less capable of apprcciate ing that kind ol etiqutte Which springs from the heart. Don't talk and laugh loudly and boister ously in the cars or steamboat. Your pri vate affairs may be very engrossing to your self, but they can hardly be expected to interest the public. Don't load yourself down with parsols, Cans, baskets, parcels, shawls, reticules, and books enough to last you during a voyage to Europe the less "hand baggage" you can get along with tho better. Don't discovor, just as tho boat is on the point of stai ting, "you have left your shawl on the seat of the cars," and send your luckless cseoit back to find it' unless you want to disgust him thoroughly with lady traveler^. 1 y V 1 Don't begin to complain when you are a little tired. Sume ladies think it interesting to behave like grown-up children on such an occasion. Nobody likes to hear people fret over weariness that c:'n not bo helped. Remember that others besides hourself may possible be fatigued. Do 1't find fault with all the hotel accom modations you meet—don't scrutinize the napkins and turn tho plates upside down, and declare it impossible to eat your break fast without a silver fork, and allude osten tatiously to "what you have been accustom cd to." Those who know the world will need no more convincing proof that you arc outsMe tho'palo of realty good society. 'TfliAUst ""^e up your mind beforo you set of asni'iTl"ie, you vilt look on the VA„that dor ofS^ise around you. *,,1 V ,f illl'i'-t Meek In ,njoy SuI,|t'ho.!i* yoursdf isn't jf sunicbodv to From rae t'm if they attempted to disclaim all alle^iancc I directed my attention to an article in it over I thst mm is "Douglas." With every plat to their sovreign, as by such a step he would signature of "Douglas." This writer form 'joforc him, which the Republican party be ultimately banished from the land, and socm''lo be in because, in a communication to you on the 1st., I took the liberty of stating some un welcome facts, touching your debate here with Mr. Street. "Douglas" seems to think thst a man is NERRLY BECAUSE DUTY is and by looting up as far as we can, the respective balances, in the Christians and in the Nation's ledger I freely confess that I know no other way. Perhaps "Douglas" can erect a finger board for us. It is certain ly truo that the question of the extension of Slavery in the Territories, will henceforth, as heretofore, have to bo decided by Congress. IIow can our members in the House vote upon such a question intelligently, without previous investigation Our Senators from Iowa, are elected by our State Legislature. How can that legislature decide on a choice without knowing the relative value of Free dom and Slavery IIow decide upon a great National question without an index to the public mind. How shall that index be formed, if not by investigation? Here we come to the root of the matter. Tgr.orance at the fountain springs, would entail ignor ance in tho mighty river's fl)w. This is what "it would reasonably amount to," if »vc adopt the plan of "Douglas," and walk LITICALLY BLINDFOLD immM J'.ffer^cnian AXY re­ spectable Republican, the case has a very different face and men will hold to the opinion that "Douglas" is morally bound to accept the challenge, or submit to the public verdict of a PREVIOUS DEFEAT. But, says "Douglas," "if slavery is proven right, what does it amount to He lays it down that bccause Slavery does not legally exist in Towa, the people of Iowa, have no business talking about it. He seems to think it none of our concern, whether it is a Divine and bcnificient institution, or one which is at deadly war with the Dispensation of Christ outrages natural justice or tramples hu manity in the dust. "Douglas" to-day is, on this matter, a very different man from him self sixteen months ago. THEN*, ho felt it to be his to expose the "rotten and decay­ ed theory and a pretty exposo ho made of it. Now he thinks wo have no interest in knowing anything about it. Whence comes this change of opinion? The public know whencc. "A burnt child dreads the fire." Still his prpgDani^ucstion "what efces it amount to? what is going to be done about it rises up and demands an answer. It is easily triven. A thousand millions of acres of public- lands yet remain to be settled up. These Territories will mainly be settled by emigrants from the Free States, (Iowa afciong tho rest.) If the population of these Free States can be taught from unquestionably authentic statistics, that Slavery is, in a so cial and econoinicaf point of view, a source of National prosperity and also, a God given institution then tho electors of those States will assuredly cease to oppose tho further extension of such a National blessing. The well known springs of human action, will insure this. But if, on the contrary, it is proven to be a source of National weakness: at war with the fundamental principles of Republican government: and intensely anti christiar. then the people of Iowa, and their co-laborers ia Freedom's cause, will continue their efforts to stay the further spread of the National blight. Now the question naturally arises, now are we to decide the point wheth er Slavery ought, as wished it, "to pour it self out without restraint," or be restricted to its present limits How do this except by instituting an inquiry as to WIIAT Slavery PO­ on tho great issues of the day. "Douglas" scorns so determined that there shall be no such thing as a "candid" Demo crat in his vicinity, that he gravely proposes such an one, if caught, should bo a candi date for a museum. This is TBYISO to beat Mr. Street, who said, som} months since, "there was NOT OSE novrsT MA* in the Dem­ ocratic party." A pretty brace of politicians. One denies having nn honest man in the ranks whilst the other proposes to EXIUUIT a "candid" Democrat in a cage, if caught.— Nevertheless there is one "candid" man in Blakesburg who was a Democrat up to tho evening of the debate in question, but is so no longer. The curiosity is found. But about the museum that won't do—can't spare him he is, in more senses than one, an useful man in his calling in life. As "Douglas" has seldom anything to do, per haps he would favor tho community by going as a SUBSTITITI: for a few years. Bar- num, the miglity humbug, *ould no doubt make a "wooly horse" affair out of him whilst tho public would have tho benefit of keeping a "candid," useful MAV at homo. My very dear friend "Douglas" loses his temper, because I said "your religious crced is none of their bu.-iness." Look at my ar ticle, you will there find me charging that certain jerson.s said "you have no right to quote such a passage. Here I am on solid ground, so far as "rights" go whether in matters of religion or politics, I desire to see speech untrammeled. You quoted your passage, showing that liars will go to hell.— You id a right to do so, and if "Douglas" can quote scripturo, showing that a self-con­ victed, unrepentant liar will go to heaven, of course be lias a right to do so. But then about "impugning motives,"—he charges a couplo of us with doing that —when thiw"" are no surrounding circumstances t" justify tho o couiident belief that a n*»rious office- :k«r is a hyphen4** have never allowed !tittle abaU-'uient. .. it. .- nil uiinrikivtp OTTUMWA, IOWA, THURSDAY, JUNE 21, I860. Kl.ide. "what is going to 1w don.! about It?" If K friend has this morning handed there lives a man on earth w ho is supremely copy of tae Monroe Co. Sentinel, and guilty of tho charge he falsely hurls at tnc, *n »H humor with rac, simply have ever framed, since they existed as a not bound to discuss the Bible aspccta of, |yjng those declarations he nevertheless, Slavery, he believes the in-1 stitution to be of Divine origin. I fully agree with him in that view but when a man pub licly proclaims, as he has done, that he WOULD discuss the question with party with these platforms distinctly dis claiming all intention of interfering with Sla very within tho limits of those States lu,rei HI which it exists by law, and without any over act on the part of the Republican party, bc- everywhere, proclaims that the party is insincere, that they arc really and truly "abol'tionists," and as such roust bo put down. This is the man talks about "impugning motives.*' I will take a quiet walk with my friend into the "conscience and honest}-" part of his letters. I shall have fo treat of them to gether, simply because I cannot separate them. They am a kind of Eng and Chang, a pair of moral Siamese twins. Tho moment you separate them, both expire stab the one, the other dies. When any man chargcs the Republican party with being abolitionist and at the same time has the fnHest proofs in his possession that it it not so. I con ceive, if we admit him to have any conscience Ht all, it must be of the "Saul of Tarsus" stripe, and I fully agree with "Douglas" that "the sooner he kicks it out the better." I will now select a single instance from among many, to illustrate the position of "Douglas" upon "conscience and honesty" matters. In the course of last winter, if I am correctly informed, he publicly denounced a political opponent as an intensely dishonest man. The denunciation was distinctly based on the ground that the person came to Towa leaving unpaid claims behind him.— The charge, I have reason to believe, was true—wa3 never denied. The refusal to pay was based on tho ground that frauds had been committed, which morally justified the repudiation. This man's indebtedness con fists in an endorsement for his son. The father and son arrived at Blake.-burg togeth er. The son w as a Baptist by profession, anil wished to ally himself hereto the church of his choice. IIo informed the church, through its deacons, of tho circumstances under which he came here—solicited them to correspond with the church he had left, with a view to satisfy themselves that he had mis represented nothing. And ho abstained from pressing his application for membership, for about three months, at the eiid of \vhi :h time he was duly admitted. I have reason to believe that "Douglas** voted for his admission, and it is quite cer tain that he has often partaken with that son of the sacred emblems at the Lord's Table. No-.v here is a pri-tty case for the High Court of "conscience and honesty" to decide. If the father is dishonest, how came the son to be a fitting receipientof church privileges? Are the responsibi'ities of the iudorser great er than his for whom he indorses? "Doug las" must bo content to be, and to remain speared on this dilemma. Either he believed he was wrong when he denounced the father as dishonest, or he was derilect in his duty as a professing christian, when IK admitted, and continued in fellowship with the son.— Let him sit on which point ho likes best, either will pierce him. With these speci mens of my friend's "conscience and hon esty," it is pretty evident that if he has uot "kicked them out of doors," then he hai strangled the poor twins in the kitchen. WAPr.LLO. Brntality of a Texas Planter. On Wednesday, the Oth inst., B. F. Terry, a cotton and sugar planter, on the Brazos River, Texas, and brother of Judge Terry, (the man who assisted in the murder of Mr. Broderick,) of California, was about emltark ingat Brashear for Galveston, on one of the Texas steamers, with-his wife and family and two female servants, family ncgr«es, who were acting as nurses to the children and waiting maids for their mistress. As the two servants were passing into tho gangway of the vessel, in front of their master, and in company with the rest of the family, a man in the employment of the steamer, who was appointed to take checks of the passengers, refused to let the servants go on board, and turned them back towards tho wharf. Mr. Terry explained to hitn poliiely that thoy were his servants, that they wore waiting ujvm his family on board, and that as soon as they had done that he would have them cleared at the custom house, and arrange matters to the satisfaction of the boot. The servants, at their master's bidding, proceeded to enter the vessel, and the obstinate officer, without giving any reason, ncrain turned them back. Who the h—11 are you?" sail Mr. Terry, looking him indignantly in tho face, and at the same time dealing him a blow thnt sent him sprawling to the deck. IIo then mounted him with the fuiy of a tiger, tho victim struggling and doing his best to unsaddle his uncomfortable rider. While tin? strugglo was dng on, one of the slaves seized a billet of wood from a pile near by and comnvne belaboring the et and logs cf tho' undermost man in th** light.' Tho war club being wrested from her, she suited another, and yet another, with each of which she dealt soioe telling bbws upon her master's antagonist. At this juncture, when Terry had succeeded in fettling a thumb in to each eye of his antagonist, the crowd took him away, and set at liberty his tiiKMmforta 1 lo prisoner, who came near losing both oyes by the thumbs of Terry, and ov'\ his legs by the war clubs of his servant. (La.).fla i«4A -.j,. u^r The cattle disease in New Jersey is coming to ono of the most important topics of the day. The epitlemic has begun to mani-1 fest itself in Morris county. Tito cxcite- ment seeker is a hyp kp*-. never allowed tittle abatement. myself to U-t,'i.e an improper motive but whi» auple justifying grounds exist, I do I Mr. Fowler,-the late defaulting postmaster of not fail to declare it. So far 1 plead iilty, I it is said, tied to some a&T& the language of jny a#duer, 1 ask' America (beXcw Engjand.Stales shows'but! -'",nPai,Jr 2 •WSWliilpPipiSilw*™^ i w Thn Kvcent I*I«loorlc Shower. suspicions were well-founded. At a disfance of eighteen miles above Marietta,1 they learned that the boat had passed np all safe, and that the report had been heard from a place apparently further up the river. Prof. Andrews of Marietta College, from whom, in a lecture delivered last evening before the Academy of Art and Sciences, in this city, we heard these statements, deter mined then to pursue tho investigation into this strange phenomenon. At New Con cord, twelve ir.iles from Zancsvillc, ho learned the following facts: At the hour above mentioned, the people of that place were startled by a tremendous explosion in a cloud that hung over that place. This was followed in altout ten sec onds by another report, and in three scconds by a third then followed a running dis charge of reports, like the firing of a platoon of musketry, and twenty-three distinct re ports wtrc heard. A flash or streak of light appeared, to dart from one cloud to an other, which floated above the town. At the instant of tho final explosion, people saw a shower of black upecks, n hich they com pared to a flock of blackbirds, fly from the cloud.-", and descend with fearful velocity to the earth. The place wh.-rj they alighted was at once visited, and many specimens of what they now learned to be meteoric stones were found, yet warm to the touch. The largest specimen and the nr»e which I saw was taken from a farm of a Mr. Patterson. It was on exhibition Ust night at the Academy, and Prof. Andrews had it before him when he was lecturing. Tt weighs 103 portnds. It fell jut at the foot of a live oak tree, and imbedded itiilf d-mse earth to the depth of three feet. In its passage it cut ofl an oak root five inches in diameter, and came to rest beside another, against wl ich-it was so wedged that it caused a deep abrasion of it, (the root.) The stone itself is exceedingly denae, of a pentagonal sh::pe, and appears to have been at one time in a state of fusion. Two of its sides arc partially rounded, as if worn. In them are marks such as ono might make with his fingers in a mass of putty. They are such as aro sometimes, seen on rocks into which fossil shells have imbedded their convex surfaces. Tho stone has not yet been analyzed. Mr. Patterson is taking it East, to some of the cabinets in sonic of our institutions of learning there. This is but one, however, of a large number of specimens which have been picked up over a space of some ten miles in length by three in breadth, although it is the largest About 700 pounds in all have been procured. I believe there is n.) better authenticated meteoric shower on record. EXTRAORDIXARY IRISH EXODUS MOW THE MEP.SEV.—If the extraordinary emigration at present going forward to the United States direct, from all the ports of tho sister itde, has excited the attention and alarm of Irish politicians and journalists, a visit to the Liv erpool docks during the pa=tfew weeks, and to the different emigration offices along Wa terloo and Regent roads, would not tend in any degree to diminish the feeling of alarm, as at no period for many years past has the emigration been so brisk as at present to port: in the United States indeed, some of the leading emigration houses state tliat the trade has not !ccn so brisk since 1S!7. Dur ing the present month the exodus from the Mersey to the United States in passenger ships has been about 9,0tX steerage [Kissen gers, being an average of 3,000 weekly, and the numbers exhibit no apparent signs of de crease. Ir addition to tho above, several vessels are nmv ready for sea and at anchor in tho rite?, with no less than 1,500 souls on board, bound for tho United States.— Liter pool Daily Poti. OFIWOS OF A BGU. AND EVS&KTT OBOAJI. —If brevity be the soul of wit, then Mr. Lincoln is the wittiest man or the present day. JfaeL' sptasc -I". .blioin nomination. A *nia, if wit be common sense expressed ill tike fewest words, as snnw Fretvh author it. then Mr. Lincoln is more sensible t'ian any of cur p-fblic nun, who have pat themselves on record i-r the last forty years. Eeee the letter of acceptance. Whatever iiwy be thought cf tV meats of Mr. Lincoln's letter, there can be to doubt about Us brevity and transpit^ney. There's no dodging of the questions put in issue. He maivhc s right up to them, and puts himself upon then square and fair. Now lot the Democratic nominees, for it is certain there will be two of them go and do likewise, and the cotmtry will then I*? aUo tojjudgo knowingly.—Rjltihwre Patriot. B. A M. R. RAILROAD.—This roM is excellent erder and doing a fine fmsftiess.— Its freight business far exceeds the most sanguine expectations of the friends of the road and its travel rs also unexpetediy large. The managers of this r»».td are dis creet, energetic men, who determined lo achieve success, an they have done so.— Wo hayo seen f-w roads in the West in hotter condition than that of the B. & M. R. runs are i all rapidly improving, ar. posses* every evidence of b^ing populated be nu n mtc!lig*nert iiiiigiiin ii"ll|iiiiirillii1iwiwiiiiw irtrniiitrifitrt The recent meteoric shower in Ohio is at tracting much attention among scientific men. It is important that the facts, as far as they are now known, relative to that re markable phenomenon, should be Iai I before .scientific men everywhere. Or. the first day of May, 1800, at 12:40, explosion was heard at Marietta—so loud as to cause houses to shake, and to arrest the attention i of all. Many supposed it to be the explosion of a steamer, which had half an Lour before .. ,. my approval, and it shall 1)3 v cara not to passed up the Muskingum, and several gen-1 •. ., v i o a e i o i s e a i i n a n y a I tlemcn set out at once to learn whetlier or! .. ". i 'onng the assistance of the Divine not their Acceptnurc of Lir.i'nlu and Ifamiiu. SpnixortELD, Tl'., May 20, 18G0.—Hon. Geo. Ashmun, President Republican Kation al Convention. SIR:—I accept tho. domination tendered mo by tho Convention over which you pre sided, and of which am formally apprised in the letter of yourself and others, acting as a Committee of the Convention, for that pur pose. The declaration of principles and sen timents, which accompany your letter, meet JI'ST The towns through which it and enierprw, ho will guth- part »»f Sonth cratatUid theju U« cotufei t? their homes.—Dcs Moiiui S&fUter. I am. very truly yours, H. HAMLIN. To Hon. G. Ashmun, Pres't Ac. The Home of the Kfechai^. What a contrast docs the Inme of the so ber, industrious mechanic present to that of the idler and the dissolute! In the one their reigns peace, comfort and indipendence in the other misery, hunger and dirt. The one a little palace, in which the contentment of a Wings court holds absolute sway the other a hovel, where vice breeds and spawns depravity on the high way of life. One glance into the terior of the former dwelling is worth a whole jay's inspection ofthe splendid one of a noble for the ono is a.sso ei tted with happiness of thousands, the lat ter with that of a single mily. Tho man sion may be decorated with the gems of art and genius, it may present a more than ori ental luxury of appearance but the contrast between ii and the cottage of the sober ar ti.-aa Is immeasurably in favor of the latt.r as far as these higher estimates of human hrpp1 ness, which are based on something su perior to mere superficial grandeur, may be allowed to sway our judgement. In theone we si e rugged labor, the soul and sinew of tho ualioo, repo.,ing like a giant gathering strength for new esertion, in the other we erovivo cfll-minacy ''lolling a lewd day coueh," deploring the sbwness of that time which slllv and sloly brings its votary near er to that or. I which in its ol 1 age, he dreads and endeavors by afl manner of shifts and ingenuities to avoid. In the .ne there is a straight-laced artificial discipline, which free zes the heart an 1 contracts the tnir-d in tho other an innocent freedom, which tolerates tho laugh and the jest on ail occasions, and yet allows tho graver moments of cxcitement to exert their salutary influence. So.—Geo. W. Curtis, in a rot-b Provi­ nce, and with duo regard to ths views and feelings of all who were represented in the Convention to the rights of all the States and Territories and people of the Nation to the inviolability of the Constitution, and the perpetual union, harmony snd prosperity of all, I am mast happy to co-operate for the practical success of tho principles declared by the Convention. Your obliged friend and fellow citizen, ABRAHAM LINCOLN. WASHINUTOX, liny $0, I860.- Gentlemen Yotir official communication ofthe l^th inst., informing tnc that the Representatives ofthe Republican party of the United States as sembled at Chicago on that day, had by unanimous vote, selected me as their candi date for the office of Vice President of the United States, has been received, together with resolutions adopted by the Convention as its declaration of nrincij les. Those reso lutions enunciate clearly and fbrcAly the principles which unite us and the objects pro posed to be accomplished. They address themselves to all, and there is neither neces sity or propriety, in my entering upon a dis cussion of any of them. They have the ap proval of my judgment fcnd in any action of mine will be faitblully and cordially sr .tam ed. I am profoundly and truly grateful to those with whom it is my prid-? and pleasure, politically to operate, for the nomination so unexpectedly conferred, and I desire to ten der through you to tho tnemb.' -s of the Con vention, my sincere thanks for the confi dence thus reposed in me. Should the nom ination which I now accept, bo ratified by the people, and the duties devolve upon me, of presiding over the Senate of tha United States, it will be my oarinr.t endeavor faith fully to discharge them with a just regard for tho rights of all. It is to be observe in connection with the doings of the Republi can Convention, that a paramount object with us ia to preserve the normal condi tion of our Territorial domaiu as homes for freemen. The able advocate and .defender of Repub lican principles whom yoii have nominated for the highest place that can gratify the ambition of man, comes from a State which has been made what it is by special action in that respect, of wise and good men who founded our institutions. The rights of free labor have there been vindicated and main tained. The thrift and enterprise which so distinguishes Illinois, ono of the most flour ishing States of the glorious west, wc would sec secured to all tho Territories of the Un ion, and restore peace and harmony to the whole country by bringing back the Gov ernmcntto what it was under the-wise and patriotic men who created it. If the Repub licans 6hall succeed in that object, as they hope to, they will bo held in grateful remem brance by the busy and teeming millions of future ages. SY eech at the New York ratilh' m:vtin », tersely observed that as tho Demo'-ratio party I Mid refused to -s.-ti.le tlw slavery question, it had nettlod them. There seems a probaMffty that tin' Democratic party will soon have four wings. It has two already and two others seem sprouting frein its ruiup. What a, fwlit will bo.—[ iMuUriU* An eminent ti tottk would only coiyicntto sit far hU portrait on conditio t'nt be ti»keo «i water-culors, 8ERTE#, VOL. V?,NO.I9L T1:K^1S—«l,50,in Advmnct-. Cure fur Deafnc«8. A new discovery, made not long since in, Paris, excites a great deal of attention qot merely on account of its intrinsic importance, but because of the melancholy result of it to the discoverer. It appears that a Mdte. Cleret, school-mistress, had been for many, years very deaf, but one day she bought some thread, which was wrapped up in leaf from some work on geography whick had fallen still born from the press anl hnd^ been sold as waste paper. Slie read on thil^ leaf that certaiu persons would cure them selves of deafness by exposing their ears to certain emanations. She forthwith began to make experiments on herself—guided- dif ferent objects not by cUcaiical knowledge, but simply by accident. After having used| the most painful substanpo she now u&eit and experiencing the good effect pf it Important Signs. The Hohomntedao power fat undoubtedly. a subject of prophesy. Those best infortnei| on the subject have given us encouragemcn^ from time to time, that throughout the Tur kish nation there are e\ ident tokens of do cay, and, still more, that the (ioctlines of thj^ false prophet are everywhere losing thei| hold upon their professed adherents. Bu| now comes from tho East inteligencc on thc.^ subject of a thrilling nature. We are now assured that some twenty thousand of Mussulmans have given in their adhesion t^ Christ as the truu prophet, as opposed tg| Mohammed, the false. This movement, ij| is*aid, is not owing directly to missionary influence. It is said a very distinguishes Mohammedan preacher, after the most pro found study of the Koran, in compariso^ with the Bible, has been the pioneer in th|| movement. We regret that we have not bee(^ able to obtain any detailed accout of thj| strange affair. Another thing equally interesting though perhaps not so marvelous, is related of Pr j^ tcslanthsm in Russia. Years ago, it is sakjj a man and his wife, servants of a Rus^i? nobleman, visited England. While thej they became interested 111 I 03.her­ self, sh« applied it to her pupilR. Twenty nine children were attended by her, and every instance advantageous results obtajjee^ Two children, declared by approved iijedic!^ men to be incurably deaf and dumb, wer^ completely cured by her. Several QtJie^, children were attended by her, under th* supervision a committee these childrc^ were completely deaf and dumb. Alt them, after receiving her attentions for eighi or nine months, evidently greatly improved- But Mdlle. Cleret was poor—extremely, poor—and she wrote to the Minister of Pub lic Instruction, announcing her discovery, and asked the State lo assist her in waking it known. Dr. Bjhaii- was Cixlered to e«*# amine her claims. He reported iu favc ol* granting her very considerable pecuniary as sistance, and asked that a medical committee, be appointed to examine profoundly into. Mdlle. Cleret's method. The committee ap pointed consisted of Mons. Lelut .Mons. Be rard, Mons. George Ritt. Moas. NaUde Ga bel, MunsS, lionet, Nons. Pilkt, and I)r. Be heir. It met in Octolwjr, 1856, and evriy three months thereafter, to examine the State,, of the children confined to Mdlle. Okret*s l* care. While they were in the midst of thi^. study the schoolmistress went mad. The, contrast beiwi-en her excessive poverty anc^ new independence of fortune—between the, obscurity of her position and the famo giveot by her cure—u ei e too much for her She is now ia a lunatic asylum, Tho medirrine used by Mdilo. depot wa^ "sulpheric ether, poured directly into tb4 ear, in a dose of four or five or six or c!gh| drops a day. Usuallly this agent produce^ only a slight degree of sensibility or pain.— After it lias been used nfteen or twenty day^ .he operator may suspend its use for seve ral days, to retain its energy better, andth*^ resume its use. The application may bj| continued, if not indefinitely, at least for veiy long period of time." The commit te^ further says: The innocousncss of tli^J substance (sulphuric ether) is more tha,r^ demonstrated by tho numerous experiment^ we have witnessed." It is said that the cur^, has not yet failed in any of the numero^ CiUOfi 4a which it has been ap[4ied. religion, and we! converted. Upon their return to Russij their native country, they communicated tl* precious leaven to others. Though the con: veils wore banished to Siberia, and tbon j$| by every means the Greek church has tr§ to exterminate these Christians, yet wo art told there aro not ks$ than a million of those Protestants dispersed in tho midst of tlwtt great nation. It may, as also in the fori|| er ease, prove that God has put into Uteie two antichristian forces the little leaven thav le tveiith the whole lump. Still a third indication worthy of note, vt the present position of the Papal govern ment. It would now seem almost inevitable that thePopo is to toso almost the last ves tigo of his peculiar power. This, like the event connect.d with tho Mohammedan re ligion, is undoubtedly battening the IUUU1 went of prophesy, Ono thing iuoiv wc wish we could comnn|» nicatv, viz. Shut some large community, the heart of the Sooth, after the through stuly the Bible, had cotno to tho conclu sion, that buying and selling human beings is rather di.-eordant with millennial purity, and in hopo ol h\stonin the l»ngod-5»r day of i-.!'»ry,had given tf.o. traluc in huniaja ileh iiiuj bloou, and .vuls. A million Prip tos:ants in tiio heart of Russia, is an tvcf| v«ry strange twenty thou-n.d Mohamn dfus turned Christians, stronger still wliat i* the winder of thoso things, comn ij **d iih that of a community tfsiaveh'4der from conscience alone, giving, np their slavjg Why would it ho moro startling to tilfe world to hear of slaveholders turning to Christ with wtH'ksiwek.fcw repentance*, thd$ ti» h.: the «ito« things of Mha.oirtvd ri and the lowest of all lt*-alhen races I lai one luu) the iij^lit tnd put it out, while t|$ other is simply rorovmgiuar the tin* lfc-51. ii. i i M. tr,

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