Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, June 28, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated June 28, 1860 Page 1
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MEW SERIES, VOt,. 5, NO.3ft. J. \V. \02t 11 IS, Proprietor. J'jj' -ia.K" tijjc (Dttuinlua d'ourirv. PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY IN apTTMROTZ-'S BLOCK, (TIIIKD Fl.oon) 6TTUMWA, WAPELLO CO., IOWA, By Jf. W. & «. P. ItORRIS' E S BliY .IN ADVANCE II,so 5,W. .12,00. ©ne copy, per year Jfciurcople» ffn twenty" Person* wlahlnc to subscribe fur a l»as time than one year can do ao by remitting the amount they wish to jj Ttxi—•'!»* There'» an old plow 'hoes' whese liatee la Pug, Pu do. du da, abort and fblck-a regular "pluf," da, du da day, rnoRua. We'ribonud to work all fSn»'*t nyrnoae? oe the 'Linaom tKWy Who beta on Stephen A Tt» 'U'^le ptag.baa had his day, Du da, i'u da, JffeVont of the ring by all fair play, Du da, dn da day. ClIOBtT*—We're hound. Ac. tfv'trled hi* beat on the Chaileiton track. Du da, dn da, MA cnut^u-'t maketi:ac with hit 'Squatter Jack,' Da da, du da day. "014 Abraham'* a well bred nag, Du da, du da, Mtwtadfa •oond-be'll never lac, ••iXvDu da, du da (lay. InWhe tried bl* gali, Du da, da da, Re trotted Douglas through tbe'Btate, Du da, du da day. BOW were going to trot,, Du da, du da, So 'ptMk'yeur tnonry on the spot, Dn da, du da day. The 'Lincoln how' w*ll never fall, Du da, du da, He will not shy at ditch or 'rail,' Dn da, du da day. The 'Little Dug,' can never win, Dn da, du da, ffcat Kanaae job'* too much for blin. Do da, dada day Hli lege are weak, his wind unsound, ])u da du da, Ilia '•witch tall li too near the ground,' lui t'it, in U ilny. The Seventeen year Lot-tul. Euitor* of the Evening Journal. A* these periodical visitants are now in this vicinity, xuuking their public exhibition at the termination of their regular cycle, will you permit one who has given some little Htudy to their past history, a little space in which to call attention to the many points of interest that surround and attend them It is not a little singular, that, although theit peril of return is as certain and as easily calculated as any astronomical fr.ct, yet very few persons rewlly know any tLing of their real habits, either above or below the surface of the earth, and it is yet, in the newspaper world, an unsettled question whether it is a fact that they do complete their period in precisely seventeen years. I think that tho cause for any doubt that may exist relative to this fact exists in the corela tive to this fact that there are several fami lies of the same people, one of which made its appearance in Eastern New York and New Jersey in the summer of 18*13, and is now bv that invariable law of its being, again present extending along the counties on west bank of tho Hudson, but in no case crossing the river, unless by the accident of winds, a few straggling females might have been carried over, in which case, if their eggs were deposited in twigs on the east side, a corresponding number of locusts would this year be making their appearanoe in the same localities. Persons who traveled to any extent through the counnties I have mentioned, during 1843, will certainly remember the dead and apparently fired appearance of young trees and shrtibery that lined the west bank of the Hudson in the month of Augurt all of which was the work of the female grub, called, by long usage, the locust, although by nothing in its anatomy or habits, at all rela ted to the family of ciradae, to which belong the different kinds of grasshopper in Ameri ca and tho great destructive horseheaded lo cust of Africa. Theinaleand female of our locast cach possess individual points of interest very dissimilar, but cach worthy of the observa tion of those who take interest in the won ders of nature. It is the male only who sings, as it is called, but which is more prop erly termed drum# as the noise which is pro duced by them, and which it is worth a long ride to hear, where they are numerous itis produced by muscular action upon two drums, one placed under each wing. By a singular construction of its preetoral muscle a single full-sized malj is capable of produc ing tones that can bo distinguished for near ly one-fourth of a mile and I remember an instance, when riding with a friend by a wood where they were unusually numerous {hut we were compelled to raise our voices, and then but with difficulty «uM heareaeh other's conversation. the volume of tone and rapidity of vibration which the spectator is thus enabled to wit ntas. cannot fail to excite his wonder. But it is the female, from the singularity pfber construction, as an illustration of the wonderful adaption of means to an end which nature sometimes gives us, and from the destruction which she causes to young fruit and ornamental trees, that demands the more careful examination. And here it may be observed, parenthetically, that the main objcct of tho appcarance of these creatures above ground, is tho jerpctuation of their species. Their life is exclusively subtcrran- When the insects are sitting on a eonven- existed ,{o some extent whether these insects icot twig, the action of these drums con be w ere periodical in their appearance, and extmined. with or without a magnifier, and whether their period was seventeen, fourteen or some other term of years. This is owing kind in their heavl, although I am quite con fident that the}- breathe in the usual way.— So the common theory that they suck the i juices from the leaves of trees, and thus de stroy the latter, is but a co-union and poju jlar falacy, as is also the theory of the sting. I No such malignant weapon exists in either i male or female. When tho proper period, arrives, the fe male proceeds to discharge her great duty to posterity, which fitly closes a life which had but one objcct. She choses a tender twig, preferring one of recent growth always, and I can he so appropriated. In no case will we enter new .,t ., li cherrv, peach or apple is preferred to cither names unless they are accompanied with money. I of the forest trees and of the latter, maple is chosen before oak or walnut. Pine they liave never touched, so far as my ohserva tion goes, nor will they likely bo found to any extent at least, in the sandy soils orpine hills lying to the north and west of this city. da." foe procured, a limb of young Before (depositing her eggs she makes her i nest, and carefully lines it with a soft rush- jaeposiM^! 'as nearly as jmsciblcHo the centre I of the tHg. To aojomp'ish this she uses both grmblet and chisel, which nature's God 'was given her up carefully—she is per fectly harmless—and you will find procecd ing from her audominal rings an apparent, solid tube, of a black horny material, as hard but more brittle than steel. Examine it with a good ordinary magnifier, and you will see that the point is surrounded with a thread like a screw gimblet, and on further cxamin, ation you will discover that this instrument is in two parts, so constructed that cach can act to a certain extent independent of the other. If you take pains i ou can find this visitor from the nether world some where at work. If you have an orchard of young i fruit trees, and have taken no precautions, you will find on some favorite young peach, i u o e y a n e e e n o o u n i y o witnessing her modus operandi, where, un conscious of wrong, she will let you approach within a point where you can use your glass and make the closes fcrut'ny in the manner in which she is destroying the cherished hopes of years. The point of the gimblet is inserted into the tender wood and gradually driven to the required depth. Then to pre pare a soft cushion for tho egg, the curious mechanism of the double sliding gimblet chisscl-rasp, all united in one, is set in mo tion, and all the adjacent fibre is converted into a fine pulpy tl.iwu. Then annothor cu rious phenomena manifest itselfs. Thif sin gular instrument is found to be hollow its entire length, and containing a long sack, thiough which, by muscular pressure, the eggs arc propelled one after the other and de posited by his singular apparatus, with reg ularity of books on the shelf, until the apart ment is full. You will now see her move up ward on the limb, perhaps half an inch, when the same process is gone through with, and again, until the limb is full. As this cutting and boaring is done on small twigs, not more than a quarter of an inch in diameter, it is by this time about one-half cut through, and either dies or breaks off, thus often destroying whole trees, if not entire nurseries. Her task being completed tho female dies, follow ed in a few days by the male, and the woods and groves for weeks vocal' with unwonted music, resume their sombre quite, not to be similarly broken for seventeen years. The gentle warmth of an autmnal sun sooi| quickens into active life the young grub in the twig, which emerging falls to ihc ground enters it, and commences its downward course, which it follows until it reaches the temperature and consistency of soil most fa vorable to its proper development. Whether, it reaches a certain point aud there remains for years until its appointed time for revis iting the surface where its cxistance com menced, cr pnsses one half of its time in de scending and the remainder in ascending I must leave to those who have gone deeper into the matter tlan myself to determine.— I know that three years 1M fore their cmcrgc ment 1 have found them twenty-one feet below the surface- Others may have found them lower. But I am satisfied that in the pre cise point whore the small maggot went down in 1813, at that point the full grown grub emerged in 1800, sometimes, no doubt thourghly astonished at the phisical changes the surface had undergone in his long ab scnce. I have seen them emerge in the cellars of houses built within seven or eight years, and often in other positions yet more awk ward. When the grub Is near the surface, is for a year or more before its last chance, it is a fat oily substance, much sought for by swine, which root up many acres of wood* land in search of them in our western woods, and elsewhere, where swine run at large, and also at later peri ds when breaking cov er, fowls will greedily fatten on them, catch ing them when first dying in the air. This oily matter appears to be consumed by the daily life of the insect while above ground, until at the close of their season their bodies appear but a n:ar,s of dry dust, the whole abdomen, from the brest backward, being of ten found wanting. caa. Above ground they never eat. Nci- and Virginia, their last appearance was in ttpr male nor female liave any mouth, nor 1848 their next will IHJ in 1865. In tome am Mire thai th.-y have an orifice of any otlicr southern localities Utere is yet a third 1 have alluded to the fact that doabt yet I think, solely to the fact of different fami lies occupying different sections of the country, each having its own period of ap pearance, yet each having its own period of seventeen years. Thus in our own locality 1813 was their period of appeal ance here, and reappearing in IHlin, to appear apiiu in 1877 In same parts of Western New York and Northern Ohio their last appearance was 1845 their next most assuredly will be in 1803. In that part of Pennsylvania lying west of the Laurel Hill range and south of the Ohio, and the adjacent parts of Maryland 1 teen years of interval WILLSON MlLIiOK. Trial Trip of he First Locoms* live. apart. The timber had cracked and warped from exposure to the f«n. After abou 390 feet of straight line, tho road crossed the Lackawax-m crock on trestle work about 30 feet high, with curve of to 400 feet ra dius. The impression was very general that this iron monster would either break down the road or it would leave the track at the States on the part of New York. curve and plunge ii..to the crcek, My reply to such apprehensions were that it was too late to consider the probability of such oc curences there was no otljer course than to have the trial made of the strange animal, which had been brought here at great ex-} or^cr pense but that it was not necessary that more th in one should be involved in its fatCj that I would take the first ride alone, and the time would come when I should look back to the incident with great interest.— As I placed my liand on the throttle valve OM Iiuck has ono \irtue. Wo know thi will bo glad news to the people, who, since he has become President have believed the doctrine of total deravitj'. Old Iiuck is in dustrious and we think industry a virtues For three years he has acted as the Presi dent of the United States editor-in-chief of the Washington Union and Constitution disburscr of -the profits arising from the Public Printing engineer for the passage of the English swindle waged war against lhigham young, has directed editorial de partment of two-thirds of the Democratic pa pers it the land deceived Walker abused. Douglas, and waged a most infernal warfare against him elevatdd Tom Florence to Con gress, and, pardon us if you please, dear rea der, has played the devil generally. Baltimore ConvcutiMl, The Irrtj/resnble Nigger ttill loote. BALTIMOKK, June, 21.—The Convention assembled at 10 o'clock. A prayer was made by the Rev. Ilenry Slicer, The reading of the journal \va dispensed with. At this point of the proceedings a portion of the fiooring over the orchestra gave way, lettign down part of the Pennsylvania and New York delegations. No damage was done, although the audience behaved as if they thought a general fight had commenced. After some minutes order was restored, dnd a motion was made to take a recess for one hour to make repairs. Col. Wright, of Mass., hoped the floor would be cleared of all persons no? delegates. The President ureed the necessity of some arrangement whereby persons not entitled to seats nii»ht be kept out. The Convention then took a recess Ibr an hour. On re-assembling it is expected thftt the ommUtoa Pn credentials will be ready to report. The Content: on again assembled at half past eleven o'clock. Mr. Craig, of Missouri, offered a series of resolutions, which he desired to have read. The resolutions, he said, were an olive branch* and be wished them referred to the Com mittee on Platform. The President decided that the first business in order was the re port of the Committee on Credentials. Mr. Oram, of Mo., made a majority report. It capitulates the proceedings at Charleston' and states that the committee had found va cancies of whole delegations in the States of Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, Florida, and partial vacancies and contested seats from other States. Thev report in favor of the original Mississippi delegation, the admission of the Soule delegation from La., the admis sion of the original Texas delegation of Ba}*- are and Whitely from Delaware, of Chaffee times te froni Mass. and O. F. Allen from Mo., half1 one. Stevens, of Oregon, in behalf of the minor ity, reported in favor of the admission of Ilallctt of Mass., the original delegates from Aakansas, Florida, Iotiisiana, Georgia, and includeng the Florida delegation to take seats, OTTUMWA, IOWA, THURSDAY, JUNE 28, family, but whose period I cannot with con-! of Alabama. fidence fix. To my knowledge not a single' admission of the fact exists to disturb the theory of a seven- that the reporti printed. The minority •i'~A Major Horatio Allen, the engineer of the both reports agreed on seats from Mississippi,' STew York and Kric I tail road, in a Speech Delaware and Texas, he move*! that the! made durirg the recent festival occasion, portion of rep *rt* referring to those Delegft gave the following account of the first tions be adopted. trip made by a locomotive on this conti nent. "When tfas it Who was ft*" And who awakened its energies i nd directed its move-! of New Yo'k, urged that Mr, ments It was in the year 1828, on the yielded the floor. banks of the Lackawrxen, at the commence ment of tho Deleware and Hudson Canal Company with their coal mines—and he who addressed you was the only person on the locomotive. The circumstances which led to my being alone on the engine were these? TV. r'/.-i-1 h:vl V?n hnilt* \»i the sur rtiuctqra was of hemlo.'1.. timber, and rails of of the question hi th» rrport, so lsirge diiiieioions notched on caps pl&ccd far each proposition separately. I handle. I was undecided whither I shoal **ken that the New Twit delegation might move slowly or with a fair degree of speed time to consult. but believing that the road would prove safe and prefering if we did go down, to go hand somely, and without any evidence of timidi ty, I started with considerable velocity, pass ed the curve over the creek safely, and was soon out of hearing of the vast assemblage. At the end of two or three miles, I reversed the valve and returned without any accident to the place of landing, having thvs mad.c the first railroad trip by tawwotNl '-tfee Western hemisphere. of each delegation from Georgia with half of ings, as to the number of live stock, the pre the vote of thc State for each if either refuse it port is signtu by Orccran, New Jersey,! Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, Tctinr.3«ee, Kentucky and in part by New IlamrXhire. Mr. Phillip* of Pennsylvania, said that as Mr. Cessna raised a point of order that Mr Oram wi»? entitled to the floor. Messrs. Atkins, of Tennessee, and Schell, The call for the previous question was then seconded and the previous question oidered. M. Cochrane, of N. Y., moved to adj.mrn till five o'clock. The motion was lost. Mr. Cochrane demanded a vote by States. Mr. Spinola raised the point of ordr. The gentleman had no right to demand a vote by Mr. ltaruli'tl, of J'a., moved to adjourn till 4 p. m. Mr. Stewart raised the point of order that the previous question being ordered, nothing but a motion to a*ijourn was absolutely in Mr- Avery, of N. C., said, "I withdraw the call for a division of the question." Mr. Phillips, of Pa.,—I renew it. The President—The Chnir w ill understand the call for a division to be made. Ludlow, ofN. Y., hoped a recess would be Butler, ef Mass., rose to a question oTprivi lege. He said tickets were in ihe hall which were forgeries. Mr. Rynders wished the gentleman to gi\ e him some of the forgeries, as he had some friends outside he wanted to come in. Butler moved that the Scargeant-at-arms ordered to clear the floor of tfB bat 4e!e» gates. Mr. (roulden hoped the Convention would now procecd t- business and prepare to w lip the Black Republican*. Cries of question, question. The Convention with action took a recess till fivo o'clock. EVBNISQ SBSSlOir. The Contention wis called to order at fire o'clock. Mr. Ludlow of N. Y., oo behalf of his del egation, asked fiuther time for conswieration. Mr. Bradford of Pa., moved a recess till 8 P. M. Randall, of Pa., moved to adjourn. Mr. Montgomery, of Pa., on a question of privilege, desirtd to know where the delegntos were to get the tickets. He asked that half the tickets be given toMr. Cassidy, of Penn., for distridution, and the others to the chair man of the delegation, as it was known he hi ld no communication personally with the chairman. During his remarks Mr. Randall of Pa., approached h'nn in a threatening manner, exclaiming, ult's Pjse to take the scat, the other can cast their vote The assistant must use his discretion in as of the State, both the delegations from Ar-! listing: a farmer to estimate fairly and accu kansas are to be admitted, the original dele- and in favor of the admission of Bayard elude thc small lots owned or worked by anu Whitely delegation of Delaware. persons following mechanical or other pur Mr. Gittings, of Maryland, for himself, i suits, or where the product agreed with the majority cxcept ir the case! hundred dollars in 4 *V He reporter' in favor of the] he original Delegate, and moved Crura had Mr. Crnm explained that he dad not. ne only gave w, a moment to speak to a fellow Delegtto, Sew ra! othc* potato Mhr wear discussed, when Mr,^t 'ens of Georgia' moved the pre vious ifr. A very. C., iT.1trsjfnd»Ta divi"*r»n i» fal^e it's a base falsehood!' A scene of great confusion ensued. Mr Daw son said Mr. President, if you will allow me the floor I can restore order. He explained that a boy had called on him for Mr. Montgomery's ticket, but he did not feel inclined to give it to any one but the gentleman himself. He pronounced the statement of Mr. Montgomery uncalled for and untrue. Mr. Montgomery arose very much excited, crying '-He lies he lies! Tho man who utters it is a lying scoutidral He contin ued for some time until at last something like order was restored and a vote taken by States to adjourn, which was carried, and the Convention adjourned til} 10 o'clock to-mor row. After the adjournment Mr. Montgomery and Robert Randall, son of Judge Randall, met on the street, when the latter struck the former a po verful blow in the face, stagger ing him back and covering hu (ace with blood. Mr. Montgomery recovered himself and knocked Mr. Randall down, and was about to kick him when the crowd separated them. The collision caused much excitement in the streets, which were crowded. Mr. Montgomery has been challenged by Hon. Samuel Randall, another son of .the Judge. VNa the /oarnal of Agriculture. Tlae Ceu«u« of 18M. The fhiperinte ident of the Census has kindly furnished us with the instructions to the Marshals, from which we extract the di rections relating to the agricultural schedule. The questions to bo asked are in Italics. General Instructions. Tn many ngricul (tura!returns tho amount stated must some- ESTIMATED, cjs 0f as the number of bush- w-hoat or oats but under other head* number or amount can usually be stated, ratefy gttcs to have two seats and the constuents, keeps no evact account and in all instances it is desired to make the nearest approximate returns which the case will admit of. the amounts of his crops, wlien he The returns of all farms or plantations, the produce of which amounts to one hun dred dollars in value, are to be included in this schedule but it is not intended to in- value. the farm, whether as owner, agent, or tenant. When owned or managed by more than one gius, sugar-mills in fact, all implements and machinery used to cultivateand produce crops and At the mo* fipf market er con sumption. HEAPISO 6 to 10. Live Stoei—Ilortet, Asms and Afxks, Milch Owes, Working Ox en, other Cattle.—Under general heading, LIVESTOCK, 1st Jtne, 18t50, of the whole number of animals which belong to «the ferui on the 1st day of -June, the number of each description thereof are to bo inserted under the proper headings, taking care that under heading OTHER CATTLE li»e stock owned on the lstd»rJune shall be inserted in column 13. HEAWXOS 14 to 15. Wheat, lueheJs of Rye,bushthof Indian Corn, Irshels of Oats, bushfli of Rice, lis. of Tobacco, lbs. of Ginned Cotton, bales of 400 lbs. each Wool, lbs. of Peas and Beans, bush els of Jirish I\tatoes, bttshels of Steeet Potatoes, bushels of Barley, bushels of Bvekieheat bvsheis of Value of Orchard Products, in dollars Wine, gallons of Value of Products of Ma vie Gardens But ter, lbs. of Cheese, lbs. of Ilay, tons of Clorcr Seed, bushels of Grass Seeds, bush els of Ilopi, lbs. of Ikir-rotted Hemp^ tons of Water rotted Hemp, tons of other prepared Hemps, tons of Flax, lbs. of Flaxseed, bushels of Silk Cocoons, lbs. of Maple Sugar, lbs. of Cane Sugar, Mid*, of 1,000 lbs Molasses, gallons of, and from tehat made Beemcax, lbs. of Honey, lbs. of and talue of TToine-meide Manufactures. Insert in tho appropriate columns the whole number of tons, bales, bushels, pounds, or value, according to the several headings, of the various crops prvduccd within the year ending June 1, 1860. The quantity of grain gathered during the year is (o bo re corded, and all the productions of the year, although the}* may not have been sold or con sumed, are to be enumerated in their proper places but nothiugproduced after the first srticlcs for sale, and may include nurseries. In enumerating clover and grass seeds, you are to include only tliat which, has been clean ed for use, or prepared for fhe market. In column (41") for molasses, wherever this arti cle is not produced from the canc, you will designate the kind of molasses, by inserting in the space over the figures in each case the letter for maple and the letter S for sorgnm or you may write out these trords in full over the figures descri bing the quantity the latter would be the mo?t satisfactory mode. Where the moT&s such manufacture, the value of such raw material should not bo included the object being to ascertain the value of manufactures by the family from their own productions, or the value of the labor expended on the pro ductions ofothess. This discrimination is important. which does not come under the term im- have sprung forward in the name of liberty proved, but it is not necessaiy that it should and nationality to accomplish great things be contiguous. The quantity embraced un-! have been found wanting in the day of ttial, der the two heads "improved, and uuimpro- {and tben frHen forever, that lookers-on may ved" includes tho "whole number of acres' naturally be slow to offer their confidence owned V y the proprietor. Irreclaimable and rd'nin»tion to a revolutionary lender.— *nar*,hi»* or bodies of water of greater extent B'lt Garibaldi has taken his place in history than ten irres we to be onvtled.. faa one tji tiro -'sti extrwliosry fW-'Jarj ITr \nixi 49. Animals Slaughtered.—Un* dcr this heading insert in dollars the vatue of all animals slaughtered during tb) year. [Prow Uie London Times.] The Taking of Palermo. v^|,tUc Hkadi:#* 4. Cath vahit-of Farm*.—The commanders that this country has produced, actual value of the whole number of acres, He is no longer to be reckoned among improved and unimproved, stated in dollars, those who are aspiring to a great name, HEADING 5. Valve of Farming ImyU- who give promise of great achievements, but ments and Machinery.—Und*r this heading respecting whom the world must suspend its place the aggregate value of all the fanr ing judgment. His reputation is made, his po or planting implements and machinery, in- sition is taken, though- we hope tjiat his eluding wagons, threshing machines, cotton- work is not yet done. That genius for war, you insert the number of all cattle not before enumerated whi^h are one year old and older. HEAMNO 11. Sheep—Th? number of all sheep which, on the bt day ef June, 1800, were one cr more ears old. IIEADIXO12. Swimr.—Thenutube*ofswine on the farm oti the 1st day of June. HEADINU 13. Value of Lite Stock.—Inas much as the foregoing entries will not em brace all the live stock, it is intended that thc.cgRg.tc Visrs of'ererv description"* HrAWKO 1. Xame i*r Owner, Apent, jn a few days at furthest the feeble garri- k'ni£!.v beautifi.l, nd his t°ne3 wii. or Manager of the Farm or Plantation.—|son vhich have been left in some other of int'^nse-t feeling. The little faces around Under this heading insert the name of the the towns on the coast will be furccd to sur-' v. ould droop into sad conviction a.s he utter person residing upon or having charge of' render and Francis II. will finally be dispos-! sessed Sicily. Though believing that it was impossible to retain the Island ui.iler person, the name of one only miy he entered. Hourbon domination, we hardly looked for IlnADis'c.s 2 and 4. Arret of Land. Arr?s success so speedy and so complete. In alit Improved.—Under this heading insert the tie more than three weeks from the landing number of acres of improved kn.'l, by which of the Italian chiuf with a handful of men is meant all pasture, meadow, or arable land this beautiful and long oppressed island is marked his powerful head and dctirnnned which has been reclaimed from a state of free, and another heavy blow hai been ^iv-, features* now touched into softness by the nature and used for grazing, grass, tillage, or I cn to the fabric of disposition which is tot- impressions of the moment, I Rltan irresi\ti other purposes of production. Acre* f'nlm- tering to it full in Southern and Central ble curiosity to learn something more abou^ proted. Under this heading insert the Europe. Such a feat o» arms has seldom him, and when ho was quietly leaving tin: nimiber of unimproved land, by which i$ been related in history. V.*el»a\e seen so room I begged to know his name. Hecour all the land belonging to cach proprietor many failures oflate years. So many men tcously rej lic^ "It is Abr-'m Linccli: frotc which was first shown iti tlujsiegv of limine, and which bewildered the Austrian* last year by its vigor and audacity, lias c. »\v' bro ken up the Neapolitan Kingdom, and will doubtless end. in giving liberty to the whole of Southern Italy. Henceforward Garibaldi will receive not only the sympathy but the full confidence of all who are interested in the Italian cause. He has .shown the differ ence Iwtwecu tooilardiness and that bold ness which, based on accurate calculations, is the greatest triumph of military genius.— When he larded with his 1.500 men at Marsala he did that which might have expo sed him forever to obloquy as a hot headed enthusiast. He endangered all his past re putation. He abandoned a poliiticai position n the Sardinian monarchy which might have contented any man, and began an en terprise \vhkh many of those who sympa thized with it most deeply looked upon as desperate. It now appears that Garibaldi knew his own powers, the temper of the Si- ciI,,n ,n'' the Thc hority, day of June is to be inserted. Enumerate place. No sooner was this accom such hemp as may have been prepared plished than the inhabitants rose in mass, at for market, or give the quantity of prepared Peking the troops with every weapon which hemp which would be produced were itein a ehance could supply. Two or three hours marketable condition, the growth of the year m°rc ending tho first day of June. By market °f the wl ole town, and the troops retire into gardens (29) arc meant such as arc devoted Then followed thc brutal out to the production of vegetables and other ra' scs is made from cane, thc space may be left details, of the last conflict we know blank, in other respects then by entering the quantity produced. Under heading value of I'anZfb however, for he determined to capi home manufactures is to be included theju,a*c' The transaction was arranged on value of all articles manufactured within thc '"'nn* ',rr Britanic Mijesty's ship Hannibal year preceding the 1st day of June, in or by presume it is stipulated that the army the familv, whether for home u-e or for sale.! **as capitulated shall not be landed at If the raw material has been purchased for I of th3Roy,l strJ'-!" 0Tsr- anJ rants who but one mo®th ago tortured and slaughtered thc Sicilians with impunity, are now driven from the island, aud may per haps be brought to justice, even in the capi tal of the monarchy. It is of little use far up to attempt to fol low the milit try operations by which this astonishing success has l»een achieved. The news given in the despatches is too meager, and we trust before long to be able to lay before our readers a detailed trustworthy narrative from a well known correspondent. But thc main points appear to have been as follows: By the &?th of May Garibaldi had entire ly cleared the country about Pakrmo of the Kings troops. The battle of Montreale, im pudently represented by the offical accounts as a victory, had been a mast complete de feat, and had been foliowod by the retire ment cf the troops into the town and invest ment of thc place by the Sicilians, who, though insufficiently armed and almost desti tute of cannon, wore numerous, and elated by their success at Calata Fimi and Monreal. At 4 o'clock on the [morning of Sunday, the 27th, Garibaldi made a sudden attack on the north side of the town, a dis trict called Peperito. A fierce combat ensu ed, which lasted for two hours, and ended in placing Garibtldi in possession of this part sufficed to give the peoplo possession e 0,1 wc commented on Saturday. The garrison being driven out of the town, Neapolitan squadrons began to loinbard it. During ilks whole of Sunday afternoon and through a great part of the night the ships threw shells into Palermo, the town was set on fire in many places, a number of buildings were destroyed, and, no doubt, the loss of life among the inhabitants was considerable.— On Monday Garibaldi stormed the citadel.— It pilars that on the previous day a park of artillery was captured, and no doubt, the Sicilians were by this means better enabled to operate against the refuge of soldiery.— nothing. It must have gone hard with Gen nnot',er We publish to-day news which will glad- (ake a seat among us. ne listened with den the heart of every friend of liberty int fixed attention to our exercises, and his Europe. Tho insurrection in Sicily is fully, countenance manifested such genuine inter and we trust finally, victorious! Palermo e$t that I approached him, and suggested has been taken by Garibaldi after a terrible that he might be willing to say something to struggle. Tho Neapolitan troops, after being the children. He accepted the invitation driven from position after position, have at' with cvi lent pleasure, r.nd coming forward length capitulated, and are to etubark ou began a simple address, which at once fas- Kind's vessel with tho usual hon- i ciliated every Utile hearer, aud hushed the ors. Garibaldi is now master of the Island. room into silence. His language was stri P°int in sicily, but, at all events. Garibaldi, with the capital of the island in his hands, and with a people at his back flush ed with ictoiy, may now bid doflance toany efforts of the Neapolitan Court Lincoln Among the Children. a teacher from the Five Points' House of in dustry in New York: Our Sunday School in the Five Points was assembled one Sabbath morning, a few months since, when I noticed a tall and re markable 1 Hiking man enter the room and OLD 8ERICS, VO* L'^ Illinois Mcrt'ico" NO. I§ "»«c. sentences of warning, and would brighten into sunshine as he spoke cheerful words of promise. Once or twice he attempted to Jos his remarks, but the imperative shout of "Goon!*' "Ob, d«» go on would compel him to rename. As I looked upon the gaunt and sinewy frame of the stranger and A Bachelor** 8ollt«tttr., I'm single yet I'm single! Wtat rai. the matter be I wonder if life's sun will s.t on my celiba*-y I'm growing ancient, yt*t no "beau of promise" lean s^c I ami father «ov S'»?Ci than what Iwibrk- There was a lime when I could move in joj lity and fun, among the lasses talk of love, and kiss them every one. There was a "tr I'd rather meet a pretty girl than not, lut now I leat a swift retrent, or "cave iq-on the snot. Once I was rigged from tip to toe in gear of neatest trim a dashing, gay Lotlu. lio, a perfect ''dandy Jitn.'' NOK note my w.rdrobe, what a plight, my coat lacks many stitches —I have whittled pegs a sight to fai-. ten up my breeches My linen too, is pas sing use. fa^t 'giving up the ghost,' a bulkt riddled flag of truce, between a warrjig host My socks but poorly are concealed by anti quated boot, one leg kit Upon the field,1* the other left a foot I Abandoned now I pine alone, the maidens all abhor, because I am a woebegone, a'rj. fid bachelor! To me no comfort auzht can give my life is a lengthened sigh—I walk the world afraid to die! Where is our proudly boasted bliss—our independent home?" Non est inventum," and to thU conclusion I have come. A bachelor's a hu man mvth, more animated squib a man ii "something" only with a rising little rib' A ('ad Complaint. The first physician in a certain case wa^ discharged by his patient because he was honest and plain enough to tell the patient he had a sore throat, amd the second docter liav ing some hint of the fact, answered the sick man, when questioned, that his caso wai highly abnormal, and had degenerated into ynanche tonsilaris. "Oh, doctor," cried the patieut, "do say that vvoi-d again."— Why, sir, I said that you were at present la boring under synanche tonsilaris." "Why, think, doctor, that foil told tr.e that I had nothing but a sore throat, and 1 told him that I had no use for such a dunce. lioctor, what did you call it "I told you, sir, in plain terms, that the morbid condition of your system was obvious, and that it hat-i terminated in syndic he tonsilaris.". "Qh doctor, it must be a monstrous bad com plaint think you can cufe me, doctor?"— "Now, though your diagnosis is clear, your prognosis Is doubtful, yet I think, by pru dent care and skillful treatment, you may recover." Well, 'doctor, do stay ail ui^ht, and I will pay you anything you ask." Mr. Stewart of Mel. demanded a vote by States on seconding the call for the previous question amid great excitement, the voty was taken, an1 resulted, ayes 233, nay# 18 so the previous question was seconded. The convention then adjourned tfll 1C o'clock to-inorrow. The question before the convention now, isGillmore's amendment to Church's amend ment that the delegations from Arkansas, Mississippi, Florida and Texas, be admitted to the convention and that the contested seats of other States be referred to Commit tee on credentials, to be appointed by each State. Thc probability now is the~prevtoasqiies tion will be'ordered and that Mr. Gihnore's amendment will be voted down. It looks a* if the vote of New York would divide on the. admission of the Southern delegation, generally where there is no contest. Every effort is being made to effect a compromise o-night. Mr. Church desired to make a proposition intended to harmonize thc pending motions, he stated that an arrangement liadltcen made with Mr. G'.hnore that the latter should with draw his ameiHlment and ihe former should withdraw that portion of his amendment in strutting the committee to report tliat all Uon ice. bound in honor to support its nomine Mr. McCook, of Ohio, moved to adjourn, but withdrew it tliat Mr. Ilallctt, of Mass., might explain that he now claimed the seat that had been filled by his substitute at Ci larks Lou, but who aovr declined to give it up. After discussion, this case, with those of Arkansas and Kin., were referred to thr committee. The convention then, by a vote of 183 tr C.6, adjourned till 9 o'c'ock p. m. A littU boy had a wooden hon e, and in course of time its trJ? and earefnd legs got Tlie following circumstance was related by knocked off, and the toy presented rather a ragged appearance. Said he, one day, "God sees everythinsr, dont he mother?** "Yes,' my child." "Well, I guess he'll laugh thet when he sees this horse." A CliarJeston, S. C.. paper says tint fli teen negroes have been missing from tliat city since tho Democratic Convention. It is nt known that the Massachusetts Delega tion brought home more than one. What Democrats took the rest CEICSVBK or THE PnrsmrNT.—The rote in the House of Representatives, ISO to fit, e n»uring tin President for malfeasance i sioflke will probacy bring out anqthcr prnS -1 test from His Excellent*

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