Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, July 5, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated July 5, 1860 Page 1
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1 Vv NEW SERIES, VOL. », NO. 26* J. W. gonitis, Proprietor. a-.:::. ::..: ::-rr-zz~rr-r~:~ •®|d (Dttumtoa Courirc, IS PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY IN IPTTIMTtO^'S BLOCK, (Timtn fi.oor) OTTUMWA, WAPELLO CO., IOWA, By .1. W. A O. P. NORMS* E S INVAUIABT.Y UN ADVANCE One copy, p*rjrear ............ fi,»o Fourcoplej 6,00. Ten .. 12,00. Twenty" 24,00. t'ersons wlahinjf to subscribe for a less time than one Car can do so by remitting the amount they wish to so appropriated. In no case will we enter new 4ftmei unlegs they are accompanied with money. isnxti. *T MBS. L. L. DCMIVO. I'm waiting, lore, I'm waiting, The day has come and gone, And the dreamy shades of twlllftil Are stealing (lowly on &s'"' The moon hath ba'hed the bllldP1^^ In a flood of golden light, I!at I'm waiting, love, I'm waittsfi For you said you'd come to-alght. I'm waiting, love, I'm waiting. In the arbor by the sea, And the perfnmed breath of erl Is stealing o'er the lea The gentle flowers are sleeping Reneath the moon's pale light, While here I'm fondly waiting, For you said you'd come to-' I'm waiting, lore, I'm waiting, The night Is growing drear, Methlnks you could not thus ft Our promised meeting here But hark—I hear a footstep Come tripping through the ltghi Ah bless you, darling, bless yoa—• "j I knew you'd come to-night. fudge Bates' Letter in Support of Lincoln. St. Louis, June II, I860. O. II. Brownino, Esq., Quiney, 111. Dear Sib :—When I received your letter of May 23d, I had no thought that the an swer would be so long delayed but, waiving all excuses, I proceed to answer it now. Under the circumstances of the case, it ought not to have been doubted that I would ^ve Mr. Lincoln's nomination a cordial and Iwfarty support. But in declaring my inten tion to do so, it is due to myself to slate fltmc of the facts and reasons, which have a .9(ii trolling influence over my mind, and nch I think ought to be persuasive argu "Wents with some other men, whose political opinions and antecedents are, in soma im Jjprtant particulars, like my own. There was no good ground for supposing that I felt any pixuc or dissatisfaction be cause the Chicago Convention failed to nomi nate me. I had no such feeling. On patty grounds, I had no right to expect the nomi Oation. I had no claims upon the Republi cans as a party, for I have never been a mem ber of any party, so as to be bound by its (Ibgmas and subject to its discipline, except Ally the Whig party, which is now broken lip and its materials, for the most part, ab sorbed into other organizations. And thus I •In left, alone and powerless indeed, but per fectly free to follow the dictates of my own Judgment and to take such part in current politics as my own sense of duty and patriot Ism may require. Many Republicans, and among them, I think, some of the most mode rate and patriotic of that party, honored tne ftB their candidate. For this favor I was in debted to the fact that between them and tie there was a coincidence of opinion upon certain important questions of government, ^fhey and I agreed in believing that the na tional government has sovereign power over Hie Territories, and that it would be impolite ffid unwise to use that power for the propa Ifjation of negro slavery by planting it in free Territory. Some of them believe also that my nomination, while it would tend to soften jfie tone of the Republican party, without #iy abandonment of its principles, might i^nd also to generalize its character and at tract the friendship and support of njany, Especially in the border States, who, like me, Ijad never been members of their party, but Concurred with them in opinion about the government of the Territories. These are die grounds, and I think the only grounds, upon which I was supported at all at Chi cago. As to the platform put forth by the Chi cago Convention, I have little to say, because %hether good or bad, that will not constitute |he gronnd of my support of Mr. Lincoln.— no pTcat respect for party platforms in general, lhcy are aimfitonfjr times of high excitement under a pressure of circumstances, and with a view to conciliate present support, rather that to establish a |)crman»"* -jetera of principles and lines of policy for the future good government of the country. The Conventions which form them arc transient in their nature their r^*cr •and influence arc consumed leaving no continuing'•,"oa^0n us'nPi uPon their respective pa«*, -a- -^n^ l,ence wo need not (wond" ina* platformes so made, are hardly *vcr acted out in practice. I shall not dis jcuss their relative merits, but content my self witlAiying that the Republican platform though in several particulars it does not con form to my views, is still far better that any published creed, past or prosent, of tho Demo crats. And as to the new party, it has not chosen to promulgate any platform at all, except two or three broad generalities which are common to the professions of faith of all parties in the co'intry. No party, indeed, dare ask the confidence of the nation, while openly denying the obligation to support the Union and the Constitution, and to enforce the laws. That is a common duty, binding upon every citizen, and the fiuluro to per form it is a crime. To me it is plain that tho approaching con test must be between the Democratic and Republican parties and, between litem, 1 prefer the latter. The Democratic party, by th« long pos session and abuse of power, has grown wan ton and reckless has 'corrupted itself and perverted the principles of the (iovcrnment bus set itself openly against the great home y of its leading men,) to he the exact opposition of the Democratic party and that is the ground of my preference of the one party over the other. And that alone would bo a sufficient reason, if I had no other good rea sons, for supporting Mr. Lincoln against any man who may be put forward by the Demo cratic party, as the exponentaf its principles. and the agent to work out, la practice, its danperous policies. The third party, which by its very forma tion, has destroyed the organization of the American and Whig parties, has nominated two most excellent men. I know them well, as sound statesmen and true patriots. More than thirty years ago I served with them both in Congress, and from that time to this I have held them in respect and honor. But what can the third party do towards the elec tion of even such worthy men as these against the two great parties which are now in actu al contest for the power to rule the nation.— It is made up entirely of portions of tho dis integrated elements of the late Whig and American parties—good materials, in the main, admit, but quite to weak to elect any man or establish any principl s. The most it can do is, here and therein particular locali ties, to make a diversion in favor of the Democracts. In 1850, the Whig and Ameri can parties, (not forming a new party, but united as allies,) with entire unanimity and some zeal, supported Mr. Fillmore for the Presidency, and with what results We made a meserable failure, carrj-ing no State but gallant little Maryland. And surely, the united Whigs and Americand of that day had a far greater show of strength and far better prospects of success than any which belong to tho Constitutional Union party now. Tn fact, sec no possibility of success, for the third paTty, except in one contingen cy—the destruction of the Democratic party. This is a contingency not likely to happen this year for badly as I think of many of the acts and policies of that party, its cup is not yet full—the day is not yet come when it will desolvein its own corruptions. But the day is coming and is not far off. The party has made itself entirely sectional it has con centrated its very being into one single idea negro slavery has control of all its faculties, and it can see and hear nothing else—"one stern, tyranical thought, that makes all other thoughts its' slaves But the Democratic power still lives, and while it lives, it and the Republican party are the only real antagonistic powers in the na tion, and for the present, must choose be tween them. I clioose the latter, as wiser, purer, younger and lent corrupted by time and self-indulgence. The candidates nominated at Chicago are both men who, as individuals and politicians, rank with the foremost of the country. I sonally, but only llaudir^ per which is thought by some to be too far N'orflT and East to allow his personal good qualities to exercise thi''" pr°per iniluence over the nation wge. But the nomination for the residency is the great controlling act, Mr. Lincoln, his character, talents, opinions and history will be criticized by thousands, while the candidate for the Vice Presidency be passed over in comparative silence. our esteem than some other men, his equals, who had far better opportunities and aids in interests of the penjtte, by neglecting to ftp- of the first un of the nation, weR able to in as a new man at tbe head of ayoong party Wiiiiiimri iriir ^irntftinigfTfrUffmrniii' Ttitr-wir^mirfiiriifm n tcct thcr industry, and by refusing to im- sustain himself, and advance his pause, prove and keep in order the highways, and against any adversary, and in any field where depots of commerce and even now is urging mind and knowledge are the weapons used, a measure in Congress to abdicate the con- In politics ho has but acted out the prin stitutional power and duty to regulate com- ciples of his own moral and intellectual char tnerce among the State-*, and to grant to the acter. He has not concealed his thoughts State the discretionary pow?r to levy tonnage nor hidden his light under a bushel. With duties upon all our commerce, under the pre- the boldness of conscious rectitu le and tbe tencc of improving harbors, rivers, and lakes frankness of downright honesty, he has not has changcd the status of the negro slave by I failed to avow his opinions of public affairs making him no longer more property, but a upon all fitting occasions. politician, an antagonist power in the State, I This I know may subject him to thecarp a power to which all other powers are requlr-j ing censure of that class of politicians who ed to yield, under penalty of a desolution of mistake cunning for wisdom and falsehood the Union has directed its energies to the for ingenuity but such men as Lincoln gratification of its lusts of foreign dominion, i must act in keeping with their own characters manifested in its persistent efforts to seize *nd hope for succcss only by advancing the tropical regions, not because these oountries truth prudently and maintaining it bravely. Iind their incongruous people are necessary,! All his old political ontecedents are, in my Or even desirable, to be incorporated in our judgment, exactly right, being square up to liation, but for the mere purpose of making the old Whig standard. And as to his views #lave Rtates, in order to advance the political about "the pestilent negro question," I am power ol the party in the Senate, and in the not aware that he has gone one step beyond president, so as effectually to transfer the ,fbief powers of the government from the |nany to the few has in many Instances en dangered the equality of the co-ordinate branches of the government, by urgent ef forts to enlarge the powers of the executive lit the expense of the lcgislatice depaatment lias attempted to discard it and degrade the Judiciary, by affecting to make It, at first, tbe arbiter of party quarrels, to become soon ind inevitably the passive registrary of party decrees. I OTTUMWA, IOWA, THURSDAY, JULY 5, I860. the doctrine publicly and habitually avowed by the great lights of the Whig party, Clay, Webster, and their fellows, and indeed sus tained and carried out by the Democrats themselves, in their wiser and better days. The following, I suppose, are in brief his opinions on the subject: 1. Slavery is a domestic institution within the States beyond the control of Congress. 2. Congress has supreme legislative power over all the Terri ritories, and may, at its discretion, allow or forbid the existancc of slavery within them. In most, if not all these particu'ars, I un- 3- Congress, in wisdom and sound policy,' fully. It weighs a ton, shines like a mirror, derstand the Republican party (judging from I ought not to exercise its power, directly or and has carved Cupi Is climbing up its limbs, its acts and by the known opinions of many indirectly, as to plant and establish slavery And such lungs—whew'! Mv wife has com little mind conscious of its weakness, for the falsity of ils logic is not more apparent than the injustice of its design. No public man can stand that ordeal, and, however willing men may be to see it applied to their adver saries, all flinch from the torture when ap plied to themselves. In fact, the men who never said a foolish thing, will hardlj- be able to prove that lie said many wise ones. Mr. Lincoln's nomination took the public by surprise, because until just before the event, it was unexpected. But really it ought not to have excited any surprise, for such unforsecn nominations are common in our political history. Polk and Pierce by the Democrats, and Harrison and Taylor by the Whigs, were all nominated in this extem poranoous manner—all of them were elected. I have known Mr. Lincoln for more than twenty years, and therefore have a right to speak of him with some confidence. As an had little to do with public affairs, and have individual lie has earned a high reputation aspired to no political offiiv and now, in fur truth, courage, candor, morals ar.d amia- view of the mad excitement which convulses bility, so that as a man he is most trustworthy, 'the country, and the general disruption and And in this particular, he is more entitled to disorder of parties and the elements which early life. Ilis talents and the will to use future, and I accept the condition with cheer them to the best advantage, are unquestion- ful satisfaction. Still I cannot discharge my able and the proof is found in the fact that, self from tho life-long duty to watch the con in every position in life, from his humble be-1 duct of men in po.ver, and to resist, so far ginning to the present well earned elevation, he has more than fulfilled the best hopes of his friends. And now, in the full vigor of years past has sadly marred and defiled the his manhood and in the honest pride of hav-: fair fabric of our government. ing made himself what he is, he is the peer I If Mr. Lincoln should be eleotad, coming Pufa in any territory heretofore free. 4. And it I mence to practice, and the first time she is unwise and impolitic in the government of I touched the machine, I thought we were in the United States, to acquire tropical regions tho midst of a thunderstorm, and the lightn for the mere purpose of converting them into ing had struck the crockery chest. Tho cat, slave States. These, I believe, are Mr. Lincoln's opinions upon the matter of slavery in the Territories, and I concur in them. They arc no new inventions, made to suit the exigencies of the the instrument, but he oouldn't do it It hour, but have come down to us, as the Dec laration of Independence and the Constitu tion have, sanctioned by the venerable author ity of the wise and good men who established our institutions. The)' are conformable to law, principle and wise policj', and their util ity is proven in practice by the yet unbroken current of our political history. They will prevail, not only because they are right in I his hair twice, then grinned, then cocked themselves, but also because a great and his eye up to the cealing, like a monkey hunt still growing majority of the people believe thom to be right, and the sooner they are allowed to prevail in peace and harmony, the better for all concerned, as well as those who are against them as those who are for them. I consider Mr. Lincoln a sound, safe, na tional man. He could not be sectional if he tried. His birth, his education, the habits ofhis life, and his geographical position, compel him to be national. All his feelings and interests are identified with the great valley of the Mississippi, near whose centre he has spent his whole life. That valley is a section, but, conspicuously, the body of the nation, and, large as it is, it is not capa ble of being divided into sections, for the great river cannot be diuided. It is one and indivisible, and the North and the South are alike necessary to its comfort and prosperity. Its people, too, in all their interests and af fectfons, are as broad and general as the re gions they inhabit. They are emigrants, a mixed multitude, coming from every State in the Union, and from most countries in Euroge they are unwilling, therefore, to submit to any one petty local standard.— They love the nation as a whole, and they all, noYotity trf* fefrth£v^aic.bound to them and mutual dependence, but also by the recollections of childhood and youth, by blood and friendship, and by all those social and domestic charities which sweeten life, and make this woild worth living in. The valley is beginning to feel its power, and will soon be strong enough to dictate the law of the land. Whenever that state of things shall come to pass, it will be most fortunate for the nation to find the powers of government I am aware that small partisan*, in their little warfare against opposing leaders, do sometimes assail them by the trick oftearing from their contexts some particular objection able phrases, penned, perhaps, in the hurry of composition, or spoken in the hurry of fence. All of a sudden he stopped, oral debate, and holding them up to the pub- thought something had happened. lie as the leading doctrines of the person' came down both fists, and, oh. Lord such a assailed, and drawn from their uncharitable noise was never heard before. I thought a inferences. That line of attack betrays a hurrican had struck the house, and tbe circumstances constrain them to use those powers for general and not sectioual ends. I give my opinion freely in favor of Mr. Lincoln, and I hope for the good of the. whole country, he may be elected. But it is not my intention to take any active past in the canvass. For many years past 1 have compose them, I am more than ever assured that for me, personally, there is no political u ^*tWwii1iiwtfiiS»aal IMbi fttumtua (Emtriit. never before in power, he may render a great scrvicc to his country, which no Democrat could render. lie can march straight for ward in the discharge of his high duties, guided only by his own good judgment and honest purposes, without any necessity to temporize with established abuses, to wink at the delinquencies of old pnrty friends, or to unlearn and discard tho bad official habits that have grown up under the inisgoverninent of his Democratic predecessors. In short, he can be an honest and bold reformer on easier and cheaper terms than any Democrat ic President can be, for, in proceeding in the good work of cleansing and purifying the administrative departments, he will have no occasion to expose the vices, assail the inter- friends. Begging your par,Ion for the length of this feaitdjuyf,,Uityin ordinary cases letter, I remain, with great respect, Tow friend and obedient servant, EDWARD BATES. Mf wile's Plain#* The deed is accomplished. My wife has got a piano, an i now farewell mind—farewell content and tho evening i I can bid them all farewell, for one of them carried it into the parloi and it grunted aff­ with tail erect, took a bee line for a particu lar friend upon the back fence, demolishing a six shilling pane of glass. The baby awoko and the little fellow tried his best to beat beat him. A teacher has been introduced in the house. He says he is the last of Napoleon's grand army. lie wears a huge moustache, looks at me ercej, smells of garlic, and goes by the the other night. lie run his fingers through mg ffies, and then came down on his fingers an eard a delightful sound similar to He touched his thumb, and I thought that 1 lodged in the hands of men whose habits of i sleep with cotton in your ears, or when she thought, whose position and surrounding gives her dying grunt you will think m"y: ,h,c carful pr" walls were caving m. I imagined I was in the cellar, and a ton of coal was falling about my head. I thought the machine had burs" ted, when the infernal noise stopped and I heard my wife ejaculate: "Exquisite "Whatthe deuce is the matter?" The answer wa?, "Why, dear, that's La Somnambu'a "D—n Somnam bula!" thought I and the Count rolled up his sheet of paper, ljf called it music but for the life of me, I can't make it look like anything else than a rail fence with a lot of juvenile nigge s climbing over. Before that instrument of torture came into the house, I could enjoy myself, but now every darned woman in the neighborhood must be invited to hear the new piano, and every time the blasted thing shrieks out, like a locomotive with the bronchitis. I have to praise its tone, and when the invited guests are play ing, I have to say, "Exquisite." "Heavenly" and all such trash, while at the same time, I know just as much about music as a blind codfish. There are more tuning hammers than comfort in our house, and—and I wish the inventor of the piano was troubled with a perpetual nightmare and obliged to sleep in one of his instruments all his life. As for myself I had rather put my head under a tin pers, and the big cigars that makes ambition I ., .. i stones were generally the failure of the ce virtuc, oh, farewell! "And, oh ye mortal engines whose rude throats the immortal1 ... but more frequently calcareous or clayey, or Jove s dread clamors counterfeits!" But stop ., /. has just arrived. It came on a dray. Six men' name o ^ount un-awny never-come-back- rapid removal of the particles beneath the a a n n- y He plaj edan extract de opera or any other La thumped out of a piano. drum together all tho wandering minstrels in the city, hand organs, banj h\s, fiddles, tam borines, rattling bones and fish horns let tne be awakened at midnight by the cry of murder ring the bells and have a devil of a time generally—do ail this, and I will not complain but banish the piano. My piano has got to go. I am going to launch the in fernal machine out the window, the first dark night, and, my friends, I advise you to fallen out ofa bead, or a fallen star has gone to roost on the house-top. For the informa. tion of "Young America." I will state that all the pieces of brass, wire and ivory keys they are welcome to, but the skeleton 1 want for a refrigerator. Did you ever hear what Pat said at a Qua ker meeting'( There was a dead silence in the place when lie entered, he sat down and waited very patiently, indeed, for some per son to speak. Ten, twenty, thirty minutes, silence still—Pat gazes about hitn in aston ishment, at length one of the junior mem bers rose—the spirit had moved him. "Brethren," &aid he, "I have taken to ojy se!f a daughter of the Lord." nuei oi men poAer, anu to resist, so tar «nn up, 'wiiy thin, my fine vounic broadbrim rr pan and be drummed to sleep with a pair of stone or terra-cotta, was saturated with the smoothing irons than hear 4La Somnambula,' I /ai he a' misM, long ttm p.1 mi jUwl ress of official corruption, which for several your father-in-law." Isuch "O, then, I'll take it by mm Tbe Decay and Preservation of Building Material. cipal buildings in England and on the Con- just marked that when soda replaced potash in I defined them, mentioning the chief varieties, n„ ™pa- tie stated that the nature of decay in sand- 4. air in towns, they absorb moisture and acid gases very readily, and the result is a grad- uaj Sl,rfacei on that produced by a cockroach dancing upon hardened by exposure more rapidly than the the tenor sring of a fiddle. Down come an- substance of the stone, and a scaling still other finger, and was reminded of the wind takes place. The more exposed parts, those whistling through a knot hole in a hen coop. stones are rotten or weathered at the top of affected similarly to those now diseased jn nr(W«i+tliA»mW(iftn nf hid 'thus indicated, he first alluded to granite.— York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, etc.,:The ehts, or thwart the ambition of his pol,t,c.l\,. f™ ofH discase3 „lUe, w ile stated its properties of hardness and i the felspar, the crystals of felspar were sub-! general type, or whether fear and imagina-! jeet to the action of the weather and that, tion have aided in making out an analogy, tical objection to the use of granite is its tonis of the disease, as it exists in Massachu- ,. .. .,. mentmg medium, which is sometimes siliciou, TT A ii ii r.L even oxide of iron. lie pointed out the cause it_ cementing medium—the nature of the cement roe-stone, or fragments of shell and these cotnes more frequent and husky the respi- particles arc cemented together by carbonate! ration is humid the pulse increased and dcstruCtion of the surface, and often a formed, or some partial change that has and I since taken place, there is great irregularity Then i in tbe rate of decay. Magnesian limestone, or colomites, when quite crystalline, behave like marble but irhen, as usual, only half crystalline, they are very apt to become re duced to powder in parts, and the decay thence proceeds with extreme rapidity. The Professor next proceeded to consider the remedies for decay. He alluded to paint as at once unsightly and not permanently benefi cial, and included the large class of preser vatives that have been suggested, in which any animal or vegetable oil or fatty matter was contained, as equally valueless, either peeling off or rotting in the stone, and leav ing it soon exposed to ordinary decay. The mineral bitumens, he stated, had not been much tried, owing to their dark, unsightly color. What is required is some mineral preparation. He then alluded to the water glass, a soluble silicate of potash, originally described by Dr. Fuche, and applied to indu rate stone by M. Kuhlman. He explained the principle of this process as depending on slow decomposition by exposure to the air, and stated that, as meanwhile the influen ces of the weather continued to act, the method could not be adopted with advantage in the op n air in a damp climate, where preservation is chiefly required. The only plan that, as far as he was aware, met the requirements of tho case, he stated to be that adopted by Mr. Ransome, according to which the absorbent surface, whether of diluted solution of soluble silicate of soda, and then treated with a solution of chloride solutions, a double decomposition is induced, the silicic acid parting with its soda to the chlorine, producing chloride of sodium, or common salt, and combining with the lime to form silicate oflime. The salt being wash ed away, only the silicate of lime remains. Tbe Cattle Riseane—Treatment, [from the American Agriculturist. In a paper recently read before the Royal' Almost the entire country is excited by Society, Professor Anted sireeted attention the reports of the cattle disease prevailingin ^r"^rate diet in snail quantity. Ground o the state of the stone in many of the prin- some parts of Massachusetts. Indeed it n°w tinent, illustrating the extreme irregularity ty sprung up in all parts of the country. In iea* ^uta described the chief building materials, ex-1 years past, we have from time to time heard with which various materials, and even sam-' the present excitement it is impossible to ar- ^'s being nourishing, and not hard of di« pies of the same materials, resist the action rive at any definite opinion as to the nature Ses^)n» gives "good heart," and consequent* of the weather and fall into decay. lie then and extent of the disease. During a dozen plaining in each case the cause of decay.— of single animals, here and there, which,! Externally we get up a counter-frrftatlOlC' Commencing with a general remark, that all from the description received, seemed to be I a quarry or near an earthy surface, and this Massachusetts. We are almost daily receiv-, _Pan'd^ flies. It is made as strong as ftos* the action of the weather is in some measure ng 0 but re- parcntly of a similar character. Whether the disease be the same, or one of the same from some cause little known, tho silica base it is possible y to decide. We present ^°'Rn en dressed with sweet oil or lard, also occasionally failed. Still, the great prac-! here a cost. Passing next to the sandstones, he 'setts, adopting the language of the report toi, of lime. The stones are generally laminated, somewhat oppressed the appetite diminish-1^or's though the bedding is often extremely ob-! ed rumination suspended bowels consti jbut scurc. When exposed to the action of the pated surface of the body and liinbs cold especially on the planes of bedding, When stones arc not placed in a building as they were in the quarry, the surface peels off in natural films, and is more rapidly acted than it need be but not unfrcquently, cven m0re was in an orchard listening to the distant among the first to decay and, owing prob braying ofa jackass. Now he ran his fingers -My to differences in the mode or rate of along the keys, and I thought ofa boy run- deposite of the mud of which the limestone ning a stick upon a store box or a picket was when well placed, the surface gets suhject to drip ftnd constant dampt nnd the The silicate oflime thus thrown down he next explained to be a salt, which was not public attention is attracted to the only itself non-absorbent and singularly powerful in resisting the action of ordinary atmospheric influences, but as having the ou ve property of adhering rapidly to the surface of the minute partieles of which stone was formed. He illustrated this by the case of mortar and concrete, which owe their adhe sive properties to this habit of silicate of lime, which is the mineral formed by the mutual action of the cement on the substan ces in contact with it. The stone having its particles thus coated with silicate of lime, and all the absorbent surface being thus pro tected, the result is an immediate and great hardening of the stone, so far within its sub stance as the solutions have been absorbed, and a complete immunity to that extent front tbe action of atmospheric influences, bleeding and physicing. But during past Winter, a few cases of the disease The stone does not necessarily become non absorbent, though it can be made so but it a s o s u e s s a i y a n e o e a n The divil vou have, Rays Pat iumDin,r i appears-to resist decay much in the way some of the best natural sandstones, such as Craighill, arc known to do. all means, for want more diagnosis, or description of the symp- the Legislature by Messrs, E. F. Thayer, j,f Veterinary Surgeon, and Goorge Bales, M. j* i 4 of decay the want of sufficient cohesion in .r at i i flinches, and is un: ble to bear pressure or djng, the head is protruded, the mouth Cred delicately sculptured portions, are eased part, the ear fails to perceive the low,! termination, becomes duller, and at last, is altogether inaudible. An examination of animals which have died of Pleuro-Pneumonia, will present va rious appearances. The lungs of the same animal will show all the different stages of the disease —red hepatization, dark spots, and an effusion of serum The above description of the disease, as found in Massachusetts, corresponds with the symptoms given by English authors, will enable most persons to decide, wheth er any animal is affected with the same or a similar disease. The following letter, from a well-known gentleman, who has had much to do with cattle, will be found interesting and instructive to those who may have dis eased cattle. The treatment recommended it a good one in any cas?, for disease of the lungs, and if it good, it can do no harm. The immediate separation of a sus pected animal from all contact with other animals s'a uld not be overlooked. Forihiam, Westchester Co., N. Y.t Jane 14,1860. To the Editor of tk» America* Agricultur ist. "Now d~oVakothisTme Ii i d! ap| ears diseased, we sepcrate it from other how deeply laid hav •, been the plans of the I'll iM-liai'iged "if it (iosn'TVnrr^ui" i s«re to do good either one way or the other!" wolud-be professional men. and from hot sun—fa» short, gift plenty tracks kin to his fkte. At your request, I give briefly my experi- teen years past—its virulence depending up on local causes, weather, etc,—and now that subject. consumption is among mpn—similar in char­i acter and effects, h)|t toss general, and more easily overcome. In former ye?rs the animals in my own herd, and in the herds of my neighbors, rarely recovered after the disease became Mated upon them. Our treatment then was the ap- oa^s» w'*h a "If the animals are at pasture at the com-! .. r., mencement of the disease, thev will be found, .., .. a early in the morning, separated from the herd, with arched backs, hair rourh, and e mg medium itself, and the effect of expansion refusing to eat: while, as the dav advances, ... i n and contraction of water absorbed by the they will join the rest, and appear to be in stone. The limestones were next considered, usual health. and the principal varieties passed briefly! A slight but husky cough will be oocasion under review. They are all freestone?—j ally recognized and, at times, the breathing some are crystalline, others semi-crystalline, will be increased, a3 if the animal had made but most of them are earthy, or oolited and some extra exertion apd in utilch cows Fancy a city of some 4-0,O00 inhabitants^ absorbent. They consist of particles of car- there will also be a diminished amount of! 18,000 are priests, 40,000 idlers, bonate of lime, whether grains, as in the case milk. 4,000 lawyers, and nearly 30,000 prisoners of chalk, or accumulated lumps, like oolite or As the disease progresses, the cough bo-1 a seems as if the disease had sudden-! ^ave f°und best. The animal will seldom morc cas°- over r03?a' s'ate percussion on the sides of the ohest or cos- 'n southern German States and Swit3jer' tal regions (or ribs). In more advanced stages the respiration mal frequently lies down and when stan-1 with frothy saliva, the muzzel cold and the aspect spiritless and haggard. On percussing (striking) the affected side, a dull or dead sound usually elicited to a greater or less extent, but this will depend upon the extent to which the lung has be come consolidated, and the presence or ab sence of fluid ii» the cavity of the chest. On applying the ear to the sides of the chest, one or the other is found to be affected sometimes, though rarelv, both are im plica ted. When applied in the region of the d«- 'ere"Ce,l° "rfry 60 n0 is difficult, labored, and painful. The ani- *east PrL'tcnce L! Ji iu«'|r OLD 6ERIE8, VOL. 13, NO. IV TEICHS—*1,50,In Advancc, of pure air, and a cool but uniform tempos* ture. mef^'c'nc's given internally, except trifle of good hay or pasture, wo ema^ quantity of oat meal, and ability to resist and throw oIf difr' re£'on 1'1C aPPty reports from New Hampshire. the usual methods of the druggist®. hair is shaved off for about the size l,iel, .re ap.ha"J both b.ack of S1 lungs. To do this, the common "blister salve," 0» 5ide, of the animal, j«t Jhc *ore-,cSS—itoo high up tho cs' f*10 kjisteir salevt* is then strongly mto 4 ie 1C s'^ln u^on s^aven s0r^8 are fti'°wed l4 Us' W0Ul i e a j) In regard to the disease being contagious, diagnosis OF n.EPno-PNT.rjfONTa. Im3" to run for a day ov °ne |,btt'r'nS 1,as case' answered in 8 0,1 anmial is be \erj bad, recommend a second blistering, ne^aT7, after the first has commence* that where animals come 4t- 1 e y i n o n a a s w e n e y s a n s i e y 3 ssqe in stalls, or come together in yards of pastures the fetid breath from one animal may be inhal&u by another, and become tha e v ... Reed of uiseuso, if the health and vieor of tha animal ho *M\i uimnpnt fn rocict ond thfOW animal be not sufficient ty resist and o£f its effects. On AS. W. tilTflOATI, City of !Vaples. s'a*e UP 'n soineofthe five hundred? prisons. Fancy this city in of chronic siege, with the guns of itn cons^an^'- uPon cons'st'nS rigid and almost immovable over the ribs treacherous and false maintaining his pow* the animal, upon pressure upon the spine, or P°in^ not upon its enemies people. Fancy a government a priest-ridden king, cruel* a'^ of Swiss and Qerman guards* most ofwhom are kidnapped contrary tolfw* iniseraWe *n administration that '^pwtment of tbe government makes tha to which has its efficiency but the police, sPies everywhere, and is said' to be as perfect as Fouche's so blind to facts that he believes he is a blessing to h|s people and calmly expects that God wjty scatter his enemies 1 Finally, fancy a peo ple systematically trained in idleness, servili ty and ignorance denied the privileges of wholesome education and the use of books forced to kneel at the feet of tbe Jesuits, apd taught from their childhood that rebpllioi* against their authority involves not only eternal damnation but present punishment, educated in contempt for the laws and indif* vlrtueUmt 11 aP es ... ... Let in look to it in detaU. The travda rustling murmerof healthv lungs, and de i -4 ,• i —hi i who walk* through the streets to Toledo o* tects a crepitating sound or rattle, which, as .. ii 'hisja for the first time, on a sunny dav in tne case advances towards an unfavorable the cooler months, is amazed at the evidenced ence with the Pleuro-PaeumonU or "cattle king delicacy out of caldrons, and beseeching disease." During many yeai^Jifcfcwi a disease very similar in every respect to the conjurer over as they hurry past with that now attracting so much attention in dead man ladies in Parisian dresses, peas Massachusetts and elsewhere. 1 think the ant girls in scarlet rags lnzzaroni in every disease has been more or less prevalent in cornt r, 1) ing, crouching, squatting, running, various parts of the country for at least fif- sleeping, laughing, fighting, picking pocket^ and an array of carriages, corricoli, omnibus es, cavaliers, tearing and dashing along at furious rate, as though collisions were impos sible and bones could not be broken.— don yews. we shall doubtless hear of it from all sections probably in every one of the older States.— Formerly it was confineu somewhat to dairy herds, and it being to the interest of the milkmen to keep the matter quiet, little was said upon the subjcct in tho public prints.— You have doubtless received many individ ual letters, describing siugle animals affected and asking prescriptio is. [We have. En. 1 The disease appears to bo among cattic, what!ln of life and happiness which he sees. Fifty thousand people, they say, throng Toledo (the Broadway of Naples) daily. "Bverj trade is carried on in the open street. Th£f» are shoemakers and tailors at their benches scribes inditing love-letters for amorous swains begging monks proving clearly that all who do not give them a carline will be served up hot in another world women plucking poultry or cleaning vegetables quack doctors forcing their panaceas dowi) the throats of peasants from the Abruzzi cooks roasting and frying at great fires on the sidewalk mothers combing theiv children's hair, or turning them up and whip ping them old women on crutches singing airs from Lucia, and old men reciting Ariosto with much fervor water sellers bawling iced water pious minstrels playing doleful bagpipes under a statue of the Virgin Sicil ian girls dancing the tarantula with uncom mon vigor friars roaring that they only want gran morc to save a soul from hell boys fighting for water-melons exchange tables loaded with copper lemon stands surmounted by triumphal arches, bedizened with gold paper and wreatho of flowers mac aroni dealers lading huge masses of the sn»o- S xmkwuat Singi—There have beeq eighteen elections of Presidents. In eleven of them the names of the Individual elected ended wiih the letter N. With only one ex ception, the name of every President ifKo has served two terms had this termination.—• on,*v pcaring, we adopted a differentjmode of treat- have obedience, will follow him to his doom, ment, and though the animals were as badly Every crime is committed for a purpose— attacked as in former years, we have succee- just so sure as God governs the universe, so ded in restoring every one to perfect health surely docs a crime although concealed, 4os- onc casc a randk,ate for U o n Our treatment is this: As soon as animal i troy his happiness of the future. No matter manufacturing enterprise, animals, and place it where it will have plen- criminal, or how desperately executed, detecr it is iofail ^nds, in the West, and fewer doctors ty of air, but be sheltered from cold storms tion pursues him like a Mood hound, an^ N i n a i n i s n a e e e n e feu ted and even in this case the name ofthe successful candidate possessed this auspir cious termination.—Prov. Journal. This fact must be' N oeurageing to lifer coin and Hamlin. Vicb.—He who givesjhimself to vice inev itably suffers. I human law does not eon vict and punish him, moral law, which wil} «4Nl

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