Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, August 2, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated August 2, 1860 Page 1
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NEW 8ERIES, VOL. 5, NO. 3®. J. W. XOltmS, Proprietor. (Dttumtoa (fonrirr. 13 PUBLISHK.I) F.VKUY THURSDAY IN PXTMROT'S BLOCK, (THIRD FI.OOR) OTTUMWA, WAPELLO CO., IOWA, By J. W. & G. P. SfORRIS* e s I N V A K I A I JY i n a v a n e One copy, peryelf $1,50 fourcople* R,K). Ten 12.™ Twenty" #.24,00. Persons wishing to subscribe for a less time than on® year can do so by remitting the amount they wish to be so appropriated. In no case will we ri.tcr name? unless they are accompanied with money. new 'told Abe'*" Preliminary TMt the While—llnusc. [The following song was written by Gen. Clarke, ed itor of the Uurllngton (Vt.) Times, and sung at a Lin coln and Hamlin ratification meeting at Burlington, at which the lion. P. Geo. Marsh presided, kf ill* "Bob-o'-llnk Glee Club."] One Abr'am there was who lived out tn the Wwt, Esteemed by his neighbors the wisest and best, And you'll see, on a time, if you'll follow my ditty, How he took a straight walk up to Washington city. IU tu, Ac. His home was at Springfield, out in Illinois, Where he'd long been the pride of the men and th« •boys But he left kis white house with no sign of regret, For he knew that the people had another to lot s So Abr'am he trudged on to Washington straight* And reached the White House thro' the avenue gate, Old Buck and his cronies, (some chans from the South,) Sat around the East room, rather down In the mouth. Old Abe seized'the knocker and gave such a thump, Buck thought the State ship had run into a (tump He trembled all over and turned deadly pale,' 'That noise,' said he, 'must be made with a rail.' 'Run, Lewis run Jerry I and open the door And the 'functionary' nearly fjll down on the floor— 'There's only one m?.n who knocks that way, I'm blest! And he's thattarnal Old Abe of the West.' The Cabinet, frightened, sat still In their seats, While Abr'am, impatient, the rapping repeats *1 hope it ain't Abe,' said Old Buck, pale and gray, •If it is, boys, there'll be here the devil to pay 1* At last, though reluctant, Old Buck open'd the door And found a chap waiting six feet three orfouf#' 'I've come, my fine fellows,' Baid Abe to the rMg, 'To give you fair notice to vacate next spring.^ •The people have watched you and made up theirmlnd That your management's runnlngthe country behind You're badly in debt, and your plan is a bold me, To make a new debt to pay ofTthe old one You and Douglas hare so split your party In train That Sp.iulling's best glae can't unite it again And both parts are useless, the country dost need them— for «M goes for Awry and tki stkar tyafcMf t** dom. So the people conclude that the best thing to do, Is to rtght the State ship and hire a new crew. And engage a new Captain as soon as they can, And its my duty to tell you that I AM THAT MAX 1' 'Come in,' says Old Ruck, 'and sit down Mr. Lincoln— The renarks you have made are something to think on I don't care a cuts for the country—that's flat 1 But If you'll beat Douglas you can take my old hat 1' '.Steve Douglas,' says Abe, 'he belongs in my State, And I did beat him well in the year '03 If I catch him again in the canvass he'll find What It means when folk* talk about running behind. 'So you need'nt fear Dug, let him scheme and conspire lie's as deep in the mud as you're In the mire And this moral he'll learn when his game Is all played— That it is not by squatting that Sovereigns are made.' 'Mr. Lincoln,' says Buck, 'your notions, I think. Are extremely correct, and I ask you to drink We've the best of'J. B.,' 'green seai.'^nd old sherry. And I've no great objection just now to get mvrrj.' Says Abr'am: 'My friends, I've come here to say That the Democrat 'dog- has just had his day— The people have trusted you more than they And all that I ask is a glass of cold water.' omfktto. 'Cold water said Buck, we've got It, I think. Though 'tis not, in our party, a favorite drink Our tipple we take on its own naked merits, And we need something strong to keep up our sperits.' The Cabinet searched the White House with a will, But did not find water 'put down in the bill Jerry Black made report that, without any doubt, The whisky was plenty, but water was out. So Abe took his leave and returned to the West, Leaving Buck and his Cabinet somewhat distressed, For tbey saw with a glance how 'twould end without fail— They were bound for Salt River, this time, on a BAIL 1 Ki hi. &c. 44Vive La ISagtelle." Lira «f Presidential Candi dates. The New York Mercuiy, under the head of "Our Great Biographical Enterprise," thus amusingly takes the lives of the Presiden tial candidates now before the people for the suffrages. Members of all parties can find something to laugh at ia earn* of tham "chacun a son gout." LIFE OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN. BT ONE WHO KNOWS HIM. The subject of our biography was born at Bunker Hill, on the Fourth of July, 1770, and document which sealed our liberties on that day. We refer to the Declaration of Independence. His father's name was Mr. Lincoln, his mother's, Mrs. Lincoln, and if he had sisters, they were known as the Misses Lincoln. At the age of two years, young Abraham commenced splitting rails for a living, singing beautiful hymns while so engaged and displaying all those noble vir tues fur which he has since been distinguish ed. When he was about ten years old, Bos­ ton suddenly became the hub of the uni verse, and required so much greasing that cleanly people were obliged to move away.— The Lincolns went to Illinois, where Abra ham became the ablest lawyer in the State in less than a week and learned to chew to bacco—and as a specimen of his wit, we give thfit following ANECDOTE.. •On one occasion Mr. Lincoln wai -tpfttttng a rail in the parlor of Judge Dougias s resi dence, when the latter joined him, and thinking to make a good joke about our he ro's extreme leaness, remarked: "Why, Abe, you are a rail yourself." )fr. Lincoln looked up from his work with thai sublime glare which has of ten petrified a world, and gravely responded "You are the reverse of a rail." Douglas immediately grasped his hat and carpet bag, went to Washington, and asked the President to explain what Lincoln meant by that "Why," said the President, "the reverse of nil is a rail spelt backward*." Since then, Douglas and Lincoln have been warm friends. The subject of otir biography was defeat ed by Mr. Douglas for the United States Senate, in 1851, on account of sickness in the family, and has sinco been known as "Honest Old Abe" to the whole country.— lie is a man of unflinching integrity, and though ho chews the Weed for a compan ion if elected President. N. B.—The author of this biography died immediately after penning the above work. LIFEOF STEPHEN" ARNOLD DOUG­ LAS. Mr. Douglas Vermont, on the Fourth of July, 1773, and demonstrated the utility of Squatter Sovcr oreignty before he threw off his crinoline.— His parents belonged to a noble Scotch fair. ily, and when Stephen was two years old, they cmcgrated with li iui to Illinois. It was during this journey that he gave vent to a remark which has since become classical.— His father asked him if he would have an ap ple and, on receiving an answer in the af firmative, made a "split" in it—preparatory to dividing it into two pieces—when Mr. Douglas suddenly grasped the whete ex claiming "The Union must and shall be preserved This immortal sentence was immediately telegraphed to all the papers in the United States and Canada, and procured the elec tion of Mr. Douglas to the office of Judge of good whisky,"as soon as he arrived in Illi nois. When about ten years old, he com menced writing for Harpers1 Magnzine, and finally contributed a series of humorous arti cles to the editorial columns of the Chicago Times. Just before the election to the Sen ate last time, an exploit of his gave birth to this AXECDOB*. WMfeVr. Douglas and Ms gigantic oppo nent Lincoln, were canvassing the State, they agreed to hold a debate at Quincy, and allow the people to decide which had the strongest claim to their votes. The meet ing was a large one, and it did not lake long for Douglas to get the better of the argu ment. Finding the battle going against hiin Lincoln drew up his form to his utmost height, and looking down at the short figure of rival, said very prompously "Mr. Douglas, I cannot look at you with out thinking of a passage of Scripture." "What is that asked our hero good hu moredly. "The way of the wicked is short," respon ded Lincoln, and fainted away. The crowd applaused tremendously, but Douglas was not to be outdone. Waiting until Lincoln had revive,d he quietly said "And you remind me, Mr. Lincoln, of an other passage." "What is that?" asked Lincoln. "How long! 0 Lord, how long?" respon ded Douglas. He was elected. By way of concluding our biogaphy, we give the following extract from one of Mr. Douglas' speeches: BT ONB wno HAS KNOWN'HI* antes BKWASSO was standing by his pen (then empty) with HIGH. was born at Bennington, Squatter sovereignty, gentle­ men, [great applause.] is not the right of one man over another man, accorded by the Constitution, but the right of another man over this man, or that man over this man where man is willing that man should be his own man, independent of every other man. This, gentlemen, is Squatter sover eignty, without mitigation." [Great enthusi asm.J LIFE OF JOHN BELL. BY AN INTIMATE ACQUAINTANCE. The Honorable John Bell was born on Ma son and Dixon's line, of rich but pious pa rents, and was noted for his ringing voice. His extreme personal beauty suggested that delicious poem, in which the poet asks his friend Brandon "Did you ever see the beautiful Bell, Brandon?" He spent the early years of his life on a plantation, acquiring such a fine cultivation that his epistolary efforts were regarded with admiration by the whole world, and no man is considered a good scholar who is not fa miliar with Bell's letters. As Mr. Bell grew to manhood, he gradually eschewed all youthful society, and cultivated 'old' gentle men exclusively, and was noted for his ven erable virtues. On one occasion he won tlie friendship of a tea total society of old inai-ls under the following circumstance: Being ask ed if he believed the use of tobacoo to be in injurious, he promptly replied: "If tobacco is chewed in a certain way, it will do no harm to any one." "IIow is that asked a antiquated Miss. "It should be es chewed," returned the eminent statesman. In reference to Mr. Bell's public oareer, they tell the following ANECDOTE. As Mr. Bell was going from the. Senate chamber to his hotel, after delivering his cel ebrated speech on the re opening of the slave trade, he was overtaken by a prominent pol- Immediately after tills, the subject of our memoir was seized with a sever fit of sick ncss yet even that did uot quench his spir it. W hen the doctor asked him how he felt one morning, he replied "Oh, I feel all sound, like any other Bell." If Mr. Bell is elected to stay at home, he will adorn that position and write for the Ledger. LiFE OF BRECKINRIDGE. BT A MINER. The subject of our story was born on the day of his birth, on the Cincinnati platform and is chiefly noted for his eloquent silence on all public occasions. Being of a fiery dis position, the Breckinridge coal was appropri- atcly named after him and it is a question with us whether he is the Eiore noted as a ftl elist or a duelist. Wc can say little in ore of him than he wa* of Southern, but honest parents, and has acquired some fame as an artillerist by the management of the cclebra-1 jn ted Buchanan, which will be discharged on the 4th of March next. Mr. Breckinridge is rather sharp in conversation, as is proved js prevailed, and, with a decisive grunt the hog trotted toward the pen. Turning toward his friend, Mr. Breckin ridge said: "If that hog could speak, what line of Bulwer's drama of Richilieu, might he ap propriately quote The friend didn't know. "Why," exclaimed Mr. Breckinridge, "he might truly say: *TWe pern is mightier than the sward That night the friend died of the measles. LIFE OF SAMUEL HOUSTON. BT A WELL-KNOWN AUTHOK. General Samuel Houston was born at San Jacinto, Texas, on the 4th of July, 1776, and electrified the universe thus:J Having been taken by his parents to see a foot-race between two noted Indian runners, he turned to his father and asked: Why is a patron of foot-races liko a phil anthropist "I know not, my angle boy, returned the venerable Houston: "Because," said Samuel, "he is a friend to human progress." After this, the family compelled him to wear a cold brick on his head and it is said, that even now, while at Washjngton, he sometimes carries the article in his hat. At the period when Texas rose in rebellion against the Mexicans, because the latter kept getting up resolutions among themselves ev ery afternoon, Mr. Houston was chosen General of the patriots, and completely de feated the revolvers at San Jacinto. In con- ANECDOVS. Toward the conclusion of the battle of San Jacinto, a Texas Ranger dashed frantically, into a tent where Houston was asleep, and aroused him with the exclamation of: "(lencral, tho day is ours." hours.' The abashed ranger muttered something about his being a soldier, and knowing noth ing about time, wherupon Houston again reprimanded him, with: "Know nothing about time, you rascally scoundrel! There is but one time that an American soldier knows anything about, and that is fly timo." The Ranger deserted that night. When General Houston was informed that he had not been nominated by the Charleston Convention, he pressed his hand kerchief 13 his tear dimmed eyes, and ex claimed hurriedly: "I accept. Go and tell the people that I accept for their sakes." Samuel Houston was unanimously nom inated for the presidency by the Washington Monument Convention of this city, and will probably receive votes in every State except Texas. The assertion that he should have been nominated as Vice-President of the Douglas ticket, on account of his many vices, is unworthy of attention for a moment. itician from one of the Northern States, who never travel in tho same direction over any saluted him with I other line. He was about to return to Pitts "I say Bell, that was a good speech of. burgh, and was not supplied with a pass.— yours but you are always too solemn, and The "iron man" thought he had a custo'ner your friends have told you so often." "We'l," replied the Senator, "how can a Bell help sounding solemn whan it is tolled so often whipped a Mexican baby before he was hair received confirmation from the attitude of thc a year old. At the age of three years he clergyman and laity of tho Church during Selling a Return Tiekot.. The Detroit Advertiser tells the following story: An arousing circumstance occurred on the Cleveland and Pittsburg Railroad, growing out of the half fare arrangement in force du ring the session of tho Chicago Convention. A gentleman in Pittsburgh, having occasion to visit Chicago on business, and not wish ing to return immediately, endeavored, while on thc train, to dispose of his return pass, but it seems had not been J$f7 aucessful in finding a purchaser. At last ho hit upon a good natured look ing gentleman who considered the C. A P. road the best in the country, and who would at last and so hung to hitn like a creditor for full half an hour. Still, "buyers and sellers were apart," and our frend began to think that the good natured gentleman was a tough customer. The usu al dodges of trade were then resorted to, and suddenly the vendor come to the conclusion that he didn't care to sell, after all, perhaps when he got to Chicago he could get a pre mium for his ticket. The gentleman who liked the road so well, was just then called away by the conductor, thc Pittsburgh man took advantage of his absence to enquire of some one near if he knew who tho party was that he had been chatting with, "Oh, yes," was the reply, "that was Mr President of the road." "Gosh," ejaculated the Pittsburghar, "if 1 havn't been trying this half hour to Bafl him a ticket." f^pp wmmmm OTTUMWA, lOWA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 2, I860. [From the Press and Tribune.] Ia Douglas a Catliolie* TTc liave never asserted that Jud&fcTfoag- ,. ,tt assertion Sp^e 0f i j'» on thc strcct makes but prima aga nst sa[(j tyr the following we cannot substantiate. The main points, AKECDOTB. however, are these: that when Judge Doug Tn the rear of Mr. Breefcetiridge's private las was in Europe, and shortly after he had residence is a green sward, on which is lo-. K«ft Rome, there cams a report to this coun cated a pen for hogs. One day, while he try, through the Catholic journals, that an eminent American statesman—a member of a friend, watching the motion of a hog that the Senate of the United States—had sub was luxuriously footing the sward before mitted tp the Pope, received absolution and, them, one of the negroes came from the I as our Protestant friends \^ould say, the house and filled the trough of thc pig-pen "right hand of fellowship." This report with swill, and looked wistfully toward the pointed directly to Mr. Douglas, inasmuch pen, and then back at the place where he as he was the only Senator Known to be had been rooting, as though undccided what abroad but after floating around in thc to do about it. B'innally, however, the swill newspapers, without exciting much com- i las is a Catholic. We do not intend to make uulil wc can prove it. But our honest for^ffaranco, the talk faeia We not care to repeat all because much is asserted that ment, it died out. The matrimonial alliance formed, a few years after that European tour with an influental Catholic family, gave rise to new surmises and suspicions and for a little while revived the rumor that the Cath olic newspapers had put into circulation.— But few believed that for the sake of polliti cal power, tho Judge had abandoned the faith of his family, which was strongly Cal' vinistic, and given {his adhesion to that false and fallen Church of Rome. But thc extraordinary proceedings at Peoria during the campaign of 1853, came just in time to arouse the Protestant public once more.— What those proceedings were we shall have occasion to tell at the proper time. Thc re newed suspicion of the Judge's apostacy also that memorable struggle. They were array ed without exception in thc ranks of the Douglas men. The management of the can vass was given up to them and it is believ ed, upon what we think is sufficient evidence that the doubtful counties which gave him auother lease of his seat in the Senate, were earrial by Catholic voters wfu acted under instruction from high ecclesiastical author ity. We have no reason to doubt that San gamon andJMadison counties were so carried. Tho evidence of that fact is overwhelming. The baptism of thc Judge's child if we mis take not, the only one born to him since that European tour—in the forms prescribed by that scarlet woman spoken of in the nection with this battU, and by waj of illus Vjolmlf, before and after the meeting of the Catholic priesthood, for tho honor of religion trating Gen. Houston's great precision of speech, they tell an "You illiterate fellow," exclaimed thc other fact that every Catholic journal in the der. Amongst his regular professional du brave old sol-lier, scowling at the frightened United States, and as far as we know every ties he violated in a manner so foul and so fellow, "why can't you speak properly?—! priest and bishop and an overwhelming ma- atrocious that no less than thirty-three young You should say, 'the day is composed of jority of the laymen of the Catholic Church girles would appear to have fallen victims to are now supporting him as they never $up- his systematic and scientific profligacy. Not port any body but a brother in the faith,! more than forty years of age, possessing a make out.what zealous Protestants call a singularly handsome fa?e and figure, Don text, is another link in thc chain of circum- nected families in thc Sardinia capital, and stances which go to show that he has em- contributed not a little to increase the feel braced to thc Catholic faith. The super hu- jngs of dislike growing up of late towaids man exertions of the Catholic papers in his the Catholic clergy. For the honor of the Charleston Convention and the fact of the nay, for the honor of human nature itself, let appearance of Archbishop Hughes, the American Primate, at a Douglas meeting in New York—a meeting held to influence tho action of the New York delegation at Balti more the unaccountable zeal of the Catho- lics in that delegation when tho Convention ty of second curate, first to the church of San assembled—these things coupled with the I Carlo, afterwards to that of the Carmelite or- strong case. Add to all, the charge which is not denied, that his pocket has suffered, that tho cause of the Pope in tho present Italian strrugglc, might be triumphant over the popular sovereignty which the oppressed Both influences were Italians are laying down their lives to estab lish, and even our confidence in the Judge's Protestantism is shaken. plain if his rumored apostacy becomes a matter of inquiry, now that he is a candidate for thc presidency. Most men believe that Catholicism in this country is not so much a system of religion as a politico ecclesiasti cal system—an engine for obtaining political power to the detircnient of Liberty, os that power is now being used in Italy, Austria, Spain and Mexico and when it is proposed to establish a center of Catholic influence in the White House, for controlling the coun try's diplomacy and domestic legislation, naturally enough the people want to know it. The Protestant principle is very dear to Americans. It is the priciplo of religious and political liberty. To it we owe this Re publican government and all the blessings which flow therefrom and to it the of all patriots are turned as thc star is to light all nations to independence and freedom. They want no impediments put in the way ef the onward progress of that Judge Douglas has an unquestioned right to join the Catholic Church if he wants to.— He might become a member of the order of J3?uits with peculiar propriety. Nobody can complain of the direction in which his [lascivious prints, to heighten and accelerate religious convictions, if he has any such, im- their effect. Working on the passions by a pel him. Nor can he nor his friends com- graduated scale of literary and pictorial cx- mankind. Least of all do Any want this Protestant Government turned over to the tender mercies of Catholic hands. They re member what woes have come to the parent government—tliat of Old England—by Cath olic sovereigns who have occupied the throne, thc last of whom was driven out by that ever-glorious Protestant Revolution of 1688. And they have thc word of the or­ gans of the Church that her policy has not changed. Only a few years ago, one of these—a journal in St. Louis, published by the approbation of the bishop of that diocese —declared that the Church never could toi­ tism in the United States—a society, that under the presidency of the veteran suppor ter of despotism, the wily Mctternich, has sent perhaps millions of money to this coun- 1 ,, .* try—are not forgotten. Men inquire if the land and instinctively, almost, glance to the wor'd that, «... ll!" olic Church in this country. Their tion can not grow out of his reputed Democ racy, because there arc other Democrats as i good as he to whom they are not devoted at all. Who has ever known of tho atten dance of Archbishop Hughes upon partisan I meetings, except in this one case that we have cited, in which Judge Douglas' inter ests were at stake. It cannot be personal friendship the Archbishop has greater ator from Illinois but when hid he ever go to a Republican mass meeting to forward Mr. Seward's claims? What secret influence is powerful enough to array an united Church under the Judge's banners, and make tho members as one man in his sup port? These are questions which concern thc voters and at thc risk of being charged with a desire to bring theology into politics, wc are going to ask them, and ask others to ask them, too, and keep asking until the whole truth in this matter is declared. If Senator Douglas became a member of the Catholic Church when in Europe, or if there is any secrct undertanding between him and thc leading men of the organization in Amer ica, whereby he is to have their votes and the votes of their followers, for a consider ation, thc fact must be known. We call up on his organs to explain. Thc evidence is accumulating—will soon be overwhelming. Let us get at the truth, even though Judge Douglas should be defeated, and this govern ment still remain in Protestant control! Thirly-thrfee Cases of Seduction. Gurlino combined with the natural influence wielded over the minu of the youthful peni tent by a spiritual guide the influence, not less natural, of his own personal attractions. skillfully brought to bear in the exciting privacy of tho confes sional. All thc opportunities which it af fords of gradually, yet surely, tainting the mind were employed with too fatal a success. The wretch was, it appears, in the habit of accompanying his oral temptations with thc appliances and means of obscene books and principle in its mission for freing and blessing instituted criminal proceedings against the a lack of power, not the exercise of her own will. We do not wonder then that members of protestant chnrches of all denominations are excited by thc inquiry which has been put of the trial he was hardly recognizable." afloat, nor that the excitement is shared by Penny Xeics Man. all Americans who know and appreciate the deep purposes of Catholicism in this country. The efforts of the Society of the Propaganda: cd. The yield ia in Austria, for the subversion of Protestan-! superior quality. citcment, tho curate of "St. Charles" and thc "Cormelites" could seize for his infernal ends, thc exact moment when the nnsuspec ting confidence of girlhood prepared for him an easy prey. Don Gurlino was at la«t de tected by the very means which he had em ployed. The relations of a young creature, one of his latest victims, found in her pos session an obscene print, and insisted on her telling them from whom she had procured it. The girl refused for some timo, but, yield ing to their menaces, stammered forth the name of her confessor. She added that not she alone, but likewise several *of her young friends, had received from D»n Gurlino im moral books and prints, and, debauched by his arts, had yielded up their honor to their hopes spiritual guide. The relations at once com which I municatod the facts to, and deposited the print with the district police magistrate, who lost no time in communicating with the high er law authorities, and these latter at once across the ocean to that active Propaganda ral and inalienable rights," they meant only, as the source whcnce the money for a power- "all white men"—men of the Caucasian race. upon American The Republicans maintain that they meant just what they said no less, no more. ful but concealed attempt liberty is to come. It is well that all citizens should ask why As the Democracy of to day are strenuous Judge Douglas draws about every priest,, for a strict construction of the Constitution, bishop, layman and newspaper of the Cath- ^there is no reason why the same rule should country. Their devo- not apply to the Declaration also. friendship for Mr. Seward than for the Sen- i Plaindealer, (Douglas,) we may infer that Trial and Condemnation of the Priestly Seducer. The Criminal Court of Turin has lately been occupied with the hearing of a case which has spread consternation and shame sacred through many of the most respectably con­ us trust that the crimes just laid bare to the gaze of avenging law and justice are no less unwonted than appalling. The trial which has excited such a sensation in Turin was that of Don Gurlino, attached, in the capaci- priest. Although the trial was conducted with closed doors, enough of the evidence transpired to fill all.Turin with horror and indignation. The guilty acts of the criminal appear to have extended over a term of sev eral years. The full extent of his debauch eries during all that period cannot, of course, be ascertained. One fact, however, is be yond all doubt—that on tho trial itself thir ty-three young girls bore testimony! to the adoption towards themselves of thc wicked arts of seduction with which the criminal stood charged. On this overwhelming mass of evidence Don Gurlino was found guilty, I doeume, ha* already ing out a good deal better than they expect a foB ayerage, and of a 1 For th« Courier. Mr. RiM'lianaii Supporting the view of tlie Dec laruliuit of Independence. Of late years, pro slavery has made tht time has come for a bold stroke to be made discovery, that thc framers of the Declara for the supremacy of Catholicism in this tion of Independence, when thev proclaimed I "i 7" *7"' "T I be, fr?m the avalanch of southern applica to tn e w o a a n & v e a i n n a n- i which has rolled in stf terribly upon every new President since the organization Mr. Buchanan, in his Veto message on the Homestead bill, completely overturns the doctrine, th^t men who are not white, "have no rights which white men are bound to re spect." In that message, he says: "if this bill becomes a law, wc may have numerous actual settlers from China and other eastern nations enjoying its benefits.' Judging from the representations of the the President is very poor authority just now but so far as it docs go, it settles the question. The Chinese and the other east ern nations, refrred to, are no more "white men" in the common, or in the proper ac ceptation of the words, than the Negro. As to the "soldiers of the war of 1812, and those of thc Revolution," holding warrants in this year of our Lord, the thought is so preposterous that it is a matter of wonder Mr. Buchanan should have ventured the at tempt on the credulity of the American peo ple—to hold on for eighty years, to a land warrant which bears no interest, would be much like holding on to a promissory note on demand for a like term without interest— few soldiers of the Revolution, or of 1812, are such raw financiers as that. In this same message, thc President in forms us that the early settlers on our wild lands are "public benefactors," that they "construct roads, establish schools, and lay I Vnot ravages on the pnsouer that ou the last day ,rv 1 The Chinese, nnd those "Eastern nations,' can too, tbey differ from our race in their essential physiology, their physiognomy, and in their anatomy—they all of them stand out with lines of demarkation, distinctly and un mistakably drawn between them and us. These facts being notorious to all w ho have given their attention to the study of the vari ous raccsofmen, establish one of two things either that thc Republican construction of the words "all men" touching "natural rights" is the true one, or Mr. Buchanan in his Message, has made a grave error, by not only recognizing their abstract natural rights, as Republicans do, but their rights to citi zenship also. Query,—how does this "clean ing out his breast," suit his "all tchite men" friends While noticing this document, it is worth while to refer to some of Mr. Buchanan's rea sons by which he seeks to justify his veto. He informs us that "the bill will do great injustice to tho old soldiers who had recieved land warrants ioi' militaiy services and that "under the apprehension that the bill would become a law, these wariants had already sunk to G7 cents per acre and just for effect upon the public mind, he tells us that thc unsatisfied land warrants extend "back to the soldiers of 1818, and even to the Revolution." to which Mr. Buchanan refers, are all cither! about $1,800 a year a piece, and who have Mongolian or Malays apd many of them grown gouty before dusty desks and in cosy nearly as black as thc Negro. Like the Afri- snuggeries, realize (he possibility of a new regime. Their dissolution of the Union i9 their removal from office their idea of the destruction of the democratic party is the receipt of a yellow envelope enclosing a po lite request to leave, and their only violation of the Constitution is the «pprehension tha the places which know them now may, after the 4th of March. 1801, know them no forever.— Wash. Cor. Phil. Prest. Now there is evidently a good deal of gas thc market for years at about eighty cents per acre, or forty-five ccnts below par yalue. They have been bought up by speculators, and are now pretty much all in the hands of that class of men. All men who speculate, must make up their minds to abide the chances which follow land speculators with the rest. The Congress of the United States, in adjusting the question of ihc depreciated continental money, did not see fit to take the interests of the money speculators under their especial care, and their worthy example might safely have been taken as a guide in this land warrant case. the foundation of prosperous commonwealths, ^ut and yet by a strange perversion of will, he jitat" coolly vetoes a bill which was intended im- mensely to increase the number of these "public benefactors." isscs anv law raising thc pay of anv officers or this would require that the same increased pay should extend back to at least all living per sons who have ever served in the same capac ity—and per contra—if Congress should re duce the salaries, as in the printing, 40 per cent, then this "princ:ple of equality and justice," will require the disgorgement of vast sums from the former printers which sums used erate heresy, and that if she did not punish it and sentenced by the Criminal Court of Tu- jj0ni0t0a^ jt j)0en kno'wn for »f your peojile disagree, or at least are luke here, her forbearance proceeded from! rin to seven years' solitary confinement.— years, that the President was opposed to it 'varm The term of the sentence will probably be land the Democratic Senate in order to give the resolution of your meeting with ridicule abridged by natural causes. Shame, if antl wlm.h reiulers matter of no great regret. Fanners say that their wheat crop Tstum- mnphantly through, should make np their OLD SERIES, VOL. 12,N0.31 XI'ISTlS'.ilydO)in ,1«1 vantt. 8*1 ie of the Prospective Result* of Liucoln'« Kleetion. Should Lincoln be chosen President, there will be a sad and mournful procession of di lapidated office-holders from the various de partments. Protected, as Mr. Lincoln would tions of the government, and no doubt rescued by patriotic resignations on the part of those who di^cl Te that his election will dissolve the Union, it will be a most significant spec tacle to see men who have grown jrny in office—who are, indeec1, the checks, stops, and obstacles of that great circumlocution system which has become a vast evil here— turning their trembling steps to the homes they so rarely see, and to the avocations they have so long abandoned. We shall then as- certain whether certain men are indispensa in thc management of public affairs— whether the Union will collapse like a great when fhe of erg withdrawn from Washington, and whether new and fresh men may able to prove that this republic depends upon no particular individual, and that even a chanze, no matter how drastic and purging it may sometimes be, may not save a billious and constiputcd system. The venerables who carry gold canes along the avenue every day at 3 o'clock p. at Prom the Auburn Union, July 1. Ytie Slave Trade. AN ORIGINAL LETTER FROM PATRICK We are indebted to Wm. Howland, Esq., of Sherwood's Corners, in this county, for the privilege of perusing and transcribing for publication this veritable original letter from Patrick Henry. It was addressed to John Alsop, A venerable and worthy mem ber of tho Society of Friends, then residing at Hudson, N. Y., whose son Thomas sub sequently married Mary, 6ister Humphrey and Slocum Howland, of this county, in whose family it has ever since been carefully preserved. "HANOVER, VA.,January 13, 1778. MOSAR in this statement. The warrants given for Christianity, whose chief excellence consists services in our recent wars, have stood in 'n softening the human heart, in cherishing SIB:— I take this opportunity to acknowledge the receipt of Anthony Bene zet's book against the slave trade. I thank you for it. It is not a little surprising that and improving its finer feelings, should en courage a practice so tot-\lI\- repugnant to the first impressions of right and wrong.— What adds to the wonder is that this abom inable practice has been introduced in the most enlightened ages. Times that seem to have pretensions to boast of high improve ments, arts, sciences and refined morality, have brought into general use and guarded by many laws a species of violence and tyr anny which our more rude and barbarous, but more honest ancestors detested. Is it not amazing that a time when th« rights of humanity are defined and under stood with precision, in a country above all others fond cf liberty—that in such an age and in such a country we find men profess inga religion the most humane, mild, meek, gentle and generous, adapting a principle as repugnant to humanity as it is in consistent with thc Bible and destructive to liberty Every thinking, honest man rejects it in speculation. How few in practice, from con scientious motives. The world, in general, has denied your people a share of its honors but the wise will ascribe to you a just tribute of a virtu ous praise for the practice of a train of vir tues, among which your disagreement to slavery will be principally ranked. I cannot to the fect and- lt Among other reasons for this veto, he tells 6°_0(^ us that "if you give tho new settlers their land for a comparatively nominal price, upon every principle of equality and justice, you .vill be obliged to refund out of the common treasury, the difference which the old have paid over the new settlers, for their land." This principle is a kind of school boy affair let us see how it works. Whenever Congress iI«nent passcs any law raising the pay of any officers 1 servants, civil, naval, or military, of course! »5ty :1 him some plea on which to justify his veto, I and ainon- those who throw ndicu.e and fro 11 engrafted upon the Republican House liil,! contempt on it are clergymen whose surest lcarnu .. provisions which are ditasteful to the couu r.., 1 Tho«e who wish to see this measure of'many things on this subject, a serious re special interest to the country minds to act with the party who stand pledg- believe tne, with esteem, _fcr* ed to its support, and not'wUh the Democ- PeoP^e whose system im* sample of Him whose life is per- Wliev? me 1 *lia11 kors for thcir honor the wWe "Im­ efforts to abolish s^very.. is equally calculated to promote moral and Would any one believe that I am master of slaves by my own purchase I am drawn along by thc general inconveniences of living withojut them. I will not, I cannot justify it, however culpable my conduct. I will so far pay tuy devoir to virtue as to own the excellence and rectitude of her precepts, and n,' ™t of conformity to them.- 1 a time wil1 comc whon an "V trt ah"h*h thi,s,edi- 'ate evil. Lvcrvthing we can do is to improve is principle of "equality and justice, ifit happens in our day if not, let us transmit to our descendants, together with our slaves, a pity for their unhappy lot, and an abhorence of slavery. If we cannot re duce this wished-for reformation down to practice, let us treat the unhappy victims with lenity. It is the furtherest advance ment we can make towards justice. It is a debt we owe to the purity of our religion to show that it is a variance with tho law which would just now be very useful, to bo arrnr.t^ slavery. Here is an mtance that as heretofore, for the purpose of electo- i silent meeting* (the scoil of reverend doc ral corruption. On whatever side we look at tors) have done that which learned and elab tliis new application of "equity and justice," orate preaching cannot effect, so much pref it excites our special wonder, how u man erable are the general dictates of conscience, generallv supposed to be rational, should and a steady attention to its feelings, above have inserted so supreme a folly in an official. teachings of these men who pretcud to cumerit of his own preparation. I have found a better guide. I exhort 'I'LL.. i»mintrv understand the historv of the I persevere in so worthy a resolution, ^ome f,u to abolition of slavery. Manv treat guard against both ridicule and contempt is the spiteful veto, a certain act of Assembly 1 know not where to stop. I could say carried tri-. view of which gives gloomy_ perspective to future times. Excuse this scrawl, and Tent- racy, its deadly enemies. WAPKLUK Jon* Aiaor, Hudson, New York. mm **^1

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