Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, August 9, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated August 9, 1860 Page 1
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mmmm :w V y SERIES, VOL. li, N0.3I. J. \UUHIK,Proprietor. ${jc ©ttumtoa (fottvirr. A 18 PUtlLlSIlKU EVERY THURSDAY IN PtTMRQir'S BLOCK, (TINNI) FI.OOB) OTTUMIf.I, WAVELLO CO., IOWA, By J. W. St O. P. WCRUIS* TFillNS: JjNVAUIABl.Y IN ADVANCE One copy, peryear «.«• »•»... tb'M Pourcoplea Ten i Mf 12,fl0. Twenty" $4,00. ^(Persons wishing to subscribe for a lent" time than one fffnr car. do #o by remitting the amount they wUh to Ai so appropriated. In no ca*e will we enter new Mines unless tliey are accompanied with money. For the Courier. A BEPI'BIilCAX SOXG. [Oftwplwed ly T. P. Asbury, and submitted Urtha '^dtpahltc&os In honor of the Urban® Republican Ur l*n Society of Monroe county, Iowa.J V AFR—"Red, White and Blue." Come, nil ye heroic ions of Freedom, And rally 'round our banner so true— The flag bearing the motto of our nation, With colors of "red, white and blue.'' There you'll see the name of our well s.ilect'd hero Who we're chosen from among the bus I, He will lead uj on to "Freedom, forever,— Three cheers for "Old Abe of the Weft!" Three cheers for "Old Abe of the est,J* Three cheers for "Old Abe of the West"— Who will lead us on to "Freedom, forever," Three cheers for "Old Abe of the West." *0«» imposition have grown very much frighten'd At our Platform and piincljilen so tH^tfe And they'll do some very hard fightirijt i" i 1 for Douglas and Breekinrid^e, too. But they'll And, when coming to the MBtWt,| That our national party is the best— 1 Then come join in Freedom's phalanx^— 1 TbltN cheers for "Old Afee of th* West fThree cheers, It, 1 I I Our party will make every effort To secure peaceful homes for the poor, And erect upon our land a hasty escort— A Rail Boad, that will reach from shore to shore* Then we'll throw on our goods and our notions And wlthspeed travel to the "pleasant West And increase the wealth of our nation, By adding to it farmer* of the bent. 5 iJy adding to it, ±c. The West, whose broad, yielding bosom, Extending from "lake-shore to sea," Awaits for the honest, laboring liusbip# To yleitl up its harvest to the free. Shall the "dark tide of Slavery" roll o'«f The land which with freedom is bles'flL. Never! No, never! No, never 1 W hi I* our leader is "Old Abe of tbe Willi'* Three cheers, Ac. J%e««ome from the "gfen and the hllMW#"— From work-shop, from worship and farm from thronged streets and the happy fire-side And give to us aid with ev'ry arm. Then we'll march "arm in srni" on to Showing all that our party Is the best Ug electing Hon. ABRAHAM LIXCOIV, "Honest Old Abe of the West Three cheers, Ac. "i?"-""? ta 1 Poiirtli of July Abolitionism. A NEGRO'S NOTION OF ABRAHAM LINCOLN. Ye Ethiopian Orator Jkmoluthrth Ye lie- publican Candidate. A colored individual named tlA. Ford Douglas," delivered a Fourth of July oration at Fariningham, Mass., under tlie auspices of the "Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society." The call for tlie celebration stated, that the object was "to consider the solemn and preg nant issues of the hoar." Kdmund Quiney wns President of the solemn performances and in the list of Vice Presidents we find, ^harming collection of fiiirtiw in color and C0ct. Here is the list. Vice Presidents— Francis Jackson. Boston Charles L. ltemond, Salem F. B. Sanborn, Col. Win. W hitting, Concord Caroline M. 8«verance, West Newton Elizabeth B. Chase Valley Falls, 11. I. Wm. L. Haywood, Hope dale Henry O. Stone, Farmingham Abbey Kelly Foster, Worceater Benjamin Snow, Fitchburg J. T. Everett, Princeton J. p. Stcphonson, Newton 0. W. Albee, Marl boro." Secretaries—J.M*W. Yerringtoa, Charles K. Whipple.*• Finance Committee—E. II. Haywood, Boston Angelina J. Knox, Boston Sallie Bolley, Sarah E, Wall, Worcester E. D. Draper}*, llopedale T. C. Severance, West Newton. is unconstitutional Highn«w, the serene tdaitor. William Loyd Garrison, opened his Mouth and spoke, and then the President introduced the orator of the day in the fol Jawing flattering terina When I say that the next speaker is to be Jlr. Douglas, and Mr. Douglas of Chicago/!) I think it will naturally excite a thrill of sur prise in the breasts of all the inhabitants of tikis counrty—Democrats of all types and afcades, Bell, Everett men and Republicans ffcat Mr. Douglas of Chicago, should appear at, an anti-slavery meeting »n Fourth of July just at the very opening of the canvass! £I,aug'nter.] I have never had the pleasure of seeing the candidate for the Presidency yl.u bears lhat name and therefore, I cannot Miswer for you whether this is the gentleman AT not but you will probably find out by the -feme he is through. Laughter and applause.] Jlr. Douglas of Chicago. And the colon orator presented hiiusuf with great profusion, And Mr. Douglas, of Chicago, proceeded to pay hisre.jccts to S. A. Douglas, and had proceeded but a few sentences, when ho overwl»elmed his large and appreciative audience with the following luminous and confiscating passage. We quote from the report of the Anil-Sla i ry Society. "I connot account for the signal departure from the ancient and here litaiy principles, by one who bears that name, ufton any oth er theory than that of baslatd blood." [Ap plause. And again the wit and wisdom of tbe ebo ny orator glu.uued forth, as follows: "1 cannot account for tlie existence of so meau a, uiun as Dougla* on another theory titan that of the transmigration, of souls. It Vas held by one of the old philosophers of Creece, that when a man died some body was trrn, and that the sou! 'f the dead entered tlie. {jutiy 1 liic ubAUttH, UUL urkcu iiuuglos *as l»orn n'»l»o«lv hnppt-ned tw4ie/' JlAMgh t«-r and ajplaisi- •y llilillill WII'SMIWI Theorgtor proceeded to state that, "eigh ty-fore years ago to-day, this nation had its birth," and he continued, in a moderate ppace of time, to make several constitutions to the history of the coui try* But we are too long withholding the thun der with which the eloquent Ethiopian smote the Rediiblicau party, and its leading candi date. He said. Take Abraham Lincoln. I Want to know if any man can tell ine tlie (lilf Tehee beticem the ariti slarrry nf Ahrrhnm Lincoln and the anti davery of the old Whig party, or the anti tlnrcry of ITenry Clay Why there in no tlijf'crence "between them. Abra ham Lincoln ^simply a H. nry Ciay Whiff, (ltd he, believe* jmt as Henry Clay believed in regard to thin question. And Henry Clay was just as odious to the- anti slavery cause and anti slavery men as ever was John C. Calhoun. In fact, he didasmuch toperpetuate negro slavery in this country as any other man who ever lived. Henry Clay once said: "That is property which the law declares to be property," and that "two hundred years of legislation have sanctioned and sanctified property in slaves!" Wherever Henry Clay Is to-day, in tho universe of God, that atheis. tic lie is with him, with all its tormenting memories. Applause.] I do not believe in the anti slavery of Abraham Lincoln, because he in on the tide of this date power of which I am speaking, that |tas possession of the Fcdcrul Government. What docs he propose to do Simply to let the people and the Territories regulate their Own way. In the debate between Lincoln And Doughs, in Illinois, when he was inter-1 legated as to whether he was in favor of the admission of more slave States into the Vn ion, he said, that so long as we owned the Territories, he did not sec any other way of doing, than to admit those States, when they made application, with or without slavery. JTow. that is Douglas's doctrine it is steal ing the thunder of Stephen A. Douglas. In reirard to the repeal of the fugitive Slave law, Abraham Lincoln occupies the SSMUC po sition that the old Whig party occupied in 1852. What did he say at Freeport? Why, that the Sooth was entitled to a Fugitive Slave law: and, although he thought the law could be modified a little, yet, he said, if he was in Congress,, he would have ft done insuch a way as not to lessen its fffl eiency! Here, then, is Abraham Lincoln in favor of carrying out that infamous Fugi tive Slaye Law that not only strikes down i the liberty, of every black man in the United States, but virtually, the liberty of every white man as well for yndcr that law,, there is not a man in this presence who! might not be arrested to-day upon the sim pie Testimony of one man, and after an ex pitrte trial hurried olfto slavery and to chains, i Hohca* corpus, trial by jury—those great! bulwarks of freedom, reared by the blood and unspeakable woe of your English ancestors, amidst the conflicts of a thousand years— are struck down by this law and the man whose name is inscribed upon the Presiden tial banner of the Republican party is in fa vor of keeping* upon the statute book Not only would I arraign Mr. Lincoln, in regard to that law, for his pro slavery char acter and principles, but when he was a' member of the House of Representatives, in 1649, on the 10th day of January he went through the District of Columbia and ccn sulted the prominent pro slavery men and slaveholders of the District, and then went into the House of Representatives and intro-1 duced, on his own responsibility, a Fugitive Slave law for the District of Columbia. It is well known that the law of lT!- did not apply to tho District and it was necessary, in order that slaveholders might catch their slaves who sought safety under their shadow of the capitol, that a special law should be passed for the District of Columbia and so Mr. Lincoln vent down deeper into the pro slate ry pool, t?an er Mr. Mason, of Vir gin in, did in the Fugitive Slave law of 1850. Here then, is the man who asks for your votes, and for the votes of the anti slavery people of New England, who, on his own re sponsibility, without any temptation what ever, introduced into the District of of Co-: lumbia a Fugitive Slave law 1 That is a i fact for the consideration of anti slavery, men. I Then there is another itom whieli I want to bring oat in this connection. I *4m a colored man I am an American citizen and I think that I am entitled to exercise the elective franchise. I am about twenty eight years old, and I would like to vote very much. I think I am old enough to vote, and I think that, il had a vote to give, I should know enough to place it on tho side of freedom. [Applause.] No party, it seciues tome, is entitled to the sympathies of anti slavery men, unless that party is willing to to extend to the black man all the rights of a citizen. I care nothing about that anti slaver}* which wants to make the Territories free while it is unwilling to extend to me, as a man, in the free States, all the rights of a man. ["Applause.] in the .State of Illinois, where I live—my adopted State—I have been laboring to:make it a placo fit foi a de cent man to live in. In that State we have a code of black laws that would disgrace any uncivilized people in the iar-otr islands of the sea. Men of n»y complexion arc not al lowed to testify in a court of justice where a white mai» is a party. If a white man hap pens to owe me anything, uul&>* 1 cm prove it by the testimony of a white man, I ennnot collect the debt. Now, two years ago, I went through the State of Illinois for the purpose of getting signers to a petition, asking the Legislature to repeal the "Testimony Law," so as to per mit colored men to testify against white men. 1 irent topromincn, Rijtuplicans, and am»ng uthirii. tu Abraham Lincoln /ml Lyman TmmbuU. and neither of them dartd to sign lhat petition, to give me the right to testify U, court of justice} ["Hear," "hear."} stump that State, trie colorcd pcoj ie ^re i agitating the question of suffrage in that ing President Buchanan's late speech before Mr. pie is the same in respect to slavery." Now in connection with the foregoing, mark this. He says: "There is but one mode, and one alone, to abolish Slavery in the Territories. a majority of the actual residents in a Territo ry, whenever their number is sufficient to entitle them to admission as a State, possess the power to form a Constitution with or w i o u o e s i s a v e Now let's get the logical deduction from the above leading points in his speech. Wo can all agree with him, that we hold proper ty "independent of Congress, State Legisla ture or Territorial Legis'ature." It is oufs by natural right, and law only finds our right to it, and protects that right. This is a fact, rccognised by all civilized nations.— But he insists that the principle is the samo with slave? as with iron and coal. He de clares, first, that "the Supreme Court has decided that slaves are property and sec ondly, after asking the question, "when was prr perty ever submitted to tho will of the majority V' he declares that "wc hold oqr property independent of Congress, or of State, or Territorial Legislatures." Has he not thus far established that we rain hold slaves independent of Congress, or of State, or Territorial Legislatures? Now for the logic, lie says and he quota* from the Cin* cinnatti Platform: "A majority of the actual settlers in a whenever their number is sufli- i In the Senate of the IWiitcd States nanwinflWi '"•'WfciMiyciNM#''*'1 iftfr"' 11- i tend protection to persons and property of to the slave power, by saying that they are stumn that State the colored ncor.le were '1n,t^1 lished in Columbus, asserted on the morning of the day that Mr. Lincoln made his speech ^()m that he was. in favor of negro equapty and jn f.lvor Mr. Lincoln took paint at that time to deny To What Are We Tcndiis: This question naturally arises after read- extremist and not long ago declared his he-!1eo ]jef a Breckinridge and Lane ratification meet- oien the labor of the land." Now where is ing held in Washington, and after consider- thR ing the antecedents of H. Yr. Johnson, can- j0|inson and the other faction And in the didate for i'icc President on the Douglas face oftheso inevitable conclusions, is it not ticket. Both of these are calculated to arouse tjie 0f tion that "slaves are property." He says —'The Supreme Court have decided what was known to us all to have been the cxis-1 erty justice and equal rights, where they ting state of affairs for fifty years—that were built and moored bv the fathers. II. slaves are property. Admit that fact, and you admit eve^'thing. This government I O. t£ It. Railroad. was formed for the protection of life, liberty and property, and for the protection of all 1 1 these, enlightened governments have been es- fo the Stockholders of the Burlington ami tablished." He then asks, "when was prop- Missouri Rieer Railroad Company. erty ever submitted to the w ill of the major- We present our Report at this time under ity If you hold property as an individual, more hojteful circumstances than a year ago. you hold it independent of Congress, or of' It is true that the almost total failure oJ" the the State Legislature, or of the Territorial then promising wheat crop, disappointed us Legislature—it is yours, and the Constitu-! of anticipated business but the fair yield of tion was rnarle to protect your property corn has supplied us with considerable freight against the assaults of legislative power.— and enables us to show an increase in the What would I, as a'Pennsylvanian, say or do, earnings, of fifty per cent, over last year, supposing anybody was to contcnd that the which must be considered very encouraging Legislature of any Territory could outlaw t,y all who have a knowledge of the condi iron or coal within the Territory Theprinci- i Hasn't lie declared that "slaves are prop erty," and hasn't he asked "when was prop erty ever submitted to the will of the major ity and hasn't he avowed that wc have a right to property back of and "independent of Congress, or of State, or Territorial Legis latures V" and with the next breath h3 avers that a majority of the people uuty form a State Constitution forbidding one kind of simple property, to wit: Slaves. Shades ofye ancient logicians And here wc see the drift of the Democracy. Mr. Buchanan knows this is bad logic, but he can't avoid it with out laying bare a fact of the Democratic pro gramme, which the eyes of the people are i lot yet prepared to see. It is this, and if the Democracy lue successful in this campaign, it will be the plain issue in 1804, and will doubtless be the decision of the Supreme Court before that time—that as "slaves are property," and that as vc can "hold our To nWPt fhe floating debi property independent of Congress, or State or Territorial Legislatures, no State mortgage, 8 per ccnL Bond# can prevent the citizens of any other State jst division, from taking his slaves into that State and 1st mortgage, 8 pcrct Bonds, holding them there as s'.aves—that is, a Mis-j 2d division and land, 1. 1 Jefferson tountv per ct. Bonds, sissippian has a certain right to take his Wapello slaves to Iowa, and hold them there as such. Is not this clearly the inevitable and only log ical deduction from Mr. Buchanan1* propoti- and tweodle-dee, has long been a matter of dispute. True, the two factions are at swords points but dosn't Mr. Douglas say that he stands upon the Dred Sott decision and was it I not in that infamous decision that the Su- pretnc Court declared that Slaves are proper-! and havn't we fouud that that decision leads to an extension of slavery to any and every part of our land Hasn't Mr. Douglas de clared that he dosn't care whether slavery is "voted up or voted down," and didn't he IxwHt in Congress of the vast amount ofter ritorv which had leeti given to slavery I through his efforts iu the repeal of the Mis souri Compromise 'r and did not 1 Ierchel V. Johnson, on the 28th of May 1800, a few days before his nomination, toy the Douglas jKirty, as a candidate for Vice Presidency,' [write a political l. ttec from which the Mtow ing i« n IVuY extract: OTTUMWA, IOWA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 9, 18(50. cvcry kinil (int.K„lincr far see tho arsl,mcnt, on From a detailed report ot the Vice-Presi dent and Superintendent, it will he seen that the forty miles, constructed since the new subscription of 1857, require but very little to make that portion of the road complete in all respects. Tho older division of the road calls for a moderate expenditure, it seems, to put it in a first-rate condition. Construction accouut has now reached the sum of *2,720,SI6,59 which has been ex pended as follows: On first division, 35 miles, Bur ington to Skunk River, $^287*282,17 On second division, 40 miles, Skunk River to Ottumwa, $1,202,405,04 On surveys and explorations west of the Des Moines, 10,82-3 92 On accretions at Burlington, including buildings, 38,11607 On equipment, 173,081) 39 Dcs Territory, whenever their number is sutJi- 1 City of Builington cient to entitle them to admission as a State,1 possesses the power to form a Constitution with or without domestic slavery." 1st mort. 8 per ct. Bonds 05 lstdivision, due Feb. 1,*76, 2d S's, on 1 st division, due Feb. 1, '09, 1st mort. 8's, 2d uiv., and lands, due Oct. l,'S3, Builington Loan Bonds to be converted into Stock, l4otee paifabli Notes payable, Laiid damages, vVc., of Wapello tions But the Douglas faction says, "wo do not belong to the same school with Mr. Buchan-! an." The difference between twecdle-dum On «)ld private stock ialowa, ne* Mmmsi iRomeofvour Scnntors from the New Eng-| "I believe that it is the right of the South The deficiency being but a little more than It pct-.ns to us lhat statement settles the land States take special pains to concessions demand and the duty ofCongr es to cx-1 that "the Capital of the land, should practical difference between Douglasand ^utv ami interest of every the most serious apprehensions on the part Xorth, whether he has hitherto been a Demo of every friend of freedom, and of free labor, crat or Buchanan declares himself the uncom- Lf frccdoin and free of our liberties, slavery, be lorever nmiteu to tlie Union brought hack to the harbor of lib-! DIRECTORS' REPORT. tion of things at the West. The six miles of unfinished road, referred to a year ago, were completed, and the road opened to Ottumwa the first of September. We have also established ourselves upon our new station grounds, on the accretions, at Burlington, with a levee, or landing, of our own, and convenient accommodations for freight and passenger business. the slavery) in the Tcrri- not in favor of bringing about negro cquali- (0ries during their Territorial State. This i ty pint ax Abraham Lincoln did dotru in is no new opinion. 1 advocated the doc-« chargcd to that account. Ohio two years ago. when he went there to ,trim' »»lhe Mritos- Sc,,s\te UiC 3'°1, liavG a,!y curiosity to I refer you to my sp-ech e(]itora-,ou rmiimcnts t]iat 0f.,jUatter i sovereignty'who happen not to agree with the Seceders from the thc allemtion. Charleston Convention I repel the insinu- actly upon the present traveled road, which ation so far as it may be intended to apply g^enag most likely also to be the chosen route Correspondence of the Press. u which ty, under and by virtue of the Constitution payment on stock subscriptions, and will yet Interest on funded debt £aki during the ycjr, Net caruiiigs, Haltae* roa(, cxten(lin,_r t]10 iTltn 4iie the Oregon bill, delivend 7th of July ofj Atlantic seabord into the heart ot tho Mate State. The Ohio Statesman, a paper pub- that year, and reported in the Congressional of Iowa, seventy-five miles from the istssi- t^Rtyou have to cam* any other prop 'Globe. How unjust, therefore, are the insin- ppi lliver at Burlington, on a route which uations with which intersperse and in- must become one of the principal lines of to hold it there when all 1 arC (it to me, cornc from what quarter it may, and plead my own record in vindication." I _. Mr. Johnson has always been a Southern by free ,1°- man of the Republican, to vote for the triumph labor? Then shall the promising foe ofSquatter Sovereignty and ba- ,n0ral, social and political curse, and enemy 'ippointment, we print here a comparative ses all his arguments upon the simple posi- carr a' our liberties, slavery, be forever limited to statement of the crops, Ac., o le v cars 185t ils present b.,undSa..d the Constitution and 1»».in I"* *2,720,810 59 The ir.eans for the above expenditure came from the following sources: Moines Co., suha'n bonds. llenrv 4* Jd!'erson Wapello 12,000 $150,000 00 100,000 00 15,000 00 est and expenses. 18,000 00 These comparisons show that with tnode- i- rate crops our road can more than pay its Old individual subscript n mlowa 08,090 8o Hi it (*,81 871 50' wav ani^ ^1,1i4t4C2 35 860,000 215,000 808,500 75,000! *2,740,259 08 $10,031 51 3,276 45 6,231 5C Deduct Cash on hand, Notes receivable, grant ace't, 19,442 49 $2,720 816 59 Our unfunded debt consists of $94,296 73 1,389 63 $95,686 36 $10,931 54 00 $140,000.00 $120,320 10 be reduced by means from that source, as wo now endorse in full and to the letter, and the improved condition of the N\ est betters the cireumstaiujes of our stockholders in that quarter. The earnings of the road for the year, given in detail on page 11, are $lu'«,oi»i Hi Kxpenses of ojKrating andkeej^ ing road and equipment in r$x *111 fc»o 00' proportion of interest oidinarily charged question but he afterwards, and in the same, to construction, while the road remained SJK^CII, clinches tho nail, therein driven home j# Wehave now a good and well-equipped »i0w the sent numerous lines from the wheth-r the Soul ure genc, °. 'Impression resnlting na uia y from such a iuisfortune in an agricultural dis trict, is coming up again steadily and sure ly, giving hope, in the present indications, of an increase this yertr also, offtfty pcrcent on the last. As few of our Eastern stockholders can have an idea of the condition of thing? in Iowa which has occasioned us so much di?- Co"nt"'s as 2 i ai e jf This remarkable and unexampled failure of the source of our business, extending through two years, upset, of coi rse, all our calculations, and falsified all our estimates. Instead of earning, as had been reasonably expected, upon careful calculations, $t»,5U0 a mile of road per annum, our present ac counts exibit only $2,1 oi a mile for the year —the last five months showing a i*te of $2,G71 a mile per annum. The estimated fifty per cent, increase of the current year, being only twenty per cent, gain on the rate of th s last five months of the past year, making $3,201 per milo of road, though it would a little less than half realize our original expectations referred to, which no one thought cxtravagent then, would !ie more than sufficient bo pay inter- that with the abundance of 18ob and prior years, it can undoubtedly earn a good dividend. The lands granted in aid of our road are now undergoing explorations and examina tions by parties of surveyors, preparatory to their sale. Let Douglgp atatc lain ewa tion. There is no heresy which Mr. Douglas has combatted more earnestly or more successful-1 $227,707 99 ly, than the one that the Constitution carries I \nd thereiB-dur us I slavery into the Territories. It is fully and Jefferson County 8 per ct. Bonds, 70,000 0o s^piarely met Ins co'.trove u «i 70,0(K) 00 n°y unfinished in an important part, was till to the head. In reply to Senator lay, of {foe Democrats here have adopted hama, Douglas said new heart of tlie State ftitution. have not the right to carry their 1 c,rty travel across the State toward the Pacific, as answer, the same right that you have to hold any other property, subject to comes in Nebraska without deviation, ex- of Congress for the railroad to Califo.nia. b»s,"ess on nja^U but suapen- A xl By order of the Board, EDW. L. BAKES, President. In'itort, May 1, 1860. $1,588,500 00 1)4,206 73 Poftl- The Journalof yesterday, is per&onal and abusive over a matter that did not seem of sufficient magnitude to excite such bitter feelings. We give the Journal's article in full, and trust it will do us the justice to publish our response. The Journal says In the Gate City, of yesterday, is a quo tation from the Albany Evening Journal, in 'which the editors of" the latter state, that Pouglas insists that "the Constitution carries slavery into the Territories, whether the 8,276 45 i ptople want it there or not." The Evening Journal makes a charge 55,000 00 which every man who has made himself in the least degree familiar with the speeches 131,500 00 and writings of Senator Douglas, must know 15*,000'JO i to bo grossly and unqualifiedly untrue.—j in bis controversy with AI tor men who, after General lilac•*, and ail I reading that discussion, will 1 answered yes—the same Then vou ask, .. W? «P»" our shorn, by the .State I ensus reports and another of the district regarded as tribu tary in business to our road, which of course includes only a small part of Des Moines Country, in the first statement. regarded as worth ana. charge Senator Douglas with insisting upon the doctrine attributed to him by the Evening Journal, 400 1 -»i and retailed, second hand, by the (iatt City. 05,911 25 have ample means to pay off our floating before giving currency to charges so grossly untrue, and so easy ol refutation. What the AH»any Evening Journal ought to have been presented by is guilty of a malicious and deliberate fake hood If the Gate City is ignorant of what Mr. i It will he span from the above statement, that in our own unissued l«bnds, alone, wo ducenu nt lor its editor to consult the recoid, irc.eze is fitful, coming up Wtween aw- we will prove beyond question or cavil, by the words of Douglas himself. In the open ing of his speech in the Senate, of February jj3d, 1K511, in reply to Senator Brown, of Mississippi, Douglas said "We airree that umler the decision of the Supreme ttre J)8' Douglas' views really are, a proper regmd! loose their distinctness, and tlie softened for its own reputation should be suHicient in sunlight bronzes every object where it lies. Court of the United States, sltttet property, standing on an pial footiny ,rith uU other prop* rty and that ronsi* quently, the owner of a slave has the same lo 10 f7 '34 Teriitory, and carry Op. i sUiee property with him, a the owne any otherpiieies of pro(*aly haa to n $44 5f»5 021 "n'' ,arr.v l,r"lKr( with him t- rt or discriminate against them. lf Douglas maintained the opposite doc trine at another time and in another place, he two hereafter, or assume a third *ne, incon- presentation, »e hope UK e,litor rftl* Jmr-, nal will admit that we did nut lie, but that he was mistaken.—date City. Tlie Duttjglas Drcd Scott |*lauk.| —L LIE. 11 Now the Senator from Alabama, asks me boking out of their ranks. After a moat thvr the South' rn peojl\ under the Con- brilliant and crushing spevch from Mr. Hafltr ilton, of Ottumwa, iu which lie completely demolidied "popular Sovereignty,' Mr. Ilur-i rose and said, that "the resoiutiou on whi«1 hare they not a right principal lines o\ to hoi,t it there when they get it there '—I Mich local laws as the local Legislature may enact." There is the doctrine in Mr. Douglas' own words. Slaves are carried to the Territories and held there under the Constitution on the same foo'ing as horses. And tbe Territorial Legislature has no more right under tbe Con ,.. .. .. 1 stitution to prohibit the introduction of slaves i j- .... raw the resolve objected to, but had based, or to confiscate slave property or to discrmii- ..... i «i... ',IS argument ufxin the last resolve of th© nate against it, than it has to prohibit the ,. sister-t with either of these. »..t after tl.i». "me I*"- raon benefit, and it must bo open *0 all upon take care to proclaim tliat Fowler h*d com equal and the same terms." pletely "smashed Mr. Dixon's machine."— 3d. "EVERY CITIZEN HAS A SIGHT TO TAKE TO prevent this, anti give fair play to all par WITH 111 INTO THE TERIUTOBY ANY ARTICLE or tics, the Rypublican Club (whose regular PKOI'ERTY WHICH TUE COXSTITI'TIOX or THE meeting itwa.s,) appointed Fowler one hour UNITED STATES RECOC.NIZES AS I BOI'ERTY." 1 to prove up the alleged "inconsistencies and 4th. "THE CONSTITUTION OF TUE LTNITFD falsehoods," aui UUTT Mr. Dixon should have STATES RECOGNIZES SLAVES AS rBoprrr, AND half an hour to close. This of course upset ri.Kuaiis THE FEDEUAL GOVERNMENT TO riu- cabalistic arrangements, and Fowler I'ECT IT. And Congress cannot exercise any rejected tho reasonable proposition Mr. more authority over property of that do- lJixon then olTercd to uieet Fowler at any scription than it may constitutionally exer- time or pie tee he might oppoint. Fowler cise over projKTtv of any other kind." would make no appointment. The Club 5th. The act of Congress, therefore, pro-1 then proposed to meet in two weeks, at hibiting a citizen of the United States taking School District No. 4, and that Mr. Dixon with him his slaves w hen he removes ta tlie *nt^ towlcr should there fight it out. To Territory, in question to reside, is AN EXF.B- I^wler took good care not to agree CISE or AI:TIIOKITY OVKU PIUVATE I'HOI'EUTY ., .1-1. date ice President. 1 his man, on the the Constitution is authorized to exercise ov-1 ofSqtcmWl. er citizens of the United States, in respect to aelpbia in which he said their rights of property." "We believe capital should own labor.— Now, it will not do for the squattcritcs ofj Is there any doubt k»,iu0 \otes in Louisi- AtGIST. •'flM ftrtrM apkndor uf thy niid-4«jr Hn With wonder striken nic, though its Cri' 1 tltuu. 1 love thee mo«t, wheiit-Vrc thy pott lit rage. Or Autuuiu'« breath, or vernal pales assuafff. Tlioujrh Nature pant ln-ueath thy noontide |owvr What time the tiirou.li. ut the gelid air, Veils uitli her table wings the tolar ^Ure Then lores the eye, that shrunk before the day, i To drink refreshment from the tnoou-pale ray When modest Cynthia elad Iu iilvcr li^ht, I Expand* her beauty on the blow of ultAl, ShcJji Utr soft beauu upon the mountain aide, l*eep«throafh Ui« woM,and(i«lr«r«oiiUie tide. thvii" hic.sUi ujHu the tlusllo aowti, anu now OLD 8ERIE9, VOL. 19,NO. 22 Ti:iC.*I—%l,50. in .Idvuntr. [Ciliiiiinnk-at,M.) A !«ew Ocuiocrnlir Trick. no1.4e to meet Republican speakers ii. mode for keeping the wavcrers from Mr. Hamilton had based his remarks, was not a plank in the Dem.x-ratic plvtform at. all, and hence, the premises being false, all the argument built upou it. (alU to t\ta ground." This announcement evidently brightened tip the Democratic countenau.x. and would have sent them home rejoicing, but for a little fact to wh'ch Mr. Hamilton called their attention, viz., that he had only .. .. Douglas platform, which pledges them to introduction of horses or to ontiscate them, :a desertion of "popular Sovereignty," 83 it regards both the people and the l.cgislatu&l§ of the territories. Of course, Mr. Ilarat and. ,K his hobbv was nftwhere. may be expected to Mike his choice of the On Saturday last, we had scene the 3d Mr- lll0 The Douglas convention at Baltiuiore ,ar Sovereignty." After the Uki:^ Qf tbt. pledged the party to the stipport of the Dreii votei niu Scott opinion and the decisions of the Su- justed, Thomas Fowler!!! would pledg^a preme Court. himself to prove the general falsity u»d i®h What the Dred Scott case decides we find inconsistency of Mr. Dixon's speech. stated, with emphasis in snnll caps and ital- course this was intended only for effect, aixK ics, in tlie leading Douglas paper of the west not to be accomplished, or attempted, and south west, the Missouri Republican: the Republicans Ud him caged thin tiwt^.i 1st. "The territory thus acquired is ac-! they took him at hi* word, and from all quai quiml by the people of the Cnited States for tors of the house, they vociferated, "Fow ler their dimmon and equal benefit, through Fowler, Fowler," and even iome DeuiOvia^ their agent and trustees, the Federal tJov- not in the secret, joined in the«poifc. Fow^ eminent. Congress can exercise no power er then with rueful face rose and said, th^, over the rights of persons or property of a he would reply in the evening but tl^/ citizen in the Territory which is prohibited wide a wakes knew him perfectly, and thop^, bv the Constitution. The Government and also kno^r thv ipey he acU with—they know the citizens whenever the Territory is open that, like any other demagogue, he can talk to settlement, both enter with their respect- a short evening away by rambling iiiu th« ive rights defined and limited by theConsti- fields of "Abolitionist.- "Irrepres tution." sible conflicts," "John Browns," and, "trait 2d. "Congress has no right to prohibit cit-1 ors all got by heart, and spouted out by irensofany particular State or States from him without end for the last six luonthi. taking up their homes there, while it per mits citizens of other States to do so. Nor has it a right to give privileges to one class of citizens which it refuser to another. The Territory is acquired for the equal and com- "ilMI Oltumni, -are «r"nsi.rpass«l, beauty and power. At the close of that speedi, its peculiar merit was recogn'zej lyr,, a motion "that a vote of thanks bd given Iff Mr. Dixon, for the nia&uifiu-nt manner lit, which he had picked the "(i.as^jag" oi'"Popn r,lNt. a„j tllttt, The Wide-A wakes knew this, and they knew that unless the interest could bo kepi up in the ir.inds of the people, thejf would go home, and the talker would have no audi ence but & few special friends, who would CONTE»T wiucu is NOT WABANTED BY TIIE CONSTITC- able to say, "1 could have smashed him if 1 TION, and the removal of the plaintiff by his i had been allowed my own way." owner to that Territory gave him no title to Blakesburg, July 31, 1860. WIDE AWAE freedom." 6th. "While it remains a Territory Con-. gress may legislate over it within the scope of its constitutional powers in relation to citi zens of the United States, and may establish a Territorial Government, and the form of this local government, must be regulated by vhe discretion of Congress but with powers mark at Baltimore have nominated a tick not exceeding those which Congress iiself by liuw the tro^no^s of ti.y ovoi.ius h..ur ^nd, niorwver, this vile calumniator Ui honester men than he dares to lie, puts his argument boldly upon the ground that en pi SKULLS. shade wherever it can be found heat quivering along the fences and tlu loolW of buildings, like tlu breath of a furnace. A dreamy haze hangs over Held and forest, and mingles with the skier. Distant outlines A with the doubtful honor ol being ITIorc of JFoli 11 so 11'a Record. In the Pittsburgh Jo urnal of the 2d inst. ne find the following: "r.VPITAI. S!I0CLI OWS ITS LABOR." Write it out and look at it, all you labor ing ami toiling thousands of this city and State. The Democracy (Heaven save the 011 il'h Jelmsop of Georgia, is caiuU 1S.-C lnaJca iu Vhxh,17th there must be a that Iowa to contra.1ict this exposition of Douglas i Vlas and unuer every tonn of social organi/.atuio Dred Scottisin as set forth by the mammoth tlu-re must l»e a laboring cl iss, a class of nn*h journal of the party. It was because the who get their living by tlie sweat of thetf Dred Scott opinion decided thus lhat its en- brow and then there uiu^t be another class dorscmcnt by the Douglas convention was jthat aild the of country. We ask our readers, thousands of whom are men whose lands have lieen hardened Iff' 1 toil, we ask you now, if you can vote for 4f ticket that carries on it the name of a nia^f who can unblushingly. in the oaj.it 1 ej this mighty labor State, stand up and say tha| i the owners of our foundries, rolling mills, coal mines and farms xUould oieu the tinnMt and the *ouls of th* n~ho jj^ir biwtd. I,» the sweat t'tiir bratc." till should men its ht'x'f hi camit- it i.s unor "There is," says he, "a ^vbtu'ing cLiiiJ, and a I ruling class!" hat man is this, who lias the hardihood to cast such a slur upon our institutions. "A I la'toring class owned by capital" indeed llot' Hot Tbe whole air seemsallatne, uian, Gen. (Jreen, and ho-tsofour best HIMI and man and beast se-ek the grateful ful pauses of silence, as if the pulse of Nature had ceased to beat. Look out over that broad expanse of water. Not a ripple U visible to the furihercst shore. The sails tlan idly against tho mast as the Inmt ro'ls i:i. i i v. i i plundered b,-"capital,' and damned it "c:®: the lazy swell of the sea. Not a sea bird- Who were Benjamin Franklin. Boger SIKW- I greatest men, but of the lalwring class?-* You can soe UH- -'"hnson come to our city, and we will' point him to tlu capitalist who is also iur lifts its wing the white gull no longer skims should own not Africans, nor Indians the air,aud the lish hawk slumbers u|K)u his nor Japanese, uor Chinese coolies, nor nnjr iierch in the dead oak that looks out uj.oa l*uiicular class of toilers, but "labor," which. e n i n i e i n s u o e e s o i W the waters. Kve n e e e s are stUlen^ymg bush, dua„s all 4|caj|y and then at long intervals, a shrill whirr—a of Georgia, or by the biit/ing forces of lYim tread—a hum -a Lip is heard through the. sylvania '. Thc'labor!..g man who know iac iii of that fiKH.vh ol JoiiiisiXis, would yet nw dry leaves, grass and as uisect, am- ner of I •. lvm'. jpl, or bird, rouse a little from then noontide 1: "if pepr. lb ialHircr, anil thelaboier who has b's snog" sum in the bank lora rainy day. This*# your Democratic hero of I.SOU, w hose tugboat ulea of labur is what he sees scourged dai|j£ to the vice swamps exposed on lhe ams lion block! His labor is the down troddei^ one whom the inan-siealer plucks Irom family, chains iu the collie, and sends clan king "to the life-doom ofuucquited toil To our Democratic Vii-e-Preside-utiai candi date, everv man of Pennsylvania "who eats his bread in the sweat of bis face," is an much bone and sinew to be bought attti ld by "capital," whipped by "capitalist Mjn1 that "e $: ,ncn ttholabor, 1 whether in tlf swnnip UIPUT ilu* si-tn*h5n^ tU 1 sleep 'p nil the day* Of*. i for him foruny otlice. tU terns to tc i pOtHlm* Mux the ad »f& no***

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