Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, September 27, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated September 27, 1860 Page 1
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I i u a o n v i IS PUnusiIKH EVERY TUURPDAY IN I*TT^RLO^'S BLOCK, (thiud floor) OTTVMWA, WAPELLO CO., WWA% Br J. w. & O. P. MORRIS. n 91 8 INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE One copy, per year ft R„ Fourcoplcs" ti no Ten "if no* Twenty" :.*.84l©«'. Person* *rt»h!fjg to subscribe for stess time than ore year can Jo so by remitting the amount tliey wish to be so appropriated. In no case will we enter new names unless they are accouipmi'-.l witli i'i!'ney. From tlie Hawk Eye. Douylas In Search of hi* Mother («S Bl'XG BV TUtc PFLU OLKE CLCB.) Wordu and Music by 0, A. P. SrtUT. Poor Little Stephen trarels round, Still searching near and far Ati1 cries the while, with doleful ^lllli "0! take me to my mar I" Poor fallow! IZ« want's to a«e his ma. To Philadelphia first he went, All on the rail road car And thus he care his feelings rent: "0! take me to my mar!" Poor fellow! He went to find his ma. To New Yorlc City then h« foes, To meet with (treat eclat And sings, with many ah'* and oh*#, "0 take me to my mar." Poor fellow I Go on and bunt your mm. In Ilartford next he draws a crowd. And, lest his seirch they bar, Through all the streets he cries "O take me to ray mar!" Poor fellow! lie cannot find his ma. In Boston, Concord, Newport, too, And Saratoga Spa, He calls, as if 'twere all he knew,. "O I take me to my mar ln Poor fellow! lie hasn't found his ma. Bat way down South, we find him All through the land of Tar And Still he sings the same olJ tone "0! take me to my marl" Poor fellow I bow he lores his ma i And thus, in sunnr Southern etlae, Or 'neath the Northern star, Poor Stery's calling all the time "0 I take me to my mar 1" Poor frllow TKt White House ain't your mq, But, Mends will hare the matter ftlW, And »top this horrid jar We think, about Novem ,er ne*t, "We'll take lilin to his mar!" Pclla, Poor fellow We'll send home to ma. Hurrah hurrah I hurrah I Iowa, Sept. 10, IStJO. Exclusion of Slavery ill tile Ter* I it ritortos. CPPFPH OP NTXT^F WTRSTFR The Now I propose to state as briefly as I can the grounds upon which I proceed, historical and constitutional. In the first place, to view the matter historically. The Constitution founded in 17H7, and the government under it, organized 17tW, do recognize the existence of slavery in certain States, then belonging And I will say tached property exist on ihdrvisbw So much for the parliamentary question, t'lare that we invad t'u ir rights, that we Now there are two or three political ques- deprive them of a participation in the enj y tions arising in this case, which I wish to ment of Territories acquired by the common state di-passionately not to argue, but to service and common exertions of all. Is this state. honorable member from Georgia, true? How deprive? Of what do we de Mr. Berrien) for whom I have great respect, prive them? Why, they say we deprive and with whom it is my delight to cultivate them of the privilege of carrying their s'aves, personal friendship, has stated, with great as slaves, into the new 'lerritories. ell, propriety, the importance of this question.— sir, what is the amount of that V They say {The exclusion of Slavery in the Territories.) that in this way we deprive them of the op He said, that it is a question interesting to portunitv of going to this acquired territory the .-'outh and to the North, and one which with property—their "Property." What do may very well attract the attention of man they mean by "property We certainly kind. He has not stated any part of this do not deprive them of the privilege of going too stronglv. It is such a question. With- into these newly acquired territories with all out doubt," it is a question which may well that in the general estimate of human soci attract the attention of mankind. On the i ety, in the general, and common, and univer subjects involved in this debate, the whole sal understanding of mankind, is esteem-d world is not now asleep. It i* wide awake as property. Not at all. The truth is just and I agree with the honorable member, that, this, they have, in their own States, peculiar if what is now proposed to be done by us laws, which create property in persons. They who resist this amendment, is, as he supposes, have a system ot local legislation upon iphb'h uijust and injurious to any portion of this slaccry st'iwU, while everybody agre s that e mimunitv, or against its constitutional it is against the natural law, or at leat against rights, that injustice should be presented to the common understanding which prevails the civilized world, and we, who concur in among men as to what is natural law. th- proceeding, ought to submit ourselves to I I am not going into metaphysics, for there its rebuke. I am glad that the honorable in I should encounter tiie honorable member gentleman proposes to refer the question to from South Carolina, (Mr. Calhoun) and we the great tribunal of Modern Civilization as should find "no end in wandering mazes well as the great tribunal of the American people. It is proper. It is a question oi magnitude enough, to all the civilized nations of the ear'h, call from those who support tne one side or the other a statement of the grounds upon which they act. I The Constitution was adopted in 17SS, and went into op ration in 178!). When it was 'adapted, the statejif the country was this to the Union and a pirtirulardescription of others will judge gentlemen that will come slavery. 1 hope that what I am about to say after us will judge. It will not be contend mav be received without any si" imposition U^d that this sort of personal slavery exists by that I intend the slightest disrespect. But \general laic. It exixt* only hy local law. 1 this particular description of slavery does do not mean to deny the validity of thit lo not, I believe, exist in Europe, nor "in any jcal law where it is cstabiMn-d, but I say it other civilized portior of the habitable globe, is, alter a l, a local law. It is nothing more. It is not predial slavery, lt is not analogous And wherecer that local law does not extend, to the cause of the predial slaves, or slaves property in persons does not exUt. Well, nhhe a^ripti of Uu-ssia. or Hungary, or |Sir, what is n w the demand on the part of! oth'T stares. It is a peculiar system of per- our Southern friends? They say, we will soial shverv by which the person who is carry our local laws with us wherever we go cille a slave is transferable as a chattel, j—insist that Congress doe- u« injustice un from hind to lnnl. I speak of this as a less it establishes the Terr t-iy in which fact. to the earth, exists in various parts of i ity. unless persons under this local law, Europe I am not at the present moment and holding this property by authority of nware 'of any place on the globe in which law, cm go into new territory and there *s tliis property of man in a human being as a tablish that local law to the exclusion of the general law slave, transferable as a chattel, exists, except in America. Now, that it existed, in the form in which it still evist in certain States, at the forma tion of this institution, and that the fra-. in«rs of that instrument, and those who ception to the general rule. Such, I suppose, adopted it agreed that, as far as it existed, it. the general law or mankind. An individ shoIJ not bo disturbed or interfered with by ud is to be presumed to be free, until a hw the new gancral government, there is no can be provided which creates ownership in doubt. !llis P°rson- The Constitution of the United States re- Now our friends seem to think that an cognizes it as an in,' faet-an existing relation between the inhabitants of th-So,th- going into the lerritor.es, unless tlure be a «rn Spates I do not call it an "institution," law prwidcd win,-a shall protect tLur owuer because that term is not applicable to it, for ship in persons I he assertion w, that we that seems to imply a voluntary establish- create an inequality. Wh„n flLt luiv. it was a U there nothing to be said on the other ment —I will not say an evil—but an entailment free labor do ot exist well togttlur. 1 hav the colonies bv the mother country against before me a declarationi of Mr. Mason in the iti irtatira ConvdtttMR that formed the Constitution, to Slavely existed in the Southern States there was a lii'iio extent of unoccupied ten itorv, the whoj. NORTH-WESTERN' ERR I TO RY, which, it was understood, was designed to he fnin^d into States, and it was then de tei mined that slavely should exist in this territory. I gather nw from the history of11 the timo of the debate, that the prevailing motives with the Xmth lor agreeing to this recognition of slavery in Southern Stat's and giving a representation to those States found- I i el in part upon their slaves, reste 1 on the 'supposition tint no acquisition of territory! would be made to form new States on the Southern frontiers rf this country either by I cessions or conquest. No one looked to the acquis'tion of new territory on the Southern |or Southwestern frontier. The exclusion of, I Slavery from the North-western Territory and the prospective abolition of the foreign i slave trade were generally, the former unani-j mously, agreed to and on the basis of these sonsiderations, the South insisted that where clavery existed it should not be interfered with, nnd that it should have a certain ratio of representation in Congress. And now,! Sir, 1 am one, who, believing such to be the understanding on which the Constitution was framed, mean to abide by it. It was jand has been, also a conceded point, that slavery in the States in which it exists, is a matter of State regula'ion exclusively, and that Congress has not the least power over it, or the right to int rfere with it. By this principle too, I mean to abide. I J^ave now stated, as I understand it, the condition of things upon the adoption of the Constitution of the United States. What has happen since? Sir, it has hap pened thit above and beyond all contempla-j tion or expectation of the original framers of the Constitution, or the people who adapted it, reijn territory has been acquired by ees sion, first from Fiance, and then from Spain, on our southern frontier. And wlnt has been the result? Five slave-holding Stats! have been created and added o the Union, bringing ten Senators into this body. (I in clule Texts which I consider in the light of! a foreign acquisition also,) and tip to this hour when 1 address you, not one free State has been admitted to the Union from all this acquired Teriitorv! Mr. Berrien (in his seat)—Yes low. Iowa is not yet in the Union. Her Sena-1 tors are not here. When she comes in, there will be one to five, one free State to five slave States, formed out of new Territories. Now. it seems strange to me that there should be any complaint of injustice exercised by the North toward the South. I do not represent the North, I state my own case an 1 I pre sent the matter in that light in wh'ch I am willing as an i idividual member of Congress, to be judged by civilized humanity. We stand here now, at least I d\ for one, to say, i that considering five new slave-holding I Stat es have already been framed out of newly acquired Territory, and only one non-slave holding State, at most, I do not feel thit, I an called on to go further, I do not fed the obligation to yield more. But our friends of the South say, you de prive us of all our rights. We have fought for this territory and you deny us partic pa tion in it. Let us consider this question as really is and since the honorable gentle- inan iroin Georgia proposes to leave the case to j5l, OF enlightened and impartial judgment. RAHNKI'proper LD' AIL(1 AS 1 5rLL(.ii Or DAM..L WLIlolLK, is a case to be considered by the cn in the United States Senate August 12*,! lightened part of mankind, let us see how in 1848. (Works of Darnel Web*Ur, YU- truth it stands. Gentlemen who advocate iime 6, page SOI.) the c.vse, which my honorable friend from i| Georgia, with so much abiiit}-, sustains, de- A?M WITH HIM LHAT LT lost" until after the time for the adjournment of Congress. The Southern States have pe culiar laws, and by these laws there is prop erty io Slaves. This ix /urely local. Thi real meaning, then, of Southern gentlemen, in making thix complaint, is, that they cannot go into the Territories of the United States, carrying with them thtir own peculiar local late—a law which creates property in per sons. Thii, according to their own state ment, is all the ground of complaint they hare. Now, here, I think, gentlemen are unjust toward us. How unjust they are. furth. r, perhaps other we wish to go, our own local law." This gentlemen may remember the instance, that, demand I, lor on.' resist, and shall resist. although slavery as a system of servitule at It goes upon the id a that there is no cqual- Mr. President, it wag a maxim of the oivil hw, that between Slavery and Freedom, Freedom sh uld always be presum d, and Slavery mu-t be prowd. Slavery is an ex-: inequality arisesfrom restraining them from NEW SERIES, VOL. 5, NO. St. 3. XT. N 321 tt IS, Proprietor. I O U W A I O W A U S A Y S E E E 2 7 1 8 6 that (ffect. Mr. Mason, as is well known, was a distinguished member from Virginia. He says that the objection to slave labor, ia, that it puts free labor in disrepute that it causes lalor to be regarded as derogatory to the charactcr of the free white man, and that the fre" white man despises wojk, to use his expression, whore Maves are employed. This is a matter of great interest to the free States if it bo true, as to a great extent it cor tainly is, that wherever slave labor prevails, free white labor is excluded or discouraged. Wherever labor is mainly performed by slaves, it is regarded as degrading the free men. The Freemen of the Xnrth, therefore, hate a deep interest in keeping labor free, ex-du sicehjfree, in the new Territories. But, sir, let us look further into this al leged inequality. There is no pretence that Southern people may not go into territory which shall be subj to the ord'nanee of 1787. The only restraint is, that I have said that I shall consent to tto ex tension of the area of Slavery upon'this Con tinent, nor to any increase of slate represen tation in the other House of Congress. I have now stated my reason for my con duct and my vote. We, of the North, have already cone, in this re.-pect, far beyond all that any Southern man could have expected or did exp 'ct, at the time of the adoption of the Constitution. I repeat the sentiment of the fact of the creation of live new slave hold ing States out of newly acquired Territory. W e have done that, which, if those who framed the Constitution had foreseen, they never would have agreed to slave representation. We have yielded thus far and we have now in the House of Representatives twenty per sons voting upon all other questions, and here only in virtue of the representation of Slaves. Let me conclude, therefore, by remarking that, while 1 am willing to present this as showing my own judgment and position in regard to this cas", and 1 beg it to l»e under stood that I am speaking lor no other than myself, and while I am willing to offer it to the whole world as my own justification, I rest on these propositions First—That when this Constitution wi»s adopted, nobody looked for any new acquisi tion of Territory to be formed into slave holding States. Secondly—That the principles of the Con stitution prohibited, and were intended to prohibit, and should be construed to prohibit all interference of the general government with slavery as it existed and as it still exists in the States. And then, looking to the op eration of their new acquisitions, which have, in a great degree, had the effect of strengtli ening that interest in the South, by the ad dition of thes" five States. I feel that there is nothing vnjutft, nothing of irhich any hon est nan can conijdoin, if he is intelligent, and I feci that there is nothing with ichich the civilized world, if they take notice of so hum ble a person a* myself, will reproach me, when I my, as I said the other day, that I have made up my mind for one, that under no circumstances wilt I consent to the further ex tension of the area of Slavery in the United States, or the further increase of slave repre sentation in the liaise of Representative*. Growth ef Iowa. Oencus returns from thirteen counties, in dicate a population in Iowa, of 700,000. The young State of Iowa is coming closc upon the heels of Missouri. Iowa is the most fertile State in the West, and will in the end rank alongside of Illinois, in her productions of grain and stock, and her population will be millions.—St. Louis Xews. The conclusion of our Missouri contempo rary accords with the facts. As an evidence that Iowa is aga:n attracting that favorable consideration to which sho is entitled, we may mention the fact that many of her for mer citizens, who removed to Missouri, nr^'ifcfifii»i iiHitiT^»imnr rT'i- they shall not cany slaves hither and continue that re lation. The}' sa3- this .shuts them out alto gether. Why, sir, there can be nothing more inaccurate in point of fact, than this statement. I understand that one half the people w ho settled Illinois, are people, or de scendants of people, who came from other States. And I suppose one-third of the peo ple of Ohio are those, or descendants of thoic who emigrated from the South, and I ven ture to say, that, in respect to those two States, thev are at this time, settled by peo ple of Southern origin, in as ureat a propor tion as they arc by people of Northern ori gin, according to the general number and proportion of people, South and North.— There is, then, no exclusion of Southern people. There is only the exclusion of a peculiar local law. Neither in principle nor in fact is there any inequality. The ques tion now is, whether it is not competent to Congress, in the exercise of a fair find just discretion to prevent the further increase of s'ave-holding States,—that is the question, I see i o injustice it. To the power of Con gress, I have nothing to add to what I said the other day. Congress has full power over the subject. Kan­|did. sas and Nebraska, are now returning to her limits whilti there is a steadily increasing immigration from the eastern and middle States. For a time immigration passed south of us to Missouri and Kansas north of us to Minnesota and west of us to Nebraska.— The conviction is now rapidly gaining stren gth that all these immigrants went farther and fared worse, although these States and Territories present strong inducements to laboring men in search of homes. The mu nificent crops of Iowa will relieve lier farmers of debt, and enable them to make improve ments on their lands, which will give them a still more attractive appear, nee. We have a good school system, whose fruits will soon, be tendered manifest. The debt of the State is so inconsiderable, in comparison with that of Missouri, as to be regarded as merely nomi nal she has honest and provident public servants, wh make a good ue o .r reve nues benevolent institutions, one of which compares favorably with those of the oldest States an intelligent population who love freedom and the Union too well to be drawn after the follies anil wickedness of Sham De mocracy. She has four lines of Railroad all steadily extending towards the Missouri river while other important Roads are in progress northward, will afford every facility demanded by travel and trade. Under such circumstances hir future is full of promise.—State Register. The Baltimore Patriot is informed that Mr. Buchanan is thoroughly satisfied as to the issue of the Presidential election. He looks upon the question as settled beyond the pos sibility of nltoration. It only awaits, be 9 iys, the formal decision of the ballot box, and tliat will be in favor of Lincoln. Curl £!inrz on I)diiRla«. At the great Republican meeting in Naw York city last week, Carl Shurtz, the eloquent German orator of Wisconsin, wa3 cni of the chief speakers. lie paid his particular res pects to Senator Doug'as. In the course of his speech, occurs the following "telling" passage Oh, th?re is justice in history lie has at last the idol of his dreams—the object of his fondest wishes—for which he las liid so many a treacheious scheme—for which he has turned so many a sumersault—f which he has struck so many a blow at the peace of the Republic, for which hrj has so often prostituted himself and his followers, for which he has hugged so many a loafer, and iosulted so many an lionet man, for which he made every rutn shop hi- head-quarters and every rullian his friend—he has &t last the n'm:ration Where is the bo'd. powerful agitator, who=e voice sounded sodt (iant'y off every contested field Behold him on his s-ntimental jour ney, vainly trying to find his mother's In me and father's grave, apologizing with squamish affectation for his uncalled-for and indecent appearance in public, like one of the condemn ed spirits you read of in the myths of by gone eg's, rest'e^sly porambula ing the world condemned to a more terrible punishment than Tantalus, who was rtured by an un earthly thirst, with grapes and water within reach—more terrible than that of Dannites, who had to pour water into the leaky cask for he is condemned to deliver that old speech of his over and over again. [Applause .and cheers and laughter.] As often as he arrives at a hotel that has a balcony, as ofbn as his hasty journey is arrested by a spontaneous gathering, when you hear a subterranean spectral voice cry out "my great principle of non-intervention"—that is the dead squatter sovereign atoning for the evil deeds he com mitted in his bodily existence. -[Pio'onged laughter and cheers. Not long ago, he haunt ed the railroad crossings and clam bakes of New England then the cross-roads of the South, and the jrhas-t'y appanitim was last seen in this neighborhood. [Prolonged laugh ter and cheers.] Where is that form'dable party tyrant whose wi.sh"s once were m mauds who broke down s iere compromises i with a mete stroke of his finger whose very nod made the heads of those who di-pleased him fly into the basket w hose very whims were tests of Democracy Where is he w ho once, like Macbeth, thought himself invul nerable by any mm "who was of woman born invincible, great, —"Till Blrnam wood Do hie to Dunsinaiie hill. Should come against him." Like Macbeth, he has believed the Qends **That paltered with him In double sense,n and there he stands, tied to the stake of bis nomination. "He cannot ffcr, And, hear like, he must fight bis course." But as Bii nam Wood marched to Dunsi nane, so the very fence rails of Illinois are rushing down upon him [tr-mundous laugh ter, and cheer-.] and. like McdutF, there rises against the spirit of free labor, one whose children he has murdered, and that is a champion "not of woman born." [Laughter] And now "Ob Mcduff And dantMi fee to vbo first cries hold—enough." [Renewed laughter, and cheers.] Oh, there is justice in history! [Cheers] TheMi-rdek of Mob in* ttununa for the Presidency, but what he has craved as a blessing has come down upon him as a curse to be nominated, and know tiiat an election is impossible I to be voted for, and to know that every vote for him is for Breckinridge or Lane whom he hates, and every vote against him a vote for Lincoln, whom he does not love I To be voted for, and be aware that those who vote for h:m work n for him but for themselves! To be dead and livingenoii'xh to be conscious of death Oh, there is justice in history! Am I cxa9erating Where is that mighty leader, whose voice once called millions into the Held At the street corners and cross-road* ycu see him standing like a blind, downfallen Ballisarus—not iu virtue, not in poverty— a b»vy of political harlots surroun

ding him, and begging for the miserabl oholus of a vote begging the Know Nothings, whom he once a fleeted to despise begging the Whigs, whom he once insulted with his brawling denunciations invoking the spirit of Henry Clay, w hom he once called a black hearted traitor. Oh, hut, poor Ballisarus The parly hail ts that surround him with their clamorous beggi ig cry, steal every vote they receive for him and put into their own pockets. Ruv. A. Bewley by A Texas.—Rev. A. Bewley, an excel­ lent and inoffensive man, has been hung in Texas, at a place called Veal's station. We cannot escertain that any specific crime was alleged against him other than that he was a Minister of the tiosnel in the Methodist Episcopal Church. One Texas paper says he was hung for being an "active Abolition I ist," but did not specify anything that he He was taken by a mob of 300 persons and hung on a tree. Brother Bewley was a i delegate to General Conference of '60. No one acquainted with him believes for a mo ment that he had anything to do in foment ing the troubles in Texas. He has l»een sacrificed to the guilty and bloody spirit of slavery. Pishop Janes was mobbed last year in that region it will be remembered, and requested, with all other Methodist preachers, to abandon (hat |ortion of the country. Brother Bewley owned a little property there, was employed as a Mission ary, and has suffered death for remniningat his post of duty. This murder of a Christian Missionary, be it remembered, was not in Syria or India, but in Christian America, and in one of "these United States." Quite a number of other persons have been simi larly lynched in the same region, and others it is announced by the Texas papers, are to share the same fate. What the end will be God only knows.— IFkuf. Christ. Adv. "Douglas has again been attacked by his usual malady, a sore throat. It is shrewdly suspected the Maine election has had a power ful influence on his bronchial tube, and has caused him this sudden hoarsness." (SIURE Growing.—Tho American wine Company are building an extensive manu factoiy in the Southern part of St. Louis.— The effect of its construction will be to stimu late the growth of grapes in Wisconsin, Illi nois, and Iowa. The Result of the Maine election it so much all one way that no particular fntrrest is manifested in hurrying up the returns.— The plurality for Mr. Washburn, the Repub lican candidate for Governor, will be 80,000, and h?« majority over all 18.500. till), 0* Tlie Joint Ei»ou«%i:»n. Euovvillb, Sept. 17, 18C0. Editors Cat*C.tt: Tl.ls hoa ET* .t po!lt:cal excitement here. d.y ular appointment of Curti- and Cole to speak try about, even lo Oskaloosa, which turned °"t "mpiny of h'ckory .h.rt«, under the pretense that there was to be a "]x).e-ra.irig. audience was composed. It is n*t necessary af.er w hat I have said above, to say that no eff,rt was made to mend the ur.f -rtunate pole, as it, like the party, is gone to, far for any such expedients to avail. The delega- tions of imueitle hickory Mrl, from i n i a e o e a i n w o s o u a s a J„. wcrd nominally lieret.^laywastne occasion of jw.rd I84»f»toed the Cowtt rally .mong the Democracy, in all (ha conn-: ll...-ir Ho living suffered al.ttlo ofthisamej lightning, which as completely deinoli.-dieU their pole as squatler sovereignty has their party. When the hoar of discussion had arrived, it was evident that the ruse had been sue- cestui in getting out a large audience of Democrats, of whom, I think, tally half the [att and some even presumed to call it a swindle, ,)ut ftut the Republicans smiled to tlnnk that 1 hps of our gallant standard bearer r, favored polygamy and slavery—that although Douglas said he d:d not care, he had always acted in favor of shivery and its extension. 1 (Cole) in this connection, which sounded i 4l I have neither time nor room to extend re marks on the dexterity of this C. C. Cole's dod^mg. Sullice it to sav, that in his closing speech Col. Curtis used him up, not bv clap-tiap, ad captandum vulgus. but by solid truths and cogent argument. The Democrats saw the effect it would have, so they beat a retreat by playing a tune on a base drum, drawn in a wagon around the sp-eaket's stand, which failed to produce any effect, xcept to _, a favorable turn in the at* rs of las native °1' ,"rtlS' country. In a little book, published by the Ihe debate—if such it may be termed— .. rt ,. chief spv of Bonaparte's police, he received came off at 2 o clock, Curtis leading in At last he subsided into a sober moo-land .. ,. ., passport he travel-1 direct to Berlin, left his attempted to wind up with argument. And ... nominally Yours, truTy» A. Bbt" Lost* Left Washington, D. C., some tine in July, to go home to h:s mother in Xew York. He has not yet reached his mother* who is very anxious about him. He has been seen at Philadelphia, Xew York City, Ilartford City, and at a clam bike in Rhode ™h]i' Island. He "has been heard from at Boton Portland, Augu^a, and Bangor, Me. From |slrivillg some expres-ons he has dropped it is feared that he has become insane upon a subject he calls "popular sovere:enty." He is abut five feet nothing in heighth, and about tho same diameter the other way. Has a re face, short legs anil a large belly. Answers to the name of "Little Giant." Talks a great deal, and very loud always about himself. Has an :dc% that he is a wnd-da'e for Xew York, or Willis A. Gorman Mii.neso-' ta. that it i the land of the while man, and that whatever elements there are to disturb its sier* that the lime would w when N'ew Carl Slinrz. 8(h inter!.slin, sket,.h the lif of Carl shura IIe (UvInd 1 tij h| ha ,, this shcd tfce upon chickcn c00 wW broke down w th him vv th a Ioud c^sh. wilhoutattmcti the notlce 0 i who rr ou -, he ri county murmured audibly about the failure, .. Wm ha he this way, if in no other, a large number of' v ,, i cover, before the sentry turned on his beat. honest, but de'-eived men, mi»ht be enabled TT to hear the real Republican truth from the ., *,, ... „r ,. in 4 o n i e e n i o n a s piwei ful, clear and lucid exposition of the i a n e o s a o i o e e i e s w o platforms of the two parties—making it plain ... ,, 1 to all hearers that we have not only an hon-1 ... ... v est, earnest man, but a statesman, represent-' ., ,. ,' TT mg us in Congress. lie proved most con- ,. ,.A .x.l I his extridition. At this t.me the public clusively from the record that the modern opinion of Germany was n uch aroused by Democracy had, by their acts, regardless of1 i i i .t 7 the cowardly veng ance platforms and pledsres to the country, alwavs 1 x, ,. 'Slavery had been extended over and pro-1 ,. .'' ,, ,, I and, instead of proceedinz, took lodg.ngs in tected in territory hve mes the size of New s a o u i n o u s e e e e e a i n e York by non-.ntervention in 2v. w Mexico Mid .. papers with t..e police over night, obtained a vise for some other town toe next morning, .. ... six we ks. going to bpandan every day. and Oregon, he sa-d "Mr. Douglas said that ., ,. return.ng late at nuht, when the policeman slavery existed there only. The ,. ,. i was always so oblums as to unlock the door was ofun used by him ,,, of his boarding-house. All the arran^e- strange to those who knew—having just heard the tlave code of Xew Mexico read by .., with his Relays of horses were Col. Curtis—thfit tt des actually exist there. ... heard the tlave code of New Mexico read by i ments haviug been completed, he carried off v- i Kinkelin a coach one rainy night together 1 u..keeper. i d»I a y A writer in the Eastern (Pen.) Timet, if was born 32 year ago, in Bonn, on the Rhine, in the Prussian Kmv ni s ,mr. s ta u ,nicnM(1 t0(k for ,ih i^h trcason.- fipr tV jhed on ||ram or rl fat,lity that seems to follow the:r party *!,.„»»! *«m fro. the ey.s of those late, ,n being riven ftisun'ler hy a stroke ,,raWnnt h(! ^n^aj-d in a ,ric,. „|J{ A 0f 1me kin .l. was stationed in the very house to which belonged, and evew night the sol­ diers assembled on the floor beneath his hid ing-place, and danced to th? muic of the et 0„ the fourth right a heavy show- ef of rjja hitn tlvJ (irst 0 pmr univ of Urtf'an e.,cape, and he jumped from thcu^h the cnv.rv ht t0 have bccn lut a few yards off. By the assistance of his frierds, ,»ch,d,5cwer, ,nJ ,h,ls .turned the Er ,„ ,,arc tIwN fo ,. cloK btbi „d pj. .. i i He made his w av to Par s, and remained there a considerable time, in the va n this i ... ... ... hope ol 4 ,, But how did Cole answer him Why, by, .. o e i a e a n i i y e u a e a n a c lususuv clap-trap nonsense, b\* wlnca he .,.r aprreciate his wit, if wit is a proper name I., e o a u a a o u whde constantly active, could never be en- i snared into any act furn'shing a pretext even to the liberal conscience of a Bonaparte for wreaked by the on Godfrey Kinkel, a Prussian Government on i townsman of Shurz's, a jrofessor who had join the constitutional movement at the .same time with himself. This ma.i. a poet, .. customed to ail the refinements of nfe, was seemed to desire to raise a laugh. In this i. .. ,. imprisoned at Spandan, twenty miles f.om he failed for the auui»nce—althnugh fully ,. .. ,, Berlin, dn ssed as a coaviet, h:s hair crop half Democratic—could not SK-the int as ,. ped short, and »rc-ed to labor at wool-card he did, for he did sometimes laug.i, perhaps ,. irg, and to room an me-s with felons.— at his own folly, and no one else seemed to j. i Shurz having determined to rescue him, re- T", ,ri,. ,. i paired to London, collected the means, and for hits at nothing. .r 'made the arr ngements. With a forzed .. I f.i "1^ VJ r' terial and social condition its history, its in- show the anamus of the party, the audience i •, .w i 4, u stitutxons, and its future. In 1854 heremo seennng rivited tJ their places, eager to catch every word that fell from his lips, only occa sionally breaking silence by audible A mens, when those deep-seated sentiments of human ity which pervade the principles of the Re publican party were uttered by him. At the closc, a long, loud roar from stentorian lungs for ''Curtis and Lincoln," wound up the most one-sided debates I ever heard be tween men claiming to be equals. It was evi dent that the victory was complete. The Nevr York fusion tht Presidency. Had on «hen left, drab pants jlad a white vest, an I a blue coat with bra .shut- tons the tail very near the ground. Any further particulars address Auguste Belmont He looked to the acquisition of British Ameri- th re must be a laboring class a class of men ca, Russion America, nnd Spanish America, wlio get their living by the sweat of their and declared that the mar. was born who brow and there must be another class thai would live to see the American pe pie com- contrwles and duects the capital of the coun ing to the harmonious understanding that try. this is a land of freed -m and fn e men, and present peace wil beft re long pass away ... i .t-. j- and^irabbed him in ber arms and kissed without en langerinj tfu^ great Lnion. Of the threats of the South to dissolve the! ____________ jQ readiness from station to station until they rcaciied the «ea shore where a pilot-boat e e i v e e e y a n e a u o Y a r- i»aar'tnAOB foAtn etaliAn tA ctelirn nnnl mouth long bef re the Government had the most remote idea of ihe prisoner's where abouts. Coming *o this country in 1351, he registered himself as a law student at Phila delphia, and sojoui ned there for a number cf years, occupying his time, almost exclu sively, with the study of this country, itsma- ved Waterlown, Wisconsin, and entered on the practice of the law in Milwaukee. Politics are at fever h"at in Philadelphia, and rowJyism shows it-elf at public meet ngs on both sides. When John Sherman spoke in reply to a scr nade at the Continental I Hotel, afortn'ght since, he was interrupted by hoots and yells and cheers for John Bell from rowdies of the union constitutional pf.r to and on Friday evening a Bell and Everett meeting in the open air was disturbed by wide-awake clubs inarching through the crowd. A pretty serious tight ensued stones and pit'»Is were used, and the meet ing was broken up. Nine of the rioters were arrested. sec,n*10 irrotne- ,shed R,,d ,l"w" d^Pair P^manently nmst sett,e1 on those who are sincere- to (l fjat the R^'u',lican candi* dates. But this is not a very large class Lincoln is to be elected alike by the direct of his party friends and supporters and the indTect votes of many nominal enemies *ho seek his success as means to other ends than those of the Republican party. He may not ive a majority of the .pu'ar vote—few President- have that,—but he will have the I' 0»tNT of more men tlmn any I V,den. has UmMVyus-Spnn-fi':'!RepuMca. In a spocch j^ vercj K 17lh of e inf .nnition concernin- him will be grateful- j„hnson| Douglas candi.latc fi.r Vicc Prvsi ly received by his afflicted mother. For i tjon Puiiale'phia on »t.mber, 185rt, by Hers -hel V. he madc flowing atrocious possl- "We believe Capital should own its labir. Is there any doubt that there must be a la- St.Paul,Sept. 18.—Senator Sewnrd made boring das everywhere In all countries, to day the great speech of the campai-n *'"1 "'cry form of social organization It is aaid that when Mr. Douglas was at Rutland, Vt„ and just as he was entering the hotel, a large Irish woman rushed up Union, lie asked, who is afraid Xobodyis. fo "preserve" all kinds of fruit—keep afraid nobody can be bought. He prophe- ^way from the children, and don't al- throat. The Charleston Mercury calls him low vomsc York would cease to be the Empire State, children are forbidden to do. and Pennsylvania would cease to be the Key stone State, as Virginia already ceased to be A German Deinocra'ic club of Conners the Old Dominion. The Xew Dominion, the ville, Indiana, whose members numbered 49, Empire State, and the Keystone, wtmld be has ooaoe or*bodily to the Republican par* hereafter in tho Mississippi Val!«y 'ty. OLD 8ERtet, VOL i't:it.'ns^it&o,in Advimir. From tlie Crlt'.i!i'irc Patriot, 7t!i. Now York for LhU'Mhi Iliwu trom Failure of the Coalitlea/ I sec that our Marylr.nl friends are count ing largely cn New York goipg »^a nst Lin coln. Don be deceived. There is no pos sible hope for so desirable an issa^. Differ ing widely froiu you upon thi q"esl'o i of coalition?,- deemhig tlicra lo bo lfgiiiuia'c p* 1 tical weapons whenever they cannot be ef fected without the:n, and notconsiderirg any mcrtl ques1ion tj bs involved, I w nt in iS the plan of uniting the Opp'.sitlon to I.iff cln, in this St'te heart end soul, hot a'asf the votes did not and will not hz trevsferred. The devil, or something e'.»s, has got iut.» them. Why, what do you think? Tns Lin COLN KEX HAVE THS XASES CF 81,000 OP TBS VEP.Y ME* Wtio VOTED FOR FiLLMOEE IN 185J I5:CU!3E0 CS TUI.M T05.L LISTS P. LlNCOLJC n put there by guess, but by actual, veri table personal inquiry of cr.ch man as to hid course When I camo to know this I skxw that all wa? up. Cut th's i not h: !f tha any. The Dou«:!as and lirrki nidge ineir being Deir.o :rats and having a hai kering afu.r the fle^h p'ts of Egypt, are breaking their ranks and rushing to Lincoln vith a perfect rtsmped*. Iks'des this the Bell men are also tikin^ the same chute every day.— The primary cause is the persur s en that Lincoln is the coming man, and the second ary, which is almost ns powerfu',ti tin r.tui tion 'f ft di'tg amonytt the honest voters, at being required to east their sujfrages for and with parties against which their prejudice* are t) strong. We polit:cians, you know, hav? little qmltrs of conscience, in seizing ct every p'ank that will save us from drowning not so with tho people who are not in quest of jlace and rower. And th:s prejudice is fanned into in ordinnt? fury by the Liucoln press. Noth has dons the cau^c of the coalition so tr.uc'i harm a? the coi:r e of Dpcyster, Ogdenr Hunt'n ton, an 1 Car oil, who were put on the I)ougl-s Bell t:cket as Bell men. Their kick up has overs our bucket. And the:® is the bull-heatlcd ob-t'nacy tf Ottendorfer and McMasters, that has driven off the maps of the Iri and Dutch votes. Added to this is the unwi-e attempt of Messrs. Hunt, Brocks, Ketcl.um and others to break the force of these d.eHn^uencies, by braving pub lic p:n:on. There may po«s:blybe a fusion with the Bieckinridgo men, it it is doubtful after Breckinridge's Lexing'on speech. But it matters little now what they do—I regard the game as vp. Jfeio York is irretri vib'y for Lincoln, an 1 I shall reiurn home, and try to f-ave old Maryland from th? grasp of the Breckinridge party. It is the duty of all Southern Wlvgs and Americans to break the back bones of the Breckinridge Democ racy in tho slave States. That done, wemav he in a position to hold i:i check the new Lincln Administration, and prevent it from running into exc's~es. This is all that i* loft us. in my judjmen*.—Extract frem 4 Letter dated Xew York, Sept. 8, 1860. The Prince of Wales is to be in Phi'adel phia on the 9th, day of the State Election.— The visit, it is sugresfed, has been so plan ned as to enable him and his noble keepers to see hrw theAmerican Republicans con duct an exciting electioneering contest. In all probability the par.v will put up at the Continental hotel, in the very center nnd and whirl of the excitement, where, with very li.tle eff irt they can see the incidents most illustrative of the campaign. Anybody who thinks Lincoln will not car ry both Illinois and New York, can make a trial of their faith by accepting the otTer of II. H. Spencer, of Putaski county, (lower Egypt) I"-, who w:!l sell his saw mill, five dwelling houses and 100,000 feet of sawed lumber at $5,800, one-half payable when Lincoln carries Illinois and the other half when he carries New York if he carries neither, the sale to be a gift to the purchaser. WnoisRir:HT?—"It is wrong to admit into the Constitution the idea that there can be property in man."—James Madison. 4,S'aves are regarded as property, placed on an equal footing with ail other property. Hence the owner of slaves—the same as the ow n?r of any other species of property, has a right to remove to any Ter ritory and carry his property with him.— Stephen A. Douglas. A Prater two Mii Nl lt or neighbors to do what the I4.i f* wvn.—An exchange describes the doings at Cleveland at the inauguration of the Perry statue, says that "ihe proces-ion was very fine, and nearly two miles in length, as was also the prayer of Dr. Perry, the chaplain.'' Another Co\vert—OreV«iA. Brownum, one of ihe proround?st thinkers and ablest writers cf the country, and who has always heretofore actcd with the Dt mocratic party, made a thoroughgoing Republican speech at Elizabeth, Xcw Jersey, on Thursday even* ing. So says the New York Eceninj Pott. fiRK at Dksertiox.— One third of the Dem­ ocrats in (irinn ll came out for Lincoln l«st week. A club was organized, and Putnam Dannco, last fall a Democratic citizen of .wton nn) ra j^ ,i in a slave State. up a remo rat after the strict- est fashion, was made chairman. The Manchester Mirror gives the census of Xew Hampshire for 18C0. The present pop ulation is 329.185, being gain of 8,199 since lSjO. Hurrah 1 for Lincoln and Hamlin,- andt Liberty too. Mr. Douglas went as far South as Xorth Carolina. That was probably as far as he could go in that direction with safety to his faithful disciple of John Brown."tem't* Journal. The man who ivas lost in SlunaSer fumi his way out on a night mare. "Truth is crowded emV fc the queer 'da** »»(inceai*nt i andf