Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, October 11, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated October 11, 1860 Page 1
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9 K NEW SERIES, VOfc. «, NO.61. J* W. \OItUIS, Proprietor. (I |)C (Dttlimtoil 0 Olirirr IS PUHMSIIKI) RVERY THURSDAY IN PUMEOV'S BLOCK, (tiiikd floob) OTTtTMWA, WAPELLO CO., WW A, »T J. W. A G. P. KOKRIfl. e s X.NVAlUAIi[,Y IN ADVANCE One copjr, peryear «i joorcopie* Delivered Hail to this 4l disordered nation. Woe! woe 1 rage[Loud applause.] human action, and asserted its independence in the fear of God. and its confidence of the approval of mankind declaring that he ice forth it held those to bo its enemies, who should oppose it in war, and those to be its friends who should maintain with them re relations of peace. That utterance was expressed in these simple words: "We hold these truths to he self evident—that ail rv effective? [Here there was much et as possible. Those wdio were out ofi*ach ofMr. Seward's voice, and desired to hear other speakers, could do so at the various stands and in the Wigwam. He thought it must be very painful to the distinguished speaker to witness such a distm banco.] Gov. Seward—Fellow suppose that this disturbance, w hich I know gret. I only regret that 1 have not voice en oil gli to reach the whole of this vast as- blago. As necessarily I Laughter. in, and 1 ly"1,s'u1" 4 \\g J" V, !. 12,00. Twenty'.' Persons wlsMngfo nubscrlbe for a less time than one year can do so by remitting the amount they wlnh to be so appropriated. In no case will we enter new names unless they are arrfnii].:uiiil with money. Speech of Wm. H. Seward, at Chicago, Oct. 2d, 1800. Gov. Seward was greeted a* he came for­ ward with enthusiastic and long continued cheers. He spoke as follows: ITail to the State of Illinois whose lm roads form th spinal columns of that sys-' tem of internal continental trade which sur passes all the foreign commerce of the coun try, and has no parallel or immitation in anv other country on thr Hail Chicago the 1 life to this great systen, of, the last and most w marvellous creations of civilization in North the inHucuce interest passion or prejudice it' sMtut'on it01-!*a" i« is a matter of indifference whether slavery tion of council chamber of the great Republican party justly adapted by its laud, I se,vc to be .ri'!ls'l,^,i"vo'u,,K'antlpo"'iTI v.jv VllUllima V.UIU1U, and to spread it sc abroad. We can Well souri and Arkansas to slavery. Next, „n- and freedom vastness and its simplicity to its great pur poses—the hall where the representatives of "don't care whether slavery is voted the and slavery .. ... ... ..... j- i tional faith, liecause tt is the embodiment of even though his task is necessary to .i .. ... i U 1 tumult*nd confus­ ion, owing to efTort3 of those beyond the reach of his voice to hear, drowning the speaker's voice.] Fellow citizens:—Canitl»e tbat th creed ofoursnoeds exposition or defence citizens: Io not i ... .. ,, ... i is involuntary on your part, gives mo any f.! ,, pain whatever. [Applause.] There is no I' pressure here which an honest mind need re-} r( 'P ,cst nt!lt .^ cs re ro ,lvscl ,tatlv f! 1,kt mc u,,iir .... .. '1011 eo f""slant ous sul,ie"1 those propositions that when addressed to "P011 thou fence Here and miserauie ilvuiet ot oihck i\trican slavery --vv,. stealing along turbid and muddy as it i« ence of t. atmosphere it passes through wo can see' render the Territory of Arkansas and the w its dttefttd* thn, your maps when hiiTc.iN, and is gn.lnro.i a mgtf i shall pervade the whole land, or a part of the normal eonditon of the Annriean people on Ireemen passed that cre nl of Republican voted down."' '1 here is no man who has an spanned banner, whose ^l iies we celebrate Proviso over the territory acouire.l from laith, which carries healing for the relief ofa enlightened conscience who is indifferent on so highly—wherever that banner floats over 1 Spahi. How did they do it V —They voted to him the subject of human bondage. Appl mse. a national shiji or a national Territory, there for the Wilmot Proviso nn lor your instruc­ who shad add to or shall substract one word 1 here is no man wdio is enlightened ami hon -1 is a land not of freedom, but of slavery from that simple, sublime, truthful, b?nefl- est, who would not abate some considerable Hence, it has followed, that the nation up f.', part of all his worldly we-dth, if lie could to IR.U surrendered all the unoccupied pc.r- cal te»t. I think you made no protest until Hail to the representatives of the Rcpub- thereby convert this 'and from aland curs- i tions of this continent to slavery, and thereby Mr. Douglas demanded one single and last Jican party, chosen here by the Republicans cd in w hole or in part with slaveiy, into a 1 of the U lilted States, and placed upon the land of equal and impartial liberty [cheers]' perience all shows that when you have made excluding the \rh'l* Mtbj»*c« fro..) Congress." platform of that creed. Happy shall he be and I will tell you how I knw this I know a slave territory, freedom avoids it just as That was the abrogation''of the Missouri Com who shall give them his suffrage. If he be t, l»ecause every man demands freedom for much as when you make a fre.e State, like promis -, containing the restriction for the an old man, he shall shovv the virtue of wis- himself, and refuses to be a slave. No free Lansns, slavery di npp ars from it. I protection of freedom in the Territories of dom acquired bv experience if he be a man, who is a man, would consent to be a I have said that the count.y was demoral- Kansas and Nebraska. Then you sent a young man, he shall in all his coming years slave no slave who has any manhood in him iz.'d by its pelitical representatives hut these noble repr "sentative to ih* Senate in the to universal sulF-, into his own coilt-rs. i had religious sect upon religious sect church know this national idea of ours that Fellow Citizens, this is no now idea. This and right for another reason it idea had its first utterance, and the boldest, the whole history of society, human nature ious sect throughout this whole country and clearest of all the uttrances it has ever has never, never honored one man wdio re-1 A people wdio are demoralized are ealily received, in the very first words wdiich were duced another man to bondage. The wot Id i operat"d upon they are easily kept persist fspoken by this ration w hen it came before is full of monuments in honor of men who ently in The same erroneous habit wnicli has the woiId, took its place upon the stage of, have delivered their folio.y men from slavery, demoralize! them. The first agency for men are created, and have unliable right to yet is not the church of Jesus Christ {still a ir.siduous enemies of the State w hich holds life, libei ty, and the pursuit of happiness."— church militant? A'as that it should terranean, in Europe, or in Asia, or in Africa, men from all the free States who sce^i to be may be able at home to keep down their the navy, through the direction of the Exec you will never find one human being who as reliable as Owen Lovejoy but on the slaves, if we will be quiet, yet they cannot utive power, to ""execute its judgements' and denies the truth and the justice of this na-' clangor of the slavery bugle in the hall they tolerate a discussion of slavery in the free decrees, pronoun*es Hiat every appeal made tional idea of the equality of man. I begin to waver and fail. They suffer them- States, as we thereby encourage the slaves for freedom is seditious, that every svlable in [Here the tumult became so gveat that the sneaker was comp iled to pause Mr Arnold I ^amoralizc tho pcopie. Slavery never hes- tion. This argument might fail to reach and sympathy we feel the oppressed is to be i' .Mtates to raise the clangor of the trumpets to convince us, inasmuch as we, ourselves, arc punished as a crime while that body is un coming forward, urged upon all to be as qui- terrify the timid. safe from any danger of insurrection in the willing, or at least unable to bring to pun 1. Slavery has, too, another argument f»r the: slave States. .... timid thm terror it is power. 1 he con eon-j Rut they bring it home to our fears by tration ofslavery gives it a fearful political declaring that their peace is of more impor- must change uiy among the people piouiieu.,u le.«- therefore*, very cheerfully prefer demoralized by community of lavci nt !l11 ts l. line was strtnler d, yvith the States of Mis see iy this work what it has already done, dcr the influence of this same demoralization, Mow it irrigates ai most continue to irri- the whole of tin peninsula ofFlorida, acquired ga tlnn whole continent how every good from Spain, was surrendered to slavery, r- ti and virtuous pluit lives and breaths by its dering it practically useless for all the nation suppoit. We see the magical lertilitv al purposes for which it wns ac niircd, maki which results from its presence, because it. ng it a burthen instead of a nitional safe is around us and before us. i guard in the Gulf of Mexico. e son etimcs, fllow citizens, hear an ar- But Texcs was surrendered to slavery, and gnment for a former proposition made in this brought in with the gratuitous agreement, the one hfe-vustaimng. life exp nding idea of i ministration of justice. Rut we turn with its favor, when the nation was demoralized, assemblage.—which rio edifice but only the the American republic. What is the idea horor and disgust from him who wields the it became necessary that the candidate should streets of Ohicago could hold, [cheers and more or less than sunply this That civil-1 axe. So the slav hol ier turns with disgust he tolerant of slavery. So religious sects laughter] and 1 "\vondered how it would have ization is to be maintained and carried on from the auctioneer wdio sells the men and were ambitious to extend their eclesiastical been id I come here in 1830, or even down upon this continent by Kderal States, based women who he has re.trod and held in slavery sway. The consequence was that year by at anv later day lnfore the abrogation of the upon the principles of free soil, free labor, although he receives the profits of the sale year slavery had party upon party slavery free speech, equal rights I was speaking of this national idea—that representatives is fearful of considering the j/jng the American people. Less than thirty through it and that man, in his zeal it needs no exposition anywhere. It is oneof' V lu, like to I iorm One offers to "take a thing to be that, four slave States should be made out of' remained there unt 1 .!«hn Quincy Adams at clone l,y the job. Let us imagine for a mo- that Territory. Next, in 1850. Utah and last rallied a party around him strong enough ment that there could be one man bold New Mexico yvcre alnn loned to slavery.— to restore freedom of debate in the House of enough, preat enough, an 1 wise enough to After these events, following in quick sue- Representatives: What wonder is it that take by the job the work of establishing cession, came the abrogtaion, in the vear withm tin last vo ir, in the very face of the civilization over this broad continent of North 1R34, of the restriction contained in the Mis- organiz ition, and the onwar 1 inarch of the America. He would, of course, want to do souri Compromise, by which it had been Repuhli- an party, the administration of the it the short st tun •, at the cluupest ex pen-e, and in the best manner, such a man ever dream of v demoralization ,^ riS 4 mi drawn from its stagnant source in the slave i government. the State i»f New York w ho preceded nie in asked ine what I thought of the future. 1 States we see that it is pestilential in thel The first act of tu broad belt of country, ving to you 1 how^inadequate it is and unlit to irrigate a Territory of Missouri to slavery, and also by made the same recommendation to the Log- He said "Cheer up, Governor the people •ontinent with the living waters of implication all the rert of the Territory of, i!ature of that State. What wns recoin- |of Kansas will not accept slavery Kansas life we can see how it is that ev-1 Louisiana ac jiiired by pun h.iso from France, mended, but not carrit out in those States will never be a slave State. [«Sreat apj lau-o *hin its sphere withers and droop* that which lies south of thirty-six degrees by law, hi cam a cut»uie and practice for, I took then, a deliberate survey of the other lumd, we canals s.-c tli.% thirty minutes north latitude. Take up »s you know, when the laws did not dissolve broad field I considered a'l 1 examined free labor go home, and see what I the ure, wain io no snun oinpromise, ny which it had been Repuhli- an party, the administration of the the clu-.ipest ex- stipulated thnt all north of deg. min Federal wernin-nt has actually, by its of incr. Now, would excepting the State of Missouri, should be floors, appointed in compliance with the die importing African dedicated to freedom. That was abandoned tat ion of the slaveholders, abandoned the best possible agency whh'h he could select, ernment—for it wns a practical re'usal, or in favor of fre -loin] the free hd.rr free men the minds, the'neglect—to admit Kansas into tin Union be- This, feil'-w-iizens, Is your Government, thoughts, the wills, the purposes, the nmbi- cause sin would not accept •davery. This is the condition in which you are placed, tions ofeulightenod free men, such as we Af'er this demoralization had b-cn carried i I am sorrv to say—but I I k »"to be truthful claim ourselves to be would he not receiv e out in tins practical measures, what right j—that I have no especial compliments for all who claimed to aid i of liberty, but that it is a Constitc human homing* that slavery is the mav take their chances—who not orgatrze-l into State s—that is to say, done. «P or residue—that freedom each acre of thedomnin of th? United States back and nndr ing mischief that had been is just after church. Rut alas until tho dawn of just after church. Rut alas until tho dawn of Ik* 1 his great national idea has been working, so. Christianity explains for herself how it that instduous enemies are dangerous and, out its fruits ever since. Its work is seen in is that she is rejected of men. She says it theref re, in every slave State that has ever the perfect acceptance of it by eighteen of is because irlen love darkness rather than been tunded in this country, a policy is es the thirty four States of this Union—-or sev- light, because their deeds are evil. I shall l-tablishe I which suppresses freedom of speech cnteen of the thirty-three if Kansas is to be not say this in regard to the subject of free- and free dom of debate, so far as liberty needs considered out. It isaseerting itself in the dom. I know better I know that my coun-! advocates, while it extends the largest li in that year, freedom had no part and no relig- Since this idea is self evidently just, and i continuing to extend the power of slavery is of itself, pure peaeeahl", easy to be en- upon th s continent, is that of alarm. Fears treated mid full t.f good works. Will you of all kinds are awakened in the public mind, tell me why it is that it'has not been accepted The chief of them is the fear of turbulence, by the common people? Alas! that it of disorder, of civil commotions, and of civil should be so. Perhaps I can throw light on war. The slaveholders in the slave States th-1 by asking another question: Is not very justly, and truthfully, and rightly as Christianity pure, peaceable, gentle, easy to sume that slaves are the natural enemies of be entuated, and full of good works? and their masters and, of course, that slaves are establishment of New States throughout the tryincn love light—11 darkness. 1 uey are cense of debate to those who advocote the self to the support of the Union, mistaking V est, as it has revolutionized all of Western ...yen in the state and disj isition of the Ro- S interests of slavery. This lack of freedom (be claim of slavery for the cause of the and Southern Lurope. u by is this idea so man Governor, "almost th u pursuadest me of speech and freedom of debit'* is full nved Union. them, or requires them to be held in bondag" It is because it is the one chief to be a christian,*' and almost the American in slave States by the necessary consequence, How extensive this proscription for the unopposed. Every good and virtuous andjvolvesan examii.ulioii uf uur national con-' slave States in w hich a ballot box was open i man ho maintains that slavery shall not he benevolent principle in nature has its antag- onist, and this great national idea works mi The reason wliv tho country is only almost their ballots with safety. If one side only country, anv part in the administration of perpetual opposition—I may die allowed to and nl altogether persuaded to be Repub- is allowed to vote in ct and life. I for freedom, or where free men might cast extended, who can secure at the hands of his a say an irreptcssible conflict, [Prolonged ap- lican, is berause the national sense is perwr- to see that that side must prevail. [Laugh- Custom House, or a Postmaster in a rural plausc.J with nn eiToneus. a deceitful, a de- ted—the national sense and judgment has ter and applause.] dist ict, to a Secre'i lusive idea. Do you ask w hit that (Ulusive been perverted. We inherited slavery it! If the condition of civil society is such that idea is? It is the idea that civilizatio. ought is organized into our national life—into our voting is not to be done safely few men will and can be effected on this continent, bv this forms of government. It exists among us, vote. Every mail who wishes to express h=s form of federal States, based on the principle unsuqneted in its evils, because we have be- choice is rot expected to be a martyr. The of slave soil—of African slave labor, of un equal rights and unec|ual representation, re sulting in unequal suffrage. come accustomed,out of national habit, to en- world produces but few en willing to be being something-—perhaps Preident of the United States—to assent to the demoraliza tion prosecuted by such means? Andwh -n it becomes a heresy, for wdiich a man is de prived of position in an ecclesiastical s*et to which he hejongs, how could vou expect that not, however, the fault of the people. This tell us that Republicanism, which invites i the members of tho Christian churches wo'd lack of moral courage is chicflv the fault of them to disc iss the subject, is sectional, and be bold enough to provoke the censure of the is great Ihe political representaiivesofthu people. In they are national. Rut the slave States are Christian world Above all, our Constitu ence? It, every district in the United States, and for not willing to rest content with this exclu- tion intended to givfc us our frame of gov- during and tolerating slavery. The effect of martyrs, my friends, and such I am sorry this habit arising from the presence of have not been very nunnrous in our day. slavery, is to produce a want of moral cour- Nearly one half of the United States, then— age among the people and an indisposition to that is, all the slave States, arc then arrayed entertain and examine the subject. It is i an the side of slavery, and behold them They ^moralized and' they return to in the slave States to insurrection and sedi-1 defence of liberty is treason, and"thG natural I l,)Wl'r* You know- how long it lias been the tancc than the interest of tho nation that i controlling power in the executive depart- they prefer slavery even to union, that if we ments of the (fovernmont. Slavery uses that will not acquiesce in allowing them to main- than our Presidents and Vice Presidents, power, as might be expected to punish those tain, fortify and extend slavery on u.icqual Senators ami Representatives in Congress, who oppose it,^ to reward those w ho serve it. terms, then they dissolve the Union, and we ",ltu'»ljy ambitious will all go down together, or we nil suffer a they 4o not common desolation. There are few men- y rewards they like the ditme- and there ought to be very few—who would Ve ,a? inU '. nt tlie sembly or even tho twentieth pait of it. he loses poitionaul the chooses some the Union is a positive benefit, nay, an ab- Horace Mann, one ot the noblest champuHis will proceed, trusting that something may representa i\e w fio will be ic.ns obnox-1 solute necessity, and to save the Union, men of freedom on this continent, confessed to sav will reach the ears of most of the assem-i OTTUMWA, IOWA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 11,1860. that whenever this banner of ours, this star- vou insisted upm ext'nding the Wilmot practically exclude 1 freemen—because ex- concession "for 1 he purpose" a^he said, "of the ad-. To gain office in a political party and share here before you State, it is very easy its government from ing of men opposed to the extension or ag grand'/."mi nt of slavery, could be held with out being dispersed by the mob, acting in concert with the general opinion of the country. When the people of the fr^e States were thus domoralized, what wonder is it, thnt for twe've years all debate on the subject of slavery, or the presentation of the subject by the people, oven in the form of a petition, was repressed and trampled under loot, and late as the year lrtoti afler nearly all these' atrocious missions had been made, and we yvcre brought to the necessity of going You aQ Kuhj^t of establishing r'L »i e demoralized he wdio is freedom that tliey would consent to a sub- you will learn from a fact wdiich I have nev­ oflensive and olnoxious v. rsion of the Union to produce it, because or before mentioned, but w hich I will now ', deinoraiiznl aepresentat.ves may naturally dare to delay. Most men, i me, alter the passage of th slavery laws of ago the Governor of Massachusetts— I public south as.scmbly, sent two S-nators Congress tions, and then tlnv voted against it with out instructions wh?n it came to tho practi- even our Judges er to let the that year, that he despaired of the "cause of better time humanity. In after the repeal of the more Missouri Compromise, without prHlucing so con- much r.larm as r. considerable thunder storm can-' would do in tho nation, there was only- one mail left, w ho hoped against the prevailing You seo how thi has worked in demoral- demoralization and yvlio cheered and sustidn- to r^'cord it does not dare to that first and freest of the Slates—actually betrayed so far by his zeal that he became stioul«l doomed seditious, and should be nun was wnon ne caned up,,,, ,1r »tr*nioral"'.ation of the power of dissolved by the police! The Governor of1 abrogation of the Missouri Compromise, and s«r-1 that high office, dm ing his a.lmlnistration, said I yvas saddened and disappointed. I and within your lifetime and mine, actually would persevere, but it was again-t hope.— there of that near twenty rears was a period in of w hi^h n 1 Trumbull. Loud an 1 pro- A voice—"We'll send send him again. ["We v I marveled wh"n I rose to-day and saw this immense Mi ssouii Compromise. Rut, fellow-oitizens, let by-gones he by gmes. I hive s-en the tinn when I had is little courage and as little resolution on this subject as most of you. [Laughter. I i Christian Church, with all !t sects, bent it- was horn into the demoralization—I was l»orn a slaveholder, and have some excuse, wdiich you have not. All these things were done, not l»e.\aus-\ on loved slavery, but because you loved the Union. When slavery became identical in the pub lic mind with the Union, how natural it was, even for patriotic men. t» approve of, or to at least excuse, and tolerate slavery? How odious did it become for men to be Freeso'l ers and be regardad as Abolitionists, when to be an Abolitionist was, in the estimation of mankind, to be a traitor to one's cuntry How'naturally was it then to believe that slavery after all might not be so very bad and to believe that it might b? necessary and might be right at the same tioie, or on some occasion, which thins and occasions were al ways a good way off from themselves "es pecially. how natural was it. when the whole a jiossible chance, and tide-waiter in the 'cre'ap* of State, a Minister in a foreign urt, of a President of tho Unit id States. How cool 1 you expect lhat a people, every one of whom is born with a a fair expectation of i pun­ ishment one single culpiit out of the thous ands of pirates wdio bring away ?laves from Africa to sol in foreign lauds—now could you expect a simple agricultural people such as we are, to be so much wiser and belter I have brought you down, fellow-citizens, to tho time w hen this demoralization was al most complete. How assured its ultimate j- success scented, after the compromise» 1830 'ds pretlir-tion just, yvas afterwards i considered all public meet- lltu the were revealed political frees which I to my observation. saw ''IwPP^ Jl that freedom in the future States of this con tinent, wns the necessity of this age, and of i this country". I saw that the establishment of this as a Republic, cons-rvativo of the iight«kof human nature, was the came of the whole yy. r'id and I saw that the time had come when men and women and ch'ldron were departing from their homes in the east ern Sta'es, and were fol'owe »r attended by I men, w omen and h'ldr. n from portion of the comniun'ties from which they hail come, I knew that thev had the ii'S'inct of interest, and below and deeper than that, the better in-tinct of is. tice. [App'ause.] Anl I said, I wi 1 trust thein, I will trust ti es exile* inv faith ind relim v Innccfirfhis on the poor, not on the rich on the humble, not on the great.— [Applause.] Aye, and sad it was to confess, but it was so. I said, henceforth I put mr trust not in mv native countrymen, but I put it in the exile from foreign lands. He has an abhor-cme for, and In has nnverbeen accustomed to, slavery by habit. Here be will sMy and retain these Territories free.— Applause.] I I wr,« even painfully disappointed at first, in seeing that the emigrants to the West, had no more consciousness of their interest in this que stion, when thev anived here, than they had in tlnir native countries. The: Irishman, who had struggled ngamst op-! pres-ion in bis own country, failed me the! I German seemed dull, stupid and unconscious of the duty that devolved upon him. This' is true but nevertheless. said that the in-! terest and instincts of these people would ultimately bring them out. and wh n the The process was easy. The slave States of the South had demoralised the fioe States of the North by giving them prei lencios, i sccc'aryships, foreign nii»ions, and post i offices. Ami now, here in the Northwest, we will buil up more free States than there are slave S'ates. Those free States having! a common interest in favor of freedom, equal i to that of the Southern Slave States in favor of slavery, yy.ll offer to Pennsylvania, Now York, Connecticut. Massachusetts anil Newt i Jersey objects yvorthy their ambition. Ap-1 pltiuse.] And *o day, I see the vi ry realiza- i tion of it all. I can give yon advocates for fivedom in the Northern ^tates, as bold, as out-spoken, as bravo, and as mfident of the durability' of the Union, as you can find for' slavery in the Southern States. Ave, and i when the Southern States demoralize the free States by saying they will give their t.-ade and tr ifli buy their silks and their linens, i and other trumpery, provided thev can buy their principles in the sale and the bargain must be struck, I said, there shail be, in I those new free States in the North-west, men who will s ly, we will buy your silks and linens, and your trumpery of every sort, we will even buy more, an I pay you quite as I well, provided you do not betray your prin ciples. [Applause. All this was simply restoring the balance of the Republican system, bringing in a counter force, it) favor of freedom to coun teract the established political agencies of slavery. You have heard that I have said lhat the last Democrat is born in this nation. Laughter and applause. I say so, however yviih the qualification before used, that by I Democrat I mean one who will maintain tho Dciiwrrntic principles which constitute the present creed of the Deincratio party.— i" Hear, hoar yve understand it."]—anil for i the reason, a very simple one, that slavery I ^cannot pay any hmger, anl tie Democrat' does not yyork for anybody who does not pay. [Great applause. 1 propose to pay all kinds cd" patriots, hereafter, just as they come. Ij propose to pay them fair consideration if! they will only bo true to freedom. I pyn- i pose to gratify all their aspirations for wealth as much as the slave States can. But, follow citizens, we had no |arty for is principle. There was the trouble. Dem ocracy yvas the natural ally of slavery in the South. We were either Whigs, or if you please, Americans, some of us, and thank I God I never was one—in the limited sense of1 the term. [Cries of "Good," "Good," and applause.] Rut the Whig party, or the Amciiean jwriy, it not equally an ally of the Slave party in the South, was, at least, a treacherous and unreliable party for the in-1 terests of treedom. [That's so.] Only one, thing yvas wanting, that was, to dislodge from the Democratic party, the Whig partv, and the Native Amesican party, men enough to constitute a Republican party—the party of freedom, [applause.] And for that w e are indebted to the kind 'ness, unintentional, no doubt, cf your dis itinguishod Senator, now u c-mdid iio for the Presidency, Mr. Douglas—[laughter]—wdio, in procuring the abrogation of the Missouri Compromise, so shattered the columns of these pa tics, as to disintegrate thorn, aul I instantly there yvas the material, the prepar at ion, for the onslaught. I Still there was yvanled an occasion, and that occasion was given, when, in an hour of madness, the Dom cratic party and Administration, yyith the sympathy, or at least the acquiosence, of the Did Line Whigs und the native Ameri cans, refused to allow the State of Kansas to exercise the perf vt freedom in choosing ho twet-u 1.1**1 ty and slave.y, which they had promised to her, except she should exercise it in favor of slavery. Then came the hour. We had their, fellow-citizens, the materia! i for a party yve had the occasion for a party and the Republican party sprang into exist ence at once, full armed. I will never know ingly do evil lhat go«l may come of it I yviil never even wish that otlicrs may do evil I that go:nl may come of it and fjr thesini-! pie reason that 1 knoyy evil Ik- certain, .m the good only possible or problematical. Hut no man ever rejoiced more heartily over the birih ofhis first born, than did wh ti I saw the fol'y and madnesh of the rej**d of the Missouri Compromise, Hnd the^ivjectjon c.f Kansas, applause. 1 These aid*. I sajd to myself, are the doings of Presidents, of Seti atom, bf Judges, of Wiests and vf Ik aeons i and when the Republican party -organized ammmmtmtKM G.khI!) rhe Europ an nations,—ill of them crowded out by the press of populati n upon subs:st *nro in the older parts of the yvorld. and all making their way up the Hudson River, through the E'ie Canal, along the Railroads, by the way of the Lakes, themselves in n mighty flool, ovit Michigan. Towa. Indifinn, and Illinois, and even to the banks of the Mississippi. I knew that these conpi-sts were plant i in* a town every day, and a Stite every three years, heedless and nnconc°rned as they were, thinking only of provision for their immediate wants, of shelter and lands to till in the West—I knew the interest which they would 1 five wdien they should g-t them, and and that Wa*. that th-.y should own the land themselves [Cries of "good, good," and ap pla isel— that si vcs should not come ioto competition witli them here. [Renewed applause.] So, as thev passed by me, steamboat load i after steanilioat load, and rnilrrtftcl train after! railroad I rain. Miough tliey were the htirn-1 blest and p'-rhaps tfie least educated and least rarn"d 1 S'ates which th *v plant and rear and fortifyr i shall apply for admission into the Federal Union, they will come not as slave Stat *s but i as fr e S'ates. [Applause] I looked one! step farther. I saw how we could redeem all that had leen lost and redeem if, too, by appealing to the vcrv passions and interest-! tha* had lost all. [Ilenr, Hoar!] 1 opposite of oars. They propose to extend slavery and to use the Fed ral Government to do it. Let us suppose him elected. Will that .satisfy tho American people? [cries of "No, no!"] W ill that set lie the question [No, 110 partv meeting, as vast as this, and ask for a vote of confidence of James lhichanan, thev would sav No. just as emphatically as vou itself, I said now is the work complete. their Torritori s in favor ofslavery? Are [Good! have the right by their leave, and vou ought not to do it w idvuit. to oTer und put .to vote negative ro.s|Hnse tb .t you get here, only a Broc-kinridge, because he proposes to follow in the footsteps of Mr. Buchauan, who is re- Itrockinri 1 e.i is clot ted. Dothat settle the How much I have besn cheered in this'consent to that? If they were, whv "did long contest, by ing that enly stolen, stir-j th-y n consmt to the proposition of tho reptitious advantag"» were gained bv slivery. President, that the people of Kansas in tin form of receipts and edicts and laws on shou'd be subject ed to slavery under the La the statu*? book, w hie the cause of fre?-' compton Constitution? Then, they said, dom brought in, fust California next. New that was the act of the people. Hut if the Mexico. w i her o institution claiming free- i pe nb' of thcTeriitorv should clecide in favor dom next Kansas m*xr Minnesota anil of Frei dom, are the slave States going to a* noxt Oregon yo may all k-iow, if you ps- quiesee? Xo, because th y have tlnir can sihly rem euib'T the song of jov, n »t s i- didate i.i thr* person of Rroc-kinrid -e to otic, but as full ef truth and ippiness, ps Try them now by their candidates. Mr.' Line tin represents the Republican party.— [Hearty jipplau e He represents election by the You have piestion in favor of slavery Th -n you will ha\ pub ty, again, poned tin*question for four years more: and far more serious, possibly fatal. the people will ne^t and will not b^ con- thev like it *-ct er under Mr. Dnugfa^ Mr. the song of Mitiam, wl.i. I tin n u'tered, lost battle. dec'a'in: that th »t was the end. and ihe vie i Rut Mr. Douglas' proposition may r'jsult tory was w'm. u applause. The bit- in a different whv. He says, if f" under tie is ended r.nd the victory is ours. Why stnnd him lightly, that it is iinma'c-iUl to then, say thc^v, why not withdraw from the him. nt least, be has no right and do not field For the sample reason that if the vie- I propose to decide upon the question, whether torietire* from the field, th" vanquished they vote slavery up or down. [Laughter will then come back, and the battle w ll .lot Then they will vote shivery up in iomeT. r he won. Why ^hmid the victor withdraw, ritories, and vote it down in s nne other Tcr and surre ider all his co iq ie«ts to tin con- ritories. That, fellow citizens, will be Com quered enemy Why should bo pi ice the promise are you going to satisfied with enemy back upon the fi Id. and withdraw his new Compromise? You have tii.-d thein, legions into tin far distance, to give him a and und thnt ihey arc never kept. On the chance to re-c.^tablidi the line that has been whole, yo« are very sorry that thfy nrtie broken np? ever made. This Republican party will now complete B'»t is ac mprotnise flntis brought rdxwt this great revolution. I know it wiil, be n that way. the irresponsible act of Squat ('er cause, in the fir place, it clearly perc?ives Sovereignty in the Territories, to satisfy the its duties. It is unanimous upon this sul- slave States Thev have repudiated Mr. jfct. We have ha 1 hesitation heretofore., u-1 is. ill ablest man cmong iheai all, but the creed to whic-h I have a'ready ad- s virted, yvi.idi issued from that Council they Will not b-satisfied with a Squatter Chamber now re un, announce I the true Sovereignty that gives any Territory w hat detenninati ii. and embodies that great, liv- ever to the fr e States. ing. nati mil i lea of Freedom, with wdiich 1 I have now -monsti-nteu you, 1 think, begin. I know that the Republican party that the Republican pirtv is the on'y pogi w ill do it. because it finds the necessary for- 'i It leaves the subject of Slavery in the once, have yon not Can yon n bear an slare to the care and responsibility of other defeat [Yes, br.lf a dozen of them] the slave States alone—(loud .-li-ers)—You will nt have to I am sure. I Laughter.] ding by tho Con-titution of the country, Rut I am supposing the purpose of argu wliich mnk -s the slave States on this subject ment that we are defeated by a coali i n.— sovcr ign an 1, trusting that the end can- Did any one ever know a cau-e that was lost not be wrong provided that it shall confine when it was defeated by n coalition? [No.} itself within its legitimate line of duty, there- There was a coalition in Europe five vears by making fret dom pari mount in the Fed-j ago in which Hungary was defeated bv the er.d Governm-iit, and mak ng it th.* i»t'-re .t: c- aii'ion of Austria with Russia but Ilun of every American ci*i/.-n to sustain it as gary lias rs.n up again to-day. and the such. I know that the Renubb'ean patty alition is understood to f.e dissolved. [Ap will succeed in this, b-cause it is a positive plause."} There was a coalition two or und an active party. Lis the only partv in three years later, in which Russia yvas de the country lhat is or can be positive in its i feated by the eombination of France and action. You have three other parties or England, but Russia is just as strong, just forms of parties, but each of them without as stewlily pressing on iqon Constantinople, the characters ies ofa party. You are to to-day. as she has boon every day from the choose. The citizen is to choose between I time of the Czar Peter until now. And while the Repub'icaii party and one of the a p-stponi my hopes u|hii an adjournment. party which has determined that not one more I slave shall be imported from Africa, or trans- tho battle begins. There is no danger, an ferred from any slave State, domestic or for-' not much disg-aee in being beaten by ooali eign. and placed upon the common soil of! tions and there is no danger because thev the United States. [Cheers If you elect ire tali tions. The more the coalitions are him, you know, and th world knows what necessary, the less are they effectual. One you have got. Take the case of Mr. John party is always stronger than two other par Roll, an honorable man, a kind man and a| t'°S a ntest, unless the whole result is very learned man, a very patiiotic man a i staked upon a single battle*. man whom course quite as much as everywhere el-e, as whole matter is, that there is a lime when here where my yvord maybe regarded as the ration needs and will require and de simply complimentary but what does Mr. mand the settlement e,f subjects of contention. John Roll, and his constitutional Union—' That time has come at last, when the parties what is the name of his party? Constitu- »n this country, loth of the slaveholdin^ tional—Union, is it not? 'Laughter. J— States and of the free States, both the slavi What docs Mr. R,!l and his Constitutional, holder and the free laboring man, w ill require Union party propose on this question? He people, what then? MoI do. In the demonstration for Mr." Douglas 'M,1CV' which is to be n.adc here day afler to-morrow- —1 shall not boho-e, and yyoulel not have the right to itppear if 1 were—but anv of vou •wis OLD SERIES, l' That is only what Mr. Ruohanan to go into a Rell-and-Ev.rett National Union VOL. 12,NC.«I KIIMH—s I «AO. i 11 Adtanti'. you, the people of the free States, \roing to cmtiirn the war, until thev shall regain tEe thev have r»'p««dinted hiin altegeiher, IneaufW y ces in all the free States adequate. I trt.-t, to *nt. The Republican part y Ins one fadh, achieve success, and has forces in reserve, one creed, one baptism, one candidate, ami and increas:ng. in every Slave State in the will have but one victory. [Applause.] The Union, and only wniiing nntil tin snc-ssof power of slavery has three creeds, three the Republican paity in the fre- States will faiths, and is to have three victories.— lie such as to warrant protection to debate. [Laughter Th v hnv» openly nf •sued and free suffrage in tho sl ve Stales, [ap- or. rather, the secret leaks out, ihrongh con plau.'e.] Rut. above all, I knoyy it, because »erations and consultations that tliey do the Republican party has what is necessary* not expect to get a single victory, anv more in every revolution—chosen the right line than you expect they will. All- th ir hope ofpilicy. It is the policy of pea1-"and mor- and endeavor is t» defeat the Republican ai suasion of fro -doai and suiTYige the party, an I tak the chaac s for share of th policy not of fr e. but of, apjilause) fruits to result from your defeat. [Applause.] It returns kindness for unkindncs* fervent! Suppose ill y 11-ul I. by iubinati risand increased loyal13- for demonstrations ofdis coalitions, secure the defe of the Republi loyalty. patience a- becomes tha strong in cm party, are you go::ig stay defeated? contentl in with the weak, (app'ause.) You have hoc 1 defeated e prrtv. Rut 1 show it by another aigu- she has a' ated nothing of -r purposes, an 1 nothing of hope, she his glined strength. So, all the efforts of the statesmen of both France and England, are required to keep them from falling out vith each other before respect, and in social inter-j l»ut feiiow citizens, the explanation of the- tn proposes to ignore it altogether not to know must he repressed. Th time has come that there is such a question. If we can repress it. The people wiil have it repressed, suppose such a thing possible as Mr. Bell's Tliey are a '—a settlement of the conflict. not to He "d n, the case of New Mexico, "ft will not stay territories of the United Slates, aiul ignored. It yvill not rest. It cannot rest.— cl the decision four applause.] years, and that is all Postponing does not ^"d bccause it is neccssary that It should settle it. When defending law-suits, 1 have done, is exactly the reason why it seen times wdi» n I thought I won a great ad- done. It cannot be settled otherwise, bo vantage by gettimr an adjournment, [laugh- cause it involves a question nt justice and of ter,] but I always found nevertheless that it conscience. It is for us not merely a ques was a groat deal better to bo beaten in the! t'.on of policy, but a question of moral right first ins'ance, and try it again, than to bang aru [Renewed sents a party that proposes a policy the laughter and applause. It is a very different thing when the slaro Take the other: Mr. Rreckinridgo rcpre-: ot wh ltever raow or matl m» has already done. And if I should put a* vote to this audience, 1 a n sure I should get i ,. s no vote of confidence in Mr. Buchanan INo, qnestion of human r.^.t- and therefore, no, no!] That is of r»urv. But if I wciv 11 n ilt ls tl tK*d Wv{,'Lh ,uari a resolution of confidence in James Ruchan- i'^'U, the lead, the cop an, and you would get precisely the same P' 'J10 little louder. Apn!aus:e and laug'ater. "*'1" i tic only human hand whic.y Then the people are not going to elect Mr. cai1 jected. Grant, however, owing to some hi man la'tor, guided strange inisapprehension, or some strr.nge human ir.telli.^ nee and human purpose, combination, thev may obtain ali they hom\ ver y IlniJ and indireclv, "if not diroc-tb make Mr i white man, will have neither the strength Rreckinridgo Presi.ient. Supp«\se that Mr.. to be :,c ,'aVv* tent to do under John ll. Why should where we are tiie tirr.t pc.sesaors and tirst Ik. ,A.* ,n,l *r tlx-r, is Uror _"" It to be forever disputing ig- °'d issues and controversies. New norod the quos'ion until the day of election f° national action will come up. This con came, but it will not stay ignored. Kansas troversy must be settled and end^d. The conies anl asks or demands to be admitted Repub'ican party is the agent, and its suc into the nion. Th? Indian Territory, also, cess wid terni-n ite the contest about slavery south of Kansas, must be vacated by the 'the New States. Let this battle be deci Indians, and here ac once the .slavelnklors 'h'd in favor of freedom in the Territories, present the question as they w ill also do in upon subjects 't one slave yvill ever be carried into the in, i .the lor Irrepressible that Conflict. [Great. icill bo duty, it is wrong, in our judgment, to perpetuate by our votes, or to extend slavery, lol Pr°P es to verv exteiul shivery for that 0f, 'j a question of merchandize, nation, in our esti- a,v IHi /i n °t merchandize. Accord­ ing to our faith, thev all have a natural right to be men but in the estimation of the other party African slaves are not men, but mer chandize. It is, therefore, thing more or less with them than a tariil'qu stion ques tion of protecting commerce. With us it is anil settled ia fuv«»r of the st,a-v, |,st Hs t,v,*ry ques- favor of the 1 i^ht always But :t Ul:t n u favor of ,he 0l,r 1 q«»*tioa of !t i8e nn,1 v hm th,t wii1 »et- Hopubhoan side, because '^.est policy is the development of tho *"d the increase of the population, unci strength ot the public. Every "1WS £r h'nielf, and no mail need be s vcr an nl'l,'!lU'i al the gold in our mountains a,e to be dug out by the human the hand ofa froeman. (ireat Lvery man sees thai this wealth ^tnugth end gieatness arete I e kn tw- that tho s'aye, even if he nor tilc »t-dligcnc.', nor the virtue to ear* «'oa5t'!.V f«r ih-e skve .has a simple before hi.n il is to efTect the n ir or 5icnt or the more mon expe­ ct m-* ri.-e once bee htbvr is ti necessary. w ho now e tvnpy the ir sites but upon soil u 4 "V v*'? 1 lhe 00 lhcr banJ u .»[* 1 way. Tuev don't w'ant it ignoiv.1, but that "i"' torture and it belongs to the Tenitonei and they ignorance anl settle it better and uiore wisely tl^an wo can. What can they do? Have lii'v set.k-d it in AVtt 'Jti".?'! f, n :.ritrr ox rru :H PiiF^

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