Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, November 22, 1860, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated November 22, 1860 Page 1
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f|EW SERIES, VOL. ft, N0.4«, I •M NOIt ts IK, Proprietor. jg, IS PUBLISHED EVERT THURBDAY IN ^TJlwdl^O 72"' S BLOCK, (THIHD FI.OOB) vrrcrjnrj, wapello co., towa, By J. W. & G. P. HORRIS. mt„T E It II S: IMVAUlABLY IN ADVANCE One copy, p«rye»r 11,60 Fourcople* ft,Oft. X«n V 12,00. Twenty" .. ... 24,00. jersoni wishing to subscribe for a lest time thou one fltar can do «o by retnlttio* tlie amount the.v wUh to HI?" irpi""prHf"I. inn.i case v. ill we .'Mernew bames unk-ss tin art- a 'com par, ltd wit) morcy. Moral Significance of the Timt-a. SERMON BY TIIE REV. n. W. BETCMFR. •$Mr. Beccher preached a sermon one even fcgg recently, to a very largo audience, from the llowing text: the children of I«sachar. which were men that aave unrlprst and'nir of the timet, and know what Israel onpht to do."- I. Chronicles, chap. 12, part of fat 23d verge. SIIc said: Saul was a man of courage, and Of many good and kind sympathies yet a proud, jealous, and despotic man, who spent much of his time in chasing David. It would be difficult to say whut David hid done tie was peaceful, loving, loyal, and in the per formance of duty a man of scrupulous fidel ity yet Saul kept th- king lorn a turmoil With his envy and anger. At la^tSaul came t^anend. and slew himself. It was natur al then, that David should be chosen King and the men of Issachar wero the men who knew what ought to be done, and th^y did it. The event justified tlx ir course never was reign more glorious than that of David.— To be sure he had his troubles he had a comely son, With a foul heart, who contrived Wgot power into his hinds. But he was 1Wfry soon overthrown, nnd died dangling frOm an oak. If every oak would bear such fruit the people of this land could afford to plant o .k trees frotn one side of the conti nent to the other. Our savior in his day re buked the hypocrites who did not under stand the signs of the times, nnl the man did meddle :n. and refu :ed fit at the expense of the governed, is a des- differs from others only in bein- bolder, nftore irresponsible, and more eutirely sub ject to avarice, lust, and arbitrary *(pakness with it. Meanwhile, every argu-1 uient for oppression since the days of Nimrod and Pharaoh is reproduced in our times all i the old clothes of past despotisms are vamped Up for modern uses. The virus of infamous ages has been collected to inoculate the Jftung blood of the new State but, thank Ood, it would not take- Nothing is ever so much agrieved as despotism, and in our day nothing suffers so much aggression as Slave- Yet it is undeniable that Slavery has con trolled this Government for more than 50 years. It was its destiny, for Slavery must ttther muzzle our free institutions, or it must die itself. But there arose, in God's provi- i .",Sl?ry ^nce, a spirit of investigation and again in i ry cannot live if free specch i» allowed to I iive. To be sure there is a free discussion t|»at is allowed in the Slave States they who whole power of Southern demanded silence in the fcr free speech. The next great step was the A 'tr (ftttll mhn flTftllVdM* he»n abused and wronged! Have stolen the i VJ/U UI 111» Government having perjured every line of revolutionary mem try, having grossly tra vestied ths whole testimony of our fathers turned the Ship of State end for end th«y to do either. tttcse things, the Master of all religion laid it, to1his charge n* a sin. Then, men -round! °"!y fT? L^t us not resemble them. Now, if ever, ^6S °U Wtn should under-tand (he moral m«anin? »f events. In hi-lory the gravest events ^83 er the moralv»lue ofthinp. He proposed #Rt to s,ve shown hv the voice of ©rents during the Stand crying and weeping that theyare vic- r,7 dl?I""1 anii tho.il our Savior w,to .tupid, and Fa* „0 «he pwer oftn» groae move. nira] Mgnifieancp in tl.eevenl.of thedav 1 1 .hej shut up their reIi5io„ in .he ehuroh.- not ourow" n? likC a p&wer. Such a system carries inevitable |tlor™' hi place as chief ta® s^^a e Sl^ch a v,c^7over would t0 *r time Christ came to the grave and called \Uonf^- guanis forth, and he came. The Jew said,1 °°nsi,Ier el in 8afety *hole land and Ikcre were not wanting tn-n at the North, and sPeak ^ho mu ithavo b-en born hit« by mistake, oHiberty wh. can mea.su™ it- futuro gl«y. tfho declared there ought to be punishment Mr. Beeeher then cons.de.ed the duties we, owe Texas history. Next the war with Mtxico. temptations to corruptions, in any party It was but one step more to the repeal ofthe coming into power. We must be eareful Ifissouri Compromise and the Dre 1 Scot de-! end preserve our principles and maintain the dsion. Thes3came together with their b«its! right. We must not quench the light fcrged on the Smithy of injustice, ready to make it burn brighter, we must educate to ^cd i launched against Freedom. The mana-! keep the essential spirit of Liberty. We tim ofpconstant ersecution. But ths la inch pes and rafts. Suppose the hindmost one of free territory for Slavery,has been pillaged, should threaten, if the steam-r did not eon Consider some 'of the events on the oth- form ex ictly to her wishes, she would cut er side of this conflict. In this great work, the rope. It would be unpleasant to the the turning penod of which We celebrate raft thus left behind, but the rest would go °!!,!ihV?re0-r1'u the nWny the engine w lifted but when there is no escape i, K for the steam but through the joint3 and seams, and th3 boiler trenib'es and shakes, then stand one side for there is danger. Dumb doers bite barking dogs don't. Therefore, all honor to free speech. It is the channel through which men let off their pa««ions innocuous. Thetefore, when you art in a cause, see that it touches the bottom Almighty God. Then talk it. If men muzzle you, talk on—talk living, and talk dying. There is no peril in talking We A,taV«'',y,,»«^ this recnetieir 'h 0 e s p0 1 master abolititon. It i lts dawn with no more noise than the morning themselves, From all the opposition to this, there came i •tar great developments complete them-! adnnmstrati cil.^ntlxr I such reasoning and such loud discussion1 sejve* silently. e must be sensitive and sensible if we would see the beginning and ejiding of great things. Now, another his tiric dat* is reached in th°! history of the ^rerld. The landing of the pilgrims gave us one date the Fourth of July is renowned as another groat date but the 6th of Novem ber, 18(Vj, will hereafter take ink with the landing of the Pilgrims and the -declaration of Independence. They are links in the great chain of gold by which God is measur ing time an 1 fix ng eras and moral develop ments in this world. We have entered up o* a new day the wheel is turned com pletely around—it has made an entire revo lution. It is fit then that we should consid- •was when the first drum beat in theRevolu .. v this is one of the results of defeat not tell how many funer.ils of the Anti-Sla very cause he had attended how Presbyte ries and Synods had put their foot upon it— but it was not there now it had been kicked out of doors yet it is strong and flourish ing. So when Christ received the kiss of Ju das, they thought thny had conquered him n Cak ary. his interpretation of things Ood tl,CJ t!,0 ,. House of Representatives, not to mention tmn. Notice again, the lig.ot for tne future: i ,u a• .... ™„1.„ nc «k i 7 i u- u i ... neath his cross: when they lifted him up on I and «ith unuttemMe aeonvhedied i"" ,,t llK,ir vlo, but it leempiished' I ».,» their everlasting defeat flow I'S' past ha,f century. Second, to consider the it) reunito its disjointed fragments. The relations of these results and evenis to the the and evenis to the fttttire. Third, what things further Christ ian men ought to do. First, we have a new proof the ruinr.us nature of despotisms.— What is despotism Any government which employs its powers for its own bene ham Lincoln shall stand as President of the txecutive potism. We have had the lesson before our ns place. We sh.ill see. "We must gr at v ctory we luvejmt achieved is but eyes, that the despotism of the plantation when made by convictions of judgment and o-nscienee, rather than by arras and revolu- T«° th® tt'lationS w Uie IUUire' rwu'J,ed ,tS hi«hcst the life of Lazarus, for he is a living evidence of the miracles of Christ. So Slave- i °n h'oodshed. Ten years ago we could .8 of in Probabl' have caused one hundred 1 S g' wh°"e se°"ls tf, ifyou will believe the wojds of its defense, ®rythuig got)d, and working for everything I lift.'! lVrA n kA i* 1 1. 1 1 to be in As o disunion, as he hid endeavored to speak about fact, and not fable, he thought it hardly had a p'ace in the sermon yet, if they should prefcist in disunion, it would he liks a scene he saw in the North River, of a little steamer towing a great number of bar- fHStC'r- But of them almost unknown, who first agitated I ton left, nnd, if actual armies ciuld not scare in Ix half of Liberty against Slavery were the i u, empty threats will not be likely to. He truest martyrs this age has seen. Mr. Beech- spoke this in all kin lnr s. But ho had no er said he must bear witness though he such fears he believe that Palm ftto 'and Was not of his party and did not agree with the Pine would »in together for liberty, and All his views, to the fidelity of m. Loyd all the North and South there will be cordial Garrisrtt. He then referred to the early grasping of hands of freemen for Freedom.— history of the Anti-Slavery movement, o v Then shall be the dawning of millennial sore':e* churches, every thing was against it glory for, when a great nation lik- this ri y« it lived and prospered. Wo should see .sas up against iniquity, and stands free be what il the power of moral fore the world, it is a spectacle that can be principle, steadily pressed, Over all resitanfce. Tt cannot be destroyed.— We should never b" aft aid of minorities, so tlmt minorities are only based on a great moral princ'ple We should also take notice of the safety and of the power of free speech. Free speech, however unpopular, has been omnipotent. Speaking is God's safety valve for a free people, and if suppressed it works within till there nre revenges, riVts, and revolution-. Judging by this standard, hi did not think there was much dagger of revolution in Sdtoth Carolina. They talk too much. There is no danger of explosion when the safety valve of an th°y but the humble and the few. The men many have something of Bunker Hill and Lexing-j the na.ion? It is t.ireatcned he *hal! iot|be renewed and vigorously pressed. The hundred year ago such a change dogs they only bark at everything giod ^einocrats and 18 Union. If so, the next and excellent. In the second place, we iatiom history to the future. of lhi" eventive Point' not g0 thls conflict ©elieve in Slavery have a right to talk, and|sh"1U S'ow stronger from his ljJ)body else. This is what they call free'lime- He hailed the time, fbr he discussion. When John Quincy Adams and believed it would come when he might trav eller men began to speak in Congress, the I °°ln This era is the giRantic U terM" through Virginia, and when all! from g] i o E s o o i n feeling rose up and the people ofthe land would again join hands for er of the Government shall be the exponent looked, the key was fitted, the hand stretch-, ces of victory. There are always croakers.' .. u u rm ,, ..u forth to turn the key when God launch- and timidity is infectious, but we must make an omnipotent bolt that dashe 1 both fet courage infectious also to make it spread.— igain. It was the last time. With all th!s firmness, and havc no shuffling off and frit-' Englahd, with much success. They give a Cann0t SCare U": W6 jong to no otherpiriol that thi latter-day glory. Miy Godl in His timi advance (bis confiimation. The Prospect Before Us. Tt is not to be supposed that the election of Abraham Lincoln as President i»r these United States—conspicuous and glorious triumph as it is—will at once restore the country to political harmony and qui t, though we are convinced that the agitation raised in the South will gradually and surely subside into peace. We shall hear some thing in leed, of the secession and disunion i proj-cts with which th? ultra anti-Republi- 4, 0 cms in the South, and their servile organs in this C.ty, da!clv attempted to frighten us in'o the abondonment of our principles and our rights. But we trust that what talk we do henr of this sort will end in no acts that are not well considered and deliberately pre pared. Vehement resolutions of Southern State Legislatures in bthalf of so-called Southern rights, calls for Southern Conven tions, and even the meeting of the same, may naturally influence, as hitherto, the local politics of the States which take part in them, without, of necessity, seriously aff.'Cling the integrity of the Union. But th: Republicans must prepare them selves to encounter something much more f'S-'H and formidable—a combination of all the elements 0f the Opposition to nullify so far as possi- ,ut the libes ty 1,1 the victorj'we hive obtained, and so to (|e]ay for a w],i]c that to-day there is better knowledge North u.. w i .. have in view. We have secured the Prob and South, and better understindine of the u ,, dency, but the other departments of the great principle of human rights, than there i i „no ,j longer those reforms in the n of our Federal affairs the main objects which the Republican party Federal Administration—the Senate and the coJ th« Ju^ciary-are ar? wh n di"} hauled him before the ^anhedrnu i_" at midnight when he marched bound be si,II the hands of oppo­ nents. We have placed ourselves in a po sition to prevent much evil in the misuse and abuse of Executive patronage and authority, i We have the politicians »f the anti-Republi can par'v, loth North and South, to under stand that the feelings, sentiments, instincts, and interests of the great free-labor masses no' to t'3 tr.imV.ed upon with itmunitv. But th^ party whosa misconduct of our na- p'rf" «erp^nts hissed when John Quincy Ad-j conspiracy between the slave interest of the ams spoke for liberty Congress. How Southern States and the dmnazoguism and can we measure the difference, when A bra- rillnkyism a t'"rty B":lsurvivc3' "«. 8™"^, in lik' di",'TOI-c'1 of the North, to engross the ad- m,nistmtion United States, in the Capitol of that same to render the free labor element as nugatory .... Ty' 'tnfI of the Federal Government, and Union as it is in the Slave States, will the essential grandeur of one step—no doubt a most imporUnt one every element of power toward the thorough reform of the adminis- tnuion of our national affairs and toward putting the question of Slavery in the Terri- torjes nt re^t n0W lt place the merest mind power. It is time to look not for the rising star, but for the broad sun light, for we must be nsarto it. Under all these circumstances we must be tender to those who do not see. There are blind men in the world. There are persons like the amiable editors of some apers, rilio,l!inS I 'rhn furthtT it has, and havc had f,aternal ".ust from idouht war- f,,ruver- Labor and struggle, wist]om and firmneas wH, 8ti„ neces sary to bring that consu»nation about.—Tribune The iVext jConBrtM As"far as elected, the members of the alwavs i of R*'!»re.sentatives of the next' Con gress stand Republican 103, Democrats 47, Union 3. The States that are et to elect, being all Southern States except California, 6T" We need not be afraid of these dumb Connecticut, New Hampshire and Rhode ,s!und' wil1 probably give 9 Republicans. 57 House, which goes into session when Lin- be°0,neS Pre8ident' wlU stand that the this recede. «\nd we have thus averted war important measures support 'he Admin- Truth and 10"' «es toPether5 may h" P»^ed away, and we "'""^ration. paaso 'to cju RePubli" 21" dire JJough t,e Housej will be apparenUy thcrpc in be no HouglasandL.uonmenw.il ^psciany as against the Disunion- cas^L'llcoln Wlli believe now that *ed majority the House tOuphold his ^e a deci- ivmas. v ln,Hionairo, vory pub:ic. must but a de was on the wrist of Liberty, the lock was must have courage to meet the conseouen- i «.i ~r u mis ,, 1• i .u n,-. 1 mi 1 liberty, when the whole pow- man in Mexico at the present time. He will I twistod together underneath. Great care to the times. There are always peculiar The song of the lark can be plainly heard f8' ""S80 when the birdis at a height of 500 feet iu the a'r andit m^ion sufficiently intense U be apprecja- our cars th,|n |»r and lock, key, shackle and hand, to tho e most be willing to take the responsi-J Wood and stoao pavement, the materials jnsure j*s lighting quickly This was a roc ground. You will never get that shackle on, bility. We must have the spirit of jaid in alternate rows, have been laid in ess he truste(i to no #iere has been a constant outcry on the part tering away of principle yet we must be good foot-hold to the horses, and are much I President? The form-rare for DisUnion, rfgUT.T. W»y,th^sbeyWv.coo«1«tary1.odw.m,t hm ^mp^hy.l^^thantoa^^^ -i fclWa^a OTTUMWA, IOWA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 22, I860. I BY LIZZIK INTYBK. Dr. Chfiantley sat alOnc in his ofBsft, hlf head re-ting on his hands, thinking deeply. He had not been thus solitary many minutes, for a fra il, delicate girl had just left him, his tie 0f the yonn„er clli](lren of the Gra"t'v hc)ut lt young man'. fath»r, ond George Grnntly In reply, the Doctor merely waved his hand toward the door, and quietly, sadlv. with no violent outburst of passion to teli parlor. There was a blaze of light then\ and Edd old "To-morrow evening .said Fannie, the Grace, who was to be the only to this delightful task. "Oh, Marion, will it have my wjrk-box?" cried llester "And my doll F* eaid Fannie. "Andmy set of china tea things? You know you promised me a new set." And, fairly started, all the children join°d in the list of demands, making a perfect Babel of the parlor. The little mantel clock struck nin«\ As the last stroke died away, Marion pointed with a smile to the clock, and the children rose, kissed their sist rs, and went merrily up stairs to bed, Fannie leading Eddie, while Hester and Lizzie.' little girls of eleven and twelve, went up ar:n i: r.r:a. "There is so much to to morrow, Graee,' said Marion, as the chamber door closed, shutting out the sound of the merry voices. ess of making a Chri*tmas tree commenced in good earnest. The square of green baize being tacked down, a large stone jar was placed in the middle of it, and in this the tree stood nobly erect. Damp sand was put round the stem till the large green tree stood firmly in its place. A flounce of green chintz round the jar concealed its stony ugliness, and over the top, round the tree, was a soft cushion of mrs It was a large evergreen, reaching almost to the high ceiling, fur all the family presents were to be placed npoti it. This finished, the process of dressing commenced. From a basket in the corner, Marion drew long strings of bright red holly berries, Ihread ed like beads upon fine cord. These were festooned in graceful garlands from the The Legislatures of various States in Nor thern Mexico have granted to General Trias ranged the tiny tipers. This was a delicato! sal and incomprehensible destiny: the exclusive privilege of building a Railroad task Long pieces of fine wire were passed a s e n i o s i s a o u e a e s a e o o a n s o and probably the most popular I clasped over the stem of each branch and likaly be the next President of Um Itah was taken that there should be a clear snap*.' 1 fire 0 have communicated to 17,888 tons of air |wr' mm&fm Froni Gody'g t&rijr'i Book. Tli4 CftiriMtmas Tree. eldest daughter and his darling, who had presents w.-re brought down from an upper D(,tor Marion was the ol 1, old story—she loved, was beloved, nnd her father frowned upon !over but, in years long past, Amos Lorine, the i ^ar6e der, Marion smiled upon the group, stifling' ^'s Christmas evening I have a gift for back her own sorrow to give thqm a Chrut- i y°u-' mas greeting.* .*, She said "Thank y'u," quietly smiling, •Oh, I wi.h it was tomorrow or|e.l iwit|.out much ofir.tere^t. die, t!ie youngest, a boy of eight years the pet, the darlinc of allthe live sisters. i' 'SJ"'a''1 O such next in order, "to-morrow cveninu fun A Christmas tree "I am sorry I did not have it this evening,' said Marion, "Ifyou are sj impatient but Aunt i.i*zi,'s box of presents from i Sow irace, who was to be the oaly one admitted York always common Christ,ias dav, and A*™, *«"»«*•*. to Ml her Mm we can make a much prettier tree if i'ts con- boughs of the tree, and while Marion was er caste, condition o» clime, as children of a thus employed, Grace and the Doctor ar-! common Father, and subjects of one univer- nMWi String of briirht Inrries 1 faPor rtwers. is calculated that the little songster pyn Kids of gilt pa- ac^ I best mode of curing hams This is all well' to judge from the multitude and varietv of w u e n o u u e i u v w i us it how tot articles the sisters drew from it. Meantime, i i u e w i i s i n e a o o a o o o I E n a n Ppjrit strings o ee s, tiny flags w 1 followed her in every movement, tried to keep up a cheerful sn.ile, for her sister's sake, yet sometimes a weary sigh would come from her overcharged heart as the contrast between these gay preparations for festivity and the weight of her oarn sorrow struck her. At la-.t, all the contents of the basket were on the tree, and then the more importan, tnother, and sister too, to room. There were marty large article.* seemingly to clumsy for the tree, but Marion carried from this interview a heavy passed around them gay-clored ribbons 111 ey cinS rivals in love, had sworn an undying, bitter branches, as if each ste~d possessed the wings hatred, and for this old qu irrel, though On the moss beneath the br.mch Amog Loring was numlM'red with the dead. Dr. Grantly was breaking the heart of l,i?! Eddie, while from the pmost branch was sen tie dutiiful child. Her last words'as she left him, uttered in low, pleading accents,! were "Father, you know I \fiil never diso Pct"'ov'no bey you but it is Christmas Eve for the day's sake, by the memory of my mother, who was taken into he iven seven years ago this evening, by the love I have ever tried to show you, forget this old quarrel. Let At 1'ngth all was ready, and, carefilly m" bring to yon one who, for my sake, will ^c^'nS*,1C doors, the trio went Up to th^ir be a son in your old agfe, who loves and re spects you. Father, do not bre .k my heart!" formed a basket work, and looped them t'ie herlovef. Thr,re was no personal dislike looked graceful. Dolls for each of the between Dr. Grantly and Morton Lorin-r branches tili even Hester's work- were cart sjatc-d on tha boughs, an la ^"r Eddie, with t.vo rses pran- before it, drove gavly amongst the top es Warion s',8Psn,ll'd rcturn her bitter grief, Marion passed out. From ''^bted the tree. The children were in the the office, across the entry, she went into the I ca'ne round the centre-table were clustered fmr ^'ere. little sisters and one brother, her mother's Hark! A voi"*e in the entry. The door of lciacy to Mari n. Grace, the one next Marion 'arS? cl-jet opened and shut again, and a pretty b:onde,jt^t entering nineteenth jthon pl^ a set of wooden animals for a S'l-^'d cage, ready for the cana- b!rd. Dr' ptlrchased for Ihe zz'e- Various mysteri »us packages, wrapped in paper and marked Grac, Marion, or Papa, were put a^de, that all the delicious mystery of Ch,is,msw preserved. respective rooms. It was Christmas evening. Ail the pres ents were on th-s tree, and irion was alone in the back parlor, waiting the Doctor's from a professional visit, before she sifting-rooni, and their eager, merry voices f*'»tly to her as she sat sadly waiting her fatber's year, lo )ked up as her sister entered. There I °P"in the door. was no discontented, fretful glance to throw Marion,' he said, taking her hands in his back her loving on? gentle, serene, and ten-1 owrn" voice summoned r.to 'y° have thought for all the others ay himp.i^.iter. 1 bring the children into the next room." Dancing feet soon sounded on the stairs, i and eager voices shouting "Merry Christmas,' as the little ones followed Marion into the front parlor. It was entirely dark. Stand- ,'"f '1'™1'«» some distance from ih. The 1 tents are hung upon it." Ull tree, one bl.7,e of li-jht. covered with ville, Spartans!,urR, Pendleton, Ai! lerson, "Won't it be tun to dres* it!" whispered g' .8.t001 ,n ,'Kr nrst.tootc for her father only for a moment. Dazzled and confused as she was by the sudden blaz 'of light, a second glance sent a full tide of happiness to her heart. "My Christmas gift," she said, softly, stepping forward. I "And I claim mine," was the reply, in a I deep, manly voice, from the tree, and Morton Loring came forward to where Marion had poused, awaiting him. Christmas was surely sot a time for quar rels, sanctified, too, as it was to the Doctor and Marion, and Dr. Grantley repaid long years of devotion to himselfand his children by making Marion happy on Christmas Thuiik'siviiig. A Thanksgiving proclamation cannot very well be written, that will not make pleasant reading by association. The 'Proclama- there are so many things to attend to that! tion may be poor enough, but the gracc of fashioned table 'blessing1 'asked' thrice daily. Whether over corn bread or cakes of fine flour, bean por ridge or the nightly loin, it was all one. e srn#U carr.vinS smallL,nn.ts Hrr'fs.sraa ',rv^ (,andies, Marion's and Grace's skilful fingers, made a brilliant show at a trifling oot, the basket 8ome person has sent us an article on the seemm possessed of unheard of capacities w n upon the wick of each little taner the Doctor i ,,, i- is,.,, u one else for fearthe I mirlH fall upon sorae nart of th that used to be Governor Banks,of Massachusetts, howev er, has made a real contribution to procla mation literature. It can be rendered like a chant: "For the favored position Whieh separates our beloved country from the political com nlication* that torture other nations, and se cures to us well regulated liberty and quiver- For the preservation of the States united For the public health and prosperity For the rich harvests of the year For the privileges of general education For the capacity and hope uf future im provement And the never failing consolations of Chris tian faith Let us remember, every aetof thanks giving for our inappreciable privilegM, the opportuni'ies that are offered For the relief of those in want The succor of the oppressed The Consolation of the afflict^ The comfort of the imprisoned The encouragement of such as am cast down And the recognition of all meo ofAbater- Prospect* In South Carolina. Correspondence of the N. Y- Tribune, Cu.vru:stom, S. C., Nov. 7,1809. Lh* join's election will lead to attempts at Secession, but I a:n convinced that they will not be supported by the majority of the peo ple, even in the State of South Carolina. In some respects, the consequences of the If found after ths 9 o'efadt 11 r'tig, without a pass from a white nlin. old Durcef or any of h:s family, th u*h worth $20^,000 As you will have seen by the limit ed cen s is returns, the number of slaves in artd about Charleston has decreased since 1850 by thousands. Generally speak:ng, the slave owners'* profit incieases every year. Not so here. The reason is this: A good able-bodied field hand of middle age is worth cannot earn the interest of three per cent gross on the suui ho is a tu i:ly worth in cash to his master if sold. In Aiabami, Tex as and other new States a $1,400 n er will and earn 12 per cent on Lis highe value ar.d ou even more. But. he cannot do it on anv riee or cotton plantation in South Carolina. Con sequently, if the UniOfi The,Stat* ^hem,'ldlc of the l^ was a rooin» I think we will dress the tree this evening.! the 'Thanksgiving' saves it. Gubernatorial heaven" sort of men. Hcnce his only chance and proper that they should be peniTuted W We can shut the folding doors, and keep the calls to prayer are usually as formal as an old becoming "head of the hong,"' k to smash children from the back parlor to-morrow, and it will not take many minutes to liang Aunt Lizzie's presents upon ths tree, when they arrive in the morning." "0 yes, we will dress it now. I'll call father." And the young girl danced off to the office, humming a merry tune. Marion, in the mem time, went out to a closet in the entry, and brought in a large baize covering for the centre of the fl tor. It was gren, and meant for the foundation of the beautiful show Marion's tree always made. Grace and the Doctor soon came in, and the proc-! sal peace up t!lc s a v s o i o n I i s w y thln* for that fX)1 to walk cab,e^'with the roar of ^nion atTOS* th*t Nia2an» under an,l hiui, somebody like himself on his back, though ten thousand other f«* go to gap star« at h"»- bouquets But for a man to walk across tlie thread of daily life, carrying, not another fool, but a soul with immortality in every faculty, potent, wonderful in scope, and power, and susceptbility, so as to keep it in balance, is not a small thing. It re quires him to be wide awake ^that is, to ieatck. Mr. Rarey, the gjreat Horse Tamer, wko has been astonishing people of both hiirh and low degree throughout Europe, will soon 4. K return to the United States. He is now in Wh*t's trene the difference between the ex- Southern fire eaters and our next iiTMfi^4rii4fp movement here, if it should be pushed too! pointed an agent to attend to the extran&W far, Must have an ttl, not In say a ding T-1 matter, and to manage the p-operty or terri oris tendency. {tory which ht-lon^ed to all. Thcso States There is one elenr :it in Cliartestnn wtiich acted in the premises as States and not as I have never been able regard with con individuals and yet it was as simple as the fidence. This is the fr *e blacks. Many nf act of thirteen in-Iividuals. Their motive fyf them are educate 1. Some of them are lieh 1 formhiT the General Union was that each their families well edurated, beautiful, intel- "»»s''t be^nefttted. The Constitution was ligent but they have no right*. One fan i-J ly I have long known, rlaraed Dunnf the is now a part of ihe Southern section—j old man is about GO years old his hair a« ""n' siction of the Uniotf. We hold white as the driven snow hi.s daughters are to the Constitutic n, and are willing W Abide educateil and beautiful his sons are well I by it« provisions, fairly and justly int'Tpret educated an I y if one of those iu^h ers wears a Vvil over h»r face, tho fir ^t police- sentiment arron "11 the intelligent people man will strip it off, fir that is only a privij- y°» will m" with in this State. We don't ege accorded th white jjirl^ wit'» no, ne gro blood in her veins. will be lo-ke 1 up in a guiv 1 h»u uotil his the Sooth. and they were never used by the Or her white iar lian come and pay the fine fram°rs the Constitution, or bv Gen. in the irninj. Thereare hundreds ofsu -h Washington in any of his papers. I theaii the deral Gov rnment, and I sav it is a in the City of Charleston, and most influ -n tial with the slaves. #1 ,300 to 400. He will bring th: t. If by the 13 States States, has been repeat sold and the money invested in Government holds, Slaverv will tend to decrease in the State of South Car olina. Negroes are not worth more than $400 to till the ground but they are tvrorth $1,400 to sell and go farih.r Si u'h. It is said that in the upper dixt: icts of this Slavery is neaily extinct. In Greenl­ and in that section generally, the population Sure which Marion at is nearly all white. Slave Lbor does not pay. That section has trebbled in popula tion, wealth and comfort in ten *ears. Verv few slaves are owned there. Something may be infered from the circu lation of each of the two leading daily papers. The Mercury has a daily circulation of about 550—3uu in the city, and 250 sent to ex changes. Of course, it is very xti nsively copied out of the State, theygh not much read in it. Nobody h?re regards it as 0? much consequence. Few business ftun read it. Its proprietor is the well known wealthy agitator, R. Barnwell Rhett. He is an am bitious man, fiery and head strong. He was once in Congress, but the x»jdo of South Carolina have no confidence in hl:n. This question is attracting attention in He tried to be senator, but they elected many parts of the nation. The Wid6 Hammond. He tried again, but the Legis- Awakes Lave done a glorious wofk iu the lature chose Mr. Chestnut. Khettisone ol i succe-sful effort to peacefully revolutionize your "I'd rather rule in hell than servo in the government, and it does not seem right he sinks about $8,WO an­ nually in The Daily Mercury to accomplish his object. The Courier is forced by circumstances As near as I can le-rn, a very practical view is taken bv the people of South Caroli na of the difficulty in which they are placed in the Union. I will try to give it. I went up the street (Meetin street) to Ih Pavilion Hotel last night. I met a planter from Wadbon Bridge who owns a large planta tion on Cooper River, and has 2.000 slaves. "Why do you wish to go out Lin-oln may make a good and ajust President askad and now the agent has become m&^t.f, ty rant, and dictator to ths principals. This Stats wont stand it." ,» "Ideno^ wm dearly kovyoQmlte UmA to go with th^ surface ctiTTent. It circulates the records and the property of the coropan about 3,000 daily. It is owneu by A. S. I ies, so that they may be made available wheil' Wellington & Co., men who ere marked A A opcaion shall require the revival of the of A In the books of Commercial reference. The working editor is supposed to be Mr. Carlisle, an amiable, talented young man. The owner don't believe a bit in s union—never did—never will. At present they run with the current. There is another pap in this city, editd by Mr. Cunningham, a gentlema.i who was' this evening. We should think that our a delegate from South Carolina to the f.i-' city Wide Awakes, at least, might make mous American Convention in Philadelphia some formal -refojuitiou of the glorious in 1856. It is an evening paper, called The Xaet, and has 100 to 150 circulation. would cost us 50 per cent less than now. It dont make much difference what Lhiroln Handkerchiefs were first manufactured .at does. W"e want to secede. We must do it Paisley, in Scotland, in 1743. Llats wtlti now or never. Tf we don't secede tao#^^ the! invented iVSpain in 1530. o i i e S o u i s o k e n U Once New England was a power iu tlie! jfifiBiiiiiiiiTnftii (WimtMiaii mm rfiliiliiili :«drpted. •Si OLD SERIES, VOL. 'f i u.TiV*|l,50in Adranrr. ont. I am dud, perh.jp^ Writ yoa infeil^ me in this regard 'f "Certainly. A« you ar? going into Green*' ville District, I'll tell you my ideas, and you will find them ext nsivcly held. As long ago as the formation and the adoption of the Coust'tutioi, thirteen States united and formed a Constitution and then they ap- Sou.h Carolina was in the boat d- This, Sir, you wiil find the prevailing regard the Federal Union, or General Go*- !rtlmf,nt.,* it "Notional ir^u Mesa,'! !-interrupted. "No, Sir, Til be d—d if I mean Nst'onafc Nation and Nut tonal are woids »ot used i|( mere wj nt. Congress is only the maker of laws. It is not the interpreter of the Conr sthution. The Constitution te sUpregie and above Congress, for it is the bond of Union —c-eated and made for the protection of the minor States, iiv re than for the mnpr. .Ma jority's can protect themselves and n*ed- no Constitution. The solemn compact, made' e^3r Bank or State stocks it will pay a nett in (States. Congress, under the Constitution, come of $110 per annum. I* it him at labor bas no right to pass a law which affects the on a plantation, and aside fr, risks, .e 'nterests of any State, or a majority of the hte 1 at the expense of Southerri States at the expense of any State cr of 4 minority of Stntes." "Do you think Charleston will be greafly^' benefited by secession T' I asked. "Yes, because, in case of separation, this city would evidet tly become one of this great comm^rc'al cities of the South. It has bat one i iconvenicnc.e. The draft of water on h.' iiaris about 18 feet, and this Bar is bat 10 miles from the city. Cast ycur eye on that map (and here he point°d out ta the map of the United States) and sec what aa immen-e region will receive its supplies from ChatIeton and forward its produce to the same poi t. Produce can now be -sent frotn the interior of Tennessee to this city, cheaper than to New Orleans or New York. soon a? the separation takes place, we shall run the steamers that ply between New York, and Charleston, between the latter citj* and England, touching at the Azores. It would pay better (ban at the North. Even as it is letters from Er.jrlard are received n the Wtai Indies sooner tlun Ly thu West Indian lias, of steamers." This ended the Conversation, and I setti it to you as correctly illustrating the opiii- ions prevailing in this city with regard the great Cj-i stion -di-a nion. What Shall BiM'oiue of the Awake Organization? die out At Albany, on the evening of election :t was with great unanimity resolved to con tinue the organization, and the same action has been taken elsewhere. There should at least be steps taken every place to preserve der. A question in seme degree akin to 'ttrtf above, is, How shall the Wide Awakes tes tify their gratification at the great triumph Of their party In several localities we Ob serve that festivals are to bcim'c ately held, and at Tully in this county one takes place achievements of the Free North, Tr a, i Ha irk savs theiiutnd sore throat (proba State. She made Congress pass just such!,, .\ i bly Plpihena) ha» destroyed many lives 1U 'aws as she pleased. She has had her Ad- i ,, n amses, her AN ebsters, and her Tariffs. What u persons in that city. Kev. A. A. tellers, id is she now i Merely New England. No ... power no one regards her. So it will be*, 1 i» -4u o .l «r 1 dv, vouching its effectiveness in most ea with the South if we dont go out now. I «as: say we, for the South will go wit hus." "Take another cisrar, Sir? What reafttt will you give What excuse," said I "D n the reason or excuse. We want'to t!iS breihern throughout Dr. Brock one* pononed a d«g, which im" mediattly plunged into a neighboring river, remained there for sometime, and ran home cured. Dogs have been repeatedly curet hydrophobia by holding them in water. A man who is not at heart ashamed of himself, n *ed not ashamed of his earljr condition in life: V lluB la u no le ing, e tep 1. most \(rti tliat applause was nw W US planters are deeply debt we should „. •, .. .. e^sarv to actors, as it gave them confidence.* not be if out ofthe Union. We should get ».** .. I Mo®#, wpUed |Se |wrtra»i "it gtvea a In-tter price for our cotton,and our gootls breatj, 1 1 I f-mt ... tneig:ibot. 4. itlmt hool, and has uoW attached t, e 11 a nt warm to go out. We have a right to go out, and i ^P^nfnl evey half hour. South Carolina will go out. The United Morm Wash.- U hite oak bark, sage and States was nothing more than agent appoint- *'um hoikd to a syrup ued as a gargla ed by So .th Carolina and the other States,!three 1 that place recommends |he folliwiug retoa RECKifT.~Qna teaspoou^il of CaytfMM pepper, one te:ispoonful of Baybery^put in Take otm water. or four tim es day warranted to niutt times out of ten. Winter, with i s frot, snow and chillinrf winds, will soon be upon us—let the pitjpf raticMH £4home oomftrt be speedily nam'

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