Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, January 16, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated January 16, 1861 Page 1
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1 B4.i» V rWW «ERiE»,T«)*.r e, W. XOilltis, Proprietor* ®|c (Dttiuulua (fourirv. ,sIS PUBLISHED EVEUY WEDNESDAY IN J^tJMIloV'S BLOCK, (TTLITLD Ttoolt) tr.4 PELL oW4%\a By J. W. A G. P. MORRIS. E S tJTVA HUBLY IN ADVANCE One copy, peryear $1,60 Tourcople* V..\. ft,no. r-'-mmn^w. 1«,«0. twenty" .VT:..... ....24«. Arsons wishing to subscribe for a less time than one year can do so by remitting the amount they wish to be so app'oprlaf rl. In no will wc enter names unless they are accompanied with money. J'I JKM ye all there! Are ve nil there Stars of my country's sky Are ye all there? Are ye all there, new ODI the New York Journal of Commerce. Stars of my Country's Sky. BY LYDJA H. SitiOUa.YBY. In your shining homes on high "Count u-s! Count us!"—was their answers As the}' dazzled on my view, Xa glorious perihelion ,, Amid their fields of Woe. FHnnot count ye rightly, There's ac'oud with a sable rim, I cannot make your number out. For niv eyes with tears arad|iB. Oh! bright and blessed angl!„ On white wings floating byt Help me to count, and not to miss One star in my country's sky. Then the the angel touche'd mine eye-lids, And touche'd the forming cloud, And its sable rim departed. And it fled with murky shrosd, There was no missing Pleiad 'Mid all that sisters rare, The Southern cros shone radient And the Pole star kept its place, knew it wV? the angel who woke the hymning strain, That at our dear Redeemer's birth Peal'd out o'er Bethleham's plain, And still its heavenly key-tone My listening country held, For all bet constellated slurs The diapason sweH'td. HAHTFOIUI, Connecticut. The War-Woman Creek.. In Georgia and North Carolina there is hardly a river, creek, or stream, that has not connected with it some old Indian tradition. The title of the present sketch is taken from one of these—I believe one of the principle tributaries of Nat'ialee river, n the Chero kee nation North Carolina. The story, an told by the few remaining Indians since the removal in tha fall of 18:38, rani thus: Many years ago, in the fi \st settlement of the country, a wandering party of the tribe attacked the house of a squatter, somewhere upon their birders, during his absence, and roassacrecd all his children, and left his wife covet ed with the mangled bodies of her butch ered offspring* scalped lik? them and appar ently dead. She was not, however, wounded so badly as th jy had supposed, and no soon er did she heir their retreating footsteps, than disengiging herself from the heap of slain, haggard, pale, and drenchcd with her own and the blood of her children, she Peer ed stealthily from the door, a in1 finding her enemies no longer in sight, hastily extin guished the fire, which before leaving they had applied to her cabin, but which had, as yet, made very littlj impression upon the green logs of which it was composed. Wiping from her eye? the warm blood, still reeking from her scalpless head, she di rected her gaze to the bleeding and disfig ured forms of those who scarce an hour before were playing at the door, and gladden ing her maternal heart with their merry laughter, and as she felt, in the full sense of her desolation, the last ray of hope die with in her bosom, there stole over her ghastly face a look as savage as was ever worn bv the ruthloss slayers of her innocent babes. Iler eye gleamed with the wild fury of the tigress robbed of her young, and closing her cabin carefully behind her, with a counten ance animated by some desparate purpose, she started off in the same path by which the murderers had departed. Heedless of her wound.' and wasting blood, and lost to all sense of hunger and fatigue in the one ab sorbing and fell purpose which actuated her, she paused not upon the trail of her foes, until at night, when she came up to them encamped at the side of the creek, which i.s indebted to her for its present name. Emerging from the gloom of the surround ing darkness, on her hands and knees, she crept noiselessly toward the fire, the blaze of which, as it flickered upward, disclosed to her the prostrate forms of the Indians, who overcome by an unusually fatigucing day's travel, were wrapped in deep sleep, with their only weapons, their tomahawks, in their belts. Her stealthy advancing figure, tig the uncertain light of the burning pine fell upon it with more or less distinctness—r.ow exposing its lineaments clotted with blood, and distorted by an expression, which her wrong, and the disolators of her hearthstone, exegerated to a degree almost fiendish and POW shading all, two gleaming, spectral eyes —was even more striking than the swarthy Ikoes which she gazed upon. Assuring herself that they were fast asleep, •hs gently removed their tomahawks, and dropped all but one in the creek. With this remaining weapon in her hand, and cool resolution in her heart, she bent over the nearest enemy, and lifting the instrument, to which her own and her children's blood still ad'.icred, with one terrific blow, buried it in the temple of its ownT. The savage moved no more than to partly turn upon his side, gasped a little, quivered a minute like an aspen, and sunk back into his former posi tion, quite dead. Smiling ghastly in his rigid face, the desperate woman left him, and noiselessly as before, site despatched all the sleepers but one to that long rest from which nothing but the last trump can awaken hat devoted vtetiim, howeter^ was •m**/ rM "li"" aroused to a consciousness of his situation, by tin death struggles of hi companions.— i He sprang to his feet and felt for his weapon. It was n-rt there, and one glance explained *llich everything to him, eroded tho blow aimed at bin. by the brave and revengeful moth'-r, time they fL-ll struggling together, the Indian desperately wounded, and the p^or woman faint with thc lo^s ofb'ood ani her extraor dinary exertions. Both were too weak to harm each othe» now, and thc wounded sav age only availed himself of his remaining strength to crawl away. In this piteous they made some exertion to overtake the fugitive Indian, but was unsuccessful. He succeeded in reaching his tribo, and from his tale the Tittle stream, before mentioned, was ever aftei wards known among the Cherokees, an 1 also among the pale faces, as the "War Woman's Creek." The instance of intrepidity in a woman, recorded in tho above sketch, furnishes a remarkable proof thr.t the her* ism of woman, to whatever excesses of daring and even fe rocious courage it may lead her, has its foun- feeling of compassion, all regard to her own MIGRATION OF THE BUFFALO.—There from two to three hundied miles. Thus, where buffaloes are abundant one year, they are fewer the next, until the great body, having completed its circuit, again makes its appearanca. This circuit is completed in about four years. Its western limit is the eastern base of thc Rocky Mountains, and its eastern is bounded by a marginal outline of civilization, extending from the British an seized from the fire a burning brand, and jofv, with it, smcceded partly in warding off tho I* does not require a master hand to furious attacuS which followed. In a little |sketch plight, the poor woman remained until near jt,d-omcnt- noon on the following day, when she was j,nt'adc accidentally discovered by a strangling party of whites to whom she told her Ttory, 1 dation in love. It was this "War Woman's" i *or's love for her children, that made her exhaust the last energy of her life, which had lost its 'n it is difficult to imagine thc extent to which P®11, 'u' settlements on thc north, to northern Texas l'hing on the south. The range of latitude trav-! ersed has for many years been about twenty- three degrees, extending from the Cross Timber of Texas to the tributaries of Lake Winnepeg cn the north. The band five hundred miles, accounts for the presence jlook of buffalo in relatively small numbers, thro-|wlien ughout the entire area embraced within the lines of travel. MATCH SAFES.—WereI I would make it an operative rule that every house insured by me should be provi ded with metal or earthcrn boxes, in which matches should be kept. They are often r, ing wild, or even apmchievous mouse, may produce disastrous results little incident has made me this matter. One day when closing room, I hastily threw a key into a drawer the key had struck the end of a friction match, fired it, and, if undiscovered, the idding, worth many thouspid dollars, would probably have been consumed, and no one could have guessed how it took fire.— It is unquestionably true that many fires have originated from mice nibbling the ends of matches, and we know that many child ren have been poisoned by biting matches carelessly left within their reach. Buy or make a metilic or earthern match safe, and keep it in a safe place.—American Agricul turist. The Dawn of Leve. where cvfry root and tibur of its beirg been silently stealing. most fatal, most absorbing, in unheeding quickness, every thought and'"1 fibre of our Irfo twines gradually around cause so often the vine must be uprooted jSOr* and all its fibres wrenched away but till ^our* tl»e hour of discovery comes, how is it trans- ttgu.ed by a new and beautiful life! There is nothing in life more beautiful than the i "ment trance like, quiet dawn which precedes thc rising of love in tho soul. When the whole "in being :s pervaded imperceptibly and tran- i "untiI a later day she becomes self-conscious, and then come craving exactions, tsearrwmt lw« ^v. .n*f iwffiHiW fc»S»'\ AIL e'litor- at unseasonable hours.] with flde!'t^ that 'earned 'n a notice invenlor ii have carecr- w"*e at a motive and its charm, in taking vengenc.^ on :nnw.jos*'ennd crowd him in his sanctum their murderers. Under such cireumst mces, |he woman's outraged affections will not carry from Jove. He delivers lectures he is a her. Here we see one of the gentle and de- i voted sex, losing all sense of danger, and S'ves personal safely, and her ultimate ftite, in jto her desire to avenge the cruel murder of her |',e children. The fact seems startling is a feature in the migratory character of the buffalo not generally known, except to hunt ers, and that is, that the vast body of the herd is never found in the same district ofj country two seasons in succession. The buffalo of North America form an immense army, marching in one continuous circuit. but perhaps three-fourths of the entire num- P™8 ber of which are found within a ran-re of!to and inked fingers point you to a seat# which it takes you an instant to reach, but ere you have done so, the monster has his clutches so deeply in an idea that he has forgotten your existence. There you sit you try to count tho pyramids of newspapers, and wonder if to be an editor it is necessary to be a savage. You see books and maps but you would as soon meddle with the cub of a bear as any- in which tho wild animal 1 intt rcst fr°m the are southward on the eastern line, and northward jscat on tlu western, naver crossing the Rocky Mountains. The comparative proximity of IP60* these lines, being at some points not over! stiange travel *h° up an insurance ag?nt at onCediscover "7"' nation, urges him to re.ume M. pen. In «*. tnldomlit totjm,* ,lwu dosed, there »M«Bli,nmur of light within _at ,„ij„i .„ilh „ie the drawer which attracted my attention .. ,5iSht pouring upon him—there he is, a toil from its novelty. Opening it, I found that j0fT sjavC- ttdtls te„, t.aS So those loves arc endless i:! -. -:.) -.: i, :i .?. i-.v/ '"-1 .-•»•''' u ,v«: t» Editor's Life. Tho Riohrrnnd WhiQ ,et oflP the 5sa Thc tCn Wn bored b? PMr cbss kn(itvn as and 1 rcad'n6' an "d Pen d(cs then died. After burying her on the spot, jpaper*5.he 8row^ 'n "leader" or "review." Politicians want to him. needy artist8 as,c his OTTUMWA, IOWA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY Mowing Prctty °"rrect refk'x of the life of writcr' !t is evidlnt» h" of- tho i,or* thouphtloss intrusion »bufced editors. As a cotemporary remarks, he m-y be the "responsible," the I "foreign," the "literary," the "local," the i "commercial"—in either department he is the subject of laudation, abuse, trials, and triumphs. He must have a ready pen, re I markable versatility of knowledge, a correct considerable nerve. If you up?n hl.m you dis™vcr llim writing, scissoring. Ho will talk, but h-s not stop he hunts among news- 8aTafcc favorable models to show him. He is addressed cn more subjects than it was ever intended a single mind should comprehend and, while his journal is call ed by some "influential," etc., there are oth ers who bluntly pronounca it "scurrilous" and "poor." Swimming upon floods of ex citement, battling, chatting, arguing, exalt ing friends and crushing foes, thinking, working, is the sum and substance of an edi- At home, he writes with his b's e^,ow an,l his child on his knee hours, will startle the men who ma1e3 rc,a'ljthunderbolts, more powerful thar any ever hurled P°l','cian he holds office he is a traveler a verdct aro niore asP'r'nr and almost incrciible but it is corroborated by many other facts illustrating the same ciple. I *1C t0 "pon manuscripts which precious than tho apple of their eye authors he pleads for the poor Rnub-S the rich he conciliates, he defies, arous?s nations, he dethrones kintrs he he is the guardian of liberty, and omnipotent. Up in garrets, in out-of-the-way places— sometimes furnished like a parlor, sometimes worse than a pig pen—is hiB sanetvm '»anc torum, the "holy of holies." Are you par tial to frowns Do you wish to hear a erowl Disregard the notices of "Editor's Room,' "Private," "No Admittance," and enter the den yo i observe the contracting brow you do not know lvhether you saluted or insulted your tongue Speak* and are pro y°ur ,e88 run nway a inc,ine ief*d you lifts itself a worn pen before, you Delegations of devils," PrintinK office' and a co,ue fur "copy," many thin« going on which to you. Other gentry come in, S lanco contemptuously at yourself.— tljemselve8 and scratc^1i w^'s^®rs you hear nothing scratch, with gold pens, steel and go°s° quills they pull at their they clear their throats they a*the cei,ing theJ t5leir idcas n,n aml rewrite i tnougnt tnat the themes are suggested seen lying loosely upon the shelf or in the fe^d within the hour and you closet, where a careless servant, an unthink- I un,,ersUnd help each other »ground they write they expunge and amend they become cheerful if their productions pleas.' them, and crusty if they do not. Now, remember that this mental toil must go on by day and night, when the head is dizzy by sickness aud the heart weary with sadness that it entails study, research and thought that the themes are suggested and will an n y o w e v e e why you arc not wanted if e(lit„r's w ttiem A my ... a Urawer sanctum. Presently, however will talk-to you he will cut short your long very careful in speeches he wiil bring you at once to your i business: he will di.-.patch it, and you will nt „n that necessity, if not incli- whcn thc ttowers toyourjoys. which, with P'®*r'c' Court, and after the first Monday anu&ry. tcmpti glare of artificial He writes of your pleasures he Do you ever think of his exhausted brain, his fading life, his prema ture death Literature was, perhaps, a pas sion of s boyhood, and he has pursued the phantom from year to year, finding, in the gratification of refined taste, some small reward for his painful infatuation. Fees of Officers.^ I^fc tase before the Supreme Coms at its recent session in Des Moines, the Couit held! ^en that "No part of Chapter 136 of the Code [5n ^f 1851 is contained in the revision of 1860, $ior is there any thing in the present revis ion now in force in place of said Chapter "180." Thus there is no statute fixing thc fees of Secretary of State, Clerk of the Su preme Court, Recorder, Sheriff, Coroner, If a grape vine be planted in the neigh borhood of a well, its roots running silently und' ground, wreath themselves in a net work around the cold, clear waters, and the vines putting on outward greenness and un- Notary Public, Justice of the. wonU'cl cluster* nnil fruit is .11 that |,hofinit '8«'. Chapter 29, Arti-! "f jol? 3» f,rOT,d°8 fee bill for the Clerk of the 1861, Chapter 20, Article 4, makes a simi,ar some human soul, to us the unsuspecting \fThe difficulty to the Sheriff's! well-spring of our being. Fearful it it, be- i S ,s Prov^n for the County nry^ obviated, nor can thc Supervi- l*lcs^ says 1 yond controversy, for hU for 8Wyiees "ANY PAPERS °®eer is, be- entitled to compensation scrvice8' and "may roqnim prepay- rendered, or npy retain or ^uraents in his possession and about wl,ich tl,e reaKOna,de qullly by another being, and we are happy, 's^a^ Pa'd-" The Court recommcnds we know not and ask not why, the soul is I ^1,at shall be taxed as heretofore, and then receiving ail and asking nothing. At'CIMW APP'*al rec*'on or Stowed labor, value of said services to the courts for their cor- *voidance, it doubts not that full queg- and exact justice will ha done to all parties. tions the whole world of the material comes I .. ~T7 ,—T ia with its hard counsels and consultations, "rcwice thinks the only to be and the beautiful trance fades forever! [tolerated is a mint-julep. »rii^nH«iMriit»Wiwtiirii [%*m*ijr.:A ,). id .T»?x«trir Hoi.*! IT tional tions. ..

Mr. Bennett objected called attention to the danger of the Union, and recommended such measures of relief as he believed would have the effect of tran quiliz/ng the country, and save it from the perils in which it is needlessly and unfortu- nately placed. It is not necessary to repeat that opinion and recommendation. His opin ions there expressed remain unchanged.— He regrets to say that matters instead of bc comicg better are still worse, and hope Is di minished. Alluding to the condition of South Caro lina, he says there is no other alternative but to collect thc revenue and protcct the public property as far as is practicable. Un der existing laws his duty is to execute and not to make the laws—the right and duty to use the military and naval force against those who illegally assail the Federal Gov ernment are clear and indisputable, but the present state of things was beyond th* Ejr ecutive control. We are in the midst of a great revolution, and he recommended to Congress to act in the present emerg^ney—to Congress is re served the power to declarc war and remove molded with a the grievance that might tend to war, and the New York Chamber on the Northern Stales. The secession movement is chiefly made on an apprehen sion as to the sentiments of the majority of several of the Northern States. Let the question be transferred to the political as sembly, to the ballot box the people will redress the grievances. In heaven's name, let thc trial be made before we plunge into the assumption that there is no other altern ative. Let us have reflection. Would that Sonth Carolina had reflected. He appeals to Congress to say in their might thc Union must and shall be preserv ed, by all constitutional means. lie recom mends Congress to devote themselves to prompt action, with a view to peace. A di vision on the line of 36 deg. 30 min. is sug- gressive acts. Congress should endeavor to give the difficulty a full solution. He states the reason why he had refrained from send ing troops to Charleston harbor, believing this would have furnished the pretext, if not the provocation on the part of South Caroli na for aggression. Referring to Major And erson, he says, that officer could not, before he left Fort Moultrie, have held that post -18 or CO hours. He had warned his country men of its danger. He felt that the duty was faithfully done and impartially perform ed. He was conscious be meant well for his country. Mr. Howard, of iliehi^an, moved that the message be referred to a special Committee of 5, with instructions to inquire whether any Executive Officers of the United States have been or are now treating or holding communicatioT with any person or persons for the transfer of forts or any other prop erty whether any demand for their surren der has been made, and by whom and what answer has been given whether any officer or officers have entered into any pledge not to send reinforcements of troops to the har bor of Charleston. If so, when, where, by whom and on what considerations whether the Custom House, Post Office and Arsenal at Charleston have been seized, by whom held in possession whether any revenue cutter has been seized, and whether any ef forts have been made to recover it. Thc Committee have power to send for persons and apers and report from time to time such facts as may be required for the. QAtioyal honor, etc. Mr. Houston raised the point tjbi^t such instructions were against the rules. Mr. Howard replied and moved the previ ous question. Mr. Crawford said there was no cause for fxcitemcnt. We have passed beyond that int. [Voices, "there is no excitement, we are calm."] Mr. Crawford continued.— s^°,dd *e .»'.«! .Jw«- r•.i:J -r?(. i* "r Itli t'onju'M—. JJrt Meviion. Mr. Ilindtnan called on the chairman to stite the number of members attending the WAsnrxoToy, Jan. 9 —Horse. Mr Slrat- niceting whether there was any probability ton asked leave to present a memorial of the of .naming a rcportt and citizens of Princeton on the subject of na-, ]ars would bo calculated to shed some affairs, containing practical suggo*-1 light on the subject, Mr. Burnett said he understood from the member from Arkansas that there was. no probability of agreeing. A number of mem hers representing the Slave States had with- Thc Speaker laid beforcthe House a mess age from the President. lie says at th- opening of the session lie drawn from it. Was it then-fore political or gested as calculated to produce an adjust- office of Secretary of War, if not who fills ment. It was an imputation on members that office, an if the appointment of Acting or to say they will hesitate a moment. The Provisional Secretary has been made, and danger i.s on us. In scvoial of the Stales, when and by what authority it was made, Forts and Arsenals have been seized by ag- and wh v the fact of such appointment was cool and understand the way l^ey are going. He ineffectually mclsurs resohi sought to offer a substitute Jpr the tion. Mr. Garrett desired to have the Resi dents Message considered in Committee of the Wh tie. Mr. Phelps remarked that the President's message informed them they were in the »."•) County Surveyor, though ""Istof, molut.on, .nv.tmg the .dopt.on war.— Thc President appeals to Congress to make "S »VCTl c'"' an effort to restore the fraternal relations which ought to exist. The recommendation made by the Presi dent Is entitle to the respect of the Aroeri cay people, but the resolutions pending, instead of proposing a remedy, looked to a special Commitee to indict somebody. He would vote against the resolutions as it did not meet the emergency. Mr. Florence, believing the resolutions pro-' ductive of no got*!, opposed it" Mr. Hill said the resolutions wero not based on a pacific plan to adjust the difficul ties. Mr. Martin, of Va., looked on the resolu tions as a fire brand to be thrown into the country, which was already excited. The resolution passed, ayes 103, naj*s G2. Mr. Maynard asked consent to offer a res olution that the minorily report mi|6i to: made by the committee of 83. ri'i i.i r! 'r 16,'l86l g^c^uch parlicu-1 wise to continue thc committee when there was no prospect they ever would report. J^Ie wanted to discharge them. No action was taken on the resolution* The House went into committed of the whole on the state of the Union, On thc civil and miscclancous appropria tion bill, the committee rose without coming' to a onalusion on tli bill. On motion of Mr. Leaks, the Select Com mittee on the President's special message, were instructed to inquire whether any arms have recedtly been removed from Harper's Ferry to Pittsburg, and if so, by whose thority, and for what reasons. Thc resolution was amended so as to ex tend the inquiry as to thc removal of arms from all the arsenals. Mr. Morris, of Pa., presented a memorial from the citizens of Philadelphia, signed by men of all parties, in favor of Mr. Critten den's compromise. Referred, and the com mittee of 83 adjourned. SENATE. restore peace to the conntiy in them rests king the establishment of steam postal ser the responsibility. vic^ between San Francisco, and China.— After eulogizing the blessings conferred Referred to the committee on PostOfficeand by the Union, ho says, should it perish, the Post Roads. calamity will be as severe on the Southern as Mr. Seward also presented a memorial signed by the most prominent citizens of 9.—A message from th«^fttsi. dent was received. Mr. Seward presented the memorials of of Commerce, N^w York city, concerning the present state and future happiness of thc Union. Mr. Seward got the floor to express his views on the President's message. Mr. Hunter asked that the resolution of fered by him he made the special order for Friday. Mr. Yulee presented a bill to adjust the, present difficulties between the States, which was ordered printed. Mr. Slidell presented a bill to adjust the present difficulties between the States, which was ordered printed. Mr. Slidell presented & resolution of in quiry that the President inform the Senate whether Jno. B. Floyd at present fills the] not communicated to the Senate. Mr. Clark presented a resolution, which he said h? should offer as an amendment to the resolutions of the Senator from Ken tucky, Mr. Crittenden, when they came up. Eesolced, That the provisions of the Con stitution are ample for the preservation of the Union, and the protection of all the ma terial interests of the country that it needs to be obeyed rather than amended, and cur extraction from our present difficulties is rather to be looked for in strenuous efforts to preserve and protect thc public property, and cnforcc the laws, rather than new guar anties for particular interests, or compro mise, or concession to unreasonable do mads. Jtesohed, That all attempts to dissolve this Union or overthrow the Constitution! with the expectation of constructing it new, are dangerous and illusory. In the opinion of the Senator no re-construction i.s practi cable, and therefore to the maintainance of the existing Union and Constitution should be directed all the energies of the Govern-1 ment. The resolution was ordered to be published, Mr. Bigler presented 65 memorials from the citizens of Pennsylvania, asking that! the Crittenden resolutions be submitted to the people. Mr. Seward called for the reading of. the President's message, and it was read. Mr. Davis called for the accompanying I papers—thc correspondence of the S. C.,1 commissioners already published. Mr. Davis said he had an ai then tic copy of the Commissioner's reply, ami asked that it i be read by thc Clerk. Mr. King—I call the Senator to order and object to thc reading of the paper. Mr. Davis—If ihe Senator ha.» the mean neat to object, let it come back. Mr. King said he objected to the reading. Ho did not want to hear th# paper read. A long discussion ensued on a point of order. Thc ayes and nays wero called for. The decision of the Chair that the paper was un derstood to be part of the Senate papers. Mr. King said he objected to the reception of the papers »s he supposed it was proposed to supply a deficit in the President's message. Mr. Davis explained that ho sent the pa per simyly to be read as part of his remarks, i i Mr. Davis said, while the country was I looking anxiously toS. C., her commissioners arrived here with power to make peacable I adjustment of the difficulties. The high character of these commissioners is well known, yet the repoit went out that they had vitiated etiquette and insulted the Presi-1 dent, and that the Commissioners retired. The President in his message, does not even allude to the cauSe of tho failure of the negotiations, and not even tells us that the commissioners are gone. He stops with a letter which he must say was wanting in fairness, and was a pcrverston of'the argu ments they presented. Mr. King said the Senator talks of the! high character of thc Commissioners. Bene- i diet Arnold and Aaron Burr one* also bad high characters. Mr. Davis, interrupting, the Senator from New York once occupied a higher position than he does now. I -call the Senator tfi order. I sent a paper to be read, sir. that ever since the episode th:own into his retiyuks, he pi.K'd the Executive of the U.S. He must have fallen indeed, when he comes to the Senator from New York for support and protection. But when the President' Mr. Baker seconded lie motion. Mr. Latham demanded the ays and nays on the motion. Mr. Lane thought that this was not the time to pass such a bill. He thought it better to say to the South that iheir i igbts should be protected. lie. Lane, did not believe this Railroad would restore peace. Adjourned. The Right fieri of Religi«i. We want a religion that goes i i 'in "ff '7$7 .%' •, consequently he was much surprised to hear Foreign 3ew«. the objection, but if tho Senate chose to take Nrw the paper as a paper of his own, he had no tine arrived at 5 o'clock, p. in. No market?, objection as thc Senate had taken charge of Business suspended since the Australi&sian it ho wanted them to dispose of it. sailed. Mr. King said he simply objected to the i reception of it, as he supposed it was intend- a* very serious in England. e to supply the deficit in the Message, and The Times, i n a leader, thinks e thought it would be a rebuke to the Presi- possible that the promlein of a Democratic dent. He was willing the Senator should republic may be solved by overthrow in read the paper, but was not willing to disap- fc^v days, in a spirit of folly, selfisbneM and prove the action of the President in saying short sightedness. nothing of that letter. Italian affairs unchanged. The decision of the Chrif was sttstained, I It is reported that the French fleet is about ayes 31, nays 19. to qnitViaeta. 11 is rumored on the contra The ayes and nays were called oo reading ry in Paris that Russia and France the paper. Ayes 36, nays 13. to suppoit Francis 2d The lest letter of the Commissioners was spring. then read. It has already been published, Great demoralization ts repel ted in the Mr. Davis resumed and paid, that more besieged armv at Gaeta. received this letter, the country was nnx- arms of Victor Emanuel and the words ious. Why did not the President call on "we desire annexation to Sardinia." They these men for the means by which p*ace were surrounded by immense crowds. No could be restored? He might then have arrests. iiti avoided the evil of war, and the country! The City of Naples was about to give ft would not be waiting now sec whether it grand ball to the army. would be peace or war. The circular of M. Schmerling Detosling Mr. Davis here yiel ledto thettotion from the new Austrian Refor ns, is polished.— Mr. Bigler, that*the consideration of the fjs provisions, generally, are very liberal. message be postponed till to-morrow, The latest news ftom China confirms the Mr. Crittenden moved that his resolutions ratification of the treaty. The exchange to submit amendments of the Constitution of convention was signed at Pekin, Oct. to the people, be taken up. 2 Uh. Mr. Clark said he wished to am«ftd by The English and French Ambassador* substituting the resolution he offered. took up their residences in Pekin and woulll Mr. Wilson moved to postpomr It tin to- remain till Nov. 9th. morrow. The French army retired fipom Pekin on Mr. Pugh thought it better te dceido the The resolutions were then postpoded till ti'-morrow. The Pacific Railroad Bill was taken up. Mr. Wilkinson moved the bill be referred to a select Committee. Mr. Gwin said he thought it would des troy the bill if it were referred to a Commit tee. Mr. Latham entered his protest against any reference of the bill. Mr. llice said it was evident that tlie friends of the bill intended to pass it with out giving the north-west a show. He moved its indefinite postponement. family, and keeps the husband from being .. __ v cieveryfresh i newly washed floor with his muddy boots, „i 4l ,, J. A as som and the glory of the ripened fruit. want a re'igion that bears not only on the "sinfulness of sin" but on thc rascality of lying and stealing—a religion that banishes small measures from the counters, small baskets from the stalls, pebbles from the cotton bags, clay from paper, sand from tu gar, chicory from coffee, beet-juice from vine gar, alum from biead, lard from butter, strychnine from wino, aik} water fax* milk-cans. The religion that is to ady.mcj the world will not put nil the big straw ber.ies and peaches at the top, and all the bad ones at the bottom. It will not offor more baskets of foreign wines than the vineyards ever produced bottles—and more barrels of Gen esee flour than all the wheat fields of New York grow and all her mills grind. It will not make one half of a pair of shoes of go.»d leather, r.o that the first shall redound to the maker's crcdit and the second to his cash. It will not let a piece of velvet that to measure twelve yards come to an untime ly end in the tenth—or a spool of sewing silk that vouches for twenty yards be n'p ped in the bud at fourteen and a-half—nor the cotton-thread spool break to the yard­ stick fifty of the two hundred yards of prem ise that was given to the eye—nor all-wool d.'laines and all-linen, handkerchiefs be amalgamated with clandestine cotton—nor coats made of old woolen rag pressed to gether b? sold to the unsuspecting public for legal broadclotlu It does net put bricks worth only five dollars per thousand into chimneys it contracted to build of seven dollar materials—nor smuggle white pine into floors that have paid for hard pine—nor daub ceilings that ought to be smoothly plastered—nor make window blinds with slats that cannot stand the wind, and paint that cannot stand the sun, and fastenings thtt may be looked at but are on no aooount to be touched. The religion tha? is to sanctify the world, pays its debts. It docs not consider that ftirtv cents returned for one hundred ceut.s given, is according to gospel, though it may be according to law. It looks on a man who has flailed in trade, and who continues to live in luxury, as a thief. It looks upon a man who promises to pay fifty dollars on demand with interest, and who neglects to pay it on demand^ with or without Interest, as a liar. OLD SERIES, VOL. I2,NO.4» [,, TER.ns-|l,oO,la Advance. YOUK Jan. 8.—The steamship Pales- The political crisis in America is regarded agree# resistance til It is stated that a decree was prepared at Naples ordering an extraordinary levy of m?n between 18 and 56 years of age. Placards are posted in Rome bearing the XT question at once 11st of November. The English remain till Mr. Bigler spoke in favor of voting on the Ambassadors have left. resolution now. He thought they had neg A large force will remain at Tiensfal till lectedthe question too Ion- He thought 4he treaty conditions are fulfilled. there was political power enough here tusave mu n'• the country. It was never too late to strug- The! clauses of the treaty are gle for the'Union. the Emperor's apologies for the Peiho affair Mr. Saulsburry made an appeal for a vote, last year. Ministers are to reside in Pekin. now that the country might know if there The indemnity fixed to be doubled. Tien was patriotism enough here to save the country by the adoption of the resolution. sin to be opened to t'.ade immediately.— Emigration allowed. Coraloon ceded to Great Britan. The treaty is to be promul gated throughout China. Chossan tO be evaluated by the British forces. The allid armies are to leave Pekin on the 8th. The Emperor's summer palace had been entirely burned. The bodies of the prisoners who died in the hands of the Chinese, in to b3 brought to Pekin and buried. Capt. Brabson and Abbe Line, be headed about Sept. 21st bodies not recover ed. The Emperor is still in Tartary. 100,000 pounds is exacted for the finaillet of British officers murdered. The insurgents were menacing Ningpo. New York, Jan. 8.—The Times Washing* ton correspondent. Com. Shubric, who has just arrive from Charleston, states that the by the greatest terror prevails there, enhanced spiteful when the dinner is late, and keeps i^orth the dinner from being late—keeps thc wife! **. *_*• .»• lsb.iievedtiWtt ffevohrtton of fceltnr o e i n w e n h- u s a n a k s e report of movements at ff k I A a a i n s e s u n n n i s s u s s o o n a k n place, unless Georgia speedily adopts and makes the husband mindful of the sera- ,.r course to infuse new life into the secession per and the door-mat—keeps the mother1 .. movement and g:ve the already wandering patient when the baby is cross, an 1 keeps I governs—projects the honev-moon into the Lu-.. i i chanan appears in the Charleston papers of harvest-moon, and makes the happv hours ... e people a new accession of courage. the baby pleasant—ami ses the children as rp. .. The correspondence between the Sooth well as instructs the n—wins as well i Carolina commissioners and President Bu- ... .. I1'. Saturday last, having been submitted to tho like the eastern fig tree, bearing in it* bo-1 i .. Convention in secret session thc evening pri» som at once the beauty of the tsnd bios- rtll, T. vious. It consists of three letters, the flrsi dated December 29, from the Commission^ on e erg A. p.» i i presi,jen^ jn which they demand as a prelim-nary to all negotiations a disap proval by the President of the act of Major Anderson in seizing Fcrt, Sumter. The second, dated December 30, from the Presi dent, in which, while admitting that Major Andersen acted witlfc* out express orders, he yet refuses to repudi ate the act and the 3d, dated Januuary 1st,, in which the commissioners attempt to re fute the allegations of President's letter, in which he is justifying Mr Anderson's eon duct. The last letter the President returncp to the commissioners with thc following erih dorscraents on the back: "This paper pr& sented to thc President is of suoh a charac ter th it he declines to rcceive it. The first movement of Mr. Holt of tho War Department was to reinstate Col. Gur ney as Inspector of Ordnance, a gentleman of acknowledged ability, removed by Floys for political reasons, tkhers of Floyd's sqjt. of appointments will be removed for moi|| trusty men. The million binds offered by the Trustee* to find security for Russell will not be ac«. cepted. He is still in jaiL Thc Senate in Executive Session confirm ed Mr. Walsh asjsecretary of Legation to Paris, and a number of unimportant post I masters. The nomination of Mr. Mclnty|fc as Collector at Charleston, went to the Cocfci. mittee of {finance. 2\U one asked immedi ate r.ction on it. The delegation from Mississippi called oa Secretary Thompson yesterday, and dcsft» rod to know his position in the Cabinet, au£ his views on the subject of enforcement, jwomtly pledget! himself to resign if a singfc soldier i.s ordered South with his knowlcdgg if done without such knowledge ho wi|| resign when thc fact becomes ascertained^ on two grounds, first, because it would ho a violation *f good faith, second, because the act itself, This was ooneidered s&tia&o tory. It is reported that Judge Campbell, tt** IT. S. Supreme Court, will resign when Alt* bama sec*des. Always be as witty as you can with yoqr parting bow: your last speech it the eoe remembered. Do good with what than tost, tr it ell do thee no good. 3 A ir .-3 st