Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, April 28, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated April 28, 1864 Page 1
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MtiiirtttWtti I .-vHrfTW ,n» »t ,•»»« mm *Ua*n««0 ,Vifts lt«^ •V .'' -i» «i5*in!"*«•*«•' &.1., *t at r-f'- v: -pj ...,_* v»'" i-...t »i *"»'1 'v ^,«,- ,unf-c.f «:,*•'••» jtintMit a •I* W SERIES VOI,. », NOl® J, W..10EBl!i^r«prIc»«» U|c ®ttumiua Courier, IS PUBLISHED EVBBT TIIT7RSDAT IR ffOST OKFICfcl BUILDING^* OOBNEB OF SECOND AND MARKET SI KELTS, ITT&JfWA, WAPELLO CO., IOWA J. W. NORBJS, Kqium. ',,• terms: *1 *jrjfi *l)ne copy, per year ..., ... J^our (•pill11 7#M. SS.lS«i-» M-y f. 1 1 1 Jl%—14 Jj2? 4t :,rtis T«00. 16'°°- I# be to appropriated. In no ca*e wlllweenternew tame* unlet* they areecconipanje^_wMl r»»b. J. W. NOKRIS. kRANER & MILLER, Dtileri In 8T|VES, TIN, COPPER, JAPAN .ANX ItfTIDlWA, \owA* -'turehto, tSM-tf 1 SHliiUT IKON WAljUji?% Corner of Pr#a»aa4 Market Atieett, j.~ S. WALKER, l, Whole* a It and Retail Dealer ir,t •ItY GOODS, GROCERIES, CUthiuf, Hardwiire, Quefn»w»rr, HAT8, CAPS, BOOTS, SHOES, 0UM GOODS, FCB8, NOTIONS, Ac., AC. M&ctly oppoilte the Ottumwa IIou»e Ottumwa, Ifwa. J. T. IIACKWORTII, ATTORNEY AT LAW *. AND NOTARY fi'BLIC* All profe**ional burin ei* entrusted to him will he »'p*nptly attended to. Special attention will be glren to collection*, *mlnatloij of Title! anJ tffcn ve anclng. Hfufflc^it Court Hons e ,in Ottuinwa, Iowa. Sttaruwa, Iowa, Oct. 29th, 1868. UHfltty. *5 B.J.BOULTON. A K E K A N O N I O N K U ^aea*i irxtT, foca oooae naaT or tbb ro+Tta aocsa O U W A I O W H-t.f'tt- Clrackeraan Uonfeetionery of every varU w at Wholeeale and Retail. *Fartle»andKall»*appUedonthe*hortee notice. B*-ll—ch.S-1*. EpWAlU} H. STILES, attorney & Counselor at Law And Solicitor in Chancery. OBC«OT«* Walker'* atore, oppoalte the Ottumwa ••MC. OlTIIXWi, low*. «,«A •TBSf' I, uoW well prepared to pr.oc»r« UeTt and badk ]»»Jr of .oldlen, aud all Ju»t jgaiusl the tiovei uraent. Charge* moderate, and Jfethlng unlesi clairni- arr allowed. ^A«|. W. Ki OTifcB» ..*«i H. B. SI^SON, DEHTlW, "!4raviMa pbrmanentlv located *a^s H"f.v offer. UU »ervice» to the cltlxen* of to*n and VUiulty All *ork warrated. Ladie* waited on at k«ip rcildpucfi, If desired. Teetli i u»- rteUfroiuone to an entlreiett, either by HMDa of luring* or atu.o»pli«rlc prewijre. AariOK.at hirrejideBcCiOD Mirkelit^llt* Peb.S, 1S61. W I I A S S A I O N "jl'X TO It N K V AT 1- A W ,T- OTTUMWA.IOW A. ".Ib"0rric« aver t. W. BetU'O «thlni»tere. F. W. SMIT^, E A N A I O (Plret door eaatof the Ottu^f a poose,, PRO NT STREET, .... OTTUVWA kind* of work doneln*'- j»o»ua*hlonabU A »tyle, nd at theahoi -etinotlce ^|T" Oattlnt doneto order. *??.T THIi HI.ACE TO BUY I.CXREH, SU1XULES, See.* 18 AT HAND'S mR£R y*KPS 41 Bur ling ton ,Mt• I'l6a*ant,Fairftild ,Agtncy ,anj O W A WHERE wlllbefound thelargr»t»tockeTero feredl n thereat,and #hlch «r W lbrtbldlkWeJ ha at any point on the Ml»»lrtippi. AUothoae Ail itle»o four manufacture ,fulloun» .everj ShiDgle k»itect. *:D.8AMP*P? 4fl,r.*T i85^nS8-lUf tfARSH&KETCH AM *fu fillets. Rectifiers & whole- 'j|IU DEA LEES W FORBfQjf AXD DOMESTIC LIQUORS, •TTf W A. IO W A. WATCH St JfEUELRl E A I E Til Kunderelffned,harlnglocated In Ottamwa willcarry on thefollowlngbuafnen.ind'Jo|lclt/ fliberal,hare of the ptiblic patriSna«: Repairing all kind* ot Wk^b£fc ,q}o«fk»,Jeif elpand Maiical Initram^nt*. FAl#o—Oold Ktug«madet»order,leUerlnf and en gi hit a Ane taiortmant of Ojocki.Qatchey .Jewel iliger-rlng*,Locket*.Chalu*,Kev»,Stlde»,'T*r'r j, Mu* lea 11 n«trumeut», Oolil BrViVl fit11** f! Pen*,and kvarlety of notion* for *ale'.' Pie ate oalland *^e. Place o fbu*i neae one door we*t of Ottuniw* Houie i M.NUNA tAKBft 'Auf4tk,,»»!ll-n-«l 't^TTfn^V^r MALE AND *-^MAi J, SEX I NA f. Pa*. J. M. MeELItOV, 1 |lr. H. L. McOINITIE, S Principal*. SL.M.C HALLOWAY.i l*« M. B. WILSON, Aatletantj. MImMATTIE LASWELL, Teacher of M^e. ^he 8l*th year coinmeace* on Monday, Blrmn MMl Ith, lMS^tthe Preibjrter jan Church and rooau (ttached. Poar term* often week*each 1 n the year. tultlonfrom |3to Sf .accordingto branche*etlj^led i S{.accordlngto branch** iano, MelodeoflSl'flijIflir, P?' Afr^rMto VeflyttlWlihltigto m#l ipeciaifaci litje* _n II* tbera*eltes for teaehnig. Vopil* admitted at any time, and charged from fate of entrance. No reduction, however, will be iiade for occa*ional abience, uole**by »peclalagree W«nt or In ca*e of *ickne'»e. •hoarding eaMI»i(ol»»aJ'pkd at prlce»to*ulf thetlme Wo one admitted forfeit than half ^•r mrther particular* call bft or addi'ai e|^har ..al'the Priaelpal*. T. CITY MEAT MARPT. HAVING purchased the jgtA ba |i|hfc Sp«r t)uitne«» ror-HLiif^^ ^^^^HHtneny occaVied tondiitt- IMht by J. W/llrown leejre t- 'nforni «.^Hwtted ke eltlaen* of OtUmwa' and Vicfnlty, th%( .all Mitlnaetn keep an aaaortment of •jfftEBJI MEATS, POULTBT, §|y8AQE8, L^RD Ac. In .hort, e»ery artlele n.u^lly irjpt in an e^ab|j*h Ibint of the kind, and at prlc*j to *%lhW ^ort. WUK HIGHEST PAlCXgl»aidfor STOC^, oeltry *»., Ratter, Ae. diolS _____ 60 OD NEWS. •«r«t wl*hto make ll known to the public that I have 'BRtngiil Hi of an accomplished eaateru Vketegrapher, who wljl t*ke he LATESTST{LK$ Of PflOTOGRAPITS. which are *o much admired, -all upon all tho*e ifcat with to have their Bbotographlc 'Album* orna .jMated with Aoe^ltatyf^aph*, to fclva til call. alto wl*hto annoanae to the people, and rapec m,ald r.Qtcrai^». thatl hare diipea**^ wilb (phaads aad h'aekil^^*d i,hrf' a1AMBK()T\PEHUS^j£^ *«|f, aad eapeet to d.JaetlaeU all -be -Hi* U »ea me for picture*. Dea't forget IM plM«( SSS2S* tron Godey** Lady** Mt, ^oiiig W«k|. BY MBS. JFXF* "°4wenty" *»0q. hriam wNhin o *ub*criie for»te«i time than Fanny w*s about as decided a piece of crin 4 o i o e i n e u n e y w i i Cousin Fanny had made a lore stid the hymenial torch only awaited ihe close of the winter's course of medical lec tures to be lighted. Aunt Harriet enacted, the "oyuel. patient'? of course, and showered a perfect hailstorm of invectives on the devoted head of her err­ ing, ungraipty] daughter bjif. little Miiw oline an her elder ladyship, *r»i came out of the breakers in^ safe»y with colors flyinj at the masthead. Uncle John, too, though he seldom interfered in family affair/i, boldly to Ihe macule. g#ve his consjnt when the young man a^ked it, vowed his daug^|er should do hs she pleased, a* he did *rhen ie got married, said a great many sensible things to madame on her match-making pro* pensities, worship of tnammon, etc., tl^, fi­ nally, che retreated fn»m the field defeated and yet not subdued. For thouarh Harry was granted the fieerJom of the house.a* became a son in-law, in proapcct, ye( poor Fan was subject to a great deal of raillery, and very pointed satire, exceedingly provoking, and. though n,J*ife, assure you she l»ore it well Aunt Harriet, however, felt much better over it, when Harry, having received a let­ ter from a friend in advising him tlpat his home, a thriving vitiate, was with out a physician, resolved to emigrate. Yes, she had rather have her daughter many miles away, than tfiat she should setth down at home without an elegant establishment she should be to mortified going ^'rp, t^red of the city, weary of the re straints of fashionable life, digvsted with adulation, ^hiph isgi^en on\y ^o, mor\ey, n*t mynelf sick of the company and con­ versation of the idle popinjavs, who hang around me in hopes of marrying a fortune I want to see if there is not so^ietliing better to do in this world than follow the idle rou line 9f f'^ly. li^ye, n( rr^or^'. courage to cast off the shackles here, but 111 the far yrest I can do as I please. Yes. I'm goinjr Sup losf p\ay ^i^f\y. F^arry snys yo^ ^iil find servants sc^r^e. Qorne, let r^ie, help you fttudy that cook book." said f, mischievous ly, ex| o«ing ^nny's fherUhed aec^et—"Miss Leslie pooker}*." Well, wm sny °Wn -~T-V-' aJ before her friends, though for part—and she regarded menacingly the younger branches t-f ihe house ol Youn?—she would prefer to ve her remain a sad example to her sisters.— The winter passed quickly away, and it was now tut two weeks till the appointed flitting We were deep in the mysteries of the bridal tr/ruMeau, a plain one lively, for "what's the use Rai'l mamma, "she'll only display it to the Indians." "Let it be in high colors, then I want to make a goo impression said the imperturhahle Fanny. believe I'll go too,'' said I, lool^ing up from my e^tbro ^ry. "you," shrieked both V|$es, a hnath but not on the same key, by any means Aunt Harriet's being decidedly shriller, and ending in the first speech. "You, the heiregs, leave all the eayetiesof ?ity life, the pcojfpe^t of a tailMan^ season %t the upringg, to. hu^y yo\»r$el( in ^jytt nAjer •lefore heard of little western village f" "Really, Sue, you had better not think of it. Ha»ry says there will be innumerable hardships to endure,'.' an$ the hr dje expect ant pvkt on a saeraftcin^ air, strikingly in contrast with her piquant, saucy face. "And you want to mono^ofi^» the heroics. Selfish creaiure You sha'n't do it. I'm mfctreaa. and nobody dare painsay my wishes So. when the hap py daj- arrived, I was ready to depart. The Koleinn ceremony wt^s soon over the bride groom looking exulting and hanpy the hri^e, tearful and blushing. Papa pleased a fid yet rorrowful, for hta eldest daughter iras his favorite mamma very important, an^ yet (here ^ag sad look about the eyes that told the mother heart was still warm 'neath all the cold exterior, which pri^e, los e of show, and keeping up appearance^ beget.— An elegant breakfast was provided for the dear "five hundred," who crowded to con­ gratulate, then $£ were off to the train, and soon whirling sway AS fast as Qte^iq could carry us on. My friends in the new found relatim seemed t^c|ineJ to be shy aji^ silent, and 1 found ?njcyrnfnt in looking aro^id |}t ipy lellow passen®er», wonderine how n^any would continue w th us to our journey's end: but very few indeed. A long trip resembles the jojirr|ey of Ijfe of t^q«e who begin it to­ gether, many tjjrp a« i»e seek a different pathway, others have but a brief career, li{(e onto D)ose ij-hq stop at the way stations. What an elegant ^l|Qe (o- the study of th human face divide, ffere sat a man wi|h jiqe afaf^pe^ upon his count^n|q e therp sftve^l wjio were ffl«rke} pith loye of pleasure a littl# farther dowQ. several tit tering girls, whose faces bore no character at all. Just across the (isle is one specimen of a trpe man what a wide forehead, free fjom wrings S^Qh a Jtinj|ly *nJ le§ij} ing countenance his hump of henevojgpce highly deyelopel. See l)e hj}3 r«Hjved Hia *eary looking yoqpn of her heavy child, s bright, keen looking !i(t)« Wlojr. yhose fa^e is now wreathed in smiley at the preaQQt of j»p prfnge Kv ^'s en'erta«ner. H« must a "pa^r" h'm)lf. he ijnder stands child nature $o welj. s^if||y moves the iron horse, the aegopd ^y «^e were fteaping over the past prairies ot fff dian^ and of Illtnois. What a strange se^ satiop. gp^eyhat |^em^|ng tfj^^ of Mailing on the ocean, a jrf*J /expanse of sky and lan|" For a long time, I enjoyed looking fort|| oye^ ihe interminable Kameness, but one tires of 'he monotony, and I began to foe lonesome. Fanny's spirits seemed to have 4fl*?rjej jfer, und Harry was so taken up with hif ireas ure that poor me slood away in the baclf ground, only receiving an occasional aside, The ^rst sig^t of (jonsi^e^abjy |smp- To spes^c tiie tityth, a ^rour.g married couple *l Mrs expectations, for, in sp t« on U»efr bridal iournty are not the most ex- of all that had been sai4 upon the subject, «VVts»mW9y ip'isWw b«f»«to j*ff«ist«l te iwAfioinga Woatiful L*1 get a glimpse of the jiwle squatters. To n»y great reKef, the knight o^the ge nial oountenance. compassionating mr con dition, I suppose, and considering me equal­ ly ohjeet for the exercise of hjs.hen^'o lent bump, with the baby aforementioned, turned and addressed me with a very corn •*on, pifce re (nark about the scenery, to whichl) gladly reh»rned,a vejy common-place answer. These pa.ssed, between. u^_ w^o or three more oontmon places about climate, tlie comforts and disoomforts of travelling by rail, from that to the modes of conveyance in the olden time, in w,hich. m.v companion unoomtnonly well stored mind Thtn he related amusing incidents of his own travelling experience, which aroused even the newly rafuriefl, and so well enter tained us all, that we were almost worry when the train stopped at Chicago, when to spend the night. we were However, we were aroused from our slum hers before daylight by the cry "railroad," and after a hurled, fereakfest, and i.n omni bus jolt, to settle it, reached ths depot just in time. It was quite amusing now to see the sleepy-headed^settle themselves again to re­ sume tne sl'imber* from which tli.y had been so abruptly aroused. My smiling con templation of th^n'imerous open countenan ces around me was interrupted by a p'c^j* ant voice siying, "Good morning, we are still fellow vovageurg see." Harry informed himf for it was the knight of the genial countenance, o£our destination,. "Indeed 1. then we are to be fellow towns­ men as well. has be*n my residence for some jjea^s. Mjiy I enquire your name?" handing his own card at the same time. Harry passed over the shining new piece of pasteboard—"Harry Waldo, M. D." "Ah! you are the young physician of whom I have heard my friend fidgartpn speak glad to see you on your way we need your services very much, but—" and he looked inquiringly at us, whom Harry then introduc^ as "Mrs. Waldo and Miss Whiting." VJ^o^r will l^e ladie&like pioneejr life Harry and Fanny exchanged affectionate glances, and I thought I detected a smile in Mr. Bently's eye as I replied "Oh, we have rr.ale up our minds that we sh%ll have tyucji to «jvUj,re, and have resol to be equal to e^ery emergency." "The proper spirit, certainly but you will be called upon, fear, to makt more sacrifi ces than you imagine. Only think of it, no 9peras V V We oan sing,'.' said fWn^y. '•No theatre, no fashionable promenade." "We shall roam o'er the prairies.". "But there will be no grand balls in fact, no public places of display. "We hnye yenouna^ ih? fgmps an^ Tani. ^ies of tiie world. Cousin Sue, make that pretty, speech yon made to mamma about frivnlonsness, waste of time, and all that." "You are young (o have discovered the holiowhcartedness of (he fashionable world. Miss Whiting." said Mr. Bentley, lfkea true knight coye^ing my qunfu^ion. "I discov ered fhat years ago.V. "Y-ou do not look so yry ancient,1.' said ^nconacionahle Kanny. "Ah M*s Waldo! do not make light of my weight of years, {hough thep have not silvered my hair nor (mired dowrj my frame, fint y°)\ do po( look ^s jf. miic^j acquain'e^ with household duties- What will you fjo in a place where you c*nnot even find help Now it was mv turn. ''She has been studying cookery fo^ t^ree qjjonths, sir, and fodders hqrs^if (ally pre|^|red |o aqt well her part." Both gentleman sailed, whilo the little la dy replied ynswer for yourself, Miss Whiting, hm yoq ^nn't laugh yqq see the fine table I shall spread. Are there an* Indians in Kansas, Mr. Rentley F" The subject, thus ahruhtly changed, gli ded of^ into at) e^s^ conversation, and here after our par»y consisted of four instead of three. Ijjo. 4 prove^ himself a yery v lqa tye addition haying travelled t^e road fre quently before, he w^s able to ftoint out all places of interest along the mute. Arrived at St. Joseph, we shook off the gar qramj). ^qd yfitlj a seqse of j^ief (oo|( the 8|ejjmjioy for Leavenworth, ^.herg *^e arri ved in safety after strandina on nqmeroqs sandbars with which that river evidently anounds. The bed, being quiek«and, is continuity ^hifijng, so t^t 4 tyilqj qai^ never le^rji the soandings. We reached Leaven worth just ^t 4Ark *nd four^l elegant ac commodations at tlie "Rlaqters!,'! jiist built. "fity®rywf*"Hr nejt morning, as he assisted us into the stage poaq i, in which we were to "penetrate the interior,'* thaj I shall be detuned herp for a week. I should like to see how my litt|e friend bears up under the beginning of tsou- fcles.!' ^n4 beginning of troubles it was. the roa(js in dry weathtr are excellent, but re iains had made them rough, and we went jolt, ^oty, fjpom one t|ide to the o(hw.— "Qh, jpy bonnet my love qf 4 bonnet," said Fanny ."it will be spoilt entirely 1'.' "Not more so than my co nplexion." an- F- Tin! 'f if always l^lows so in Kansas I" The days were pleasant compared with the nichis. The prairies of Kansas ar$ rolling, with strips of woodland along t|)e streams, occasiona!ly ye had a smooth roa^ to ri}e on. But at night, pus }itf|e hotels, built in a hurry to accommod «te the imo^ensie tide of 1 migration, were anything but pleasant jodging places. JjUckily we w^re only two nighjs*on ^e ^ray, ^n|, on t^ie J*y'» siag'ng, arrived at the en| of our journey. iJi—i OTTUMWA, IOWA, THURSD^y, APRIL 28, 1864. i,: ^:^g. be decidedly lpnesorae there was nothing villa of got hie cottage^, such as surround lo look at outside even the squatter's cabins Urge cities, and are e summar homes o£ went flying by so quickly, could^not open citiaenn Mr. Edgarton's hoose w^s small, and, only partly finished at that but his busy little wife was an excellent housekeeper, and we were quite charmed with their style of liv­ ing, and so ea?er were we to dp likewise, that could, hfogJ have hp«n in readineas we should have c^mmenced^housekeeping the next day. Bpt i was necessary to haye a house before we could ke*p it. and.thp onjy one to be found consisted of three rooms and ap attic (devoted, to yoiif. humlje ser vant), not all together as large as one of Aunt Harriet's parlors. "This^ is joye in( a cottajteV witl^a ven geance,'! saM Harry, after trying in vain to get io half the furAiture provided by (Jncle John, and by s foresight sent before us. Ifannjr and, found that scrubbing aud, scouring made saihavoc with white handf^ but then we enjoyed it novelties alwajs please children, you know. The third or fourth day we typgan tp thinly o^doing our own cooking. We had been until then the guests of our friend. Ifys Elgarton. Alas, for cook-book knowledge! it proved as use­ less as our superabundant furniture. The trouble v^ta, we didn't have, and, couldn't get all the ingredients^but we ha«itwoprai ric chickens, and resolved k*be~in on them The first thing, of course, wjts tp remove the feathers bat how to do it. W« each took one and began nulling out feathers one at a timo rs sKow work. \t last, in. despair, I went oyer to Mrs. E lgsrton's, and return ed with the important information that they m^t bf 8calflpd^ We found the operation easier, only ray colleague sea)ci^d hee band as well as the chicken. She bore it, though, with true Spartan firmness, and, compress ing her lips, ar.d flourishing the ui^her kn-.fe, was about to sever a joint, when the y% knife slipped and cut her finger. This cap­ ped the climax, and she burst into tears.— "B*o no-00, I wish I was at hotoe." "Ha. ha, ha!" laughed a familiar voice. "I thought it would be so," and Mr Bent ley s'ond In the open door-way, heartily w* joving our riiscomAture. "$d^y M,aion^y, «k yoor servioe, Hp," saki i, opur^esy ing^ "Well, Biddy, do you get some linen anil hind up your mistress' wounds while I at tend to this." It was now our tun^to laugh, for he ac­ tually dressed tk^Q-e chickens, and m^dA °s some light biscuit and elegant cake, explain ing each process in so simple a manner, that we felt assured we could do it ourselves next time. Harry coming in seot, found us \n high glee and Mr. Burnley explained I that he had kept b^chelor'jt hall on his claim during the in^erv^ls of. court (he was Djs trict Judge)u and had learned to do all these things for himself. But need I tell of the pleasan^ year that followed. Household c^res and household pleasures, long rides over the prsirie on 1 horsebaek, evenings at home, spent in read ing and singing, finally, moonlight tete-a- tete* and. lastly, a visit ea^t the party con sist**! of three. Harry couldn't leave his natients. and Fan was Vo 3 this time. P. S.—Judge ^en^ey ^idn"t know that h«M married an heiress, until Uncle John began to talk of settlements. IV* Cqn^utlle^ to Sfareb«ld ers. Henry Winter Divis of Maryland, one of the yiHingest, readiest, sharpest, and most rsdiqal rqetqhers of. t^e p^sent ^tional House of Representatives, uttered the fol. lowing in a speech at Baltimore, the week before the late election of delegates to th» Maryland Constitutional Convention, which pesuWed In a great emancipatnq tnunnph Why should anybody pay them? Th-y have no claim in morals. The United States neper granted them slaye prooer^y. It t^QrAlv said, Hf it runs away, it shall he de livered up,' but not that »t the people of Maryland see fit to repeal the law allowing slavery, the government will oon»inue to consider as property wh-tt the people of Maryland r^Cqae any longer then^'W'lyes {o con^idej as property, and that they will pav as property for what the people of Mary- and say shall no longer he property. Up on what ground is it? It is apolitica! in stitution. It is like the tariff, which now fwiqe or three times ^n the fimlt of my life, hu| made and values infinitely grea'er than the yalueof the slays property of Maryland. South Carolina, and aTt the South, have twice or thrice, within the litqit of my life rejqiqed over the prostration of a tariff sys tem, t|)Q mere repeal of which effaced mill ions end millions of dollars throughout all of New Bngland, and i** wto /m* Trenson Im CeRfmi. TBB TBAITOB tONO'9 SPBBCH. Tl^e following i^i the concluding portion oT.thts^speech, which, awqui up all that was obnoxious in it "The very idea npon which this war is founded—coercion of Statet», leads to des potism^ to preserre a republican form, of Government, under any Constitution, under tlie prevalence of the doctrines now in vogue, is clearly impossible. These convictions of the complete overthrow of our Government are a,s anwholesoq^e and unpleasant to me as they are to any member of the House. Would to God the facta were such I could cherish other convictions. I may be de­ nounced^ as disloyal an^unpatriotic for e n fcertaining them, but it will only be.hy shal low fools and arrant knaves, who do not know, or will not admit, the diflferance be­ tween recognizing a fact, and creating its existing A man mpy not desire to die, but his belief will not alter the fact of his mortality. I shall not, in these remarks, revjve^the unpleasant and acrimonious con troversy of,who is responsible for the death and destruction of our Republic. I do not see that any such discussion now wou^ld be productive of gpod. I entertain clear and strong convictions upon that point— convictions that I have no doubt will be shared hp the impartial historian of the fu­ ture. For t^)e present I am willing to let the past, with all its recollections, rest, pro vided we can snatch from the common tjj^n some of oiw old relies of freedom. I do not share in the belief entertained by many of my political friends, on this floor and elsewhere, th^it any peace is attainable upon the basis of Union and reconstruction. If the Democratic party were in power to day, I have no idea, and honesty compels me to declare it, that they could, restore, th* Union over thirty-four States, k^y mind has undergone an entire change upon that subject. I believe that there are but two alternatives, and these are eiiljer an ao knowleJgement of the independence of the South as an independent nation, or the complete subjugation and extermination as a people and of these alternatives I prefer the folder, "Wr. Chairman, I take little or in the discussion of pendent na^ipo., all the free states but, did ever anvbo ly think tl^at. because the or,ur*e of polities had changed b^qaqse Bjaw ifhich oq« Congress saw fit to p'ace MR0?! ^tue Ikjo^. another Congress had seen fit to repeal, ther 'Gore we mu^t compen sate the broken iqanulactqrers of M-f'sa qhussetts, and the iron-dealers of Pennsvl vania, or Ifarrland? Tet th^t js ejaeMy what we are aske^ to |o no^ Negroes are qo tijore property by tl^e Jaw of nature, than white men. White iqen agreed between thems«lvef ^iat hey should be sq rtigarded, and they ^(^0)1 t^e qhaoces ofthe insurance, an) ^ey jn^qn-d them •elyea |ieforehan^ against tfje ^amage of the ultimate oon^agration which is now con. si^ming them, by robbing the State Treasu ry of the taxes upon their real va)ue. That )s their compensation Their compensation is t)}e improved of their l«n4s. Their compensation is four generations of uncom pensated labor. Their compensation is the cleared lan}s of all Southern Maryland where everything that smiles ^n4 blosieonos is the work of the negro t^ the^ tore from _1 Sam Cowell. the Lon^ofi Comic ttftger, id uneb of 4mMk for t^e purpose of conquest and subjugation, as he proposes, and the Administration is in truth And tytct ^oing, I ^m equally opposed. "I will say further, Mr. Chairman, that if this war is to be still pro«ecut^, I prefer that it shall be done under the auspices of those who now conduct its management, as I do not mis^ the jytrty ^Uh whjcl^ am connected to be in any degree responsi­ ble for its results, which cannot be other wise than disastrous and stftcidal— let the responsibility remain where it is until we can have a change of policy instead of men. if such a thim Possible S»thin» c\qld ba more fatal for the DaraoorUto party than to seek to come into power pledged to a continuance of a war policy—such a pol icy would be a libel upon its creed in the past and the idns that lie at the basis of all free G' vernments. and would lead to its 00m plete i»*pral'^Uio^ vtf rq:.q. "I believe the masses & ,the Democratic party are for nea?e, that they would be placed in a false position if they should nominate a war can iid tte for the Presiden cy, and seek to make the issue upon the narrow basis of h»w Ihe war sh niM he pros»ci^ted. Eur my own part, a* I have already indicated. I fc-y tHV °Hr Gnr* ernnaent cannot be preserved eyen under the best auspices, and under any poliov that may he now adopted yet I desire to see the Democratic party fith which I have al ways been connected, preserve its consist epqy and re^qblic^n c^racter unsh^n." nra TRAITOR HARRIS' SPBBCH. Mr. Harris, of Maryland, said that (Long) and undo o£ ff*'iA^4y|eotype falsehoods. When this wtr SssmAVf #swrd saMU eo«M bo in- iorted, every vwrd that the gentlenuin from Ofiin had uttered,, and *»ould stand by him 'far %»mI ar trv. Yoq say that the gentleman (Long) meant treason at the very moment that you say he was sincere snd honest. He *yas willing to go with his Griend (Long) anywhsr# on this issue.— Coq'd not a man say "hen war is earned on Jo exterminate people, that he would rather haye peace, thus saving Kves on both -tides? ple. We veers a ground deten peo­ He (Harris) was a peace man, a radi ral peace man ffe an far reeognieing {ie fy'itkern fynfederae* an^for aequie* einq in the «f Seeeeeian. He had a hope, kut it was not in this ffouse. Be hnp-d a tornado would flow and neeep you from pe*oer and give it to honest men, %eho have foiling* of. h*mn. tyj and tome regard for the principle* of their father*, ^ar would never bring you a termination worth cent. He was for peace, an| Union too. ('Laughter] ^e was a better man than any of them. [Renewed laughter] If we can not maice peaoe, let ut hate two tplondid Government*-ti$o hapty Qottsrnment*. He was a slave-holder, a td was ao still, if all his slaves had not been atolen from him. He looketj on those who oppose^ slavery as madmen. f|e compassionate*} them. If slavery were a sin. he was willing to bear it The North have been deceived by ster- itfifrit liit'iittfrwTiiiirii'y^1iVM1#ite»i*W^iiiiaginiiLtfii dtr'nifti'ii put down in sixty days. Instead of seven ty thousand men ending pmrtr. no Interest the question whid^ many of ray political friends would make an issue as to how this war shall be prose cuted its manner and object. I regard tha^t worse t,ban trifling with the great question I V not beUeve there can be any prosecution of the war against a sover eign State under the Constitution, and I do not bslseyje that war *0 carried on can be prosecuted so as V renW it proper, justi fiable or expe lieot. An unoonstitunal ^ar can only be carried on in an unconstitution­ al manner, and to prosecute it further un der the idea of the gentleman from Penn sylvania, (Mr. Stevens.) as a war waged against the Confederate ^tates as an inds it, called for half the South of the property. He had voted against men and money to carry on the war. He would earth. it. not consent that our money thould be spent by a tyrant? ITot a man or a del lir would hf vote for this infernal war. It was the right of intrusted with the moneyed a 1 The Red ^rer Espe4iU*a. PariieuUnrt of the Disaster to the Gravo Ecobe, passed the train, when we came to an open ing shout a mile square, and on the opposite side were our men engaged in skirmishing. ^y this time our whole division was in ^ctior^, a brigade of the 3d division. We crossed field, took a position nesr the edge of the opposite w*Hds, snd h*d got in battery when we heard a terrible yell and saw a line of rebels, unbroken, charg­ ing on our exhausted men, who had been skirmishing all dv An4 rounds ff ammunition left. Then came a withering yollqy of mus ketry. and then oar poor boys commenced a retreat, but not in or^er, fot there were pql enoag^i Hien to-fiorrq a l»n$. ^e wait ed a few moments, until our men had passed us, and commenced firing on the rebel lines bat could not stoo their progress, and we soon received orders from Colonel Land rum to limber up and leave if we ever expected to get our guns of^ Two of our ^orsea had been shot, but we forced them across the field and took up another posi ton in the edge of the timber, firing again on the rebel lines, which we could see, with great distinctness, crossing the field on the doul|e-quick. '^ere General Ransoqi was shot In the ^ee obliged to |eare the field. Lieutenant Throop was felled by the wind age of a shell wtych grazed his abdomen. General Banks ^as here, trying to rally the cavalry, which was in great disorder. The buglers sounded the rally—a sound that I shall never forget—and a new line was formed but in a few moments b«th our flanks weie turne^, and we were obliged to limber up sh^ retire a abort distance. Here another |ine was formed and A kw more shots delivered Bv this time the rebels were on both of oar flanks arid j^ring across us in every di rection W e got our pieces into the road, and began to retreat, Jien a scene of great confusion ensued. In the road *ai that vyhole cavalry train, faced to the rear, and each man trying to escape on his own )ooK, snd the rosd so blockeq ug ^hat it was an iqspossibility for any idling tq move. Our gun was next to the rear piece, and fired one of the lant shots that *ere fired by the artillery. When the rebels got within two rods of us, i^e received orders to cut t|ie traces and escape if possible, l^r. Pyer, our gunner, went to his limber, took out s file and a hammer, and w^en the rebels had a 1 reat^y reached the gun beh^n^ ours he commenced spiking his gun, snd wss eapture«j at his post. Whether ho was wounded or not, cannot tell. I now began to tjiink of my own safe»y, and ran Jown the road a short distance then struck in^n'the woo^s until I was ex hausted, when I caught a mule. I mount ed him, but was immediately dismounted by the fractious animal. Soon alter, I found another mule, mounted him, and was sooq out of (janger, bduod the |^th Arjxiy Corps. Qf our wh«Je ^vision, numbering 3,000 men, but 1,000 sre left to tell of the (earful odds' against which they contended. Two ofMribMon WWA eeneoMstoi, «fclfcii" 8ii i Mttrtrtii iiriif'Mlf ilii^i'itri^iilifttif yoa have now a million soldiers. Abetter set of men never existed in Godfs earth than exist in the South, and when you at­ tempt to elevate the negro with the wh'te man then you stir up strife. The Puri tytns saw nothing in the Bible against sla­ very, anAj when they found slavery unprof itablp t^ey sold, their slpves to the South. Having taken the gold, their descendents noa^ turn rotipdhand. attempt lo dispossess It was the most sttipend-nw folly that eyer disgraced any people on the face of God's Ifthube treason make the most of a tying.on the war to commoner to say ti}af he would, not. intrust live means of car- a king who is the war power. The South askyo»tp leave them In peace, but now you say you will bring them into subjection. and Gyd Almighty grant it never maiffie. I hope that you w/H never subjugate the Sooth. The President has proved himself unfit to be 1WA Army Corps. La, April 11.—We left Natchitoches on the morning of AP"' snd marched until nearly dark, when we camped in a pine forest. 1 On the morning of ifie Ytfi we siaryed again, and, reached the town of Pleasant Hill about five o'clock. This was th first open piece of country that we had found sine we left Natchitoehes, and that was only a mile sqin re. The cay* lished. At two o'clock on the morning of the 8th, the 1st brigade of our division—composed of the 19th Kentucky, 77th Illinois, 23d Wisconsin and the 67th Indiana, number ing about 1,500 men—was started in ad vance, and by daylight "commenced skir­ mishing with the enemy. We—{the Chi cago Mercantile Ba'tery)—started at day­ break with the Id brigade and the 3d di vision, numbering about 2,500 or 3,000 men .and marched through dense timber until three o'clock in the afternoon, when we were ordered to the front. To get to where the fighting was in progress, we had to pass t,be whole train of Lee's cavalry di vision, numbering 800 wagons and as there was oti\y one road through the timber they were pulled up to our n^e, and we went by thrm on a gallop, with our guns, caissons, battery wagon and forgo. We had just •. O & E *52^* ^OI-•,?• N° and had in ali ljkO men and. seven officer** Of the regimen 1 a) officers, U|e h'ghest hi' rank remaining in a Captain. In odr bat tery twenty-two men are missing, two aro with us, wounded, snd only one o&peis^ Lieutenant Boe— is left. 'Captain Whili, Lieutenants Cone, Ttyroop, and ^arr, ere all captored. Not o ie of our boys showed any cowardice, but stood by their guns until! the Isst, snd when I left them, rebels on, both sides of the woods were calling on onk w.it^fri^itfuj oaths, to halt, but I was de»' termiBed to escape, if possible, and succeed ed by the favor of a gracious Providence, for surely only a charmed life'could have withstood the shower of ^ulj^ts, *iill whidk we were surroondpd.at all times. 1 The 19th Corps checked the rebels smt^ held them for sbout twenty-five minutes, *rhen they were forced to retire—which they did, slowly, snd as night bloody conflict ended. next morning the 9'h General J. That is not done yet 'smith came up with l)is comma and we were ordered to accompany oar wagons, which comprised a'l that we bad left, and they were ordered to come 4 as quick u possibip. The town we sre now in is four miles from Natchitoches, on the Red, river. The Qght took place four miles from the town of Mansfield, DeSoto parish. La. On the 9th General'A. J. Smith, wlp* immediately relievel General Franklin.' whipped the rebels badly and recaptured It guni' and took 800 prisoners. This is Iks latest news that *have from the front' the Pyrnmids. The French expedition made the flpst ac­ curate measurements at the commencement of this century. Subsequently to that however, the firat an^ the only thorough Xpjpration airy had been in a brisk skirmish during which has hitherto been accomplish* the afternoon. About fifty wounded men were hroi^ht ii^ and, a ^ospital was estab­ and examination of the pym-' ed, was made by yolonel Howard VvSS, with whom was Mr. J. E. Per-ing. The l^ooks of Colonrl Vyse, published, in 1840, and the immense volume of plates by Mesgrs Perring and Andrews, sre now the onW trustworthy authority on this sub* ject. Tfhe present bight of the Pyramid of Cheops, from base to the topmost stono now remaining, is exactly 450 English fe»t. Col. Vyse's exploration^ resulted in OS posing to vie* specimens of the an'*«ent ea-ing r.*ones in position. For the pyramid is at present a pile of rough stones, in tiers, each tier narrower than that below it (io that the assent is a series of steps. But these steps were formerly filled with trian gular white st.mes, polished^ d,own to A smooth and perffeet slope from base to apex. This entire cising of white stone has been removed, ^he most of the Sulan Hassan, and other buildings in Cairo, were construc­ ted from material thus obtained- Colonel Yyse, finding some of the lowest casing stones iflith, enabled to obtain* for the first time, the exact sngle of the sloping surface, and thus to calculate, with math ematical Accuracy, the precise hij»ht of the original apex of the Pyramid, supposing it to hare been a sharp point. ^This high^ was 480 feet 9, inches, fa* English bwabuARi ment. The reader who desires to obtain an proximate idea of the appearance of ap­ the great Pyramid, by comparison with famil iar objects, will find this difficult, for reason that it is impossible for any but the ah experienced person to reproduce in imagin ation, t|ie hight of lofty objections. A mountain 2,000 feet high appears but little higher than one yjhich is only 1,000 feet, unless that the two are seen together. hundred feet on the top of s sloping object 200 feet high, makea in t^ie perspective but a very small difference indeed. The spire of Trinity Qhurch, at the beat] of Wall street, appears to the eye nearly as high as tjie Pyramid of Cheops, although it lacks, perhaps, two hundred feet of equaling would cover. it. The base of the Pyramid is 746 feet square. The ancient base, with the casing stones on, was eight feet larger With these measure­ ments before him the reader can see for himself how many city blocks the Pyramid ^•a|| Billing* to $he Girls. Derb Gibls: Keep oool. A blessed futar awaits yu, enny how. Ta)te lessons in tho pianna »t onst pi annas are getting skace. by awl means learn to pla the nu song that hasjiat cum out, "When John Brown is over we are Father Abraham cumming with this kruel war fron't ba^s several strong." This tu]t the fust premium tu put yure jtair stansA At the State fair, be afrade tew get married, yore ma want afrade. Larn (low'to knit pudding in. ^e vartuous and pretty." Eat slate pensils tha wil roaik yu spri at figgers. Eat kolorie water, that wil maik a at good sme'. Let yure pettycoats draejon the «i|ewtlks, and if enny mar steps on them an«| tars o^h the rim, s.ap his ehopa opct. If yu have got small feet, keep Vn* —smal feet has gone out of faahun. Stud- dy travels Join Moores and Byrons and Guljiuers and Wandering Jews and Va!« jandigbamaix awl fust rate. If yu kan spare the time be liivly and sweet. Re­ member one thing, thar aint nothing in this'life worth living for but a rich husband if yu doa't'heliev me ask yure ma. If ru hay red hail yu had better exchange it lor black black hail tha tell me is goirtg to ]bo worn muchly next year. Don't ha*e eriny thing tew du with the boys, unless they mean bisriss. Ifyu don't know how tew skste, yu mile as well jine sum tVAPcliB^ nun. ery at onst, for yure The most and ^)«e heat tbAt ia $OOA Jht you must be done by you. ll IU 8t*i(up of ihe Empie&ft Eupenie erected in the market place ofPuebla. If we do our duty, the spring campaign will be to the rebel Confederacy Us fell campaign.

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