Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, May 5, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated May 5, 1864 Page 1
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8. 1 i i».. -irr 'E tj- I ®j}t ©ttumtoa Count*. IS PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY IK •m POST OFFICE BUILDING, COBNER OF SECOND AND MARKKT STREETS, QTTUMWA, WAPELLO CO„ J. W. NO KRIS, EDITOB. 6$ i ... v. V E N S INVARIABLY IN \vyKNCK, Onecopy.peryfl^f .... Four copies" .".»»•• ........ 7,00. •.. '.V.- i5.no. Ten Twenty" March 10, L9Ai-tf •I J. S. WAlIiER, ,nf Wholesale and Retail DeaUriU "J Y O O S O E I E S Clothing, Hardware, Qnccniware, HATS, CAPS, BOOTS, SHOES, GUM GOODS, FURS, NOTIONS, 4c., Ac. Directly opposite the Ottumwa House Front Street, .4«f,80.1864-25 14-y :'S-rjr H^®rnoVA o u n y ?5fc 3 5:1 and back pay of soldiers, and all just cl»»inis & Jain s't the Uoveruinent. Charges moderatfe'/k^d tothlng unless cl'aiiui* »re allowed. Aeg. 80, ir. WHRllK list -'A I Also—Hold Rings mB.detoor4er ,letterin and en iraving done. Hr lias »ilae assortment of Clocks,Oatches^ewel fry, Musical Instruments, GoldBreast Pins,Ear-rings Jbingcr-rlnfcs, Lockets, Chains, Key s,81ides, Pens,and (lsvariety of notions for sale. Please aliand gee. i*lace o business one door west of Ottumwa House H.N UNA 1AKER Aug 4 th,'50-91-11-0 jOTTUMWA MALJ^ FE ^-'MALK seminart. !)uv. J. M. MeELKUY, 1 jlr. tf. V- McuiNlTIE, Prln«l»(j|f. Il»s M. C. IIALLOWAT, I Tiliss M. R. WILSON, Assistant*. illss MATTIE LASWELL, Teacher of Music. *The Sixth vear commences on Mon4ay, 8EI»TEM l.TCR 7th, lS6 i,*ttte Vre#bJrlPlf,lttaCll^rch sodrooim Attached. Four terras of ten weekseachin tlieyear. Tultlonfrom $8to |6,accordlngto brancbess^udled flano, Melodeon or Guitar, $8 per Term. Special facilities offered to persons wlshlngto qual I*y theuibe'ves for teaching. lu()il* aHmntfccjt at any time, and charged from 'date 'f eutriince. No reduction, however, will be •fjiade fur occasional absence, unless by speclalagree hnenl or in case of aickneas. Boarding can be olital ne«t at pr'.cesto suit thetime No obe's^niitted forles* tha« half a teri urtlier particujkrs call on or address,«|tfcsr of the I'll*1 cipals.' Auc. t. TS6U. V -CITY Mi:AT 'ib HAVltfG pi #FUE3U Va itfG purchsseil the jT building 'ard -tusiness for ftncrly orcupVtd fe'iil conluct .»( t.y J. W. BmWh, I ieslre t' inform the ell liens of Oji^amwa end vlfiulty, that, .all 'continue In keep Mi Ml"""ttuent of MEATS, POULTRY, 8AD8AQ18, JfACD ^c. *ln short, every article usually kept In an establish meot of I he kind, and at prices to suit the times. TtiK 1^1 QUEST PBICUS paid for STOCK, Poultry (MM, Butter, 4c. M.McFARWfl. S« deoiX '•i O O N E W S 1 wish to make it k«n«rD tothe public thsi I have engaged the services of an accomplished eastern Photographer, who vlll t^kethe LATESTSTf/.tS OV PHOTOGRAPHS. •whlcfi are so much admired. I -all upon all those itbMt wwh to h»v« their Pbutographlo Albums orua -iniented with Hoe Photographs, to jjlve us a call. I I also wish to announce to the people, and espec ially to my old customers, thst I have dispauteii with '^'ImDfls and have resumed the A li Ii fcl W1J BIN myself, and eviwettn dejlistleeto all who wish to ••eall «i "n me for nletiiret. Don't fori{«Hhe place. n a i Y S 15,no. 1W Person? wlshlnp» oSufcsmlie for 8 let* tl»e thaa «ne year, can do so hy remitting the amount they wish to he so appropriated. In no case will we enter new names unless they are accosnpanled with the cash. J. W. NORRIK. KRANER & MILLER, Dealers 1,^ STOVES, TIN, COPPER, JAPAN AND SHKKT-IKON WA^ 1-, Corner of ProaMMd Mart Btreets, OTTUMWA, *®WAv Ottumwa., !•««. J. T. HACKWORTH, .41fT ATTORNEY AT LAW A N N O A Y U I All professional basin ess entrusted to bin will be promptly attended to. Special attention will be given to collections, ex amination of Titles an«l onreyancing. tSy-Offlce at Court House ,ln Ottuinwa, lows. Ottumvs, Iowa, Oct. 29th, 18t8. S2-lfty. B.J.BOULTON, ^AKEK AND CONFECTlONElt STftSBT, POOS DOOSS BAST OF THS fOtlttlW^I OTTIIMWA, IOW Machlne Crackers and Confectionery of ereryrsrle at Wholesale and Retail. PartieFand BallMupplledontheshortes i»tl«y. •5-11—ch.8-18.' EDWARD II. STILES, Our Baby. rDid yM ev^r see our baby-*-" kittle Trot? With her bhte eyes sparkling hri^lL Lucious cheeks of rose a .id white, fyp* of glowing ruby light, TfW? 8 flkps.a Attorney & Counselor at ^aw And Solicitor in Chancery. Office over Walker's store, opposite the Ottumwa chief o( (h« l^rmtes o/ the Unit«d states eUWt'repared to procure the flOO Wears h.S old clothe^ and does not sit s|rajehf. ntiiLrftKi moiiferate.mnd 8TiL«» B. SISSON, dentist, HAVINGAll PERMANENTLY LOCATED IN tui» citv offerV bij services to the citizens of town and ficlnity'. work warrated. Ladies wailed on at heir residences, if desired. Teeth i u«erted from one to fin entire^«tt, eltBSt 07 means of springs or atmospheric preMnt*. Orfick,fit hie residence, 011 MarkeisfrTeSv Feb.6(lb61. 1 \yiH-IAMS 8c HAMILTON^' ATTOHKK V S AT L«AW, OTTDMWA.IOWA. ^Ornc* over K. W. Betts' tthing 'ail 59-1-4 F^WT SMITH, (First door east of the Ottumwa House,, FRONT 8TREKT, li li kinds of work donelB J\_ litvle, md at tUeshoi lestnotiee- a .1, %9-C utting doneto order. Notm, th"K P1,A(-K TO BUY MJnHIJl, SHIXiLKS, Ac., JS AT HAND'S LUMBER YARDS AI Burling Ion ,Mt. Plsata », Fairfield O U W A will be found hel argeststoc k eve o feredln the west,and wlilch wll Ibesold lowt *h* i at any point on the Mississippi. Alsothose A Vhi igl^pofonrmanufacture,runcount,everj3h.iigle "iSei feet. *.«.RAND4C0. J0 t.jl tSS^nSS-lltf MARSH A KETCHj Jstilleis, Rectifiers & whole- SALS DEALERS tNFOREIGK A.Nl) DOMESTIC LIQUORS. Hk# """(9TTTIMWA, IOWA. CLOCK, WATCH & JU\V£|,Jtl E A I E /nHE undersigned,having looated In Ottumwa, i willcarry on thefollowlngbuslness,andsollplt» jaliberaHhare ofthe public patronage: 1 Repairing allkindaof Watches,Clocks, 'Muiioai Instruments. I Tell you what, Shp is just the sweetest baby. Of the lo|Er in the saddle. The straps of a n Major General still linger or\ his shoulders. "Probably he has forgotten to buy new ones," sail an officer, of whom it was asked why Gen. Grant did not don the three stars, appropriate to his rank, n« v QENEBAL BBAMI. The door isjust opening, and the Cfenerjil (jteps without, clad fr departure. A tall almost slender, well-knit fraw» a *nn what svyarthy, but refined face black whiskers and mustache, no*r well mixed with gray eyes in which the quiet repose of meditation would seem more natural than the quick and severe glance of inquiry ^rhich has becqme their t^ahit, ^nds that move with semething of nervous impatience E A N A I O n e o e s s o a w i n o n o v e s i s \h whatftn observer perceives in a passing OTTUVWA ,ao»4 aihlonablo look at a commander who do».s not pos sess the \oye, but who has the almost uni versal respeot ofthe %rmy which l^e has led on t(} one important victory, and which he has not betrayed, like others before him, into a single blunder. As he mounts his horse, with a number of his staff beside him, and rides through the broken sun* light among the pines, the salutes of the guards are givert to an officer tx» |mnctili ous and observant to omit one lift of the hat or acknowledgement by. tl*e hand due from the4iighest }n the army to its huniblegt soldtag. v„. w A n Arab Story. In the tribe of Neggeddeh, there was a horse whose farjje was spread far and near, and a Bedouin of another tribe, by name Daher, desired extremely to possess it. TJav «ng offered for it, in vain, his camps and his whole wealth, he hit at length upon the fol lowing device, by which he hoped to gain the oojeot of his desires. Ho resolved to stain his face with the juice of an herb, to clothe himself with rags, to tie his leg* and neck together, so ts to apjjear .like a jame beggar. Thus equipped, he fent to wait for Naber, the owner of the horse, lyho he knew was to pass that way. W en he saw Naber approaching on his beautiful steed, he cried oyt in a weak voice, I am a poor stranger, for three days I have been unable to move from this spot to seek food. I am dying help me, and Heaven will reward you." The Bedouin kindly offered to take hiip upon hj3.bors«vi»ni take him home •but the rogue replied, "I cannot, I have no strength U^t.'J .*i Naber touched.' witti pitf dismounted, led his horse to the spot, and, vytth grent difficulty got the seefYiing beggar on his back. No sooner did Daher fe^l bimsell in ^the saddle, than he pqt ^purs to the horse, and galloped off, calling out :is he did so, "it is F, Daher, I have got the horse,' and I qim off with it." Naber call 'd after him to stop and listen. Certain of not being pursued, he turned and baited a short distance from Naber,'who was armed with a spear. VJou have taken my horse," said the latter, "and since heaven has ko willed it, I wish you ^nuch joy of it but I conjure you not to tell any one how you obtained it." "And why pot?" asked Daher. "Because," said the noble Arab, "another man luigbt be really ill, and men would fear to help him. You would be the cause of a refusal to perform an act of charity, for fear of being duped as I have been." Struck with shame at these words, Daher was silent for a moment^then, springing from the horse, returned it to its owner, erobraoing him, inviting him to hy teut, where they spent a few .^ys frftd be came fast friends for life.—Lamartine. The nightcap would be the cap of J^b erty if it were not for curtain lecturef. ^I'he pen Hpptd with delicate courtesies hath quickefifti mort joy than woman's it Jhi f-istce As my rose, Xnu i Heavenly Father spare them to uaLt Till life's cjose,,^'^ —France* I). Ghiy&. Geji\ Grant and ISeade. A lively correspondent of the Cincinnati Commercial, writing from^ headquarters of the aray of the Potomac, near Culpepper, gives the following description of the two principal officers: A little way onta$ ^he )q4 of. jjtrept —beyond which fs again seen' tfyj open country—a liberty pole stands, without a flag. A home cootpartivcly new, and n good repair, aits a few yards back, on the right side, the yard in front being ftllod with the tents of staflj officers. Lieu^emnt General Grant is„ inside of that house,eat ing his •tdaanoft It would seem that the Lieutenant General hag as little tiiua to spare for that important business, has for suffering the fiangs of lionizing at the great Metropolitan Fair, for in a very few minutes indeed, he rises from a bianl pop ulous with good victuals not half eaten, for- conclave ofstiU hungry officers, and repds the heart oja black wafter bearing les(*ert, by emerging from the dining-rbom, crossing the hall into his office, lighting a cigar, and going to tv©rl(. He has a very quiet way with hi.'m, this cominander-in stub I unwell nil 1 You don't think so You ne'er saw-be? I If you could, 'Ifong her pretty playthings clattering, While her little, tongue was chattorlng^ And her nimble feet a pattering 1 Think you woiddr withy me sh© was ie sweetest, Ifyoushpt^ld. Every grBil^Jl'a.onTy (tarling^ I 8lipp)S#y *. To hef eye (it's not a pity)t, Is as bright and ash and pfeUy,ui^-^ Is ascunning ancbas witty i1""fi i I.'i itx art* Pfcfidcnt Lincoln'* Speech, at Baltimore. The telegraph did not report the Presi dent's short speech, at the opening of the Baltimore Sanitary Fair, either oorrectly o* or tally. Wo find it in^tilt in fh6 Baltimore RAper.9, ayvd.give it below: iJ' THE PRESIDENT S REMARKS &AMS9 AND GENTLEMEN :—Caflt'og' to mind that w« are in Biltimore, we cannot fail to note that the \yorld moves. Looking upon these miny people assembled here to serve, as they best may, the soldiers of the the same soldiers could not so much as pjws through Baltimore. The change from then till now is bbtti gre^t and gratifying, ftless ingp on the brave men who have wrought the change, and the fait ifotnferi Wh6 strive tb reward them for It.' -i Vi' But Baltimore suggests'more1 fhan could ago, neitfier party, nor any man, expected it would test till now. Each' fooked for the end, fn some way, long ere to-day. Neither did |ny anticipate tRa( JiiuieMio ntavarp would be much affected by the war. "iBut Kerfe tve are the war has'not ended, and slavery has been much aflfecled—how much needi? not now be recounted. So true is it that man proposes and. God disposes. But we can see the past, though we may not claim to'have directed it and seeing it, in this case, we feel more hopeful and confi dent fio» tb© fi^ti^re, The world bas pever had a ^ood ^efini ^ion of the wofd liberty, ant the American peopie, just now, are much in want of one. We all declare for liberty but in using the 5,1 me v#rd, we dp not all mean the sanoe thing. With some the wore1 liborty may. mean for each man to do as he pleases with himself and tfye product of his labor while with others the same word may mean for sorpe. men to do as they please with other, men apil the product of. other men's la tor., Here are two, not only diffViSiVi but Tiie shepherd drives the wolf Crom the sheep's throat, for wh'ch the sheep thanks the shepherd as a liberator, while the wolf denounces him.for the same act, as the des troyer of liberty, espe&iaUy as the sheep was a black one. Plainly, the sheep and wolf are not agreed upon a definition of the word liberty and precisely ttya same difference prevails to-dav among us human creatures, even jn the North, arid all orofessing to love liberty. Hence we behold the prooesses by which thousands are dailv passing from un der the yoke of bondage hailed by some as the advance of liberty, and bewailed by others as the destruction of all liberty. Re cently, as it seems, the people of Maryland have been doing someth'ng to define libertv and thanks to them that? in what they have done, the wo1f!s dictionary, has been ppudi ated. [Loud cheers] ^t i$ not very becoming for one in my position to make speeches at great length but there is another subject ypop w}iich feel that I ought to say a word. {jajnful rumor—true, I fear has reached us of the rpassaqre. by the relel forces at Fort Pillow, ip the wpst end of Tennessee, on the Missis sippi river, of so.me three hundred colored soldiers and white ofl^cers, who had just be#»n overpowered by their assailants. There secerns to be some anxiety in the public nvind whether the Government *s dome, its duty to the colored an14ier, and to the service, at this point. At the beginning of the war, and for some time, the use of colored troops was not contemplated and how the change of purpose was' wrought, I will no{ novy take time fo explain. Tfpon a' clear convic tion of duty, I resolved to turn that element of strength to account and I am responsible for it io the American people, to the Chris tian world, to history, and on my final ac count to God. Hiving determined to use the negro as a soldier, there is no way but to give him all the protection given to any other soldier. The difficulty is not in stat ing the principle, but in practically applying t. It is mistake to suppose the Govern ment is indifferent to this matter, or is not doing the best it can in regard to it We do not to-day inoip thjit a colored soldier, or white officer commanding colored soldiers, has been massacred by the rebels, when made a prisoner. We fear it, belieye it, I nay say, but *ye do not hnoy it To take the life of one of their prisoners on the as sumption that they murder ours, when it is short of Certainty that they do murder ours, might be too serious, too crucl a mistake.— We are having the Fort Pillow affair tho roughly investigate^ and sucfrlnvesrigation will probalvly shov conclusively how the truth is. If, after all that has been said, it ^hall turn out that there has been no mas sacre at Fort Pillow, it will be itlmost safe jto say there ha's been none, and will be none elsewhere, if there has been the massacre of three hundred there, or even the tenth pari of thiee hundred, rt will be conclusively proven and being so proven, the retribu tion will as -surely come, it will be matter of grave consideration in what exact course to apply th« retribution but in the suppo sed case, it must oomc [Vociferous ap plause.] Four men were lately riding along in a |ight ono horse wagon in Mis souri, when they were overtaken with a hurricane. The horse wan blown so that h« lay with his heels up while the vehicle Was capsized directly over a ditch titteen feet deep, with the oc cnpant« underneath, Strange to say, not a bone w broken in tnan, wagoa or horao. _1_L_ Who were the first gamblers? Adam and Eve". They throw a piir-o'-dice lbr 'an O.TTUMWA, IOWA, THURSDAY, MAY 5-, 1864. tJnion, it occurs at once that three years! ago sion under discussion, which was his right, and I conclude that the speech has been laid a*ay lohg prepared, and that the first happen within Baltimore. The change I remark that this qnestion ha« brbugflt up wtthin Baltimore part only oT a far wider diselainaers, apo}ogies( and lectures of the 'ehange. When the war began, three yoars most uncommon character. WJiy, sir. incmff pa^ible things, called by the same name, liberty. And it follows that each of. the things ^s, by tfie respective parties, called bv two different a^id incpn^patible names-!— liberty and tyranny.' i ...• II) I'M. Speech of Mr. GrlonelV, On thfi Resolntim* fo expel Mr. Lonfaof Ohio, for treasonable sentiments, Mr. Grinnell. I did not anticipate a few hrturs slnce taking any part in this debate, and I shall not detain the Ifonse tpng now, as I have agreed to divide a portion of my hour with a gentleman who irtll address the Hou^e upon this question. Before I proceed with my remarks on the question, allow me to say that the gen tleman who has just taken hfi seat {Mr! Winfteld] h4^ not even Hirited Vt the qns- Opportunity fhr'bringing it to light was this occasion. He left me entirely ignon ant in regard to s position Opon the question now under dwdussion.' H# has not infohn ed the lfhusehdw he sh*U wvte, and must every other gentleman that has spoken on that side has-been called upon to make a disclaimer in behalf of seme political, bro ther and, %.fjarnijy of. feuds that must be now-anymm*H«. fr 'Fire burn and caldron bubble." X.hat' is the bubbling of that harmonieas Democratic party, in the language of «rit4h* es, in Apri4, 18fi4. *t •, Tho House on Sattyd^K l^st passad* vote of censure upon a member of this House, [Mr. Harris, of Maryland,] declaring that he was an unworthy member. He i&a gentle runt* vy^.o boasted here of being,a slaveholder —one of the last of that memorable nobil'ty, no( a .fossil exactly, a reproaentative of the chivalry. And yet he does not seem incli ned to, follow the proud example set him by Mr. Giddings, a Yankee, subject of BO many jeers. He is, not inclined to resign his seat. I will not allude to him as a Uai tor, although the Ghair did deoide last night that the use of that language was not unpar liamentary as, applied to him. I will sim ply allude to him as "the unworthy mem ber." (Laughter.] By a vote of the House he was censured. That vote was supported by m&i\y of the political adherents of the member. Some twenty 'or thirty members on that side happened to be absent: at the time. Perhaps they had gone to dinner, or gone somewhere else. I do not krow, not being iheir keeper.- At alt events they were fortunate enough not to be here when their names w«»e called. Laughter. It will be recorded that 80 many members of the "un. terrified'* Democratic party stood by the gentleman from Maryland, so many voted against him, and so many dodged the ques tion. [Laughter.] But the "unworthy member" from Mary land persists in holdrng on to his position he^e, notwithstanding his censure bjr the House and by members "of his own party while Mr. Giddings, the "grasping, spiritless Yankee," resigned his sWt oh Bfeihg cen sured without a hearing, and on he isest pretenses that he had impaired the value of slave property in Virginia, that mother of slaVe Breeders as well as Of presidents. So much for the representatives of the chivalry who never tike an insult. They are high toned, but not so very high-toned but that they will retain their seats after their fellrtw members have proclaimed them unworthy of association with them on account of treason able language. An abolitionist goes to the people' and they send him back indorsed with a fresh com-nission ,a vaunting slave ovfnar, oensuren, remains here like "The last rose of tmrnmir. i I»eft blooralugalone. Ijiifiititiil iWT i **w SJitWoJ'•»»?r •»T. v,| "ft f„,w,(. f! f.mi] from the lectures they have seen fit to oneanother d,uri^g the two or three days put. I djj not propose to gp into thjs fam ily for the purpose of. arranging any of the it difficulties, which I know are of a very se rious character. Their trouhles are chronic, and do not propose to offer medicine to n^en so sick as the Democratic party—the sick man" of 1864—too far gone for the use of any known medicines. While I have listened to thistlisougflion. there has come to ray mind considering'the protests and discordance, language which I thought might properly be uped, ia Macbeth. I quote a few lines, perhaps di^jofotedly EVllet ef a fennv sn^ke, £t »ifT When glisten to lectures about Xew'Eig land or Yankees, I thank God that the time is pjtst oir drawing near when we shall hear no longer taunts and insults in this Hall— when the crack of the slaveholder's, whip will not be heard in tljls Hal! as it lias been in the past. The gq^tjetnart from Maryland [\tr. Har ris] says further—and I hope will not (jome'any nearer to rne than he is—fhe Comes oyer toward Xfr. (J that if 4 man calls his lather a traitor he will do something, I do nt know what^ some. terriblfe thing, and as I do not win# sOtne terrible to befall me, I will not call him a traitor. But when the gentleman says that he will answer for aij his sins is aHlaveholder, I tell him there is dark and terrible fbture for him that ev ery one of his slaves has a nite against him bearing comjtnnnd interest, and that note ill be presented in that great (?ay, when I fear th&t'thitt gentlbman will not be able to cash it, or m^et the consequence* of protest at the bar of the K'ernal. He will hear, "Behold the hire Of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you vou kept back by fraud, crieth "and the cries df*them which have reaund are eftte-ed into 'he ears of the Lord of Sabaoth.'* And It is beeause those who have gone before us, i» and have sit in this Chamber, have listened iwitbout rebuke to tb« abuse of these .»• •••4 St. .•! 1 ." •'/J "H *1 fr ,irw, Vi Now, sir, wueu i (... In t^e caldron boil apd bake: t Eve of nqwt, and toe of frag, Wool of bat, and tongue of d"5j, "Adder's fork, and blind wiSnn'y i.' Lizard's leg. and owlet's wing, i For j^chann of nowrrful trouble, Iiike a boil broth boil and bubble,." The Haines of semi-treason rising, let "i -*m-. -w*".-r, ,t, *T A\ 9ft *3, •4 *m I.I,.- .,H ,, ,f...in'. 9 holders, that I believe in God this country has come to what it has, having ulavery ev. try where, Sir, greit jnstice, tarte i# net earty, will' be beard. These men who T.fted to repri mand and insult John Quincy Adams living, when he was dead could net find wirds to express their reverence for his memory.— And the same thing has taken place during the present winter in reference to one ofthe leading abolkionists in this country. Yoa caHed him im his lifetime a koeperof an un der ground lailroad. Ytu exhausted the catalogue of vile epithets to hurl against him And. when he was dead you mourned for him as for one who had stood up for tlie never formed Hie school of truth before (ind now the Parian marble it not wliite enough for his monument. I would not, sir, have thus digressed io remarks buj thftt I may never again ltd up my vpice in this Chamber, and I desire to •have it know/i by my children «tnd men who come after me that one descendant from those who for three hundred years have struggled and suffered for rational liberty. never heard a slaveholder boast of his mas tery and take pride in his defense of taiiiors without &Undjng,upt to rebuke him, to say .with full voiice to bis face, "(iet thee behind —Sataq." t-rvceu e erenco to sU.vohold.es*, I dp elude al) in (frig Houae who may fall within that category. I do not allude to all these gentlemen from the border Stites. I do not include aH those gentlemen. Ay, sir, and mv heart warms toward tbem when I think of that State that has recently given her voice in favor of emancipating her slaves.— Your heroism commands the admiration of the country, denouncing the wrong, and be ing ready to give your slaves, and let them go to fight the battles of the country. And I could almost forgive the boastings of the member from Maryland when he told that he had been a slaveholder, but that his slaves bad all run away. I was glad when, I heard that he, like myself, was obliged to cultivate few acres of land by hired and paid labor. And when he said the patriarchal relation had been destroyed by t^eaeral butler, said to myseli. "Xhank &od for General But ler Charleston as it I* (and o«y|t|t to be*,. [Th« following letter fropp respectable citizen of Charleston, S. C., a Union man, 4o r. gentleman of Philadelphia, gives a faiihfol account of the city, as it was Feb ruary 2'2d. 1S64. The statement can be de pended upon as accurate and impartial. We publish it literally as written, omitting only names and private matters.—Ed.. e $ $ A gr«j*i qvin«B hn»,ooina ovy, ^j#t-, oUy since you left. Tbo population is almost entirely above Went worth street—hardly a soul below Maiket street. The post office is at the corner of Kin^ and Aon streets the banks at the west end of Cannon street the military headquarters in John str et, and aboye that point. The lower part of the $own is given oyer to Qillmore's shells. [Below Went worth street are fourteen paral lel streets, including the most valuable of (he public buildings, stores, and private houses. Cannon street is almost suburban The deserted portion of the city, from which the bombardment nas driven the few inhabitants who remain, occupies about three square miles—El. The Pre*s.] Prob ably over five hundred houses h»ve been struck in that part of the town. Your old room in the upper story had a shell explode in it. The prices of living are, in our cur rency, onormWus. Hotels charge from $12 to $20 a day, and the cheapest boarding house is $6 a day. At present rates, it costs me about $600 a month. Beef is sel ling at $3 a pound oowi wtoiskey' ftJQ1 to $79 & gallon oak w?od at $50 a cord. You can therefore imagine the pleasures of housekeeping at these rates A barrel of sal mon from Wilmington cost me $405, and I bought a box of herring, which used to '6ost seventy-five cents, to day, for $20. —^has lain in a hiding-place for some months to ayoi'd' conscription. H9 does not dare tod even as the owU—go oi}t of nights. Qnce he was the victim of mis placed confidence he want to Wilmington to try and get a chmca out\ he was nabbed, enrolled, and only escaped by jumping fVom the ctrs and taking to the woods. Finally, after endu.'ing incredible hardships, and walking seventy-five miles in thirty-three hours, ho got back to a place or hiding in Wilmington, w lenee he returned here, an 1 Is nov perdu, where bnly intimate friends can fin 1 him. Dsserter* throng the woods and swamps all over the country the reb els hunt them as they do negroo*, with dogs.——says he saw twenty-two Wrought iq th^ other day, tie^ two and two, who had been caught by hounds. Two qthers $-ere shot in attempting to escape. Our condition is as bad as it can be.— The despotism is as bad as i( car, be, though curses Wsid and deep are uttered against t^e Govdrmnont by many raen who were Secessionist. There is a very large sprink |m^ of Union men here. It is quite doubt Jul if there u not a ij'trity in Charleston teho are for the Union. Tiie town is very much cU'iitg'd. S-^rcoly anyb dy believe* that sltvery can live much longer. The thing is about up. ^f the Ft leralists miles oent. on our situation. EDUCATION At COLUMN. THE SCHOOL OF L1VS. life Is a school, a huny school, A.nl we are scholars all Cime measures out the etody bOMBk, And ho Ms us at his call. Lite's school will soon be dona, W»e Teacher waits to give the papR! By faithful pupils won. I W «f\T bp* fhen hurry on, woe* withartHa fi3 ia* ,_ Nor idle, nor delay tWCtfcat eaeh toay reader hl» re^wrl, *'J', Perftct ihrvugh all tht dmy.n Otticiiil Notice. success. We are a fast people. We live in e a fast age, and happily, our common schools ace keeping up with the times. The advantages of the system, and dis advantages of its absence, are to be seen in the different sections of our Union. Upon the success of our common schools depend our liberty, our government, and the per petuity of our institutions. The masses must be educated. Every school must become an academy, and every teacher a professor. A higher standard of qualification must be required, and higher salaries paid. Will these things be Tbey will. There' is evi^eaAly *'a good time con ing.'' J. Ck We have now in -this Office for printing Algebraic questions and solution*,'and in this number propose a few practical ques tions in Algebra and Grunmar, and if the idea is received with favor, and the teachers assist this part of the column can be made interesting. Tuachers, students and all in terested the sabjeet are solicited to con tribute. |ff?i* I jRemarkable Propliecf' Judge Dou^liu. Qere I will pmso a mvrU to state a most remarkable prediction made by Ditig lu-t, in January, 1861. The statement'i? fi}rnishei to t^a by Genarat'(J. B. Stewart, ofNewl^',k. 's Wi jfriiiwati -, -wiril^iiYfrifirtfft^ frnimiifcii«J-ftiii wa ij^SiTirfi ".' •.' '.-I ?l tr""*|ji itii All communication* intended for this col- jfwnishes t^lat paper with an amusing ae-" umo should be addressed to H. L. McGir itiv. I rnont of his expericnao with terrier which tsi i imq Jlprae heed his words, and some4 Some do their duty wttll others ever haste away, Vku truauts from the belL 'fl-nfbe fc-sy hows are flying on, klt j, And each one something brfnf|L .^-jprrae needed work, some tesson-UM Oi To every ooment clings. '*.? For man to loiter t'.irnuuh, ['r-tr'ffcit all its duties and lt« casks Each one should strive to do. l.V fti |Pe sun is sinking dawn the sky! a!'r ftfcrsons wishing to see the Louo*y SopffJ intendent on business will find him at his office in trie room above the Judge'a office in the Court House, on the last Saturday in each month. n14LQfher^woeg he will usually be found eastern paiTof town/ i"Wm 8tre®^ in the Persons wishing to be examined will save expense by presenting themselves oa the last Saturday in the month. They are also earnestly requested to be present promptly at the opening of the examination al 9 o'clok In the absence pf.Aha,.undersigned, Mr. HL L. McGinitie act as deputy Kxaminer. M. MCELROY, r*ounty Superintendent. The Time '•«!..«. 4"lid,"S Like everything else. „ur.,m. school* I are working a great revolution. The dim i SU(Men» 1 a giitbuin of thi hi test respectability. Douglas vu asked by General 9tew*rt, (who vvas makings ^.»w iTear's cill on Mr. t)',)Ugl is) •'What will be the result of the ef forts of Jefferson Davis an 1 his associates to divide the Union? uglas replied: 'Thecottoo States are mt'ing an effort to draw in the border States to their schemes of secession, anl I am fetrfal thjy will sue cced. If they do succeel Yhati will ba the unst tjrrible civil war th* world has ever seen, lasting for year*. Virginia wdl be come a chtrnel hu-»e but the end will be the triirnp'.i of the U-iloa ca'ise. One of their eff rs will be to take possession of this capitol, to give them prestige abroad but they will never'succeed in taking it. The 'n£ j^ |)3 every Uiin» a Ui tj th d'jliz\ts uf ',f {i people win cry "enough Congress has just passed a hw "oontpel Ting the funding of Confederates notes In four per cent. »nd-t, before April 1, oi penalty of paying a tax of31£ per cent. on thd notes after that date, and if they are not fu'td^l by" Jamtry 1, 1^6"), they are to be tax-1 10Q pir cjnt. This is repu liation of 0 igres will i the ta-n re per the *pring eamp tign ich/it it ought to fie, and even this house and the Minueaeu! more beauty, of a great J*1 more practi )eoph will cry "enough.**1 -block (now the bouglas hospital) u»ay be utility.—State hegUter. devoted- to that purpose before tl,eetn|tfi l,itt 15 M1,hern mm* S~ (OLD SERIES VOL. 19. NO.7 I rtunt^i,iiiaATiac» 6 inch a Rafter.* A oorrespondcf.t of the Brooklyn Til wo* safdatton that h» was "roeh a fitter." H4 had sonar trouble at first in getting a tat or»* which to try his "pup." He succeeded at last, and says: However, the next day I was so fortu nate as to secure from a boy in tin market a finetrld line bob-tail rat, whose furiou# efforts to chaw every thing within reach^5 gave promise of glorious sport to Nip. Took the rat home, called in my dog, and told my wife if she wanted to see the way that ter* rier did rats, to come down in the 'base* racnt She came down and shut the door*, just in tiin«, too for as soon as Nip saw rat, he, Nip, my ratter, for which I paid the old gent five dollars, made a most unmistakable cowardly movement toward the hall, wife, on a chair, said thedo^ did not ap^ pear to see the rat. Told wife to Veep her breath. Thought 1 would not give Nip any reason for seeing the rat igain so I tied the string that held the rat to the dog's hind leg. He saw the rat that time, and jumped on the chair by wife. Wife laughed and shoved hind offl' Tried the stove next. Got off the stove without being shoved. The rat however/ being an old stager, and not being used to Nip's reaVy1^.1.'Ilin'^ a if ~~~'J .1 d'-I. P'tsC'sa' Jt.VTUAMATIC.UL.,, {^"Solutions solicited. demonstration on Temple ever made betifc\e'ieve little Flora luuits than do$, and rat mad* room: First heat, dog had the lead, closley fol lowed by rat, who, on striking the half mile pole (foot stool, in the corner), broke badly in fact, nearly broke his back, and before he could he brought down (he was his knSlh but at hand. The "old dispensation" with its !iU(Jg«'s b,ck- d°* led" by "Urted twilight is fast reced«ng, and the bright day |wel1 tether (tied) and went finally so long sod so anxiously hAped for is near no' to No. 1.—There is a square tract of land containing 10 times as many acres as there are rods in the fence enclosing it. How large is the square No. 2.—A corn f^ctyr naixes wheat-flour, which cost 10 shillings per bushel, with Ur- ley flour which cost 4 shillings per bushel, in such proportion to gain 4$| per ct. by Swhing the mixture at 11 shillings per bush. t^!4i red the proportion. hfrfeUtotau d- n' ,i?«j GRAMMATICS Ate the- following oarrec#? 1.—Such are the u^o vhoga^ jre.mi^ht suppose, know better. 2.—If there was better management there would be greater security. S.—Come quick, and le£» be jready for tray),, Answers in two weeks. |he 1 j'1*''. », »hoI« "ITthe siring. Didn't »'t6p for wind, off on the 8econd heat Got aro,in(^ nec'1 an^ unt'l 9taml advocates is almost "played out," and the against which'dig brought up solid, bring ''improved methods"- are i»eirg adopted with 1 0f. they reached the (Wlk standing on a chair) 'n8Jud^e down in a style pre eminently dignified and that heat was decided against dog you may bet, and it was July after much persuasion that the judgp would again taKe her stand. The third heat may be aptly -termed- a dead beat. They got off as well apart as the dog conveniently could, and sailed lively until just as they struck the last quar ter, when tlie rat, which ran about as well on bis back as on his legs, shied the track and got rather queerly wound around a table leg. Dog kept on as fast as the string and -ngtb of his hind leg would let him. On raising the rat he was found noncon^pos, totally defunct, in faot, dead. Nip Wis much beter off. Wife said that dog couldn't kill mtee. Told her that he had cetainly killed that rat but on viewing the feat in a scientific light, I must confess I did not feel quite satisfied with the performance of my pet, and the next morning gave him away to a rtiilkman, who wantda ratter to free his stable from the depredations of the vermin. I have not been able to ascertain which left him first, the rats or the dog. The Original CopperhefUf." As the cleverness of the Copperheads at crawfishing, changa of base, and blowing hot and cold in the same breath, is just now attracting public attention, it may not he amiss to show that this cleverness Is not on ly not without precedent, but natural to the species. A fricud has kindly furnished ua wUh ao Mt„cl fr(Mn fffUarfo Pennsylvania Register for August, 1831, which sheda abundant light upon the matter. Here it is The Lebanon Beshaehler of last week states that a snake of the copperhead spec ies wag killed on the plantation of Christian Scrack, Esq., about two feet in length, hav ing a head at eit her end of its body, which enables it to adtanoe or recede ad libitum. May this not have been the snake used to symbolize a dass of ancient politicians, as Well as those now bearing its name of Whom it was said iMiii a'The' rire *n aB(1 wlre oat' ro as to leave *he World tn'doubt ,v Whether the snake that made the •v Was going cut cr coming backT* Wins \irtgton Chronicle. ••-..fJfeKf A H00"1' FARM.—About the finest farm in this region of country Is cultivated by a woman—Mrs. Boone, widow of Davis Boone, of Boone township, Dalfas county. She cultivates three hundred and sixty acres, has 140 nead of cattle, 400 aheep, 100 hogs, 10 or 12 horses. She will have this year 140 acres of corn, 23 acres of wheat, 30 acres of oats, and 80 acres of timothy.— There is a good orchard upon the farm, and a garden and shrubbery' in good order and cultivated tastefully. Mrs. Boone haa one son and five daughters at home, but the son has a farm of his own to manage, and the mother takes the active, responsi* ble charge of Ror own acres. Her agricul tural handiwork will compare with that of the other gender in Dallas county or any where else. All this shows that while fe- m*'e cu'ture aoraetimas teac.i«s that attend- rtPera* North will'rise MmtN 'to defend it. but p«od!e gs fits ladies for the companion it whl be-i.vne a cftv o'fhxpitals the church shiP *IV' cultfvating the affections of of husbanls, there Can be a stvl* if fl)r the si^k and wounded- fe,nale htshan Iry of another1 sort, if not dt the war.' Genural $tew4rt inquired: Portland Advertiser says: Wha. ja« iffi»lion i» tt.fr. for all tW«? ,Mrting i„ n»i6hborin„ Doug!as repl efl. 'There is no just meat ton. nor anv frutense of any. if they will re I town, a ^iw weeks since, one of the article* W*in in the Onion, I will go as fir as the: was to see if the town would authorize th^ L'uusiitutioii will premit to maintain their erection of a flag staff. One oil Copper jnst 1 I do rmt doubt but a tnaj ir patriarch, on the day of the meeting u e Young ladies if von have got a beau to' slave*, and jost 80 fnuch wave ppf*ertT as ,, n u,„i,. mi ___t mm, your bm 'U »«thi piiM of th. tuyan.!. 'Jn tht j—" ni .* nw wwc.w k-'ipi.' f»v fet MS* fii tt ,» .» tl Mtn 't I: ttlf was beared to ask his frienl wh it. kind of States attempt to se i a tUg it was proposed to display u wn the 'r cede trom this Union without further cause, staff, "fhe 3 Ar.s a 1 S ripei," ofco ir*o," I am in favor of their having just so tntny w^ie the trieil, thougit SJ," aStii 1 k"'" I

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