Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, May 26, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated May 26, 1864 Page 1
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I .3HJTX ... u* I 'ViU .% .-.loll-' i' f| E W 8ERIE8 VOL SkNOII J.W.XORBIS^rQp^eUt ®bc ©ttumtoa Coiuirt, ts pouttsnen Braky tnntsn\+ f•IOSTor •j.t'al'*! i.w ———rnii One copy,per year .... 1 1 1 7 0 Jfmircoples" 1 €lolliiii(, llanlM iirct air-, HATS, CAPS, BOOTS, SHOES, GUM GOODS, F17RS, NOTIONS, Ac., Ac. Directly opposite the Otlumwm House front Street, Aug. 80,18M—Sft 14-f £ttoe over Walker'* atore, opposite the OUniawa llou'se, OTTUMWA, IOWA. f»* Is uuar well prepared to procure the $100 Huunty and liack pay of soldier*, aud ail JUBI cUioi* against tlie uovvrniiient. Chargek moderate, and aetWag uoJeas claiay arc »Up wed. Attg.iO, 1«C$. o it v, offei tiia A is*.iii! liafc »rlIf i .f... .-A ,,,..-»... 7,00. ten 15,00 Twenty" So,00. Perann* wlnbloFt* Uibtcrlbe for a te»« OU«nWa, l«Wa. J. T. IIArKWOltTII, Attorney AT LAW AND NOTAKY rtDLIf, 1 Mb professlotinl husliitus entrust*)! to Iilm will be promptly attended to. gpecixl attention will lie given to collections, ex amination of Titles and onreyani-iug. fyoilioe it Court lions in Ottuuiwa, Iowa. Ottumwa, Iowa, Oct. 1 88-16y. B. J.BOULTON* UAKElt AND CO^FECTlONEU raOMT dTMBBT, rocs DOORD K18T or TBI Pt'TT tK HQC81 OTTUMWA, IOWA. MMhineOrackersaod Conf«etiooery of every varle y at Wholesale aod Eetait. Partiefand UaiUduppliedon thaaJrarMa aotta*. ch.8-1*. •r1* 'r .: 1 E W 8! itfVATtlABLY, Ibf time than Dames unless tliey are ac omp a ni. it i 11 hh|i, W. KOKKIb AND SHliiKT-UtON WAHfc}, Corner of front and Market Streets, •tTDMWA, ^••fcrehlft, 1864-tf' oa«year,c»nloao tiyremtuingtlieamoiint they wish HQt Utmiijed with some Surprise and much to be so »ppro|iriateii. in n CHSC win iMiicmef indignation, your detailed and anxious vin dication of the most hideous crime that has ever stained humanity—-the slavery of men of color in the United States of America. KRANEFT & MILLER, Dealer* In STOVES, TIN, COPPER, JAPAN MWA. j. s. WALKER, Wholesale awl Retail Dealer in 'Hit V GOODS, GROCERIES, i 'a. ta. B. SISBOTC, HATtHtftAlltworkservice, TERMANKNTLV LOCATED TwHfllB lo tbo cltiltnfc of town and vicinity warr»r.,d. Lalie°b waited op at heir residence*, if desired. Teetii inserted from one to an entlre»ett. *}titjUC bjf meaus of iprinics or atiikofpheric pressuc^.r OariUK,iit hicrejiJence.on AJark^ldtre^V- if ib. 6, latil. TviLLIAMS Sc HAMILTON, A y JI A '1 J. A W OTTUMWA, 10* &. i SP^Orno* «»#r K, vy. Oasis' ctUJngWfff^ I^ W. SMjlTH, li- E A N 1 1 6 e (jrirst door east or the Ottumwa House,, JfRONT STRKKT, .... OTTt'VWA A' I., ^indu of vork donein*1 jo«iashionab]p Hylr, nd at tlieshoi-es» notloe. Cutting dooeto order. NovtS.'60-jr THK PLACE TO JBIJY lyl VIUKK, SHpUI.Ivli, At., IK AT UA\D'§ IJIMHER IT A KI$ ,4 IBurlinf/ton,Mt. Pleasant,Fair/tetd,Agency jtnii O TTIJ "VV A, WHBUEi wHlbefound thelargest.4tockev.eio fered n thewest,anl which wHHx's'it'iTtfiwer bs iat tgr yplnl on the Mississippi. AlsothoseA itii jglesofour manufacture .fuiicount .even HhingJe gei feet. K. D. KAMI) CO. ^OlUT 1 SftJ. n^3-n tf MARSH & KETCH AM JJistillerij fieetifiers & whole- j14L$ DVALEftS IXFO(tEIQST:4bD DOMESTIC LIQUORS. »lM I •CSTTUMWAe IQWJm* WA IXM »t I E A E B^II I-: uiiiltrsigaf .having Located I n Ottumwa, M. wti I carry on the fol low ingbusln ess ,a n sol Icl,tk ^llberaHliare of the pabllr patronage: KepalringailkindHof Watcbes,Ulocks,Je^Lryand Musical Instruments. Also—Gold KingBn)»4etoor^er,le_tterl^|[,ftnden ^ravivg Jobd. lie has ii rtne assortment of Clocks,Oatches .Jewel ry, Vastcal (nstruinmits, Ooldltreasi I'ins.Kar-ringt ^Inger-rinjrs. Lorkets. Chains. Keys,Slides, Hens,aad ^variety ofnotionsforsale. Please calltndgee. mce o/bual oess one dp or west of Ottumwa House lAKElt .Aaglth.'Sg-tt.n-te OTTUMWA MALE Pupils admitted at auy time, and charged frem (tilfc-(./ entrance. No rudi^ctioD, lj«ffve-, wiH be 'piaderoroccasional lUsence,uoJeasby sj ec^)agree /nent or in citric of sick nexs. Hoarillni ran be obtained at price*to suit I hrttae No one admitted for le«? than hslf a terra Vcr 'urt her particulars call on or adjlfrMt either fit tile Principal*. A«k «. IR«1. CITY MEAT MARKET. LETTER OF I^AiriEX O'CONNELL, On Amerirnii Slavery. nr. OFPICU BtJn.DINO, IRNER BERONT) AND MARKET SYRWKTS* OtTUMWA, WAPELLO GO., 10W4 ,J. W. NOIUUS, EDITOH, „,t| Tho f\inni|M0e to whotn the address from the Cincinnati Irish Repeal Association, on the subject of Nepro S'av^tV in the United States of America, WH( referred, nave agreed to, the fallowing reports VAT^OjS .Ojf- CORM KxrnANOK Room,) DPBLIN, Oct. li. 1848. I Gentlemen^ We have road. with the deepest Affliction We are lost in inter amazement at the pre Version of mind and depravity of heart which your address evinces. How can the pnenius, the charitable. the humane, the noble emotions of the Irish heart, have be come extinct among you? flow cat» your nature be so totally changed as that you should become the apologist and advocate.* of that exeoiablc system which makes man tbe property of his fellow-man—destroying the foundation of pll moral and social vir tues—cnpdimps to ignorance, immorality, and irrehuii n, millnns o our fellow creatures renders the slave hopeless of relief, and perpetuates oppression by law and, in the name of what you call a Constitution I It was not in Ireland rou learned this cruelty. Your bv 1 EDWARD II. STILES, Attorney & Counselor at Law Aiui Solicitor in Chancery. mothers were gentle, kind/!*01'1 ^ke .s7ne among us. and participate in all that is I with a darkness blacker than the -r it might be* some palliation It is therefore, our solemn and sacred duty to warn v 'U, in words already alread used, and much misunderstood by you "to come out of her" —not Iherehv meaning to ask you to come out of America, but out of ihp councils of thn iniquitous, and oqt of t)M congregation pf the wicked, who con Rider man a chattcl and a property, and lib ertv an inconvenience. Yes We tell you to come out of such nssetnblases but we did not and do.not invite vou to return to Ireland. Tle volunteer defenders of slave ry. snrroundid ty one thousand criipes, wouid find neithei sympathy nnv Minport among native uncoataminated frshmen Your advocacy of Slavery is founded up on a gross eripr. Vou ta|ye fop granted that man can be the property of his fellow man. You speak in terms of indignation of those who would deprive whiie men of »h ir "property," and thereby render them ael ves capable of supporting their families in affluence. You forget the other side ol 'he picture. You have neither soriuw nor sympathy for the suffering of those who •ire iniquitnusly compelled to ljjb i -f the nffluerce of others those who work with out wage-— yho tifll withjOil? reoopioensi who i^»end rheir Hvea in proenrina for oth el's th«4jlen-doi and wealth in wtych they do not partcipate Yon tutnllv forget the sufferings of the wretched bla«:k men, who #re deprived of their all w ithiv»it any compesatioo or re dress. If you, yourselves, all of you—or if any one of ypu were, without crime or of fence committed by yqu. bandetj oyep into perpetual slavery if VAU wer» compelled to work from «unri«se to sunset without wa ges, suppliad only with such *rse food and faimeiU as would keep you in vyorking order 4. when your "owper" fell into debt, you were sold to pay hi# debis. not your own if it ipere niade a crime to teach you to read and write if you were liable to be separated, in the Histrihutiou of asaeta, from your wives and your chiMren if vou (above all) were to fall into the hands of i brutal master—and you condescended to atiinit that {here fie some brutal masters in America—if, o^jong all }.hese circum stances, some frirendly spirits of a more zenerous order were desirous to give liberty to you and vonp families—with what inef- rah!e AND ^IIALB SKMINARf. Pay. 3. M. MrELROV.I A, Ci FE- A 'A Mr. H. p. MoUl N4T4R, PrfnHpaiii. *llss M. C. HALLOWAV, I Miss M. E. W11,SON', AxsiMante. fJissMATTIK LASWK1.L, Teacherof#(^rtc. The HIxth year continences yn Mo.niay, SKPTEM ^tKR 7th, lSAi3tattbe'Presbjri«riaDOj)ur£haiidrooms ^ttt^ched. (Hpu/ t«rm» oftenweekscachln the year. Tuitionfroin fSto |tl,»ccorJln^ko hraaebesst^itled Pta no, Mflodeon or OultHr, $S per Terui. jlp«eialfai'IMtit'SOirerel to persons wlshiiifto qual ify themselves for teachiup. IIAVINO pnrrhHseit the building and bus.litec* for linejrly occupied and conduct ed by J. W. Hrown, I desire t' tnrorm 9- Inform th« eliinn* of Ottumwa and vicinity, that- AH coat I out to keep au assortment ot rmil MEATS, POOLTRV, 8AUSAOE8, LARD «e. la short, every article usually kepi In an establl*li taunt of the kind, and at price* to suit the time*. THE HIGHEST PRfCKS pfcld fa* STOCK, Poultry came, Butter, Ac. M. McK4*MN. dee,13 O O N E W S make It known »«»tie putllc ih*t I have engaged theaervleea of an arcotniilUhed eastern jPliotoKrapher, who will take rhe I.ATKST STII.KS Ot PftO TtGRA PtTtt, whlcli are so much admired. I alt apnn all those that wish to have Uieir fholographic AV.uuls orna nsented wi:h fine ptioto^rapha, to lve us a call. 1 also wish to announce to the people, and espec ially to myold. ustojnera, that 1 have dispensed with Ml.Dlotla BRIJI )i* /e rtHuiutU the AMHKOTV l-'K and expect^o doJUstlce// aJI who.'wish Mi call II ion ine lor pictures. Don't forpet the place »l U, NUNA »!AKKK JKWELKY STORK disjust wtuilH not v»u laugh to scorn those who should traduce the generous spirits who wuM eliev.1 vou. And vou now, pseiid'* Irishm -n—sham*- ijpoo you I have tradoced ami vilified the Abolitionists j»f North America! But, von came forward with a justification forsooth You »ay that the Constitution of America prohibits the abolition of Slavery. Paltry and miserable subterfuge The con stitution iri America is founded upon the Declaration of Independence That Declar ation published to the world its glorious principles that Chatter of yoqr freedom contained tbes«« emphatic words: "We hotd ih se truths to he self evident: that all men are created equal: that they are endowed bv the Creator with certain inalien able rijth**, that among these y,re h*e. lfbex fy. and the nuri it bappinesn *ud |he conclusion of that addrcK* is in these words: "For the support of this Declaration, with a #ru reliance on t«je protection of Di vine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor.w Tnere is an A men oar) honor for you There is a profaoa nJlyaioo to th« adorable Creator. Retaillect that the declaration does not limit the equality of man. or tbe rights to li'e and liberty to the white, to the brown, oi to tl»e copper-colored races. It includes all races, Jt excludes none. We d,o not deigp to *rgye *!th you on the teims of the American Constitution, and yet we cannol help asserting that, in (hat Constitution, the word "Slavery," or 'Slave,' is not to be found. There are, indeed, the words "perons bound to labor," but it is not said how bound. And a const it utiomil lawyer or judge, construing the American Constitution with a reference to the Declar ation of Independence, which is its basis, would not hesitate to decide that "bound to ijbor" ought in a court o! justice, to mean, "hoyn^ bv contract ,to l^hor and should not be held to imply '"forced or coojpwJJt'd to labor," in the absencc of all contract, and from totally abolishing Slavery within ttytt District. Y'our OapitQl is thfife. Tle Te q plr of American Freedom ts there. The Hall of your Republican Representatives-— the Hall of your Republican Senators—the National Palace of your Republican Presi dent is there—and Slavery is there, too, in its most revolting form The slave-trade is there—the most disgusting traffic in huuian hei'VH" i* there hum-in flesh i? bought an! in Their bosoms cverfl^cd ?our 9H^ta,-vm,r Washington Ye^. Let. formed of and humane with the honey of human chari'y. Your A-nencans be as prqitf as they please, this sisters are. probably, many of them 8fi good and benevolent in sentiment and «»u*ion. the man of color'crawls a alave, and action How. then, can you lie so depraved? n^|awny ^erican smjks i| tvraqt. H«w can A our souls have become stained The «R,,ELFY °f n Slaverr. Would thai you terest HI negro had your'crime! bu» alas! you have inflicted ubon us the horror of beholding you the volunteer advocates of despotism, in its most frightful state of Slavery, in Us iPfist loathsome and unielentine form. lhem, 0 We were, unhappily, prepared to expect some fearful exhibition of this description. There has been a testimony bfyne agarnst the IiNh, by birth or f|csccnt, in America, a person "fully informed a» to the facts, of talent and the most generous emotions of the he8rt—the great, the gpod I/ird Mor peth— he trho, ii| the tjoiise ftf Oommit)?, boldly asserted the superior gonial inorality of the oorer classes of the Irish over any other people—he. the best friend of any of •he Pax«n race that Ireland and Irih ever knew—he amid the congregated thousands, at ft^tpr Jlall, in London, mournfully, but firmly, denounced the Irish in America as being among the worst cneniitm of the negro slaves and other men ot of color. P[? market-ave in lish and A W*ck spoMs on th.-ir escutcheon Hven un- de.r U?« shade of the Temple of their Loiv s,*vc tra^ and rests oprn-s j'h^re-it goes much further. The poorand skin? Yon ,-av »ou hav no nee.iniarv in -1 P»«try privilege even of prayer is deni-d vou' e?en In another point of view, your address is. if possible, more culpable You s»nte that before the Abolitionists proclaimed their fci*h tp have Slavery abolished, several slaveh'lding States were prepiriqg fir the giadual emancipation of their negroes, and that humane individuals in other States were about to adopt similar measures. Wc utterly deny your assertion, and we defv you is to show any single instance of preparatory steps taken bv anv State for the •mancipation of before the Abolition demand was raiyd. Yo«i violate truth in that assertion. There was* no such prep* rations. It is a pure fiction, invented by slaveholders out of their unjust animosity to the Abolifion'sts. It is said that the fear of Abolition has rendered the slaveholders tpore strict, h^rsh, and cruel toward th-ir wretched slaves, nnd that they not true, and would le more gentle and humane if thev were not afraid of the Abolitionists. We repeat that this is merely an attempt to £ast blame on those who would coalesce to put an end to Negro Slavery. It is in the same spirit that th criminal calumniates his prosecutor, and the felon reviles his accqser. It is. therefore, utterly untrue that the slaveholders have ma le the chains of the negro more heavy through any ear of abolition. Yet if you tell the truth if the fact be that the negro i$ made to gutter for the Jt -al of the Abolitionist- if he is treated with in censed cruelty by reason of the taunt of the friends of abolition, then, indeed, the slave tyolder# must he a trulv Satanic race. Theic conduct, according to you, is diabolicil.— The Abolitionists oornmit an offtucw. and th" unhappy negroes are punished. The Abo litionists violate the law of property, and the penalty of their crime is imposed upon the necrm Can anything bo more repugnant to every idea of justice Yet this is yqur state ment. We, on the other Tiand, utterly deny the truth of your allegations and where we find yon calumniate the slaveholder, we becom? their advocates agtinst your calumny. You paliimniateeverybody—slaves, ^holitiQnisis, and slavehol l$r*—fraraers of Constitution* —oiakers of laws—everybody The slavej holders are not favorites of ours, but we will do men j'jsticec and ^ill nAt permit you to impute an impossible crime to theii) ¥ou tell qs, with an air of triumph, that public opinion in your conntry is the great law giver If it be so, how much does it enhanca the guilt of your conduct, that you seek to turn public opinion agiinst ihe sl^ve and in favor of the slaveholder, that vou laud the master as generous and humane, and disparage, as much VQU can, the un happy slave instead of influencing, as Irishmen ought to do, the cyclic mind in fa ror of the oppressed You carry your e* aggnrationa to a ludicrous pitch, denotin your utter ignoranco of ttyj history of the human race. You say that "the ?egro iy reaHy inferior as a race that Slavery has stamped its de basins influence upon the Afr*ctns that be tween hitn and. the white almost a century would be require^ tQ eJejrate the character of the one, and to destroy the antipathy of the other" You add—we use your own Wv'rds—"The very odor of the negro is al most insufferable to the white and however .ingch fcuuurtity may lament it, we tpaite no rash declaration when we sav the two races cannot exist together on eqt^al terms tender pur "Government and our InstitutiQns.'" We quote this paragraph at full length, because it is replete with your mischievous errors and guilty mode of thinking. I n tije first place, as to the odor of the ne groes, we are quite aware ijU ibey baye not as yet i-onw to up much of the otto of roses or eau de culonge. But we implore of your fastidiousness to recollect that multitudes of the children of whtte men have negroe wo men fort'ieir mothers and that our British travellers cojnp1*in in |oud and bitter terms of the overpowering $t'en'cty oif 'stale tobacco spittle as the prevailing "odor" among the native free Americans. It would perhaps be better to check this nasal sensibility on both ides, on tbe pait of the »hite as well as of the blacks. Rut it is, indeed, deplorable that you should use ludicrous assertion of that de^ripti'on »s 91 le of tl)e inducements, to prevent the ab{it:on of Slavery, The ne groes would certainly smell at least as sweet when frto, as they now do, being slaves. Your iin orlant allegation is, that the ne grors are naturally an inferior race. That is a totally gratuitous assertion upon your pan Jn America you can have nooprmrto pity of seeing the negr educated On the OTTUM WA, IOWA, THURSDAY, MAY 26, 1864- for the exclusive benefit of others. I —sacred II ^ven 1—a crime to educate even However, we repeat that we do not (Jeig:^, a free negro How, then, can you judge of to argue this point with von, as we proclaim to the world our conviction that no consti tutional law can create or sanction Slavery. Slavery is repugnant to the f\rst principles of society but it is enough fur us to.§ay, as| regards Americans, that it U latterly repug- (erous, humane, and very, grateful for kind nant to that declaration of the equality of ness. They art\ as brave and as fearless as all men, and to the inalienable right of al^ any other of the raoa of t\un\an heing but men to life and libPrty. To this Declaration the blessings of education are k^pt from the fee citizens of the United States have, I them, and they lyhs v^dged of, not ^s they ih the persons of their ancestors^ sojeii^idy Would bo wifh proper cuUivAfion, but as p'edged their "SAORKD HaNCxa." NRI pseMdcfclnsh- tpen are tho advocates and vindicators of Wt h..» alas! von h,.ve inflirfRd ?«»ch a system. What! would not yoat lernt. insist that their groans should be heard ft is carried stjll farther, ^yen tho free born white Americans are nqt allowed to petition upon any subject Including the quevtion of Slavery or. at least, no suoh petition can be read aloud or printed. And, although the Co igress is entitled to abolish SWr-v and incapable of the stich est. misrepn-en WW- ff '^t ftboiit.c,,, is clo^d without the tation a noble of nature m«»ee than titled "''"j °PPryd w« *i.. .1.:i. birth a man gifted the highest order the door for petition, We really think that men who came fro-n eennrous and warm hearted Ireland should shrink into nonentity rather than become the advocate and defenders of the «ystqn of Slavery. it we trust that the voic of in digoant Ireland will -icitter then, and pre vent them from repeating stjofy a crime. the negro race, when you see th-m despised and contemncd oy educated clas-es—reviled and looked down upor^ as an in rior? The negro ri\oe has, naturally, some of the finest qualities. They are nativally gentle, g*»n arB We shall at once show you how that pression. It is as old as the days of Homer, cred honor" is basely violated, and ala« de-j who truly asscr'j that the day which sees a monstrate how equally devoid of candor! man a slave take* awar half his worth your address is, inasmuch as you rely on the' Slavery actually brutalizes human beings. Constitution of trie United States as prechi- It is about si$ty years ««o wh$n one of ding the abolition of Slavery, whi'.e you to- the Shieks, not ir south of Fez, in Morooco, tally omit all mention of one District, who was in the habit of accumulating ^.hite vyhich the constitutional lavy allege^ bv you ^fyves, i^pon booing strongly reimn"-'tra'e1 does not reach. We mt#an the District oft with by a Bump«an Power, gave for his re Columbia. I ply that, by his own exoerience, he found In the District of Columbia there Is no it quite manifest than white men wero of an constitutional law to prevent, the Congress inferior race, intended l^y nature for slave rendered bv arup.l and debasing op- and he produced his ovyr\ brqfaltfed white niaves to i|lqstrate the truth of ^3 asser tion. And a case of an American, tyith a hi«tonc nam —John Adar^s—.is quite fa miliar. Some twenty-five years ago—not more—John Adams vfai the sole survivor of an American crew wreekol on the rioan coast. I|e was takan into the interi or as the slave of an chief. Ha *tas only for three year* «l*re. and the Eng lish and American O nsuls hiving b»eu in white man's slavery, c'artned him and obtain»d his liberation, fn the shqrt space of three years he had become complete'y brutalized he had completely forgotten the English language, without having acquired the native tongue. He Spqke a kind of gabble, as unintellectiial as the dialeots of most your negro slaves, and many months elapsed before lje recovered his forn^er habits and ideas. Tt is also a curious fact, a!) connected with America, that the children of the An glo Saxon race, and of other Europeans born in America, were for many years con sidered as a dcgrad-d and inferior class.— Indeed it was admitted, asititwa'i African \futsion. We repeat, therefore tha' to jqdjje prop prlyof the ivgro, you should see him edu cated aod treated with the resnect due to a fellow Creature— uninsulted by the filthy aristocracy of the skin, *nd untarnished to the eye of the white by anv associations connected with the state of Slavery. We next refer to your declaration that the two raws, viz: the Vaek an I whit', cannot exist on eqqal terras under your Government and yqqr Institutions. This is an extraordinary Assertion to be 'oade at the present rlay ¥011 allude, in^edj to Antigija vil B'rmqdas. Byt we will take you to where th? «xp -lament has been suc cessfully made upon a large scale—'namely, to unaica. There t^e two raoes »re qn a perfect equality in point of law. The law doe? not recogn:ae the slightest distinction betwe n the raoc$. ¥QU have borrowed the far greater part qf your ad Iress fro n the cant phraseology which the West Indian slave owners, and esp'-c ally those of Jamaica, ma le use of befire emancipation. They U|e| to assert, as you do now, that aboli tion meant destruction that to give freedom to the negro w uld he to pronounce the as sassination qf the tyhites that e negro, as SOOQ as fr*e, would massacre their for «ner owners, and destroy thuir j^lves and families. In short, youc prqphesie§ qf the destructive effects of emancipation are but faint and foolish echoes of the pro ihetic apprehensions of the British slaveowners. 'Phey might, perhaps, have believed their own assertions, because the qm$ncipatioo the negroes was then an untried experi ment. But you—vou are deprived of any excuse far the rtofeMrtion qf tjisprbyed calunny The emancipation h%* taken place—the compensation given \»y England wa$ nqt given neirrof*. who were tbe only persons that desired compensation. It was given to the so called "owners." It was an additional yn n£—an A ?ain, we an ax­ iom, that the native-born American was in qothing equal to his European progenitor, ar»d so ir fr,n' the fact being disputed, nunv philos»pljic dissertations wore pub lish eJ en leaworing to aocount fQr the al leged debasement. The only mht was about the cause of it. "Nobody dares to say so now, and nobodv thinks it. Let it then be recollected that you have nev*r seen theqegrq edqeated. An Eirlish trav eller through Brazil, som few years ago. mentions having known a negro who was a priest, an I who was a learned, pious, and •*etno! try mm in his saeord »'al functions. Weh*veb"en lately infor ned of tvyo ne groes bein educated at the Propaganda and ordained priests—both having distin gqishel themselves in their scen'ificand theological course. The French oap°rs say that one of them celebrated mass, and de livered a short hut able STIDIH bafire Louis lilippe. It is believed they have gone out with the Right Rdv. Dr. Baron on the *d H'i^nal c^yse of irritation to the negroes but, gracious (feaveiU how nobly did that good and kind iy rac\ the ne^ro^s falsify the calom n'ous apprehensions of their task masters! Was there one single murder consequent OIJ the emancipation? Was there one riot—one tumult —even oije assault? Was there one single white person injured, either in ger son Qr propertvV VYas th»»rc any property spoiled or laid waste? Tl^e proportion of negroes in J.iin%ic a to white nj in is a^ to 60, or 80 per cent. Yet th n st per fect tranquility bv« follonre the etuanoipa tion The criminal courts ar) aim 1st uii employed nine-tenths of the jails *re em ty and open univLrs^l tranquility loigns .^Ittyough theiandid p-oprietors haverqtde u e of the har-shest landlord power to e$tct the hardest terms by way of rent from the negro, and have also emleavored to extort from hitn the largest possible qmntity of la^or fyrth? su^ tllest wag^-*- yet the kind ly negro race have not retaliated by one single art of violence qr vengeance the two races e»i«t together, upon equal ternjs, under tho British Govern-Hunt, and vni)er British Institutions (Ir shall you say that the British Qoy. erntnmt and British Institutions are pref erahle to yours? The vain and vaporing spirit of mistaken Republicanism w II not permit you to avow the British superiority. You are, bound, however reluctantly, to admit that superiority, or else to admit tne falsity of yoqr own assertions. Noth ing can, in truth, be n)qre lqdicmqs than your declaration in favor of Slavery. I however. $oi^eUtyes rises to the very bor der of blasphemy. Your words are, "God forbid that we should advocate "human bondage n any shape." Oh! sbiium upon you! How can you take the name of the All Good Creator thus in vain? W|at are you doin-i? Is rot the entire of y^ur address an advocacy of human pondage? Ano her pieca of sillineas. Voti cgntrary,in c&u you l^iok that ire UT sa allege that it is the Abolitionists who tki the slave restless with his conditio^, and that they scatter the seeds o\f discou'en^. How can you treat us with such contempt %s to uao assertions of that kind in your address? 1 of the system of Jfegro Slavery. On the contrary, tl«e sv.ster^ qf Slavery infl cts nothing but misohief upon the far ereater part of the inhabitants of America. The only places in which individual inter est. is connected with Slavery are the slave holding States. »w, in those States, by the We cannot avoid cheating our astonish ment that yoq, Iristyqen, should ba so de void of every trace of hurqanity as be coma the vohintary aid pecuniary disinter ested advocates of human Slavery and es pecially, that yoq should be so in America. But what excites our devoid of intelligence as to boliew the r^e gro would not know tha miseries of Slav ery, which he feels every hour of the four and-t*fenty, unless he were told by som Abolitionist that Slavery writs iqi^erahl® quest-on yourselves »r vo 1 have said' that oonditiorv pt^blVx opinion is tho V, There it n^th,ing that makes us think sx tribute, then, each of you in'his sphere, to badly of you *s rur strain of ribaldry in make up that public opinion. Where you attacking the Abolitionists. have the electoral franc'i'se, give your vote The desire to prqcyye abolition, is, in it* to none b,ut those who will assist you in so self, a virtue and deserves our love for its have to remark that voti uncQnque man nance, as if yoq a ^trivi^le. charitable disposition, as it t^oes respect and Und a ftipu'ar govrnnmt, the man veneration for its courage under favorable who has right, and re,ason. and Justice, and circumstances. Instead of tl^e ribaldry of charity, and CliristiRnitv 'itself on h'vs st le, your attack uporx the Abolitionists, you has great inK'nyivnts of legislatio-i «nd le ought to respect and countenance them ffal power. II* his th" de ivnts about him tf ihey err by excessive seal, they err ia a) of the rreatest utility and jven if he should righteous and holy cause. You would doj not succeed, he can have th-j h'-art sotoin well to txheck their errors and mitigate their con^olati n of having e^deayore*! to do zeal within the bounds of siriot propriety, gre*t and good action*. He can enjoy, even Rut if yoi\ had the genuine feelinst of Irish-. in defeat, the sweet comfort of havin-i en liven, you nev^r «foull confound their emvs deavored Ij prem°te benevolence and char with their virtue. Ip truth, we much fcar, lity. or rather we should candidly say. we readi- It ia no exouse to allege that th* Congress ly believe that: you attribute to them im-1 is restricted from emancipating the slaves by aginary errors for no other reason than that: one general law. Each particular slave State tl\e.v really possess one brilliant virtue— namely, the loye cfhqtqan fraedotr\ In In tense perfection. ex­ aggerate exceedingly when you state that there are flfreen millions of the white pop ulation in America whose security and hap piness are conncoted with the maintenance al most without an exception, (if, indeed. groes You charge khe Abolitionists, as with s crioi". that they enourage a IU-.TO, flvng from Kentucky, to steal a l^orse from ai necessary, in making his ecatx». We are, not upon fu.l reflection, sufficiently versed in casqist|*y to decide whether, un der such circumstances, the taking of the horse would be an excusable act or not.—: But, even conceeding that it woqld l^e siq fill, we are of this quite certain, that there is not onq of you that addresses us who, if he wire under similar circumstances, that is. having no other means of escaping per pptual Slavery, would not make free with yoqr neighbor's horse tq effectuate your just and reasonable purpose. And we are also sure of this, that there is not one of you who. if he were cotnpe'led to spend the rest of his li TQ as a personal slavq, worked, and ^aiteq. aqd sold, and trans ferred from hand to qand, and separated, at his master's caprice, from wife and fam ily—consigned to ignorance—working with out wages, toiling without reward—with out any otlu-r stiuiul^qt tq that toil and la bor thaq tlje driver's cvt-^hip—we d» sav that there is qot one qf you HI ho would not think thtt the name of pickpocket, thief, or felon, would not be too courteous a name for the being wh kept you in such thral dom there be any exception.) the people of col-1 think, and we atrrea with him. that he has or greatly exceed the whites, md thus PV- I claims on the attention of JrislnnQo in every en i an injury were to be inflictad on the quarter of the whites by depriving them of their slav's, The Scotch and French philosophers h%yq the advantages would be most abundantly proved hy mar.v years of experiment that counterbalanced and compensated for by the Irishnvn stands first among the races theinlnitelv greater nurqber,of persons who of man in hi« physical and bodilv piwers. would thus be restored to the great'st of! America and loath­ ing. is to find that in your address on speak of being the o* property one human being of man.— the property ^rith ijs littlq dq^bt, hesitation, of another, or repug wer^ speaking of the blasts of the field, ft is this that fills us with utter astonishment. It is this that makes qs disdain} you as countrymen. We can not bring ourselves to believe that you breathed your natal air in Ireland—Ireland, the first of all the qatiqns on the earth that abolished the dealing in slaves. The slave trade of that day wa», curious enough, a slave trade in Britisn youths—Ireland, that never was stained with negro slave-trading —Ireland, tO^t never cqmu/ited an offence against the men of color—Ireland, that nev. er fitted out a single vessel tor the traffic iq blnnd op th© African cqt^t. It is, to be sum, afflicting and heart-rend ing to me to think that s 1 many of the Irish in America should be so degenerated as to tye anjong the worst eoenjies qf the people of color. Alas! alas i we have that'feot placed beyond a doubt by the indisputable testimony of Lord Morpeth. This is a foul blot that we would fain wipe off esgijtclj eon of expatriated Iri-hnjen. Have you enough of the genuine Irish man left among you to ask what it that we requite you tq Jo It is this First We call upon vou iq sacred name of humanity, never again to volunteer on behalf of the oppressor nor even for any self interest to VINDICATE TBE hideous prime of personal slavery. Seaond We ask ynq to assist iq every way you can in protqHiqg th" education of the free njen of color, and in discountenan cing the foolish feeling of selfishness—of that oriininal seJAshness which rntkea th whtie man treat the min of color as a de graded or inferior being. ffiit'1: We ask you to assist iq obtaining for the free men of color the full benefit of all the rights and privileges of a free man In whitever State he n)*y iqhahit Fourth: We a*k y u to exert yourselves in endeavonqg to prooure for the man of color, in every oase, the benefit of a trial by jury, and esp^ci^illy where a tnin insisting that be is a free iqau, is claimed to be a slave Fifth: We ask you toexer' yourselves in every possible way to induce slaveowners t« eoiaocipate as njany slaves as possible. TV Quakers in America have .several soci ties fir this purposes Why should not the Irish imitate them in that virtue Sixth: We ask you to exert your^ely^s in all the ways vqu possibly can to p^: a- epd to the internal slave-trade of the States The breedir.g of slaves for sale is pr-ohibly the most immoral anddeha-in^ practice ever known in the world. It is a crime of thj lost bideous kind, anil if there were no other crime committed by the Americans, this alone would place th.1 alvo vites, .sup porters, and practice™ of American Shivery in '.he lowest irrwie of criminals. Seventh: We ask yoq tq use every exer tion in your power to procurt? the abolition of S'avery in the District r»f Columbia. Rijhlh: We ask you to use vour bet ex ertions tooomp'd the Congress to receive and read tbe petitions of the wretched negroes, and above all, the petitions of their white adyocttes. tfinfi: We ask you never to cease your efforts until the crime of which Lord »r peth has accused the Irish in America, of "Uiai ^-yuriK iijUHji Mii at tb* hm# im ftiiam mmy oumivn^ lo/-," ghall I e a stoned faf and blottod o^tand which command# us effaced forever. You will ask how you can do all thes» things Y u have already answered that v holy Ani'jrici. Con- has that power within its own precincts and there is every reason to b« convincd that Maryland and Virginia would hav^ fol lowed the example of N w York, and long Hgo abolished Slavery, hut for the diabolical practice of "raising," as you call it, slaves for the Soqtherq market of pestilencc and death. Irishmen, and the sons of Irishm»n have, many of them, risen to hi'ih distinction an 1 power in America. Why did not Irishmen and the sons of Irishmen write their na-n»s in the brightest pag- s of the chapter tf hu manity sn Its name and nature blotted from the'world.* Wc cannot close our observations upon the unseemly, as well as the sillv attacKs vou make upon the advocates of abolition, without reminding voq that you have bor rowed this turn of thou ?hl f»im the persons who opposed Catholic Rmancipation in Tre land, or who were the pretended friends of the Catholics. Some of you must recqllect that it was the custom of such persons to allege that b'li ft»r the "violence" and "misconduct" of the agitat m, and more particularly of our Chair man, the Protestants were about to erqin qipite tV^e Catholics gr^d'H^y Jt was the constant theme of the newspaper press, and even of the speeches in the House of Pirlia m«mt. that the violence and misconduct of agi'ators prevented Emancipation. It was th} burden of njuiy pamphlets, and especi ally of two, which were both written under the title of "Faction T7omasked,V hy,.Pro testants of great ability. They asserted themselves to be friends of Riqanqipatioq in the abstract but they alleged that it was impossible to grant E nar.cipation to persons s?hpse leaders tqisc miqeted tljenjselves as the agitators did. The)* gratifiel tfyeir ha tred to the Catholics as you gratify your bad feelings toward the negroes, by abuse of the Catholic leaders as virulent yours is against the Abolitionists. But they deceiv ed nobody. Neither do you deceive anybody Everv human tr*ing perceives the futility and folly of yoqr attacks upon the Aboli tionists, and understands that those attacks are but the exhibition of rancor and ilig nite against the tried friends of ljuujanitv. You st)* that the Abolitionists are fana tics and biro's, and especially entertain a virulent hatred and unchristian zeal against Catholicity and tlje frisl}. We do nj an to deny, nor do we wish to conceal that.there are among the Abolitionists many wicked and iluniating enemiet of Catholicity and the Irish, especially in that most intolerant class, the Weslevan Methodists but the best way to disarm their malice, is not by giving up to them the side of humanity, while yo^ yourselves, takv the side of Sla very. But, on th$ contrary, by taking a superior station of Christian virtue in the raqse of benevojenoe and charjty. and in Xt'al for the freedom of all mankin 1. We wish we could burn into your aouls the turpitude attached to the Irish in Amer ica by Lord Morpeth's charge. Recollect that it reflects dishonor not onl v upon you, but ypon the land of your birth. There is but on© w%y qf effacing such disgrace, and that is by becoming the most kindly toward the colored population, and the most ener getic in working out in detail, as well as In general principle, the ameliaratiun ol the §tate of the miserable bonivmfv. You tell us. has beuc^ence jq Aiq^rioan his­ tory Irishmen I O ir 0!jiirmm vntnr»s to Europe human blessings—personal It^r^y. Thus intellectual cip i -ity of Irishnun, Lord Mor the qld Benthauiite maxim of ^oiqg the greatest pissible good to the greatest pos sible number" would be amply carried oqt into effect emancipation of tbe ne­ inhahitant of O^iio, in orier to aid him. if 1 position, think, oh! think only with pity b»»ar testimony to the peth has de'non-itrited in the British Par liatqent the suonri ir morality of tbe hnmb l«r of Irish in alt social and family relations. The re'igious fidelity of the Irish nation is blazoned in irlorlous and proverbisl certainty an I splen 1 ir. Iris'iu^jn 1 s ns of Irishmen i descendants qf th* k'nd of heirt and affectionate in dis- and compassion on your colored fellow creatures in America O f.-r them the hand of kimliy help. their sorrows.— Scathe the:r oppressor. Join witb yon* countrymen at homs in one cry of horror against the oppressor in one cry of sympa thv with the enslaved and oppressed, "Till mane In the dust ilteer* shtlj h« hiirlct,— indeed, that imnv clergxtn^n, and especially the Catholic clergy, jir* rang ed on the side the slivehuld?fcfc. We do not believe your accusation. The Catholic clergy may endure, but they assuredly do not er courage the slfe-own ers. We have, indeed, haara it said that fome Catholic clergymen ive slaves of their own but, it is ad'led, aod we are assured positive y, that no Irish Catholic clerirrman is a slaveowner. At all events, every Cath olic knows how distinctly sjiiveholdini. and especi Ily slave-trading, is condemned by the Catholic Church. That mot eminent man. his Holiness, the present Pope, has, by 4UocqtQri pub'ished throughout 'the world, condemned ad dealing and traffic in slavs. .thing can be injre ditinet nor njore powerful than the P.ipo's denunciation #f that most abonjioa^'e 9-ime Yet it sub. swis a inire abominable form than his "li'ieas oould possibly describe, in tbe tr.ffi* which still exists in th'» sale of slaves fru n one State in America to another. What, then, are we to think of you. Irkh CatUolics, who sen I us an elab9rate vindi cation of Slavery without the slightest cen sure of that hateful crime—a crime which the Pope has so complet jy condemned, natqely the dif.bolical raising of slaves fur sale, and selling theiq j.) yther S*ate. If yoq be Catholic*, you sSotild devote your ti ne ^nd b«'St exertions to working mit the pious intentions of his iIolm»s*. Yot you prefer—oh, sorrow and ahamel—tn volunteer your vindication of everything tha* hidings to the euilt of Slavery. tfyotibe Christ aq at ail, recollect that Slavery is opposed to the $rt, tbe highest,' and the greatest princip'es ot Chrixtiinity, w+.ich teacli 11s "to love the great and good God above all things whatsoever ." and the .v.MStiiMJ If A. COLD SERIES VOL.16, tiO.tffc ^a.((»-ii,7«iiiAdTK|«i boasted that ™"T 'to do unto ottiers We would b? «15 by." Tliese sacretl prit*. ciples are inc insistent wftb th horrors an| ••Crimes of slavery, sa'Wd principles whictH 111 ve already hanis!?e»^ »lotr^estio brr^i^agy from civilized TJumpe. and which will als#% in Gixl'a own good time, banish it froaT America,despite tho advodaoy of such pungf declaimers as you are. How bitterly have we been afflicted 4^ prccciving by the American ne^papefl recently, in the city which yot\ inhabit, a*f opportunity was given «o l\e Irish to rt} hibit bjnevoliince and humanity to 4 colord fellow-creature, and was criven ia vain! We allude to the girl Lavina, wh» was a slave in another State, and brnuj^if by h.-r owner into that of Ohio. She Mr that means became, entitled to her ireed'Hil if she had but one friend to assert it for h.-|i She did find friends—rn iy the great of heaven bless them!* Were th' y trisn^' Alwl alas! not oho. You sneer at he tlita sectaries Behold how they her.^ conquer you in goodness and charity. The own*r{ii name, it seems, was Scanlan unhappily 6 thorough Iris?\ name. And lie, it appear|£ took% his revenge '*r the most fiend'sh qruelty. not upon Lavimt, or her protector, i«r ti^ey were not In fell power, but on her unoffcndink fatbefc mothet*, and family. 1 Ai4 this is tho sysfom which you, Irish men, through nanny folio pnireK of wicke4 declarr.a'ion, seek at le^st to palliate, If not to justify. Our checks burn with shame to th nk that such a monster' as ScanUn couVJ trac|ft his pelisree to Ireland. J^nd vet Irshman, stand by in the aftixude rather frieq Is ant^ siippor^ers, than of impugneiV of the in mstrous cruelty. Aai you pre fe# to string together pages of cruel and har|( legs sophistry In defense' of the source ir his orime, rather than take part against him. Perhaps it would offend your fastidius« ness if siich a man was compared ^o a pick pocket or a fpfon. We respect your pre judices and call him no reproachful name. It is. indeed, unnecessary. We conclude by conjuring voq, and aH other [rishmen in 4nf)®fic-'tf in Jhie natne your fatherland—in the name of humanity in the name of the God of Mrtrcv an# Charity we conjure you, Irishmen and d^, scendants of Irishmen, to ahandoR for evqjK all defense of the hid 'ins Nerro Slaverer" system. *t it no more be said that yotif fpelinirs are made so obtuse by the atr AmeTjca that you cannot toel as PathoJica a'«d Christians ouxht to feel, this truth this plain truth, that one man cannot have any property in another man. T"here iia not on^-of you who does not recog^iz-i thalt principle in his own person. Yet we per ceive—and this us aim 1st to madk n^ss—that you, boasting an Irish decent, should, without the instigation ofaiiy pecug niary or interested motive, bnt out of thjf sheer and single Jove of wickedness anj crime, come forward as the volunteer de fenders of the most degrading species of t^um^n slavery. WoeJ Woe! Woel There is one consofatioA stilt amid the pqlsatiqns of our hearts. There are, there mus be, genuine Irishmen in Aoaeric%, men of sou, »il heads and Irish hea rt», wh# will ass»st us to wipe off the foul stain 'hfi Lord Morpeth's proven charje hts inflictej on the Irish character Who will hold oijt the ban of fellowship, with a b$art in thai hand, to every honest min of e&ry cast|lt' and color—who will suslain|the cause of huf manity end honor, and scorrf" the paltrj|fc advocates of Slavery—-vho will show that tho Irish l)eart is in Artvric-i as benevolent and as replete with charitable emotions a$ in any other dims on tha face of the earth Wecooc'ule. Toe spirit of democtatie liberty i^ dofi'ed l^y the continuance o^ Negro S'averv in the United States/ Thf LTnited States themselves ate 'crrndvd h«I, low the at uncivilised nations by th«^ atrocious fqi3 insistaq^y of talking liberty) and practicing tyranny in the worsjl shape^ The Americans attempt to palliate theiif iniquity by the futile ex^i«e of personal interest, but the lri*h, if ho have oat ev*rif that futile excuse, and vet justify S(%fery^ are ijtterly indefensible. Once again, and for the last timr we call' upon you to come out of the cqun^ils of thi slaveholders, and at all events to free your* selves frota participating it tijeiV g^'lt. Irishmen. I call upon yoy tq join in, crushing Slavery, and in giyipg liberty t® every manof every cast. cre»d. or'grjor. Signed by order. DAXIEL O'COSJIRLL^ 'ftii Chairman of tbe CamouttM. PWM Hli' tl e IStk E'litor Cbwifr You will LOW^I, CWW* Teno., IFTY #, please panjon me for writing few lines tq yo^ for ^e coluqios pf '.'Thf Courier." Our compapiy, I), as you ar£ aware, left Ottumwa on the 22nd of last month. We rendezvoused at Keokuk until the morning of t'ie S7th, yhen our re^imen|. emlarked on the Steamer "Die Vernon,'* and arrived at St. Louis on the morn:ngof tbe 2Sth about daylight, disembarked ther^. and re ^tnbarkod twi tlje ," \Y. 8L Ajr,thur,'k remained there until the eye of tbe 29tl» when we set sail for (Jairo, arrived there about o'clock M. on the 30th w^nt over tq Bird's Point, encamped there yntd May 1st, when we embarked on (be Steameift John II. Dickey, and arrived at Paducah* £y. fbout noon on t^ie 2nd reiuaineil there until the 5th, then embarked on thtf- Hcnry Von Phul," A:tdabout 7 o'clock A M. we staited up the ^nncjsef .river and ar rived h£ie on the 0(h. Our ^leet from Pa-o ducah to this place consisted of 12 trans*] poru, 2 gunboats and something over 7, t0t*i men. We expect to leave this place soon en route for IJuntsville. ALtbama We (the veterans of tbe old 15ih) spent 30 days very pleasantiy at home with ot^r friends, butU that is all past and we ^sye again returned to the field with new energy for another term of three years, jf hwntyry. We are: ready and willing ,t* make ^ny sacrifice, even life itself if need be. We aru ready to«l undergo any hardship and suffering through which duty qalU us to le esvablish our gov ernment, our glorious government! Yea, tl.e best, the noblest goy^rqmmt that ever ar*-. We are fU very anxi-ms to see this war brought to a clone but as anxious as we ere" may God forbid that it should d«e, that we' should ever cease hostilities until that ^jToble Flag shall wave triumphantly over every portion of this once happy am} prosperous,! Country. May GoiJ iriv$ our arm strength and courage, ami m^y we go forwH in this noble work with a full determination to de- /, f'nd our Starrv inner until all its foes are tra opled in the dust. If ay God crown oqr arm with ahundant success, and may every effort we make be blest to "the pulling l&MUilMPrf AttrOl Af*

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