Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, July 7, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated July 7, 1864 Page 1
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\*j P$?£| f- •\~s EW SERIES VOL f*NO»t| f. w *ORRIS,Pr«*rict«r I ®Jjt ®ttumtoa Courier. 18 PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY IN POST OFFICE BUILDING. CORNER OF SECOND AND MARKET STREET*, OTTUJiWA, WAPELLO CO., IOWA J. W. NORMS, EDITOR. 1 mm i e s INVAUIABLY IN ADVANCE Oneeopy.peryear ,,... ?oar copies'^' \W. Ten u STOVES, TIN, COPPER, JAPAN AND SHEET-IKON WAKE, Corner of Pront and Market Street*, OTTUMWA, ISWA. March 10, 18« DR S. 11. MITCHEI,, OTTUJIWA, IOWA* Office—over Temple'* Clothing Store. ./Residence—At Mn. Mudge's, Front 8WMI* J. S. WALKEli, WhoUtaU and Retail Dealer in O V O O S O E I E S Clathiac, Hardware, ((uceBiware, HAT8, CAPS, BOOT8, SHOES, GUM GOODS, FUKS, NOTIONS, ecial attention aaUiiui unless claim* arc alio wed. AA«.W,lf«. .Hajt-ATINft PERMANENTLY LOCATES 1M THIS n city,offer, his services to thecitiaena of to* n aad vicinity. All work warrated. Ladlea waited op at heir residences, if desired. Teetlii nserteil from one to an entiresett, Mfao* oNprings FK0NT l$6tf4»ttbe •L J| the Principal#, lA«*.6. «•». A aroRT or 1 Twenty" 80,i Persons wlshinjrt*4wbe«rlbe fern less time than -f|)eyear,can tloao by remitting the amount they wish beio appropriated. In no cut will we enter new Wamea unlei* they are accompanied with the caah. "•I J. W. NORR18. T. CHARLES HOTEL. BY JOHN N. SIMONS. ftorner of Court and Second BU., OTTUMWA, IOWA Good eating, ctean bed*, good company and rea sonable charge*. QTUouic reltMaad furnished newly through ««t. May 1», 18S4-8 11 JJOOT AND SHOE MAKEK. N. WACHTLER, Mala (tract, one door eaat of the Iiprm OMee. s Keeps constantly on hand a good assortment of Mfcathiir, and I* always ready to accommodate cus- Hmtn with good work In bla line. t^VKepalrlug ilonc on ahort notice. May IS, 1864. apr» 18M. KRANER & MILLER, r'i Dealer* In Ac.,Sc. IMreetly opposite the Ottumwa Ho«i« Front Street, •Uaiawa, Aug. 90,1868—tt14-/ will Mhinatlon of Titles -v.-wyjy Ullice ItWt. J.T. HACK WORT ATTORNEY AT LAW AND NOTARY PUBLIC. All professional business entrusted to •fntnptly attended to. •Hap him will be be given to collections, as* and conveyancing. at Court llnus e ,ln Ottuinwl, Iowa, Iowa. Oct. 2»th, 16S8. SS-lty. B. J. BOULTON, BAKKlt AND CONFECTIONER MOIT araaar, rooa oooav imor tit rortan aocsa OTTUMWA, IOW\. Machine Crackers and Confectionery of every varle jr at Wholesale and Retail. fartiet-and «IISJappliedontheshortes ,,*3^3-11—ch.8-l«. letlee. EDWARD IL STILES, Attorney & Counselor at Law And Solicitor in Chancery. Office over Walker's star*, apposite the OttMawa Mount), OI TUMWA, IOWA. tW u n»w well prepared to procure the $100 The day was a long one, but it wore out to Bauuty and back pay of soldiers, and all jnat claims] |«irid the Government. Charges moderate, and warn evening, and the gloaming ooines much sooner in these solitudts than in any other mui l_ B. 8ISSON, DCNTI8T, either k/ or atmospheric pressure. hlresidence,ou Marketstraet. Feb.6, 186!. WILLIAMS SL HAMILTON, A O N E Y S A 1 A W OTTUMWA.IOWA. OfOrrioa ever K. W. Retts Cc thing fltere. alM~ 1-4 F.W.SMITH, A N A I O (First door eaatof the ityle, uil OttumwaHoeae,, 8TRBKT, .... OTTUMWA L, kinds of work dODete**- aoiaaskloubb at thesba* lest notice- Cutting donetoorder. HovM.'SO-jr ITTUMWA MALE AND FE~ MALE SEMINARV. 3 M. McKLROY, I it-r Mr. H. L. MoQIKITIE, Principally Miss M.C. GALLOWAY, i Miss M. K, WILSON, Miss MATT (Assistant*'. IE LAS WELL, Teacher The of Uaslc. Sixth year commences BER 7th, on Monday, SEPTEM­ Presbyterian Chsrch and raoM "Cached. rourterras often weafcseachio tb« year, f'uiti'infrouj ISto Sa,aa««rd(Dgto braaahe«t«dled MPlano, Melarieo0 or Galtajr, $8 per Term. SpecialfaeJ|Ws«oir«r#/J u persons wishlngto qual ify themselves for ua Pupils admitted at a ay tiw«, and efcargad from 4at« of entrance. Ho redaction, however, will be for occasLeml absence, anlessby specialagree •tot or in case of slackness. Jloarding can be obtained atpricestosult thetlme Mo oue admitted for iasi than hal/atejrjD' urtherpar|aafora«*M«A «MMM #Mk«r MARSH A KET0HAM Distillers, Rectifiers & whole- $4LE DEALERS Uf FOUEiQJf AND DOMESTIC UQUOB$*% iOTTUMWA, IOWA- CLOCK, watch IEWELH1' E A I E FW1HEaaderelgned.haviaglaaatedla OM«aiwaf JR. vlllsirrysi thafellowlngbaslness^adsalklta ailberalshara sflfes pabllc patronage: Also—«eld ||«n w4«ts«4sr ^itUlUi Aid a* jravlagdeae. He has a taa assertmea tor Clocks.OataJtw J*w* 1 T, Musical Instrum«alj Q»14 Aug4th,*5»8111.«m R/aast Pla#7far-rings Rarlety of nations fariaie. Aiui'eiflSsd eaa"T— rlae e efbaslness one doar wmt sfONaava House H.RDRA4A|n THE PFIACJE TO BUY LVHREB, 9H1NOLEI, Ac., IS AT RAND'S LUMBER TABDS O U W A itattKrilKI willbsfeund thelargeststoekavera 'v fered I a the weft, and which w II Ibeseldlewer i at aav point anthe Mississippi. Alaothose A t. *»g 'c fSfiof0urmanufnctare,fu^ieaaat.awafylAJo %«.aaia. •.».***»»«. 'SS^aRS-lltf RBKIHAV HOUBB, «ar*ar af baflayvtU ajM SaMhM Mra^ta :SlltAL«Oil, |t«^ ri.\ -afiikcSwL.. J* III •jfjrtia |j lljtd nt ||j,, Tito Peril M«Hta WRT THE AMONOOSOCK RIVER. "Good bye, Martin. God Mp you I 1 •hall be back In three days, at the farthest.*' The hardjr Whit® Mountain pioneer, Mark Warren, kieaed hia young wife, held kia two-year-old boy to hia bream for a moment, and then shouldering tha sack of eom which was to be converted into meal at the rude mill, forty miles away, through the wilder. Martha Warren stood at the door of the log cottage, gaaing out after the retreating form of her husband. An angle of the dense shrubbery hid him from riew, but stili she did not return to the solitary kitchen. It looked so dark and lonesome there, she shrank from entering or perhaps the grand sublimity of the view spread ont before her, held her attention and thrilled her soul with that nameleaa, unexplained something that we all feel when standing thus face to face with the work of His Angara. The finest and most satisfeofory via* of the White Mountains is that which presents itself from what is now the town of Bethle hein, on the road to Littleton and Franoonia. Mount Washington, the king among princes, is there seen in his proper place—the center of the "rock-ribbed" range, towering, bald blue and unapproachable. Far up in a wild clearing, close by the turbid watei a of the Amonoosuck, waa the cottage situated—a place wild and eyrie enough for the nest of an eagle, but dear to l^jthe heart of Martha Warren as the home •"where she had spent the happ days of her young wife hood. When she had turned from many a patrician suitor, in the fair old town of Portsmouth, to join her fortunes with those of the young settler, it wss with the full and perfect understanding of the trials that lay before her. She would walk in no path* of roses for years to come much of life must he spent in the eternal solitudes, where silence was broken only by the wild winds of the forest, the shriek of the river over the sharp rocks, or the dismal howl of the red-mouthed wolf afar in the wilderness. The necessary absences of her husband she dreaded most. It was so very gloomy to close up her doors at night and sit down by her lonely fireside, with the conscious ness that there was no human being nearer to her than the settlement of Lord'* Hill, ten miles away through the pathless wood*. There was little to fear from Indians, al though a few number of scattered tribes yet roamed over these primeval hunting grounds. They were mostly disposed to be friendly, and Mrs. Warren's kind heart naturally prompted her to many acts of friendship towards them, and an Indian never forgets a benefit The purple mist cleared away from the scarred forehead of the dominant old moun tain, the yellow sun peeped over the rocky wall, and Martha turned away to the per formance of her simple domestic duties.— places. The sunlight faded out of the un glaxet1 windows, though it would illumine the distant mountains for some time yet, and Martha went out in the scanty garden to in hale the odcr ol the sweet pinks on tha one meagre root she had brought from her old home. The spicy perfume carried her ba«U in memory to thoae days away in the past, spent with kind friends and cheered by bright, young hopes. But though the ^thought of home and kindred made her sad, not for a moment did she regret the fate aha had chosen. Absorbed is thought, ah* had not ob served the absence of Charlie, her little boy now she saw with vague uneasiness that he had left the bed of peppermint where he had been playing and was not to He seen. She called his name, but only echo and the roai of the swollen river replied. 8be flew back to the house, tha bint hope ^remaining that he might have returned thither for his pet kitten but no, the kitten was mewing at the window, but no signs of Charlie. With frantic hast# she setipcTitiltfte dear ing, but without success, ljer next thought waa the river! black as night, save where flecked with spots of snow white foam—it flowed on but a few rods before her. She hurried down tha brink, calling out, "Char lie Charlie!" The child's small voiae at suma littla dis taate replied. She followed the aound, and to her horror saw her boy—his golden hair and rosy cheeks clearly defined against the ^purple twilight sky—standing on the very edge of the huge, detached rock, son* t$n feat from the shore, out in tha sweeping our* rent of the river This rock, called by tha aatttara "The M pit," was a good situation for caatiog fish ling lines, snd Mark Warren had bridged the 'narrow ch ism between it and the shore with a couple of hewn logs. Allured bf some aUatara at flaming Ore weed growing on the aide of the Pulpit, Chaiiie had croaaad over, and now stood there, regardless of danger, laufhiagly hold ing out tha floral treasures to his mother. Martha flaw over the frail bridge and tha next instant haU bar ehjjd in her arms.— Joyful bttaause she had found bfm unin jured, and manfatljr rewiring thft Uje uge ahould be removed to prevent further acei dent, she turned to retrace her steps, bu*. the sight thst met her ryes fro»e her ifith bor for to the sp*£. Confronting her en the bridge, not six feet distant, was an eoermous wolf, gaunt and bony with hunger, his eyea blazing like live co*J# through mirk and gloom, his hot, fetid breafb aeenftipg tfee yerr air die breathed. A low growl of intense satisfaaiien stiyfod the air, answered by the growl of fifty more nf his kind, belonging to the pack in tb*r moment tmy would be a poo her Without an instant's thought of the con sequences, Martha obeyed her first impulse and strack the loge with her foot, exerting a}) her mad strength in the hlow. The frail fsbric tottered, the soft earth gave way, there was a breath ef awlul suspense, and then the bridge went down with a dull phirge into the waters beneath The sharp claws of the wolf had already fixed on the scsnt vegetation of the rook, and he held there a moment, struggling with ferocious strength to gain a foothold, the next ho slid down Into the ohssm, uttering i ttfftl howl of disappointed rage. Martha sank on her knees and offered up a fervent prayer Of thanksgiving for her es cape but simultaneously with the heartfelt ''amen," there came a dread recollection.— The bridge formed the only connecting link between the Pulpit and the main land, snd that was severed True, she was not more than twenty feet distsnt from the shore of the river, but she fniftht as weir have been thousands of miles out in the ocean. The water was deep, and It ran with ahnoat in conceivable rapidity, forty or fifty feet be low her, over rocks so sharp and jagged that it made her shiver to look over the brink. Her only hope was in her hasbsnd.— Should he return st the expeoted time, they might still be alive but if by any aooident he should be detained beyond the time She elnsed hat eyes, and besought God for protection and help. Cold and hungry, and drenfched by the mist of the river, Charley began to cry for home. She could bear anything better than that She took off her own garments to fold around him, and hold him to her breast snd sang h^m the sweet cradle song* which had so often soothed hint. i But the fierce howls of the wolves, and the sullen thunders of the river, filled his little heart with terror, and all the long dark night through, he c!ung to her neck sleep lessly crying to go hoine to pepa. Day dawned at last, the pale sun swim ming through a sickly sky, the pallid fore cast of a storm. Weak %nd faint from hun ger, and suffering intensoly from cold—for summer is n hearer of tropical singes in that inhospitable clime—Martha paoed back and forth the narrow limits of the rock.— NiM.n came—the faint «un aeolined—it was night again. A cold fg sank down over the mountain, followed bv a drizzling rain, which before inornin changed to a perfect deluge. The river rose fearfully, foaming milk-white down the gorge, filling the air with a shuddering mar, like the peal of an impriaoned earthquake. The day thst followed wan no better—only gray rain, and ashen white mift—not a ray of sunshine. A new fear arose in the heart of Martha Warren. The turbulence of the stream must have swept away the bridge over which her husband would cro-s on his re torn, and he would be detained—for days, maybe for weeks. She gave up all fbr !*4jL Stron*lv and fearfully was sl»e tempted to fold her child in her arms and plunge into the cauldron beneath and thus end all her fear and doubtj It would lie better, she thought, than to suf fer that slow, painful death of starvation. But something hold her back —God's curse was on those who do self murder. Towards night a last robin, beaten about by the storm, stopped to rest a moment on the rock Martha seised upon him and rent hi*»t in twain, with almost savage glee, for her child to devour raw—she, who three days before would have wept at the sight of a wounded spsrrow. Another night and day—like the other, only more intensely agonising. Martha Warren was sullenly indifferent now suf fering had palsied every noble feeling.— Charlie moaned for supper—too weak and spent to sit up, he was laying on tha rock, his head on b«r lap, his great eyes fixed on her faoe. She tore open a vein in her arm with her scissors, and made him drink the blood Anything, ab« ssid to herself, to ealm the wild, wistftit yearning of hi* eyas, The boy raised—he sat up, and peered through the darkness. "Mamma," he said, "papa is ooming felt him touch me J" She wept at tha mositery, and drew the child frantically to her boeom. The night was fsir—lit up by a new moon. Orercorqe by a deadly exhaustion, against whiah she sou Id make no resistance, Martha fel* into an uneasy slumber, which, toward midnight, was broken by a atartling sry.-* She aprung to her feet and gased *rowd her. No I her eyes did not deceive her—there on the shore stood the stalwart form of her husband, and he was eaHiog her name with the energy of despeir. She eould oaly ery out, "Oh, Mark I Mark I" end Ml senssleas to the earth. When she woke to consciousness, she was lying on her own bed in e cottage, aqpr ported by her huah^od's arm*. It waa «o dream. She aad her darling boy w«we safe, and he had oome beck. Many weeks passed before ahe grew strong again, but Mark traded her as a mother would an infant, and by the £ige (he autumn froats £eQ, ahe was the blithe Mar tha Warren ef old. At the tima of the freshet, the bridge over the A (soecasual* hsd indeed been swspt away, bat Mark, impelled by an uncontrol lable fear—almoat prmntimnt—h»4 creased the river, at the risk of Us file, on log nft, ai»d reached heap only to fittf it The descendants of Mark Warrsq and his wife still dwell among the fertile valjaya of Ainonoosuck, and the old men atiU tell to their grandchildren the atory of Martha Warren and her child. The 9ew York papers oombined to send to Europe for white paper to print on,— They believe they can get It there cheeper then o«r epecnwfciff rag dealers snd paper *snuA*vrprs ha*g it, DTTTJMWA, IOWA, THURSDAY, JULY 7, 1864. Til© Dying Sergtnt. waa, perhapi, ten days after the' ieo ond battle of Manassas, that I visited one of the hospitals, near Wa^hln^ton,. for the purpose of ascertaining if any of the dis abled of my own comman 1 had been borne there, and, if so, of speaking to them a kind word, always so grateful to a wocrrtd ed soldier. As I wss pawing through th* numerous wards, viewing with feelin of sympathy and pride the mutilated, hut pat riotic and qncotnplaining sufferers, two strangers—Jt sister and an aunt of one cf the young heroes—accosted mi, and ask el if would be so kind a4 to Com) to tie couch of their relative, and stan4 by him while the sqrgeor\ shoi\ld amputate his limb, which they told me had b^m ampu tated a few days before, but, on account of the arteries having commenced to w»gh away, the physicisns had decided 'upon this as the only hope of saving his lift. I folio we 4 thenq to the oouoh. Thiyjwere both weeping, but the wounded sildrr, sl though suffering intensely, ant me #ith a smile, snd saluted me. I sat davn his couch, and took his h«in4 in He told me that he was a aergoant in the #ifth New York (Duryea's Zouave's thit he wes wounded late in the aotton, and lei I tip on the field that he rem lined wlnre hi fell from Saturday until the fu^ovfing Wednes day ''with no food, save a few hard drack erg, left in ny *n,i no water, except that which xl gave meUrom heaven, in rain and dew, and which I caught in my blanket" The serjeant con tinued his story, after a moment's pause oc casioned by his suffering, hy saying "You know, OolJitel, how God always rahnnaSors us wounded soldiers, with rain, after the battle is over, and when our lips are parch, ed and au» tongues are burning vith fever. On Wednesday, I was found bj bne of our surgeons, who dressed my «und, and placed me with other disable'! soldiers in an ambulance, to be sent to Washington. I arrived late on Thursday ev» iln». when my limb was amputated, and I" The sergeant again paused in hs story, and I begged him not to go on. I toticed that his voice became weaker, and In face tn ire pale and deathlike, and a nrrqrnt after­ ward I observed blood trinkling down up on the floor from the rubber :oneheon on whiah the sergesnt wss lyin^r. I at once called the surgeon to his bedside. He ex amined the limb, and. after consulting with other surgeons in attendance, told me they had decided that it was itnpo^ible to save his life that re-amputation would be use less: that the soldier was fast sinking from exhaustion and that, in all probability, would not sdrvive the hour and desired that I should make known th*ir decision and apprehension to the aortt and sister. With such lan^ije^e as a S 'ldier rqight command, I informed them that the ser geant must soon rest. Tears tilled their eyes, and they sobbed bitterly: but their grief was borne S9 Christian wo oen atone can bear such sorrow—fbr thev heard the voice of the elder brother speaking to them, as to Martha,'• I ain the resurrection and the liffy he that helieveth in mi, though he were dead, yet shall he live." The sister, wiping away her tears and taking a small prayer-book from hep r(JHs ask el me if I would tell her brother how soon he must die, and if I woulJ read to him "the prayer for the dying I went again to the coueh, and stood beside the dying soldier. "Ser geant," I said, "we shall halt soon- we are not going to march much further to day." "Are we going to halt. Colonel^" sad the sergeant, "so early in the day? Are we going into bivouaa before night?" 'Yes, Sergeant," I replied "the inarch is, nearly over—the bugle call will soon sound the halt** The Sergeant's mind wandered for a moment, but ray tears interpreted to him my words. "Ah, Colonel," he said, "do you mean that I am so soon to die." "Yes, Sergeant," I said "you are soon to die." "Well, Colonel, 11| -glad I am jiing to die^rl want to rest—the march has not been so long, but I am weary—I ars tired —I want to halt—I want to be with Christ —I want to be with my Savior." I read to him "the prayer for the dying," most of which he repeated end then his sister kneeled beside the oouch of her dying brother and offered up to God a prarer full of earnestness, love and faith. The life blood of the dying soldier wss trickling down from the bedside and crimsoning her dress, while she besought the Pather that the robes of her dying brother might be "washed and made white in the blood of the lamb." The pfayer was finished.— The Sergeant said "Amen." We stood again by his bedside. 3ist«r-»anftt do net weep, for I am going to Christ I an) eoing to rest in heaven. Tell my mother, siter" —and the soldier took from bis finger a ring and kiwed it "tell my mother, sister,' —said the Sergeant, "that this is for her, and that I remembered her and loved her, dying end then he took another ring from his hand, kissed it, snd StiKL*' Sis ter, give this to her to wtenrdlf heart is pledged, aud tell her—tell htt is«a,n,' to me in hecven." And, Colo«tf, qfctd the Sergeant, turning to me. and bit fcee%i,:hu ened with the words, "tell my oomm^es the army—the brave Army of the Potor mae—that I died bravely, died forttn good old flag." These were the last words of thj dying soldier. His pulse now heat feebler and feebler, the blood trickled faster and fester dowq the bedside, the dew of death eame afd weqt. and flickering fur a tr.o mei»t ofer the faoe, at length ranted—-iw ed forever. The Sergeant had baited His bivouac noqr is in heaves. 4. Q, E. What la the difference between aehurch deacon and a ragamuftqf One passeai UK .. .U .t a *rriTyi R** Island la«t Friday, and •fWT f1?® other stSfcey the MListr. 1 1300 mare upon Monday. w W tui i'ittw a—BcnrmriinnIIIIM Prcrileiit Lincoln Tfslte tlte Army ef the Potontuo. BIS ARRIVAL AND RECEPTION. TSe President of the United States ar rived at Lieutenant General Grant's head qnarteri yesterday at I o'clock p. m.. en tirely'unheralded and unannounced. Mr. Lincoln came down the Potomac ar» I as cended the James in a Unite 1 States war vessel, and ST qnret and moludt was his ap proach from thj City Point landing to the grounds immediately surrounding the head quarters of Gen. Grant, that the sentinal stationed at the South gats of the enclosure challenged the Chief M-tgistrate, actually taking him for a nqetnber of tha StnitAry Commission, and upon this ground disput ing the President's progress. A Captain upon the staff passing, and recognizing the stranger, set the matter ri»ht, and conduct ed the President to the Lieutenant General's tent,' .i Mr. Linooln was ptseanpanied by three friends, including his little son Tad. and his wholly unexpected arrival at City Point was the occasion of no little evident sur prise among all who either ssw or heard of th« event. It was generally th-nught that for once the telegraph wires running from Washington hitherto to all the obief points inthe field, had failed to do its sppointed work, and the President, d^irin^ mn di rect information tniching Gen. Grant's cam paign, had been compelled to report to th? Lieutenant General in person, thus assum ing the country thtt the su-n ner battles of 1864 are to be fought on thi green fi*' Is and by the cmTin^ streams that load to Richmond, and not on the national spot in the Federal capital whereof the White House is the centre. AT «SW. ORAirr's HEADQUARTERS. On reaching Gen. Grant's tent, which, as a part ef the Co-nman lin» General's head quarters, is handsomely and airilv situated on the south hank of the Jtmn River, im mediately overlooking th i stream, and con sisting of a centre wtll tent and upper fly, shaded by a front fly, to the rear of which is the mesa tent, the President w u grw'ed pleasantly by the Lieutenant General, who shook hands with him. and the several gen ttoraen of the staff happening to be oresent, who merely, but decorously, saluted the President by raising their caps. After a brief, but as I observed it. an exceedingly animated conversation, the distinguished party retired to the mess tent for dinner, passing thereto immediately through, and not outside of, General Grant's business or ofifice tent. The dinner was, as is unual with the hero of Vicksburg, a plain and substantial though by no means a fregal meal and the great Springfieldian ate a hearty and, I make no doubt, an enjoyable meal. Not the least conspicuous and peooe able personage at the table -vis little Tad Lincoln, who came down with his pony and diminutive shoulder-straps to see the thea ter of war. At the table the President oc cupied a position on the ri^ht of the Lieut enant General, with Brigadier General Rtw lings. Grant's confidential friend and chief of statf, on the left. Five other gentlemen only, besides little Tad, held place^U tiiis memorable military meal. THE VISIT TO THE PROMT, Dinner orer, the next thing in order was a visit to the front of Petersburg, whither the President, General Gntnt and a long cavalcade of staff offl ^rs and cavalry, pro ceeded at about two o'clock p. ro. taking what is known as the City Point and Pe tersburg road. I tqav here say that the oavalry escort accompanying the Presidenti al party was a detachment of the Ffth Uni ted States cavalry, who have been for up wards of a year and a half attached in thi« specific capacity IQ fee headquarters of Gen eral Grant The President passed to the headquin ters of Major General Wright, command ing the 6th (Sedgwick's) corps. Here the party waa hospitably entertained, the corps band playing "Hail to the Chief" as the President, whose approach had been tele graphed, was descried. General Meade and staff were in waiting to receive the President and all that transpired was both socially and intellectually unexceptionable. The President took a long and lingering look at Petersburg, and strained his eyes toward the rebel capital. Regaining only half an hour, the party returned to General Grant's quarters, being sheered on the way by a colored brisade—the only cheering heard during this pleasure trip, A eon trast disclosed itself by the roadway. The President and his cavalcade were passing gayly along the dusty road, when, pi) a slight and irregular elevation by its side, was discovered the new made grave of "Private Orange Remington, Battery E, Fourth Connecticut Volunteer Artillery, died JunA 14,1864.'* The living President and the dead soldier thus strangely met.— How suggestive of the mutations of earthlv fortune. The President will visit M»jor General Butler to-day at his headquarters, near Point of Rocks, when a tour of these magnificent fortifications will be made, aad the President's opinion of them elicited. The Roek Island Daily Union nj4: "K. D. Sweeny, Esq., notary public, took the askno^ledgrqent of deed this forenoon, which named within it notne $5,000,000 worth of property, and had at tached to it revolve stamps amounting to $l,Q0e, the highest limit tinder the revenue law for any deed. The deed itself was •bout fire by four feet, and contained a description of the property kno^rn as the Bleak Hawk Miniag Company. This deed wu oonveving the property from Messrs. Lee, Judd Lee, to a stock company which has its headquarters in Brooklyn. The oo«ap tnv is said tn be one of immense wealth. Yho Messrs. Lee. Judd 4 Lee are ate* members of tbis new stock company. Something over 70»H rebel prisoners, captured from John Morgan's command. ni**»ir m\ •prtj -aw QLD THE UOLD PAHIC, ,, lu Cii ttselessuess and Falsity. Vrom UT« Kew York Shipping List, June Mwas*sure SB. The more we learn with regard to the matter, the more firmly do we become con vinced that the grc it exokement in gold and the extreme prices which hive b^en quited during (he past few days, have had no reli able basis, but have been simp'y the resqlt of a dodge resorted to by certain of the "ring" with the view of frightening Con gress into a recession from the position which it has assumed. It is well known that ma ny of the "operators" who sold "short" pre vious to the adop'ion of the gold b'H, htY® been performing the circle oP the ring trying to procure g-ild to 911 their contracts, and all sorts of unreliable quotations have been freely circulated for effect. A daily cotem porary relates a practical inoident which goes to show that s:nce the bill became a law, the gold quotations have been wholly nom inal, and had no reliable h%*is. On Wednes day, when the e^citeinont was at its height, "two gentlemen, the Messrs. Blankn^sn, holders of a larg amount of Gold, desirous to take advantage of the supposed high pri ces, went to Wall street to sell. They foqnd that Only two brokers were disposed to op erate in the precious metal at all. They called upon one of these. He was buying gold in smsll amounts at 210, and selling it at 21ft What wss the price of gold at that establishment? O ir travellers announoed tlii^t they ha to sell. »'H)w much?" "Two hundred ati I eighty thousand dollars." "They would have to see the head of the house," snd were shown to his private room. Informed of the state of the case, the head of the house admitted (hat he was paying 210, but nould not pay it for that amount He that gold coultfnt keep up— that it would certainly be below 200 to mor row." and, in fact, this good natured trades man preferred, rather than buy the gold, to reeommend his customers to his neighbor. So the t^o gentleman *rent to the other broker. He was also buying %t 210, and selling at 216, and was as little anxious to buy a targe sum at his own price as his neighbor had been He "knew that gold would be below 210 to n^orfow," Well, if it was to fall, the two gentlemen would like to sell now on the best terms they cou'.d get "What would he give "He didn't know. He would prefer not to buy itall." As there was no third broker for the gentlemen to be commended to, they were merely bowed out. and left Wall street somewhat enlightened as to what was not the prioe qf gold. A more unnecessary excitement than that which has succeeded the passage of this bill can scarcely be conceived, hence it follows that it must be short lived. While we have not favored gold legislation, we believe that Congress honestly thought that there were good reasons for the passage of the Gold bill and we therefore trust th^t it will not be frightened by the demand of any committee, or committees, into any concessions from what it conceives to be its full duty in the premises. There is no doubt that the Gold bill was intended as a public benefit. If necessary, let it be so modified as to insure that result—but concede nothing more—at least not until the bill shall have been fhirly tried—and its merits and demerits have be CQnje self-evident. We may add that it has come to our knowlenge that a gentleman, yeKterday, endeavored to sell $100 000 in gold, and could get no bid at over 200 per cent—and, we believe the majority were un der that figure, (t is evi}eqt that 210 to 220@2S0 have been paid only for little driblets. Emigration from England. Wilmer A Smith's European Times dis cusses the subject of emigration as reflected in the report of that moveiq^qt recently made. It observes that since the year of the Irish famine of 1847—just seventeen years ago—the movement toward the West has never attained proportions so gigantic as th ise have been witnessed in 1863. The demand for labor in I/eland or the ab seqoe of it has flwys had a great influence on the popnlation. When the former pre vailed, the people «tayed at home when work was scarce and wages small, the der sire to cross the Atlantic increased. It ap pears that during the year last named, near ly a quarter of a million of human beings have left the shores of the United Kingdom, 27 per cent, of whom vyere English, 7 per oent. Scotch, 5i per cent. Irish, $nd the re maining 14 per cent, foreigners and others not distinguished. Of these the great bulk proceeded to the United States. That coun try received 146,000, Australia and New Zealand 58,000, and 18,000 went to British North America. The Commissioners of Em igration raise the question, how far the exr odys has fed the Federal army On this subject they think that not more than 25, 000 would hava a chance of obtaining em ployment as recruits, and they state a re ujarkable foot when t^ey notice that the proportion of single men emigrating in I860, the year before the war began, was exactly the aatpe as in 1863, when the emigration had attained its greatest volume. The num bers leaving Ireland for the United States need excite little surprise when it is known that neariy half a tqijlion of monef ya* re ceived in that country during the iast year from settlers on the western shore# of the Atlantic, to enable their friends and rela tives to come out These returns show that the mortality jn the ships conveying this immense number of people across the ocean was comparatively small. The steam lines conveyed vast numbers, and even in the sailing ships the death rate was trifling in the extreme. Asa rule, two thirds of the emigrations proceed to the United States Sinae the beginning of the century, five mil lions and a half of people have emigrated, and of these three millions aud a third lutye preferred the Unit®d States. ."The man," fays an English paper, "who ia driven to iMfctotiw —bnatea— which SERIES VOL.10, NO. 1* I E,HIT^a.v»*l»*5i» W i the competitipn of his fellows makes it dif ficult to obtain, in- tbis, betakes himself to the country which is at once most easy of access and mpst richly furnished with, the gifts of nature. The necessary cos*: of pissagj to the Australian Colonies forcn* the por em igrant to America, and his choice is confined to I he States or to one of the British Prorin oes. The ragged climate, of our own settle ments i9 ttie p-incipal inftopnee n hich ||K ters hi n from emigrating to them.** The value of the facts above cite 1 is SeSft chiefly in the rebuttal that thiy givj to the statements of Lord Clanricarde, lately pub lished in this paper. Since appears that the emigration of able-bodied unm\rri:d men in 1863 was the same as in I860, and that the emigration now coming is stimula ted by the money sent over by friends, it is evident thut the stimu'u.s of Federal recruit ing cannot be as great as is stated^ if, in deed, it exists at all. Earl Russell mani festly does not believe a word of arh^t pro ceeds from Clanricarde, for his constant re­ sort is to vague generalities, and a very der iqonstrative sympathy with secassijn. Iowa Agricultural College. The Board of Trustees of this institution met on the College Farm, on Tuesday the 15th of June, to receive and compare plans and specifications presented for the College building. Twelve of ths thirteen numbers constituting the Board, were present, to-wiU Suel Foster, President, of Muscatine 00. Wm. Duane Wilson, Sec'v, ot Polk do. M. W. Robinson, Treas., Des Moines'Oo. George Q. Wright, of Van Buren county. W. J. Graham, of Story oounty John McDonough, of Clarke county. P. L. Hinkley, of Fayette county. Thos. Holyoke, of Poweshiek county. J. A. Bronson, of Jones countv. Peter Melendy, of Black Hawk county. Phineas Cad well, of Harrison county. Joseph McGowan, of Ap^an mse county. Plans and specifications of a College build ing were received from Messrs. Carter Jt Drake of Chicago Wm. Ward, of Council Bluffs John Mullany of Dubuque C. A. Dunham (3 plans} of Burling{qr\ John Browne and John Bryan of Des Moines W. Carroll of Davenport James Hixon of Keokuk J. P. Walton of Muscatine M. Burt late of Muscatine, %n4 Rogers St Cline of Newton. They were all displayed to good advan tage on the ipalU the Trustees* room, amined thoroughly and considered with the descriptions and specifications furnished, more than half of which being represented and explained either by the Architects pre senting them or their friends. The cost of the building by the several plans varied froift $45,000 to $75,238 After a thorough in vestigation, the plan of John Browne, Esq., of Des Moines was selected by a vote of seven, to f}ve cast one each, for five other, plans, after which vote the choice was made unanimous. The Board then decided on the site of the College building which is on a beaatifal knowl short distance west of the centre line of the farm, snd near the centre north and south, and determined that the pr:net pal front shall face the east It was resolved that full plans and speci fications the one accepted must b® MADE and completed according to the terms of the Act of March 2*3, 1864, providing for the erection of a College building, before the sum of $350 offered by the Board for the best plan is paid. The following ratplution was passed uaan iojously Ittoolned. That the plans and specifica tions for an Agricultural College building, presented to the Board of Trustees for their consideration, (twelve in number,) all fron} Iowa acchitects except one, were highly creditahle to the competitors as artists, an| a credit also to the State. Messrs. Suel Foster, Peter Melendy, and J. 4- Bpon^on, were duly elected a building committee, ag required by the law Rbova ««4 ferred tq. Action was taken by the Board to have the proper oounty authorities locate a road to run east and ^est on or near the south line of the C«41ege Farm, and to vacate the road now running through the farm and $100 or so much thereof as might be neces sary, was voted to secure such a change. The Secretary was directed to have photo graphic copies taken of the accepted eleva tion plan of the College building. The thanks of the Boird were voted Messrs E. W. Skinner & Co., of Madison, Wisconsin, for their liberal donation of a Climax Sugar Mill to the Agricultural Coir lege Farm. A topographical survey of the College Farm was ordered, if fqund to be necessary in the prosecution of the improvement? or dered and contemplated upon it. After directing the publication of the most important proceedings of the l$oerd in the Story, Boone, md other cqunty papers, the EJgard adjourned tine dj,e. The papers of the State are respectfully requested to publish the above for the iufor mation of their ipfders. wx MN WILSOM. Sec. Iowa Ag'l College. Df« MOKHRS, June 17, 1804. H'W TO ASCERTAIN WORTH OR CHARACTER. Every person possesses a character, whhh is either good or bad. To rfefefrqine char acter, then, we shoqld njeasqre qr weigh It, and thereby decide as to its value, just as we would any commo^y ip commerce. In or der to do this RW*t become familiar with the person, and in making the estimate we should determine it ppqn o^p pergonal know ledge Qf thf fypts ip tt«e case. Too many weigh or measure thn character of others bv the ejrjd.eppe obtained from others. What woijld yoq think of inspector of commer cial articles at seaport, to adopt this syg. tem of inspection, and report accordingly. By this system valuablo good* might be rejected, and inferior ones accepted, and th"rt»hy injustice done to parties. f'By their fruit ye shall know them" .\|j who are weighed in the ha lances anl found wanting may be rejected, but not •Bifiwm un.4

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