Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, August 4, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated August 4, 1864 Page 1
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ll'v ta rtrausHso KTBRY THCBSDAY nv OST OFFICE BUILDINO. VOBIFBB or SBCOND AND MARKET STBBKTS, errUMWA, WAPELLO CO., IOWA J. W, NOREIS, EDITOB. E N S ***£*#*r&RIABL.Y IN ADVANCES One copy,peryear |1,Tt Pour copies" T.00. •"•t Ten 1R,0«. Twenty" 80,00. Iinona wlshlngto subscribe for less time than «Beyear,candoso by remlulngthe amount they wish 9* be so appropriated. In no caae will weenternew Kama* anleai they areaccompanled with the cash. over Temple'sOlethlng Store. lDfW Reside ace—At H'n. Hndfi'i, front Street' gT. CHARLES HOTEL. BY JOHN N. SIMONS. %raer of Court and Bis., OTTCMWA^OWA Good eating, cieaa beds, good company and re*, •enable charge*. 1 J. S. WALKER, Wholetale and Retail Dealer in DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, Ctotbinri Hardware, Queeuoware, U AT8, CAP8, BOOTS, 8HOE8, OUM GOODS, PURS, NOTIONS, Ac., Ac. Pteeetly opposite the Ottumwa House flfrontStreet, OttliniWft, ItVt, Aug. 80,18«S-*14-y J. lo EW SERIE8 VOL •, NOTT J. \r.^OBBlS4Pr*m«u» |t Dttumtoa Conritr. J. W. NORB18. S. R. MITCHEL, OTTUMWA, MWA. House r«fltted and furnished newly through May 12, 18*4-8 IS. OOT AND SHOE MAKER. N. WACHTLER, -ffatn street, m« drtor east of the Bxprett ©ttee. Keep* comtantly on band a good assortment of Leather, and I* alway* ready to accommodate cua Seoiers with good work In his Una Lloa. ta^Repairlng done on abort nolloe. May 1 (ay IS, ISM. Id arch 10, 1864-tf TTUM W apt* 18M. KRANER & MILLER, Dealer* In STOVES, TIN, COPPER, JAPAN AND SHEET-IRON WAKE, •i- Corner of treat and Market Streets, iTTCMWA, IOWA. A MALE AND FE- MALE SKMIKABf. Per. J.M. MCELROY, Mr. H. L. McGlMTIE, Principal* ML** M. C. HALLOWAY, I lltss M. E. WIL80N, Assistttrft MIMMATTIE LASWELL, Teacher of Maale. The Sixth year commence* on MoDday, 8EPTEM BBK Tth, 1863,at the Presbyterian Church and room* Attached. tour terms often weekseachln theyear. Tultlonfrom |$to |6,accordlngto branohemtudle4 Piano, Melodeonor Q-ultar, $8 per Term, gpecialfacllltlssoffered to personawlshlngto qual ify themselves for teaching. Pupils admitted at any time, and chargcd from date of entrance. No reduction, however, will be Blade for occasional ab*ence,unle**by speclalagree aeot or In case of tlcknei*. Boarding can be obtained at prlce*to*alt thetime Jthe o one admitted for leti than half a term er urther particulars call on or addreee either Principal*. Aug.«,18«i. 0UNSMITH SHOP. Attention of Hooter* and Target iboottrt ft called -to the firm of the undersigned who 1* prepared to Manufacture and repair all kind* of rifle*, rerolrere, shotgun* and piitol*, etc. etc., In the beat atyle and aMoner and on short notloe. All work done by me will be warranted. My shop t»»n Front Street, one door east of Ottumwa House. 16-8m. LEWIS 11CQO MA8HEK. T. HACKWORTH, ATTORNEY AT LAW A N N O A Y U I All professional business entrusted to him will be promptly attended to. Special attention will be given to eolleetioas, ex amination of Titles and conveyancing. -MTOffloe at Oourt House ,ln Ottumwa, Iowa. jBItumwa, Iowa, Oct. 29th, IMS. Aug. 9tt,WS. Teeth jr. B. J. BOULTON. HAKER AND CONFECTIONER fMit nun, roca oooas BAST or roTTaaaocea OTTUMWAFELOW \. M*ehlneOracker«andOonfecUoneryofeTeryvft»U y at Wfcoleeale and Betall. Partle tan Halls* upplledon theshortH lotlce. EDWARD H. STILES, Attorney & Counselor at Law And Solicitor in Chancery. Dfice over Walker's store, opposite the Ottumwa Bouse, OTTCMWA, IOWA. Is now well prepared to procure the flOO Beauty and back pay of soldiers, and all Just claim* against the aorerameai. Oharges moderate, and •othlng unless claims are allowsA. i. s. STILBS 'H. B. SISSONa DENTIST, HAVINQAil PERMANENTLY LOCATED IK THIS city, offers his servioes to tfcecltlsene of town and Vlelnity. work war rated. Ladles waited on at •heir reeldencea, if deelred. inserted from one to an entiresett, either by (Beans of springs or atmospheric preeanra. hlsresldeace.onMarketetree*. Peb.t.lSSl. F. W. SMITH, E RCHANT 1 A I LOR, Piretdoer aaataf tfee Ottamwa Baase,, fBONT STBBBT, .... OTTUMWA It t. klndeof work donelD,fc aiaeaikloiakto style, «ad at theshottaatnaUaa Cutting doaato order. Bo?l9,'40-j & CLOCK, WATCH 1£W£LBV E A I E uadereigned,having located la Ottumwa, JL wllloarryon thefollowlngbuslnees^adsoliolts allberalsbftre of the public patronage: Beaalrlng ailkludsof Watches ,01ooks,Ja«alryaad Musical Iastrvments. Also—Gold Ring* mad etoorder,letterings den graving done. Re has a fine assortment of 0ioeks,0atches ^Jewel Mr, Musical Instruments, Gold Breast Pins,Ear-rings flager-rlngs, Lockets, Chains, Keys, Slides, Pens jk •variety of notione for sale. Please eallaadsea. Plaoe o business one door west of Ottumwa Hoaae H.NONA iAKKK lug*th,'ttt-ai-ll.m 4VILLIAMS Si, HAMILTON, O K N E Y 8 A A W OTTOMWA.IOWA. MMT Ornea ST« B. W. Batta' C'cthiagBtore. THE PF.ACE TO BUY LVRBEB, IH1NGLE8, *c., IS AT RAND'S LUMBER TARDfi WHBBB TT it!* f** fVff—' r*—fff~ry an# OTTUMWA, wlllbefoaad thelargeststockevero feredl n thewest.and which w|l Ibesoldlower ka I at aay point onthe Mississippi. AlsothossA tMigleeofooraaaaufaeture,fulleount,everySblD faifaat. B.D. BAND k CO. »Q»t.»* t»8JLu»t.ll tf AMOS O U S E—E. H. BOOTH, Proprietor. PPDT^ILLl, |OWA. Having removed from Use glimmin* ta the above (louse, and reitted It throughout In the beet man far, the proprietor can promise superior aceommo him wiUi their eastern ItltM ta all who may favor I raft. 10!t lie* £B. 1«WS Stale Orphan'A»yiBBi. TO THE PEOPLR OF IOWA- At meeting of the Iowa State Oipfcan Asylum Atsocianon. holden at DPS Moines on the 1st dwy of Jtine 1864, the undersign ed were appointed a eonmittee to prepare an address to the People of Iowa, witting forth the object and present condition of this As sociation, and its proceedings. It is with regret that the committee are compiled to apologize for the delay in dwf^argjtn-T their duty. This delay has not been occasioned by a want of interest in the woik, but by the pressing and imperatire du ies, official ind p-nfegsional, of each aiember of the Committee. In the outset, we wi«h to say to the peo ple of Iowa that in this work there is no paltering—no child's play. The intention and purpose are bona fide and serious. The Abject is to create and establish, with your assistance, an Asylum or Rome for the Or phans of those large souled and brave men who hare fallen and may fall in the great eause of our country, and hare crowned the brow of Iowa with laurels that will never fcde. Do you know a greater or a better object la there a greater or better calling, or that can call, upon the liberality of thia people You hare supported this war so necessary and so holy on our part, with excellent una nimity, force and perseverance. You have been liberal to the soldier in furnishing sani tary supplies, in sustaining Sanitary Fairs, and in all like objects. Will you be less free toward those whom the soldier loves better than bis life This soldier is not a mercenary, professional soldier. He is not only from us, but he is of us. He is our father, husband, son, brother or friend.— When he lies wounded on the battle field looking death in the face, or is about to ex pire in the hospital, his first and bis last ex cltmation is, 4,what will become of my chil­ dren To thoaf yet living let us answer, beforo that hour comes: "They shall be cared for." "We, for whom you are peril ing your lives will not forget those whom you leave behind you." Our whole sanitary operations have insti tuted a new era in the conduct of war, and I now let us institute a new era in the oonse* quences of war. The public is in want of information con cerning this association—its origin, consti tution, object and present condition. To give this information i« the object of this ad dress for which the committee was appoin ted, and not to make a speech, nor even an exhortation, for when understood, we believe the design will carry its own exhortation. It appears to us that the best way to give you a truesensc of the work and its present condition, will be to lay before you an ab "tract as brief as may be, of the articles of incorporation and of th proceedings of the late meeting held st Des Moines. Toward the close of the year 1863. several persons, among whom were Judges Baldwin, Wright, Lowe and Cole Governors Kirk wood. Si one and Faville Messrs. Cattell, Brainerd and Need ham Mrs. Stephens Bagga, Cadle, Darwin, Wittenmyer, Kibbon, Shelton and others of like position and char acter, associated themselves as a corporation, and in due form of law adopted articles of which the following ia a subtantixl abstract. ABT. I. Name. Iowa State O.phan Asy lum. ABT. 2. The business shall be under such rules snd regulations as may be adopted from time to time, to furnish a home for the Orphan children of the State, and provide for their education,'—to erect an Asylum at such time and place, and in such manner, as may hereafter be dettrmimti and aa the means will permit ART. 8. In addition to the persons named as corporators, others may become members as follows: Any one paying $85 becomes a life mem ber and anv one paying $0, (both these to the Treasurer and taking his receipt) be comes a member for one year and each of these is entitled to a vote at all nestings during such membership. ART. 4. Any charitable, benevolent or religious society, consisting of not less than ten persons, may become a member upon the same terms as individuals, and will be entitled to one delegate at all meetings, and to one additional delegate for every addition al $26 contributed, ABT. 6 The officers shall be citizens of Iowa they shall be a President, six Vice Presidents, one from each Congressional Dis trict a Recording Secretary, a Correspond, ing Secretary, Treasurer, a Board of Trus tees of tweive persons, being two from each Congressional District- The President to be President of the Board of Trustees and have right to take part in the deliberations, and to have the casting vote. The Recording Secretary to be Secretary of the Board of Trustees. These officers shall be elected at the annual meeting and shall hold their offi ces for one year, and until their successors are elected and qus lifted. Aw, 9, The duties of th* officers shall correspond with their poaitiona. The Board of Trustees shall have direction of all the affairs of the Associstion and supervisory control ot all Executive officers subject to the action of the Association. ABT. 7 The Treasurer ahall give bond, with sureties, In a sum to be prescribed by the Trustees. ABT. 8. The money shall be disbursed under the direction of the Board of Trustees on orders issued by the Preaident and coun tersigned by the Rec. Sec'y. ABT. 8. The Board of Trustees shall hold A session at lesst once s year, and also shall meet whenever the Presidsnt, upon request, in writing, of a majority of the Board, may direct. At each regular annnal meeting the executive officers shall present a full report of their operations, with specific ststements of receipts and disbursements, which msy fe* ABT. 10. The snnual meeting to be held at Des Moines on the first Wednesdsy of June. Special meetings when the Board, with the approval of the President, may deem ft requisite and such call shall he ob ligatory on the President when requested in writing by one third of ART. 12. Provides a the members 3. That the Board employ of the Association. ABT, 11 The BAard Is authorised to pro ceed to advance the object of this Associa tion as rapidly as its means will permit. All funds, from whatsoever source derived, shall he fttithfully applied to this objeot. for altering or amend­ ing these articles. ABT. 1 i. Appoint* officers to serve until regular election. ART. 14. AJopts the right given to such corporations, in the Revision of 1860 and among others, that of making Bv-I aws, which may be made by the Board of Trus tees, subject to the approval of the Associa tion. ABT.'25. No member to he individually liable "for the oontracts or acts of this Asso ciation. ART 16 The place of business of the As sociation shall be st DPS Moines until Other, wise ordered by the Associstion. Done at Des Moines, 80th Dec., 1863. These articles were duly acknowledged, filed in the office of the Secretary of State, and recorded in the records of Polk county. In sccordsnce with Article 10 the first sn nusl meeting was holden at Des Moines on the first Wednesdsy, it being the first day of June, 1864. The following officers were elected, snd ws add a summary of the fur ther proceedings of the meeting President-.Gov. Wm.M. StotRk Vice Presidents—Mrs. G. G. Wright, of Keosauqua Mrs. R. L. Cadle, Muscatine Mrs Alvin Sanders, Davenport Hon. J. R. Needham, Oskaloosa Hon. J. W. Cattell, of Des Moines, and Mrs, Mary M. Baggs. Recording Secretary—Miss Msry Kibbon, of Mt. Pleasant. Corresponding Secretary—Miss Mary B. Shelton, of Burlington. Treasurer—H. f. Allen, Esq,, of Des Moines. Board of Trustees—1st Congressional Dis trict—Mrs Annie Wittenmyer. and Mrs. C. B. Darwin. 2d Dist. Hon. W. G. Woodward and Mrs. L. B. Stephens. 3d Dist. Hon. E. H. Williams snd Dr. James Wright. 4th District, Prof. T. S. Parvin and Mrs. Col. H. Shaw. 6th Dist. Hon. Csleb Baldwin and Hon. C. Cole. 6th Dist. Hon. Isaac Pen­ dleton and M. Woodbury. For the purpose of giving an expression of views upon certain general propositions connected with the enterprise, and for the satisfaction of the public mind, the Associs tion recommended the following matters to the Trustees, in the nature of instructions: 1 That the Board of Trustees proceed immediately to sppoint sn Exceutive Com mitter with authority to furnish the house at Lawrence and purchase supplies for the same, and to provide suitable persons to have the care of the children and to attend to their eduction. 2. That the Board at once establish rules and regulations, fixing the prerequisites for the admission of the orphans of soldiers in to the Institutions, and appoint in each or ganized county proper persons totske the proof and furnish the necessary certificate for their admission. The Board determined that the Treasurer be required to give bond in the sum of $20, 000. They also adopted the following reso lution. 1 a traveling Agent'with full authority to reoeiveapplioa jions for membership in this oreanization, and to receive money for the same, together with all donations to the Society. That such a^ent should »ive bond for the faithful discharge of his duties and for the payment of money to treasurer 4. That the Board be authoriged to or ganise auxiliary Societies in the several counties of the State with such officers and powers as they may deem best, and hat, in their discretion, they may continue or dis continue the agents heretofore appointed that they may have power to so arrange the work thereof as to secure the oo-operation of said agents, and of the auxiliary sooie ties. 6. Thst the Treasurer should at once give bond in a sum satisfactory to the Board of Trustees, and that all moneys in the hands of the former Treasurer, or other persons, should at once be paid over to the Treasurer of this oorporatlon. After this, upon sn adjournment pro torn, of the Society, the Board of Trustees held a meeting to act upon some of the foregoing suggestions, and afterward made a report, of which the following is the substance: That a committee be appointed to whom a fund shall be given to be used by them in perfecting the leaae of the house and in fit ting and furnishing it, with full power to arrange the preparation for Orphans, act in the reception of them appoint the necessary help and make bargains with them, for a salary, for ona year or lass in short, with ful' power to put the Institution into opera* tion. Thia executive committee was thereupon elected, and consists of Mrs. Ben Darwin, Mrs. M. G. Horton, Mrs. G. G. Wright, Miss Mary Shelton, and Mrs. Geo. Schramm. A Steward was elected. It was voted that $3000 ha drawn from the treasury, to be plaoed at the disposal of executive oommittee for the purpoae before mentioned. A committee was appointed to prepare a set of by-laws or regulations for the gor eminent of the affsirs of the Institution. Rev. P. P. Ingalla was ohosen Genera' Agent, and it was voted that suoh agent be required to give bond in the sum of $5,000. It waa resolved that the aalary ot the Gen. aral Agent shall not bs paid out of the fundi raised by this Association for the purposes herein contemplated, but ahall he otherwise OTTUMWA, IOWA, THURSDAY, AUGUST 4, 1864. The duties and powers of the General Agent are defined as follows: To visi as far as practicable every county of the State, and every regiment in the army, and pre sent the oktims of thia organization. He is authorized to receive contributions snd memberships, organise county associations, appoint the rteasurer of the county society as sub treasurer of thia Aasooiation, who may receive contributions, and shall report to the Recording Secretary and transmit to the Treasurer as often aa once a month. The county agents heretofore tppointed by the Bosrd will be subordinate to the General Agent, and assist in organising so cieties, and will aet in harmony with such organization. An auditing committee was appointed, consisting of Dr. James Wright, C. C. Cole and W'G Woodward, to whom the General Agent and the executive tommittee are to report. The above report of the Beard waa adopt ed. Treasurer appeared and executed his bond with sureties. This i-i th.» substance of the doings of the meeting of the Association, snd from the foregoing the people of Iowa will perce ve that the purpose of establishing an Iowa Or- phan s Asylum or Home is a aerions pur- Lpeaks agents are held to accountability-chat tbe General Assent, Rev. P.P. Ingalls, is duly commissioned—that the corporation is duly organized, and its Board of Trustees, its Executive Committee and Agents are prop erly instituted, and are authorized to, and are legally capable of, going to work and executing the object of the Association, and that the women cf tho State are deeply interested in the object, having, in truth, started it, several of whom are able and will ing to give more time and effort than is possible for most men. It is for us, then, to furnish the means to enable them to do the work which they are so heartily ready to do. You will perceive that, while all sums, small and great, are desirable, ytt the oall Is really for liberality. All contributions will be gladly received, but we look for life memberships of $25, snd yesrly member* ships of $5. These memberships oonstitute the subscriber a member of the society or corporation, and entitle him to vote. It is proposed to change the name to the Iowa Orphans1 Home instead of Orphans' Aeylum. Measures sre now beinc taken to put the Institution into operation, and will soon be prepai ed tor the roception of those who need its care. Before this meeting the Association did not feel itself in full sction, yet the Trustees went On and did what they could. Among other things thev rented for three years a building in Lawrenoe. Van Buren Co., suitable for the present and temporary pur poses of the body. It will be seen that a resolution was adopted against any sction at present looking to a final location of the Institution It is contrary to the views of the members to undertake st present the erection of a building at any point. They wish to devote whatever money may be raised to the direct object of the Institution, and allow t'uture experience to de*elop its wants and capacities, and to make no un, due haste in entering upon large expendi tures or in expanding its applications. Although the expr»-j-«ion of thn ohjeot of the Association is Sr ia enou *!J to embrace in its arm* other orphans than those of the soldiers, yet these last are its orimsrv and leading objects of solicitude. Other or phans than those of solders are a seconds rv and ultimate subject of interest, depend* ing upon our experience and the means which may come under the control of the society. For the present the only object of care ia the orphan of the soldier who dies for his country and for this it is be lieyed that all the means that oan be real ised for a time to oome will be required. Finally, we call attention to the fact that •11 who pay $25 lora life membership, or $5 for a yearly membership, are en titled to participate, for those respective periods, in the election of the officers and in the man agement of the Institution. More might be said, but we do not per oeive how less could be, and place thia sub. ject fairly before the mind of our people. We leave it in your handa. fital Moines, Iowa, July 15. W.G WOODWARD, C. C. COLE, O. O. NOURSE, Commit***. From IVeosphla. Oor responds nee of the Courier. MBMPBIS, Tenn., July 21, 1864. MB. EDITOR—Perhaps a letter from this city would be interesting to yourself and the readers of the Courier. I reached here about the time ef the defeat of Gen. Sturgis at Guntown, Miss. Visiting the various camps I mingled with the men, who had ji)»t returned from that ill fated expedition They were aoraewhat dispirited by their late reverses, but still hopeful and reaolut*. It was sad to hear them speak of their missing comrades, "he fell upon the field," ar "he was wounded and left behind." After a few days of busy preparation an other expedition started under Gen. A. J. Smith. This has, as you are aware, been quice successful, having defeated Forrest at Tupelo. But some of thoee heroes whom we saw for a few days, return no more. In every battle "many brave hoya must fall." Last night over two hundred of the wound ed were "brought to tbe city. Oh I it was a aad sight, «true commentary on the sruelty of war. IOWA TSOOPS Iowa Is well represented in this depart­ ment Nearly every third soldier you -n et will tell you with conscious pride WI Iowa." I*ook at the men, and you will feel th* lows, tha»gh young, has a nebte fami- LIBERALTTT OP TUB TROOPS. You have doubtless heard of the Orphan's Home, whioh It Is proposed to build some where in Iowa, fhr the support and educa* tion of the children o! deceased soldiers from the State. It is intended to he a real home for those whose fathers have fallen in this bloodv struggle for national existence. The idea of such a home origin- atpd think snrnewher8 on the p„iriM of Iowtf and itg pose thst security is taken from those merly chaplain of the 3d Iowa Cavalry, vis who receive and hold moneys-that these ,iberality ,nd ited Ask Guntown, where nearly a third of the regiment was left on the field. Each compa ny of this regiment has employed a white teacher, paid by a voluntary monthly ta* They make rapid progress In learning. Each of these regiments has a ly of atalwart sons. Some of them arefath-1 inevitably invite and call forth when our ere in appearance, for here is tbe fsmoua green fields of waving harvests shall be trod "Greybeard" regiment, the 87th infantry, whose ''locks are intermingled with grey." Not to particularise other regiments, let n*e mention the 2d, 3d snd 4th Cavalry regi ments. The 3d suffered severely in the Sturgis expedition. The 2d, under the lead ership of Colonel (now General) Hatch will long be remembered for Its fighting share in the ftmouN Grierson raid through Missi*'pi. This regiment has lately returned from vet eran furlough, filled to its maximum num bel. Far be it from ma to disparage the troops from other States. All are worthy of honor. But, Mr. Editor, could you see the sons of Iowa on parade, in camp, or on the march, you would rejoice that Iowa had audi representatives. chaplain. THE CHRISTIAN COMMISSION. An opportunity wss afforded me "4f-«fe serving the working of this institution. It sims to benefit the soldier iysically, men tally and morally. Phyticdtty, by aiding the wounded on the battle field or the sick in camp and hospital mentally, by supply ing reading msterial, books, pspers, etc., to the men when idle in camp or garrison morally, by distributing the scriptures snd preaching the gospel wherever the way may be open. Its delegates are cordially receiv ed and welcomed by the soldiers. They te cognize them as messengers from home, that "deaiest spot" to him who, deprived of all its blessings, is periiinRhis life forborne snd country. The soldiers see in this institu? tion an evidence that they are not fbrgotten at home. This thought doubles the value of the gifts. Contributors to this great work ean be assured that their donations are placed directly in the handa of the sol diers. SANTTABT K1TCBBNB Hsve been introduced into several of the hospitals here, as well as throughout the Department of the Mississippi. These, too, are under the auspices of the Christisn Commission. Mrs. Wittenmeyer of Keokuk has been the efficient agent in bringing them into use. Each kitehen is under the charge of an experienced lady, and will prepare at one time enough food foi 400 or 600 patients. The government supplies tbe substantias, and the Christian Commission the delicacies. Prepared by skillful hands, and judiciously distributed with a kindly word among the cota of pale sufferers, many a now propose to perpetrate largeness be- ita tr]^n Rev lng#|!s for. Memphis in connection wiih this object, he*ri h:m addre89 the 8th Iowa commanded by Col Geddes. And those 500 men, who were present, put their hands in their pockets and gave $3,675. Four hundred and fifty men of the 12th infsntry gave $4,239. One company the 3d Cav alry gave $800. The 4th Cavalry gave $3, 000. Snch liberality is unparalleled. PORT PICK SRINO. A minute description of this might be in teresting, (I will incur the risk of furnish ing vou oontraband news.) It is a piece of ground neither large nor small, surrounded with an embankment neither high nor low and a ditch, neither deep nor shallow, hav ing tome guns, and tome men to work them. BBOBO TROOPS. Here sre some regiments of colored troops. I saw them on regimental parade, and the manner in whioh they went through the manual of arus snd military evolutions is not generally surpassed by volunteer white regimenU. Among them is the 55th U. S. colored. Tbe majority of the in this regiment weie brought by Sherman from the interior of Mississippi on the great raid last winter. Six months ago many of them had never fired a war-worn, weary aoldier blessed tbe "Florence Night ingale" who ministers to him with a wo man's gentle hand snd thanks the christian comm:S8ion for its timely and generous ben. efactors. Mingling with tbe soldiers and witress* ing the bsrdships and privationa they en dure, one cannot but feel mora deeply im pressed with the untold importance of sus tsining them with cheering words snd sym pathising acts from home, and with more earnest prayer to Almighty God to crown their efforts with speedy auccess, so that soon with the oountry saved, the govern ment restored to the whole land and the Union pr« served, they msy return to the dear delights of their quiet homes. Truly yours, W si! AMIUA TIS« Rebellion luexcMaaable. BT ALBXANDBB H. STBPHSNS, It is wall known that Alexander V.HH phens, now Vice President of tbe Confeder acy, at first set himself resolutely against the rebellion. His utterances at that time, ao terribly confirmed by whtt haa sinoe ta ken place, deserve record aa showing its utterly inexcusable folly and guilt. In the Georgia oonveution of January, 1861, pend ing the question of secession, be said: "This step, once taken, cafi never be re called snd Pause, I entreat you, snd consider for a moment what reasons you can give that will even satisfy yourselves in calmer momenta, what reasobs you can give to your fellow sufferers in tho calamity that it will bring What reasons oan you give to the nation* of the ea-th to justify it They will be the calm and deliberate judges in the case and to what caus*1. or ona overt act, can you point, on whch to rest tbe plea of justification What rights ha^ the North assailed? What interest of the South hss been invaded What justice has been de nied, or what claim, founded injustice and right, has been withheld Can any of you to-day name one governmental act of wrong deliberately and purposely done by the gov ernment at Washington, of whioh the South has a right to complain answer. 0n,J gun. Will they fight f— tUte fact"' which Nor hav^jre had less control in every other department of the general government Of Attorney Generals we have had fourteen, while the North hsve had but five. Of Foreign Minuter* we have had eighty-six, and they had but fifty-four. While three fourths of tbe business which demands dip lomatic agents abroad is clearly from the free States, from their greaier commercial interest, yet wa have had the principal em bassies, so as to secure the world's mar kets for our cotton, tobacco, and sugsr, on the best possible terms. We have had a vast msjority of the higher officers of both army and navy, while a larger proportion of the soldiers and sailora wsre drawn from the North. Equally so of clerks, auditors, and comptrollers filling the Executive de partment, the record shows for the last fif ty years that of the three thousand thut employed, we have had more than two thirds of tbe same, while we have but one third of the white population of the repub lie. Again, look at another item, in which we have a great and vital interest, that of revenue, or means of supporting govern ment From official documents we learn that a fraction over three fourth* of the rev enue collected for tbe aopport of govern ment has uniformly beet) rajeed from the North- the baneful consequences that must follow, will rest on the convention for am from all coming time. When we and our posterty ahaii see our lovely South de&olated by the ciples of right, justice, and humanity And of war, whiefc thia act «f jmm wiU deeiara here, aa have often Pause now while you can, and contem plate carefully and candidly these important items. Leaving out of view for the present, tbe voontleas millions of dollars you must egpend in war with the North* with tans of thousands of our sons and brothers slain iu battle, and offered up as sacrifices upon the altar of your ambition—and for what Is it for tbe overthrow of the American gov eminent, established by our corqmon ances try, c«m«ned ai.vl buiU tip by their sweat and blood, and founded on the broad prin si ,«r: den down by tbe murderous soldiery and fiery car of war speeping over oar land, our temples of justioe laid in ashes, all the hor rors and desolations of war upon us, who but this convention will be held responsible for it, and who but he that ahall give his vote for thia unwise and ill-timed measure, shall be held to strict aooount for this suici dal act by the present generation, and prob ably cursed and execrated by posterity in all coming lime, for the wide and desolating ____ ruin that will inevitably follow this aot you OLD TEVUEFT VOL.1®, I challenge tbe crowded, The people did not seem excitad, no threats were made, and in fact up to this On the other hand, let toe show the farts time nothing transpired to indicate any un of which I wish you to judge and I will law *r® c,e»r 4Tid u"de­ niable, and which now stand as records au thentic in the history of our country. Whan we of the South demanded the slsve trade, or the importstion of Africans for the culti vstion of our lands, did thay not yield the right for twenty years When we ssked for s three-fifths representation in Congress for our slaves, was it not granted When we demanded the return of a fugitive from justice, or the recovery of those persons ow ing labor or allegianoe, was it not incorpor ted in the Constitution, and again ratified and strengthened in the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850? When we asked that more terri tory should be added that we might spresd the institution of slsvery, have they n^ yielded to our demands in giving Louisiana, Florida, and Togas, out of which four states have been carved, and ample territory for four more to be added in due time, if you, by this unwise snd impoiitio sot, do not de stroy this hope, and perhaps by it lose all, ar.d have your last slsye wrenched from you by stern military rule, as South America and Mexioo were, or by the vindictive de cree of universal emancipation, which may reasonably be expected to follow But what have we to gain by this proposed change of our relations to the general gov ernment? We have alwavs had the con trol of it, snd ean yet, if we remain in it, and sre united as we have be*n. We have had a majority of the Presidents cho*en from the South, as well as the control and management of most of those chosen from the North. We have hail sixty years of Southern Presidents to their twenty-four, thus controlling the Executive department. So of the Judges of the Supreme Court, we ^•avehad eighteen from the South, and but eleven ftom the North. Although nearlv four fifth* of the judical business has aris en in the fret- 8 nes. et a majority of tbe Court has alwavs fr«m the South.— This we have required so aa to guard against any interpretation of the Constitu tion unfavorable to us. In like manner we have been equally watchful to guard our in terests in the Legislative branch of govern ment In choosing the presiding Presidents (protem.) of the Senate, we have bad twen ty four to their eleven. Speakers of tbe House we have had twenty three and they twelve. While the majority of representa tives, from their greater population, have alway a been from the North, yet wo have so generally secured the Speaket, because he, to a great extant, shapes and controls the legislation of the oountry. NC.S* r£«ns»|liTii« Aittnct done before, and vrh ch has been repeated by the greatest and wisest of states it*n and patriots in this and other lands, that it is th* best and freest government, the most equal in its rights, the most just in its decisions, the most lenient in its measures, and tha mist inspiring in its principles to elevate the race of men, that the sun of heaven ever shone upon. Now, fir you to attempt to overthrow such a government as thi« unaa sailed, is the height of madness* foil/, and wickedness." TH MOB IN OTTUMWA They break open the Jail aad take out McCemb to hang1 him! SB ft ftfilcrED TUB* ED Alto BE* TO HIS CELL. THE LEADERS"ARRESTED! Yesterday was an exciting day in Ottum wa. It was the day on which B. A. MrCoraH was sentenced to be hung, and on which he would have been hurg had not an ap peal to the Supreme Court stayed the pro ceedings and postponed the execution.—. During the forenoon it was noticed trial people in unusual numbers were coming into town, until by noon the afreets were Is w ful purpose on'the psrt of the assembled multitude, estimated to amount to 2.000, men, women and children. The citiaena generally supposed that the crewd. unapt prised of tbe postponement of the execution, had come in impelled by curiosity to McComb hung. About 12 o'clock, hem aw, impelled seemingly by a common purpose, the crowd gathered about the jail, snd ths lesdefB, confined to some dozen persons, avowed their purpose to get hold of the prisoner, McComb, and hang him. Sheriff Derby waa at hia post snd resisted the execution ef their purpoae to the best of his ability, knocking down two or three of the ring* leaders. He also called for sasistanca, and was sssisted by a few. Senator Dixaa, Judge Hendershott, Hon. E. H. Stiles, snd Cspt. A. A. Stuart addressed the crowd, urging their to desist, and let the law take Its course. All however, had no apparent restraining effect. A woman mounted the fenoc. and made sn excitine hsrrsngoe, urg ing on the mob and saying if thay would leave it t3 the women they would attend it themselvea A vote was taken, whitfl was decided to he in fkvor of the hanging. A rush wss now made for the frost door of the jail, one fallow brandishing a sledge* hammer. But Sheriff D*rbv snd the fear assisting him made such effectual resistanss thst it is probable the attempt might havo been foiled had not a portion of the crowd gone ronnd to the back side of the building, snd knocking off two or three boards of the hifirh fence surronnd:ng the ysrd, effected sn enhance, after which with sledge-hsos mer the outer door was broken open and then the locks ef the cell in which McCotab was confined were broken, snd the prisoner dragged out. He ssked fbr sn hour which was given him to prepare for death. A d«r» gyman was sought, and he was finally taken into the catholic church and baptised bjr Father grrckle, the crowd following. A fur this he wss led down town by way of Court and Front stree's to the corner of Msrket and was then plaoed in s wagon and started, accompanied by an immense multitude,'!! was given out, for the other side of the rivet near where the remains of the girl wan found, hut if such was the purpose, it waa changed after half tbe crowd had forded tha river, and they finally moved off down Front street. They went out about a mile on tha Agency road where preparations were com menced for the execution. A rope was tied around the neck of th" prisoner. Some speaking an! some fighting among the crowd followed. After a short halt. facQtr ties for an execution here were not deemed satisfactory and they crossed over the ridge snd hsltad under a bent tree, but the ground was ao uneven that it was difficult to keep the wagon stationary. They finally, how ever, got the rope adjusted. McComb assisS ing, and were about throwing it over a linst, Before thia was done, however,'McComb r* quested permission to make a few remarks. He said "I have the rope around my neck as you see, snd have only a few moments to live, but I sm an innooent man. If you will give ma until the next court I will prove that George Lawrence is living, and that I did not murder Laura Harvey." At this point s crv wss rai»ed all through tbe crowd, "take him back," "take Sim taek," accompanied by tbe cry of "hang hien," "hang him." The leaders fearing that the tide was turning, said that it wa« getting late and thev could wait no longer. An at tempt was made to throw the ropa over tha I'mb. but while this was being done severs! resolute men. some of them from Ottumwa. jumped into the wagon and seizing th" rope attempted to wrest it from the eieeutirnera. A short struggle for the p«8***«on of tha rope followed, wher a^me one called out "cut it." No sooner said than done. The rope was cut, McComb huetled out of that wagon into another and driven rapidty town, where they arrived a little after 6 o* clock, and lodged McComb safely in h«a old quart/rs again. During the evening, the Sheriff, assisted by a detachment of the ••Guards," arrested 6 or 8 peraons, reeog. nised ss leaders of the mob, lodging some in jail and releasing others on hail. DBOWNVD.—A man named John StBQt was drowned in Skunk river, in Keokuk county, on Monday. His horee was dr wn ed at the same time. Coal Oil is reauiucuendtd. a* ayrt aopporetiag wetmdv

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