Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, 15 Eylül 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated 15 Eylül 1864 Page 1
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Wff-.v *faw 4 :W' NEW SERIES, VOL ». N084.) J. W. NMKMt Prtfrlttor. &|t fl)ttumtoa Courier. IS PUBLISHED EVEBT THCBSDAY IN POST OFFICE BUILDING. COftNES OP BKCOSD AND MARKET STBEET8, OTTUMWA, WAPELLO CO., IOWA lit* NORRIS, EDITOR 1^ E S TWO DOLLARS PER YEAR, JKVAKIABL.Y ADVANCE Pitmii wlihlnft oitbitrlbi for a lea* time than •Be j«ir,oia do to by remitting the •mount they wiih to k*i« appropriated. 1* DOUM will we enter new they are accompanied with tbecaah. J. W. NORRIS. J}II. S. R. MITCHEL, OTTIKIHA, IOWA. OIm—over Temple'* Cloth log Store. Jltoltfeace—At Mr*. M'idge'i, Pront Street' s T. CHARLES HOTEL. BY J.OHN N. SIMONS. Oor»er of Ooort and Second SU., OTTUMWA, IOWA Qood eating, ciean bed*, good company andrea •onaSl* f^^Hou»e refitted and farnUhed newly through out. May 12, 1864-8 16. gOOT AND SHOE MAKER N. WACHTLER, Main atreet, one door eaat of the Express Office. Keep* constantly on band a good awortment of Leather, and U always ready to accommodate cua tfemtri with good work in hla line. tVHepalrlng done on short notice. May 1J, 1964. apr918fi9. K A N E & I E Dealers In STOVES, TIN, COPPER, JAPAN AND SHEET-IKON WAKE, Corner of Pront and Market Street*, pTTVNVA, 19W4 March 10, 1864-tf |n.UNTSMITH SHOP. Attention of Hunters and Target ikoettrfli called to the firm ef the undersigned who Is prepared to1 manufacture and repair all kinds of rifles, revolvers, shotguns and pistols, etc. etc., lu the best style and fclaner and on short notice. All work done by me will be warranted. My shop ia on Pront Street, one door east of Ottumwa House. 7«1~Sca. LEWIS HUGO MASHEK. J.S.WALKER, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in I Y O O S O E I E S CUIItlag, Hardware, E. WA8HBITR% faesr Svaaat, QTTU WA« IOWA la prepare* tM all er4e»«w COPPER, TIN AND IRON HAVING II v KB1MENE |«riT CANS AT FACTORY PKICKf. particle warranted, wa, June 80,1864 -16-16 6m |Tlnr VUtawa, J. T. HACK WORTH, ATTpRN^V AT LAW 1 -VOTARY PUBLIC. »JR All professional business entrusted to him will be promptly attended to. V'_ Special attention will be given to collections, ex amiaatlou of Titles and conveyancing. tVOIBce at Court Hous e .In Ottunwa, Iowa. Oltamwa, Iowa, Oct. JtVtli, IWW. 88-16 y. B. J. BOULTON. BAKKli AND CONFECTIONElt fasif •raaar, rooa oooas list or ibi ronu ions OTTUMWA, IOWA. kMMseH«clttriaad Oonfeetloaeryof every? arle kt Wholesale and Retail. PartIef*DdBallstupplledontheshortes lotlce. IMI-chMI. EDWARD'S STILUS i Attorney & Counselor at Law And Solicitor in Chancery. Office over (tore, opposite the Ottumwa Utousa, OttckWalker's Va, Iowa. |&T now well prepared to procure the $100 Bodfety and back pay of aoldlera, and all last claims against the Government. Ohargea moderate, and aothlngaaless clalutf are allowed. a. a.sTiLaa »,lrf8. II. B. SISSON, PERMANENTLY LOCATED IN THIB city, offers his services to theelttaena of town and wlelalty. All work warrated. Ladles waited on at tbelr residences, if desired. Ta«tbloeerted/romoie to an entiresett, altker by Btni'tfl^rtags or atwotpharlc preasure. 0»joa,athisrejldcacc,oaMarketstreet. feb.e, 1841. F. W. SMITH, E A N A I O •"Irit door eaatof the OUnmwa House,, PRONt ¥TM*!ET, OTTUMWA A LLklsdiofvsrk dtstis'1 .aosaashlonablo J3L style.»nd at theshoitestaotlce. Cutting (Junet order. Nov33,'60-y A CLBCK, WATCH ft JBWCLRV I E I I E fWlUBunderslgned,having located In Ottumwa, E. wlllearry on the folltvli|business,and solicits altberalehare of ths public patronage: Repairingallklndsof Watches ,Oioeki^lewelryaad Musical Instruments. Also—OotdBlngafaaadetoorder,lettering ,anden graving done. Hehasatae assortment of Oloeke.Oatche* Jewel ry, Musical (nstraments, Gold Breast Pins, Ear-rings Vluger-rlngs .Lockets, Chains, Key •, Slides, Pens^nd .avarlety of noMoaefor sale. Please callan4aee. i^Rlaeoofbuslaeaaoae door west »f OutumwaHouis Aag4tb,'tt-il-ll-m H. NUN A .ARK & ^WILLIAMS HAMILTON, A O N E Y 8 A •V OTTDMWA.IOWA. protmi ever E. W. Betta' G'cafclagStaaa. A »I Of—1-4 A THE PI.ACE TO BUY LVNBEH, SHINGLES, Ac., IS AT RAND'S LUMBER AtBurU»fUm ,Mt. PUasaut ,Fairjlslf%Ag*neyJand O U W A WIBRE wlllbefound thelargeslstockevero feredl a thewest.andislrlefc wllibesoldlower ha »kt aay polnt on the Mississippi. AlsothoseA ihiigieaofourmanafactare/ullcount.everyShln 'e (Set feet I. D. RAND* CO. pO t«^ 18»JLa»»-lltf ^WOS'Jipppp-fL jLjiooru EDDtriLLE, IOWA. Having removed frosa Hie STraiBons to the'above HWuedUead retttted It tbroughest la the beat maa nsr, the-p^eptietor ran proteose superior aeeommo datleasto all whemar f*»«» Mm with ibclr cuslom l«| iUliHI, IWiH »».»v ••.•v.: 4 T»lk wlUi Abraham Llpctta, BY REV. JOHN P. GULLIVER, At a time when thousands of honest, ear nest m«p are in pataful doubt concerning the fitness of our President 'to resume his office for another terra, every incident which csn throw light on his character has a pecu liar interest for the public. It has been well said, that wa never know a man thoroughly til] we see him st his ease. Certain it is, that there are moments when we seem able to sec into a man and through him, I thought I once bad such an opportunity with Mr. Lincoln. It Y7Q£ jjust after his controversy with Douglass, and some months before the meet ing of the Chicago Convention of 1860, that Mr. Lincoln came to I^orwich to make a pol itical speech. It was, in substance the fa* mous speech delivered in New York, com mencing with the noble words, "There is bat one political question before the people of this country, which is this, I» elavery right, or is it wrong?" and. ending with the yet nobler words, "Gentlemen, it has been said of the world's history, hitherto, that 'might makes fight if is for us and for our times to reverse the maxim, and to show that right mafot. might!" The rne*tv Queeniware, HATS, CAP8, BOOTS, 8HOE6, aUM GOODS, Pl'RS, NOTIONS, *c.,*c. Plrectly opposite the Ottumwa House #ro At Street, OtlHUWa, Iwwai. 8e, IBM—1& 14-y ipiKWARE FACTORS'" morning I met him a^the rail­ road station, wbere be was conversing with our Mayor, every few minutes looking up the track, and inquiring half quizzically, "Where's that wagon of yours Why don't the wagon come along On being intto* duced to him, he fixed his eye upon me, and said, "I have seen you before, sir!" "I think not," I replied, "you must mistake me for some other person." "No I don't I saw you at tV.6 Town Hall, last evening." "Is it possible, ^lr. Lincoln, that you could observe individuals so closely in such a'crowd ?,, fOh yes he replied. laughing, Though he is of the same opinion still.' Indeed, sr, I learned more of the art of pub lic speaking last evening than I could fr°m a whole course'of lectures on Rhetoric.*' "Ah! that reminds me," said he, "of a most extraordinary circumstance 'which occurred in New Haven, 'the other day. They told me that the Professor of Rhetoric in Yale Coljege—a very learned man, isn't he '•Yes sir, and a flne critic, too." "Well, I suppose so he ought to be, at any rate, they told me that he came to hear me and took notes of my speech, and gave a lecture on it to his class the next day apd, not satisfied with that, he followed me up to Meridan the next evening, and heard me again for the same purpose. Naw, if this is so, it is to my mind very extraordinary. I have been suf ficiently astonished at my success in the West. It has been most unexpected. But I had no thought of any marked success at the fiak, and least of all that I should draw out such commendations from literary and leameJ men. Now," he continued, "I should like very much to know what it was in my speech which you thought so remark able, and what you suppose interested my friend, the Professor, so much." "The clear ness of your statements, Mr. Lincoln the unanswerable style of your reasoning, and especially your illustrations, which were ro mance and pathos and fun and logic all welded together. That story about the snakes, for example, which set the hands and feet of your democratic hearers in such vigorous motion, was at once queer and com ical, tragic an^ argumentative. It broke through all the barriers of a rnan'w previous opinions and prejudices, at a crash, and blew up the very citadel of his false theories, before he could know what had hurt him." "Can you remember any other illustra tions, aal^ he, "of this peculiarity of my style?" I gave him others of the same sort, occupying some half hour in the critique, when he said, "I am obliged to you for this. I have totti wishing for a long time to find some one who weuld make this analysis for me. It throws light on a sub ject which has been dark to me. I can un derstand very readily, how such a power as you hav6 ascribed to me will account for the effect which seems to be produced by my speeches. I hope ybu have uot been too 6attering in your estimate. Certainly, I have had a most wonderful suocess, for a man ci my llmftetf education." "That suggests, Mr. Lincoln, an inquiry which has several times'been upon my lips, during this conversation. I want very much to know how you got this unusual power of 'putting things.' It must have been a mat ter of education. No man has it by nature alone. What^ ^our education been "Well, as to education, the newspapers are correct—I never wen£ to school moje than six months in my life. But, as you say, t^his must be a proluc! of culture in some form, have been putting the question you aqk me, to myself, while you have been tolking. I can say this, that, among mr ear liest recollections, I remember how, when a mere child, I used to get itritated when any body talked to me in a way I could not un derstand. I don't think I ever got angry at anything else in my life. But that always disturbed my temper, and has ever since.— can remember going to mv little bedroom, xtf# n:^- i Ifcrttfll U .fiO'1 ,lThat is my way. I don't forget faces. Were you not there?" "I was, sir and I was well paid for going," adding, somewhat in the vein of pleasantry he had started, "I consider it one of the most extraordinary speeches I ever heawL" As we entered the cars, he beckoned me to take a seat with him, and said, In a most agreeably frank way, "Were you sincere in what you said about my speech just now "I meant every word of it, Mr. Lincoln.— Why, an old dyed-in-the-wool Democrat, who sat near me, applauded you repeatedly and, when rallied upon his conversion to sound principles, answered, 'I don't be lieve a word he says, but I can't help clapping him, he is so pat.' That I call the triumph of oratory, *When yon convince a man against his will, ing with my father, and spending no small part of the night walking up and down, and trying to make out what was the exact meaning of some of their, to me. dark say ings. I could not sleep, though I often tried to, when I got on such a hunt arter an idea, until I had caught it and when I thought I had got it, I was not satisfied until I had repeated it over and over, until I had pnt it in language plain enough, as I thought, for any boy I knew to comprehend, This was a kind of passion with me, and It has stuck by me, for I am never easy now, when I am bandjing a thought, till I have bounded it P°a north and bounded it south and bounded it east and bounded it west. Perhaps that ac counts for the characteristics you observe in permanence, and its diciplined strength, al ways ready, always available, never caprici ous—the highest possesion of the human in tellect. But let me ask, did you not have a law education? How did you prepare for your profession 1 "Oh, yes I 'read la w,' as the phrase is that is, I became a lawyer's clerk in Spring field, and copied tedius documents, and pick ed up what I could of law'in the intervals of other work. But your question reminds me of a bit of education I had, which I am bound^n honesty to mention. In the course of my law-reading I constantly came upon the word demonstrate. I thought, at first, that I understood its meaning, but soon be came satisfied that I did not. I said to my self, 'What do I do when I demonstrate more than when I reason or prote How does demonstration differ from any other proof?' I consulted Webster's*Dictionary. That told of 'certain proof,' 'proof beyond possibility of doubt '.but I could form no idea what sort of proof that was. I thought a great many things were proved beyond a possibility of doubt, without recourse to any such extraordinary process of reasoning as I understood 'demonstration to be. I consult ed all the dictionaries ind books of reference I could find, but with no better results. You might as well have defined blue to a blind man. At last I said, 'Lincoln, you can nev er make a lawyer if you do not understand what demonstrate means and I left my sit­ uation in Springfield, went home to my fa ther's house, and staid there till I could give any proposition in the six book's of Euclid at sight. I then fouhd out what 'demonstrate' means, and went back to my law studies." I could not refrain from saying, in my ad miration at such a development of character and genius combined, "Mr. Lincoln, your success is no longer a marvel. It is the leg itimate result of adi quate causes. You de serve it all and a wa9 great*doal more. If you will permit me, I would like to use this fact publicly. It will be most valuable in inciting our young men to that patient classical and mathematical culture which most minds ab solutely require. No man can talk well un. less he is able first of afl to define to him self what he is talking about. Euclid, well studied, would free the world of half its sal amities, by banishing half the nonsense which now deludes and curses it. I have often thought that Euclid would be one of the b«8t books to put on the ca:alogue of the of the Tract Society, if they could only get people to read tt It would be rt^eans of grace." "I think so," said he laughing "I vote for Euclid." Just then a gentleman entered the car who was well known as a very ardent friend of Dooglas, Being a little curious to see how Mr. Lincoln would meet him, I introduced him after this fashion Mr. Lincoln, allow me to introduce Mr. a very particu lar friend of your particular friend Mr. Doug ias" He at once took his hand in a most cordial manner, saying, "I have no doubt you think you are right, sir." This hearty tribute to the honesty of a political opponent, with the manner of doing it, struck me as a beautiful exhibition of a large-hearted char* ity, of which we see far too little in this de bating, fei menting world. As we neared the end of oor journey. Mr Lincoln turned to me very pleasantly, and said, "I want to thank you for this conver sation. 1 have enjoyed it very much." I replied, referring to some stalwart denuncia tions he haa just been uttering of the demor alizing influences of Washington upon Nor thern politicians in respect to 'the slavery question, "Mr. Lincoln, may I say one thing to you before we seperate "Certainly, anything you please,'^ "You have just spo ken of the tendency of political life in Wash ington to deb tse the moral convictions of our representatives there by the admixture of considerations of mere political expediency. You'have become, by the controversy with Mr. Douglas, one of our leaders in this great struggle with slavery, which is undoubtedly the struggle of the nation and the age.— What I would like to say is this, and I say it with a full heart. Be true to your prin ciples and to* to ill be true to you, and God will be true to us all!" His homely face lighted up instantly with a beaming express ion, and, taking my hand warmly in both of tlis, he *aid, "I say Amen to that—AMEN to that.I" There la a deep wccavatlon in* the rock shown to visitors, among the White Moun tains, into which one of the purest of the mountain streams pours itself, known as "The Pool." As you stand by its side at an ordinary time, you look down upon a mass of impenetrable green, lying like a rich omr raid in a setting of granite, upon the bosom of the mountain. But occasionally the noon day sun darts through it a vertical ray, which penetrates to its very bottom, and fthoWs every configuration of the varied in- iMMbr .l .'V iMvVv Wt '.lV OTTUMWA, IOWA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1864. darted, down to the bottom of Abraham Lin coln's heart, and that I could see the whole. It seemed to me as beautiful as the emerald pool, and as pure. I have never forgotten that glimpse. When that strange revoca toin came out of the most rational and rea sonable proclamation of Fremont—"The slayeB of rebets~Bhall be set free"—I remem beied that hearty "Amen" and stifled my rising apprehensions. I remembered it in those dark days when McClellan, Nero like, fiddling on James river, and Pope was being ™uted before Washington, and the re- came that a my speeches, though I never put the two i pro^e true yet." And he hat! God bless things together before." him! heha». Slow, if you please, but true. "Mr. Lincoln, I thank yoa for this. It is Jocose, trifling, if you please, but true. Re the most splendid educational fact I ever luctaot to part with urfworthy official advi happened upon. This is geniui, with all its impulsive, inspiring, dominating power over the mind of it* possessor, developed by edu cation into talent, with its uniformity, its prominent cabinet minister had boasted that he had Succeeded in pre venting the issue of the Emancipation Proc lamation, I said, "Abraham Lincoln will sera, but true himself—true at tteelf I could wish him less a man of facts,and more a man of ideas. I could wish him more stern more Noawicn, vigorous. Every man has his faults. But still, I say, Amen to Abra ham Lincoln My countrymen, can we do better, ai^y of us, and all of us, than to say Amen to Abraham Lincoln, till the Lakes shall echo it to the Gulf, and tip 6astenTto the western sea CONN. THq True Terms off Peace. There is so much sai? in these days, on botb sides of the military line, concerning terms of peace, that lookers-on have a right to suspect an earnest desire for peace to ex ist eyerywhere in the United States, both in the southern and in the northern, in the eastern as well as in the western State?.— No doubt this is true the people of the Uni ted States everywhere wish far peace.— They would have it quickly, if it were not that the men who in 1860-1 suddenly usurped political and military power ever a great part of the southern States firmly de cline e^ery proposition which has made to'them, and demand, what no con siderable party in the country will grant them, the destruction of the Union. Un less they can destroy the integrity of the nation, they disdain the very intimation of peace. Wo chance to know, from the best authority, that Mr. Jefferson Davis but a few weeks ago absolutely and finally refused to iisten to any proposal of peace except on the ground of southern independence "and when I say southern independence," he re marked, "I mean to include in our Confed eracy, Maryland, all of Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky. Arkansas and Missouri, nothing less." That is Mr. Davis' notion of peace- -a no tion in which, we are sorry to say, he has more than one coadjutor here at the North. Most of the peace-men proper hold the same notion, if they darrdtoavow it. But there are others, thank Heaven, whose opinions in regard to the right terms of peace do not chime in with those of Wood and Yallan dighain. The array,'for instance, has quite other convictions. These are well expressed in a fe'v simple verses by 'Private Miles O'Reilly,' which we reprint in another col umn. Their whole vidw', indeed, is admira bly condensed in the cry, "Down with the rebel rag, and up with the flag of the Union.' "Do what you please with the negroes put them in the army if you want, free them if you like—we care little or nothing about that—what we want is to "wipe out" that flag which has no place on this conitnent.' There are several hundred thousand such earnest citizens face to faco with the ehemy, who mean 'to fight it out, come what may.' This party, it must be admitted, bas great influence, not only by its votes, but by the letters which its members are constantly writing home to urge more devotion to the cause. As for the party at home—that large part of them which is not party ridden, but thinks and works, and will vote steadily for the good of the country, for its honor and its permanent safety—their terms of peace are, perhaps, most felicitously ex pressed by a phrase attributed to President Lincoln: "The country will ask every thing for security—nothing for revenge.— This is the sentiment of the great mass*of people at home who love American institu tions and hope to preserve them for their children. It is a watchword with which any party may appeal to the nation, for it includes everything that an houorable, proud and liberty-loving nation could de sire for itself, while it excludes everything that it ought to avoid. "Everything for se curity, and nothing for revenge." This is a far more honorable watchword, even, and far more concilatory, than that which ex pressed our just claim& during the Mexican war, when we demanded "indemnity for the past and security against the recurrence of such a war, against the intrigues and wicked ambition of the class in the South which forced this war upon the nation. Could any people ask less? Will the American people accept less? Does any one believe they will, with their eyes open, grant terms which will not ensure their perfect security for the fu ture? Or, on the other hand, does any one suppose them base enough to insist upon mere 'revenge.' But will Mr. Davis and his companions, the bad era of the rebellion, accept these terms? $ot they. They have refused them already. They will have the Union destroyed. Th y will have "Maryland, all of Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky and Mis souri," not to speak of New Orleans and Louisiana. What then? ^heir power mu-it bo broken that is the only way to poace ami when these southern masters^e people in bordage, then those people, we are sure, will re.ulilv respond to the fair and liberal offer which Mr. Lincoln has reduced to so beautiful a formula.—If. 7. tkming Pott. One half of the r«bels are "given over to believe a lie," and the otner to L. v. Speteh Han. laha worth. A+Mh At the grand Union meeting in Chicago upon Thursday evening, Sept. 1st, the Hon. John Went worth spoke as follows: FCLLOW CiTiziNsr' At this late hour it certainly is not expected that I shall make anything like a public speech but in re sponse to your expressed wish, I will say a few words. I"am a man of toleranoa. I am for free speech, and would extend our hospitalities tu men of all shades of opinion, all princi ples of politics, all conditions of life. This much we owe to the spirit and genius of our institutions. Our beautiful city of Chicigo has reached its present proud po sition, and grown to "Its present growth, and has never yet been disgraced by a mob. Within the past week a great Convention, composed of itien of widely different and even hostile views from those ysa entertain'. attended by a concourse of thousands, as sembled here, and yet I assure you as one of tfie custodians of the city's peace, thatfit has not cost your treasury ten dollars to keep the peace during all the excitement of the past five days. And why so? Why was there not violence, outrage disor der? Because, gentlemen, of the prevalence of universal liberty of opinion, and of uni versal toleration. Because as a people we indorse and exemplify that widely known maxim of Thomas* Jefferson, "that error can be safely tolerated while reason and Christianity are left free to combat it. You who differed from our friends so re cently here have had an opportunity of ex amining their side of the case. If they were true and loyal to the Constitution of the country and the old flag of our fathers, they had the opportunity ta show it If their sympathies were with (he gallant sol diery that are carrying our cause to the heigth of success upon the points of their bayonets, they could have shown it. Well then, when the news came that Sher man had moved to the southward of Atlan ta, and that volunteers were rushing to Grant at the rate of a thousaod a day, didn't you hear these men in thelir street as nblages and their nnet ngi in this square make'the welkin ilfag with their cheers for Sherman'and for Grant? (Cries of No, no.) Well, neither did I. (Load laughter.) When they were sitting in their Convention, deliberating upon the choice of a candidate, and the news came over the electric wire that glorious old Far ragut had hoisted the stars and stripes over Fort Morgan, and the rebel flag had co ne down in humiliation, did you see that body of able, sagacious representative men rise in their seats and with uplifted hats and swelling voices make the 'wigwam' riagl [ories of no,' no,] and neither did I. [Uproarous laughter and cheers Did you hear a single word from their oracles or or ators of sympathy with our gallant soldiery who are br&ving'death in the field, or of the fundamental principles of our Government, cr one single word of denunciation of those traitors in arms who are striving to destroy the bast government the world ever saw? Not one word of censure had they for them. But the burden of their song was peace, peace. Stop fighting, they cried keep your soldiery from shooting at their mis guided Southern brethern, and when Jeff. Davis comes North again as he did a year ago, they will go to him and use their in fluence with him to induce him to stop shooting upon us. [Laughter.] They promise to ask him if he hasn't done mis chief enough, shed blood enough, and fired upon our flag enough, and say to him, now in God's name stop and give u» peace, for blessed are the peace makers." [Laughter and cheers.] Jefferson Davis entered Congress about the same year thaC I did I have met hite ofter. and know him well. But there was this difference between Jeff. Davis and me. I paid for my education. Jeff, didn't for his. He was taken at a tender age and placed at West Point, and your father and mine was taxed to pay for the instruction that res cued him from oblivion. We made the very common mistake of judging of his head rather than his heart, and did not no tice the viper that was coiling therd, and which we nursed info life to sting us if pos* sible to death. When his schoolboy days were ov'^r, Jeff, was sent out West here at the Government expense and spent a year or so surveying around' Calumet, fishing and lounging, and shooting grouse at Gov ernment expense and eating them himself. [Laughter.] He then married into the Gov ernment—his wife being a daughter of Gen. eral Taylor, who was supported by the Gov ernment went to the Mexican war an^ re turned to become Secretary of War arid to villify the gallant soldiery of Illinois for their part upon the field of Buena Vista. For this Governor JJissell called him out, but on this particular occasion 4eff. didn't me out. (Great laughter He was for peace, 'blessed are the peace makers.' (Laughter and cheers.) Wlen he ceased to be Secretary of War he woke qp one morning and suddenly difcovered that be bad lost his rights. (Laughter.^— Yes, this man who had ate our bread, and sucked our blood, went out of the Union and raised the unholy and the hellish ban ner of revolt. And tber4 are men, or at least those who have the form of men, who would go down upon their knees to this per jured pauper and whtaingly say "We know Jeff., you haven't had your rights. There is much left you could have had by putting your hands upon it. please come and take it, and if there is anything left that you can't use we'll take it but, Jeff, come back we want peace, and bleaaed are the peacemak ers." (Uproarous laughter.) There are some things that I cannot ap prove in the prosecution of this war. But we must remember thtt war always brings i?-. I ^r£ ty views of it* calamities that are inseparable from a and deplorable failures and disasters of tbe Isfrtegf ww, and «hatinr mm# Atmmrnntam «tw rwtdw* He war individuals upon Ibe'non im­ portant events of the war, the man that will not stand by his country now, and fully and faithfiily"serve her in all things, is un worthy ot a name or place amon£ honorable men. (Cheers.) Tfce leaders of the South, want no peace except upon the baAis of a recognition of the right of secession—which we will never grant Concede it once, and all we love is gone. When we oome together for an elec tion, and tbe question is about to be decided by a count of votes, up will jump some demagogue and cry, "Don'f do it, for if you do, I know of some State that will secede." (Great laughter.) No,^gentlemen it is un reasonable. We must fight it out, and when peace is obtained, it must be a lasting, permanent peace which shall bind this Un ion together in bonds stronger and more en during than the eternal h'.lls—a peace wrung fron^ this traitorous crew, if necessa ry, at the point of tbe bayonet and by the strong right arm and the best blood of our nation. Let us accept no reconstruction. I have lived for nearly fifty years under the Government, and I nevar expect bo find a better add repudiate all {novations, and stand firm by the Union of these States and the Constitution of my fathers. I have bad, in the course of my l«fe, to swear many times to support the Constitution ot ray country, and love to tak6 that oath.— (Cheers.) Others may scout it, but the man who cannot cheeefully take and keep the oath of allegiance to the land of his birth, or the country of his adoption, de serves not a home in a land of freemen. Then defend this Government'and sus tain only the q^n who sustain it. War we all deplore—It leads to death, misery and woe, and to speculation and peculation. Then put down the war (great cheers) send forward your peacemakers, but take the precaution to give every one a musket and a sabre. (Laughter.) Remember that "blessed'are the peacemakers." (Laugh ter.) Such a peace we will win soon, and our children will not olush to read its histo ry. This is my policy, and all the favors we ask of the men who recently assembled in convention here is to write to their friends down South and tell them to stop firing upon our flag, and become good and loyal men. (Laughter, and three long rousing cheers were given for our next Con gressman.) Will Chienic Win the Ifew Teaki Herald Thinks. The New York Herald has generally con ceded to it the credit of sagacity, at least, and its views of the relative ^ros0ects of the Baltimore and Chicago nominees cannot fail to be read with interest. Its issue of the 26th ssys: "High hopes are entertained among the Democracy of a perfect fusion at Chicago, and of a ticket and platform which, cjnsid ering the disaffections and demoralizations of the Republican camp, will achiava a great political revolution.- 4In short, flitf Demo­ crats are beginning to believe that in the coming November election an emphatic and authoritative notice will be given to Abra ham Lincoln to prepare to turn over tbe White House to a' Democratic suooessor on the 4th of March next 11 What is tbe prospect? What are the facts upon which these great Democratic ex pectations are founded They rest mainly upon tbe idea that the people of the loyal States, wearied of the heavy and still in creasing burdens of the war, in drafts and taxes and a depreciated paper currency, are ready to accept almost anything in the way of a change. But, turning from this' Demo cratic opinion to the fixed facts of the popu lar votes of the last Presidential election, and of the elections in the loyal States of 1861, 1862 and 1968, wb'ch we publish in another part of this paper, U Is difficult to avoid the conclusion that the Administration still has the game in its hands. Let us briefly exam ine the results of these elections. In the Presidential contest of 1660 the electoral vote (except the division in New Jersey) of every free State was cast'for Abraham Lincoln, and,'with a few excep tions, by heavy absolute popular majorities, while the vote of every slave State was against him, and in most cases unanimously. The great issue made by'the Republicans was the exclusion of slavery from the terri tories, and henoe the strongly marked see* tional character of that momentous contest. As soon as the general result was clearly as certained the hot hekd's ofrSouth Carolina, having had everything cut and dried for the occasion, assembled in State Convention, and in an ordinance of secession declared the State withdrawn from the United §tafes, and the Union dissolved. This was on the 20th December, I860 and ito actively ihs her example followed up that, \rhen Abra ham Lincoln was Inaugurated as President of tbe United States, he was confronted by a Southern Confederacy in full khast em bracing the States of South Carolina, Flor idA, .Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisi ana and Texas, with a provisional rebel gov eminent at Montgomery, Alabama, under Jeff Davis, as provisional President. 'Next followed, in Apfil the bombardment of Fort Sumter, under the mad excitement of which, without much ceremony, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee and Arkansas were rushed into the abyss of open rebellion, and formidable conspiracies broke out also in Mainland, Kentucky and Missouri. But on the other hand, the attack Upon Sumter roused the people of the loyal States as one man on the side of the Union, the first result of which was the fusion of aH parties in sup port of the new Administration. There was, at all #VWts, no active opposition party in the field in the elections of the lojal States of 1861'. But fa 1869 there was a gnat re-action. Such were the blunders and shortcoming OLD8ERIE8 VOL.16, NO.*6 •tSfOO In Afvatfct, that yeat, that the Democracy, upon th platform of a more vigorous prosecution of tbe war, carried, and by marked and decisive majnities, all the great central States, frons the Hudson to the Mississippi river. But, blinded by their unexpected successcs of 1862, the Democratic leaders in 186S took the party off their war platform to the MM and suicidal policy of peace at any price.— What were the results? They are fumbl ed in the elections throughout the IOVR.1 States of 1863. Let our Democratic read«ra look at tbe tahies elsewhere in these colunv and they will see. Against this dezrnding and destructive democratic idea of peace at any price there was an overwhelming popn lar reaction from Maine to California. This reaction, however, received much of its strength from the victorious i«sue of General Grant's great and glorious Yicksburg cam paign, the magnificent victory of Gettysburg and other Union successes*, indicating the speedy extinction of Jeff Davis." And so it was that the people, abandoned by the dem ocratic party, returned to the Administra tion as the last resort, for a vigorous prose cution of the war, and as the shortest way to peace. Thus the loyal States in 1863 rolled up a popular majority exceeding three hundred thousand on the side of the Ad ministration, including the State majorities of fifteen thousand in Pennsylvania, nra rly thirty thousand in New York, and in Ohio including the soldiers vote, a round major ity of one hund#ed thousand a^inst Yal tandingham, the chief apostle of tbe peace at anr-price Democratic faction. Against the fixed facts of these figures, what are thechances-of the Chi^a^o Conven tion in Up ton test with the Administration? They are very slim indeed under the best condition of things for the Democracy which this important contest is likely te assume I Tt is propable, too, that the refractory peace diiorganzers of the party will bring th® conveotien to an inglorious collapse, or to a debasing compromise shocking to the public Union sentiment of the North. A perfect fusion of the war and peace elements of th* party is promised, and an Overwhelming campaign against Lincoln but until we have these wonderful results at Chicago, and some poaitive evidences of another great' popular reaction, we shall remain increduJ lous of the power of the forlorn Democracy to work 'out a political revolution'that wiff reach'the Presidency this side of the year 1868. Let the inquiring reader look at our tables of theState elections of 1862 and 1683, and remember that they do not include the soldiers''vote, and that it will probably add half a million this year to the vote of Abra ham Lincoln. N The Facts of History. If tfi&'ltepublicans brought on the war, as the Copperheads assert they did, how did it happen that Forts Moultrie and Pinckney-wene- captured" by South Carolina troops three months before President Lin coln was inaugurated?*• How did it happen that Fort Pulaski was captured by Savan* nah troops in January, 1860? How did it happen that the United States Arsenal at Mt. Vernon. Alabama, with 200,000 stands of arms, was seized on tbe same day by Al ahama troops* How did it happen that, on the 9th day of the' same month, the United States Eteamer Star of the West was ftrec|f into and driven off by the Rebel batterie^ on Vfc'orris Island, while attempting to transit port supplies to a beleagured garrison?—^ How did'it happen that, on the 10th day of the same month, Forts Jackson, Phillips and Pike were captored by Louisiana troops? How did it happen that, in the same month of the same year, Fort McRae, the Pensacola Navy Yard, Baton Rouge Arsenal, and thw* New Orleans M'nt and Custom House. wpr^» seized by Rebel troops, and converted int^1 auxiliaries of the Revolt? How did it hapt* pen that,1n'* the Fehruary following, onj^ month before a Republican Administration went into power, the traitor Twiggs, of in famous niemory, transferred the United States property in Texas to the Rebels? 1 Will the Copperheads answer these que^ tions, or will they still go on, blinking th|^ light of history, and graveling about in thtf darkness of their own perversity and trea^ son? Here are flagrant acts of Rebellion, and of public robbery, which were commit ted while the Democratic party controlled eyary branch' of the Government. The President was a Domocrat, the Suprem* Judicary had tout onb?Republican in it, and Congress, in both branches, was controlled by Deniocra'tic•Majorities. The facts ofhi* tbry'are bard things for Copperhead falsifi ers to stumble against and these facts when dknvassed by honest men prove that very little difference, of any,' exist between tha creed of a South Carolina -Rebel and the Creed Of a Northern Copperhead!—State Register. Professor Caswell, of Brown Uni versity, denies the story which Intj| started on its travels, that a comet ig|. nearing our sphere with a tail of poii* derous length. He says there is no such comet anywhere in our system at tbe -present time*. Li ,i Late inteligence from Japan ia fa vorable to the preservat"rorf of and the removal of restrictions on commerce. Some of the leading princes, who were zealous'opponents of intercourse with foreign powers, have been con certed to free trade doctrines. A gentleman waited on Douglas Jerrold to ask his aid in behalf, of a musical friend in distress. It was not the first time such an appeal had been madeto him for the samepersor^ On this occasion, therefore, the agent was received in any other but fc oomplying humor. "Well," said Jeis rold, "how much does owe this time?4' "Why, just a four and twfc noughts will, I think," replied th# petitioner, "put him straight/' "Welt then1 pat me down fr one of tli^l Hough*,-* sold JerroUU

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