Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier, September 22, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The Weekly Ottumwa Courier dated September 22, 1864 Page 1
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NEW 8ERIE8, VOL », NOM.} J. W. NORniM, Proprietor. I Cbc (Dttumtoa Courier. v JM N WAUE FACTORY. #. IS PUBLISHED EVKRY THURSDAY IN POST OFFICE BUIL.DIMQ. CORNER OF SECOND AND MARKET STRRKTS, OTTJMWA, WAPELLO CO., IOWA 4. W. NORRIS, Eoiroft* Persons wiaVtn n V' rjr\ -4^ E S TWO DOLLARS PER YEAR, INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE subscribe for a lei* lint than 0ne year,c nil ili*»1y remitting the amount they wish be no appropriated. In ntcMt will we enter new Barnes unleufctheyareaccompmiled with the cuh. J. W. N0URI8. It fc. It. MITCIIEL, OTTi nWA, io\\Jt» OfHce—over Temple'i Clothing Stores A'esldence—At Mri. M'idge's, Front Street' CT. CLIAULES HOTEL. 11Y JOHN N. SIMONS. Corner of Coiivt jind Second 8ts., OTTUMWA, IOWA ionl eating, ctean beds, good company and rea sonable cliM I grs. caf~l(uus refitted and furnished newly through­ out. «rn mwAv March )*, ISflfrtf May 12,1964-8 IS. J^OOT AND SHOE MAKEIT. N. WACHTLER, Main street, one door east of the EiphliOV**. Keeps i-oiiHtantly on hand a good assortment of l.^ailirr, HIMI I-, HIWHVB ready to accommodate cus­ tomer* with k»«»1 work la Lis line. IW~i.'«i'«irni(f done on shott noi Ice. fcajr I*, 1M»4. aprtlSM. KUANER & MILLER" l)ealt*rs in STOVES, TIM, COPPER, JAPAN AND SHEET-IRON W ARK, flipper of Front and Market Streets, ftrwA. V \SM ITlflillOl'. Attention of Hunters and T*rypt shooMre is called to the firm of the undersigned who is prepared to E. WASIIBURX, ra.«rsr«.cT, OTTUMWAi IOWA Is prepared t« fltt all orders for COPPER, TIB AND IRON liOODS, KUBOSEMK A I'lll lV IIIHIIII'NI'IUI Mtid repair all kinds ofrilles, revolvers, r„_, ri..J N .U ami pistol*, etc. etc., in the best style and Hudson, and all those hive no par- My .hop "llel I-IE-SM. LEWIS HLUOMASHKK. I J. S. WALKER, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in t) RV GOODS, GROCERIES, Clolliiiiff Hardware* llucciikwarc, HATS, CAPS, BOOTS, SHOES, (iI 1 GOODS, KL'RS, NOTIONS", Ac., Ac. Directly opposite the Ottumwa House Kront Jl-eet, VltHIHWa, l«Wa. Aug. 86 14-y CANS AT FACTORY PUCES. '"Kvery article warranted, uuiwa, June 3U, 1 (04—16-16 to j. T. m- lLuKwoirrn, ATTORNEY AT LAW AND NOTAlll All professional entrusted to him wlllb* promptly »tt-ndedbusiness tu. special attention will be given to collections, ex 0bMiiuatlon of Titles and cuoveyauclng. Ortice at Court House ,in Oltuinwa, Iowa. '"itui'T". Iowa, Oct. 'jyth, lsoa. B. J. BOULTON, ~1' KAKElt AND CONFECTlOKEii ^ao»Taraaar, x»cm DOOMS SABT or th* POTTS EDWARD II. a BOOSB O U W A I O W A MaehlaeCrackersand Confectionery of everyvavle WfcAlesale and Retail. Fartlesand Ballsiupplladon t$eshortea lotle*. ST1LJES, Attorney & Counselor At Law And Solicitor to Chancery* £QLceover Walker's store, opposite tha Ottaawa Koase, Orrcswi, IOWA. (V Is now well prepare^ *0 pwcttre the $100 ^ouoty and bark pay of soldiers, aud all just claims 0|fainst the Uovernment. Charges moderate, and nothing uplefi claims arp allowed. i.a.inu( Aa». to. H. 14. SISSON, VJEINTISTj JTAVISO PKRMANKNTLY LOCATED IN THIS jHL olty,offers his services to thecltlsena aftown and Mfol^lty. All work warrated. Ladles waited on at fcfcelr reitdences, If desired. Teeth i nserted fryui one to aji eutlreiett. either by SP«BS of springs or atn^ospherlc pressure. 'Ocri0a,athlsrajldenee,0DMarkeUtrMt. Peb.o,1881. ij V. W. SMITH, If ERC HA NT TAILOR, (First door vaatoftk* Otiamwa Hoase,, jPBONT STRE^y, OTTUMWA A I. f. kinds of work doneln**- .aosuashlenahld jd. style, md at theshoilesmotlee •V Cutting doneto order. Nov29,'60-y & CfcOCK, WATCH 4c U E A I E THEundersigned,having (seated ta Ottumwa, wlllcarry on the foliowingbuxiness,and solicits flibertlsh are ofthe public patronage: {lepalripgallklndHof vVatcb^ ,CJocfc»,Jsirelrjand Husic fc1 i 4^0-QyJd KlDgsma4ie*0QF4«r,lsiUrIpff *ndep §M»)ug done. iHchasaflne assortment of Clock#, Oatches, ^variety of notions for sale. Please callandsee. iPiaoa o business one 4o«i w«stef UUuusa Houaa H.NUNA AUt -Aug 4th ,'6f-Sl-l 1-Sm WILLIAM8 SL HAMILTON, A O N E Y S A A W OTTUMWA,IOWA. iljT Orrici over K. W. BatU10'cUlnjStorc, a il 09-1-4 THE PI,A i: TO BUY 9HlN«LEjS, Ac., 18 AT ptAND'S LUMBER YARDS Hrli*gton,Mt. Pleata n 1, Fair fit Id II feet. bOM ST 185 n88-11tf A O S i Proprietor. Speech of Wm. H. Seward, Delivered at Anbnrn, If. Y., Sep lembrr 3, 1N6I, on tlie Occa sion n Celebration of the Victories at Hlobi!« and At lanta. Mr. Seward Addressed a multitude of pusOr pie in th« City Park, at Auburn, N. Y., on the 3d instant, the occasion being the cele bration or the recent victories by our army and nsyy. He said Mr DEAR FRIENDS: It is so that I like to see you come marching to the time of national airs, under the folds of the old national flag. I thank you for this hospitablo and patriot ic welcome. I proves that though you deal rigorously your public servants, exact ing reasons for their policy, energy in their i conduct of affairs, and explanations for fail ures and disappointments in their adminis tration, yet you are nevertheless just, be cause you willingly allow them to rejoice with you, when you have successes, victo ries and triumphs to celebrate. The news that brings us together is authentic. [A voice, Do you think it reliable Yes. Here is a telogram which I received this (owning from the Secretary of War: Van Duzen reports that Sherman's ad vance entered Atlanta about noon to day, partjpjjlwi yet received. E M. STANTOH." not Three cheers were given for Atlanta* New this news csmes in a good shape. It is pleasant to have a grand result at first, and it protrncts the interest of the thing, to have particulars coming in afterwards. TO tion. Tt falls in with ie echoes of the cap* ture of Forts Gaines and Nforgan, lyhich I understand to be the particular» of Farra eut's glorious naval battle, in the Bay of Mobile, a battle equalled by no other in Am erican Histoiy but the naval achievements of the same veteran Admiral at New Orleans in Is on Krmit Street, one door east of Ot turn w* House. Nile and Trafa'enr. TA voice ™v«1 "*», the tattle, of the wish we were all Farraguts.J Well, my ftiend, I know the Admiral well, and I confess that we all can't be Far ra juts. It'deed, very few of us oan. But we may take this comfort ourselves, that as a whole people we can ap prepfate the veterans. We can also appre ciate Sherman, who has performed the most successful and splendid march through a mountainous and hostile country recorded in modern history, and in ing this we show ourselves inferior in virtue to no other nation. By the way, everybody admired Fiirrsgut's heroism in climbing the topmast to direct the battle. But there was another •'partiwV of that contest that no 1e«s forcibly illustrates his heroic character.— •'Admiral," said one of his officers, the night before the battle, "won't you consent ti give Jack a glass of grog in the morning—not enough tomajfp him drunk, but just enough to make him fight cheerfully." ''Well, re plied the Admiral, I have been to sea con siderable, and have seen a battle or two, but I never found that I wanted rum to enable me to do my duty. I will order two cups of good coffeo, to each man, at two o'clock, and at eight o'clock I will pipe all hands to breakfast in Mobile l}ay. And he did give Jack the coffee and then he went up to the masthead and did it. The victory at Atlanta oojnes at the right place. The rebellious district is in the shape of an egg. It presents equal resistance on its whole surface. But if you could break the shell at either of the two ends, Richmond and Atlanta, the whole mu«t crumble to pieces. While Sherman under Grant has been striking the big end, Meade under Grant has been striking just as hard blows upon the lesser end. The whole shell will now be easily crushed, for it lja_s_ jp-own brittle, frith (1M exhaustion Vitality within. This glorious victory comes in good time for another reason. Just now we are call ing upon you, for three hundred thousand more volunteers, if you will—drafted men If we must, to cnJ the war. You were get. ting a little tired of long delays and disap pointed expectations. In Indiana a portion of the people, instigated by rebel plotters at the Clifton House, in Canada, were import ing British revolvers in boxes which passed the Custom House, as statvoary, under pre* tense of arming to defend themselves, but really to resist the draft and bring the Gov ernment down to ruin, through a subordi nate and auxiliary civil war. True, no arms h^ve been imported here. Yet delegates went from among you, and sat down in council at Chicago with those Indian* con spirators, and agreed with them not only that that importation of arms should be de fended in the election canvas, but also to demand the cessation of the war, upon the ground that success ii) restoring the Union is unattainable. Already under the influence of the cheering news from Atlanta all this discontent »nd this despondency have dis appeared. We shall have no draft because Jewel i.„ K«J„_ i tf. Musical! instruments. Gold Breast Pins, Ear-rings IS baino Ml forced at the rate of finger-rings,Loek*is,Ghain*,Slide*,Pens,apd five to ten ttousand men per day by volun teers. May I not add that th-s vietory at tAQ*ncy ,and O I W A "%*7"HERE wtllbefound thelargeststockevero -WW feradl n the west, and which w II Ibesold lower fee i\t any point onthe Mississippi. AlsothoieA M»1 iRleso'fourmanafactujre.fullcoutit.everyShln »e B. D. RAND A CO. USE—RH. BOOTH ^DpyVltLE, IOWA. n i »id Having reraovad from tha Plemmonx to the above ouse, and refitted It throughout In the best man r, tha proprietor can promise superior nccommo in the national victories, because this war Hsu tt til *ks air ftftr ktasHIIMriMlM .. 1%. *-."••• "/vf dyrille r«b. iarhl»«4Sai. for th« HC» of thapaUon, kj)Ot Atlanta oomes in good lime as the victory in Mobile Bay, does to vjqtjicate the wisdom and the energy of the war administration. Farragut's fleet did not make itself, nor did he make it. It was prepared by the Secre tary of the Navy, and he that shall record the history of this war truthfully and im partially, will write that since the days of Cirnot, no man has organised war with abil ity equal to that of Stanton. But auspicious as the occasion is, it has nevertheless failed to bring out some whom we might have expected here. Why are they not here to rejoice in the victories that will thrill the hearts of the lovers of free dom throughout the world. Alas, that it must be confessed, it is party spirit that fluids them alpof. All of them are partisans. Sofpp are Republicans, who cannot rejoice pects, conducted according- to their own culiar radical ideas and theories. They want guarantees for swift, and universal, and com plete emancipation, or they do not want the nation saved. Others stay away because they want to be assured that in coming out of the revolutionary storm, the ship of state wiH be found exactly in the same condition as when the tempest assailed it, or they do not want the ship saved at all, as if anybody could give such guarantees in the name of a people of thirty millions. Others arc Dem ocrats. They received from their fathers the axiom that only Democrats could save the country, and they must save it by Dem ocratic formula? and combinations which the progress of the age has forever exploded.— They cannot come up to ce)ehrat& achieve ments which condemn their narrow and hereditary bigotry. Others of both the Republican and Dem ocratic parties are willing that tho nation concluded to adopt and the reasons for it First, I beg you to remember that the pre sent is no common or customary Presiden tial ejection. It occurs »n the midst of civil war, arising out of a disoifted succession to the Executive power. Disputed successions are the most frequent causes of civil wars, not only in republics, but even in monarch ies. A dispute about the succession of the President, periodically begets an abortive or a real revolution, in'each one of the Spanish and American Republics. So the disputed succession of the Spanish throne, begot that memorable thirty years' war, which con vulsed all Europe. A dispute whether Jua rez was the lawful President brought on the present civil war, with the consequence of French intervention in Mexico. A dispute whether the present king of Denmark, who succeeded to the throre last winter, is law ful heir to the Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein brought About the civil war in that country, which, through German interven tion, has just now ended with the dismem berment of the Danish Kingd3m. It is rp markable, also, th»t civil wars, produced by disputed successions, invariably begin with resistance by some one or more of the States or provinces which constitute the Kingdom, Empire or Republic which is disturbed. It was so with the United States of Mexico.— It was so in the United States of Colum bia, and the case was the same in the Uni ted States of Venezuela. Vow it is certain that in 1860 we elected Abraham Lincoln, lawfully and constitutionally, to be Presi dent of the whole of the United States of America. Seven of the States immediately thereon, rushed into disunion, and summon ing eight more to their alliance, they got up a revolutionary government. They levied war against us to effect a separation and es tablish a distinct sovereignty and indepen dence. We accepted tt« jrar iR dpfiwsa of the Union. The only grievance ofthe insqr gents was that their choice of John C. Breckenrfgge for President was constitu tionaily overruled in the election of Lincoln. shall be saved, provided it is done by some of the war at the ballot-box. The moral one of their chosen and idolized chiefs, which strength, which makes our loyal position chief they mutually denounce and revile impregnable, would pass from us, and when They cannot honor Grant, and Sherman, and i that moral strength has passed away, ma Farragut, and Porter, because by such hom- terial forces are no longer effective, or even age they fear that Fremont and McClellan's available. By such a proceeding 'we shall fame may be eclipsed. have agreed with'the enemy, and shall have Nevertheless, there are enough here of the giver, him the victory. right sort, enpu»h of men who once were The Democratic party, of course leaving Republicans, but who, taking that word in a partisan sense, are Republicans no longer, and men, who once ^eie Democrats, but who, taking that word in its narrow appli- cation, are Democrats no longer. All of State Rights, disunion Democrats, under 'whom are now Union men, became they Rreckinridge. A second, a lqy^l Northern found out at the beginning of this tremen- column, under Douglas. The third, a con dous civil war, or in some period of its prog ciHiatory flying column, uuder John Bell, ress, that no man—no party—no formula— who has since joined the insurgents. We no creed CQIM save the Union, but that only I thereupon invited the two loyal colums to the peop'e could save it, and they could save combine with the Ropublican party to op it only by ceasing to become partisans, and pose the disunion Democratic column. They becoming patfiots sod Union men. [Cheers declined. On the eve of the election in ISfiO, for the Union.] I tp|d t^e followers of J)oug!qs and of Bell Yes, my friends, when this war shall be that when the election should lave closed, ended in the restoration of the Union, no they would find they had inadvertently man then living will exult in the recollect' n fivored disunion and rebellion. They per that during its continuance he was neither sisted, and the attempted revolution came, a Radical or a Conservative,a Republican or Disunion then presentedjtself/in the prac a Democrat, but every man will claim to have tical form of preventing Abraham Lincoln been throughout an unreserved and uncon- from Assuming the Executive authority.— ditional Union man. Thus the Democratic party produced that But why should party spirit, especially calamjty, the Southern Democrats acting at this juncture, divide the American people? from design, the Northern Democrats pas And why should I, a member of the Exeeu-1 sive through inadvertence. The disputed tive Administration, alludefto it on such an succession still remains unadjusted A new occasion as this? The answer is at hand. The Constitution of our country commands that Administration to surrender its powers to the people, and the people to designate agents to assume and exercise them for four years. You receive the Executive Govern ment in a condition very different and high* ly improved. We found it practically ex pelled from the whole country south of the Delaware, the Ohio and the Missouri, witii the most of fhe army and nary betrayed or fallen into the hands of insurgents, and a new and treasonable Confederacy, with the indirect but effective co-operation of foreign powers, establishing itself on the Gulf of Mr xico. We cheerfully give the Govern ment back to you, with lnrge and conquer- ing armies, and a triumphant navy, with the Lincoln is a tyrant. hateful Confederacy falling into pieces, and They agree, also, that the real usurper at the rebellious States, one after another, re- Richmond is blameless and pure, at least turning to their allegiance. the Richmond Democracy affirm it, aqd the Regarding myself now, therefore, not as a Chicago Democracy do not gainsay it. To Secretary, but simply as one of the people, I me, therefore, the Democracy at Richmond I, like you, am called by my vote, to deter- and the Democracy at Chicago, like Cffisar mine into whos hands, the precious trust Rod Pompey, seetp to retain all their origin shall now be confided. We might wish to al family resemblance. They are very much avoid, or at least to postpone that duty, un- alike—especially Pompey. But it is not in til the present fearful crisis is passed. Bul.' mere externals that their similarity lies.— it cannot and it ought not to be avoided or They talk very much alike, as I have already adjourned. It is a constitutional trial and shown yojj. "V^hen you consider that among the nation must go through it, deliberately the Democrats at Chicago the Indiana Dem and bravely. ocrats were present, who have imported I shall, therefor*, cheerfully submit for arms to resist the national authority and your consideration, the course which I have defeat the national laws, and that all the They rejected Lin£Qlojuid set up a usurper, To tbwart by all po*»ib]£ rf}ti\ft« (jy y,iler The Kxreptire poferof the United States is' tioq of Abraham I iineoln. off the loyal Union Democrats, opposed the election of Abraham Lincoln, in 1860. In doing so they divided and organised in three columns. One a treasonable column, of election has come on. For a time, the North ern Democrats, with notable exceptions, gave a more or lew liberal support to the Government, against the Democratic insur gents cf the South. But the same Denaq. cratic forces which figured in the election of 1860, now appear in the political field wjjh positions and poiicy unchanged since that time, as I think, except for the worse. The Southern Democracy is still in arms under the usurper at Richmond. The Douglas and Bell columns consolidated, are found at Chi cago, and all three of the pirties are com passing the rejection of the constitutional President of the United States. They agree not only in this attempt, but they assign the same reason for it, namely, that Abraham Democrats there assembled agreed to justi fy that proceeding, I think you will agree with me that the Richmond Democrats and the Chicago Democrats have lately come to act very much alike. I shall now go further and prove to you that they not only have a common policy, and a common way of defending it, but they have even adopted that policy in concert with each other. You know that when the Chicago Convention was approaching in July last, George Sanders, Clement C. Clay, and J. P. Holcomb appeared at the Clifton House on the Canada bank of the Niagara river, fijlly invested with the confidence and acquainted with the purposes of Jefferson Davisand his confederates at Richmond.— You know, also, thatpftjeago Democrats resorted there in considerable numbers to confer with the«e emissaries of Jefferson Dayis. Here is the frtjit of ttyst corjferpoce, and no one ean deny the authority of my evidence. It is extracted from the London 7Hme$, the common organ of all the enemies of the Unite4 States. Th# New York cor respondent of the London Times, writing from Niagara Falls u^der date of August 8th, Bays "Clifton House has become A centre of negotiations between the Northern friends of peace and Southern agents, which pro pose a withdrawal of differences froiq the arbitrament of the sword. The correspond ent then goes on to explain that an effbrt is to be made to nominate a candidate for the Presidency, on the platform of an armistice and a Convention of States, and to thwart, by all possible means, the eflorts of Mr. Lincoln for re-election." Mark now, that on the 8th of August, 1864, Northern Democrats and Richmond agents agrer upon thrpe things to be done at Chicago. Namely 1st, A prithdrawal of the differ ences between the (government and the iq: gurgents from th^ arbitrament of tl)e sword, td, A nomination for president of the Uni ted States, on a platform of an armistice and ultimately a conversion of the States. 3d, II#V OTTUMWA, IOWA, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 2$, 1864- now, therefore^ by forge practically suspend ed between that usurper Jefferson Davis and that constitutional President Abraham Lin coln. The war is waged by the usurper to expel that constitutional President from the Capital, which, in some sort, is constantly held in siege, and to conquer the States which loyally adhere to him. The war is maintained on our side to suppress the usurper, and to bring the insurgent States back under the authority of the constitution al President. The war is at its crisis. It is clear, therefore, that we are fighting to make Abraham Lincoln President of the whole United States, under the election of I860, to continue until the 4th of March, 1865, In voting for a President of the United Sta'es, can we wisely or safely or safely vote out the identical person whom, with force and a«ros, we are fighting into the Presidency? (No. No.) You justly say. No. It would be nothing less than to give tip the very object r(%f i l?1* 1 Lit*,,* v Such a conference, held in a neutral coun try between professedly loyal citizens of the United Slates and the agents of the Rich mond traitors in arms, has a very suspicious l.opk. But let that pass. Political elections must be free, and therefore they justly ex cuse many extravagancies. We have now seen what the agents of Pompey and Caesar mediate efforts be made for a cessation of hostilities, with a view to an ultimate con vention ot all the States, or other peaceable means to the end that at the earliest practi cal moment peace may be restored on the basis of the Federal Union of the States." T^e Democracy, at Chicago did there just what bad been agreed upon with the Rich mond agents at Niagara, namely: They pronounced for an abandonment of the mil itary defense of the Union against the in surgents, with a view to an ultimate Nation al convention, and the defeat of the election of Abraham Lincoln. That is to say, they propose to eject Abraham Lincoln from the Presidential chair at Washington on the 4tb of March next, and at the saipe time leave the usurper, Pavis, un assailed, secure and unmolested in his~seat at Richmond, with a view to an ultimate convention of States, which thai usurper's constitu»ion'will allow no one of the insurgent States to enter.— What now, if there be no convention at all, or if the convention fail to agree on a sub mission to the federal authority Jefferson Davis then remains in authority, his"Con federacy established, and the Union with all its glories is] gone forever. Nay more if such" a thing could happen gs {hat the Chi cago candidate, nominated upon such an agreement, should be elected President of the United States on the first Tuesday of November next, who can vouch for the safe ty of the country against the rebels during the interval which must elapse before the new Administration oan ooa$tjti)tionaily come into power? It seems to me that such an election would tend equally to demoralize the Union and to invite the insurgents to renew their efforts for its destruction. It remains for me now only give you the proof, 'hat although the way in which the Chicago Democracy did what had been agreed upon in their behalf at Niagara was not altogether satisfactory, yet what they actually did, was accepted ts a full execu tion of the previous comp ict. agreed at Niagara, that Pompey should do tration came into our places, in March, 1861, at Chicago. Here is wh^t he actu^Iy we found there existing just the system "RetolxtA^ That this convention does ex- which is now recommended at Chicago, plicitly declare, as the sense of the Ameri- namely 1st, a treasonable confederacy in can people, that, after four years of failure arms against the Federal authority 2d, a to restore the Union by the experiment of truce between the Government of the United war, daring which, under the preteas* of a States and the rebels, a veritable armistice military necessity or war power higher than which was so construed that while the na» the constitution, the constitution itself has tional ports and forts were thoroughly in been disregarded in every"part, and public vested along the ses coast and rivers by the liberty and private right alike trodden down, insurgents, they coald be neither reinforced and the material prosperity of the country nor supplied even with food by the Govern essantially impaired, justice, humanity, hb- ment 3d. a languid debate with a view to erty and the public welfare demand that im- an ultimate National Convention, which the St. Catharines, C. Sift 1. To Hon. D. Wier, Halifax: Platform and Presidential nominee unsat isfactory. Vice President and speeches sat isfactory. Tell Philmore not to oppose. (Signe'l) GEOROR N. SANDERS. D. Wier is a Richmond accomplice at Halifax, and Philmore is understood to be the conductor of the insurgent organ in London. Here then we hav»A nomination and a platform which were made by treaty formal ly contracted between the Democratic trai tors at Richmond, and the democratic op position at Chicago, signed, sealed, attested, and delivered in the presence of the London Times, and already ratified at Richmond.— ["By Heaven, we've got 'em."] Got them, to be sure you've got them, my friend*. They say I am always too sanguine of the success of national candidates and of the national arms. But it seems to me that the yerif8t croakers in all our loyal camp will take new courage, and become heroic, when he sees that the last hope of the rebellion hangs upon the ratification of this abomin able and detestable cqqjpapt b/ the Ameri can people. Yes, youJiavegot them but how did you get them Not by any skill or art of the Administration, or even through the sagaci ty or activity of the loyal people, but thro' the cynning of the conspirators, over-reach ing itself, and thus working out their own defeat and confusion. They do say that the Father of Evil always indulges his chosen disciples, with an excess of subtlety, as to render their ultimato ruin and punishment inevitable. And what a time it this to proclaim such a policy, conceived in treachery and brought forth with shameless effrontery. A cessation of hostilities on the heej Qf decisive naval and land battles at the very moment that the rebellion, without a single fort in its possession on the ocean or on either of the gre^t riyefs or lakes, is crumbling to the earth, and at the same time, a dozen new ships of war, are going to oomplete the in vestment by sea, and three hundred thous and volunteers are rushing to the lines to complete the work of restoration and pacifi cation. There is a maxim which thoughtful teaohr era always carefully inculcate. It is that inconstancy is imbecility, and that persevei^ anne is necessary to insure success. This maxim was set forth in the fprm of a copy if) the writing book, when I was young,— "Perseverance always conquers." Even in fantile beginnuvs encountered the instruc tion in the form of a fable in Webster's spel ling book. The story was that after using soft words and tufts of grasq, tfip farmer tried what virtue there pas in stones, and hy persistpppp in that application he brought tl)e rudfj boy who was stealing apples, down front the tree, and u.ade him ask the fann er's pardon. Our Chicago teachers, tell us that just as the rude boy is coming down, wc must lay down the stones and resort again to the use of grass, with the conse quence, of i-oursr. that the fanner must l»e pardon of the trespa^et. But what makes this Ohicago policy more contemptible, and even ridiculous, is that it is nothing differ ent from the policy with which the same parties now contracting actually ushered in disuniop, 1862, in the closing hours of the Administration of James Ru?hanan. Yes, my dear friends, when we of this Adminis- rebels haughtily despised and contemptu ously rejected. What were the alternatives leftus? Either to surrender ourselves and the Gevernment at discretion, or to summon the people to arms, terminate the armistice, adjourn the dernoral i?ni£ debate, and "re possess" ourselves of the national forts and ports. And now has all the treasure that has been spent snd a|! the precious blood that has been poured forth, gone for noth ing else but to secure an ignominious re treat, and return at the end of four years to the hopeless imbecility and rapirj process of national dissolution, which existed when Abraham Lincoln took into his hands the reins of Government Every one of you know that but for that accession of Abraham Lincoln just at that time the Union would in less than th1^ months have fallen into absolute and irre trievable ruin. I will not dwell long on complaints which misguided but not intentionally per verse men brinj asrainst the Administration of Abraham Lincoln. They complain of military arrests of spies and lurking traitors in the loyal States, as if the Government could justify itself for waiting without pre ventive measures, for more States to be in vaded or to be carried off into secession. They complain that when we call for vol unteers we present the alternative of a draft as if when the ship has been scuttled the captain ought to leave the sleeping passen gers to go to the bottom without calling upon them to take their turn at the pump. They are not content with plotting sedi tion in secret places, but they go up and down the public streets uttering treason, vainly seeking to provoke arrest in order that they may complain of a denial of the liberty of speech. The impunity they ev ery where enjoy under the protection of constitutional debate, shows at one and the same time that their complaints are ground less, and that the Union, in the e'em?nt of moral stability, is stronger than they know. The chief complaint against the Presi dent is that he will not accept peace on the basis of the integrity of.the Union, without having also the abandonment of slavery.— When and where have the insurgents offer ed ^}inj peace on the basis of the integrity of the Union. Nobody has offered it. The rebels never will offor it. They are deter mined and pledged to rule this Republic or ruin it. I told you here a year ago that practically, slavery was no longer in ques tion—that it was perishing under ttyo oper| tion ofthe war. That assertion has been confirmed. The Union men In the slave States that we have delivered are even more anxi ous than we are to abolish slavery. Wit ness Western Virginia, Maryland, Missouri, Louisiana, Tennessee and Arkansas. Jeff erson Davis tells you in effect the same thing. He says that it is not slavery, but independence and sovereignty, for which he is contending. There is good reason for this. A hundred dollars in gold is only a year's purchase of the labor of the working man in every part of the Un ted States.— At less than half that pjiceyou could buy all the slaves jq the country. Nevertheless our opponents want a distinct exposition of the President's views on the yUiiqaU) solu tion of the slavery question. Why do they want it? For the same reason that the Pharisees and Sadducees wfnted an authoritative resolution of the questions of casuistry which arose ir. their day. One of those sects believed in a King dom to come, and the other altogether de nied the resurrection ofthe dead. Never theless, they walked together in loving ac cord in search of instruction concerning the spirit wor'd. "Master," said they, there was a man of our nation wh9 married a wife and died, leading six brothers.— These brothers successively married the widowed woman, and afterwards died.— And last of all the woman died also. ][n the resurrection, which of the seven have this wqrq^p (o his yrile.'7 Now what jjt to them whether one or all should have the woman to wife in Heav en. It could tys pothing to the Sadducees in any case. What w is it to any human being on this side of the grave? What was it to any human being in heaven except the woman and her seven husbands—absolutely nothing. Yet they would have an answer. And they received one. The answer was that while in this mortal state, mjerj and i women shall never cease to marry and to i die, there will be in the resurrection neither death nor marrying or giving in marriage. Although altogether unauthorized to speak for the President upon hyp thetical questions, I think I can give an answer upon the subject of slavery at the present day—an answer which will be explicit, and I hope not altogether unsatisfactory. While the rebels continue to wage war against the Government of the United States, the mili tary measures affecting slavery, which have beep adopted from necessity, to bring the war to a speedy and suc*ssful end, will be continued, except so far as prarti.-al exptri- riice ••. J7- V v*T* O S E I E S V O O K S i fEBJlS-IMO In .ran)' shall show they can be rqodified advantageously, with a v:ew to the end. When the insurgents shall have dis banded their armies, and laid down thfir arms, the war will instantly cease—and al the war measures then existing, including those which affect skverv, will ceise also, and all the mora', ecin vniiil an political questions, as well questions affecting slavery as others, which shall then be existing, be tween individuals, and Stares, and the Fed eral Government, whethej they s\rose before the civil war began, or whether they grtn^ out of It, will, by force of the Constitution, pass over to the arbitrament of courts of 'aw, and to the councils of legislation I am not unsophisticated enough to ex pect that conspirators while yet unsubdued, und exercising an unresisted despotism in the insurrectionary S'ates, will either sue for or even accept an amnesty based on tha surrender ol the power they have so reck lessly usurped. Nevertheless, I know that if any such conspirator should tender bis submissior upon such terms, that he will at once receive a candid hearing and an an swer prompted purelv by desire frr neac, with the maintenance of the Union On the other hand, I do expect propositus peace with a restoiation of the Union 11 come, not from Confederates in authority, nor |.hro^g^ them, but from citizen I 'Mid States under and behind them- And ex pect such propositions from citia?t States to come ever the Confederate^ ir» power, just si fits! as those citi7,en9 .-in-! States shall be delivered by the Federal ar my frpm the usurpation by wh'ch they are now opposed. Ajl 'be world know*, that so far as I am concerned, and, I believe, so f^r as the President is concerned, all suc'i applications will receive just ^ich an anfcwor as it becomes a great, magnanimous and humane people to grant to brefnrca jvho have conje back from their wanderings to seek a shelter in the common ark of our na tional security and happiness. The sun is setting. So surely as it shall rise again, no surely do I think that the great pvents we have pow celebrated pre clude the end of our national troubles, and the restoration of the natior.rl authority with peace, prosperity and freedom through out the whole land, from the lakes fcffhe gulf, and from ocean to ocean. And so I bid you good ni^ht and may '1 God have you, with our whole country, al ways in His holy ana paternal keeping. But in (hat agreement the Constitution and the Union will have perished, because when it shall have once been proved that a minority can, by force or circumvention, defeat the full accession of a constitution ally chosen President, qo Hresi^ent tb^eaf ter, though elected by ever so large a major ity. can hope to exercise the Executive pow ers unopposed throughout the whole coun try. One of two things must follow that fatal error. Either a contest between newly-elected your compromise President and the same usurper, in which the usurper must prevail, or £lso a com bination between them, through which the usurper or his successor, subverting your Constitution and substituting his own, will beome President, King, orEnnorrof the United State-*, without foreign a:d if he can, with foreign intervention if necessary. [That's so.] Tob®sifre it is si nothing is more certain than that either the United States and their constitutional President, or the so called Confederate States^ and their usurping President, must rule within tfef limits of this Republic. I therefore regard the pending Presiden tial election as involving the question whether Hereafter we shall have a institu tion and a country left u«. How shall we vote then to save our country from this fear fui dinger? (Vote Lincoln in again.) We must vote Lincoln in agv'n. and fight hit" in at tl9 same time. If we this the re* bellion will perish, and leave no root, it we do otherwise, we have only the altarna tives of acquiescence in a perpetual usurp* tion, or of entering an endless succession civil and social wars. Upon these grannd-*, entirely irrespective of platform and candi date, I consider ttye recommendations of the Convention at Chicago, as tending to sub vert the Republic. II will seem a hard thing when I imply,. that a pany, like the Democratic party, can either meditate or blindly adopt measures to overthrow the Republic. All experience, however, shows that jtis by the malice or the madness of great parties that free States have bean brought down to destruc tion. You often hear alarms, that a party in power is sqbvcrting the State, and it sometimes happens so. But. nine times out of ten, it ig party put of power, that in its impatience qr its ambition overthrows a Re public. A gen&man taking an apartment, told the lady, "I assure you, ma'am, I never left a lodging but my landlady shed tears." She answeied with a very inquiring look, "I hope it was not, sir, that you went away without paying y An old lady in Kentucky crossed a bridgo that was marked as "din^erous," without seeing the sign. On being iufonqod of t})e fact on the other side of the river, she turned about and iimqediatelv recrossed. A widow Jady received a present of a Thanksgiving turkey. "Who sent 5» she a«ked of the Irish porter. "I was told r.ot to tell." "Ah, 1 oan gness," re«p ndud the lady. "Redad, that*# jufct whit -1 t«ak} Deacon Grant." i* -t. A coxcomb, teasing Dr. Parr with an ac count ot his petty ailment*, ootnplainud th$f he could never go oqt withoqt catching cold in his head. "No wonder," returned the doctor "you always go out without any. thing in it," A wealthy but weak-headed barH«ter oneo reinnrked to Curran that "No one should be admitted to the bar who hid not an inde pendent landed property.". "May I ask sir," replied Curran, "^JW gaany acres raaki & V ?. i/s5 t, fc if tE K a tk

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