— • KMHUkt* jme as, isea. Yol. s. PORTLAND, TUESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 4, 1806. Jv™, Eight Dollar* per annum, <„ THE PORTLAND DAILY PRESS h publidi d everyday, (Sunday ex^pted.i ai No. 1 Printers’ Exchange,Commercial Sheet. Portland, by N. A. Foster, Proprietor. Terms: —Eight Dollar? a > ear in advani-- . THE MAINE STATE PRESS, is published at the awe place every Thursday morning at $2.00 a year, «»variably in advance. R ates ok A over ristNo.—-m»« »m-«i ot space, in englli oi column, constitutes i “square." $1.50 ihv inure daily first week J <6 cem..per week alter; three insertions, o** less, §1.00; c.intmu ug every other day alter first week, 50 cents. llali square, three insertion* or lew, .5 cents; one week. * 1.00; 00 cents per week niter. Under head of -‘Amusements, *2.00 per square per week ; three insertions or less, $1.50. Sprn vl N. itici 9,$1.2". per square for the first in sertion, and 28 cents pel square for each subsequent nsort ion. Advertisements inserted in tbe ‘‘Maine State PREBS*’(whieh has a large circulation in every par of the State 1 for $1.00 |*er square lor first insertion' and 50 cents per square lor each subsequent inser tion. entertainments. Theatre, - Deeriny Hatl. Bid we 11 Ac Urowac, litutitccti Ac Rlaangrr*. G. E. iVilson, - - Ntage manager. ENTIRE CII.lNtaE OF PBOGBAftLlIE. Monday Evening, Dec. 3d, and e\ery Evening during the week, the favorite artiste DOUIE BID WELL ! her first appearance since her recent severe indispo sition. During the week will be presented the popular plays of “FANOHON,” “EAST LYNNK, “CA MILLE,” “GIPSY QUEEN,” “FRENCH SPY,” &C., &Q. Hf“Full particulars in bills of the day. dec3d6d Ocean Association, Ex-No. 4, WILL COMMENCE TIIFIP Fiftli Annual Course ot* 1 fames, . - AT MECHANICS9 HALL, - WITH A - Ball on Thanksgiving Night! To be lolloped by Three Assemblies oil Tuesday Night*, a Ball ou C.'tariKlmaM Night, a Grand Fire annamilitary and Civic Ball on New Year’s Night. managers: President, EDWARD HODGKINS, Vice-President. S, S. HANNAFt *KD, Secretary, A. II. JACOBS, Treasurers, F. J. BAILEY', R. D. Page.C. H. Phil lips, H. D. Tripp. ' ^“Tickets for the Course $0; tickets for each of the Bulls $1,50; tickets tiircacli of the Assemblies $1; fur the Gallery 50 cents. To lie obtained of the Man agers and at the door. Music by < handler'8 Qu<ulri!te Band. D. 11. chandler Prompter. Dancing to commence at h o’clock. Clothing cheeked free. November 27, 1807. eodfiw WANTED. Partner Wanted. 4 PARTNER is wanted by a man in tbe retail ^m-Provision and Grocery business with a capital ot Twelve or Fifteen Hundred hollars,in a first rate lo cation, and g-Md business. It is a rare chance for a man who wi. lios to go into tbe business. Apply at the Press Office. decldtf 50 GIliLS WANTED At (hr M(;ir ITIatch Factory, Kennebec Street, - - - - foot of Cedar Street. tTUtE w.»rk is light, being principally making small A boxes and packing matches; much of which can be done by girl* as young as fourteen years of ago. None but neat, orderly girls are wanted. Apply at the office. decl—lw $3000 to $4000 \\TANTED tor two or three years, for which a ▼ T good bonus will be paid, and security given on real estate worth $ 10.600. Apply immediately to WM. H. JEURIS, Real Estate Agent. nov28dlw $4,000 Wanted ! riAHREE OR FOUR THOUSAND DOLLARS for A two or three years for which tho Best of 8e enrity will be given, and interest paid at the rate of nine per cent per annum. Address Box 2056 Portland, P. O., or W. II. JEURIS, Real Estate Agent. Nov 2fidlw* Owner Wanted 1X)R a Copying Press left, at my store night of July 4th. E. COREY. nov27dtf Flour Barrels Wanted. 117E will pay .’>n cents each for lirst class Flour ! V I Barrels suitable f >i sugar. LYNCH, BARKER & CO., novl3dif 139 Commercial street. Wanted. H £ W \ BUSHELS good Fnmpkin Seeds by 1UU KENDALL & WHITNEY. Nov 13—dim Agents Wanted. FOR the fidld M<*«Inl v»vinHlarbiam, In every City and County in the Union. Ihc least complicated two-bread machine in (lie world. Address A. F. JOHNSON & CO. Nov. 6 lml '>34 Washington St. Boston. Mass. Wanted Immediately. ■4 /'W 1 Good American, Nova Scotia and Irish iUU Girls todo housework, cook, 6rcIn pri vate families an 1 hotels in (his citv.and country. Situations sure. The best wages paid/ Also 50 (.iris l • work in Factories. Farmers and others wanting men for any work will do well to call on us. a? we will supply them free of charge. Address or apply at the General Agency En\ploym< nt Office, 351V Congress Street, up stairs. cox & powars; sept2(idtl lata W11 iTNE Y & CO. Agents Wanted t FOR FRANK :*JOORE’S “ Women of the War," W0NDI1EFITL1.Y POPULAR ! SO popular has it already become, (not one month yet since its lirst issue) chat hundreds of people are writing for it from all flections of the country. From one City alone, persons have written for this Work,—could not wait for Agents. Four of Adams’ large size Presses are running on this Book, and the demand exceeds our supply. Ex perienced Agents and others, who possess intelli gence, energy, and perseverance, and want Profita ble Employment, will find by engaging ill the sale ot this Book, all they desire. Many now in the held arc meeting with astonishing success. For full particulars send for circular. C. A. CIIAPIN, Room 9, 21£ Free Sweet, Portland. nov 13 d&wtf Agent* Wanted! To canvass for the cheapest and the best selling hook in the country. HEART. EY’B history OF THE GREAT REBELLION! Two volumes complete in one. 1200 Royal Octavo Pages, sold for Five Dollars. (jyMany agents arc making from $60 to $100 per week canvassing for tiiis work. Sold by subscription only. Sole and exclusive rights given of uncanvassed ter ritory with liberal commissions. For circulars and terms apply to or address J. PATTEN FITCH, Lock Box 1722. No 233$ Congress St., near City Hall, Portland, Maine. no21d3w JLOST AND FOUND. 1‘icked up Adrift. \BOAT which the owner can have by paying sal vage and expenses. Address, No. 60 Washington street, decld3t Portland, Me. BOARD AMD ROON1S. Board. A PLEASANT Room, with board, suitable for a gentleman and wife, or two single gentlemen, at No r4 Clark street. m»24dtf TO LET. WITHOUT Boiirti, a pleasant frout room furn v v ialie l, in the Wertiein (.art of tlie City, to one or two (tingle gentlemen. Addrurs Box 42 Post Of flee, Portland. uov 16 If* Portland Academy. BWIOX BAM,, fe.'i PIKKtli ISTREET. Winter Term begins Dec. 3,1866. PUPILS of tillages au.l attainments received at any time in the Term. Terms $10.00 per term of ten week*. Private recitations and private classes attended to by the Principal at any hour <>f the day or evening. Terms for private instruction made known on ap plication to the Principal. C1IAB. O. FILES, Principal, P. O. Box 927. 26 Hanover Street. dec3—3w* Wanted. BY a young Lady a situation as Copyist. Address “W.,” Portland P. o. dec3dlw* NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. A Cough, A Cold, or A Sore Throat, 'Requires immediate attention, AND SHOULD BK CHECKED. If allowed to continue, Irrifaiieii of itic Laug«, a per m a uc nt Throat Disensr, I or Consuaiptiou, is often fbe result. BROWN’S BRONCHIAL TROCHES HAVING A DIRECT INFLUENCE TO THE PARTS, GIN K IMMEDIATE BELIEF. For Btouchifift, Asthma, Catarrh, Cou Numptive and Throat Dineasct, TROCHES ARE USED WITH ALWAYS GOOD SUCCESS. MaiiRcrM and Public Spcahcm will AnJ Troches useful in clearing Ale voice wht-U taken before Singing or Speaking, and relieving the throat after an unusual exertion of tike vocal organa. The Troches arc recommended and prescribed by Physicians, and have liad testimonials horn eminent men throughout the country. Being an article of true merit, and having proved their cflcacy by a test ot many years, each year finds them in new locali ties in various parts of the world, and the Troches are universally pronounced better than other articles. Obtain* only “Brown’s Bronchial Troche*” and do not take any of the wORTHUP^tfir^ioNS that may be offered. goLH'tvERWiirff. Dec 4—d&w6m sn U. S. Marshal's Notice. United States of America, I District of Maine, b. b. I PURSUANT to a Monition from the Hon. Eduard l ox. .Iud;e cl the United S ates District Court, within and lor the District ol Maine, i hereby give labile notice that the following Libel bas been lilod in said Court, viz ■ A Libel against tlte Brio Frontier, her tackle, .apparel, and furniture, in behalfdf John McAllis ter, Andrew Simpsou. and Joseph Murray, In a cause ol subtraction ot wages civil anil raarltimo, as is more particularly set forth in the said Libel; that a hear ing and trial will be had thereon at Portland in said District, on Tuesday the fourth day of December cur rent, at elere« o'clock in the forenoon, when and where any pci sons inie ested tin rein, may appear ami show cause, if any can be shown, wherefore the same should not be decreed liable to said claim. Dated at Portland this third day of December. A. D., 1806. F. A QUINBY, Deputy U. S- .Yiarslral Dist. ol Maine. Dec. 4—did Stockholders’ Meeting'. THE Stockholders of the Leeds avd Farming ton Railroad Company, are hereby notified to meet at the office of Henry M. Payson, in Portland, on WEDNESDAY, the nineteenth* day of December, 1866, at three of the clock in the afternoon, to act on the following articles. 1st—To fill a vacancy iu the Board of Directors. 2d—To see if the stockholders will ratify the bar gain made by the Directors with the Androscoggin Railroad Co., for running of said Roads. 3d—To see if they will reconsider, modify, change, or annnl their former instructions to the Directors respecting assessing the Stockholders for the payment of the first and second mortgages. 4th—To transect any other business that may le gally eome before the meeting, (the three last articles being on request by Stockholders.) By order of the Directors. JO '. ILSLEY, Clerk. Portland, Dec*r 3d, 186C. dec4dtd Montreal Ocean Steamship Co. . CARRYING THE CANADIAN v AND UNITED STATES MAILS. PaMcagen Booked to Loudeuderry nasi Liverpool. Retain Tickets granted at Redact*! Rnle . The Steamship BELGIAN, Capt. Brown, will sail from this port for Liverpool, SATURDAY, 8th December, 1866, immediately after the arrival of the train of the previous day from Montreal, to be follow ed by the-on the 13th. Passage to Londonderry and Liverpool, cabin, (ac cording to accommodation) $70 to $80. Steerage, $25. Payable in Gold or its equivalent. SSJ^For Freight or passage apply to H. & A. ALLAN, No. 3 India St. Portland, Nov. 26, 1866. no27dlf Reconstructed on the Old Ground ! A. T. HALL, COMMISSION MERCHANT, and dealer in Grcceriep, W. I, Gtoods and Prodace. NO. 1 MILK STREET, PORTLAND, IffK., Would respectfully announce to his former customers and friends that ho lias rc-e&Labliahcd himself in busi ness at the old place, No. 1 Milk street, near Ex change. All persons in want of Groceries, Produce, <fcc., v.ill do well to make mo a call, a9 an entire new stock ot selected goods will be offered at greatly re duced prices. Come one, come all. docld3w Harris & Waterhouse, JOBBERS OF m Hats, Caps ami Furs. Portland, Dec. 3d 1EC6. HARRIS & WATERHOUSE, Wholesale Dealers in Hats, Caps, and Furs, have removed to their New Store, No. 12 Exchange Sired, F. R. HARRIS. doitf J. T. WATERHOUSE. FOR SALE. Rif I* WEBB, has on hand tor sale thirty « five SLEIGHS AND DUNGS, The best to be found in the county. Also four heavy Baggage Wagons, and three light open buggies, which he oilers for sale on more favuruble terms than any other Carriage Manufacturer, as he closes his busi ness with this sale. Persons desirous of purchasing will find It for their advantage to call upon him. R. M. WEBB. Webb’s Mills, Dec 3, 1866. dec4eorl&w4\v49 : Special Notice. VLL persons disposed to engage in the erection of an at ractive Con regational House of worship in the district of the Second and Third Parishes, are requested to meet in the vestry of tho Me tin; list Church, Chestnut St., on Wednesday evening next, at 71 o’clock. Members of the above named Societies, and all oth ers interestel in the enterprise, especially owners of I real estate in that district, are requested to be pres ent. Some inducements to union and speodv effort will be made known at the meeting, dec 4 U2-* Sleighs, Harnesses, Roltes, Ac., at Auction. ON THURSDAY, Doc. «Ui, at 10 o’clock A. M , in Market Snuarc, we shall sell 13 single and double Sleighs, C single and doable Harnesses, 2 Toil Boggles, Lobes, Blankets, Whips, &r.f &c. This Is a closing out sa‘e, a9 the owners are going to leave the State. H. BAILEY & SON, Auctioneers, decldtdOffice 176 Fore street. FAINTS AM) OILS, ~ Drug's, Mcdleiues, Dye - Ktull's, Window Glass. AGENTS FOB Forest Liver «B Warren Lead Co.’s CRAFTS & WILLIAMS, Nos. Band6 Commercial Wharf, Boston. Dec4—TuThStly E. 8. HATCH, M. H., No. 300 1-S2 Congress St. Office Hocks— j ® £ *' Dec 4—dlw _ _ JML. C5. M. A.. A STATED MEETING of the MAINE CHARI TABLE MECHANIC ASSOCIATION will he held in MECHANICS’ HALL, on THURSDAY EVEN ING, Dee. etli, at 71 o’clock. _ . STEPHEN MARSH, Secretary. Dec 1—dol ror Sale. A SUIT of Sails, Rigging and Blocks, nearly new, fr°‘n a fishing Schooner of loo tons; also Top sails, Fore and Mainsails, second hand , ,.... x SAMPSON & CONANT, decJdti ^o. 19 & 20 Commercial Wharf. Board. T1TITH pleasant rooms for gentleman and wife or TT single gentlemen, at Nw. 70 Pleasant tit. dec 4 dlw* To Let. A PIANO—Address dec4d3t H„ Box 435 Post Office. Special Meeting. The members of the forest city driving club are requested to meet at No.SJi* Market Sqnnrc, On Tne-day livening. December 4tb, at7o’clock. It is especially desirable that there bo a full attend ance. dcc3-td LATEST NEWS BY TELEGRAPH TO THE PORTLAND DAILY PRESS. -- . ..*•»-. Tuesday Morning, December 4, 1866. - XXXIX UONGBESS—S COQND SESSION. Washington, Dec. 3. SENATE. The Senate was ealhad to older at 12 o’clock precisely by Mr. Foster, President pro tern., and prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. Dr. Gray, of the Baptist Church. The Chair laid before the Senate the creden tials of Mr. Poland, elected to fill the unexpir ed term of Mr. Callamer, until March 4th, 1867; also the credentials of Mr. Edmands, for the unexpired term of Mr. Foote, until March 4th, 1869. Mr. Fessenden presented the credentials of Messrs. Oattol and Frelmghuyseu, the former Senator elect, and the latter Senator appoint ed from New Jersey. Messrs. Edmands, Poland, Cattel and Frc linghuysen came forward and took the requir ed oath of office. • Mr. Cragan presented the credentials of Geo. G. Fogg, appointed to fill the vacancy occa sioned by the resignation of Mr. Clark, whose tirm expires on the 4th of March, 1867. Mr. Johnson presented the credentials of David G. Burdett and O. M. Roberts, Senators elect from Texas, which were ordered to lie up on the table. jsir. Alimony presented me loilowing reso lutions, which were severally adopted: Resolved, That the Secretary inform the House that a quorum ul the Senate is assem bled : that the hour for the meeting ol the Sen ate be 12 o’clock until otherwise ordered; that a committee of two be appointed to join a com mittee of the House, and wait upon the Presi dent to receive his message. Mr. Fogg, the Senator appointed from New Hampshire, came forward and took the pre scribed oath. Messrs. Anthony and Nesmith were appoint ed a committee on the part of the Senate to wait upon the President. Mr. Sumner said if there was no business before the Senate, he wouid move to call up the Senate bill No. 1, an act to regulate the elective franchise in the District of Columbia. The motion to take up the bill was put, and decided by the Chair to be lost. Mr. Sumner—One word before that vote is taken. It will he remembered that this bill was introduced on the first day of the last ses sion, and that it was the •subject of repeated discussion in this Chamber, and that it was more than once referred to the Committee on the District of Columbia, by whose chairman it was reported back to the Senate. At several different stages ot the discussion we were told we were about to reach a final vote. The coun try [expected that vote. It was not had. It ought to have been had. Aud now, sir, I think that the very best way is for the Senate, in the very first hour of its coming together, to put that hill on its passage. It has boon thorough ly debated. Every Senator has made up his mind on the question, and nothing more is to be said on either side. £ o far as I am concern ed, sir, I am perfectly willing that the vote he takeu without one further word of discussion, and I think the Senate ought not to allow the hill to be postponed. After further discussion Mr. Johnson raised the question of order — whether the bill was pmpeily before the Senate, under the rules.— The rule relating to the bills of a previous ses sion was read, and it was decided that no bill of the kind could come up until after the fith day of the session. So the bill to regulate the elective franchise in the District of Columbia went over for the present. Mr. Chandler introduced a resolution call ing u|s)n the President for the following in formation: “Whether tiie French Emperor has complied with his agreement to withdraw onn third of the French troops in November, and whether any number of said troops have been withdrawn, and whether as it appears, no troops have been withdrawn, and whether the French Emperor has offered any explanation of his course; also what action the Govern ment had taken to have an understanding with the French Emperor. Mr. Sumner objected, and the hill went over. Mr. Morgan gave notice that he should at an early day introduce a hill in relation to the employment of naval apprentices in the com mercial marine of the L nited States. Mr. Lane offered a resolution instructing the Committee on Printing to enquire into the ex pediency of mailing the office of Superintend ent of Public Printing elective by concurrent vote of both houses. The Chair said it conld not go to the commit tee, as no committee had yet been formed, and so ordered to lie on the table for the present. Mr. Pomeroy introduced a resolution, which was adopted, instructing the Secretary of the Senate to pay to the widow of James H. Lane the amount due the deceased as Senator. Senator Sherman presented a hill to prevent the illegal appointment of officers of the United States. The above was ordered to lie on the table un til the committee was appointed. The Senate took a recess till quarter past one. In reassembling, Mr. Anthony, on behalf of the committeee to wait upon the President, in formed the Senate the committee had discharg ed the duty entrusted to it, and the President .would communicate with the two houses in writing immediately. A message was received from the House an nouncing the passage of an act to repeal sec tion 13 of act to suppress insurrections, &c. While the Senate was waiting for the Presi dent’s message; Mr. Chandler moved for the reading of its title. Mr. Johnson objected to the present consid eration of the bill and it went over. At 1.40 the President’s private Secretary, Robert Johnson, arrived, and the message was then read by the Secretary of the Senate, John W. Forney. At the conclusion of the reading Mr. Antho ny offered a resolution for printing the message and 3000 extra copies. Adopted. The annual report of the Secretary of the Treasury was laid before the Senate by the President pro tem., after which, at 2.25, the Senate adjourned. HOUSE. The proceedings opened with prayer by the Chaplain. After which, the roll ot mcmliers wa.s eatied, when 148 members answered to their names. Three new members were sworn in from Tennessee, and two from Kentucky. A committee was appointed to wait upon the President and inform him that Congress had assembled and was ready to receive any com munication. Mr. Eiliolt asked leave to introduce a hill to repeal the 13th section ot the act of July 17, 1882, which section authorizes the President to grant pardon and amnesty to persons who took part in the rebellion. Mr. 1'incK objected, and the rules were sus pended so as to allow tbe bill to be introduced. At 12 o’clock 30 lniuutes Mr. McPherson, Clerk of the House, auuounced that the House was ready to proceed to business, and hail ap pointed Messrs. Morrill, Washhurue and Fiuek to wait on the President. Mr. Elliott’s bill was then put on its pa-.sage, and passed by a vote of 111 to 29. A resolution was adopted calling for informa tion as to tbe arrest anil escape of John H. Sur ratt. A bill was introduced and referred, directing the sale of two millions of gold by the Secreta ry of the Treasury every Monday. Alto, a bill for the meeting of Congress oil the 4th of March. The President’s message was then received. Mr. Stevens moved to postpone the reading of it until to-morrow. The motion was rejected, aud the Cleik pro ceeded to read the message. Mr. Stevens introduced a bill to regulate re movals trom office. It was made the special order uf the day for Friday next. On motion of Mr. Lawrence, of Ohio, the Judiciary Committee was instructed to inquire into the expediency of providing a mode of procedure in cases ot impeachment. Mr. Schenck introduced a bill to equalize tbe bounties of soldiers, sailors and marines, which was referred to the Coma ittee on Military Af fairs. Mr. Schenck also introduced a bill to fix the time tor tbe regular meeting of Congress, which was made the special order for Decem ber 11th. Mr. Kelley introduced a bill to organize a de fartment to be called the Department of the nternal Revenue. Read twice and referred to the Judiciary Committee. Mr. Ancona offered a resolution ili rccting the Committee on Ways and Means to report a bill providing for the adjustment of the rates of ex emption for the income tax. Referred to the Committee on Ways and Means. On motion of Mr. Miller, the Committee on Ways and Means was instructed to enquire in to the expediency of changing the Revenue laws, so as to dispense with the present mode of appointing inspectors of distilleries. On motion ol Mr. Kelley, the Committee of Ways and Means was directed to inquire into the expediency ot repealing the provision! of the Internal Revenue law, whereby a tax of 5 per cent, is imposed oil the productions of the i icchanical and manufacturing industry of the country. On motion of Mr. Warner, the Post Office Committee was instructed to enquire whether any appointments of Postmasters had been made, or whether any Postmasters were acting as such, held their commissions or performed their duties in violation of the 23th section of the Post Office act of July 2d, 1830. Mr. Garfield introduced a bill providing tor the meeting of Congress at its next session on the first Monday of March. It was read twice and referred to the Judiciary Committee. Mr. Lawrence, of Ohio, introduced a bill to reiical so much of the act of the last session as increased the compensation of Senators and members of Congress. Mr. Spaulding objected. Mr. Lawrence moved to suspend the rules. The House reftised. On motion of Mr. Lawrence, of Ohio, the Ju diciary Committee was instructed to enquire into the expediency of providing a rnoae of proceedings for the trial of all cases of im peachment before the Senate, and to report by hill or otherwise. On motion of Mr, Schenck, the President was requested to commnnioate the information asked for in June last, which he has failed to supply, relative to the pardon of the rebel Maj. He a. Rickett. Mr. McKey offered a resolution requesting the President to communicate information rel ative to the present state of affairs in Mexico. Objection being made, the resolution went over. Mr. Julian introduced a bill amending the pre-emption laws. Referred to Committee bn Public Lands. The President’s message was then read, dur ing which Mr. Stevens moved to adjourn. The vote resulted, yeas 64, nays 65. After reading the message and documents, they were ref reed to the Committ.se of the Whole on the state of the Union. The House then adjourned, and the Republi can members repaired to the eastern portico to participate in the mass welcome. From Washington. Washington, Deo. 3, Congress was formally welcomed treday at the Capitol, by the respective Republican or ganizations. Judge Carthers addressed the assemblage first. Speaker Colfax replied to Judge Carthers’address. 1 *' The galleries ot the two branches of Con gress are densely crowded those of the HouaA not being sufficiently large to accommodate aftl tho seekers of admission. The members at* present iu full force. Long before noon tud of both parties were seen shaking hand* wiW marked cordiality and conversing on other subjects than politics. A mere looker os would scarcely snspect t iat difference on any , subject ever divided them, so happy are they l in their greetings. Rev. I)r. Boynton opened the House with a prayer of thanksgiving for: the results of the late elections which tend, he said, to establish the principles of liberty to all classes and conditions. During the proceedings of the House t )-day, Mr. Stevens sought to adjourn, and when he was reminded that the President’s message was soon expected, he suggested that it be read from a local newspaper, extra copies of which had b en distributed before even the President’s private Secretary had reached the Capitol; and when the official message itself was communicated, he unsuccessfully endeav ored to have its reading postponed until to morrow. Xt was not until fifteen minutes to two o’clock t£p document was transmitted, previous to which time telegrams were receiv ed here that copious extracts from the mes sage itself were circulating in other cities. It is proper to report in this connection that ad vanced copies of the President’s message and accompanying documents w r sect henc ■ (o the principal cities by the Washington ageat of the Associated Press, and that the Reals were not broken until full official authority was given to do so, and that was at an hour j when there could be no premature disclosure I of their contents, against which the most sol emn honor was pledged, nor is it known that any of the agents disregarded the obligations imposed. When the Clerk of the House be gan to read the message, copies in pamphlet form were supplied the members, who hurried ly approached the distributing messengers for their supply. The Postmaster General’s report shows the liabilities for mail service in tho late insur gent States for the year ending 30th of June last, were only jf7S,383 in excess of net revenue from postage in that section. Tlie welcoming banquet to Congress took place to-night in a t mporary frame building corner of Seventh street and Pennsylvania av enue. Five tables extended the length ot the hall, at which three or four hundred ladies and gentlemen were seated. Gen. Hiram Wal bridgo, of New York, did the honors as Presi dent of the f ast, and made the address of wel come. In the course of his remarks he said: “Dur ing the war Jeff. Davis was commander-in chief of the rebel army, with Lee as his prin cipal adviser. Now, Andrew Johnson was their commander-in-chief, while poor old Wool -was their principal national adviser; and for the navy they had Semmes, and Welles. The people were to decide whether they would have Andrew Johnson for President or as King for they were told theyjhad no other course left. He wanted the enconeagcment of the soldiers, for the army consisted of citizens as well as soldiers. The army had a few mercenary offi cers, like the Steedmans, the Dixes and the Woods, hut if the Government were to order Grant, or Howard, or Farragut to do its treach erous work, they would break their swords sooner than obey. With Sheridan for a leader, and 23,000 or 50,000 colored soldiers, they would defy Andrew Johnson and all who would fol low him.” CENTRAL ANdToUTHAMERICA, Peruvian and Chilian A flairs-Marriage of Gen. Kilpatrick—The Archbishop of Bogota Baitishe.fi. New York, Dec. 3. The steamer Arizona brings the following: The Peruvian elections had euded in the tri umph of Prado. Peace negotiations with Spain were still go ing on. Spain has proposed to abandon the revolu tionary claims, amounting to eighty millions of dollars, and allow the Courts of Justice to settle private claims, but it is believed that as Peru still continues war preparations, she would not accept these propositions. Gen. Castelo is banished to Chiloe. A raid on Cuba is warmly advocated by par ties in Santiago, Chili. Senor Matta, a Chilian Congressman, offer ed a resolution requesting the Cabinet Minis ters to resign, and bitterly assailing President Peres. Tho Peruvian conspirators hal arrived un der guard at Valparaiso. Gen. Kilpatrick was to have been married to a Chilian lady on the 2d; and a Gen. Vickers, an attache of Legation and resident of Phila delphia, was to have been married on the ltith to a sister of General Kilpatrick’s intended bride. News from Central America is not impor tant. The Guatemala Congress met on the 19th ol November. On the 1st and 19th ult., sharp shocks of earthquakes were felt in Salvador. Guseman had been elected President of Ni caragua. In Bogota the Archbishop had been expelled the State, and his palace and archives seized. A movement wqjs expec ted among Mosqae ro’s friends to revolutionize the government and make him monarch. municipal Election* in M nsaacbiiKett*< New Bedford, Dec. 3. The municipal election held in this city to-day, was very quiet. The citizens’ ticket met with no opposition except in a few ward nominations. Hon. John H. Perry was re elected mayor, receiving 827 votes; scattering, two. All the Aldermen and all the Common Couneilmen hut two on the ticket were elect ed. Fall RrvER, Dec. 3. Dr. G. D. Fairbanks, the Republican nomi nee, was elected Mayor to-day, by a majority of 469 over Robert Adams. Lawrence, Mass., Dec. 3. The vote of Lawrence for Mayor, to-day, is as follows: N. P. H. Melvin, (dem.) 960. L. A. Bishop, (rep.) 831. Probably a majority in both Aldermen and Council. Springfield, Dec. 3. Mayor A. D. Briggs was re-elected to-day by a majority of 293, in a total vote of 1739; A. J. Folsom wa3 re-elected Clerk and Treas urer by a unanimous vote. The entire Repub lican ticket was also elected, except that Win. Henry is elected in Ward 4, instead of G. R. Townsley. Tadnton, Mass. G. H. Bennett, wqs re-elected Mayor to-day, without opposition, together with the full Re publican ticket, Boston, Dec. 3. At the eledflbn in Cambridge to-day, Par inonter was elected Mayor. He was citizens’ candidate, aud his plurality is 39.1. Rufus 8. Frost was elected Mayor of Chelsea, without opposition, there being only one other can li date, the citizens’. Tbc Associated Peru Affitir. New York, Dec. 3. The Associated Press quarrel excites but lit tle interest here. The policy of the Associated Press has not changed. The World announced this morning that it would take Craig’s news, and it was dismissed immediately from the Association. The Herald, Times and Tribune, it is under stood, bad a conference to-day, and agreed to interchange all special despatches and send them,over the country. They also agreed to advance one hundred thousand dollars each during the next three months towards strength ening and developing the facilities of the Asso ciation. At the conference it was felt that the contest is not with the press of the country but to prevent the creation of a one man tyranny over news like that exercised by Mr. Reuter in Europe. The most liberal arrangements are being made with all the papers that remain true to the Associated Press. j Delegations from the West are here protest ! ing against the action of Messrs. Halstead and i White. The action of the Herald, Tribune and Times, i of course, ends the contest, and it is now said that Mr. Craig will continue to send only com mercial despatches and ship news. FROM EUROPE news by the cable. Paris, Dec. 2.—A dispatch from America con cerning the occupation of Matamoras by the United States troops caused a marked sensa tion here. London, Dec. 2.—All the regular troops in this city will be strictly confined to the precincts of their barracks during the reform meeting which takes place here on Monday. Lieut. Maury, late rebel naval commaigler, has arrived in London. It is quite probable that troops will be sent to Liverpool and Glasgow, on account of the tad feelings that prevail among the Irish in those cities. Many arrests of Fenians have been made by the government in Ireland. New Yobk, Dec. 3.
The World publishes the following special: Liverpool, Dec. 2.—There is an indication oi trouble here from the Irish population, and precautionary steps are being taken by the gov ernment with the view to its prompt suppres sion. The countermanding of the order for vol unteers to leave for Ireland is made in this connection, as their services may be needed at home. London, Dec, 2.—Col. Meaneys, a weli known prominent Fenian, has been arrested by gov ernment officials here, and placed in Blackwell Piison under a strong guard. Dublin, Dec. 2.—There is great excitement here relative to the activity of English officials in making arrests of persons believed to be im plicated in the Fenian movement. A great many arrests have been made all over the coun try and they grow more numerous hourly. LoftnoN, Dec. 3. A grand reform demonstration took place to-day. It was participated in by all the trade societies. It was the most important affair of 1 the kind ever held in this city. Full 60,000 people marched in procession to the place of the meeting, and there would have been thouc : ands more had the weather been fair. There were forty-seven societies of the Reform League, all divided into four grand divisions with bands of music, banners, mottoes, Sec.— At noon the multitude stretched from St. James’Park, along Pall Mall, Picadilly and other principal streets to the grounds of the l Beaufort House in the suburbs of the city, where an immense meeting is now in progress. Several platforms have been erected, from which more than fifty have made addresses.— The stores all along the line of march were closed, but the streets were alive with people , and the windows filled with spectators. Great enthusiasm was manifested, but the immense crowds were orderly and no disturbance occur red. The stars and stripes were borne in the procession, and among the airs played by the . various bands was the '’Wearing of the Green.” . Address of Hon. A* J. Hamilton of Texas. _ r Boston, Dec. 3. Hon. A. J. Hamilton, of Texas, de ivered an address oil t: Suffrage and Reconstruction,1’ by invitation of the Impartial Suffrage Club, this ^evening, in Tremont Temple. The author of the Constitution, he said, could not bo justly oharged with any evil or wrong which has ex isted within the ^jurisdiction of the Govern ment of the United States. We should be thankful that they did not set up a government which in itsjspirit proclaimed liberty and equal ity to all. He held that the Constitution con ferred upon the Government far more power than the most liberal constructionists had ever claimed before. He wanted the psesent dis eased state of affairs in the South treated by radical remedies to effect a lasting cure. It seemed to br impossible with many people when dealing with this queston of impartial suffrage to separate the present condition of the negroes from their former condition as Blaves. States are stewards of the General Government, and may be held at any tjme to strictest accountability. The power of the States to determine who are to exerciss the right of voting within their limits does not permit any State to pftvent any citizen from exercising the franclfisc iu violation of the great principles of a Republican Government. Its General Government has absolute oontrol of the whole subject matter. Under the Con stitution no State can commit an infraction upon any one ot the rights of a citizen enume teited in the Constitution if Congress|oondemns the act. No State should be admitted into the Union (ill its-Constitution contaius guarantees ,*re calculated not to disfranchise the great mass nf tne people, and placet , the Govemtaentin the bands oi an oligareny. Every State must bow to the judgment of Con gress without appeal. He claimed the consti tutional right of every citizen to demand the privilege of the franchise upon equal t rms with those of every other citizen. Nor could he be called upon lo answer for the alleged in capacity of tlie negroes to exercise the right, unless the same test is applied to all citizens. He was neither the eulogist nor the apologist of the negroes. He would not affirm that at the South they were highly intelligent or mor al, lor it were true they would be the greatest race history makes a mention of. Cannilinn Affair*. Ottawa, Dec. 3. The discount on American invoices for the ensuing week, is declared to be twenty-seven per cent. The weather has suddenly changed to very cold. The navigation on the upper river closed on Saturday. The canal will probably close in a few days. Sweetsbuuo, C. E., Dec. 3. A special term of the Court of Queen’s Bench commenced this morning. As the grand jury having been sworn in Judge JobnBon delivered his charge. He remarked there were other ca ses, sixteen in number, of persons accused of the highest and most serious denomination— cases which occurred at different places on the border. They are for the general public a mat ter of history, ahd were au outrage upon the public and ourselves, and we were threatened by the very wantoness of wickedness without excuse. The charges laid against these men are at alt times heinous and detestable, and their form has been simplified liv legislation sufficient to meet the exigency. You must in quire first, was there a lengthy war or a hostile purpose ? Second, were the prisoners impli cated or not? He then defined the nature of war and the kinds of testimony. The Court then adjourned. Eight of the Fenian prisoners will be tried as British subjects and American citizens. I n* of Steamship Scotland. New Yobk, Nov. 3. Steamship Scotland lies on Outer Middle, about three-quarters of a mile E.S.Efrom San dy Hook, and is full of water. She will be a total loss. She has a strong list off shore and is fast tilling with sand. Capt. Merritt, agent of the underwriters, has the wreck in charge, and will get from her so much of her cargo and material as possible. Her passengers were brought to the city Sunday night and landed on the company’s wharf, where they were transferred with their baggage to the compa ny’s steamer Queen, which leaves for Liver pool on the 8th, Those of them who desire to go forward in her may do so, and those who elect to remain will have their passage money returned, at the company’s office. New York Items. New YorA, Deo. 3. The Brooklyn Flint Glass Works were al most entirely destroyed by fire at four o’olock this morning. Loss ascertained to be upwards of half a million. The report of the Secretary of the Treasury is regarded as likely to have an extremely fa vorable effect on public credit. Tne opinion expressed by the Secretary that specie pay ments should he resumed July 1st, 18fi8, is va riously discussed, and the prevailing opinion is that within that time our 7-30's, and compound notes cannot be paid. It is rumored that Mr. McCulloch is selling gold secretly to depress the premium, but there is no authority for this. Mexican Affairs. New Orleans, Dec. 3. There are rumors here that Maximilian has acceded to the wishes of the conservative parr ty, and returned to Mexico for the purpose of j carrying on the Empire. Special instructions have been issued to the commander of our troops on the Rio Grande, with reference to Mexican affairs; that he is to 1 abstain from any interference whatever in the affairs of the country, unless ordered from ; headquarters to do so. - Election of n l;. 8. Senator. Tallahassee. Dec. 1. Gov. Marvin was re-elected 0. 8. Senator from this State on the first ballot. The Judge however, will remain at home till the qnestian of admission of the Southern Senators and Representatives is decided. Sale of the Betel Navy at Auction. Charlotte, N. 0., Dec. 3. | The rebel navy, so called, at this place, was I sold at auction by Maj. J. P. Johnston, 0. S. Q. I M. It realized 34,000. One of the principal , purchasers was the son of Commodore Wilkes. The Christian Mirror of to-day has a re port of Mr. Fenn’s Thanksgiving Sermon. For | sale at Lancaster Hall. • Brown’s Bronchial Troches clear and give strength to the voice of Singers, and are indispensable to Pub lic Speakers. “I recommend their ubc to Pnblic Speakers." Rev. E. H. Chapin. I ‘’They have suited my case exactly, relieving my throat, and clearing the voioe so that I could sing with case." T. Ducharme, Chorister French Parish Church, Montreal. Sold by all Dtalejs in Medicines. dec3eodlwAw POR TLAND AND VK'IXITY. Wi*w AdveriinruiPiiiH Ts-Dny. NEW ADVERTISEMENT COLUMN. Paints and Oils—Crafts 4- Williams. Montreal Oceau Steamship Co. Hats and Caps—Harris A Waterhouse. For Sale—Sleighs and Pangs. Special Notice—New Church. M. C. M. A.—Staled Meetiug. To Let—Piano. Stockholders' Meeting. E. S. Hatch, M. D. U. S. Marshal's Notice. Brown’s Bronchial Troches. Board—70 Pleasant street. Auction Sah—Henry Bailey & Son. For Sale—Sails, &c. Reconstructed on the old Ground. THE COURT*}. UNITED STATES-COMMISSIONEB’S COURT. WM. H. CLIFFORD, E8Q., COMMISSIONER. The case of William T. Cavan, of Bath, for carry ing on the trade of a retail liquor dealer without a U. S. Internal Revenue license, which was conttauod from November 22d to December .°»d, was resumed and finished yesterday. In default of sureties in the sum of $1000 for Ills appearam e at the D strict Court of the United Stales to-day, he was committed. U1TV AFFAIRS. The regular monthly meeting of the City Council woe held Monday evening, Dec. 3. IN BOARD OF MAYOR AND ALDERMEN. Mr. Thomas Lynch, elected Alderman of Ward 6, to fill the unexpired term of Alderman Southard, resigned, appeared, was qualified and took his seat. Aidermaa Lynch was appointed on the several Committees, of which Alderman Southard had been a member. On the request of Mr. Shea for permission to erect a wooden building on Pearl street, leave to withdraw was voted. The Joint Standing Committee on Laying out New Streets, reported in favor ot continu ing Danforth street to Cotton street, by taking oil land on the South side of Fore street at the toot of Centre street. They award Win. Loi rigan $743, and the ltichardson Wharf Com pany $600. lteport accepted. The same committee also reported in favor of a new street on Peak’s island, awarding no damages to any one whose land it passes over. The Committee on Judicial Proceedings re £orted leave to withdraw on claim of John tussey, for damages in blowing up a stable owned by him. Also leave to withdraw on pe tition of Margaret McDonough for damages in blowing up her house. Keport accepted. Orders Passed—Laying out a street on Peak’s Island; continuing Danforth street to Cotton street; changing tire name of Lime street to Market street; that the extension of Dan iorth street as made at this meeting be known as Fore street; to pay John C. Schawrtz $123 for damages sustained by him in removing his building from Newbury street; directing the Committee on New Streets to grade High s.reet from Congress street, also to grade Cumberland street through to High street, if they deem tire same expedient; directing the Committee on Laying out Streets, &<■., to changing the name of Peach street so that it may not be confound ed with Beach street. Petitions Presented and Referred— Of Pearson & Smith for additional award lor land taken to widen new Pearl street; of W. B. Havden for Sermission to remqve a tree; ef Isaac F. Stur ivaut & als. for a public way from Fore to Franklin street; of T. C. Hersey & als. that Emery street may be graded as soon as possi ble; of William H. Weeks & als. that vesper street may be graded; of Bcthuel Sweetsertor remuneration for damage to his property by raising the grade of Fore street; of Davkl Tucker & als. that a hearing may lie given Mrs. Morrill upon the damages awarded hor for land taken for widening Sumner street; of George Fickett for payment of his hill for dam ages in blowing up a building owned by him; of 8. M. Warren for damages in blowing up a building owned bv her, and for increase of award lor land taken to widen Congress street. Charles \Yr. Lawrence was licensed as a*i auctioneer. James Tobin was appointed an undertaker. The nomination of It. Samuel Rand, Fore man, and Charles E. Soiuerby, Clerk, of steam fire engine No. 1, were approved. George H. Caminett was appointed a oolice man. Xb® Mayor oommoBaeated to the Board that Allen Haines, Esq., had presented the city with a granite column. The matter was re ferred to the Committee on Streets, &c., to de cide what disposition should be made of the column. A communication was received from the Ov erseers of the Boor, recommending the pur chase of a gore of laud to be added to the city farm, the same being offered at eleven cents per foot. Alter some little discussion an order was fmassed authorizing the Mayor to purchase the and. The lot contains about thirty thousand feet. The Board of Common Council concur red in the passage of the order. The petition -for the increase of hackmeu’s i fares was taken from the table, and, alter being discussed, leave to withdraw was voted. The report of the Committee on Streets, dis continuing the old portion of Franklin Street, i from Middle to Fore Street, was taken from the table, and, after some discussiou, was again tabled.—Adjourned. Portland, Dec. 3,1866. Mr. Editor .‘—Noticing an article in tlie Press of last Saturday, headed “ How shall people get to meeting.” and being included among the “ women” that may have to walk to church this winter through the snow and all sorts of weather, unless the horse cars should run to accommodate us at meeting hours, 1 take the liberty for once of addressing you, just to give a few facts for consideration. One would sup pose, from reading the above named article, that the Westbrook people were greatly accom modated On the Sabbath; but to us who are obliged to take a Westbrook car occasionally, we cannot be made to believe that we are Irene fitted but a precious little by the Sunday car. Not long since a number of us “women and children” were obliged to get out ot the car about half wav from the city, and walk to the Woodford’s Corner Church, because the car was so filled with rowdies, and they were so saucy that wo would not allow ourselves to ride in such company. The rowdies, consist ing both of girls and boys, invariably take up the seats, while the women and children going to church must stand, as many of us can testi fy. Nine-tenths of tho people who travel in tne cars on the Sabbath are not church goers. Furthermore, of all the places of rowdyism and nltn to ue lound in our city, is the horse railroad depot on Sundays. Peanuts, candy, and a little of everything is to be sold there on that day, and there is not a spot for a body to sit or stand without getting into tobacco juice. Can you blame us for scolding? We politely requested the railroad directors, a long time ago, to attend to this matter, aud of «which they are aware, through the post-office, saying that we would not lay the subject before the Sublic if they would keep order at the office or epot Sundays; but it has never been reme died, and now has become a great nuisance. I wish to sav that the horse railroad could be an accommodation of the first degree it the direc tors would attend to their dutyr then there would be no “moral objections” to the cars car rying us to and from Church. ^n the early settlement of our country the greatest anxiety was, how our people could get enough of good wholesome food. Now the manner of living has changed, so that many people really suffer, and enough of every kind around them. Why is this? It is because their food distresses them. Buy one bottle of Main’s Elderberry Wine and you will get relief. Then buy a case. dec4tf Carelessness.—Last evening Chief Engi neer Bogers discovered on the top of a build ing, live coals floating freely about. On going np be discovered that the men engaged in tin ning the roof, had left their hod of charcoal exposed to sparks from the small furnace and that the charcoal had caught fire. Such care' lessness is not to be excused. Serious Accident.—Mrs. Thurston, wife of John Thurston, in passing along Congress street Sunday evening, on her way to meeting, stumbled and fell over a plank projecting from abnilding erecting by the city. One nfher arms was badly broken. Here will be a case for damages against the city. Hats, Caps, &c.—Messrs. Harris & Water house have just received a splendid lot of hats, caps and furs at their new store, No. 12 Ex change street, which they are jobbing at low prices. Davis & Co, have a nice assortment of black kid gloves, which they are selling for $1.25 per pair; good breakfast shawls for $1.75, and a lot oi clouds for $1.00. Mr. A. T. Hall may now be found at his old number, but new store, No. 1 Milk street, where he will be happy to see his friends and former customers. See advertisement. IT. S. District Court —The December term of this Court opens its session in this city to day, Judge Fox presiding. Message of the President ! OF THE Toil'll Mtnti* to lli« Two IIoqmch of Coo* <CrcM, at the Commeuccuieut of tbc, Sec* •ail S cm ion. Fellow Citizens of the Senate and House of Hep* resmtatires: After a brief interval the. Congress of the United States resumes its annual legislative la bors. Au all-wise and niercifkil Providence hat abated the pestilence which visited our shores, leaving its calamitous traces upon some por tions oi our country. Peace, order, trauqilili tv, and civil authority have lx*en formally de t lured to exist throughout the whole or the United States. In all of the States civil au thority lias superceded the coercion of anus, and the people, by their voluntary action, are maintaining their governments in full activity and complete operation. The enforcement ot the laws is no longer ‘'obstructed in any State by combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary ecu sc of judicial proceed ings; ’ and the animosities engendered bv the vvar are rapidly yielding to the beneficent in llueiices ot onr free institutions, and to the kindly effects ot unrestricted social and corn- ! mcrcial intercourse. An entire restoration of iraternal tooling must lie the ' arre t wish# ot every patriotic heart; and we will have accom plished our grandest national achievement when, forgetting the sad events of the past, and remembering only their instrnrtive les sons, we resume our onward career as a free prosperous and nnitod people. RECONSTRUCTION. In my message of the 4th of December, 188$, Ceuureaa was informed of the measures which had been instituted by the Rieentive with n view to the gradual restoration of the States iu which tlm insurrection occurred to their re lation wilh the Federal Government. Pro visional Governors had been appointed, con ventions called, Governors elected. Legisla tures assembled, and (donators and Represen tatives chosen to the Congress of the United States. Court3 had been opened Tor the en forcement of laws long in abeyance. The blockade had been removed, custom-houses re established, and the intern al revenue laws put :n force, in order that the people might con tribute to the national income. Postal opera tions had been renewed, and efforts were being made to restore them to their former condition of efficiency. The States themselves had been asked to take part in the high function of amending the Constitution, and of thu ■ sanc tioning the extinction of African slavery as one ol the legitimate results of our internecine struggle. .•.mu- inv^rrwu runs iar, me Hixeeutiw Dcpaitiucnt found that it had aceomrdishcd nearly all that was within,tie scope of its con stitutional authority. One thing, however, yet remained to lie don.* before the work of restor ation could be completed, and that was the ad mission to Congress of loyal Scuatoisaml Rep resentatives from the States whose people had rebelled against the lawful authority of the General Government. This question de volved upon the respective Houses, which, by the Constitution, aie made the judges of ll»e elections, returns, and qualifications of their own members; and its consideration at once engaged the attention of Congress. In the meau time tiie Executive Department no other plan having been proposed by Con gress-continued its efforts to perfect, as far as was practicable, the restoration of the proper relations between th» citizens of the respective States, the States, and the Federal Govern ment, extending, from time no time, as the public intdrests seemed to require,'he judicial, revenue, and ijostul systems of the country.— With the advice and consent of the Senate, the necessary officers were appointed,-and ap preciations made by Congress for the pay ment of their salaries. The proposition to amend the Federal Constitution, so as to pre vent the existence of slavery within the Unit ed States or any place subject to their jurisdic tion, was ratified by the requisite number of States; and on the I8tb Day of December, 1*01, it was officially declared to have become valid as a part of the Constitution of the Uuit edjStai.es. All of the States in which the in surrection had existed promptly amended their Constitutions, so as to make them con form to the great change thus effected in the organic law of the land; dccl ired null and void all ordinances and laws of secession; reptuli ated all protended debts and obligations creat ed for the revolutionary purposes of the insur rection; ami nropeedciU in good faith, to the enactment of fneiflRiii"' #br ttt?* proitn*tton tiuh amelioration of tit* condition of the colored race. Congress, however, yet hesitated to ad mit any of these States to representation; and it was not until towards the close of the eighth month of the session that an exception was made in favor of Tennessee, by the admission of her Senators and Representatives. I deem it a subject ot profound regret that Congress has thus far failed to admit to seats loyal Senators and Representatives from the other States, whose inhabitants, with those of Tennessee, had engaged in the rebellion. Ten States—more than one-fourth of the whole uuiMiH.i—ruiiiiuii nmmui repregeuvauoii; me t seats of fifty members in tin; House of Kepre senfatives and of twe nty members in the Sen ate are yet vacant -not by their own consent, not by a failure of election, hut by the refusal of Congress to accept their credentials. Their admission, it is believed, would have accom plished much towards the renewal and strength ening of our relations as one people, and re moved serious cause lor discontent on the part of the inhabitants of those States. I; would have accorded with the gi eat principle enunci ated in the Declaration of American Indepen dence, that no people ouht to bear the burden of t ration, and yet he denied the right of rep resentation. It woiiM have been in consonance with the express provisions of tho Constitution, that “each State shall have at least one ltepre sentative,” and “that no State, without its con sent, shall he deprived of ^ts equal suffrage in the Senate.” These provisions were intended to secure to every State, and to the people of every State, the right of representation in each House of Congress; aud so important was it deemed by the framers of the Constitution that the equality at the States in the Senate should be preserved, that not even by an amendment ot the Constitution can any State, without its consent, be denied a voice iii that branch of the National Legislature. It is true, it has boon assumed that the exist ence of the States was terminated by the re bellious acts of their inhabitants, and that the insurrection h iving been suppressed, they wore thenceforward to be considered merely as con quered territories. The Legislativ ■, Executive and Judicial Departments oi'tha Government have, however, with great distinctness and un iform consistency, refused to sanction an as sumption so incompatible with the nature ot our republican system, and with the professed i ouiecta 01 tne war. Throughout the recent leg islation of Congress, the undeniable fact makes itself apparent, that these ten political com nraciUes are nothing less than States of this Union. At the very commencement of the re bellion, each House declared, with a unanimity as remakable as it was significant, that the war was not “waged, upon our part, in any spirit of oppression, nor for any purpose of conquest or subjugation, nor purpose of overthrowing or interfering with the rights or established insti tutions of those States, lmt to dofeud and main tain the supremacy of tho Constitution and all laws made in pursuance thereof, and to pre serve the Union with all the diguity, equality and rights of the several States unimpaired*; and as soon as these objects" were “accomplish ed|the war ought to cease.' In some instances, Senators were permitted to continue their leg islative functions, while in other instances Rep resentatives wore elected and admitted to6eats after their States had formally declared their right to withdraw from tho Union, and were endeavoring to maintain that right by force of arms. All of the States whose people were in insurrection, as States, were included in the apportionment of the direct tax of twenty wil lioas of dollars annually laid npon tho United States by the act approved 6tn August, 1861. Congress, by the act of March 4,186a, and by the apportionment of representation thereun der, also recognized their presence as States in the Union; end they have,for judicial purposes, been divided into districts, as Slates alone can be divided. The same recognition appears in the reeent legislation in reference to Tennes see, which evidently rests upon the fact that the functions of the State w ire not destroyed by the rebellion, hut merely suspended ; and that principle is of course applicable to those States which, like Tennessee, attempted to re nounce their places in tho Union. The action of the Executive Department of the Government upon this subject lias been equally definite and uniform, and the purpose of the war was specifically stated in the Proc lamation issued by my predecessor on the 221 day of September, 1862 It was then solemnly proclaimed and declared that “hereafer, as heretofore, the war will be prosecuted for tho object of practically restoring the constitution al relation between the United States ami each of the States and the people thereof, in which Stab's that relation is or may be suspended or disturbed.” The recognition of the States by the Judicial Department of the Government has also been clear and conclusive inall proceedings affecting them as States, had in the Supreme, Circuit and District Courts. In the admission of Senators and Represen tatives from any and all of the States, there can 1® no just ground of npprohensinn that persons who are disloyal will be clothed with the powers of legislation; for this could not happen when the Constitution and the laws are enforced liy a vigilant and faithful Con gress. Each Honse is made the “judge of the elections, returns, ami qualifications of ibs own members,” and may, “with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member." When a Sena tor or Representative presents his certificate of election, he may at once I* admitted or re jected; or. should there 1® any question as to his eligibility, his credentials may be referred for investigation to the appropriate commit tee. If admitted to a seat, it must be upon ev idence satisfactory to the House of which he thus becomes a member, that he possesses Hie requisite constitutional and legal nualiflca tions If refused admis ion as a member for ; , “UV allegiance to the Government, monl»£t?»iI1!° COI*s,ituents, they are ad Uuii(sl st^at n?,uu 1,1,1 persons loyal to iho W3ltpl5r? W,“,je ^owed a voice in the political mwA.Ifj ot tl,e and the S X! »a'ld moral Intluenco of Col csts Of lovaltv<f?'«i,1V#\y *:xcrted in tho iot ir to the Union* U^n ?mI*rWn6?‘ au,i &»«»'? SS!x£vSr&vwteK SaSsSBSfittfsr. saKS7«,rt;:aS'i*5 members to seats in the respective Houses i Congress was wise and expedient a year a-o it is no less wise and expedient now. If .cd anomalous condition is light now -:f in t[,,. cx ict condition of these States at the’present time, it is lawlui to exclude them from ropre! seutation. I do not see that 'lie question will bo changed by tlie efflux of time. Tea years hence, if these States remain an they are, tin right of representation will be no stronger— 'he right of exclusion will be no weaker. >“ Constitution of the United States malres it the duty of the President to recommotid to tlu! consideration of Congress ‘‘such measure * asue shall judge noces-ary or expedient.'’ I Know of HO measure moro imperative! de manded by every consideration of natioual in terest, sound policy, and cquiff*ju3tice, than n,,‘,nbers from the now ISaw1! State*. This would consuni 01 r*.aturat.ion, and exert a most salutary influence in the re-establishment of peace, harmony aud fraternal feeling. Jt would tend greaily to renew the eonfi.lSoc of tT.WI2u people in the vigor and stability ot their institutions. It won] I bind us more closely together as a nation, and enable us io show to tlie world the inherent uad reoupera tiye power of a Government foui dod upon the Will of the people, aud established upon the pnucip.es ot liberty, justice and Intelligence. Our increased strength and euh uiced nrospt i - uy would irrefragably demonstrate the falfa y ot the argum nts against lieu institutions drawn lroiu our re:cnt national disorders by the tummies of republican government. Th« admission of loyal members from the States now excluded from Congress, by allaying doubt and apprehension, would turn capital now awaiting an opportunity for investment, iiilo tho channels ot trade and industrv It would alleviate the present troubled condition !!iau'’ b?,i',4',ci,,g emigration, ■ml in tho settlement of fertile regions now un cultivated, and lead to an increased proilnc tion ot those ‘tuples which have added so greatly to the wealth of the nation and tlie commerce of the world. New fields of enter prise would be opened to our progressive peo plo, and .soon the devastations of war would be repaired, and all traces of our domoatic dif ferences effaced from the mi ud* of our couu try me ii. 9TATE RIO UTS. ruuim ill preserve •• Hie unitv of Gov ernment which constitutes us one people ” by restoring the States to the Condition which they held prior to the rebellion, wo should be cautious, lest, having rescued ouv nation from perils of threatened disintegration, we resort to consolidation, and in ilie end absolute despot ism, as a remedy for the recurrence of similar troubles. Tile war having terminated, an i with it all occasion for the exercise of powers of doubtful constitutionality, wc should hasten to bring legislation within the boundaries pro scribed by the Constitution, anil to return to tbo ancient landmarks established by our fatU the guidance of succeeding generations. The Constitution which at any time exists, until changed by an explicit and uuthcntic act of the whole people, is sacredly obligatory up iiii all.” “If, in the opinion ot the people, Die distribution or modification of the constitution al powers be, in any particular, wrong, let it lie corrected by an amendment in the way in which the Constitution designates.” But let there ho no change by usurpation; for “ it is :he customary weapon by which free Govern ments are destroyed.” Waohmgton spoke these words to bis countrymen, when, followed by tlieir love and gratitude he voluntarily retired from the cares of public life. “To keep in all things within the pale of the constitution'll powers, and cherish the Federal Union as the only rock of safety,” were prescribed by Jeffer son as rules of action to endear to his “coun trymen tbo true principles of their Cnnstitil £!”"• anil prom .te.a>i>hui nCsanfinumr mil ac tion equally ausp cuius to then happiness anil safety. Jackson held that the action of the General Gnvmm"nt should always lie strictly confined to the sphere of its appropriate duties aud justly and forcibly urged that our Govern ment is not to be maintained nor our Union preserved “ by invasion ol the rights and pow ers of the several States. In thus attempting to make our General Government strong, wc make it weak. Its true strength consists in leaving individuals and States as much as pos sible to themselves; in inakiug itself felt, not iu its power, hut iu its beneficence; not in its control,but in its protection; not in binding the State more rloscly to the centre, lint leav ing each to move unobstructed in Its proper constitutional orbit;” These are the teachings ol men whose deeds and services have made thorn illustrious, and who, long since with drawn from the scenes of life, have left to their country the rich legacy of their example, then wisdom, and their patriotism. Drawing fresh t inspiration from their lessous, let us emulate thorn iu love of country and respect for the Constitution and the laws. TUB KATIONAL TIN.fttOBS. The report of the Secretary of tho Treasnry afl’ords much informal ion respecting the reve nue aud commerce of tho country. His views upon the currency, aud with reference to a proper adjustment of our revenue system, in ternal as well as impost, are commanded to the caretul consideration of Congress. In my last annual message I expressed my general views upon these subjects. I need now only call attention to the necessity of carrying into every department of tho Government a system ofrigid accountability, thorough retrenchment, and wiso economy. With no exceptional uor unusual expenditures, ilie oppressive burdens of taxation can be le ssened by such a modifica tion of our revenue laws as will be consistent with the public faith, and the legitimate and necessary wants of tbo Government. The report pi-eseni* a muoli more satisfacto ry coudition ot our liuancos than one year ago the most sanguine could have anticipated. Din ing the fiscal year ending tho 30th June, 18*16, the last year of the war, the uubllo debt was increased $9«,90'2,537, and on the 31st of Octo ber, 1865, it amounted to $3,740,854,750. On tbo 31st day of October, ItSbG, it bad been reduced to S3,551,310,00(5, tlie diminution, durlug a pc riod of fourteen months, commencing 8,'pteai ber 1,1865, and ending October 31,1866, having been $206,379,565. In the last annual report on the state of the finances. It was estimated that during the three quarters of the fiscal yearend ing the 30th of June last, the debt would be in creased 8112,191,947. Daring that period, how ever, it was reduced $31J90.387, the receipts of the year having been $89,905,905 morii, ucd the expenditures $200,529 “35 less than the rati muuja, nuimuK couiu more clearly indicate than these statement*; the extent ami availabil ity of the national resources, and tho rapidity and'safety with which, under our form of gov ernment, great military and naval establish ments can be disbanded, and expenses reduced from a war to a peace footing. During the fiscal year ending the 30th of June, 1866, the receipts were *538,032,620, nud the expenditures *620,750,040, leaving an avail able surplus of $37,281,680. It isostimaied that the receipts for the fiscal year ending the 3Ct!i June, 1867, will be $473,061,380,and that the ex penditures will reaeh the sum of $318,428,078, leaving in the Treasury a surplus of $158,633, 308. For the fisoai year ending June 30,1808, it is estimated that the receipts will amouDt to *4.’56,000,000, and that the expenditures will he $350,247,641—showing an excess of *83,732.36:1 in favor of the Government. These estimated receipts may be diminished by a reduction of excise and import duties; but ultir all reces sary reductions shall have been made, tho rev enue of the present and of following years will be sufficient to cover ail legitimate charges upon tho Treasury, and leave a large annual surplus to be applied to the payment of tho principal of tho debt. There seems now to bn no good reason why taxes may not be reduoed as the country advances in popelatlon and wealth, and vet the debt be extinguished with in the next quarter of a century. TH* ARMY. Thu report of the Secrotary of War tarnishes valuable and Important information in refer ence to the operations of his Department dur ing the past year. Few volunteers now remain in the service, and they are being discharged as rapidly as they can be replaced by regiilur troops. The army lias been promptly paid, carefully provided with medical treatment, well sheltered and subsisted, and Is to be fur nished with breech- loading small arms. The military strength of tho nation has been unim paired by the discharge of volnnteers, the dis position of unserviceable or perishable stores, and tlie retrenchment of expenditure. Suffic ient war material to meet any emergency lias been retained, and, from the disbanded volun teers standing ready to respond to the national call, largo armies can be rapidly organized, equipped and concentrated. Fortifications on the coast and frontier have recelvod, or aro bo inc prepared for more powerful armaments; lake surveys and harbor and river improve ments are in course of energetic proseoutioo. Preparations have been made lor the payment of the additional bounties authorized during the recent session of Congress, under such reg ulations as will protect the Government from fraud, and secure to the honorably discharge l soldier the well-earned reward of his fa thful ness and gallantry. More than six thou-and maimed soldiers have receivisl artificial limbs or other surgical apparatus; and forty-one na tional cemeteries, containing the remains oi [Concluded on Fourth Page.]