Newspaper of Portland Daily Press, March 20, 1867, Page 1

Newspaper of Portland Daily Press dated March 20, 1867 Page 1
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* Established June 23, 1332. Vol. 3. IHk PORTLAND DAILY PRESS is publisliet every day, (Sunday excepted,) at No. 1 Printers Exchange, Commercial Street, Portland. N. A. FOSTER, Proprietor. 'I er ms :—Eight Dollars a year in advance. RffHE MAINE STATE PRESS, is published** the * ime pinco every Thursday morning at $2.00 a yaxi. la variably in advance. Kates of Advertising.—One inch of apace,in length oi ruin in ii. constnuten a “square.” $1.50 per square dally first week: 75 rents per W'ek after; three Insertions, or less, $1.00; rontinu I ig every oilier day alter first work, 50 rents. Halt square, three insertions or less, 75 cents; one Week, $1.00; 50 cents per week alter. Under head of “Amusements,’ $2 00per square per week; three Insertions or less, $1.50. Special Notices,$1.25 per square for the first in sertion. and 25 cents per square for each subsequent insertion. Advertisements inserted in the “Maine STATU Press” (which has a large circulation in every par ol the Slate)for $1.00 per square for first insertion mol50cents per square lor each subsequent imm tiofl. BUSINESS ( AHIIv C. J. SC HU ill AC I ILK, F It E$€0 PA I AT Fit. Oflce at the Drug Store of Messrs. A. G. Schlotter beck 6c Co., JIOII fongrinN Si, Portland; ^Ic, ja!2dtf One door above Drown. u. m. niti: wi: it, (Successors to J. Smith & Co.) Iflaiiuiucturer of Leniher IMtiiiN. Also tor sale Belt Leather, Backs & Sides, Lace Leather, lilVETM •■id Kills, sept3dtt n III I r.u«m> Nlrwl. W. jp. FREEMAN & CO., Upholsterers and Manutaclurers ot FUENITUKE, LOUNGES, BED-STEADS Bpring-Beds, Mattresses, Few Cushions, No. 1 Clnpp’M Ulorli-foot t'ht'Hiuul Street, Portland. Fiiehman, D. W. Deane. C. L. Quikbv. _u_n A. N. NOYES & SON, Afcmutacturers and dealers In Stoves, Ranges & Furnaces, Can be found in their new nt/iLDinru on Li:nK ht., (OpjKttite t he Market.; Where they will be pleased to see al{ their former customers ami receive orders as usual. augl7dtf n CHASE, CRAW & STURTEVANT, GENERAL Commission Merchants, Wldgery’s Whart, Fouti.and, S1k. oel led 11 HOWARD d> CLEAVES, Attorneys & Counsellors at Law, PORTLAND, M !NE. Office No. 30 Exchange Street, Joseph Howard, j vlitt n Nathan Cleaves. M. PEARSON, Gold and Silver Plater —AND— Manufacturer of Silver Ware, Temple Street, first tloor from Congress Street PORTLAND, ME. May 19—tUy n DRS. PEIRCE & FERNAED, DJESTISTS, NO. 17.7 niDDU: RTBCKT. C. N. Peirce. S. C. Fernald. February 21. dtf Deering. Milliken & Co., Wholesale Dry Goods, 58 & OO 31 idille Street. augol-dtf t’ortlaud, Maine* SHEPLEY & STIC OUT COUNSELLORS AT LAW, O F F I O E , Post Office Building, 2d story; Entrance on Ex change street. «. r. SIIEPLEY. jylltl A. A. 8TROUT. I?. IV. HOBINSON, Counsellor and Attorney at Law, CHADWICK HOUSE, !I40 i'«n grcNN Street* Jan 4—dtf PERCIYAL BONNEY, CoiinsHlor and Attorney at Law. Morton mode, Congress Street, Two Doom above Preble House, PORTLAND, ME. novl9 tf "~DAVIS, MESERVE, HASKELL & 00., Importers and Jobbtrs of Dry Goods and Woolens, Arende 18 Free Street,} F. DAV18, 1 S'.?:S£K£| PORTLAND, MB E. CHAPMAN. I nnvO’OSdtf IF. F. PHILLIPS & CO., Wholesale Druggists, No. 148 Fore Street. oct 17-dtl_ .TOIIN IF, DANA, Counsellor and Attorney at Law, No. 30 Exchange St. Dec 6—(ltf * ROSS *1- FEENY, PLASTERERS, PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL STU000 AND MASTIO WOMENS, Oak Street, between, Oougreaa and Free Sts., PORTLAND, ME. Coloring, Whitening and White-Washing prom pi , y attended to. Orders irom out oi town solicited. May 22—dtl O. «. DOWN ES, MERCHANT TAILOR, nAS REMOVED TO No. 333 1-3 Congress Street, CORNER OF CHESTNNT August 30, 1800. u dtt WM. W. WHIPPLE, Wholesale Druggist, 21 MARKET SQUARE PORTLAND, ME. »Ug2_ tt SMITH & CLARK, Wholesale Dealers in TEAS, COFFEES & SPICES, 108 FORE STREET, PORTLAND, Mb. janH dtf W. W. THOMAS. Jr., Attorney and Counsellor at Law, [Chadwick House,] 240 Congress Street. ootfi-dly O J. V. HODSDOX, It Hoop Skirt Manufucturer, DEALER 1ST English, French and American Corsets, Fancy Goods AND LACES, HOSIERY, GLOVES, And all kinds of TRIMMINGS and Press Huttons. jy Hand-Knit German Worsted Garments mode to order, ty Hoop Skirt* made to order.^J No. II Cl«i|ift*M JBIock, CONGRESS STREET. !el>!3 POBXLAHD, ME_dtl WRIGHT ,(• CLARK. FRESCO l'AUNTEBS, In Oil and Distemper Colors. Also House and .Sign Painters, Morton Clock, two doors above Preble House, Portland, Me. (y We are prepared to design and execute every description ot Wall and Ceiling Decorations, for Churches, Public Huildings,Private ltcsidenees,lhills, &c. Gilding and Embossing on Glass. Ev?r\ de scription of Wood finished in Wax and Oil Filling, and in Varnish or French Polish. jaltk!3m J. 15. PM ISON. JR., A R T 1ST. Studio Xo SO I 1-2 Congress Sired. gy Lessons given in Painting and Drawing. February 1—atf H. 31. l‘AXSOX, STOCK BROKER, No. 30 Exchange Street, PORTLAND ME nogtdt EWIK PIERCE, \ l ioiriey, and Conus,.|ior at Law. No. g Clapps Hloek._ Intel I\i;BI,U!* A WKIIH, Alton,,,, and IJ Counsellor*, at tin- liood) House, (turner ot pongvow sod rUvcmH *ncot, JY# BOSNKSS CAUDS. ! * Page, Richardson & Co., Hunkers & Merchants, 114 STATE STREET, BOSTON. BIU.S OF EXCHANGE on London. Paris, and the principal continental cities. TRAVELER'S CREDITS, lor the us© of Travelers in Ecbofe and the East. commercial credits, /or the purchase of Merchandise m England ami the Continent. All descriptions of MERCHANDISE imported to | order. ADVANCES made on Consignments to Liverpool I ami London. uiarl2d3iu l. r. nno ir.y, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in I Lubricating and Illuminating O I L !S . i07i FOREST., FOOT OF PLUM, CORTLAND, RKi <)FFJCK »»F STATi: AssAYKR. I Portland, Me., March f», 1807. J This is to certify that I have this day tosteda burn ing iluid or oil, with reference to its liability to ex plosion. The oil was introduced into a test tube, the tula* partly burners d in water and beat was applied. The water was raised to the boiling point, and the heat was continued until the tcm|>erature of the oil in the tube was 207 deg. Fahrenheit. Flame was ap plied to the mouth of the tube, but there was not sullicient evolution ol* vapor to take tfre. From the lest I should regard the oil in qne»tlon nsiperlecUy sale for household use, when employed with ordinary care. Signed. IT. T. CUMMINGS, ■RWWP A.»ajer. TYLER,, LAMB & 00., ManufhcturerB of BOOTS AMD SHOES, • and Dealers in Leather and Findings, have removed to 37 & 30 UNION STREET, (former place of htiHiness previous to fire,) where with improved facilities for uiauuftctiiriug, they feel co didcnl that they cun make it an object to the trade lo favor them with their patronage. Portland. March l,l.sG7. mchSdlni SMITH *V LOVETT, Ma u ulactn rers of Hyatt’s Patent Sidewalk Light, Iron Fronts for Jinildintjs, Iron Hour. ....(I Vnulla, Iron Mkuliri-s, II.M-.CII.:; mnekiura, an.l IC.iilcl.-m’ B.-on IVork Cir-uc-rally, 57 Devonshire Street, Boston. AMMI SMITH, fob28U3m» JOSEPH LOVETT. Charles P. Mattocks, ~ Attorney and Counsellor at Law, ■toonv iioi'mi-:, COn. CONGRESS AND CHESTNUT STREETS, M.1 Hit Portland. WALTER COREY & CO, Manufacturers and Dealers in FURNITURE! Looking Glasses, Mattresses, Sirring licds, ilc. Clapp** 1Clo< U, Kunuubue Struct, (Oppogite l'oot of Chestnut,) Peb5d tf_ _PORT LA ND. WILLIAM A. I’KAHtE, JP Li II M II I±J U ! MAKER OF Force Pumps and Water Closets, Warm, lohl anil Nliowur Bafli*, Ha«h Bowls, Brass nn«l Silver ft'lafud Cock*. Every description of Water Fixture lor Dwelling Houses, Hotels and Public Buildings, Ships, etc., ar ranged and sol up in the best manner, and all orders in town or country faithfully executed. Constantly on band Lead Pipes and Sheet Lead and Beer pumps of all kinds. A J o, Tin fcSoofiug, Tin Conductor* ami u<>rL in ilia line done in the best manner, t-i/ All kinds of Jobbing promptly at ended to. WO. ISO l Olili ST., l’ortlaud, Me. _Janl5 dSm w. 11. wood a sox, ~ imoKiits, Ho. 17 S-Pore Street. '*JTU _ GODDARD & HASKELL, LAWYERS, NO. 11. I'KIiC NTItl KT, PORTLAND, Particular attention given to Bankruptcy ap plications and proceedings under the new Bankrupt act of Congress. C. W. GOPDABD. T. II. HASKELL. Portland, March 5, 1867. nichCdtf OUT OF THE EIRE l B. F. SMITH & SON’S New Photograph Rooms, —AT—* NO. 1G MARKET SQUARE. augiu u (1M Glass ©hades & ©tands* JOSEPH STOR Y Manutacturtr and Dealer in Enameled Slate Chimney Pieces, Brackets, Pier Slabs, Grates ind Chialney Tups. Importer and dealer in Eng lish Floor Tiles, German and French Flower Pots, Hanging Vases, Parian. Bisque, and Bronze Statuette and Busts. Glass Shades and Walnut Stands, Bohe mian and Lava Vases and other wares. 112 TEEMUNT STREET Studio Building m;: EidCin Bt lSToN, Mass. A. WILD UR & GO., No 112 Tremont Street, Boston, Importers and Dealers in WELSH ANJft AMERICA* Hooting Nlates ! Gflr All colors and slating nails. attention pud j** stripping. marIBriflm CHARLES H. HOWE, “ C IVi I> E NG1NEE R, OFFICE (AT PRES EXT) No. 4S Pearl St., Portlaud. f3r“ Attention pawl to Engineering anil Surveying in all its brandies. Also to Designs and Superin tending of Buildings. Mandi IS. dlw* B. D. & «i. VEBBILL, Attorneys & Counsellors at Law, Wo. '2+ Exchange st.9 Cortland, Mu. Ocean Insurance Building. March 18 dCm HOLDEN & PEABODY, Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, Office, 22.0 1-2 Cottijress Street, Near the Court House. A. B. HOLDEN. S6p5tftl 1C. C. PEABODY. Collins, miss & Co., Produce k Commission Merchants, Cash Advances Made on- Consignments, 2332$tate St, and 130 Central St, BOSTON. NEW ENGLAND AGENTS FOB THE Nottpariel French Guano. It is claimed that this Fertilizer is superior to any in the market, its virtues and merits over others,be ing to prevent all insects and worms from destroy ing crops or plants without burning or injuring those of (he most delicate nature. It is much stronger than the Peruvian, thereby requiring a less quantity to permanently enrich the soil. Price $GU per ton. Send tor Circular giving full particulars. mrl5d&w3m _ JOHN E. DOW, Jr., Councilor and Attorney at Law, And Solicitor in bankruptcy* JAUNOEY COURT, 13 Wall Ntrrei, - INew York City* SKIT'Commlssioner for Maine and Massachusetts, i Jan. 29 U,tf MFitniLc nmo*saf< ushing (Late Merrill & Small,) Importers and Wholesale Dealers In Fa 11 c.y 1 > 1\V Good s , Gloves, Hosiery, Corsets,i arus, 8M vLL WARES, TRIMMINGS, &c, \o 13 Summer Si., - - - - CO*io\. fol't If.Merrill, I. M. Merrill, A. R. Cushing. eod3m IN III A RUBBER GOODS. H AVING been burned out ol my Rubber Store, in Middle Si., 1 would solicit the trade of the citizens ol Portland and vicinity, luntil 1 re-open) 10 my headquarters, «5 Milk Street, Boston, where are kept every variety of goods made irom India Rubber compirniug in part Rubber and Leath er Machine Belting, Steam Packing, Gaskeis, Rings, tfoae tor conducting and hydrant purposes. Bttbber Clothing of every description, Combs, Balls, Toys, Undershooting for beds in casesol sickness, Rubber B >ots and sdioes, Tubing, Spittoons, Syringes, Gloves and Mittens, Plastic Rings and Bands, Piano Cjvers, Horse Covers with and without hood, Wagon Cavers, Air Beds, Pillows, Cushions, and Life Pre servers. Mechanics* Anions, Rubber Jewelry, of beautiful patters, and all Kinds of Rubb. r Goods that may be desired, all of which 1 will sell at manufac turers iowoKt prices. Please forward yourordi * " for the present to »i A. HA I P, Jtfl poudtf #5 Mi(X jiuston^ COP* KyNEKSIlIP. Limited Partnership. rpHE undersigned, George Burnham, Jr., Charles 1 S. Morrill and John E. Burnham, all of Port and, Cumberland County, hereby certiiy. that they have this first day of March, A. i>. 1867, constituted a part nership in accordance with the St itutcs of Maine re lative to Limited Partnerships. 1. The name of the lirm is and shall he BURN HAM & MORRILL. 2. Said Charles S. Morrill and John E. Burnham arc (lie general, and said George Burnham, Jr., is the special partner. 3. The Business of .said firm will In; packing and dealing in Hermetically Sealed Provisions. Said George Burnham, Jr.,contributes twelve thousand ($12,000) dollars in cash. 4. Said partnership commences this first day of March, A. D, lso7, and will cease the last day ol April A. 1>. 1868. The principal and established place ol business will be at Portland aforesaid. Portland, March 1,1867 Stamp. WILLIAM L. PUTNAM, • Justice of the Peace, Limited Pabtumhiup—Bubkbau & Mukkill. Stamp. Cumberland, as— Registry of Deeds. Received March 4, 1867, at 12 h M, and recorded in Book 348, page 368. Attest, THOMAS HANCOCK, Register. Mar 6 eod 6w By F. M. Irish. Copartnership Notice. MR. 1. P. BUTLER is admitted a Partner from this date. The lirm will be PUBINTON & VIJTLEB. And we shall continue the Wholesale Grocerr, FW* and Provision Business at the Old Stand, 140 Commercial Street. N. L. PUBINTON. “Portland, Mai eh 4, 1867. mar7d3w Copartnership Notice. AP. MORGAN lias this day retired fiom the • firm ol'MORGAN, DYER & CO. in favor of R. M. RICHARDSON, and the business hereafter will be conducted under the firm name of “Richardson, Dyer & Co.,” At the old stand, No. 143 Commercial Street, Where they will conliiiue tiro General Wholesale Business in AV» I. Good*, GrofrrifM, Flour and JPro rinioHA. R. M. RICHARDSON, J. W. DYER, • m rt , J. E. HANNAFORD. Keb 2—<13m Dissolution of Copartnership THE copartnership heretofore existing under the name ot CALVIN EDWARDS & CO., is this day dissolved by mutual consent. All persons hold - ng bills against the firm, are requested to present them for payment, and those indebted will please call and settle 3!i7 Congress Street. CALV IN EDWARDS, WILLIAM G. TWOMLEY. 'fhe subscriber having obtained the Poe store No. 337 Congress Street, y ill continue the business, and will keep constantly on hand FIAJ^O FORTES from the BEST MANUFACTORIES, among them the Celebrated Stcinway Instrument, which he can sell at the manufacturer's I.OWK8T PRICES. Also, a cooil assortment of ORGANS and MELODE ONS. OLD PIANOS taken in exchange. 83^* Orders for tuning and repairing promptly at tended to. WOT* G. TROMBLY. November 26, 1866. dtf BUILDING. TO BI ILWKRS. PERSONS wishing for Spruce Dimension Frames lor early Spring business, will do well to leave their orders at once with STEVENS & MERRILL, at their Lumber Wharf, Commercial Street, near loot of JNlaple Street, where can a:nays bo found a large Stock o1 Pine, Spruce, Walnut, Chest nut and butternut Lumber, Clapboards, Shingles, Laths, &c.| &c. Also—Doors, lilinds, Window Frames and Window Saslies, glazed aud unglazed, at lowest prices. &4T* Remember—STEVENS & MERRILL, leb 11 d2m ABi KlTEC TI’RE A ENGINEERING. Messrs. AN DERSON. DONNELL * CO., have made arrangements with Mr. STEAD, an Architect of established reputation, and will in future carry on. Architecture with fheir business as Engineers. Par ties intending to build are invited to call at their office, No, 306 Congress street, and examine eleva tions and plans of churches, banks, stores, blocks ol buildings, ifC. j 12 W M. H. WALKER, 241 COMMERCIAL STREET, Foot ol Maple Street.* General Agent for the State lor H . W. JOHNS9 Improved Itoofinf/, For buildings ol all kinds. CAR and STEAM BOAT DECKING. ROOFING CEMENT, for coat ing and repairing all kyids of roofs. PRESERVA TIVE PAINT for iron and wood work, Metal Roofs, &c. COMPOUND CEMENT, for repairing leaky shingled roots. BLACK VARNISH, lor Ornamen tal Iron work &c. Full descriptions, e rcular, prices, Arc. furnished by mail or on application at tlie office, where samples and testimonialsTan L e seen. scp12dtf RE-ESTABLISHED! I AM liappv to inform my friends and the public generally that 1 am now re-established at my OLD STAND, H4Middle Street, S4 With a new and elegant stock of DRY GOODS! And with increased facilities for successfully doing the Dry Goods Business, I would respectfully solicit a share of your patronage, .A. LEACH, 84 MIDDLE ST. March 7 -il2w ISO 7. SPRING. JS07. woodmanTtrue & CO, Having this day removed to the spacious warehouse erected upon THEIR OLD HITE, Nos. 54 & 56 MIDDLE STREET, Would respectfully invite the attention of purchasers to their large, new and attractive stock of DRY GOODS, Woolens, and Small Wares. Agents for Mainfc for Gray’s Patent Molded Collar. Also a full assortment of all the leading makes and styles of Ladies’ and Gentlemen’s Paper Goods, in cluding the New Liicn Finish Collar with Cnfln to Hatch. Agents for Maine for the SINGER SEWING MACHINE. WOODMAN, TRUE A CO. Portland, March 4, 18C7. dif SELLING OUT I T IN THE MART, UOtt CONRREKH IT. N. I. MITCHELL & CO. will sell their Btock ol' DRY GOODS! - AT - Greatly Reduced Prices! In order to close up business, and will lease tlie stor occupied by them. n. i. inrrcHi:LL & co. March 6,18G7. eod&wtf JORDAN & RANDALL HAVING REMOVED TO THE Store No. 143 Middle St., (Evan* Block,) Would respectfully invite the trade to examine their Ftoclt of Tailors’ Trimmings, Selected Expressly for this Market. ET#*" By personal attention to business vve hope to merit a share of-public patronge. WILLIAM P. JORDAN, GEO. A. RANDALL. Portland, March 18,18C7. dtf For Sale. The furniture, fixtures, and good WILL of a Genteel Hoarding n0USc. Iiouje new and centrally located. Inquire of PATTERSON & OtfAHBOTJENE Healers ill Kwtl Kstate, No, Congress it, j »#*rt»dtfw KEiUOVALS. * H E Ar o v a l! Small, Davis & Pomeroy, Have removed to their new and spacious store, kvaivh block, I I •"> Middle street, ,or the *»•* FANCY GOODS, Dress and Cloak Trimmings, Gloves, Hosiery, Jte. M ith our increased facilities we'shall claim togive our customers all the advantage of the best Boston I and New York Houses. ClIAS. SMAIli, S. G. Davw, March 11,1867. " ummd4w“0V' R EMO YA L. ‘ Stevens, Lord & Haskell, Have this day removed to tbc New Store JVoa. 54 J> 50 Middle Street, (Over Messrs. Woodman True & Co.’s,) Their old place of business previous to the tire, where tbev will keep constantly on band at whole sale a Well Assorted, Stock - OF - BOOTS & SHOES! Manufactured expressly for the New England Trade. Also Manufacturers ot Hoot and Shoe Moccasins. Portland, March Gth, 1867. mar7dtf REMOVAL! FAIRBANKS’ STANDARD 1 SCAMJS ! Patent Money Drawers t Euljbsr and Ivory Handled Table Cutlery, KOR ICRS' HC;i8»ORH —xxd— GENERAL HARDWARE, -At KING & DEXTER’S, ■ 7 !i M addle it ml 118 Federal Streets. feblu ,13m REMOVAL I The undersigned having removed from Moulton street to their NEW STOKE, No.6 Exchange Street, would invito the public to examine our large stock ol House, Ship and Parlor Stoves. We have for Sole the P. P. Stewart’* Cooking mad Parlor Store*, Gardner ChiUon’* new Cooking Store; alno n new Cooking Store called the JPJEJEItT^JESS, said to be the best Cooking Stove now manufactured. We are Agents for the RcGregor New Furnaces, both PORTABLE and BRICK, and give our personal attention to setting them lip. We warrant it the Fur mice ever offered for sale ir. this market. Grateful to our triends and patrons for past patron age’. would solicit a continuation of the same. O. in. A D. W. NASH. mch4dtf _ CASCO NATIONAL HANK. R E jiova I.. MARK Casco National Bank will remove to, and bo I prepared tor business at their NEW BANKING HOUSEon Middle tjlreel, on Tpesda y..Feb. 2lith instant. ' E. P. GEKKISH, Cashier. February 25. dim Oil Store Remo red. THE undersigned has removed from Iris old stand, to No. 22.!, corner of Fore and Union Streets, where he has tor sale Sperm, Whale, and Lard Oil: Sperm. Adamantine, Paraffine, and Wax Candles, which he will sell at the lowest market price. Tliank tul to liis friends and the public generally for past favors, he respectfully solicits a continuance WM. A. HYDE. February 22,18OT. feb23 dim REMOYAL! A. /:. WEBB, Merchant Tailor, Has Removed tohisNew Rooms, No. o Free Street Block, Febl2 Over Cliadbourn & Kendall. dtt It B M O r A Jj . JAMES O’DONNELL, Counsellor at Law, Notary Public A' Coinmiftnioucr of Deedn, Has removed to Clapp’s New Block. COR. EXCHANGE AND FEDERAL STREETS, Jan 15. (Over Sawyer’s Fruit Store.) dtf K KM O V A JU ! W. 11. CLIFFORD, Counsellor at Law, Anil Solicitor of Patent*, Has Removed to Corner of Brown and Congress Streets, jal6 BROWN’S NEW BLOCK. dtf ELarris <0 Waterhouse, JOBBERS OP Hats, Caps and Furs. Portland, Dec. 3d 1866. HARRIS cVr WATERHOUSE, Wholesale Dealers in Hats, Caps, and Furs, have removed to their New Store, No. 12 Exchange Street, F» K. HARRIS. de4tf J. E. WATERHOUSE. REMOVAL. BY It ON Git ISBN O U GH <© CO. Have removed to their NEW STOKE No. 1JO Middle Street. Mr. J. II. Citiiis’ interest in the firm t eased Aug ie®6. " fo27d&wlm AinBKONB .'IKHKlI.i,. Dealer in • Watches, Jewelry, Masonic Regalia, and Mili tary Goods, No 13 Free street, Portland. Same store with Gcyer and Caleb iy!2dtf H PACKARD, Bookseller and Stationer, maybe • found at N o. 337 Congress St., corner of Oak St* julIGtl KS. WEBSTER ir CO., can be found attlie store '• ot C. K. Babb, Clapp’s Block, No. 0. where we offer a goed assortment of Clothing and Furnishing Goods at low prices. jul 16 (SMITH & REED. Counsellors at Law. Morton ^ Block, Congress St. Same entrance as C. S. Ar ray offices. iyl2dtf rpiflIG E18TEBN BXPBE88CO are now 1 permanently located at No. 21 Free street, and prepared to do Express Business over all the Rail road and Steamboat routes in the State, and West by P. S. <& P., Eastern and Boston <Si Maine Roads to Boston, connecting there with Expresses to all parts of the country. For the convenience of our customers on Commer cial and Fore streets, an order book lor freight Calls wid be kept at office of Cauudian Express Co., No. — Fore street. J. N. WINSLOW. Jy24 tf Spring Styles Hats! THE REGULAR New York Spring Style Hats! CAN BE FOUND AT PERRY’S, 290 Congress St.,op. Preble House. Mail'll 16. d3w THOMES, SMABDON & 00, Have this day opened tlieir New Store! NO. 5(i UNION STREET, And are prepared to show the TItAPE a full New Stock of Flue Woolens, And Tailors’ Trimmings! Just Received Irom IVcw Vorlt nail Boston. And which they offer at the very Lowest Jobbing JJrices : The TRADE are respectfully Invited to examine our Stock before purchasing. Francis O. Thomeb. George h. Smabdon. • „ marts Itf For Lease. THE valuable lot of land corner of Middle and Plumb Streets, Ibr a term of years. Enquire of V. C. M ITCHKLI. vV SOS, Ah*, gf, Jli4 fart) Hwcb ■NSUKANCfti Tlie Best Investment! 5-20’s & 7-30»sU7s. Gov’t Bonds ABE GOOD ! BUT A POLICY WITH THE GREAT Mutual Life Ins. Co., 04 New York, IB BETTER! Cash Assets, Feb. 1 $18,500,000 Ef lJo.rrnmrnt Bandit are Exempt from Taxation, so with Honey invested in n Life Policy ! If you have $50, $100 or $1,000 to .pare, or to in vest. there is nowhere you can place it eo securely or so ailv intageously as with tills Great Co. Govt. Bonds may he lost, stolen or destroyed by Are, as many have heeu. A Life Policy if destroyed, stolen, or lost, may be restored, and in no case will there be any loss ot the money paid. For the rooa man it is the best savings bank; tor the men it is the safest investment, yielding more than any other. Any one having doubts may be satisfied by calling atoarOiliee. Do not insure until you do so. No other Company can furnish such results. The following statement of Policies, taken out at this Agency aud now in force, show tho large in crease, or dividends, over the payments in these tew eases. Many others, with references, can be fur nished it' desired: No of Sum Am’t of Dividend Pres. val. Policy. Insured. Prein. Pd. Additions, of Policv. 518 $3500 $2252,25 $2740,22 $6240,22 ft™ 500 261,23 375,02 875,02 4146 1000 533,90 685,93 1685,93 7767 8000 3699,20 4836,87 12.836.87 7862 5000 2608,00 3217,84 8*>17 10325 1000 359,80 544.52 1544,52 10793 :UH)0 1066,20 1579,53 4597,53 12410 1500 410,93 623,24 2123,64 These cases are made up to Feb. 1, 1806. An other Dividend is now to be added. Do not fail to apply at the Agency of

W. D. LITTLE & Co, No 70 Commercial St, uear the Old Custom House. Non Forfeiting, Endowment, Ton Year. »■«* “■* other Forma of Policies arc i« Mucd by thin Company, on more favor able ndvantage* than by any other. This Co. issued during the last 12 months, 13.343 Policies, being 1.000 mor^ tliau issued by any oilier Co. in this country. Cash received for PREMIUMS £5,342,812. Receipts for interest, $1,112,000, while its losses being only $772,000. showing the receipts for interest to be nearly $350,000 more than its losses. 13^ ' lie cartful not to omtfound the name of this Co. with others similar. foblti dtf INS USANCE NOTICE. FOYE, COFFIN & SWAN, UNDERWRITERS, —AND— General Insurance Agents, have returned to their old stand, Ocean Insurance Co.’s Block, EXCHANGE STREET. F. C. & S. continue to represent first class Cum panics in all departments of insurance. Losses equitably adjusted and promptly paid. febl3dtf PURELY MUTUAL !' THE New England mutual Life Insurance Gomp’y, OF BOSTON, MASS. Obganized 1843. Cush Assets, January 1, 1887, $4,708,000. Cash Dividends of 18G1-S, now in course of payment, 673,000. Total Surplus Divided, 2,200,000. Losses Paid in 1866, 314,000. Total Losses Paid, 2,307,000. Income ihr 1866, 1,778,000. £ f? Annual Distributions in < 'fish.. y$, 50 Local Agents Wanted, and also Canvassers can make good arrangements to woik for the above Co. Apply to Itms NHAIJ, At HON, tclOdtt Goneral Agents lor Maine, Biddeford, Me. hem Ova i. . " sparrow s insurance Office is this day removed from No. 80 Commercial Street, to the new and commodious rooms NO. 60 EXCHANGE STREET, IN THE CL'MBKKLAND BANK BUILDING, where he Is now prepared to [dace insurance, in all its forms, and lor any amount, in companies second to uoothurs on the globe, and on the most favorable terms. Uf Parties preferring first class insurance, are res pectfullv invited to call. November 5. 1800. dtf L*. Twouibley, (ieneral Insurance Broker, • would inform his many triends and Iho iiubl c generally that he is prepared to continue the Insur ance Busim ss as a F.roker, and can place Fire, Bile and Marine Insurance to any extent In the best com p mies in tiie United States. All business entrusted to mv .* rnsbaltbe raithru ly attended to. Oltice at U. M. liiee’s Faper Store, No. 183 Fore St, where orders can be left. jnll6tf S. WINSLOW CO.’S NEW GROCERY 1 HAVING moved into our new store, next door be low our old stand, and fitted it for a FIRST CLAHH GROCER!, we beg leave to return our thanks to our numerous patrons for past favors, and inform them and the pub lic generally, that while endeavoring to maintain our reputation for celling the best of BEEF, and all kinds of MEATS and VEGETABLES, tfe have added to our stock a choice variety of pure groceries, and hope by selling the best of goods At the Lowest Cush Prices! to merit a hair share of patronage. The same atten tion as heretofore paid to orders for Meats and Vege tables for dinners. Cart will call for orders every morning if desired. S. WINSLOW & CO. No. 28 Spring Street Market. 8. WlNSlcOW. 0. E. PAGE. January 11. dCm Corn. Corn. i n non BUSHELS old high mixed and X.tX^V/V_/Vr Southern Yellow Corn. High mixed now landing. For sale by E. II. BtJRGIN Sk CO., mchlldtf 120 Commercial Street. Steamers for Sale. STERN WHEEL STEAMERS “Falcon,” and “Clarion,” 2 years old, of tho following dimen sions : Length 100 feet; width over all 28 feet: depth 4$ feet; draft of water 33 inches; tf good speed, with large freight and passenger capacity, in good order and ready for service, with full inventory. Enqnire of ROSS & ST URD1 VANT, rachl3dlm 73 Commercial Street. New Photograph Rooms, THE subscriber wishes to call the attention of his triends and the public to the new building on Congress Street, head of Chestnut St., where he will devote his whole attention to Ambrotyping on Iron, Gias» or Paper, lrorn the smallest size to tho largest. Also, Nelogbaphs aud Ff.rbo tvpes for Aloums and Imckets. Satisfaction giv en. J. THOMAS HAMMETT. Photograph Rooms to let. marl2dtf Notice to Land Holders. MU O’DUROCHER, Builder, is prepared to take contracts for building, either by'JOB or by DAY WORK. Can furnish First Class workmen and material of all description. Residence AMERICAN HOUSE. India Street, Portland. August 17th, 186f* aug20dtf Heating- Apparatus For Stores, If aids, School-houses, Churches, etc. fTlHE subscribers are prepared to put up Steam or X Hot Water Apparatus, and guarantee as good results iu every particular as can be obtained from Boston or New York contractors. We use for Steam Radiation coil* ot Wrought Iron pipes, Cast Iron or Slifcet Iron Radiators. For Hot Water Circulation, Cast Iron Pipes, in Hot Air chambers or coils in the Rooms feb26dlm DANIEL WINSLOW & SON. Elmu'ood Nursery, ThinHido Woodford’s Corner, W estbrook. PREBLE Street Cars pass the Nursery every forty minutes. A good collection of Hardy, Green House and Bedding Plante may always he found at the above place and at rea sonable rates. Wreaths, Crosses, Bouquets and Cut Flowers furnished at short notice. Particular attention paid to preserving and ar ranging Funeral Flowers, p. O. Address Box 1702, Portlaud, Me. mcblOdlw* C. F. BRYANT. SPERM, WHALE, LARD, BINNACLE, And L CUBICATING OILS, -and Sperm Candles I At WHOLESALE and RETAIL! A. P. PULLEH, 208 Fore Street. WANTED—Three or lour, hundred or hun dred and titty gallon Oil Cans. marl6d3tn Portland Five Cent Savings Bank, No. 19 Free Street. DEPOSITS made in tliis Bank on or before April 1, will be nut on interest on that day, and regu lar Dividend will be payable in October. Special Deposits will be received at any time,pay able on demand, interest from day of deposit, at such rate as may bo agreed upon when deposited. NATH’L F. DEEKING, TrcHWtrer. Portland, March 8,1857. marld&wtoApr2 For Sale IN Saco, a Stock ol Ory <2ood«, with lease ot Store, In one ol the best locations in the place. Business long established. Address Jlt M, JAMES, j fftdd dtr Saco, tfe, | DAILY PRESS. PORTLAND. Wednesday Morning, March 20,1867. The ( uitan Tax. We publish in another column a letter from a Marne soldier who served through the war from 61 to 06, ruing from a lieutenancy to the brevet rank of brigadier general, and who since the war has been planting cotton in North Carolina. He has recently sold his planting interest and will soon return to Maine. In his opinion, the tax of 3 cents per pound, recently reduced to 2 1-2, falls up on the producers and not upon the consumers of cotton; is especially burdensome to the small tanners; is rendering planting unprolit able; will check production; and ought to be repealed. If the premises be granted, the conclusion follows as a matter of course. It must be granted that the tax is especially injurious to the small fanners, if for no other reason, because they cannot easily command the money which must be paid (o the collect ors before the cotton can be marketed. Mr. Blaine mentioned in this lute speech on this subject, the case of one planter who paid forty per cent, foi money for this purpose, on a loan of only a few weeks. The larger a man’s capital and the wider his credit, the safer he will obviously be from imposition like this. The men of small means are de livered up, bound baud and foot, to the ten der mercies of the money lenders. But the cure for this defect in the law would be found, not by repealing the entire tax, but by ex empting 600 pounds a year, as was proposed by Mr. Lynch a year ago. This accords, as Mr. Lyncli pointed out, with the spirit of the law in exempting from taxation incomes less than $1000 a year, manufacturers who pro duce less than $000 worth In a year, and miners who do not produce $1000. “It is for the interest of the government,” urged Mr. Lynch, “to make the poor white people and the poor black people of the South feel that they have certain privileges and certain ex emptions ; and I think It >no more than right and just that the same principle should be ap plied at the South that is applied at the North.” Mr. Lynch’s proposition was not adopted. If the tax really come* out of the producer, as our correspondent urges, an exemption of ((00 pounds would not remedy the entire evil; for in that case the lax is plainly a discrimi nation against Bur own producers, and tends as rapidly as possible to throw the business of cotton raising into tho hands of the planters of Brazil, Central America, Egypt, Australia, and the East and West Indies. It becomes very important, therefore to ascertain who pays the tax. The following list of prices of middling upland cotton in ,New York, at the middle of each month for the last year, will be uselul at this point: 186(5. March. 4ic April.37*@SS Msy...34 ^3j Jane.. July... Co) !9 . August .34 (0,38 September.33‘(aj354 October. 43 §44 November.34 §36 December. 31 1887. January. ;ui February....,._. 34 March.31J@33 The first feature of this table which arrests attention is the steady decline of prices throughout the year. The decline is easily accounted for by the steadily increasing sup ply. At the close of the war prices were ad justed to tbs producing capacity of Egypt, India, Brazil, Ac. This country became again a producer, and a decline was inevita ble. But there arc two interruptions. In June, and again in October, a sharp reaction is noticeable. The advance in October is ex plained by the extraordinary activity of trade in the latter part oi September and beginning of October. The demand (or cotton goods for consumption had been kept in abeyance as long as possible, and had to be satisfied.— Tlie mills were running full time and quite unable to keep up with their orders. Manu facturers were driven into the market for raw material, and the consequence was the advance which the table shows. But in June, matters were altogether different. In June consumers were waiting. Trade was restrict ed to the narrowest limits consistent with the bare necessities of the country. There was no extraordinary activity in the mills. There was no excitement abroad. The Tax bill had passed the House on the 28th of May, and it was believed would pass the Senate with a duty of 5 cents a pound on cotton. Cotton advanced in American markets just 5 cents. The tax was discounted in advance, as usual, and then prices began to subside again under the operation of the general causes at work before. They are 2 1-2 cents higher to-day than they would be if the tax were taken off. Our correspondent touches the chief cause of the trouble in the cotton States, w hen he speaks of the “too exclusive cultivation of cotton last year.” The markets or the world are tolerably supplied from other countries.— We cannot regain our old monopoly at once. If the Southern people plant more corn and less cotton this year, they will.comply with the dictates of common sense and prudence. Tax on Colloa. Harrisburg, N. C., March 10,1807. To the Editor qf the Press: I have just read Mr. Blaine's speech of the 22d of February, on his motion to repeal the tax on cotton, and would like to present to the citizens of my native State, through your columns, a few observations relative to that speech, and to the tax on cotton as 1 have seen its effects in southwestern North Caro lina Mr Blaine’s remarksare, 1 think, in all ma terial points just and tiue, though I beg leave todiflerwithhim in one of his opinions relative to Xing Cotton. The cultivation ofcotton last year was not generally remunerative, as he very truly observes. I know of many planters who lost from one-half to two-thirds of all they invested, and some actually the whole amount, not having more than cotton enough to clear up their liabilities. The latter class, however, was composed of inexperienced men, who paid an extravagant rental for the land they worked. But Mr. Blaine also says that with proper legislation the cotton region of onr country will produce a crop of live million bales in 1869, that is in two years. I beg leave to say to Mr. Blaine that it is the opin ion of intelligent planters iu the South that all the legislation in the world won't accomplish such a result, and can’t. Why, the largest crop of cotton ever produced in the South was about four million bales, and that under Iavorablo circumstances and the strict disci pline of slavery. There were too, at that time, a much larger number of negroes and whites engaged in its cultivation than there are now, or will be likely to be, at any time prior to 1869, The fact is the negroes are con siderably reduced in numbers in the South, and the same I think is true of the whites.— There are also a much greater proportion of drones among the negroes than formerly; and the free negro, labeling for hire, will not in most cases, make more than from one-half to two-thirds as much cotton as when he was a slave, though lie may improve in this respect. If Mr. Blaine sees five million bales of cotton made hi this country in 1879,1 shall be very much mistaken; and I don't hesitate to express the opinion,that whenfivemilliousof balesare made, it will be done by some labor other than the negro’s. There must cither be a mighty migration ot white men into the South to cul tivate cotton, cr an immense number of Chi nese or Coolie laborers introduced. Such changes will not probably occur prior to 1869. I don’t believe there is negro labor enough iu the mtirc South to make three million bales of cotton under the present system, and per form all the other necessary labor. There is little inducement tor northern men to go South fo plant cotton. Last year’s operations have proved a failure to nearly all of that class ot planters, and there is nolmoney enough ill the thing to pay a northern man for the heavy investment lie must make. Rents and taxes will cat up all the profits. Tfie failure of the Cr<fs In tlie Nntth, (o. gether with the extensive famine produced there, in part by the too exclusive cultivation of cotton last year, have discourage,! many of the Southern people from the extensive culti vation of that staple. Intelligent writers are calling upon the farmers to cultivate the cere als instead, where they ran he produced. The enormous tax ou cotton lias also taken part in discouraging many plauters from its cultiva tion, aud has injured Northern men, poor whites and negroes not a little, in the last, year's operations. The instance Mr. Blaine cites to show the sacrifices made by planters to pay tbair tax, is simply one of thousands. All who sell in New York are obliged to sub mit. to the same thing. The cultivation of cotton under the most favorable circumstances that can now exist in the South, is very ex pensive. Mr. Thaddeus Stevens-whom every Northern man in the South thanks for ns Military Bill, though I regret the auie amendment since I am unable o see t e benefit of making promises we may repent, to a people whose honor isn't worth a straw The South may reap a con siderable political advantage from that amendment. It. seems to me the gradual restoration of the States, such as Mr p \ Pike suggested in a recent speech, would be safer and shrewder. I don’t believe the South will come back in good faith, however the re construction is accomplished. If the South accepts the ultimatum of Congress, they will hereafter say, it was a bargain under compul sion, and will violate it as soon as possible.— I would as soon trust Parson Brownlow ot Tennessee, to engineer my soul through Pur gatory, as to trust the promises of any body of people south of Mason and Dixon's line._ I will copy a few words from the Charleston Mercury, of recent date. It says: “The very worst that can happen to the South, is the imposition ot the Constitutional Amendments over them; and this in so questionable a way, that it may be abrogated at a future day alto gether.” Comment is superfluous-Mr. Stevens, 1 would say, made a statement in the Iloute some time since, calculated to mislead persons who have not seen the elephant. He said that cotton can be raised for one cent per pound. It may be so where he has lieen in the habit ot cultivating It, but it can’t be done in this country. The lalior and food for laborers in North Carolina will alone involve an expense of 0 1-3 cents to the pound, even if a good crop is made, say two-thirds of a bale to the acre; but suppose a man is not fortunate and makes only half a crop, his la bor and its (ceding, will cost him 13 cents on the pound. The real tact of the case is, that, to raise two thirds of a bale of four hundred pounds to the acre, will cost about fifteen cents per pound in greenbacks, exclusive of the tax—leaving a profit of about five or six cents per pound at present prices, provided the party owns the land he works. Suppose the planter gets 60 bales of cotton from 100 acres, bales weighing 400 lbs each, and that would be a good crop anywhere except in some highly favored sections where the ex penses are very heavy; his net profits would 1 lie $1584. Suppose he cultivates 400 acres his net profit is $6336, if he happens to be for tune's bosom friend. These calculations are exclusive of rent, and purchase ot stock, and tanning implements, which on a large farm ol 400 acres (and it any one thinks that isn't a large farm to cultivate in cotton, let him come down and try it—and find out) would consume every cent of the profits I calculated for the party owning the land. As 1 understand it, the 3 cent per pound tax on raw or lint cotton was imposed by Congress under the supposition that it would come out of the consumer, though many members foolishly said, and perhaps voted on that idea—that the tax was intended as a punishment to the Soqth, and for the purpose of making King Cotton pay the expenses of the war be had created. But the opinions ot New England manufacturers to the contrary notwithstanding, the facts show that the tax really comes out of the pioducer; and more over it is very oppressive discouraging and troublesome to to him. The tax does not affect theNewYork or Liv eriKxtl markets in the least degree; on the contrary,soon after its Imposition, the price of cotton seriously declined in both places, which shows that the producer is the sufl'erer, and the tax comes out of his pocket. If the tax were so imposed that it should really come out of the consumer alone, he would not feel it; as a 3 cent per pound tax on lint cotton would increase the price of calico scarcely more than 1-3 a cent on the yard, (though rapacious manufacturers might make it cover a large profit). On the other hand the small planters—consisting in a great measure of “Poor Whites” who took bo vol untary part in the late ret ellion. Northern men who were most of them soldiers In tjie IT. 6>, Army, and the negroes lately treed by the Government and thrown upon their own resources, who are working for themselves, or for others on a share of the crop—in fine all those classes of planters who make from 1 to 50 bales of cotton, are seriously affected, in jured and incoram oiled by what Mr. Blaiuc justly calls “the most extraordinary tax ever laid by an intelligent Government.” A heavy “toi upon a staple prouucuon ot tne soil, necessary to the comfort of the poorest individual, is poor policy, but Mr. Blaine has shown much weightier reasons why the Gov ernment should repeal It. If I thought the tax was put upon the South as a punishment for rebellion. I would urge that the wealthy planters who as a class are responsible for the war, either don't cultivate cotton at ail, or raise from 100 to 500 bales and this direct tax is not so oppressive to them as it is to the small planter, who perhaps always was, anti always will be, the triend and sup|>orter of the government. Before a small planter can ship a single bale of cotton to New York he is obliged to pay out from $12 to $15 according to the weight of the bale; 25 cents for weighing and from $t! to $10 for cost of transportation and insur ance. I am personallyacquainted with freed mcn who have worked the past year (pr a share of tiie crop, whose share amounted to 2 bales of cotton. The lax on that amount is $30 on bales of 500 lbs., which will purchase com enough in the autumn to keep a negro, ids wife and a child ten years old, twelve months. This is avery important item to the negro. Now if the negro only made 1 bale of cotton of 400 lbs. and 50 bushels of com, which is as mucli as most of those who work ed on shares made last year, let us see how he stand at the end of the year. Sup(>ose him to have a wile and four children, not under six nor over twelve years old. He will con sume in that family 48 bushels ol coni in a year; and S) lbs of bacon per week at 25 cents per pom d i(whicli is wliat planters charge •hands for it) will cost him $117. One bale of cotton at 27 cents per pound, (which is neat ly as much as it brings in New York now, but which was aliout what negroes got for thecot ton here, in the early part of the winter) is $108; 2 bushels of com for sale at $1.50 per bushels, $3, total $111, leaving him $0 in debt, and not a rag of clothing for himself or fami ly. This is about the way of it down here, so far as the negro is concerned. The direct tax on cottonhas proved a great injury to North ern men planting in the South, and among other causes will operate to drive many of them home again. This Is poor.policy, tor it is highly important to the Government to have a sprinkling at least of patriotic men in the South. It is a™ impui me coun try at large to have cotton extensively cultiva ted for various reasons well stated by Mr. Blaine. If it was put to vole in tbe South whether Congress should lay une pial and op pressive taxes upon the people ol tbe South, the friends of tbe Government as well as its f K'8, or confiscate the property of ail classes of rebels worth over $20,(KK), to help pay tbe ]>«bl'0 debt, the majority for the latter pro|x> sition would be astonishing, to tbe $20,000 follows. I will append a lew figures to show how tbe direct tax affects a planter who raises 50 bales of 400 lbs., tbe usual weight. Direct tax, , $001,30 Freight nnd insurance to Mew York at $7 per bale, Weighing hales, _ Tot*!, This money the planter Is y to hire at a rninous rate, and ,.ay out, before he can taste the fruits of his honest toil. ____ O. JKouti Fraccii. The Laws of this State re<|ulre no man to keep a fence'>n the high-way; and it would seem as if he ought not to lie at the experuo ot keeping offof his grounds the cattle or oth er animals of his neighbors who are liable for the damage they do to Jiim. In some towns, where cattle are not allowed to roam at large, we notice uot a few excellent farms which have uo fences by the public roads, and whose holds are ploughed and cultivated to a line very near the carriage-way. In the town of Aina, for instance, we have noticed for years, as we have had occasion to ride through it, that there is hardly a stone wall, or a woodeu fence to be seen except on lands occupied as pastures; aDd we have been told the inhabit ants suffer less from droves or stray cattle than they did when the fences were standing with weak places or breaches which there would be sometimes in them. The Law is 't sufficient protection, without the costs of fences. In France there are no road fences. The cost of sustaining fences is a very serious one. They are always in the way of ingress and egress to the premises, and of thorough tillage. The amount of ground which they occupy, is considerable; the shel ter they afford to briers and weeds; the pro tection they afford to woodchucks,skunks and squirrels; the Impassable snow drifts ac cumulated by them, occasioning district ex penses every winter to break out the roads and their unsightly appearance generally throughout the country, would seem suffi cient reasons for discontinuing the use of fences wherever not indispensable for purpos es of pasturing. Let communities once get in the habit of living without fences, each taking care ot his own cattle at home, and the rule would be an easy as well as a very con venient and economical one. Tbaxi. Or Uriagaiaat. Mr. W. Winwood Heade, the distinguished African traveller, whose volume on “Savage Africa” has been so largely circulated in this country, writes to the Boston Homing Tran script, suggesting some doubts as to the cred ibility of the rumor—it Is nothing more than rumor—of Dr. Livingstone'/death. He says: The news comes from the Cape and states that he has been killed by the Cadres; but he does not happen to be anywhere near the Caf fres. When last heard of he was on the shores of Lake Nyassa; it be is following out the programme with which he started, viz: that ot ascertaining the drainage of Lake Tanganyike, he should uow be travelling in a direction N. W. of Lake Xyassa. In any case reliable news concerning him should reach England by the East coast, not by the Cape; through the British Consul at Zanzibar, or the Portuguese authorities in the Mozam bique. But we cannot receive reliable news about him a< all, except from his own letters. I un derstand that he has no white men with him; he is in the very heart of Africa; we can hear of him only through the medium of the na tive Africans or of hall-caste Portuguese, who are always ready to invent a catastrophe, in order to make themselves the centre of curi osity for a little while. Dr. Livingstone’s death was announced in precisely the same manner the last time he was travelling in Af rica. Of course I do not presume to assert posi tively that he is not dead; he is surrounded by very gieat dangers, which lie Is increasing tenfold by a crusade against slave-caravans.— But I do assert that very little attention should lie paid to tins rumor until it is con firmed by H. B. M. Consul at Zanzibar. W. Winwood Heade. Fip! The following, cut from the Richmond Times, is respectfully commended to the con sideration of some of our Democratic cotem poraries who blow so loud a blast of triumph over the slightly diminished Republican ma jority in the late New Hampshire election: “The result is another radical victory, suffi ciently sweeping lo show that Congress still holds an impregnable position with the north ant itiftopw, ntt<) that no art of lnercitcro lalim, however revolting to humanity, can destroy its popularity with the northern mass es. In sweeping the northern horizon in search of some cheering sign, we tail to dis cover anythingh less deceptive than some mirage like that which tills with false hopes the traveller u|>on a desert as he toils wearily along, half dead with thirst and hunger. The democratic journals shout ‘Land iiof very olten. but we cannot discover anthiug hut in hospitable coral reefs and treacherous sand hawks. Our unfortunate northern friends are made excessively happy by tlie occasional elec tion iu some village of a democratic coroner, alderman or mavor. This excessive thank fulness for small favors i.enotee the extteme poverty of the conservative party. When a great paper like the New York World throws up its hat and devotes a leader to the triumph of‘Coroner Squink.of the town ol Tomahawk, and tells us how he triumphantly bore aloft the banner of conservatism by ‘a majority of eight,’ we are reminded of ttie cry ot the truitsellers of Constantinople—In the name oj the Prophet—Fiys.” Vunorianro favorable to ISeiaorracy. The Xew York World says, “In the interi or of the South, the negroes will be brought into contact with conservative influences, and their temporary inability to reait renders them impervious to radical appeals through the press. This is a condition oi things which ought to be imptoved while it lasts.” Precious confession! Ignorancs the foster parent of Democracy. The World is the most sagacious of its party. An “inability to read” is Its sure promise and unshaken hope for a Democratic triumph. f auric*? tm Dnitlr*. The Galary for March 13 thus discourses of the vexations of city car travel: If we may believo the stories that we read in some newspapers, the country people and tho inhabitants of inland cities are beginning to complaiu of a falling off in courtesy to women on the part of Now Yorker*. That Americans of any latitude should be other than polite, at tentive, and even tenderly careful of women of all conditions is hardly credible except upon good and unmistakable evidence, and this ac i cusation is, therefore, worth examination. It is said that the fact that a man in a crowded railway car does not give up his seat to a wo man points him out as a New Yorker. We are told that men who have given up their seats to women merely on account of their sex have been asked, “Are yon a New Yorker?” Now it is not improbable that there is somo foundation for this novel accusation, aside from the fact that many who call themselves New Yorkers because they happen to live between Spnyten Diiyvel and Castle Garden, are by no means Americans. Nor is it necessary iu ad mitting this to admit that New Yorkers are lacking iu deference to the weakness, the charms, and the tender claims of womanhood. New Yorkers have of late years been schooled into a treatment of this question which must soon prevail in all cities in which there are street railways, which is to say all the cities in the country. The railway companies, by their failure to provide for the accomodation oi tho public, and by instructing their conductors to take passengers as long as they can lie packed by main force into the cars, have compelled gentlemen to (ace the question whether tuey shall allow corporations to trade upon Ameri can gallantry. . , Here is a ease in point A car already over crowded was stopped and a lady taken m and “passed forward” by the conductor with theory “room for a lady there." She squeezed in and was allowed to stand. A man who was stand ing himself soon said to another who kept hi* place, “l a n’t we give this lady a seat? Amer icans are always polite to ladies.” “Certainly,” was the reply; “1 won’t stand; but I’ll walk with pleasure to accomodate a lady. Conduct or. I’ll give mv seat to thia lady; but my fare is paid, and so of course she will" not nay.” Tho conductor did’nt see it in that light : but ho thought that some gentleman would like to give the lady a seat. “Ah,” said the gentle man, “the |H)int is. then, that l shall give up my seat, not to oblige a lady, but to enable you to make an extra five cents” (for this was three or four years ago); “now I don’t see that.” At this the lady herself laughed gotid naturedl.v. It seems as if this touched the vital point of tho whole matter. in case or accident, in any emcrg' . , men, no gentleman. will hesitate »t yielding place to woman. ISut when this delereuce to til.' weaker sex is used by monopolies as part of their stock in trade, ipeii resent 1 - i *11, \\ ilint'ii as n^ I* as nit ii ly manner jiossil I;. V »m n ^ f have come to «n»l |,*1IO v those whoeith hred .mi..,,«the former ( ^ ^ wh)>J(> m wiJh m?expcemtion of displaeing a gentleman for the benefit of the.. It was ,n New York that this pressure was at first brought to Nvir upon male gallantry, and therefore New Yorkers are the tirst to act upon the new eti quette in other places. But it wi 1 spread inevitably with the litfusion ot railway travel ami the accompanying greed of railway com panies, until the latter arc compelled by public opinion to make better provision for their pas sengers. Then the normal American po lite ness will again manifest itself; and men will feci that they can serve a woman without ut* mlnifiK to ami t.'ucounigii'K1,11 iwjiwinon.