PORTLAND Established June 23, 1862. Yol. 6. PORTLAND, THURSDAY „ w ^ „ _ _ ____ . .____ Terms Eight Dollars per annum, in advance THE PORTLAND DAILY PRESS is published every day, (Sunday excepted,! at No. 1 Printers itxchange, Commercial street, Portland. N. A. FOSTER, Proprietor. fl erms;—Eight Dollar* a vear in advance. WTHE MAINE STATE PRESS, is published at the s i ’ i. vcrv i'hurs,|Hy morning at $2.00 a year, Invariably in advance. , Kates of Adykbtimmi —One inch of space,in leu tli of coluiun, constitutes * “square.” *1.50 nor -qiiare dally first week: <•> cents per w ek after; three insertions, or less, $1 -Oh; coutinu * every other day after first week, 50 cents. Halt square, tlirue insertions or Jess, 75 cents; one Wien, cs i -U*»; 50 cents per week u!t»*r. tinier h,-nf of \mi ‘si Ml :n rs. >2 00 per square pjr week; three insertions or less, $1.50. spKciAi N»*ti«'Kh,8*1.25 per square lor the first in sert ion, and 25 cents per square lor each subsequent insertion. , , tdvertisi iiients inserted in tlie “Maine Static Press’* (which has a large circulation*in every pr r of he Slate)for $1.00 per square for first inserlitn* a 'l lOceuts per square for each subsequent insir tkiu. KtSWCSS CAICOS. C. J. SCHUMACHER, FRESCO PAINTER. Oflec at the Drug Store of Messrs. A. G. Schlotter beck & Co., IIOU t'ongrisM Si,Portland, Itlc, ,jal2dtf Unc door abov e Brown. II. M. Bin: WMM, (Successors to J. Smith & Co.) iTInu tunc Hirer of Feather Belting. Also tor sale Belt Leather, Backs & Side*, Lace Leather, KIVKTS mid Bints, sept3dt! n ;tii t'ouipvM Mtreci. W. P. FREEMAN A CO., fiplaolstercrs ami Manufacturers* ot FURNITURE, LOUNGES, BED-STEADS Spring-Beds, Mattresses, Few Cushions, No. I t'lapp’n Hlork-fooi C’lieMtuni Street, Portland. Fbkuman, D. W. Deane. C. L. Quinby. tl n ■A. N. NOYES & SON, Manufacturers amt dealers in Stoves, Ranges & Eumaces, Can be found in their -VEU BllLDINCJ ON MitlE ST., (Opposite the Market.) Where they will be pleased to 6ee all their former Customers and receive orders as usual. auglTdt f n CHASE, CRAM fe STURTEVAETj GENERAL Commission Merchants, Wldgory'ti W'liart, . , 1’obxlakd, Me. oct lfid 11 Ron .1 li I> tC CL EA VE8, Aitorieysf <& Counsellors at Law, PORTLAND. M NE. Office No. SO Exchange Street, _ Joseph Howard, jviirt n Nathan CIcutcb. >/. RE ARSON, Bold and Silver Plater —AND— Manufacturer ot Silver Ware, Temp/e Street, first door from Congress Street PORTLAND, ME. May IP—dly n DRS. PEIRCE cV PEKNALD, DENTISTS, no. m mtuui.n street. C. N. FEincE. S. C. Febkaxd. February 21. dtf Deering. Milliken & Co., Wholesale Dry Goods, 58 &. (JO Middle Street. aug31-dlf Pordumi, Maine. SHEFLEY & STROUT COUNSELLORS AT LAW, O F V ICE, Post Office Building, 2d story; Entrance on Ex change street. G. F. RHEPLLY. • A. A. SfROQt. E. W. ROBINSON, Counsellor and Attorney at Law, CHADWICK HOUSE, ‘14 0 Cou grt'N!) Hirer, i. Jan 1—dtf PEBC1VAL l»ONNKY, Counsellor and Attorney at Law, Morion Bloch, Congress, Sired, Two Hoorn al»ore Preble House, PORTLAND, ME. novlD tf DAVIS, ME8ESVE, HASKELL & 00., Importers and Jobbers ot Dry Goods and Woolens, Arcade 18 Free Street,* F. IYAVIS, t “S PORTLAND, MR K. CHAPMAN. llOVS’fi.'klt.f W. F. PHILLIPS d CO., Wholesale No. 148 Fore Street. oct 17-dtt JOHN 1C. DANA, Counsellor and Attorney at Law, No. 30 Exchange St. Dec 0—dtt' ROSS d EEEJS Y, 1? LASTEliEE 8, PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL STUCCO AND MASTIC WORKERS, Oak Street, between, Congress and Free Sts., PORTLAND, ME. Coloring, Whitening Gild White-Washing prompt ,3' attended to. Orders lroin out of town solicited. May 22—(li t G. G. DOWNES, ME ECU A XT TA ILOR, HAS n’:MOY!’Il TO No. 233 1-2 Congress Street, CORNER OF CHESTNNT August 30, 1SU0. n dtt WM. W. WHIPPLE, Wholesale Druggist, 21 MARKCT SQUARE PORTLAND, ME. aug2 _ tl SUITII A: ( LAIIK, Wholesale Dealers In TEAS, COFFEES & SPICES, lot* FORE STREET, PORTLAND, Me. janli dtt W. W. THOMAS. Jr.. Attorney and Counseller at Law, [Chadwick House,] 21V Congress Street. ocM-dly « r. HODSOOX, 4! Iloop Skirt Manuliicturcr, DEALEE IN English, French and American Corsets, Fancy Goods AND LACES, HOSIEKV, GLOVES, , Ami all kinds ol TRIMMINGS and Dress Huttons. Cjjr'ilaiul-ICiiit German Worsted Garments made to order. ^hHoov Skirts made to order.^^J No. OClapp’N Bloch. CONGRESS STREET. Iebl3 PoUTfiAM), ME dti WHIG JIT d) CLARK, FRESCO JP.VIIV TERS, In Oil and Distemper Colors. Also House and Sign Painters, Morton Block, two doors above Preble House, Portland, Mo. Ctlr W'e are prepared to design ami execute every description of Wall and Ceiling Decorations, for Churches, Public Buildings,Private Residences,Halls, &c. Gilolog an* 1 Embossing on Glass. Every de scription of Wood linisbcd in Wax and Oil Filling, and in Varnish or French Polish. jaUki3m J. li. HUDSON, Jlf., V H T I as T . Studio Ao 301 1-2 Congress Street• 0>~Lcmous given in Painting anil Drawing. February 1—dtf ii. m. r.n so.x, STOf1 Ii SB IS OK EH. No. 30 Exchange Street, PORTLAND ME U021dt B. D. A fi. W. VEBBILL, Attorneys & Counsellors at Taw, No. Mxt liuiiec si., l*orl!ai»d, Me. Ocean Insurance Building, March 18 d6ui BUIS1KESS CAllDS. Page, Richardson & Co., Bankers & Merchants, 114 STATE STREET, BOSTON. • ®B.LS OF EXCHANGE on London. Paris, and Inc principal continental cities. TRAVELER'S CREDIT'S, tor the use of Travelers in Europe and the East. COMMERCIAL CREDIT'S, tor the purchase of Merchandise in England and the Continent. Ail descriptions of MERCHANDISE imported to order. ADVANCES made on Consignments to Liverpool and London.__ marl2d3m 1. . 1\ BRO WN, Wholesale anil Retail Deulcr jn Lubricating and Illuminating o I L S . 200 FORE ST,, FOOT OF PLUM, I'OBT'LAIVD, iflK. Office of State Ashaybr. i , Portland, Me., March 5, 1867. I TIiih is to certify that I have this dav tested a burn - lnglluUi or oil, with reference to its liability to ex plosion. T he oil was introduced into a test tube, the tube partly iinmoravd in water ami heat w as applied. The waier was raised to the boiling point, and the heat was continued until the temperature of the oil in the tube was 207 deg. Fahrenheit. Flame was ap plied to the mouth ol the tube, but there was not sutiicient evolution of vapor to take tire. I non the test I should regard the oil in question as perfectly sale for household use, when employed with ordinary care. Signed, H. T. CUMMINGS, mar7d&wlm Assayer. TYLER, LAMB & CO, Manufacturers of IIOWIS Ail) SHOES, aud Dealers in Leather and Findings, have removed to 37 & 39 UNION STREET, (former place of business previous to fire,) where With improved liicilinVs Ibr liianuliu lurin ', tpog leel < o. lident that they can make it an object to the trailc to tavor them with their patronage. Portland. March 1,1867. mchSdlm SMITH & LOVETT, Manufacturers of Hyatt’s Patent Sidewalk Light, Iron Fronts for llntidings, Iron Boor, unit Yanlm, Iron Nhnttcn, ■ loiKiii!" Mncliim., anil Buililrr.’ Iron H ork t.rurrnll,'. 57 Devoiuhire Street, lies ton. AMMI SMI J II, foI.l'SilSm- JOSEPH LOVETT. Charles P. Mattocks, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, boody mils*:, COR. CONGRESS AND CHESTNUT STREETS, fcblkltf_ _ Poet land. WALTER COREY & 00, Manl-factukees and Dealers in FURNITURE! Looking Glasses, Mattresses, Spring Beds, <le. COa,»|»*H Block, Bcnncbrc Street, (Opposite Footqf Cheat nut,) _FoMMtf_ PORTLAND. WILLIAM A. I’LAKCi;, PLIJMhE K ! MAKER OF Force Pumps and Water Closets, Warm, fold mid Mlioner Baths, Wash Bowls, Brass and Nilrcr Plated Cocks# Every description of Water Fixture lor Dwelling Houses, Hotels and Public Buildings, Ships, etc., ar ranged and so. up in the best manner, ami all orders iu town or country iaitlifullv executed. Constantly on hand Lead Pipes and Sheet Lead and Bee* Pumps of all kinds. Also. Tin ICoofinui Tin ( onduetors and work in that line done in the best manner. fc.r'All kinds of Jobbing promptly at ended to. ISO. ISO l OKK ST., Portland, Mu. _junl5 d."m W. II. WOOU <t SOJ*r, BROKERS, Ho. ITS-Fore Street. » y7 ti _ GODHAKl) & HASKELL, LAWYERS, NO. U* I KK* STBUET, PORTLAND, GUT*Particular attention given to Bankruptcy ap plications and proceedings under the new Bankrupt act of Congress. O. W. GODDARD. T. H. HASKELL. Portland, March 5,18C7. mcbCdtf O UT OF THE FlltE! B. F. SMITH A SON’S New Photograph Rooms, —AT— NO. 10 MARKET SQUARE. aua20 b dtf Grla ss Shades & Stands* .JOSEPH STORY ' Manufacturer and Dealer in Enameled Slate Chimney Pieces, Brackets, Pier Slabs, Grates and Chimney Tops. Importer and dealer in Eng lish Floor Tiles, German and French Flower Pots, Hanging Vases, Parian. Bisque, and Bronze .Statuette ind Busts. Glass Shades and Walnut. Stauds, Bohe mian and Lava Vases and oilier wares. 112 TREMONT STREET Studio Building mar IjBdta BOSTON, Mass. A. WILBUR & CO., No 112 Tremoiit Street, Boston, Importers aiid Dealers in WELSH A NB AMGRHAN IXoofinsr Slat es ! JXP'Al! colors and slating nails. Caretal attention paid to shipping. marlSdOni CHARLES H. HOWE, C IVI I. ENG1NEE It, • OFFICE (AT PRESENT) No. 48 Pearl St., Portland. rF~ Attention paid to Engineering and Surveying in all its branches. Also to Designs and Superin tending o! Buildings. March is. <liw« . HOLDEN & PEABODY, Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, Office, 22U 1-2 Congress Street, Near the Court House. A. B. HOLDEN. SepDlfn II, C. 1'EABODY. Collins, Bliss & Co,, Produce k Commission Merchants, Cash Adranccs Made on Consignments, 233i5tate St, and 130 Central St, BOSTON. NEW ENGLAND AGENTS FOB THE Nonpariel French Guano. It is claimed that this Fertilizer is superior to any in the market , its virtues and merits over others,be ing to prevent all insects and worms from dcs1Toy ing crops or plants without burning or injuring those of the most "clicatc nature. Jt is much stronger than the Peruvian, thereby requiring a less quantity to permanently enrich Hie soil. Price $60 per ton. Send for Circular giving full particulars. mrl5d&w3m JOHN E. DOW, .Ii-.T Counsellor and Attorney at Law, And Solicitor in Bankruptcy, JAUNCKY COUKT, n Wall street, - - - New York City. li-lT'Commissioncr for Maine and Massachusetts, dan. 29 dtf McCOBB & KINGSBURY, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, liavc rcuiovisl to ilie olliic occniiKsl bv them Ini lore Ibe lire, iu JOSE BLOCK, No. 88 Exeliausre Street, mchtSeodlm* O pposit,. III'. p„hl oilirr. ,J . jfc O.’.T. BABBOCB, DEALERS IS Iloyt's Premium Patent Hivetted Oak and Hemlock Leather Itcltfiiff, Lace Leather and Hemp Packing. l£ul>l)ei* Belting, Hose. Slram l*Q<'blng, ( lolbiuc, Ac.jAr. No. 8 Exchange Street, FiibTcodOm__ PORTLAND, ME. Kimball <£• Prince, DcHtistw. No. 11 Clapp's Slock, Congress Street, Opposite* 01*1 City flail, PORTLAND, MAINL. 0. gfmHart, j>. j> s. OHImM Fred A. Prince nllBMOrt A- WKBB) -l(l«rnefn and *i'ouim«'Skoi‘M, at lit: LJuody llou&e, corner ol Congiv.sb and Chestnut btreets. J>2<> COPABTNJ3KS1UP. Copartnership Notice. THE undersigned having formed a Copartnership under the firm name ol J. W. STOCKWELL & CO, Wi'l carry ou the manufacture and sale ot In calibre from <‘i I© ‘if iiiciiet, FOR DRAINS, SEWERS, STENCH-TRAPS,MILL FLUMES, CHIMNEYS, WELLS, HOT and COLD AIR FLUES, &c., —AT TIIE— Portland Cement Pipe Works, 103 Daofortli street, PORTLAND, ME. Tlieso Pipes aro altogether ahead of those made of brick, because they arc nnoolhrr, more ilnia ble, cnHily lai<l, mid clu-a|M » . They cost lens Ilian halt as much as lead or iron, and do not rutt or corrode in any length o! t ime, but will deliver water any distance, as pure and sweet as when it leaves the l'ouulain b head. They are used in New York City, Ali an v, Brook lyn, liar If. *rct, Springfield, and many other cities, towns and villages. The Western R. It., Connecticut River, Rockville, and llartlord & Springfield Railroads use them for cu verts, Jbc, Justin Sacked, Superintendent of Streets, Spring field, Mass.; Mi ton A. Clyde, R R. Contractor; ltd win Chase, Civil Engineer, Holyoke, Mn;-b. *1 >aniel Harris, Esq., Pres. Conn. U. R.; Sam’l Howies, Esq., Smith Ar Wesson, Wasson & Co., Jessup & Laflin, Paper Manufacturers. Westfield, Mass., among ma ny other.*, can tell of its merits. Engineers, Architects. Manufacturers and Busi ness men who have used or seen this Pipe, adopt it, lor they KNOW it is a GOOD THING. Samples can be .eon at 11 AN WON & DOW'H, Uniott street. Portland, Me., our au thorized A gentg. Orders left i here or at the Factory will receive prompt at tention. J. W. STOCKWELL, CALVIN STOCKWELL. fel>28 eodtf Copartnership Notice. rpHE undersigned have formed a copartnership i « JL under the name of Small & Shackford, For the purpose of carrying on the ItOOK-ISlH DISG Business in all its branches at 04 Kxelian^e Street 9 (Over IaiwcII & Senter’s Nautical Store.) Binding done for Booksellers, Publishers,Libraries, &o, Ac, on the most favorable terms. usic, Magazines and Periodicals bound with i neatness and dispatch. ISP'All work entrusted to our care shall receive 1 our persona! attention. Edward Small. James H. Siiaokford. maraud If Copartnership Notice. MB. I. P. BUTLER is admitted a Partner from this date. The firm will be PUIS INTON & BUTLER. And we shall continue the Wholesale Grocery, Flour and Provision Business at the Old Stand, 149 Commercial Street. N. L. PUlilNTON. Portland, March 4, 18C7. mar7d3\v Copartnership Notice. AP. HVOKInAN ha - this day retired from the • firm of MORGAN, DYER & CO, in favor of R. M. RICHARDSON, and the busiuess hereafter will be conducted under the firm name of “Richardson, Dyer & Co.,” At the old stand, No. 14:3 Commercial Street, Where they will continue the General Wholesale Business in W. I. Gooiln, GrorrricM, Flour nii<l Pro visions. R. M. RICHARDSON, J. W. DYER, d. E. HANNA FORD. Feb 2—d3m Dissolution of Copartnership THE copartnership heretofore existing under the name oi CALVIN EDWARDS A CO., is this day dissolved by mutual consent. All pers.-es bolti ng bills against the firm, are requested to present them lor payment, and those indebted will please call and settle 337 Congress Street. CALVIN EDWARDS, WILLIAM G. TWOMLEY. The subscriber having obtained the tme store No. 337 Congress Street, will continue the business, and will keep constantly on hand VLAN O FORTES from the BEST MANUFACTORIES, among them the Celebrated Steinway Instrument, which he can sell at the manuCirturer’s LOWEST PRICES, Also, a good assortment of ORGANS and MELODE ONS. OLD PIANOS taken iu exchange. HP* Orders lor tuning and repairing promptly at tended to. WOT. G. TWOIUBLY. November 26, 1866. dtf BlJILDim TO BUILDERS. PERSONS wishing mr Spruce Dimension Frames lor early Spring business, will do well to leave their orders at once with STEVUNH & MERRILL, at their Lumber Wharf, Commercial Street, near loot, of Maple Street, where can anvays ho found u large Stock ot Pine, Spruce, Walnut, Chest nut and L.utfernut Lumber, Clapboards, Shingles, Laths, Ac., Ac. Also—Door-, Blinds, Window Frames and Window Sashes, glazed and unglazed, at lowest prices. tST Remember—STEVENS A MERRILL, feb 11 d2m ABCUITKCTI RE A' EIVa.VEERllVR. Messrs. ANDERSON. DONNELL * CO., have made arrangements with Mr. STEAD, an Architect of established reputation, and will in fuluie carry on. Architecture with their business as Engineers. Par ties intending to build are invited to call at their odice, No, 300 Congress street, and examine eleva tion* and plans oi churches, banks, stores, blocks ot buildings, Ac. j 12 JVM. Jl. JVALKEB, 341 COMMERCIAL STREET, , Fool ol Map’e Street. General Agent lor the State tor II . W . JOHNS’ Improved Hoofing, For buildings ol all kinds. CAR ami STEAM BOAT DEIJKiNG. ROflPl NO CEMKNT. for coat ing and repairing all kinds of roofs. PRESERVA TIVE PAINT lor iron and woodwork, Metal Roofs, &C. COMPOUND CEMENT, for repairing leaky shingled roofs. BLACK VARNISH, tor Ornamfil ial 1 ron w ork &c. Full descript inns, c rcular, prices, Arc. furnished by mail or on application at the office, where samples and testimonials can be seen. 8epl2dtf RE-ESTAIVLISHED! I AM happy to inform my friends and the public generally that J am now re-established at my OLD STAND, W4 Middle Street, H4 With a new and elegant stock ot DRY GOODS! And with increased facilities for successfully doing the Dry Goods Business, I would respectfully solicit a share of your patronage, A. <*. LEACH, SI MIDDLE ST. March 7—<i2wr 1867. SPRING. 1867. woodmanTtrue & 00,, Having this day removed to the spacious warehouse erocted upon TIIRIR OI,D SITE, Nos. 54 & 50 MIDDLE STREET, Would respect fully invite the attention of purchasers to their large, new and attractive stock of DRY LiOODS, Woolens, and Small Wares. Agents tor Maine for Gray’s Patent Molded Collar. Also a full assortment of all Che leading makes and styles of Ladies’ and Gentlemen’s Paper Goods, in cluding file , iN'cw I,men Finish Collar with Culls lo mulch. Agents tor Maine for the SINGER SEWING MACHINE. WOODMAN, TISIF A CO. Portland, March 4, 18G7. ___ A tiiood Opportunity IS now offered to those w ishing to make purchases in Watches, Clocks and Jewelry. Purchasers would do well to call on W- D. TODD, 25 Free, Opposite the Head of Cotton Street, As he will sell out his Stock of Goods Without lleyard to Cost! Preparatory to moving into bis new store on Ex change street. J-£f“ Go and price his Goods and see for yourself. Mar 2- eodCw _ IHWlft Vl BRC K, Attorney, and CoimsYYtor J at Law. No. 8 Clapps Block. ium (uu tu. 2UU M. imported aim diunestic Cigars J tor sale by 0. C. MITCHELL & SON, 1 a jllJtl 178 Fore Street REMOVALS. I« E M OVA L . Small, Davis & Pomeroy, Have removed to tlicir new and spacious store, kvass bi.okk, 145 Mitldlc street, Oppo ite Free, and are now opening lor the spring trade, a lull line of * FANCY GOODS, Dress and Cloak Trimmings, Gloves, Hosiery, dr. Willi our increased facilities we shall claim to gi ve our customers all the advantage of the best Boston anil Now York House*. Chas. Small, S. G. J>AYIS, W. Y. Pom eroy March 11,18G7. iuarl2dlw removaiL Stevens, Lord & Haskell, Have this day removed to the New Store N's. 34 d- 30 Middle Street, (Over Messrs. Woodman True & Co.'s,) Their old place of business previous to (he fire, w here they w ill keep constantly on hand at whole sale a Well Assorted Stock - OF - BOOTS & SHOES! Manufactured expressly for the New England Trade. Also Manufacturers ol Hoot and Shoe Moccasins. Portland, March Gtli, 1807. marTdtl H K M O V A. L ! F. G. RICH, Me rcantile Job Pr inter Has removed from the junction of Free and Middle j St reets, to the commodious rooms Cor. oi' Exchange and Foi e Streets, OVER NEW MERCHANTS* EXCHANGE, where, with increased facilities, every description of FIRST CLANK Mercantile Job Printing! will he promptly executed at the Lowest jLivin^: Prices I I Portland, March 19, 1807. -wood It E 31 O V A L ! FAIltBANKS5 . NTAXDARO Patent Money Drawers 1 Rubber ai d Ivory Handled Table Cutlery, ROGERS’ StriSSORN —AND— GE N EBAL HARDWARE, At KING A DEXTER»S, 173 ITIiddle ami 118 Federal Mtreeh. febl'J (13m UEMO VA Ij i The undersigned lmving removed from Moulton street to their 3STEW STOKE, j\r«. €5 Exchange Street, would Invite the public to examine our large stock ot House, Ship mid Pmior Stoves. lVe have for 8ale the I*. I*. StewaiT* C'ookiiag ami Parlor Stove**, Gardner CliilNon'i* new l ooking Stove; nbo a new Cooking Stove called the JP E E AI E E S S, % said to he the best Cooking Stove now manufactured. We are Agents for the McGregor New Furnaces, both PORTABLE and BRICK, ami give our personal attention to setting them up. We warrant it the ICeNt Fnrnnee over offered for sale in this market. Grateful to our friends and <»nt i ons for past patron age, would solicit a continuation of the same. O. HI. A !>. W. WASH. mclildff CASCO NATIONAL HANK. K K HI OVA Ij . rjlHE Casco National Bank will remove to, and be H prepared for business at their NEW BANKING HOUSE on Middle Street, on Ti ksimv. Feb. 26th, instant. E. P. CURRISH, Cashier. February 25. dim Oil Store Removed. npiIE undersigned lias removed from his old stand, I to No. 223, corner ol* Fore and Union Streets, where he lias tor sale Sperm, Whale, and Lard Oil; Sperm, Adamantine, Paraffine, and Wax Candles, which he will sell at the lowest market price. Thank ful to his friends and the public generally for past favors, he respectfully solicits a continuance WM. A. HYDE. February 22, 18G7, feb23 dim RE 3IO VA L ! -/t. E. tv EDIi, Merchant Tailor, lias Removed to his New Rooms, No. » Free street Block, Feblli Over Cbadbourn & Kendall. dtt 11 K M O VAJj. JAMES O’DONNELL, Counsellor at Law, IVolnry I’uhlit’ A Couiini»**ioiicr of Deeds, Has removed to Clapp*? New Block, COE. EXCHANGE AND FEDERAL STREETS, Jan 15. (Over Sawyer’s Fruit Stor**.) dtf U Jai mo V A JL. 2 W. II. CLIFFORD, Counsellor at Law, And Solicitor of Pateufn, Has Removed to Corner of B own anil Congress Streets, jalli BROWN'S NEW BLOCK. <ltf Harris & Waterhouse, JOBBERS OF Hats, Caps and Furs. Portland, Dec. 3d 186(5. HARRIS & WATERHOUSE, Wholesale Dealers in Huts, Caps, and Furs, have removed to their New Store, iVo, 12 Exchange Street, F* R* dc4tl* J. E. WATERHOUSE. "'REMOVAL. BYRON GREENOUGH CO. Have removed to their NEW STORE IVo. 140 Middle Street. Mr. ,J. U. Cries' interest in the firm ceased Aug fdJfdjfcwlin J iMBKONK ItIRBKILIj. Dealer h» • Watches, Jewelry, Masonic Regalia, and Mili tary Goods. No 13 1'Teo street, Portland. Same store with Geyer and Caleb Iyl2dtf H PACKARD, Bookseller and Stationer■, may he » found at No. 337 Congress St., corner of'‘Oak st. _juiteti RS. WEBSTER A CO., can be found at. the store • o; C. K. Babb,Clapp's Block, No. 9, where we olferagoe d assortment of Clothing and Furnishing Goods at low prices. jul R> CSM1TH & REED. Counsellors at Law. Morton Block, Congress St. Same entrance as U. S. Ar my Offices. iyl2dti’ rpie E KANT JK H!H KXPBESS CoTorenow A permanently located at No. 21 Free street, and prepared to do Kxprcsh Business overall the Rail road and Steamboat routes in the State, and West by P. S. & P., Eastern and Boston Si Maine Roads to Boston, connecting there with Expresses to all parts of the country. For thoconvciiichee or our customers on Commer cial and Fore.fdreets.au order book lor Height Calls wid be kept at o'iice of Canadian Express Co., No. — Fore si reet. J. N. W INS LOW. < -21 tf Spring Styles Hats! T II K liEliULAE New York Spring Style Hats! CAS BE FOUND AT r* E It It Y >s, 290 Congress St., op. Preble House. March 16. d3w PAINTS AND i)ILS, Drugs, Medicines, Dye stulTs, Window Glass. AGENTS FOB Forest Hirer <('• Warren head Co.’s (RAFTS A \VIM.I4MS, Mos. 5 and G Commercial Wharf, Boston. Decl—XuXUStly INSUKANCk Life & Accidental Insurance. THE HARTFORD Accident Insurance Comp’y, OP HARTFORD, CONN. TII08. »T. Vail, President. C. C. Kimball, V. Preet. Cash Capital, $300,000. The most important and advantageous features originally established bj' this company. For particulars apply to JOS. H. WKUSTKB, Agent, . marlT oiL'w*_ lo sooth jjtreat. ATLANTIC Mutual Insurance Company. 51 Wuli HI, cor. William, NEW YORK, January, 1867. Insures against Marine ami Inland Navi gation Risks. The whole profits ot the Company revert to the Assured, and ate divided annually, upon the Premi ums terminated during ,be year; imdtor which t“r tiiicates are issued, bearing interest until redeemed Aterage Dividend lor ten years past 33 per cent!' The Company has the following Assets, viz: United (states anil state ol New-Yurk Stocks City Rank and other Stocks, «r, 771 ass iai Loans secured by Stocks and otherwise, UR'S (HI Real 1-state, and Ronds anil Mortgages, *2212(1000 Interest and sundry notes and claims duo ' the company, estimated at 141 14x94 Premium Notes and Rills Receivable, 3 837*735 41 Cash in Rank 434*,ZOT8l *12,536,314 46 TRUSTEES: John D. Jones. Wm. Sturgis, Uiarlcs Denms, llerury K. Rogort, g-M; H. Moore, Joshua J. Henry, Dennis Perkins, \\ m.O. Pmkeisgill, jos. Gallard, Jr., Lew 18 Lnrtis, ,j Henrv Burtrv V'"" -,!' , I|1l,s80!'- Cornelius Grinin, Lowell Holbrook, C. A. Hand, It. Warren \\ eston, R. j. Howland, K<f o l be'PS, Benj. Babcock, . t 'Fletcher Westrav.
ws ’ l1";*,1-, Robt. B. Minturn Jr, e '( iuK fil’’ Gordon W. Burnham, ;Hob80n> Fred’k Chauncey, Dav id Lane, James Low, r m rw-i Gc0-s- Stephenson, f'".yM. M.'/ey, Wm. H. Weidj Darnel b. Miller, John D. Jones, President Charles Denni«, Vice-President. W. H. H. MooitE,2d Vice-Prost. , J-D. Hfwlett, 3d Vice-Prest. ♦I. H. CnApman, Secretary. Applications tor Insurance made to Johu W. Hunger, ^ „ Correspondent. CtP^Oftice hours from 8 A. M. to 5 P. M. Office 100 Fore St., Portland. March 12—dlm&-eo<ltoJanl’68&w6w Xli« Best Investment! j-ai’s & 7-30'sTTs. Gov’t Bonds ARE GOOD ! BUT A POLICY WITH THE GREAT Mutual Life Ins. Co., Of New York, IS BETTER! Cash Assets, Feb. 1 $18,500,000 fcfr "Government Bond* are Exempt from Taxation, no with ifloney invented in a Life Policy ! If you hare $50, $100 or $1,000 to spa»-e. or to In vest. there is nowhere you can ulace it so securely or so adv uitageously as with this Great Co. Govt. Bonds may be lost, stolen or destroyed by Are, as many have been. A Life Policy if destroyed, stolen, or lost, may be restored, and in no case will there be any loss of the money paid. For th<* poor man it is the best, savings bank; tor the men it is the safest investment, \ielding in re than any other. Any one having doubts may be sal istied by calling at our Office. Do not insure until you do so. No other Company can furnish such results. Tlie tallowing statement of Policies, taken out at this Ageucv and now in torce, show the larj^e in crease, or dividends, over (he patjments in these tew cases. Many others, with references can be fur nished if desired: No of Sum Ain’t of Diviuend Pres. val. Policy. Insnred. Prem. Pd. Additions, of Policy. 518 *3500 $2282,25 $2710,22 $6240,22 638 560 261,23 375,02 875,02 1146 1006 533,90 685,93 1685,93 7767 8006 3099,20 4836,87 12,836,87 7862 5000 2608,00 3217,84 8217,a4 10325 1001) 359,80 544.52 1544,52 10793 .1600 1066,20 1579,63 4597,53 12410 150(1 410.93 623,24 2123,64 These cases are made ui> to Feb. 1, 1866. An other lHyidmd is now to he added. Bo not fail to apply at tho Agency of W. ». LITTLE & Co, k No 79 Commercial St, near the Old Custom House. Non Forfeiting, Endowment, Ten Year, and all other Form* of Policies* nre ■»— »ucd by thiH (lompany. on more favor able advantage* than by auy other. This Co. issued during llie last 12 months, 13.343 Policies being 1.000 mor- than issued by any other Co. in this country. Gash received for PREMIUMS $5,342,812. Receipts for interest, $1,112,000, while its losses being only $772,000, show ing the receipts for INTEREST to be nearly $350,000 more than its losses. V$T‘ He cartful not to confound the name qf this Co. with others similar. loblti dtf INSURANCE^ NOTICE. FOYE, COFFIN & SWAN, UNDEltWBITEHS, —AND— General Insurance Agents, have returned to their old stand, Ocean Insurance Co.’s Block, E\enAN«K STREET. F. C. & S. continue to represent first class Com panies in all departments of insurance, losses equitublv adjusted and promptly paid. febl3dtf " PURELY MUTTJAli THE \ow England mutual life Insurance Gomp’y, * OF BOSTON, MASS. Organized 1843. Cosh Assets, January 1, 18G7, $4,700,000. Cash Dividends of 1804-5, now in course of payment, 673,000. Total Surplus Divided, 2,200,000. Losses Paid in 1866, 314,000. Total Losses Paid, 2,367,000. Income for 1866, 1,778,000. l&^r'Anuual Distributions in C'aali.«^3 60 Local Agents Wanted, and also Canvassers can make good arrangements to work for the above Co. Apply to RUFUS NIVALL A NON, fel9dtl General Agents lor Maine, Biddcford, Me. HE IO VA L, “ Sparrow’s Insurance Office is this day removed fVom No. 80 Commercial Street, to the new and commodious rooms NO. 60 EXCHANGE STRKKT, IN THE CI'MDERLAND BANK BUILDING, where lie Is now prepared to place Insurance, in all its forms, and for any amount, in companies second to no others on the globe, a ml on the most favorable terms. Part lew prefrrringrfmf class insurance, are res peet fully Invited to cal!. November 6.1866. dtf i IN. i uciiilort. General Insurance Broker, J9 would inform his many friends and the pnbl’c generally that he is prepared to continue the Insnr aneeliusin-ss an a Broker, and can place Fire, Life and Marine Insurance to oiiv extent in the best Com p nies in the United States. All business entrusted to niv c re slink he faithfully attended to. Office at G. M. Bice’s Paper Store, No. 183 Fore St, where orders can be left. Iull6tf S. WINSLOW-* CO.’S NEW GROCERY! HAVING moved into our new store, next door be low our old stand, and fitted it for a FIRST class orocfrv, we beg leave to return our thanks to our numerous I patrons for past favors, and inform them and the pub lic generally, that while endeavoring to maintain our ; reputation for selling the best of BEEF, and all kinds i of MEATS and VEGETABLES, we have added to our stock a choice variety of pure groceries, ami hope by selling the best of goods At tin* Lowest Cash Prices! to merit a tair share of patronage. The same atten tion as heretofore paid to orders for Meats and Vege tables tor dinners. Cart will call for orders every morning if desired. S. WINSLOW & CO. No. 28 Spring Street Market. 8. WINSLOW. C. E. l’AGE. January 11. d6m Corn. Corn. A FC CW'W'') BUSHELS ohl high mixed and lM^V/yy Southern Yellow Com. High mixed now lauding. J?or sale by E‘ M* BURGinr A CO., mchlldtf_ _ 120 Commercial Street. N E W GOO D Sf P. P. FROST, merchant Tailor, 332 1-2' Congress Street, Has just received a line lot ot FALL GOODS Snitable tor the season, which will be made up in tlic most thorough manner seplld—cod For Lease. rrtHF. valuable lot or land corner ol Middle and A Plumb Streets, tor a term of years. Kn,ulre of t\ C. MITCHKLL.V SON, Aug. 28, 1866—dtt ns Pore Street. DAILY PRESS. PORTLAND. Thursday Morning, March 21, 1867. The naiue Mime Press, Published this morning, contains the pro ceedings of Congress for the last week dis patches indicating the change of feeling at the South on the subject of reconstruction, notes on the canvass inCounecticut. an account of the new Fenian excitement in Canada, the latest news from Mexico and Europe, a description of the opening of the North-German Parlia ment, the testimony before the Massachusetts Legislature in favor of prohibition, an abstract of the amendments to the internat revenue law, articles from “Traxi” ou maple sugar scions, &c., a capital story of adventure tu the west of Ireland, the shipping nows of the week.'market reports &c„ &c. Bnth mi.I Her Railrondi.. Our neighbors of Bath are making laud able effort to bring the. railroad from the Eastward to that city, for conjunction w.tli the Portland and Ketjncbec road, instead ot having a connection made at Richmond—and to this end the city has voted to loan its credit to the amount of $000,000;—a sum, it is claimed, sufficient to bridge the Kennebec at that city, and equal the amount raised at Wis casset; not a dollar of the latter being depend ed on if the road comes to Bath. The reason why the jieople ol Wiseas et wish the road to go to Richmond, is to make their place the winter port for the whole Kennebec valley above the point of intersec tion, that port being some dozen or fifteen miles nearer Richmond than Bath is. Wheth er tlioir expectations tvould be realized by the construction of a road as they desire, is a question in relation to which we are prepared to express no opinion, hut that Bath is vitally interested in securing the road to herself we had supposed admitted of no doubt, till we read iu Monday's Times of that city a candid article, which seems to take a different view. The writer says: Much has been suid and waitten relative to the importance of this road, touching the inter ests ot Bath, and it has been assumed, In both speakers and writers, that cur trade, and ad vantages otherwise, will be increased to a large extent : while, at the same time, not a sin-de point has been alluded to—as to ichat they are to he, or how obtained, except that we shall se cure all the eastern travel through our city And what benefit or advantage will tile east ern travel secure to us, more than we bow have, and which is sustained by a very large aud able Stage Company. Our trade will not be b; nefit ted by “through travel.” We want the travel to stop in Bath, and open trade with ns; but what nave we to sell; to what extent have we manufacturers, and wholesale establishments, that we can compete with Portland, Boston and New \ork, in all their varieties, aud which are the great center marts of trade, on our At lantic coast. Again on the other hand, what have those eastern towns to sell us, that we want to buy? Last year Rockland manufactur ed nine hundred thousand casks of lime; upon an average they have produced about seven hundred tlvousand casks for the past five years, according to the “State Inspector's” report. Allowing one hundred thousand casks to bo used per year, on the line of the road, which is a large estimate, who are purchasers of the re mainder; aud how will it tie sent to market. Other ol those towns produce hav aud pota toes, and perhaps a few other articles of manu-.. factufe, beyond their own consumption; bow will they be sent torward? Not by rail to Bath, to be forwarded through by rail to a western market; for it must be remembered that all those towns on the eastern coast have an out let by water to the sea; and freight can be shipped by sail or steam vessel, at much less rate and trouble. Besides, a shipper of hay, or any other articles, would not send them here 1 iy rail, to be reshipped on board a vessel, when the facilities are much better for sending a vessel direct to the port of loading. The writer questions whether the advanta ges of the proposed railroad to that city will prove such as to warrant the outlay, and on its final completion he asks, “will it meet the expectations of its friends in Bath t In his judgment “the interests of Bath are not in volved to the amount of ODe dollar, one way or the other, whether the road is built or not, unleas the people do something for them selves.” He then strikes the key-nota to the city’s prosperity—a key-note to the prosperity of many other cities as well—when he says: I would much sooner vote to loan the credit of the city to the amount ot $600,000 or $1,000. 000 to establish manufactories here at home, where we ought to commence. First establish a mart for ourselves; build manufactories for sugar, duck, cordage, chains, anchors, shoes, furniture, pails, brooms, glass, nails, spikes, tacks and a thousand other articles which are used in daily consumption, so that purchasers will have an inducement to come here and buy as many now do to purchase and contract for our ships and smaller vessels. This branch of business we now hold a large share of for no where in the United States can vessels be built of better quality, and on more favorable terms than in Bath; and we now have customers from the larger cities and smaller towns all along the Atlantic coast. Let vs push our railroad facilities to the North and West. We need in addition to what manufactories we can establish for ourselves, the agricultural pro ducts of the farming towns, aud the patronage and influence of manufacturing places, where mills are now in operation in our own immedi ate vicinity. That no railroad connections can benefit a city unless the people are disposed to avail themselves of the facilities thus afforded, uas been amply proved to our neighbors in the case of the extension of the Androscoggin road. That was put through by Bath capital and Bath energy, but having secured the road, the people of the city would not be induced to make the outlay needful to provide speedy transit for the freight of the road to its desti nation, until the freight—vast in amount— had forced a channel for itself by a route not looked for by the Bath people, and now they find it impossible to control it, or even to di vert it from its present line of travel. The truth is, an energetic, enterprising, live people, having capital to work with, will cre ate business, and this business will soon lead to lines of communication with the counti-y and the great markets; but without such lile and energy no railroads or system of railroads can build up a place. So with other facilities. The people of Brunswick, by a wise foresight and an enter prising spirit, might have had a mannfactur ing population in their town, aud manufac- ’ turiug interests, far ahead of Lowell, Law rence or Manchester. Their splendid water power, in dose proximity to navigable waters, has invited occupancy, and has ever been ca pable of being made the foundation of, and of enriching, a large city; but there the water continues to fall, and the sound of the rol licking stream makes as pleasant music now as it did to the solitary Indians who once limited and fished within sight of Pejepscot, and it is almost as much undisturbed by the clattering loom, the buzzing spindle, the deaf ening hammer and the revolving wheel. God and nature furnish facilities, but man must appropriate them. God may feed the fou ls of the air, with food all prepared, but to man he gives the faculties which enable him to pre pare his lood from the crudest materials. Let him take a hint from this in prosecuting his industries, and in attempting to build up his own or his city's material prosperity. The Marne Old Mtorr* The Radicals will ruin the country, destroy the Constitution, bring on universal anarchy, say our Democratic friends. This is the gen eral refrain of all their papers and politicians. This story is sixty years old, and yet the country stands and the Constitution lias lived to be amended and improved, and liberty has got a foothold on every inch ol our soil. A curious antiqiiarion lias been overhauling the files of a paper published in New York city in 1802, and finds in it the original of (lie Democratic howl of to-day. It was predicted then that chaos or despotism was close at hand. It was asserted then that usurpation and corruption ruled in Congress. Doleful prophecies ol quick-coming ruin were as fre quent then as now; and they were clothed in the same language, lint the Constitution and the Union still survive. Ami these old prophecies were followed up by a long and glorious career of prosperity and power, as tlieir modern repetition will be. “It is thus proved,-’ says the Detroit Post," by the record that the present Democratic predictions, com plaints, charges and statements are old logy in their origin, old fogy in their language, old fogy in their spirit, aud borrowed from the oldest old fogies of the Republic.” The country and the Constitution having survived the severest conflict ever brought to bear upon a nation and its organic law. will outlnc a 1 the prophets ot evil, and Constitu tional liberty for all, irrespective of color or race, will be the law of the continent when all those who now distiust the ,h-oP1c an.l popular government shall have been for gotten. The New Vurh Caaloai llvusr. Mr. Smythe was appointed Collector of the liort of New York, on the recommendation ot the Chamber of Commerce and of the presi dents of nearly all the New York hanks, and with the hearty concurrence of almost the en tire mercantile community. His reputation as a banker, as a merchant, and as a man, was unblemished. So little was known of his po litical opinions, that, it is a matter of dispute even now, witli which party lie has been ac customed to vote. This apjiointmeut of a bus iness man, as such, to serve the county in ils largest dealings with business men, was re garded as one of the liest which had been made under President Johnson’s administra tion. The expectat ions of the conn ire „ confirmed l.y Mr. Smythe s selection of Mr. Thomas Brown for the delicate and respon sible post of private secretary. Mr. Brown was one of the capable aud honest men select ed for tlie public service by Secretary Chase, whose judgment in tills as in other instances has been signally approved by experience. After a short time Mr. Brown resigned his place. Then unsatisfactory , rumors got abroad, waxing louder and louder. Finally a Congressional-committee was appointed to look into matters at the Custom House; Mr. Hulbiud of New York was chairman of that committee. A report was made at the close of the last session, revealfng so much corrup tion that the present Congress, despairing ol executive action, is strongly disposed to im peach Mr. Smythe. Mr. Hnlburd said on the tioor of the House last week, that he was in formed Mr. Smythe had received a letter from the President’s Private Secretary assuring him that he will not be removed, or to use the ex pression attributed to Mr. Smythe, that he is “all hunky-dory.” Without undertaking to prejudge this re markable ease, we proceed to explain as brief ly as may be, the charges which have been made in Congress on the strength ot the evi dence already taken. The principal allegation is, that Mr. Smythe has disposed of the whole general-order busi ness ‘"for the good round stun of $40,000 per annum.” Tbe general-order system is a nec. essary consequence of tbe employment of steam vessels, which must be discliarged promptly in order to take their places for the return trip. When a vessel is to be unloaded with despatch, all goods unclaimed by the owners, or for which the owners are unable to complete entry and obtain permits before they are reached, are sent under “general-or ders” to a private warehouse designated by the Collector ana known as a “general order store.” Of course goods do not long remain in these warehouses. It is usually of the ut most importance to the merchant to get pos ession of his goods as early as possible. All “charges’’ must be paid however before they can come into his hands, and among the rest the storage charges which are never less than for one month. No matter if the goods have never been stored at all, if they leave the vessel before the owner arrives, the full month's storage is exacted. The rates arc fixed by the Collector. The New York Post last we$k pub ished some bills rendered by one of these stores; one of them was for stor age of a single case containing about 170 cub ic feet, and contained three items—tor storage $10 a mouth, labor $10, and carting $o. Of course this is a very profitable business, well worth $40,000 a year. The most curious part of the transaction however is the distrib ution which Mr. Smythe proposed to make of this fund. The Congressional report contains the following exhibit: For Geo F. Thompson, la»c of the D>Mm Xews to.OOO Senators Doolittle ami Patterson, $5,000 .10.000 Kmbree, Deputy Collector,.’.2,000 Humphrey—and bv him at once rejected .... 3,000 Brown, prlvale secretary of the Collector— ralentea bv him.2.000 Political fund.10,000 Mrs. Perry, known as "A Washington woman*' 3,000 Van Bergen, to have some unknown share, siy5,.00u $<0,000 Mr. Thompson is understood to lie the repre sentative of an ex-Congressman who brought to bear upon tbe Collector the demands with which he was endeavoring to comply by this arrangement. Senators Doolittle aud Patter son were brought in, either with or without their connivance, as authorizing the demands. Embree and Brown were to receive hush-mon ey. Humphrey and Van Bergen were Inter ested in the general-order business, and had reason to expect a larger interest, but were to he bought off for the sums named. Mrs. Per ry was the instrument of the ex Congressman aforementioned, and was summoned from Cincinnati to manage the matter. Her pecul iar qualification is her reputed influence with the President. Of her character, it is suffici ent to say that the courts of Ohio have re cently declared her an unfit person to have charge of a young girl, whom she claimed as a ward. Her claims for plunder were not at first recognized by Mr. Smythe. After a sec ond journey to Washington however, she re turned with hill credentials, aud the “3late” ex hibited above was drawn up. The “political fund’’ of $ 10,0(10, Mr. Sruytlie says he intend ed to use in protecting the clerks from assess ments for electioneering purposes. Mr. Smythe’s reply to these charges is very unsatisfactory, ne denies that he ever receiv ed a dollar from the general-order business; but at the same time says he is satisfied with his other emoluments and once firmed the purpose of distributing tbe whole amount of profits on general orders auioug certain friends. This purpose he never executed whence it would appear that tbe undistrib uted profits are left in his hands. If it man of Mr. Smyth’s reputation cannot, lie trusted in our custom-houses, why not ?— Is not the system which leads to such com plications, wrong? We have regulated the tenure of office; is it not time to regulate the officials also? The New French Frees f.nw. La France gives a glimpse of the new bill on the right of meeting, which is still “under consideration’ before the Council of State, If its information be correct, it appears to be conceived in the same narrow-minded and ob structive spirit as the lull on the freedom of the press. La France says the new bill will enact that the right of meeting is perfectly free, but that jioliticai, religious, administra tive and municipal questions arc not to lie discussed in any public reunion. Meetings, however, are to be allo yed to debate on other subjects in the presence of a “delegate” com missioned ad hoc by the Prelect of Police! A pamphlet has been published under the title of La Couture, showing how the press of Florence, has been persecuted by the gov ernment during the last lifteeu years. Tlieie have been 370 measures of rigor applied to 120journals, vi7,: 333 avertisncmrnUi, 22 sus pensions, and 12 suppressions by the Minister oi the Interior. Besides these judicial con demnations, were put down or subjected to penalties 100 other journals. Negro Stork ICi-iim. The law enfranchising the negroes, passed by the Tennessee Legislature, lias already be gun to exercise a benign influence wbicli will perhaps in time reach even the “l'ogiams and "Nasbys" of the ‘‘cross-roads. Burning negro churches and school houses null soon be stopped, and the African voter become an ob ject of solicitation by the best ot the chival ry, it we may believe the Memphis Aca lomche: The Southern men of this State can, with the ttc/ro rote afon<\boat the radicals ten to one iu any county in the two div isions of the State named; and then naan to do it. Our people are sick and tired of b ing governed by knaves and asses, who have no interest in their property, —no regard for their rights; and as these fools have unwittingly placed at our disposal the means through which their overthrow is cer tain, we shall address ourselves to the task of smashing their political noddles with the clubs they have placed in our hands; and miuiah \ than we. will. Even without the negro vote, we could have carried the State election next An- i gust; and now the tiling is certain, despite i Bi-oivnlow and his black cavalry. It will be a good thing to surmount the j prejudice against going to the i>olls with the colored men, but perhaps the sanguine pro phet might learn a valuable lesson as to the result from the recent election in George town. • Eacapa af Maaare.. A correspondent of the N. T. “Turf Field and Farm, ” writing from the farm of Samuel A. Smith of Smith town. Long Island, has some ideal in relation to manures leaching down and evaluating, also in regard to the substantial value of sea weed dressing aud ar tificial fertilizers,which we present herewith fir the purpose of inviting the attention of our a .riculturai readers aud writers upon the: • subjects. After speaking of Mr. Smith's suc cess iu mowing large fields for several year* without any manure or top dressing, he LcCg'niamlTaml^gC^r °f ™'Ch °f that tha land rtf Iki-T0*8. r to co*i?iQee me ieCh!whkMs0tCgeSffi^ ^ *"* u°l and which is entertained' ov n °? albr0ad' habitants. It has long Cm ^ ?f tbe ,n thut land cannot leach or tbe fllteriog^^? through sand charcoal, Ac., could not bTs,^ tamed; therefore, the sediment remains* to create pure water, must be deposited and this deposit must consist of lertillzers’ and remains in the organized earth, thus to be conveyed to the roots of plants. This doc trine seems to me natural and substantial and the constant cropping of Mr. Smith, as above described, still more convinces me ot the fact. How loug such a course can be sustained remains to be proved. Again he says: Too much of Long Island land has been s iwed, and much more has been drained of its substance by deceiving it with artificial manures, especially those of an ammoniacal character and applied in small quantities, which releases the vegetable and mineral mat ter in the- earth, so as to gradually Impoverish, and which light land of this description can not be ar. . Such land if kept up bv stock, more especially by sheep, is by nature equal, if not superior, to any land in tbe world, and I shall be able to show you iu another article how the laud on the “Nicoil Neck’ has been impoverished and made a receptacle for weeds by a constant cropping system, aided by sea weed ami artificial manures, which has brought much of that portion of the Island to the last extreme of poverty, and it will cost more than it is worth to bring it back to its primitive state. On the other hand, I can not believe in evaporation, and the nearer youget your niauure to the surface of fight soils the I letter. It lias long been my settled opinion that none of the fertilizing qualities ot the manure escapes in the atmo.-poere, or the eminently successful practice of top dressing grass lands, now generally resorted to in England, could not be maintained, and the further it is pursued the more the con verts are multiplied. We believe that real manure, the food of p'auts, by a friendly law of nature, even In porous soils, never leaches down below the feeding roots of plants. If it did, it would escape the purpose for which nature intended it. If manures leached down by the force of gravitation, it would seem that somewhere iu the depths there would ire found a large and generous deposit of it which the top of the earth needs. Why, iu sinking a shait or dig ging a well, even near a barnyard, do the workmen never come to a layer of manure some feet below the surface? If manures go down, they would certainly encounter them somewhere. On the contrary, the earth is affected only a foot or two from the surface, even in the richest and longest tilled gardens. The truth is, the earth is a purilier; the sand answers as a tilterer through which the watery particles alone pass down, catching aud hold ing all inanurial substances, aud wisely keep ing them near the surface where the roots of plants grow and where they need them. Theu again. Do manures escape by evap oration? Most people believe they do; but we suspect that the same law of nature which would prevent manures finding their home down deep in the earth, also provides that neither shall they escape by evaporation into the heavens, at least, not to much extent. True, the ammonia, during ellervescence, will arise aud impart a disagreeable odor to the atmosphere; but if the air is thus manured, and if this rich air is any ifid to the growth of the vegetable kingdom, we should like to know why our neighbor's vegetation is not enriched without expsnse to him by the ex halations from our own barnyard ? We do not believe nature enriches the soil in this way; consequently we doubt there being any such delect in nature's law as would deprive the soil, either by leaching, or by evaporation, of wliat it needs for the support of plants. With regard to what the writer in the Turf, Field and Farm says about sea dressing and artificial fertilizers exhausting, rather than supplying strength to the soil,—as ardent spirits operate on the human system,—we think this is a matter worthy of very serious consideration; ard we shall be happy fobear from some of our correspondents on the subject. Thaxi. The Cvufrdfraie CatMa Lua. A curious point is likely to be raised In the English courts, where the United Slates gov ernment is now prosecuting its claims against holders of rebel property. The following ques tion was proposed to Sir R r. Collier, the late Solicitor General, and has been published with his opiuion thereon: Question. Whether or not merchants and others, on being sued in England by the Gov ernment of the United States for property or money held by them at the termination of the war, belonging to the Southern States, may not successfully plead the Confederate Seven per Cent. Cotton Bonds as a set off, to the extent of the amount that each defendant may hold of them? Opinion. In the event of the United States Government suing in the courts of this country for debts due or property belonging to the late Confederate Government, I am of opinion that defendants who may be holders of Confederate Cotton Bonds are entitled to set up a counter claim against the United States Goveonment in respect of these bonds. This counter claim will be founded on the principle, that it the United States assert in our courts claims accru ing to them through their succession to the property and rights of the late Confederate Government, they are bound by the liabilities of that Government. Should the United States Government bring actions of debt, 1 think that the holders of Cotton Bonds mav plead them as a set off. Should they proceed for a tortious conversion of property, a technical oifficnltv will stand in the way of this defense, and it may be necessary to resort to an equitable plea, or possibly to the protection of a court of equi ty. The equitable case of the bond-holders will he strengthened by the fact that the United States Government have possessed themselves of the cotton set apart as the security for the payment of the bonds. The form, however, in which the defense I have indicated may tie raised will be a matter of subsequent consider ation when the mode of proceeding adopted by the United States Government is known. Bark-Bone. A day or two before the Georgetown elec tion,’Hon. Jack Rogers, of X. J., made a speech to the copperhead voters of that city in which he declared that "rather than see’ the negroes taking part in the governuient of the country, he would prefer to see it shat tered as by an earthquake, and all nations gathered to witness the ruins.” He appeal e<i to bis audience, and &sked whether he “would not deserve the sympathy of the peo ple were he compelled to sit in the halls of Congress side by side with negro members from the South, overlooking, a correspondent suggests, the extraordinary sensation that those negro members would experience in such a contingency. Says he. “If the South have the hack bone that I have, bclore they will submit to a military despotism they wiii raise regiments and march for freedom.” It is a matter of extreme doubt as to whether the backbone ot the South fsinasgood march ing order as that of the great Xew Jersey member. With such a backbone isn’t it rath er remarkable that he shoutdn t have put it to some practical use when the South had its regiments already raised, ami were "march ing for freedom?” T emperance in Olden Time. —Horace Greeley, in a reeent temperance address In Philadelphia, stated the lol.owing as an evidence that there had been great im provement since lie was a boy:— ‘ ‘I remember it was talked of as agieat scan dal because a man did not furnish liquor at the tuneralofhis little child, lndeed.it was regarded quite as necessary that a host should furnish lus visitors vvdli liquor as that he should turnish them witli chairs. If I reeoleot aright, on the installation of the liev. Ur. Lord, ex-presiilent of Dartmouth College, as a young ami eloquent clergyman hi my native town, everybody was very drunk. In fact, 1 clout think 1 ever saw a mote drunken time in my life.’ The students of Yale college, never having had the privilege of vuting at elections in New Haven, are about to test the matter in tl • courts. During the war they were drafted in New Haven, and now they think if they woie citizens enough to be drafted they aro citizens enough to vote. The in .tin inspiration of the matter just at this time is that Prof. Northrop is a candidate tor Congress and the students want to heipelcct him.